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THE WASHISTGrTOj TIM.ES, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1SQ4.
The Washington Times
tEVXKT DAT IK THE YEAHl
OWNED AND ISSUED BY
Tlic Washington Times Company
MRKEK ELEVENTH AND E SrKECTS NORTHWEST.
Business Office, 431 Eleventh Street N. W.
Tclnphono Editorial Rooms, 837-3.
Business OCIce. S37-2.
rrice.D&tly Edition OneCent
Sunday Edition Throo Cents.
By the month Thlrty-nvo Cents.
1TAEHINGTON, D. O., SEPTEMBER 1, 1891.
Subscribers are earnestly requested to
rmce complaints at The Times office of all
teglect to deliver papers promptly and in a
joarteons manner. The Times proposes to
five snbscribsrs satisfactory service, and
ill complaints will receive prompt attention.
"THE TTMEB" WELL MOVE.
In the course of a few days tho office of
The Times will lie moved from its present
temporary location at 481 Eleventh street to
be building at the southwest corner of Penn
sylvania avenue and Tenth etroet. The on
ire flve-story building has been leased by
The Times, and will be equipped with all tho
atest improvements for tho making of a mod
uli newspaper. In a short while The Times
rill be printed upon its own presses, which
rill enable it to increase the size of its dally
tnd Sunday editions and add many new and
tttractive features, now impossible because of
ihe absence of the necessary mechanical ap
IOBDS AND SENATORS.
Is the British government moro democratic
:ban the government of the United Stated?
In theory, no; in practlco, yes. Analyzing
ihe two governments itwfil bo found that:
The House of Commons is equally as
epresentative as the House of JJopresenta
Svcs. The House of Lords has much less legisla
te power than the Senate.
The Quoen con veto nothing except a social
amotion, while tho President can put a tem
porary or permanent stoD to legislation.
The first andlastof these three propositions
contain no comparisons detrimental to the
government of tho United States. But in tho
locond is a serious reflection on our vaunted
What would have happened had tho House
sf Lords attempted to hold up a tariff bill sent
:o it with the approval of tho Commons? It
irould have meant nothing short of the im
mediate abolition of .that respectable body.
In fact the House of Lords has ceased to
iave any power at all except the exercise of
i suspensive veto, the right of which is rarely
atUteed because of tho determined opposi
tion it meets in the Commons. The Lords
originates nothing except money bills while
the Commons holds the nation's purse.
In foot, the government of England Is al
most entirely in the hands of the House of
Commons. Monarchy is dead except a9 a
Bocial function. It has not figured actively
In legislation since William III vetoed the
triennial act and William IV dismissed the
If England, nominally a limited monarchy
but in reality a democracy, can get along
without an upper house, why should not the
people of the United States, if they wish to
continue the Senate, at least form It by popu
lar choice, making it thereby a representative
foody .responsible directly to the people, and
yet preserving its possibly useful character as
a check to the House of Representatives.
A COXFAELE GATE.
Tho coroner's jury over the remains of
Mary Flaherty, who met her death at the
Pennsylvania Railroad crossing in Southeast
Washington, comes to the front with a most
In the face of the testimony of the gate
keeper that it was impossible for him to
properly guard both sides of the gate, this in
telligent jury acquits the company from all
responsibility. Who then is to blame? It is
claimed that the aged lady was responsible
for her own death because she did not prop
erly heed the warning given hor.
But what warning was given her? None
but the closed gate, which makes pedestrians
wuit until each train, car and engine has
done, for a time, with that particular portion
of the people's ground. The coroner's jury
may deem the closed gate a sufficient warn
ing, hut in the face of the fact that people do
cross tho track when the gates are down,
the oiiizens of South Washington would pre
fer to have the railroad company spend an
other 75 cents a day to further guard the
crossing by placing there a man with eyes to
see and a voice to warn those who are not
capable of taking care of themselves.
Clearly then, tho coroner's jury in its haste
to acquit all animate and corporate bodies,
should lay violent hands on the gate and hold
it responsible for the fatality. Tho gate had
ao business to allow tho poor woman to
cross tho traoks. without voicing an extra
squeak and waving its long arms. Ob,
coroner's jury, wise in your day and genera
tion, lay it all on the gate. It cannot defend
Itself or injure you.
CONGREBSIONAL COMMITTEE TROUBLES.
If there are any differences in the Demo
cratic Congressional campaign committee,
the fault is with the Senate members.
"President Cleveland and Chairman Wilson
have clearly laid out the lines within which the
campaign is to be fought and tho only lines
within which It can be fought with hope of suc
cess. A campaign of defense for the Senate
bill would assure Republican success, and yet
there are Democratic Senators who would
rather see their party fail than to hear tho
least aspersion cast on tho honorable body of
which they are members.
If the committeemen of the Congressional
campaign committee cannot agree, let the Sen
ate mambers clear out. The House commit
teemen will havo the satisfaction of knowing
that they are backed by the Prcsidont and by
tho party, and they can suffer the loss of
tholr distinguished'eonferees without serious
WAGES ON LABOR DAY.
In refusing the District laborers pay on La
bor Day the Commissioners are undoubtedly
well fortified by the opinion of Mr. Thomas,
attorney for the District; and, In turn, that
gentleman Is undoubtedly well fortified by
tho law, or rather the absence of any law in
But from a moral standpoint there is not
the shadow of a ground for such a ruling.
Departmental clerks who labor with their
pens are allowed their leaves of absence.
Why, then, not allow one day's leavo out of
SG6 to the laborer, who tolls at the bottom of
the ladder? If there is any distinction to be
drawn between the two classes of labor it
all in favor of the hand worker, lor ho only
asks one day, and his work is of a character
that needs occasional rest oven moro than
that performed In the departments.
Take the parallel cases of tho higher grades
of District employes. They are allowed their
leaves of absence. Why does this favor stop
at the point whoro hard manual labor begins?
Why? Because unskilled labor is unorgan
ized and cannot protect itself. It must needs
depend on what Its employers will eivo it and
consequently it gets nothing. It gets, in
other words, just what skilled labor would
get if trades unionism did not exist.
Now that pistols and burnt ofllglos are
in order, tho Kentucky voter buckles ou
his cartridge belt and realizes that tho cam
paign is wide open.
Speaking of beautiful homo runs, the
Washington baseball Senators aro not in it
with their godfathers at the Capitol.
Not having accepted any editorial job for
some time, Hon. John J. Ingalls is in ripe
condition for a few caustic political romarks.
BnFonE arranging for any speeches in Mr.
Reed's district, Hon. Bill McKinloy should
bethink himself of Gen. Weaver's Southern
tour with its egg attachments.
A sniBirF's posse is out after tho Western
candidate who said that tho price of wheat
would go up if his purty won.
Mb. Gorman can get into England all right,
but in coming back ho must remember that
there is still an American custom-house duty
The. man who springs a Pullman pass on
St. Peter will very likely bo referred to an
A TBir to Stoux Falls, Dakota, seems to ba
in prospect for certain members of the Van
A New Orleans nlaerman has been caught
in the act of receiving a bribe. Such a care
less fellow would never do for a United
SEEN ACROSS FOOTLIGHTS.
The bill at the National Theater Inst night
was the rather ancient ''Ingomar, the Barba
rian," in which Mr. Robert Downing appears
to excellent advantage, as his magnificent
physique is amply displayed and his rather
forcible style of delivery comports excellently
with the requirement of the plot. The
reproduction of "Ingomar" by Mr.
Downing compares favorably with all
others with which tho AVa3hington
public has become familiar in the past. Miss
Eugenie Blair's Parthenia is one of the most
pleasing female creations on tho American
stage. Charm of face and figure combine to
render her personality especially suitable for
this part, and her accomplishments and tal
ents make her presentation of tno heroine of
the plaj" a remarkably enjoyable one. Tho
remainder of tho cast was in all respects sat
isfactory to the audience as was demonstrated
by frequent applause.
At the matinee to-day "Virginius" will be
played, and to-night ''The Gladiator."
Two performances of "Darkest Russia" will
be given to-day at Butler's New Bijou The
ater. One will be tho matlneo at 2 p. m.
WHAT BUSINESS MEN SAY.
M. W. Galt fc Bno.: It is too earlt vet
to say what will be tho prevailing new styles
in jewelry this fall, nor can anything definite
bo said on tho subject until about the loth of
this month. There will doubtless be many
new and nobby designs, but, as before said,
it is as yet too soon to specify.
Me. Mates, No. 1105 Pennsylvania Ave
nue northwest: My impression is that
"twice arounds" will be the most popular
stylo of neckwear this falL There is a dis
position on the part of manufacturers to
force Tecks of various colors, but I do not be
lieve the idea will take. In shirts the out
look is that the demand will be for stiff
bosoms in fancy colors.
TWO ADMIRALS IN TOWN.
Walker Arrives from Honolulu and Sker
rctt Comes from Asia.
Admiral Walker arrived yesterdry morning
from Honolulu, via San Francisco. Capt.
Bakor, who accompanied the admiral trom
tho Pacific, had an informal talk with ad
miral Bamsay, Acting Secretary of tho Navy,
and gavo a general outlino of events in the
Admiral Walker later called on Admiral
Ramsay. It is expected that the Admiral will
make a report to tho Secretary concerning
Pearl harbor although it is stated at the Navy
Department that but little has been dono con
cerning tho harbor. Admiral Walker will
probably remain in Washington until Secre
tary Herbert returns, as he wishes to consult
him upon the management of the Naval
Academy before he takes charge. The sup
position is that Admiral Walker would as
sume command at the academy on Septem
ber 15, but it is possible that iu case Secretary
Herbert does not return that ho will not take
charge until later in tho month.
Admiral Skerrett, retired, has'also reached
Washington, coming: from the Asiatic naval
station. Tho Chlnese-Japaneso hostilities
bogan since Admiral Skerrett left his lato
PENSION CLAIMS AFFECTED.
Acting Secretary Reynolds .Makes Four
Rulings Which Interest Attorneys.
Several thousand pension claims are affected
by four recent rulings of Acting Secretary of
tho Interior Reynolds, construing the act of
January 5, 1893, which provides for increase
of pension from $8 to $12 per month on ac
count of service in the Mexicun War. The
Acting Secretary holds that the increase
granted under that act does not commenco at
tho date of the act, but from the dafo of ap
proval of the increase claim in tho Pension
Bureau, and that tho increase does not apply
to the case of widows.
"The act," says Judge Reynolds, "does not
include those persons who composed Powell's
Battalion of Missouri Volunteers, who were
directed to be placed upon the pension roll,
subject to tho provisions of the act of January
29. 1887, pensioning the survivors of tho war
with Mexico." The department also holds
that tho feeof $25 claimed by attorneys.under
articles of agreement, cannot bo allowod, and
no fee in excess of $2 can be paid, as pro
vided in tho act of March 3, 1891, tho increase
being in tho nature of an allowance on ac
count of increase of the disability for which
the soldier is already pensioned.
WOLVES IN SHEEPS' CLOTHING.
Cardinal Gibbons "Warned Against Four
Pseudo-Priests from Cape Colony.
Baltimore, Aug. 31. Cardinal Gibbons has
received a letter from the Right. Rev. Dr.
John Leonard, vicar-apostolio of the western
district of Capo Colony, calling attention to
tho probable appearance in this country of
"four or five gentlemen who callod themselves
Catholic priests in communion with Rome,
and thus secured letters from tho Catholic
bishops of Natal and Orango Freo Stato as
well as from tho prefect apostolio of the
It appears that these men, for thopurpose
of collecting money, havo represented them
selves as priests of some oriential rite in com
munion with Rome. Tho Right Row Dr.
Leonard In his letter says: "They were about
to visit America as well as Great Britain and
Ireland, and all the English colonies, and
they left hero on Wednesday last, 18th In
stant (July), for that purpose."
LABOR TO SHOW ITS POWER
Completion of Arrangements for the
ORDER OP THE PROCESSION
First Official Celebration of Labor Day
Handsome Floats in Lino Representing
tho Different Trades Hon. L. E. McGann
Submits a Suggestion to tho Conference.
Arrangements for tho great demonstration
by tho united labor organizations of tho Dis
trict, to occur on Labor Day, September 3,
aro now complete, and tho programme for
the formation of the procession and tho order
of march is given below.
Tho first division will form on Louisiana
avenuo, tho right at Lincoln Statuo.
Tho second division will form on Fourth
street, tho right a fow paces north of Indiana
Tho third division will form on Third streot.
tho right at Third and Indiana avenue, north
Tho fourth division will form on Third
streot, tho right at Third and Indiana avenuo,
Line of march will bo, Indiana avenue to
First street, to Peaoo Monument. Pennsylva
nia nvonuo to Thirty-socond street, and dis
band. Parade is expected to move promptly
at 9:45 a. m.
Tho printers, bookbinders, eloctrical work
ers, plato prlntors, and others will havo hand
some floats in lino representing their different
Chief Marshal, Millard F. Hobbs.
William II. Stlckell and Thoodoro Perry, Aides.
FinsT division buildino thades.
Officers of tho Federation of Labor and District
Assembly, No. CG, Knights of Labor.
Fourth Artillery Hand.
Brlcxlayora' Union. Stoiiemtiaons' Union.
Plasterers' Asseniblv, 1C. of K Tinners' Assem
bly, K. of L.
Henderson's (Boys) JCoimvo Drum Corps.
Granite Cutters' Union. Painters' Assembly,
K. of U
Carpenters' Council Carpontors' Aeeombly, K
of I.. Carpenters' Union. No. I. Carpen
ters' Brotherhood. Ko.190. Amal
SECOND DIVISION 1'IUNTINO TRADES.
James J. Burke, William E. Shields, and W. N.
Brockwell. Assistant .Marshals In charge.
Mount Pluusant Baud (boys).
Public Printer. Th. K. Bonodict
Bookbinders Union. Pressmen's Union, 1. T. U.
Knights of Pythias Band.
Typographical Union, No.
"Prrsaincu's Union, L P. P. U.
THIRD DIVISION MISCELLANEOUS TBADES.
E. F. Pywell and Edwin M. Blake, Assistant
Marshals In Charge.
Section of Marino Band.
Electrical Workor6' Union. Tailors' Assembly.
Excelsior Assembly, No. 2072.
Eccentric Engineers' Assembly. Tailors' Union.
Plato Printers. Machinists' Union.
Kit Carson Post Drum Corps.
CIgarmakors' Union. Carrlagemakers' Assembly.
Bakers' Assembly. Bakers' Union, numbers'
FOURTH DIVISION C.UUUAOES.
John Fallon, Assistant Marshal In Charge.
Ladles' Progressive Assembly, K, of L. Marino
Engineers' Beneficial Assoclatou. Mem
bers of Bricklayers Union. Mem
bers of Carpenters' Union.
Hon. L. E. McGann, chairman of tho Com
mittee of Labor of the Blouse of Representa
tives, has sent the following letter to tho sec
retary of the labor conference in responso to
tho invitation to review the parade on Labor
"Mx Deah Sir: I havo your kind Invitation
to review tho parade of labor organizations
ou Labor Day. I thank you for tho compli
ment extended iu this invitation. I would
cheerfully accept tho invitation, but I ac
copted another to address a meeting of labor
organizations on that day in tho city of Chi
cago. I would respectfully suggest, in con
junction with your celebration of tho day,
that advautngo be taken of the presence of so
many worklnmen to givo expression to somo
thought that will find responso from the legis
lators of tho country, and that will go a great
way toward promoting tho welfnre ana ele
vating tho intellectual, moral, and social
welfare of our peoplo."
The Brlcklayors will turn out strong and
mak a fine showing. That was settled long
ago, but the programme received the finish
ing touches lost night at a meeting of Brick
layers' Union, No. 1, held at Bricklayers'
Hall. The parade hats were distributed to
the number of 500. The boj-s will present a
flue appearance. Tho members who aro not
yet sup'plied with hats aro requestod to call
nt the hall at any tlmo before 8 o'clock Mon
day. The union's officers aro: W. H. Magaun,
president; T. Sullivan, vico president; C. C.
Hessler, recording secretary; M. P. Canty,
treasurer; Dennis Ferry, corresponding secre
tary: Robert McMackm, financial secretary,
and M. O'Connor, sergeant-at-arms.
Tho bricklayers number 742 members, nnd
expect to have 650 men in tho parade. E. II.
Morsoll, tho hardware merchant, at the corner
of Seventh and L streets, mado tho union a
present of handsome souvenir, which tho
boys will take pride in displaying on the lino
of March. It consists of a trowel with a two
feet blade, and a haudlo six inches in length.
Mr. Morsoll also donated "tho boys" throo
flno American flags, and those will be also
borne aloft in lino with duo homago to "Old
Chief Marshal John P. Healey will havo
active helpers on the day of tho celebration.
William E". Brenehan is his assistant, and tho
aids are: Frank Jones. William Collins, Ed
ward Monkton, William Fisher, Thomas
Coakley. James Barry, C. S. Dougherty,
James M. Person, John Glenson, James
French, Jame3 O'Brien, William J. Roach,
William J. Hall. Charles Lavender, Thomas
Bateman, John Wolf, Owen Carpenter, and
IT IS A SERIOUS CHARGE.
But .Mother Superior Denies That Cornelia
Wain Died from Maltreatment,
New York, Aug. 81. A sensational story
was published to-day to the effect that a De
troit woman, well known for her acts of
charity, who wanted to join a sisterhood of
the Protestant Episcopal Church, was so se
verely punished at tho Community House on
her arrival that she died shortly atterward on
nor way home.
Miss Cornelia L. Wain, of Detroit, arrived
in tills city last month, with the intention of
joining the St. Joseph's Sisterhood, which has
its housoat No. 34 West Twonty-sccond street
She died a week ago at Niagara Falls. Ac
cording to tho story published, she was se
verely punished for a slight infraction of the
rules, "and was placed in n coll and halt
starved. Tho mother superior of tho sister
hood said to-day:
"I received a letter from Miss Wain saying
that she wanted to join our sisterhood nnd
sho would como on for a weok to see how
she liked tho life. I replied, saying the timo
wastOQ short, and thafsho must stay at least
two wks before sho could become a novice.
When sho arrived sho appeared in ill health.
She complained so much thnt I had several
extra dishes prepared for her from timo to
timo. Tho whole story, I believe, has been
gotten up by hor relatives, who, I under
stand, aro bitterly opposed to sisterhoods."
Ramson Gone to Work on His Fences.
Senator Ramson, chairman of tho Sonate
Committee on Commerce, left for North Caro
lina yesterday to take part in the campaign.
The legislature to bo elected this fall has two
United States Senators to choose, by reason
of the expiration of Senator Ramson's term,
and Senator Jan-is having been chosen by the
governor to serva until the legislature can
elect to fill the unexpired term of the late
PELL PORTY-PIVE PBET.
Christian Jarrctt Fatally Injured and Thrco
Others Badly Hurt by a Breaking Scnf
fold at St. Paul's Catholic Church.
Tho overweighting with brick of a scaffold
at a height of forty-fivo foot from tho ground
caused nu acoidout yettorday in which four
men narrowly escaped death.
As It was, Christian Jarrett, of Brookland,
was, at a lato hour last night, lying at tha
point of death In the Emergency Hospital,
whilo nrar hlin lay his sou, Frank, with two
broken ribs. Two other men who wore on
the scaffold, Richard Haines, No. C23 Soventh
street southwest, and J. W. Nichols, No. 213
G stroet northwest, both colored men, wore
badly bruisod about the faco, arms, and head.
All tho men were taken to tho Emergency
Hospital, where an examination Bhowed that
throo of tho older Jarrett's ribs wero brokon
and ono of his lungs had been pierced by a
portion of one rib, causing internal hemor
rhages. Frank Jarrett escaped with having
two ribs broken, whilo tho colored men got
off with painful bruises. The Jarrotts, father
and sou, were kopt at tho hospital and tho
others went to their homes.
Tho scono of thu accident was tho beautiful
now St. Paul's Catholic Church, corner of
Fifteenth and I streets, which is now fast
noarlng complotiou. Tho Jarrotts wero en
gaged In laying tho bricks, ana their contract
was nearly finished. The colored men wero
carrying them brick and mortar.
Thero were sevoral hods of brick and mortar
on tho scaffold, but no damage was appre
hended because there had frequently been
fully as much material thoro on many pluvious
About 2:15 p. m., however, tho scaffold
suddenly gavo way at tho place where tho
brick and mortar were lying, and tho by
standers were horrified to seo four mon fall
ing with fearful velocity through tho air.
As thoy struck tho ground they wero almost
buried in tho brick and mortar which had
fallen from tho scaffold. Those who wit
nessed the accident shrieked and bewailed tho
fate of tho four men, all of whom woro at first
thought to havo been killed.
Tho noise caused by tho bricks striking
boards and other debris caused great excite
ment, and people hastened from far aud near
to learn tho cause of tho trouble. A squad of
police arrived on tho scene promptly, aud by
stretchiuir ropes kept tho crowd back, so that
other workmen on tho building could como to
the rescue of their unfortunate comrades,
and in an inorediblo short timo tho debris that
had covered Jarrott and his associates was
removed, and they wero taken to tho hospital
whoro thoy received necessary attention.
NOT VANDBRBILT'S CHARMER.
Nellie Noustrcttor Not tho Woman Upon
Whom the New York Millionaire
Lavished His Wealth.
Indianapolis, Ind., Aug. 31. Mr. Clom
Studobaker Is greatly annoyed by the state
ment in the San Francisco dispatch of last
night, referring to tho rocord of Nollio Neus
tretter, in which the name of Studebakcr, tho
millionaire carriage-maker, was coupled with
hers In an unpleasant manner. Mr. Studo
baker absolutely and emphatically denies
ever having known tho woman.
San Francisco, Aug. 31. A story was pub
lished bj- a morning paper in this city con
necting Mrs. Neusstadter with tho scandal in
tho family of W. K. Vanderbilt. Tho story
was fouudod on tho similarity between hor
namo and that of tho gay Parisian, Nellie
Neustretter, who is said to havo lured tho
American millionaire from the path of do
mostio rectitude. Mrs. Neusstadtor's fathor is
.Benjamin Cohen, of this city. He said in an
"It is nbsurd to say that this notorious wo
man and my daughter Nettie are the same
person. I have boon receiving letters from
her for tho past two years at regular intervals
of twclvo days. Thoy havo all been dated
New York. Only once to my knowledge did
sho visit Europe, and that was two years ago.
Then sho remained in Paris for a month. All
these stories to tho effect that my daughter
was ono of tho most notorious women of
Paris are untrue. Nettie did not speak Frenoh
well, and she never posed as a French woman,
so far as I know. If sho wero tho heroine of
the sensational escapades charged to her I
think I would havo known it."
The Cohens havo boon receiving lottors
from Mrs. Neusstadter at regular intervals
ever 6lnco her doparturo from this city. Tho
last letter was received on Tuesday and was
dated and postmarked New York. She wrote
to an Intimate friend a fow weeks ago to tho
effoct that sho will be in this city, during tho
latter pnrt of September.
New York, Aug. 31. In tho crush at tho
Casino last night was a handsome woman
who complained bitterly because the news
papers had published telegrams from San
Francisco accusing her of intimacy with W.
K. Vanderbilt. Hor name before sho was mar
ried was Nettie Cohen. Her husband procured
a divorce from her under'tbo name of Nettie
Nouestadter. Sho lives now as Mrs. Nita
Allen, almost opposite the homo of Ohauncoy
"These Western peoplo havo mixed mo up
with somo othnr womnu," sho said to a re
porter. "I never saw Willie Vanderbilt in my
life. I do not wnnt to see him. I havo had
trouble enough without that. I did live in
San Francisco, and after somo trouble with
my husband I camo to New York because I
saw better prospects hore. It's nobody's
business but my own what I am doing horo,
nor do 1 caro to explain why I am living
under another namo."
This explanation straightens out ono tanglo
in tho Vanderbilt separation case.
ONE THOUSAND LIVES LOST.
Flower Routs on the Canton River on Firo
and the Unfortunate Natives
Perish in tho Flames.
Honq Kong. Aug. 31. A terrible firo has
occurred on tho Canton River. A flower boat
caught lire and tho fiamesspeaa until hun
dreds of those craft wero destroyed. Tho
progress of the firo was so rapid that at least
1,000 natives perished in the flames.
Tho flower boats were moored stem and
stern, in rows, and largo numbers of natives
lived upon them. Tho spread of tho confla
gration from ono bont to another was so rapid
that tho unfortunate Chinese had no time to
cut them from their moorings, u strong wind
materially helping to increaso the firo. Many
hundrods of tho poople on board tho flower
boats leaped overboard and were drowned,
whilo soveral hundred others remained on
boonl tho doomed crafts and perished in tho
ARMIES OF VETERANS.
About Ninety Thousand Expected at tho
Great G. A. R. Encampment.
Pittsburg, Pa., Aug. 31. Socretary Head,
of tho committeo on accommodation of the
Q A. R. encampment, to-day mado his first
official estimate of tho uuraber of visitors ex
pected during encampment weok.
Up to date ho has provided for freo quar
ters for 27.721 old soldiers, and thero are re
quests for 725 not yet assigned. As has been
tho case at othor encampments throo times
this number of veterans will bo presont, swell
ing the number to 80,000 or 00,000 old sol
diers alone. The visitors are expected to
swell this number to at least 400.000.
Chairman Sample, of tho parado commit
too, received a letter from Gov. Pattisou, of
this Stato. in which he refuses tho roquest of
under seal iu Harrisburg, to leave thoir present
safo quarters for tho hazardous journoy to
this city to bo oxhibited at tho oucampment.
Whilo ho desires to further tho Interests of tho
gathering in ovory way possible, tho governor
concludes that tho risk of railroad wreck, firo,
or other acoident is too great too allow of the
removal of tho Hags, which once destroved
can nover bo replaced. This decision is a
great disappointment to tho G. A. 11, mana
gers. 'Tho Times" Will Move.
In the course at a few days the odlco of The
Times will be moved to tho now building at tho
southwest corner of Pennsylvania avenue and
Tenth BtreeL The entire building has been
leased by The Times and Is now being fitted ftp
with all Improvements and conveniences for the
publication of a modern newspaper.
LOCAL NEWS OF ALL SORTS
Tho Weather To-day.
Fair, northeasterly winds.
Police Court Matters A very pleasant Inci
dent marked tho retiring of two judges from
office yesterday, both being presented by
members of tho bar with handsome floral de
signs representing the scales of justice.
For a month past Judges Taylor and Mills
havo sorved In the places of Judges Kimball
and Miller in tho police court whilo tho two
latter wero on thoir annual vacation, aud
their course has given such entire satisfaction
that tho jncmbors of the bar determined to
show their appreciation of their offort3 to
deal impartially with all. Accordingly a
committeo secured two floral designs pro
cisoly allKo and gavo them to the outgoing
judges In presenting tho designs Mr. Eugene
O. B. O'Koill, in a neat Jittlo speech,
addressed Justice Mills and spoke feelingly of
tho relations botwoen the court and the attor
neys, and on behalf of his brother lawyers
commended his honor for tho faithful, impar
tial, and common sense mannor in which tho
business of tho court had been dispatched
during the vacation of the regular judges, and
hoped that, while their duties wero arduous,
they were sufficiently pleasant to iuduco them
to desiro to return again next summer.
Mr. W. Calvin Cuaso made the address to
Judge Taylor, and pointing to tho scales,
said: "Llko Bolshazzar. you havo been
weighed in the balance; but unlike him, you
havo not been found wanting." Ho then, on
behalf of his brother lawyers, bade tho court
farewell, thanking him for tho consideration
and mercy ho had shown thoso who oy a com
bination of circumstances had become en
tangled in the meshes of the law, and for tho
kindly and fatherly advico tho court had al
ways given the penitent unfortunute who had
not passed beyond tho palo of redemption.
Tho judges responded feolingly and briefly,
saying thoy had endeavored to maintain the
scales as evenly balanced as wero the repre
sentations in flowers, aud that neither creed,
condition, nor color could induce them to
vary tho balanco ono iota.
Pictro Sphaghetti is still wondering why
that man on G street came out and smashed
his organ when it was playing "Home, Sweet
Home." Pietro need not wonder. That
violent man was a recently-discharged office
holder from Texas.
Judgo Hills John J. Leonard, who, on
Wednesday, was convicted of keeping an un
licensed bar at No. C02 Third street south
west, yesterday went to prison, for at least
three months, In style. After Judge Mills had
overruled tho motion of Lawyer Closs, Leon
ard's counsel, for the arrest of judgment
Special District Attorney Pugh moved that
sentence bo pronounced. Judge Mills decided
mat a flno of 500 nnd three months in tho
workbouso. which is the lowest penalty under
the law, would be sufficient. If, however,
Leonard does not pay tho flno before tho ex
piration of three months he will havo to servo
six months in jail.
Lawyer Closs then asked Judgo Mills to
permit Leonard to go to prison iu a carriage.
The request was granted, and Leonard sent
and got the finest looking open barouche to
bo found, aud accompanied by Deputy Mar
shal Darr ho was driven to tho workhouse.
Charles E. Conger was charged with
threatening to do bodily harm to his wife,
Marie Conger. The accused said the princi
pal reason for his wife making tho complaint
was that sho had become tired of him. Ho
was released on his personal bonds to leavo
tho house whoro his wife now resides and
not to interfere with her In any way. Conger
snid he would not only agreo to that, but
would promise not even to speak to her
again. Both Mr. and Mrs. Conger left the
court room In a hurry, us soon as the former
was teleascd, but they did not depart to
gether. Hessie Cochran, who was charged with
robbing a Knight of Pythias of 33 at her
home on D street northwest, was released on
hor personal bonds that sho leavo the city at
Tho house of Mrs. Jennio Morris, at tho
corner ol Tenth and I streets northwest, was
raided last night, on tho ground that business
of a questionable character was conducted
thero. Mrs. Morris was released on condition
that sho will leavo tho precinct within ten
Milton E. Siinms was charged with keeping
his barbor-shop, at No. 1&363. Fourteenth
northwest, open on Sunday. Policeman Gela-
j bert was the prosecuting witness. The judge
decided that the ovidenco was not sumoient
to convict and dismissed the charge.
Edward Griffin, charged with carrying a
concealed weapon, was fined $50 or ninety
John Johnson, colored, charged with as
saulting Policeman John F. Frestou with a
kick, was yesterday sent to jail for ninety
days by Judge Mills.
Agnes Washington, charged with tho lar
ceny of $5 from William Colbert, was yestor
day sent to jail for ninetv days bv Judgo
Judge Taylor Body Rico and Charles Ed
wards were yesterday sent to jail for 180 day3
each for stealing twenty dozen bananas from
Samuel Kling, and Edward Gray, charged
with being implicated in the same offense,
was sent to thu same plaeo for 120 days.
Crimos and Casualties Mrs. G. F. Dawson,
of this city, was seriously hurt in an accident
on the Ashville and Sulphur Springs eloetrio
railway, at Ashevillo, N. p., yesterday. Tho
car jumped the track. 31rs. Dawson's inju
ries wero in tho back and head, but aro not
regarded as fatal.
Street Arab's Proverbs.
If dore's any ono thing dats better'n eatin'
er snowball, It's watchin' er parado an' eatin
Two Wills Filod Moses Smallwood in his
will filed yesterday leaves one-third of his
property to his wife, Rachael Smallwood, and
tho remaindor to bo divided equally between
his three children, Julia Waneck, Thomas
Smallwood, and Walter Smallwood. His wife
is named as executrix. Tho will was mado
August 4, 1S93. Part of tho property disposed
of is parts of lots Nos. 4 and 5, in square No.
795, at Third and South Carolina avenue
southeast. Maria Louisa Triplett in her will
made ,pril 25, 1893, and filed yesterday
leaves her proporty to Addison Brown, and in
caso ho should not be living to Helen Brown.
L. Cabell Williamson is named as executor
without bond. To her brother, John Robin
son, Mrs. Triplett leaves only $5 because, sho
says, ho has never shown hor any brotherly
consideration. Sho directs that all hnr debts
bo paid and c200 given to Ennis Jackson, of
Fairfax county. Va. Tho property nnmed in
the instrument is lot No. 65, in tho sub-division
of squaro No. 132, near Eighteenth and S
streets northwest. Accompanying tho will is
tho application of Mr. Williamson for probate
and letters testamentary.
For3onal Mention Mr. Harrio C. Ansley,
heretofore acting treasurer, has been ap
pointed treasurer of tho Southern Railway
Company, with offlco at No. 1300 Pennsyl
Pastor E. Hoz Swom. of the Second Baptist
Church, has returned to tho city from a
Civil Service Commissioner Proctor will
leavo tho first of noxt weok for a month's va
cation in Massachusetts. Commissioners
Lyman and Roosevelt havo already left Wash
ington for a few weeks' stay.
Third Assistant Postmaster General Craig
has returned to tho city from a short visit to
Tho Socretary of tho Treasury has requested
the resignation of Adolph Cluss, an inspector
of public buildings in the offico of the super
Mr. S. W. Maddux, of No. 145 C streot
northwest, 4rho a fow days ago was much
better after a painful sickness, has had a re
lapse and Is ajain sorlously ill.
"Whito Houso Concert Tho Marino Band
will playtho following musical numbers at the
White House this afternoon at 5 o'clock:
An Unfortunate Resemblance Walter L.
Adamson was on Thursday released by Dis
trict Attorney Birney from jail, where ho had
been confined for two wcoks on the charge of
robbing a hovso on Tenth street northwest.
Detectives liclau aud Wooden went boforo
tho grand jury and stated that they beliood
that Adamson was entirely innocent of tho
charge preferred against him, and that it had
grown out of his resemblance to George Bell,
who with Frank Brandevich is said to hava
been victimizing merchants. District Attor
ney Birney thereupon ordered Adamson dis-
1 charged, and said that he was sorry the
A SCIENTIFIC EVENT.
Grnn.1 opening of THE WINDSOR COLLEGE
OF PHRENOLOGY, StSalON, lf!M.
Prof. William Windsor, LL. B., Ph. D.
Tho world's most omlncnt Phrenologist,
In a Magniflcr-nt Series of I LLUSTKATED SCIEN
TIFIC LECrUBE-S nd exhibi
tions of professional skill
In public examinations
of leading cit zeus
selected by tho
September 4, "How
to become rich,"
September 5, Prof.
"W indsorwill deliver
his great lecturo
"Matrimony," t n
which he will de
lineate the char
acter of. several
yuung ladies and
select husbands for
them from the au
dience. Admission lu cents reserved seats i5
e nts. Thursday night, September 0, "The pro
fession of Phrenology as an avenue to wealth,
power, health, and happiness." treo to all!
Friday and Saturday nights. September 7 and ri,
treo lecture to men only.'MIanhood, matrimony,
strength and prosperity " , .
Prlvato phrenological examinations will bo
given dally by Prot Windsor at his offices, 915 F
fsTREET NORTHWEST. Hours, 10 a. m. to 6 p.
And increase your usefulness in every depart
ment of life. ,
THE WINDSOR COLLEGE OF PHRENOLOGY,
WASHINGTON, D C,
Opens September 8.
A threo months course will teach you How to
Understand Human Nature! How to Read the
Character of Everyone Yon Meet! How to Ex
amine Heads, and give Complete Delineations
or Character, with or without the Phreuometer.
How to Lecture and Conduct Business and
become a Member of the moat L'sef ul. Honorable
and Enjoyable Profession in the World.
CVA course In this College Is Invaluable to
every Profeo3ional and Business man, and will
Increase his chance for success In every branch
of legitimate business.
Terms and Expenses Full Professional Course
of Three Months, One Hundred DollarsL Post
Graduate Course for Special Practice, Three
Weeks, Fifty Dollars. Necessary Bcois, Tea
Dollars. Diploma Foe, Five Dollars.
The Degree of Bachelor of Philosophy Is con
ferred upon all who complete tha Professional
Course, and the Degree of Master of Science
upon all who complete the Post Graduate course.
For further particulars caU on or address, with
PROF. WILLIAM WINDSOR. LL. B., Ph. D.,
President Windsor College of Phrenology. 918
F St N. W , Washington, D. C. sel-2w
young man had been caused any inconven
ience March Tho Marine Band. Fanclulli
Overture Tannhauser. Wagner
Waltz My Token (arr. by Fanclulli) Liberatl
Grand Selection Faust Gounod
Medley A Night In Bohemia Fanclulli
Introducing old and new popular songs, end
ing with "The Man That Wrote Ta-ra-ra Boom-de-ny
and How Ho Did It."
Gavotte Kn'ghts of Pythias Emma Minke
Characteristic In the Clock Store. Orth
"Dot Cako Walk". Lamp
"Hall Columbia". Fyle3
Fatal Fall from a Stable Window An
autopsy was held yesterday at the Emergency
Hospital on the body of William Watson, col
ored, who died at 2 a.m. from the effects of a
fall from tho window of the stable of H.
Oppenheimer, on Eighth street near H street
northwest, on Tuesday night. A clot of
blood was found on the brain, which was the
immediate cause of death. Tho body was
sent to Gardensburg, Va., for interment.
A Tent Confidence.
First Knight (who was out late the night
before) I'll tell you the best feature of these
Second Knight The parades?
Tho fact that a man always starts put with
a return ticket.
'Sermon at the People's Church Rev. Alex
ander Kent, pastor of the People's Chureh,
will speak to-morrow at 11:15 o'clock a. m.,
in Typographical Temple, on "The Christ
thought of greatness." He will discuss the
practicability of the question.
Children Should See the Ponies To-day
the Harry Randall will leave at 9:45 a. m. and
1:45 p. m. for River View. The fare will be
10 cents for everybody on these two trips.
Bring out tho little ones to see the pony show.
It is a rare treat for the children. The Pentz
leaves at 6:45 p. m. for Biver View and Indian
Real Estate Transfers Deeds of real estate
were yesterday filod for record as follows:
Edward E, Waters to WlUie F.Brooks, lot No.
36 in Boss' sub-division of lots In square No.
603. subject to $ COO trust, for clOO; Charles
B. See to Joseph D. Steele, lot No. 189 in
Richard's subdivision of square No. 861. sub
ject to $2,000 trust, for 64,000; Mary J.Wright
and husband to John Chester, lots No. 30 and
part of lot No. 31 in block No. 6, In Todd and
Brown's sub-division of Pleasant Plains and
Mount Pleasont, subject to a i3.500 trust, for
ilOO; Robert D. Carter and others to Raphael
A. Cosllear, lot No. 57 In Earle's sub-division
of square No. 276, for 10; Annie E. Lamb to
Mary A. Schneider, quit claim, part of lots
Nos. 2 and S in squaro No. 769, for 10;
Thomas E. Waggaman and John T. Amis,
trustees, to Samuel A. Drury, lot No. 39 in
Smith & Mar's sub-division of lots in square
No. S12, for .t2,S00.
Record of the Courts Equity Court, Part
2 Justice Con Power vs. Downing, de
cree confirming auditor's report; French vs.
Hamlin, appearance of absent defendants.
Circuit Court. Part 1 Justice Cole The
Southern Railway C ompany vs. The District
of Columbia et al.; ju ogment in certiorari.
Orphans' Court Justice Cole Estate of
Richard M. Dawes, Older of publication; es
tate of Theodore T. J. Vandoren, order for
commission to take depositions of witness to
will. In ro guardian of Edith L. and Annie
M. Kengla, allowed to purchase 81,000
bond. In ro guardianship of Edward and
Emil Golley, petition ot Charles Obermeyer
to withdraw claim. Estate of Phillip Pol
lard, order to pay $1,142.37 to May M. Pol
lard. In ro James H. Smith, guardian peti
tion for payment of William Degjr's claim.
Estato of Robert Greer, jr., will admitted to
probate and letters testamentary IssuihI to
Ida V. Greer, with bond $4,000. Estate of
Ellen Donohue, Catharine MoNorney ap
pointed administratrix, with bond $1,200;
and guardian of Daniel Donohue, with bond
$1,200. Estate of Maria L. Triplett, petition
for probate of wiU filed.
Negligence That Is Costly A deed of trust
made in 1S67 still hangs over the title to lots
Nos. 2, 3, 4, aud 5 of Holmend's addition to
Georgetown, although the money on account
of which it was made has long been paid. To
clear the title a suit was filed yesterday by
William C. Clabaugh and others against Bes-
sio Barnngton and others. Tho trustees in
the deed, Frederick W. Jones nnd William D.
Cassin are dead, and tho rolease must, there
fore, bo mado through tha court.
Crimes and Casualties.
"Bat" Shea, who was to havo been electro
cuted at Albany, N. Y., this week for the
murder in Troy of Robert Boss, has had a
stay of proceedings granted him, pending an
nppeal which has not yet bean filed.
E. S Dean, a wealthy retired business man
of Clevoland, Ohio, who had been In failing
health for somo years, shot himself through
the heart vesterday, tho load from tho shot
gun tearing away almost the ontlro left aid,
of tho body.
James Johnstone, supposed to be n Mured
captain. United States Army, committed
suicide yesterday In Glasgow, England.
At Fincastlo, In Wolf county, Ky., Joe Gum
left his three-year-old child in caro of Its
cousiu, Henry Gum, whilo ha went to work
in the cornfield. The boy becoming tired of
his chargo bent its brains out with a club and
then threw tho body in a creek.
.While Alfred Brown, colored, aged thirty
years, was helping to unload toiegraph poles
atThu'1cqrner of Third street and Georgia nv
ennegoutheast yesterday nlternoon, one of
the pdlifoll on him, breaking his right leg.
Ho wnS carried to his home in an. alley, be
tween Twentieth and Twenty-first street and
E nnd F streets northwest.
Of Great Interest to Wheelmen.
TmsTuixs next Sunday will contain an an
nouncement of great interest to wheelmen.
STATEMENT OF THE ASSETS AND LITJLvI
tles of tho Mutual Reserve Fund Life 4ssoc i
ation. of New York, on the 30th day of J Lv
lb&l, furnldbed in accoraance with. th & of
Congress ontitled "An act to provide for sca.
annual statements by foreign .'terprat.nis i j.r.jr
business in the District of Columbia, ' ap.ovad
Real estate $3S,0S3 75
Cash on hand s,4W 63
Cath on deposit. 751,ie81
Bonds Province of Que
boc. 53,000 00
Bonds Dominion of Can
ada 5268 60
Bonds City of St. Louis.. 1,8X1 60
English consols WWJO
Credit fonder bonds.... 'MlJIHi 40
French rentes 3I2l 17
Italian consols 4,eSt ft
Loans on mortgages 2,l2SjP5U $0
Furniture and fixtures. 2JB 67 J
Agentn ledger balances
(secured) nnd am'nia
in handa of banks and
but not received Juno
called bat not due,
and annual and. ex
pense dues in process
of collection 1,106,761 07
Interest due and ac
Annnal and expense dues 2957&3v)4
Total assessments received during
the year 1,713. v Z ZJ
Membership fees 101,
Interest and otneccaaa receipts far
LosiOb paid during the year! l,5,rji A3
Returned to rejected applicants
and paid account bonds 1 "tt 17
Expenses, salar.es.ctaxes, and com
missions. 13-L1"7 73
Net present value of allpeitefes In
force June t, law, cemputed as
renewable term insurance for 88
days. Actuaries table of mor
tality. Interest 4 per ceat. All
policies terminated by limit oi
time each. 60 days. Subsequent
payments maturing each 80 daya
equal liability for future death,
claims, based on combined ex
perience tables of mortality 701,659 0O
Outstanding bond obligations...... 504,7 i 03
Losses in process of ad
justment $361,100 00
Losses approved and
notdue 48M60 W
Losses resisted..... 147,189 4d
AU other liabilities... lio,v err
Total liabilities S421.t4 SS
Total asseta 5,363 502 45
Total liabilities. 2,421.864 5
Net surplus S,931& 00
HENRT J. KEXNMTND. Second Vice Pr t
CHARLES W. CAMP, Secretary.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 3tH
day of July, ISM.
GEORGE W. SKEIXEN
Notary Public New Tort i o oury.
WILLIAM L. BE1TL.ER, Manager V
It 'Washington Loan and Trust Building:
LIFE AND ACCTDKNT INSURANCE STVrT
meat of tha condition of the -Etna Life 7 z
surance Company, of Hartford, Conn..ontto
30th day of JCNE. ISM, as required by act of
Congress, approved July 28, IS8S:
Capital stocfc f I.SOO CC0 3
Capital stock paid up 1,500 0C. JO
Beal estate o'vned by company C3I Zi vi
Cash in bant and in compaay's
office 24S6T3 a
Bonds and mortgages inrst Hen oe
real estate 22,077 Vi 44
Stocks and bends (markft value)... lZli" 'Tj J
Bills receivable and collateral loans 2,1 )'! "J
Premiums uncollected and in hands
ofairents 621 C
Interest due and accrued on June
39, laM 5i2,4" 9
Cosh capital 1J5W "
Reserve premium fund, estimated.. 33,5i .j
Reserve for unpaid losses and
claims.. JS.'.' "
Al! other Habililted 446,ss -j
Netsarptos .. 4,31-S,.,- ;C
Statement of dividends and ex
penses for six months ending
J cue 3ft. Ia94:
Current expenses 302,"
Taxes V9-r 13
N. G. BULBaEZ, President
J. L. ENtfUSH, SeereiRry.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, Th, nth.
day of August, 2S0L
fSEAL WL IL KELLOGG, Notary Puv Ixt
H. a MBK3S. Manager.
G. W. DUSTIN, Asso. Manager
W. A. FENWICK, Dist. Agent,
631 Peana Ave 3. W
Washington, D. C.
TC BRICKLATEKS ARS NOTIFTEP TO
VjVSp, assemble at hall atS o'c!,clc starp,
Septembers. AUthoro failing to parti 'fa- a
the parade will be lined two i$2Ctf do! lars. ha"i
can beproeuredat the ball any ttmete:-ro
Monday morning. By order of
CERTIFICATE-HOLDERS OF THE VAIT
lngton Beneficial Endowment Asoo!at. n
send name, address and amount of policy T- fLs
Committor, 456 Louisiana, avenue. se :
SUNDAY NIGHT, 7:45 V-, "Railroad R'df a.
. what Pastor E. Hoz Swemwill tali a . -Seats
free. Auditorium Second Baptist (.h r -,
4th st and. Va. a v. s. e. It
CARRIAGE MAKERS OF WASHIV "V
wishing to participate in the Lat'''- ay
parade are invited to meet with. Local Ass i
bty MM. at their ball. C street, between ti
and beventh. streets N. W., at 8:30 a. m s' a-p
Septembers. fo. :.-:
PLASTERERS, ATTENTION: EVERT tfTM
berof Plasterers' LA, 1844, K. of L..ishr "y
notified to attend a special meeting of th as
sembly on SUNDAY MORNING at 10 o do. i. a -n.
for distribution of uniforms for Labor Day ra
rade. Every member is requested to be prrs -i.
By order of the assembly. au.
TO THE MEMBERS OF BAKERS M- T -mental
Assembly, 23P9, K. of L an i r" a
public in general: Adopted at the last rrgsr
meeting of L. A , 2i9, 6. of L. "Every mer' er
of said Assemby shall participate in the La' : r
Day parade and the work, suspended on sai I ?
for tn enty-four hours. A fine of $10 will tr im
posed on any member violating any one f t"se
rules." LOUIS RUDLOFF, Ree. Sec Btc.t
ofL.A..28S9, K.ofL. aaJWt
Washington, D. C
H. C. BDRCH, Manager.
auO-lm Cor. N ew Jersey ave. and B at se.
VT ATIONAL HOTEL,
J.T Pennsylvania, a
, ave., cor. 6th st nw.
Rates, 82.50 to 54.60 per day. au3-:m
THE OXFORD. 14th st and N. Y. ave
American plan, $2.50 perjdoy and upwar.
European plan, $1 per day and upwards, iu. tm
THE GORDON, TENTH AND H STREETS.
Single rooms $10 up; large rooms -522 i JoOL
Table board $25; transleut ti30 to 34 a 3ay
THE BANCHOFT, lSvu AND H ST3 N V
$8 per dayj special rates by the weeicc
8IS-W8 Mth street bw ,
auO-lm Weet side McPhorson Squaro
T HE FORRSSTBR. AMERICAN AND FT Rol
pean plan, a 1-M8 4$ st. nw. Rates, ft ' to
$2.00 per day. auS-l-n
THE LTTCHFICLD. 90S Mth ST V W.
Kates, $ iB.00 per day; special rafs ty
the weelc or woata. ?".-
r'NTTED STATES HOTEL AMERIC AN AND
Xnropean ptan. Rates. SI;50, $2.00 aai
StSOperday. CMA. F. MeLACGHLIX Prr".
ot oijt t onwh to aw. -.-m
r Pennsylvania avenue and i-Jtn st. nw
PROPOSALS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF
OFFICE OF TTIK COMMISSIONERS
OP THE DISTRICT OF COLtMBT
Washington, D. C Sept 1. m
Scaled proposals will be received at this o-a
until 2 p. m. September 12, 1SOI, for constructing
sewers in the District of Columbia. Sperlflca
tlons and blank forms of proposals may ro
obtained at this odea, J. W. ROSS.GK-RUT2
TRU1SDELL, CHARLES F. POWELL, Comnu.
sloners D. C.
""The- Times" Will .Move.
In the course of a few days the oGVo of Tes
Times will be moved to the new building at tha
southwest corner of Pennsylvania avenue and
Tenth street The entire building has been
leased by The Times and is now being fitted up
with aU Improvements and conveniences for thf
publication of a modern nowspapec