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THE WASHINGTON TiMErj, MONDAT, OOTOBETt 1 1S94.
The WasMnflton Times
ffiTEEY DAT I TEE YEAKJ
OWNED AND ISSUED BY
The Waslunflton Times Company
iXmSVam CORtlBK PCXNSTLVAKU. ATZNUE asd
SttaiibMe Editorial Roems, 485.
Business Office, SIT. -
riJpe,Itettr IWUob One Cent
SmritaySOitfen ...Three Cents.
r tiioHMntfa Thirty-live Coats.
WASHHJ0TQK, 15- C., OCTOBER IS, 1SSL
Tho daily average number of papers sold
and printed by THE WASHINGTON TIMES
far tie month of September was
Meads of The Times are reminded that no
attention is paid to anonymous oommunicn
tioue. Tbe name of ovary writer must bo
gives, not necessarily for publication, but as
a guarantee of Rood faith. Short letters on
interesting topics of tbe day Rre welcomed if
tfats rate fe complied with.
Recommendations to Re Proud Or.
Waskimotox, D. C., Soptomber IS, 189L
Jin. A. aiATOiicz Low, Business Manager of
The Washikoton Times.
Bbak Sik: I take pleasure in informing you
diet at tbe last meeting of this Federation our
members were requested to carofully read the
advertising columns of The Times every day
nod to patronise as much as possible those
meecfeftaifi and others whose advertisements
apjwer ia The Trans.
Oar members were also requested to secure
In every way possime new subscribers for The
Tehms, and bring the merits of tho paper be
fore those who are not now subscribers.
Oar members all feel vory friendly toward
The Times, and of course want to see it suc
ceed. Tbey are willing to help everybody
wIm belfJ6 tbe paper. Respectfully,
(0Bax Joseph 3L Tottee,
Secretary Federation of Labor of the District
"H;ziQciTE86 District Assembly, So. 66,
Kmohts or Labob
WASHixtwoK, D. C, September 21, 184.
"M. A. Mabeice Low, Business Manager
'ear Sik: At the last regular mooting of
District Assembly C6, Knights of Labor, The
Yashxwx Times was heartily indorsed
and tbe sepport of the Assembly was pledged
to aSvertisers in The Times.
"C. T. Walpobt,
SPae recent rededieation of the old Holland
land offlee at Batavia in honor of tho mem
ory of Bobert Morris is a fitting tribute to
the great financier of the Revolution. It is
strange, however, that Philadelphia, his
home, should have left the giving of this
tribute to Western Sew York, where he sank
lik fortune in wild land speculations.
The eoldior or the pallor and tbe general or
tbe admiral are the usual recipients of the
laurels of grateful countrymen. The pomp
ad noise of their attainments on land and
sea are justly appreciated, but sometimes
overestimated by tbe nation in whose sorvico
they have fought. Thus it was that Robert
Morris was overlooked.
Just as earnestly, and at times almost hope
lessly, did this general of finance light for
the fortunes of his country, and as much was
tbe outcome due to bis efforts as to the other
heroes of tbe Revolution whose work was done
on the field or on the deck. Problems just as
serious were his to overcome, and his success
was one of the marvels of that fight of a wild
territory against an empire.
"It may be that hereafter," said 3Ir. Car
lisle in eoreluding his speech at Batavia,
"soaaewhere in this groat land of ours,
wfafek lie sacrificed so much to mako
lree and prosperous, there will bo gathered
beneath the dome of an American Pan
theon tbe remains of all our honored dead,
and, if so, the obscure grave at Philadel
phia wiH give up its tenant and the mau
soleum of Robert Morris will become a conse
crated shrine where generations of free men
wfli uncover their heads in honor of his mem
ory as long as tbe republic endures."
And so it should be. The public parks and
streets of a thousand cities are full of monu
ments to prominent figures in the wars of our
national past. Robert Morris is nowhere
aajoag them. His body lies in an obscure
corner of a churchyard in Philadelphia, the
city which delighted to honor him when ho
was in the zenith of his success.
AFTER THE CZAR'S DEATH WHAT!
AH Europe watches with acute anxiety the
reports given to the public about the health
of Alexander, ruler of all the Russias.
That Death has marked him for his own is
no longer denied. Tho brutal frankness of
Dr. Zaebarin to his imperial patient may bo
slightly discounted by Dr. Leyden's more
optieifstiG declaration, but no ono doubts
that tbe grave will soon hold another Boinan
ofl. It may be a few months, more or Its-,
stad the end will have come.
How will Alexander's death affect tho in
ternal and external policies of Russia? That
is tbe question to which not merely the diplo
mats but tho humanitarians of Europe are
seeking an answer. Tho latter are only con
cerned with that phase of tho question which
involves tho amelioration of the moral and in
tellectual condition of the lower grades of tho
Busman population, and tho uplifting of
those upon the iron yoke of the present re
gime rests most heavily. Fortunately for
them, tbe successor to the throne is a man of
mere generous impulses and more advanced
ideas on the subject of the rights of the people
than Its present occupant, and it may justly
be oxpoctea of him that ho will do much to
change the existing state of affairs into some
tiitog better and more humane.
Tbe diplomats, however, are speculating as
to tfee attitude the new ruler may take in the
affairs of Europe. It Ib well known that tho
Cearewiteh feel3 much more kindly toward
Germany than does his father, and it is con
calved that with his accession to tho throno
wtiat is known at the Russian court as tbe
German party will almost Immediately be in
iLe ascendant Ko one doubts that thero will
bo closer affiliation between St. Petersburg
and Berlin. What will the effect of such an
"entente" be upon European politics? How
will it affect Franco and Austria? What of
Stamboul and the Golden Horn? These are
hard nuts to crack, and they will make tho
teeth ache of many a cabinet minister.
Thero Is ono important factor, however,
that must not be lost sight 6f in tho consid
eration of tho possibilities involved in tho
Cwirewitch's accession to poner. That factor
is tho powerful old Russian nobility, which
has been able to thwart not merely Its sov
ereign s efforts for tho improvement of tho
lower classes nnd the introduction of more
liberal forms of government, but has always
proved a powerful obstaclo in any attempted
approach to more intimato relations with Ger
many. Tho suggestion has not infrequently
been advauced that this nobility would, under
Then conditions, bo as vindictive as tho most
pronounced nihilist, nor hesitate ns littlo to
resort to extreme measures if such should
be decmod essential to the attainment of its
Altogether, tho situation that will be pre
sented uoon the death of th'o prosent Czar is
full of Interest to tho speculator in European
A NEW WOMAN'S C3DSADE.
Tho women of New York are organizing for
effective work against Tammany; tho women
of Chicago have been aroused 'nto activity
against tho gambling dens of that city. Alto
gether it's an age of nggrcssivo femininity,
even amongwomen outside the ranks of the
Ttie old objections about "soiling her skirts
at tho polls," "meddling in political questions
which sho knows nothing about," "neglect
ing the homo and children for tho affairs of
men," and the like, will not nvnil against the
crusade in these two great cities. The wotnon
do not propose to go to the polls, they nro
meddling in a political but rather a social
question, ana they are waging war against
evils which threaten their homes and with
which their hubnnds have heretofore been
unable to combat
Tho bribe-taking and justice-prostituting
Tammanyite and tho gambler politician of
Chicago have provod themselves abundantly
able to cope with any municipal purity society
composed of men. One thing, and ono thing
only, do they fear, and that is a great wave of
popular sentiment which will know no ob
struction, but will simply wipe them out of
their accustomed practices. Tho women are
more capable than tho men of arousing and
culminating such a movement. It was tho
women who started a crusade against stronj:
drink in Hillsboro, Ohio. mnn years ago.
The forces emanating from that little town
swept over the country and gavo prohibition
to Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Iowa,
Kansas, and theDakotas before they subsided.
Look out for the women.
Caxdidates indulcing in rear platform cam
paigns will do well to not use tho Pullman
article in laboring districts.
Heaeixg no recent noiso in the vicinity of
Denver, Colo., wo are led to believe thn Gov.
Walte has entertained some idea mean enough
to puncture his pneumatic tire.
It occurs to us that Tammany may have
turned down Tim Campbell on account of his
Possiblt Levi P. Morton's coachman was
brought over under tho free works of art
Citizens of certain States would be sur
prised to rend the voluminous correspondence
on their politics published by certain news
papers which never reach their locality. Tne
prognostication season Is wide open in sev
eral newspaper offices.
Mr. Alusox's boom can hardly be said to
be fairly under way until it adds terminal
Me. Havemeyeb undoubtedly entertains a
professional interest in the success of those
This silence at Buzzard's Bay hs become
serious enough to propagate a theory of kid
It will bo little short of cruelty if Uncle
John Sherman has to lay his ancient and
honorable boom away in tbe attic for another
The sagacious politicians who are predict
ing a landslide may have to go to the Alps to
get one, after all.
Timid children should not go out with a
mother who has to hold up a train.
Bcngvhxe, N. Y., is tho appropriate local
ity suggested for tho opening spoech of Levi
The Khedive of Egypt has a bicyclo which
is entirely silver plated ana of gorgeous build
Mustafa Bey, formerly family physician to
the Sultan of Morocco, is said to derive an
Income of SIOO.OOO a year frem his profssion.
Kwang Hsu, the present Chinese Emperor,
who is in danger of losing his job, is twenty
threo years old, with a pale, oval face, and
lustrous black eyes. Pictures of him look as
if an amiable girl might have sat for him.
Dr. Talmago has arrived in Bombay on his
around-the-world journey. He is in excellent
health and is accompanied by his son. Ho
preached in Calcutta in Bishop Thoburn's
church and also In Dr. Duff's Missionary Col
lego. Previous to going there he visitod tho
sacred city of Benares and Lucknow, Cawn
pore, Agra, and Delhi.
Miss Gertrude Vanderbilt, while rich
enough to abound in fads, really has very
few. She loves fiowors though, and has them
everywhere about her. The walls of her littlo
boudoir are covered with them, and her mir
I rors, of which every side of the wall has one,
: are entwined with garlandB painted upon the
wall by the most celebrated artists of America.
She loves white flowers more than all. Her
flower-trimmed window seats look over tho
flowery and green expanse of Central Park.
Ladj' Somerset thinks the bicycle is going
to bring a train of benefits to the working
classes. "A revolution," she says, "is being
slowly wrought that will entirely change the
aspect of life for working girls. Tho coun
try, with all its recreative charms, will soon
bo at their doors. Tho privilege hitherto be
longing to the rich a Saturday to Monday in
the country when the sultry air makes town
intolerable is fast becoming possible to them,
and the new friend that brings with it these
fresh hopes is nono other than that swift
steed of steel, the bicycle."
Mr. William C. Whitney takes remarkably
good care of his health, and is, perhaps, tho
most notable illustration of the value of per
sistent exercise in New York society. Most
men oi Mr. Whitney's years who have lived
amid the easy surroundings which millions of
money can buy, are stout and unwioldly or
THESE LACK WITS.
A man got into n Cheboygan horse ear re
cently nnd saw a sign of a' lecture "for ladies
only." He thought the phraso reforred to
tho horse cars, and walked two miles, not
Wishing to Intrude.
The oft-discussed incident of sawing off a
limb on tho wrong side really happened, and
it was a Canton (Ohio) man who got his nod
dlo bumped by tho fall.
An Auburn man recently bought a "sup
per ticket" of a boy on tho street. When ho
looked at .1 ho saw that tho ticket omitted to
toll him where ho could get the supper.
A man In EnBtern Kansas who set a burglar
trap and got his own anatomy full of nails,
bucKshot, and things in a subsequent forget
ful lit is dead.
A Willie, who lives in Buxton, Mo., held his
gun by tho muzzle to knock down apples.
Ho'a eating fruit in paradise
OUT ON THE PLAINS.
The dead game sports of Kansas City aro
proud of "tho famous trotting calf Julius,"
Mrs. Leo Monroe is n Kansas lawyer, and
her husband is running for district judge. If
ho gets in he'll hnvo to decido her cosos
"right" or there will be trouble.
Gov. Hogg, of Texas, calls tno Pop3 "a
conglomerated moss of moonshine"
A pumpkin growing in a cornfield near St.
Charles was found by actual measurement to
havo increased its circumference three nnd
three-quarter inches In twenty-four hours,
according to n veracious Western chronicler.
The Kansas oditor who is lighting passes
has just heard of tho Pass of Thermopylae
and has written an editorial demanding that
it be called in. Kansas City Star.
A Togus (Me.) veteran burled a bottlo of
whisky seven yoars ago and couldn't find it
Thero it has lain, getting better and bettor all
these years. Tho other day he found it but
meanwhile had taken tho Keeloy cure. Such
A. F. Curran, of Dover, Ivy., has just re
signed tho postmostorshlp, but still remains
an editor, lawyer, muyor, judge, grocer, and
Prof. Swing's independent church organ
ization is to bo disbanded.
Senator Thomas W. Talmor, of Michigan,
president of tho World's Columbian Commis
sion, is seriously ill at his home in Detroit
He is suffering from nervous prostration.
The Keokuk Anzolger, tho leading German
newspaper in Southeastern Iown, has re
nounced the Democratic party and comes out
tor tho entire Republican ticket
A memorial statue of tho late Sir John Mac
donald, for many years premier of Canada,
was unveiled in Queen's Park, Toronto, yes
torday. M'PHERSO.VS RETIREMENT.
Senator McPherson ha3 announced that ho
will not again bo n candidate for tho Senate.
Well, thero are "plenty of Democrats in New
Jersey as true and ablo as Senntor McPher
son. He Is excused. Atlantn Journal.
If Senator McPherson had given his cook
loss latitude in tho mutter of sugar specula
tion and yielded moro to the advlco from
that quarter relativo to a re-election, it might
not hayo been necessary to have written the
lntter of declination. Washington News.
Senator McPherson is not feelinc well.
After mature deliberation and aided by tho
rude frankness of the Democrats of the 5th
New Jersey district when they were repudiat
ing Cadmus, ho has docided that he i3 not
well enough to undertake a campaign for re
election to the Senate. With his retirement
from public life thero will doubtles3 go ono
of the most interesting figures in American
politics namely, tho servant girl whose blun
der enriches her employer by making him a
speculator in sugar stocks at a time when his
own conscience revolts against tho idea New
Senator McPherson has concluded that the
condition of his health will not permit him to
be a candidate for re-election or to tako un
activo part in this year's campaign. The
prospect of electing a Democratic legislature
in New Jessey is by no means so gloomy as it
seemed a while ago. Tho Democracy is get
ting ready for a hard and plucky flgbt
hroughouttho State, for Congressmen as
well as for the legislature, and general confi
dence within the organization is steadily
gaining. Nevertheless, it is difficult to regard
Mr. MoPherson's decision as anything but
judicious, either from his own point of viow
or from that of the party's welfare. Now
WILLIAM L. WILSON.
Chairman Wilson, on tho report that he has
been hobnobbing with British merchants:
"Bah!" Boston Herald.
William L. Wilson has returned with re
stored health. Tho campaign in his district
will at onco begin, and West Virginia will
honor herself by giving her greatest son the
banner majority of his career. St. Louis Re
public. Road tho Hon. William L. Wilson's speech
at Charlestown. It is a magnificent effort,
und throws tho dazzling search-light of truth
into tho political camp of the enemy, show
ing up the strenuous efforts of the Republi
can politicians to misrepresent him by garb
ling,hls London speech. Wheeling Register.
Congressman "Wilson, who has just got
back from England, contends, in answer to
those who havo criticised him for having
visited that country, that "we aro not at war
with great Britain at this moment" It is
true there has been no formal declaration of
war as yet, but Major McKinley has givon tho
British lion's tail such intrepid twists that
the dejected animal cannot possibly slink out
of sight with the appendage cravenly tucked
between its hind legs. Philadelphia Record.
Georgia is still wedded to watermelon and
Tho sound of sound money talk is a fa
miliar one on tho stump of Georgia. That
is whythe Democratic onthusiasm is rising.
LI HUNG CHANG.
Li Hung Chang he belly sick,
Alio sameohe get lick;
Chinee makoo muchee racket,
LI Hung lose he yellee Jacket.
Li Hung ho get licked again
On tho sea by monkey men;
Alio samee chilly weather,
LI Hang lose his peacock feather.
Next time Li Hung ho get lick,
Better watch out belly quick;
There'll bo a pretty hovr-dy-do,
And Chang will lose his pigtail, too.
Now Yors Sun.
CHRIST AND THE PEOPLE.
From the Lowly He Came and to tho Lowly
Uu Spoke and Thus They
' Loved Him.
From tho text, "And tho common peoplo
hoard Him gladly," Rev. A. G. Rogers, of
the Church of Our Father, yesterday morn
ing drew forth a groat lesson for nil human
ity. He told how Christ enraa to tho door of
Judca and how Christ will como to tho poor
Dr. Rogers found his text In tho twollth
chapter of St Mark, no introduced his sub
ject by calling fo hi3 people's minds that great
painting, "Shadow of tho Cross," and graph
ically doscribed tho homoly sceno which that
portrayed. "I have suggested this," ho said,
"for many rensons, but I take ono in particu
lar as a preludo to this discourse.
"I think the picture has done something to
represent tho real'llfe of Jesus Christ Christ,
tho carpenter, toilinc at His avocation. This
is tho picture of Him that tho peoplo want to
"Men who havo most powerfully impressed
tho world; men who havo done most to bring
about chunges in tho condition, of affairs,
have como from tho ranks.
"Christ coming as Ho did from tho lowly,
was received by tho common peoplo gladly.
Ho ignored caste, and came to teach all tho
Jaw of love and liberty. Ho had- no spocial
respect lor wealth, although Ho did not re
"Jesus preached not creed or cowl, but
taught that religion consisted in the worship
of God and tho love of mau for man. No won
der that tho peoplo rejoiced becauso of this
boautif ill evidence of His humanitarian view."
Dr. Rogers said he aeprecatd tho mission
work which should impross tho common peo
ple with tho view tbnt the temples of religion
were not for them. Tho best in tho land, he
said, was, or should be, dedicated to the use
of every one, rich or poor. He said he did
not believe thnt it was tho common people
who had crucified Jesus. It was tho hirelings
of the priests or of those in authority thoso
paid to create tho sentiment that led to Cal
vary. It originated from a power higher than
tho common people.
"What was tho secret of the popularity of
Jesus Christ?" asked Dr. Rogers in consid
ering another linoof thought in his argument.
"Ho used no tricks," ho said, "to gain ap
plause; Ho was not a demagogue; He did
not pander to baso prejudices. Thero was a
time when tho popular cry was, 'Make Him
king!' But Ho rejected it. This chapter in
the life of Christ," said the speaker, "was the
most convincing of His divinity."
Speaking of demagogues, and how Christ
was not ono of these. Dr. Rogers Baid that the
workingman makes his mistakes in trusting
and obeyiug false lpaders." Tho time will
come, though, when wiso and honest leaders
will bo found to guide and direct tho work
ingman's path upward.
"Another elemeut in tho life of Christ was
His sincerity; and because of this quality Ho
won men to him. Tho workingmau's leader
must tubernnclo with workingmen to bo a
success among thorn.
"Something e'se in Hl3 life," continued tho
pastor, "was his fearless independence, no
spoko with power and authority, and the
bcrlbes wondered nt it With that independ
ence His self-control went hand in hand.
"Ho trusted tho people, nnd you can never
do anything with the workiugmen," said Dr.
Rogers, "until you trust them. His wonder
ful sacrifice must have impressed them.
"Christ taught that roligion was not tho
means of escape to anothor life, but the bear
ing of tho burdens of this existence. Ho
taught them tho great truth of God's futher
hood and God's love. His was a mossage not
only to tho poor of Judea, but to tho poor of
"He never talked to them as though thoy
were of no account. In his eye the soul of
tho peasant was as valuable as tho souls of
kings. He taught the great truth thnt roligion
is valuable, that sonsnip is valuable; thnt we
are heirs together with our elder brother.
This was the Gospel of His Kingdom, reveal
inc the dignity of man and the fatherhood of
Goa. Can it bu wondered that Christ wa3
"Don't resist the incoming of Christ," said
Dr. Rogers in closing. "Open tho windows
of the heart and He will como in and taber
nacle there. Trust Him and bolievo tmit He
is tho hope of tho age. Beliovo that His will
is being done somewhere and His will will
some day encircle everybody a3 the waters
encircle tho earth.
"No wonder tho common peoplo loved
EXILES IN HISTORY.
The Earl of Clarendon wrote his famou3
historical works while in exile.
All tho princesof tho Bourbon family have
for a long timo lived in exile from Franco.
Buchanan, tho Scottish poet, whilo in exilo
and prison wrote tho famous "Paraphrases
of tho Psalms."
Mnggi, tho great Italian scholar, wrote sev
eral of his beat treatisos while in oxilo and cap
tivity among tho Turks.
Tho exiled Marius sitting among tho ruins
of Carthago is a spectacle that has moved
many a schoolboy to oratory. .
Cardinal Polignac would never havo writ
ten tho "Anti-Lucretius" had it not been that
ho was sent into exile and so nfforded tho
Whole families havo sometimes beon exiled
nt one time. Tho Stuart family was twico
driven from England, and at different times
the Bourbons and Bonapartes have been ex
pelled from France.
Ex-Empress Eugenie lives in England as tho
guest of Queen Victoria, who is her warm
personal friend. Sho often goes to tho Con
tinent, and is said on one or two occasions
to have visited Paris incognito.
After the downfall of Napoleon, his mother,
Mme. Bonaparte, went to Blois and thenco to
Rome. Sho returned to Franco during tho
hundred days and, after Waterloo, went back
to Rome, whoro sho died in 1836.
When Voltaire wrote his "Candide," in
which occurs the bit of satire about tho eight
tramps mooting at an inn, most of thorn with
out money enough to pay for their dinner,
there were, at that timo, noless than eight de
throned monarchs wandering about Europe,
some of them in great poverty.
Caroline Bonapnrto hated Maria Louisa,
and being ordered to appear no more at Na
poleon's court, joined her husband, Murat,
in intrigues against the Emperor. After tho
empire had fallon sho was oxpelled from
Naples, but was permitted by tho Emperor of
Austria to live near Vienna.
Tho justice of tho world recognizes tho fact
that the privileges oi tho weaker are their
rights, and that these rights are theirs in ad
dition to and beyond tho rights they hold in
commop with tho stronger.
Cardinal Gibbons' sermon on woman was a
lofty tribute to womankind, but, after tho
Mrs. Leases of tho land weigh in and get the
gloves of knock-down argument on, tho dis'
tinguishod gentleman may regret that ho
ever ventured into this particular arena.
Cardinal Gibbons has administered a smart
blow tp the woman suffragists and ho must
expect to be tho target of many feminine
shafts. The cardinal, although a celibate, be
lieves that woman is mo st lovely presiding at
home and trnining her childaen righteously.
This idea i3 regarded as very, vory old-fashioned
by tho protagonists of woman suffrage.
PHILOSOPHER AMD POET
Character Sketches of David Swing
and Oliver Wendell Holmes..
REV. ALEX. KENT'S DISCOURSE
Chicago's Noted Preacher Declined to Proach
a Gospel of Despair, and All His Thought
Tended to Human Welfare New England's
Sweot Singer Broko Down Old Prejudices.
"Oliver Wendell nolraes nnd David Swingy
was the subject of tho Rov. Alexandor Kent's
sormon at tho People's Church, No. 423 G
street northwest, yesterday morning. A good
audience was in attendance.
Of Prof. Swing's independence, Dr. Kent
said: "It is very pleasant to note that though
Dr. Swing has been independent of all de
nominational connection for many years, he
had kept in friendly touch with large-minded
men of all sects. Ho always obtained the
confidence of tho moro liberal men of tho
Prcabytermu Church, from which he was im
pelled by a dosiro for peace to withdraw.
"Prof. Swing had an unusually strong
mentality. He saw truth very clearly and
dibtinctly, and was therefore broad and com
prehensive in his thinking. Ho thought hon
estly and could not thereforo avoid travers
ing thi linos of the creeds. This clearness,
comprehensiveness, and honesty jOf thought
are in themselves great elements of strength
in a speaker.
"In the second place, Prof. Swing was a very
consorvutivo sort of independent He had tho
instinct to lead whoro tho people wore pre
pared to follow. He did not alarm or dis
courage his followers by getting too far
ahead. He preferred to have them crowd him
a little rath9r than to run any risk of tiring
them by too rapid a pace. Ho had practicality
or common sense in an unusual degree. He
know how to deal with things as they were
and to take men as he found them, nnd so
moved toward ideals by very slow and imper
"But tho great charm of Prof. Swing, that
which, based on tho solid conservative quali
ties already mentioned, drew people to him
and held them from week to week and from
jear to year, lay in the wonderfully politic
and ar'istic quality of his thought. He
couched his message in words oi singular
beauty and illustrated it from an imagination
quick to all tho perfect in nature and art Add
to this tho rare quality that ho was a man of
quick and deep sympathies, of kindly thoughts,
of gentle judgmonts; u man with a profound
confidence in tho goodness of human nnturo
and in the gracious purpose of au all-embracing
Providence, and, therefore, full of hope
nnd encouragement, and it is not btrnngc that
all classes of peoplo unite to mourn hi3 de
parture. "In speakine; of Prof. Swing as a conserva
tive radical' I did not mean to convey tho
impression that ho was a trimmer. I meant
simply that in mattera of social reform he
was still honestly conservative. Yet some of
his recent utterances would indicate that he
hud at least u growing sense of the terriblo
disparity between our ChrLstian profession
and our" unchristian practice in business and
politics. Only ono month ago, iu tho last
sermon ho preached, he dealt with tho recent
troubles which have imperiled our liberties,
and used this language: 'On. that God by
His almighty power may hold back our na
tion from destruction for a row moro perilioua
.ycare that it may learn where lie tho paths in
which, as brothers, just and loving, all may
walk with the rao3t of excellence and the
most of happiness.'
nis ixixuexce maxkixd's heritage.
"Dr. Gunsaulu3 says of him, 'His interest
in theology sprang from such a root as gavo
him a profound interest in the problem of
society. Just as he declined to preach a
Gospel of despair, which left a less loving
God than Christ on the throne of the uni
verse, so ho declined to believe that the best
civilization will permit capital to grow rich
by child-labor and lawlessness to destroy the
public order '
"He has gono hence, but he has left
thoughts and influences which will mako for
human welfaro as long as humnnity shall
Then Mr. Kent turned to Dr. Holmes, and
nfter calling attention to tho fact that he was
tho Inst of his school of poets and philoso
phers who had "a touch of Puritanism and
wrote with a moral:" he said:
"Our ideal has changed. Before tho war
the ideal of the aurago American was the
bright man of lotters; now it is, unfortu
nately, the millionaire." Comparing Holmes
with his associates Mr. Kent said: "In the
geniality and happiness of after dinner verse,
in growing lyrics of patriotism, iu stirring
paeans, in poems of friendship, and in me
morial verses nono of the remarkable circle
could equal him.
"Iu his later years Dr. Holmes said: 'I
think the cause of my good health is that, al
though not quite a teetotaler, I have always
drunk very sparingly; a good remark to
mako over tho tea cups, is it not? And I have
holmes' strength of character.
"When we consider tho temptations to
which his good fellowship constantly sub
jected him we see hero the evidence of un
usual strength of character. This is some
thing young men will do well to make n
mental note of. Thero is a feeling that if ono
goes into socioty to any extent, and especially
if ho mingles in convivial company, ho is
obliged to do as others in tho matter of drink
ing and smoking or lose his standing as a
'good fellow. But Dr. Holmes is in evidence
that one may bathe very prince of good fel
lows and contribute more to tho entertain
ment and merriment than any other
member of the company and j yet not so
much as put a cigar between his teeth.
"Perhaps it is at this very point that Dr.
Holmes is to havo his finest and most wholo
somo influence on tho nation. Tho type of
manhood which he represents is exceedingly
attractive, and it is freo from all those vices
and excesses so commonly found In a conspic
uously social career The curse of ordinary
good fellowship is that it brings men together
on too low a plane, it involves a Kind ana
degree of indulgence that robs a man who en
ters it of his moral character and his self re
spect. "The church, reacting from this, hassought
to bring the youns together on a purely re
ligious piano". It would havo them find fel
lowship in common rolfgious beliefs, purpo
ses, experiences. Amusements are put under
ban. This Is coming to be athiny of the past.
Tho church is coming to recognize tho legiti
macy! merriment and to cultivate wit and
humor that find their chief function in pro
Yoking health-producing activities.
breaking dowx prejudices.
"Dr. Holmes has been a power in breaking
down tho old prejudices and in bringing
about a more wholesome ideal. He has never
posed as a religious teacher, but his writings
have always breathed a heathful moral and
religious spirit. He wont to tho Unitarian
Church, but in 'Iho Poet he says: 'On the
wholo I think the old-fashioned New England
divine softening down into Armenianism was
about as ngreeablo as any of them. And hero
I may remark that a mellowing rlgorist is
always much pleasantor to contemplate than
a tightening liberal as a cold day warming up
to thirty-two degrees is moro agreeable than
a warm ono chilling down to tho same tem
perature. "Dr. Holmes had his own way of discussing
great questions. He came to them from tha
side of the poet and the scientist, but with a
roverenco as real and a concern as deep as
that of any churchmnn. His methoa differed
from that of Emerson and Whittler and Long
fellow, and the ereat lesson wo are to learn is
that there Is no need to havo uniformity in
order to attain to unity.
"Prof. Swing and Dr. Holmes were widely
different mon. They wrought eaoh accord
ing to his own individuality, and yet we see
their influence on their communities was won
derfully similar. It wad for freedom qf
thouKbt. honesty or speech, and manliness of
living. May the coming generation multiply
men of their stamp and spirit."
DR. GILBERT ON MISSIONS.
Talks of His Work Among the Indiana of
Bight Rev. M. M. Gilbert, D. D., bishop of
Minnesota in tho Protestant Episcopal
Church, delivered an Interesting address
yesterday morning before a very large audi
ence at St. Clark's Church, at the corner of
Third and A streets southeast
Tho reverend gentleman is a little above
tho medium height, has a pleasant face, and
hair that 13 slightly tinged with gray. His
reputation Is that of an eloquent pulpit ora
tor, and he has heretofore been largely em
ployed in the missionary field.
His appearance yesterday at St. Mark's
was his first In a Washington pulpit, a fact
upon which he commented at tho opening of
his discourse, and made a pleasant reference
to the Stato from which he came. He said
everything tends toward Washington, and ho
was glad of it He bade God speed to the
National Capital, and then proceeded to talk
of the subject nearest his heart, the mission
"I nra by every instinct a missionary," he
declared. "I offered myself to the ministry
in the West, and have been there over since.
I labored in Montana where I was obliged to
ride 500 miles in a stage coach to cover the
field, and later went to St. Paul."
"I brought with me the spirit of a mission
ary. I havo done my work gladly, and look
forward to the future with dependence upon
God for the results. I can be with my family
not to succeed sixty dnys and night3 in tho
year. My work is in the wilds of the North
west among Scandinavians and Indians.
Some wonderwby I labor among the Indians,
upon the presumption that an Indian can
never bo improved, but realizing my great
responsibility, I try to do my duty among
''When I leave the railroads I often travel a
distance of 400 miles through an almost un
broken wilderness, sleeping under the stars.
I do not want sympathy, for I enjoy the work.
It brings me into eontnet with human nature.
Tho Indian Is my brother, and the American
people owe a debt to tho race they can never
"Bishop Gilflllan planted the missionary
seed on Red Lake. Two churches were estab
lished in the village of St Antipas when not
a Christian existed among the people. But
now, after twelve years, all of the inhabitants
but three have united with the church, and
where satan's seat was is now an ideal vil
lage." Incidentally Dr. Gilbert referred to an old
man eighty-seven years old, residing in the
mountains, who at stated intervals walked
100 miles to attend religious worship. He re
ferred fo the existence of Indian chapters of
the brotherhood as the evidence of the prog
ress of the Word among that people, and said
when representatives of the race appeared
upon tho streets of this city peoplo are prone,
doubtless, to laugh at them, but when the red
men returned to their homes they spoke of
the whites with respect. They are a grateful
people, and nre anxious for the presence of
Dr. Gilbert mado an appeal to tho congre
gation for substantial aid in behalf of a
zealous, worthy young missionary who was
laboring in that far-off field upon a salary of
less than $500 a year. The speaker haa vol
untarily offered to see that 5200 Is added to
the compensation to enaDle his friend to
marry tho woman of hi3 choice, and if any in
the congregation were disposed to contribute,
and thus assist him in keeping his pledge, he
would be glad to have them do so.
WHY HE LEFT THE CHURCH.
Evangelist Leydcn Says Catholicism and
the Constitution Conflict.
Nenrly 500 persons assembled In Masonic
Temple auditorium yesterday afternoon to
listen to Evangelist Thomas E. Leyden's
"Reasons why I left the Roman Catholic
Church." The lecture was a temperate pre
sentation of the alleged abuses within the
church which led to his apostacy from its
ranks and his evangelistic work against it.
It abounded in patriotic sentiments, which
were warmly applauded, and only once was
any voice of dissent heard. That was when a
young Catholic priest hissed because the
speaker claimed to be a better man than the
Pope because of his American citizen3nip.
The lecturer proceeded to show thatRoman
Catholicism and American republicanism are
incompatible; that tho church denies to fol
lowers tho rights guaranteed to them by the
Constitution to political and religious opin
ions of their own; in other words to religious
and political tolerance, saying: "For the day
has come when the Roman Catholic Church
dictates to many and tries to dictate to all
how they shall worship and how they shall
vote, undar penalty of Its displeasure."
In view ot these things he declared that any
person who bows unouestioningly to the man
dates of the Roman Catholic Church is inca
pable of being loyal to the Constitution. He
quoted from papers, books, and ecclesiastics
of the church to show that tho highest aUe
gip.nce is held to bo duo, not to the land of
one's nativity, but to Pope and prioat
"Popery never changes," he said. "She
may deck herself in the most beautiful gar
ments of American liberty, but sho Is only
hiding her true self and biding her time until
sho can with safety to herself overthrow
Referring to his change ot creed he said:
"When I was .-.anointed with oil by the bishop
at my consecration as a priest and he spread
his hands over me and bade mo receive the
Holy Ghost, with power to grant absolution
for sin, I did not receive either the Holy
Ghost or the power. I was in moral darkness,
but there came a timo when I saw a little
glimmer of light, when bysearcningthe Scrip
tures I began to sec tho truth. It then be
came a question whether the Bible was true
or whether the teachings of the church wero
"I searched tho Scriptures, and I looked
over the wall which the Roman Catholic
Church had built around me and I saw all
tho creeds but one living in harmony. On
the hill I saw tho public school with the chil
dren of all creeds but ono within its walls.
Against this school was arrayed the one in
harmonious creed, and that was tho Roman
Catholic Church. Taking all these things
into consideration, after a long struggle God
gave me strength to come out of it Into "the
liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free,
and he has given me strength to tell tho
truth; to preach the gospel of light and truth
against the power of darkness."
HOLWES' RELIGIOUS VIEWS.
Dr. Shippcn Discusses the Dead Poet's
"The religion of the poots" is a theme upon
which Rev. Rush R. Shippen, pastor of All
Souls' Unitarian Church, at tho corner of
Fourteenth and L streets northwest, Is found
ing a series of evening discourses.
His subject lost night, the first of the series,
was tho Into Oliver Wendell Holmes, whoso
death occurred in Boston on the 7th instant
"For sixty years," said Dr. Shippen,
"Oliver Wendell Holmes had held a place in
the estimation ot tho American people second
to that held by no other. Dying at tho age
of olghty-flve, he was among tho eldest of tho
Amorican poet3 and n contemporary of Long
fellow, Whittler. Lowell, and others of the
brightest poets of the generation.
"Holmes was a loyal, devoted Unitarian in
theological belief. He had firm belief in re
ligion nnd exemplifled his faith in his daily
life. He taught it to others and always ex
pressed tho conviction that religion wo3 a
necessity. 4Wo shall all want religion sooner
or later,' said the poet 'I would train up a
child in the best creed I could disentangle
from the old beliefs.'
"The poet had faith in nature, faith in
man, faith in the truth, and faith in the evo
lutionary progress of the truth from the
darkness of the past into tho light and love
of God and man and the lovo of God to
"It was in prose, perhaps, rather than
pootry, that he was distinguished. I called
at tho Congressional Library tho other day,
and asked for copies ot his works, and was
surprised when fourteen richly-bound vol
umes were placed before me.
"Religion is one thing, theologies aro many
things, but at heart all aro one in lovo to God
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and man. These poets sing tnis one religion
of all the ages. In truth there Is not a varia
tion, andwhilo wo who are here have one be
lief and that belief differs from others, It is
but a dissenting that disappears before tha
one true revelation of God's will.
"Holmes said: 'I am satisfied that sacred
words have different meanings to different
men. I am not one of those poor, nervous
creatures who would drop their faith for a
single defect that might be found, in it Yoa
would not think that I would lay down my
prayer-book simply because of a single ob
jection or many objections that can bo urged
against it? "
Dr. Shippen referred briefly to thn life and
character of tho dead poet as exemplifled la
other than his religions views, sayinc tnat ho
was a true patriot during tho lato war, and
counseled the people to obey their country 3
"Your country commands yon,' said
Holmes in hi3 noted Fourth of July oration in.
Boston in 1S63, 'to support her through evil
a3 well as good report, until she emerges from,
this great war of Western civilization; until
the flag floats again over Fort Sumter, and
this country is reunited. "
One of tho two hymns to which Dr. Ship
pen referred as having been composed by
Holmes was sung at tho beginning of tha
service and the other at the close.
The excellent quartet rendered several ap
propriate selections In addition, and as a
finale the Lord's Prayer was chanted in sup
pressed tones, while the audienco sat slleat
with bowed heads.