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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, August 14, 1901, Image 4

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WEDNESDAY AUGUST 14 IDOL
rubHrntfon tiJrr
hie irTJxcixirs
Pesyiama Avesue
Subscription by Mnll One Year
SIOBMNO EViMMi AMJMJMMY SOOO
JIOHMMJ AND SUNDAY 4-
KVEMOAD fcUNDAT
Sunday Omt 1 00
Mnntlilv bv Currier
llOn VIMl FV EMM AND SUMAT llflU HM
MmtMMl AND SUNDAY TtllltU fiCr Cflltl
EVLMMJ AMI SUSP VV TllMy fiTt CfllfS
THE TIMES COMPANY
ASniM5Tl I C
in ulneu tneintnt
The circulation of The Times for the week
ended Vusnist 1 1W1 was as follows
Suiidit Vu ut 4 1730
Monday Auicust 5 39 133
Tucsdaj August 6 Sss75
Wednesday August 7 3J71S
Thursda All st b 39l0
Friday Auinist S 39210
Saturday Auitust 10 Si03
Total 233SJ5
Daib mi Sunday IS730 excepted 39191
The strike situation
Yesterdays developments in connec
tion with the steel strike were devoid
of much that could be called ensation
aL Major Black of McKeesport re
fused to disperse a crowd of strikers
who were hooting and threatening- the
men at work in the hoop mills but no
oert acts of violence were rerorted
and the Incident amounted to little ex
cept that the trust may use it as a
foundation for an appeal to the courts
for protection An ugly feeling seemed
to prevail In Youngstown and bad
blood Is brewing hero and there in a
way to promise trouble should tte
strike last much longer
In a general way it appeared last
evening that the trusts position had
been strengthened in the West by the
decision of the Illinois and Wisconsin
workers to lie up to their contracts
and refuse to strike In the East in
Pittsburg and surrounding industrial
towns the army of the idle probably
Increased by two thousand men by rea
son of the shutting down of mil de
partments unable to secure material
It will be remembered that the large
majority of the unemplojed are not
Amalgamated workers or strikers Th3
Amalgamated men form only a small
portion of the force In any plant but
they are the skilled artisans without
whom everything comes to a stop
Their less skilled brethren have no di
rect interest in the fight but are com
pelled to take the hard knocks and
suffer the privations incident to it with
the others How long they will accept
such a situation meekly is a question
Discontent in their ranks Is reported
and it Is thought In Pittsburg that If
the corporations can fill the places va
cated by the Amalgamates the remain
der of the laborers now out will be
glad to return to work The strike Is
not their funeral although apparently
it has had their sympathy and sup
port thus far
Stories to the effect that a conserva
tive element in the Amalgamated As
sociation is working for a capitulation
on the basis of a return to the statu
quo ante are persistent and probably
are true but w hether or not the mov e
ment had any chance of success was
unknown last night It certainly Is en
dorsed by many of the leading business
interests of Pittsburg and were its ob
ject to be accomplished the fact would
assuredly carry a beam of joy to the
village of Canton in Ohio where there
will be doings at the polls before long
TIic Alleged silk Fraud
Just at a time when New York Is
agog over discoveries of frauds in the
police department frauds which it ap
pears Invulve members of both politi
cal paitles It transpires that things
have been happening in the New York
custom house which may develop
Into something serious It Is said that
through collusion between employes
and importers of Japanese silks the
Government has been robbed of mil
lions of dollars The precise nature of
the frauds is not stated but it is pre
sumably a matter of undervaluation
The details are too meagre to throw
much light on the matter and at pres
ent we can only conjecture as to the
amount of the frauds and who may be
concerned In them
It has though long been understood
that the Government was regularly de
frauded In tl is way not merely in silk
goods but In all othcis bearing high
rates of duty and particularly In those
which run in grades such as textile
fabrics In many cases the differences
In the grades are very slight or at least
appear to be so making it a compara
tively eaby matter to classify a high
er gicde as a lower one or vice versa
thus affecting the rate of duty With
collusion between the custom house In
spectors and Importers enormous
frauds could easily be perpetrated
After the goods are landed and deliver
ed to the consignees it may be a ery
difficult matter to trace them up un
less steps can be taken promptly and
the goods are re examined in the hands
of the original importers
It has been -very earnestly claimed
and it Is a reasonable claim that ex
cessive duties are an incentive to
fiauds of this kind Hut however that
may be It Is to be hoped that this mat
ter will be thoroughly Investigated
The country at large Is not only inter
ested In the purity of the public ser
vice but there Is some pardonable curi
osity to learn whether all the wicked
ness In and about New York Is lodged
in the city government
EitKllali Trtiata
The champions of the tariff pampered
trusts in the United States have been
in the habit of meeting the demand for
the removal of duties from trust-controlled
products by pointing to England
where It is said there are many trusts
flourishing under the banner of free
tiade That sort of argument may be
satisfactory to those who are anxious
to be satisfied but It ought not to be
to one who Is honestly seeking a reme
dy for what is undeniably a very great
evil
If the claim has ever been made that
there are and can be no trusts at all
without the aid of the tariff the claim
has been thoughtlessly urged by only a
few not very well Informed people
Large capital and combinations In bus
iness are nearly always an advantage
to those who combine ObviouMy an In
dividual with a million dollar capital
can make many profitable turns In bus
iness that are Impossible to a man
whose capital Is only five or ten thou
sand dollars This is as true in En
gland as It Is anywhere else
But the circumstance that large cap
ital has an advantage In and of itself
does not prove that it Is wise to in
crease the advantage by relieving It of
all competition and giving it a com
plete monopoly by tariff laws which
operate directly to that end To illus
trate If an English trust unreason
ably advances the price to the consum
er foreign goods will at once come in
and bring the price down again In
the United States the price may be set
up twenty live or thirty per cent and
still the foreign gcods ennnot compote
for the protection of the American con
sumer The result is that the English
trusts are forced to content therisel es
with profits no greater than flow 1 utu
rally from the advantageous worling
of their larger capital while the Amer
ican trust not only has this advan
tage but a very much greater one in
the tariff vv hlch enables them to charge
the American consumer twenty five or
thirty per cent more than the same
goods are worth in the vorlds iraikets
The man who does not see the differ
ence between the two cases must be
either willfully blind or most woefully
stupid It is the artificial bolstering of
the tariff that has liteially made the
United States the home of the trusts
and has swollen tl em to such i rcpor
tions that the greatest combinations in
England look like babies by omi arl
son
The Case f sfniitpson
Whether the relief of Sampson from
duty at the Uoston Navy Yard Is to
be delajcd until November 13 or is to
come earlier the main point of public
interest in his case Is the question of
his appearance on the stand before the
Schley Court of Enquiry A prominent
journal which always has been friend
ly to him stated jesterday that his
name was on the list of witnesses to
be summoned by the Navy Depart
ment and that he certainly would be
called
That mav he true enough and vet not
THE TIMES WASHINGTON 3VBDNE8DAY AUGUST U 1901
telllgert people including many able
lawyers There are several particulars
In which It Is essentially weak but we
will not go into that now for our pur
pose is to bring out another and entire
ly different point
Mr Boutwell concludes his article
which appears in the North American
Review for August by declaring that
if the court ultimately takes this posi
tion it will satisfy the demands of the
anti imperialists In this he undoubt
edly goes too far and concedes too
much It will satisfy very few anti
Imperialists merely to have the Consti
tution extended to those islands after
they have been duly organized as Ter
ritories if It should ever be done That
would do no more than to settle the
status of these particular islands The
principle would still stand with the
sanction of the Supreme Court that
by simply declining to establish Terri
torial Governments in newly acquired
possessions Congress may govern them
foiever independently of the Constitu
tion
The claim of the anti imperialists has
been that wherever the sovereignty of
the United States is set up there the
Constitution becomes the highest law
and the guiding star of all Congression
al legislation To say that Congress
may ignote the Constitution merely be
cause it neglects to organize a Terri
torial Government stands on the border
line of a claim that two wrongs make
a right There is something more than
the Philippines and Porto Rico involved
in tills issue It is one which concerns
every future acquisition of territory
Under the decision of the court in the
Downes case we might possess our
selves of the whole American Continent
outside the present limits of the United
States and Congress would have ab
solute power in all that broad area
Not only this but the power could be
retained Indefinitely by the simple ex
pedient of not organizing Territorial
ensure his presence for examination Governments That certainly does not
and cross examination Some of his ad- j Ieave the issue in such n shape as to
hcrents are declaring that his health has satiofy the aspirations of the gieat
greatly improved and that probably he
will be in good testimonial condition
by the middle of next month The fact
remains that the enemies of Rear Ad
miral Schley would be greatly delighted
if some way could be devised to prevent
his attendance at the inquest so it is
possible that he may suffer a relapse
Unless it could be proven that Samp
son was incapacitated from serving as
a witness his failure to appear would
create a bad impression throughout the
country and the motives of the depart
ment in securing his excuse would be
handled without gloves by the press
and public As far as the mats of the
American people are concerned they are
not anxious concerning w hat Schley did
in the West Indian campaign because
they know all about that alitady What
they want to get out of the Court of
Enquiry Is what Sampson did They
would like to be told why he wasted
tons of ammunition on the forts at San
Jutn Porto Rico without damaging
them or their armament in the smallest
degree why he failed to go after Cer
vera when notified at Cape Haitien
that the Spanish squadron was prepar
ing to leave the harbor of Curacao why
he failed to communicate to his col
league the code arranged between Cap
tain McCalla and the Cuban insurgents
at Cienfuegos why he sank the Merrl
mac whether under oiders or other
wise and what he knows about the
purchase of that vessel by the Gov
ernment and who was the honest
broker In the transaction and why he
claimed the tictory over the Spanish
squadron although he was hull down
behind the horizon during the engage
ment and before leaving his post with
the New Yoik had turned over the
command to Commodore Schley Also
there are certain queries relating to
suppressed papers that the good of the
service demands should be asked him
and he compelled to answer Unless
the e hings are done the findings of
the court will be unsatisfactory to the
country and there will be an lrrlslsilble
clamor for a Congressional investiga
tion which would be sure to Include
Sampson Crovvninshield and others to
their discomfort and dismay The Ma
tanzas mule mans most ardent admher
can furnish no good reason why he
should not bo required to testify un
less the extreme measure of lepiesent
Ing him as mentally unsound should be
resorted to Otherwise we are unable to
think of anything to excuse him No
doubt unpleasant disclosures would
have to come out but If Sampson did
or left undone anything in the cam
paign In a vay to warrant a court
martial he Is Immune under the naval
statute of limitations The public is
anxious for the truth the whole truth
and nothing but the truth A vigorous
cross examination of William T Samp
son might conduce to Its discovery
ImiirrliiltHiii itkun I2ijtnMffii
Ex Governor George S Boutwell
after analyzing the various opinions
rendered by the Justices of the Supreme
Court In the Insular cases reaches the
conclusion that following out their own
reasoning at least seven and perhaps
eight of the Justices must hold that
the Constitution applies to the islands
acquired from Spain as soon as Ter
ritorial Governments are created there
in Mr Boutwell states that the Chief
Justice and three Associate Justices
who agreed with Justice llrown In the
De lama case held broadly that the
Constitution extended to the Islands
just as soon as American sovereignty
was established over them and that
three of the Justices White Shlras
ind McKenna who concurred with
Justice Brown in the Downes case took
the position that the Constitution did
not cover the islands merely because
they had not been organized as Terri
tories hence that seven Justices must
of necessity hold them to be covered
and protected by the Constitution as
soon as they are given a Territorial
status while Justice Gray may take
the same view without antagonizing
anything he said In the recent cases
So far as this relates to Chief Justice
Fullerand Justices Harlan Brewer and
TWkham Mr Boutwell unquestionably
js right noldlng that the Constitution
applied to Porto Rico as soon as it was
acquired it is not conceivable that In
their Judgment that Instrument would
cease to apply when the Island became
a full Hedged duly organized Territory
The grounds of Justice Whites decision
concurred In by Justices McKenna and
Shiras have not been popularly un
derstood as Mr Boutwell states them
but an examination of the language of
Justice White discloses much that
seems to sustain the conclusion reach
ed by the veteran Massachusetts
statesman This Is by far the least ob
jectionable view to take of the decision
In the Downes case although it falls a
long way short of being sound In the
opinion of vast numbers of very In-
body of the anti imperialists
There Is however another aspect of
the matter In which Mr Houtw ells
conclusion is of more intrinsic value
He shows clearly the broad distinction
between anti imperialism and anti-ex-pans
n The two things are totally
differett and should never be confound
ed Expansion has been the policy of
the Republic from its very birth
1 out evmnslnn the TTnitod State Instnjiil
of being the foremost nation of the
earth would have been no more than a
second class Power and probably It
would have been In the third rank Wfi
may not need more territory so press
lngly as we did In former times but
to declare broadly that we want no
more and will take no more would be
utterly Illogical and absurd That
would be anti expansion doctrine and
it is one to w hlch v ery few Amei icans
would be willing to subscribe But
when It comes to the government of
territory which may be acquired we
are confronted by a very different sort
of question The man who puts him
self on record as favoring the right of
Congress to govern such territory re
gardless of the Constitution simply
presents himself In the light of an im
perialist not of a legitimate expan
sionist
Divested of loose generalities and
cldsely analyzed it will be found that
nearly all of the opposition to the Ad
ministrations policy with reference to
Porto Rico and the Philippines rests
upon anti imperialistic and not upon
anti expansion principles If the Ad
ministration had shown a disposition
to hold itself within constitutional lim
itations and to treat Porto Rico and
the Philippines as American territory
protected by the Federal Constitution
Aguinuldo would have had very few
sympathizers In this country and ex
ceedingly slender support In his own
The unmistakable trend of the policy of
President McKlnley toward the exer
cise of power along imperialistic line3
is responsible for nearly all of what
has appeared to be anti expansion sen
timent in the United States as well as
for a very large part of the dilliculty
which has beset him In the carrying out
of that policy in the islands themselves
I he lrijiHeil Clerman Tariff
The German Agiarlans like their
American prototypes the New England
Chinese Wall protectionists are deter
mined to carry things with a high hand
If they can without regard to the gen
eral good of their country or Its peo
ple The Munich Neueste Nachrich
ten declares it to be within its knowl
edge that the chiefs of the Agrarian
party have demanded that Germany
shall give notice of the unnulment of
commercial treaties prior to discussion
of the proposed tariff scheme In the
Reichstag According to the authority
quoted the Imperial Government has
rejected the demand Writing on the
political outlook in the Empire and the
dangers to which this project of the
landed class If accomplished will ex
pose It Herr Barth edit r of the Ber
lin Nation sajs
The proposed tariff law threatens the German
Kmpirc It is the fervent prajer of everj wdi
uishrr of the Fatherland that the Ilclihslij maj
smaidr the measure bejond rccojrniton It would
meet that late if ubniitted to a Jiopular vote
Vinmcas interest m German economic
policy I both natural and appreciated Thtre
are no two countries in the world whose
interests are more rcciproeal and between
whom stanch bonds of politieal and commercial
brotherhood arc more desirable I would w ish
to remove the impression tiiat the bill is con
ceited in a spirit of special hostility to the
United vtatett It u directed airanist all coun
tilcA which oxiort their product to Gennanr
without bcinr especially mimical to any of
them Its inspiration is much mure deeply root
ed It i the last gasp of the nations doomed
landed aristocracy and it is the final attempt of
a lois entrenched paramountcy to fasten obso
lete agricultural ideals on a people whose inter
ests urL essential industrial
When the Ucuhsta considers the lull the
world may be prepared to witnes one of the
bitterest fields ill parliamentary history 5lan
voices will be raised against the adoption of a
policy calculated not only to arrest the nations
development and vitally disturb the nations
peace but to rupture its relations with good
friends lite the American people
No doubt Herr Barth is correct in
saying that the Agrarian tariff project
is not aimed at the Unlteel States In
particular any more than it is at other
nations which compete with Cerman
agricultural products In the German
home market but the effect Is the
same Since this country is the larg
est shipper of such commodities It has
been long the object of Agrarian wrath
There is little question that were the
matter left to a popular vote the Ger
man masses whose Interests as the
Pcrlln editor asserts are industrial
rather than agricultural and pastoral
would promptly ileclare in favor of
pi actlcally free trade in foodstuffs at
lep st The policy and progrnmme of
the powerful landed aristocracy if car
ried Into ffect would Impose a cruel
burden upon the lower classes espe
cially the artisans and laborers The ne
cessities of life would be nearly doub
led In cobt while it would be hopeless
under present conditions to expect any
Increase in the rates pf wages The In
dustries of the counttir are greatly de
pressed Employment In many branch
es of manufacture is now precarious
and production his beln and continues
to b diminished Thestate of the Ger
man working people would be deplor
able indeed under the projected prohibi
tive tariff system That they would
submit and accept existence on a plane
of life which Russian tnoujlks would re
sent as Intolerable Is not certain Herr
Barth is probably within the truth
w hen he declares that dangerous so
cial troubles within and a costly fiscal
conflict without portend a double catas
trophe
Urlinn Trnniportntlon
The problem of transportation In
cities is one which grows as time goes
on The passenger traffic Is fairly well
managed in most places as things are
for the electric car is swift cai aclous
anil comparatively noiseless as well as
cheap But about two thirds of the
noise of cities Is caused by the rumbling
of heavy trucks and delivery wagons
Chicago is trying to solve a part of
the dilliculty by a plan to utilize the
river which runs through the town It
Is argued that barges can be utilized
to carry long haul wagons along the
stream thereby saving much noise and
dirt on the streets The cost of deliv
ery service would be reduced and so
would the wear and tear on the wagons
There is little question however that
in course of tim the horse as a draft
animal will be eliminated from the life
of the city Livery stables may still be
maintained for those who enjoy driving
and riding and prefer the horse to the
automobile but electricity will do most
of the work There was a time when
dogs were necessary to every house
hold either as fuardian3 of property
and life as shepherds or as aids in
hunting nowadays they are kept for
what may be called their personal qual
ities alone The man who lives In a
city and keeps a handsome Newfound
land or gre hound does not expect his
dog to be anything but ornamental un
less he happens to live on a street
w here the police do not often come In
that case he bus an animal with ser
viceable feth and a belligerent dispo
sition toward suspicious strangers
The effect of this change on the hu
man population will be considerable
Instead of drivers grooms and hos
tlers there will be men trained to tend
machines of one kind or another There
will be a further specialization of the
people in the transportation depart
ment It takes more intelligence to
guide an electric car than to- drive a
dray and less to act as janitor of the
power house than tet take care of
hoises The men who are not fit for
the higher forms of mechanical work
will be relegatee to jthe departments
of mere muscular labor In a city are
always found extremes Some of the
people are adapted to the highest forms
of work oth rs are fit only for the low
est The country- village forces an its
Inhabitants to know how to do more
than one kind of work the city makes
It necessary for men to know one knd
of work thoroughly
A beneficial effect of the substitution
of electricity for horse power will be
found in the absence of noise and dust
and the increased cleanliness of every
thing The business of street cleaning
will be simplified and It will be much
easier to prevent and to remove accu
mulations of dirt of all kinds On the
whole like most moelern inventions
surh a change will be a good thing for
the community
In the Jlouoe of Commons jesterday a
motion mide by John Redmond Irish Na
tionalist that the weirds defender of the
faith should be omitted from the royal
title uas rejected by a vote of one hun
dred and eighty eight to sixty If the
mover had suggested making faith
plural perhaps the House of Commons
would have seen the point and adopted
the preposition Edward VII If he is de
fender of any is defender of a line and
well selected assortment of faiths In
England he defends If he does the
Anglican Church nrd creed In Scotland
he is a 1resbvterlan and in India he pro
tects Ulndocusm Mohammedanism Bud
dhism Iarseeism and other faiths too
numerous to mention That being the
fact why not say so In his long and
opulent title
We do not remember how many times
Maximo Gomez Ins elecllned the future
presidency of Cuba It does not matter he
has elecllned again and the honor should
not be forre d upon the old gentlemfm with
out his kro Aledge or consent Gomez is
booming Estraela Palma for the office
and joins with that Interesting and suc
cessful exile in denying the reports of al
leged annexation taik by both of them
at a dinner given In their honor In New
York The matter Is negligible After
dinner speeches aro more often denied
than otherwise and annexation Is un
popular In the Pearl of the Antilles
According to Colombian official state
ments matters are quiet on the Isthmus
of Panama but for some trifling pre
dator warfare and the railway is not
being Interfered with Perhaps then
there is no nocenslty for the Administra
tion to make a naval demonstration
ngalnst Venezuela as far as Colombia is
concemeel The attitude of that countrys
otlicials strikes one as a little peculiar
We should think It would be glad to have
Uncles Sams interference It Is possibly
mlstakenly nervous about accepting it en
the scriptural ground that It is bid policy
for the mai kerel to ask the shark to
dinner
PERSONAL
The Peoples Church of London Eng
land has selected the Rev John T Chris
tian pastor of the- La Salle Avenue Bap
tist Church Chicago to preach to Its
numbers two months The managers have
Instituted as a permanent policy the cus
tom of having noed ministers from for
eign countries preach to them for a few
muntlis each yenrj
A thorough exploration of the Sea of
Aral has been undertaken by L S Berg
on behalf of the Turkestan branch of the
Russian Geographical Society
Sir Clements llurkiiam President of the
Rojal Geographical Society is now in his
seventy second year He will celebrate
soon the Jubilee of his return from the
famous Arctic e xpedlllon of 1SS0 51
Hubert Herkomer the son of a Bavar
ian peasant nnd now one of the leading
painters In Great Britain de votes much
of his leisure to tennis and cricket In
the former sport he Is consldereel an ex
pert
The Khedive of Egjpt takes his cure
and his callers In hospitable Europe with
all due seriousness The prefect of the
Department ofAln adjoining the Swiss
Canton of Geneva ae compinlcd by the
higher nttlcials of the prefecture paid
him a formal visit at
Abbas llllml was much Impressed by this
murk of attention it was re iorted
Otojlro tho Henry Irving of Japan who
Is now plaj Ing with much success in Lon
don was originally a diplomatist attach
ed to tho Japanese Kmbassy In Paris On
returning to his native countrv lmvlner
meantime become fascinate il v Ith the
French theatre he began appljlng the
lessons he had learned In Europe ami
nnv Iiub completely revoliitlonizeil the
stage In Japan He has made many ex
cellent adaptations of European plays
FOREIGN TOPICS
The celebrated Italian architect Luca
Beltrami has Just completed a unique
design for a memorial to tho late King
Humbert which has been accepted by the
Monument Committee It will consist of
three massive towers connected by a high
wall built In medieval stjlo to much ad
mired by the fated ruler The ensemble
Is in crescent shape and will cost JSUiWJ
It is the tribute ef millions of mourning
subjects who despite the poverty thtt
has reigned among the masses during the
past two j ears respondeel generously to
the call for subscriptions
That the people loved their King wns
shown on July 3 the occasion of the first
anniversary of his assassination More
than ltottA iTsons from all parts of ltaly
and from abroad made a pilgrimage to his
tomb In the Pantheon
Those present at the service Included
representatives or the King the Knights
of th Annunzlata the presidents oflhe
Senate and Chamber with a number of
representatives of both houses the Min
isters nnd the members of the diplomatic
tKxiy The army and navy all the pro
vincial nnd municipal corporations of
Italy and many ladies in deep mourning
were also present The music of the mass
was executed by a choir of 100 voices
Tho ceremony was very Impressive and
deeply nffected these present
American Ideas of scientific nomencla
ture arrayed against those of Germany
and France will provide the spectacular
feature of the International Zoological
Congress which h js opened at Berlin The
Yankee delegation headed by Dr Charles
Stiles of the Department of Agriculture
nnd Leonard Stelnlger curator of the Na
tional Museum will fight for the adoption
of a sjstem based on modern require
ments rather than on philological ele
gance
The Germans and French resent tho
substitution of abbreviated names for the
Idioms of Cicero and Plato Insisting that
at least the realm of science ought to be
safe from twentieth century American
isms
Six hundred nnd fifty zoologists repre
senting twenty nationalities will sit In
the congress The Americans include
Profs Wilson of Columbia MacMurrlch
of Michigan Woodworth of California
Patton of Dartmouth Murrill of Cor
nell and Mark of Harvard
A Berlin newspaper contains a Kleff
letter stating that the political prisoners
there lately decided on a hunger strike
an expedient often resorteel to by that
class of offenders In Russia
The reason Is that the trial of 140 men
who were arrested in April and May had
been unduly delajcd and that several of
them had been punished without being
found guilt- All their complaints and
entreaties being in vain they decldeel
from June 19 to refuse nourishment
During the first three dajs thirty five men
rcmalneel without food several of them
becoming ill Those who were
arrested at the great demonstration on
March 21 then Joined them as well as
the common criminals
The chief of the Kleff police General
Novleckl yielded at last and ordered that
the political prisoners who by now were
half dead should be trletl at once Fear
ing that many of them would die General
Novleckl allowed twelve to leave the
prison requesting them te return when
should have recovered Not until
then did the prisoners take any nourish
ment
Several bills of considerable Importance
have been laid before the Gallclan diet
One concerns workmen It proposes that
town of 10000 Inhabitants and up
ward should be obliged In course of the
next three or six jears at the latest to
open an office for those who are In want
of work It must be free of charge sub
ject to Government Inspection and its
statutes are to be ratified the Gover
nor of Gallcla Such an office If properly
ellrected would be a great boon provided
it onlj sought to get work for laborers
In not out of the country
King Menehk goes through a curious
every Sunday of the j ear ex
cept when his Majesty is absent from
his Abyssinian empire It takes the form
of a weekly banquet to which all the offi
cials of his Government and those who
represent foreign countries are invited
That it Is very unlike any function of the
sort helel In Europe and Is not In the least
copied in the matter of costumes from
his friends and allies the French Is ap
parent from a recent letter by a privileg
ed guest at the f ast It Is an unalterable
rule of court etiquette in Abj ssinia that
the King must have entered the great hall
and have started on the first course of
the dinner before the first guest enters
Ministers In white present each of the
prospective dinners to his Mijesty who
remains throughout the entire dinner
seated upon his throne an elaborate dias
purple embroidered and gold fringtel
lighted bj seven torches a gift from the
French Government to the Ethiopian
King After the presentation to their host
the eliners go through a ceremonj of puri
ficationthat is a few drops of water are
puured from a silver pitcher over their
hands into a silver bowl This being
complete a curtain which has hidden part
of the huge chamber Is raised and King
Menellks guests take their places sitting
tailor fashion on a piece of carpet on th
floor Little baskets much decorateel
serve as individual tables The honored
guests sit In the shadow of the throne
the rest ellsoose themselves throughout
the hall great soup tureens are brought
in anu tnc least of iving JK nellK is be
gun
With increasing is
receiving her share of monu
ments Thus while the Ole Bull monu
ment was being unveiled at Bergen on
May 17 Chrlstianla celebrated the unveil
ing of astatucerected there In honor of the
Norweginn nival hero Admiral PeterWes
el Tordenskjold who was born at Dront
helm In the J ear 1C91 and who distin
guished himself in wars with Sweden In
detel In the previous history of this coun
try there have been manj remarkable
kings anil prominent men who might well
deserve the honor of statues In its cpen
bquares anu puouc places
The Arab Sheik Ebul Huda who holds
tho office of chief Interpreter of dreams
to hl3 Majesty the Sultan of Turkey is
In perfect with his surroundings
at Yllellz where he Is a personage of ex
ceptional inlluence He came to Constan
tinople eletermlned to make his fortune
and with a keen appreciation of condi
tion he made known far and wide that
be had hail a dream the true Interpreta
tion of which wan that as longies he- Ebul
Huda llveel at tho Court of Abdul Hamid
the Sultan would never be forsaken bj
fortune and his life would be safe from
the assassin The ingenuous padishah
took him at his word
With the reporte el passing of the Bath
Hotel at the corner of Piccadilly and Ar
lington Street whose site has been se
cured Sherry the well known New
lork restaurateur for the erection or an
American hotel another famous lonlon
lauelmnrk will succumb to the hand of
modern improvement
Built somewhere about 17G0 the Bath
Hotel his for generations been sj nony
mous with the Old World comfort of a
well ordered English hostelry From Its
to Whites and other fash
ionable St James Street clubs the hotel
was In the early dajs of the last centurj
an especlil favorite with tho country gen
Hither came the portlj squire In his
lumbering vehicle for a few weeks staj
in the metropolis during which his vvell
tlllcd pulse was often depleted bjr visits
to the gaming table
For Americans the place possesses great
Interest from tho fact thil John Adams
the first representative to England from
the Unltfel States after the Revolutionary
War made it his abode From the hotel
he drove on June 1 175 to present his
credentials to George HI
Arlington Street has from time imme
morlil been occuplcel by statesmen and
public men Wlmborne House which ad
joins the hotel was for many jears the
house of the Duke of Beaufort and then
of thP Duke of Hamilton before It passed
into the hind of Lord Wlmborne No o
Arlington Street opposite the
hotel was for jears the residence of Sir
Kcbert Walpole the first Earl of Orford
anil here he died in 1713 No in on the
same side of the street as the hotel Is
the town residence of Lord Salisbury who
is frequentlj to be seen In this historic
thoroughfare sometimes cycling some
times driving often walking No a has
been f troous now for very mnnv jears
nnd fame is Jnellssolubly attached to it
GERMANYS COTTON VENTURE
Tho comprehensive attempt on the part
of the German Emperor to utilize tho Em
pires colonies In Africa for cotton grow
ing has been attended by great success
It will be recalled that about a ear ago
at tho request of Emperor William three
negro experts In cotton growing gradu
ates of the Tuskegeo Institute were sent
to the territory named J N Calloway
born In Tennessee a college graduate from
Flsk and for ten years In
structor in agriculture In the Tuskegeo
Institute was selected as superintendent
and Sheppard L Harris John Robinson
and Allen Burks all graduates of the
Tuskegeo Institute each knowing well
several trndes Including architecture car
pentry agriculture blacksmlthlng dairy
ing etc were the assistants Plows
hoes cotton planters cotton gin pres
American cottonsceel ties etc were
bought here and shipped with them last
November reaching Togoland nearly two
months later after a brief stay In Ger
many
A letter from Harris dated May 13 gives
the following account of the undertaking
up to that time
We left America as j ou know on No
vember 3 1900 After many harelshlps on
the ocean we at last got to Lome where
we saw and are still seeing strange
things As to mj work here I am get
ting along very well I find It very hard
to get material to work with This coun
try like all other unsettled countries is
yet without modern machinery The saw
mill the cotton gin and In fact all mod
ern machinery Is jet to be Introduced
Some of this machinery we hope to have
In operation before our time Is out hre
When we reaches Lome we thougltv we
were At the end of our Journey but we
had j et 100 miles to go In the bushes
as thoy call It out here It may sound
hard but we had to walk this distance
carrjlng with us such things as we
thought would supply our nerds until we
coulel get settled The trip was made in
four daj s By the Hth of January we
had about settled where our farm should
be We began work clearing away with
the help of the natives and In a short
while the site of our new home was se
lected We have cleared away more than
100 acre3 of land and a part of the s ime
Is planted in cotton corn peanuts antl
other things nnd some of the cotton has
more fruit on It now than many of the
farmers will make on their whole crop In
America There Is no doubt about the
growing of cotton here for It has been
demonstrated alrcadj Six months ago
men passed this place without paying any
attention to it for it was nothing but a
field of bushes and elephant grass but
one Is attracted the number of
buildings the growing of cotton and oth
er products also the pulling of plows bj
horses and men guiding them
While Mr Burks nnd Mr Robinson are
busj with their farm I am at work try
ing to get the gin house ready to gin the
cotton when It u gathered 1 find the
natives like to work and will work If
they get plenty of chop as they call
food but they are not able to do much
work They soon give out
Superintendent Calloway writes
The natives do not very much
from the uneducated negro or the black
belt of the South 1 believe the Africans
have a better disposition Tolor is about
the same if I did not know that I am In
Africa I could easily believe mjselt in
Alabama The natives are Just as anxious
to have clothes and to be educated as
American negroes Many of them want
to come to America They do not seem to
be lazj but they cannot do a great deal
of work on the food they now eat which
Is principally rice There Is at Lome a
native who runs a seven room
He also conducts a large business
for a German who lives In Berlin
Ihe region of the present experiment 13
Togoland north of the Gulf of Guinea
and the sefene of the American slave
trade Togoland is the smallest of tho
four German territories the others Cam
eroon and German Southwest Africa tn
the west coast and German Last Africa
on the east coast are all larger and more
temperate In climate
Togoland Is about 400 miles north of the
equator and lies between the Gold Coast
which is a depenelencj of Great Britain
on the west and which is
under Trance on the east The area is
K000 square miles a little larger than
South Carolina and the estimated popu
lation is 23O00OO On June 20 199 the Eu
ropean population was US of whom 113
were Germans Togoland was declared a
German protectorate In 1S4 and is placed
under an imperial commissioner assisted
bv a secretary an inspector of customs
rand a committee of local merchants
The town of Togo has a population of
S00O and the entire milltarj and police
service of Togoland consists of seven
Germins and 271 natives Two cable con
nections with Furope have been establish
ed Togoland Imported In 1300 SSUT in
goods the largest single Item being for
cotton fabrics
As as 18j5 cotton was introduced
and raised on the slave coast
of Africa anil eluring the civil war cotton
went up to such a high price that Eng
lish merchants of Manchester raised a
fund to encourage the cultivation of cot
ton hoping to rival the United States
but nothing came of It
it is right herj that has hit
upon a new Idea The former efforts have
been with white men who do not thrive
In the torrid zon Emperor William act
ing upon the advice of some progressive
merchants and a consul in this country
decieled upon the present plan of taking
African descendants In the United States
who are experts and to whom there
would be more racial nnd less
climatic dangers than woulel be the case
with whites Th German African terri
tory amounts to 9230i0 square miles
which is a third more than the total area
of cotton producing States in Ams rica
This African territory Is fertile well
watered and not too hot for cotton
Hence It requires no states
manship to see thvt Germany can become
our rival if shG but coneiuers conditions
which are usual in introducing new crops
and also safeguard the health of those
who are to serve as pioneers As to the
labor supplj Africa furnishes the cheap
est libor in the world a labor that adds
to Its cheapness and great en
durance
POLITICAL COMMENT
The Steel Trust piid nearly JSOOOtVH in
dividends last week The officials seem
determined to keep the stockholders good
natured Cleveland Plain Dealer
General Urlbe Urlbe talks of creating a
Greater Colombia with all the case and
confidence of a municipal agitator bent
on annexing two or three more uncon
v Inced and reluctant suburbs New York
Tribune
An army transport that wont carry
120 tons without shipping water enough to
put out the fires wasnt exactly a bargain
when Uncle Sam bought her New lork
World
Senator Burton of Kansas sas that the
talk about removing duties from the pro
duets of the trusts is Just a great joke
nnd that it his caused a general smile
The general smile Is only in the Sena
tors imagination Anjhow he laughs
best who laughs last Senuor Burton evi
dentlj does not realize the growing pub
lic hatred of the trusts and neither do
the trusts for that matter Portlind Ar
gus
Perhaps Fighting Bob was looking for
retirement on full as was accordeel
General Eagan for abusing a superior of
ficer Baltimore World
Cuba Is worrjing over how to elect her
Presidents The real game will be not to
have but one at a time Mexican Herald
Historian Mnclay gets iiD a dav
from the Navy Department That Is a
small wage for a historian but his hour
probably arc short and Its all he s worth
an jhow Chicago Hecord Herald
The with whkh Mark Haa
na is being boomed for the Prcsldencj
would Imply that he be in something
more than a receptive mooel His preele
cessor in the Senate John Sherman tried
eluring many jears to reach the Presi
elencj and failed But Sherman was somt
thlng of a statesman Indianapolis Sen
tinel
It has been nrrangeel by the favorite
ridden War and Departments that
the one shall be representee nt the ceirei
mtlon of King Edward by Gencnl Cnr
bin and the other by Admiral Crownln
shield Miles and Merritt arel Dewey and
Schlev will have to be content with uch
honors as are bestowed upon them bj I
Historian Macajv Chicago Chrouido
SOCIETY
No belle nt Newport Is being more con
stantly sotiKht nftcr anil honored than
Gen Joeph Wheeler w ho Is now v Isltlrs
at that resort
Ex Vice President Mortons camp In
the Is one of the most
charming In that region It Is on thj
beautiful upper Saranac lake and con
tains about twenty acred of land It Is a
series of low- buildings picturesquely ar
ranged near the lake shore and some of
the buildings have the Inside simply fin
ished the bark being left on the beams
Mr Alden Guest son of Commodore
Guest of this Is at Hawthorne Inn
Gloucester Mass where he has a steam
j acht
The collection of social rumors which
grows larger ami more Interesting as the
summer rolls on now includes the namet
of Mme Rengifo and M Eugene Thlc
bant whose engagement a New York pa
per states is talked of In this True
or not Mme Rengifo Is a decidedly at
tractive woman who seems to have given
up all care for society since the death ot
General Rengifo the South American dip
lomat who hid Just been Appointed Min
ister of Finance at Bogota nnd was on his
way to his post when he was drowned In
the Magdatena River Mme Rengifo was
here at the time and so intense was her
grief that It has been reported at Inter
vals ever since that she would sooner or
Inter become a rellgeuse She comes of a
devout Catholic family and her sister
Miss Barbara a year or more ago entered
the Order of the Ladies of the Sacred
Heart The stately white altar of St Alor
slus Church was enriched after General
Benglfos death by a beautiful chalice
made of the gold and precious stones that
had been the gifts from the diplomat to
his bride
Mme Rengifo was Miss Reglna Barbour
youngest daughter ot the late James L
Barbour a former wealthy merchant of
this and her marriage to General
Rengifo In ic5 was the first International
wedding celebrated in the new St Mat
thews Church During the few years she
was the wife of a dignitary of the Dip
lomatic Corps Mme Rengifo became gen
erally popular for her accomplish
ments and great charm of manner M
Thiebaut as everybody Jjnows was un
til a few months ago a secretary of tho
French Embassy here
The Duchess dArcos and Mrs Nathan
iel P SImpklns both of whom are enjoy
ing cottage life at Manchester on the
Massachusetts coast are engaged
In promoting the various entertainments
being given at the resort for the benefit
of village charities
Mrs Van Rensselaer Cruger the well
known New York authoress was so pleas
ed with her last winters visit to Washing
ton that she has leased a house on K
Street near Twenty fifth Street and ex
pects to make this her future home
Mrs Cushman K Davis will not return
to Washington until eiulte late In the au
tumn She has spent the season so far
with her parents Mr and Mrs William
K Dixon of St Paul Minn where Sena
tor Divls also liad a handsome residence
for many j ears before his death
Ex Secretary Herbert is spending the
summer In the south of France
Though Mr and Mrs S S How land are
making frecment trips to Newport and
other coast resorts the greater portion of
their summer Is being spent- at Hot
Springs Va where they leased a cot
tage early in the season
Mrs Richards wife of the Solicitor Gen
eral and their famllj are spending the
summer at Roxbury Mass
Miss Edna M Gottwals is spending tho
month of August with Miss Salllc John
son of Woodville Va
Miss Irene Pistorlo Is the guest of CoL
and Mrs Charles Dickinson of Brooklj n
N Y for the month of August She will
visit Atlantic City before returning to
Washington
Mrs L Ic McCartnev of S1C Vnrth
Carolina Avenue southeast and sister
Mrs Margaret C Lober are at Fauquier
t line ouiiJiiur iapriiis
Mrs W A Faloon wife of Dr W A
Faloon of Pittsburg is visiting her
mother Mrs George Nicholson of S
Street northwest
TIIAT HAVVV BOO II
One can Imagine the ex Empress Eu
genie coming out In an authorized In
terview for the Republic as the best pos
sible IV j of Government to be main
tained bj Englands lively neighbor the
Gaul One can fancy the Czar of Rus
sia signing a ukase for a parlliment ot
power representing every part of the vast
domain over which he holds sway One
can even bring fancy so far under com
pulsion as to picture Joseph Chamberlain
in some moment of remorse making a
speech In the British Parliament calling
for the restoration to the Boer peoples
In South Africa f a republican form of
Government But to picture William M
Stewart as friend anel ally of latter day
Republicanism and advocating as suc
cessor to in the Presidency he
chief promoter of the Ohio majors
pastfortunes this indeed is difficult even
in these chanceful times so proIfic in
surprises all aldng the line
larcus A xanna ooomeu as a can
didate for the next so
linguisneu a statesman or tne sigeorusn
country with special declaration to the
effect that tho Dublic will learn to like
him Well might the historic enquiry of
Cobb In the halls of our Congress be re
new eel a bewildered multitude today
Mr Speaker where are we at Boston
Globe
IHE LOCAL PLAY
There can be no doubt that were it
polble to place the affairs or a in
the hands of n capable man of huslness
with the power ts conduct them abso
lutely according to his best judgment
nnd with the sole condition of giving the
most efficient results possible not only
would there be an Immense Improvement
In administration but the yost would bo
enormously reduced probal iy one
third at least anil perhaps even one
half of the expenditures In the itties that
are most efficiently governed under pres
ent conditions Such a saving wuld be
v ell worth while The District of Colum
bia plan would be a very near apprach
to such an ideal In thus directing atten
tion to its merits we are nut advocating
Its adoption Hut a3 the most successful
Instance or gejocl municipal government
in this country it Is worth careful consid
eration Boston Herald
luuitltiis fer the Court
To the Inn oil or The Tiuts I hare talcn the
trouble to prepare a few paramount questions
to be put to the non participants in the battle
of Santiago to wit
1 Is it not true that at 2 oclock a m Jcly
3 lSifS there were only three ships of Uncle
Sam armed on the Moikade line
2 stat- aa near as you can the position of
the shirs Indiana and Iowa at that time how
fir fn m the blockade line and the reason of
their being off the lin
3 To tlie best of jour rerollection did they
txpend an ammunition on July 3 ls3df I mean
the ships Indiana and Iowa if so to what ex
tent t
1 Is it rot a fact tliat the Iowa and Indiana
ere away from tlie blockade line at 3 oclock
a in July 3 Iowas fires doim cleaning
lur boilers and the Indiana guarding trans
put tar
5 Is it not true tlit the fight was a fierce
running one fro n the very moment CVtTcra
darted out et the harbor Thmfore the only
Jiips uf Uncle Sam that itere ready for the
utVauiht were tlie Prooklyn Oregon and Teva
which were onthe leokout
C ts it not a solemn fact that the only ships
in the ficht absolutely spaiiig were tio
llrooklln Oregon and T xasJ
7 I it not the truth that the man who lo
cated the enemy a id ruhel h m was in the
person ot Commodore winfied Scolt S hlpy
8 Is it not tits truth tlie whole truth and
nothing but the truth that the uon particiants
in Ihe batte of santnao hare with one accord
b en assti meg a Shakesi crean role or some
thing Iike ncd thereunto ever si tce the dawn of
July 4 1SCS 5iL vc were not in the lattle
of antago we Intend to pav the devil
4VMKS K
Lat nun to f apt John W Philip I
Texas

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