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title: 'The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, September 02, 1902, Image 1',
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Fair and si ghtly coaler today,
'preceded by showers in early
morning; light westerly winds.
A COMPLETE AND ACCURATE
RECORDOFJTHENEi AT HOME AND ABROAD
WASHEN"G!-TOS", TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1002.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
WARSHIPS ENGAGE V
THE SOUND FORTS
Df RAILROAD WRECK
NEW YORK AND BOSTON PROPAGANDA SBLBGTS
SEEK MEANING OF
CARRY OFF HONORS
Good Shooting Done at the
Sea Girt Butts.
Enemy Reported Repul
sed, But No Official
TWO ATTACKS MADE ON DEFENSES
Forts Wright, Terry, Michie,
and Adams Are In
volved. SIGNAL STATIONS TAKEN
Auranian Fleet Captures Block Island,
But Tails to Cut OS Communication
From Concealed Position Wood's
Hole Also in Hands of Assailants.
NEW LONDON, Conn., Sept. 2 (1:30 a.
' m.). Fort Trumbull reports the receipt
of a mesrage from Fort Adams. An attack
there began at 12:30 n. m., when the
ships were sighted oft the entrance
HghtshiDs. Fort Adams onened at
them with mortars and the big guns.
General MacArthur could not learn the
result of the fight. The fleet is still in 1
tbe sound. t
HDQRS. GEN. MACARTHUR, FORT
TRUMBULL., NEW LONDON. Conn.,
Sept. 1. Hostilities between the King
dom of Aurania and the United States
have begun. The in'ormntlcn obtained
from the spy captu- t1 days ago
has proved true
The enemy su t'sis morn
ing in establish :.ase on
Block Island, anG . 10 o'clock
tonight an attack ... . apon Forts
Wright. Terry, and .liiciiie. The result
of the battle cannot be learned for a
certainty tonight, though reports indi
cate that the fleet was repulsed. The
enemy is known officially as the red
fleet, because the ships fly enormous red
battle flags, and the Auranian officers
ear picturesque scarlet sashes and
When the ships appeared off Block
Island shortly before daylight this
morning, stripped for action, their
heavy guns bearing upon the harbor and
their white sides gleaming in the early
r ' dnv.n, they .made a beautiful and mag
nificent picture. The land forces are
.-jwicrmed'theblue defenders, and from the
amount of blue bunting decorating the
houses and piers it might have been sup
posed that the enemy were to be re
ceived with honor and open armed
Tonight, however, the blue flags have
been hauled down and decorations of red
float gaily where only a few hours ago
tbe blue was supreme.
Fleet Opens Fire.
The first intimation that the residents
of Block island had that the enemy was
at han was when they were aroused
from sleep shortly before 6 o'clock by
a terrific cannonading. Constructively
tbe damage was great. The vessels
seemed determined upon the destruction
of Beacon Hill, where the defenders had
a signal station. From the top of the
hill the army signal men kept up a con
stant wigwagging, interspersed by
Sashes from the heliograph. They were
notified by the signal station on Point
Judith of the attack by the enemy,
Lieutenant Snell, of the Connecticut
Signal Corps, was in charge at Beacon
Hill. Bravely the defenders faced dan
ger from the flying projectiles. Fortu
nately not a man was injured, and the
signaling continued until tbe capture of
the hill by a force of marines.
Tbe landing was effected under cover
of a heavy cannonading from the ships
guns. Owing to the absence of any de
fense guns there was no reply from
shore. Fearing that the harbor was
mined. Rear Admiral Hlgginson took the
precaution to first send a collier Into
Landing of Troops.
It was closely followed by the landing
of the troops, but not before Lieutenant
Snell had sent the following message to
Point Judith to be transmitted from
there to General MacArthur at Fort
"Brooklyn and Indiana bombarded
Block Island and collier entered harbor
at 6:05. Fleet will undoubtedly estab
lish base at Block Island. Brooklyn
landed troops at Block Island presuma
bly to scout for and capture station."
Hardly was the sending of this mes
sage concluded when the marines ar
rived at the base of the hill. A's the
sentinel gave notice of their approach
the signal men lied. Lieutenant Snell
made his escape from a hidden point
on the island and sent the following
"Beacon Hill signal station on Block
Island captured at 8 a. m. by landing
party. All escaped but two."
It subsequently transpired that Lieu
tenant Snell alone escaped capture at
Beacon Hill. -There are other ''signal
stations, however, and other signal men.
They are yet to be discovered by the
enemy. Ever since the capture of the
island reports have been coming In regu
larly, telling of the movement of the
Communications Not Cut.
Late this afternoon a dispatch de
scribed in detail the position of the
ships and every movement they made.
There is one thing certain, though the
island Is in the hands of the enemy, they
cannot prevent the sending of Informa
tion to the mainland. There is consid
erable Indignation in the army by of
ficers who claim that the enemy violated
agreed hostilities should begin.
All dnv the signal stations have
worked "perfectly, and messages have
been, received by wireless telegraphy,
telephone and telegraph, from all the
forts In the district of hostilities. The
Deforest wireless syr-tem is the enly
one In general operation.
The first information in regard to the
position of the enemy was receded at
12:25 this morning. At that time the
fleet was reported off Point Judith. A
little later another report was received
that the Gloucester or Hist stopped a
sound steamer off Point Judith at 1:30
The next message received was as
follows: , '
"Fleet of seven vessels stood in and
headed east in column .formation at
4.02 a. m." ".,"' v-"'
Other Vessels Sighted.-
A little Inter the following came from
Point Judith, sent by Lieut. Col. Sam
uel Reber, who commands the signal'
"Kearsarge, Massachusetts, Scorpion,
Panther and Nina sighted about five
miies south of Point Judith lightship,
exchanged signals with the light and
then headed west."
This was followed by the news of. the
bombardment of Block Island, which
came from Beacon Hill signal station.
It was evident that the lines of commu
nication remained unbroken, notwith
standing the constructive destruction of
stations on Blcck Island and the cutting
of cables. During the afternoon mes
sages continued to come to army head
quarters telling of the movements of the
fleet. A wireless message received at
Fort Wright and signaled to Fort
Trumbull at 1 o'clock said:
"Fleet joined by large white vessel
coming from north. Not clear enough
to recognize: looks like Kearsarge. No
movement of fleet yet. .1 am moving in
close to Fisher's Island, and will .pa
A report from Montauk .stated that
the Jlayflowcr was maneouvering in the
Sound. Officers at Fcrt Terry were of
the opinion that she purposed examining
the vicinity of Plum Island to determine
what chance there is of a successful
landing of marines to destroy the sig
nal station. The indications are that
hostilities in this icinity will end with
the attempt to force a passage through
the race at Fisher's Island.
Before this, however, the enemy will
probably make feints all along the line
so as to test the efficiency of each part,
rather than to have but one main at
tack upon some prominent point.
In the end the question as to who is
the victor is to be submitted to arbitra
tion. Military men are of the opinion
that the real fight will not begin until
the arbitrators meet at the Naval War
Collage to consider nd" act upon the re
ports of the umpires and observers. Un
less they can report a decision there is
great probability that the war will have
to be fought over again. The next time
there may be fewer rules and less re
striction upon the combatants.
Information About Enemy.
Additional evidence that the blue's
line of communication has not been
broken by the red fleet came to General
MacArthur's headquarters late this aft
ernoon. From" the signal men at Point
Judith the following message was re
ceived: "Escaped signal party on Block
Island from concealed visible station re
port by flag as follows:
" 'Enemy encamped northeast side
New Harbor, about thirty round lengths.
collier in harbor coaling converted
yacht. Just outside are Puritan, In
diana, Kearsarge, Brookljn, Montgom
ery, Prairie, Panther, also four other
cruisers or battleships and dispatch
Notwithstanding the capture of the
signal station at Wood's Hole, the army
is enabled by other lines of communica
tion to know exactly what transpires at
that place. Wood's Hole was captured
by the battleship Olyrapia early this
morning. Another message was received
from signal officers as to the movements
of the Olympia. This report did not
come over the cable that is presumed to
have been destroyedr It is as follows.
Capture of Wood's Hole.
"4:37 p. m. Olympia Just came
through Vineyard Sound from the direc
tion of Wood's Hole, and Is now lying
at, anchor near Gay's Head. Boat Niu.i
landed a detachment, probably from the
Olympia, one hundred bailors, near Gay's
Head light this morning."
Great shafts of light extending for
more than fifteen miles wre sweeping
sky and sea In all directions tonight.
and several thousand people were on
the beach watching the beautiful fcpee
tacle. At times there was concentra
tion of several searchlights In one di
rection. The race off Fisher's Island, through
which the Auranian fleet will endentor
to pass, was Illuminated every few min
utes by blinding rays from the big sixty
Inch searchlights on Mount Prospect.
At Fort Terry, on Plum Island, an
other sixty-Inch Iiijht threw a powerful
beam upon the water and swept the
sound from north to south and east 10
west. The smallest vessel was easily
detected. Army officers were confident
that no ship would be able to come
within five miles without being first
picked up by the searchlights and the
alarm given to the gunners to man the
Blue Well Informed.
General MacArthur made his head
quarters on board the Kanawha, off Fort
Trumbull, tonight. Adjutant General
Berry is receiving mesages from all the
forts In the zone of hostilities, and the
slightest of movement of the red fleet
was Immediately known to the blue de
fenders. A report of today's work was
sent this afternoon to the war depart
ment by General MacArthur.
The following dispatch was also sent
to the War Department by General Mac
Adjutant General, War Department,
Washington, D. C.: Result of the op
erations to 10 o'clock Is the loss of tel
egraph station on Block Island, which
was not defended under the rules, not-
(Continued an Bc-cood 1'Hfie.)
the rules of war in startingfor Block
Island before the hour when it was
Spreading Rails Responsible
Twenty-one of the Slain Negroes
Sixty-cne Injured, Several So Se
verely That They Will Die Engineer
and -Fireman Perish.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.. Sept. 1. An ex
cursion train on the Southern Rnllway,
consisting of an engine and ten coaches,
en route from Greenville, Miss., to Bir
mingham, Ala., was wrecked today one
mile east of Berry, Ala., and sixty-five
miles west of Birmingham.
The tender of the engine Jumped the
track or struck a spread rail and five
cars loaded with negro passengers were
turned over with the engine. Train
master H. M. Dudley, of the Birming
ham division of the Southern Railway,
was on the engine with Engineer Jame3
Cook and Fireman McRelvey. He was
caught under the engine and instantly
Cook was so badly scalded that he
died in a few hours. The fireman was
also killed. "
Killed Like Sheep.
The five coaches next to the engine
were filled with negroes from Columbus,
Miss., and the surrounding country, and
they were killed like a lot of sheep in
a pen. The train was' making about
thirty miles an hour, and before it stop
ped 220 yards of the track had been torn
Twenty-one of the colored passengers
on the first four coaches were killed
outright and sixty-one were Injured,
many of them fatally. Eleven of the
dead negroes are unidentified. There
were nearly five hundred people on the
Superintendent C. S. Harden, with a
number of division officials, hurried to
the scene of the wreck from this city
with physicians. Trainmaster Dudley
had been on this division only a few
months, having been transferred from
Zrla. He came from SL Louis, and was
unmarried. The excursion train was
brought into the city tonight.
MIDDLE STATES REGATTA;,
Great Upheaval of Form
in History of the
SCH0LE8 GOES DOWN IN DEFEAT
Beaten by Bohemian Club Sculler in
the Senior Singles Intermediate
Four Gig Event Easy for Pennsyl
vania Barge Club.
NEW YORK, Sept. 1. The thirteenth
annual regatta of the Middle States, held
today on the Harlem Speedway course,
produced home of the most sensational
upheavals In form ever seen in this
The first surprise of the day was the
defeat of Louts Scholes, of the Toronto
Rowing Club, in the senior singles, by
tbe Bohemian sculler, Vesley. The race
was generally regarded as an easy thing
Later In the day Vesley started In the
association singles, but he sustained a
decisive defeat at the hands of Fred
Fuessel, of the Hnrlem Rowing Club.
In the Junior elght-onred shell race
the Dauntless Rowing Club boys covered
themselves with glory by defeating the
juniors of the Metropolitan Club in the
smashing time of 1 minutes 234 sec
onds. The crews drifted some teD yards
from the slake boat so as not to row
the full mile.
About three hours later the same
Dauntless crew turned out again and
took the measure of the senior eight
of the Harlem Rowing Club.
Harry II. Crowley, of the Massachu
setts Boat Club, won the Junior single
sculls, and F. Smith, of 'the Toronto
Rowing Club, the Association sculls. In
the Philadelphia Barge Club, crews from
the Harlem Rowing Club and the Ves
per Boat Club competed, and went to
the front and were never afterward
The crew of the Nashua Eoat Club
took the junior prize and that of the
Harlem Rowing Club the Junior pair
shell. They beat out the Arundel Boat
Club, of Baltimore. The latter club beat
out seven contenders in the junior four
gig race, winning the Iluaj by two
lengths. The intermediate four gig was
eab- for the Pennsylvania Barge Club.
and the senior four barge went to the
Valencias, of Hoboken.
In the senior four shell, the Pennsyl
vania Barge Club soon showed In front.
and swinging In good time led to the
liuinsh, winning by about a length from
the Bohemians. '
DUBLIN PLACED UNDER
THE COERCION ACT
DUBLIN, Sept. I. In consequence of
the activity that is being displayed by
the Nationals many areas have been pro
claimed under the foerclou act, includ
ing Dublin city and the entire provinces
of, Munster and Connaught.
The inclusion of Dublin is for the pur
pose of including the chief newspaper
of the United Irish League.
GALE BLOWS ACROSS RANGE
Light Artillerymen From the Hub Snow
Marksmanship With Revolvers, While
Gotham's Squadron A Team Uses
Carbines to Advantage.
SEA GIRT, Sept. 1. This was a New
York and Massachusetts day. New York
got two and Massachusetts ono match.
Squadron A captured he carbine team
match this morning by a score of 208
from the First New Jersey troop, of
Newark, wnlch made 205, and the Penn
sylvania squadron, 198, and' this after
noon Boston's Battery B, Light Infan
try, gobbled up the levolvcr team
match, with a gale blowing directly
across' the range.
The revolver match was for three
strings of ten shots, each fired Within
thirty seconds at 'twenty-live, fifty, and
scvehty-fivc yards. The Bostonlans'
record was 540 to squadron A's 521. The
others in order were: Troop A, Mary
land (first team), 514; First Troop, Phil
adelphia City Cavalry, 4S0; Fourth New
Jersey, 446; Fifth New Jersey Troop,
433, and Troop A, second team, 403.
The top score for the match -was 117
on the three ranges, by J. C. Cobb, of
The National Rifle Association's new.
Interclub scheutzen match for the club
championship of the United States was
contested not only here, but at home
ranges elsewhere The match was In
ten shots at 200 on the standard Ameri
can target. The best score here, 342,. by
the Cottage Rifle Association, of Jersey
City, with the Italian Rifle Association,
of New York! sfcond. 324.
The other scoiea were: Seventy-first
New York, 29G; Philadelphia Rifle Asso
ciation, 303; Squadrop A, '237; New Jer
sey State Kllle Association, 290;."Com
pany I, JSIghth 'Massachusetts, 291.
In place of the projected. West Point
Annapolis match tomorrow it has been
declared off, because the United States
Army and the United States Navy have
not detailed teams, and there will be
no contest by them tomorrow: so the
interstate match will have full swing
REAR END COLLISION IN
Disastrous Wreck on Baltimore and
Ohio Raliroad Trainmen and
CUMBERLAND. Md.. Aug. 1. The
Duquesne limited, the flyer over the
Baltimore and Ohio Railway from Pitts
burg to New York, was wrecked In
Brooks' Tunnel, about thirty-miles west
of Cumberland, last night. Conductor
James Parker, of the Pullman car; Con
ductor Richards, and Porter Upperraan
were seriously Injured. Six passengers
received Injuries. The train Jammed Into
the rear of an east-bound extra freight
In the tunnel.
AT LANCASTER, PA.
Daughter of George F. Baer Is Serious
ly Injured, Also Mrs. J.'
LANCASTER, Pa., Sept. 1. Whilo
Mrs. William N. Apple, wife of a prom
inent Lancaster lawyer, and daughter
of Hon. George F. Baer, of Reading,
president of the Philadelphia and Read
ing Railroad, was out driving today,
with Mrs. J. Stewart Walker, of Lynch
burg, Va., the team ran away, after
colliding wlfh another team which had
been struck by a trolley car.
The women were thrown from their
carriage, Mrs. Walker falling on her
head and fincturlng her skull. She
died tonight at :i hospital. Mrs. Apple
was herloiihly injured. .Mr. Baer, who
was In New York, arrlvol this evening
by gpcclal train.
EX-GOVERNOR HOGG TO
Will Have Hunting Expedition in the
Lower Valley of the
AUSTIN. Texas. Sept. 1. A party of
distinguished Democrats have accepted
invitations from former Gov. J. S. Hogg
to become his guests In a hunting ex
peditlon in the eancbrakes along the
lowpr valley of the Bracos River In
Texas next month. The party will be
composed of ex-Governor Hogg, William
J Bryan. William J. Stone, of Missouri:
former Senator Charles A. Towne, of
Minnesota: Tom Johnson, of Ohio; Sen
ator rhoma Patterson, of Colon-do. and
prol-ably other Democrats of national
The third of the series of open-air concerts by the Washington Times
Newsbovs Band will be given this afternoon at 3 o'clock In Judiciary Square.
The original plan to give the concerts In different sections of the city
Is being adhered to, and this evening It Is promised that an equally enter
tnlntn number of selections will be rendered as have been on previous occasions.
Recommends His Appoint
roent to Arch Diocese.
SUCCESSOR TO C0RRIGAM
Pope Asked to Place Him in the See of
the Late Archbishop of New York
Career of the Prelate Chosen for Hon
ored Position in Chuich.
ROME, Sept. 1. Hie propaganda, by
nearly unanimous vote, agreed to rcc-
ommendjto the Pope the appointment of
Rt. Rev. John Murphy Farley, Auxiliary
Bishop of New York, to succeed the late
Most Rev. Michael Augustine. Corrigan
as Archbishop of the diocese of New-
NEW YORK, Sept. 1. Bishop John
Murphy Farley declinod to make
any statement today. His secretary,
Father Hayes, speaking for him, said:
"The bishop will not say anything
about the matter until he is officially
notified of his appointment. A month
ago there were similar dispatches from
Rome, which the bishop and the clergy
of New York generally a'ceepted as
"The bishop at that time talked freely
of the matter, only to learn a little later
that the press dispatches were without
foundation. It was a trifle embarrass-'
Ing, because the clergy generally sent
letters, messages and telegrams of con
gratulation to the bishop on his ap
pointment." A Distinguished Career.
Bishop Farley was born In Newton,
Hamilton, County .Armagh, Ireland, on
April 20, 1842. He received his educa
tion .at St. Marcorten's College, Mon-
aghan; St. John's College, this city; St.
Joseph's Seminary, in Troy, and in th
American College at Rome. It was on
June 11, 1870, after finishing his course
at Rome, that Bishop Farley was or
dained to the priesthood in that city.
Returning to this country he went to
St. Peter's Church, at New Brighton,
Staten Island, as an assistant to Father
Conrad. A few months later he succeed
ed Father Conrad as head of the parish.
In 1S72 he was appointed by Pope Leo
to. succeed Bishop McNelrny as secre
tary to Cardinal McClcskey.
Honors were showered on him fast
after this. In 1SS4 he was made pri
vate chamberlain to Pcpe Leo, with the
title of raonslgnor. In 1S91 he bwa.mcit
vicar general of the 'nrchdlocres of
New York, the following year domestic
prelate to Pope Leo and In 1S9.1 aux
iliary bishop of New York.
Dospltc his many duties as secretary
to Cardinal McCIoskey and in the many
responsible positions he held. Bishop
Farley managed to find time to ta':c
charge of St. Gabriel's Parish on East
Thirty-seventh Street. Bishop Farley
was the friend and confident of Arch
TIDAL WAVE FOLLOWED
' MONT PELEE'S OUTBREAK
KAISER GOING TO P0SEN:
Poles Are Quiet, But Extra Police Will
Go Also. i
BERLIN, Sept. 1. Tomorrow beiiiT;
the anniversary of the .surrender of
Sedan, the schools throughout Ger
many will be closed.
The Empefor leaves for the scene of
maneuvers In Poseu this evening. Re
ports from the maneuver district stata
that everything Is quiet and that ao
demonstrations are likely to be attempt
ed by the offended 'Poles.
A large force of police has left for
LIKIN NOT ABOLISHED.
Correction to Edict Practically Rescinds
PEKIN. Sent. 1. The edict abolishing
tin-1 llkin or Inland revenue tax has
been practically rescinded by a correc
tion which will appear In tomorrow's
This will say that-the edict was mis
lakcn through a misinterpretation of a
Chinese character. It should have read
that when all the foreign governments
.. t ,in inpronuw In the CllilieSC eX-
port and import duties the llkin will be
FINANCES OF CUBA.
Statement for August Given Out by
HAVANA. Sept. 1. The Cuban finan
cial statement for August is as follows:
Receipts from custiius, S1.073,3G7: from
the postoftlce, StlO.Ofil; from money or
ders. $TS,4G0: from internal reenuc.
$504,341; sundries. $13,075; rolmburfe
ments, $2S,839; other sources. ?3.397.
Total. $1.23,015. Balance July 31, $1,-
0f.l,15G. Total, $2,3C0,20o.
I)lshiT3oniiMits August l, s:i)U,:i.n. isni
ance September 1, $t.0:i:.2IS. The sen
ate has authorized the president to c-in-tlnue
the disbursement of stale fund:,
until the budget Is made up.
PORTO R1C0 POLITICS.
Republicans and Federals Clash in the
Streets of Cagey.
SAN JUAN, Porto Rico, Sept. -I,
Acting Governor Hartzcll has appointed
A. B. Crosas," an American lawyer, to
make an investigation Into the recent
political riot at Ilumanaco, the native
investigations being biased.
There was another political clash "yes
terday at Cagey. The Republicans and
Federals each held a meeting, after!
which the participants met In the
streets and a fight resulted.
Six persons were wounded, including
a police captain. The police succeeded
In restoring order.
ELECTRIC LINE TO
PARALLEL N. Y. CENTRAL
State Board Grants Permission for Road
Between Syracuse and
SYRACUSE, Sept. 1. Word has been
received here that permission has been
granted to the Rochester, Syracuse, and
Eastern Railroad by the Staie board of
railroad commissioners to build an elec
tric railroad between this city and
The road will run parallel to the New
York Central and will pass through
twenty-even towns. Preparatory work
will be begun at once and the road will
be completed in 1904.
The company is capitalized at $2,300,
000, with Lyman C. Smith, of this city,
HOLD MASS MEETINGS
AND DENOUNCE G0BIN
HAZELTON, Pa., Sept. 1. At the la
bor mass meetings at Freelacd and
Hazelton today resolutions were adopted
denouncing General Gobln for his order
to shoot strikers and calling upon Gov
ernor Stone to remove him. Some 4,000
men and beys participated in the Free
land Labor Day parade, and S.0C0 Ip thai
at Hazelton. The Cranberry and No. 4C
collieries suspended operations during
the day, but will resume tomorrow.
SHfPS DRIVEN ASHORE
BY TERRIFIC GALE
CAE TOWN, Sent. 1. A terrible gait
is raging at JUgoa Bay. Thirty-cisbt
i . ... . -
vessels navs Tieen uriven asnore. j-ivc
were smashed to pieces and alf or board
LONDON, S"pt. 1. A tlpgram from
Lloyds agent at Port Elizabeth reports
serious destruction by a gale in Algoa
Hay. Seventeen sailing ships, two tugs.
cud several lighters have been driven
ashore and miny lives list. The weath
er continued very bud When the dispatch
Two Hundred More Lives
Claimed by Volcano,
- Report Says.
OCEAN COVERED WITH ASHES
Le Carberet Said to Have Been De
stroyed Latest Eruption a Severe
Calamity to the ' Already Severely
Stricken West Indian Island.
CASTRIES. SL Lucia. Sept. 1. Resi
dents of the southern part of this Island
reported having heard detonations yes
terday, coming apparently from the di
rection of St. Vincent. Nothing unusual
was noticed here.
The captain of the British, steamer
Korona, which has arrived here from
Fort DeKrance. Martinique, reports that
S o'clock Saturday night two balls of
Ore were discharged by Mont Pelee.
These were followed Immediately by
At 9 o'clock there was a heavy erup
tion and a grand display of electricity.
The dust from the oIcano took a south
erly course, quantities of it falling on
Fort DeFrance and the shipping in the
A Striking Display.
In the cloud appeared thousands of
points of light. The display, which last
ed until midnight, was accompanied b
A tidal wave followed the eruption, the
sea sweeping the coast. Everything at
l,e Carberet as far inland as the church
was destroyed. It 13 reported that 2C0
persons perished. It Is said that the
devastation caused inland by the erup
tion is large.
The schooner Ira, which left Dominica
at t! o'clock Sunday morning, rtports
that ashes were then falling there.
When she was seventeen miles off St.
Pierre the sea wa.T white with ashes. At
11:30 she saw what was believed to be
a heavy ram squall approaching, but It
proved to be dust, which thickly en
veloped the schooner until G o'clock
Sunday evening, at which time she was
thirty-five miles distant from St. Pierre.
The sky became clear at 11 o'clock
Sunday night. Flames were distinctly
Visible, ascending to a great helGht from
New Reference to Mon
roe Doctrine Arouses
ONE EXPLANATION OF SPEECHES
Mr. Roosevelt Repeats His
t "Hands Cff" Warning
' . to Visitors.
TALKS TO LABOR MEN
Encouraging Sentiments Expressed to
Unions at Bellows Falls and Rut
land New England Enthusiasm
Shown in the Day's Greetings.
LONDON, Sept. 2. The second In
sistence within a week by President
Roosevelt on the Monroe doctrine both
dominates and stirtles critics of the
present trend of American policy.
A trlendly English writer this morn
ing remarks that Mr. Roosevelt evi
dently thinks important ends will b
served .by directing public attention both
In the United States and the world out
side to the Monroe Doctrine.
The same writer says there has bee
a tendency on the continent of Europe
to orgtip that since the United States
has embarksd upon overseas enterprises
herself she-can scarcely expect other
powers to abstain from similar enter
prises in the waste lands( and anarchic,
trivial states of South America. In
these circumstances President Roose
velt does well to let the world know
that nothing Is changed In regard to the
The characteristic. Jingo attitude of (
England toward the speeches Is most
plainly expressed by an editorial in tha
"Daily Mall." which says:
"We do not find that in hi3 second
speech President Roosevelt added any
thing to what he said in the first, or in
any way explaitcd what was dark and
MONROE -DOCTRINE: ONE
OF PEACE AND DEFENCE'
EAST NORTHFIELD, Mass., Sept. T.
President Roosevelt made speeches to
dar which differed somewhat from the
routine which he has necessarily fol
lowed in repeating his doctrines oj
American self-help in the cities, towns,
and villages of Vermont.
At Frcctor today ,he came out with a
direct assertion that the Monroe Doc
trine had been laid down by the fathers
for us to enforce, and that It was non
sense to talk cf enforcing that doctrine
unless we had a big, strong, .well
trained navy. At Rutland, Vt., where
there were Labor Day exercUes going"
on and talk of their ending in a declara
tlon of strikes In several of the city's
more prominent industries, and at Bel
lows Falls, the President talked encour
agingly to tl-e representatives of the
labor unions who were grouped before
These specchs to the union labor men
had In thm some phrases regarding
rusts which have marked the utUi
ances of the President during this ex
cursion. The President has expressed
some surprise to the statesmen who
have interviewed him that foreign news
papers should be getting excited about
-.'hat little he hud to say on the Monro
Doctrine- at Augusta.
The words he said there were simply
a rcasscrtloa of the words which he and
every other American statesman said
when there was anything to say about
the Moaroe Doctrine. The storm that
the foreign papers seem to have lashed
themselves into led him to make today
another exemplification of hl3 views.
This was at Proctor, standing on th
front veranda of Senator Proctor's horns.
He said In part:
"We believe In the Monroe Doctrlna,
not as a matter of aggression at alL
It does not mean that we are aggressiva
toward any power. It means merely
that, as the biggest power on this con
tinent we remain earnestly true to ft
principle formulated first by Monroe and
again by John Qulncy Adams the prin
ciple that this continent must not b
tteated as a subject for political colo
nization by any foreign power. It Is, ft
doctrine of peace. It Is a doctrine of
defense. It Is a doctrine to secure tha
United States freedom to develop la
Laborers in Audience.
Railroad workmen, quarrymen, and
factory hands termed the greater part
of the President's audience In the saitar'
near the Rutland station.
His first remarks, however, were ad
dressed, as usual, to the veterans of
the civil war; then turning '.o the La
bor Day celebrators, he saldr
"The" material side of our civilization
Is ery important, but It Is important
because of the men who stand behind It,
exactly as In battle the important thins
Is not the gun, but the man behind tha
gun. So in our civil life It is the man
In the shop, the man on the farm, tha
man in the factory, upon whom for well
or for ill our whole civilization ulti
mately depends. And It is according
as that man is able to secure his rights,
and furthermore as ho remembers and
performs his duties It Is according to
these two facta that our clvllizatloa
docs or docs not make progress."
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