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THBTMHL WASHINGTON TUESDAY SEPTEMBER, 2im :? T
THE WASHINGTON TIMES.
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THE SKELETON AS
A MORAL REFORMER
A Custom of the Ancient Egyptians That Might Be Revived Today With Salu
By FREDERICK V. COLLINS.
A WEAK SPOT.
In a manner calculated to excite attention, Civil Service Commis
sioner Foulkc calls attention to the necessity of a stronger consular ser
vice. He points out the fact that the system is a century old or there
abouts, and that the industrial development of the country has left it
far behind. This he attributes largely to the conditions that prevent
the enlistment of uniformly skilled and able men to look out for Amer
ican commercial interests in foreign countries. So long as the system
exists primarily for the reward of political service, and, secondarily)
for the promotion of American industry abroad, just so long will it be
to a degree deficient aud anomalous. s
The vital importance of well equipped men in any field today is ob
vious. When all the commercial powers of the world hive entered a
furious straggle for trade, and when that strife is as fierce as it is, the
consular agent becomes a man of immense prominence in the movement
for business expansion. He must le a specialist, and on the alert, al
ways in earnest and ever diplomatic, in order to advance the interests of
his countrymen in the field where he is stationed. If he is either in
capable, or indifferent, the other fellows from other countries will sure
ly best him, as the inferior is always bested in competition with the
more able rival.
Says Commissioner Poulke: "Our nation is' entering upon a new
phase of industrial development. We are seeking the markets of the
world. There is no more powerful agency in getting these markets than
an efficient consular service." While there are individuals in the service
who are most efficient, they emphasize the weakness and shortcomings of
the great body of their fellows who have gone abroad to work for
American coiumerce. There is a vast amount of room for betterment
in this system, and, though the reform may be a long time in coming, it
must come as a condition preliminary to that commercial victory which
Americans are seeking.
THE MONROE DOCTRINE IN EUROPE.
It is rather amusing to notice how a casual reference to the Monroe
Doctrine by President Roosevelt ii one of his recent addresses has caused
in outburst of variegated comment in the European press. The majority
of the leading English dailies and weeklies profess to be "tickled to death"
over the incidental reassertion of a well established tenet in American poli
tics, Tind to see in the utterance a hidden warning to certain Continental na
tions who are believed to have designs on South 'America with a view to
colonization. As for England, they say, it would not have anything in that
line for the worldr-the little Venezuelan incident of abojit ten years ago be
ing conveniently forgotten.
The Yankcephobiacs, on the other hand, as, for instance, the "Satur
day Review," froth at the mouth over what they claim to be a distinct
threat from the big boy across the sea against the mother country. Ger
many, with her eyes longingly fixed on Brazil, treats the subject with unc
tuous indifference, while France, curiously enough, thinks she discovers a
subtle admonition fo go slowly in the mater of the alleged desire to estab
lish an alliance of Latin nations, and, more especially, closer relations with.
The incident f urnishes evidence once more of the excited state of mind
into which Europe is plunged every time. one of ohr leading statesmen says
anything that has reference, or that can be construed as having reference,
to our political or commercial relations with European nations.
The people across the water have so long been in the habit of looking
for hidden motives in each other's actions that it is hard for them to com
prehend the fact that the United States does not shape its policies with re
gard to the welfare or undoing of any nation, either on this continent or
anywhere else in the world, but solely and entirely in its own interest.
The Monroe Doctrine was enunciated, in the first instance, not so much
with a view to throw a protecting aegis over any of the countries to the
south of us. as for the purpose of forestalling the establishment of unde
sirable neighbors. Xapoleon HI took advantage of our civil embroilment
to make the attempt to override this particular tenet of our political creed,
but as soon as Uncle Sam was again at leisure to attend to minor matters he
made it 'plain to that ruler that this country had no use for a French armv
of fifty thousand in Mexico, and the tragedy of Queretaro was the almost
inevitable result. Since then there have been some desultory mutterings
here and there, but, excepting the Venezuelan incident already mentioned
none that called for special notice on the part of this Government.
There is no need, therefore, for any unusual anxiety or excitement on
the pari of any of our European friends. Uncle Sam is not going about
with a chip on his shoulder.
The ancient Egyptians, albeit some
what out of date except in so much as
their mummied Pharaohs serve our
modem nitHs for paint, had, not
withstanding their proverbial dark
ness, a very salutary, wise, and sig
nificant, if somewhat quaint and
bizarre custom, which could be re
vived at the present day. The custom
was nothing le.ss than the carrying
about by each individual of a minia
ture skeleton. Upon the occasion,
say, of a banquet, where senseless and
undue revelry threatened to usurp the
place of seemly mirth and cheerful
ness, the person retaining reason and
sense of propriety produced his skel
eton, intimating to those disposed to
earn things to extremes the really
solemn nature of life.
This portent of the pocket skeleton
was well understood among the Egyp
tians, and seldom did it fail to convey
its lesson. The noisiest reveler felt
reproved by the tiny image which cus
tom and tradition had endowed for
him with such grim warning. It is
from this striking practice, in vogue
some four thousand years ago, that
we derive our modern allusion to a
''skeleton at a feast."
But the pocket skeleton had other
uses. For instance, a person reveling
in wealth and prosperity, and ignor
ing the wants of his less fortunate
fellow creatures, was presented with a
skeleton, a true portrait of himself
and his worldly attributes in minia
ture, at the best, in n few years hence.
The politician "who would circum
vent God," and who sacrificed the in
terests of his country to personal ad
vancement, had a skeleton sent him.
Aud so the rich, the proud, the
venal, were given this tremendous les
son, only to be appreciated by a very
reflective people, to be sure; this les
son that conveyed it all, this niultum
in parvo, this poor little toy that rep
resented the end of poor little man,
be he never so great, or mighty, or
due to consideration in his own estimation.
It is doubtful if, among the practi
cal, rushing, and pushing people of
today, the significance of the skeleton
to the ancient Egyptians could be
realized. Yet, if it could, and the cus
tom could be resurrected with all its
former import, how beneficial might
it be! Then, when a man swelled be
fore you with pompousness. you could
show him the skeleton. When a man
tried to overreach you in a business
transaction, you would but have to
produce your pocket emblem of mor
tality. When a person told you the
thing that was not true, the skeleton
And so, in all such instances, where
this humanity that goes its ways un
heeding, unthinking, assails you so
outrageously, on such premises the
AMERICAN CONSULAR. SERVICE
IN NEED OF REFORM.
By WILLIAM DUDLEY FOULKE, Civil Service Commissioner.
"Our nation is entering upon a new phase of industrial development. We are seeking th: markets of the
world. There is no more powerful agency in getting these markets than an efficient consular service. We can
only get that service by a new system in which politics are eliminated, appointments made on merit, and per
manent tenure and suitable promotions secured."
ABSURDITY OF THE
MILITARY HORSE RACE.
CURRENT PRESS COMMENT,
Investigation a La Mode.
Commoner After Investigating him
self Crowninshleld absolved himself
from all blame. General Smith seems
to have overlooked a sure thing.
There was an International military horse race from Brussels to Ostend
not long ago. It amounted simply to this, that horses were raced to-death
for the mere purpose of proving the limit of the animals' endurance. The
American horse lover did not grow enthusiastic over the news.
There Is a wide difference between this and the long-distance auto
mobile race, which was Justly commended. In the latter case there was
only n machine to be considered, and It was not likely to be worn out;
If the driver of the machine overworked himself, that was his affair.
The race was not likely to prove a cruelty to anybody, and, unlike the
trials of speed which have resulted In the sudden death of bystanders. It
did not endanger the safety of people not concerned .In It.
But In -the case of the long-distance horse race the horse Is the one
that suffers, when the thing is carried to the extreme to which It was car
ried In this case. If the riders had based their contention on the question
how far and fast a horse can go and still be In good condition at the end
of it, the trial would renlly have been valuable from both a military' and
an unmilitary point of view. There Is nothing' Aulch the cavalryman more
needs toTtnow than how to keep his horse in goodir,ni during a long jour
ney at a high rate, of speed, and our American rtnulry are trained to do
The trlnl in question, however, was not that kind at all. It simply de
cided the question how far a hard rider could take a horse without killing
him, and the matter was only decided for that particular breed of horse,
Our consular sen-ice has not kept pace with our
industrial development. The present consular system
was established about a century ago, and was perhaps
adapted to the conditions of that time, but certainly
not to'present conditions. Jtjias been overlooked in
legislation ever since. 'The appointments are patron
age appointments, which go by political or personal
favor, and the tenure of office is temporary. An ef
ficient, trained force cannot be selected in any such
way. We have in many of the most important places
very good men even under the present system, but it
is,in spite of that system, and not in consequence
Our consular service is a very excellent service in
spots. In one plice Ave have a consul alert, intelli
gent, energetic, whose reports are of immense value to
American trade, while perhnps at the next port there
will be a political pensioner, avIio got his place he
cause he could not make a success of anything else, a
man utterly disqualified to perform its duties. It is
evident that a consular .sen-ice of this dappled va
riety is not ideal. Anything good about it results not
from the system, but from the general shiftiness of
the American character of our ability to do pretty
well the things for which we are not trained at all.
Our best consuls are generally those in Great
Britain, Germany, and some other European coun
tries. The worst we have are in the Orient and in
South America, .the very places where we most need
to extend our trade. In most of the places our con
suls cannot speak any language but English. They
are at the mercy of irresponsible clerks and interpre
ters, and many of them are men who have shown little
qualifications for the work; indeed, they have no in
centive to qualify themselves for it.
Men of ability will not take these smaller consul
ships where there is no prospect of anything ahead;
but if they had good chances of promotion, if they
were selected for reasons which were not political", it
they felt that the consular sem'ce was to be n career,
the country could secure bright young men who would
train themselves for their task.
The way to get such men is by competitive exami
nations. Mere pass examinations amount to nothing;
A system of pass examinations was" prescribed by
President Cleveland in 3S0."j, after be had made a gen
eral change in the consular servica through Jcsiah
Quiuey. These rules were obsened quite strictly
during the remainder of his Administration, but, nat
urally, when a new Administration came in. these ex
aminations did not prevent the appointment of new
political appointees. Scarcely anybody ever failed to
But if you hae competitive examinations you
eliminate politics. The political leaders cannot select
the particular men they want for the places, and
whenever this cannot be done there is no sufficient
motive to dismiss an efficient public servant to make
way for another man. The efficient consul will re
main, and will be promoted from one place to another.
He will qualify himself for his work.
Our nation is entering upon a new phase of indus
trial development. We arc seeking the markets of
the world. There is no more powerful agency in get-
uug; mcfc iiiuijicis luiiii .in uiijciciu I'uiiniuui ?t;iwuc.
We can only get that sen-ice by a system in which
politics are eliminated, appointments made on merit,
and permanent tenure and suitable promotions se
cured. Two bills were introduced in the last Congress
looking to that end Ihe Lodge bill in the Senate and
the, Adams bill in the House. They, both provide for
the great essential, competitive examinations, and I
cannot doubt that, sooner or later, the necessities of
our national life will secure the adoption in some
form of the system embodied in these bills.
The Highlands, Cape Cod.
By ANNIE WELD EDSON-MACY.
GOSSIP AND CHAT HEARD IN
WASHINGTON HOTEL LOBBIES
Xore's Labor Lost.
Buffalo Express A Kentucky girl has
refused 150 offers of marriage in order
that she may fit herself in Europe to bo
a professional musician. The young
sen certainly did all tbey could to save
the public from another affliction.
Well, What of It?
Minneapolis Times The "London
Lancet," high medical authority, says
toe use of tobacco Is a poor protection
against disease germs practically none
at all. That settles It. Now let us be
honest and admit that we smoke for
the fun of It.
Mr. Eugene Moxley has been visiting
Mr. Edward J. Sanders, at Mount Car
mel. In Charles County, Md.
John M. LUlcston left yesterday for
a month's outing in the mountains of
Mr. W. H. Goszler, who has been vis
iting friends here, has returned to New
York. Mrs. Goszler will remain in
Washington throughout September.
Will Not Carry Maine.
"The Democrats, of course, will not
carry Maine, nor do we expect any such
thing." remarked Representative W. W.
Kltchln of Norta Carolina at the Na
tional yesterday, "but what they do ex
pect and what I look forward to Is a
reduction In the Republican majorities
in the several Congressional districts."
Representative Kltchln has just re
turned from the Pine Tree State, where
he delivered a number of ringing .Demo
cratic speeches during the past ten days.
Mr. Kltchln discussed the tariff and the
trusts, and everywhere he spoke he says
he met with a hearty reception, which
showed that the people were with him.
His meetings, ho says, were well at
tended, and his audiences enthusiastic.
"I am more than pleased with my trip
to Maine," was the way he expressed
himself at Democratic headquarters yesterday.
Mr. David Gilten and son. of Con
gress Heights, are back from Atlantic
Order the First Law.
New York Tribune It Is reported that
to and about Shenandoah in the anthra
cite coal region of Pennsylvania there
arc about 17,000 Lithuanians, S,000 Poles,
8,000 Ruthenians. 1,000 Slovaks and 300
Bohemians. "Perhaps It Is not surprising
that some of these men are found lack
ing at times in true American respect
lor law and order. Not a few of them
may have had such surroundings from
Infancy that they have been 111 trained.
But most of them are likely to remain
in this country. In which they have found
homes, and they must be taught that
violence In times of strikes or at any
other times Is sure Xo bo repressed with
Jesse Williams Ball, son of the late
E. F. Ball, of Georgtown. has Just been
ordained In the M. E. Church at Den
ver. Col. His brother, Franklin Ball,
of this city, went to attend the cere
mony, and is expected to return tomorrow.
Messrs. John and Howard Whelan, of
j- oireei, Dave reiurnea irom a Bport
lng trip to their father's farm In lower
Won't Be Tried.
Charleston News and Courier "If any
man," says the Buffalo News, "should
go down to Porto Rico today with power,
and offer freedom on condition of sep
aration from the United States the offer
would be rejected promptly." It is not
thought, however, that the experiment
will be tried officially. Some accident
might happen and It is better to let well
Judge Parker for Governor.
"Judge Alton B. Parker is quoted as
saying that he will not accept the
nomination for governor," remarked
Dave B. Lowe, n prominent New York
lawyer, at the New Willard last night,
"but the belief in Democratic circles is
that when the Democratic State con
vention meets the latter part of Sep
tember everything will be cut and
dried, and Judge Parker will be nomi
nated by acclamation.
"There is a strong feeling not only
among the New York Democrats, but
among leading Democrats In other
States, that Judge Parker can be elected
goternor. And I am Inclined to believe
that way myrelf, although Governor
Odell, who Is slated for rcnomlnatlon.
Is enormously popular, nnd has given
the State a good, clean administration.
"Thlt, feeling that Judge Parker can
win has grown so ntrong that nothing
can chpck it short of his poslthc dec
laration to the State committee that
under no circumstances would he ac
cept the nomination, and that if nomi
nated by acclamation he would refuse
It. You know it's pretty hard for a
soldier to refuse obedience, and as
Judge Parker is a Democrat of the old
school, I take It that he will not re
fuse to mako the rnce for governor If
the State convention names hira for the
Predicts Financial Crisis.
Mr. Dudley D. Lancaster, a prominent
banker of St. Louis, is at the New
Willard. Mr. Lancaster predicts a
financial crisis that will cause wide
spread disaster. It will be the greatest
crash ever experienced in the country.
Inflated prices and values, he says, will
be the cause.
Mr. Lancaster, as a beardless boy,
left Onensboro. Ky., fifteen years ago
and went to Spokane, Wash., to seek
his fortune. He entered the real estate
business; the boom came along and he
prospered. A year ago he moved to St.
Louis and engaged in the banking busi
ness. Yesterday Mr. Lancaster called at
Democratic headquarters. On entering
the reception room ho saw Mr. George
N. Jesse, one of the clerks, when the
following took place:
And the two men indulged in a hearty
embrace. It was their first meeting In
fifteen years. They had been playmates
and schoolmates In Owcnsboro. It was
quite a remarkable recognition on the
part of Mr. Jesse, as Mr. Lancaster had
grown a full heavy beard, and when he
left Owensboro he was a beardless chap.
Mr. Jesse had also changed, but no to
such nn exterjt.
General Oxley Is Here.
Gen. B. H. Oxley, of West Virginia,
deputy clerk of the supreme court of the
State, isat the Ebbltt. Speaking of the.
political situation in his State General
Oxley said last evening that the Demo
crats would surely carry one and pos
sibly two of the Congressional districts.
"The Democrats in West Virginia," said
the general, "were never better organ
ized than this year, and they are work
ing together In every district. We are
united on the tariff and the trust
questions, while the Republicans are
hopelessly split. We are confident of
making pronounced gains in the State
Crouched tiger-wise, above the centu
Of ships and men, of merchantry and
It lures and broods beneath its sandy
This piteous wreckage, crumbling to de
It sweeps the sea with sullen, half-mad
Dreaming of thundering waves and
And ships that shattered at Its feet shall
Rent by the storm, as merciless as it
DOINGS IN THE WORLD OF SOCIETY
The shore rang loud with flood-tide yes-
And I, who plodded In the heat and
Chanced on this piece of silver lying
Upon the wlrapling sands 'beneath the
Square-shapen, battered, still It bore
The three Herculean pillars of old Spain,
And straightway, working magic In my
The passing trade-ships melted into
Vanished the noontide In the afterglow
Of purpling sunset. Jeweled with a star.
Glided a caravel, with gleaming spar.
The carven prow advancing sure and
The captain's warning tones rang loud
Paled, as. he gazed, the roysterlng buc
caneer; The swart, rude sailors crossed them
selves In fear,
And, quaking, murmured, DIos! Mala
bar! The Atlantic.
Invitation Out for the Marriage of, Miss Martha Minerva
Baird lo Mr. Tom Hall.
Miss Orilee Dix to Wed Mr. William W. A. Keene, of Wilmerdingj
Pa. Ceremony to Take Place at Dumbarton M. E.
Church, Georgetown, on Tuesday.
Send Out Invitations.
Lieut. Col. and Mrs.. George Wil
liam Batrd have sent out Invitations
for the marriage of their daughter Mar
tha Minerva to Mr. Tom Hall on Wed
nesday afternoon, September 17, at 4:30
o'clock In the Church of the Covenant.
Miss Balrd made her debut a short
time ago in Fort Leavenworth, Kan.,
and was socially popular there and in
Chicago, where Colonel Baird was sta
tioned before coming to Washington.
She possesses a rare soprano voice,
which is being thoroughly cultivated.
Miss Mabel Money, daughter of Senator
Money, will be the attendant maid of
honor, and Mr. R. E. B. Hall will serve
his brother as best man.
Visiting at La Plata, Md.
Miss Hortense Contee Is visiting the'
family of her uncle. Dr. John T. Dlggs,
near La Plata, Md.
Senator Taliaferro in Town.
Senator James P. Taliaferro, of
Florida, returned from New York last
evening, and Is at the Raleigh. The
Senator is looking the picture of health;
he says he never felt better. Accord
ing to Senator Taliaferro, the pros
pects for Democratic success this year
are exceedingly bright, with the Indi
cation of the Democrats carrying the
on the Campanile.
I went to Paris t'other day.
Threaded Mount Cenis,
Passed Turin, Milan. No delay!
And so to Venice.
("Cenis" and "Venice" rhyme? Sublime!
I see you frowning.
Zooks, man, let Shelley pick his rhyme.
I'm Robert Browning!)
My object there? St. Mark's, you guess.
The Doges' Palace.
Just so. "I went by Dover?" Yes.
And also Calais.
(What's that you say? The meters
Wincing, old fatrhead?
You're out. Sir. Meter's well enough.
All's right on that head!)
I bought n paper, read, rubbed eyes,
Brain-pan felt reelly.
What was It moved me? You surmise:
The famous Campanile down.
Tumbled in ruin.
Anger nnd tears through all the town.
So the news flew in.
Man shoutB. brat squeals, dame squeaks,
cur barks, ,
In the Plaza
Low lies the hell-tower of St. Mark's,
Fallen quite flat. Sir!
Oh, what a theme for Epic Muse!
For tragic buskin!
I wonder who will break the news
Pall Mall Gazette,
Invitations are out for the marriage
of Miss Orilee Dlx, of this city, to Mr.
William W. A. Keene, of Wilrnerdlng.
near Pittsburg, Pa. The ceremony will
take place at the Dumbarton M. E.
Church In Georgetown on Tuesday even
ing, September 16. Mr. Keene is cash
ier of the Commonwealth Bank of East
Pittsburg, and is one of the prominent
members of the Tonnaleuka Club, the
chief social organization of the town.
Miss-Dlx Is the daughter of the late
William A. Dlx and at present resides
with her mother at 1418 Thirty-fifth
Street After a wedding tour, to include
an ocean voyage, the couple will reside
In a newly furnished home In Wilrner
Married in London.
Dr. and Mrs. Anton Gloetzner, of 1228 '
M Street northwest, yesterday announc
ed the marriage of their son, Raymond
Gloetzner, formerly of this city, and
Miss Mary A. Ziegler, of Wilmington.
Del. The ceremony was performed il
London, England,, on August 20. After a
weautng trip tnrougn uermany ana ttus
sla. Mr. and Mrs. Gloetzner will reside
in Berlin. ,
The announcement of the marriage
..-. AiiBlvml .1.1,1. n..,1. tmrn L.. thii
.-3 .c.c.u nuu uiutu wiwt uj mo
large circle of friends of Dr. and Mrs.
Anton Gloetzner and they received many -
congratulations, particularly from the
musicians of the city, among whom Mr.
Gloetzner Is recognized as a leader,
holding a degree of doctor of music and
being a prominent member of the Wash
ington Choral Society.
Mr. Raymond Gloetzner holds a re
sponsible position with a musical firm
in Europe, with headquarters at Berlin.
Returns to Nebraska.
Miss Ruth Bryan, the seventeen-year-old
daughter of William Jennings Bryan,
who has been visiting Mrs. Cotter T.
Bride and Miss Bride, or Capitol Hill,
returned to Lincoln. Neb., on Sunday
morning. Miss Bryan has made an ex
tended trip through the East, bavins
spent considerable time with friends la
New York. ,
Her visit to Washington was short
ened on account of the opening of tha
University of Nebraska on September
9. of which institution shp is a student.
FIVE CENTS' WORTH
OF GLORY DIVINE
"I want 5 cents' worth of glory di
vine," said a flaxen-haired tot looking
intently at the clerk in a South Boston
drug store last evening, says the "Bos
ton Herald." Everybody within hearing
of the infantile voice either laughed or
smiled, while Mr. Grey, the drug man,
looked serious and appeared to be think
ing. "Are you sure It Is glory divine
you wont?" ho asked the little one.
"Yes, sir," was the prompt response.
"For what does mamma want it?" was
the next question.
"To throw it around the room and in
the back yard," said the little tot, Inno
contly. "Isn't it chloride of lime sha wants?"
asked the drug man.
The Utile girl nodded her assent, and
soon she was on her way home to moth
er. "It's only one ot many enigmas
which face the drug clerks every day in
their life." said the apothecary. "The
little girls do make mistakes very often,
but the little boys and some of the
heads of families are always guessing
at what they want, and letting us guess
what they mean. But 'glory divine' Is
a new one on me."
Should Say Something.
Memphis Commercial-Appeal If Tom
L. Johnson Is a candidate for President
ho ought to say so, or make signs.
Medical Problem at Panama. s
It has been said that every tie of tha
Panama Railroad represented a sacri
ficed life. In the building or the canal
our Government and our profession owa
it to the world that no such disgrace,
suffering, and loss of life shall taka
place, says "American Medicine." At
this time, moreover. It Is absolutely un
necessary, because cur knowledge of
preventive and curative medicine is suck
as to make it entirely possible, to carry
out the undertaking without any suchy
Scandals. Thlc ta InrlooH .mnnatrataJ
. ' """" """. ... Y
u me experience in Cuba. A similar
foresight and science may be realize
in omining the canal. For years 10,00t
or -u.uuu workmen must live and wora,
there, and If stringent regulations ara
eniorceu as to the prevention of ty
phoid and other Infectious disease!
there Is no need that the mortality shall
be much or any higher than In enter
prises carried out in the United States.
An adequate force of rood medical me
must be provided, well equipped hospi
tals must b0 supplied, and an almost
military discipline should be maintained
as to the prevention of disease and san
itation. The medical profession of our
country has here another opportunity
to exhibit to the world the national and
professional qualities which were so
splendidly shown in Cuba.
It Looks Like It.
New York Tribune1 Will there bo soma
day a submarine Venice, to be explore
in divers" suits?
r - 1iLA.
jie"ici h;, Js,