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Military Experts Say Battle Will Continue Three or Four Days Longer
--wv A. v A v 1 t v v v v v -v, v v
German Submarines Send Three British Cruisers to the Bottom
Is the Natural Gulf Gateway for the
Great South American Trade of the
J-ocal showers "Wednes
day, 'with moderate east
Highest. 80 degrees; low
est, 73 degrees.
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PENSACOLA. FLORIDA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 23, 191
PRICE. FIVE CENTS.
mm v k i sit si ii vsi a i sii i t
THE TEMPS, IN A MILITARY REVIEW,
CLARES THE BATTLE WILL LAST
?x A FEW DAYS LONGER.
DECLARES MOVEMENTS SHOW GREATER
; c - , PART OF GERMAN ARMY RETREATING
'WEST OF THE MEUSE, THE KAISER'S TROOPS
ARE ALREADY MAKING EXTENSIVE DE
FENSIVE WORKS ON THE SAMBRE RIVER
SINKING OF THREE WAR SHIPS DIVERTS
ATTENTION FROM THE GREAT BATTLE TO
THE NORTH SEA.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Bordeaux, Sept. 22. The Temps, in a military review
today, says the Oise-Meuse battle will last three or four
more days. It declares the enemy's resistance is weak
ening and the advance between Rheims and Argonne ap
parently shows that the greater part of the German army
is retreating via Belgium. West of the Meuse they are
already making extensive defensive wrks on the Sambre
SINKING OF THREE BRITISH CRUISERS
DIVERTS ATTENTION FROM GREAT BATTLE
GERMAN ARMY t
King of Spain Discusses War With His Prime Minister
IS ON RETREAT
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I Ml ,n '(MMMMKWtMMii
r 154 1
Prime MinistNer Dato (left) and King Alphonso.
AHiituyh .in the present European crisis bpain is strictly neutral, young Kins Alphonso is caref.illy nv a ch
ins every move of the allies as well as of Germany, to ward off any possible entanglement which may Involve
his countrj-. The pnotc hov9 h:ni in audience with Prime Minister Senor Don ICuiiardo Dato, discussing tha
London, Sept. 22. The sinking of the British cruisers
Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy by German submarines in
the North Sea today diverted attention from the battle
fields. The admiralty was led to expect that submarines
attacks, as the Germans frankly said their plan was to
reduce the' British! naval superiority 'by subriiarine raids
and mines. Their young officers have been trained for
rri ; ; . t ' .1 t i 1 .
inerc were no lmnoriant cnan?es in tne rrencn nat-
, . j
ties. The opposing armies continue to gain and lose here
and there. These gains may tell in the long run, but have
brought no decisive result for either side. The French
announcement late today again lays stress on the state
ment that the allies are advancing on the left on the Oise
right bank. The public and experts look for the first in
dications of how the battle is likely to end from this point.
THREE BRITISH CRUISERS
SUNK IN THE NORTH SEA
BRITISH CRUISER CAPTURES
HAMBURG-AMERICAN . LINER
- . MAKING 92- GERMANS TAKEN
' - i -
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
I.orulon, Sept. 2.. Ham :urg-A meri
can liner Shrewaid has been cai-'tured
number of German vessels captured
at sta since the war began or 5y the
Briti&h port authorities reached ?rne-
Tlic Crcssan, Abonkir and
Hague, Sister Ships, Are
Victims of a Brilliant
Stroke on Part of German
in the Xorth Atlantic by the Uritish j ty-two. Xlnety-flve were detainer! in
cruiser Eerwyck, according to an ad- British ports at the outbreak,
miralty announcement. The Shrewaid i fcev?rty British vessels wire held in
was fiited out as an armed cruiser. German ports at tlie commencement
Two colliers were f'so aptured. Ac- ' and since Chen twelve seagoing- vessseij
cording to the- latest report the t-t ii i ha, e "oe n captured or scnk at sea.
SERVIANS AND MONTENEGRINS WHIP
THE AUSTRIANS; SO DO THE RUSSIANS
London (Midnight) The Star Rome correspondent
says the Servian and Montenegrin troops have occupied
Sarajevo, which was abandoned by the Austrians after
an overwhelming defeat.
The Russians have followed up their successes in
Galicia, where a third great battle is about to begin, if it
hasnot already started, by capturing the important for
tress of Jareslau on the San river, north of Przemyai,
which they surrounded.
The Servians report another victory over the Aus
trians, near Kroupani, on the Drina river, where the Aus
trians attempted to invade Servia, but were driven back.
This attack accounts for the Servian evacuation of Semlin,
as the troops were needed to stem the Austrian offensive
movement. The Servians now feel they can proceed with
the Bosnian invasion, and the troops at Vishegrad have
been ordered to advance on Sarajevo.
General Louis Botha, Premier and Minister of Agri
culture of the Union of South Africe, will take supreme
command of the British operations against the Germans in
attle A re
BV ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Kome. Sept. 22. Despite denials
oy the Austrian government, news
papers here publish detailed de
scriptions purporting to show that
Austrian armaments are being
placed on the Italian frontier and
declaring preparations are being
made by Austria to invade Italy.
HV ASSOCIATED PRESS.
1011 don. Sept. 2'J. The silence of" the
IJritish papers regarding the naval op
erations in the? North Se-a was sudden
ly broken 'this afternoon by the an
nouncement of a disaster to the British
navy which according to official infor
mation has suffered the losa of three
armored cruisers, sunk by German sub
marines. The victims of this brillimt
stro.te on the part of the German fleet
are the "ressy, the Aboukir and the
Hosfiic. sister ships.
The lo.s of life among- the crews of
these three etse Is probably will be
heavy although a considerable number
of met; were l-b kd up by the cruiner
l.owcstort. a di ision of torpedo boat
destroy !:, und som (raw'.erf.
Xfritlu r the time nor the srene of the
i.s ijiven in tli
in I report.
French Wounded Say They
Mowed Down Their Ad
versaries Who Were Sac
rificed Without Reason.
was Well Known
Scores of Pensacollans remember big,
handsome, Jovial Capt- Maits, who
spent some time In Pensacola several
years ago as commander of the Ger
man Cruiser Bremen. To those vho
knew the popular German captain here
the news of his death in battle carries
a distinct shock.
The Associated Press dispatch from
Berlin, dated September 16, announces
that the German officer lest his life in
the Naval battle near Heligoland. The
"Among; those lost in the previous
battle rear Heligoland were Admiral
Maas, commander of the second scout -inr
division, and Baron Maltxohn, navi
gation officer of the cruiser Koeln, who
served a long time on the cruiser
Bremen, while she was on the Ameri
can station. He had many friends in
the United States."
7 wenty-1 wo
Lives at Sea
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Trebizond, Asia Minor. Sept. "2.
Via London 11:07 a. m. Twenty-two
persons lost their lives by drowning
as a result of the sinking of the Brit
ish steamer Belgian King near Cape
The Belgian King- carried passengers
and crew to the number of 120. Xinety
eight of them were saved by a Russian
It is surmised this accident was due
to a mine out the real cause has not
Seattle. Sept 22. The revenue cutter
Tahoma is on Aleutian reef and aban
doned, according to a cable from Se
ward, Alaska, today. The Thoma's
crew probably was taken off by the
Japanese ttaer Ta,coma. Jtlanc
BV ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Floraia. A!a., Sept. 22. In the muni
cipal election, which occurred herj to
day, Theo. S. Iir.z. republican, was
re-elected over D. I. U. Addison. James
P. Doster and Li. G. Ray, democrats.
The election vias an interesting", but
quiet one. a total of two hundred and
thirteen votes having been polled. J.
J. Bell, R. G. Hoover. J. T. Hughes.
AUie E. Mann and J. E. Turntr were
SPECIAL, TO THE JOURNAL.
Campbelton, Sept. 22. Mr. W. L.
Pilcher, one of our prominent drug
gists, who also does considerable farm
ing and furnishing, has mailed no
tice to each of the parties owing him
that he will accept middling cotton at
10 cents on their notes and accounts.
Mr. Pilclier is a progressive business
man, and believes in taking care of
his cus tomers.
BV ASSOCIATED I'HESS.
Paris. S-ot. 22. The wounded troni
the Craonne legion arriving here (ie
bcribe the oattles there Sunday and
Monday as deadly for the Germans,
who, they say. were sacrificed with
out apparent reason .ty tiieir orhcers.
Though rushed back with slaughter
the Germans returned again and again,
only to be mowed down by the Kreneh.
It is declared one entire regiment was
wiped out and when the French took
possession of the field more than one
thousand wounded, left by Germans,
Superior officers among the wound
ed estimated the German losses in
this engagement alone at seventy
Official announcement tonighc de
clares there i no change in the situ
ation. The following announcement was
"Along the entire front from the
Oise to the Woevre, the Germans
manifesled yesterday, Sept. 21, a cer
tain activity without, however, ob
taining appreciable results.
1 WO Mo re Cases
of Plague Found
In New Orleans
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
New Orleans, Sept. 22. Two new
cases of bubonic plague were found
today. John J. Vash was found dead,
and Ciarie Alexander, aged forty, a
negress, was taken tc tne isolation
hospital. These were the first cases
Th.f Aboukir was torpedoed first.
The ilogue and the resfy drew in
clos to her and were standing by to
save lit-r crew when they also were tor
pedoed. The war .ihips Aboukir. liogue and
'ressy were cruisers of the tame typ-
Their tonnage, armament etc., : re
identical. They vessels had a d'u
placement of 11'. 000 tonp. were 440 fct
long. 4 f . feet wid-r and drew 26
of water. Each one had a complement
of 'jo men including officers and crew.
These three cruisers had armaments
consisting of two nine 2 inch guns,
twelve t inch guns, twelve 12 pounders
and five : pounders. The Aboukir nnd
the ."ressy were huiit at Govan in 1 1'0
and th Hoaue was huilt at Barrow in
the Fam year.
TWO OF FIVE GERMAN
SUBMARINES ARE SUNK.
Ym uiden. Holland. Sept. 22. Two of
the five German .submarine?, which
attacked and sun!: three British cruis
ers early today, wore sunk, ac ordnig
to cruisers survivors nrr: in here tonight.
TO SCHOOL BOOK
I IK-I14 c
1 auiscn Keceis c
Numerous Applicat ions
for Help from Parents
Who Are Unable to Buy
Books for Their Children.
The .school book fund received an ad
dition yesterday by a subscription of
five dollars, sent in by a Kentlenisn
who wishes to be known simply as
"A friend of the children."
Judge Paulsen had numerous appli
cations for help in the way of school
books, but the fund not bf;nfj yet kug-
enough he cannot ma He any apportion
ment of it yet.
The Journal ssinoerely hopes thnt
others will respond t"d iy with other
contributions. The situation Is one
that should challenge the support of
all public spirited citizens who .lie
able to contribute.
A movement is now aboard in the
land to provide a Christ man toy fund
for the children of Europe who will be
left destitute by the war. A much
better movement in The Journal's
judgement, and so far as Pensacola Is
concerned is the plan to provide books
for the needy school children of Pen
sacola. Philanthn py should begin at
The Journal will continue to re
ceive contributions and it hopes to
have numerous responses today..
BENEFIT BASEBALL GAME.
Manager John G. OUer of the
Maxent park ball grounds advised
The Journal last night that the pro
ceeds of the City League game to oe
played there Sunday would be turned
over to the school book fund. Tickets
for the game will be placed on -iale
today and it is to he hope! that many
will help the cause by purchasing ball
game tickets even if they do not other
OVER NEW RATE
Few Attended Meeting,
Which Was Held at the
City Hall to Care for
This Port's Rights in the
Matter of Freight Rates.
-I don';, think people realize
12.000 TON VESSEL IS
REPORTED SUNK BY. MINE
Lowestoft, Ens. Sept. 22.- - A tw :'. e
thousand ton vessel is repottc-d sunk
by a mine in the North Sea. Another
vessel is standing uy. There is no
MANY SURVIVORS REACH
AMSTERDAM ON' A STEAMER j
Amsterdam. ?ept. 22. The steamer I
Flores arrived at i'muiden tonight with
two hundred and seventy survivors j
of the British criusers sunk by the 1
German submarines. One dead and a j
few wounded were also aboard. j
BRITISH STEAMER RESCUES
MEN IN THE NORTH SEA
London Sept. 22. The Dutch steamer
Titon has arrived at the Hook of
Holland with twenty British wounded
and several dead, picked up in 'he
Xorth Sea after the British cruisers
sank. The Titon picked up 114 sur
vivors, transferring most of them to
British, torpedo boats.
gra it;- of this thing.' said one who
attended Uie meeting ct the city nail
yesterday afternoon to make protest
otr the lately declared rates as af
fectins Pensacola" rights. "It is wor
tiian the war to the town, or the clos
ing of the hanks," the remark being
dropped when it was not'd that very
little apparent interest was manifested
by the business men of the town. Less,
than twenty were present. President
C. K. Dobson. of the Chamber of Com
The occasion of the gathering-, com
paratively small as it was, was ex
plained at length by Mr. Dobson, who
called attention to the fact that, in a
lately-issued tariff covering the state
o Alabama, rates on numerous com
modities, considerably over one hun
dred in number, had been lowered, and
in some ea.-es the rate was Horn 10 to
Z0 per cent in favor of Mooile. This,
declared, offered a serious menace
to the Alabama trade now enjoyed by
Pensacola wholesalers, and another
serious feature was the reduction in
the rate on cotton, which gave promise
of seriously affecting the promising
cotton exports of the port r.f Pensa
co'a. Mr. Dobson had in his possession a
copy of the new tariff, which became
(Continued on Pag- Three.),
Chas. R. Crook is Shot Dead
by Negro Named Mad
dox at McKinnonville.
SHERIFF AND POSSE
IN PURSUIT OF NEGRO
Latter First Shot a Man
Named Thomas in the
Arm. Then Turned the
Revolver on Crook The
I n 1 let Struck th? Latter
in the Head and He Died
at 1 :.'J0 p. m.
("has. n Crook was killed und a man
named Thomas was painfull', though
not dangerously wounded, by a nepro
namod Maddos, esterday morning at
McKinnonville. Th Miooting occur
red aootit 10 o'clock and Mr. Crook
died at 1;.J0 o'clock yesterday after
noon. The last accounts from M--Kinnonvillo
were to the effect tli;it
Sheriff Kills and a posse were still
engaged in pursuit of the nogro. who
fled as soon as hf had fired the shots.
According to the meagre infoima
tion received in this city Thomas, who
was an employe of th store of i)
Southern States Lumber Company at
McKinnonville, became involved in a
dispute with the negro Mad-lux :inl
Crook, manager of the store, took tb
part of Thomas. The negro then dro
a revolver and fired at Thomas, tb
bullet entering the arm. The nrgio
turned the revolver on Crook, firing
one shot, which struck the store man
ager in the head. Inflicting a wound
from which ho died a few hours lat
er. Two physicians were summoned,
but the wound was such that they wer
unable to rave the life of the More
The negro fhd for the swamps and
a posse was quickly formed and start
ed in pursuit. Sheriff Ellis was noti
fied and securing a railroad, motor car
went out over the O. F, & A- and Joined
in the pursuit. The abertffa fflc
had received no advicea up to & late
hour last night, but private Informa
tion last night was to the effect thtt
the negro was still at laxffe.
Sheriff Ellis reached the city ihla
morning shortly before three o'clock
with the negro Maddox, in custody.
The negro was caught by W. T. Ear
nest at the latter's, turpentine BtUl Just
before the arrival of the sheriff. When
the latter started for the city with the
man he met a posse of about seventy -five
citizens, who were wrought up
over the killing of Crook, and who
threatened to lynch the negro. The
sheriff, however, succeeded la r.ioh
ing the city with hi prisoner.
Ship Sank the
BY ASSOCIATED PRES.
Capetown Union of South Aiiica.
Sept. 22. Further details have ben
obtained here of the naval action in
the harbor of Zanzibar ljst Sunday
morning wiien the JJritish cruiser Te
gasus, under command of Capt. John
A. English was attacked find put out
of action by the Germa ncruiser Kon
igsborg. Jt seems that the Koni.tjsborg ap
proached Zanzibar harbor at full
speed at five a. m. Sunday. Sh di.
abled a patrol ooat with thrfe shots
and then opened fir on the IVgasus.
Her shooting was very accurate, She
commenced firing at 9.000 yards, clos
ing In to 7.000.
The Pegasus replied with all her
guns but her artillery was disabled
in fifteen minutes after which th
Konigsborg again opened fire for an
other quarter of an hour. The Pega
sus was unable to rej. Iy. Nearly all
the casualties on board the British
boat occurred around her guns and on
her upper deck. Shf was badly in
jured on the waterline and listed
h'-avily. Th flag of the Pegasus was
shot away twice but ach time it was
raised again and held up bv her ma
rines. Evidently little or no damage waa
eustained by the Konigsborb.