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Is tlic Natural Gulf Gateway for the
Great South American Trade of the
i i-aip Wednesday and
- Thursday, light variable
.,ii..aL 7S degrees: low
V I; y
rti 61 degrees.
VOL. XVII. NO. 308.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TODNESDA MORNING 1 NOVEMBER 4, 1914.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
Y,. i IMA mil
8 ARE IDE
Climax: is Reached in New
York by Overwhelming
Election of Whitman.
Even Joe Cannon is Elected
f:mm His Old District
Rocr Sullivan is Leading
for Senator in Illinois
Democrats Will Retain
Control of Congress With
Approximately no Change
in Senate, But . Reduced
Majority in House.
r.V ASSOCIATED PRESS.
New York, Nov. 3. Sweeping" Re
publican gains throughout the country,
which reached a climax in New Tork
by the overwhelming' victory cf
barles S. "Whitman for governor, and
James W. "Wadsworth to succeed Eiihu
Root in the United States senate, are
Indicated tonight in the early returns.
Heavy progressive losses in ma ly
fates and the return to congress of
. rmer Speaker Joseph G. Cannon,
a:il the overwhelming defeat of Repre
sentative. Palmer by Senator Boies
Penrose in Pennsylvania, were features
of the early returns. The Democrats
won tn Massachusetts, where former
Representative McCall was . defeated
for governorship by Governor Walsh.
The early returns indicated the Dem
ocrats would retain control of con
gress, with approximately no change
In the senate, hut hy a decidedly re
duced majority In the house. At a.
late hour the results In Illinois, In
diana, California and Colorado sena
tor ships were In doubt.
In Illinois Roger Sulivan, Democrat,
was leading1 la Chicago and Cook coun
ty by a large plurality over Senator
I Y. Sherman, Republican. Senator
Shively of Indiana, In the early re
turns found a strong opponent In Hugh
Miller, Republican, with Former Sen
ator Beveridge, Progressive, polling a
smaller vote than expected. Shively's
vxte begin to. pick "up at a late hour
atd the administration leaders were
claiming bis re-election.
Senators re-elected as the result of
hard battles were Brandegee, Repub
lican, Connecticut; Cummins, Repub
lican, Iowa; Smith, Democrat, Mary
land; Stone, Democrat, Missouri; Gal
lir.ger, Republican, New Hampshire.
The Democratic senators in the South
were all re-elected without difficulty.
Oklahoma City, Nov. 3. Late returns
Indicated the re-election of Dick Mor
gan, Republican, in the Eighth con
Girl to the Front
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Xew York, Nov. 3. Mrs. Mary Payne
"Whitney, who was Miss Gertrude Van
derbilt. will sail tomorow for Europe
oa the Lusltania with a staff of four
surgeons and fifteen trained nurses to
establish her own expense a large
fleld hospital behind the firing line
ia Northern Prance. Ten motor ambu
lances, a large quantity of medical
supplies and clothing sufficient for 3.000
men, women ana children, t all pur
chased by Mrs. Whitney, as a part of
her undertaking, were shipped to
France last Saturday.
Wounded soldiers of the warring na
tions will be treated at the field hos
pital, which Is to be conducted in co
"peratlon with the American ambu
lance hospital, now managed by doc
tors, DeBauchet and Joseph A. Blake,
aar Parts. The field hospital Is to be
known as a unit In the ambulance hos
pital service and It is understood Mrs.
Whitney Ls prepared to finance from.
hr own personal fortune for other
wilts, they be deemed necessary. Mrs.
Whitney's sister. Countess Szechenyi.
formerly Miss Gladys Vanderbilt. is
now aiding the wounded in Austria.
FOOD FOR STARVING"
BELGIANS ON WAY
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
yvr York, Nov. 3. The American
steamship Massapequa, chartered and
loaded by the Rockefeller Foundation
to convey food to starving Belgians,
Ied for Rotterdam this afternoon.
V irassapequa's cargo representes an
Pen.iiture of $300,000. She is ex
ctfd to make the trip to Rotterdam
a aocut sixteen daye.
Indications are that Thos.
C. Rye Has Defeated
Gov. Ben W. Hooper.
PROGRESSIVE IN V
LEAD IN LOUISIANA
Appears the Bull Moosers
Have Landed Congress-
-: man in the Third District
Two Republicans Are
Elected to Congress from
Tennessee , But in All
Other States Democrats
Elected Full Tickets.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Atlanta, Nov. 3. Returns late to
night from Arkansas. Alabama, Flor
ida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi,
North and South Carolina. Texas and
Oklahoma indicated the Democrats to
day elected full state and congressional
It is indicated at a late hour that
Thomas C. Rye. Democrat, is elected
governor of Tennessee by eight to tin
thousand majority over Governor Ben.
W. Hooper, Republican. Sells, in the
First District, and Austin in the Sec
ond, both Republican, are re-elected o
In the Eighth and Tenth North Car
olina congressional districts, both
Democrats and Republicans claim a
victory. The candidates, however, are
running so close it appears an official
count will be necessity to indicate
The Ninth Virginia congressional
district Indicates ; the re-eiection of
Slemp,. Republican, over Irvine, Demo
crat In the Third Louisiana congressional
district, Martin, Progressive, was lead
ing Gueydan, Democrat, by approxi
mately one thousand votes after three
thousand ballots had been counted. The
registration of the district is slightly
under fourteen thousand.
are Ordered to
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Washington, Nov. 3. It has been de
cided to send federal troops into the
Hartford Valley. Ark. strike zone.
Orders have been prepared at the war
department and Secretary Garrison
after a conference with Attorney Gen
eral Gregory at 4 p. m. today will make
a public statement of tht reasons for
THE FEDERAL JUDGE OF
DISTRICT NOT ADVISED
Fort Smith, Ark., Nov. 3. Federal
Judge Toumana said he had received
no information today from the govern
ment officials in Washington regarding
the sending of federal troops into the
Hartford Valley to quell disturbances
among the miners that culminated last
Thursday morning in the "shooting up"
of the Bache-Derunan mining camp at
Prairie Creek and the destruction by
fire of six houses.
While hundreds of shots were fired
at that time and deputy Marshals and
employes of the receiver In bankruptcy,
who is in charge of the company mines
were driven off, no one, as far as is
known, was injured. The mines have
n.f hn operated since and Franklin
Bache, the receiver, said today it was
not likely that another attempt would
be made to operate until the govern
men had taken some action. United
States Marshal Parker says he has
done all he can to continue to operate
the property under the court's orders,
aut his small force fo deputies "cannot
cope with a body of men numbering
two or three thousand, armed with
high power rifles." .
The situation was quiet today, it
was stated, the only interesting feat
urt being the surrender of four miners
charged with conspiracy against the
government and participation In the
battle at the Bache-Denmah mines.
Their names were not made public.
No new arrests were made today.
SETS DATE FOR A HEARING
Washington, Nov. 3. The interstate
commerce commission announced to
day that a hearing, beginning on Jan
uary 20, would be held in Chicago,
In course of its investigation of rail
roads embargoes on freight.;
In complaints received by the com
mission, it Is alleged that the embar
goes! often result in unjust discrimi
nation against shippers.
GERMANS ABANDON ALL
GERMAN VESSEL S A IT A CK
BRITISH FLEE! OFF CHILE
BY - ASSOCIATED PRESS. ,
Valparaiso, Chile; Nov.
Gneosenau, Scharnhorst, Nurnbergy 7.
den, today attacked the British fleet U
The British cruiser Monmouth was sunk, the cruiser
Good Hope badly damaged and set on fire, and is sup
posed to have been lost. The cruiser Glasgow took
refuge in Coronel harbor and now is bottled up.
- The German vessels Scharnhorst, Nurnberg and
Gneisenau anchored at noon today in - Valparaiso har
bor uninjured. The British vessels were under the com-;
mand of Rear Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock.
to Princeton to
Cast His Ballot
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Princeton, ' N. X. -Nov. 3. President
Wilson came back to Princeton today
to help his party carry the state of
New Jersey. At the railroad station
Mr. Wilson was greettd by a large
crowd of students who gave him a
It took the president only two min
utes to vote for the Democratic candi
date for congress, legislature and
OF TURKISH TROOPS
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS,
' "Constantinople, ; N-av. ViST-An-
sterdatn and London) An official com
munication, was given out in Constan
tinople today as follows: .1 . .
"According to official reports from
the Caucasian frontier Russian troops
have attacked our frontier; forces : at
several points, but were compelled to
retire. . . ...... I
"The , Russians suffered . losses
through the energetic resistance of the
Turkish troops.' . , -' :
AUSTRALIA PLACES A
MEAT AND COAL EMBARGO
Washington, Nov. . 3. The American
consul at Sydney, N. S., reported today
that the Australian . government has
placed an " embargo on meat and coal,
except to the mother country.
Belgians F ight Desperately A mid Country's Ruins
Belgian soldiers fighting amid ruioaof Termode; Belgian artillery asleep at their gur during lull in battle.
In German official reports, meiUO n ia frequently made of the bravery an d splendid fighting qualities of the
Belgians trufaTof their country these men are fighting- with the desperation of despaar. But so no-
fanfXtheflghUni been during the pat three months that the Belgian, are worn out, and between battles may
often J) seen, asleep1 at their-gnjosi
T WO VESSELS
3. The German warships
in Three States
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Chicago, Nov. 3. The amendments
granting woman auffrage apparently
are defeated In North Dakota, Missouri
and Ohio by large maorities.
An amendment for statewide pro
hibition in Ohio also is apparently de
feated. PEST MENACES
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Washington, Nov. 3. Pine forests
of the United Statese are threatened
with serious damage as - the result of
the introduction, of the European pine
.ie-Lsfroat.. naoi3vtbr department . of . ari
cuitire- announced Hoday; ? Immediate
treatment of trees r attacked by the
moth ; is urged . "by. stamping out the
new pest . and thus . preventing wide
spread losses. r f -
The new Insect is . a small orange
red moth, the young lbrvae of which
came into the country within the buds
of imported pine seedlings from France
England, Holland, Belgian or Germany.
MR. ROOSEVELT AND
PARTY VOTED EARLY
Oyster Bay, N. Y. Nov. 3. Theodore
Roosevelt drove to the polling place
in this villiage during the forenoon
with his coachman and two gardeners.
Col. Roosevelt voted first and . then
waited while his employes cast their
.! -iff" .... . T ''" 1
Germans Attribute Failure
to the Flooded State of
IN GOOD ORDER
The Attempt Failed After
Three Weeks of Desper
ate Fighting and the At
tack Shifts to the Ypres
Region State of War
Exists Between Turkey
on . One Side and Russia
Great Britain and Servia
on the Other.
" BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, Nov. 3. That
the German army has aban
doned its attempt to hack
its way along the Belgian
coast to Calais, is agreed to
by all official reports to
night. The Berlin official
report attributes the failure
of the Germans entirely to
the flooded- state of the
countrv, where the water in
places is over a man's head.
It declares, however, the
German army withdrew in
good order and without any
After "nearly three, weeks
of desperate fighting the
brunt of the ' attack, has
shifted to the Ypres region.
A state of, war exists be
tween Turkey on one side
and Russia, Great Britain
and Servia on the other. The
Ottoman government ap
pears divided, one section
seemingly desiring a war
while the conservatives are
trying to smooth over the
situation arising from the at
tacks on Russian ports and
ships by Turkish warships
directed: by' German officers.
Russia apparently has wel
(Continued on Page Three.)
t V V-
NEGRO OF MURDER
Eye Witness In
Long Letter Tells
of Late Battles
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, Nov. 3. Another eye wit
ness account from the battle front in
Franca and Belgian written as pre
vioualy by Colonel E. D. Swlnton, of
the IntelUgence Department of the
8ritiah general staff, wu given out to
day by the official press buret u. It
ears the date of October 2, and reads
in part folkrws:
"After the fall of Antwerp and the
release of the besieging troopa there
was a general increase in the strength
of the opposition met with by va. The
resistance of the detachments Which
beyond the right extreme of the Ger
man fortified positions near Bethunt
a fortnight ago consisted rmost entire
ly of cavalry grew more and more
determined as more infantry and guns
came up into the front line until Tues
day, OctoOer 20, when the arrival op
posite us of a large portion of new
formation and a considerable number
of heavy guns enabled the enemy to
assume the offensive practically
against the whole of our lines at the
same time that they attacked the
Belgians between us and the coast.
"The operations then really assumed
a fresh complexion. On Wednesday,
October 21, the new German forma
tion again pressed forward In force
vigorously all along our line. On our
right south of the Lys, an attack on our
lines was repulsed with loss to the as
sailants. On the other hand we were
driven from some ground close to the
north but gained it by a counter attack.
"Still further to the north the Ger
mans regained and retained some
points. Their casualties to the east of
Armentieres were estimated at over
"On the north of the Lys in our
center, a fiercely contested action took
place near La Ghtir which villiage was
captured in the morning by the enemy
and then re-taken by us. In this
direction the German casualties also
were extremely heavy.
"On our left our troops advanced
against the Germans 28th reserve
corps, iwar PaaCkeaoaele ud were met
by a determined counter-offensive
which was driven back with local
lown of A rabia
BY ASSOCIATKD PRESS.
London, Nov. 3. The fortified town
of Akabah in Arabia, on an arm of
the Red sea, has been shelled and oc
cupied by the British cruiser Minerva.
There was some losn to the troops
holding the position but no casualties.
Akabah is at the head of the afulf
of Akabah. 175 miles east of Suez.
The admiralty announced this occur
rence as follows:
"Upon arriving at Akabah the cruis
er Minerva, Captain Percival Warleigh
found the place occupied by soldiers
and armfd natives. One of the sol
diers had the appearance of a German
The Minerva then shelled the port
and the troops. The town was avac
uatpd and landing parties from the
Minerva proceeded to destroy the fort,
the barracks, the poatoffiee and the
. "There was some loss to the enemy,
but no British casualties."
Fail to Strike a
Big French Ship
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Paris. Nov. 3. In a dispatch from
Cettinje, Montenegro, dated yesterday
the correspondent of the Ilavas age.icy
says that three Austrian aeroplanes :i
November I dropped a number t
bomb? at Antivarla tn an endeavor to
strike a French transport ship and t'it
three torpedo boats escorting her. 2Cor.-j
of the missies reached its mark.
Ten of them struck the quay. !ut
did only slight damage. Other fell
In the vicinity of the palace of th-3
Prefecture without causing any dam
age. Shots from the French torpedo
boats and the batteries on the heights
compelled the aeroaplanes to flee.
POSSE OF TEN MEN
STRING UP DARKEY
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Memphis. Tenn., Nov. 3. After tak
ing Tom Burns, a negro from a deputy
sheriff, who was escorting him to the
jail at Hernando, Mi S3., a posse of ten
men lynched the negro from the Horn
Lake road bridge at the Tennessee
Mississippi state line early today. The
negro was arrested for an alleged mur
derous assault on T. B. Miller, a mer
chant, at White Haven, on Saturday
Man Who Murdered Negro
Woman is Convicted in
the Circuit Court.
TWO WILL NOW BE
Five Jury-men Who Con
victed Ed. Maddox Mon
day Serve on July Which
Convicted Enimett Thom
as Mrs. McGovvan Will
Be Arraigned for Trial
Another conviction for mnrdcr in fie
first degree was secured In the circuit
conrt yesterday, when the jury a;ter
remaining out only a Snort time v-iied
to find Emmett Thomas gdilty of mir
der in the first degree. The day pre
vious Ed. Maddox was found guilty ir
tie same degree and thi two will 1
hanged on some date later aelectsd tv."
A feature of the trial waj that ".
of the jury men who nerved yestfr
day and voted the extreme penalty l.ad
served the day previous when Maddux
was found guilty. The five men to d
double duty in a murder case were A.
T. Rice. Alex. Brown, Jr.. C. P. Lanc
ford, Jackson A. Maione and F. W.
Thomas killed a negro s;ri near Rluff
Springs several months ag.. The mur
der w.is a particularly vicious one, the
woman's throat being cut from ea.r t
ear over a trivial matter. Thomas tied
but was captured snd brought to Pn-
sacola, where he confssed to th
Yesterday, however. hi denied ;.n
knowledge of the killing. Furthermore
he absolutely refused to consult v. iih
the counsel. L. W. Nelson and R..M.
II. Anderson, appointed to defend him.
and the latter knew nothing of the cn
when they undertook his rifin;ie nrvl
were as much surprised at the sf it i '
evidence as an outsider.
The jury to convict the ngro n x.
composed of A. T. Rim, Leonard 'Jir;-
zalez. M. It. Crighton. Alex. Hrwn.
Jr., J. C. Dixon. J. If. Konwle. Mo -
Byrd, J. E. Baars, J. F. Pierre. O. T.
Larurford. Jackson A. Malone a-id F
TRY MRS. M'GOWAN TODAY.
Ma Florence McJowan will !
placed on trial today on the hnr:-i
of killing "Buster" Brown, am! th;-
will prove the most. ln?erptttnff mnril r
trial heard In Escambia county In x
number of years. The defense In -t-pected
to rely to a grAt extent on th
unwritten law" as it Is undTtoo.l
Mrs. McGowan shot Brown hecaun ',t
-.r nfte-ri-va.r-olJ df.na:hter. Tfi-
latter will be a witneag In the cane. XI.
Pope Reese probably will be the prin
cipal witness for the slat-?, for he wr.
seated near Brown whn Mr. Mc
Oowan drew a revolver from, a han.l
satchel and shot him.
State Attorney Stoker and J. Walter
Kehoe will conduct the prosecuti-iu.
while Scott M. Loftin and KrinV
Stone, the lf.tter of Bay Minette, n-1l
represent the defense.
Deputy Sheriffs were hu.y ye "id i v
afternoon nerving subpnas on ft'1 V
n!tlzen., who are to at-p;nr this mor?. -ing
for j:iry duty. It !- anti -ipatM
that considerable trouble will be ex
perienced in ser:urin a. jury, owinr f
th widespread Interest in the ",
and it may he thi. afternoon hef r-i
witnesses are called.
He Stays at Head
BT ASSOCIATED PRF.S.
Douglas, Ariz.. .'v. z-
ranza never sent his reaitfrniUion : , Mi
Aguas ralientes convention m ! ;.
message received there to t):.i' i' '.
was a telegraphic error, acn,r! :
a mej!;)ge from Carranxa, to
mih HH1. his commander at Si
tarrnnz.i asserted he In still th- I
i i -
of the Constitutionalists .irmy nnl ri'
tifierl Hill he would rxpeit him o
cxe-ut hif ordure.
What he did say to convention. Car
ranza declared, wa.s he w m "wIMInr ti
become an eTil from Mei-o, pro-, iii
lnz the same trentmn? wii at n,r i.- l
Villa and Zapata."
VILLA DECLARES ALLEGIANCE
TO THE NEW PRESIDENT
Washington, Nov. .T -i.m V ":il
has pledged his ai:egian?e to Ku: il.o
Gutierress, selected an provi iori.iI rt- -ldent
of Mexico at the Aff-ias a!snf
convention, tuccording to i-t.at" d"T'ii't
ment reports today.
The convention adjourned !.tte I '.
night on receipt of a report from .
special committee netit to the i'i!).t l
to inform Carranza of the conven
tion's action. If Carrnnr-a. ac'pts the
decision of the con vent:n. the
gates plan to assemble In tie cap 'i
and administer the .itu of i-tv
Gutierrez. Government official. ha I
no confirmation of the report that Car
ranza had defied the rimvention ' .t
creIited it because of provlous Indica
tions he would do so. The Zapa'l.-'V
delegates are reported to hive im
pressed themselves satisfied w:th i.is.
choice of Gutierrez.