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eneratly fair Sundav nf MamHiu n.n
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Temperature, yesterday: Highest, 79
degree. Lowest, 72 degree.
r or telegraph newt and tor loe&t :
in xact. lor all the
Read The Journal.
Fhr Onta EX-errwbere.
VOL. XIX. NO. 281.
V PENSACOLA, FLA., SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 8, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
4 vvv vaw
OF THE PARTY
Members of Democratic Ex
ecutive Committee Adopt
WILL WAGE AN -
Long Fight in 'Supreme
Court Is Ended at , -.
; SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAU
Jacksonville, Oct. . 7. Basing their
action upon the findings of the su
preme court which at the present
writing gives Knott a majority over
Catts of 36 votes, giving Catts credit
for 13 votes that have not yet reached
Tallahassee, the state committee to
day, after one of the liveliest sessions
in its history, passed the Davis substi
tute for the Adams motion by 28 to
The Davis substitute ndorsed all
the democratic nominees and pledged
the support of the committee, partic
ularly to Woodrow Wilson, Judge
Taylor, Frank Clark and Knott, as
these candidates are the ones subject
to attacks from the outside.
' Davis made a strong appeal to the
democrats and refuted the claims of
the Catts followers that Knott is the
-independent by calling attention to
the fact that it was Catt3 and not
Knott who had circulated petitions to
have his name placed on the ballot
as an independent, while the matter
was still pending in the highest tri
bunal' of the state, while it was Knot
V. IIKJ ucuj Btiivi lliuu jig nvuiu ZJv
, a candidate unless he received tho
All counties but seven were repre
sented, either by committeemen or by
Immediately after the roll call Mr.
Adams stated that he proposed to
introduce his resolution early as he
was afraid the committee might ad
journ on him as it had done before.
The sense of the Adams resolution
was that "both names should be put
on the ballot." After much .discussion
and many speeches by the adherents
of Catts, it was the concensus of th-3
committee that the committee had no
right to endorse anyone but the duly
Immediately after the meeting ad
journed the campaign committee met,
and decided to wage a vigorous cam
paign in all sections of the state, in
support of the democratic nominee.
Hodges of Columbia, and Adams of
LaFayette, led for Catts, while Duval,
of Marion, and Davis of Orange, led
the fight for Knott
The law provides that the secretary
of state shall send out his certifica
. tions tonicht. .
'WILL BE CHAIRMAN
I : -
Will Senator Duncan U. Fletcher
be chairman of the Senate commit
tee on commerce? He is ranking
member of the committee, and by the
seniority rule will succeed to the posi
tion of chairman made vacant by the
death of Senator James P. Clarke, of
The committee on commerce in the
senate is the same as the rivers and
harbors committee of the house, and
is of particular importance to Flor
ida. With the defeat of Representa
tive Sparkman, who was chairman of
the rivers and harbors committee.
Florida lost the position, but Senator
Fletcher will regain it for the state.
DURING A TEST
rrr ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Newport News, Oct. 7. A , twin
motor combination land and water
machine being tested for the govern
ment was wrecked today when Pilot
Vitcor Vernon sent it nose first into
the water while attempting a landing.
Vernon and Percy Kirkham, mecha
nician, were thrown thirty feet in the
air but were unhurt.
Vernon says he misjudged the'dis
German Naval Vessel U-53
Brings Letter to Von
HERE THREE HOURS
Passed Through 37 Ameri
can Warships Going
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
Newport, Oct. 7. Seventeen days
out of Wilhelms-Haven, the German
naval submarine U-53 anchored at
Newport harbor today flying the
naval ,ensign and carrying two
Almost before the officers of the
American fleet, through which the
submersible nosed her way, recovered
their astonishment, the submarine de
livered a message to the German am
bassador and departed (at 5:17) sub
merging beyond the three-mile . limit.
Lieutenant Captain Hans Rose,
who has hung up a new record by
bringing a submarine across the At
lantic, said he came solely to mail
a letter to Count Von Bcrnstorf.
He requested neither fuel nor pro
visions, saying he had enough to last
four months. The submarine, was
here about three hours.
Rumors are afloat tonight, without
apparent basis, that the Bremen is
following in the wake of U-53.
Kose called on Rear Admiral
Knight .here, and the call, was re
turned. A wireless message to the allied
fleet off the coast went out today.
The Associated Press correspond
ent, who went aboard the U-53, was
entrusted with the two letters for Von
Bernstorf, and they "were mailed at
the local pbstoffice at 3 o'clock. Tfhey
should reach Washington tomorrow.
The submarine passed through
thirty-seven American warships go
ing to anchor. -: , , ;
President Wilson Asks Sup
port of the Progressives
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
.Long .Branch, Oct. 7 In a speecn
to the independents and progressives
here today, President Wilson urged
the support of the progressives be
cause he said the democratic jparty
had done many things the progress
ive party advocated. r 1
He declared the republicans ques
tioned every policy of the administra
tion, but no new policy had been sug
gested. One branch of the republican
party in New York, he said, con
trolled by one man, vras openly un
neutral. He asserted if this branch
controlled, vthere would be war for the
United States with republican suc
cess. The president charged the "old
guard' controlled the republican con
vention and was responsible for every
thing in the republican platform. He
said the party, was made up of "ev
erybody discontented with present
BT ASSOCIATED TRESS.
Sandersville, Georgia, Oct. 7.
Charlie Smith, a negro who shot and
painfully wounded Deputy Sheriff B.
A. English last night, was found by
a mob near here and killed today, ac
cording to reports tonight.
The negro's body is being brought
here. ' - . ' :
CARRANZA MAY NOT
BY ASSOCIATED PXESS.
El Paso, Oct. 7. Carranza may not
be a candidate for the Mexican presi
dency at the. first election to be held
by the defacto government, accord
ing to J. J. Pesquiera, Carranza con
sul to Left Angeles, who an?C here
from City today.
Head of Farmers Unions
Issues Lengthy Memorial'
"NO SUCH THING AS
So Declares the Memorial,
and Asks That Cotton
SPFCIAL. TO THE JOURNAL
Ft. Worth, Texas, Oct 7. In a
memorial to congress issued today,
entitled, "The American Farmer and
His Government," H. N. Pope, presi
dent of - the Association of State
Farmers Union Presidents, favors
protection on all agricultural pro
ducts;' declares that no . country can
thrive half protected and half free;
insists that there is no Vach thing
as a hyphenated tariff, and asks that
cotton be protected by a twelve cent
minimum loan from the government.
The memorial, which goes into an
exhaustive analysis of the subject,
says in part:
"The' cotton producer is the only
class of farmer who has. always been
compelled to sell what he produced'
on a free market and buy what he
consumed on a protected market, and,
as a consequence, the cotton fields of
the south have more tenants, more
poverty and more suffering than any
other agricultural area on the western
hemisphere. This condition shoul
challenge, but not baffle, American
"No matter what one's view may be
on the governmental policy of pro
tection ' or free trade, all will agree
that no country can reach its .highest
degree of .prosperity - half "."protected
and half free. This country should
assist all industrfes, or none.' No pro
ductive industry can thrive selling in
a free market and b,uying in a pro
tected one; ' We have no desire' to
bring all agricultural and manufac
tured products to the level of cotton,
we. only ask that cotton be lifted to
the level of other industries."
1t matters not whether a tariff is
levied for protection or for revenue,
it offers to industry the same assist
ance. There, is no such thing as a
' "A policy of universal protection is
in the interest of the American farm
er, for he sells more than he buys.
Protecting the factory without pro
tecting the plow is an unpardonable
discrimination and should not be tol
erated by the farmers of the nation,
neither should any one agricultural
product receive protection unless all
agricultural products receive protec
tion." 4 . ' .
BRIDGE GIVES WAY. CARRYING
DOWN TWO CARLOADS OF PEOPLE
Two persons were killed and 60 in
jured 'when a runaway street car,
dashing down a hill, crashed into an
other car on a Cleveland bridge, caus
ing the bridge to collapse. The acci
Despite, Denial of Boht Sides
It Is1 Reported This Is
; His Mission.
Dramatic Arrival of Subma
rine But Adds to Circum
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Washington, Oct. 7. Despite offi
cial denials from all sides, reports
persist that Ambassador Gerard re
turning from Berlin is bringing word
from Emperor William asking Wil-j
son's intercession for peace.
Vori Bernstorf .has stated positive
ly that the report is untrue, and the
state department again today denied
it. ' , .. -;
However, the dramatic arrival of
the submarine U-53 with letters for
Von Bernstorf only served to add to
the circumstantial evidence, upon
which those who. believe Gerards mis
sion is one for peace base their ex
pectations. ' ' :
One possibility is that Wilson
knows the reason for Gerard's return
and the state department does not.
It is not unusual for the president
to deal directly with diplomats.
But Business Is Good and
People Have" the Money :
7- Vr to Pay. ;, - . :. :
,' Unless shipments which are long
over-due reach Pensacola within the
next "few days, it is likely that the
city will face a sugar famine Several
of the .large jobbers in , the. city
haven't a single bag of sugar on hand,
and a large number of retailers are
not in a better position.
- The situation i3 attributed entirely
to car shortage, and the consequent
delay in shipments. When the scarcity
of cars became stringent many of Nthe
refineries were thrown a week or ten
days behind in shipments, and now
that some shipments are being made,
the accumulated business is taxing the
capacity of the mills.
Sugar 30 Percent Up.
' In the face of the facts, it is con
sidered remarkable that the' retail
price has not advanced, and although
(Continued cr, Page Four!)
dent occurred during the evening rush
hour and the cars carried several hun
dred men and women and children.
The cars, loaded with human freight,
crashed onto railroad tracks under the
bridge. Miraculous escapes were
Consternation in Ranks
When Sheriff Began Serv
1 ing Capiases.
UNLAWFUL SALE OF
LIQUOR IS CHARGED
All Gave Bond For Appear
'ance at the Next Term of
Court of Record. ,
Ten proprietors of as many tippling
houses were arrested Saturday after
noon by Sheriff Ellis and Deputy
Rice. In every case, the arrest was
made upon a capias issued from the
office of County Solicitor Loftin, the
latter explaining that evidence was
furnished by the sheriff. All gave
, bond for their appearance at the No
vember- term of the court of record.
N,ine of them, furnished bail in the
sum of $250 each, while the tenth,
who only this( month pleaded guilty to
a charge like that preferred yester
day, was required to give a bond in
the sum of $500.
Those arrested were as follows:
Dick Ray, "Cocky" Brown, E. C.
Moore, ,D. C. Norris, George Hall, A.
Black, Frank Fenton, Frank Geri,
E. Meharg ' and L. H. Mc-
Feak. Ray, who pleaded guilty
and was fined at- thst present term
nf the court of record was the . one
required to furnish the double amount
. All the above are charged with sell
ing liquor without license, and it is
understood that, evidence was quietly
obtained by Sheriff Ellis and when
sales were alleged, careful note of
each transaction was taken, and when
a. sufficiently strong amount of evi
dence had been collaborated, the sher
iff turned 'it over to the county so
licitor. Mr. Loftin, ' realizing that
there was ample ground shown for be
lieving that the law had been violated.
lost no. time m issuing a capias for
even'' case brought to his attention.
A capias is a writ from the solicitor's
office, issued only after evidence in
the case has been presented to his
satisfaction that the law is heing vio
lated. It is in the nature of an in
formation, and brings the defendant
immedate)y to the court. A prelimi
nary trial is usually not demanded by
defendants arrested on such a writ
numerous. It is charged the city was
warned three years ago that the
bridge was unsafe. The bridge was
bought second hand when another
another bridge was washed away im ft
flood in 1912.
Allies Are Pressing Hard on
Teutonic and Bulgarian
Russians Report Repulse of
Four German Counter At
tacks in Galicia.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London Oct. 7. The allies are
pressing hard on the Teutonic and
Bulgarian troops in Dobrudja and
On a front of ten miles near the
Struma river, the British have oc
cupied five villages and repulsed the
Further west, near the Cern river,
the Serbian advance has pushed to
the Belaveda river, sixteen miles east
of Monistir, Serbia.
The French troops have occupied a
town of the Germans on the eastern
shore of Lake Presba.
An unconfirmed report from Rome
says another Roumanian force has
crossed the Danube into Bulgaria,
apparently behind the lines of Von
In Debrudja, the Russians and the
Roumanians have occupied two towns
and forced their adversaries back.
The Russians also report the repulse
of four German counter attacks in
in Transylvania, the Roumanians
have advanced. -
The British have advanced from
six hundred to a thousand yards be
tween Guendecourt and Lesbacufs on
the Somme front and captured the
village. jf , Sars on: the Albert Bau
paume road, according tothe official
report. Comparative quiet rests. on
the Somme front. - 1
American Ships Sunk.
, Two American ships, the Harvite
and the . Columbia, have been sunk,
according to a dispatch received by
the Norwegian minister at Petrograd
from the Norwegian consul at Arch
angel, Russia, according to a Ren
ter's dispatch from Christiana.
The dispatch says it is difficult to
get accurate information.
Passengers Are Being Taken
in Small Boats and Ships
Go to Rescue.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Newport News, Oct. 7. The Ward
liner Antilla, carrying passengers
from Cuba to New York, is afire in
the Atlantic 120 miles off Cape Henry
and the passengers and crew have
taken to small boats, according to a
radio message from the Antilla picked
up here tonight.
The coast guard cutters Apache and
Onondaga have been ordered to the
rescue from here."
The wireless message said the call
had been picked up by more than
The steamer Somerset is said to
be the nearest to the Antilla and pro
ceeding to her aid.
The last message received here said
most aboard were taken to boats and
the wiress operators expect to be
forced to quit the ship at any minute.
CAR STRIKE PENDING
SPECIAL TO THE JOCHNAI
'Jacksonville,' Oct 7w A big strike
of street " car men is pending here.
Agitators have been through the
ranks and founded a inuoo. The men
have demanded recognition of the
union and have given the railroad
company three days in which to an
It is impossible to forecast the re
IS B URilllG
Attempt Made to Have Both
Knott and Catts Put
on Ballot. ,
Secretary of State Sends In
structions to Counties to
SrECIAI. TO THIS JOURNAL.
Tallahassee, Fla., Oct. 7 Secretary
of State Crawford tonight sent out
instructions to the various counties to
place Knott's name on the ballot as
the nominee. Flournoy made another
effort today to reopen the case, Wt
Not satisfied with the . decisions
against him yesterday, Col. Flournoy J
this morning formally asked the su- V
preme court for permission to amend
his petition, which was denied yes- " '
terday. . ,
Secretary Crawford states that hsr
considers xocay the last day and.tof ;
night mailed out instmrti
"V -j .. .. . i
printing ballots to the various cou.'
ties. V hoever was the nominee .
the close of business today will h
his name printed on the ballots 1
sucn, according to Mr. Crawfor J
The Socialists have sent a petit t
A 1. A . i . . . i
lu aecietary ci state lnsteaa
holding a caucus, a convention ,
iBior wirea luem oi , tneir iMv
C - ft ' 1 a . . i i . .
hPfo 111 I f f IVia ttnri.MiH
Mitchell, the independent, t
Petersburg, made the. same eriv
sending his petition to the secretat.
of state, instead of the counties. Mr.
Crawford has wired both the Social
ists and Mr. Mitchell. t
What the law provides and states
is that they have till twenty days
prior to the election to get oh th
ticket in proper shape, but in both
instances they must go through the
county commissioners, so C C. Allen
and Mitchell may get on the ticket
through the counties but not by order
of the secretary of state. Mr. Craw
ford returned their petitions.
Catts Prohibition Candidate,
eGorge W. Allen went but in the
instructions tonight as the regularly
nominated Republican nominee, that
party having had a convention. So
will Catts go on the ticket as the
nominee of the. Prohibition party.
Catts also has petitions as an inde
pendent, but these must go through
Flournoy v-ving failed in his last
efforts tocuy, Knott will go on as
the Democratic nominee. .
Last Petition Denied.
Flournoy's amended petition ' for a
writ compelling the state canvassing
board to reconvene and recanvass the
Alachua county( returns, including
Catts' sixty-nine votes there, and
such other amended returns from
other counties as they deemed shquld
be canvassed in the discretion of the .
board, was denied at 2 o'clock by the
supreme court because it sought to
make a, judicial body of the canvass
ing board, whose duties are only per
functory and who must canvass all
that is before them properly signed
and otherwise regular and that only.
The denial of this writ leaves mat
ters as thehy were before. The can
vassing board will not meet. '.
Flournoy is through and the sec
retary of state tonight ordered the
ballots printed with Knott's name as
nominee. ' . .
BIG CROWD WATCHED
GAME AT THE JOURNAL
A large crowd followed the first of
the championship series in front of
The Journal's window yesterday.
' The game was posted play by play
and the telegrams followed so fast on
each other that the enthusiasm rose
almost as if the crowd witnessed the ;
The Journal will give the entire .
series play by play for the benefit of $
local f andom. Be on hand Monday
afternoon and watch. -tie came.