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VOL. XIX. NO. 350.
PENSACOLA, FLA.. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 15, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
p mk& ww
Peace Plans of President
Wilson Can Now Be Of
fered With More Effect.
Both German and Austrian
Notes Received and Are
Identical in Every Way.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
, Washington, Dec. 14. The arrival of
both the German and Austrian peace
notes and Intimations at the entente
embassies that the proposals of the
central powers would not be flatly re
jected without art examination were
the outstanding features today In the
The German note came early today
and the Austrian note Just before the
State Department closed.
Secretary Lansing Bald thty are
Identical and differed little from the
published texts. It was doubtful If the
notes will be transmitted to the en
tente tomorrow, and President Wilson
has given no hint as to his action.
With the apparent moderating' of the
entente attitude toward the notes to
day as reflected In British newspapers,
the way seems easier for the president
to express hope in some wayhat the
proposals may not be rejected without
In such a step there is the likeli
hood that the United States will be
supported by some of the . European
The Spanish ambassador and the
Swiss minister conferred with Secre
tary Lansing today, and It was indi
cated that the allies, after a confer
ence among themselves, may reply to
the notes, asking on what basis peace
discussion could be suggested, with
the understanding that such action
would not bind them to a conference.
The Germans think that If the mat
ter roes this far, the peace conference
The German embassy tonight au
thorised the statement that should the
belligerents discuss peace, one of the
important subjects which will be dis
cussed probably will toe to a limited
SAYS THE NOTE OFFERS
London. Dec. 14. General Frederick
D. Maurice, chief director of military
operations for the British war office.
told the Associated Press today that
despite Its arrogant tone, the Von
Bethmann . HoUweg's recent peace
speech offered the allies great encour
agement from a military standpoint.
lie said: "Germans know we are
capable of a greater offensive than we
launched last summer on the Somme
and they don't like the prospect. Re
cent computations show the -German
losses on the Somme to total 700,000
including 95,000 prisoners. "We took
135 heavy guns, 180 field pieces and
nearly 1,500 machine guns..
v Paris, Dec. 14. Premier Brian d ac
y campanled his denunciation of the
German peace offer as a trap with an
announcement that he would ask for
the Increased power with which to
carry on the war, according' to full re
4 ports of his speech before the cham-
- ber of deputies today. At the same
time the premier promised that the
government would not undertake any
scheme of national mobilization such
as that Involved in the German home
It is after having proclaimed its
victory." he said, "while at the same
time making new efforts to gain it
that Germany sends us certain words
which I am not unable to explain. You
have read the address delivered by
Von Bethmann-IIollweg, the chancel
lor of the German empire. I have not
the text and therefore I cannot give
an official opinion, but it is Improb
able that In the present circumstances
those who are asked to Intervene will
accept a task which might well disturb
confidence here. I will make known
officially the precise concerted opin
ion of the allies, but I must now warn
. my country against a possible poison
ing of opinion. "When a country, armed
to the teeth, mobilizes Its entire civil
population at the rsk of. ruining Its
commerce and disorganizing the homes
of which it Is so proud, when Its fac
tones are working overtime to in
crease its war materials and when It
takes, In disregard of the law of na
tions, the people of an Invaded coun
try and oblige them to work fo rlt. If
at that moment I do not cry out to my
country, 'look out. take care,' I would
be enures vuioie, What comes
yonder as a proposition to negotiate
peace Is made at a time when Belgium
(.Continued on Page Eight).
Berlin Reports Advance of
French Troops Along
Banks of Meuse.
PARIS ARE TAKEN
Bonar Law Asserts That
Allies Will Continue to
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Although Great Britain has not yet
received the German peiice proposals,
officially, her attitude was reiterated
In the house of commons today by
Bonar Law, the new chancellor ex
chequer. Ue declared the allies requir
ed adequate reparation for their past
and adequate security for the future.
A semi-official statement from Pe
trograd, regarding the peace proposals
attacks the sincerity of the ,Teutonic
powers and says it is tha firm deter
mination of the entente "to continue
war to a final triumph can be weak
ened by no Illusory proposals of the
That there will be no 'abatement in
Great Britain's military preparations
is Indicated by the unnanlmous vote by
parliament of an additional credit ot
four hundred mllion pour da.
In Roumania the German Danube
army crossed the Jalomitza river and
the advance of Invaders all along the
front continues unchecked. The French
advance on both flanks of the Meuse
river, in France, la reported by Berlin.
3ut Paris announces only bombard
ments In this section.
Paris, unofficially, however, reports
a German attack In force on the front
at Lasslgny, a point nearest Paris,
taking trenches, but the French re
captured them in a counter attack.
Paris says the Germans attacked with
40,000 picked men. There were only
bombardments on the other fronts.
German Great Headquarters In the (
West, Wednesday, Dec. 13. Via Berlin
to London, Dec 14. The German
peace note was read at noon on Tues
day to all the reserves and to the
troops resting behind the front. Its
contents were made known to the sol
diers at the front or on the way to or
from the trenches througi announce
ments of improvised bulletin boards.
The effect of the announcement was
to call forth spontaneous shouts of
Joy, tempered later by debate as to
whether the entente would agree to
make peace now. It Is generally
agreed, however, that the note comes
exactly at the right time and that in
case it Is rejected, the fighting will
continue with renewed vigor.
The inhabitants of the occupied ter
ritory displayed as lively an interest
In the announcement as did the sol
diers, and many praised the emperor
unreservedly for his peace Initiative.
BY ASSOCIATED FltKSS.
Washington, Dec. 14. Woman sufa
frage advocates won a partial victory
today when the Susan B. Anthony
amendment provwing national suf
frage was reported for consideration
without recommendation by the house
NATIONAL PROHIBITION GIVEN
GREAT IMPETUS IN CONGRESS
BT ASSOCIATED PHESS.
Washington. Dec. 14. Nation-wide
prohibition took a long stride today
when the house Judiciary committee
unexpectedly voted to recommend the
adoption of the proposed constitu
tional amendment to prohibit the
manufacture or sale of liquor as a
beverage in the United States.
How far the legislation will progress
at this congress is problematical, but
the administration leaders are doubt
ful that It will reach the senate in
time for action this session.
A majority of two-thirds in both
houses Is necessary before Its submls
sion to the various states.
The prohibition Issue wis brought
directly to the attention of the senate
when the Sheppard bill to prohibit to
the District of Columbia tec&me un
finished business today to le kept be
fore the senate until disposed of.
Hardly anyone doubted tonight that
prohibition will be. domlrant Issue
before the new Sixty-fifth congress.
France to Have Total Prohibition.
Paris, De. 14. Tota prohibition
throughout Prance of the consumption
of such awohjallc beverage. as whis
FIRST DIRIGIBLE BALLOON OF U. S. NAVY ARRIVES HERE
The DN-1, first dirigible balloon of the United States Navy, has arrived in Pensacola, and Will be sent to
the aeronautic station today. The craft has Just been completed by the Connecticut Aircraft Company, at New
Haven, where it has been tested, and was sent here for final tests and acceptance. The preliminary , power tests
required by the Navy Department have already been passed.
The DN-1 Is 175 feet over all and 60 feet high over all, with a beam of 35 feet, and it Via 'designed to make
25 to 30 miles an hour. It is also expected to run at full speed for two hours endurance run. Its possible rate of
ascent and descent is flawed by its builders at six feet a second. It carries a full set of navigating instruments
including colored light for signaling from the pilot to the engineer.
The floating hangar for housing the craft is ready for use and the machine will be Immediately assembled
for tests. . -
TO ASK PEACE
Foreign Relations Commit
tee Chairman Discusses
: . BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
St." Louis, Mo, Dec. 14. The right
of a neutral which has suffered from
the effects of the European war, par
ticularly was asserted here tonight be
fore the league to Enforce Peace by
Senator Stone, chairman of the senate
foreign relations committee. " "
"Since the war has, almost from
the beginning, resulted m continuing
offensive attacks on the rights and
dignity of this sovereignty and in in
flicting incalculable injury to our na
tional interests all of which we have
borne with patience because of our
friendship for the nations involved,"
said Senator Stone, it seems to me
that after enduring these attacks and
Buffering these losses for nearly two
and a half years, with no end yet in
sight, that we have a right, without
regard to any question of sympathy of
humanity, but solely on our own ac
count and to safeguard our own Inter
ests, to approach the combatants as a
mutual friend and open negotiations
with a view to the re-establishment of
normal international conditions."
The senator declared he wished it
distinctly understood that he spoke of
his own personal responsibility, but
said he later might speak "in another
forum" on whether any neutral or
group of neutrals should "attempt any
affirmative action to end the present
war." He said he would not discuss the
wisdom or unwisdom of an approach
of the belligerents with peace propos
als, but merely of "the propriety of the
right" and pointed out that distin
guished men in this country and In the
warring countries have . warned that
such a movement would not only be
futile, but offensive. .
"I am not disposed," he added, "to
accept without questioning either the
accuracy of these statements or the
soundness of fne reasons on which
they are predicated."
The United States, the senator said,
has suffered from acts committed
which "have been grossly offensive to
our national pride and hurtful beyond
estimate to our national Interests." He
(Continued on Page Eight)
kies, brandies and liquors has been
decided on by the government.
This Is shown by the. text in , the
Journal official today of Premier
Briand's declaration yesterday before
the chamber of desputles. ? The pre
"The government, will ask you to
give it the faculty of solving by de
crees all questions of interest in re
gard to the national defense which the
laws are too slow to regulate. A par
tlcularly grave question which can be
regulated only In war time the solu
tion of which involves the life of the
country and its salvation, is the total
suppression of the consumption of
The premier's remarks were greeted
with loud applause from many of the
benches. Deputy Mayeras Interject
ed: "In the army also?" .
"Yes, in the entire country," said the
The use or the term aiconol is un
derstood In Prance to include such
beverages as absinthe, which already
has been suppressed; whiskies, bran
dies and liquors, but not wines or
RAIN ANt) SNOW
PREDICTED FOR V
SOUf H TONIGHT
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Washington, -Dec. 14. .
Cold disturbances are prej
dieted tonight for central
Alabama, causing snows
and rains in east Gulf and
Colder weather for Frit
day and Saturday in the -South
with a heavy frost Satur
day morning as far south
as central Florida. Storm
warning for the Atlantic
DICE FOR ST.
Entertainment at Armory
Tonight for Doll and Toy
The St. Nicholas Girl is extending
an Invitation to everybody who Is in
terested In the Doll and Toy fund to
go to her dance at the Armory hall this
evening. The St. Nicholas Girt neeas
a great deal of money for the Christ
mas stockings. And she is giving
the dance this evening at the Armory
hall to swell her fund In order that
she may be able to take care of the
hundreds of children whose Christmas
angel she has come to be.
Do you know that there are a great
many chrldren in Pensacola looking
to the St. Nicholas Girl with all the
faith of childhood, so sure are they
that she will supply their Christmas
needs? Of course they are sure, these
boys and girls. For they know that
year after year she has brought the
Christmas spirit into their young lives.
and crowned the Christmas season
wtih the radiance of love.
Hundreds ' of tickets have been
printed for the St. Nicholas Girl's
Christmas tree. Last year there were
more than three hundred children
taken care of. This year, since times
are so very hard, the St. Nicholas
Girl Is afraid that there will be just
Perhaps you may think that the St.
Nicholas Girl is staggered at the stu
pendous task she has before her, but
dear me not at all!! She just snaps
her fingers at Mr. Hard Times and
"You cannot spoil, the Christmas
season with your penurious spirit. No
Indeed! This is the season of glad
ness! This is the Children's Day! Of
(Continued on Page Eight
West Florida and Other
Lumber Men at Conven-
tion Consider Publicity.
. SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAL.
New Orleans, Dec 14. Two subjects
of vital Interest to pine men in Louis
iana, Texas, Florida. Mississippi and
throughout the southern pine belt.
were considered by the directors of the
Southern Pine Association, in session
here tif&ay. - - - .-..- .' -v. - - .
One was the proposition to raise
$250,000 as an advertising fund, to
be expended under the direction of
the National Lumber Manufacturers
Association, of which the southern
pine men are asked to contribute $60,
000. The other was a proposed or
ganization of a separate association
for the sale and development of cut
over pine . lands.
z A meeting of all land owners will
be held to discuss the cut-over lands
association with . the pine association
directors and other Interested organi
zations. . It is believed that the asso
ciation will be organized and the pro
ject started. It was also decided to
give the $60,000 asked, provided other
associations did likewise.
J. R. McLane, of Pensacola. and F.
W. Stevens, of Bagdad, Fla., were
among the directors present and they
took a great deal of Interest In the
cut-over lands project. R. II. Down
man, president of the Southern Pine
CREW OF SUB. RESCUED
AFTER SPENDING DAY
ON THE BOTTOM OF SEA
BT ASSOCIATED F&B33.
Eureka, Cal., Dec 14. Twenty-
seven members or the crew of the
United States submarine H-3, Impris
oned since dawn today in the subma
rine which went ashore near the en
trance of Humbolt Bay here, were
rescued tonight. Five were brought
ashore late today and the remaining
nineteen tonight, all In- aHbreechea
buoy rigged up by the coast guard
The H-3 struck the sand spit In a
heavy fog while coming down the
coast from Puget Sound with the
mother chip Cheyenne and subma
rines H-l and II-2.
All day long the men were bottled
up in the submarine's huii, which was
thrown around by heavy seas.
MYSTERY AROUND COLLISION
OF STEAMSHIPS IS CLEARED
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Newport, News, Va., Dec 14. The
mystery surrounding the collision In
lower Chesapeake, bay last night in
which the Merchants' and Miners zas
eenger liner Powhattan was so badl
damaged she had to be beached, wad
cleared up early today when the Brit
ish steamer Pelena, an oil tanker, ar
rived here and proceeded to- the ship
yard for repairs. She was eadly dam
aged about the bow, but so far as
could be learned, none of her crew
was injured. Four negro meos atten
dants on the Powhattan were hurt by
falling beams when the Pelena crash
ed Into the liner's starboard side.
That the Powhattan was at fault in
attempting to cross his ' how at too
close a range was the statement of
Captain E. D. Goff, of the Pelena,
made here this afternoon after his ves
FOR AERO STATION
Secretary of War Baker
States That $5,000 Avail
able for the Purpose.
That the bridge at Bayou Grande
will be repaired in the near future and
that approximately $5,000 Is to be used
for the work is the statement of Sec
retary of War Newton D. Baker in a
letter to Senator Fletcher, who, owing
to his interest in the matter, has for
warded it to C, E. Dotoaon.
:The matter has repeatedly been
brought to the attention of the War
and Navy Departments, and Mr. Dob.
son stated that on his recent visit to
Wishlngton, he called on the secre
tary of war, and submitted the matter
to him. It is this reference to the
matter in the letter following, which
says that the matter was taken up for
consideration on December 6.
Plans are also being made for
placing the road under the supervision
of the War or Navy Department, and
if this is done it is probable that it
will be paved. Further improvements
are planned, extending the road from
the turn at the cemetery wall to Fori
Redoubt, thence to old Fort San Car
los, and beyond to the lighthouse, thus
bringing It to within a short distance
of the terminus of the Gulf Beach
Highway and nearer Perdldo river.
A survey of this route will probably
be asked In a short while and a bill
introduced Into congress providing for
. Following is the letter from the
secretary of war to Senator Fletcher :
"Honorable Duncan TJ. Fletcher,
"United States Senate.
"My Dear Senator:
"L I have the honor to refer to
your ;aall . at the department recently
in connection with the present condi
tion of the road running from Pensa
cola, Florida, to Fort Barrancas, and
the bridge over Bayou Grande, and
a proposed extension of this road to
two ancient fortifications one Re
doubt and the other Fort San Carlos;
and to advise you as follows:
"2. The records of the quartermas
ter general's office show that the road
leading from Pensacola to the Bar
rancas National Cemetery was con
structed under authority of act of con
gress (sundry civil) approved July 1,
1898, which appropriated $10,000 for
the purpose. The road was in three
parts: From the cemetery to Bayou
Grande, about 7,195 feet; briJge over
the Bayou Grande, 1,270 reef, and from
Bayou Grande to Pensacola, about 4.6
miles. A map showing location of the
road Is inclosed.
"3. An appropriation of $32,000,
made in the Sundry Civil Appropria
tion Act approved March 4, 190", was
expended in the reconstruction of the
bridge over Bayou Grande anl repair
of the road from Bayou Grande to the
cemetery. No repairs were made from
this appropriation to the portion of
the road from Bayou Grande to Pen
sacola, as it appeared from maps and
other data in the county clerk's office
that the city had paved a portion of
this road, which apparently was under
the control of the county authorities.
"4. On October 26, 1916, the quarter
master general was advised by the
quartermaster, New Orleans, La., that
a storm on October 18th damaged the
bridge over the Bayou Grande and that
it would probably require $5,000 to re
pair It, and on October 28th authority
was given to " the quartermaster at
New Orleans to send his superinten
dent of construction to the Barrancas
National Cemetery to survey the
bridge and approach road from that
point to the cemetery, and to 'submit
recommendation as to what repairs
should be made, with estimate of costs,
etc, and the quartermaster was also
advised that the available balance of
(Continued on Page Eight.)
sel had gone into dry dock to have
a large hole In ber bow repaired. Cap
tain Goff said he was on the right
side of- the channel and the one signal
from the Powhattan that his ship
heard came too late to avoid the col
lision. The Powhattan's side came in
contact with his bow, said Captain
Goff, before any acUon could be taken
on his boat looking toward an aversion
of the crash.
Captain Goff explained the mystery
connected with his whereabouts last
night by saying he stood by until the
Powhattan said she only need a sur
geon, and as there was not a doctor oa
board the Pelena, he moved her up to
Hampton Roads and anchored. Re
strictions of the use of wireless placed
In ships of belligerent nations and the
confusion of messages flying through
the air restrained him from identify
ing himself, Captain Goff said
First Craft of Its Kind for
Navy Reached Here Yes
Preliminary Tests Witt B&:
Conducted as Soon as
Balloon is Ready.
The DN-1. first dlrlgtU balloon T
the United States navy, arrived In
Pensacola yesterday morning and to
day will be sent to the aeronaotlo sta
tion, where it will be immediately as
sembled and tested.. The balloon was
built by the Connectktut Aircraft
Company, of New ITanm. and wan ;
shipped from the factory several
The assembly of the big craft will
be under the supervision of Lieuten
ant Commander F. R. McCrary, al
though a demonstrator from the fac
tory will do the actual work. It Is ex
pected that the balloon will be ready
for preliminary tests . within four
weeks, as much work must be done
before it is given its Initial tryout.
'A 'hangar haj already been con
structed for the dirigible, and is ready
for use. It is of steel throughout,
built on a barge tied in the old dry
The DN-1 is 175 feet ovtr all and SO
feet high over all, with a beam or .i
feet It is of non-rigid type and hoM-
its shape by the pressure of the sa
contained. Excluding the space used
by the balloonets. It has a total lift of
approximately 7.000 pounds basod on
the lift of its hydrogen gas at .06
pounds for each cubic foot.
s The bag has a total capacity of 11.".
000 cubit feet of hydrogen pas, an,j !a
equipped with two balloonets. one in
the rear with a capacity of S.noo culii
feet and one in front with 7,000 cr';
fee. The purposes of tbe bnllnoneM
is to navigate and to a.v;.M in, kfpplivv
Its shape nssiiiHt -han,?fV in toiippr
atures encountered at hu;h altitude.
The gondola which is carried l Y
suspension to the bas "13 d'?siprt!tu par
ticularly for efficiency, w thont caus
ing too great strain on any one pp.rt
of the bag. This is .ocMeved, It w
claimed, ly the use of many belly
bands tfirown around thivbag, the on !
of each attached to the top or th
For motive power th dirigible i
fitted with an eisht-cyjinder t4'"
housepower motor, with a speed f
2,100 revolutions a minute. Th"
transmission of th povpr i efferud
by an upright siiaa connecting with
two other shaft overhead, which drivf
two four-bdale propellers.
The balloon is equipped with 1
blower to 'maintain Die proper dc; i -o
of inflation of the, hallooti' ts. unO U
operated on signal from the pilot.
It is also operated by the main pn pr
plant, being attached to the motor b
belt on the main shaft. An auxiliary
motor is provided as a safety dv:co
to be used In oaso the main r..)nu . -
comes deranged. Thin motor i- a . i
and one-half horsepower a;rceld'
engine, and is connected with, tho
blower by a chain operating in a tw...
way clutch. The auxiliary may b
used at a moment's notice, by operat
ing , ai lever. .
The propellers are larse and very
powerful and may he operated 'at half
speed of from 800 to a 1.000 revolu
tions a minute. They have a projected
acrea of about fifteen square feet,
and are of spruce.
The gas bag is made of two-ply cot
ton fabric, rubberized. It is claim
ed to have a strength of" 70 pound
for each inch of warp and woof. '
The dirigible is designed to attain
a speed of from 23 to HO miles ln
hour, and for -a two hours' endur
ance run at full speed. Its possible
rate of descent and -ascent is figured
by its builders at six feet a second.
It carries a full set of navigating In
struments, Including barometer, baro
graph, pressure gauges, chronometer,
air speed meter, incline meter, state
graph and compass. It haa different
colored lights for signaTlylng between
pilot and engineer, and a compartment
for storing food for the operators dur
ing long flights, as well as a first aid
kit for emergencies. .-
With the acceptance of th dirigible
a notable addition to the aeronautio
station will be made, and great
strides are expected In this branch of
aeronautics under the supervision of
Lieutenant Commander McCrary. The
station now has two free balloons
and a kite balloon, and others will
probably be sent very soon.
MONEY NEEDED TO PAY
BT ASSOCIATED FRIES
"Washington, Dee. 14. MiOor Gen
eral Sharp, quartermaster general,
told the house military committee to
day, that the department la paying
$75,000 dally to dependent families ot
enlisted men and guard&meiw
He said the two million dnHar XunJ
is virtually exhausted and emergency
legislation will be asked to continue
payments this month.