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READ THE JOURNAL.
VOL. XX- -NO. 3.
PENSACOLA, FLA.. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TY BOARD TO DISTRIBUTE
Enter British Trenches, But
Forced to Retire With
Russo-Rumanians Forced to
Give Ground Before the
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Drive of the Austro-German' east
ward from the Transylvanian Alps
into Moldavia is still causing the
t Russo-Roumanians to rive ground,
while Von Mackensen's forces which
are operating northward into Mol
, davia are approaching the bridge
"7 heads of Fokshany and Fundeni. Be
tween the Buzeu and Danube rivers,
however, Russians continue to hold
their positions. In Dobrudja Russians
have been forced back to Matchin, op
posite Braila, by the advancing Turks
and Bulgarians, near Vermelles, and'
north of Ypres, on the French front,
German patrols have entered the
British trenches but were driven out
with heavy losses, according to Lon
don. Heavy bombardments in the re
gion of Hardaumont and Bezonvaux,
and the Verdun section continues. The
Austro-German attacks repulsed- "by
Russians in region Brady in Galicia.
County Officers Are
Reappointed; J. G. White
Chairman of Board.
Much Business Transacted
Reappointing, every .county, officer,
and electing J. George White chair
man, the new board of. couaty com
missioners held its first meeting
Tuesday night, in the court house,
following a short meeting of the old
IDNEY J. CATTS ASSUME
GOVERNORSHIP OF FLORIDA
WHILE THOUSANDS CHE
Five Per Cent Dividend To
First National Bank
WILD ENTHUSIASM IS
EATDRE OF THE DAY
MADE TO DATE
Brings Reimbursement Up
To Nearly Million and
TRAMMELL GIVES SPEECH
Introduces New Governor
and Discusses the
HALF A MILLION 1
ARE MADE PRISONERS
On French Front, in France, Jan.
2. During the last year 78,500 Ger
mans were captured on the French
front by the French and 40,000 by
British. In Serbia and Macedonia
the entente armies took rdore than
.11,000 Bulgarian and Turks. During
the same period the Italians captured
more than 52,000 Austrians, while the
Russians captured more than 400,000
v ft Jl t
BELGIAN AND RUSSIAN
REFUGEES ARRIVE IN U. S.
Jj GEORGE WHIT15
New Chairman of Board of County
board when all affairs of the county
were placed in proper condition for
the incoming board
The new board is composed of H. E.
Gandy from district five,. J. D..Mc
Curdy, district four; L. W. Hardy,
district three, and Gus Sodeilind. dis-
New York, Jan. 2. Nine hundred trict two:' and the only holdover com-
and sixty-five refugees from Belgian missioner, Chairman White from dis
'and Russian Poland arrived on the trict one.
Holland-American liner Nieuw Am- The .meeting of the old board was
sterdam today. The Belgians number I called to order by Chairman Barri
two hundred and twenty-one, among neau at seven o'clock, with Commis
whom are many children brought over J sioners Baggett, White, Tracy ' and
by the Belgian Relief society, of CM- Davis present. The minutes of the
cago and they will live in the West, proceedings of the two previous meet-
Seven hundred and lorty-iour kus- mgs were read by the clerk and an-
sian Poles were brought over by va- proved by the board, after which the
nous Polish societies. I business matters were taken under
The ship's officers reported that a consideration.
mine sweeper wnicn was preceuing , roor Farm Report.
.the liner as she was entering jhe The report of the county poor farm
harbor at Falmouth, England, struck was an(j ordered filed, the only
a mine and blew up. Seven of the item of particular interest lieing the
sweepers crew were killed.
Another financial plum is soon to
drop into Perisacola''s lap, according
to H. G. Murray, receiver of the de
funct First National ' Bank, who' an
nounces that he has written to the
comptroller of the currency, recom
mending a five per cen payment o
the depositors. ,
. The total amount of money .that is
involved will be between $95,000 and
$100,000, and.will.be divided . among
several thousand people.
The comptroller approving, the dis
bursement will probably be made
some time in February. '
This dividend will bring the total
refund to depositors up to about $1,-
400,000, or 65 per cent of the total.
The dividends were declared as
May, 1914 40 per cent
April, 1915 i...l0 per cent
December, 1915 . . 5 per cent
September, 1916 ........ 5 per cent
January, 1917 5 per cent
Almost Complete Member
ship Starts Year's
Fully 5,000 People Attend
Inaugural Have Monster
statement that the averago cost of
feeding the inmates of ' the institu
tion a day is 24 3-4 cents. Other in
cidentals to come before the board in
come. Jan. 2. It is officially stat- eluded the issuing of warrant for the
ed today that thirty to forty-three barge at Ferry Pass recently estab-
ITALIANS MAKING GOOD
SHOW ON LONG FRONT
Austrian divisions are kept engaged
along Italian front. It is also stated
that since Italy has entered the war
she has conquered twelve hundred
square miles of territory shortening
her front from five hundred to three
hundred and seventy-five miles. War
material is being manufactured in
more than two thousand Italian fac
tories. It is stated Austrian prison
ers now number eighty-five thousand.
lished by the board, the report of the
bond trustees was received ttnd filed,
and innumerable bills were received
At 8:30 Chairman Bamnsau an
nounced a recess of five minutes,
stating that at the end of that time
(Continued on Page Eight.)
HIGH ATTENDANCE AT
LOCAL HIGH SCHOOL
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
TO ELECT OFFICERS
A meeting of the board of direct
ors of the Chamber of Cornir ercC will
That the percentage of attendance be held tomorrow afternoon at four
at the high school has been higher I o'clock in the offices of the secretary
throughout the present scholastic I when a committee composed of two
year than last, was the statement of members of the board and three
Professor Ross Rogers, principal, to members of the Chamber of Com-
The Journal, itie average is a mue merce will be appointed to'nlace in
better than 96 per cent, which com- nomination the names of twer.ty mem-
pares favorably with the best records bers of the Chamber of Commerce to
of the country, 95 being considered be voted on in the annual election of
extra good. officers to be held Tuesday, February
There are' also more pupils in the 6. The fourteen receiving the high
high, school this year than last year, est vote will be elected. The pjpsi
and an increased attendance Is ex- dent will al30 be voted on, as Dr.
pected next year. . I Blocker was elected to fill the unex
High school has now resumed its pired term, ending this year. During
work after the Christmas holidays, j his short term as president Dr Block-
only about zo absentees being notea i er has accomplished . much, among
when the doors opened Tuesday morn- J which, is the addition of several hun-
ing. Some of these are out of town, I dred new names in a membership cam-
and Professor Rogers said he is in- J paign inaugurated shortly after he
vestiErating the cases of the others. 1 assumed office.
The Pensacola Rotary club broke
all attendance records at yesterday's
luncheon, all but eight members be
ing present. Capt. John A. Merritt's
division won first honors in the at
tendance contest, with a percentage
of eighty-seven. The division under
direction of J. B. Harris had a per
centage of eight-four. Members who
have been irregular in attendance
were called upon to present valid ex
cuses and were required to promise to
be present at every meeting this
month, so that the local club may
make the best showing in the south
eastern district for January. A vote
of thanks was tendered J. L. Hen
rick for. having planned the attend
The entertainment feature of the
meeting was humorous discussion of a
law which President Fisher stated
would be introduced in the next legis
lature "to prevent a man from mar
rying his widow's sister."
A number of important local in
dustrial developments were discussed
informally, following a suggestion
by the president that the club should
constitute itself a bureau of inf orma
tion for the benefit of members.
Rev. J. H. Brown addressed the
club on the importance of carrying
the new high school project to suc
cessful completion and urged all
members to assist in the work. Peti
tions for the creation of a special tax
district were circulated and many sig
natures obtained. ; .
Wyatt Aiken, brother of Capt. I.
H. Aiken, was a guest and made
short talk in which he congratulated
the club upon the excellent showing
it has made.
SPECIAL TO TlfE JOURNAL.
Tallahassee, Ha., Jan. 2. When
the thousands of people in Tallahas-
jee to attend the inaugural ceremon
ies oi uovernor Sidney J . catts.
awoke this morning and looked out,
those who still foretell future events
from the clouds, sun, moon and stars,
predicted a weeping administration,
for clouds were hanging heavy and it
seemed it would open with rain, and
continued so until 11:43' o'clock, just
as the governor's car pulled up at the
capitol, and then, as it were, the
clouds rolled back, and as the chief
executive stepped upon the platform
a flood of sunshine . instead of ram
poured down upon him and the great
throng of five thousand or more, who
covered the capitol grounds and
stretched across and up Monroe and
The would-be prophets' hearts were
then turned into good cheer as they
took this flood of sunshine asan
omen for the next four years Tn the
administration of the state's affairs.
If this' is not auspicious of Governor
Catts administration, It is, at hast,
n interesting coincidence.
The parade was scheduled to start
from the capitol at 10:15 and did
start twenty minutes later.
There were about fifty decorated
automobiles in the parade, besides a
large number "that brought up the
rear that were not decorated and
were not considered a part of the offi
cial parade, because they were not
decorated, as no cars were permitted
to enter the official procession that
were not decorated.
The state officials loaded at the
east entrance of the capitol, and the
procession then was led out North
Monroe street to the governor's man
sion, which in the three cars at the
head of the parade, took on the gov
ernor-elect, Governor Trammell and
the governor's staff.
Among the officials present was
General J. C. R. Foster.
The Bands Played.
Music was furnished by the Moul
trie Georgia band and the band from
the 6tate insane asylum, at Chatta
hoochee. Following the official cars
were decorated cars, representing va-
IN MASTERLY ORATIO
ACCEPTS LOFTY TRUST!
Everglades Drainage, Pro-
hibition, Economy, and I
- Lower Taxation. !
' " y
- .:;v,. .'x
Sidney J. Catts, Whose Inauguration Tuesday
in Tallahassee Was An
IS ORDERED STOPPED
Kansas City, Jan. 2. A formal
order, ending the prosecution of Dr.
Clark B. Hyde, charged with murder
ing his father-in-law, Colonel Thomas
H. Swope, the millionaire -philan
thropist, will be made here. January
13. Hyde was convicted of poisoning
Swope at the first trial, but at the
second trial the result was a mis
trial, and the third has been post
poned several times.'
(Continued on Page Two.
Tallahassee, Fla., January 2.
The importance of the Everglades
project as emphasized by Governor
Catts, was discussed m the following
words by the retiring governor, Park
The time and the occasion permit
only a brief reference to some of the
work of the administration coming to
a close today. .
One of the great problems with
which my administration has had to
deal is that of the Everglades drain
age project. At the inception of my
term as governor due to adverse crit
icism the finances for carrying on this
great enterprise were at a very low
ebb and on this account the work had
been very much . retarded. Everv
member of the drainage board was
thoroughly convinced of the feasibil
ity of drainage and of the value of the
Everglades lands when ultimately re
claimed. In an effort, however, to
re-establish confidence and to give
a new impetus to the drainage work
our board in the early part of 1913
employed a commission of three engi
neers, reputed to be the most emi
nent authorities on drainage in Amer
ica, who were to investigate the feas
ibility of reclaiming the Everglades
lands, study the project and suggest
plans for future operations. This
(Continued on Page Three.)
F ESTEEM TO
SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAL.
Tallahassee, Fla., Jan. 2. At jthe conclusion of the inaugural cere
monies this morning a beautiful gold watch was presented to Ex-Governor
Trammell, and a lovely silver water pitcher to Ex-Comptroller W. V.
Knott, by members of the former's cabinet and associates of the latter on
the various state boards of which the cabinet are members. The presenta
tion speech to Governor Trammell was made by Secretary of State H. Clay
Crawford, and the presentation to Mr. Knott by W. A. McRae, commis
sioner of agriculture. The presentation addresses and their responses
were as follows-: .
SAYS PEOPLE TRIUMPHED!
Schools, Shipping Laws, Re-t
call, Initiative and
SECRETARY OF STATE '
TOKEN TO TRAMMELL
Mr. Crawford- said: "Governor
Trammell, as we draw near the 'part
ing of the ways,' we feel deeply the
breaking of official ties, which are
bo nearly akin to home ties. We have
tried to serve faithfully with you to
encourage and uphold your efforts to
give to the people of this great state
such administration of public- affairs
as they deserve to receive from public
officials. And, now, in behalf of the
members of your official family, and
who will ever remember your kindli
ness and courtesy, as a token of our
appreciation of 'the days that are no
more, as well as our friendship in
the 'new,' . I present you with this
"Let this watch be to you, Governor
Trammell, as often as it faithfully
marks the fleeting moments and pass
mg hours, in the years to come, a
reminder of that great respect, re
gard and ever watchful friendship for
future life it carries from the mem
bers of your cabinet. It is our wish
that from the bright metal of this
gift, may you see reflected the golden
opinions .which you have won from
your people, and, as it's dial marks
the march of time, may it record for
you many years of happiness, pros
perity and renown. Not that renown
which comes from the feuds of men;
not that renown which came to War
wick, Hastings and Montague, who
dyed the snow-white rose in blood of
their countrymen, but that renown
which sJiall come to you from the per
formance of your duty in every posi
tion of distinction and trust to which
you may be called, as ably as you
have performed the duties of the of-;
fice' of governor of Florida. May
your life be blest with health and
hap'piness, your home be preserved
from sorrow, and may God be with
us every one." ' '
IS DESIRED BY FARMERS
Selma, Ala., Jan. 2. Headed byC
W. Hooper, R. H. Agee and . W. C.
Agee, of Selma, hundreds of promi
nent cotton men in the South have
banded together for the purpose of
urging cotton growers to iioid etapla
for tweaiy. JC tiits.
SPEECH TO KNOTT
Mr. McRae said: "Friend Knott,
the respect of the world , in general
is gratifying, but the friendship, of
old-time associates must yield heart
felt delight. I speak advisedly when!
I call you friend. I speak the senti-;
ment of the governor, of every mem
ber of the cabinet, as James Whit
comb Riley did to one whom he ad
mired. "'He is my friend. The word3
Brought summer and the birds
And all my wintertime, 4
Thawed into running rhyme
And rippled into song,
Brave and strong.
And eo it sings,
So may sing always,
Let each mute measure end,
Still he is 'my friend.'
"Words can feebly express our
feeling at this official parting from
one whose kindly . spirrt, sterling
worth and steadfast integrity we
have all learned to admire and hon
or. It is told that - the Athenians
raised a splendid statue to the mem
the pedestal that all men might know
(Continued on Page Three.)
Tallahassee, Jan. 2. Efore a.
cheering crowd, estimated at nearly
5,000 people, from many different?
parts of the state, men women &n
children, rich and poor, old and younjr
and following one of the most spec-
tacular parades ever witnessed onj
Tallahassee's classic hills, Sidney J.
Catts, taking the oath of office a si
governor of the Commonwealth oa
Florida, delivered his inaugural ad-1
dress, outlining his policies and pay-i
ing one of the most glowing tributes
to Florida and democracy that has
ever been heard. .
Mr. Catts said: !
"Citizens of Florida: This is tho
supreme hour of your triurrph, toi
have gained this victory 'ever all ;
the forces of opposition so masterful f
and strong as were those that stooi
arrayed against you; and to have
withstood them and conquered them,,
places this hour of your success with,
the historic ones, when the peopla
of England raised Cromwell to peer,
or when the citizens of France deso
lated the feudal system in the rejec
tion of the Catholic, heirarchy, and
the kingcraft of that -age, by tho
French revolution, or when the col-"
onies of America stood by Thomasi
Jefferson as he gave to the world tho
supremest bill of man's rigits, tho
Declaration of Independence.
"Your triumph is no less in thi
good hour in beautiful Florida, fori
you have withstood the onfilaughtsj
of the county and state political j
rings, the vast corporations, and tho '
railroads, the fierce opposition of the i
daily and weekly press, and organiz;i-4
tion of the negro voters of the state i
against you, the judiciary of the state
partisan to your needs, and the poweH
of the Roman Catholic heirarchy
against you. Yet over all these thai
common people of Florida, tho evcry-H
day masses of the cracker people,
have triumphed, and the day of your
apotheosis has arrived, and you can
say, as said the ancient Hebrew dc-
votee, .'Lift up your gates, and bo
ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors, j
and let the Lord of Glory in. Whoi
is this Lord of Gloiy? The Lord God j
of Hosts, He is the King of Glory. H
In my days of fervid youthful
imagination I have often wondered
what could be the crowning achieve-'
ment of a human ambition, a?id have
SOUTHERN GETS INTO
THE CRESCENT CITY
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 2. The acqui
sition of the New Orleans and North
eastern railroad by the Southern is
announced today in a statement is
sued by President Fairfax Harrison,
of the Southern. The Southern took
over all British holdings in the North
eastern recently purchased by J. P
Morgan & Co. At the time Morgan
purchased the English holdings were
valued at $12,000,000.
As- a result of said acquisition the
Southern disposed of all its interests
in the Alabama. Vicksburg railway
and Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pa
cific railway, and acquired an en-
trane into New Orleans over its own
pictured some things which might
satiate human power, or crown ambi- :
tion's desire. I have imagined thatj
to be a great Rothschild of finance (
and hold the riches of a, hemisphere,
in my hands, or to be a Morgan anclj
listen to the monetary praise of thai
Americas, while crowned heads and!
potentates of the old world bowed tai
my financial requests, would be the-1
meed of human endeavor, or the goaL-
of man's distinction. I have creamed
that to be a great preacher like John j
the Uaptist, Christmas Evans, JohnJ
Knox and Charles Wesley, or thei
superb Talmage, and sway the masses
of mankind to repentance and toi
tears before the Christ, and the
throne of the Supernal, would be the-
supremest achievement of the race,
and the crowning event of man's
lofty ambitions. I have sometimes.;
thought that to be a great traveler
and stand on Sahara's scorching bor-
ders or amid the arctic's pola? snows
and hearthe gaunt wolf far-flung on
Alaska's barren shore, or stand on.
ship deck beneath the equator's lurid;
touch and gaze at night upon tha.
splendor of the southern cross, or
rest at noonday upon the lofty
height of the Andes or the snow(
crowned peaks of the Himalayas, off
'Sail upon the Rhine and Rhone,
And view Mount Aetna's fiery sideJ
And see the Italian sunset sky, "
Blend with the Adriatic Sea,
And hear the shout of fishermen,
Along the shores of Galilee. ;
could crown every ambition ms a(
(Continued on Page Three.),