Newspaper Page Text
.Tn?rshoJweTS Thursday and Friday.
frty to moderate -winds, mostly south-
Teeterday's temperature: Highest. 84
degrees; lowest, 72 degrees.
WEST FLORIDA MUST
VOL. XX. NO. 187.
THE PEN3ACOLA JOURNAL, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 5, 1917.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
m Bill 1 m. - I I - Ik m m I
IISLOSEOUIS WILL BE
French Beat Back Large
Bodies of Soldiers Hurled
Against Long Front.
: AND LOSSES HEAVY
'Victorious Counter Attack
Drove Germans From
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Paris, , July 4. Extreme violent
flighting was in progress all through
?tha night on the Aisne front, result
ing in the rout of the attacking Ger
mans with very heavy losses, the war
The Germans repeatedly hurled
large bodies of men against the
'Trench, attacking on the whole front
Ifrom the north of Jouy to the east
k the California plateau. The re
hpulse of the enemy was complete. The
TLate yesterday the Germans un
dertook a powerful offensive action
whlth was prolonged all night against
H tftir positions north of Jouy, as far
ma to the east of the California pla
teau. On this long front they made
violent attacks repeatedly with large
numbers of their special assaulting
(troops. Their efforts were directed
principally east of Froidmonf farm,
."west and southwest of Cerny, north
Allies and also against the Cali
"Tha repulse of the enemy was
complete and his losses were very
heavy, especially in the region of
Cerny and on the California pla
teau. His main assaults were almost
entirely routed by our fire- At cer
taia points where the Germans were
able to gain a footing at the first
hVj, victorious counter attacks
drove them back and they were not
able to hold a single metre of our
"Surprise attacks against our small
posts in the sectors of Sapigneul and
Vauquoia were repulsed. The artil
lery was "very active in the region of
tHM. 504 Verdun front)."
(GERMANS BAIN BOMBS
ON TOWN, KILLING EIGHT
Xondon, July 4. From 12 to 14
iCerman air raiders today dropped
tbombs-on Harwich, a seaport town of
TEssex, it was officially announced
ttodayv Eight persons were killed and
twenty-two others were injiired.
The text of the official statement
tfdttows: . x
"X squadron of some 12 to 14
enemy airplanes attacked Harwich
from a northeasterly direction about
'SiOS o'clock this morning. A num
ber of bombs were dropped and the
latest reports state that eight per
sons were killed and 22 injured. Only
Blight material damage was caused!
Fire was opened from the anti-aircraft
defenses and the enemy's for
mation was broken up, although tno
low-lying clouds Tendered the visibil
ity very bad. The raiders also were
engaged by our own aircraft from a
neighboring station. ...
'After dropping their bombs ths
enemy's squadron turned seaward
vi without attempting to penetrate m
1 1 a TT,a whnlA raid onlv occupied
a few minutes."
BRITISH BOMB BRUGES,
DOING HEAVY DAMAGES
London, July 4. During Monday
and Tuesday bombing raids were car
ried out on the docks of Bruges, by
the royal service air machines, ac
cording to a statement issued today.
-Several tons of bombs were drop
ped in all and good results observed,
continued the statement which says
all the machines returned safely.
crvFRAL CAUSES FOR
SEVEKAUHT MONEY MARKET
Washington, July 4.-High prices
of manufacturing , -
wages and placing of the. liberty loan
have caused increased demands for
money and a consequent stiffening of
rates in several section. The federal
reserve bulletin shows conditions are
WOMEN'S PARTY JAILED
Washington, July 4. As a result
of demonstrations before the White
House, thirteen members of the wom
en's party are held in a house oi at
tention for hearing tomorrow on a
charge of unlawful assemDiagr
Eighteen arrests were made, includ-
ine two men and a woman not a
member of the party.
War Department Exerting
Every Effort to Expand
FLIERS TO BE BUILT
Fifty Thousand in Aircraft
Branch If New Bill is
Passed by Congress.
Washington, July 4. Acting in the
belief that aircraft will be one of
the most important factors in deter
mining the world war, the war depart
ment is exerting every effort toward
the expansion of the American mili
tary aviation service and the con
struction of the great aero fleet which
it is proposed to send to Europe. In
order to construct the thousands of
fliers that will be needed for the ser
vice it is anticipated that many auto
mobile and other manufacturing
plants throughout the country will
be turned over to this use.
The construction of the American
aero fleet will be the greatest task
of its kind ever undertaken by any
nation. The greatest difficulty is an
ticipated, however, in securing a suf
ficient number of trained aviators to
man the machines when they are
If the new aircraft bill, carrying
an initial appropriation of $600,000,
000 for aviation purposes, is passed
by congress, as there is every indi
cation it will be, the aviation section
of the signal corps wil be expanded to
almost 50,000 men withm the coming
year. Of these 50,000 men it is ex
pected that about 20,000 will be from
the ranks of the infantry farm, and
will be trained at once as pilot-observers.
The greater part of the re
mainder, it is expected, will be re
cruited from civil life and will be put
through the regular course of team
ing. For the purpose of training this
great army of aviators 24 training
camps will be established at a cost
of approximately $1,000,000 each
The largest of these training schools
will be at Camp Kelly, San Antonio,
Texas. Others will be located at con
venient points in various sections of
In charge of this huge department
of the military service is Brig. Gen.
George O. Squier, who, within a year,
has risen from the rank of lieutenant
colonel to brigadier general. It is only
a little more than a year since Lieut.
Col. Squier was nominated by the
secretary of war to be the head of
the aviation section of the signal
corps. His attainments as an elec
trician and mechanician and his re
sourcefulness as a inventor made the
choice seem a natural one to men in
the army who believe in placing ex
perts in charge of important details
General Squier was born in Dry
den, Mich., in 1865. He entered the
United States Military Academy
when eighteen years of age, and was
graduated with high honors in 1887.
He studied physics while at West
Point, but later at the direction of
the war department added to his
scientific knowledge by a course at
Johns Hopkins University, being
made a fellow at that institution m
He acted as chief signal officer d
the third army corps during the war
with Spain. For two years, 1900 to
1902, during the laying of the Philip
pine cable telegraph system, he was
in command of the cable ship Burn
side. The work of laying the cables
between the various islands of the
Philippines was undertaken at great
risk owing to the hostility of the na-
In 1912 Col- Squier was named as
military attache of the American em
bassy in London. He returned to the
United States later to find that what
be had studied at Johns Hopkins as
a theory had become a practical de
vice. GERMAN SLINKER
BOMBARDS PORT OF
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Ponta Delgada, Azores,
July 4. A German sub
marine bombarded this
city today. One girl was
killed and several persons
injured. The forts replied.
Lisbon, July 4. An
American transport joined
in firing at the German
submarine which bom
barded Ponta Delgada.
STATE STARTS THE
BLACK WELL CASE BY
GREAT TIME I
PEOPLE OF ALL CLASSES PAR
TICIPATE IN CELEBRATION OF
DAY WITH ENTHUSIASM-
Paris, July 4. The gratitude of the
French people for American aid in
the war past, present and prospec
tive was given enthusiastic vent to
day in the nation-wide observance of
the American Independence Day. Ev
erywhere throughout the country the
day was observed with unbounded en
thusiasm. On the initiative of the
French government exercises were
held in all the cities and towns com
memorative of the two republic, and
a series of patriotic lectures was giv
en throughout France by French and
American speakers. In Paris the cele
bration was participated in by all
classes. Public buildings, places of
business and residences were adorned
with the Stats and Stripes inter
twined with the French tri-color. A
feature of the day was a great popu
lar demonstration in front of the
statues of Washington and LaFayette.
Hundreds of notable attended the
public reception at the American em
bassy to meet General Pershing and
the members of his staff.
I E. ST LGUIS
FOURTEEN HUNDRED SOLDIERS
ON GUARD CARS MOVING,
BUT SALOONS REMAIN CLOS
ED DETECTIVE DJES.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
East St. Louis, 111., July 4 With
approximately 1.400 Illinois national
guardsmen in East . St- Louis today
and details patrolling the streets
with orders to use all force necessary
to enforce order if an attempt is
made to resume rioting all danger
of further trouble seemed to have
Aside from numerous small fires,
involving but slight loss there were
no disorders last night and the death
list remained at thirty. The number
of white men killed in the rioting
was increased to four by the deaths
last night of Detective Wogley who
was shot Sunday night.
Gov- Lowden who arrived here last
night said, after a conference with
members of the chp.mber of com
merce, that the situation was well in
hand- The governor declared that a
large number of soldiers would re
main under Adjutant General Dick
son until they were no longer needed
and that if further rioting broke out
every guardsman in the state would
would be sent here.
Street car service which ceased at
8 o'clock last night, was resumed
today but all saloons will remain
closed until further notice-
URGES NEGROES IN CHICAGO
TO PROTECT THEMSELVES
Chicago, July 4. At a mass meet
ing of negroes last night, F. L. Bar
nett, negro, a former assistant state's
attorney, urged his hearers to be
ready to protect themselves against
any mistreatment. He said that a
short time might see scenes here
similar to those enacted in East St.
Louis a;id that Chicago negroes
should be prepared, to make a stand
for their safety anct rights.
The killing of Charles A. Maond'
aged saloon keeper, bv regroes in
the "black belt" on the'Southside
early today brought out police re
serves who took eight negro suspects
into custody. Later the police fired
at a crowd of negroes in an attempt
to stop a fight- One negro wrj
"Chief of Police Schuttler has
ordered a force of reserves held at
the 50th street station in the colored
section, to prevent any disorder to
day. FEDERAL INVESTIGATION
OF RECENT RIOTING
East St. Louis, 111., July 4. Fed
eral investigation of riots in which
thirty-seven persons were kijled, were
begun by Colonel George Hunter,
chief quartermaster of the central
division of the United States army.
The city is quiet today. A Fourth
of July" celebration was called off.
Saloons and theaters are closed.
BIT TWENTY SHIPS
WERE THE WEEKS TOLL
OF GERMAN SUBMARINES
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, July 4. The weekly
shipping summary issued today
shows that fifteen British mer
chantmen of more than 1,600 tons
were sunk and fire vessels of less
than that tonnage. , Eleven fish
ing vessels were also' lost.
Three Witnesses Testify
Will Blackwell Had Tried
to Employ Them to Help.
MONEY FOR ALIBI
Sixty Witnesses Sworn and
Case Looks Like Will Go
Through the Week. "
By Thomas Ewing Dabney.
Crestview, July ' 4 The state
sprung one expected and unexpected
sensation- in the Blackwell case to
day, when it put three witnesses on
the stand who swore that Will Black
well had for a year been trying to
get them to be his accomplices in
the very crime for which he later is
said to have secured his brother's assistance-
The unexpected sensation was furn
ished when the state called two wit
nesses, first summoned by the de
fense and then released, who swore
that Will Blackwel had only that day
tried to get them to bear false testf
mony. One of the men declared that
he had been offered money by the
prisoner to establish an alibi-
Crestview, July 4 With five chal
lenges left unyscd by both the de
fense and the state, and 122 of the
total venire of 136 examined, the
jury of twelve good and true men
was chosen to decide the guilt or in
nocence of Will and Bob Blackwell,
charged with the murder of M. M.
Davis and wife on March 21, last,
"the worst crime ever perpetrated
in Okaloosa county," said assistant
state attorney Stokes, in his prelim
inary charge to the jury
Four of the jury tentatively ac
cepted last nicht- were rhnllpntroH
three by-the 4eferse-nd m by-the-
swue. xney ar? hevnz JUaggett, K.
R. Fountain, F-, C- Gillis and'H. B
Harris. The finally accepted jury,
with the occupations and addresses
cf the men, is as follows:
J. A. Harrison, Laurel Hill, farmer.
N. D. Evans, Milligan, carpenter.
J. E- Pryor, Mary Esther, lumber
R. E- Shafner, Holt, farmer.
A. B. Gantt. naval stores-
A. W- Powell, Dorcas, farmer-
W. T..McLelland, Baker, farmer.
Denton Wilkinson. Baker, farmer.
J. M. Bafrow, Crestview, livery
J. O- Franklin,' Blackman, laborer.
W. D. Locke, Laurel Hill, farmer
D. H- McGowin, Laurel Hill,
Better Time Than Before.
Counting the four hours yesterday,
the jury was selected in six hours
and thirty-five minutes, or a slightly
less than the time consumed in se
lecting the first iurv. when ih rip.
J fense used up nineteen of its twentv
j cnauenges, ana tne state six of its
Fourteen more veniremen were to
day excused from service because of
preconceived opinion too strong to
be overcome by any evidence that
might be offered- Twenty-three
veniremen in all were Hisnunlifieri for
j this cause. That this preconception
.is against tne accused, is an open
j When the jury was finally accepted
j and sworn in, Judge Campbell de
clared a short recess. Court
again at ii oviock, and the witnesses
were sworn. Fifty-six for the prose
cution and ten for the defense.
Sensational revelations are prom
ised by the state, which declares it
will forge a chain of wirfpnee aSnnt
! the accused from which there can
be no escape. All attempts to prove
an alibi, it is stated, will be blasted
before they have fairly been started.
The principal witness for the state
is of course Mrs- EMza Atwell, who
it is understood, Wil V swear that Will
Blackwell confessed Q the murder by
him and his associaies, of the aged
Davis couple, and who it is further
more said, helped wash the burnt
cork off Will's face, with which he
(Continued on Page Two)
Flag Raising and Speeches
Feature Day at Mary Esther
Mary Esther, Fla., July 4. A de
lightful patriotic celebration of Inde
pendence Day was held here today,
arranged by Mrs. B. M. Starks, of
Louisville, Ky. The feature was the
raising of a large American flag by
Captain L. J. Smith, assisted by lit
tle Misses Josephine and Elizabeth
Starks, during the singing of "The
Star Spangled Banner." This was
followed by a salute of twenty-one
guns fired from a small cannon on
the yacht "Mc-Jo-El," by McClellan
Starks, Jr. Hon C. A. Lanier, of
Montgomery, Ala., was master of
The Fourth of July In
of Murder Trial
By Thomas Ewing Dabnev.
Crestview, July 4. Fourth of
July in Crestview!
A pleasant grove of oak trees,
bounded by two gray ribbon$ of
road, a white church building and
a dingy house. Benehes under
the trees; a refreshment tent with
mountains of soft drink bottles,
empty and full- A two-mule wag
on, once loaded with watermelons,
but now almost empty. Dozens of
automobiles parked under the
trees; people eating watermelon,
some sitting down, other walking
about, leaning over as they bury
their face inhe blushing dice,
to keep the juice off their clothes.
An occasional hog gathering in
the rinds the liquid scrunch
heard several hundred feet.
For this is a silent throng;
an austere gathering. What con
versation there is, is conducted in
whispers. No oratory, no celebra
tion of any kind.
The church building packed
strange spectacle on this hot day.
Men, women and children even
babies. And tlfb throng under
the cool trees shows plainly that
it wishes it was in the swelter
For this is the circuit court in
session; Okaloosa's court house
has not passed beyond the blue
print stage yet, and Judge Camp
boll secured the most suitable
building available, well knowSy
the intense interest that the trial
of Will and Bob Black veil,
charged with the murder of M.
M. Davis and wife, would create.
The dingy house, just twenty
five paces from the court, was
where Will Blackwell, one of the
accused, boarded for nine months,
his landlady, Mrs. Eliza Atwell,
whose "confession" it is thought'
will be enough to send the men to
jail. If he is hung it will be in
this same grove poetic justice
that expiation should be made
where the crime was conceived.
But they have made their decla
ration of innocence; their fight
for freedom begins on this Glori
Will they get liberty or death?
TO DEAD HERO
TAKES FORM OF
Connellsville, Ta., July 4 A bronze
statue of Colonel William Crawford,
pioneer citizen of Connellsville, who
was burned at the stake by the Dela
ware Indians near Sandusky, in 1782,
was unveiled here today with impres
sixe exercises. The statue, which was
designed by C. S. Kilpatrick, has been
erected on the lawn of the Carne;fie
library. The oration at the unveil
ing was delivered by Ir. George P.
Donehoo. secretary of the State His
Colonel Crawford was a native of
Virginia, and an intimate friend of
George Washington. After servirr
in the Pontiac war in 1763-4, he took
up his home in Connellsville- He was
an efficient officer in Dunmore's
campaign against the Indians and
served during the entire period of the
Revolution. One of the bravest of
frontiersmen, he often led parties
against the Indians, to whom, from
his success, he was particularly ob
noxious. In May, 1782, he reluctant
ly accepted the command of an expe
dition against the Delaware Indians.
He fell into an ambuscade, was taken
prisoner and tortured to death.
AT DRYDOCK SITE
I V-l, nn iV,a -fill for -, Rnio Drv.
II V! R VU IMC Xlll I V I Hi'. i ' ' - v
dock company is progressing rapidly
and the creosbted piling for the bulk
head have arrived and been placed
near the switch. The sand is thrown i
high above the water level, making
an immense area nearly as large as
te G. F. - A. fill, just a short dis
tance to the west of the larger fill.
An ordinance grar;"? the com
pany spur track privilege is pendi
before the city commissioners, and as
soon as it is passed on this important
detail will be commenced.
ceremonies- After the singing of
"America," addresses were made by
Hon. John S. Tilleyy of Montgomery,
Ala., whose theme was a re-united na
tion and its magnificent part in the
present -war, and Hon. Fred S. Ball,
of the same place, who spoke of
America's place in the development
of the human race and democracy.
A very pleasing feature was a reci
tation by Miss Bessie Prior, of this
place. Refreshments were served.
The pier was decorated with flags a ll
about one hundred citizens and guests
Passed Away at Hospital i
After Operations Had
Been Performed. i
Body is Said to Have Been
Caught in Machinery
Where He Worked.
Robert Burkhardt, who sustained
serious injuries while working at the
Newport Tar and Turpentine plant a
few days ago. died from the effects
of his injuries yesterday afternoon.
The funeral will take place at Gull
Point this afternoon at 3:"0 o'clock,
and the cortege will leave fche cit'
about one o'clock.
Mr- Burkhardt resided at 412 West
Government street, and was said to
have been employed for some tir.i
at the plant. Monday, it was repotted,
his body was badly cut and bruised
when he was caught in some of the
mahinery, and he was conveyed with
out loss of time to the hospital. His
injuries were of such a nature, how
ever, that, despite the skill employed,
he passed away, surrounded by a
number of relatives, who had been
summoned when it was seen that he
had little chance of surviving the ef
fects of an operation which was de
cided on as a last resort.
Attending the funeral this after
noon will be the members of Hickor;
Camp, No. 21, W. O. W.. of which
camp deceased was a member.
FOR 7 BLOCKS
FEDERAL OFFICERS OVERTAKE
MAN SUSPECTED OF FURNISH
ING LIQUOR TO MEN WHO
WERE IN UNIFORM.
Charged with delivering intoxicants
to soldiers in uniform, David Boe, an
enlisted man at Fort Barrancas, wa
arrested yesterday morning bv Unit"!
States Marshal Terkins and Deputv
Marshal G P. McMillan. Following
the arrest, the man escaped, and ran
several blocks before he fell into a
ditch and was caught.
This is the first case to be broueht
against a soldier for violation of the
art of May 18, prohibiting the saie or
7eliverintr of liquor to members of
the military forces of the United
States, while in uniform.
Wearing overalls and a loos' blous
over his uniform, the soldier, it is
stated, procured two jups of beer anTl
two flasks of whiskey from the Bir
mingham saloon, and went to an
abandoned shop at the corner of Bay
len and Main streets. Hire he was
met by several other soldiers in uni
form, to whom he started to dispense
the liquor, when the marshal and his
deputy arrived on the scene.
Boe was promptly arrested, but be
fore he was taken to jail he escaped,
and gave the officers a lively chase
before he could be again caught. In
an attempt to stop the fleeing prison
er, Deputy McMillan fired his pistol
several times, but failed to frighten
the soldier, who was stopped only
when he fell into a ditch.
He was later taken before United
States Commissioner Sullivan for pre
liminary hearing, and the case was
discharged. Boe was turned over to
tbe military authorities to be dealt
with as they see fit.
OF BRITISH NAVY LOST
London. July 4. An old-type c
British torpedo boat destroyer struck J
a mine and sunk m the North sea,
it is officially announced. There were
RUSSIA ANNOUNCES THE
CAPTURE OF NEARLY
20,000 GERMAN PRISONERS
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Petrograd, July 4 In the fight
ing of Sunday and Monday. 300
officers, 18,0C men, 29 guns and
33 machine, guns were capturef
)y the Russians, the war office
DAY OFF FO
General Holiday in Pensa
cola to Celebrate National
AMUSE THE PEOPLE
Usual Yacht Races Missed,
But Other Outings Were
Trnsacola took the d;iv off yester
day to celebrate the Glorious Fourth,
and though therp were no pu'nli.- dem
onstrations, succeeded well in amus
inc itself. London skies in tho morn
ine threatened the jo s of th day,
but it rained and cleared off into
crystal clear day. As soon as tha
clouds rolled back and the sun shone,
the crowds of holiday seekers throng
ed to the pleasure resorts to pend
tho Hay, as it was yet before noon,
al plenty of time to celehrate.
f A'ater sports help the public fancv,
all Palmetto Beach, Hayview Park
ar-1 Chicoway Inn had capacity
ciifwds. Jaikies and Sammies from
the navy and army help the civilian
populace enjoy itself. At Palmetto
Beach, in particular, did the servico
hoys cl-eer things up, staging a base
ball game and tug-of-war, greased
pole climbing, dancing and generally
ent lininc: themselves, and at the
san I time, everybody else.
hr parties, fishing parties we're
also if1 vojfue, seme leaving for the
firh grounds early in the mornine.
l:usi-.s was suspended Offices of
the nS. county and United States
were losed in observance of the day.
Many lf the stores closed for the en-
tire nay, hne none
The yacht races which have oeen
held here for several oars, on July
4th, were missed yesterday, a--, ki
interest is always taken in these
events. Instead of coming to this city
this year, the Southern Yacht Club,
at New Orleans, made its cruise tft
Biloxi, and held races there. Some
Pensacolians attended the meet and
the entire club was invited to take
For the convenience of the crowds,
the electric company operated special
schedules of cars, running every 22
minutes to Talmetto Beach, and addi
tional service to Bawiew.
TWO AUTOS FIGURES
IN DAY'S REPORTS
Two autos figured in the day's re
ports to the police station yesterday.
One man was slightlj hurt in tha
second one report"' at police head
quarters. S- W. West, who cave hi? home at
2-''00 North Tarragona street, because
of insecure brakes, it was stated, ran
into a street car at the intersection
of Wright am) Guillemarde streets,
damaging his car to some extent. No
one was hurt.
Jim Lusk, colored, complained that
a car with an aero station number,
dashed into a wagon on which he was
seated, at the corner of Coyle anf
Garden streets, throwing him to th
ground and breaking the w agon up to
some extent. Lusk was slightly hurt.
FOR FEDERAL JURY
Two fishermen, Frank Web'o and
Frank Kenny, were arrested yester
day afternoon by the United States
marshal charged with selling liquor
to members of the military forces of
the Ignited States while in uniform.
Both were immediately taken before
United States Commissioner Sullivan
for preliminary hearing, and Webb
was bound over to the grand jury.
The case against Kenny was con
tinued until this morning, when fur
ther evidence will be introduced.
THE LOCAL 'BLIMPS'
Pensacola again comes in for a
large share of advertising as a result
of, the tests with the DN-1, the navy's
first dirigible, which was. given tests
here several weeks ago. This time the
medium is Leslie's Weekly, which
gives its entire frontspiece to a photo
graph of the "blimp."
Recent publications which have
given space to photographs of the
balloon, and which consequently at
tracted much attention to the city, are
Aviation, Flying, the New York Times
as well as numerous other publications.