Newspaper Page Text
NEW SERIES-YOL. 2. NO. 9.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 9,' 1847.
WHOLE NO. 1137.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MOBNING BY
JOHN II. WRIGHT.
Ornci Tullmadge Buildiugs Third Floor
opposite J. &J.C.Mccrackeu' Store '
Tii For one year, task in advance, $2 00
AVithia the year 2 SO
After the expiration of the year 3 00
INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS.
Ten copies, to one address, eaih in ad
vance, .....$17 SO
Any larger number in the same proportion.
One square, one insertion, $0 SO
" " three insertions, 1 00
'Each conlinnance,.... 25
ty A liberal disconnt will ba mode to yearly
EyJOB WORK neatly and promptly executed.
Agents for (lie Lniicnstci GawMle.
JtiUirnport: E. Vanes ,Qrutld T; Waller McFer
JVVw Sulnu Dr. M D. Rrock, land Tlmiiuis Dtilrflcld
Plektriit"! A llrljht, Jr Piom" T. T.P Ailihrook
JcStrtf, Dsviit Jcnuing ' RusMllt; David Baker
Lithoptlii: lwis Hunvr Riukville; N. B Onul.ion
CoJ m thultr: Dr. Potter Br.mat llmry Anlihmijh
Itckmlli: Win P. Tranent Auburn Tl J. Hull. B. Black
Jlnidt: Nathan 1. Worrall T. Jmnw B. Prarre
Ji.aJi: J Clciwni. Jr .PnrnTuir-: l.el Friend
jmW 7. Wm. Ashhrook Mmliw T: I E Knanis
Ctrroll; William P. Breck Clwrcrtek; Col.W Hamilton
Basil: H.nr. t-eonnrd 0-anvilli: P. H Haiennan
. ililwnn; H. L Nicely Somtrtit; David Hewitt
V. B. Puma, Esq., General A pent for the Eastern Cities
The subscriber having returned from the Eastern
Cities, whither she had gone to receive the 8pring
fashions and purchase her Stock, can now
be found at bar new establishment over the Store
Room formerly occupied by Aiusworth & Willock
and just one door east of Reber it. Kutt .
. She tins on hand a beautiful assortment of Crape,
Pearl Braid and Palmetto Bonnets, Ribbons,
French flowers, all kinds of Bonnets and dress
Trimmings (latest styles) together with a great
varity of Fancy articles for Lad.os. She is pre
pared to mnke Dresses, Bonuets and trim the
same combining taste, beauty and fashion equal to
any eastern establishment.
Work promptly finisned and furnished at the
Lancaster, April 14, 1847. 49
FOR CASH AXD PRODUCE OXLY
Wholesale and Retail.
ANOTHER TREMENDOUS ARRIVAL OF
CANAL Bouts Inid aside and Railroads nsed for
bringing Quods to the
in the shortest time that any stock was ever deli
vered in the Stuto. The Greut Western patron
izes the lightning lines, buying Goods oftener,
receiving them quicker and selliiigaiier than all
Not only the Eastern Cities of the United States
have sent their share, but the whole World has
contributed its portion to make our stuck in every
respect what the citizens of Ohio wish HAND-
BOiVlt,, r ASHIUM AbLL nuu Lrih.Al .
JAMES C. MACCRACKEN' bavins conne-fled
himself with WORK GALBRAITH, under the
firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH, and
till owning part of one of the most extensive
wholesale Stores in New York and the largest
maiiulacttirine establishment in tlieUiiitetl Mules,
they are receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever
was brtmeht. even to the Great Western.
On the 10th of May the Store Room aud Street
were blockaded with our boxes.
Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has
inpplied ns with every variety of American man
ufactured DRY GOODS, fiiriiiahiiii us with Cloths,
which we are enabled to sell at least SO cents mi
the yard less thau auy other Meichutit can buy
Our Stock of CASSIMERES. SATTINETS,
TWEEDS and CALICOES cannot he be equalled.
either in pncn or tfyle.
The Steamships, Sarah Sands and Caledonia,
which brought the lust favorable account of con-
tinned good prices for Grain ami Flour, brought
for us, direct from Europe, hii iiiih-miiiUv large
tock of handsome fashionable DRESS GOODS
for the LADI'CS and for the GENTLEMEN
very variety of latest styles.
We have another very large stock of BROWN
MUSLINS and being of our own make, uotwith-
standing the advance in the price of those Goods
in the Eust, persons, who buy at the Great VVes
teru, say that muslins are cheap as ever, whilo
those that goto other stores will contend they
never were so htgu priced.
Our BLEACHSO MUSLINS, being also from
nur own nianiiliictorv. we can warrant their anal
ity. and our prices any one can see are the low.
est. Indeed, all who wish to buy goods made
in the United Slates will snou ascertain, that if
they wish to buy them cheap, they must go to
the Great Western.
We have ticking, at 124 cents I,er val'di l'int
is better than ever sold in Unto at IB.
Our STOCK OF CALICOES never wn . !arg
er and all entirely new styles, as all know that
Until we received this last stock, we hud scarce
lv a dress pattern in the house.
We have tiearly 5000 pieces, over 200 differ,
ent patterns, among them u beautiful rich Gin"
ham print, only 18 conts per yard a style of
Goods always Heretofore sola at n to vi J cents
The very handsomest Americau print at Man
nfacturer s prices, only 12J cents per yarn.
Fairfield Common Picas.
Emanuel Arnold, Administrator') PETITION
ol Jacob Mackltu, deceased. I TQ
Widow and Heirs of said dee'd. J CONVEY.
HE Defendants Mary Ami Macklm, Rebecca
Macklln. Jane Ann Macklin, Catharine Mack-
lin. Hurvey Mucklin and Benjamin Macklin, heirs-at-law.aud
legal representatives of Jacob Mack
lin, deceased, aud Ciithartue Mucklin, wiuow, oi
the County of Wood.in the Stateol Ohio, will take
notice, that a Petition was filed in the Clerk's Of
fice of the Court of Common Pleas of said Fairfield
ountv. on the 5th of June, 1847, settiug forth
that said deceased, in his life-time, entered into a
written contract with one Joseph Macklin, of said
Fairfield County, by which he agreed for the con
sideration of Three Hundred Dollars, to convey
to hfm the staid Joseph, by proper Deeds o! Con
veyance all his right, interest, &c, to one undivid
ed tenth part of One Hundred and Fifty-seven
Acres of Land, situate in said (airfield County,
and being the same Tract of Land of which De
watt Mackliu, late of said County, died seized.
That full payment of the purchase money has
Oeen made as proviueu Dy me lortns oi nm wm
ten contract but that the said Jacob failed in his
life-time to make the conveyance as agreed upun;
having departed this life before the executiou of
the same. The said Emanuel Arnold, as Admin
istrator, has filed his Petition, asking that he ntay
be authorized to complete said conveyance as
provided for by said written contract.
Said Petition will be heard at the September
Term of said Court of Common Pleas of Fairfield
Ccranty, and should said Defendants fail to plead,
au' wer or demur to the same, it will be taken as
cunfesscd against them.
EMANUEL ARNOLD, Admtor,
of the Eel ale of Jacob Mackltn, deceaied.
Creeds, Attorneyi for Petitioner.
June 11, 187 rJ.'Jpiw
SOME of the fittest specimens of Jewelry ever
brought to Lancaster, among which may be
found Camen l'ius. siit"le stone do. Bracelets,
Chains, Pencil cases. Finger rings, Earrings. Min
iature Cases, Hair Ornaments, Guard and rob
Keys, Gold and Silver Thimbles, &c. Cheap for
casliut uvir.o oii.uoir.iio.
Lancaster June 18. 1844. 5
In rairtfi Id Common ricas.
ELIZABETH WERTZ, ) PETITION
JOHN WERTZ. ) DIVORCE.
THE above limned Defendant will lake notice,
that the said Elizabeth WerU filed in the
Clerk's Office of the Court of Common Pleas ol
Fairfield County. Ohio, on the 27th day ul May,
A. D. 1817, her Petition, praying that the bands of
marriage betweeu herself and l he said John Wertz
may be dissolved, and assigned therefor the fol
lowing causes: First wilful absence for a period
of more than three years. Secottdly, gross neg
lect of duly.
Said Petition will come on tor neuritis ui uro
September Term of said Court. A. D. 1847.
Attorney for Petitioner
June 11, 1847 ' $3,50pf6w5
"l7.Uil ERT Y7
WILL attend promptly to all operations in
the line of his profession.
OFFICE Main Street, opposite the Tallmadge
Lancaster, Mjy 11, 1847, ly2
The handsomest blue and orange prints ever
The variety of our dress goods is unusually
large a very large stock of both English aud
Black, & white Scotch Ginghams, cheaper than
ever known in the West. Gingham Lawns aud
Muslin Ginghams, Madder colored Lawns, Rose
bud Sue., the very latest style. Monterey mid
Buena Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful
entirely uew. but 20 days from England. Best
Bombazines, Venitian Organdies, Striped Plaid
A very large stock of Ribbons, every variety
of style,all the latest importations, customers cau
and must wake un we sell them so cheap.
LADIES AND MISSES BONNETS Floreuce
brnid Butmets ut any m ice.
A splended assortment of Spring and Summer
Ladies French work Collars, unusually cheap
Gloves and milts, every variety and price.
Lyms Crnpes a beautiful and new style goods.
A very large stock of SUMMER SHAWLS till
beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Muuslin de Lain,
and twisted Silk Shawls, of first quality.
LADIE'S SLIPPERS aud Shoes of every kind,
black and Bronzo GAITERS. HALF GAITERS,
Bootees, &c., all purchased of tho manufacture.
Hosiery of every color and quality some as low as
10 cents a pair, wi-ite and black cotton.
PARASOLS Gingham and Silk Parasolets.
For theGentlemeu we have a of little everything,
German, French, Americau and west of England
Fancy Tweeds, Gainhroons, Linens, Nankeens
Cumberland plaids, Pasia Checks. Ringgold single
mill Cassameres aud many other varieties, Tor
Geutlemeit's summer pants fuuey cassiuieres,
black cassimeres. Our assortment of coatings
is unusually large. -
Crnton coatings, Eiminett do. Mazurka do.
Gold mixed Tweeds, all wool, very low, Amazon
Cloth. - ,
Silk warp Codingtons all beautiful.
Lasting cord, an entirely new article for gen
Tweeds from 25 cents per yard up.
Men's best calf boots meu's slippers and shoes
of every kind.
Vesttugsofany kind from 12iccntaper yord
nn. . .
Palm leaf Hats at lower prices than ever before
Were hrought to the West.
Leghorn huts equally cheflp.
Carnet Chain, colored and white. I
Coverlid Yarn best cotton yarn, long reel only,
Jnuigoot best qumuj.
Our stock of GROCERIES is unusually large
and were purchased, at New Orleans, nt the low
est prices- Our coffee is of the best quality Rice
always on hand.
We are determined that the Great Western
Vd the Goods sold by the Great Western shall
aneak for themselves. All we ask is that all, who
wish to buy Goods cheap for ready pay, will call
at our establishment, see our constantly changing
varieties aud ask Drices. '
We are always (he first to raise the price of
Grain aud the Inst to put it lower.
Any quaaty of CASH always on hand for Far
mer'i Produce, and Waggons unloaded at our
Ware-bouse without any worn ol tne t armer,
' Come, then, every body to the Great Western
MACCUAUKr.il UftBRAii n.
AND FOB SALE BY
AFRESH SUPPLY ol'SUGAR, MOLASSES,
RICE and COFFEE.
Also, a large Stock of the FINEST LEMONS
and ORANGUS, for side cheap by the Box.
A large and general assortment ol LltU(j3,UlL3
PAINTS and DYE-STUFFS.
CF"Call at tho OLD DRUG STORE.
Lancaster. May 7, 1847 3m52
LtucMter, May 14th, 1847,
Administrators of Thomas'!
McArthur. deceased. IN FAIRFIELD
The Widow and Heirs of COMMON PLEAS,
said deceased. J
BY virtue of an order ol sale to us directed at
the May Term, 1847, of the Court of Com
mon Pleas aforesaid, we will on
Saturdny the 10th day of July next,
before the Court House door in said county, ofter
at public vendue and out-cry, the following tracts
of Land situate in Fuirfield Comity, to-wit:
1st. Lot No. 4, and ball Section Nos. 40 and 4S,
Township No. lfi, Range 20, containing 88 Acres
being that purt of the Real Estate of William Mor
rison set apart to Otto Van Schroder, assignee of
Frederick vnu Scnrimer ana uuvia nis wite, aim
Juughter of said William Morrison, under pro-
V. .. .... .. .It., r. 11
ceeduigs ot partition in rratiKiin common rioas,
except 10 Acres oil' the South part of said Lot.
2tid. The North half of half Section No. 44. in
Township No. 16, and Range No. 20, being Lots
..f .i... i' ...... f tirni:... s.i..HK:.
iNUS. Li Ulltl 10, l HIP r.3MIW Ul 1IIIUMI fliwur
sou, set apart in the proceedings of partition afore
suid.to David Hielmaiiand Efizu L. his wife, con
taining 1(52 Acres, deducting however 60 Acres
tuketi otV the South side of said tract.
3rd The East half of the Northeast Quarter
of Section No. 3, iu Township No. 1, aud Range
,n. 90 containing 80 Acres.
- 4th. 75 Acres more or less, being from off the
South side of the Northwest Quarter of Section
No. 2. iuTownshio No. 15. and Range No. 20
5th. 3t Acres in the Southwest comer of the
Northwest Quarter of Section, Township & Range
last aforesasd, the two last tracts continuing 111
Acres and aubiect to an assiguineiit of dower iu
favor of the widowsdower therein, and the three
first free aud unincumbered uf any dower estate.
The above hinds will bectered upun the terms
lolluwiug. to-wit: One-third in hand one-third in
one year, and the residue in two years, with iu-
terest from the day ol sale, and to be sold at not
less than two-thirds the appraised value thereof.
The above lands were appraised as follows:
Tract No.l,contaiiiing78 Acres.appraised at $780
" " 2 "....ItK..." " 1.U2U
" 3 80..." .1.360
' 4 and S .... 1 1 1 subject to dower 1 ,500
JOHN T. McARTHUR,
Aim' tori of the Estate ofThomas Me Arthur, dec
June 4, 1847. pt 17 6w4
TWIHE firm of J. C. Maccraokea having dissol v.
JL ed, J. C. Maccracken associating himself
with Work Galbraith and John MaccracHen taK'
ins charge of the accounts and books of J. & J,
C. Maccracken and J. C. Maccracken, notice is
hereby given to all those indebted that immediate
payment must be matio.
All accounts unsettled and all notes unpaid on
the 15th day of June next will be left in the
bands of nrannr officers for collection.
' Juhn Maccracken will always be found at the
counting room of Maccracken & Cralbraith,
Lancaster May 10th 1847,
To the Whigs of Ohio.
Fellow Citizens Frm the relations
existing between us, we take the liberty
of addressing you, especially as the con
dition of affairs at the present time seems
to demand that we should take counsel
together. And in what we have to say,
we wish it to be clearly ana dutinaiy
understood that we are not assuming to
ourselves authority to speak for the par
ty to which we are attached, but it is rath
er to be regarded as the expression of
our own individual views; which the
Whigs are free to commend and adopt,
or condemn and reject as to them seem fit.
Itis a matte rofjustprtde.that our party
has al way s contended for princi pies; great
and fundamental principles; which we
believe to be intimately connected with
the welfare, prosperity and continuance
of our Government. And in this respect
the Whig party has not changed; our
principles are the same for which we con
tended in the last Presidential canvass;
we are still in favor of a 1 arm; we oppo e
a Sub-treasury; we deprecate the union of
the sword aud the purse in the hands of
one man; we would curb executive usur
pations and entrenchments; and we would
restrain the abuse of the veto power,
which enables the President to defeat the
expressed will of a majority of the rep
resentatives of the people.
We havo no sympathy with that selfish,
narrow-minded, short-sighted policy,
which, while with a profuse hand it lav
ishes millions upon the seaboard and has
literally dotted the Atlantic coast with
artificial harbors, breakwaters, and light
houses, can see nothing worthy of protea
tion and encouragement in our immense
inland commerce; carried on for thousands
of miles by means of our noble lakes and
rivers; on whose bosom floats annually
millions of property; on whoso waters are
exposed the lives of hundreds of thou
sands of our fellow-citizens.
The Whigs opposed the annexation of
Texas, and forewarned the country a
eainst the consequences. Their predic'
tions have been fulfilled and become a
part of our history. After the rejection
of the Texas treaty, it is well known by
what extraordinary and unusual means,
annexation was brought about; and with
what indecent baste the door of recon
ciliation was closed in the face of Mexico.
For the motives which actuated the ad-
vocatcs ot annexation, we oner me ioi-
owing explanation upon high locofoco
authority: Mr. Benton, in a speech de
livered atBourneville,Missouri,July 17th,
Disunion was a primary object of the
treat u; an intrigue for tub Presidency
was its secondary object: land speculation
andstockjobbtns were auxiliary ohjects;
and the four objects together brought it
forward at the time and in the manner in
which it enmc forward, just forty days be
fore the Baltimore Convention, and at the
exact moment to mix the Presidential
election and to make dissension, discord
and mischief between the North and the
War with its enormous expenses and
its ever attendant train of evil, is upon
us. as the natural and foreseen result of
annexation. What are to bo the final
consequences, is given to no man to know,
They are shrouded in the' impenetrable
future; but to us they seem to forebode
nothing but darkness, imminent danger,
and disaster to this Union.
The causes of this war, and the man
ner in which it was brought about, are
well known to every intelligent person
And while we yield to none in love of
country and a concern for its true glory
and honor, yet in view of all the facts, we
have no hesitation in saying that we be
lieve the war to have been unnecessary
and impolitic unnecessary, because in
this enlightened and christian ago, war
should be the last and ultimate resort of
nations, and only, after all means to avert
t have been tried in vain: because our
differences might, and ought to have been,
settled without it. It was unnecessary,
tor we had much to risk aud nothing to
gain by an appeal to arms.
Impolitic, because Mexico was a weak
and feeble power, struggling into nation
ality modeled after our own republican
nstitutious; and adding to the examples ot
man s capacity for self-government. We
are great and powerful, and could with
out any abatement of our dignity, or risk
of tarnishing the national honor, afford to
be generous and magnanimous; she was
our natural ally against the powers of En-
rope; and instead ot converting her into
an enemy, we should have retained her
as a friend. Wherein she was weak, we
should have strengthened and sustained
her; wherein wavering, encouraged and
confirmed; wherein ignorant, enlightened
and instructed her.
Tho war is impolitic, for our true poli
cy, upon which we have hitherto acted,
is to cultivate a gooa understanding ann
friendly relations with all nations. Be
cause in the appointments to office which
it renders necessary, it enlarges the pow
ers of executive patronage, already too
great, and now exercising controlling
and dangerous influence in out govern
ment; and in the hands of an ambitious
and unscrupulous man it may become a
most potent engine of corruption. The
war is impolitic on account ot tne great
debt it brines upon us, already amounting
to untold millions. For the great loss of
life it has occasioned and will occasion;
in the various forms of diseaso incident to
an unfriendly and pestilential climate
death has reaped a rich and abundant
harvest; and the blood of our gallant coun
try has been poured out like water, on
the barren sands and rocky wastes oi
It is fast making our people restless
amid the common avocations and peace
ful arts of industry, and rendering them
impatient of civil life; it tends to convert
us into a nation covetous of land greedy
for the ocquisitlon of territory lusting
for power and conquest thirsting after
military glory when all history teaches
us that wars are demoralizing and cor
opting to a nation, and have ever been
unfriendly and dangerous to republics.
Shall we suffer the teachings and war
nings of history to pass us unheeded byt
Rather let us act the part of wise men.
and profiting by the experience of the
past, so shape our own course as to avoid
the fatal errors which eventually blotted
out from the history of the earth the
names of nations.
It has been humiliating and mortifying
to listen to the different pretexts that
have been assigned as the causes of this
war, while the true ones has been sedu
lously kept out of sight; prominent among
which was the purpose of extending the
slave power. In view of the rapid and
alarming encroachments of the Executive
power, when we have seen whole pro
vinces of a foreign country virtually an
nexed to our Union by the mere proc-
uiiiaunns or military commanders, and
he will of One Man plunging us into a
war contrary to the wishes of the people;
is it not high time, Fellow Citizens, to
pause, consider and reflect Let us ask,
whither are we tending? wherefore do we
wage war? It may be answered to
'conquer a peace." Do we really want
peace! Then why not negotiate! Is
here no way to obtain peace but bvthe
force of arms! Must we drive to des
peration, and take away all means of re
sistance from our feeble adversary Do
we wage war tor tndemnityl Mexico
was unable to pay tho paltry debt she al
ready owed to us. Will she be the more
able after wo have forced her into an ex
pensive and destructive war! Have we
indeed become so mercenary, as to be
willing to barter the precious blood of our
countrymen for sordid gold!
1 or indemnity f yes, that indemnity to
be derived from desecrating the temples
aud robbing the altars ot religion. Infa
mous proposition unworthy ot a pro
Here this war to be just and proper is it
not eur duty as good citizens to main
tain it and yield it a hearty suyport! If,
en the other band, we believe it to be
wrong, and improper, let us say so, and
by all lawful and proper means endeav
or to bring it to a close. Let us speak
out like men--like Freemen, as we are.
You are not slaves, that ye should fear
to express your opinions and honest con
victions! Shall the people be afraid of
their rulers, the work of their own hands,
the agents to whom they have delegated
power which they can withdraw at pleas
ure! Let them speak out fearlessly and
unitedly, and they will be heard and
heeded. Their voice will be as omnipo
tent as was that which made the guilty
Felix tremble upon the judgment seat.
Be not detered by denunciations. It has
everbeen a trick of power, threugh the
medium of a venal and hirelingpw, to
slander and abuse, and attempt to render
odious those that are obnoxious to it. It
is thus that corrupt and fawning para
sites earn their right to the crumbs and
scraps that fall from their master's table.
A word on the subject of the Presi
dential candidates: Far be it from us to
debar any maa, even if we had the pow
er, from aspiring to the highest offices
within the gift of the people. Neither
would we make military success, howev
er signal, or military achievement how
ever brilliant, a test of qualification. And
while we condemn and reject no man, so
neither do we propose any mLn in con
nection with the Presidency. We are
pledged to no one we are committed to
no one. We do not think the present a
proper time to select a candidate. Let
us re-assert our principles, and declare
the policy upon which we intend to act
We can afford to wait; for the Whig par
ty is not so few in number or so poor in
talent, that it cannot, at the proper time.
fessedly christian people Advocating 1 furnish many well tried, true and gallant
ns we do for all men, freedom of opinion leaders, who will carry our banner on to
j .i .: -...i i t i . i
niiu iciigmus unciuuuii, buu regaruing .victory, ana ao ntmor to our principles,
ihem as the very corner stones of ourpo
lineal edifices, we abhor and loathe the
heathen andsacreligious spirit that would
lor one moment harbor the thought oren-
tertain the purpose of seizing and ap
propriating to secular uses the property
t any church. Jl we would confer the
benefits of our institutions on Mexico,
why leave this out of the catalogue! Is
Then abide the hour and the man.
In conclusion, we have a word" for the
ear of the conservative portion of those
who have stood politically opposed to us.
We charge that the causes which led
to the War with Mexico, were conceiv
ed for the purpose of advancing the slave
power, and for perpetuating human slave
ry in our country. The incipient steps
it because of the kind or form of religion which involved us in the War, were tak-
her people protessf (Jr is it because en by slave-holders; and the immediate
theirClergy.in common with theircitizens, I one -the ordering our gallant army to
presume to ueienu tneir altars and tire- tha Rio Grande, emanated from the one
sides! In the darkest hours of our strug- !man power, whilo the Representatives of
gie lor uineriy nna intiepenaenco, our ; the People were in Congress assembled,
Ministers of Religion were found encour-1 in whose hands alone the fathers of our
aging our fathers by their precept and ; Renublichsd entrusted the war making
example. On the battle field they ex- 'power. WeMesire to probe your pro-
horted the living to valor ond constancy; fessinn in all kindness and fidelity. la
they administered to the w ants of the this the democracy at whose shrine you
wounded, and comforted the dying, j delight to worship at whose altar you
Such conduct in them we called patriot-1 wjl continue to serve! Are you willing
ism; and we bless and venerate their : to add more slave territory to the Union,
names, remaps religious ireeuom en- iv hi nt resolution of (Jon?ressl Wou d
ters not into the creed of those who would
extend slavery at the expense of human
libertyl Let those answer who have
brought upon us this war.
it tend to the perpetuity of the Union!
Ourwholo population are advancing to
the same ultimate national destiny.
What shall that 'destiny be! Moment-
Are we fighting for conquest, and do otis question! The present tendency of
we wish to subjugate Mexico! To what of the government is to anarchy and dis
end! For what purpose! Do we pro-union! Bring it back to its pristine pur
pose to conquer, and then annex all Mexi- ity, and our course is onward and glon
col If so what position among our citi
zens is the mixed population of that coun
try to assume, when their territory shall
have been annexed to this Union! Are
all that are citizens there, to enjoy the
rights of citizenship herd Is it te be free
or slave territory! These are difficult
questions, involving pregnant consequen
ces. Who can answer them satisfactori
ly! We very much fear they are to be
come subjects ot discord, contention and
disunion between the States. God
OUS! JOHN A. LaAZELL,
John B. Thompson,
State Central Committee.
Whio State Committee Room, )
Columbus, June 18, 1847. )
Prom the Boston Courier.
RIacliiue for Turning Suit nary.
One f the roost remarkable inventions
of the age, is that of Mr. Thomas Blan
chard of Boston for turning Busts, in a
lathe. The art of turning cylinder, balls,
and anything of uniform circular form, in
the common lathe, has long been pursu
ed by ordinary turners, and is familiar to
everybody. But the idea of turning in a
lathe, articles deviating from circular
ferms. appears, at first blush, preposter
ous and absurd. And yet precisely such
a machine has been invented for turning
forms of various irregular shapes, such as
gun-barrels and gun-stocks, spokes for
wheels and shoe lasts, wig blocks, tackle
blocks, and last, not least in importance,
busts of the human head! Machines fur
all these purposes have been invented by
Mr. Blanchard, and one of the latter de
scription is now in full and successiul
operation in Bosten.
The process of casting busts in a mould
after a mpdel, has long been practiced,
and they may be produced ot lead, brass,
iron, bronze, or ony other rnaieaoie bud
etance, as readily as pewter spoons, or
bullets, may be cast in a mould. But the
idea of turning out busts from beautiful
marble, by machinery and steam power,
in anv Quantities and various izns. and
with the most perfect accuracy, after a
single model, is truly astonishing, and
would never have been dreamed of but
by a creative genius like that of Thomas
Blanchard. Imagine, gentle reader, a
steam eugine, in rapid motion, whirling
round, and turning out the human head
and face divine, with nese, chin, lips,
forehead, eyes, ears, neck, breast and
shoulders, of perfect proportion and accu
racy to nature! Imagine such an eccen
tric machine, and you will have some idea
of the wonderful stretch of invention
which conceived and contemplated such
Such a wonderful machine is now in
successful operation in Boston, and if any
patron of genius, or any inquiring mind,
or any person, will take the trouble to
search, he can see a bustoi uaniei w co
ster rapidly revolving in one end of a
lathe, and at he ether he will see fact
simile heads of 'the'great expounder, of
any desired sizes, turned out trem mar
ble. by machinery.
When one of these heads was present
ed to Mr. Webster, and he was inform
ed by what process it was produced, be
exclaimed, in astonishment, that it was
the 'most wonderful invention of the age.'
WH he mipht: for who can imagine such
a curious art! Description is out of the
question. He who doubts, or would un
derstand it, must see for himself.
1 have seen it, and there it is, open to
the inspection of any respectable inquir
er. Such an art was reserved foi the in
ventive genius of America, io the nine
Bust s of his honor Jud ge "Wood bury, of
the Supreme Court of the United States,
have also been turned from the same
lntni. and those who are familiar with the
fare of the learned Judge, can attest tne
accuracy of the likeness. What is equal
ly curious, busts and cameos may be
turned, after one and the same model, in-
in ImWnnnna of anv sizes, from a ColoS-
sal bust, to a miniature face suitable for a
Let us no w pass from the busts of these
distinguished men, to the unostentatious
gentleman, who was tho inventor of the
Thomas Blanchard was born in Sutton.
forbid ! but who can tell what time may blackberry syrup, a remedy for bowel
bring lortlil Ut ono thing we are very complaints:
Massachusetts, in 1783. He has been
iha invnntnr of many useful things, be-
Blackberrt Svrup. The following .;jes ,ne atn. for turning multiform ob
is the receipt for making the famous,- ... rr;. inventive renins was early
v. - . . .. r .i - . i
developed. At me age or mirwou, no
made, net only with rapidity, but of su
perior finish, uniformity, and value, to
those made by manual labor, and he se
cured a patent for the invention. This
remarkable improvement attracting the
attention ot tne government, he was en
gaged to put up one of his machines at
tne united btates Arsenal at Springfield,
Massachusetts, and afterwards another at
Harper's Ferry, Maryland.
When his apparatus was first started
at Springfield, the workmen came around
to witness the experiment. On its suc
cessful operation, one of the workmen re
marked to another, "this man has upset
our art." One of the gun-stock makers
said "that he could not upset him,
for the stranger could not turn a gun
stock." Blanchardsaid that 'he would try.'
Nothing daunted he set his wits at
work to invent the machine for turninir
so irregular a form as a gun-stock! Af
ter trying various experiments, and ap
proximating to his object, he finally suc
ceeded in making a hths to turn nutgun
stocks with accuracy and facility, by
steam power! ile secured a patent fur
the invention, and it is now in successful
operation at Springfield, and Harper's
Ferry, and it has literally "upset the art
of making gun-stocks by the slow process
of manual labor.
This curious machine was at once ap
plied to making shoe lasts.bat blocks,
tackle blocks, and all similar utensils;
and while it put an end to the tedioua
process o, making such articles by hand
laDor, it produced tar more perfect specimens.
In 1825, Mr. Elanchard applied his
mind to locomotive power, and construc
ted a steam carriage for common roads.
He exhibited his model in Washing
ton, in shape of a horse and carriage,
wtucn eiicuea nign commendations trom
Mr. Calhoun the Vice President of t).n
United States, and other distinguished
men. 11 was applicable to railroads.
would go forward and backward, and
turn corners. He applied it te the turn
outs, or "switches," now in common use.
He secured a patent as usual, and as ear
ly as 186 submitted his plans for a rail
read to the Legislature of Massachusetts,
and obtained the favorable report of a
committee of tbe house. His ideas, how
ever, being then generaly deemed vision
ary, his schemes proved abortive.
He next submitted his plans to the Le
gislature of New York, and applied for
a charter for a Railroad from Albany to
Schenectady. But Gov. Clinton was ao
much engrossed with his "Big Ditch" aa
to prevent any attention to such visiona
ry schemes as a railroad.
About tbe same time he invented an
improvement in steamboat machinery, to
enable boats of small draft to ascend the
rapids of rivers, and his plans is now in
general ise, for ascending rivers of nar
row, shallow, and rapid channels. Iiis
boat was the first to ascend the Connect
icut, from Hartford to Bellows Falls, to
the surprise of those on that river, who
bad never seen a steamboat.
Such are among the valuable inven
tions of Thomas Blanchards, a farmer's
sen, whose only means oi education wast
the common country schools, in a seclu
ded part of the country, at the close of
the last century. Like all other invent
ors and innovators, he had to contend a
gainst ignorance and prejudice. At the
very moment when he was on the eve ot
producing roost curious and useful inven
tions; he was ridiculed by upstarts as
crack-brained enthusiast. More fortun
ate, however than most inventors, his par
severance has been crowned with suc
cess, and he still lives to enjoy the rich
fruits of his genius and labors. ' '
certain the crisis demands wisdom and
At the adoption of the Federal consti
tution, it cannot be reasonably doubted,
'Two quarts of blackberry juice, add
half enounce each of powdered nutmeg,
cinnamon and alspice, and a quarter of an
ounce of powdered cloves. Boil these
that the framers of that instrument never together to get the strength of the spices,
believed or expected that slavery would and to preserve the berry juice. While
ever extend beyond the limits in which hot, add a pint of fourth proof French
they then placed it; but that it would hrandy and sweeten with loaf sugar,
gradually die out, under the benign in-.Give a child two teaspnonfull three times
fluence of our free institutions. And at a a day, and if the disorder is not checked
later period, when this vexed question .add to the quantity,
threatened danger to the Union, in a spir
it of reconciliation, further concessions
were made; and this subject it was fondly
hnpod forever put to rest. But again has
the slave power extended itself in the an
nexation of Texas; and so far as we can
judge, seeks still further to extend its
dominion by the acquisition of Mexican
territory or at least to make this dan
Corn Meal Cakes. Breakfast cakes
can be made in the following manner, as
good as Victoria will ever enjoy, from
Cincinnati Kilu Dried Corn Meal. Mix
two quarts Corn Meal at night, with wa
ter, and a little yeast and salt, just thin
enough to stir easy. In the morning stir
in three or four eggs, a little salaratus,
gerous subject subserve party purposes B"J a CUP of 80ur milk. 80 " to leave it
iu the election of a President. thl em,uSh 10 Pour out of a Pan: bake,
. , ., i i -...j mice uiiai teio Ul annum, uuu yuu win
Ami wlnln wn hnvn mibmittad to the ' ..' . ... ' r
compromise on the subject, and are still
willing to adhere to it, and while we en-
ontirely disclaim any disposition or de
sire to interfere where slavery exists,
this feeling must not be mistaken for in
difference. If one of the parties absolve
itself from the contract, surely it should
not be considered as binding on the other.
And in that case, this whole question of ex
tension or restriction inevitably becomes
an open one, xn every respect, we wish
to avoid this condition of things, as one
of danger and difficulty. We are oppos-
to acquisition and annexation ot territo
ry in any manner and under any pretence
whatever and as citizens of tree mates
tee will never consent to a further extension
of Slavery. If this exciting question is to
. . i .... i ! r . .
be thrown into tne political arena, u his
to be mingled in the next Presidential
contest; if it is to be forced upon us, we
will meet it like men. We are ready
We doubt not the patriotism of our
gallant countrymen who have taken up
arras. We commend the alacrity with
which they obeyed the demand of the go
vernment, and wo rejoice that our brave
volunteers have shown to the world that
American valor has not degenerated.
Nevertheless we shall hold this Admin
istration accountable for all the evils that
may grew eut ef this war; for it might
have been avoided, And now, if we be.
have light, rich, honey-comb cakes; and
with a good cup of coffee and sweet but
ter at breakfast, one finds with Hamlet,
"increase of appetite to grow with what
it feeds on."
fyThere is no complaint more har
assing than Asthma. The Newark
Daily Advertiser, a reliable paper, pled
ges himself te cure this distressing dis
ease with the following simple remedy:
"Take 1 oz. sulpher, 1 oz. cream-tarter,
1 oz. senna, Anz. annisseed, pulverise, and
thoroughly mix the same, and take one
teaspnonful in about two spoonfuls of
molasses on going to bed, or at such time
through the day as may best suit the pa
tient; the dose once a day may be in.
creased or diminished a little, as may
best suit the state of the bowels of the
ty The two men who came into our
office on Sunday and took away our pot,
are requested to return it, as we are out
and want to make some. Please attend
to this notice forthwith.-0'cmo'TVK
Soma what! Cincinnati Herald.
Some flap-doodle the stuff they feed
fools on Times.
We were not aware that the Editor ef
tho Times kept bachelor's hall, and board'
ed himself before. Herald.
You have got him, Mr. Herald.-Qwia
invented a machine for paring apples,
whirh nnerated well, and was much used
in the village where he then lived.
Hii naxt invention was tnat oi a ma
chine for making tacks. At the age of
fourteen he was employed by nis eiuer
brother with other boys, to manufacture
tacks. The mode for operation was,
after cutting thin plate of iron into mi
nute' particles, er points, of suitable size
for tacks, to take up each one separately
between the fingers, and hold it in ajvice
till a b bw was given by a hammer, ior
making a flat head. This tedious pro
cess of making tacks was tho only one
then known. After working all day long
it required much time to ascertain, by
actual counting, how many tacks were
made by each operative, to know how
much each had earned. After a day's
work, it was rather too much to go iuto
this cotriDutation, and Blanchard seon in
vented a machine to ascertain the num
ber with exactness. This consisted sim
nlv of a little wheel turning one cog eve
ry time the hammer finished alack, while
- i .i i
a small bell anuounceu eacn inousanu
But this counting apparatus was a mat
ter of mere temporary expediency, to
save time of counting at night, tne tacKs
made in the course of the day. ns won
conceived a plan for making tacks, in
any quantities, by machinery, aiioi
persevering for five or six years, about
1812, be produced a machine that would
make 500 tacksinaminute. Hehadonly
to place the iron in a hopper, and lacks
of more perfect shape and finish, of head
and ooint. were produced, than had ov
er before been made my manual labor.
Securing a patent, be sold the right for
Soon after he turned his attention to
making gun-barrels. It was at that time
an irksome process of manual labor, to
nroduce a common gun-barrel. Tbe art
of turning such an instrument, was then
unkown. Mr. Blanchard set his wits to
work to make a power machino to turn
out a whole barrel, from muzzle to breach.
It was an easy process to turn tbe muz-
ale end, but at the lower part, mo ma
chinery, by a selfacting change, was made
to accommodate itself adroitly, to oval and
octagonal parts of the breech, AH this
waa accompusnea who groow v...v -v
1 . i I ....... tints
steam power. uun-DsriPi wr-i
The Ynnkec Paddy.
We clip the following from an interes
ting and graphic letter to the Boston
Courier by a traveling correspondent in
Four miles this side of Windsor, we
left the main road, near the village of
Hartlan Four Corners, and stopped to
ee the operation of the famous "Yankee
Paddy," as it is called, or steam excava
tor, a machine which has been invented
to dig away the hills in order to make a
track for the railroad. It will not cut in
to the solid rock; but it cuts the hardest
earth, shovels up the gravel, and fills tho
carts which are prepared to carry away
the same. It is something on the princi
ple of the dredging machine, which is
employed to clean out our docks. It con
sists, in the first place, of a small engine
f course; then it has erected a large
crane, to which is slung their iron shovel.
The shovel is built in the shape of a coal
hod, capable of holding at one time a
cart load; this crane swings round on a
pivot, the shovel, at the same time being
lowered down to tho proper levei oi tne
road; when it is swung round into tho
richt position, and has touched bottom,
it begins again to ascend, but in an in
clined direction, digging into the hill side
and filling itself as it goes up, just as you
would scoop up coal with a hod; again it
swings round back again, until it arrives
at a position directly over a dirt cart,
placed upon the track, when the bottom
falls down upon a hinge, the contents
fall out, filling the car, and the bottom
closing up the whole, crane and shovel
r. . . .i I'M "l mi
swing again round to tne nui siuo. l uis
operation goes on for hour after hour,
without ceasing, except to wait for empty
carts to return from deposilingtheir loads.
The regularity, precision and steadiness
of the operation are inconceivable to one
who has.never seen the machine. One
of the party timed it 8nd found that the
whole process oi taxing ujj "" "
emptying it into the cart or car, averaged
twenty-three secondsl So much for hu
iy The Pulaski (Tenn.) Courier.says,
that a Mr. Keroheval, residing near that
place wss killed by bis son, a few dsys
since. The old man wanted some corn
from a crib, which tho son hsd locked and
refused to open, and when the father at.
tempted to force the lock tha son struck
bim a blow on tho head with a hatclist,
of which ha died.