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fUBUSUED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY
JOHN II. WRIGHT.
Officii Tallmadge Buildiugs Third Floor
Apposite J. Si J: C. Muccrackeu'i Store,
Tk rms .For one y ear, eaih in advance, 'i 00
Within the year '. 3 50
After the expiration of the year 3 00
INDUCEMENTS FOB CLUBS.
Tea copies, to ue address, cath in ad
vance, $17 &0
Any larger number in the same proportion.
, .'. ADVERTISING.
One square, oue insertion,... .(0 50
" three insertion I 00
Each coutiminiice, S3
If A liberal discount will be made to yearly
fjyjOB WORK uestly and promptly executed.
, Agents for (ho Lancaster Gazette.
MMirtptrf. E. Vanes Gnnteli T; Walter McPar
JV Saltm: Dr. M D. Brock' land Thomas l.itllcllelcl
PUktringlo: A. Hrlf .it, J r IPmmdI Ti T.P. Aihbronk
Jcferte: Davtd Jprnfng F.mt Ruikrille; David Baker
JMofolit: Lewis lluhmr W.iiuril(; N. B.C'outolon
Canal Wiathtrttr: Dr. Potter Bremn: Hwry c AnlibniiRli
Ltkvilli: Win. P.TennRHt Ijukum T; J. Hnll, B. Black
Jlwmim: Nathan J. Worrall Bern V: James II. IVarre
Itofullon: J.ricmenlt, Jr. Pnrr1'"": Levi Friend
jfmawta 7. Wm. Aslilirook Madim T- L E. Koonlr.
Cirrolt; William P. Ureck ICIearcrtek; Col.W. Hamilton
Haul: Henry Lconsrd GMtil: P. H. Haiernisa
Batiimirt; H. L Nicely Somerxl; David Hewitt
V. B. I'tLMica, Esq., General Afentfor the Eaatern Cities
FOR CASH AD PRODUCE OXLY
Wholesale and Retail.
ANOTHER TREMENDOUS ARRIVAL OK
CANAL Boats laid aside and Railroads used for
bringing Goods to the
in the shortest time that uny stork was ever deli
vered in the Stale. The Great Western patron
ize the lightning lines, bi.ying Goods oftener,
receiving litem quicker uiidscllingajer than all
Not only the Eastern Cities of the United States
have sent their share, but the whole World has
contributed its portion to make our stock in every
respect what the citizens of Ohio wish HAND
SOME, FASHIONABLE aud CHEAP.
JAMES C. M ACCRACKEN having connected
himself with WORK GALBRAITM, under the
firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH, and
till owning part of one of the most extensive
wholesale Stores in New York and the largest
manufacturing establishments in thcUiiited Stales,
they are receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever
was brought, even to the Great Western.
, On the 10th of May, the Store Room and Street
were blockaded with our boxes.
Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has
supplied us with every variety of American man
ufactured DRY GOODS, furnishing us with Cloths,
which we are enabled to sell at least SO cents on
the yard less than any other Merchant can buy
Our Stock of CASSIMERES, SATTINETS,
T W EEDS and C A LICOES cannot be be cquulled,
either in price i or style.
The Steamships, Saruh Sands and Caledonia,
which brought the liiRt favorable account of con
tinued good prices for Grain and Flour, brought
for us, direct from Europe, an unusually lurge
stock of handsome fashionable DUESS GOODS
for the LADIES and for the GENTLEMEN
every variety of latest styles.
We have another very large stock of BROWN
MUSLINS and being of our own make, notwith
standing the advance in the price of those Goods
in the East, persona, who buy nt the Greut Wes
tern, say that muslins are cheap as ever, while
thosotbat goto other stores will contend they
uover were so high priced.
Our BLEACHED MUSLINS, being also from
our own manufactory , we can wan-ant their nual
iiy , and our prices any one can see are the low
est. Indeed, all who wish to buy ennds made
in the United States will soou ascertain, that if
they wish to buy tlteui cheap, they must go to
lh Great Western.
We have ticking, at 121 ccll,a ror y"J 'hat
is better than ever sold in Ohio at I8.
i Our STOCK OF CALICOES never was larg
er and all entirely new styles, us all know that,
until wei received this Inst stock, we had scarce
ly a dross pattern in the hotiso. ,
Wo hove nearly 5000 pieces, over 200 differ
ent nattorus. among them a beautiful rich Ging.
ham print, only 18$ cents per yard a stylo of
Goods ulvvnys heretofore sold at 31 to '.71 cents.
The very Handsomest American print at man
iifacturei-'s nricca. onlv 12A cents tier yard.
' The handsomest blue and orange prints ever
Tbo variety of our dross goods is unusually
large a very large stock of both English und
Black, & white Scotch Ginghams, cheaper ihnti
ever known in the West. Gingham Lawns and
Muslin Ginghams, Madder colored Lawns, Rose
bud &c., the very latest style. Monterey and
Buenu Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful
entirely new, but 2(1 days from England. Best
Bombazines, Veuitiun Organdies, Striped I'lnid
' A very largo stock of Ribbons, every variety
of style,all the latest importations, customers cuu
and must wake up we sell them so cheap.
LADIES AND MISSES BONNETS Florence
braid Bonnets at any price.
A splended assortment of Spring and Summer
Ladies French work Collars, unusually choap
Gloves and milts, every variety aud price.
Lynrs Crapes u beautiful and new style goods.
A very large stock of SUMMER SHAWLS all
beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Monslin de Lain,
and twisted Silk Shawls, of first quality.
, I, A DIE'S SLirPERS and Shoes of'evcry kind.
Mack and Bronze GAITERS, HALF GAITERS,
Bootees. &c., ull purchased of the manufacturers,
Hosiery of evei-y color anil otmlity some us low as
10 rents a pair, white and diiick cotton.
PARA80LS Gintrhain and Silk Purosnlets.
For tlieGenllemeu we havoaof little everything.
German, ' reuch, American uud west ot f.iigmud
Fancy Tweeds, Gambroons, Linens, Nankeens
Cumberland plHida, Pasia Checks, Ringgold single
mill Cassameres and many other varieties, for
Gentlemen's summer punts fancy cassimeres,
black cassimeres. Our assortment of coatings
is unusually large.
Croton coatings, Ermiuett do. Mazurka do.
Gold mixed Tweeds, all wool, vory low, Amazon
Silk warp Codiugtous ull beautiful.
Lasting cord, an entirely new article for gen-
T weeds from 25 cents per yard up.
Men's best calf boots niou's 1 ippei s aud shoes
of every kind.
Vestingsofany kind from lii cents per yurd
Palm leal Hats at lower prices than ever before
went brought to the West. .
Leghorn hats equally cheap.
Carpet Chain, colored and white.
Coverlid Yarn best cotton yarn, long reel only,
Indigo of best quality. ,'
Our stock of GROCERIES is unusually lurge
and were purchased, at New Orlenns, at the low
est prices. Ourcoffee is of the best quality Rice
always oil hand.
We are determined that the Great Western
and the Goods sold by the Great Western shall
speuk for themselves. All we ask is that all, who
wish to buy Goods cheap for ready pay, will call
at onr establishment, see.our constantly changing
vnrtntina and aak OriceS.
. We are always the) first to raise the prica of
Gram ana tne last to pm inowor. "
Any qaonty of CASH always on hand for Far
mer'$ Produce, and Waggons unloaded at our
Ware house without any work of the Farmer,
Come, then, every body to the Great Western.
MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH.
Lancaster, May 14th, 1847. 1
2. NO. 10.
NEW ItOOitl AiD MEW GOODS.
MORE GOOD NWS,
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
HARDWARE CHEAPER THAW EVER.
Just received -and now. opening, in the East
Room or Mr. R. M. Ainsworth's Block or ro
sin the Tallmadok Housi, from Pittsburg,
Baltimore, Philadelphia aud New York, a larse
and general assortment of English, German and
HARDWARE AND CUTLERY.
Comprising in part the followiug articles:
English and German Door Locks. Mortice locks
and Latches, chest, Desk, Till and Padlocks
Latches and door handles, window springs asst.
Sash fastuingrs, assorted,
Socket and r irtner chisels, gouges Sc. spur bills
Ball Braces in setts, plain bits all sizes
Common and Screwed Spoke Shaves
Screw drivers, Compasses, Steel squares,
Slide Bevels, Mill saw, double cut and 3 square
files, Horse Rasps, Drawing Knives.
l uim uross wood Screws assorted
300 dozen Mahogany Knobs
Cut Tacks from 21 to 2 1 ounces
Sprigs from 1! to 2 inch.
Patent Brads, Clout Nails, Tenneut. Hand, pan
ncl, Pruning and Butcher's Saws
Iron, Bnttunnia, German Silver and Silver pla
ted Table, Tea and Basting spoons,
Dread Trays, Waiters, Iron and Solar LatnpB,
Iron uud Brass Candlesticks,
Looking Glasses uud Looking Gluss plates,
Super Rodger's Congress knives
1, 4, 3, and 4 Bladed doasst, Pruning knives
Razors assorted and Razor Strops; and a uener-
al und fine assortment of TABLE CUTLERY.
Buckles of ull mzcs. Ten ets und water Hooks,
Harness spots, Trace und Halter bulls -Brass,
Silveredand Jupunued Stirrups.
Cotton, Straining, Worsted and Bout webbings
Coach and Btigsy luce, tufts of all colors, plain
and figured gum cloth, Japanned Muslins, assort
ed colors Morocco. Boot do. Gout und Hog skins,
neiiung, mum, plain ttuu usured ussurtcd
l utein Leather uud Oil Cloth.
Broad axes, Adzes, Chancering knives, head
g du, Stave do, Crow cutters, HulluwiuK knives,
Shave tijis and Dress hoops assorted.
For the Farmers.
I have a general ussortment of Halter, Trace,
Log and Breast chains
30 dozen Grans Scythes,
18 do Corn do ' -
3 do Brush do
3 do Patent Grain Cradles
25 do Hay Rakes
Common and best steel Corn Hoes, with and
without handles, Goose neck do, socket shovels,
Lung Handle do, D. Handle do, Ames No. If, do,
Hay and 3 and 4 prong manure Forks
Also, Mill and Cross cut Saws, Steelyards,
Hatchets and Hammers, Adzes and Uraad Axes,
Iron Nails and Steel.
ITS Kogs Juuiutta Nuils
50 do Rapid Forge do
SO Tons Juuiutta Iron ,v
T O do Rapid Forge do
English Blister, American Blister, Shear, Ger
man unci Cast Steel
8-10 and t C-l 8 Window Glass, and a large
Leicester Machine Cards,
Together with a greut variety of other Hard
ware, ull of which I will positively sell as low for
CASH, as any other house, west of the mountains
can sell them. Cuino and see for yourselves
Lancaster, June, 4th 1847. 4tf
C A K I.
Or3 cod? QOacia OaoacBllsso
The subscriber having returned from the Eastern
Cities, whither she hud gone to receive the Spring
fashions and purchase her Stock, can now
be found at her new establishment over the Store
Room formerly occupied by Ainsworth & Willock
and just one door cust of Ruber & Kutz.
Shu has on hand a beautiful assortment of Crnpe,
Pearl Braid and Palmetto Bonnets, Ribbons,
French flowers, all kinds of Bonnets and dress
Trimmings (latest styles) together with a groat
varily of Fancy articles for Ladies. She is pre
pared to make Dresses, Bonnets und trim the
same combining taste, beauty und fashion equal to
any eastern establishment.
Work promptly Imisued and lurmshed at the
Lnncaster, April 14, 1847. . 4!
13ERS0NS wishing lo purchase a good Gold or
Silver Watch, as cheap as they can in the
Eastern cities; lire invited to examine the exten
sive assortment tor sale by
GATES & COSPKIC.
Tallmadge House, Lancaster, June 18, 1847.
A New arrival by express at
GATKS & OSrER'S.
June 18, 1847.
CJOME of the finest specimens of Jewelry ever
l3 brought to Lancaster, umuitg which may be
found -Cameo Pius, single stone do. Bracelets,
Chains, Pencil cases, Finger rings, Ear rings. Min
iature Cases, Hair Ornaments, Guard and Fob
Keys, G , Id uud Silver Thimbles, &n. Cheap for
cash at GATES & tOSl'ER'S
Lancaster June 18, 1844. 5
In Fairfield Common Pleas.
ELIZABETH WERTZ, ) PETITION
JOHN WERTZ. S DIVORCE.
ri E above immed Defendant will take notice,
J that the said Elizabeth Wertz filed in the
Clerk's Olfico of the Court of Common Pleas of
Fairfield County, Ohio, on the 27th day of May,
A. D. 1847, ber Petition, praying that the nanus ol
marriage between herself and the said John Wertz
mav be dissolved, and assigned therefor tho fol
lowing causes: First wilful absence for a period
ot more than three years. Secondly, gross nog-
ect nf duty.
Said Petition will come on for hearing at the
September Terinol said Lonrt. A. I). 1847.
JOHN M. CREED,
Attorney for Petitioner
June 11, 1817 3,50pf fiw5
AND FOR SALE BV
4 FRESH SUPPLY of SUGAR, MOLASSES
RICE and COFFEE
Also, a large Stock of the FINEST LEMONS
and ORANGES, for sale choap by the Box.
A lurge ana general assortment ol DRUGS, OILS
PAINTS and m fc-STUr rs.
ryCall at the OLD DRUG STORE.
Lancaster, May 7, 1847 . 3m52
rsTVIE firm of J. C. Muccrucken havincdissolv.
JL ed,.I. C. Maccracken associating himself
with Work Gulurailll and Jonn Maccracken tak
ine charge of the accounts and books of J. & J
C. Maccracken and J. C Maccracken, notice is
hereby given tu all those iudobtod that immediate
payment must be made.
All accounts unsettled and all notes unpaid on
the 15th day of June next will be loft in the
hands of m-oner officers for collection.
John Maccracken will always be found at the
counting room of Maccracken & Galbraith,
. J. C. MACCRACKEN,
. ; . ' J. MACCRACKEN.
Lancaster May 10th 1847.
I'ei'Boiial Appearance or General
One of the returned volunteers who
fought underGeneral Taylor at Monterey,
has furnished a leaf of Lis diary, descri
bing the personal appearance and man
ners of the groat hero, as follow:
The hero of Buenu Vista, around
whose military brow so many chaplets of
fame have been thrown, presents in liia
persona appearance many of those stri
king stamps of nature, which mark the
gentleman and the officer. Of on aver
age medium height, being about five feet,
nine inches, he inclines to a heaviness; of
frame and general well developed mus
cular outline with some tendency to cor
pulency; ofsquaro build, he now inclines
to stoop: and from the great equestrian
exercise the nature of his life has led
him necessorily to undergo, his interior
extremities are somewhat bowed. His
expansive chest shews him capable of
undergoing that vast fatigtio through
which he has passed amid the hammocks
and savannahs of Florida, and toe still
more recent fields of Mexico. His face
is expressive of great determination -yet
still so 3ofiened by the kindlier feel
ings of the soul, as to render the perfect
stranger prepossessed in his behalf. His
head is lurge, well developed in the inte-
rior regions, and covered with a moder
ate quantity of hair, now tinged by the
coloring pencil of time which lie wears
parted on ono side, and brushed down, j spirit as his wife, the gentleman flings a
His eyebrows are heavy, and extend over water goblet at the French clock on the
the optic orbit; are grey, full of fire, and mantle-piece, overturns his wife on the
expressive when his mentul powers ore .floor, and darts the chair in which she
called into play, yet reposing as if in was sitting through tho window into the
pleasant quiet, when inordinary. His .s'.rcet then tosses tho mirror which hung
nose is straight neither paitakinc of the,"1 l''e room after it. Having finished
true Grecian nor Roman order; his lips
thin, the upper firm, and the lower slight-1
ly projecting, ihe outline ot his face
is oval, the skin wrinkled, and deeply em-
l .1L.. .1.- - i ' .
u "3 UB md"y iro'icai suns to,
wtitcl. lie has been exposed H.s man-
er left his company, without fueling that
he had been mingling 'with a gentleman
oftheti ueoldentiir.es. He at times an-
..v,...v..lumvluiiuul gnu uu uuo cv
pears in deep meditation, und isthon not'! "f the law admitted his right to destroy
always accessible. In his military disci- jU property, but denied the lawfulness
pline he isTirm and expects alloidors e- of his doing it in the street; and for that
manaling from his office to be rigidly en- offence they took him off to the station
forced and observed treating his men houso, whore we lost sight of him, and
not as helots or slaves, but exercising j emain in profound ignorance of tbe wind
only that command which is necessary '"g UP of the comedy.
for tho good of the whole. To the young-
er officers under him, he is peculiarly len-
ient often treating their little faults
more with a father's forgiveness, than
with tiie judgment of a ruler. In his
genera: toilet no does not imitate the
beau B.'ummels, and band-box dandies
of the present fashionable epoch, but ap-
(lureia ins persun in unison wuu ins age,
and has no great predilection for the uni-
lonn. xn mis, however, he is iv r.o
means peculiar, for a majority of our reg-
ular military gentlemen seldom appear
ii their externals on duty; and the sta-
tions to which Gen. Taylor has been as-
signed.have been in the warm and sun-
nv South, rainier nn-1 ishnavv Uisr lmli
undress coat, disagreeable to the nlivsi-
cal feelings. I have generally seen him
in a pair of gray trowsers, n dark vest,
and either a brown or speckled frock coat,
reaching lowcrthan would suit the starch
ed ank prim bucks of modern civilization.
He wears a long black silk neck hand
kerchief, the knot not looking as if ho
by our boatmen, and a pa
mon soldier shoes, not much polished
The New Oilcans Picayuno gives the
following as on excuse of a votor for do
ing more than his duty at a recent elec
tion in that city:
"All along a wantms to do what was
right sir" whimpered the prisoner, awa
kening to a souse of his moral turpitude.
"I'm a victim to conscience.sir. I always
want to uo wtiui s rignt. i went in me
morn in' and voted one ticket cause I seed
that it was tho reg'lar it must bo right.
had be on torturing' himself to nrrono-o it
before a full length mirror; he sometimes I'?. Pn8e t ,s.l' toanyplant,
wears a white hat, resembling in shape ye""S. from "8 luscious t.nd numerous
used by our boatmen, and a pair of com- "" tar.es, an obundance of .ho best and
n.. ,i i it "J iviii.ua aim in uiuiuo vviiciu uiu
Pretty soon somebody asked mo had 1 1 . .,, t ,i .... r ,i i n:
A,, . . , i cultivation of other vegetables was melli
voted, and when I told him I had, ho ask- -i.i- l .. r . :
ed me how, and when I told him tho
reg'lar ticket and what names was on it,
he told me the country was ruinod; that
I d put a rope around every poor man s
neck and d rawed the slippery noose tight;
that I'd twitched the last morsel of food
out of the orphan's mouth and betrayed
the unhappy widows; checked tho cur
rent of the Mississi ppi; abolished the in
spection of steamboat bilers; and that the
gen'ral bursting up of all the steambouts
on the river, with an unaccountable loss
of life, would only be the overture of a
dissolution and general burs tin' up of the
"What a deplorable picture," said tlie
"Yes, sir," said the prisoner sorrow
fully, "and when I heard that, I went
right off, and took to drinkin' and think
in', and finally come to the conclusion
that if I'd voted wrong I'd balance the
matter by heaving in a ticket on the other
side. The responsibility was too great.
I couldn't stand up and have every man,
woman and child in the Stato pint thoir
fingers ot me an soy, "there goes the man
that destroyed the' Union."
The unhappy victim of conscience was
too much overpowered to proceed furth
er. The Recorder motioned to the offi
cers, and he wos removed for future ex
tyCol. Benton declines being a can
didate for tho Presidency. He should
have remembered the little song:
Will you mai-ry me my pretty maidf
Yes if you please, sir, she said, sir she said,
What is your fortune, my pretty maid?
My face u my fortune, sir aha said, sir sha said.
Then I'll not marry you, my pretty maid,
Nobody asked you, tir ike laid, rir the said!
Mr. Benton might have waited for an
invitation beforasubmitting hisunwilling
ness to serve the country at the White
House. Pittshurg Gaz:ttt.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 10, 1817.
A Comedy In Kent Life.
The residents in the Sixth avenue,
New York, were on Wednesday treated
to a very effective comedy by a couple of
ameteur performers, who went through
iheir parts so well that iis generally be
lieved they have had considerable prac
tice iu the same line.. The main inci
dents of the piece were as follows:
A gentleman went homo to his dinner,
and suffered a trifling loss from a fall in
stocks, was disposed to make up for it by
venting bis disappointment upon the un
offending member of his family. This is
a very old practice among married gen
tlemen, and wives ought by this time to
be used to it; as lobsters are to being boil
ed alive. But the wife of this gentle
man didn't exactly understand her mis
sion; and when he remurked that there
was too much pepper in the pot-pie, and
that the dinner generally was not fit for
a hog, she replied that if she had known
it was to bo eaten by a hog she would
have made it fit for him. This of course
led to a spirited reply; and the lady, at
last, forgetting tlio humility so becoming
in a wife, jumped up in a passion and
dashed her plato on the floor.
"Oho!' exclaimed the husband, "if you
are going to play that game I will be up
with you!" So he seized a tureen and
and smashed it against the crimson sofa.
The lady, not to be out dono. upsets the
. table, and so smashes all the crockery at
""o blow, and then dates her husband to
go on. J o show that he was as full of
tbo work of destruction inside, he rushed
into the street and began to demolish tho
cnair ana the remains ot the mirror.
While engaged in this work, a body of
M T .. ...I." l. 1 1 r i
"o.iau ueei. stni lor, maun
,ineir appearance. and took the sp.ti.e,
,b-" "" -"""uy. muii:u
. ''is l ight to destroy his own property, and
remonstrated with the M. P's on their
i impertinent interference The officers
I..- . 1 1 t
A' I'ora the turbulent and unhappy con-
.duct of this piece, we see the wisdom of
tlie old dramatists in ending their come
dies with a marriace, instead of beein
ig with thoir dramatic personage in that
Newly Discovered irscs of tlie Sun
flower. Those most experienced in the culti
vation of this plant are sanguine that.
V .! ! I "... ..
f"I'r so., anu proper cu.t.vai.on,
. -r- ,.
, .8...Uo ... ..
P'ni, aim combine me nuai.-
l'les for "' of the best olive o.l; for
- t I rxt fllia I .nut Mn.M . . 1 . n .
" --o.,.., .u..,ui. a
smoliU.; T' f'"7"".''."'.,t 18 sa,d.by Pain
ters who have used it, to bo superior to lin
seed, and-it Is more rapid in drying, o
qtially easy in spreading, and without
forming a much denser coat. Prepared
and eaton as artichokes, the young cups
ot tins plant are very esculent and pleas
ing lo tho palate; and the stocks are on
excellent substitute for hemp or flax, and
most paintauio honey, a writer in one
of our agricultural exchanges, says that,
:...i i ..t.:
nn nuiiuuiu sun, vviin nri'iiui cultivation, i
it will yield on an average, from eighty
tn mi i..i...lin,i Lnd, -u r co,l m ii.o
acre. From five to seven quarts of oil
are calculated on per bushel. If thisis
not over estimating its productiveness,
and it can be raised us cheaply as wheat
or Indian corn, ordinarily considered the
most expensive crops cultivated the Sun-
wor must be a very prolitablo produc
tion. We have, heretofore, cultivated it
on a small scalo, usually in vacant spots,
l .t. r. j :.. t .... ,i.
it corroborates the above assertions. We
find that the green leaves are very excel
lent fodder For cows, especially when
they feed in our pastures gets low in sea
sons oF scarcity and drought. Wegener-
ally commence plucking them in July,
taking tho lower leaves first, and feeding
them out at night, or, if the scarcity of
feed is great, in the morning before
turning them from their ytinls. We have
sometimes given them corn toppings and
the leaves of the sunflower at the same
time, and have found that the luttoi ate in
variably preferred. The seed of lliesun-
flower is a most desirable food for poultry,
its highly oleagenous nature wholly su
perseding the necessity of animal food.
An Old Soi.dikr. Tho old veteran
noticed in the folJowing paragraph from
the Cincinnati Commericial, is probably
the oldest revolutionary soldier in the
country, and may almost be termed the
"Thore is now living one-half milo a
bovo the toll-gate, Fulton, an old revolu
tionary soldier named Benjamin Vests.
He was born in Baltimore county, Mary
land, in 173G, and is therefore 111 years
old. He was tn the battles of Yorktown,
Paoli, Brandywino, and several others.
He was present at tho taking of Corn
wallas. At Yorktown he was wounded
in the hip by a shell. 1 his wound is
now troublesome, otherwise the old vete
ran's health is good. He con see to read,
and walks out daily. He is active ex
ceedingly so for a man of his advanced
A Noble Whig Sentiment. "In the
dark and troubled night that is upon us,
there is no Star above the horizon to give
us a gleam of lignt, excepting the Intel
ligent, patriotic Whig party of the United
States. 'Uamcl Webster,
A Keniucklun nt Court.
There is something very refreshing in
tho following account of an atlJrrtt made
by Gen. Combs, of Ky., to Mr. Secretary
Mercy. We find it in tho Washington
correspondence of the Baltimore Partriot.
"Gen. Leslie Combs, now in this city,
had a Ijdain and rapid talk to-day with
Mr. Secretary Marcy, which the latter
will be apt to remember! Gen. Combs
called at the Department and sent in hie
name to the Secretary. He was asked
to step into the presence, and did so. Gov.
Marcy bowed, and remained seated!
His visitor said he was Gen. Leslie Combs
of Kentucky, and had come to have a
a lew words of plain conversation with
the Secretary of War. "Sir," said ho,
"I am not the Antediluvian that tho gov
ernment seems to have imagined by its
treatment ot me. Although my hair is
profuse and neither gray nor dyed, 1 have
seen some service in my country. I was
out in tho last war as well as yourself. I
have come to tell you, sir, that too many
lives, lives of valuable young men many
Kentuckians, as worthy youf sons as
mint) have been unnecessarily lost in
this war with Mexico, and too much ex
pense has been unnecessarily incurred!
.Sir, the troops that have gone from Ken
tucky desired mo to go with them, to
watch over, guard and protect them, ond
to be like a lather in my care for thoir
health, comfoit and happiness. I would
have gone with them -I wished to go,
and 1 would have taken care of thern
twenty-tiino days out of thirty, and the
thinieih, when the battle came on, they
would have taken care of themselves!
But, sir, your system of selections and ap
pointments passed over the heads of men
of my experience, and settled down up
on your Tom Marshall), Joe Lanes Sf Gut
I'dlutrs! It is for this, sir that disgrace-
f , gcene8 occ..r ,iU etl A, ,rin f
oftll Im,iana an(, Arkns 00
. . lin flf ,. Vlo IP.l.- ,.(T.
I " ... v- u inilti 11 sllO I'll!
cers had ue-n of tlie right stamp, the
troops, composed of good men, would
never have disgraced themselves and
their States! Sir, your whole system is
wrong! Your political doctors and quacks
sent out there are for the most part, ut
ter nuisances, killing a vast sight more
than th ey cure! Your whole commiss
ariat and quartermaster's department are
totally wrong. The fat pork and salt
beef you send out for the troops to eat
are not the articles they ought to have in
that climate. Piovidence provides for
the people of every clime that is best for
them to eat. Rice and othor kind of light
food should be furnished our troops in
Mexico, and not those heavy, murderous
provisions sent there! And then there
are your untutored horses for your dra
goons, too, with their little fat saddles
at the first onset of the lancers of the en
emy, they shy, tho fat saddle slips from
its place, the rider cannot with hissnafle
bit control his horse, and away the com
mand breaks! Sir, it is all wrong! I
tell you so, plainly. I shall so tell Mr.
Polk, if I can get a chance to talk with
him upon the subject, 1 have addressed
a letter to him, in which 1 inform him that
if he will assent to my proposition, I will
jIl,rms" wuu a sovereign panacea tor
i llie gtieriilla watlare which the Mexicans
are putting into execution.
"The General ceased talking, and the
Secretary confessed he had been furnish
ed with ideas that ho had not before
"This evening Gen. Combs was ut the
White House. If Gen. Santa Anna
thinks Mr. Polk's friendship will go that
far, he is mistaken. Gen. Taylor never
! surreiuicrs so mny it bo sam
i never resip-ns!'
1 "Mr. Polk
I ?';"-C: 8(loms ,0 h"a feU l,,e insP'-
,auono1 11,8 oe.
Samuel Smallwood.Esq., adistinguish-
ed "Democrat" of Washington, N. C.
having proclaimed his purpose to vote for
Mr. K. b. Donnell, the Wing candidate
for Congress in that District has been
warmly assailed by the Locofoco pa pel
published in Newborn. FromMr.Small-
wood s reply to one of those assaults we
make this extract:
"Ixlid say that I would vote for Mr.
Donnell, I say so now; and shall not fail
my word. Mv reasons are briefly these:
I know Mr. D. to bo 'honest, capable
and faithful;' and I believe that the admin
istration of tlie country in the hands of
Mr. Polk, has become so corrupt, that un
less men are elected to Congress who
will endeavor to bring the Government
back to its ancient purity, there will spee
dily be an end to our boasted liberty; and
1 am pleased that in this view 1 am sus
tained by such Democrats as Senators
Calhoun and Butler, of S. Carolina, Yu
le e and Westcott, of Florida, and tho
Hon.W. H.Haywood, late Senator from
N. Carolina, ond by a host of honest
Democrats throughout tlie country, as the
late elections show most conclusively.
"Would to God there were more such
statesmen aud patriots in the Democrat
party as Mr. Calhoun, and a less number
of small men, liko folk, elevated to high
stations. Then tlie country would not
be now suffering under this terrible
scourge of war, aud Democracy would be
disgraced with no such motto on its ban
ner, as 'to the victors belong the spoils.'
1 voted it is true, tor Mr. Polk, but I deep
ly regret it ond I solemnly believe that
mue-tenilis ot those who voted as I did,
regret it too."
Cave Johnson's Calibre. A writer
in the Baltimore Patriot says that Cave
Johnson's only comprehension and ap
preciation of the progress of the age and
the great principle of progress, seems to
be manifested in his desire to reduce a
four horse to a two-horse coach, a two
horse coach to a one-horse buggy, a one
horse buggy to a saddle-horse, and a saddle-horse
to a mule, or to a man on foot,
aud barefooted at that!
Hie Fret-idem In .Miifoucliui!
The orrangementsforthe reception of
ihe President in the city of Boiton, as
previously announced, were all carripd
into effect on the afternoon of the 29th
ult., excepting that the display of the
Public Schools was somewhat interrupted
by the rain, which fell intesantly for sev
eral hours. The entire line of march
was accompanied by a smart shower of
rain, which nretly thoroughly drenched
the military and those not protected in
Mayor Quincy, on receiving the Pres
dent, addressed him thus:
Mh. President: In behalf of the citi
zens of Boston, I welcome the Chief Mag
istrate of the Union to the metropolis of
Massachusetts. 1 welcome you as offi
cially the representative of those whose
fathers stood by ours in the days of the
Kevolution, ond of the twenty millions
who now with us constitute this (Treat
Confederacy. I welcome you as a states
man, to an acquaintance with the men
and to an exarninatioo of the institutions
of New England; to an acquaintance with
men whose industry, intelligence, and
enterprise have clothed this barren soil
with plenty, and made it the iode of
art and science, of virtue and religion; to
an examination nf our institutions, par
ticularly of our free schools, ihe jmciiliar
institutions of our land, by which, with
the blessing of Heaven, we hope to con
tinuo a race of intelligent freemen, who
will understand, maintain and transmit
the liberties and virtues of their fathers
to me end ol time. We receive you as
we have received your predecessors in
office, and ask that you will grant to us,
as they did. the honor of considering you
tho guest of the city, din ing your stay a
To which address thePresident replied:
Mr. Mwor: For this manifestation of
welcome from the capital of New Eng
land, I feel the most- ardent sensation of
gratitude. In the history of my country
I have read of your free institutions of
learning your common schools and it
is with no ordinary feelings of pleasuie
that 1 pay my first visit to this "real city,
the ground which these noble institutions
have hallowed as peculiarly their own.
With you, sir, I agree that upon the in
telligence and virtue of the people de
pends the perpetuity nt the free institu
tions under which we live; and I hope
that during my short sojourn among you I
may become personally acquainted with
many of those excellent men who have
made your city so celebrated for its be
nevolence and liberality.
Arrived at his quarters, the President
was waited upon by Gov. Briggs, who
having been formally introduced to the
President, addressed him as follows, in
behalf of the Commonwealth:
Mr. President: In the name of the cit
izens of Massachusetts, I tender to you,
hs Chief Magistrate of the United States,
their respects, and bid you welcome to
the hopitalities of the Commonwealth.
I should be happy, sir, if vour official
duties would allow you the time, to go
with you tboroughout our btate ond show
you our people ond their institutions as
they are. I should be pleased to have
you go among our farmers upon the moun
tains and in the valleys, and upon the dis
tant cape, that you might see the difficul
ties they have had to encounter in culti
vating o hard, unyielding soil, when that
soil is compared in fertility and product
iveness with the rich bottom lands and
wide prairies of your own great West; to
go into the shops of our mechanics, the
factories of our manufacturers, the stores
of our merchants, ond the marts of com
merce, upon the docks of our seaports,
and upon the decks of our merchant ves
sels ond well equipped whale ships; to
show you our colleges, academics-, and
seminaries of learning, and go into our
district schools, the cherished objects of
tho people of the Commonwealth from
the earliest settlement; and to visit with
you thu temples of religion erected in ev
ery village and neighborhood. I know,
sir, you would be pleased to witness the
varied and persevering industry ot our
liut, sir, while the citizens ot Massa
chusetts are engaged with untiring per
severance in those avocations by which
they hope to promote their prosperity
and happiness, they remember that they
belong to that great family of states, over
whose destiny you now preside by the
suffrages of a people. To this Union
our people, individually and es a state,
acknowledge their obligations, and they
intend faithfully and always to fulfil those
obligations. That Union, under a gen
eral government, conducted according to
the provisions of the glorious constitu
tion established by the wise patriots of a
past generation, steadily progressing in
the principles of liberty, civilization and
Christianity, they trust in Heaven will
be perpetual. We shall ever'reioice to
see your administration contribute to that
mportunt and desirable end.
The President replied to the Govern
or substantially to the following effect,
but somewhat more at length, sir: In
receiving from you,' the chief magistrate
of this commonwealth, the welcome with
which you hove honored me, I am sensi
ble that your purpose is to recognise a
groat principle. I foe! that it is the office
which 1 hold that you wish to honor, and
while vou honor it through me, I reel that
I am but the humble representative of
the people for the tune being, and that
though thus honored, it is only as their ac
countable servant. I hoar with doop
satisfaction of the prosperity of the peo
ple whom you represent I should be
most happy to extend my visit through
out your commonweolth; to visit your
common schools, your academies and
higher seminaries of education, to visit
your workshops, your manufactories; to
visit your agricultural districts, and wit
ness the prosperous lshprs of your -husbandmen
All tnis would give me pleas
ure, but it would be incompatible with
my public duties. In a fe w days I must
return to the seat of our common govern
WHOLE NO. 1138.
Your allusion to the Union meet m
hearty response. There is an altar at
which we may all worship. However
much we may differ about local or tern.
porary questions of policy, on the que
tion of the Union we are united. We 0id
greed to preserve it. We recognise the
u nion, in all our public acts. We recog
nise it now and hero. In this imposing
welcome, which you have extended to
me, I tee that the whole Union is butie
ceiving honor from one of the states which
form the Union,
This is a common sin, yet, by many, it
is deemed a great virtue. Neutrality to
the Government, is neutrality to the In
stitutions of the Govarnment. Tho man
who is not of a party, is not a ti ifc citi
zen oF the country, He is indifferent to
the laws oFthe land to the law making
power to tne very foundation stone
which gives security to public liberty.
It is not uncharitable, as a general prin
ciple, to suspect every neutral man; For
the proper Feeling For the welFare of
government or people, there can be no
neutrality. In the State there is always
enough to arouse the most languid From
his inertia. New questions are agitated
old ones advocated principles orthodox
and principles heterodox are discussed.
There are new reforms, new inovalions,
ne creeds, new men, new pursuits,
new objects ever floating before the
pablic mind. Mofally and socially,
there is enough to keep the thinking man
vigilant and the active man busy. We
dislike all neutrals, and none more than
the political neutial. Give us an open
enemy or a worm friend one who is for
unoor(against us on honest man, whom
wo can read at sight ond trust at pleas
ure. Such a man, of" any party, is a jew
el as a friend, a citizen and a patriot.
He will never be a neutral, and never
be faithless to hi party or to his country.
Kingston fiY. Y.J Journal,
A Siux. The Fincastle (Va.) Valley
Whig says, the eye of the traveller is
greeted, as he passes through Giles, Co.,
with two ljaiitifiil flags, floating in the
air. some 60 or 100 feet high, handsome
ly lettered in honor of Gen. Taylor, his
officers and men. All the people of tlrat
county, without regard to party, says the
Whig, go for old Rough and Ready as
Beai:ties op Electing Jcpces. It
appears in Iowa, a Judge Williams had
been elected by the people in order to
settle a question of land title, in which
the voters were interested. When bo
came to sit on the case under oath, bis
conscience or new knowledge of the law
induced him to decide against his pre
viously conceived opinions.
A Goon Joke. A correspondent of
the Trenton Gazette states that, on the
arrival of the President at Philadelphia,
the "supes" of the Arch-st. Theatre, not
wishing to be outdone by tlieir neighbors,
threw to the breeze one of the famous
flags of 1844, with the following inscrip
tion in the tallest kind of letters, Polk,
Dallas, Shunk and the Tariff of '42;"
whereupon arose a shout which would
have done honor to the unterrified of that
eventful year. So matters stood for a
bout an hour, when some of the older
boys suggested an improvement by cut'
ting off the Tariff, thus making, unwit
tingly, more of the history of Mr. Polk's
intrigue for office and of his Administra
tion, than either the young or the old boys,
Trom the Hio Plate.
A Montevideo letter of 7th May says
The French steamer Cassini arrived
here on the night of the 5th. from Tou
lon, via Bahaia, with the French Minis
ter, the Count Valesky, who with Lord
nowden, is to settle the river La Plato
questions; he landed on the Cth, and held
a conference wiih the Baron Deffandis,
to whom he handed two letters one
from his majesty, Louis Phillippe; the
other from Mons. Guizot, informing him
that ins mission to the river had termina
ated. We learn that the Baron will embark
on board of ono of the vessels of war in
a few days. Admiral Lane is relieved
by Commodore Fredour cVCapt.Divesso.
DeHendis and Karne depart tori' ranee
very soon together.
The Cassiini left the Ratler steamer
with Lord Honden at Buhia on the 26th
tilt, to follow in 48 heurs, and as she has
not made her appeoraiico here it is pos
sible she has passed on to Buenos Ayres.
J lie proposals to be offered General
Rosas for the settlement of existing diffi
culties are said to be based upon the or-,
rongement entered into by Mr. Hood,
viz: the blockade to be raised Forthwith
a general omistice --the Argentine troops
to be withdrawn From this Prov'nce.
All Foreigners to lay do- i.neir arms.
The Independence oF the Oriental Re
public to be guarantied, and lastly aa un
trammelled and Free election For Presi
ident. Rumor says that the English and
French Government will not consont lo
the election oF either Riveri or Oribe,
as they ore considered the common distur
bers. Accounts From Montevideo to 9th May,
by the A ft on at Phildelpbia, are publish
ed in the North American. They rep-
respent that hostilities still continue be
tween the Banda Oriental and Buenos
Ayrean governments. The English aud
I rench fleet, consisting of eight or ten
vessels, enforced the blockade, and were
at anchor in the outer Roads.
The minister appointed by ihe French
Government to arrange the difficulties
between the belligeienujarrived ot Mon
tevideo on the 5th May, and left for Bue
nos Ayres. A French Commodore has
also arrived.and took charge of the squad-
t The country, owing to the protracted
hostilities, is represented as being In a
deplorable couditioo; business complete
ly paralized, and murders were of dafly
occuratice In the streets of Montevideo,
: I !