Newspaper Page Text
1'UULISHED EVEKY FRIDAY MORNING BY
JOHN II. WRIGHT.
Octet Tallmadge Buildings Third Floor
opposite J. & J. C. Muccrackeu's Store.
Thumb. For one year, easiiit advance, 3 UO
Within the year 2 SO
.After the expiration of the year, 3 UO
INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS.
Ten copies, to one address, caih iu ad
vance,.... (17 SO
Any lurgor imiiiber in the same proportion.
One square, one insertion, . . . $0 SO
" " three insertions 1 00
Each continuance,.... 25
rS"A liberal discount will be made to yearly
tyjOB WORK neatly and promptly executed.
Agents Tor the Lancaster Ua.ctfc.
Mlltrtport: E. Vance Or ten fir Id T; Walter McFar
JVc Salem: Dr. M 1). Rrock laud Tlionms l.illleneld
ricktriiifton: A. Bright, Jr Pleasant T; T. P. Aslitironk
Jcfftrton: David Jmining Kast ktuhoillr; David llukrr
iMhopolii: Lewis Hulwr IY.HuthmUf; N. B. Collision
Canal rVinekttter: Dr. Potter Bremen: Beory It Anhluiiiuli
Ltcliville: Wiii. P. TeimcHt U4uin 7'; J. Hall. I). Black
Amanda: Nathan J. Worrull litem T: James K. Prarre
Kutaltuii: J. riemeiiti, Jr. VPtrra Turn: Levi Friend
Amanita 7. Win. Aslilironk 'Muditt T: I. K. Koontx
Carroll; William F. Ilreck 'Clearereek; Col.W. Hamilton
Batil: Henry Leonard QrantUU: P. K. Ilaijerinatl
JBatiinor; If. L Nicely 'Somenel; David Hewitt
V. H Palmier, Esq., General Agent fur Hie Eiulirii Cities
FOR CASH A.D PRODUCE 0 X L Y
Wholesale and Retail.
ANOTHER TREMENDOUS ARRIVAL OK
ANAL Bouts laid aside and Railroads used for
bringing Goods to the
in the shortest time that any stock was ever deli
vered iu the State. The Great Western patron
izes the lightning lines, buying Goods oftener,
receiving them quicker aud selling ,rr tliau all
Not only the Eastern Cities of the United States
have sent their shui e, but the whole World has
contributed its portion to make our stock iu every
respect what the citizens of Ohio wish HAND
SOME, FASHIONABLE and CI1EA1'.
JAMES C. MACCRACKEN having connected
himself with WORK GAI.BRAITII, under the
firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH, mid
still owning part of one of the most extensive
wholesale Stores iu New York and the largest
manufacturing establishments in theUuited States,
they nre receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever
was brought, even to the Great Western.
On the 10th of May, the Store Room and Street
were blockaded with our boxes.
Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has
supplied us with every variety of American man
ufactured DRY GOODS, furnishing us with Cloths,
which we are enabled to sell at least 50 cents on
the yard less than any other Merchant can buy
Our vStock of CASSIMERES, SATTINETS,
TWEEDS and CALICOES cannot be be euuulled,
ither in prices or ttyle.
The Steamships, Surah Sands aud Caledonia,
which brought the laBt favorable account of con
tinued goodprices for Grain and Flour, brought
for ns, direct from Europe, an unusually large
stock of handsome fashionable DRESS GOODS
lor the LADIES and for the GENTLEMEN
every variety of latest styles.
We have another very large stock of BROWN
MUSLINS aud being of our own make, notwith
standing the advance in the price of those Goods
iu the East, persons, who buy at the Great Wes
tern, say that muslins nre cheap as ever, while
those that goto other stores will contend they
Hover were so high priced.
Our BLEACHED MUSLINS, being also from
our own munufuctory, we can warrant their qual
ity , and our prices uuy one can see are the low
est. Indeed, all who wish to buy goods made
in the United States will soon ascertain, that if
they wish to buy them cheap, they must go to
the Great Western.
We have ticking, nt 121 cents per yard, that
is belter than ever sold iu Ohio ut 18.
Our STOCK OF CALICOES uever was larg
er nid all entirely new styles, as alt know that,
until we received this lust stock, we bad scarce
ly a dress pattern in the house.
We have uoarly 5000 pieces, ovor 200 differ
ent patterns, among them a beautiful rich Giug
hum print, only 18 cents per yard a stylo of
Goods ulwuys heretofore sold at 31 to 271 cents.
1 he vary handsomest American print nt Muu-
unK'turor's nriccs. onlv 12A emits ner viml.
The handsomest blue aud orange prims ever
The variety of our dress eoods is unusually
largo a very lurge stock of both English and
Black, & white Scotch Ginghams, cheaper than
over known in the West. Gingham Lawns and
Muslin Giughuuis, Madder colored Lawns, Rose
bud &c., the very latest stylo. Monterey and
litiena Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful
entirely now, but 26 days from England. Best
Bombazines, Venitinn Organdies, Striped 1'luid
A very large stock of Ribbons, every variety
of style,all the latest importations, customers can
and must wake up we sell them so cheap.
LADIES AND MISSES BONNETS Florence
braid Bonnets at any price.
A spleuded assortment of Spring and Summer
Ladies French work Collars, unusually cheap
Gloves and milU. every variety and price.
Lyias Crapes a beautiful and new style goods.
A very large stock of SUMMER SHAWLS ull
beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Motisliu do Lain,
uud twistod Silk Shawls, of first quality.
LA DIE'S SLI1TKRS and Shoes of overy kind,
black and Bronze GAITERS, HALF GAITERS,
Buotees, &c., all purchased of the iiiaiiufacturers,
Hosiery of every color nnd quality some us low as
10 cents a pair, white uud black cotton.
TARASOLS Giiighutnand Silk l'urusolets.
For theGeutlemeu we have a of little everything,
German, French, Americau uud west of Englnnd
Fancy Tweeds, Gambroons, Linens, Nankeens
Cumberland plaids, Pasiu Checks, Ringgold single
mill Cassutnures and many other varieties, for
Gentlemen's, summer pants fancy enssimeros,
bluck ciiHsiineres. Our assortment of coatings
is unusually large.
Croton coatings, Eriniiiett. do. Mazurka do.
Gold mixed Tweeds, ull wool, very low, Amuzon
Silk warp Codiugtons ull beautiful.
Lusting cord, an entirely new article for gen
Tweeds ft urn 25 ceuU per yard up. , .
Men's bet calf boots men's slippers and shoes
of every kind.
V eatings of any kind from 12 J cents per yard
Palm loal'Hats at lower prices than ever before
were brought to the W est.
Leghorn hats equally cheap.
Carpet Chain, colored and white.
Coverlid Yarn best cotton yarn, long reel only,
Indigo of best quality.
Our stock of GROCERIES is unusually large
and were purchased, at New Orleans, at the low
est prices- Our coffee is of the best quality Rice
always on hand.
We are determined that the Great Western
and the Goods sold by the Great Westorn shall
speak for themselves. All we ask is that all, who
wish to buy Goods cheap for ready pay, will call
at our establishment, see our constantly changing
varieties and ask prices.
We are always the first to raise the price of
Grain and the last to put it lower.
Any qtianty of CASH always on hand for far
mer's Product, and Waggons unloaded at our
Ware-house without any work of the Farmer,
Come, then, every body to the Great Western.
MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH.
Lancaster, May 14th, 1847. 1
2. NO. 12.
M0IIE GOOD NEWS,
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
HARDWARE CHEAPER THAN EVER.
Just received and now opening, in the East
Room of Mil. R. M. Aikswouth's Block oppo
sitk the Tallmadgk House, from l'ittsburg,
Baltimore, Philadelphia uud New York, a large
aud general assortment uf English, Gurmuu aud
IIAItDWAItE AND CUTLERY.
Comprising iu part the following articles:
English and German Duor Locks. Mortice locks
uud Latches, chest, Desk, Till mid Padlocks
Latches and door handles, window springs asst.
Sash fastuings, assorted,
Socket aud Firmer chisels, gouges & spur bills
Ball Braces iu setts, plain hits all sizes
Common aud Screwed Spoke Shaves
Screw drivers, Compasses, Steel squares,
Slide Bevels, Mill saw, double cut aud 3 sunare
files, Horse Rusps, Drawing Knives,
1 OOO dross wood Screws assorted
300 dozen Mahogany Knobs
Cut Tucks from 21 tu 21 ounces
Sprigs from 11 to 2 inch,
Patent Brads, Clout Nails, Teiiueut. Iluud, Dan
nel, Pruning and Butcher's Saws
Iron, Brittuiiiiiu, German Silver and Silver pla
ted Table, Tea and Basting spuuus,
IS rend I rays, Waiters, Iron uud Solar Lumps,
Iron und Brass Candlesticks,
Looking Glasses aud Looking Gluss plates,
Super Rodger's Congress knives
1, If, ft, and 4 Blndeil donsst, Pruning knives
Razors assorted and Itazor Strops; mid gener
al uud line assortment ol TABLE CUTLERY.
Buckles of ull sizes, Turrets und water Honks,
Harness spots. Truce and Halter bolts
Brass, Silveroduiid Jiipunned Stirrups.
Cotton, SliuiuiiiL', Worsted and Boot webbings
Coach and Bossy luce, tufts of nil colors, nluin
ami figured gum cloth, Japanned Muslins, assort
ed colors Morocco. Boot do, Gont uud Hog skins,
Seating, l'lusli, plum and ligured ussorted
l atent Leuttier aud Ull Cloth.
Br.ind axes, Ad.cs, Cuanipcriiis knives, head
ing do, Stave do, Crow cutters, Hollowing kuives,
Sliuvo tips and Dress hoops assorted.
For the Farmers.
I have n general assortment of Halter. Trace.
Log and Breast chains
30 dozen Grass Scythes,
12 do Corn do
3 do Brush do
3 do Patent Grain Cradles
25 do Huy Kukcs
Common and best steel Corn lines, with ami
without handles, Gooseneck do, socket shovels,
Long Handle do, D. Handle do, Ames No. 2, do,
Hay uud 3 and 4 prong manure Forks
Also, Mill and Cross out Saws, Steelyards,
Hatchets und Hummers, Adzes and Broad Axes,
Iron Nails and Steel.
ITS Kegs .Tiiiiintla Nails
5 O do Rapid Forge do
20 Tons Juniatut Iron
10 do Rapid Forge do
English Blister. American Blister. Shear. Ger
man and Cast Steel
8-10 und 10-12 Window Glass, and a lureo
Leicester Machine Cards,
Together with a great variety of other Hard
ware, ull of which I will positively sell as low for
CASH, as any other house, west of the mountains
cuu sell them. Come and see for yourselves
Lancaster, June, 4th 1847. 4tf
C A It 19.
IS3 CD CP fcOacs E2a31l&C33a
The subscriber having returned from the Eastern
Cities, whither she hud gone to receive the Spring
fashions and purchase her Stuck, can now
be found at her new establishment over the Store
Room formerly occupied by Aiusworth At Willock
and just one door east of Reber & Kutz.
She lias on hand a beautiful assortment ol Crape,
Pearl Hraid uud Palmetto Bonnets, Ribbons,
French flowers, all kinds of Bonnets and dress
Trimmings (lutcst styles) together wilh u great
vnrity of Fancy articles for Ludies. She is pre
pared to make Dresses, Ronuets and trim the
same combining taste, beauty and fashiou equal to
any eastern establishment.
Work promptly hiitsned and hiruishod at the
Lancaster, April 14, 1847. 49
PERSONS wishing to puichnso a good Gold or
Silver Watch, as cheap as they cuu in the
Eostorn cities; are invited to oxuuiiue the exten
sive assortment for sale by
GATES & COSPER.
Tullmnilgo House, Lancaster, June 18, 13 17.
A New arrival by express nt
GATES &, OSPER'S.
Juno Ifl, 1847.
SOME of the finest specimens of Jewelry ever
brought to l,niu uster, among which may be
found Cameo Pins, single stone do. Bracelets,
Chains, Pencil cases, Finger rings, Earrings. Min
ititure Cases, lluir Ornaments, Guurd aud Fob
Keys, Gold aud Silver Thimbles, &c. Cheap fiir
cashut GATES & COSPER'S.
Lancaster Juno 18, 1844. 5
AND FOR RALE BY
AFRESH SUPPLY of SUGAR, MOLASSES,
RICE and COFFEE.
Alsn.n large Stock of the FINEST LEMONS
aud ORANGES, for sule cheap by the Box.
A large and general assortment of DRUGS, OILS
PAINTS und DYE-STUFFS.
l1"Call at the OLD DRUG STORE.
Lancaster. May 7, 1847 3m52
HMHE firm of J. C. Maccruckeu having dissolv
H ed, J. C. Maccracken associating himself
with Work Galhraith and John Maccruckeu tak
ing charge of the accounts and hooks of J. & J.
C. Maccracken and J. C. Maccracken, notice is
hereby given to all those indebted that iuimodiute
payment must bo made.
All accounts unsettled and all notes unpaid on
the 15th day nf June next will be left in the
hands of proper officers for collection.
John Maccracken will alwuys be found at the
counting room of Maccracken & Galbmith,
J. C, MACCRACKEN,
Lancaster May 10th 1847.
VF all kinds cheaper than ever at
GATES & COSPER'S.
June 18, 1847.
rpABLE, Desert and Tea Spoons, Salt, Mus
M. turd and Cream do. Butter Knives &c. also
the Real German Silver Table & Tea Spoons,
For sale by GATES & COSPER.
June 18, 1847.
Looking Glass Plates.
GATES & COSPER, (in the Tallmadge House)
are prepared to furnish Looking Glass Plates
of all sizes, from 8 by 10 inches to 15 by 26 inches,
at very low pricci,
Lancaster, June 25 1847. 7
From thi New York Mercury,
A Short 1'iucnt Sermon.
My text is as follows:
There is a voice which haunts mo still,
Where'ere on earth I be
in luuely vale, on lofty hill,
And on the distant stt
I hear it in the silent night,
Aud at the break of morn;
And. aye it crieth dark or light
Man was not made to mourn!
My heat ers what do you suppose this
still small voice is, that haunts mo wher
ever I go except it be through some
mud-holes of misery of Gotham'f Why,
it's nature whispering with a calm smile
upon her phiz, that man was not made to
mourn, notwithstanding the Bard of
Ploughshare's sentiments on the subject.
No, brethren, man was made to lauali.
love, enjoy himself, and dig potatoes, to
the glory of his Creator. Yet how many
lazy, mildewed mortals there are, who sit
down in the shade of melancholy to
mourn over misfortunes of their own
breeding! There they sit. and sit. and
sit, looking at all that is bl ight and lovely
wiina yellow ana jaundiced vision,
nursing despair and determined on be
ing forever miserable and as for enticing
them into habits of industry, with the
promise of a happy compensation, you
might as soon think of getting abarrol of
old cider l work by placing a dollar at
the bung hole. Mourn they must
mourn they will; and this too in a country
liko ours? where there is so much el
bow room for ambition where all a man
lias to do is take courage and a shovel and
dig his way to wealth and honor and
where, by iho aid of faith and a few Irish
men, such almighty big mountains can
bo moved! Oli! it is a sin and a shame
that man should mourn, where there is
nothing under tlio curtain of heaven to
prevont his laughing, singing, dancing,
and being as merry as a cricket in the
My friends all naturo has proclaimed
that nothing was made to mourn. The
bright-faced sun the calm silvery moon,
and the glittering stars all sins: top-eth
er of this grand truth in one unceasing
song, and echoing earth answers to their
sweet strains. If the world were inten
ded for a house of mourning every flow
er would be painted black every bird
would be born a crow or a black bird
every body would be born a negro the
ocean would be a vast inkpot a black
veil would be drawn over the face of
heaven and an everlasting string of
crape hung around the borders of crea
tion. When I look ab.-oad and soe how
bright and cheerful is the general aspect of
things how Earth exults in her joyous
springtime how glorious in the prido of
her summerhood and how camly, smil
ingly beautiful in her autumnal decay I
am bound to the conclusion, that nothing
upon God's green-cushioned footstool
was ever intended to mourn. It is natur
al for us sometimes to indulge in dull,
mush-and-milky meditation, and to en
courage cold aud blood-curdling fancies
or listen fearfully to the tread of some
harbinger of evil, whose footsteps fall
with a rustling sound among our seared
flowers of hope, like those of the angel of
Death among the trost-ladeu leaves ot
November; but I do assert, from the
nether extremity of my heart, that man
was no more.made to go prowling through
the world, than a canary bird was cre
ated to sing at a Methodist mooting.
My dear friends it is 'man's inhuman
ity to man,' and raun's inhumanity to him
self, that causes so much mourning. The
dreadful carnage of war causes thousands
to mourn the loss of sires, sons, relatives
aud friends, who immolate themselves
upon their country's altar, but whose val
ient lives are worth more than all the
mines of Mexico. Millions groan under
the iron hands of oppression; and as
many more under the incubus of laziness,
who moan and sigh to think that dollars
don't roll at their feet and that the sun of
prosperity won't shine in their den of
sluggishness. Let war be avoided as
far as possible palsied be the oppress
or's arm and flea besieged be be, I say,
who is too lazy to move whon he finds a
nest of young mice in his hair, and spiders
weaving their wobs over his shirt bosom.
I tell you again, my brethren; you were
nover made to stand still and moan, like
a mountain pine in the hollow midnight
wind. You were intended to go ahead
and keep stirring, like a busy barkeeper;
to be jolly, gay and lively always in as
good spirits as a fly in a bottle of old Ja
maica: to laugh at care, snap your fingers
at sorrow; and to whistle when beset by
the myarids of petty ills that so constant
ly are seeking to annoy mankind. So
mote it be! Dow, Jr.
Wonderful iTIutlieinaticai Genius.
Mr. P. M Deshong, of Lancaster Co.
Pa. has demonstrated to us his abiltityto
solve almost every species of arithmetical
problem in the shortest conceivable space
of time At his request we sat down
five long columns of figures, out of his
sight, to which he appended the sum the
instant they were submitted to him, as
rapidly as the figures could be written.
He added a column of fifteen vulgar frac
tions of different denominations, with the
same rapidity and apparent ease. He
put underneath a single column of figures,
so long as to preclude the responsibility
of his reading them during the time occu
pied, their sum at sight. He multiplied
five figures by five, sotting the product bo
low instantly in a single line. In the
same way he divided any number of fig
ures into a greater, and commenced wri
ting the result by setting down the re
mainder. Mr. Deshong has approached so near
solving the quadrature of the circle, that
after he had arrived at the 628th figure,
the decimal left was only 1. Archimedes
the great mathematician of antiquity, af
ter extending his calculation to 126 fig
ures, gave it up in despair, it having be
come so extremely complicated. j
. After twelve years of intense study
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1817.
and investigation, this vnumr maitLmin
now only 23 years of age, has succeeded'
framinir intelligible rul m,,1 .lira
lions, whereby he can impart to others
the power of performing all these with
the same facility tha: rhnmrti.riTo. i,;
own performances. This remarkable
faculty was first doveloped in him at the
ape of five years, before he was capable
oi porceivmg mo rationale or explaining
the method of his nrnram Hi. mn,a
mature intellect enables him not only to
execute me most abstruse calculation in
every deiiartmmit t( m!itlipmpii,.r,1 .;.
ence, but to point out a short road for ar
riving at the same result, tn all wlm mm.
rait themselves to his guidance.
His rules are so intelligible that a half
hour's attention last evening enabled us
i execute by Ins procoss problems in all
ie simple rules of the arithmetic, as well
i in vulgar fractions and the rHlrtilaiwum
of interest. The farnltv with whi.-l, ti,
adding up of long columns of figures by
is ineuiou is accomplished it is not only
matter of curiosity and wonder, but of
o greatest nrnctical inirHt in nl,n..t
every deoartment of buaiiiKSH IV V
A Beautiful Figure.
Life is beautifully rrpmnnrt-,1 fn
tain fed by a thousand streams that per-
isiiuono uoui ieu. it is a silver cord
twisted with a thousand strings, that part
assitnder if ono be broken. Frail nnd
thoughtless mortals are surrounded by
innumerable daiigers.which make it much
more strange that thev nscano so h.nw
than that they almost all perish suddonfy
auusi. we aro encompassed with acci
dents evorvdav to crush the mrmhWinrr
tenements which we inhabit. Tho seeds
of disease are planted in our conatitntinn
by nature. The earth, and atmosphere
wncnce we araw tne oroatu ot lite, are
impregnated with death: health U mndn
to operate its own destruction. The
C. . 1 . 1 .,
iuou inainoui isiies contains the olements
of decay; the soul that animates it by vivi
fying first, tends to wear it out by its own
action; ueain lurks in ambush along the
paths. Notwithstanding thi is the truth
so palpably confirmed by the daily exam
ples before our eves, how lil rl
lay it to heart ! Wo see our friends and
neighbors among us, but how seldom does
it OCCUr to Our thoughts that, ni.r L-nnll
shall perhaps give the next fruitless war-
mug to me wonu !
EsPThe shot thrown at the Chicago
Convention by the Government organ
told with its usual effect upon some of
"the faithful." If it had travelled a lit
tle faster, it viight have made the Con
vention almost exclusively Whig. A
mong others who have alluded to it. tho
editor of the Cincinnati Herald, writing
from Chicago, says; "I am sorry to see
so lew active Democrats in atten
dance. Neither Cass, Benton, Wright,
Hannegan, nor Breese, all of whom were
expected, are present, Wright and Ben
ton, nave written, at large, 1 under
stand, explaining their views. Cass, has
characteristically kept non-committed,
while it is said that both he and Breese
turned homewards, after having started
for the Convention, on receiving a copy
of the Washington Union, denouncing it.
tor this, however, I do not vouch, al
though Wentworth says in his paper, that
the course of the Government Organ has
kept away, "men in office, and who want
office. I should think it bad party pol
icy, at least, for the Democracy to make
this a Whig Convention."
ftems of Thought.
Neither a single bad action, nor a single
bad habit, ought to condem a man, Tor
he may himself hate the one, and be try
ing to get rid of the other all his life.
1 would reject the thought that, if re
ligion is not true, there is no difference
between mankind and the brutes. The
very power of conceiving the ideas of re
ligion, makes a great and happy differ
A man should stand in awe of his pre
judices. Prejudice is an opinion of feel
ing, not lor winch there is no reason, but
for which we can render none. The
feeling or conviction of truth is one; the
power ot vindicating is another. Most of
ouropinions are a mixture of reason and
Wen soon acquire talents for offices of
trust and importance; the difficulty is to
use io a iiign station, not to fill it.
1 he measures of a man's virtue is what
he would do if he had neither the laws,
nor public opinion, nor even his own pre
judices to restrain liim.-fllazlett'sEssays.
tAt the recent exhibition of the
Horticultural Society at Cincinnati, Mr.
Longworth exhibited two plants of the
Cactus Grandflower Night Blooming
Cerus) in full bloom at mid-day. The
flowering was retarded by placing the
ilants in a room adjoining an ice-house.
Ft is said that those varieties of the Ap
ple or Pear that bear, only in alternate
years, if kept through a year in a quies
cent state in an ice-house, will be thrown
out of their regular year of bearing. So
that a person could graft half his apples
in the above way, and half with ordinary
grafts, and thus be sure of crops on half
Ins trees every year, instead of crops on
all hiii trees every other year.
Mr. Longworth says, in a note to the
"I will, next meeting, show you the
ninth wonder of the world. When at
New Orleans, three years since, a lady
presented me with a dried up plant that
for three years had been deposited in her
bed-room, and never in contact wi th e arth
or water. It has been on a shelf in my
room for three years, and for six years
has been as dry and shriveled as a root
of Parsley would be after being six years
out of the ground in a warm room. I
will in three hours thereafter show it to
you fully expanded, iu full growth and
Mr. Abbott Lawrence has given $1000
to the Franklin Library Association of the
City of Lawrence.
The Whiz Scvthe Smiths of Noith
Wayne, Maine, lately made a present to
Henry Clay of a half dozen wheat and
the same number of corn svthes. In a
letter of presentation the Smiths say:
uu win regaru mis present as a slight
token of that respect and esteem in which
wo noiu your eminent public services.
We hope the steel of these Sevlhea will
prove as true as your patriotism hasshown
i.&tr ' - i- - .
locii in uio many trying situations in
which you have been ulaceJ. and that
you may reap crops proportioned to the
uurvesis which me country has reaped
from that system of protection to our own
industry, of which vou have been the
We feel ideased to learn that vou nre
opposed to the present war, prosecuted
againsi a weaK and distracted neighbor
ing Republic, that was Immm in lnfnmu
o J J
that is prosecuted for Conquest and
must enu in Vingract whose soil has
been crimsoned with tho blood of our
noblest sons, and whitened with the
bones of American citizens.
Mr. Clav acknowledges the receint of
the scythes, just in time to test the value
.r.i" . i i 1.
oi meir steel, anu anus:
Yes! gentleman, 1 certainly concur with
you in deprecating this Mexican War,
the causes which brought it about, and
the manner of its commencement.
I sincerely wish that every bayonet and
sword employed in its prosecution, by
both belligerents, were converted into
scytties, piow-siiares and axes, and they
dedicated to their respective uses in tho
innocent and peaceful arts of life.
opoken like a Christian statesman,
Recall of I he Braiiliau Minister.
Tho rumor of the recall of the Brazil
ian Minister, which was so rife a short
lime since, and then died away for want
of confimation, turns out to be true. The
Washington Union says:
"We regret to learn that the Cheva
lier Gasper Jose de Lisban, has been re
called by the Court of Brazil, as its En
voy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni
potentiary to the United States.
Mr Lisban presented to the Secretary
of Sine, on Friday laBt, Mr. Felippe
Pereria Leal, Sectetary of Legation, as
charge d'affairs from the Court of Brazil.'
Wr. Lisban s recall has its origin iu
the difficulties into which Mr. Wise, late
U. S. Minister in Brazil, involved himself
and succeeded olso in involving the di
plomatic relations of the two countries.
The apprehension which has been ex
pressed, that a 6erious difficulty may
grow out of this affair, will, we trust, no't
be realized. That there is danger that
the hitherto harmonious relations be
tween the two countries may be inter
rupted, is not sufficiently contradicted by
the following remarks of the Washing
ton Union, to relieve the anxiety which
must be felt on the subject in many quar
ters: "We sincerely trust and believe that
the recall of Mr. Lisban will not expose
the amicable relations of the two coun
tries to the danger of any interruption.
We are very desirous of preserving the
best feelings towards Brazil; and we will
not permit ourselves tobelieve that her go
vernment does not cordially reciprocate
the sentiment. Mr. Lisban is recalled,
but no passports have been offered to
Mr. Wise. Mr. Tod, our new minister,
is now on his way to Ilio Jainero; and we
cannot doubt that frank and mutual ex
planations will restore our former rela
tions to the best footing. It has certainly
been the desire of our administration to
do full justice to the Brazilian govern
ment, without compromitting either her
ngnts or our own. Mr. lod will, we
have no doubt, express this sentiment in
the frankest manner.
We understand, from the Emperor's
late official message to the Deputies, that
he is not altogether satisfied with the ar
rangement which was made through Mr.
Lisbon; and it is also said that the minis
try which had recalled Mr. Lisboa, have
been superseded by a new cabinot. A
new minister on tho part of the United
States, and a new ministry on the part
of the Emperor, will, we trust, remove
every difficulty, and restore the best re
lations between the two countries.
Harvesting Machine. A correspon
dent, writing from Michigan to tho New
York Evangelist, says:
"A field of sixty acres was harvested
in two days as follows: A machine was
drawn into the field by sixteen horses,
guided by as many bovs as necessary.
On the front of the machine a man was
stationed to adjust the forks and circular
knives to the height of wheat which was
readily thrown bock into the machine.
No more was seen of it, till another man
in the rear part of machine was secu ty
ing up well tilled sacks of pure grain, in
Dtil'fect nrdnr. fur flnnrinor mill This
huge machine (of the best wheat) har-
ve.Hieu ana nagged tnree ousiieis in a
Universal Protection from Light
ning. Prof. Olmstead, of Yale College,
is confident in the generally expressed o
pinion that telegraphic wires have an
important effect on electricy. He says:
"As the storm comes up, and espe
cially when over the wires, say fifty or a
hundred miles distant, the lightning is at
tracted by the wires, which can be prov
ed by any one remaining in the telegraph
office for half an hour. About the time
the storm is coming up, the wires are con
tinually filled with electricity. It is my
opinion we shall never have very heavy
thunder showers or hear of lightning
striking, as long as we have telegraphic
wires strung over the earth."
GThe tavern ofMrs. Lewis, at West
Point, Ky. was destroyed by fire one
night last week. It originated from a
turpentine ball which fell on the roof.
Loss $1,500, no insurance. The citi
zens raised a subscription of $600 for the
relief of Mrs. L.
important from SWtxho.
Important Correspomknce between
Mr. Buchanan and the Mexican govern
ment relative to the mission of Mr. Trist:
An extra of the RrnuMicano of Mexirn.
of the 28th June, has been received at
tho Department of State, containing
copies of two notes from the Minister of
t oreign Affairs of Mexico, dated the 2nd
of June last, aud a translation of the let
ter addressed to the Mexican government,
by our Secretary of the Sate, on the 15th
of April previous. The Union gives
translations of the two notes first men
tioned, together with a copy in the origi
nal oi iur. Buchanan s letter; all of which
will doubtless be read with interest in
every part of our country.
Historical docitmmU pvklukri in Ike Reputliea-
hu oj we :s of June, 1847.
PsriSTJUKT Ol ITES4t 4D Flg tlUTIOirS
To Ike mott excellent Hecrelariet of the Sover
GontND Libkhtt, Mexico, June 22, 1317.
Most Excellent Sirs: By order of
his excellency, the President ad interim
of therepublic, as resolved iu a council
of ministers, I have the honor to place in
uie nanus oi your excellencies, that you
may suomu to tno sovereign Uongres, at
us nrsi meeting, a copy ol the official note,
addressed by the Secretary of State of
the United States to this government, un
dei date of the 15th of April last, in which
no declares that the President of that re
public intends to despatch, as a commis
sioner to the headquarters of the army
operating in Mexico, Nicholas P. Trist,
ksq., with lull powers to conclude a defi
nite treaty of peace with Mexican Uni
I likewise transmit to your excellen
cies, for communication to the sovereign
Congress, a copy of the answer which
the most excellent President resolved,
in a council of ministers, to have made to
the above mentioned note; his excellen
cy feeling assured that the august assem
bly, to which is reserved the determina
tion on the affair to which the present
communication relates, will despatch it
with the promptness and wisdom to be
expected from its patriotism and its dis
I repeat to "our excellencies on this
occasion, the assurances of my high con
To hit excellency the Minitter of Foreign Rela
tion! of the Mexican Republic.
Dkpartnc 3t op Statu.
Washington, April 15, 1847.
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge
the recept of your excellency's note, of
the 22d February last in answer to mine
of the 18th January, proposing, on the
part of the President of the United States;
immediately to "despatch either to Ha
vanna or Jalappa, as tho Mexican gov
ernment may prefer, one or more of our
most distinguished citizens, as commis
sioners, clothed with full powers to con
clude a treaty of peace with similar com
missioners on the part of Mexico, as soon
as he shall be officially informed that the
Mexican government will appoint such
The President deeply regrets the re
fusal of the Mexican government to ac
cede to this friendly overture, "unless the
raising of the blockade ofour (the Mexi
can) ports, and the complete evacuation
of tho territory of the republic by the
invading forces, shall be previously ac
cepted as a preliminary condition."
The President has instructed roe to
inform you that this "preliminary condi
tion" is wholly inadmissable. Such a
condition is neither required by the hon
or, nor sanctioned by the practice of na
tions. If it were, this would tend te pro
ong wars, especially between contermi
lus countries, until the one or the other
power was entirely subdued. No nation
which at the expenditure of blood and
treasure, has invaded its enemy's coun
try, and acquired possession of any con
siderable portion of his territory could ev
er consent to withdraw its forces, as a
preliminary condition to the opening of
negotiations lor peace. 1 Ins would be
at once to abandon all the advantages
it had obtained in the prosecution of the
war, without any certainty that peace
would result trom tho sacrifice. May,
more: should such a negotiation prove
unsuccessful; the nation which had thus
imprudently withdrawn its forces from
the enemy's territory, might not be able
to recover without a cost of blood and
treasure equal to that first expended, the
advantageous position which it had vol
Fortunately for the cause of peace and
humanity, the history of nations that war
affords no sanction to such a preliminary
condition. The United States are as
jealous of their national honor as any
power on the tace ot the earth; and yet
it never entered into the contemplation
of the great statesmen who administered
our government during tho period ofour
last war with Great Britian. to insist that
the latter should relinquish the part of
our territory ot which she was in actual
possession, before they would consent to
open negotiations for peace. On the
contrary, they took the initiative, and ap
pointed commissioners to treat for peace
whilst portions of our country were held
by the enemy; and it is a remarkable fact,
that the treaty of Ghent was concluded
by the plenipotentiaries of the two pow
ers whilst the war was raging on both
sides; and most memorable of the conflicts
to which it gave rise took place upon our
own soilafierthe negotiations had happily
terminated their labors. History is full
of such example. Indeed so far as the
undersigned is aware, there is not to be
found, at least in modern times, a single
case, except the present, in which it has
boon considered a necessary preliminary
that an invading army should be with
drawn before negotiations for peace could
commence between the parties to the
It would, also, be difficult to find a
"WHOLE NO. 1140.
precedent for the course pursued by the
Mexican Government in another particu
lar. The President, anxious to avoid tho
war now existing, sent a minister of peace
to Mexico for this purpose. After thsj
Mexican forces had attacked the army of
tien. Taylor on this side of the Rio
urande, and thus commenced the war,
the President actuated by the same paci-
ni. npirii.maae repeated overtures to tho
government of Mexico to negotiate for its
termination; and although he baa from
the beginning, solomnly declared before
tho world that he daaired no terms but
such as were just and honorable for both
parties, yet the Mexican government,
by refusing to receive our minister in ih
first place and afterwards hv not .
ding to our overtures to open negotia
tions for peace, has never afforded to this
government even the opportunity of ma
king known the terms on which we would
be willing to settle all questions in dis
pute between the two republics. Tho
war can never end whilst Mexico re
fuses even to hear the proposals which
we nave always been ready to make for
lhe President will not atrain renew
the offer to negotiate at least not until
he has reason tobelieve that it would bo
accepted by the Mexican government.
Devoted, however, to honorable peace,
he is determined that the evils of war
shall not be protracted one day lon
ger than shall be rendered absolutely ne
cessary oy tne mexican repulic. For
the purpose of carrying this determina
tion into effect with the least possible
aeiay, ne win iortn with send to the head
quarters of the army, in Mexico. Nicho-
lis P. Trist, Esq. the officer next in rank
to the undersigned in our Department of
Foreign Affairs, as a commissioner, in
vested with full powers to conclude a
definite treaty of peace with the United
.Mexican states. I his gentleman pos
sesses the eitiro confidence of the Presi
dent, and is eminently worthy of that of
tne Mexican government.
1 he undersigned refrains from all com
ment upon the concluding paragraph, as
well as some other portions, of your ex
cellency's note; because the strong sense
wnicn ne eniertains ot ttieir injustice to
wards the United States could not be ut
tered in the friendly tone which he desires
to preserve in the present communica
tion. He turns from hese, therefore, to
dwell as he does with unfeigned pleas
ure upon the sontiment contained in an
early part of the same note, where the
Mexican government expresses how
painful it is "to see disturbed the friend
ship which it cultivated with your our
repuanc wnose continued progress it al
ways admired, and whose institutions
have served it as a model."
This feeling is most cordially recip
rocated by the President, whose earnest
desire it is that the United Mexican
States, under institutions similar to our
own may protect and secure the liberty
of their people, and maintain an elevated
standing among the nations of the earth.
1 he undersigned embraces this occas
ion to offer to your excellency the assur-
ranee ot the most distinguished consid
eration. JAMES BUCHANAN.
To hi excellency the Secretary of State
of the United States of America.
Federal Palace, June 29th 1847.
The undersigned Minister of Internal
and Foreign Relations, had the honor to
receive your excellency's note, dated
15th April last, in which you declare that
his excellency the President of the United
States intends to despatch, as a commis
sioner to the headquarters of the Army
operating in Mexico, Nicholas P. Trist,
hsq. the officer nexMti rank to your ex
cellency, with full powers to conclude a
definitive treaty of peace with Mexican
United States; and the most excellent
President ad interim of this republic, to
whom the undersigned immediately made
known the contents of your excellency's
said official note, has determined that
you should be informed, in reply, that
me uecision on me anair in question Do
ing reserved to the sovereign Congress
of the nation, your excellency's said nolo
is transmitted by him to that body, in or
der that it may determine what 6hou1d
be deemed most proper on the subject.
Its resolution shall be communicated in
due time to your excellency, by the de
partmedt under the charge of tho under
signed, who leaves for that occasion tho
answer to the points embraced in your
The undersigned avails himself of the
opportunity to offer to your excellency
the assurances ot his distinguished con
siderations. DOMINGO IBARRA.
Forgiveness. Is there any real satis
faction in retaliating an injury? We ven
ture to say there is not. On the contra
ry, we have known a slight offence visited
by a slight retaliation, whon regret for
having resorted to it was far from being
slight or of brief duration. And we think
we may confidently assure any person,
young or old, who is determined to re
taliate, that he or she will probably have
the worst in the encounter. There is a
satisfaction in forgiving an injury, which
a revengeful spirit never experienced;
whether the injury is done to our pros
pects or to our feelings, the bost return
we can make is to forgive.
Kindness. No man hath measured
the power of kindness, for it is boundless;
no man hath seen its death, for it is eter
nal. In all ages of the world, in every
clime, among every kind, it bath shone
out a bright and beautiful star a beam
"The World mi st bb Peopled."
The wife of Mr. William Tinker, a fish
erman in New York, presented him, on
Thursday, with three little female tinker:
A Mrs. Dunn of Detroit, recently pre
sented her loved and loving lord with
i - iiiil. Dunns. Mrs. B. P. Cannon.
1,1 f t ' t
'of New Salem, on' Tuesday; night, pre.
sented her husband witn Jour tmau wi-nont.
7a ! ir