Newspaper Page Text
NEW SERIES--YOL. 2. NO.. 13. '
LANCASTER, 01110, FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1847.
"WHOLE NO. 1141.
i'UBLI3HED EVERY FEIDAY MOENING UY
JOHIV If; WKIGI1T.
Crncis Tallmadge Buildings Third Floor
opposite J. & J. C. Maccruckeii'i 6tore. - '
. Terms For one year, casa in aatec,!'! 00
Within the year,,.... ......2 SO
. -After the expiration of the year... 3 00
INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS.
Ten copies, to one address, cash in ad
vance, .tl7 SO .
Any larger number in the aame proportion. -'
. ADVERTISING. ;V, ' . - '
Onequare,oiieinsertion,.... ...r....$0 SO ., .
" " three insertions,.:...., 100
Each continuance, ........... 25'
CF"A liberal discount will ba made to yearly
advertisers. . ' - -
t3"JOft WORK neatly and promptly executed.
Agents for the Lancaster Gazette.
MHtei 'perl: E. Vsncs - GreenfM Tl Waller McFuf.
jV( Sflem: Dr. M D. Brock . land TIioiiisj Utllcfielrt '
Plcktrinffi: A. Hrlcht.Jr PltasaH T. 'CP. rtilronk.
Jcftrta-! Davlrl Jennlnis Earl Ruskmllt; David Sinker
Litkopolii: Lf-wis Huhr 'tV.RuskvilU; N. B Collision
Canal Matkatlsr: Or Poller Brimm lli-ory lihniirr
LaekrilU: Win P. TflliiiRHt Auburn T; J. Hall, R. .Black
Jnunia: Nathan J. Worrall Hem T: l:nn R. Prnrrs
Kcyalien: J Ciamenu, Jr PtrraTaien: Levi Krl-nd
Jtmand '. Wm. Aahlirook Maiiitan T. I. E Knoniz .
Carroll; William f. Brack Carerw; Col.W. Hninilton
Baiil: Henry lonntd " lo-anville: P. H Hnecrmjin
.Baliumn; H. L Nlrely tSomtrstt; David Hewitt -
V. B. PiLMta, Eaq., General Agent for Ihe Enitern Cilles
FOR CASH AXD PRODUCE ONLY
.-' Wholesale und Itetnil. ; .
ANOTHER TREMENDOUS ARRIVAL OF
CANAL Bouts laid aakle and Railroads nsed for
bringing Goods to the ' '
in the shortest time that any stock was ever dolt
vored in the 8tate. The Great Western patron
izes the lightning lines, bi.ying Goods otener,
receiving ihein quicker ami selling a Jiff than all
Lancaster together. " . ' ', '
Nntonly the Eastern Cities of the United States
have sent their share, but the whole World has
cantribnted its portion to make our stock in every
respect what the citizens of Ohi'i wish HAND
SOME, FASHIONABLE and CHEAP.
- JAMES C. MACCRACKEN having connected
"himself with WORK GALBRAITH, under the
firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH, and
till owning part of one of the most extensive
wholesale Stores ill New York and the largest
manufacturing establishments hi theUnitod States,
they are receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever
was brought, even to the Great Western.
On the 10th of May the Store Room and Street
were blockaded with our boxes.
Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has
supplied ns with every variety of American man
ufactured DRY GOODS, furnishing us with Cloths,
which we are enabled to sell at least SO cents on
the yard lest than any other Merchant can buy
Our 8tock )f CA8SIMERES, SATTINETS,
TWEEDS and CALICOES cannot be be equalled,
either in prices or style.
The Steamships, Sarah Sands and Caledonia,
which brought the last fnvoruble account of con
tinued good prices for Grain and Flour, brought
for us, direct from Europe, an unusually large
stock of handsome fashionable DRESS GOODS
for the LADIES aud for the GENTLEMEN
every variety of latest styles.
We have another very large stock 4( BROWN
MUSLINSaud being of our own make; notwith-
standing the advance in the price of those Goods
in the East, persons, who buy nt the Great Wes
teru, say that muslins are cheap as ever, while
those that goto other stores will contend they
never were so high priced.
Our BLEACHED MUSLINS, being also from
our own manufactory, we run warrant their qual
ity, and our prices any one can see are the low
est. Indeed, all who wish to buy goods made
iu the United States wilt soon ascertuiu, that if
they wish to buy them cheap, they must go to
the Great Western. . ' - ' - "
We have ticking, at 12i cents per yard, that
is better tliun ever sold in Ohio at 18$.
Our STOCK OF CALICOES never was larg
er aid all entirely new styles, as all know that,
until we received this last stock, we had scarce
ly a dresi pattern in the house.
We have uearly 5000 pieces, over 200 differ
ent patterns, anions them a beautiful rich Ging
ham print, only 18 j cents per yard a style of
lioous niwuys lioretoiore soiu in 31 to aj cenw.
The very handsomest American print at Man
ufacturer's prices, only 12 cents per yard.
-The handsomest blue aud orange prints ever
mado. . . , - "
The variety of our dress goods is unusually
large a very largo stock of both English and
French Ginghams . . ,
Black, Sc. white Scotch Gingluims. cheaper thau
ever known in tho West. Gingham Lawns and
Muslin Ginghams, Madder colored Lawus, Rose
bud etc., tho very latest style-" Monterey ami
Ruenu Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful
entirely new, but 26 days from England. Bost
Bombazines,. Youitian Organdies, Sniped' Tluid
Lawus. .'-'-" ' -
A very large stock of Ribbons, every variety
. of style,all flu latest importation!, customers can
.and must wake up we sell them so cheap
LADIES AND MISSES BONNETS Florence
braid Bonnets at any price. '
. A splended assortment of Spring and Summer
Ladies French work Collars, unusually cheap
.and beantilul. . ' .
Glnves and milts, every variety and price.
Lyms Crapes a beautiful and new style goods.
A very large stock of SUMMER 8HAWL8 all
beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Mouslin do Lain,
and twisted Silk Shawls, of first quality'. .
LADIE'S SLIPPF.RS and 8hoes of every kind,
black and Bronze GAITERS, HALF GAITERS,
Rootees. &c.. all Durchased of the manufacturers.
Hosiery of overy color and quality some as low as
10 cents a pair, white ana uiacK cotton.
PARASOLS Gingham and Silk rarasolets.
For theGentlemen we have a of little everything,
German, French, Ameriouu and west of England
cloths. - " '
. " Fancy Tweeds, Gambroons, Linens, Nankeens
Cumberland plaids, Pasia Checks. Ringgold single
mill Cussamerea and muiiy other varieties, Tor
Gentlemen's summer punts lancy cucsimeres,
black cassimeres. Our assortment of coatings
is iiiiiimiihIIv larce. ' "
Croton coatings, Erminett do. Mazurka -do.
GoliHjjxed Tweeds, all wool, very low, Amazon
Silk warp Codingtont all beautiful. ,
Lasting cord, an eutirely new article for gen
tlemen's wear. "
Tweeds from 25 cents per yard up. ,
Men's best calf boots men's slippers aud shoes
of every kiud.
VesUngsofany kind from 12J cents per yard
Palm leaf Hats at lower prices than ever before
were brought '.o the West. "
' Leghorn hats equally cheap. ' '
i Carpet Chain, colored and white. -.
" Coverlid Yarn best cotton yarn, long reel only
.Indigo of best quality. - ...
, Onr ttock of GROCERIES, is unusually large
'nil wme nurchased. at New Orleans, at the low-
estprices- Ourcoffee is ofthe best quality Rice
always on hand, I, '-: ' " ' "
Hemrmincd that tho Great Western
and the Goods .sold by the Great Western shnll
tpeak for themselves. All we usk Is thatall, who
wish to, buy Goods cheap for. ready pay, will coll
at our establishment, see pur constantly changing
.wnriatiM and nalt nrlCAS.- . . - '' '' ;
We are always the first to raise the price of
Grain and the lust to put it lower. . .
Anv nnnnw of CASHalwavson hand for. Fat-
ur't Produce, and . Waggons unloaded t pur
1 y are-house witliout any worit ,oi mo r arijier,
Come, than, every body to the Great Western
' - MACCRACKEN St GALBRAITH.
AND FOR. DALE BY - -. . .
AFRESH SUPI'LY of SUGAR, MOLASSES,
RICE and COFFEE.
Also, a large Stock of the FINEST LEMONS
and ORANGES, for tale cheap by the Box.
A large and general assortment ol UltUljo.uii.a
PAINTS and DYE-STUFFS.
BrTCall at the OLD DRUG STORE.
' Laiicaater, May 7, 1847 . . 3m52
NEW. " BOOM AND NEW GOODS.
MOKE (JOOl) NKIVS,
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
- , u . j
HARDWARE CHEAPER THAV EVER.
Just receivod and now opening, in the East
RuflM or Mr. R. M. Ainswobth's Block or?o
sitz THf Tallmadok Hoobe. from Pittsburg,
Bultimoro. Philudelnhia and New York, a lurge
and gauerul assortment of English, German, and
HARDWARE AND CUTLERY.
Comprising in part the following articles:
English and German Door Locks. Mortice locks
and Latches, chest, Dosk, Till and Padlocks
Lutches and door handles, window springs asst.
Sash fnatniuzs. assorted.' . '
Socket and Firmer chisels, gouges &. spur bltts .
Bull Bruces in setts, plain bits4ill sizes. . ;y"
Common ami Screwed Spoke Shaves '
Screw drivers. Compasses, Steel squares, ' ,
" Slide Bevels, Mill suw, double cut aud 3 square
files," Horse Rasps, Drawing Knives. . ...
tiioo Gross wood Screws assorted
.ion dozen Mahogany Knobs
Cut Tacks from 2J, lo 24 ounces -Sprigs
from 11 to 2 inch,- ''.'.'. -'
rulent Bi nds, Clout Nuils.-Tenneut, Hand, pan
nel, Pruning und Butcher's Saws
Iron, Brittunuia, German Silver aud Silver pla
ted Table, Tea and Basting spoons,
Bread Trays, Wuitors, Iron and Solur Lamps,
Iron aud Brass Candlesticks,
Looking Glasses and Looking Glass plates,
' Cutlery. (
Snper.Roilger's Cpngicss knives
Weirteuhonie'a do '"' "
I, , ',aud Blpded do asat, Pruning knives
Razors assorted and Razor Strops; and a frener
al and fine assortment ot TABLE CUTLERY.
- Sad d I cry. -
Buckles of all izes, Terrets und water Hooks,
Harness spots. Trace and Halter bolts
, Brass, Silveredund Japanned Stirrups.
Cotton, Straining, Worsted aud Bool webbings
nssortcd ' -
Coach and Buggy lace, tufts of nil colors, plain
and figured gum cloth, Jupuuued Muslins, assort
ed colors Morocco. Boot do, Goat and Hog skins,
Sealing, Plush, plain mid figured ussurtca
. Patent Leather and Oil Cloth. ,
Cooper's Tools. -
Broad axes, Adzes, Champering knives, head
ing do. Stave do, Crow cutters, Hollowing knives,
suuve ups aim Dress uoops assorted. -
For the Farmers. .
I' have a general assortment of Hultcr, Trace,
Log and Breast chains - "
' . 3 1, dozen Giuss Scythes, y .
12 do Coin do -3
do Brush ' do
' ' 3 do Patent Graiu Cradles
'' 25 do ' Hny Rukes -.''
Common and best steel Corn Hoes, with and
without handles, Gooseneck do, socket shovels,
Long Handle do, D. Handle do, Ames No. 2, do,
Hay and 3 and 4 prong munure Forks-
Also, ' Mill und Cross out Saws, Steelyards,
Hatchets and Hummers, Adzes and Broad Axes,
Iron Nails and Steel.
IT6 Kegs Juniatta Nails
' 80 do Rapid Forgo do y -20
Tons Juniatta Iron ' '
10 do Rapid Forge do
English Blister, American Blister, Sheur, Ger
man and Cnst Steel '
8-10 and I a-1 2 . Window Glass, and a large
assortment of ' . -'
liCicester Machine Card,
Together with a great Variety of other Hard'
ware, all of which I will positively sell asp for
CASH, as any other house, west of the mountains
can tell them. Lome ana Bee tor yourselves
, P. BOPE.
Lancaster, June, 4th 1 847. - - 4tf
C A 15 I.
-The subscriber having returned from tho Eastern
Cities, whither she had gone to receive tho sprin
fashions and purchase hor Stock, can now
be found at her new establishment over tho Store
Room formerly occupied by Ainswnrth & Willoc k
aud just one door east of Reber & Kutz.
She iius on hand a beautiful assortment of Crape,
Pearl Braid and Pnlmetto .Bonnets, Ribbons,
ench flowers, all kinds of Bonnets- uuu dress
'rimmings (latent styles) together with a great
arity of Fancy articles for Ladies.' She is pre
pared to innko Dresses, Bonnets and trim the
same combining tasto, beauty and fashion equal to
any eastern establishment..
Work promptly hmsned aud turmslied at the
time promised. , ..
- r.Ll.AULTU AlUUl'MY.
Lnneaster, Aprill4, 1847. 40
PERSON'S wishing to purchase a good Gold or
Silver Watch, as cheap as they can in the
Eastern cities; ure invited to examine the exten
sive assortment for sule by r '
- ,.- GATES & COSI ER,'
Tallmadge Housed Lancaster, Juno 18, 1847.
"".-. Cold Pens.
A New arrival by express nt . ' - - ,
... GATES & .OSl'ER'S.
Juno 18, 1847. . - - '
SOME of the finest specimens of Jewelry ever
brought to Lancaslor, among which may be
found Cumeo Pins, single stouo do. Braculets,
Chains, Pencil casos, Finger rings, Earrings. Min
iature Cases, Hair urmnncnts, uuard and rot)
Keys, Gold and 8ilver Thimbles, &c. Cheap-for
cashat , GATES & COSPERS. ,
Lancaster Juno 18. 1844. 5
. . Dissolution Notice.
rBHIE firm of J. C. Maccrapkon having dissblv.
H ed. J. C Maccrucken associuling bimself
with Work Gulbrailh and John Macci-ucheu tak
ing charge of the accounts and books of J. & J..
C. Muccntcken and J. C. Maccrackcn, notice is
hereby given to all those indebted tuut immediate
pay ineiH muse ue-ruuue.
All uccounU unsettled and all uotos unpaid on
the 15th day of June next will be loft iu the
bauds of pinper officers for collection. t ' -:
John Mdccrackeu will always be found at the
counting room of Muccruckeu & Giilbraith, -
t J. MACCRACKEN.
Lancustor May Will 1847.
.- " Clocks. - '";
Fall kinds cheaper thnu ever at
June 18, is l
Silver Ware.; .
riABLE, Dosert and Tea -Spoons. Salt, Mas
I t.n-il mill Cream do. Butter Knives ;&c. also
the Ileal German Silver Tuble & Tea SM)oiis,
For tale by uATLa 3i uuartK. ,
June 18, 1847. - ' V : -
Looking Glass Flatcs.
GAT F.S & COSPER, (in the Tall nrndge HouseJ
are prepared to furnish Looking Glass Plates
of all sizes, from 8 by 10 inchoa to 15 by 26 inches,
al very loa prices. .
Lancaster, June 2."i 1847, . ,
Written for the UN. Y. Spirit of the. Times"
Abuul Billy M'Daniels and So On.
BY TllOMAS THE RHYMER.-'''
. Many years ogotherelivedoponone of
llie ronds leading to Nashville, a fat well
to-do, jolly inn-keeper by the name of
Billy M'Dahiels. This said Billy was a
man of substance in estate and person;
and moreover, being piously inclined was
a deacon of the church. He was very
much liked in spue of some peculiarities,
and liis house was a fuvorite stopping
place for nil lawyers who went by that
road to Nashville during Court time.
Among these last were Felix Grundy,
Thomns H. Benton, Hoys, theAttoruey
General, Sam Houston idgenuiomnc ,
M ' Daniels or rather M' Dunnels, for hi s
neighbors always knocked tho "i' out of
his name was'possessed of a very even
temper, except in-' one matter. Colonel
Thompson could not abide a reference to
Merino sheep Billy M'Dauiels was e
quail y sore on the subject of buying his
own cow. J. tie why. ana wlieretore ol
this, it is necessary I should tell you be
fore I come to my main yarn. - lou must
have the glass shivered, before you tan
got the real out of our bottle. -
Unce upon a time a party ot jolly
fellows coming up the road, .on a dark
evening, observed a fine Tat cow at the
road side, patiently recumbent ami con
tentedly chewinghercud. The foremost
man dismounted, and stirring up the vac
cine lady, drove her before him to Mc-
Daniels door, which was about tour hun
dred yards from where they found the
cow. Biily was at the porch talking with
a neighbor, and greeted the new comers.
How uro you gentlo;i?t driving a
cow home, ehl" . . ' ' . '
Oh," answerd the foremost, "it's a
cussed brute. I brought down to Nash
ville, for aunt Martin, wav over yander.
She's got some ofthe Dunumin her they
say but dern her, &he s gin me more
trouble nor fifty cows and I've got nine
miles as you know to drive her.' Rot my
skin ef I wouldn't sell her for what she'd
fetch to get rid o' the critter. I wouldn't
drive her a mile further to save her life,
ef I could sell her." ' "
"And so you's Sally Martin's nevy.is
youl Nice old woman Sally Martin, 's
everdraw'd on a shift. What'd ye ask
for tho cowl" . .
And Billy inspected the animnl by the
dim light thrown from the door and win
dowsof his own house.
"Why, I'd take anything, a'most. I'll
tell ye what it is, Billy, there's six on us
here, sharp set for a bust. - Ef you'll gin
us as much as we can tuck under our lin-
sey, in toddy and chicken-Axens, from
now till mornin', the cow's your'n."
It's a barn-am! said Billy who order
ed one of his boys to drive the animal into
a stall. - 1 he party adjourned to the
house, where they kept it up till near
morning, when they departed, oblivious
of cows and care to parts unknown.
The next day, bright and early, Florin
da, Billy's colored girl went into the sta
ble to drive out the new cow and milk her.
Presently, she returned with her eyes
dilated to their utmost extension.
"Why", laws a massy, Missus," cried
she, "dat new cow Mahsler's went an'
"It can't be," replied Mrs. M'Daniels.
Mr. M'Duniela wouldn't buy his own
cow, 1 reckon.
, "Well, Missus, lest you come see. Ef
you don't say 'is Brokly, den dis colored
p;al don t know nulhii, at s all. -
, 'And Florinda leading the way, Mrs.
M U, made a visit to the cow, and be
came a convert. Off sho went to her
husband, who was busy . talking to a cus
tomer. '-."' ' '
"Why, Lord bless me, Mr. M'Daniels,
what on the face ol the. terrakyus yarth
were you about! That thar new -cow's
Brokly!" . , ' -
"What put that in yourheadl"
"Jest you go we, Mr. M'Daniels."
He did go eee, and became convert
No. 2, to tho Florinda theory. Maybe he
didn't pitch. The story got wind: and
was the theme ofthe whole county, much
to Billy's chagrin.. - -
And now to tell of Billy's first effort
as a Temperance lecturer.
One day in autumn, tho day previous
to Court week, bam Houston, then Cow
nel, and. a practitioner at the Tennessee
bar. came alone to co to Uourt. -Un his
way he stopped at the residonceof Hays
then Attorney General, who lived some
miles above W Daniels, and who was
usually Sam'a companion down. Hays
was a man ot much talent but rather lazy
and if feeling unwell, prone to exaggerate
the extent of his sickness, bo lie told
Houston that privato business engaged
his attention uiiavouledly, and said he
"I- wish you'd attohd to my cases till
1 hursduy. 1 teel so sick that 1 can t git
down til! then, and you may as well prose
cute as not. :
," Well," replied Houston, "I'll take
your place' until Thursday; but if you
don t como then 1 II drop all your cases.
"Oh, I'll be there on Thursday, suro.'
On rode Houston until he came to M
Daniols', -where he dismounted. ..You
must know that Sam was a kind of gallant,
nay fellow, in those days a prime favor
ite with overy one, ladies especially
and . his presence was always hailed with
delight. " ' ' ' .
M'Daniels shook his guest by the hand
"Glad to see you, Cumel Sam, as ef I'd
found a dollar. Come in and take some
thinir. Mrs. Mac'll be clad to see you
Mrs. M Daniels came for a momont from
the kitchen, took a handshake, and dar
ted back again. M'Daniels wont on
"But whar s Mr. Hays that he sin t a
long with vert". . ,
Houston s countenance Jell. -, "0
"Why, you don't say he ain't sickt
' "He says he's sick! " roplied Houston
"Why, now! what do you meanr "
i ."Mr. M'Daniels," said. Houston, with
agraye tone and , manner, "did it ever
occur to you that Mr. Hays was a little too
fond of apple toady f
"Why now! Cumel Sam!'!. . - .
"I esteem Mr. Hays vry much. He's
a very clevor man, Mr. M'Daniels."
"So he is, Cumel Sam so he is!"
"I wouldn't say anything for the world,
Mr", M'Daniels he has a rising family.
I esteem him; and them highly. But I
tell you in confidence that although this
Is court week, and he ought to be in
IV ashville to-day, do nl believe he It be
able to get there 'till Thursday. It is a
pity that people will drink to excess.'"
"flow you really the man with the
poker, ehl It's a pity it is Why
don't you speak to him, Curnel Samt
He thinks n power o you. '
"It requires some older man, Mr. M'
Dannels. If a man of sober habits
of high social standing a member of
meeting yourself, for instance, were to
say something in a friendly way it might
be lirouuctive ot a deal of effect, The
excessive use of ardent spirits clouds tho
mental and benumbs tho moral faculties
generates a lossoftsclf-respect, and, if
not speedily checked produce in the end,
premature decay, disease and death."
"Eh! what's that, Curnel Sam."
" "I was observing, Mr. M'Daniels, tlint
the excessive use of ardent spirits clouds
the mental and benumbs the moral fac
ulties generutes a loss of self respect;
and if not speedily checked, produces, in
the end, premature decay, dtsoase and
"I'll do it, Curnel Sam," shouted Billy,
I'll do it I'll speak to him. 'Ginerales
iW yes; I will 'premature decay'
'II talk to him what'll you take now
duease and death.
Houston "imbibed," and gettingonhis
orse rodo to Nashville,, waiting until out
f hearing to give vent to a shout of laugh
ter as in his mind's eye he pictured Billy
iving it strong to Hays. ,
Ihursday came - rather cool day aud
Hays came with it, stopping at M'Dan
nel's as a matter of course. . -,
"Ah, Billy, dow d'ye do--how ore you.
You look fine . and healthy give us a
"1 ou ve been sick Mr. Hnyes, Ilearn."
'Yes; quite an attack just able to get
to business but hurry on that toddy.
Billy and make it pretty hot. Why
on t you keep more fire?" :
"1 don't think, Mr. Hayes, that a toady
would be good for you."
"Why, coutound it I you re not my
octor. No nonsense get us the toddy
"Mr. Hayes! exclaimed Billy, using;
the toddy stick as a kind of truncheon.
Ihe exceptive uso of ardent spirits
clouds the elemental an' numbs the mor-
fucultics urn! an' an' ginerates
self respect an' ef not expediously
becked, perduces, in your end prema-
toor decay, disease and peatii!" .
"Thun-der screamed Hayes,. 'What
h ' name do you mean! Get my
toddy ready, blast you, and put some
more wood on the hre, you stingy old
"But, Mr. Hayes, the excessive use "
"If you say another word of that "
"But, Mr. Hays, consider your nairer
What the u 1 are you driving at,
you pudding headed old blockhead!"
"hit you get the man with the poker
arter you agin
"Oh, I beam too see now. Somo ot
that Sam Houston's work. He's the
I -est-" -
"Curnel Sam's a proper nice young
man, Mr. Hayes, and don t indulge in
sweann , an; cussin. My wile ses she
don't know " "'
"Oh, that's the way," growled Hayes.
"The young rascal has the women to
back him. Ihere s my wite sas big a
fool as the rest. And you're a. consummate
old ass to let him humbug you.
iiut, lUr. Haves, - consider now.
You've an interesting family."
What s - that to yw, d n youf
See, here you're the biggest fool in the
couhtry. Any man that 11 buy his own
cow. . .
"It's not true, Mr, Hayes.' It's- not
true ! . It's not true! It's a lie, whoever
ses it! I told the preacher so tho 'tother
day in meeting. I told Felix Grundy so
in tho Bar, at Nashville I tell you so.
It s a most internal, cussed, outrageous,
Bursted. The Kidd bubble, with its
coffer dam. The wonder is, how it was
ever blown up even at this verdant
age.' A full exposure ota long scries ot
frauds and knavery of the most villainous
kind, implicating men in Now York city
who stand high , both in society and in
business, cannot much longer be avoided.
For the matter, it is said, the truth is,
that, at the scene of operations, near
Caldwell's no sign of a hulk of any kind
has beon found nothing but mud, mud,
from first to last. All the pretended dis
coveries there have been fictitious the
"deposites" alleged to have been brought
up from the vessel having been imme
diately before placed at the spot for the
purpose. 1 tie expedients which have
been used to keep the fraud alive, says a
letter from New York,, will cause a mat
ve! ut the villainy and duplicity, the cu
pidity and gullibility of the world.
Large quantities ofthe shares have been
sold in London and Liverpool, and a-
mongst the recent arrivals at New X nrk
from England are several ofthe dupes..
Wear Flannels. If your constitu
tion is delicate wearflannel next the skin
during the summer season, and be par
ticularly careful that youryoung children
wear it also. We have heard an emi
nent phsician, now residing in this city,
say that a very large' proportion of the
deaths by cholera infantum, which annu
ally take place in this city and vicinity,
could have been prevented by this sim
ple precaution. - It is the sudden changes
of the weather, tho ordinary effects of
which may be in a great measure warded
off by wearing flannel "next the skin,
which produces these fatal diseases,' and
which aregenerall ascribed to too great
an indulgence in summer fruits. -Boston
Fro the KatioMol Intelligencer.
'-. ' The Latest Proclamation.
The California document, which we
copied into our paper of Saturday last
fromtheNew Orleans Picayune, seems
beyond question to bo authentic. It is
copied from a journal published at Pue-'
pia, wnere the rnatn body of Gen. Scott's
army was then in possession, and was
there copied from the Government press
of Mexico, the Diario. " '
This new manifesto is, from beginning
to end, but a re-production of the previ
ous Sloat and Kearney proclamations.
long since disavowed by the Executive
here; but, as some time since we were
compelled to show, 'disavowed without
the slightest sincerity, The present pa
per is, we repeat substantially the same,
the chief difference being that the stretch
es of our power aisumed by Gen. Kear
ney, as bestowed upon him by tho Presi
dent, are less plainly worded in somo
points. It is therefore evident, we think.
thut this instrument has been supplied to
the Executive Viceroy in Monterey at a
period subsequent to the murmurs of as
tonishment with which the disclosure of
the first Santa Fo and California procla
mations was received through the United
States at large. . As, then, both the ex-
ternal and internal evidence of authenti
city satisfies us, it is our duty not to let
pass, without a strong if brief exposure.
i.-r.i,o r. ...u
, ' . i ' ' , r
I hi nrftfl:mnf iftli ,f:ifaa nhnt-a liiup
, t,, , . , . ous institutions, or to every thing repub
months back. Ihe author! y therefore, i: J r
. . . . . . , ' lican, than this uniting in the same per-
under which it is issued must have been dvi am, U)e " functionsT
granted by the Executive probably as Bul Mf yj eumu,ale even upon
early as December last. If bestowed, how- tI)ese. ,)e u , h an( ,)e
ever subsequently to the . assembling of ikeJf Chicf Ju'8tice of aliforli a our e.
Congress, those extraord.nary powers , terrl , He may give these per-
wet e bestowed, without consulting cither ))etuai citizen(l of tlie United States as
branch of ,t, out of the personal, not the , uch or liule of their e w birlhrighti
offic.a power of .Mr. Polk alone; for the Constitution, as he shall judge whole-
ue.Ho. ,o unuea ouuea ..euner
;--'"- i "li v not led with meat.
and if these merely usurped, illegal, vol-1 0f their joint skill in such interprets
untary d.scret.onaiy authorities were be- wf Je uWeat favoreJ wUh .
, t ht - h i
Inn lrssaiilss nf nr rot liar llr Fa If haa i
V A S V'IMIV IIV VI IHIIIVI i'&l . , VI US
even to seek to obtain, by a
legislative sanct.on.such cure asCongress
could give, by its assent, to merely im
partial acts; nor even to do -the Legisla
ture and the country the grace to inform
them of these asstonishing assumptions'.
Nay, the Executive has actively con
ceit by denial of the fact, these mon
strous violations of not only all that is
legitimato under domestic aud constitu-
tional but even national law; and. dispen-
sing b'mself from these, has equally d.s -
pensed himself from even the poor de-
corum of asking the Senate's concurrence
in the bare appointment of a Governorto
a perpetual lerntory of the. United
State's constituted such by his own single
and absolute individual pleasure alone
We have called the appointment itself
vice-regal; lyel the name falls far short of.
the sweeping and universal powers which
this proclamation now incontestably ex
hibits Mr. Polk (not the President for he
could not) as conferring upon Gen. Kear.
ney. Never did th absolute monarch ot
apa.n oestow upon any viceroy set over
l.wa.v.oou.1 uiHMiiiicu u ii ic5, .u. c.
such royal deputies held under the laws
of Spain at least, and could not, at their
till JaaIii tn n l,r.i I n a flMinrnni. I - nn.
. VB U,c-Un,-:M they deem best adapted to their inter
erul Kearney may do) whatever code e8tg and wen.heing Happy freemen!
hked them. Nor, indeed, did Spanish that 8lla bo free ome ( or other!
despot ever appoint viceroys without at . Ha citizeng of ,he Unitt.d States-in
least consulting tho Council ofthe Indies. pro8pect! . Fortunate territory, that shall
1 he new office and the province, then, have a free Government Ukeone of our
are more like those satrapies which, at Territories." at some future time! But
the height ol the t'erman power the po
tentate whom the Greeks were accus
tomed to call "the Great King," "with un-
limited commanuoi nto and ueatn. Jever'
was Roman consul or pro consul invested
with such rights until, all freedom having
ceased, an Emperor, like Domitian, no
longer designed to assemble the Senate,
except to mock them with idle and in
sulting questions. '
It must be recollected that the .only
possible excuse for this war, as made by
the President, is-that the Rio .Bravo is
the rightful boundary of Texas, und that
the act of annexation constituted all on
this side of it legally and actually a terri
tory of the United States. If so, we nee
not say that &anta te and Population
were subject to no law, and
id could have
no governor, except such as are given by
the ordinary legislative, judicial, and ex
ecutive authorities of - the Union.- By
what has been done in Santa Fe, then,
lho President--or rather Mr. Polk has
involved himself in this inextricablo di
lemma: that either ho has invaded Mex
ico, or that he has upon a United States
territory trampled upon every law and
- Nor, though different, is the case less
monstrous which he .has made against
himself in California. Whether, previ
ously or subsequently to his taking pos
session there, a part of the United States,
the Executive is a mere usurper, and the
wantonest of usurpers, when he under
takes to dQ any acts there which do not
inure in the ordinary Executive power
over a territory of this Union.
If he would shelter himself (as-his ap
ologists say he .may) under the military
powor of ' commander-in-chief ex' officio,
that does not better the matter: for, as
commander of tho armies of the Union,
hocan take no civil powers; or, if he can,
he can equally take them over the entire
Union, an'd has just as much right to send
Gen.' Kearney to Virginia and North
Carolina, there to take upon him all au
thority, uuer ineir laws, renioc ui ui
gated their officers and thoir State func
tionaries, as to do this in California.
We have said that these usurpations
are most wanton. It is now auout a year
since millitary measures were taken for
annexing New Mexico ana uaiuointa.
The success of those measures was con
sidered. bv the Executive, certaiu; ar
rangements were therefore' taken ns for
the administration pt legal and perma
nent acniiisitions: instructions were issu
ed for their civil government: territorial'
officer were provided. Now, all this
was done befvre the meeting of Congress.
Say that thero might be circumstances
under which a temporary nd provisional
establishment of this sort might be justi
fied, os necessary; here, no such necess
ity can be pleaded: a millitary possess
ion was the only one which could be pre
tended or has been effected. But had it
been otherwise, it vrasthe inevitable duty
of the Executive to terminate, at the ear
liest day, that illegal state of things, by
coming to Congress for the legal enact
ments which were wanted. Mr. Polk
has suffered an entire session of Congress
to pass away, not only without taking that
necessary step, but has not even deigned
to refer to Congress the great and para
mount question which they alone were
competent todecide the question wheth
er or not we would snnex to the United
States countries which not even Con
quest can make rightfully ours, until
Mexico shall, by a treaty of peace and
cession, have given us a title.
The President has, says this receipt,
"devolved" upon Mr. Kearney the civil
government of California.' Is this new
phrase some ingenious invention of Strict
Construction, meant to avoid the Consti
tution, which says that the President may,
by and with the admce and content of the
Senate appoint! Mr. Polk has not ap
pointed Mr. Kearney: he has "devolved"
Is not the new civilian still a Erigadier
luc"c," ' 1,1
General in the Regular Army of the
United Stated AuJ can there be anv
thing more contrary to all tho s pint of
P J . . ' .
gfme foJ the; ryoung Bornacbl,. b&beg are
quisite sample: the Uonstuution saya that
lC.fTrrreaats cKnll metlra n a lour rnynft in er
.Zin.i. ,..e . u5.it
free oxercises thereof:" and the very
first thing which the potentate and sub.
potentate do is, to make a law respecting
an establishment of religion, and abolish
the established church of California!
These profound aud cautious jurists have
evidently construed the J'ederal Lonsti
tution as conferring on Ci
J ,; whJ.eas tl)e6whole object was
1, - ' .. tlieir meAMn at 11 wItl re-
n tbinU tW
Pre8i(1ent '0f the United Srates at
;leat mi ht know that re,iginU8 dk.Bbili.
, . p,ui;,.. ,r;i
... t)e , fro wtlich he draw. his
!ori!ri North Carolina: or that they exist
; Th .0,..,:i ramur. s..tfl f
"It is the desire and intention of the
United States" (these new freemen are
nnrwlAQrmti-linfvl v iiifrrirnind "fn nrnrurn
'f California" as soeedilv as possible a
frR0 Government, like that of their own
TerritorieR. nnJ they wi1 rery gooll in.
v,,e lho inhabitonts to exercise the rights
of fl-ee citizen8 in the choice of their own
:repreRentatives, who may enact such laws
' . . ...
by what hocuspocus has all this been
found outt "I? it the desire and inten
tion of the United States!" Who has
,unr;r . e,. .n?m.1.M
rex rneus are the United States?
The California magistrate are to re
main in authority, pronded they swear to
be faithful to the Constitution ofthe Uni
ted States. This is better and better.
That they are not capable of understan
ding what they are to administer is cer
tain: but no matter. ,
The operation by which tho New
Mexicans were through Gen. K. ended
(he called it "absolved") from their al-
'"'legience to their own native and volun
" jtary Government, is now, by virtue of a
l matio repPated uPnn-the
jfornian&. the President and th
or who are the United States lakes
the Californiaus to themselves. . ,
The Califorr.ians "wiil bo regarded as
citizens of the United States;" that is to
say, regarded as citizens in everything,
but lho rights of citizens: as citizens who
may be hung, shot, or whipped, ot the
pleasure of courts martial or of a grand
jury of foreign soldiery!
But "as long as the sun shall shed its
light, the stars and stripes shall wave
over California!" So have roval and vice-
royal wills pronounced. The United
Slates have no voice, Mexico no rights,
in the matter! This is, indeed, throwing
off the mask entirely, and dismissing all
pretences of justice, or peace, or set
tlement. Nor is it less perfidious than
uniust, nor less foolish than either. At
this instant, the Executivo is pressing up
on Mexico for a negotiation, terms of fair
and honorable peace tor both sides; while
here its envoy, Mr. Trist, is confronted
with its proclamation that it means to
keen, subject to no negotiation, near one-
half of the Mexican territory!
A thin? more monstrous in the eye ct
National Law or Justice has not been
done for centuries. .. Eveu in Afghanis
tan Mid China, Britain took as hers noth
ing bul as a momentary advantage, sub
ject to treaty and restitution. And, fin-
all v. we raiso our voice once more in
warning the country, mat me rresiaeni t
manine no real conquest in Mexico: it is
. ..... m ....
only the Constitution of his own country
that he u cokquermg.
Commerce in Ice. 'One house in Bos
ton. in a single vaar, has sent to Asia one
hundred and one vessels with cargoes of
ice, which bave yielded eighteen millions
of norms. , . ,w
Jolin IU. Bolts on I mental linprov
All Virginia politician! are not filled
with qualms about the rights ofthe peo
pie to develops the resources or the roun
try. The letter of Mr. Butts to the Cb
cago Convention is bold and decisive, and
worthy of attention. .
Richmond, June 12tb, 1847,
Mr Dear Sir Your letter of the 12th
May, accompanying an invitation from
tho Committee of Correspondence, "to
attend a Northwestern Harbor and River
Convention to be held in Chicago on the
first Monday in July next," was duly re
ceived, and its not being answered at an
earlier day, arose from the earnest bop
that I had indulged, (notwithstanding the
great distance from home) that I should
have been able to accept the invitation,
and to bavo been with you on that inter
esting occasion in person, as 1 shall be
in feeling and principle. 1 am lorry,
however, to say, that just now it seem
to be altogether impracticable.
Nevertheless, at a future day, and up
on a different theatre, I hope to have it
ri my power to render you more efhesent
aid, than I could in your proposed Con
vention. On the subject of these Nation
si improvements, I have no morbid sen -
sibilities, I labor under ne constitutional
difficulties, and I indulge no metaphysic
al abstractions; for in my judgment we
should have bemowed very unmerited
eulogy upon the wisdom of the illustri
ous dead, the framers and builders of that
godlike instrument, V which our govern
ment owes its existence, if they had neg
lected to confer upon the Representa
tives of all the interests, of all the people
in the land the power to protect the prop
erty of those same people, by removing
obstruction to navigation, constructing
and improving Harbors, and erecting
Light Houses, as well within 'our own
territory as well as beyond it as well
upon the River and Lake navigation aa
upon the high Seas as well upon the
Mississippi as upon the Lakes and aa
well upon the shores of Lake Michigan
as upon the Atlantic const, provided the
"commerce of the several States" in the
language of the Constitution should ren
der it necessary and expedient. That
they did not neglect, but fully provided
for the exercise of this indispensible pow
er, is clear to my mind, ana uowmucn
more would it have become an enlight
ened and civilized Government, and hor
much more our individual and National .
prosperity would have been advanced by
the expenditure ofthe untold millions in
the accomplishment of such works, than
by indiscriminate and wholesale slaugh
ter of a defenceless and unoffending race
of semi-barbarians, whose chief cause at
least, (as will be found) consisted in own
ing territory that "must be acquired" un
der the guise of "Indemnity," is a ques
tion that time will determine, and that
the people of all classes and- of all par
ties will have an opportunity of under
standing and appreciating, before we get "
through with and recover trom, tne enecta
of this horrible and most unnecessary and
Yet it ia pretended that he who can
make war, after two bloody battles bave
been fought, communicate its existence
to Congress, and thereby himself escape
the responsibility: who can, through his
subordinates, annex territory, and dis
member empires, and establish civil Go- -
vernment; swear in citizens by the whole
sale, require thero to take iba oath of al-
legience to the United States, try them
by a drum-head Court Martial, and hang
them up in six hours, as rebels or traitors;
. . t. I, .
make laws lor. ana coueci customs in
Mexico, when, by the Constitutions, it is
declared, that "Congress sltall havepow
er to make rules concerning captures on
land and water;" when all this can be
done with impunity by the one man pow
er, the people are to be cheated out of
their rights and deaiest interests, under
the shallow pretence that that same one
man cannot find Constitutional warrant
for affixing bis signature, either to a till
nas9edby the Representatives of the peo
ple, for the payment of what they recog
nize as a iust debt due from the Govern
ment, or for another, making appropria
tions of their own means, for the general
impmvementand interests ofthe country,
and for the protection of American life
and properly. If our Constitution were
fairly susceptible of such a reading, what ...
odium would it bring upon its authors,
and who would be satisfied to live under
it another day.
Without undertaking to decide what
does, or what does not constitute an "In
land Sea" as the term is not to be found
in the Constitution, nor yet in the cele
brated resolution of '98 and '99-whicli
are of more importance with some of our
distinguished statesmen. I have no hesi
tation in expressing it as the conviction
of my mind, that the navigation ofthe
Northern and Western Lakes and Riv-
ers, is eniiiieu w mt juiciiug nm ,
Oovernment. and that the interests of that
region of the country imperatively de
mand it: and I sincerely hope the day ia
not distant when it will be obtained. : v
I should despise myself if I were ca
pable of occupying a position in public
life with views so narrow and contracted,
as not to see and be willing to administer
to the wants of every section of our ever
to be cherished Union, with as Iree and
liboral a hand, as I would to that where
my own more immediate interests were
concerned. No! sections of the country
have uo influence overmy mind, in giving
constructions to sections of the Constitu
tion. . ' - ' '
1 JV.8 this letter is designed as an answer "
to the Committee as well as yourself, you
will please to hand it over to them, and
oblige, ; . . Very truly yours,
JNO. M. JJUl '
S. Lisle Sam-it, Esq., through him to
the committee. -
' lTThe law authorizing postmaster
to receive subscriptions for newspapers,
and forward the money to the publishers
free of expense, hss been repealed. Sub
scribers' will heresficr transmit the suV
tption money direct nv man
... . -
' Lancaster, May 14th, 847,
, . ; . ....... l , J