" : importance of binaries. ,
Take tivo vo.mg rm-n of e.p.ul ;ntel.
lJ neither of whom has attended any
.V ,hnn the district srhtxd. and assien
M each the tusk of writing an csst.y on
eome given theme. The one will seem to
grasp- the subject in all its amplitude und
bennncs: his arranceinont win oa metn
odical and perspicuous, his language will I
be correct: the memboi s of his sentences,!
h nfln.lc l,nl:...r.lt his iMM'lods will
have a duo dependence both in sensoaiU
construction; and the entire production
""J I "I
will be characterized as the ellort ot a
manly.vigorousand well-disciplined mind
Tho other will touch only upon some
detached portions of the subject without
seeming to comprehend their relation to
oach other and to llio whole. lie will
make no. attempt at method or arrange
ment; or if hd should, his method will be
injudicious', and his arrangement confus
ed.' Hid style will abound in vulgarisms
and grammatical improprii ties; and his
piece will be, throughout, u jumble of
indistinct, teeble ami puerile conceptions.
What is the reason of this difference?
Why is it that th e one is a man both in
body and in mind, while in tho full grown
body of the other we discover the intel
lect of the child! Tho reason is this,
that from the age of his earliest boyhood
the one has devoted himself to the read
ing of instructive books, wliilejjie other has
barely learned how to read, but has never
applied this attainment to acquisition of
useful knowledge. The shelves of his
father's book-ca-e were but scantily furn
ished, and the few books to which he
had access were not properly adapted to
the juvenile understanding.
Let us follow these two individuals in
after life. Tho one becomes the squire
of Ill's neighborhood, tho judge of tho
county court, a representative in the le
gislature or in congress, or perhaps the
governor of the state. Tho other may
till a sphere of honest usefulness, but no
halo of renown can everencirclo his brow.
I have often been surprised at the a
moutitof diversified information possessed
by persons who had never had an oppor
tunity vf learning at school anything bo-
sides the ai ts of reading, writing and ci
phering.' But they ha J enjoyed tho
advautago of being oblo to resort to some
well stored library. In fact the most uso
ful kind of learning is that acquired by
general reading, mid for thu acquisition
ot which you need no other masters than
rood authors. Washington received no
odiication at school beyond what oven
under our present system, is witniti the
reach of every farmer's sou. But, as an
evidence that Washington was a diligent
reader, it may bo remtuked that, in tho
cortecliiuss of his style, ho is not surpass
ed by writers of the highest classical at
tainments. No multiplication of schools, even of
tho highest grade, without a correspon
ding mulliplicaliori of libraries, would
avail to furnish the rising generation with
the moans of a gnnd education, or to form
uu intelligent and enlightened cominuui
. ty. On the other hand, if every heigh-
: but hood were provided with a good li
brary, scarcely any degree uf destitution
as to schools could prevent a very luili
degree of iutolligoncu from prevailing
throughout the mini. Jiut it good libra
ries were established good schools would
be their inseparable concomitants.
The want of books is manifested in
the deplorable lack of general informa
tion among the youth of the Went. Let
a stranger minglo in thusooiul parties of
ouryoung people, asd it will not be ne
cessary to apprize him that scarcely any
thing, either public or private,' deserving
thu namo of a library, exists umong us.-
He will perceive that their conversation
is chiefly limited to tho now and tattlo
of tho neighborhood, or consists in silly
jesting, It tliero happen to lu a few in
the company, cnpuble of sensible and in
telligent remarks, they aro obliged to
chimo iu with tho inujority. In truth,
you can hardly got together, either in
town or country, a circle of young per
sons, however seluct; in which it would
be safe to venture upon a topic that re
quired, for its discussion the leant acquain
tance with hooks.
Now in New England tho enso is very
different. Jloro almost every village
and neighborhood has its circulating Ii
brary. And what is tho result! Why
tho very factory girls are quito us intel
ligent, accomplished and guuteul as
young ladies elsewhere who havo boon
placed for several years at tho expensive
ami fashionable boarding schools. Tho
girls of tho Lowell factories have estab
lished a literary periodical, tho articles
of which are furnished by contributions
from their own pens, llow many young
ladies, seminaries of the average quuliiy
would it be necossury in combine before
a sulncitmiaggrogateof intelligence could
be obtained to construct a similar enter-
West Ri hiiville, Ohio, August 2, 1817.
. Mr. Editor Tho Editors of iho Ohio
Eagle, in last week's paper, corrected
the statements which thny published
against tho sermon which I delivered on
. war, ontlio 11th of July, and hi their re
marks outory ministers and lory sermons,
went very careful to except ma uml my smuiiiu,
and 1 feel very thankful to them fore von
mall lit voi 4. iSut their correction, alter
all, is not worth much, for in thu very
coimneucuiiMiiil of their ICditorial against
minister ami uioir.'-pcacu sermons as
they call them, they say, "We probably
were not correctly apprised of the precise
character of his sermon." Andso.tecuuso
there was a small dilTureuco between
what tho sermon roally was, and what
they were informed it was, they culled
tno "a tory and traitor, who should not be
tolerated in any community." fn other
words, because my sermon, as they sup
posed, did not come up jtreriuly to their
standard of political perfoction.ornotions,
they branded me with tho name of a "lory
See, Sec." Now I beg loavo to say. to
these gentlemen that even if I had advanc
ed any thing in my sermon on the Mexi
can war which ditl not "precisely" meet
their views, they had lio right to brand
we with the name of an iutoleiable tnry
and troitor. Carry out this principle, and
what becomes of their boasted democra-
cy. Aderaocracy.as tho derivation of the
t word shows, is a government iu the hands
, -r- of tho people. And as all the people
i ; composing it, have not the same amount
I -:' of. intellect, of knowledge, and of virtue,
f and therefore do not view things precise-
( and act precisely alike On all political
'matters anv more than they can 011 all
religious matter. It is then essential to
the very f a democracy, that every
!" hav the right to Hunk and
judge lor himself, and to act in accordance
with his best judgment. But the Editors
of the Eajrirf say no: if you utter u sen
timent about the Mexican war from the
pulpit that is not in "precise" accordance
with our views ot it, you are a ''lory
r view ot it you are a -I
1 'f Parliament of Groat Britain
ull,esseU American Oolome
lonies in a
... - 1 .1 1 . .1
" wncumey nu.u io umm,
bovreigti will shall be your rule of
"-"''. ;' y" speunuiiu hh.uu. j
to this righteous rule of your good old
Alma Muter you ore a sot ot tones, de
serving no toleration. Congress und the
immortal Washington did not set a very
high value, upon this kind of democracy;
ut least they did not pay it much respect.
Carry out this principle und see how it
will operate upon the administration of
our government, at mo present time, ii
one man moy call an other a lory because
he politically, and conscientiously differs
from him, another man may dotho same.
And as J. C. Culhounand James K. Polk,
two among the most prominent demo
crats in the nation, huvo quarreled about
the Mexican war, James lv. Polk has a
right to publish to the world that J. C.
Culhouu is a tory and a traitor, ami J. C.
Cuuioun; in turn, has a right to publish to
tho world that James K. Polk, tho Pre
sident of these United States is a "tory
and a traitor, anil ought not to bo tolera
ted in any community," not even in Bota
ny Bay, or the late residence of Santa
Anna, A democracy that would banish
the President of the United Stutes out of
the Universe is certainly not worth much.
It is ul least possible that the democracy
of the Lancaster Eaglo stands in perish
ing need ot a radical relormation. the
public will understand me us making these
remarks simply for the purpose of de-
tenihng good old democracy auu mysell.
I meddle with no man s politics either in
the pulpit, or out of it, und neither tho
tingle, nor any oilier living animal m the
Uiiivursehusariglilto meddle with mine.
I must also enter my dissent to their
anti-republicau and auti -scriptural doc-
tuns that it is wrong lor an "American
Minister to oreach for peace in wartimes."
The Bible frequently speaks of war: in
the book of l'salms alone it is mentioned
in numerous passages; and ministers are
requested not to shun to declaro all tho
counsel of (Jod, They must ' therefore
preach on war, or they do not declare all
counsel. ' But those Editors say they
ought iiot t. preach on it when it pre
vuiis, and if they should not preach about
it, ot course they should not pray about it.
blrango theology! During the Kevo
luliouiiry war llishop White, of Philadel
phia, (ioneral Washington's pastor, both
preached ami prayed about it for eight
years. Dr. John Wuherspoon, a Pres
byterian Minister, signed tho Declara
tion ol Independence, and all our Presby
terian Ministers not only preached und
prayed that our arms miuhl bo victorious,
hut novel al of thorn actually shouldered
their muskets and fought uml died on the
held of b ittle. And now when our nu
tiou is engnged iu a costly and bloody
war with a neighboring nation, Ministers
must not say a word on tho subject from
itifir pulpits! ineso men must eittiur
not have a very exaltod opinion of the
war or tlioy huve got hut very little of the
spirit ot 1770. J. A IN DISUSUN
' HP'Tlio following communication has
been liunded to us. Wo certainly do not
wish to do any injustice to the individual
spoken of. Wo have boen told that it is
his ouiuest dosiie to have tho affairs of
tho county managed with proper eeono
mytliis is what the people huvo elected
him for and we only hope thut lie will
Mr. Weaver In your editorial of last
week, addressed to the 1 ax-payers ol
tins county, your strictures upon a "Coin
missiouer" aro rather severe, and when
you are informed of all tho circumstances
of thecaso.so lui as he was concerned, you
will, l um convinced, (lohini inslico. From
a personal acquaiiitauco of long standing
wan mo iiiuiviuuaiuiiiuiud to,i can say that
no man ever entered upon thodutios ol an
otiico with a firmer determination to ful
fil those duties strictly, without fear of
consequences. 1 ho Kud Lodgo or party
denunciations huvo no terror for him, he
will do liix duty, and tho Tax-payers may
bo assured, that ifstrict economy and ac
countability uro not the churactoristio of
tho Commissioners oihco, ho will not bo
to bin mo,
With rospoct to tho transaction allud
ed to in your oditorial, that Comniisionor
would huve had tho printing done ut the
lowest price, had ho not been informed
by tho Auditor that it was his, (tho Audi
tor's) placo to muko contracts of that kind.
Now if it was tho Auditor s duty to
make that contract, the Commissioner is
not answerable; and if the making of con
tructs of any kind, involving an outlay of
the money collected by taxes, fulls with
in the province of tho Commissioners, rest
assured that thoy will hereafter soo to it.
lit' that Commissioner has any inlluonco
wmi mo Hoard. TAX PAYER.
ii MKima tu ii. tiit Auditor law mi wxitltod
opinion ut' hm aliitinii. I II Hill ImHiiIiIm (mini. ..
Iho CoHHiiiMiuiiHiH nre iMwU-.l to Manage llio at
..... , "i um nuni mm uioAuihtor to uo Miir clrrk.
Tli 'iitiiti.iiiniwM t ..... tl i i- i .
well n every olhur voiimy , f, 0llt.
liiy nf Ilia piililiu IiiiiiU in cunninii'il ml il il.-
n until lllll t'llltll'IW It! HIM
Amliliir iliim not iirtni'iii hi duly I'ttitlifully , U in
lliu C'oniiiiisiioiinia duty to iniiUu him Uu il. I.n.
Mn. Wkavku;--Iii Fvbruury lSKS.tho
Legislature passed a law for "Tho on-
counigcmoiiiof Agricultiiro." Thut law
creates a btiito Board of Agriculture, und
coiitemplutos the formation of county So
cieties all over tho State. Numerous
county societies have been formed under
the inlluonco of this luw and tho ones
tioti has been frequently asked in public
nrints and eiscwnere, why lius tliero not
been uu agricultural Society foimod in
l' an held county t ouo of tho oldost and
most wealthy counties in the State.
Tulhis iiioiiirv 1 am unablo to irivo n
dufiniio or certain answer; but I wilistate
my ouuet on tlio subject.
The iioonle uro waitiiinr Cm-tlm 1T...
orable Sumuel Spuugler and the Honor-
anio Jonn uhauey, who are made .mem
bers of the State Board of Atrricultu ro. hv
the abovo law, and to whom therefore, by
cultural portion of our community is com-,
' f ' 1 " r i i- i o ;
ljc Cmuaotcr 0aictte.
OEOKUE WEAVER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
ri idiiy Moriiing, Aii'iiM 0, IS IT.
We were told by the President and bis
followers, ut tho commencement of the
outbreak between the United States and
Mexicocthat this was not a w ar of Con
quest, but that certain lights had been
violated, that the honor of our nation had
been taruisbod, and all that tho Govern
ment of this nation hoped or desired to
gain, was a compensation for injured
rights und u salvo for wounded honor.
This consists, the end being considered,
not in conquest, oh! no, but merely the
annexation of Mexican Territory to the
Union. No one could cull thut conquest
A few more proclamations like thut of
Cien. Kearney to the Californiaus and the
eyes of tho people will begin to be open
ed to the object of the war.. Ho says
thut tho United States lias devolved upon
him the civil govermneiitof California and
thut ho enters upon his duties with an ur
doi;t desire to promote the interests of the
country. lie does not consider it a tem
porary acquisition merely' to bo held
during tho continuance of the War, to
be given up should peace be made on sucli
terms but permanent, "as long as the
sun shall sbed its light." .
Ilcurhiin. . .
'The iiihlnrniL'iied by throe prcsontn fthmilvos
nil the iiilialiituiits of ('uliliiniMi ol uny further nl-
Icgimice tit tilt) Ki'iiililic of Mexican, und regards
tlicm a citizen nf the United Stolon. TIioko who
reinuin quiet mid iii-anihltt will lin rosnoctud nod
protuctod in thi.-ii' riplita; hut uliould any hud take
up nriim n-'iiiiist iho Government ol thin ton ilorv.
or join aucli us do no, or iiintigute cithoxr to do so.
nil iiiosu lio will ri'L'nnl uu encinn-j, und they
win lie trealeil us sutii
This, it must bo understood is written
under the sanction of our government.
It absolves Mexicans from allegiance to
their own country and admits them into
full citizenship with the United States.
Whut would an American think of
(treat Britain should she Bend an army
into Ohio, absolve our citizens fiom all
allegience to the United States and make
them subjects of thoBritish King? Do
you think she could do it? But wo are a
great poople, this is a great country, our
Prosidentisa mighty ruler, and although
an Irishman or German has to servo an
apprenticeship of so vera! years before he
can become a citizen under the constitu
tion, yet the "burbarous, half civilized"
Californiaus, without about ouo half the
qualifications, can be naturalized by the
mere mucbinory of a proclamation.
The "United States," says the General
n his proclamation, "was afraid that some
European power would steal California
from Mexico and through fear of this, our
armies invaded tho country and took pos
session of it." Very well. It must be
confessed that the United States had a
poculiar regard for Mexico and a very
ardent affection for California to show so
much interest itt their behalf. But hear
Kor many yunra California him sulh'red great
dnimwlio coiiviiInwiub; fror.: civil won Iiko poiarin
sd loiinliiins, hiivd Unwed cnlnmity mid pestilence
over this Imimtilnl region. These fouiitiiiim lire
now dried up; tho stars nml sn ipci now Hunt ovor
Ciilithi'iiiii, uml ns loii hi tllit mm slmll shed its
light they will coutimiu to wuve over her und
over the inttivu of the country, mid over those
win) Hindi seek n domicile) in her bosom; mid un
der the protection of thin Hag iiijricnlluio most ad
vance, Slid thu ui'ta und scicucea will flourish like
seed in u rich und tortile Boil, ' ;
These promises and duclarlaions all look
very fine upon paper; but thou if these
hulf-civilizod Mexicans are so hard to
gnvorn, bow does il happen that the foun
tains are so soon dried up, that those con
vulsions und civil wars have so soon coas
od to cause suffering to tho people And
is llio General quite certain that the stars
and stripes shall wavo over California as
long us the sun shull shine! If this be
the qu.se, then is the power of our Presi-
lent and his General superior to all povv-
or. llio neoplo havo notliinir to sav
Congress lias nothing to suy Tho Frosi-
.lent ulcmo is tho supreme governor of this
country. Ho can unnox territory. Ho
can naturalizo foreigners. Ho can
conquor nations. In his hands' is tho
power to Bond the stars und Btriposover
tho whole world um! to cuuso thorn to
wave ovor all nations, provided ha sees
proper to bring tho whole world under
hisjuiisdictiou. Whore is our constitu
tion? Whore aro our laws Whuro are
the laws of national Are they of no bind
ing obligation hncauso James lv. Polk
happens to be President of tho United
States! No, says tho President. No,
says his General Kearney. But. ,
"Ainei'icniis unit California ! from krncrfnrlk
one people. Let ns then indulge iu one desire,
one linnet let that bo tor the pencil und tnuiiruility
of tliei'niinli'v. l.ct in nnito Iiko brothers, noil
muttinily strive lor the unpiiiveinoiit mid advance
ment ul thin our beautiful country, which within
ii short period cannot fail tu he not uuly beautiful,
but ulso prosperous and happy. .
Micro the deed is done.' Annexation
is completed. California is one of us
Away ye powers of Congress! Away ye
pooplo, the sovereigns of America! A
way ye constitutional restrictions of the
power of the Executive! I am James
K. Polk.'Prosidont of this mighty North
Amoricun Ropublic and Commander in
Chief of tho Army and Navy of tho Uni
ted States and I will it. '
But in sober earnest, does it not all
look just like a farce? . .
Destructive Fire. .
We learn from tho Richland Jefferson
tan, that a destructive fire occurred at
Mansfield, on Saturday night, 21th ulv
A Btoam-saw-mill, a machine shop, a foun
dry and blacksmith shop were destroyed.
"'lii.lj.ciiJvj! -tli-o'ita J-a4?!jj!Jt "fOI
A few Furls to Iw considered by
the Tux-P:iyers of Futrrield County.
Economy in the management of -county,
state, and national affairs, is absolute
ly essential to the well-being of society,
The extravagant expenditure of public
monies is a sore evil; hut it is not tho
only one. . In private lifo the individual,
who is prodigal of his nieanp, is sure to
become impoverished in the end Sc unless
he has. been endowed with large moral
faculties, which is seldom the case with
tho spendthrift, lie is thrown of his guard
and is tempted to regain his standing by
unholy practices. So in public matters.
A long course of prodigality is sure to
engender corruption. Those, who have
the control of tho public treasury, be
come accustomed to think that its con
tents have been provided only for tho pur
pose of squandering upon favorites and
supporting their favorite causo. It leaks
out through so many channels that they
seldom fear exposure and th us dollar af
ter dollar is wasted, carlcssness leads to
corruption and we next hear of a Swart -wout,
a Price, or a Spurgeon appropria
ting the public funds to their own pri
vate use, with as littlo compunction of
conscience as if the people had selected
them, out of favor, to live off of the public.
We do not charge our officers with
fraxd. But we do say that carcleuntts
in the handling of the public funds will
in the end lead to fraud. An individu
al for two, three or four years may be
careless, yet honest; but carolossuoss in
the end will load to corruption.
- We do charge those, who pay out tho
public funds without reference to econo
my, with dereliction ot duty. It a per
son is about to purchase one hundred
roams of paper, a quantity of books, or
have some printing executed, for his own
uso, lie will go to that place where lie can
buy cheapest ic havo his work done for the
lowest price provided the articles are as
good and the work done as well. 'What
excuse, then has the individual, whom
the people have selected to manage thoir
affairs and who is paid a fair price for the
sumo, when he fails to perform for the
public what he does for himself! He
has none. And yet every day wo seo
this very stute of affairs taking place a
round us and extinvoganco of all kinds
is witnossod in tho management of pub
lic mutters. Will tho people in this
county any longer suffer it The Coun
ty is in debt no one knows how much
very few in tho county are aware of tho
fact itself. Tho propor officers do not
choose to toll the pooplo of it iu their re
ports and the people remain ignorant.
But we are iu debt in debt to a large
amount. It is not less than $30,000 and
some say it is over $60,000. Do not the
tax-payers know this! If tho truth was
known, we believe it would bo discovred
that the interest itself is not puid annual
ly. If this bo not the case, yoar after
your finds us deeper and deeper in debt
and when will things take a turn. More
taxes are collected in this county on the
same amount of taxdblo property than iu
most of tho counties in tho slate and it
does soomto us thut this overplus might
go to tho redemption of the public debt.
Our offices certainly can be managed as
cheaply as those of our neighbors.
Tho rouson is obvious. Carolossness,
prodigality, favoritism are at work and
the additional per centum goes to
balance these. The Commissioners are
told by their clerk, soo communication of
"Tux-pnyor," thut it is nono of their bu-
siness to whom and for what mice ho outs
out the public priti.,Kit is a matte. that
concerns himself. That may bo, but by
what rulo is the clerk placed abovo his
Hut to a few facts:
Stationery for Fairfield County, $414,03
Do. " Ross " 23G,8.r)
Do. r " Muskingum " 55,28
Iu tho above are included Blank books
and binding nearly two hundred dollars
MORE iu our county thun in either of tho
others. It cannot bo said that this is the
result of circumstances, that during tho
past yoar Fuirfiuld has purchased somo
articles thut the other counties did not
and thut they may purchaso next yoar or
have purchased last year for tho amount
iu this county oxcoodud those iu othors as
much lust year. It is a common occur
ence. Iu regard to Muskingum wo would
stato, thut the act mil amount may vary
sumo littlo from what wo have stated, as
somo few articles are mixed up in the re
port; but for these wo have made liberal
deductions and if anything the amount
will bo decreased. , "
Ovor three thousand bushols of Coal
huvo been burned and wusted during the
past yoar amounting to over two hun
dred dollars for the more item of fuel.
Of this amount it can safely be ufTirmed
that one-third could bo saved, making a
saving of SG7,00. We cannot make a
fair comparison in this item. The amount
paid iu Muskingum is only 82,36, but
coal is cheaper thorej oven doubling the
amount it duos not touch by near $10,00.
In Ross, the repairs to' the Court House,
Jail, public offices and all tho contingent
expenses amount only to $285,12, and al
lowing a reasonable amount for other
things besido fuel, it seoms to us that it
does not overreach what we havo stated
to be sufliciont, to wit $133,00 "
' In tho three items of Stationery, Prin
ting and Fuel, we think that, with piopei
caro and economy, a .'saving of at loost
$500,00 could be made enough to pay
tho iuterest on $8,333 of our public debt.
U.l vrl 1 ' Jt' 'J'-.l '''Vc.l.'.(JlfntIlS,
The Fxicnsiou of Slavery.
The following letter was written by J.
C. Calhoun, in reply to a- note transmit
ting him a resolution of thanks passed by
a Whig meeting in Putnam county, Goor
gia, and approving of his resolutions pre
sented to the Senate, at its late session,
against the Wilraot Proviso : " .
' '. Kiwt IliLl. 27lh June, 1347.'
Dear Sir: I am in receipt uf your note of the
l7tli instant, covering the resolution adopted byv
meeting ol the Whig party ot I ntnain county, np
. .1 I...; ... !...-.! I I i.. .1..
proving the resolutions introduced Dy me in tne
Senate ul llie United states during' llio last sess
ion, iu opiMiiitieu to the Wihnot Proviso, und ten-
derm" the thanks of the meeting fur the stand I
took iu behalf uf our ri'MiU.
. I am hanpy that my resolutions and stand have
met with the approbation ol yonV ineetiii't not so
nuicii on my account, us uccepianie us is lite ap
probation of in y fellow-citizens to me, but for a
reason lar more important. - Luuiiuz Irom a quar
ter of the State so respectable and influential, I
hail it us uu oineii that the Wings oi booifjia are
prepaix'd to do their duty iu reference to tho vital
qucalioii involved ill the resolutions I introduced.
I hope it utile precursor to the I'll ion oful)
parties with us to repel uu outrageous and unpro
voked assault on us one that involves our safety
und that of the Union. We huve the Constitution
clearly with us: My resolutions have been as
sailed and denounced, but the truth of the prin
ciples they assert remains uncontested und un
coutcstible. In defending them, wo not only de
fend ourselves, but the Constitution; and iu defen
ding il, the Vuioa itself of which it is the basis..
We must not be deceived The time hat eome
when the qutttion mutt be met. . It can no louprr
be avoided, -hot, if il could, it it detirable. The
longer it ii. pottponcd, the more' inveterate and
dangerous mill become the hostile feelings be
tween the slaveholding and non-slaveholding
States. With union ainoiii; ourselves we have
nothing to fear, but without it, every thing. The
3uestion is fur above the party questions of the
ay. lie who is not for us is against us. .
For your kind expression of feeling towards mo,
iu communicating the resolution accept my sur
core acknowledgement. ' '
- With great respect I am, &c.
Samuel A. Wales, Esq.
This is a note of warning to the North
It gives the friends of freedom ample
material for reflection. It brings right
up the vital question of tho extension of
Slavery, for tliero is no doubt but Cal
lioun speaks the sentiments of a large
majority of the' South, and it now ro-
maius to bo seen whether the North will
permit this Union to become a place for
the propogation of Slavery. It is not a
question oi oouinern rights, wo are
perfectly willing to award the South all
that the Constitution guarantees to it; but
we cannot Bee how this instrument gives
them the right to extend the area of
Slavery and admitterritoriespopulatedby
slaveholders as States of the Union. ; If
Mr., Culhoun. speaks tho Bentiments. of
the South, if the South claims the right,
by the Constitution, of extending slavery,
then indeod docs he speak tho truth when
he says, "The time lias come when the
question must be met.. It can no longer
be avoided; nor, if it could, is it desired."
Dut if the North is true to itself, the
South Carolina Senator is mistaken when
he says, " With union among ourselves
we have nothing to fear, hut without it,
everytlung." The North is able to con
trol this question and they must do it, tin
less they desire this Ropublic to be the
home of Sluvcry. "The question is far
ubove the party questions of the day."
It spouks right home to the hearts and
consciences of men. It is simply this
"shall we purchaso and conquer territory
shull the money and blood of the country
bo expended, for the purpose of increas
ing the numborof slave states and coutin
uing the existence of Slavery" It is not
a ; question of Abolitionism. That we
leave to the poople of the South. The
Constitution guarantees to the people the
privilege of holding their fellow-men in
bondage and witli it, so long as it is kept
within proper bounds, wo have no desire
to meddle. But when the question comes
up with regard to the extension of that
""l "J u" l" wnitorio. or
,:i.,.. ..... :.. n . i . ' .. . ...
i T U'""' bul u,.l,,08e' l'ich may hero
after bo annexed, we claim a right to
speak, and it seoms to us that tho Nortl
should awaken to a senso of thoir danger
und bo forewarned by the bugle-blast
which now comes up from the South.
And remember, too, that "he who is not
for us is against us." Consider, freemen
of tho North, "Shall your voice be heurd
in favor of "oxtonding tho institution of
Stale Tux for 1817.
The Auditor of State has loviod the
following tux for tho current yoar:
rut- tho payment of interest ou tho
Stuto debt 2 1-20 mills
For general revenue purposes 1-2 mill.
For Common School i'uud.... 1-5 do
Tutul... ...... ...... ..a 3-4 mills.
Last year the total amount for State
purposos was eight mills on tho "dollar
quite a difference Boar this item in
mind tax-payers. As soon as we can, we
will add the tax for .county and township
purposes, and then you can' judge of the
equality of tho Tax Law.
13? At the Baltimore City Whig Con
vention, held on the 28th July, resolutions
were pnssod, stating, "that Gen. Taylor
possessos all the high qualifications that
aro necessary to the faithful and proper
discharge of the important and responsi
ble duties of Presidont of the Union; that
in vtovv of his patriotism, ability and
firmnoss, the Convention do recommend
him to the suffrages of the pooplo; and that
it considers him alroady in the field as
the people's candidate for the Chief Ma
gistracy of tho Nation, and as such enti
tled to the support of every true Whig in
the land." ' - , .
, Wo huve no doubt but that tho Whigs
of Baltimore oro true Whigs, that Gen.
Tuylor is a candidate; but then ho is not
the candidate, for wo hove heard of other
good and. true Whigs in the Cold, and
should thoir friends be slow in support
ing Gen. Taylor liofore a nomination, we
should hesitate somen mo before we would
Is Ufii. Ttiykor u Uliigf
This no longer appears to be a dispu
ted, point. If the evideuce of his inti
mate friends is not sufficient proof, we
think the following reply to a letter trans
milling to him resolutions passed at a
Whig meeting at Trenton, N. " J., com
mits him to two of the cardinal measures
of the Whig Party the one 'vital to the
prosperity of the country,, the oilier to
the best interests of humanity both of
more importanco than any other of the
measures, which now agitate the minds
of the people, . ' '
The meeting passed the folio wing resolution:-
"Resolved, That the character of Gen. TuyW
for plaiu apokeu'hoiiesty. assures us thut he will
never disappoint the expectations nor betray the
coufidenceof his countrymen; that his past politi
cal course is a giutrraliteo of the soundness of his
firiuciples; and tliat it autliorizes us to conliue in
lis fidelit) to the protective system, and his op
position to the acquisition - of new territories
whereu-ilh to destroy the balance of the Union.''
' And therefore, soys tho next und last
resolution, this meeting nominates' him
for Presidont. . ' . ' ,
In reply Gen. Taylor says: ' ' ':
"I have the honor to acknowledge; with senti
ments of high 'gratification, the receipt of a copy
of the resolutions recently adopted ut a meeting
ol the Democratic vt uig ut tno county ol Mercer,
i J. . -" . ( .
My thanks are speciallu due to mu friends of
the Stale of New Jersey for . their flattering ex
pression of approval and esteem, and which lean
assure them ts as truly reciprocated. . ..
. "1 embrace tins occasion to remark that it the
leople of the couutry desire to place me iu the
liuli office of the Chief Magistracy, I do not feel
myself at liberty to refuse; but on the contrary, in
that position, as well as one more humble, it will
ever be my pride and constant endeavor to serve
the country with ull the ability I possess." , .
We do not see how any one can doubt
the genuineness of Taylor's views on the
Tarifl'and the acquisition of new Territo
ry. It was on this account that the moo
ting nominated him and it must be appa
rent to every ono that Gen Taylor would
not have accepted tho nomination without
any reservation, unless it be said that lie
is a dishonest man an allegation we sup
pose, which uoone will make. ..
"Between my government and a foreign nation
! never ask a question, MY GOVERNMENT IS
ALWAYS. RIGHT." -
. The-ubovo remark is uttribuled, by the whig
press, to Geu. Taylor. What a scathing rebuke
to Keilenilisin. - "My government is always right,'
says Taylor "It is always wrong" is the language
of the Whigs." . .
The above we find going the rounds of
the Locofoco papers." . The last allega
tion is false. So probably tho othors.
The Whigs do not say "always" wrong
only, when under the control of a weak,
imbecile, profligate and dishonest Loco-
foco Administration, ,
riTWe ure persuaded that enpiud punishment
IS necessary fur the iirot;tinn ul inciftv. hiiiI tlmf
the enthusiasts, who demand its abolition, ure
among the very worst enemies ol the public weal;
but we do think that the time has arrived when
an enlightened public opinion demands that the
utmost penalty of the law should bo inflicted
within the precincts of (he prison. Marlinsburg
Va. Gazette. ? -.
Necessary," and why.' You admit
that public exhibitions are wrong hurt-
tul disgusting. Secret ones have no
ettoct on tho minds ot those who need
an example. Then whero is the 'neces
sity!" Not in the reformation of society
this it cannot do. Not in the reforma
tion of tho criminal this you prevent.
Then it must consist in a mere desire to
punish, not reform sending a poor, un?
prepared, guilty soul into another world.
County Agricultural Society.
We hope the gentlemen named in the
Communication of "Veritas" will not
overlook, his article. If. they have per
mitted their name to be used as mem
bers of the "State Board of Agriculture,"
we trust that they will feel bound to do
something personally towards tho foun
dation of a County Society, We need
such a society and if Mossrs. Chancy &
SrANoi.ER will mako an effort, one i can
soon bo formed. Tho matter is too im
pnrtont to be overlooked and in the ab
sence of other efforts, we think no ono
could do the subject better justice than
"Veritas." His namo was among the
first of those mentioned to us pnd we
think that lie could fully awaken the
friends of Agriculture to tho importance
of a county organization. '
l"Avmelancholy accident, wo loarn
from tho Zanesvillo papers, happened a
few miles below that town, on Monday
last. Thiuc persons, in a skiff, uftcr pas
sing tho Steamboat Mingo Chief, struck
into tho channel, whero the waves ble
ated by tho boat were running unusually
high. For somo time, the skiff . was kept
hoad on to the waves, but at last, be
coming unmanageable,' it broached to
and was swamped by a htigo roller. Be
fore rolief could be sont tho three per
sons had sunk to rise no more. They
were a Mr. Sanders and his wife and a
young man named Steinbrook. Their
bodies have boen found.
C7During the last ten days, three
large Churches have been destroyed by
fire the one in Philadelphia, ono in
Rochester, N. Y , and one in New York
city. The cost of tho Rochester Church,
bull and organ was $30,000. ' r
Riot. The Pittsburgh papers bring
accounts of a riot at Bayardstown, near
Pittsburgh. On Tuesday night,' a mob
attackod a disorderly house, were fired
upon and five persons were badly .'woun
ded, three of them, it is believed mortally.
Zanesville Courier. , . .'
ty The Iowa Whig paper show grtat
zeal and determination in support of the
Whig candidates in that Stato." It is a
presage, we hope, of thoir success at the
election now so near at hand. .
A Washington letter to tho New York
Herald says that Judge McLane and
Judge Burnet arelinth in favor of Gen.
... . Forelifii Newt.
Two Steamers have arrived during the
past week the Washington and the
The news by the former ftaia favora
ble effect on the market, but the uo ws by
tho latter has again depressed prices.
We ore indebted to the ZanosTiHo'
Courier tor the following intelligence:
Ltvuiirooi., July 20th, 1847.
. During tho post ten daya the weathar Imsbeeir
almost uninterruptedly line.and each day atrcuiith
eus the expectations entertained of an abundant
harvest of gruiu throughout the British Isluuds im4
ail Europe. .. ... . - ,
The heuvy decline in Cora which took place
ut the beginning of the month, wu check
ed. biuce the 11th, the markets have again givem
way. The prospects of atill receiving large sup
plies from the U. States and by way of the T Medi-U-riyuenn.
added to the line weather prevailing
in ull quarters, depressed the market, which m S
sontod every aspect of a downwurd movement
Tho l'oluUiecmp ig represented to be far front,
danger, and continued j not a little to effect price
jlur.ug the last week. However, the market has
been much firmer. ."
The pricesof tho tith became current and were
maintained throughout the week, and yesterday
in Market Lane, a further udvauce of Is took
place. Tho tradusiu Iiuliuu Corn was, however
quite nurulyyed, mid Flout iu bbls. was unite ue"'
The cotton market has been steady since the
10th. ' Sales pretty large mid a considerable nor
turn ou speculation und export. There was a
better demand for the trade as orders from for;,,..
couutnes were ou the increase. There had been
an advance of penny iu prices since the 10th
and the market closed steadily at quotations. Tho'
lalesotthe week ending July Kith, 40 1G0 bales.
",T. "re limited; prices have
receded 4 shillings; I'otk is in limited demaud:
American neglected, and prices, if aiiTthiii-r Uu-.
er. Keports Irom the manufacturing districts ure
ot a satisfactory und encouraging character. Some
ew luuiires ure noiiccu it, the Manchester Retmr
ter, but they are not to any, great extent. The
Woolen trade hi Yorkshire is resuming a healthy
position.. There is rather more inquiry Ibr Tobac.
co, particularly American, suited for exportation.
Several bbls ol Kentucky lear have beeu taken at
The Macedouiau arrived at Cork the 27th July.
Purliunieut Was to bo dissolved on theSllh ult.'
Thersj is nothing of importance from Ireland.
Kkasck. The Chamber of I'arishas brought
the trials concerning Ministerial Corruption to a
close. The accused will be sentenced to refund
the 95,000 francs, be imprisoned three years
pay a line of 95,000 franck, und forfeit his Veera-o
and civil rights. Gen. Cnbuoras forfeits a tine of
10,000 francs, his military honors and civil rights.
Targeuter lbrlcils his civil right and a fine oflO "
OOO.Irancs. I'ellepia, it is said, will present him
seir, on Monday, to the Court. He muy receive
the sentence his offences demand.
The effects of these revelations ut this moment
cannot tail to prove most disastrous to the cabinet,
and an early dissolution of the mioiatro
Wliij; Convention iu ITIuinc.
A Whig State Convention was held in
Augusta on Wednesday last. Judgo
Kingsbury, of Piscatuqua county was e
locted President. Hon. David Branson
was ogain put in nomination for Governor.
A large number of delogutes were in
duced to attend, in the expectation that
delegates would bo chosen to rnnrawnt
them in a Whig National Convention,
The Committee appointe d to consider
tho subject reported 2 resolutions 1st
thut it is inexpedient to nnnmnt ,lnlnt.,
J . ' i n i . C . .
at present, and 2d, if a Convention be)
called, that the State Committee be em
powered to take such measures as they
may deem expedient.
In support of the first resolution, it was
urged that the appointment of delegates
was uqne'eessary, inasmuch as no call
had yet been made for a National Con
vention. - After considerable discussion.
tho resolutions were adopted, with an ad-
oitionai one expressing the opinion of the
Whigs of Maine that a National Whiir
Convention should be called to nominate
candidates for President and Vice Presi
dont. A series of resolutions were adop
ted in relation to the war, with groat
unanimity. Baltimore Patriot,
' Shocking Accident. 4
The Pittsburgh papers of Tuesday
contain the particulars of one of the most
dreadful accidents, that we havo heard of
for many months. Il appears that a largo
rock from the top of Coal Hill, aboe
Sligo, becoming loosened from its posi
tion, fell on Monday afternoon, and, in its
descent, rolled against a frame school
house, and instantly killed five children,
besides wounding three others, ono of
whom, it is feared, cannot recover. It
occurred during tho afternoon recess, and
these children, with others, playing in
the vicinity, seeing the rock starting,
probubly ran under tho house, which on
the lower side, was four or five feet from
the ground, in order to escape it. The
stone, however, burst through the build
ing, the teacher within barely escaping,
and crushed the child ren beneath thefloor.
We are rarely called upon to notice a
more singular or more distressing calami
ty. Zanesville Courier
. The Baptism of Mr. Ci.at. The re
port tho other day published that Henry
Clay demanded immersion when baptised,
and receivod into tho Episcopal church,
was incorrect... He was baptised in a lit
tle parlor, at Ashland,. by Rev. Edward
F. Berkley, of Lexington.
jyRev. Dr. O'Connell, Dublin, has
received 448, from Bishop Hughos, it
being part of a collection in New York
for the poor of Ireland.
Height or Water in the Lakes.
Tho water in the upper Lakes is a foot
lower than it was last yoar, and noarly
three feet lower than it was five years
ago. This with tho accumulation of sand
at tho mouth of our harbors, renders them
much less easy of access than thdliave
been for some years. On the other hand
tho water of Lake Ontario is continually
growing higher. This fluctuation is con
stantly going on, the highest variation
being about ten feet. The water has
been known to rise eighteen inches in
one year at the mouth of the Genossee,
but this was unprecedented. The rise
and fall of water has beon much specu
lated upon, add is as much a matter of
wonder as the continuul rise of land in
Norway and Sweden, which lias risen
1800 feet the last 1200 years.CAtW
Tribune. . . .
' . '' ..
fcSrThe Union says: Robert J. Wal
ker, Esq., the Secretary of the Treasury:
loft Washington yesterday, for Rocka
way, for the benefit of his health. Mc
Clintoc Young, Esq , the chief clerk in
the Treasury, will act ad interim as the
hoad of the department. " (
Who can beat it. A head of Whor
containing 151 grains in a sound stat
was presented to us a few days since, 1
Mr. Abraham Mast, a staunch old wl.
of this township, on whose faun it grew.
Itnimes ('(' "t Wlit".
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