Newspaper Page Text
cm from tl)g armn.
B) Telegraph for the Baltimore- Pattiot.
LATB A!tO VKHT IMPORTANT NEWS
FRO in nGXIGO!
General Stoic s Advance oi the
C apiiol of JlexIr.O'-SklruiisH with
the Unerill9 Severe Loss of Life
Inipe of Major Gaines and
Midshipman Koecrfi.Sick.uess in
the Squadron, aud at Tuiupico
and Veracruz. . .
Bicbhohd. August 27, 1847, 9 o'clock I. M.
The Southern mail has arrived with
dales from New Orleans to the 20th inst.
' The 6teatner Galveston arrived on the
evening of the lGth, hiinging dates from
Vera Cruz to the 12lb and Tampico to
the 15th August, with advices from Gen.
Scott's headquarters, Fuebla, to the 6ih
inst. , . '.. ..
, Gen. Scott had. issued positive ordors
to march upon tho city of Mnxico on the
following day, the 7th inst. The several
divisions were to march in order, leaving
during the three following days, 7i!i Sth
and 9th. -
Gen; Pierce reached Puebla, with his
army, on the 6th, and was to go in ad
Vance. He had encountered numerous
skirmishes with the guerrillas on his
march, but in every instance beat them
off without losing a man.
Letters in the Picayune from Mr. Ken
dall, dated Puebla, 3d and 6th inst., state
that the orders of Gen. Scott to march
upon the capitol, at the time stated above,
wore positive-, and thut the army would
certainly be moving on tlio 7th inst. for
the Halls of tho Moutezumas.
.' These letters further state that Major
Gaines and Midshipman Rogers had es
caped from imprisonment in Mexico, and
arrived at Puebla on the 4th. They re
port Santa Anna's forces, in all, compri
sing his regular army, to number 15,000
men. A Mexican runner, at Puebla,
confirms this statement, and says that
Santa Anna at last accounts, was moving to
meet the American forr.fp, determined to
give battle. He had fifty cannon.
It is further stated in Mr. Kendall's let
ters that Major Lilly's division was at
tacked near the bridge on the 10th inst.,
by the guerrillas. He had n severe skir
mish being attacked front and rear, and
unfortunately sufTcrcd severely, losing
many of his men in killed and wounded.
Capt. Caldwell, of the Voltiguers, and
Capt. Cummings of the Infantry, were se
verely wounded. Finally, Major L. suc
ceeded in routing tho enemy, causing
them to lose many lives. strong rem
forcemcutshave been ordored to his as
An engagement had taken place be
tween Cuptain Ruffs cavalry and the
guerrillas, in which he was eminently vic
torious, not losing a man.
There was considerable approhension
of a night attack being made on Tampi
co. Active preparations were making to
meet the emergency.
There is at least loinothing definite
and seemingly reliable in this intelli
gence. There appears to be no doubt
whatever of the fact, that General Scott
would march for the capitol at the time
specified. This being tho case he is
doubtless ere now, unless some uuexpec
ted reverse hasoverlaken our arms, in pos
session of the Mexican capitol. The ten
or of the intelligence here given must
produce great anxiety for farther particu
lar. The next definite news may be
the account of a desperate battle, and the
capture of the capitol.
We further learn that much sickness
is now prevailing in the squadron at Ve
ra Cruz. The fever among the soldiery
was decreasing, but at Tampion, aud oth
er places along the const, we regret to
lonrn, it was still on the increase. Ma
ny were dying, and the sufforing of the
sick was puinful to think of.
Front the Cincinnati Mini of Thuriday tail,
I Mi and Important New from
Santa Te-Sad New of the St. ioii-
' I Itiitcilioii Severe Italtlc Willi
lie luriiaul".l;ht AnicriciuiK
Killed, lour Wounded.
To tho very attentive St. Louis corres
pondent of the Louisvillo Courier, we
mo indebted for the following important
letter from the West:
Camp of Akkansis Rivkr, July 23, 1847.
I have no news worth transmitting to
you hut wlmt will bo painful to your load
er. Wo left Council Grovo when
wr.te you lust, on the 5th inst. and arriv
ed here, 20 miles below the crossing, last
night.-The battalion has not moved logeth-
ersiuce we left Fort Leavenworth: Cants.
Sheppard and Woocham were separate,
whilo captains Cunningham, i'aiil and
Curnes were in ono body, under the com
mand ot Lieut. Col. Lston.
On the evening of tho 20th inst., while
some of our men had crossed the Arkan
sas river, (on tho banks of which wo wore
encamped,) for tho purpose of procuring
tire wood, tlie Indians pounced upon
them, and before any assistance could be
rendered eight of them were killod and
four wounded. The alarm was soon in
camp, that tho Indians had attacked
our men on the oppositrt shoro, and in a
few moments Cant. Hume's company
which was encampod at a point nearest
the river, hastened to their relief, but
before they could cot in musket ran 20,
the Indians had made good their rotroat
on their herses. dpt. McNair's compa
ny of cavalry, which hat been with us
since we left Council Grove, were soon
on their saddles and in pursuit, but they
did not succeed in overtaking them.
. The party of Indians which mado the
attack was about 60 in numbor. Scout
ing parties in, all numbering it is sup
posed, between three and four hundred,
were seen on the surrounding heights.
They wore well mounted, and wero, it is
supposed, Camanches. Fifty of our men
were across the river at tho time the at
tack was made.&were in small parties and
ntiroly unarmed. Nearly all lha killed
and wounded were most horribly lanced
nd scalped. One of them was literally
covered with lance and arrow wounds.
The names of the killed and wounded
are as follows Company D Killed,
Capt. Paul P. Porter and Chas. Fraas!
, Wounded, company of Capt. Barnes Wm.
I'uucan, ijodwick, James and II. Bar
low. Killed, Volunteer Regiment, j
Johnson, and -wounded. We -will
remain four or five days, to repair wag
J "' and to rig up Havden'i train of watr
fus? which are now lying at the Fort, the
came tor wnicn were nearly all stolen by
the Indians, preventing them, from going
The report that the Fort had been sur-
prised by tho Indians proves to be erro
neous. ,1 be Indians attacked and killed j
three men, but did not burn the fort. .
The man who built and has charge of
itsays he will abandon it unless some
thirty men of our battalion are ordered
to remain with him - of which I think
there is no probability.
FURTHER. A letter from the Bat
talion, dated 25th of July, informs u3 that
Capt. Shepherd moved on the day pre
vious, aud that Capt. Woochen would
leave on that day. Three companies,
comprising tbo battalion, would leave on
the following day, Coon, and several
of the traders, were travelling in compa
ny with Captain Woechen.
By Telegraph For the Zanetcille Conner.
IMPORTANT Flton YlCATAtf.
Servile lusnrreellon and Massacre.
Richmond, August 30 P. M.
New Orleans papers of the 23rd have
come to hand. There is no later intelli
gence from the army.
There has been an insurrection in Yu
catan. A plot to murder all obnoxious
inhabitants was discovered, after, many
had been massacred.
All the White and MuIIatto mon. wo
men and children in tho town of Tepatea,
had been killed.
All party differences had united to nut
down the insurgents.
A FAIR HIT,
The New Orleans National has not
done more than justice, in the following
mngmary correspondence, to the impcr-
tinout practice of writing letters to emi
nent public men, propounding all man
ner of imprudent questions, and then
publishing their answers. It would seem
as if every political scribbler in the land
had been catechising Gen. Taylor, and
that he, a frank old soldior, answers them
as it it were an ofhaul duty. The ques-
lions propounded in the following lniug-
inaiy correspondence by Mr. bnnoks, are
not less important than many that havo
been propounded to tho General, Olid
his imaginary reply is a very proper
- j -.. i u 1 1. ii uua uunci
unite m inn nnmiiiHiiea w un , 1,1a i........ 1
HIGHLY IMPORTANT COHHESPOX.
llR'isrECTivEvit.Li, June 7. 1847.
Dear Sir As you are a candidate for
the Presidency, so constituted by the
people, you are, therefore, open to all
aitrto f,f !mna.t1nn..i - .: r
. ....,...., UBu,iB. n.ur
privacy is to be invaded and you oro to
x cr ii , , ., . ,
suffer yourself to be dui y oxaminod, as
c . i . ' . , '""""
of tin infinite number of shnrp lawyers.
. . . .... ,, , ,
1 am one 01 mo people, and being an ex
ceedingly small specimen, I have mado it
a practice for years past, for tho suko of
notoriety, to endeavor to fasten myself on
tho tuil of some great man, whohnppenod,
for tho time, to be in the ascendancy.
I am opposed to your elevation to of
fico, and would not vote for you were you,
in tho langungo of a luto Locofoco Son
ator in this State, 1 pure enough to sit on
the right hand of tho Throne of Ileuven.'
Yet I would bo exceedingly delighted if
you would answer the questions I put to
you, in this letter, not only for the purpose
of having them published against you,
if they can he so used, in case you are a
candidate, bit, also, for the sake of get
ting my name before the people as hav
ing done somothing to assist in misrepre
senting your real sentiments. If I ac
complish this, and you aro dofeated, I am
suro of some small office as a reward for
my ingenious services.
I wish to know, firstly, whether you
are in favor of putting corn in both ends
of a bag that issont to mill on horselmck,
or do yon bolievo in the modern system
invented by Hob vvulker, who used u
large stono in ono end to hiilunco the
grain in tho other? Secondly, aro you
in favor of mulos having colts Thirdly,
are you in favor of crossing tho nutmeg
melon with tho pumpkin?
A prompt ami dohuito answer to those
Inflations will oblige, yourfollow-citizun,
.UGUSTUS MONTAGUE SNOOKS.
General Z. Taylor.
Camp near Monterey, July 9, 1817.
Respected Sir Your vory important
communication came to hand 111 due
course of mail and baggage wagon trans
portation. 1 read it with profound pleas
ure. I. was delighted with the indepen
dent ex nrossion of your sentiments, and
the laudable motives that induced you to
place them before mo in writing. The
Government has kept mo so exceedingly
busy of late doing nothing, that I have
not had lime to write you as promptly ns
I could have desired, nor can I as expli
citly, whou I do sit down to tho task, as
the importance of thesubjuct demands.
Your first question- I shall answer them
all categorically is 0110 that involves a
favorite system of exchange, which would
be indolicato for me iu my present posi
tion, to enlarge upon, but I will say in
passing, that it is fur better to havo a
stone in tho meal bag than one in the
bladder. To your second ipiostion, I
answer, I am iu favor of mules having
colls, providod it suits tho mules, and
don t intoileie with tho vested rights ol
the people Your third quostion invol
ves a point unon which I havo many doubts
crossing the melon with the pumpkin
certainly enlarges tho melon, but it will
require a large share of attention of phi
losophers to show it don't luin the nut
With high respect, I remain,
Your most obedient servant,
,'AuousTi'i Montague Snooks, Esq.
Extraordinary Coincidence in the
Lire or a Married Pair.-A Scotch news
paper of tho year 1777 gives tho follow
ing as the extract of a Tetter from Lan
ark: "Old William Douglass and his wife
are lately dead, you know that ho and his
wife were born on the same day, within
the same hour by the same midwife; that
they were constant companions, till na
ture inspired thorn with love and friend
ship; at tho age of eighteen were marri
ed with the consent of their parents, at
the church where they were christened.
These are not the whole of the circum
stances attending this extraordinary pair.
They never knew a day's sickness until
the day before their deaths; and the day
on which they died they were exactly
one hundred years old. They died in
one bed, and were buried in one grave,
close to the fount where they were christ
Gl)t iCaiuttstcr a$ette.'.
GEORGE WEAVER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
Friday Norningepienibcr it, 1847
The County Printing, again.
The Eagle bus fuiled to meet the issues we pre
sented. We present them agaiu. The churge ia
our county pays more lor printing, stationery
and fuel thitu our neighboring colludes of equul
if not greater size our evidence is the County re
ports. Dure the Eagle explain the difference?
And now lor the foreign matter in dispute
We shill sny iom things now. thut we would
not have said, if the Eagle hud met us fuirly.
We huvo shown iu another ui title how our
Ji-bl lias been paid off.
Iu regard to the "manner iu which tho type of
the lute reports were put in," we nay what we
did before. We never published the Delinquent
list of Luncustcr and Bulliiuore we are respon
sible for only such us we have published. We
did publish the Corporation Exhibit aud with
that the Poor House Report and Treasurer's Re
pur t can aud ought to bo compared. Are you
willing to count (squares and quantity of mutter,
and then compare prices? But the Delinquent
list cannot, iu fuiruess be compured widi such re
ports as the ubove, and you, a "practical printer
of Jive yean apprenticeship," ought to know it.
Please toll ns how many blanks you printed
and what you churgnd, and we will show you that
if we lied, we lied the wrong wuy.
lint the Junior creeps out of our charge of un
derlying by saying thut he printed for a "benev
olent institution of which be wns a member;"
Be it so, but he was not, we think, a member nt
the time the printing was done. They stated
that they printed for all alike we said they did
not, ami it is admitted. But this is not nil. In
the last Eagle are two Circus Advertisements
and one for a Menagerie does the Eagle charge
for these as much as it does the county for an
equal amount. There can also be seen a Card from
the "Medical College ol Ohio," for this, tieurly
three squares, for four insertions, the Eagle gets
) 00 how much would it chnrgo the county
for the same? at leant $3 00, if nut : 75. Arc
. these benevolent institutions! Bringing up these
re-'things is out of our maul pructice; but we are
compelled to take this course. The Eagle charg
ed us with falsehood and we were compelled to
repel it. We have done so and here this part of
of the mutter shall rest.
But before closing this article, we must repeat
a query wo mado two weeks since. Why are
printers a privileged clust? Why should not
I worn ue lei oui io iiicm as to otnor inecnaiucst
,1.1. . . ., , A
j, ;, .nmml n((1 coutei n,ofuI, two prm,or, Ul
,-. . , ., , . , . .,
, bid against each other for conuty work it is the
; ,- .; . ,
same lor two Carpenters or Stone-masons to do
Wg . ,
And now we would merely say that the Tux
payers are inquiring into this mailer and that tho
lted Lodge know it. Their paper has lived Irani
the county patronage it hits chargod the county,
exorbitant prices and now when its owners
and musters feel that they can no longer stillu in
quiry, limy begin to fear and resort to the Worst
means to turn tlio attention nt tho people to oth
er mutters. Wo shall not stop the discussion
simply bernuso we huvo blackguards to deal with.
I'im'I for Public Offices.
The Public OMces consumed, lust yoar. about
Wirf thoutand butkelt of luel costing ovor tvo
hundred dollars. Lot ns examine the amount
btirnml in each fire-place. In doing this, we will
make liberal allowances. Counting the fire-places
in the different offices, wo think ten is sn all
sufficient number, This makes each one consume
three hnndrcd bushclt of coal. Three hundred
bushels burned iii one grate. Now we think that
wa are not out of the way, as every one acquain
ted with the burning or coal can testify, when we
say that each fii e-pluce should not consume more
thuu one hnwlrrd nnd ffty bushels. If anything,
wa make too liberal an allowance. Now, with
proper economy, the county offices could save
half the quantity, decreasing thn expense nno-half
and saving to Iho county one hundred dnllart.
Now we submit to the tax-payers, is this "much
ado about nothing?" This would pay tho Attor
ney's fee in some case, whuro the Commissioners
have needlessly throw 11 tho county into litigation
No Party Candidates.
The resolution following was passed
by the Whigs of Chester county Pa. in a
public mooting lately hold It spoaks
tho tight doctrine We cannot profess
and live up to any other. Tho moment
an individual is elevated to the Presiden
tial chair, that moment a party must be
formed. He will endeuvur to carry out
certuin principles he will have adhe
rtiiitB, who will act with him here then
is a party fonnod under tho auspices of
one, who professed to be a "no party
man." Those who elocted him to that
station, must go with him, must fall into
the ranks of his party, thus forsaking their
long-cherished principles, or they must
leave hnn and form an opposition party.
In a free country, where free discussion
is tolerated, it cunnot be otherwise.
Hethlited, That the principles of the whig party,
conservative, palrlntin, and just, like the priiiei-pli-s
iil'iiiiiniilnlila truth, admit of 110 roninrmiiiiiA:
and that as whigs, therefore, wo can entrust the
destinies ol our country to no man who is not
Whig, a whole Whig, and nothing but a Whig.
Aii DiiKlish Freetrader.
The National IntcUigcnr.tr etomnwxA
lhat thoso, who quote the example of
Groat Britain to justify the removal of all
Protection, should read the following ex
tract from a speech made to his constitu
ents by Mr. Smytho, one of tho most effi
cient co-operators with Sir Robert Pool
in his recent free-trade measure. It ad
mits, iu a few words, all that Protection
ists in this country havo endeavored to
impress upon tho minds of the people,
lloro is the extract:
"I cannot however, quit this subject of Free
Trade without expressing my opinion on the ab
stract principle. 1 by no means hold that the
principle of bee trude is absolutely true, hor that
it is ot universal application, (f I were an Ameri
can, the citizen of a young country, IthnMbea
protectioniit. If I wore a Freuclmiun the na
tive of an old country with iu industry undevel
oped I should equally be a protectionist."
tyiu most of the Whig counties, in
the Stato, the Whigs have made thoir
county nominations. The harmony,
which prevailed, gives tokon of success.
There is no good reason, why we should
be beaten in this State. We cannot if
the Whigs do their duty.--
ldr" We are under many obligations to
our Agent 1 u M. for hit kind favors.
The Auditor's Exhibit or the Comi
In last week's Eagle, we seo a com
munication to the People of. the county,!
by the Auditor, pretending to give an ex
hibit of the debt of the county. We shall
examine it in one or two particulars at
present. It has failed to convince us,
from the fact lhat we do not believe it
correct, and we will show in what our be
lief is founded. -
The Auditor says; "March 6th 1846
Paid John II. James, Esq. on county
bonds. "Urbana debt." $12,018 50.
In this item there is a mistake now or
I was last year. The item comes under
last year's reports. There we find a-
mountpaidto Urbana Bank $13,080 00.
The di (lore 11 co may be tho interest, but
from the fact that a subsequent payment
was made, we think not. - Tho Auditor
would have put the interest iu the amount.
But this is not all.. In the same report of
last year, we find an item "received of
Cincinnati Bank $13,080 00." We
said then the money was borrowed bor
rowed to pay the debt. It was not de
nied. This item, then, is not included in
the Recapitulation. Has it been paid?
Ordid the Cincinnati Bank owe the coun
ty? Unless this is explained, we shall
add this much to the county debt we
shall charge the commissioners with bor
rowing from one bank to pay another. Is
this tho way to get out of debt? Prudent
men tell us that this mode of doing busi
ness will ruin individuals is not the ten
dency the samo when tho county is con
Unless this is explained to us, we shall
be compelled to accuse the Auditor of un
Again wo find S2G4.08 paid J.Douthirt.
This, we suppose, is for building Rush
creek bridge. Has not this money been
paid once before? If so, and the Com
missioners havo been compelled to pay
it again, is thore any likelihood that they
will recover from the over-paid partnoror
his bond? This case has been in litiga
tion court costs have been paid, At
torney fees have been paid, and all tho
result of carelessness or favoritism. But
we intend to notice it again.
Again. In his recapitulation, the Au
ditor does not notice outstanding bonds.
YV e know of some, one for $50, and there
ate doubtless many moro. Can the Au
ditor tell how many?
Tho Auditor adds:
"There are somo other matters which I do not
deem it necessary to notice at this time, deeming
it below the dignity of a public officer to notice
low insinuations, which are made through the pub
lic press under a fulse name."
When a man is in a bad "fix" ho had
better throwhimsclfonhisdiguity. Doos
he mean to say that our Correspondent
"Tax-payer" has not told the truth a
bout him? It can be proved. Does he
mean to say that he does not pay more
for printing and stationery than his broth,
er Auditor's in other counties? The re
cords tell a different tale. We have
made no insinuations against himwhat
we chnrgod we proved; what "Tax-payer''
charged, he is ready to prove. The
"dignity"' of an "officer" is no more olo
vatcd than lhat of any olhor "servant"
and we can assure oui Auditor that we
used no epithets save such as we meant.
When we believe tho "Exhibit" to be
correct, we shall publish it and endeav
or to do the Auditor full justice. In tho
mean time, we trust his "dignity" will
not fuel wounded becauso we cannot un
derstand his report.
Rev, J. Anderson's) Sermon.
Circumstances having called for the publication
of this Snrnmn, it has been printed and can now
be had at the Book Store of W. H. Deaty, iu Lan
caster; at Messrs. Ashbsugh & Beery's Store in
Bremen; and at Messrs. Hood Si Lewis' Store in
We hopo those who did not hear it. will read it.
They can then form their opinions correctly of
the discussion, which they have recently read hi
the two enmity papers.
Dread fill Shipwreck..
Tho now ship, Mumulouk, of New York, from
Liverpool, struck a heavy squall, on the 15th ult.,
when five hundred miles off Sandy Hook, which
tore away her wheel-house, carried off her hatch
es, by the great force of the waves, and she soon
Forty two lives were lost the remainder of
tho Crow and passengort, 23, were saved ond
brought to New York. The ship and cargo were
insured. . ,
fiTThe Stock-holders of he Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company havo accepted the Vir
ginia law and the road will now be completed to
Wheeling. This gives the Ohio Central route the
Outrage on our Flax.
It is suid that the brig Brooklyno, of F.astport,
Maine, was overtaken by the British steam frig
ate, Columbia, and that one of her crew was for
cibly taken from her. No reasons are assigned
aud indeed, !f it be true, none can be given.
If the information be correct, a prompt and deci
ded reparation will, no doubt, be demanded by
our Government. '
. IP" We ace it stated that it requires txice as
much, under Mr. Polk, to carry on the War against
Mexico, as itdid, under Mr. Madison, to carry on
the War against Great Britain.
GBy a telegraphic report to the
Zanesville Courier, wo loam the death
of the Hon. Silas Wright, one of the ablest
champions of Locofoco principles. It is
a melancholy event and will be generally
tdrAt one of the battles of the revolu
tion, the Yankees were piling .up balls
which had been wasted by tho enemy.
The British commandor applied to them
for balls as follows: 'We want balls; will
you send then?'! The answer was:
'Send us powder, and, we willj-iee thtm
to you - ' " ' '-
Why don't they do Ul
Folk, iu his annual message, says that
those, who discuss the merits of this Mex
ican war, are guilty of constructive treas
on. All his adherants.his venal press in
particular, take their cue from their mas
ter and tell us that we have no right to
discuss the question of right and wrong.
In olden times, there was a certain law
passod called the "Sedition" law. The
friends of the Elder Adams thought it
wrong for the people of this free country
to discuss the measures of the then Ad
ministration and passed a law, whereby
it was made penal for any one to- say
aught against the measures of tho elder
Adams or any of his acts. But there was
one redeeming clause. The ofienderhad
the privilege of pleading in justification
He could demand a trial and witnesses
and a jury and could defend by himself
and attorney. This was called a federal
measure and its friends became so odi
ous to the people that they were hoisted
from power. , - A
Well, in later times, during the reign
of James, tho who(?),it is gravely asserted
that those,' who discuss ono of the
measures of his Administration, are guil
ty ot treason. What! treason, and no
law to punish it? It is even so, and James
K. Polk and his partizans, to live up to
the oath he took at his inauguiation, are
bound to recommend and to pass a law
similar to the Sedition law.
But this is not all. If they believe
what they say, we tho people, have no
right to plead in justification we can de
maud a trial, witnesses, a jury, and can de
fend; but we dare not offer iu evidence
anything to justify what we said against
the Administration. We say the Loco
foco party is bound to pass such a law a
sedition law without the redeeming trait
of the old one.
Suppose it be done suppose the pres
ent Locofoco party carry into practice
their theory the question immediately
arises, is not this Locofoco party the off
spring of the old Federal party, ogreeing
in principle with it and demanding tho
same means to punish opponents?
We say they are identical. They pro
fess the same principle and if the Loco
focos do their duty, according to their no
tions, they must pass a Sedition law
then the identity will be apparent to evo
ry one. But ono thing else. It is said
that each generation is wiser than the
proceeding one. So will it be in this
case. The former federal party passed
a law; but allowed the offender to plead
in justification. The latter federal party,
the Locofocos, the mongrel democracy
or whatover else you choose to style
them, demand the passage of tho same
law without the justification clause
making it ten times more odious. But
why be amazed? Have not Woodbury
and Buchanan and Bancroft and a host
of other leading locofoco federals learn
od wisdom from the past and are they not
thus enabled to shape a law, in better ac
cordance with their principles than the
old one 1 Who says no I
The Springfield Republic comes to us
under tho control of a new publisher, Mr,
it nn .
naisey. mo editorial department is
still under the control of Mr. Gallagher,
which is an earnest lhat the paper will
still maintain its old rank, as the very
best of Whig papers,
ty The Doming Flag, under the con
trol of Samuel Pike Esq. has put on a
now dress and presents a fine appear
ance. Indications would lead us to be
Hove that tne "old 1' ish is swimming in
rThe Clermont Courier comes to us
enlarged and improved. It is now under
tho control of R. W. Clarke and A. M
Gest. It is among the beat Whig papers
of the State.
For the Lancaster Gazette,
Arc wean Italightcncd Peoplel
Having often heard and read assertion! in favor
ol the affirmative side of this question, but having
never met with a statement of the grounds
upuu which this opinion is based by those
who entertain it 1 I, relying unon mv own obser
vations, have undertaken, in a series of articles,
the first number of which will be found in the
Ohio Eagle of the present week, to maintain the
uexative of the nuestion.
1 would beg leave to relate to the readers of
tlio uaxette twoanocdotes illustrative of A men
MiUiy years ago, having occasion to call one
evening at the bouse ol a gentleman 111 whose
neighborhood I happened to reside, in the course
of conversation the gentleman remarked that two
or three nights previously he had noticed a strange
phenomenon in the heavens, the like of which he
uad never before seen or heard ot. Ha thoualit
it probable that if we would step out, and inspect
me SKy, me proaigy niigiit still lie visible. 1 ac
companied bun to the door, full of anticipation
And what, reader, do you suppose we saw? No
doubt, some comet with a fiery tail of portentous
size ; or something still more terrific furobodins.
perhaps, the fall of empires, or the final catastro
phe ol Nature, ueauer, it was simply tho
milky way ! ! I
But it may be said that this man was a simple
ton, or, at best, some stupid rustic. I will describe
bim. He wns possessed of wealth. He was a
perfect gentleman in his manners. He was a
shrewd, enterprising, business man ; and upon n
slight acquaintance you would not have suspected
that he was deficient iu intelligence. And yet he
L-.l I! I .1.. I'.l.'... " J '1
i.iiu mou iu mango ui uiii-iy or upward witnoui
being aware of theexistenceof the milkv wavl I
question whether this man had ever read two vol
umes in his life; and his family, though possessed
oi some amiaoie truus 01 character, were as desti
tute of intelligence as himself. And vet this fam
ily ranked high in fathionablt society, and were
too good to associate with their plainor, but much
more intelligent neighbors!
Ou another occasion, and iu a different region,
chancing to be a temporary inmate of a family oi
moderate pretensions, but respectable, and in
good circumstances, the master of this family, a
man by uo means deficient iu common sense, se
riously enquired of me whether the sun arose
in the North or in the South He knew that
it arose at the one or the other of these two points,
but he was not sure which!
It may be said that the above are extreme cases.
I maintain that thev are not. Thminh im m.v
not find one cose, hi a million of the same kind
with either of those just stated; yet places can be
found in our countrr where everv second man is
altogether is ignorant as the two individuals above
described. . ,
The first cue may be taken as a fair sample of
not S small proportion of the American aristocracy.-
. ' JOHN WILLIAMS.
For the tancatter Qazette. ,
Wmt Bvshvilli, O. Aug. 30 1847.
Mr. Weaver: I nerceve that the
great wrath of the Editors of the Eagle
is not in the least abated, and iu truth, I
see no help for them. For preaching a
sermon on the second Sabbath of July,
to which whigs and democrats gave their
cordial assent, they called me lory, trait
or.hypocrite.&c.&c, and the sermon "to-
ry, all out 1 asked them for their defi
nition of a tory, and in a fit of anger they
told of an Elder away in Maine, who was
sent to thePenitentiary forsome shocking
crime. If they had described the man
in the moon, their definition of a tory
would have been lust as pertinent. J
asked for one solitary sentence from the
sermon to prove it "lory all out," and told
them if they could not furnish it, they
must stand posted before the public by
their own pens as liars and slanderers;
but they could not furnish this small item
of proof, and still they are in a rage at
me 1 - ihey published to tho world the
sentiment that men have no right to judge
and speak for themselves on political
matters, except they speak and judge
as they do, and when I remined them
that this was - a real torv senti
ment, they fell into a race.. And when
I told them that by holding this tory sen
timent and at the same time publishing
to the people that they were good demo
crats, they wore acting the part of polit
cal hy pocrues.they fell into a greatei rage
than ever. 1 should never have thought
of charp-ing them with toryism and hyp
ocrisy, if they had not published it to the
world themselves, and when 1 was kind
enough to point it out to them, and rebuke
them for exposing themselves, instead of
thanking me, they again tell into a rage,
and commenced their abuse.
And now thoy plead that however
much they may slander a minister of the
gospel, it is entirely beneath his charac
ter and dignity to take any notice of them
whatever! Perhaps it is; but the Bible
speaks of "unruly and vain talkers and
deceivers whose mouths must be stopped,'
and .raul commands a minister ot the
gospel to "rebuke them sharply," and yet
when I rebuked them sharply for their
good, they again tell into a burning rage.
On Sabbath before last, before Bethel
congregation, (composed principally of
intelligent democrats,) dispersed, 1 re
quested them to' give an expression of
their opinion ol tbo sermon on war, which
1 had delivered them, aud not an ebjec
tion was made toil; but an excellent
and worthy Ruling Elder, who represen
ted the democracy of Perry County in
the last session of our Legislature, made
quite a speech in tavorof it, and closed
by saying thai he had hoard no objections
against it from any of his democratic
friends.' As this whole congregation of
intelligent democrats are now in the
same condemnation with myself, I hope
the Eagle men will treat us all alike, or
I will surely have grounds of compluint.
I will now demonstrate from their own
writen statements that they are toiies,
and hypocrites, and should not be tolera
ted in Lancaster, or the state of Ohio.
Though they have absolutely refused to
define a tory, after all, they have
done it. Their definition of a tory is one
who opposes the present war, or believes
it to be unjust, i hat this is their mean
ing is evident from the fact that they are
strong advocates for the war, and they
called the writer a tory because lie did
not express himself, as they supposed,
"precisely" according to their views of it.
Now in my sermon, 1 say, "Lay as much
blame of this war as you please upon the
priesthood of Mexico, &upon Santa, Anna
and the demagogues of the nation.' tec.
But the Editors call this "toryism all out."
Ot courso they believe that the priest
hood, Santa'Anna.and all the demagogues
of the nation are not to blame, and if not
theu it must be a most unrighteous war,
I lie following syllogism then must be cor
rect. All those are tories who believe
the present war with Mexico to be un
righteous; the Editors of the Eagle believe it to be
unrighteous; therefore the Editoi-s of the Eagle are
tories. Again; a hypocrite'is one who
professes to be what 111 reality he is not;
the Editors of the Eagle profess to be
what in reality they are not they pro
fess to bo democrats while i.i reality they
sio iiuios, inciuiuiu uiey uru nypocilies.
Once more ; they say a tory and hypocrite
should not be tolerated in any communi
ty; they are toi ies and hypocrites accor
ding to their own statements, therefore
they should net be tolerated in any com'
munity neither in Lancaster, nor any
place else. The question then comos up
wuat should be done with thorn f I
would advise the good people of Lan
caster just to bear with them, or tolerate
them, and by so doing they will treat
them lar better than thoy say such men
ought to be treated, and thus cut off all
grounds of complaint.
Scioto Valley. The Scioto Gazette
rejoices in the subsriptions made to the
Belnre Railroad, and savs:
"We hope (and there are thousands of
others who sympathise in that hopo,) that
within the next ten years, passengers and
freight may be conveyed from this city
as from a central point in the Scioto Val
leyto Baltimore, in 36 hours, by the
steam horse; and that all the social and
pecuniary advantages, which a rapid and
comparatively cheap transmission by rail
roads have secured to older communities,
may accrue to ours, and to those by whom
we are immediately surrounded."
On Wednesday last, Mr. Wilson a
teacher in the town of Middletown, with
his wife and child were travelling in a
buggy on the tow path of the Lebanon
Canal, a short distance from town; when
tho horse took fright, backed into the Ca
nal, upsetting the buggy and precipita
ting the wife and child into the water.
The Canal beingdeep and the horse be
coming entangled in the harness, Mr.
Wilson not being able to swim, he found
it impossible to extricato either his wifo
or child. Ho therefore tan about a quar
ter of a mile for help. On returning to
the scene of the disaster with.the reques
ted aid he found his child floating near the
edge of the Canal apparently lifeless, yet
warm it appeared that the mother true
to the instincts of nature had put tortb
her dying effort to save her child by try
ins to cast it upon the shore. But all ef
forts to save the little innnocet werein vain
The body of Mrs. Wilson was found an
der the buggy which had upset, but the
vital spark had fled.' The horse was also
drowned. Dayton Transcript.
Notwithstnnd in or tliA nm nl a ta fjitlii.
Of the Subtreasiirv arUmn tr .n.uar tU
j s.w iw isiiwnvi
ui iiscai agent oi the Government,
I notwithstanding the repeated instan-
nces in which tl ,.,....,,., r .1..
wwiututj ui 1110
Treasury has been compelled to disre
ui. JJ.V..3IUH3, urioput torced con-
ucuoiis upon mem in order to keep
e financial wheels of the Government
motion, the partisans of tbo a ,):..
1 - - "uiiiiiiin-
trationhave the. hardihood to spoak of it
u euccessiui uiBuiuuon, onu to ascribe
its influence, in part, the present pros
nit V of the country. It is not i;i,,i.. -
however, that thesa effort will
any portion of the people, who have ac-
uiaiiuu mi ma sunjecc aau
oucquuiuieu wun tne course and acts
"the Treasury Dennnmnnf All ...i.
must know that this treasury scheme has
v.wm an auuiuuu, a numDug, and that
I those tools of thn Adminl-, ..,..: 1
t , -.. oimiiua WIIU
continue to laud it, in the face of its com.
tete failure as a fiscal aid to the Treas
ry Department, are rruiltv of thn n,..t.
est audacity and duplicity.
Among the instances in which its pro
isions have been set nt nnimlit .! St
utter futility bee
which has just occurred in New York,
aim wnicn we nnd commented on in the
papers in that city. The government
iuu uccumoii 10 iranster a million or two
if specie, from the Subtrnnoiirv r.f
York to New Orleans. In order to have
effected, instead of doing it according
1 the letter and spirit of the Subtreasury
w, it deposited the amount in nna r.rl..
State banks, under a contract with the
bank that it will at a stipulated time, have
the money forth coming in the citv of
M,i,n.inM n.. .1.:. f ,
w. .i,aua. jjjr una process tne spe
cie will remain in New Ynrlr K
means of a draft, a mode of exchange,
once ho norrioie in tne eyes or the Ad-
ministration ana Jjocotoco party, the
same amount will be paid to the Govern
menla?cntat New Oi-lnnim All ii,;:
CJ - , a s lino a
to the benefit of the commercial interest
111 JNew lork, and no doubt better for
the country generally, but doa it nnt b v.
bibitin a strong light the absurdity and
.II.. f.I Ol. . - -
uiiiyoi me ouuireasury scheme! Halt.
The Whig Policy.
The whole amotintof the Sinking Fund,
says Auditor Woods, which will be appli
cable, at tho closo of the year, to the pay
ment of our State Debt, will not be less
than Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand.
Let that fund accumulate. At any
time after tho year 850, the State will be
at liberty to pay off the debt as fast as she
shall be uble; and it is high time that pre-
parationa were made for that purpose.
This is one of the first fruits of the Whig
administration of our State affairs; and it
is a mere beginning. It behooves the
tax-payers of the State to look to this
matter. Rv ft ftfAflilir noreAcnrnnAA I
course marked out by the Legislature at
its last two sessions, our State Debt, now
so enormous, and which presses with
mountain-weight upon the tax-payers,
will molt away like the frost-work of an
April's morning. And in a few years,
the people of Ohio may boast that what
they have is their own. Their public
debt, and heavy taxes to pay its interest,
will be numbered among the things that
were. Won't that bo a glorious time!-0.
Late From California.. General
Kearney and other officers of the army,
arrived at St, Louis on the 26th ult., in
66 days from the Settlements in Califor
nia. Everything was tolerable quiet
when they left. The American popula
tion, was restless under military rule.
In company as far as Fort Leavenworth,
Lt. Fremont travelled with them. But
on reaching that fort, Col. Fremont was
arrested by Kearney and ordered to
Washington city for trial.
The party encountered much hardship
in their journey over the mountains.
We will givo farther particulars to-morrow.
Rank. A Vera Cruz letter of the 20th
has this paragraph: A quarrel on the
subject of rank, has arisen in our army,
but I presume the consoquence will not
be very serious. The Commander-in-Chief
has made a very sensible decision
on the subject, and the matter lies in a
proper shape, ponding an appeal. Just
think of Gen. Worth serving under such
a man as Pillow, or even under Quitman?
Napoleon under Col. Pluck! Gen.
Quitman is a gentleman, and a good offi
cerperhaps the very best of bis class of
appointments, but he should never think
of leading Worth, who is decidedly, and
by general consent, the second man in
the army, in point of talent and fitness for
We have been looking to see whether
the Locofocos of Staik county would
nominate Theodore Gibbons lo repre
sent them in the General Assembly.
Their editors there, and their endorsers
clsewhere.avouch Theodore to be a right
proper sort of a man; and as this man by
a vagabond act has become a hero and a
tWof their tribe, we were looking to see
whether they would select him as a suita
ble representative of their genus in that
Theodorcliad not been nominated at
the latest dates. O.S. Journal.
GThe newspapers are publising the
subjoined account of oe of those mistakes
which sometimes occur in carrying into
effect the penalty of death: .
, The Wrong Man Huno. A young
printer named Boyinglon, who served his
time in the New Haven Palladium was
hung a few years since in Alabama, up
on a charge of having murdered a com
panion, with whom he was travelling.
He protested his innocence to the fast;
but without avail. . Recently the landlord
iu whose house the murder was commit
ted, confessed the crime on his death-bed!
Boyington was a young man of fine tal
ents and prepossessing appearance, whoso
guilt was deemed conclusive only from
the tact that he was the last person seen
Wltb t V, o tymi T-.t nrAil rrtnm, A 71,. .. T u
,.. ... ...u.uviwm luaili iiwunjf vvt
Grit hr stated that btlla-ef- Exebange-
to the amount of nearly a million of dol-
ars nave been returned Ter Cambria,
protested. They were mostly drawn b
New York and Southern bouses, an
were generally against - shipments -bread-Bluffs.
.. .. .