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. E3TJOB WORK neatly and promptly executed,
v Ascnts for Hie Ltiiicnloi' Gnxeltc.
Milfrrtpcrt: B. Vance QruoUUl 77 Walter McFor
JftvSuUm: Dr. M D. Briv.k land Thomas Minefield
Plcktringitn: A. Brljhe, Jr PUwt T- T.P. Aslihronk
Jcfirfi: David Ji-nning Eati RuthnUt; David Baker
Litkupetu: l-wii Hulwr IV.Riuheilli; N. B Conlilon
Cul m-ithtitf: Dr Poiwr Snu Uwiry Aitihwiih
iMkmllt: Win P. Tmment Auburn T; I. Ilnll. B. Black
Jlwtu: Nathan i. Worrall Biru T: Jnmes R. Pfarce
J . riemems, Jr Ptrru Tomt: Levi Friend .
JlmfA 7. Wm. Ashlirook .Statues T: I. B Knonii
Ctrrtll; William P. Brack Cmwi-m;CoI.W: Hamilton
Butili Henrjr Leonard G-iH: P. K Haserniao
Jtaiiin.n; H. L Nicely 'Snurnl,' David Hewitt
.,. V. B. Puan, Eaq., General Asenl for Ibe Eastern Cillea
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CHAS. W. FENTON.
Proprietor of National Whig.
Washington, July 16 -6ml0 $5,& ex. daily ly
NEW BOOM AND NEW GOODS.
M01IE GOOD NEWS,
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES
HARDWARE CHRAPKR THAN EVER
" Just received and now opening, in the East
Room or Mr. R. M. Ainsworth s Block orro.
siti the Tallhadoc House, from Pittsburg,
Baltimore, Philadelphia aud New York, a large
aim general assortment ol Liigusli. ueruiau aud
IIAKDW4RE AND CUTLERY.
Comprising in part the following articles:
English and German Door Locks. Mortice locks
. and Latches, cheat. Desk, Till and Padlocks
Latches and dour handles, wiudow springs asst.
Sash fustutngs, assorted,
Socket and Firmer chisels, gouges & spur bids
Ball Braces iu setts, pluin bits all sizes
Common and Screwed Spoke Shaves
- Screw drivers, Compasses, 8teel squares,
Slide Bevels, Mill saw, duuble cut uud 3 square
files, Horse Rasps, Drawing Knives.
1 OOO Gross wood Screws assorted
3 OO duzen Mahogany Knobs
' Cut Tacks from 24 to 24 ounces
, RnriL's from U to '2 inch.
Patent Binds, Clout Nails, Tenneut, Hand, pan
nel. Piunins and Butcher's Saws
Iran, Brittannia, Gerniuu Silver and Silver pla
ted Table. Tea aud Basting spoons,
Bread Trays, Waiters, Iron and Solar Lamps,
Iron tud Brass Candlesticks,
Looking Glasses and Looking Gloss plates,
Super Rodger's Congress knives
,1, ', , and Bladed do nsst, Pruning knives
Razors assorted and Razor Btropss mid n gener
al and hue assortment ol TABLE CUTLERY.
Duckies of all i-izes. Ten ets uud water Hooks,
Harness spots, Trace aim Haltor bolts
Iiras. Silveroduud Jnpuuncd Stirrups.
Cotton. Straining, Worsted and Boot we
Conch and Buggy luce, tufts of all colors, plain
aud figured cum ulotli, Juiiaiiiied Muslins, assort
ed colors Morocco. Boot do. Gnat uud Hog skins,
Souting, Plush, plain mid figured assorted
Puteut Loatlier and Oil Clolh. " "
' Broad axes. Adzes, Clininperlng kuivos, head
ing do, Stuve do, Crow cutters, Hollowing knives,
' Shave ups and Dress hoops assorted. -
for (He Farmer.
I have a general assortment of Haltor, Trace,
Log aud Breast chains
t . 30 dozen Grass Scythes, . . . -.
18 do . Corn . do - . - r
3 do Brush do . ' " '"'
' 3 ' do Patent Grain Cradles ' '
85 do Hay Rukes -
l Common and best steel Corn Hoos, with aud
without handles, Goose neck do, socket shovels,
Long Handle do, D. Handle do, Ames No. , do,
Hay aud 3 aud 4 prong manure Forks
, Also, Mill and Cross cut 8aws, Steelyards,
Hatchets aud Hammers, Adzes aud Broad Axes,
Iron mails and Steel.
-. - ITS Kegs Juuiatta Nails
O do Rapid Forge do
, 20 Tons Juuiatta Iran ' '
' . ' 10 do Rapid Forgo do
1 English Blister, American Blister, Shear, Gor
man and Cast Steel'
: 8-IO and 10-AS Window Glass, and a large
assortment of -
; Leicester JTlachiiie Card,
Together with a great variety of other Hard
ware, all uf which I will positively soli allow for
CASH, as any other house, west of the mountains
can sell thern. Come and see for yourselves .
, , .-,,. ., ; . P. BOPE.
Lancaster, June, 4th 1847. 4tf
" : Jewelry.
C0ME of the finest specimens of Jewelry ever
hrnnrht to Lancaster, anions which may be
found Cameo Fins, single stone do. Bracelets,
Chaius, Pencil cases. Finger riugs, Earrings, Min
intura Cases. Hair Ornaments. Guard and Fob
Keys, Gold and Silver Thimbles, Sic. Cheap for
cash at .GATES & CUorbK 8
Lancaster June 18, 1844, . ' 5
2. NO. 20;
A ClirHiliui .Vomaii.
A worldly man was with hi friends in a
coffee house, wine had inSamed the heads
and loosened the tongues of the guests.
Each sketched the character of his wife,
and enumerated her defects as well as
her good qualities. "As to mine," said
our worldling, "all that I could say in
her praise would fall far below the truth.
My wife unites all the virtues, all the ami-'
able qtinlilies which I can desire. She
would be perfect if she were not a Meth
odist. But her piety gives her no ill-humor,
nothing disturbes her equanimity;
nothing irritates her nor tenders her im
patient. I might, go with you, getleir.en
at midnight and nsk her to serve us with
supper, and she would not show the least
discontent. She would do the honors of
the table with as much assiduity as if I
brought loved and long expected guests."
"Well, then! lot us put your wife to
the proof.' suid some of the company. '
' A considerable bet was made. The
husband agreed to the proposal, and our
wine drinkers, forgetting all propriety,
went in the middle of the night, to in
vade, with their noisy mirth, the peace
ful dwellingof the humble Christian.
4 Where is my wifel" asked the mas
ter of the house of the servant who open
ed the door.
"Sir, she is asleep, long ago."
"Go, wake her, and tell her to pre
pare supper for me and my friends."
J he wile, obedient to the will of her
lsband, quickly made her toilet, met
the strangers and received them in the
most gracious manner. "Fortunately,"
said she, "1 have some provisions in my
house, and in a few minutes supper will
1 ho table was spread, and the repast
served. The pious lady did the honors
f the table with perfect good will, and
constantly bestowed upon hef guests the
most polite attentions.
1 his was too much for our drinkers.
They could not help admhing such ex
traordinary equanimity. One of them,
(the soberest ot the company) spoke,
when the dessert was brought in, and
aid: "Madam, your politeness amazes
us. uur sudden appearance at your
house at so uuseasonale an hour, is ow
ns to a wager. We have lost it, and we
do not complain. .But tell us how it is
possible Unit you, a ptous person, should
treat with so much kindness persons
whose conduct you cannot approve.'
tseutlemeu," she replied, "when we
were married, my husband and myself,
we both lived in dissipation. Since that
time it has pleased the Lord to convert
me to himself. My husband, on the con
trary, continues to go on in ways of woi ld
liness. I tremble for his future state.-
f he should die now he would be to be
pitied. As it is impossible for me to
save him from the punishment which a-
waits him in the world to come, if he ts
not converted, I must apply myself at
least to render his present life as agreea
ble as possible." J
1 hese words anected strongly the
whole company, and made a deep im
pression on the husband. "Dear wife,"
said he, "you are then anxious about the
fate that awaits me in eternity. Thanks,
a thousand thanks for the warning which
you give me. 1 By the grace of God I
will try to change my conduct.
He was true to his promise. He open
ed his heart to the gospel, and became
from that day another man, a sincere
christian and the best of husbands.
Christian wives who have the mis
fortune to be united to infidel husbands,"
adds the narrator, "icad and read again
this anecdote. See how minds are gain
ed to the gospel. Complaints and re
proaches, however well founded, do not
restore peace to the household; often the
contrary, tin y irritate aud increase the
evil. Be then full of meekness, patience
charity, and the Lord will bless your ef
The Wise and Good Police O fflerr. '
Passing from the office of the Prison-
er't Friend to the neighborhood of Fort
hull and liroad street, one day last week,
seeking a place for a poor child whose
mother is in prison and whose lather is
dead, noticing the poor dwellings and
seeing some of the wretched inhabi
tants, the thought came to my mind that
I seldom found persons in our jail from
that part of the city. . I was perplexed to
know why it was so. Meeting soon ut
ter the polino officer who was stationed
in that neighborhood, 1 observed tn him
that I seldom found persons tu lail from
his district, and that probably be did not
have much to do, He soon explained tn
me why it was so. He informed me that
when he was first stationed there, he
took a list of all the poor families, and of
their number of children. He then gave
them good advice. If they were in want
he assisted them; if intoxicated be had a
room to which he took them, and kept
them until they became quiet and sober.
Last I liaiiksgiving week he collected one
hundred and sixty-five dollars, purchased
provisions, and distributed them among
the poor. a The natural consequence of
this generous course has been, that they
look upon him as a friend, benefactor and
lather. Not one of them has ever insult
ed him, or even civen him asaurv word
and he has been among them a year.
Seldom has he any occasion to confine
them. Usually they comply with : his
wishes as soon as they are spoken to.
Like the other police officers, he was
turmshed by the high sheriff with the
usual means of confining the hands of the
prisoners, but he has never had occasion
to use them.
The name of this excellent officer
Lvsandbr Ripi.r.y. He is a wise and
good police officer. Could a sufficient
number of such - persons be ' constantly
employed in Boston, our prisons would
soon be useless, our courts would be va
cated, our sheriffs would be unemployed
poverty would be diminished, and crime
would be prevented. It is much better
to pay for preventing than for punishin
enme. rruoner t xntm, -
. A Clii'lMiau Colony.
Mrs. Child, in giving the history f a
little colony of unsophisticated New Eng
land christians, which emigrated to, and
settled many years since in Michigan,
thus touchingly, eloquently and graphic
ally describes their faith, their trials and
their ultimate triumph, over the selfish
and sensual, by the power of kindness.
Kich in spiritual culture, this little
band started foi the fur West. Their in
ward homes were bloominer eaidens.
they made theiroutward in a wilderness.
Ihey were industrious and fiusal. and
things prospered under. their hands.
but soon wolves came near the fold, in
the shape of reckless, unprincipled ad
venturers, believers in force aud cunning,
who acted according to thoir creed, The
colony of practical Christians spoke'f
their depredations in terms of gentlest
remonstrance, and repaid them with un-
vaiying kindness. Ihey went farther
they openly announced, 'You may do us
what evil you choose, we will return no
thing but good." Lawyers came into the
neighborhood and offered' their services
tosettle disputes. They answered, 'We
have no need of you. As neighbors, we
receive you in the most friendly spirit;
but for us, your occupation has ceased to
exist." "What will you do if rascals
burn your burns, andntcul your harvest!'
'We will return good for evil. We be
lieve this is the lughost truth, and there
fore the best expediency."
When the rascals heard this, they con
sidered it a marvellous good joko, end
said and did many provoking things,
which to them seemed witty. Bars were
taken down in the night, and cows let in
to the cornBelds. The Christians repair
ed the damoge os well us they could, put
the cows in the burn, and attwilightdrove
them gontly home, saying, 'Neighbor,
your cows have been in my held, 1 have
fed them well during the day, but 1 would
not keep them all night, lost the children
should suffer for thuir milk."
If this was fun, they who planned the
joke found no heart to laugh at it. By
uegrees, a visioie cnange came over
these troublesome neighbors. They ceas
ed to cut off horses' tails, and break the
legs of poultry. Rude boys would say to
a younger brother, "Uon t throw that
stone, Bill! When 1 killed the chicken
lust week, didn't they send it to mother,
because they thought chicken broth would
be good for poor Maryl I should think
you'd be ashamed to throw stones at their
chickens." Thus was the evil overcome
with good, till not ono was found to do
them wilful injury.
At the end of ten years, the public
land, which they had chosen for their
farms, were advertised for sale by auc
. . v . . i
ion. According to custom, those who
had settled and cultivated the soil, were
considered to have a right to bid it in at
the government price; which al that time
was $1,25 per acre. But the fever of
land speculation then chanced to run un
sually high. Adventurers trom all parts
nf thn f-nimtrv warn flur-L-tnrr tn tlia an.
tion; and capitalists from Baltimore, Phil-
ot,,hio TJ, Vnrt ,n,i R..D... ...-
...i;.. . k.. .
ODIIUMIU Vt UUT UU VtCBlGlll lailUH.
No one supposed that custom or equality
tw, r,ar,U.X Tho. fi, . J.7'. .oil
,.-u-u i" " v j... wwu. . .w 111(11 UOI QDUIU
:l,a,,1 ihm .,...lni,.n tu ,ac.
"l""W4 I. us. uv.uiutit'll V" Ut VUl J
eree ot insanity. Ijand wis eijer
m . - . . -
bought in, at seventeen, twenty-five and
thirty dollars an acre. Ihe Christian
colony hod small hopes of retaining their
tarms. As hist settlers they had chosen
the best land; and persevering industry
had brought it into the highest cukiva
tion. Its market value was much greater
than the acros already sold, at exorbi-
ant prices. In view oi these facts, they
move into the wilderness, perhaps to be
ad prepared their minds for another re
gainejected by a similar process. But
the morning their lot was offered for sale
they observed, with grateful surprise
that their neighbors were everywhere
usy among tho crowd, begging and ex
postulating Don't bid on these lands!
These men have been working hard on
them for ten years. During all that time
they never did harm to man or brute.
I hey are always ready to do good for
evil. They are a blessing to any neigh
borhood. It would be a sin and a shame
to bid on their lands. . Lot them go at
the government price.
1 he sale came on; the cultivators of
the soil offered 81,25 intending to bid
higher if necessary. But among all that
crowd of selfish, reckless speculators, not
one over bid them! Without an oppo
sing voice the fair acres returned to them.
1 do not know a more remarkable instance
of evil overcome with good. The wisest
political economy lies folded up in the
maxims of Christ.
With delighted reverence, I listened
this unlettered back woodsman, as he ex
plained his philosophy of universal love,
What would you do, said I, it an idle,
thieving vagabond came among you. re- this city, which were attended by a large
solved to stay, but determined not to concourse of people, who appeared great
work!" We should give him food when ly interested. The packet bus a full
hungry, shelter when cold, and always
treat him as a brother." Would not
this process attract such characters!
How would you avoid being overrun
with them! Such characters would eith
er reform, or not remain with us. We
should neverspeak an angry word, or re-
fuse to minister to their necessities; but
we should invariably regard them with
the deepest sadness as we would a guilty
hut hn ovfid son. This is harder tor
u.,mon ..ui m hnr thnn whins or nria.
ons. I hey could not stana it; 1 am sure
they could not. It would either melt
di-iva ihm .wavl In nine cases out
ten, I believe it would melt them."
I felt rebuked for my want of faith,
and consequent shallowness of insight.
That hard handed laborer brought great
er riches to my soul than an Eastern
merchant ladened with pearls. Again I
repeat money ts not wealth.
iyi expect," said a young physician
just entering on the practice of medicine,
to see a good many doath beds.
doubt," said his friend, "if you have
OHIO, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER U, 1847.
The Landing of Black Pomp and
a Cm-go or liorsf.
JCeader! Did you ever see a cargo of
norses thrown overboard from a ship?
The scene would remind you of your firxt
buffalo hunt; and when the wind is fresh
and the waves run high.it possesses some
thing of the sublime confusion of a 'stam
pede." The anchorage is half a mile
from shore. The horses are taken to the
ship's side, one end of a long cord at
tached, to their necks, the other thrown
to the waterman alongside, when they
are tossed overboard, drawn to the stern
of a boat, and towed to land. The hors
es come up from their plunge stark mad
and disposed to mischief. The wildest
ragamuffin race of watermen throng a
bout the ship, eager for the prizes as
they are tossed to them. Between the
shouting, laughing, racing and fighting of
the boatmen, and the ellorts of the hor
ses to break away from them, the confu
sion becomes laughable in the extreme.
Jccasionally an animal slips his halter.
when the chase is up, and fifty bonis uf-
er him on the instant a roan m the bow
of each, using his louo- cord as a lasso.
now throwing at the heud of the horse,
now at the head of some boatman, who
is outstripping him, and equally conten
ted if he throttles the man or bailors the
There was a little incident while the
Galveston was unladen of her horses yes
terday that would have pleased you.
Young Col B. had a fine charger on
hoard, of which he had told wonderful
stories during he piissage; end as both
the Colonel and his horse had become fa
vorites among the passengers, all assem
bled on the upper guard to see Black
Pomp tossed oveibosrd. He was a no
ble fellow, black as a coal and fierce as
an Arab. He dashed tho sailors and ost
lers about at a fearful rate, and seemed
indignant at the idea of being tossed in
to the sea in so rude a manner. Bui at
last, looking up to his master as much as
to usk if it must be done, and seeming to
understand that it must, he dashed two
hostlers to the deck. with a swing of his
head, kicked an old tur into the scuppers,
and rearing violently, cloared the waist
at a bound, and plunged head formost in
to the sea.
He came to the surface of the water,
the fiercest living thing you ever saw.
His eyes gleamed with living fire, and ho
seemed determined to walk upon the
water. Ono old boatman approached
timidly to take hishulter, but a gnash of
his teeth sent the old man tumbling into
the stern of his bout, and the hoiso struck
off resolutely for the shore, with the
whole shout of boats at his heels. It was
a desperate chase; a mosquito fleet of
watermen against Black romp, the char
C t .1. ,
Some of the men threw theirlassosat
his head, with the precision of practiced
hunters; but tho horse seemed to know
his danger, and carried his head top low
to be noosed. For a time the issue was
doubtful. But all the boats were at lust
distanced, except one, that kept its place
close to the animal's haunches. He tried
hi ,r!ar 1t1tories UP '
could not elevate his heels
e enemy, but
to do much
execution, and struggled forward the
1 he chnse hod
become exciting. The
1 boatmen mot iiou oeeri run on me irocK
i,avan rr, nrutnv I ha r rrnnii naRairin n
T " ' r. . ..
lay bets up the result; the rabble of bovs
on the beach yelled like so many young
devils, and Col. B. cheered on his s.oed I
r .1 1 :,t. ,u .....,:., ,.i i:,.t.
from the ship with the genuine soldiers!
1 he horse evidently heard
his voice at times, a
ml would turn hi
head to look at him. Tho noblo ani
mal earned with him the sympathies of
everyone. Tho drop of uu our would
have been hailed wild a general shout.
But tl,e 01tt,m?" Sa,",ed h"?- Tlle
. - i.
""J1 eve,y D01,y n.au V"" u '
the water, Black Pomp turned upon the
boat, and struck her a blow in the bow
liliivi wuou luani'i: iiun mo "ooj
with his fore foot, that made the timbers
crack again. The waterman drew back
and gave up the chase; the crowd ot look
ers on sent up ashoutto the victor that
startled the buzzards from their testing
places on the most distant spire of the
city, and Pomp swam to the shore un
molested. He pranced about in the surf
for a few minutes, evidently proud of his
victory, and then, like a well trained war
horse, walked up quietly to his mastor's
servant, and gave his head to the bridle.
Black Pomp has become the lion ot the
camp. Letter fiom an Officer.
Emigration lo Liberia.
Baltimore, Sept. 3, 1847.
Tho Liboria packet sailed on her sec
ond voyage this morning at 12 o clock.
She carried out eighty emmigrants, mostly
to from this State ic Virginia. At 10 o clock
- religious services were performed 011
board by the Kov. Mr. I'ayne, (a eolorod
man.; ine pasior oi 111 e ueinei uurcn 01
cargo ot freight, and wus not able to take
all that was offered She more than
meets our most sanguino expectations.
o uniowaru event occtna uoiwncu
- this and the close of her hist year, the
managers will be able to declare a very
handsome dividend to the stockholders,
The influence which she is exerting up-
on the colored population is aiso very en-
couraging. During the last torty-eight
the nours some twenty persons 111 umuij
offered themselves as emmigrants, ot
wiwho hubuuuiib uumm huu
or vtously known.
of We expect the packet to return in time
to sail on her third voyage on the 1st day
of January, 1848. loursrespectiully,
Nat. Intelligencer. W. McLAIN.
The Chines Junk. The N. Y. Gaz
ette says: Uvving to tne recent ditncui-
ties between the otlicers and crew ot tho
Junk, the latter consisting of 26 Chinese,
have abandoned their vessel and taken
up their quarters at the Sailor a Home in
"iso 1 unerry street. 1 ne vessel oas bibo ueou
libelled, and will not be able to leave
' some tune, as aavemseu
UTrnisnKo statistics mo "jush'i rao-
CHISS or JUTIOSS.
We noticed, a Jew day's since, the
publication of a Supplement to that valu
able work, ' Seamen's Progress of Na
tions." In these additional- pages wc
find many interesting Facts and Statistics,
brought together by tho author and plac
ed before the reader in a aimpe and con
From these statistics wo select his esti
mate of the average prices of Wheat. In
dian Com, Oats, and Potatoes, per bush
el, from 1840 to 1846 inclusive. in each
of the United Stales, at the nearest mar
ket towns to the pluces of production, to
winch the same may be taken without any
expense to the producor, except his own
labor and the use of his teams.
nB h'l d, Sltlu H'kfl, In. Cm, Otti
Maine tl 121 0 CCi
0 3:it 0 SO
New Hampshire.. I la J 0 62
Masucliuells . . 1
Rhodu IsUnd 1
lii It 2J
liil 0 tlL'l
N.Yurk-South l)i. 1 12i
tl 62 J
0 37 1
to. iSortli du.O 874
ewjeraev 1 H
renn. KastDist..! 12 J
do. West do 0 871
Delaware... 1 00
Maryland 1 00
Virginia-Lost Dial. 1 00
do Wcsl do,0 60
North Caiolliin.. .1 00
Mouth Caruliim 1 Oil
(ienijjia 1 00
Aluliunu 1 00
Florida I Ji!j
Loiiioiuuu 1 12J
A ikonsas, 1 00
Tenuessee 0 50
Kentucky 0 50
Missouri.... 0 40
Ohio 0 5"
lake into consideration the
great cost of transporting produce, uud
tho incidental expenses of storage, for
warding, insurance, wharfage, commiss
ions, risk of spoiling and damage, ice. we
can teadily account for the great differ
ence in prices of produce in different
parts of the United States. The conven
ience of water-carriage by livers, lakes,
etc. and internal improvements, has also
great effect on the prices of those arti
cles of produce to which the soil and cli
mate of particular sections are adapted.
Thus we can account for the difference in
prices in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
and Michigan, compared with Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Western Virginia,
i ennesseo, Kentucky, ice.
It has been estimated by a distinguish
ed British writer that a deficiency in the
wheat crop of Great Britain of one-tenth
would raise the price of the whole crop
three-tenths, and a surplus of one-tenth
would depress the price of ihe whole crop
three-tenths, and so in like proportion; so
that a deficient crop wnl actuulp-sel! for
considerable more money than an abun
dant crop yielding a large surplus. This
is most clearly illustrated in the caso of
cotton exported from the United Stales:
1 1 653 millions of pounds of cotton, of the
"f " l" we" !,u ' "'r uo";
le ml1 !ons ""f" lha.'92
m,lllonfl "f ""ds brought the previous
year, and over two ron tons of dollars
- ' '. . ... . , , ,
! . r n j - -t,
l"K )cu ioooW...K,
In estimating the causes of the great
disparity in tho prices of products in dif
ferent countries, we must look first to the
fact whether the country produces a sur
plus, or produces less than the inhabit
ants need: if tho former, to what market
it can be sent, at what expense, and at
what prices it can be sold; and if the lat
ter whence it can derive supplies, and
at what cost of transportation. For in
stance, Vermont, though an agricultural
State, produces for each of its inhabit
ants, according to the census of 1840,
less than two bushels of Wheat, less than
one of Rye, and less than three of Indi
an Corn; and must therefore import Flour
or Grain; while Ohio produced for each
of Us inhabitants (according to the re
turns of 1840, for the previous year, over
ten bushels of Wheat, over half a bushel
of Rye, and about 22 bushels of Indian
Corn; and had therefore a large surplus
to export. Ohio sent her products
mostly to the New York market, via the
Erie Canal and the Hudson River, and
ihe produce got the New York prices
say 85 per barrel on Flour, less about $2,-
25 for cost and expenses and profits of
sending it to market and selling it, while-
the people of Vermont were obliged to
send to Albany or Troy for a portion of
their Flour pay about So per barrel Un
it, beside about 75 cents for the cost and
expenses of obtaining it; and this raised
the price ot all the 1' lour made in that
State to the same standard so the Ver
mont farmer got more than twice as much
for his Wheat, and three times as much
for his indiuii Corn, as the Ohio Farmer.
All these facts are taken into considera
tion in estimating the average prices nf
products in the States, ihev serve to
show the effect on the prices of produce
and the advantages to the farmer of a
mining, manufacturing or commercial
population in his vicinity, to create an
increased demand for its products
Though Indian Corn, in the States of
Indiana. Illinois, Missouri, lennessee
and Kentucky, is put down in tho forego
ing Table at 15 cents per bushel, yet it
is done out of deleronce to the high esti
matos of Professor Tucker, who has put
it in Tennessee at 25 cents, and in the
other four States at 20 cents per bushel
Mr. Seaman thinks that the Corn crop of
those States cannot be worth; on an aver
age, over 12J censts per bushel; and tu
many interior districts it often will not
sell for more than 8. or 10 conts per bush
el. The Prices Current often show the
fact that their Oats and Potatesbear high
er prices than Indian Corn in tho West-
em and ooutn-wesiern states
1 he official average prices of Produce I
in France in 1841 were: For Wheat, per
bushel. 81 05; Indian Corn 62 cents.
Oats 40 cents, and Potatoes 14 cenis per!
1 bushel, these
erage prices of Grain in our manufac
turing States on the sea-board, and show
that we cannot export fillier Grain or
Flour to France when her products are
abundant. yew York Tiihune.
Another IIIiorlrnl Example.
We cited the reader in our lust, to the
long forbearance of our Revolutionary
rresnients in former wars and in the
controversy with the French Directory,
and the repugnance manifested by them
to the adoption of measures of a warlike
character. We especially called atten
tion to the language of Mr. Madison, in
submitting the solemn question of war
to the legislative departments of Govern
ment, to which it legitimaiely belonged."
We instanced these historical examples.
by way of instituting a comparison be
tween the conduct of our forefathers and
that of Mr. Polk's Administration the
one distinguished by a dignified forbear
ance and wise love of peace; the other by
testiuess, feverish impatience, and au ap
parent eagerness to involve the country
in bloody strife. We have since met
with another historical example, as given
by the llirlmvnd Whig.
In 1S05, tho United States and Spain,
became involved in an unfriendly contro
versy. I)uring its exisience, Lmiioiana
was purchased and made part of the U
niou. This increased the dissatisfaction
ofSpaiu.and a question of boundary arose
in un etiort to settle which Mr. Monroe
spent five months in Madiid. He did
not succeed. Spain threatened "to ad
ranee on our poesetsiims until repressed
by an opposition force.'' Under far
greater provocation than that shown by
Mexico towards Mr. Polk's administra
tion, what course did President Jefferson
adopt? Did he order his Gei.erals tn
march into the Spanish possessions! Did ! in the observations of a cotemporary that
he usurp ihe prerogative of Congress, and tho disposition cannot be too much re
begin the war without tho knowledge or jbuked. let itexistineve17tow11.it may, to
consent of that body? Here is the ac-'send to distant nlaccs for nrol iirta u.-),iMi
count of his action.1 as given by the Whig:
Mr. Jefferson took the same view of his
power as Chief Magistrate, which the
vvi.; 1. . m- iw.,.u
,...,, .,,. ...... uwj ming can oe more positively inju-
liave taken, and which had they been a- rious to the real interest of a town than to
dopted by him, for his guidance, would ig0 over the heads of its mechanics, and
unquestionably have prevented the war I buy elsewhere. It takes out of the pi jce
in which we are now engaged; or, if not, j money which justly belongs at home,
it would have given it the sanction of , It discourages and drives away honest
constitutional authority, the want of I and entcrprisingmechanics. It prevents
which is one of the principal grounds of jthem from advancing iu prosperity, so as
uttack upon its usurping authors. What j to add to the success of their own town.
is that reason! -Considering (3aid Mr. j Wherever you see poor mechanics, you
Jefferson) that CONGRESS ALONE it j will be very sure to see a noortown. The
constitutionally invested icith the power o"j prospeiity of both are identified.
changing your condition from peace tot We regret to believe that there are
War, I have thought it MY DUTY TO j people who think that no article can be
AWAIT THEIR AUTHORITY FOR good for any thing, unless it be an irapor
USING FORCE, in any degree which ted one. Such persons are enemies to
could be avoided. I have barely instruc- the towns in which they live. They
ted the officers stationed in the neighbor- do what they can to retard its progress,
hood to protect our citizens from violence, and discourage its citizens It is wholly
lo patrol within tke bordert actually de- wrong unjust and foolish. Every real
hvered to us. and not go ot nj them but
when necessary to repel an inroad, or to
rescue a citizen or bis property." Such
r ...l .i ,.. ,1,.
was mo nine ui i,iuij o.M'iMt.i i.j ; cepnon 01 tne oiittes ni a ueigiilior and a
Apostle, whose disciple Mr. Polk pro-j true American citizen, will ever take
fesses to be and that, too, although as pleasure in doing so, and not run after
he staled to Congress, the circumstances everything that is foreign, from the fool
theu existing required prompt action isi idea that by so d ung it renders him a
the crisis in Europe being, as he remark- jrnuti of the ton, by such an act of deep iu
ed, favorable for pressing a settlement, iu j justice to his own fellow citizens.
making which not a moment snouid oe
lost. But yet, though speed v action was
necessary, he properly declined usurping
a power expressly withheld from him by
the Constitution to which he bad solemn-
ly sworn to conform his action.
cliued, because in his own words, "the
course to bo pursued will require the
means which it belongs to Cofigrest exclu
tively to yield or deny. To them (lie con
tinues.) I communicate every fact male
rial for their information, unJ the docu-
moms necessury 10 eiiaote inem iju.ige
for themselves. '1 o W trwdom then, 1
00k for the course 1 am to pursue; and
will pursue, with sincere zeal, that which
thev shall approve."
Nothing can be clearer lhan, that Mr.
Polk has turned short out of the well
beaten path trod by the statesmen of '76
andlS12. His way was hedged in by
constitutional guards and restrictions.
ButforhU own political advantage, or
nartv purposes, or from the foolish desire
to distinguish his administration, James
K. Polk has broken down all constitu
tional barriers, usurped the prerogatives
of the people's representatives, and in
volved the country in a bloody and ex
Improved Mannkks. The. Union at
Washington, aud the Statesman at Co
lumbus, after having employed much ink
and lime in calling the Whigs "tederal-
sts" and "Mexicans," have quietly drop
ped into the habit of calling them 'Whigs'
their right name. No one can say of-
ter this, that the press is not improving.
It is evidence of better morals and better
manners, than these organs of democra
cy havo ever before exhibited. Have
the elections any thing to do with tho
X5T We learn from the Pittsburg Jour
ml that there is a prospectus in circula
tion, for the publication of a newspaper
to be called The Crisis, and which is to
u- ..Ki;l.irl nt Moundsville. Va. It is
w 1 - .
to advocate anti-slavery principles, upon
ihe ground of religion, morality and ex
pediency. This is a bold effort and
,lmniistrates that there is no institution
that a free press is not bold enough to
beard in its chosen home
Thb Brute Force or England. An
exchange paper says that the strength of
tha Enslish war force is 30.000 cavalry,
180,000 infantry 14.000 artillery , JU,uuu
marines.and 100,000 militia in all, 354,
000.' Yes, and the worst of it is. all this
enormous strength is expended i"
breaking the backs and pinching tne
bellies of hard-working, industrious men,
women and children, who have to main
tain it. Christian Citizen.
WHOLE NO. 1118.
WiXU H. Polk. The attempt of
the Un,on ,0 humbug the pooplo in ief.
nce to the self-sacrifice and Javm-I
patriotism of the brothsr of President
Polk, in resigning his churgeshlD to N.
ptefc which they represent as one of the
most ugreeoble courts of Europe, for the
purpose of accepting a military commis
sion, which exposes him to the hardships
and dangers of the Mexican campaign,
has exciied the indignation of the editor
of the New York Tribune, who exposes
in the most admirable manner, the mo
lives which are at the bottom of the whole'
transaction. The following it a portion
of his article:
After a visit of two years to the conti
netit and some months to the city of Na
ples, improved in health, manners, and
knowledge of the world, Mr. Wm. H,
Polk returns home and for what! The
Philadelphia Spirit of the Times siigocsts
a reason: becavse tt teas impossible to line
in Europe on the salary attached to the
mission at Naples. This is the assigned
reason ot a friendly newspaper an or
gan of his party, aud un eulogist of him
self. Many gentlemen conM liv in V..
rope for 84,500 per annum, with beside
as much for an outfit: it is very possible
that the brother of Mr. President Polk
could not, and it is very probable that he
hus not. But this is lilt utT:iir
It is an affair of ours, howover, and of
ihe public generally to object to such gross
imposition upon the understanding, as to
be called upon to eulogize the conduct of
an individual who leaves a- position
which he cannot support even on a liber
al allowance, and seeks another where e
moluments, though loss iu sum, are real
ly greater in comparative advantages,
and whose duration can be with more
certainty calculated upon.
Eurourage l'onr Own Mechanics.
We conceive it to be a duty of the
citizens of every town, to encourase their
lown Mechanics.; and wehasnilv rii,-i,p
could be equally uell furnished by the
mechanics of their own town. This will
apply to nations as well as towns. No
i. " .1.: i . ... .
'friend to the place iu which he lives
should do all he can to encourage its me-"
chanics.and he who has a correct con-
.: .1 1 .- r .
i TllA Pltt&lllirnh .Tiiiiriml hua avotnitm.1
: an jllveruiotl milie 1(V Mr Liy of lhat
ci.y inco,1I)ectinwi(h Dr.Colton, which
, iia!i,lr,A ,., i r..-
, . : "w7." . "J
the ingenuity which it displays, but the
usetul results which it promises. The
machine is a small locomotive, and is
placed upon a circular railroad, around
which it is driven by elottriciiy. The
power is applied, not to the locomotive.
but the track, and herein consists the nov-
;eUy ,)f ,,0 jiscovery Two currerit. 0f
ii.rip:lv Btl,i :,;- or
anniipii , ,t, nn,i crnm ,i, ,
muuicaie witfi the 'engine. The latter is
provided with two magnets, which by a
process of alternate attraction and repul
sion, drive the car over the track. 'A
piece- of lead was placed 011 the locomo
tive, making in all a weight of about ten
pounds and on the application of the bat
tery, the machine moved wilh astonishing
rapidity up the plum inclined about hve
degrees. Heretofore the propelling
power has been used on the car itself .
in this instance.however, the power is
placed on the rails, and an an engineer
might remain in one town, aud with his
battery send a locomotive and train to any
John Bull Handsomely Hoaxed.
The Liverpool Mercury, July 20th,
under the hoad of 'Life in the west,' gives
numerous scrsps for its Catalogue of Hor
rors, culled in the American papers, re
ceived by the Cambria steamear then just
arrived, and among others, the following
from the Bristol R. I.) Phoenix: '
A few days since a person was seen
in our jail by Dr. Holmes, who hsd been
confined for several months without a
stich of clothing to cover his nakedness.
From extreme weakness ho is unable to
talk; and cannot therefore, tell what his
sufferings were. He frequently vents
his sufferings by tears and sobs, but not a
word of complaint has escaped from his
lips.' ' -
About the time this appeared in the
Bristol paper, news being somewhat
scarce in R. Island, and after the editor
had gleaned all the items of news trom
O . . .it 11J C
his exchanges, his devil stiu canea ior
copy; when the birth of s child in prison,
furnished a happy opportunity for the edi
tor to eke oul a column, which has so
choked our kind friend over the water.
" Birth ExTaAORDiNAR; A Germao
wife gave birth to a fine healthy boy on
Thursday morning last, in the cars near
Rochester. Although no ticket had .
been purchased for him, he was allowed
free passage to the end of tbe line. This
is the first instance on recor J AH, Jour.