Newspaper Page Text
Miiuifcsto ofSiintii Anna.
The Union has received a copy, in Span
ish, of a manifesto of Santa Anna, issued
on the 23d of August.
Cost of I lie Mexican Wai-lti7,-OOO.000
siu k - Direvt Taxi.
During the last session of Congress,
Mr. Miller, a Senator from New Jersey,
made a speech in tho Senate, in which he
gave a slutemetit, and an estimate in de-
ltQddislies an tail, of the expenses of the war, and the
Ti amount ot debt created on mat account
, l)c Lancaster icr?ctte.
Frila) Moiiiing.Soplcmbor 2 i, 181T
l f : ... :. ........
is an insidious, evasive, and bungling at-! Among other things in that speech, he
himself to the offending general (believed "None con anticipate the difficulties,
to 1.8 Gen. Valencia) and its, equal is orestimate the expenses ,f such an army,
scarcely to be found even in the history 1 ey can only be realised when we come
of Mexican documents. , to scttlo up the account ,f this war
..Gen.. Santa Anna commences his man- ') may, however, in some degree,
ifesto, announcing to the people of Mex- anticipate the amount by the expend.
ico the armistice which he had concluded .ul03 "ready made. From the best in
with Gen. Scott, by saying tho eve.lfs of . formation 1 can got, I am satisfied that
the lJhh andSOlh are already too notori-', e ar of this war will cost about 110,
bus, because they were 'Unfortunate. 000,000.
Ho then adverts to tho extraordinary ex- "At the hist session wo appropriated
ettions which he had used to raise and ' io army a:oi,e, as miiows:
equip an army of more than 20,000 men,!
and proTide supplies for theiii, and to
construct lines of fortification.- His plan
of defence, ho says, was evident from a
glance at the works constructed, and at
the disposition of his troops; but in war,
au accident apparently insignificant may
frustrate tho most skillful combinations.
On the 18th, at 11 o'clock in the morn
ing, he ordered a general who command
ed a division of 5000 mon and 21 pieces
of artillery, to fall back on the village of
Coyoacan, for the purpose of effecting a
concentration of forces, in consequence
of a movement of the enemy. Hut this
. . .i . .t ... ii .. ..
cenora . lorii ting mat mere couio uoi i . . . - . .
1 . . ,. ., ,. ... not called in question on the floor ot the
be two commanders hi a held ot battle, 1 .... ., ,
' , i. . . .i l i ! Senate, by any one, and this silence is a
undertook to obiect to tho order; and m-j . , , J- ,. .. . ,, , . .,
V ff ii' i ii i i ,i virtual admission ol itstiuh. It is thus
SieaU Ol lil I IHIU UUl'lt, UUVUIII.CU, Ullll low ! . .1 . .1 11. . I I .1 T
, i shown, that the debt created by the War,
, . . . .i amounted, on the 2d ot March, 18'17 , lo
.I.... mil...) n inl'aniitlit Ii;.. 111., ,' ' '
HUB UIIIUIlllllUlO 111,, Vllllll . l.w n.w aw
By tho net of the Mill Mny..
By thoiutof the 2llili June
By tho url of the 8ili August
Wo have raised by the loan tuoile expressly to
meet our wu expenses, as follows:
Kv llie nut of Iho 'JOtli July $10,000 000
II V tin; ni t passed litis 8PSino 23,000.000
e liuve also consumed the surplus m
tho Treasury when the war com
Tho iiucesHiiiy appropriation hills
now nu our table. In UrpiiH.ii'd ill lilt
session, will, I undersliiud, nmntint
J no accuracy
of this statement was
Wo have beuti requested by many voters to
present the Mtowiiig Ctmdidule lo the voters ol
this county, fur llieir suffrages, at the ensuing Oc
tuber electiou :
JOHN WILLIAMS, of Madison Township.
LEWIS IlL'UEU, of Bloom, - "
THOMAS LITTLEFIELD, or Greenfield.
JONATHAN COULSON, of Greenfield,
Tor P'ior Huusb Director.
ABRAHAM WINTERS, of Pleasant. .
The following instruction! were sent to the dif
ferent County Auditors of the Stale from the
GEORGE WEAVEB, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR ( Su,,8 Auditors office. We take it for granted that
our Auditor was not missed and that, contrary lo
die well known principle of Democracy, "die
right of instruction," lie did not see proper to obey
aud thereby in this one item, save the County
something like $."i0. In the Whig Counties, the
instructions were followed out, and hence the
"rent difference between them and others in the
cost for County Printing.
"Auditor or Statk's Omc,
Columbus, March 27, 1847.
"Sir: Herewith you will receive forms
for making out your Duplicates, and forms
for Assessor s blanks, with one copy ot the
tax-laws aud instructions for each Asses
sor in your county.
"Complaint was made last yoar of the
great expense of printing the notices and
blank statements tor the use ot Assessors.
It will he your duty to obtain the printing
on the most favorable terms you can for
the count). Where there are two or
more printing offices in your county, the
proper course for the Auditor to pursue
will he to give the printing to the lowest
bidder. By giving notice to the printers,
and receiving their sealed proposals, and
eiviiitr the printing to tho lowest responsi
ble bidder, you will avoid all causes of
censure or complaint."
It is sufficient to say that our Auditor did not
give notice, that he did not receive proposals, that
he did not give the printing to tho lowest rcspou-
To the Voters of I'aii field County.
We ask you to examine the ticket, which is
presented to you for your suffrages in our paper,
and then compare it with that presented lo you
by the Red Lodge's Organ of this town. JOHN
WILLIAMS, LEWIS I1UBER, THOMAS Lit-
TLF.F1ED, JONATHAN COULSON and ABRA
HAM WINTERS against SALMON SHAW,
DAVID LYLE, J EFT HA NEW KIRK, SAM
UEL SILEFFEK and JOHN STALLSMITH.
The County Auditor
By virtue of the Retrenchment Law, the Coun
ty Auditor is allowed, as an annual salary 730.
By an Act of the Legislature and an Act amenda
tory thereto, giving Ihe management of the "Sur
plus Revenue Fund" to the County Auditor aud
Treasurer, they are allowed ai additional sum of
one per cent on all moneys collected from this
fund aud naid into the Stute Treasury. Let us
now examine and see whether the County A u-
It dues seem to us, that no mail can hesituto which ditor lives up to the law in his case. The amount
port of cannon, showing that nu engage
ment hud commenced.. With a fatal
presentiment of tho consequences, he j
... i i i .i i. i
1 UfllUUIUlCiy llldLUO lOIIICII Ol iim uwuii ... ,, ... .
. i ' i i re .1 l Governor Urown ol 1 eunussco, the con-
if u Itnlll.llit In-lfVililf, t loll' Mill is mil
one hundred and nineteen millions two
hundred thousand dollars. Remember it.
This enormous debt is brought upon the
country, in one year of Mr. Polk's War.
A few days since, we received the gratifying in
telligence that a Treaty of Peace had beeu agreed
upon and signed by the Mexican Commissioners
aud Mr. Trist. The news purported lo come
from the New Orleans Delta, a paper generally
very correct in its news' department; hut since then
it uppeins that the intelligence was tBken from
the La Pah ia, a Spanish paper, and not so much
reliance is placed upon it. It is to sny the least
L'pou tho receipt of the intelligence, s general
spirit of rejoicing spread thronghont the commu
nity; but it has not yet been confirmed and doubt
and anxiety have taken the place of joy and heart
News from Mexico.
Since our last, we havo only received tho cor
respond eiice preceding the Armintico and the
terms of the Armistice: but ns they would occupy
considerable space and as the general features of
the Armistice were incorporated in our War news
nl'liisl week, we have concluded nut to publish
them. We shall continuo to keep our readers ad-
lidential aud political friend of Mr. l'olk,
and, though well informed on tho suhjoct,
not inclined (o make the debt und expen
ses larger than they actually wcro, justi
fied the war and declared lo the people
in his late electioneering speeches, that
the expenses of it were at least eiight mil
lions if dollars per month. This would
make, for tho six mouths from the 3d of
March, (the tiiuo to which Mr. Miller sta
ted the debt) to the 3d of September,
fort ii eiiilit millions of dollars! This sum
added lo the 119,200,000, the amount-in
March, one hundred sify-seren millions
two hundred thousand dollars, already ex
pended in the prosecution of this wur!
aud for what benefit to the country? for
what objoct? No benefit whnievor to
to the country; und as to the object, we
can conceive of none, except to find prof
itable places tor Locoloco olhce seekers
uud to extend tho urea of Slavery. Lum
inous and Hturllius: as is this u mount of
lebt, there is still another item yet more
appalling. The I ires of at least twenty
thuMtand. men have already boon sacri
ficed upon the sumo unholy altar!
How is this immense debt to be paid
It is in the contemplation of the loaders
of tho l'olk party, to raise means for
that purposo lil direct taxation uu-
inon aud live pieces of artillery, and pro
' teoded lo the support of the general, but
arrived too late. The enemy had iulni -posed
his force betw een them; und night
coining on, and the ruin falling in torrents
be was compelled to retire. lie, howev
er, sent an order by an aid-de-camp to
the rcfactory general, directing him to
retire to San Angel by tho only road
which was then loft him; but, instead of
obeying this urder, the general sent him
word that what lie wanted was more!
troops; that he had beaten the enemy and
put him to flight, and hud granted pro
motions in consequence of the victory!
Tho next day at dawn, Santa Aiinu
says, he mado another ell'ori to proceed
to the ' support of iho erring (Jeaerul,
(whose name he does not mention) hut
bad hardly put hiiintilf in motion when
the enemy made his attack, ami in tun
miuutt'S the (Jenoral was muted. The
coiiseqiionces of this, ho says, were tum
ble. Tho enemy could, by a rapid inov
merit, reach tho capital before it was pos
sible for him lo succor it, or might fall
with the whole body of troops upon o
part of the Mexican army. An engage
ment did take tilaco between their
respective advanced corps, aud Santa
Anna says that his exertions cost thu en
emy not a little blood, and iliut . lie sue
ceudud in placing himself in, a position to
savutho capital; but, upon receiving i
communication from lien. Scott propos
in" an armistice, ho concluded toaccodo
to it. He then touches upon the propri
eiy of un armistice in tho abstract, uud
concludes by saying Hint it Iho present
armistice does not result in peace, tho
war ciiii bo reno wed. I lo is still ul tho
bead of a respectable body of troops, and
the nation will support him in maintain
iug its honor. At the sumo time, ho threat
ens to punish factitious and sudiciotisop
position to tho supremo authority.
Tho National Intelligencer publishes,
as "semi official, a luttur Irom Wash
iiigtou, wiilen lo tho Philadelphia Puldir.
Ledger, giving some information touch
ing the nature of our commissioner's in
structions from iovornmont, intended
for his guidance in adjusting our digni
ties with Mexico.
According to this authority, when Mr.
T. left Washington, he curried Mr. Iluch
unan's ultimatum, which demanded noth
ing but the cession of Upper California
und New Mexico, for a reasonable in
demnity. After ho reached huadipiar
tcis, however, a second set of instruc
tions were sent him, which directed hitn
to Insist on both Viiper anitjjoiver Cali
fornia. Subsequently, still another und
a third series of directions have been
tiansniitted, giving Mr. T. moro latitude
oi discretion in his diplomacy, but fixing
a sliding scale in regard to tho sum to bo
paid to Mexico, (forget for a moment
reader, that this war was commenced in
order to compel Mexico to pay i) and
being much less fuvoruhlo to Mexico
than either of the preceding ones.
In view of these facts, tho Intelligen
cer culls utteutinu to the vuuntiiig lotu
und rapacious spirit which has character
ized the editorial articles of tho ollicialor
sun on the Mexican question for some limo
and remarks tluit, il Trial's instruciioiiH
ure at all in consonance with them, no
treaty short of substantial annihilation
will be accorded to tho enemy. To this
we givo below tho suhstuuee of tho Un
ion's reply, which is not a denial of the
facts, but a very characteristic assump
tion of mystery. We think it probable,
that thu ollicinl organ knows less about it
than docs the Ledger's correspondent.
"Wo have not seen fit to make any
statement as to our knowledge of Mr.
'Frist's instructions. We oro quite will
ing to await till terms offered by our int
ernment shall bo made known to tho pub
lic, in order to settle the question wheth
er wo have written anything at vuriuneo
with tho views of tho administration us
to its proposed conditions of pciuce." -Zanesville
l.iTU our citizens generally, were n
ware of the fact, thut a cold shower or
'dovh bath is a sure preventive of fo- and Dr. Sharn. wore tried, ul thu lntn
ver and ague, as well as most other dis- term of the Common Pleas, in Tusca-
ible bidder and of course did not avoid allcuuse
of censure sod complaint. And in addition, we
may say that our Commissioners, whose duty it
is to see into such mutters and to prevent extrav'
agunce, did not perform thut duty und are liable
to the same censure as the Auditor. Tax payers,
it is your duty to pass censure upon them.
A Whig County.
The public debt of Ross county is some
EIGHTY-FIVE THOUSAND VOL
f.AltS. Tho annual interest which this
vised of the earliest aiithoulic intelligence from the j;m)0geg u.u)n tho tax-pavors. is upwaids
senior War. of FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS.
To I ho. Willi,' of Fairfield.
Il is important in many respects,! hat you should
keep up your organization.
At the full election iu every altornate year. yon
are culled iinui lo vote for a Governor of your
State mid you cannot poll for him your full
strength, unless you are organized.
Iu this Congressional District, the veto is close
and vour niaiciritv but small. A few hundred
Every one", of the five named lust, are hard
money men, opposed to our present system uud
every system of Banking, in favor of having the
taxes collected iu gold uud ii'ver and are willing
to swallow any aud every measure proposed by
their leuders. ,
The first live are in favor of our prescut system
of Banking, ure apposed to having the revenue
collected in gold and silver aud are iu favor of the
present just and equituble Tax Luw. They ure
honest men, capable of fulfilling tho duties of the
respective offices for which they ure proposed,
aud this lust qualification cannot be auid of the
Will you then, for the sake of party, elect men
to office, whose political friends say are not capa
ble, or will you put such incu iu as you know cun
perform the duties well and wuo will perioral
them faithfully who will pledge ihemsevlos, too.
if you think it uecessnry, to admiuister your pub
lic ulfairs with the strictest economy and thereby
materially lessen your county taxest
Friends of Ohio,
Be not deceived. Trust not the fortunes of
your State iu the hands of the Locofocos. If yon
do it, they will repeal your Bunking Law and your
Tax Law they will aguiii disarrange the Financi
al condition of your State aud ngaiu link your
"tinking Fund." .Your Slate is now in a prosper
ous condition, and will you uguiu place those men
iu power, who iu six years increased your debt
from 5,0110,000 to 20,000,000 of Dollars?
At their drunken spec, oil the 8th of Januury,
1846, they passed the following Resolutions:
Resolved, That tho democracy of Ohio
are opposed to all chartered and special lis
, ...I n.
of money puid into the State Treasury, as inter
est on ihe Surplus Revenue is $2167 34:
One per cent on the above is $21 67
Auuuul Sulury .......730 00
Last year however, they only paid about
one-third of this amount and, if we inis
tako not, for some years buck, they have
paid nothing on the interest. At this
rate of whig financiering, how long will
it tako for the tnangaers of its uffuirs to
bankrupt the county!
Contrast the condition of Fuirfield
county with this one, and toll us which is
stiry-iit-homc Whigs would throw the district into ! in tho best hands, controlling democrats
the hands of the Locolocns mid you would De or controlling Wlilgsi jjagiu,
wrongly represented iu Congress. It is impor.
hint, then, that an organization should he kept
up, so that at every elections lull Whig vote is
We ure fighting against an uctive and well-organized
party. 1 is useless for an army of uu
disciplined men to fight against a well-ordered,
The Eagle writes the ubovo to draw tho atten
tion of the tux-puyers of this county from the mis
oruble management of their own public matters
to thut of a Whig county. But iu this as iu most
other mutters, tho Eagle speaks without the docu
ment: We are no apologist for Itoss County,
but we will giveonr roader the facts as published
well-drilled and -well-disciplined force. Wih j by its Auditor. The public debt of Rosa county,
on the people! In that event, tho amount
lo be levied upon the lands in Ohio would
bo not fur from sixteen millions seven hun
dred and twenty thousand dollars! Far
mers of Ohio -land holders are you
willing to be taxed in this frightful sum to
support Mr. I'olk and his war? Think
of il, and judgo for yourselves. . You
have thu power, und if by your votes you
continuo our present rulers in oflice you
will do till you can to bring the overwhol
miiing tax upon your farms, upon vour
lauds. If you waul the lux, vole to bring
it upon yourselves.
Ilut what proof have you that it is the
design of tho I'olk party lo collect, bydi
reel taxation, tho amount required lojiay
tlitsilolit! J lictlccluratiousot i'olk lend
ing uud confidential frionds in iho South,
thu mora cautious occasional intimations
among the faithful at the Noith, that this
coiirso has the sanction ol tho udiiiiuis
Irution, und lliereloie ull li'tio patriots
must support it while none but ''Mexi
can Whigs," uud "British Federalists"
would think of making uny opposition to
it. We feel assured, that if the leaders
of the l'olk party can thpy will levy di
rect ta.tUi meet tho war expenditures.
iNot only have (he l'olk candidates lor
Congress in Tennessee proclaimed it on
the slump, but tho Washington Union,
the confidential ami olhciul organ of Mr.
l'olk, advocates direct taxation!
All theso coiisoqiinncos have been over
ami over again predicted by tho Whigs
I hey warned the people ugainst the con
sequences of tho uunexalinn of Texas
tho wur immense expenditures of mon
ey and great sacrifice of lifo. Those
predictions have been verified to the lot
lor more than verified. Ro nguin warn
ed, in Bouson, and do what is required to
put an end to tho war and to a course of
administration destructive to the best in
terests of tho country, which puts in im
minent peril even tho liberties of the
people, and our free -institutions. Cin.
twice the number dcleni wouiu oe cerium, n
party is similarly situuted. Unless an organiza
tion is kept up, unless ut every opportunity the
Whigs present lo llieir opponents a bold and un
divided front, it is useless to contend oguiust them,
for each yoar will find us weuker aud weaker un
til our numbers "grow smuller by degrees and
beautifully less." Every Whig would sorely la
ment this stute of affairs and yet we will witness
it, unless we do butllo continually and fight In
good order Tho principles, for which we con
tend, ure wurtliy of tho best efforts of the Ameri
can Citizen, and ho is unworthy of his birthright,
who is unwilling to spend a small portion of his
time for his Country's good.
But we have still a stronger reason. Kvcry
Whig fuels that his principles ure correct, that the ;
at the beginning of tho year was as follows:
For Surplus llevimue.
.. .2,0i8 00
The county instead of puying but
of the interest, puid as follows:
For Surplus lleveuue.
, $2,336 80
Loin 8,837 26
Which the reader will perceive umouuts to the
whole of the interest
The county iu three Turnpike Companies, have
.. l. .n.mni of il 13 nno. which are fully
I paid up. So that it will be seen that the county
i-.-o :.,.... n. iIimii- lm-aA Iniitis. with a less
, - , . , . Hill, I'Utl. IlllVlini in. t-.-. , -
measures lie wisnes uuopieu arc iiecessury io mo ...... i . .. i. ;., o,;.
....,.. . . 1 uinituut of taxation than we have to bear iu tine
prosperity ol the State and Nation. His ardent' .. , .. ... r
' .' . 1 ,. . ., , ii- county, und iu addition have paid $27,000 ol the
lii',t la l, un ilia n-i m-li iloa mullltiiinMil lllirl lllK I ' .......
uieusuros carried out. To du this, he must work, Vr'im 'I'"'
. . .i..-, t ii- .... assertion,
e nnsi L.imn, no ,u, tuiu. ..,..., .fllml ..,,,,.,, Ul0 cmH,iUm, rfPuirfield county
and her prosperity demand his "not exertions, , . .
and to perform his d..ty-to elevate the condition o J,. C(mt,uillg wllig)
ins country nun ui nuep 010 gmui inm-iit m mm
Contrast these facts with the Eagle'i
country pure and nin on uptcd, is a work worthy
of his noblest efforts. Opposed to him he funis a
well-organized party, headed by bold and skil
lul haulm's, who ure led on by the love of "spoils,"
and to fight these he too must present u bold front
mill a disposition never to yield. It is ill vain to tell
us "that there is no use lo do buttle in this county
where Iho minority uL'aiust us is so lurco." It
shows u craven spirit uud u disposition unworthy i
uu American freemen. The principles nml mens-,
ures of Ihe Nation mid State Whig party, wo ho-1
lim e tu he just anil uecessury nnd wo mutt, to do
our duty, contend for their maintenance. One
Hung iscertuui. We cannot lose any (lung mill
wo have everything lo gain. Another thing is us
certain. Wo ciiniio compter, ui.lus we make
silting efforts to do so. We cannot do this, uu-
Tukiug the exhibit of our Auditor as published
by us iu our paper of Sept. Ifltli, we have turu
pikestock to the amount of a little rising of $33,
000 uud our indebtedness is $726 less than the
stock, thus showing that we have paid $726 on
our public debt. Yes, Mr. F.agle, wo will "con
trast" the condition of the two counties with you.
Under Whig management, the county of Ross
has borrowed to coii.struclTuripikus.$l 12,000 aud
has paid the interest and $27,000 of tho principal.
Under l.oeofoco iniinagcment the comity of
Fairfield has borrowed according lo our Auditor's
exhibit, over $)0,000 it hns constructed hut $33,-
000 worth of llonils and is now in debt to the tune
of over $'12,000, and we firmly believe more.
Vos, "contrast" the condition. With lci taxes
Ross county has paid principal, besides interest
on a very lurje sum, to iho amount of $27,000
nrivileires. as destructive to enuality and
hostile to free institutions, and from hence
forth and forever declare against them
Resolved, That the democracy of Ohio
are opposed to nil paper currency, nHd
ARE RESOLVED TO RETURN TO
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CUR
RENCY OF GOLD AND SILVER.
On the 9th of lust Januury, they passed the fol
Resolved, THAT WE ARE INFLEX
IBLE AND UNCOMPROMISING
IN OUR HOSTILITY TO ANY OTH
ER CURRENCY THAN THAT OF
GOLD AND SILVER, nnd that we
ure in favor of tho immediate rkf-kal of
the act to create the State bank of Ohio,
and other banking companies, and that
steps should bo speedily taken to place
all the banking institutions ot the state
in a course of liquidation.
On the sixth of February, iu the Ohio Legisla
ture, a Locofoco member, Mr. Metcalfe, in Ihe
spirit of the above resolution offered another declaring:
1. That gold and silver coin is the on
ly legitimate currency: 2, thut banks of
circulation are opposed botbto the consti
tution of the U. States and the constitution
of Ohio: 3, that therefore thoy are inexpe
dient and should be dispensed with, &c.
ad nauseum. 1 his resolution was amend
ed, by adding 'And that all taxes should
be paid in gold and silver! and thus re
ceived the vote of EVERY LOCOFO
CO IN THE HOUSE. Mr. Ewing, a
Democrat, who was elected as a Bank man
voted with tho Whigs, against the resolu
Ami at the ratification meeting, in this County
attended by their office-holders and office-seek'
ors, they passed a long Resolution of the same
spirit as the above which von can soe in the
published proceedings of that meeting.
Voters of Fuirfield! The issue is fairly presen
ted to you. Above you have the resolutions pas
sed nt the Locofoco State Conventions and voted
for by the Locofocos of the. Legislature. , Vote
for the Locofoco ticket and you endorse the above
sentiments. Are you prepared to do M7
By dancing at the Auditor's Report, it will be
socu that he has received $775 00 Twenty four
more than, we think, he is entitled lo by law.
On the other hand, it will be seu, by reference
to Report, that Ihe Treasurer receives nothing
more than his annual sulury.- He is entitled to
$21 67 iu udditiou. Why is this? Has the Comi
ty Treusurer assigned his duty to the Auditor,
contrary to the spirit of the Act, uud does the
Auditor receive a double compensation?
Again. By virtue of an Act passed subsequent
to the Retrenchment law, the Commissioners
are authorized to allow the Auditor to employ
one or more Clerks at a Salary not exceeding $300
per year. This can be dune, however, only, uu
der the following circumstances and iu the follow.
. The Commissioners are to lalitfy themselves
that a clerk or clerks are tieeded if not needed
throughout the whole year, they are only em
powered to, allow them for what time the busi
ness of the office may require them always ot
the rate of $300 per year und only wlieu satis
fied thut the Auditor cannot perform his duty
without them. Thii ie the law. Iu the Audit
or's oflice of this Comity, a clerk isemployod du
ring the whole year we take it for granted that
his salary is only $300 and in addition to this
NlM'.TV SEVEN DOLLARS ndditionul are
paid for Clerk hire for Auditor's office. .
Now we ure satisfied of two things. A clerk
not needed in the office throughout the year
nnd at no limo is an additional clerk needed.
Since our last two steamers hare arrived the
Union sud Britannia. Both of them bring news
of further decline iu Breadstuff's.
For the followiug news by the Britannia, w
are indebted to the Zuuetville Courier, which re
ceived it by telegraph.
Liverpool. Sept. 4, 1847.
Best Western canal Flour mav be ouo-
tod at 24s 6do25s 6d; Richmond, Phila
delphia and Baltimore 23s 6da24; Ohio
Corn rules at 2Gsa31s per quarter.
Wheat is quoted at 6s 6da7s per 70 lbs.
Breadstuff's display a gradual down
ward tendency The causes of this are
undoubtedly well known.
1 he droits of Prime, Ward & Co. have-
been honored by Owen, Bimey & Co., its
consequence of the interposition of friends-
A leartul pressure has been felt in tho
money market. I he liabilities ot the
defaulting houses iu London are over two
Note. 24s Gd sterling $5.44. 25s
6d $5.66. 23s 6d S5.22. 24s 85.33.
20s $4.44. 21s 84.66. 26s $5.77. 31s
86.88. 6s 6d $1.44. 7s $1.34.
There is no necessity for pnying $397 for clerk
hire and no one, who is acquainted with the bu
siness of the office and who will look at llie above.
mentioned act will say different.
The Commissioners, in ullowing this extra
charge, do not do their duty ncquuinted, as they
should be, with the business of the office, they
cannot latiffy themselves that it is legal. .
In these two items, the tux-payers will find
something iu the neighborhood of $150 paid for
extravagance, which thoy will please add to the
previous list. We think by this time, that most
of them are ready to excluim. "Thou almost per-
suadest us lo believe iu the extravagance of our
servants we will dismiss them aud employ oth
ers more faithful."
We tell you, tax-payers , you have uo idea of
the vast amount expended unnecessarily. We
are confident that if men, who would act np to
strictly economical principles, had the manage
ment of your county mailers, in a very short time
your taxes would be diminished one-third at least
But, in good fuith, wo nsk you, will you longer
suffer this waste and extrovugance? .
Treason! Traitor! !
The article on our outside from the pen of Mis.'
Childs, in reference to a small colony of peact
Christians in Michigan, we have clipped from a
Locofoco paper, and we have discovered it iu sev
If this is not rani treason, according to the defi
nition of Locofoco papers, and if the Editors of
those Locofoco papers, who published the article,
ure not traitors, then indeed i all the declamation
of Locofoco Presidents, Orators, Stumpers and
Editors about treason, traitors and Mexicans
trush. ' .
What, a "peace sermon in war times!" end
is not that a most admirably arranged "peace ser
mon?" If Brother Anderson, of West Rushville,'
must be called a 'traitor" for telling his people
about the loss of life, the expenditure of money
and the waste of property in War, why is not Mis.
Childa and her Locofoco co-adjutors, who publish
her -'treasonable" effusions, held up ' to the scorn
of the community?" Call these modern lexi
cographers and miserable slanderers tell us?
The Locofoco Tai iir.
The Locofoco papers, of this country, are not
alone in their encomiums upon the British r ree
Trade Tarifl'Bill of 1846. The English papers
join with Ihem in lauding the wiedom of thut Br
tish party iu this country, who opened our ports
to admit the fabrics of Great Britain, at a nominal
dntv. thus brinzin? them Into competition with
j i a a .
our manufacturers. The Loudou Economist says:
"To the United States alone, (says the
Economist,) the increase in the amount
of otir shipments in the present year win
exceed anv thine on record. On a few of
the leading articles the comparison for
the hist six months is as follows:
Exportei lo the United Statet in the Jirtt tix
Aoiliei'LTPHE OK T II R Unitf.d States,'
Tho Commissioner of Patents, in the re
port recently published, makes a tabular
estimate of the crops of 1845, which con
trast as shown below with those of 1S40.
It will be nm iced thut there is a decrease
in llie crop ol potatoes, hemp and flax,
tobucoauu silk cot'ciuiiH, Imm 18-10.
I-... ...u l.u.,t. i.ll.iiii.,ii-..l ntiil fn.lit .nil- nnrin- i
" " I e o I I I . .. -., ,.. ,. I ,
units ul every opportunity. Now is the tune, il j . , .i n , i
tocminneuce the work. They have nover , l'""
umoiiiu oi f::o.
Yes, lulus "contrast" conditions mid then toll
us why il is? Printing costs over $'.'00 r Sta
tionary costs ueur $II)0 lets Fuel costs $00 less-
Id 10 intr,
Wheat hush. 84,liO.'i,0(m 1011,5411.0(10
Barley 4.1."fi.mi0 I),ltil),IMlu
Outs 1'.'.H7.).000 l:i,280.mt0
Itye, ' , I8.li00,ll00 27.170.000
Buckwheat,.. 7.v!ii4,Ono 10.'.iiS,000
Indian Corn.. 37'j,3liH,000 417,8011.0110
Potatoes llla.'Jtll.OOO 8H.:I9'J,000
Hay tons lO.O.Vi.IMM) 14, 005,0110
Flax & lli uip 180.000 ' 31,500
Tobacco ....lbs 1 1!) 093.000 187,4'-"J,llOO
Cotton 700.47!l,000 U.lli 0118,000
Hire ... 110,303.000 1)0.(1)5,000
Silk Cocoon. 55 400 480,530
I Sugar 150,414,000 IVMi.O'JU.OOO
FoitiiF.KY. J. M. Snyder, John Divine
eases, we fear tliero would be nti a wful
falling off in the demand for Quinine nnd
Physicians At least those who have
tried it say so. We know on instance
in a neighboring county, where nn ex
tensive establishment was compelled to
suspend operations during the sickly sea
son last year, in consequence of the sick
ness of ihe hands. This yoar they prac
tice bathing, and not one of them has yet
been sick. Stark Co Dem. .. r', ,
ra was county, und found guilty "of Torgingi
ma viiu ui lukiguroi tiviuo, wiieoi one
of them, making dispositions of her sep
llie trial lasted eight days, and one
hundred aud seventy witnesses wore in
attendance. The jury woro out twenty
four hours beforo agreeing upon their
verdict A now trial . was moved, but
the Advocate doos not state the result of
the motion. Zanesville Courier.
been iu so much cunfusiou us at the present mo
ment. Their huid-uiunoy doctrine has unsettled
the minds of ninny candid men of their purly,
men who have iho good of the Stute ut heart, j
Last year they hud another rallying point. An
opposition, iu unjust ns il was violent, was waged
igaiiist the Tax Luw; but the operations ol thut
law have satisfied the people ol its justice end e-
quulity and the Locofoco leaden ure now driven
lo the necessity of rallying their followers under
the hard-money flag alone. This, with them is
not u matter ol'cAoire, but of expediency, nay nr.
cettity The people have Several timos already
decided upon this question and it was to be hoped
that it was permanently settled. But necessity,
stern necessity has driven the party leaders to a
dopt opposition to all species of Banks ns their
motto, lor thoy well know that tho Financial con
dition of our State, under the operations of the
Tux Law snd through the good management nud
sti id economy of Whig olficers, has assumed so
prosperous a condition, thai they dare uol uow at
tack the one or i in peach the other. Let us then
to butilu lo fight once mure the question of Bunk
or no Bank let us present to them n well organi
sed force aud wo have the well-tried integrity
of Ohio's voters us a surely, that we can again
beat them on this issue und drive them from their
lai-l rallying point.
. Whigs think of these" things, ,s
The author of Ihe hurd-mnuny resolution, st the
Duyloii Democratic meeting, is a stockholder iu
tho Tiny Bunk lo the amount of $1,000. The
I'resiileut of a hard-money meeting, in Belmont
county, is the manager of a Bank. So iu several
other places, which we do not uow remember, in-
dividual, who officiated si Locofoco. .meeting,
are in some way connected with Bunks. What
confidence ought the people place in such loaders?
It would be the sums way, in this county, had the
leaden any money to invest.
rp"Iii un act regulating public printing, in sec
tion 9, we find the following I'AII legal adver
tisements shall be set up in compact manner,
without any unnecessary blanks or lead lines,"
and the printer has to make his affidavit that he
has complied with the above requisition, - ,
nnd so with every thing else; and thus il will be
found iu uenrly every Whig county iu tho Slate,
The reason is obvious; for a party, who act up to
the motto "To the victors belong tho spoils"
cannot with safety be trusted by the people with
the managemeiit of its nIVuirs.
Wo thank the Eagle for his article, calling our
attention to this matter. It shows the fruits of the
extravagant management of our county nud also
the fruits of the economical administration of oth
er counties. Ross county has constructed more
Roads and more Bridges for ihe convenience of
the peoplo snd is paying olfits public debt wiih
less biiidon upon the tnx payers than the people
have to bear iu this county.
Tax payers, will you not look at these things?
Democrats and Locofocos, your paper has provok.
ed the "contrast" and we have given it to you;
will nut you ponder upon u?
The Eagle, in speaking of the eHor.ls of Bunk-
.. 1 I I l
mg on me people ami wisuiug 10 snow iiuu iiibiki
aro evil, says, that the old Lancaster Bank "bank
rupted nearly all its officers and owners and
beceured its borrowers and stipendiaries " The
same Eagle sings, ton, another tune. Hear it !
Iu speaking of the evil cfiucts it has had upon the
county, it says, "if the Whig managers or the bunk
had been honest, the county would not have suf-
ered" or n) it explains in another portion of the
same article "these Whigs alone liuve profited
by the Bunk.
Let it be remembered that these assertions
are made iu the sume number ot the paper, uud do
ihey.jivt. Jfrr sent, a beuutiful spectacle, showing
the Jnnger of falling into declamation, ut the ex
pense of argument, aud showing, too, to our mind
conclusively, thuttlie Eagle has uo faith in what
it preaches und thus, in endeavoring to make two
propositions stand from the same fact, it fulls into
such a glaring inconsistency. The Eagle certain
ly does not mean what it says, else why these-
diflbrent constructions of the same fact?
The Hoard of Commissioners.
The last Board ot Commissioners, for this conn
ty was composed of Messrs Smith, Ebright nnd
rauabaker. Of those the only mechanic was
Ebright, nuJ he was the only one capable ol'juil
iug whether a bridge was properly constructed
or u public building properly repaired, and also
whether the prices for such work were reasonable
or not. rrom some cause or another, lie nai
been thrown aside aud a Sumiinl SlnHVer has beeu
put in nomination, who has noUho first qualifica
tion for Ihe office. , We do not speak nt random
Scores or good Locofocos aro disgustod with the
nomination nud huve told us so and have told us
thatShafl'or is not qualified, in ant uispect, for
the duties or the office. We give their language;
aud now we ask the voters or (his county whoth
er thev will elect such a man, condemned iu the
strongest terms by his party friends, simply bo'
cuuse the Red Lodge has caused his nomiiiatiou
from the fuct that he is a bitter hard-money Lo
colore. Is a Board Composed of Smith, Tuna
baker sud Stuefler capable ol performing the du
ties belonging to their nlfice?
C7A Cargo of Corn was sold, at Cork, Ireland
for an amount sufficient to pay freight. .
Cifln Hancock county fourteen farmers are
this year taxed, under the beautiful system of
Kelley andWoods.MNETY SIX DOLLARS mora
thuii 1840, and the same increase will extend to
all the farmers of the county. Merchants and
town real estate were exempted iu the same ratio.
Startling, truly ! But the Eagle does not in
form its readers whether these same farmers have
a larger amount of property to be taxed or not.
11 a farmer, this year, has $2000 worth of property
to be taxed when last year he had but one, it
seems to us no more than right that he should pay
a larger tax. " ' - '
t"The Eagle repudiates Branson. For a
long time, he was the principal editor and writer
of the "Democratic Review," a LocoToco periodi
cal. Then he was considered a good Locofoco;
but since he bus taken grounds against Folk and
hit war, he is no longer considered such. A man,
in the Locofoco party, dare not huve an opinion of
his own. If he has and dares to express it, he is
thrown overbourd. So much for Locofoco de
A "Locofoco Argument.
Locofocos say that the Tariff of '46 raised the
price of produce. The extreme high price and
the subsequent fall has broken up English houses
sud the effects are felt iu this country by the
failure of Prime, Ward & Co. This revulsion in
business, of course, must be ascribed to the Tariff
of '46 it is its legitimate offspring and Locofocos
must hither their bantling. .
Woolens, ull kinds,
fy Cincinnati has again been disgraced by the
operation of a lawless mob. A negro had been
ordered to be committed by Ihe Mayor and while
conducting him to jail, the mob seized him and
curried him over to the Kentucky side of the river,
here they nttempted to hang him; but before
accomplishing their purpose, tho Mayor and po-
lioe of Covington dispersed them. He was then
taken back to Cincinnati by the mob, but was
escued by the officers of the city .
The Fruits of Wur.
The dark catalogue of crime presents to the news
reader of the day a fearful aspect. There has
been uo period in our history, when so many
murders have been committed and so many at
tempts to commit murder huve beeu made, as we
find recorded in the panors of the last six months
The appetite for blood has bees oreutod, the dark
passions of man's nature have been stirred up, and
now tho direful effects are witnessed in every
section of our country. Within the last two weeks
only, we have read of a score of murders or at
tempts to murder of affrays, m winch one or
mors of the parties have been wounded or lost
their lives. This, iu a christianized and civili
zed country, is a sad and a melancholy spectacle.
It is disgraceful to our Republic It is one of the
legitimate evils of war. Whether a war be just
or unjust, the spirit, which it fosters, is the fell
spirit of carnage, sud blood flows not only ou the
field of buttle but away off from the scenes of
wholesale slaughter, iu the quiet village aud ham
let, the demon of man's nature is aroused and cau
ses slight as lead to war lead one citizen to raise
his arm ugainst another. The recent history of
our country powerfully nttesls the truth of this and
wo bo unto those rulers, who have excited this
spirit in the bosom of our citizens. Is it not high
time for tlie CTirlsUau aiid Philanthropist to raise
thoir voices against that I'ell custom of nations,
which produces so much calamity? : .
Do iifrfd onlv bv
vuluation i. o,oi
Besides these there is an equally largo
increase in cutlery, metals, and every va
riety of goods, for all of which the orders
continue to be upon a very large scale.
Scores of other papers exult in the same strain
Among them the European Times almost employs
the very words of our Locofoco contemporaries:
Making allowances for large quanti
ties of goods which have doubtless been
despatched in vessels to America on
freight, there can be no doubt of the vast
increaso which this branch of commerce
has thus suddenly obtained. It is satis
fuctorv also to bear that large orders tor
the fall trade, embracing other articles of
manufactured goods, continue to arrive.
Thus, so fur. the wisdom winch lias dic
tated in the United States so considera
ble a modification of their tariff is as com
pletoly illustrated by the Hbovo returns
as that our own measure oi iree traoe ex
hibit, up to this period, the moBt gratify
ing proofs of success."
It must be remembered that the people ol tins
country will buy no more thuu they viant und that
ull that imiueiiso increase will take so much work
from our Manufacturers and the laborers, which
they employ. Well may British Journals exult
over this increase of thoir exportalions to Ameri
cawell may those men, who have not the pros
perity of their country at heart, join in with tnemi
the fruits, the legitimate fruits of this darling Loco.
foco meusure is here exhibited and although the
price of graiu.which this Tariff was to keep up.has
fallen lo its lowest notch, yet the European Times
tolls us "it is satisfactory also lo hear that largi
orders for the fall trude, embracing other articles
of manufactured goods, continue lo arrive."
Whore thou is the reciprocity of the measure?
Englnudaud Ireland hnve good crops und no lou,
er want our Breadstufis and yet orders for goods
continue to arrive from America. Specie now
returns to England and the balance or Trade will
be against ns. These are the fruits of that Loco'
foco Tariff and evinces the visdom and profound
forethought of its framers. The Famine, in Eu
rope, for awhile nnorded them premises, upon
which to base a false argument; but the Famine
exists uo longer and our good Locofoco farmeis,
who have been deceived, will now have to turn
their attention to what they have been in the
habit of calling a humbug the Home Market.
But with such an iucrease in our importations as
we huve had for the last six months, in a few
years ur home market will be comparatively
valuetesir Tlioirimless- thero should be -another
fumine in Europe, where will our farmers find
market for their Surplus Produce?
KF"By Telegraph to the Zanesville Courier,
we Icaru that a forgery, committed by a Stock
Brokor of Wall street on Ctiinil and Burrell, by
which be obtained money from the Puccini Bunk
has been discovered.
E7A Southern Locofoco editor, on his wsy
North writes home to his paper that he did not
visit Washington, be : use Nobody was there snd
Nobody was in tlie white house.
This editor helped to put Nobody in the white
The failure of several houses, in New York, on, house end this Nobody appointed the Nobodies,
the 21st inst. bus created a great panic. - "... who fill the diflerent departments. "
Native American movement.
The Native American National Conven.
tion met in Philadelphia, on the 10th inst.
for the purpose of nominating a candi
date for the Presidency. The party re -
comended Gen, Taylor to the people
of the United States as a suitable Candi
date. Letters had been written to a
umber of distinguished individuals, in
quiring if a nomination from . that party
would be accepted. From the several an-
swes received, we select the following
from the Hon. Henry Clay. The oth
er individuals ' addressed were Gen.
Taylor, Com. Stewart and Ogdon Ed
wards the former of whom says he is
not the candidate of any party, and the
two latter peremptorily decline. Mr.
Ashland, 2d April, 1847.
Dear Sir: Your favor of the 19th ulti
mo, transmitting the proceedings of "the
American Ratification Meeting," reach
ed here a few days prior to my return
from New Orleans. Owing to my absence
and te a great domestio affliction, which
has befallen me in the death ol a beloved
son, wno ion in tne uattio ot uuena vis
ta, of which intelligence arrived here sev
eral days ago, a delay has arisen in my
return of au answer to your letter, which
1 hope you will have the goodness to ex
You inquire of me, "at the instance of
the Native American Committee of the
State of Pennsylvania," of which you
are Chairman, whether, if it be tender
ed to me and that unanimously I
would be disposed to accept the nomin
ation of President ef the United States
from the National Native American
Convention to assemble at Pittsburgh in
Mav next, for the purpose ot nominating
candidates for President and Vice Pres
dent of the United States.
Waiving all inquiry into, and the ex
pression of any opinion on the principles
and objects ot your Association, as being
unnecessary from the conclusion to which
I have come, must frankly say, that I can
see no public good likely to result from
my acceptance of the proposed nomina
tion; and that, if tendered to me I should
be constrained to decline accepting it.
I tequest you nevertheless; and other
members of the Executive Committee to
be assured that I justly appreciate the
compliment intended me, and to accept
my cordial. thanks for the personal confi
dence and kindness which prompted
their attention to be directed to me.
I am, with respect, your friend and obe
: dient servant, : H. CLAY,-
Gen. Peter Smith.' '