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CHAS. W. FENTON. ,
Proprietor of National Wliuj.'
Washington, July 16 -6inl0 $5,& ex. daily ly
NEW BOOM AND NEW GOODS.
MORE COOD NIWS,
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
HARDWARE CHEAPER TUAN EVER.
Just received and uow opening, in the East
Room of Ma. R. M. Ainswokth's Block orro
sitc the Tallmadok House, from 1'ittsburg,
Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York, u lute
and general assortment of English, Gertuau and
HARDWARE AIND ClTLEKY.
Comprising in part the following articles;
English and German Door Locks, Mortice locks
auil Latches, chest, Desk, Till and Padlocks
Latches and door handles, window springs asst.
Sash I'astnings, assorted,
Socket and Firmer chisels, gouges & spur bills
Ball Braces in setts, plain bits nil sizes
Common audScrewed Spoke Shaves
Screw drivers, Compasses, Stoel squares, .
&'ii Bevels, Mill suw, double cut and 3 square
files, Horse Rasps, Drawing Knives.
1 OO.l Gross wood Screws assorted '
3 OO dozen Mahogany Knobs
. Cut Tucks from 24 to 24 ounces ,
Sprigs from 1J to 2 inch.
Patent Brads, Clout Nails, Tonnent, Hand, pan
nel, Pruning and Butcher's Saws
Iron, Brittanuia, Gorman Silvor and Silver pla
ted Table, Tea and Busting spoons,
Bread Trays, Waiters, Iron and Solar Lamps,
Iron and Braes Caudlosticks, .
Looking Glasses and Looking Glass plates,
Super Rodger's Congress knives
1, !, I, and Bladed do asst, Pruning knives
Razors assorted and Ruzor Strops: and a gener
al and Hue assortment ot TABLE CUTLERY.
Buckles of all sizes, Terrets und water Hooks,
Harness spots, Truce and Hultor bolts
Brass, Silveredand Japanned Stfrrups.
Cotton, Straiuiug, Worsted und Bool webbings
Conch and Buggy luce, tufts of all colors, pluin
and llgured guiu cloth, Japanned Muslins, assort
ed colors Morocco, Boot do, Goat und Hog skins,
8eating, Plush, plain and figured assorted .
Patent Leather and Oil Cloth.
. Cooper's Tools.
Broad axes, Adzes, Chatnpering knives, heud
, ingdo. Stave do, Crow cutters, Hollowing knives,
Shave ups and Dress hoops assorted.
Tor Ihe Farmers.
I have a gooeral assortment of Halter, Trace,
Log and Breasr chains
8 Odozeu Grass Scythes, .
,' 19 , do Corn do .
3 do Brash do -3
do Patent Grain Cradles
25 do Hay ftukes
Common and best steel Corn Hoes, with and
without handles, Goosa neck do, socket shovels,
Long Handle do, D. Handle do, Ames No. .', do,
Hay and 3 and 4 prong manure Forks
Also, Mill anil Cross cut Saws, Steelyards,
Hatchets and Hammers, Adzes and Broad Axes,
Iron Nails and Steel.
.175 Kegs Juniatta Nails
O do Rapid Forge do "'
.' 80 Tons Juniatta Iron '
10 do Rapid Forge do ' o .
English Blister, American Blister, Shear, Gor
man and Cast Steel ' .
8-10 and 10-12 Window Glass, and a large
Leicester Machine Cards,
Together with a great variety of other Hard.
ware, all of which I wilt positively sell asfoto for
CASH, as auy other house, west ol the mountains
can soli litem, uome ana see tor yourselves
'" " Lancaster, June, 4lh18 l7. - ' , A iL
OOME of the finest specimens of Jowelry ever
U brought to Lancaster, among winch may be
found Cameo l itis, single atone do, bracelets
Chaius, Pencil cases, Finger rings, Ear rings, Min
iature Cases, Hair Ornaments, Guard and Fob
, Keys, Goldand Silver Thimbles, &c. Cheap for
' cash at ' UATE8 & CUSl'LK'B,
Lancaster June 18, 1344. S
2. NO.. 21.
From II will' e Journal.
THE CANKER AND THE CURE.
or siLVEBPtn. '
Baron Thrashem was one of the very
wisest and porfoutidest lawyers on tho ju-
diciar bench; to say nothing ot his extra
ordinary research amidst such ethic doc
trines as relate to the origin of evil; to
say nothing that these doctrines were al
ways stated tiy him so precisely and logi
cally that' the minutest link in the chain
of causation never showed a flaw; to say
nothing that he hud espied the very top
most bough of the goodly tree of sin, and
dug down (in his own opinion) nearerto
its tar-hidden and obscure root than any
other innn; to Ray nothing of theso things,
tie so viewed all reformatory law Jor crime
astwuttle from the human school of phi
losophy, that had ho his Own stern will,
every statute and every law against tho
criminal should hnvo heon burnt, and re
placed by those two tangible and sum
mary processes for curing evil the hal
ter and the gibbet.
1 hirteen years ago this very next Lent
term, the baron had guno circuit to the
north. His old clerk Red not had gone
circuit too, aid old Jo Bottle, who pri
ded himself yjpon having beenhe Judge's
servant forty-two years, had taken coach
that very morning to visit some country
relatives. JNone were left in the dull
old house but the maid of all-work and
the cook, and the housekeeper, summed
up in the person of Becky; for the Judt;e
had neither a grand house, a grand equip
page (for an old jobbing coach had taken
him down to Westminister, ami on circuit
for the last twenty years.) nor many ser
vants; but simply a very grand library,
every uooK in winch according to the
lull-united opinionsol Rednot, Bottle, and
Becky ho know by. heart, from its first
lotter to its colophon; excepting certain
books on a certain right hand shelf of the
large book case, at which ho had been
seent0 8mile bo sarcastically and so of
ten, that they were supposod to contain
opinions not worth a fni t'iing to the great
mintage of the Judge's mind; but were
doubtless simple, irrevelent, and untrue.
Be this as it may upon this certain mor- i
ning, Becky, whose simple heart knew
no bounds iq its reverence and duty to
her stern master, was busy in the library,
when her ear was caught by the low voice
of n child outside of the area rails. She
had nt that moment lifted from tho libra
ry table an old fashioned massive silver
inkstand, und turning round saw there !
was a wretched, sharp-faced child who
probably wus attracted by her cap.as seen
bovo the window blinds, and stopped to
beg. Her kindly thoughts in a moment
were travelling fast between the two
pence in her pocket and the hot roll left
in tho oven tor Joe s breaktust, when
the postman's quick rap was heard at the
hall door. It was a letter from her mas
ter, liocky was sure, and all in an
anxious tremor for Thrashem wrote but
seldom when from home, and then only
on some ardent, poi nt she hurried breath
lessly to answer the door, with the duster
and inkstand yet in her hand. Recog
nizing her master's stiff, straight charac
ters on the lotter and, as the postage was
to pay, she, in the anxious absence of the
moment, set down tho - duster and the
inkstand on the step, while she dived
lown for tho purse into the hidden mys
teries ot her capacious pocket. Ihe
postman was leaning carelessly on the
area railings looking down the street; and
when she had stepped to Inm, giving him
the money, and come buck again, the ink
stand was gono, the silver inkstand that
the Judge prized so highly! In the first
moment ol doubt and astonishment, she
knew not what to think: but recollecting
the keen-faced child, who but the in
stant before had been in sight, she hur
ried from the door, and looking down the
street, and calling upon the postman to
follow her. saw the child runningr onward
with breathless speed. The postman's
quick step however was a match; he seiz
ed upon the thief just as she had thrust
the inkstand between the ragned'strip of
shawl that hung about a girl some two or
three years older than herself. To half
cry with joy was Becky's first impulse
when the inkstand was again sate; to
tremble at the bare thought of the Judge's
stern displeasure, had it been lost; to al
most sink in heart at the idea of one doubt
upon her longtried honesty; all these for
the instant were paramount; but all sunk
into mere nothingness, or rather wore
merged into one fueling of womanly and
simple mercy,, when she glanced down
upon tho child s upturned tace ol terror,
hunger and pain.
"iou ! commenced the post
"Had no wittles," spoke the child sul
lenly. : ..
Theso words robed the heart of the
Judge's honest servant of its last touch
of anger. Sho said something about let
ting the child go; but too late. A crowd
had collected, a policeman had stepped
in, and the tlnet in a tow minutes was
locked safely in the station house,
It was a sorrowful night that, to the
compassionate heart of Becky though her
fire was blight, lir tea good, and the bar
bel from the little street hard by had
stepped into talk' the matter over with
her. And she was still more sad the
next day, when in her best gown she
courtesied to the magistrate of the police
court, and saw the child in the duck, more
haggard and palo. The case was fully
proved. "My good woman," spoke the
magistrate in his kindest voice, "I know
your master would prosecute this case to
the full' st extent of the law, but to what
end? Here is a child, seven years old
or there-abouts without home, without
oneiiumau.frLoud. aud, great God! appa
rently without name! the scum and re
fuse of the city streets while yet a baby.
If I send her if ptison, she will come out
only mote Confined in precocious wick
edness; or if sent back into the . streets
but to starvation or something more hor
rible incipient prostitution. But were
there soma to savo by teaching and"
Becky; tho great Judge's poor servant,
looked here at the magistrate, and then
at the criminal child. "Please, sir,1' and
the sympathy of our divinest nature jus
tifiod itself, "I've fifty-seven pounds six
teen and six pence in the savings iiank,
that Mr; Rednot has the receipt of and
just two sovereigns more in the specie
box so if a little schooling might "
"Might do more than the prison or
law could do turn guiltlesssin into good,
and if with work"
"Yes, yes, "interrupted Becky, pleased
with the Magistrate's manner, and inter
rupting his meaning in her own way; "if
she were to turn out tidy and I could teach
her to roast, and bake, and set his rooms
to rights, slid ,"
"And if Von could succeed in half.
chimed in the magistrate, "you'd shew
yourself to bo a profunder lawyer than
either I who sit upon this bench, or your
master a Baron of tho Exchequer. lie
who cures vice is greater than he who pun
ishes it." '
Becky did not understand half this, on
ly this much that nobody could bo so great
as the jud:;e, her master; so courtesying
less respectfully than she otherwise would
have done, she waited for the child to be
released from the dock, throw a large silk
hand korchief from her pttcket across its
shoulders, that jt might look less like a
vagrant, and then reverting back to the
disposal of tho two sovereigns in the spe
cie box, she took the child's hand, and
making her way to tho cab outside the
door, was followed by the wondering and
lo wash the child well by the kitchen
fire, to bake a cake for tea, to invite the
barber thereunto, to reach the child a lit
tle pictured cup from the closet's topmost
slielf, were matters of course with Becky; j
and much did she ejaculate, and more
did tho barber, as between tho ravenous
ly eaten cake, and the sweetened tea, the
precocious, willful, neglected intellect
of crime told of its narrow lie 11 of human
life, which it believed was lioaven !
Long was the talk of the barber and
Becky whilst the babyhood of crime, not
disowned by nature, nestled to rest; antl
as Mr. Bottle was of a nervous tempera
ment, and much given to count his spoons
and forks, and make particular inquiries
after his masters gold spectacles, it was
judged wise to keep the real truth from
him at least for tho present; and moreo
ver, as the police report would to sure to
appear in the Times of tho morrow, it
would be advisable (though a sad sin in
the eyes of Becky) not to post that paper
so some chance might lie of the matter es
caping Thrashem's keen notice. It for
tunately did," beyond a mere report of
words; but in her strongest trunk Becky
hoarded up that paper.
It was necessary to give the child a
name before Mr. Bottle came back. The
barber suggested many good ones; nonei
however, pleasant to the ear of Becky.
But when in some few days the child's
young face began to look gratefully up
into her own, tho thought struck Becky
that the great oil painting over the libra
ry fire-place was the portrait of the judg
e's mother, and her Christian name had
been Alice. "And might it not be beau
tiful, "said Becky to herself, "ifshe should
turn out a good child, and come to such
grand things as to muiid the dear master's
shirts, or cook him an omelet as brown
as I do? Might it not be beautiful to hear
that name he loved so well, called up and
down the house?" So giving her ques
tions an affirmative answer, Becky callod
tho child Alice.
To say that the seven years' teachings
of sin was absolved all at once, would bo
an injustice to the great teacher nature.
But peculations from closet, and drawers,
and jurs, grew less, and before continued
ministry of good, the memory of vice fa
ded like a shadow in the broadening sun;
and Alice, the unknown spawn of a beg
gar's lodging house, became a favorite
with old Joe, took and thrived by honest
Becky's teachings, and even at last be
coming noticed by Mr. Bednot, drew up
on his learning many ways. .
Years passed on, and Alice was seven
teen. Never had the judge seen; never
heard of her. He had lived forty years
in that house, yet never trod his own
kitchen floor. Becky grew feeble; and
the stern old man at last noticing it, rung
her up, one night, into the library. He
spoke kindly, placed her in a chair and
said she must have help. Becky's heart
faltered the secret of years was on her
"I was afraid you would be angry, but
I've long . been obliged to have "
"Ouo who can cook yotiromelet beau
tifully; set a frill on your shirt, and almost
place your room as well as I do Alice."
. The old man looked up at the picture;
his heart grew merciful at that name.
He rang again the bell; lie said a word or
two; and Alice tho bud tho spawn of
iniquity tho atom of the' foulest city
streets that society crushed, and that he
in his great wisdom disowned all regene
ration for sa vo the gallows stood before
him in her beauty and usefulness. The
magistrate said right "Nobler is it to
teach good to crime, than to tread it un
der foot." The heart of tha poor servant
had solved the great enigma of social
wrong and social progreis, in a more prac
tical way than tho' wisdom of the scholar
and the Judge, 'for teach hut ignorance
anil evil will diminish! That night the
old man smilod less upon these books;
he touk them down; he read them; and
Alice from that hour flitted around him
in her useful, humble duties, and surpass
ed poor Becky, because she had beeu
better taught. Becky soon after this fell
ill, and on herdying bed told the old man
of that theft; how the pity of her heart had
made her save and Alice was the fruit!
"She, sir, who is so very good, and waits
so gently on you. Be good to her.".
"I will, and take a lesson ' from you,
Becky, that shall make not only the law,
but my own heart better. ' v .
" Those great books of the great jurist
are no longer smiled upon. The retired
judge will bequeath his great wealth to
OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1817.
put their spirit into action; and with
Alice in her humble duties flitiing around
him, devise plans for the better bearing
out the great progress question of refor
matory law; and no longer ending his
chain of ethic causatives by the gallows,
set his hand to these great principles
that crime is ignorance, once, and that to
save and lead this ignorance towards good.
is a service tual approximates the human
actor towards its divine Creator.
-facts for tlje people.
Ift-tlutlioii of the Debt. .
Mr. Brough has favored us with an ac
count of the doings of the Democratic
financiers in tins behalf. We are pleas
ed to see our brother of the Enquirer try
ing his hand in tho wayot argument, and
the statement of facts from the documents.
How he has succeeded in this attempt
will appear in the sequel.
He tells us that during the year 1843,
tho Democratic Auditor and Fund Com
missioners reduced the public debt $32,
759 46 by the application to it of the pro
ceeds ot W abash and Jt,ne and Miami
canal lands.. That during the year 1844,
they reduced it $04,345 02, of which
331,315 05 was the proceeds of the same
class of lands, and $33,000 of foreign
stock purchased in the spring of 1843,
with $25,000 o: sinking fund arising from
Very well; here is a reduction of the
debt to the amount of $97,104 48 of which
SG4.104 00 were the proceeds of the ca
nal lands, and 25,000 of sinking fund.
But poi haps it may turn nut that these
gentlemen merely paid Peter by robbing
Tho Auditor is by law positively re
quired to raise $25,000 of finking fund
each year, and the sum which Mr. Brough
boasts of having upplied, in the spring of
lalJ, which was the proceeds ot the tax
of 1844. What was done with the $25.-
000 of sinking fund raised in 1843? It
was doubtless taken to pay interest on
our State debt.
But Mr. Brough forgot to tell us how
much tho interest on our Slate debt for
the years 1843 and 1844 exceeded the
revenues or receipts into the treasury
properly applicable to the payment of
the interest for these years. This would
have shown that, instead of reducing the
debt by tho payment of a part of the
principal, it hud been in lact largely in
creased by his failure to provide the ne
cessary funds fur the payment of the in
terest for these years. -This would havo
shown that, instead of reducing the debt
by a payment of a part of the principal,
it had been in fact largely increased by
his failure to provide the necessary funds
for the payment of the interest.
It would also have been important lfhe
had told us, while boasting of having
left $27,000 sinking fund in the treasury,
how much these worthy Democrats left
in the treasury to pay the semi-annual
interest of $580,000 which became due
in May and July. He might have told us
with truth that they left less than $50,000
including the aforesaid sinking fund.
We refer the worthy ex-Auditor to his
own reports to prove that we havo cor
rectly stated the amount of the deficits
for the several years from 1839 to 1845,
inclusive. We have no space to copy
from all his reports but give examples
of two or three years.
. In his report of Decomber, 1842, page
29, he says, in speaking of the interest of
the public debt, "I presume it is not far
from $950,000. The public woiks, the
school funds, and taxation, have yielded
to this purpose during the year $003,349
79; leaving a deficit of $281,050 21."
This gentleman seemed to forget then,
what he now so well understands, that
the appropriation of the school funds to
the payment of interest, was only one
way of increasing the State debt.
From the report of the Fund Commis
sioners, of December, 1843, Doc. 25, it
appears that the interest paid at New
York and Columbus, during the year
1343, was $1,017,340 01.
It also appears by Mr. Brough's report
of December, 1S43, page 32-3. that the
nett amount of canal fund derived from
taxes and tolls, including the amount
transferred from the general revenue,
was $682,842 G6, which leaves a deficit
of $339,689 95 in tho interest fund foi 1813
.The fund Commissioners' report for
January, 1845, Doc. 25, page 15, shows
that the amount paid for interest and ex
change on the permanent State debt, for
the year 1844, was $1,187,956 53, and
the nett proceeds of the taxes and
tolls, and other revenues properly appli
cable to the payment of interest, was$l,
025,902 72; leaving a deficit of $162,
053 81. .
Ho re, then, we have the following ac
count current of the deficits, or, in other
words, the increase of the Slate debt on
account of the interest, and of the pay
ments made of the principal of the debt,
during these three years:
1842 deficit in interest fund $281,650 21
1843 " " " 339,689 95
1844 ' " " " 162,053 81
Total amount of deficit of interest
fund for three years .$783,393 97
Deduct payments oi" principal of debt
made in 1843 and 1844, as claimed
by Mr. Brough 97,104 48
Balance, being increase of State dobt
for the payment of interest $686,289 49
Thus we h ave, accord i tig to Mr. Brough's
own statement, an increase of the State
debt for interest, of six hundred and eigh
ty six thousand two hundred and eighty
nine dollars aud forty-nine cents, in three
If we have not, by these facts, entirely
demolished the claim which Mr. Brough
has set uo for the "Democracy," of hav
ing paid a part of the State debt, wo will
acknowledge that we are still "uainstruc-
ted." . , . :
There is one fact stated in the reoort
of the Fund Commissioners of January,
1845, Doc. 25, which we deem worthy ol
note. It appoars that these gentlemen
had borrowed for the payment of interest
$252,500aaateroporaryloan,of which they
had paid $165,000, leaving A balance of
iol.LiVU unpaid. We are somewhat sur
prised at the modesty of eurfiiend in not
claiming this sum as fund left in the
treasury for the benefit of their Whig
Let us now examine for a moment the
manner in which Mr. Brough attempts to
fritter down and demolish the surplus of
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars
which we claim to have been "raked to
gether in one year to be applied under
the Whig administration of the State gov
ernment towards reducing the public
He puts down as forming this sum, the
land funds, surplus revenue, sinking fund,
and principal of school lauds received,
including the balances of last year, a
mounting to $313,338 12.
We tell Mr. Brough. and throuo'ti him
the people of the Slate, that not one dol
lar ot the whole list specified by him.
(with the exception of $25,000 sinking
fund) is included in the $250,000. 'scrao-
ed together this year." If the sums sta
ted by Mr. Brough are taken into the ac
count of tho surplus of this year, it will
amount to more than 538,000, as we will
proceed to show. -
It is shown by the official statement of
tho Auditor, of the 19th August last, from
which Mr. Brough has copied, that the
receipts into the treasury for the three
quarters ending on the 15th August, have
been as follows:
Taxes collected 1 1.202,376 08
Canal lulls collected 053.4U I 56
Taxes paid by the Banks fur six
mnutlis 17.854 12
Turnpike and caual dividends.... 22,974 94
5 per cent, interest oil surplus rev
enue loaned to counties ea.mi'j Ed
Amount paid into the treasury foi
the three quarters $1,832,709 30
Estimate amount of caual tolls for
the present quarter 200,000 00
Amount of turnpike dividends lor
this quarter 8,000 00
Amount of Bank Lues for (i months
ending 1st November 18 000 00
Total amount of the ordinary
revctiuus of 1847 $2,103,709 30
This sum dues not include the uriu-
cipul of surplus revenue paid, or
pyiiienti lor school laud.
Expenditures of 1847,
us estimated m the
Auditor's report of
Dec. 15, 1810, pufc'e
16. 1.892.226 00
Deduct sitikitig fund &
$10,000 which has
ben saved by ad
vance payment from
the filO.OIIO estima
ted lor exchaug and "
expenses, 35,000 00
Ain't of expenditures for theyear '47 $1,857,226 00
Balance, being surplus or Sinking
Fund $250,433 30
Here we have a clear surplus of more
than two hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars, arising from the ordinary revenues of
the State, without including a single dol
lar of the funds (except $25,000 sinking
fund) which Mr. Brough supposed to be
included in this surplus.
lo this sum may be added the follow
ing: Sulo of Canal Lands for three quarters $34,171 28
Received since the 1 5lh August 16,012 63
Estimate op to 15th November 10.000 1)0
Amount of Cunal Lauds sold $50,183 91
Principal of surplus revenue received 1 19,295 73
Amount of lands sold, and principul
of surplus revenue received $169,479 64
This sum added to the $250,000 re
ceived from the ordinary revenues of the
State, will make a clear amount of $419,
479 61, which will be received and ap
plied this year to the pa ijment of the Stale
Let it be remembered that this sum
does not include one dollar of the balan
ces in the treasury on the 15th Novem
ber last it does not include a dollar of
the payments into the treasury for school
lands, nor any trust fund it does not in
clude one dollar for which the State will
be in any way indebted.
Lot it be remembered that the sinking
fund of $250,000, which will be applica
ble to the payment of the principal of
our Stato Debt as stated by tho Auditor
of State in his official letter of the 19th
August, is received exclusively from the
ordinary revenues of the State. We
now show, by including the sales of ca
nal lands belonging to the Stato, and the
principal of the surplus revenue paid by
the counties, that more than four hun
dred and nineteen thousand dollars of the
principal of our State debt will be paid
j fi i
The Whigs of Ohio have not promis
ed that light taxes wilt be levied. They
have pledged themselves against the in
crease of the State debt, either by new
loans or by permitting the interest to ex
ceed the funds provided for its payment.
They stand pledged to carry out a system
by which the State debt shall gradually
and certainly be paid, and that a sufficient
amount of taxes to accomplish this object
shall be fairly and equally levied upon
the capital aud wealth of the State. We
charge and have proved' that the Loco
focos, while they had the power, increas
ed the debt from year to year, and that
they neglected to levy the taxes necessa
ry to pay tho interest on the State debt.
We have carried intouflbct a system by
which the burden of taxation is made
to operate fairly and equally upon all, by
which the Slate debt will be gradually
paid and extinguished. . .
Freemen of Ohiu! the result of this
system is before you. , Your taxes may
be heavy, but will you not cheerfully sup
port the measures and policy by which
they are to be made lighter by which
your debt will be paid and cancelled
not increased and made perpetual? O.
HAn instruction has been issued
peremptorily to send Hays' Texas ran
gers to Vera Cruz, to assist General Scott
in keeping open bis line of communica
tion.. E7It is stated that amongst the charg
es upon which Gen. Kearney has arrested
Col. Fremont and ordered him to Wash
ington for trial is that of cowardice!
feliile finance Again.
Our neighbor seems to be sorely dis
turbed by the statements we have recent
ly made in relation to our Si ate Finances.
To licak the force of the facts which we
stated, the Statesman indulges in its usu
al mode of argument abusing the "Fed-
eraliats" and to help a lame conclusion,
it copies from the Mansfield Shield and
We propose to notice the defence
which is thus put forth. We will not
stop to answer the rigmarole of the States
man and its aid about "federal abuse,"
or the "faUehoods which would make
Beelzebub blush. ' The inquiry is, are
the facts which we stated true?
We said thaf'the party obtained power
in 1830. when tho Slate debt wnsV than
fir,e and a half miliums, and were turned
out in i3io, leaving the debt nearly
twenty millions." Is this statement de
nied? No. Tho Statesman takes good
care not lo deny these facts, which every
intelligent man knows but too well. But
as our neighbor may have lost the docu
ments, '. we will refer him to Auditor
Bryan's report of Cth December, 1836,
pages 4 and 5, by which it appears that
ihe Domestic debt of the State for School
Funds borrowed, was then $950,604 50;
audtoAuditoi Brough's report of State
liabilities, hoc. 4, I'eUreary 15, 140,
which shows that the Foreign debt of
the State in December, 1830, was$4,.
520,000, making the total debt of the
State in deixmber, 1836, only $5,476,664,
50 It is shown by the same document
that the State debt. Foreign and Domes
tic, was. on the 15th February, 1845,
$19,289,412 03! Additional claims and
contracts which hat! not been recorded in
the Auditor's books, swelled the amount
of the State debt in 1845 to the sum we
stated nearly twenty millions.
W e said the deficit in the btate Reven
ues for seven years, from 1836, was one
million eight hundred and thirty six thous
and nine hundred and seventy-two dol
lars. Is this fact denied? It is not.
But our opponents attempt to evade
the force of the facts which we have sta
ted, by special pleading. They scythat
the State did not borrow money to pay
the interest, and that no stocks had been
sold for the payment of the interest on
the Public debt.
It may be true that the State neither
borrowed money nor sold stocks lo pay
the interest; but the question is, were the
revenues of the State, provided for the
purpose, sulhcienl to pay the interest I
Did tho Locofoco financiers, whose duty
it was to provide a sufficient revenue to
pay the interest, do sol We charge that
there was a deficit iu the revenues of
$1,836,972, in seven years. We prove
this fact by reference to the documents.
Our opponents to use their own language,
dare not deny it.
The deficit in the interest account ac
cumulated from year to year. The mon
ey received from the sale of the school
lands, aud for the canal lands of the
the State, instead of being applied to the
payment of the principal ot the debt,
was siezed upon for the payment of the
The total amount of the school and
trust funds loaned to the State were, in
December, 1S30, $956,664 50. as we
have stated. In February, 1845, they
amounted to $1,425,092 31. Thus we
have from 1836 to 1845, the sum of $468,
427 81 applied to the payment of inter
est hy which the State debt was iu fact
increased to this amount.
The facts stand upon record that the
principal of our debt was increased by
the Locofocos, subsequent to the year
1S36. from five aud a half millions to
nearly twenty millions, and that part of
the sum was to supply the deficit ot 51,
836,972 iu tho interest fund which had
accumulated from year to year.
We call the attention of the people of
the State to these facts, which we have
taken from the records; and with confi
dence in their honest and just decision,
we ask them to say whether these men
are worthy to be again trusted with the
government of the State whether they
are prepared to bring back the days of
peculation and the reckless squandering
of the public funds which marked their
course. We know that the verdict will
be such as an honest and intelligent peo
ple should give. O. State Journal
The Wau Waste of Human Lipe.
Of all the incidents which go to illustrate
the horors of war, we have seen none
which presents them to the mind in a
more striking and powerful manner than
the present condition of the South Caro
lina regiment of Volunteers. They left
their homes six months ago about 800
strong; of this number 140 died at Vera
Cruz or on tho tho march to Puebla, 300
wero left sick in the various hospitals.
Abou 272 were in a condition to tight in
tho late battle, and of that number 137
(including their gallant Colonel, Tierce
M. Butler) were killed or wounded,
leaving a meagre remnant of 135, a mi
ety of whom may yet perhaps full in bat'
tie or perish by disease before the war
shall terminate. What a contrast win
the return home ef this shattered corps
present to tho "oride, pomp, and circum
stance," which attended their enlistment
and departure for the seat of war. Rich
Whig. - ' ' ;
Treason. TheGovernor of Louisiana
who has heretofore been active in rais
in"' men to supply the armies in Mex
ico, now refuses to act iu organizing two
companies of mounted volunteers, under
a requisition from tho Secretary of War.
Here is rank treason! Where are the
thunders of the Statesman? -O. S. Jour.
ECol. Monroe, of New York city,
intends to contest the seat in Congress
which was givou to his democratic op
ponent. -- - - ' ... ,
Patriotism. The Richmond Whig
says that Gen. Franklin Pierce, of New
Hampshire, whom the Union has recent
ly been glorifying, required, as a sina fua
non, before he could go to Mexico, si
months ray and rations lO advance.
- "" " o
WHOLE NO. 1149.
The Illinois Cousiiiuiion. '
W five below gome of the features of
the new constitution for Illinois, which
nas been submitted to the people for ap
fiuvai or rejection:
i tie Ueneral Assembly it lo consist of
a Senate of twenty-five members, and
House of Representative! of seventy-five
members, until the population of tho
Stute shall reach a million, after which
tho number may be increased by tbe ad-'
dition of five members to the House, and '
five more for every addition of 500,000
inhabitants thereafter, until the whole ia
100. The Senators are elected for four
years, the term of one-half expiring eve
ry two years. The Representatives are
to be elected for two years. The Leg
islature is to meet once in two years.
A senator must be 30 years old. aciti- .
zen of the United States, five years an
inhabitant of the State, and a resident
one yeariu his district next before his
A Representative must be 25 years
old, a citizen of the United States, three
years an inhabitant of tl.e State, and a
resident of the district one year next be
fore his election. .
No person elected to the General As-
sembly, is eligible to receive any civil ap- -poiirtmeiit
iu the State, or to tho Senate
of the United States, from tho Governor,
and Senate, or the General Assembly,
during the term for which lie shall have
been elected, and the votes given for
such are made void. No member of
either house to be directly or indirectly
interested in any contract with the State
or county, authorized by law during the
time for which they shall have been elec
ted, or within one year thereafter.
Senatorirl and Representative districts
are required to be composed of contiguous
territory bounded by county, lines, and
where a district comprises more than one
county, the Representatives shall be elec
ted by the votes ot the whole districts.
Cities and towns containing the requisite
population may be erected into seperato
districts. . The Senatorial districts must
The pay of members, to be two dollars
a day for the first forty-two days' of the
session, and one dollar a day for the resi
due of the time, with 10 cents a mile trav
el and no more.
The General Assembly shall not grant
divorces, but may authorize the Court
to grant them. -
Taxes shall be levied to pay the inter
est on the debt of the State, shall be ir-
repea'.able until the debt is paid.
1 he Lrovernor 13 elected for four years.
He must be thirty-five years old, have
been a citizen of the United States four
teen years, and ten years a resident of
the State. . He is ineligible more than
four years in eight. Ho must reside at
the seat of government. His salary it
1 he Auditor and Ireasurer areelected
by the voters of the State, the first fur
four years and the second for two. -
ihe Judiciary consists of a Supremo
Court, and inferior tribunals the Judges
lo be elected by the people 1 he Su
preme Court consists ot three judges, to
be elcted by general ticket for nine years,
one to go out every three years, thejudgo
having the iorgest term to be the first
Chief Justice, and after that the oldest in
commissior. They may bo removed for
causes net impeachable, by a vote of two-
thirds ot the members elected to each
branch of tbe General Assembly. The
Slate is divided into three districts, and
the Legislature may provide for the elec
tion of one of the judges in each. The
Clerks and District Attorneys are to be
elected oy the people in each district.
A capitation tax ot not over one dollar
and not under 50 cents maybe levied on
free white males above 21. Provision
must be made for levying taxes equally
upon the property of individuals and
Ao State Bank shall be established,
nor shall ihe State hold stock or be in any
way liable for any Banking Company to
be created. No Bank charter to be valid
until submitted to the vote of the people
The printing presses shall be free to
examine the acts of any officer of gov
ernment, and when the matter published
is proper for public information, the truth
maybe given in evidence, in justification,
and iu all indictments for libel the jury
may deteimiue the law and fact under
the direction of the Court.
Any person who shall fight a duel, or
send or accept a challenge for that pur
pose, shall be depnved ot the right to
hold any othce Of honor or profit in the
State, and may be punished otherwise,
as the legislature may by law prescribe.
The Right or Suffrage. The able
London correspondent of the National
Intelligencer furnishes tbe following com
parative view of tho representative sys
tem of government as practiced in the
three countries of most importance in the
world, in a commercial, political and
moral view. Thus
"In Great Britain a population of 26,
711,059, in 1840 contained 1,066,860
electors, or about one person in every 25
had a vote.
"In the Uuited States, a population of
17,063,258 in 1840 gave 2,403,485 votes
at the Presidential election or about one
in every seven bad a vote.
"In France a population of 25,000,000,
contains about 200,000, or very nearly
one in every one huudrcd and seventy-
five had a vote!"
Comment on the abovo is unnecessary.
RPOhio Locofocoism has, on several
occasions, blurted out its complaints that
it has been overlooked by Polk's admin
istration, in the distribution of the spoils.
We observe, however, tbat the mission to
Naples, just vacated by Major Polk, bas
has been offered to Wm. Medill, of this
State We hope tbat Mr. M will 6hine "
like his predecessor. Zane. Courier. ...
Er"There are no less than nine new
Churches now progressing towards com
pletion in St. Louis.