Newspaper Page Text
We copy the following from the Na
tiona!" Intelligencer of a recent date.
The Editors of that paper say it is from
Ina. irin nnA farmAr if M arv-
ari 1 1 , . w . "'-'-v.- - - - . - - - - j
la lid. It addresses itself to llio good
sense of the reader.
The Wilmot ProvisoThe Whig
Parlyand the next Presidential
I desire to submit to the Whigs a fe j
remark on these three subjects, as con
nected with each other. I select your
paper as having tho roost extensive circu
lation, and with the hope that they will
be copied into the leading Whig papers
throughout the Union.
I regret extremely the course taken by
some of the most respectable Wlii pa
pers at the North, in making the Wilmot
Proviso the test question at the next Presi
dential election. Do they not seo that
if this issue be made by the North it must
of necessity be made by the South? Are
they not already authoratively advised
that it is the issue now most debited by
your opponents of the South? I refer
mem to .nr. iaiuoun s letter 01 mo
June last. He looks to this inane, and
justly as one that will absorb all other
political considerations as one that will
unite the people of the sluvcholding
States as one man. And such, most un
questionably, will he the effect. With
this issue there will bo neither Whig not
Tory there. Such, however, will not bo
its effect at the North. Though both par
ties should adopt the issues, yet it will
... RV...t ikaif iiiiw.M Tin ufllti-l t Via
election I will notice in a subsequent par
agraph. To the Whigs of the North 1 unhesi
tatingly say thut the Wilmot Proviso is
perseufno practical valua It will not
prevent any Stain from establishing sla
very after its admission into the Union.
The Legislature of Maino hits proposed
that the anti-slavery provision of the or
dinance of 1787 should be extended to all
territory hereafter required,. This will
give the Wilmot Proviso the most effec
tive form. Now, admitting for the mo
ment the justice of the Riialogy, I put the
question, if tho State of Ohio should to
morrow establish slavery; what power in
the United States would nullify tho act!
The areument of Ohio would bo that the
basis of popular government is that the
sovereign power rests in tho people of
the State tho living people to bo ex
ercisod by a majority; and that an inhe
rent prerogative of that sovereignly is to
determine the political condition of its
people; and that, to every extent, that
sovereignty, where not restricted by the
-Constitution of the United States, now
remains in perfect equality, in the people
of each State in the Union. ' What pow
er, Ohio would ask, had the State of
Virginia and the Constitutional Con-
m-cwa ttuffti-n fLrtl'ia uua ull i till:, tiltll tit in
that State, to determine for all time the
political condition i f its future population'!
Sho milit put a question of peculiar pun
gency to tho North: Had that ordinance,
instead of prohibiting slavery, established
it, must it have endured torever in Uhiof
The South questioning the justness of
the analogy, may put the still more strin
gent question.: From what clause in
the Constitution doe Congress derive
the power to limit the sovereignty of
a State, when in the Union, to determine
the political condition of its people for
evert In the Territories of the United
States Congress may prohibit slavery up
to tho moment ot admission into the
Union. They may even refuse to admit
a State under the constitution that es
tablishes slavery. But, when u State is
admitted into the Union, thu question re
curs, whut power hus Congress over the
sovereignty of that State, to determine or
rostrict the political condition of its peo
ple! Against such argument, however you
or I may appreciate them, with what
hope could an appeal be made to the Su
premo Court com nosed as it is, of u ma
jority of slaveholders to nullify slavery
established in the State of Bueua Vista,
Matamnru or Vera Cruz, &c, in viola
tion of the Wilmot Proviso! By what act
could Congress utility it And il'it could,
' it there any hopo that it would riulify it?
What can bo hoped against an even vole
in the Semite, or from a new growth of
pnnciplos in tltellouHOof Keprcseiitiitives
1 repeat, tlteu, that tho Wilmot Provi
so is of no practical vulue in preventing
tne extension ot siavuiy. i go luruicr
It is not only useless but vicious, as it
takes the place of an issue both eU'eclivo
and expedient un issue that will pe
e prevent the extension of slavery, and
on which the Whigs of every State in the
union may unite; and on which, if pre
teutud as the gruntl issue, they will unite.
- NO MI-'.XK'AN TKHRITORY. .
Let this be tho issue. Let this bo the
motto inscribed on tho Whig banner and
victory is curtain.
'I now slate what I deem will be th0
certain results of thu next Presidential
election under the two issue.
The whole number of electoral votes
will bo 2!)0 necessny to a choice 1 16.
Under the Wlimot proviso issue, iIP
Northern Whig candidate will bo very
certain not to have a single voio from a
'slaveholdiug State, and to get 1)1 votes
from other States, nnd tho Loco candidate
75, whilo the Southorn candidate will ob
tain 121 the entire voto of the slavehol
ding States. Tho election will then do-
volve on the House of Representative
voting by States. Of30 States the South
crn caudididate will start with 15, the
Whig with 7, and the Loco with 8 Stutws,
(or 7 and one Stato divided.) In this
, probable state of things tho election of tho
Southern candidates is certain.
Under the No. Mexican-territory issue,
the Whig candidate, judging from l lie
last State elections, would have 131 u
gainst 135, (probably 173 to 1 17.
-- lfsnrh bo the probable lesults, will
the Whigs hesitate which to adopt? Lci
ua, nini, uuaiiuuii mm nuuuoiv Ol ail Issue
the Wilmot proviso, and lako the tub.
slantial the effective issuoof"jVo Mexi
Int.!"? meantime, is it wise to nrecini
late nominations of candidates for the
, 1 residoucyl Will it not be best to sub
mil lite nomination to un unpledged Con
vention ontne Uli of July, 1848 f -
i nave noi drought into Hid considorn-
- .1 f i. i.
i... uii,. viia miru purtyj but,
we may judge trom the past, it will
Tn.tat.y enure to the defcot of the eith
From the Cincinnati Altai.
A Few Plain Questions to the Advo
cates of Hie War.
What amount of money was due from
Mexico to citizens oi the United States,
previous to tho war? '
How many millions of dollars more
than the original debt have the United
States spent in trying to obtain redress?
How many useful lives have been sac
rificed in this war, by the sword and
Can the wealth of Mexico, or tho slpve-
cursed soil of Texas, pay them for their
uying pangs and bitter sullermgst
Is glory obtained upon tho field of car
nage, o any value tot ho mangled corpse
orthc flesh loss skeleton, bleaching on the
plains of Mexico? What equivalent duos
the widow recieve for the loss of her
husband? or the orphan for his parent?
Finally, Who have been benefited?
Havo the tho United States? Let maim
ed and disabled soldiers wailing widows
weeping parents orphan children,
and an exhausted Treasury answer.
Has Mexico? Look at her wasted
and war-scathed cities the multitude
of Imr slain her fields lying in uncultiva
ted desolation the poverty of her gov
ernment. How deep must be the bur
ning hatred she has towards her oppress
or! Fearful indeed must be the accounts
of tho instigators of this unholy wur, at
the bar of inflexible justice !
Santa Anna What lias been seen.
Mr. Polk in his annual Message of
Dec 7, 1846, said:
"When orders were issued to the Com-
manderof our Navnl forces in tho Gulf.
on the 1 l h day of May last, onlv two
ays ufter the existence of the War had
been recognized by Con cross, to place
the coast of Mexico under blockade, He
was directed not to obstruct the passage of
O ....... I . T , , , J
ounia ivnnu in Mexico slioula lie return
It remains to bo seen whether
his return may not yet provo favorable to
a pacific adjustment of oxisting diflicul-
n a i .
oatua Anna tming tuns passed into
Mexico by President Polk, to 'aid am
comfort" the "poor, miserable Mexicans,'
lot us enquire what we hare seen of the
things the President told Congress re
mained "to be seen.
At tho battle of Monterey, in Septem
ber, 1846, we have seen five h-nidred A-
mcrican soldiers loft ou (he fluid, killed
At thu Battle of Bueua Vista in Feb
1847, whero Santa Anna cominnndod, we
have seen seven hundred Americans lefi
on the field, killed and wounded!!
At the battle of Cerro Gordo, where
Santa Anna also commanded, we have
seen six hundred American soldiers, loll
on tho field, killed nnd wounded!!!
At tho battle of Churubusco, whore
Santa Anna with Valencia commanded,
wo havo seen one thousand seven hundred
American Soldiers, loft on the field; killed
We have seen the loss of these tweitu-
eight hundred and seventeen American sol
diers, with a host of others, killed and
wounded hy this "uid and comfort," to
theenemy und still "itremainsto beboen.'
ns much as it did whon Prosident Polk
sent in his message last December, wheth
er Santa Anna's return; by Mr. Polk's a
goncy, "may not provo favorable to a pa
cific adjustment of existing difficulties."
And "it remains to be seen" also, how
much longer he may continue tho war, or
ganize new armies and givo us battle?
and how many more American soldiers
ho may kill? Ct'i. Gazette.
fir. IU'iitou mid Ifli'. rolk.
We noticed a short time since, that
Mr. Benton had given an indirect denial
to astatemontin the Louisville Journal,
in which ho (Mr. U.) was reported to
have spoken strongly against Mr. Polk
and thu munagemunt of the wur. His
seeming denial wus contrudicted in the
following note to the Washingion Whig:
To the Editors of the National Whig:
Gentlemen. Ou seeinir the article
from the Louisville Journal, headed 'Mr.
benton and Mr. Polk, in your paper this
day, I have to request that the paper be
no longer left at my house. Yours, re
spectfully, THOMAS II. BENTON.
August Jdnl, lsl'f .
To tins the Louisville Journal replies:
"it will bo seen that Mr Benton does
not deny the truth of the statomont. He
only miikosils publication in tho Nation
al Whig a pretext for ordering it discon
tinuance of that paper, He did not do-
ny thut, at a certain town in Kentucky, be
denounced Mr. Polks administration, as
westuted he did, neither will he deny it.
He knows that thu statumnnt is substan
tially true, uud that'll can bo proved to
The government editor, in noticing our
statement in connocion wild Mr. Benton's
order to have the National Whig discon
tinued. assumes that Mr. Benton's conduct
"puts the extinguisher upon this article. '
Mad .Mi. Jtonton domed its truth, the
Union would huve had soino ground for
its hasty ami unsupported contradiction.
hot Air. Ueiiton como out and deny our
statement if he chooses. Until he does
so, we shall merely affirm its truth.
When bo denies it, we shall prove it.
inn editor ol tho Washington Uuioti
says lliatho"umltirstands from the most
respectable authority," that there is not
tho slightest foundation for the article.
What "authority" does ho refer to? We
will venture to ny that Mr. Benton did
not authorize him to contradict our artic
le. When the Missouri Senator contra
dicts it, we shall got an amount of proof
trom narrodsmirg in support ot our state
ment, that will be perfectly satisfactory
to every man mine country.
A lt una Comfort" from New Qimrtrr.
The Imlinnu Sentinel, (the leading
Locofoco paper of Indiann, publialiotl ut
llio capital of that Stato.) moved and in
stigated by some new impulse, lately ex
pressed un lionn.it truth concerning its
own party in thufollowing emphatic style:
" Vve always bolieved, und still believo,
that Texas could have been annexed not
only without war, but even by consent
of Mexico Tho whole question, how
ever, was prostituted to the riU purpose
of political managers, with particular re
Alienee to our Presidential candidates.
and to further tho ulterior interests of
Slavocrnrv; nnd llm rmma ,,f
m jst what every rational man might h avo
--"'". w.r.vivuia U I u
anticipated The ultimate consequence
no man, however wise, can foreseo or
That but three weeks will elapse, now,
until the question will be decided which
of the parties, the Whig or Locofoco, will
be in the ascendency, in this State
whether the Whigs intend to hold fast to
the victory gained it) 1840, or prove recre
ant to duty, and submit to the dogmas of
politicians, who have no regard formeas-j
ures for the common good, and no princi
ples, savo the spoils
That you have principles worthy of per
petuating. principles, alone by which
our republican institutions can flourish,
and llio people bo "prosperous and imp
That you are not deluded by the erro-.
neons idea, that the several offices to be
filled, are unimportant--for it is an obvi
ous fact, that every officer to be elected is
just so much power and influence secur
ed by the whig pnrty. Nrglect, ihen, is
a voluntary abandonment ot the Wing
party and Whig principles!
That, if we are remiss in duty, the
Stale may fullback again, under the con
trol of the Mulrines, the Dickinsons, the
Wulls &c, who have enriched them
selves (it the people's expense, and re
duced the State to the verge of repudia
tion WHIGS, REMEMBER!
That you do not deceive yourselves by
the syren song of numbers, which are of
no avail unless recorded at the polls Ihe
condition of the Slate merging as she is
from the enormous debt incurred by the
Locofocos when in power, requires the
still-fostcring-hand of Whig legislation
to save her credit and the Whigs are
doing' that work!"
That the State debt created by the
Locofocos, while in power, was upwards
of NINETEEN MILLIONS OF DOL
LARS!!! that the Whigs, by a judicious
system of taxation, by which the money
lender and tho Shylork ore taxed in com
mon with the farmer and mechanic, have
met tho interest on the debt promptly,
which wus never done by the Locofocos,
while they had control of the State!
To circulate far and wide, that, by tho
Auditor of Slate's recent expose, the in
terest on the Stato debt has not only been
paid, but a Mirplus of a QUARTER OF
A MILLION OF DOLLARS, will re
main in the Treasury at the termination
of tho present fiscal year, to he applied to
the payment of the olate debt!!!
Thut duty requires of you to impress
upon the members of all parties the im
portance of sustaining Whigs who have
served them well in time past, in prefer
ence to Locofocos, '
"Wlm ketp the pminiiio tn the ear,
Hut break it to the hope."
That the election decides whether or
not the State shall be apportioned in a
fair and equitable manner, or whether
Locofoco gerrymandering is again to de
feat the will of the majority transfer
ring the power to the .minority, the
most odious of the principles of Federal
That a safo uud sound banking system
has been put into practical operation,
which has been found adequate to the
wants of tho pople a banking system
which the leading Locofocos of this State
as well as their candidates for Represen
tatives, declare they will "fy wage a sev
en year's war against," if required, and
will not cease the wur, until "ALL
BANKS are stricken from cxistance nor
never until the Constitutional currency
(the 'hard') m the only currency in the
State! 'J These are the anti-bank no
tions of J. M'Kenny, Esq., adopted by
him at the Bloomfield convention, who
desires to represent Jefferson county in
the noKt Legislature. Can the Bunk
Democrats go him? If they cun thoy
must prove traitors to their principles,
and adopt the Toppun "hard money'
doctrine, which has proven about as great
a curse to the country, us Tappau has to
That the day of the election draws
nigh! thut the issue is bunks or hard mon
ey! State creditor repudiation! a juBt
state apportionment or an unrighteous
one! an equitable tax law, operating on
all classes of community alike, or a law
to permit tho money lender to escape 'scot
free!" At such a crisis, it is expected
that ovcry voter who is opposed to the
principles ot the Locofoco party, as sot
forth above, will exert himself from now
until tho 12th of October noxt, to secure
the election of the ENTIRE WHIG
TICKET! -Stcubcnvillt Herald.
Voters Look Here I
Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars have boen saved to tho Stato of
Ohio in two yeurs, by good, judicious
maniigenioul of lior finances. This will
bo paid upon our Stute Dubt. Whilst
tho "democracy" bod the rule, we rnu
backward, until our State Debt reached
TWENTY MILLIONS OF DOLLARS! Which
was constantly increased by borrowing
money to pay interest. Now the inter
est can be puid yearly, and a portion of
tho principal, an out 01 too legitimate
revenues of tho State, vastly augmented
under a beneficent Whig system of leg
islation. Citizens which system will
you prefer- that which yearly involves
you deeper und deeper or that which
keeps yuur bkirts clean, and loaves you a
little of "tho ready, ' to boot? Answer
ut the Polls! Buckeye Eagle.
tyTho flenoril Convention of the
Episcopal Church will hold its next tri
ennial session in New York, commencing
on Wednesday, the 6th of October next.
1 ho Convention iscomposod of the House I
of Bishops, consisting of all tho diocesan
nnd missionary Bishops in tho United
States, and of the House of Clerical and
Lay Deputies consisting of four clergy
men and four laymen from each diocese.
It legislate for the church within the
limits of the United States, but can make
no alteration in the constitution, or in the
liturgy and officers of the church, unless
the same has been adopted' in one con
vention, and submitted to all the dioceses,
and afterwards adopted in another con
vention. , -
ftlje Cancastcr 43cr?cttc.
OEQRGe WMiW. EP'TonANE .PROPRIETOR
Friday Morning, October 1, 1817.
We have beeu requested by many voters to
present the tallowing Cimdidittea to the voters ol
thia county, for their sufl'rage, nt the earning Oo
tuber electiou :. -
JOHN WILLIAMS, oI'MuaisuuTowiiHliip.
LKWIS HUBKft, of Bloom,
' For TmusuRKR.
THOMAS LITTLEFlELD.of Greenlield.
" For Toor IIoujk Director.
ABRAHAM WINTEE3, ofPleaaaut.
To tlie Whigs of Fnirlleld Comity.
Let every Whig la the County, comlder
hlmielf committee of vlgllnuoe Lei CT"
ery Whig, who cf hi eye upon this r
dele take the tronhle to as many of
hli neighbor! o he punelbly can. Let him
urge all to go to the polls, on next Tae
day week. In thle way, every whig vote can
be polled, and we will know the strength
of the party-we will know upon what
we can rely. In the coming Presidential
contest. Besides this, every candidate on
the Whig ticket 1 worthy the support of
every Whig In the Connty.
Whigs, to vrorkto the polls.
Those Locofoco pupers iu the Stale, whoso
editors have not the mugiiniiimily to award credit
to Whig officer tor their successful efforts in pay
ing off the entile interest and a portion of tho
principal of the State debt, have attempted to
screen their contemptible int-nnuess by reselling
to farts, which are not fouud iu the documents.
The Eagle gave itn renders a small touch lust week
uuil hus promised thorn more of the same sort.
Iu reply to ull these, we refer the reader to two
articles on our outside from the Ohio State Jour
nal, which gives the nets und sums up tho real
state of tho cuse.
We trust that our democratic friends will give
them a thorough pei usnl and ponder upon tliein
should they mistrust the figures, let them con
sult the document. They wilt then see fur them
selves uud will not trust their State utfuirs into the
We give the latest returns of peace iu another
column. Thoy are not uiithi'Ulio and but little
reliance is pluced in them.
We huve no further accounts from either army
than what we have already given to our renders.
"f.usliiii: hi own Friend."
We have charged extravogiiuce upon the Coun
ty olticers the Eagle makes a reply uud sny
that we huve no right to do it, because the Coun
ty lost money by its operations with the old Bunk.
Whut difference does it nuike to the tux-payer
whether the Bunk swindled the County out of a
million of dollars or not, when they are consider
ing tho faithfulness of their public officers? None
at ull one crime cannot be excused by cilin
Admit for a moment thut the officer of tho
Bank were dishonest-
whose luult is it that the
Surplus Itevenuo was used lor the purchase of
Bank Stock? Who hud the management of the lotion, therefore, is perfectly safe, and demon
fund Why the Locofocos of the County. It the sound policy of adopting tho present
wus their nogligonce, if uny there be, which af- j")'te,n-
lowed the Bunk to obtain tho money, and theirs (tVThe finances of tlie Stato of Ohio,
is the blamu, if uny, for the wrong in managing
the fund. can be demred. A notice from tho Au-
Agaiu. If the Uunk officers were dishonest, who tlilor of State to the holders of the Do
made the Bunk and elected the officers? Win it mastic Stock of Ohio, lias been issued,
the Whig party of Fnirfield? Certainly not. j which will bo music to the ears of the
Aud can the Whigs, then, be accountable for it? taxpayers of the State, as Well as to the
Aud yet tho Eagle would endeavor to shield it ' foreign bond-holders. ,. The State is pre
supporter, by such a shallow subterfuge. pared to pay the principal on the descrip-
We lire not about to defend the iniiuiigemeut ut
the Bank. Bui so far back as the time, whon ,
the Court took charge of it, the Court is liable interest, and save the necossity ot col-
Rocievers were appointed, und in the absence locting taxes for either principal or inter
all proof to the contrary, it it to be presumed that est. Under the Locofoco rule none knew
they did their best to wind it up with the leust the exuet amount of the debt of Ohio;
loss to the billholders uud stockholders. i but things have chanced for the bettor.
These matters are all foreign to the question at
issuo. We churse and prove negligence uud tx-
traeaganct upon tlieCounty officers. We tol
lux-payers that a change must be made, if they
wish light tuxes nnd duo economy, If we are
uot correct, let it be spoken if we huvo inude
false charges let them be shown if no wore
thun what is right uud necessary is puid for print
ing, fur stationery, fur fuel, &c., let it be shown.
Thut it i-unnot be, we have tho very best of ev
idence io attempt hat been made to do it. L'n-
I'! it is done, those who havo ti e management of
County mutter must rest under tho charges made,
und the ullen'.ion of tax-payers cannot be drawn
from them by any such meuns as are resorted to
by the Eagle.
Tax-payer! On next Tuesday week, you
will be railed upon to decide upon these mailers.
If you wish your debt puid if yon wish light
tuxes if you desire thut the affairs of your Coun
ty shull bo conducted economically, you will vote
for men. who will uot, at the expense of justice,
pay purtizun exorbitant prices for work done
Hnd labor performed who will to the bust of
their ability uduiinistrr the business of your (.'(uni
ty iu such a manner us will tend to the alleviation
of your burdens anil tho honesty of your public
Another step lias been mnde another link ad
ded to the chain of Locofoco progrett. You. who
have tile good of the country and the welfare ol
the community at heart, rend well, aud ponder
long upon, the following resolution passed nt a
mooting of the Loeofoeoi, in Seneca Comity:
"That mere moral question should never be
mnde the subjuct of a criminal coda only such as
nre wiling iu themselves, nnd committed without
the content of thott upon whom jf are inflicted.'
Profanity, Subhnlh-brenking, Lotteries, Gam
ling shops, Seduction, Licentiuusuoss of every
description nre to be permitted because they give
rise only to moral questions and un crime is to be
punished unless it is inflicted without the consent
of the injured purty.
ryThe Eagle is iu lore trouble because we
are churgiug the county officor with cnreleswiess
and extruvngnnce nnd is fearful lest tome Whigs
are urging nson. ' Don't trouble younelve neigh
bors. We cun ossure you that we nre bocked by
every Whig und a good nvmy Democrats! but
they do not dicUite onr patron are liberal min
ded and do not require of u any defence nnd nsk
of many nttuck, which wo cannot coacientiously
make. We suppose you might y the same
but tome concienccs are more stretchy than oth
er. tyrhe Summer, Great Britain, lw nt length
been got off from her. long resting place, .nnd. has
been taken to Liverpool. She will onn be put
into n complete state of repair, after which she
will again cross the Atlantic. " .
Presbyterian Synod. .
The Presbyterian Synod, of the Stale of Ohio,
commenced its session in this town, on the 30lh
nit. . Oue hulf the members we ire informed,
were present at the opening of the session.
Becoming Feu Kent.
" Vroagh, of the Ciuciuuali Eiquirer, Job
B rough, tuyt that "A Dmocmnc officer wot
(o recommenit 04ii. . tatK Nation,
and "eqtial $yttth of taxation." Wt ever rtgrtU
ted tknt a "Democratic Legislature Hi not adopt
That will do. ' The Locofoco meeting, in this
town, tkovgkt the same thing; but did not express
A CiaiTiitons Old Man.
The Senior is in his dotage. For proof. We
charge the county officers with spending too much
of the county funds. The Senior replies that
the county lost some $17,000 by the old Bunk. Is
not that o childish excuse! '
Mike, Mike, what did you teal that apple for?'
'1 guess Jack stole one, too, mamma.,'
QTAii exchange remarks '"there is but oue
way Of obtuiniug business-publicity l one way of
obtaining publicity advertisements; the news
puper it the fly wheel by . which the motive pow
er of commercial enterprise is stisUiiued, and
money the steam by -which the advertising U kept
going." Aud those men, who act up to this prin
ciple, always do the best business. Kxamplcs
could be exhibited even in this place.
Two thousand dollars, part of the receipts for
the exhibition of his Greek Slave, have already
been sent to Mr. Towers a fair reward to Amer
tyThe Bark, Welcome, of London, was ship
wrecked on the coast of Yumbo and fifteen of her
crew were lost.
The largest yet,
Mr. F. Billiughurst has laid on our table a to
mato, weighing one pound and fourteen ounces
and measuring 15. hy 13 inchc in circumference.
The August Report of tho condition of the
Ohio Dunks shows as follows.
Number and Capital or Banks.
Indupenduut Banks, 9
- .Stato Bunk Branches "4
Old Charter Bank 8
Tolul number of Bank 41
The amount of stock, authorised hy luw J'or
these Bunks, is ns follows:
Independent Bunks $600,500
Suite Bunk Branches ..3,369,000
Chartered Bunks 2,560 676
Capital ati'horized ....$6, 430,176
Specie $2,323 639
Bank Notes 1,605,693
Due from Bunks, 831.P81
Kasteru deposits 2,396.343
Bonds deposited with State Treas. 1,345,712
Active Means..'. ..$3,503,368
Circulating Note $7,771,769
Deposites 4r170.f 24
Due Bunks 772,572
Active Liabilities.. $12,715,165
The proportion of Notos to Specie i about 3 to
1. Of immediate Means, to Immediate Liabili
ties, 1J to 1.
The Cincinnati Chronicle, iu publishing the
above exhibit, thus comments:
"It will be seen ulso. that within two yeura,
since our new Buukins System ha cone into op
ei-atiou. the Ohio Bank Note Circulation is nearly
treblid . Notwilhstuiiding this, the proportion is
"X o moans loo large. On the contrary. Ilia hn
: ..l:,u U....I, v... r-:... .1. .., .....1.
,, N. v,. ,.. N,, ,., , ,.,,
80U. Ours is les thun $4. Our Bunking Circa
under Whig managemont, are all that
ot debt enumerated in the notice,
and thus to prevent tho accumulation of
: The resources of the State are carefully
attended to, and have been found equal
, to the regular payment of interest, as
well as for the liquidation of the domes
tic debt. New York Express.
Locofocoism. What is Locofocoism
seeking to accomplish Has it any other
object in view than the destruction of
Whig measures? The Whigs have es
tablished a Bunking system, and Loco
focoism is trying to destroy it. . Locofo
coism would also destroy tho existing
Revenue system. Destruction appears
to be its only aim.
The Locofocos profess to beliovo that
Bank capital should be taxed as other
properly but voto against it in the legis
lature, They sny the landed property of the
state is valued too high, yet they voted a
gainst an amendment proposed by Mr.
Eckly, (a Whig) in the Senate, 1 ist win
ter, to deduct 20 per cent, from its valua
tion and still their cry is that the land
holders is oppressed. What base decep
tion. Cambridge Times.
ti7Tlie refunding of the State debt
of Illinois is going on very rapidly at its
agency in the city of New York under
tho direction of Governor French and the
Commissioner of the State. The new
stock is in form much like that of Ohio,
and has no coupons attached; none are
needed, as tho slock is made transfera
ble, and books for that nuroose will be
kept, according to law, in New York.
New bonds are given upon tho surrender
of tho old ones, and an interest bond for
tho arrears ot interest whon tlio amount
exceeds five hundred dollars. Parties
who have interest due them for a less a
mountthan five bund rod dollars are ro
quired to sell or buy onough to make the
amount required to entitle them to a
bond. The stock at the present sells at
about forty-threo and a halt per cont.
JV. X . hxpress,
Michigan Whig Convention.
The Whigs of Michigan held a State
P.vnciinliitn nt Tnlrortll nn tllA 1 ! lilt
which nominated James L. Edmond of
Wishtenas, for tho office of Governor,
and Hiram L.Miller of Saginaw, for the
ofTico of Lieut. Governor.
3FCol. Doniphan's Regiment consis
ted of 1000 men. When thoy returned
home each of them recoived $650 for his
pay, horses &c.," and nTsTarid" scrip' be
sides, so that the expedition cost in these
particulars $750,000 three fourths of a
million of money. - '
nrThe coinage ot the U. S. Branch
Mint: iu New Orleans, during the months
of July and August last amounted to 42,
, From the Huron Reflector.
Voters of Oblo Remember
That the public credit of this State has
stood higher on the stock exchanges of
New York and London, than that of any
othor American State.
. Remember That, under a Locofoco
administration, the credit declined, and
the bonds of this State were sold at twenty
per cent, below par.
Remember That mainly by Locofoco
legislation a State debt has been imposed
of $19,246,002, according to the last re
port of the Fund Commissioners, on
which a yearly interest accrues of$l,
164,260 leaving, after deducting the
annual income from the public works, the
enormous tax of $800,000, which the peo
ple of Ohio are obliged to pay every
year, in order to sustain the credit of the
Stato, being at the rate offorty cents for
every man woman and child in it. -
Remember Thai as the fruits of Lo
cofoco misrule, fraud and corruption more
than EIGHT MILLIONS of that Debt
have been incurred without a considers
tion to the Stato.
Remember That the citizens of Ohio
are more heavily taxed at this time than
any other stale iu. the Union, and that
more than one third of their enormous bur
then is ayeurly sacrifice, to repair the
ruin and waste of Locofoco rulers, with
the plunder and robberies of their official
Remember That repudiation was the
only remedy proposed by the Locofoco
leaders in tho balls ot legislation, and
through their press, while the debt was
accumulating under their administration:
That the issue hus since been presented
by them, and was last year boldly assum
ed by their press,' under the style of 'No
(Janal. lax, and that this, issue is now
before the people. -.
Remember That every State in the
Union winch bus tailed to meet the in
terest on its State Debt, has done so un
der the impulse of Locofoco rulers.
- Remember that up to the last hour ot
Locofoco ascendency in Uhio, the pub
lie debt continued to amass, and no at
tempt was made to check its progress, or
to meet the current interest that accrued
Remember That the average annual
expenditures of tho Ohio Legislature
uom 18J8 to 1844, when Locofocos held
almost continual sway, was $44,202 43
being $18,209 86 more than was expen
tied by a Whig Legislature,
Remember lhut under 3 years of
Whig legislation, the interest is promptly
met, and a portion ot the principal paid
off; and a sinking fund established for the
gradual and certain reduction of the
Remember That by establishing the
best system of Banking in our country,
and a judicious system of taxation, where
the law has been honestly carried out,
the Whig party has restored prosperity
to the Stale; and by a wise and careful
economy in the administration of its gov
ernment, has brought back the circle of
its expenditures within the limit of its
Remember That under Whig auspi
ces, the credit ofOhio has revived; hor
bonds are now worth in the hands of the
holders one and a half millions more than
they were 2 years ago; and . thus under
the prosperous guidanco of Whig rulers,
she is fast reluming to that bright goal of
honor, from which she so unhappily wan
dered, when lured and dazzled by the
ignis fatuus of a false Democracy.
Growth of the West. The Iowa
Sentinel snys that a colony of Hollanders,
amounting to about 1000, havo purchased
two entire townships in Marion county.
They bring their own mechanics and ar
tizans with them, and have selected the
site for a town. About 3,000 more are
expected to join them by next spring.
These are the right kind of emigrants for
ID. A. Robertson tho vigilant U.
States Marshal for this Stato. arrested a
gang of counterfeiters in Fulton, near
Cincinnati, on Saturday last, .besides a
considerable amount of coin, they had
in their possession, dies, moulds, presses,
and all the apparutus for doing a large
. Trophies. Amonir other matters
which were recaptured from the Mexi
cans, in the late battles, were the two
six pounders of-Washington's battery,
which were lost in the battle of Buona
Vista, aud seventy-two deserters headed
by tho notorious Riley, who were taken
with arms in their hands fighting in the
Mexican ranks. &anes. Vour.
Good Sale or Yellow Tobacco.
Whilst in Baltimore last week, a salo of
Yellow Tobacco in the name of Single
ton King, of Frederick Co., was made by
Richard H. Hall Tobacco Agent, of two
hogsheads at anu one ai zu. vve tin
derstand that this is the best sale of yel
low made since 1839 other sales of
Maryland Tobacco, were made whilst
we wore in Baltimore, that were consid
orcd first rate Rockillc( Md.J Journal.
The Government Editor may as well
permit the Western Whigs, and indeed
the Whigs of all sections, to speak for
themselves, as he will hardly receive
many thanks for putting sentiments into
their mouths which they spit out with
scorn. His insinuation in the 'Union" of
last Saturday night, that the Western
Whigs are in luvorot stealing anil annex
, ine Mexican territory, is a calumny on
their honesty, their love of country, and
their reverence for the Constitution.
The Western Whigs were firm and uni
ted in opposing the annexation of Texas
and now present a solid front against fur
thor appropriations of Mexican territory
I hey devotedly love our national Union
and sincerely believe that the disposition
that now prevails to an alarming extent
to wrest territory from weak neighbors is
hostile to its perpetuity. They therefore
oppose with all their might the furthor
, '" !f Prp"y-
carrying out of our national boundary
stones into Mexican territory. They are
satisfied with the Union as it is, and do
not wish to see it placed in peril to grati
fy an unhallowed lust for what does not
and ought not belong to us. Louisville
Journal ', Sept. -
A Horrible Murder and Robbery
were committed in Steubenville, Ohio,
on the 7th instant, on the body of a ped
ler. name unknown. When last seen
alive, tho pedler was walking with a
blacksmith, named Birch, who has fled to
- Litter from Santa I'e.
Wo have later accounts in St. Louis
papers, from Sunta Fe and Chihuahua,
the latter to the 1st July. "
l?.......u: r . ... , .
utoijiuuijj was quiet at trie lasi ac
counts, tho Mexicans adhering faithfully
to the treaty or agreement made with
them. ' . ,.
Fourteen traders and several voluntoer
companies had left Santa Fe for Fort
Leavenworth, and others were to follow
the next week. Lieut. Love had arrived
at Santa Fe, with $300,000 in specie to
pay off tho army. ,
Death has made terrible inroads upon
the volunteers. The companies that
have returned took out the full compli
ment, r.r.a now only average torty men
for each." ... .
Kentucky ' Volunteer.
Gov. Owsley, has organized two Retr-
iments of , Volunteers, at the call of thn
President. Twelve more companies
more than were called for tendered their
services and were rejected. The first
Kcgimeut is commanded by Col. Thomp
son, as heretofore announced. The sec
ond by Col. John S. Williams of Clark,
Lieut. Col. Wm. R. Preston of Louisville
md Major T. Ward of Green. They
are to rendezvous at Louisville, the 4th
of Oct. and proceed to join Gen. Scott.
Second Ohio Rboiment Of this regi-
ment, which left for Vera Cruz on Wedns
day, the principle officers are as follows:
William Irvin, Colonel; Wm. A. Lath
am, Lt. Colonel; Wm. H. Linck, Major;
Simeon W. Tucker, Adjutant; Company
A, of Cincinnati, Captain N. H. Niles;
B, of Newark, Capt. Richard Staden; c
of Batavia, Captain John W. Lowe; d
of Columbus, Capt. James A. Markland;
E, of Lancaster, Capt. Wm. T. Ferguson';
F, of Somerset, Capt. Joseph W, Filler;
G, of Mount Vernon, Capt. James E.
Harle; II, of Circleville, Capt. Joseph E.
Smith; I of Cincinnati, Capt. John G.
Huges; K. of Portsmouth, Capt. Geo. T.
McGinnis. Cincinnati Atlas.
ElTecl or Railroads. .
The Editor o( the Eaton (Preble coun
ty) Register has just returned to bis post
from a visit to Indiana, in the course of
which ho spent some time on a portion of
the line of tho Madison and Indianapolis
Railroad. Ten years ago, h) resided at
the point where he now tarried. Farm
ers' produce would not then pay for being
carried to market, transportation eating
uj iuc ouiiio jji iuu uuiuiiieu lor it. now
it pays a liirgo profit, and production is
greauy stimulated, j nen the tanners
were wofully poor now they are een-
orally in comfoi table circumstances, and
some of them getting rich. What has
effected this change Mainly the con
struction of this Railroad. Cin. Gazette.
The "Lightning Letter Printer.
Professor House, has been for sevecal
days in the city, engaged in putting into
operation hie new Telegraph machine
as named above. This Telep-raDh Drints
letters instead of the characters written
by Morse's, nnd vve are told, it operates
admirably well, and with speed equal to
Morse's. Yesterday he transmitted a
despatch of 220 words to Louisville, a
greater distance than any heretofore sent
by this Telegraph. Should this Tele-,
gragh equal the expectation of the in
ventor, it has one decided advantage over
mat oi rrotessor Morso, in this, that it
will save much of the delay and cost of
transcribing despatches recieved.
Mr. OKeiley s line of Telegraph to
Louisville is finished and in operation.
Our sister city is now in communication
with this city, and all the principal cities
east of us. Cin Gazette.
EtThe Frankfort Commonwealth
says: "That post-hole diggers, for the
telegraph line from Louisvillo to Frank
fort, have reached this place, and we are
assured that the line will be completed
by the 1st or 10th of October.
Last accounts from New Orleans rep-
resent the scourge as somewhat abat
ing, it had appeared at Vickbburg, and
the citizens were leavingthe town. Five
deaths from it are reportedby travelers to
have occurred at Memphis. 1 he papers
of the city make no mention of the ap
pearance ot the disease the re. Cincin
The Wheeling Bridge. The plan of
the bridge across the Ohio at Wheeling,
has been agroed upon says the Times.
It is to be supported by two towers, on
each bank 1010 feet from centre to centre,
100 feet above the bed of the river, and
00 nbovo the floor of the Bridge. Tho
building cf these towers here were let
toKelley & Miller at $3,50 a perch on tho
east sido, and at $4 on the Island. Rich
ards & Bosly have the contract for the
wire of Juniata iron at cents. Tho
Times thinks this bridge will be comple
ted in about a year.
Fatal Stage Accident. We' learn
that the horses of one of tho four stages
which left Cumberland on Saturday mor
ning for the west, became frightened by
a locomotive train on tho Mount Savage
railroad, shortly after leaving Cumberland
and ran off, dashing down a high precipice,
breaking the stage and killing ono of the
passengers, and injuring another dread
fully. The names of the sutTeters wo
havo not heard. Bait. Patriot.
Wheat Crops of Michigan and Wis
consin Tho wheat crops of Michigan
for tho present year, as estimated by a
gentleman now preparing statistics for
the Patent office in Washington, will not
fall short of 8,000.000 bushels. The qual
ity of the grain this year is superior in
every respect to tho crops of last year.
In regard to the condition of the crops
in Wisconsin, the Buffalo Commercial
Advertiser, of Monday, says: "The brig
Giddings arrived here on Saturday, with
a cargo of 10,000 bushels of Wisconsin
wheat, of this years crop, which for
plumpness of berry and general appear
ance, exceeds anything ever before re
ceived from that quarter." Boston At
las Sept. 21st
Wealth op Boston. Tbe Assessori
returns for the current year, show tho
amount of taxable property in that city
to be $162,360,400, $64,595,00 of which
is personal estate." Tho increase over
the valuation of 1846 is $13,520,800, an
addition of one-fifth,' or 20 percent., in a
single yean A rich and a thriving city.