Newspaper Page Text
CJ33 from irje 3rmn.
THE CAr iX'llE OF MEXICO.
We have been very kindly permitted
m publish the following admirable letter
from in officer in Mexico, addressed to
a member of hi family in this city. - It
will be read, we cannot doubt,, with uni
venal interest." iVew York Courier.
Citt or Mexico. Sept. 23d, IS47.
his only a fortnight sinco I wrote you
a detailed account of the buttles of Oo
trtras and Churubusco, and I now have to
iuforin you of two more severely contes
ted actions, which resulted in the entire
route of tho Mexican army and the fall
of the cuiutal. . 1 11 my lelier of the 3d
inst., I gave you the prevailing. opinion
of the day, with regard to Hie probabil
htm of ieuce, which at thai tune wax
' very ere at. The negotiations continued
to be carried on with great appearance of
success until tho 5th, when Mr. I nst re
turned with the news that tho Mexican
government had rejected with scorn the
proposition ot the American commission
er, und at tho same time Gun. Scott dis
covered that tho city was being fortified
in violation of the armistice. . Ho gave
Santa Anna til 12 M.,the 7th to recom
mence the negotiations and to atone for
his breach of faith. But wo apology
came and the time for action waa nt hand.
.' The key point of the enemy's lino was
a strong and apparently impregnable
work on the top of a steep and rocky hill
about two miles from tho city, and was
called Chapultepec. Its cannon com
manded entirely the little village of Ta
cubaija, where General Scott's and Geu.
Worth's headquarters wore, us well as
the road leading to the city and the a
quoduct which supplies it with water.
The hill was strongly fortified on all sides,
and on the top was covered by massive
stone building of the Mexican Military
College. Tho sides of the hill were ru-
iued, and a thick and high stone wall
ran round a great part of it. On the side
nf the hill farthest from the main road
from Tacubaya to the city, was a foundiy
which was represented as unprotected,
but full of ammunition. It was there
fore determined to carry it with tho in
tention of storming Chapultepec on that
side. The attack commenced early on
the morning of tho 8th, by a storming
'party of Worth's division, which was at
tacked so furiously, and received such a
tremendous and unexpected lire of artil
lery, that they were obliged to fall back.
leaving their dead and wounded lying up
on the field. The Mexicans, after the re
treat, camo out, uud killed nearly all the
wounded, amimv them three ollieers.
.The whole of Worth's division was thon
ordered up, as well as Cadwallnder's
brigade, aud after a furious and bloody
fizht of an hour, they finally drove the
enemy out of their works with a loss of
a thousand killed and wounded, besides
(as we afterwards learned,) a hundred
and two officers. The enemy's works
were found to be much stronger thnn was
expected, consisting of a regular Bold
work surrounding a strong stone mill,
which was filled with men, and which
mounted ten pieces of artillery, princip
ally four and eight pounders. The ene
my, who seemed to consider this the main
attack on Chapultepec, fought with the
most dogged obstinacy and courage, nnd
returned no less than three limes after
they had been driven out.
Our own loss from tho nature of the
ground was very great. Twenty-one nffi
cers were killed and wounded out ofor
I l -three present, and nearly eight hun
tired men. There wore in tho action
only about 3,300 of our troops while the
Mexican force is slated by themselves to
have been about 10,000. lho 8th In
fantry suffered greatly, and camo off with
only three officers, Lt. C. Mniris be
haved very gallantly, but was so unfortu
nate as to bo shot through the leg just a
bovo the auclo. Twigg's division was
nut engaged in the buttle of Midi no del
licit, or King's Mill, us it is called. The
mill was full of powder, and after the fight
was over blew up by accident and killed
Lt. Armstrong, of the Artillery. In all
this action lost us the lives of a'ie officers
Our division had been lying at tho vil
lage of San An gel till the afternoon of
the IStli, whou u word came to move up
to Pieilud, a little villago about two miles
from Chapultepec, us well as from the city.
The Doctor told mo to go to the hospital;
the brevet said no. So I went on in a
wngon, as I was too sick to walk. That
night we arrived at Piodad, where wo hi
vouacked. The next day the butteries,
having been got into a position ui Tacu
baya, for bombarding Chnpultepuc, com
menced at daylight. We could see the
whole of it from where we wero, and a
splendid sight it was. Every ball went
clashing through the building aud every
shell tuio up ihe ramparts, while their
tire was scarcely less hot. It lasted all
day and only ceased with daylight. In
the afternoon a call was muds for 250
picked men for the forlorn hope, to storm
the next morning at daylight.
Al daylight on ihe 13th, all was in ex
pectation. At 8 A. M. the mder came
for Smith's brigade to march to Tacuba
. ya. In ten minutes we were on the road
all iu a hurry for fear we might ha too
. late. V o got into the village and march
ed down to support Gen. Quitman on
the road. Tho firing from llioCastlu was
very heavy as our column passed in the
rear ot our own battories, but luckily i
4 II a I -x a
ten a lew yams snort, une hy ono wo
crept through a ditch, which partially
siit-uered u until Hie two leading com
' pauies were ordered to deploy ns skirm
ishsrs, when off we started across tho
open held and drove the enemy from bn
days and nights we had been under con-, hands at once. There a no knowing
slant fire and for two nights wo had not ( vvhat little 'flurries we rosy get into yet,
I rejoice in the glori- j and there S always oanger you nave uh,
mucn Soil spieou in a auaii. ouhoici,
I haven't time to talk about this now. '
You will gel the accounts of the bat
tles iu Gineral Scott's letters, ao 1 needn't
oath to the castle. ' The enemy were
running down in crowds, and the slaugh
ter whs tremendous in the road nnd or-
hard. .Our men were infuriated by the
conduct, of the Mexicans at Molino del
Rey, end took hot few prisoners. Ihe
castle was completely torn to pieces.
Nearly every part was nddieu oy our
shot, while the pavement and fortifica
tions were completely lorn up by the
shells. I am afraid the prosperity of the
Mexican Military Academy has been so
riously checked. In it were crowds of
prisoners ot every rank and color, among
whom were hi t y general officers, and a
bout an hundred cadets. The latter were
pretty little fellows, from ten to sixteen
years of age. Severn! of them were
killed fighting like demons, and indeed
they showed un example of couruge wor
thy of imitation by some of their superior
Leaving this captured fortress with the
stars and stripes waving over it in a hun
dred places, we prepared for the pursuit.
The road leading from Chapultepec to
the capital is a pcrfecl straight and broad
carriage way, in the centre of which runs
the aqueduct that supplies the city with
water. It is supported upon stone arch
es of about eight feot spun and height;
lite bottom of which are about a foot high
er than the road. Smith's brigade was
intended as a support to Quitman's, but
it formed so quickly that it became the
attacking party, instead of the reserve,
and dashed up the road in full pursuit.
1 he enemy soon commenced a heavy fire
upon us troin a strong battery across the
road and deuth again found us, after it
had seemed to have left us for the day.
At last we crawled up close to the battery
and our death-dealing rifles told with
fearful effect. Closer ond closer, from
arch to arch, we crept, until "forward Ri
Jlas, brought out overy man with a yell
and the battery was ours. Again com
meuccd our slow uud deadly inarch as we
gradually approached le garrita or gale
of the city, the enemy retreating slowly
befiiro us. As soon as they crossed -the
gale a tremendous hre of artillery open
ed upon us on both sides of the uqueduct
as well as from two flanking batteries on
1 1 1 11 T I
ootn. sides ot tne roud. lie re our loss
was very great; slowly creeping from arch
to arch we lost mnny men hy the batte
iosin front while the fire from flanking
batteries coming through the arches kill
ed many who wero safe from that in front
About noon we got close up to the gar
riii mill iIim Hiii'rnv' fir lmincr nm'tlv gi
lenced by our artillery in the road, and his fate. Rodgers fell at Chapultepec he
thus being driven out of the cross batte
slept. " " 1 rej
ous laurels which the Iufi.ks nave won. i
It is, as. all acknowledge, the fighting
Regiment of the Army. It entered Cho
pultepec simultaneously with the storm
ing party, lt was first in all the enemy's
works from Chapultepec to the Citadel.
It was the first planted its triumphant ban
ner in the Pulaceof ihe Montezumas.
Wherever bloody work was to be done,
" The Riffles" was the cry, and .here they
were. All speak of them in terms of
praise and admiration. Let me give you
hut a single instance. Some of their of
ficers and men were standing together
when Gen. Scott happened to ride by.
Checking his horse he returned the salute
saying with great energy and emphasis,
"Ubavb Riflks! Veterans! You iiavk
VEEN BAPTIZED IN FIRE AND BI.OOD, AND
have comb out sTEKi.!" Had you seen
the unbidden tear stealing to the eyes of
those rough but gallant sp.rits whose
learts knew no tear, who had never yet,
ii their long trial, faltered or fallen -back,
while their flashing eyes and uptight
forms bespoke its truth, you would have
felt with me that such worus as inose
wiped out long months of, hardship and
suffering. But what told still more the
tale of suffering and death, weto the de
serted ranks and scanty numbers of that
gallant regiment. Five hundred sturdy
men left Jefferson barracks tor tne plains
of Mexico; ono hundred and fifty-nine
have met us here; and now one hundred
and seventy alone are left to tell the talelr
The fate of ttie rest you know already.
Chapultepec's bloody hill, Mexico's
Capital. have cost us an hundred noble
fellows, while seven officers have felt that
the rifles were doomed. Our gallant
Major lost his arm early in the day. Pal
mer has a grape shot iu his thigh. One
of our capluius saved his life by half an
inch, while the rest whose slighter wounds
permit them to be about, uttend to duty
News still sad have I to tell, Lieut.
Morris of tho 8th is dead. He was shot
through the ancle at Molino del Rey,
while acting most bravely, anil oieu in
the Hospital beloved by his regiment and
lamented by all. He was buried with
the honors of war, together with three
other officers of his regiment. Of 17 of
ficers iu his regiment nine were wound
ed nnd 4 died in that battle. Worthy
son of a worthy sire! he died with hishar
I ness on and ihe tears of the soldier lament
Presidency another term. So we agreed
f I would turn over the votes of Mexico
to him to bring him in another term, he
would afterwards turn over his pnitot the
votes in North America, so as to bring me
in next time. But I soou found it would
he throwing our labor away, fur Mr.
Polk's part of the votes in his country
was getting to be so small that they
would'nl do much good to either of us.
So 1 concluded to hold on to what I had
eot.and stick to tho presidency of Mexico.'
"Then says I "you aint going to atick
to your bargain, are you I
"No," says he, "circumstances alters
Then I tried to mare him out. I told
him our folks would whip the Mexican
all into shoe-strings in a little while.
And it made no odds whether he fit for
annexin or against it; we would go on jest
tho same and before another year was
out Mr. Polk would be President ot eve
ry foot of Mexico; for we should get
through annexin the whole of it.
"Very well, sayshe,"go on; the Mexi
cans like the business; they can stand it
longer than Mr. Polk can; for Mr. -folk
will have all the work to eo over sgain
every year as long as he lives, for there
i8ii l a piace in Mexico mm. win siaj an
nexed any longer than jest while you
are holding on to it."
So you see there's no doing anything
with Santa Anna. What course it is best
to take now seems rather a puzzler. I
haven't time to give my views about it in
this despatch, but will try to soon, (jrive
my love to Mr. Richie. I meont to write
to him too, but I shall have to wait till
Your fuithful friend and private embas-
dor, IV1AJUIV J AV1V UJ W alinVT.
say a great deal about them. But it's
beeu a hard up hill work all the way
from Vera Crax here, and ldou't think
my old friond Gineral Jackson himself
would have worked through ail tne uim-
cuties and done the business up better
than Gineral Scott has. But the killed
and the wounded, the dead and the dy
ing, scattered all along the way for three
hundred miles, il'a a heart-aching thought.
I don't love to think about it. It is too
bad that we didn't have more men, so as
to march straight through without fight
ing, instead of having just enough to en
courage the enemy to bring out their larg
est armies and fight their hardest battles
One of the hardest brushes we had, af
ter I got here, was the attack on Chapul
tepec. I had beeu into the city trying to
bring Santa Anna to terms; but, whon I
found it was no jse, I come out aud told
Gineral Scott there was no way but to
fight it out, uud, although I was only the
President's private embassador, I didn't
like to stand and look on when we was
so weak-handed, and if he would tell me
whereto take hold I would give him a
lift. The Gineral said he expected there
would be a hard pull to lake Chapulte
pec, aud a Gineral Pillow was placed
where he would be likely to have the
heaviest brunt of U. I might be doing the
country a great service if I would jine in
with Uineral Jt'ittow, as my experience
under Gineral Jackson and insight into
militarv affairs would no doubt be very
useful to that valiant oriicer. so I took
hold for that day as one of Gineral Pil
When we come lo march and see how
strong the enemy's works was, says I,
Gineral Pillow it is as much as all our
lives is worm to go nS.u BlI.s.. mornlDg, November , 1847
mrm ihiit n ace in the face and eyes of, I ,
all tl. Virginia; I think we ought to fortify
a Utile. Suppose we dig a ditch round
herein front of the enemy's works. At
tln.f iliu niiim-ul'a Avm flsmhnd nnd he
swore riht out. Says he, "No d n the j of the capture of tho Capitol of Mexico,
ditches,.I've no opinion of urn; they are from the New York Courier and Jinqui
leather Queer Treatment.
It will be remembered that the Loco-
focos of this township held a meeting, In
the Court House, on the eve of the late
election. Iu the proceedingsofthatmee-
ting, as published in the Eagle and States
man, we find that Mr. Shaw was called
upon to make some remarks upon the
"Constitutional Currency," but owing to
the lateness of the hour, the time having
Ijc Cancaster tajcttc.
OEOROEWEAVEI, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
rjFOH LATE NEWS SEE POSTSCRIPT.
Capture of the Cliy of Mexico.
We publish, to-day, another account
The Home Market.
Flour in New York, bears about the
ame price as in England. Why ia lit
nothing but the home demand. Should
buyers there be dependent upon Eng
land for a Market, they could not give aa
much by more than the cost of transpor
tation across the Atlantic ('A''1 thus it
will always be, save when a famiue. lit
the old country, causes a largedcmSnd
been consumed by a genuine War-oll-of- there. But yet we find free traders talk
Mexico speech, declined: whereupon the ing about breaking down home' manu- '
meeting passed a resolution, requesting facturesand ex-changing our produce for
Mr. Shaw to address his fellow-citizens England' Merchandize a one-aided ,
on the Saturday evening week following, bargain, for England buys of us when
Well the appointed time came and famine causes a scarcity, but we buy of
upon going to the CourlHouse with some her always. . She says "I can produce
half dozen Whigs, we found Mr. Shaw nearly if not quite as much as I watit two
there with about as many Locofocos; but years out of throe; now buy my manufac-
mark you, not a solitary reputed leader tures and every third year I will buy
of the party. We thought it rather your produce." The American free-tra-strange
and could not account for it. der replies "For the pitiful privilege of
The election was over, it was true, but I supplying you one year out of three
courtesy at least demanded of those men with the produce of our soil, we will
who ottered and passed the resolution, consent to cripple and destroy our manu-
that their presence should grace the mee- facturing interests, so that every year
ting at the appointed time. ' Americans will be compelled to buy of
Although the crowd was small, those you." And this is free-trade, making (
present being anxious to hear Mr. Shaw ourselves i pendent upon England for
on the "Constitutional Currency of Gold what we want, besides our breadstuffs,
and Silver," he consented to address the and injuring the agriculturalist by driving
meeting. We must confess that we home consumers out ot the country or
were disappointed. ' Meetings bad been turning them into farmers. ,.And to gain
appointed for the different townships pri. their point, the advocates of such a theo-
or to the election and they had been so ry, not relying, upon truth, make use of
thinly atten Jed, in fact in some townships the visitations of Providence upon a for-
uo turn out was made, that we thought eign country to convince thosej who only -
Mr. Shaw a very poor speaker; but we look at the surface of things, of the wis-
must acknowledge that he made as good a dom of such a policy. This however,
speech upon the "Constitutional Cur- cannot always last, and the people must
rency of Gold and Silver," as any of the in the end see the deceptions of hollow
party in this town, save one could make, heaited democracy. .
We of course, must refer this neglect a, TeUeraBh,romth, ZaM,oiiu cw,.
of the party to their candidate and Legis- Philadelphia. Nov. 12. P. M.
lator to some other cause, than his inca- The French steamer was spoke, by a
Dacitv for Dublic sneakintr. There is vessel at New York, at sea. She was
something wromr in the -matter-else ' PP.?!B,,t,y.?.ut ofco.al- a,,d he.ad'? for
, . , . Halifax. We
hind a row of maguey plants, and took
their place. We were then formed nou
. ly as follows: The storrners were in th
road at the foot of the hill, on the righ
looking toward the city; on the right o
the road in a ditch, partially shelterei
from the enomy's fire, was Ueu. Smith'
' brigade, while twoofourcnmpanies wer
deployed in a ditch perpendicular to th
road, end about ono hundred and fifty
' yards from the enemy's batteries. Gen.
Pillow's division attacked on the left
of the hill, opposite us. After about a
hour's hard firing the enemy's began ti
slacken, and the word was given to charge.
We rushed forward, and in throe min
utes we carried the first battery. The
Rifles entered ll;s battery with the storm
iug parly, which was commanded by one
of : Captains. : We followed the fugi
tives close up to the aqueduct, aud turn
ing io the left clambered up the steep
ry on the left, wo once more cave the
riflo yell and charged the garrita. Again
wo wcie first and at twenty minutes past
one on the 14th of September the regi
ment entered the city of Mexico, But
our work was not yet ended. Directly
in front was still another battery with
flanking butteries us before. Our regi
ment again wont forward and assisted hy
some others wo occupied u house and
some of tho arches and not only kept
them ofl but repelled four attempts at
charges which they made. Meanwhile
we hud constructed a battery of sand bags
nt the garrila and kept up a sharp tire
in front. Towards dark those in front
wero recalled and retired behind the but
tery. Thai night the battery was com
pleted, and tho men slept on their arms in
the arches of tho aqueduct.
So much for one column of the army.
Immediately after tho fall of Chapulte
pec, Gen. Worth's division filed round to
the left and took the road lo the gate of
ban Cosmo. 1 Ins he soon reached with
but little resistance to his progress, and
establishing his batteries, he fired on the
rear of tho citadel, and thus partially di
verted their fire from us. He entered the
city late in tho afternoon, some time lif
ter us. All night we lay tlinro, cold and
hungry, but ready for tho next day's
work. During tho night two commiss
ioners came iu, who said that Santa Anna
and his army had evacuated the city; thnt
it wns ut our mercy, and that no further
resistance would bo o He red to our en
trance. The next morning we formod
at the gurritu and marched into the main
plain iu front of the Cathedral and tho
Palace; and at 7 o'clock P. M. on the 15th
of September, 1847, the "Stripes and
Stars" flouted over the Hulls of the Mon
tezumns. Geu. Worth's division arrived
nhout an hour luter, and took possession
of the Alameda. About 8 o'clock a tre
mendous hurrah broke from the corner of
the plaza, and in a few minutes wore
seen the towering plumes and command
ing form of onr gnllaut old hern, General
Scott, escorted by the Second Dragoons.
The heartfelt welcome that came from
our little band, was suuh as Montezuma's
Halls hud never heard, und must hiivo
deeply affected the General. Well they
might for of the 10,000 gallant spirits
that welcomed him at Puebla, scarcely 7,-
000 wore left. Contreras, Churubusco,
San Antonio, El Molino del Rey, Cha
pultepec, and the Uarrita, had laid low
3000 of our gallant army, aud filled with
grief ull the rest.
Gen. ocotl entered the Palace, lint
some random firing began to be heard in
;1 liferent parts of the city, and the whist
ling of balls became the Music of tho
lay. Die mob of the city had risen, and
Irom behind walls and windows the cow
ardly Upero fired on our men in impo
tent rovongo. i he hre soon became
sharper, nnd many of our men wero woun-
um in ma j-iMsit. some ol them were
soul as skirmishers, and the firing became
general; cannon were placed ut the corn-
era of the streets leading into the Plain,
und we eoon cleared them with grape
and cuuuister. Many houses were brok
en open In get at the house tops, und a
greui many were plundered hy the very
men wuo were nnng upon us, nnd of
course il was luid to us. Some fifty or
sixty of their men were killed in a single
house ond though they wounded a good
many of ours, we killed Jine for one,
this lusted till dark, when we were march
ed into the yard and quarlored there for
Ihe night, leaving tho artillery lo guurd
i no nnng commenced again next
morning, but was stopped before night
nothing but a bother, and never ought to
be used. The best way is lo go right
into the enemy pell mell." So, on we
went, and Pillow fit like a tiger till he
got wounded, and then the rest of us that
wasn't shot down had to finish the work
up the best way we could.
The long and the short of it is, we fit
our way into tne cuy oi iubxicu unu an
rer. lt we mistake not, tne writer is tne
same one, who gave so graphic a descrip
tion of the battle of Churubusco, publish
ed by us a few weeks since. His reports
are not so full as those of Kendall and
Mustang; but they are not deficient in
other respects. Wethink the reader will
be better able to comprehend the opera
tions of the different divisions of the army,
employed in the fight, from this account,
fflpatvn turn Aurm 1 nlsii
why this neglect to rouse up meetings dateg frora Eurpe, but have no impor-
luruuguuui me wnoie campaign auu wny tuntnews.
was a noble fellow aud is bewailed by all
who knew him. Ho died on the spot and
his face wore the most beautiful express
ion imaginable, Fosterivos badly woun-!nexej ft Sunt Anna cleared out the
ed in the leg on the 8ih, Palmer's wound j night afore with what troops he has loft
is not severe, the shot was spent and struck Ln.i : .ouriuc about the country to set
i- i... : i L- i.- 'n.- 1...11 1 : . ,. . iifl. i "-i"".
nun on me arm unu oi nunc , some places ready tor us to annex. vnen , , ;va it in addition ...
i.u t f In. Iw.nt nn. he a now 'i .1 i.-.. 'i- n f.,r alul thereiore wo give u in aauuion t0
walking about though lame. lie be- ceremony, and gets it well fortified, and
haved admirahly. Schuyler Hamilton is j naB ail urmy 0f twenty or thirty thousand
nearly recovered, I met him in the street men j t,0 forts and behind the breast
yesterday looking thin and pale, but much v.ort8( wo shall march down upon 'em
better, and in another week he intends with five thuuaand men and go through
returning to ins siuu uuues. no is in the Hurry. Atter they have snot uown
excellent spirits. (about tho half of us, the rest of us will
Lieut. Graham of the Dragoons, is get e1 tmb in.over the mouths of their cannons,
ting better fast, us also Lieut. Thorn, who aiuj anex that place; and so on one after
was silgntiy wounaeu in me action ui mo anolhor.
8th. Since we entered the valley of; Jtispn
this shameful treatment after the election
and after passing a resolution requesting
Mr. Shaw to address his fellow-citizens?
We listened to him about an hour and
then were compelled to leave; but we
Mexico, we have lost upwards of twen
i pretty hard work annexin in this
way; but that is the only way it can be
done. It will be necessary for the Presi-
Sinco our communications were cut ofl dent to keep hurrvinar on his men this
with Vera Cruz, about the 1st of June, w(1y to keep our ranks full, for we've got
there has been the greatest difficulty in a great deal of ground to go over yet.
getting letters forward. The only way j What we've annexed in Mexico so fur,
in which it could be done, was by paying jg'pt but a more circumstance to what
a Mexican o couple of hundred dollars we've got to do.
to carry a few down in his saddle. This) Some think the business ib'nt profita
letter I send you by the courier of the hie; but it's only because they huve'nt
British minister, and trust it will reach ciphered into it far enough to understand
you safely. We are quartered in a col- ;t. Upon an overuge, wegetatleust ten
lego near the Palace, with good quarters to one for our outlay, any way you can
for mon and officers, and are quite com-; figure it up I mean in the mutter of poo
fortablo. The othor regiments were quar-1 pi0. Take for instance tho cityofMexi
tered uhout in the public buildings of the co. It cost us only t wo or three thou
city. They huve good accomodations aal,J men to annex it, after we got into
for tho sick and wounded, und as the rainy the neighborhood of it; and we got at
season is nearly over, tho surgeon says :oast a hundred and fifty thousand peo
the climnto is fnvoi uhlo. pe in that city, and some put it down as
We have now whipped the nation high u8 two hundred thousand. Some
thoroughly, aud if they will only tuy fiJ fult with the quality of the people
whipped wo shall bo homo soon. Santo we get in this country jest as if that had
Anna hus resigned the Presidency: the j anything to do with the merits of the cose,
whole atmy is disbanded and broken up They ought to remember thatin a gov
and Santa Anna it is generally believed eminent like ours, where the people is
here, has gone to Gautainalu and thence U3ed for voting, and where every nose
to Cuba. Pena Y Penu isPresident, and , counts one. it is the number that we are
people again talk of pence.
Yours as ever, &c.
Despatches from Mj. Downing.
City or Mkxico, Unitkd States, )
Soptau.ber 27. 1847.
Mr. Gales & Seaton: My dour old
friends, I'm alive yet, though I've been ging.
to stund about in annexin, and not quali
ty.by no means So that in the mutter
of people we ore doing a grand business
And. as to the money it is no mutter what
it costs us, for monoy grows in the ground
in Mexico, and can ahays be hud tor dig-
I . Kill . AAA I , I
ifj m ; boiiio uu irperos. and irom
Geu. Scott's threat of blowing up every
house fiom which firing proceeded. The
next doy we were marched into tolera
ble quarters, and once more made our
selves as comfortable as we could. But
ahl we were weary men! For five days
we had ndt changed our clothes or takn
through showers of balls as thick as huil
stones. I got your paper containing my
letter that 1 wrote on the road to the war.
The letters 1 wrote afterwords, the guer
rillas and robbers are so thick, i think u s
ten chances to one if you got 'em. Some
of Uineral bcolt s letters is missing just
in the same way. Now we've got the
city of Mexico annexed, think the Post
master General ought to have u more
regular line of stages running here, so
our letters may go safe. I wish you
would touch the President and Mr. John
sou up a little about this mail-stage busi
ness, so they moy keep all the conchma
kera at work, and see that the farmers
raise horses as fast aa thoy can, for I don't
think they have any idea how long the
roads is this way, nor how fast we are
gaining south. If we keen on annexin
as fast as we have done a year or two past,
it wouldn't take much more than half a
dozen years to got cleur down to t'other
end of South America, clear to (Jape
Horn, which would be a very good stop
ping place; for then, if our Government
got into a bad sledding iu North America,
and found themselves in a dilemma that
hadn't no horn to suit 'em, they would
hove a horn in South America, that thsy
might hold on to.
1 hope there aint no truth in the story
that was buzz'd about hero in the army,
a uayoriwo ago, that Mr. Polk had an
idea, when he got through annexin down
. I ! i
mis way, oi trying nis hand at it over in
feumpo and Africa, and round there
And, to prevent any quarrellinz before
hand about it on this side of the water,
he's going to agree to run the Missouri
compromise line over there, and cut Eu
rope up into free States, and Africa into
slave States. Now, I think, he had bet
ter keep atill about that till we get this
doom America business all dono, and
There's a thousand things in this coun
try that I should like to tell you about if
I had time; but things is so unsettled here
yet, that I have rather a confused time to
write. So I must break off hero, and
write a few lines to'the President; but re-
mum your old friend in all latitudes clear
down to (Jape Horn
MAJOR JACK DOWNING.
To James K. Polk , President of the United
States, and all Annexed Countries.
Dear Sir: I've done my best, accor
ding to your directions,to get round Santa
Anna, but it is all no use. lie sas slip
pery as an eel, and has as many lives as
a cut. Trist and I together can't hold
him, and Scott and Taylor can't kill him
off. We get fast hold of him with
our diplomatics, but he slips through our
hngers; and Scotland laylor cuts his
heud off in every town where they can
catch him, but he always comes to lifo in
the next town, and shows as many heads
as it he had never lost one. I hod a long
talk with him in the city, and pinned him
right down to the bargain he made with
you when you let him into Vera Cruz,
and asked him why he didn't stick to it.
llesuid he did stick to it as lor as cir
cumstances rendered it prudent.
"But," says I, "Gineral Santa Anna,
that ain't the thing; n bargain's a bargain,
and if a man has any honor he will stick
to it. Now," says 1, "did'nt you agree,
if the President would give orders to our
Commodore to lot you into Vera Crus,
did'ntyou agree to put your shoulder to
what has already been pubVuhed.
ItlnJ. Downing's Despatches.
Maj. Downing's despatches have ar
rived in advance of Gen. Scott's. We
publish them to-day, and the reader will
find them sufficiently brief, spicy and
Alabama is a Locofoco State, good at
bringing on Wars but poor at fighting
them out. The Governor has issued his
proclamation to the Major Geuerals to
raise "the five regiments called for by
the President nearly five months ago to
serve during the war, not one of which
has been furnished," and appeals to the
patriotism of the young men to .induce
them to come forward and save the lion
or of their State. We see no stronger in
ducemeut than for the Loco Governor
himself to take tho lead
f3PThe Mrii Whigs, in Alabama
having waited for five months to seo
whether the patriotic Locofocos would
answer the call of the President, for five
regiments of volunteers, have concluded
to wait no longer and are now raising
"battulion" from, their own ranks. They
have commenced with their usual zeal
The Columbus Joiirnnl.
The proprietor of this valuable paper
has issued his prospectus for the coming
session of the Legislature. Tho terms
Fur the daily $3 00
" " tri-weekly 1 50
" " Weekly 50
By the year,
For the daily $7 00
tri-weeklj 4 00
" " Weekly 2 00
It is important to the success of the
Whig party that it should have an ably
conducted central organ and to make it
an efficient auxiliary, it should receive a
liberal support. The Journal now pos
sesses an additional attraction, ino
telegraphic communication to Columbus
enables it to give its readers the earliest
Later from the Army. :
Santa Anna's Armv disbanded A Texas
Company cut off Difficulty in the
Richmond, Nov. 11, P. M.
By the Southern mail, we have intel-
are informed that when he closed his re- ligence that Santa Anna's army had all
marks, the Chairman and two or three deserted him, with the exception of 130
others were all that were in the House ot h,s personal guards, tie manned
, . ... . Ouiaca. Since his depaiture Pueblo had
on v two nl liiB own nnrlv. . J
' I been ainet
it may bethatsomeof the leading Lo- it wasreported at Vera Cruz, on the
cofocos are fearful that Mr. Shaw will be 1 19th. thnt a company of Texan Rangers
in their wav in the future. According having been attacked by guerillas,!
.l. ... p ,u ... u . . miles from Vera Cruz, all but two of them
IU LHO UQDOO til MIC IIU1IY, HO UttllllUb B ,
gain be a candidate, for Representotive; arrivedi etateJ that one man was killed
but then the seaote is open to him and Bnd 18 more were missing.
still higher stations, and it maybe that A difficulty had occured in the Massa-
this game of neglect is played off upon
him to defeat his purposes, should he
have a ny aspirations for any of those high
chusetts Regiment, and General Cush-
ing had disarmed and detached aixty
men from the regiment.
Si.eiohino and Green Corn. A pri-
..... Ln. f..n I ' V n : I 1 1 rfal.rl lha
n nu In. lan.r if if la nuna. tMnt I O -
v. j tuv . i. , ijuwui imoi- 1 II.L u, govs-
ment and it seems to us that more con- w hm! n bmn fall of snow last
sideration should be paid to him, who night and this morning. Sleighing bells
bore the brunt oftho last contest and who. were heard in the streets at the same
alone of all the democracy in this county,
was willing to unfurl the "Hard-money
Banner to the breeze and do battle un
der it" in every township in the county
K was a dangerous adventure; but he has
time we were eating green corn for din
ner; something unparalleled in the histo
ry of the weother.
Forgery.- A man calling himself C.
Mervill forged a check for 8500 on the
off our arms. We had not slept in a bed I well tied up. It isn't well for a body
or had a comfortable meal; for three to have too " much business on his
On our first page, will be found sever-1 tabluhed to be the best medicine ever bestowed
intelligence from the most important .1 very interesting and entertaining arti- ISrTaaX
points, and could we but have a daily, dea. giving some important information Pbleonmp.rtig. ,
instead of a tri-weekly mail, it would be concerning the internal commerce of our JK.tDrXS
of advantage both to us and the Columbus
journals. We tried to get it once, but
didn't succeed. As it is, however, we
trust the Whigs will not neglect their
The Session Statesman.
The editor of the Ohio Statesman has
issued a prospectus for the sossion pub
lication of hia paper. Charles B. Flood
is to be reporter for the Senate and II.
S. Knapp for the House. The paper
will also contain Telegraphic Reports
from Washington City.
Daily, during the session.... $2 50.
Tri-weekly 1 00.
Payable always in advance.
Those wishing a Locofoco paper from
country, the means of transportation. &c. 341 Broad wv New York.
I Bewairof t'oiimeifeit.!!! Tlis followiiij
iiu aiiiiciinicr miiiiic I tie me only miinnnnen nrni ior nir.ioi m
The meetings of this Society will be '''' ' V r ' n
hold, on every Friday evening iurineM.tuaUon.PvtWm.OreenCasUe.Untl
thai m;n umlar Bnrt m.r (.'..n. GXC. LvlkOVoliS. J, 8 . EvilH, WincktlttT P-IM
... ..... ... .... v....., --. - , , g,,,,,,..,,,., jsmanda. D.
think, will find it entertaining and proh- Rry. Sugar Grose, hniili Si Bery, Brement
table to attend. Lectures and discuss- '" iv""n,"A";",.Ln0h,,,r'
..,,, . hestRushttlle, F. Brrrk, CsrroW. N. J. Bowen,
ions upon various topics will be held, and Pukenngton, Cosfc Ri, Baltimrtt Philip
the size of tho audienm will n.ld m,m. Um,rtcasanlviUe, t. a- r-taiies, mkid,
u l I ....I L..i .t,;. ....i!..
lllU vvucoi auu noil uu uiib iiiiqaduvii . . , . ,
business, so'as to make easy work of it, the Capitol cannot find a purer or better
And now, I ask you, as a man of honor, one " ineoiaie.
i i r.
have yon done ill"
"Circumstances alter cases, Major,"
says banta Anna. "Whon Mr. Polk and
The Palnesvllle Telegraph.
Comes to us enlarged and clothed in a
I had that undemanding, he thought he Haw dn"' II now one of the nea,,e,t
noededafew more votos than he could papers in tlio State and is ably conduc
muster in his country to bring him into the ted.
rially to the interests of the Institute.
y We refer the reader to the adver
tisement of Messrs Smith k Tong. They
have just received another lot of goods
Jnrob Kemer. Millersitort.
Lsnca.tci October , 1047.
MARRIED On the 19th ult. by the Rev. Da-'
vid H. Swartz, Mr. ABRAHAM N. GRAHAM
and ready made clothing suitable to the of Auburn towmhip, to Miss ANNA Z. I'OLINO
- of Riuhcreek towuship. .
l9ason. .. On the 24th ult., by the seme Mr. JOHN Mc-
,, r,imio GILL of Pleasant township, to Miss MARY ANN
rrccept versus Example. RUGH.ofthe someplace.
One our Locofoco exchanges nils a On the 2nd inst., by the same, Mr. JESSE
thy neighbor as thyself." Another"peace On the 2ud inn., by the same. Mr. JACOB
SHI is s.idth.tnotahou.e,in Nash- .WSSt
villa, was left uninjured by the powder lane, both of Fairfield county. "
mill explosion, and that every pane of J-sJffir
glass in that city was shattered to pieces. TSCHUDY, both of Liberty towu.hip.-
He is, we believe honest though Northern Bank. Lexington, las week.
; k:. j i tut the latter refusing to pay it, the fel-
iiiiotanuii in sua i iuh a auu nag mavv , , 1
enough to stake his election upon the 'ow absconded. He had previously sue
dangerous issue. He is successful and ceeded in abstracting $145 from the same
t'. ...... UnnL Kif a niinmnrr iitroMrv f
we should think that no furtive means "J - "
should be employed to award the credit Dr. Tiori Baium of Unrmri.
ot the Victory to others. Nsw York, Out. 28 1844.
cut why this studied neglect l. r. a Munuen, 4i uraua sireei aoom iwo
Iyeari mice, was trouoieu wun a severe ougn,
weakneas, pain iu the breast and robing of blood.
The daily publication of this paper has I was induced to purchase a bottle of Taylor's
been discontinued from want of sufficient BaUamof Liverwort, from 375 Bowery, which
patronage. We are sorry for this.Hioved ma when l,olhing would !"d.Inyjr"r'
1 Il ! .1 ! ...:.U tk- m- Ua... .An!... .(TaWta
Ft 1 T 1 ii I UUI IIJUC UBCU ll Willi mo fui7 iiioiiwii Wmwv
nend Lyman made it an excellent pa- . . . . lhe M
per and deserved better encouragement. x have rend the above certificate, and give it my
Zanesville could and ought to have sup- hearty approval, and recommend to all afflicted
pmtedhiminhisenterprize. In hisno. with the symptoms of consumption or liver com-
ticelohis subscribers ef the di.contin- l' 1 .b"y ",e ge"uin" J.'l"
I sola ai 373 uowery. or. m At.c,niinc.
uance of his daily, he says: For sale br Bury 4; Beck Lancaater, O. H.
"The tri-weekly Conrier will herralter be it- Mailer. Somerset: C. G. Wilton, Gait Riwhville;
ned on the mornings of Monday, Weduesday and I 8. Clayton Wi at Rushville; D. Holderman, Amao
rriaay, ai roar iouarM per annum, casn iu au- tin; l. at IN. b. vjtus, isiruiavnie. o. uuuuwuiior,
vanoe, or to be paid when called for. It column Hnllsville. Rons county, R. &, M, A. Patterson,
will contain the latest intelligence per telegraph. Adelphi Rosa Co., Friond & Amuatrong, 8outh .
giving regular Commercial Roports Ac, &o., and Perry; Douglass & Lansing, Chillicolho; F. F.
citizens will find Has much the medium of the Rem pel. Logon.
earliest news, three times a week, by thntchau. "
uel, as was the daily paper ttsoll." ncaitiu u -laaaan ntmni ...
We wish him better fortune in the Thou art above all gold and treaaurei us tnou
I l I - . V 1 HJ un.tl. .11
future. The tri-weekly will sti 1 afford 6 . . . ,. ..' .iiai,.i-.
J powers to receive instruction, sad to relish virtue
to subscribers here the earliest intelli- H lhat haa thee, haa little more to wish for; and
gence upon the three publication days, he that ia so wretched as to hare the not want.
The vacuum can be filled by the dailies everything beside. Let us be thankful Brand-
of Columbus. Wb t 1 "w 6ITt - ""
blessed 1'illa. wlnca oentury s use nas luny ea-