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fa 111 aW. - . . - S
MAT SERIES VOL,
VIJUUSHED EVERY KUIDAY MORNING UY
JOII:v - AVltlOllT.
Omen Tiillmndge Building Third Floor
., Opposite J. & J. C. Maucmckeu'i Store.
TKKMf Foroneyear,caAfaaean-c,$3 00
wVhbia the yeur..-j..'...- .- .9 50 :
After the expiration of the vear....... .3 00
INDUCEMENTS. FOR CLUBS. "
Teu sopies, to one address, cttih in ad- ;
.,,.,.,.,..'. - .'. . $17 . 50
Any larger iminher in the same proportion.
ADVERTISING. . '
One snuare, one insertion, ,
. K.nch continuance,,;.. ....... -23
tjf liberal discount will he made to yeurly
advertisers. ' " ""
tyjOB WORK oeally mid promptly executed.
Agents tor ike I-uiicuMor Gn-.olto.
Milltrnport: E. Vance ' - Ortmfild Tl Waller McFnr-
V.w Sutm: nr. M l. Brock
land Tlioiiins l.llltenalil
ricktrinftv: A. BriiM.Jr
Jcferton: Dnviil Ji-nuinjr
Pleasant 7"; 'I'. P. A.lilirnok
A'.Kf Rtitkmlle; David Bnker
W.RiaMIU; N. B. 1,'onlston
IMkapolu: l.ewl. Huiwr
Ciiui W inekeiter: Hr.roltRr Brtm.it Henry- Ashhaugh
Itekeille Wm P. 'I iinent
; J. Hull, n. Mack
Amanda: Nathmi J. Wurrall
A.yaf.N. J. Clemen)., Jr.
Juiuiula '. Win. AsMirook
Corrall; William F. Ilreck
Basil: ifcnrv I.innnri1
fl.ru 71 Juuies R. Penrre
Prrtr-7'owi.- l.vi Krieiid." '
Ufiufi... IT! I. E. Koouis ;
Clcarcmk; Col.VV. Ilnllillloii
O'MvilU: P. R Hacprnian
a'iiin.r; H. I. Nicely
StnurMlt.; Duvlri Hewtlt
V. B. Piimkr, Esq., General Afcnilfor the Eastern elites
The Farmer's Line!
A rsEW FIRM
, IVhoiosale and Ketiiil. 5
JOHN ErriNGER & CO.
Iu the New Building lately erected by U.
i ' M. Atu.worth, nearly opposite the
-, Tallnrndge Home,
HAVING lately pnrchiisedlhe ENTIRE NEW
STOCK OF GOODS of Mr. R. M AlNS-
WORTH, together with his lute Spring purchases,
the citizens of Fairfield und adjoining counties
are solicited to cull und examine our assortment,
which it now complete. ' The Stock was (elected
with great cure nnd was purchased by us at prices
below the Eastern cost, so that we will he .ena
bled, to sell beautiful and excellent Goods ut very
reduced prices. We are determined to please the
public and we have the means to do it. - The
quality of our Stock caunut be surpassed, and for
cktapntu, we challenge competition.
Our assortment consists, in part, of the follow
jug articles: ... ' .
; For. the Ladies.
We have the largest variety of Summer Dress
Goods ever opened in Lancaster, und which can
not be excelled in quality, cheapness or beauty of
putterns, iimoug which are -
8000 pieces of CALICOES, at prices varying
from 6 to 18 cents -
Alpnccas, plaiu and striped .. ' , ... .
Cashmeres and Musliu de Laius .
Bereges and Bulzarines '. i- . '
A Inree assortment of Lawns,nttrrv new tfylci
Scotch and Earlstou Ginghams and Giugliaiii
. A fiue assortment of Plain nnd FANCY SILK
FRENCH WORK COLLARS aud COTTON
A large assortment of BONNET RIBBONS
taint light -. '
LEGHORN nnd STRAW BONNETS
Cotton and Silk PARASOLS and Sunshudes -A
fiue assortment of Summer ARTIFICI ALS,
together with a general assortment of Dress Trim
lnnig9, &c. &c. , : . .
For the Gentlemen. .
H0 pieces BROAD CLOTH, all ooloi-s t prices
. x Hough and Ready and Monterey Cussimeres
Superior French and English Black do
I V pieces plain; striped and burred SATTI
NETS, from 25 to 874 cell, Per Turd
a pieces KENTUCKY JEANS .
(iold and Oxford Mixed TWEEDS.
Merino Cassimeres, pluin and liiucy Gnmbroous
Browii Linens mid Cotton DRILLINGS
. Mm-aflilles. Merino aud Silk Vestiuss, &c.
In addition to the above, we have o large stock of
- Such ns Brown nud Bleached Muslins, Tickings
Browu and Bleached Sheetiiif? from Ii to Sj
yurds wide; Cottou and Liuen Bagging, &c.
. For House-Keepers',
We have Bleached and Brown Linen Table
Cloths, Dumask nnd Russia Diupers. Damask ami
Book Muslin Curtuins, Connterpaius, Tuble Co
vers. &c. &p. ic. , ,
v All kinds of . Groceries.
A laree assortment of QUEENSWARE and
GLASSWARE, Leghorn, Palm Leaf, Silk, Fur
and Brush HATS. BOOTS and SHOES; Ladies'
Kid aud Morocco SLUT MIS. So. &c.
We are opposed to pujing and bldwinfrwe
shull not sell our Goods nt '( thin cott,' us we
expect to make a living profit from them; but we
respectfully invito the public to call and examine
our slock and prices before nurchftsingelsewhero,
as we intend to rely upon the quality and prices
of them to obtain n fair share of patronage.
We will take in exchange for our Goods, all
kinds of Country Produce,
for which we will pay the highest murket price;
Bring along your Cash and your Produce and call
at the '-THREE WALNUT DOORS," where
you will find the best Goods and loicent prices.
Lancaster, June 7, 1347.
DANIEL RIPPLE, '
TTAS ou hand and for sale, at Gkoroe Smith's
JLX Chair Shop, on the northwest corner of
Wlieelingaud Columbus 8treets, in David pos
ter's Rw, a genera! assortment of
' SUCH AS
Mahogany Hocking Cha i i s,
CENTRE, PEER, CARD, DRESSING. DINING
DRESSING and PLAIN BUREAUS;
Wardrobea. Wash.tand., Workstanrls.
Aud all other articles in his line that maybe culled
All kinds of work made to order, of the best
materials and sold cheaper than the cheapest iu
this or nny other place.
All sorts of Produce taken in exchange for
Furniture. - ' , r
; CASH paid for CHEERY LUMBER. ' . 1
' OfA NEW HEARSE, with a fine Horse and
Harness, calculated for the purpose, is in readi
ness to attend funerals. ' COFFINS made to or
der.. No extra churge for Hearse.
All charges very low.
' , DANIEL RIFFLE.
Lancaster, September 17, 1847, 3ml9
Cheap Watches. .
1)ERSONS wishing to purchase a good Gold or
. Silver Watch, as cheap as they can in the
Eastern cities; are invited to exninijia the exten
sive assortment for sale by
GATES &. COSPER.
. Tallmsdge House, Lancaster. June 18, 1847.
JOHN, P. MARTIN,
, R. P. EFFINGER,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law.
OFFICE In Foster's Brick Building. .; '
: Lancaster, Ohio, June 11,1847.
2. NO. 30.
Tlic tily School of Itrenion.
Tlie following infoimalioii I Iiave de
rived from a gentleman who received liis
education in that city. . ' ; -
lhe bbIhiics of the teachers of Hie
Bremen City Scliool, are mainly -paid
from the. funds of the institution, so that
the charge for tuition is low. Children
are not admitted til! they are able to read.
The course1 of instruction embraces the
various branches usually taught in the best
schools, including the Latin, the Greek,
and several modem tongues.- ' . ,
The pupils, to the number of seven or
eight hundred, are divided into classes of
thirty members cuch. There arc as many
teachers as there are classes, and every
class occupies a separate room. Each
teacher, as a generul rule, gives instruc
tion in but one branch. One man, for
instance, devotes himself entirely to the
teaching of arithmetic, und another to the
teaching of penmanship. . TJie ' Latin
language ts tne exclusive province ot a
third, and the French of a fourth, &c. '
Each recitation occupies one hour.
At the end of each hour a bell rings, which
is the siarnal for the simultaneous suspen
sion of the exercises of all the classes.
After a recess of a few moments, upon
the repetition of the signal, thu scholars
resume their pluces, when the teacher of
geography who spent the preceding hour
in Room No. 1, for example, will pass to
Room No. 2, to spend the next hour in
teaching geography to another - class;
while perhaps lhe teacher who spent the
previous hour in Room No'. .2, in teach
ing history,, wild during the following
give instruction in the same branch
to the class in Room No. 1. Hence, one
teacher will, in the course of the day,
visit six or eight different rooms, piovi-
ded there should be so great a number
of classes engaged in his particular de
partment of study. .
In the classification of the scholars,
those are placed together who are equal
ly advanced in "all the studies to which
they may be attending; so that the schol
ars, who form a class in one recitation,
recite together throughout the day, nd
throughout the year. - '
It will be perceived that according to
these orrangcmetits, all the scholars who
aro at any time present in a room engage
at the same time in the same exercise;
and that every class, and every member
of the school is continually iectuied and
drilled throughout the entire course of
the school hours. Those lessona, there
fore, which require previous preparation
must necessarily be studied at home.
My object in presenting the preceding
sketch is to contrast the perfection of or
der and system which exists m the Ger
man schools with the chaotic state of
things in our own. . I would almost dis
dain to stoop so low as to notice our dis
trict schools, (excepting those of certain
localities which Ishall hereafter point imt.)
To describe the condition of our select
schools and academies is a task sufficient
ly humiliating. Of these classesof schools,
nine-tenths are mere humbugs; and the
remaining tenth, though conducted by
worthy teachers, are nearly worthless for
the, reasons which I shall proceed to set
- Our select schools and private acade
mies, as a matter of course, are altogeth
er unfurnished with apparatus, libraries,
museums, and other facilities; for these
things involve a heavy expenditure which
tho limited means of; teachers-cannot
meet, and which the revenues of the
most prosperous school could never re
fund. ' . ' '
But the absence of these facilities is
not confined to private institutions. Our
incorporated academies, with few excep
tions, exemplify, in all their appurtenan
ces and arrangements, the miserable pe
iiuiiou.siiess that characterizes our peo
plb." A school that would disgrace a re
spectable country district, without a li
brary of two volumes, ond without a sin
gle philosophical implement, not unfro-j
qiiontly boasts of chattered privileges.
More prejudicial, however to the in
terests of education, than the want of
the advantages just named, .is the-want
f a proper classification of the learners,
and the want of a systematic division of
labor among tho teachers of our schools.
In the best German schools, as I have
just shown, every scholar receives daily,
in connexion with Ins class, lrom six to
eight hours of the teachers direct atten
tion. Now I can say from my own ex
perience as a teacher, that if a parent
sends his children to a scliool wheie they
cannotdaily enjoy at least two hoursin-
struction, and expects that they shall be
greatly benefitted by their attendance,
he expects an impossibility. 1 can ulso
assert that full justice cannot be done to
any regular recitation, or other exer
cise of a class or individual scholui' in
a shorter space than half an ho.ur- - Many
lessons, as those iu the languages and
mathematics, cunnot be liisputched in less
than an hour. The average length of
time in which tolerable justice may be
done to an exercise is three quarters of
an hour. One teacher may therefore hear
about ten recitations in a dny. Every
scholar should daily participate in at least
three or four exercises. Hence, when
the recitations are attended to individual
ly, no one teacher should take charge of
more than four pupils. Anil even in a
school of only four pupils, each pupil, up
on the plun ot separate recitations, would
receive but a fourth pot t of the attention
which a boy receives in the JJremon
School. .'. ; ' . " ' -
Now let us tako a peep into one of
our best select scnoois, or into one oi our
. . , , i . ,
academies of the better sort.
These schools will bi found to contain
on an average, about' thirty scholars; and
the limited patronage obliges the precep
tor to receive scholars of all ages and de
grees of advancement. First, there is a
little bovlearnins the alphabet, who has
a daily claim upon the teaoher for at least
two hours of his time. There are tw
- classesof two members each in the spell
f'ing book, which together ought io occu
py four hours of the toucher- time. There
ara three small classes of young reuders
who require six hours' attentionoach day.
There are two geography classes, each
of which should have half an hour's ut
tendon. There are six arithmetic class
es, and each of these demands nt least
an hour's attention daily.' There are four
classes in English grammar, each requir
ing half an hour. The whole school may
form a" single writing' class, and there
should bo nn hour spent, daily iu this ex
ercise. '" There are two boys studying
book keeping and they have a tight to
an hour of the teacher's time.-'. There
are three algebra classes consisting res
pectively, of one, two and three member;
and each of these classes should have an
hours attention. There are two classes
in geometry, each requiring an hour.
There is one cltiss.in surveying, and this
class requires an hour.- There is ono class
in natural philosophy, one in chemistry,
one in botany, and one in rhetoric, of
from one to two members, each, and each
of these clussus should have an hour be
stowed upon it. .-There' are six boys
studying Latin in four - different classes.
Now that a class may make a respecta
ble progress, in the study of any lan
guage, it should enjoy the benefit of two
daily exercises of- one hour each.
These six boys, therefore, if they receive
theirdue, will levy a daily tax ofcight
hours upon the teacher's time. Theie
are tl.rue buys studying Greek, and they
form two classes, requiring together four
hours. There arc three classes of one
member each studying French, aud claim
ing, daily, nix hours' instruction. -In
addition to the , branches already
enumerated there is an endless list of
ologie, a goodly number of which are al
ways on hand, to say nothing of music,
painting, embruidery and other orna
Now here are more studies going on in
a village academy, or in a misses' board
ing school, than would,' givo full employ
ment to ull the professors of both the
British universities. And how many
teachers aro usually engaged in discharg
ing these multifarious and endless labors
A principal, with possibly one, or at most
but two assistants. For the fewness
of pupils, nnd tho smallness of the com
pensation forbids the employment of a
greater number. It is therefore evident,
that, in the course of a day, each class
and pupil can receive but a few moments
i e ! u.. l.
oi nurneu, supcruciui, aim iiii-uiimem in
struction. 1 appeal to tnose wtio Know
anything of our schools, district, select,
and academic, to bour me out iu the as
sertion that, on an overage, the different
classes enjoy scarcely as manyminutes of
the teacher s attention.inthe course ot the
day, as are equal In number to the hours
during which tho classes of the Bremen
scliool above described are instructed
and disciplined. - . ' "
Now if our children nt school receive
only from, one twentieth to one sixtieth
part ot the instruction winch they ouglit
to receive, is it to bo wondered at that
they make only from one twentieth to
one sixtieth part of tho proficiency
which they ought to make; ond that the
mass of our citizens are obliged to launch
forth upon tho sea of activo life with
from one twentieth to one sixtieth part
of the amount of i.iformatiou and mental
discipline that they ought to have re
ceived! . ,"''' "
If, to tho consideration of .lhe deficien
cy in quantify, we add that of the defec
tiveness in quality in theinstruction which
most of our 6i:hools afford, we shall not
be surprised ut the low state of popular
intelligence among us.
1 would say a word in regard to my
own experience. The school that I have
conducted for the last five or six years
has usually been attended by from twenty
five to thirty young men. It has . been
my constant aim to confine the number of
studies and the number of classes on
hand ut the same timo, within tlie small
est practicable bounds. ,1 have general-
succeeded in limiting tho number of
studies to seven or eight nnd the classes
to ten or twelve; and yet, if my means
would havo, permitted I would gladly
have given employment to two or three
In concluding the present article I
would remark, that, if our district schools
i . i i i
are nuisances, our seieci scnoois anu
academies are, with few exceptions, bur
lesques upon the name of educutinn.
Delicacy! A lady in Washington re
cently ran, excited and out of breath, into
a store, and on being asked what caused
her apparent alarm, she replied that "a
gentleman coie hod almost hooked her in
the street, and she ran in to avoid him." .
Washing Flannel. If white, it should
be done in us hot water as possble, with
Preseiives. It fermenting boil ttiem,
andjudd a little powderedjsaleralus.say the
size of a pea for a quart or two, but more
for much fermented
' Feather Be"ds should bo aired once a
week: but do not banc them out of the
front windows, unless you wish to add a
striking feoture in the picturesque ex
nreasion of vour dwellintr.
r ,. r t. ' . t . m i
suet and mince 1'ie meat, ii ooneu
and chopped, may keep aycar.in a stone
jar, under molasses. 4 ;
Molasses, used tor cooKing, is lm
mensely improved by previous boiling
and skimming. .
. Straw Beds aro generally improved
by being boxed at the sides, or stitched
through like mattrasses. ' ' " ' ' ' ,
Motus. Cumphor (not tobacco) will
repel moths. Flannels well. wrapped in
Linen, are safe" from moths. - But they
should be first well brushed about the first
day of summer, as the moths then begin
to increase.- - : ,
Marble Fibe-Placeb should never be
washed with soon-suds, but with a nice
oiled cloth, and rubbed dry with a soft
rag. .' ' '-- '" :; ''.' ..- - ' "V
Sausages. The best proportions are
3 lbs. salt. 10 oz. pepper, to every, 100
lbs. chopper meat.
OHIO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1817.
Tlieoiy of Practice und '!: h In;;.
, A young man was employed to take
charge of a school for a few days, during
a temporary illncssof the regularinstrur;
lor, J If was, a good scholar, as the world
say, and was rea'ly desirous to answer
the .expectation of bis employers. After
the regular teacher bad so far recovered
his health as to leave his room, ho walk
ed, ono pleasant day, to lhe achool, to sec
what success attended the labors ef the
new incumbent. A class was reciting in
natural Philosophy. The subject undei
consideration wna 'the obstnc es which
impeded the motion of machinery,' The
attraction of gravity, as one of these, was
pretty easily dinposed of; for the class
had before been instructed on that point.
Friction came next. Here, loo, the pu
pils, having had some practical experi
ence of their own, in dragging their sleds
in skating, or pernaps in turning a grind
stone, found no great difficulty. Tho
book spoke a language sufficiently clear
to be understood. Next came the "re
sistance of the various media,' to use the
language of the text book. "Yes," said
the teacher, as one of the pupils gravely
quoted this language, "thut has no in
'The resistance of the various media?'
repeated one of the boys inquiringly; "I
do not know that I understand what me
dia means.' :
"A medium is that in which a body
moves,' was tho ready reply which the
teacher vend from tho book.
Pupil "A medium?"
Tvacher. "Yes, we say medium when
we mean but one, und media when we
mean more than one."
P. "When we 'mean but one?"
T. ''Yes, medium is singular media
After this discussion, which began in
philosophy, but ended in grammar, the
teacher was about to proceed with the
next question of the book. But the schol
ar was not yet satisfied, and he ventured
to press Ins inquiries a little further.
P. 'Is this room a medium!
T. 'This room?"
P. "Yes, sir; you said that a medium
was that in which any body moves, and
we all move in this room."
,T. 'Yes, but tho medium does not
mean a room; it is the substance iu which
a body moves.'
Here the lad seemed perplexed and un
satisfied. He had not a clear idea of the
meaning of this new term. The teacher
looked at his watch, and then glanced at
the remaining pages of the lesson, and
seemed impatient to proceed, so the pu
pil forebore to inquire farther.
The regular teacher, who had listened
to the discussion with no ordinary inter
est, both because ho admired the inquis
tiveness of tho boy, and because he was
curious to discover how fur tho new in
cumbent possessed the pow er of illustra
tion, here interposed. '" ' ' ' -
'John,' taking his watch in his hand
'would this watch continue to go, if 1
should drop it in a pail of water?"
"I should think it would not long,' said
John after some little reflection.
'Why not,' said his teacher, as ho open
ed his watch. ' '
'Becauie the water would get around
the wheels and stop it, 1 should think,'
How (would it be if I should drop it
into a quart of molasses?"
The boys laughed.
"Or into a ban el of tar?"
The boys smiled.
"Suppose I should force it, while open,
into a quantity of lard?"
Here the boys laughed heartily, while
John said, "the watch would not go in any
of these articles.
"Articles,' sa:d the teacher, why not
John s eye glistened as lie caught tlie
idea. "Oh I understand it now."
His teacher then said that many ma
chines worked in air then the air was
tho medium. .A fish swims in wuter
water is his medium. A fish could hard
ly swim in molasses or tar. "Now," in
quired he, "why not!
"Because of the resistance of tho me
dium," said John, with a look of satisfac
Now, whywill the watch go in air,
nud not in water?"
"Because the water is more dense,
said John, promptly.
"Then, upon what noes the resistance
of a medium depend?"
Here the new teacher interposed, and
said that that was the next question iu
the book, and ho was just going te ask it
himself. . : ,
The tegular teacher put his watch iu
his pocket and became a spectator again,
and the lesson proceeded witn unwonted
vivacity. The difference between these
two teachers mainly consisted in the fact,
that one had the ingenuity to devise an
expedient to meet a difficulty whenever
occasion required, tlie oilier naa not.
. i t i
CvPA voting angel of distinction being
sent down to the earth ou some business,
for the first lime, had an old courier spir
it assigned him as a guide., iheyar
rived over the sea of Martinico, in the
middle of a long day of obstinate fight be
tween the fleet of Rodney and Degrass,
When through the clouds of smoke he
saw the fire of guiis, the decks covered
with mangled limbs, and bodies dead or
dyingt the ships sinking.burning or blown
i nto the air, and the amount ot pain, mise
ry and destruction, the crews yet alive,
were dealing round to each other, he
turned angrily to his guide and said,
vou blundering blockhead, you are ig
norant of vour business; you undertook
to conduct me to earth, and you have
brought me to hell.' . '.-
. 'No, sir,' said the guide, "I have made
no mistake; this is really earth, and these
are men. Devils never troat each other
in this cruel manner, they have more
sense, and more of what men call humani
ty.' Franklin't Letter.
! Affrirulftmil riM-mUlry.
'Agricultural Chemistry leaches us that
'there are essential ingredients iu soils,
which it ts f the highest importance we
should understand. It is inconiroverta
ble that the salts existing in soils consti
tute but a very small portion of lhe whole
mass of the soil that they aro not lo be
deemed accidenlal, but entirely indis
pensable to pistils, which according to
their respective nature admit one or an
other into their circulation, and perishing
for want of the appropriate salt. By salts
we must understand all thorn substances
which consist of a base united with an
acid. Tho principal bases are Pot ansa
!?"oa: " ?,aSn?.sla' e,'!
into tne composition of all fertile oil
The acid with which iheso ordinarily
combine are the Carbonic, the Sulphuric
and phosphoric. By burning plants,
their combinations appear in ashes. An
examination of the properties of iheir
principal salts nnd their components,
sheds a great light upon the subject. Let
us beg iu with the buses.. These are dis
covered to be metalic oxydes, the pure
metalsof which wereobtaiued bySirHum
phry Davy, and they are denominated re
spectively, potassium, calcium; and mag
nesium, and bone baryies, barium, ice.
But potassium, which is the one most
easily obtained, may be taken ns a type
of the class. It is a cli tiering metal, much
like silver, but clear as water. It has
some quality in common with indium
When u current of water is passed over
if, it is decomposed with great rapidity
devolving its oxygen. It often changes
red color to blue. It combines with oth
er acids, forming neutral salts, which are
obtained by evaporation. The other ul
kulino metals follow the same process,
but not so energetically as pntassinm.
The proportions in which they combine
are 40 parts potassium, 8 of oxygen; ma
king48 of potassa, 21 parts nf sodium,
with 8 of oxygen, making 32 of soda.
Knowing the great importance of thi
to a farmer to know what amount his soil
contains of potash, or of soda, we pre
sent them distinctly. Take a portion of
the soil, and put it into boiling water, and
then strain it through a filter. The wa
ter will exact all the so1ulle'portions--then
dry by evaporation, and the salt remain
ing will show by its form, its solubility,
and by the action of the air upon it when
exposed, what base it contains. That
base will generally be found combined
with sulphuric acid. When sulphate of
potash is present it will be discovered
by us slow solution and its permanency
when exposed to the air. Some plants
receive from the soil minute portions of
alkali, while others absorb an immense
quantity. Some plants, montena for ex
ample, contain a considerable quantity of
sulphur, winch combining with oxygen,
developes the offensive gas sulphurated
hydrogen, ns is often found in fire aims
when neglected, and with putrid eggs.
To this is owing the. nauseous smell of
water in which vegetables may have
been cooked. So with the water near
the mouths of rivers especiully on the
coast of Africa. The copper of ships
anchored thero rapidly decays, and this
is the attributed cause nf the unhealthi
ness of those shores. The best test of its
presence is sugar of lead in solution,
which in a short time shows itself produ
cing a sulphurat of lead. Sulphurat hy
drogen is then unquestionably pernicious
to nnimnl life, but not to vegetables, for
to some of them sulphur is necessary; it is
essential in mustard, cabbages, and in a
large cluss of plants. Scientific Amer.
Seriientsln Pile iu South America.
In the Savannahs of Izacubn, in Guinea,
I saw lhe most wonderful, the meat terri
ble spectacle that can be seen; and al
though it be not uncommon to the inhabi
tants, on traveller has ever mentioned it
We were ten men on horseback, two of
whom took the lead, in order to sound the
passages, whilst I preferred to skirt the
great forests. One of the blacks who
formod the vanguard, returned full gal
lop, and called to me "Here sir, come
und see serpents in a pile." lie pointed
out to me something elevated in the mid
dle of the Savannah or swamp; which ap
peared like a bundle of arms. Une of
my company then said "this ts certainly
one of the assemblages of serpents, which
heap themselves on ench other niter a
violent tempest; 1 have heard of these.
but have never seen any; let us proceed
cautiously, and not go too near." Whon
within about twenty paces ot it, the ter
ror of our horses prevented our near ap
prouch.to which none of us were inclined
On a sudden, the pyramid mass be
came agitated; horrible hissing issued
from it, thousands of serpents rolled spir
al ly on each other, shot forth out of the
circle their hideous heads, presenting
their envenomed darts and fiery eyes to
us. I own I was one of the hist lo draw
bock; but when I saw this formidable
phalanx remained at its post, and appear
ed more disposed to defend itself than to
attack, I rode around it, in order to view
its order of battle, which faced the ene
my on every side. I thon sought what
could bo the design of this numerous as
semblage; and I concluded that this spe
cies of serpents dread some collossean
enemy, which might be the great serpent,
or cayman, ond that they reunite them
selves after having seen this enemy in
order to attack or resist him in a mass.
Humboldt. ' - - -.- -. '
(t5"At one of lhe fashionable watering
places, recently happened a- self-important
foreigner, who, upon hearing the din
ner bell ring at half past 3 o'clock, ex
claimed "Is it possible you dine at this
early hour in this country? W by I have
not been used lo having dinner till seven
"or eight in London." "Our second table
folks dine very late here also, was tne
reply of a Yankee present.
tSpWidow Smashpipes, ssys a great
man, according to her idea, isa man what
is keerful of his clothes, don't drink no
sperits, kin read the bible without spellin
the words, and kin eat a cold dinner on
wash days, to save the woman folks the
trouble ofcookin'l". ' v 1
The Pi-.i of lusMMiit-.
The D.invrs (Mass.) Courier contains
report of trial under lhe Ml ut The
People . Jam K. Polk." The cbtrireis
furiiitirucr commuted in the Mexican War.
Mr. Ty ler is the counwl Cir the del'ence;and
on slat in jf In ground of defence, under lhe
third head he says:
3d. I .hall now endfavor to prove lo ynu
that the acts, fur which the prisoner is now
on i rial, were committed while he was in-
I hll not attempt to prove the insanity
of lhe prisoner by, medical evidenc. but
uy rircuuis'ai.crs to his history known lo
Dial Hit hlblLJ. ifflP f Vriri(JllW t
io did reu individual, and often when th
I'suuul appear perfectly rstiual In his own
irn-nu. Une of lhe moil common lorn.s in
hicli ii ni.inife.'la itself i in kind of men
taf il!ui,ni by wiiirli the pslient imagine
himself some great personage, or else capa
hie ol perlurniing g,ei acts. . It i in this
form ot insanity under which lhe unhappy
prisoner at the bar has been suffering. He
has labored for several year past under the
strange delusion that he is capable of mam
ging lhe af iirs of a great nation. He list
even in agined that hi, administration wis I
tu he marked hv vr.. u,,i u.i.ir-1.
wou d aid in giving Mm lame in his country V' ITUSCU ""w mneni mo eanu.
history. It was under this dcla-ion that 00,000.000 are heathen or Pagans
ho to, n mi I ted the act i which csiired the de- ,140.000.000 Mahometans
struction ol those person whose violent !!?!!?'0U9 Jew
deailiKliavehroujUhiinioirial. 2,0.000.o Christian.
1 in-gM state other ciroimsunce. which!. 'llulv-'r'l o the ratio of one Jew,
gosirongly to prove the unsound stale of ; ,"rle;n Mahometans, twenty-five Chris-
tlie prisoner's mind. It is only few mouth i
im.e that he wandered away from bis hnrne
anu w aiierwaros louuu bv nia meims
some five hundred miles off, racing bare jment. Ol'llio two hundred and fifty mill--leaded
th.-ough the street ol the eastern j t,f Christians, so called, there It.
cilies.B..d f flowed by . shoulin tram of ,fni)rBr. . fw ..:,.' r,i.
uovs and men. lleiug an elderly man of
rerpei-tahle appearance he w as kindl) ukeo
care ol and treated by the Mayon of those '
cities, until he could be returned to .
friend- in saf. ty. i ' Z:it It my Trunk."
The enoiiniiy oftl.e crimes committed by ! I,lt,e days of coaching over the Prov
the pruoner is .notb t and I a no.: tonvn- iJencc turnpike, before railroad car.
cw2 proof nf li isisauiiv. Only look, pen-; .. - ' , , . .. ,
tlernen of the jury, at the ,nagu,,..ce Lflhe i We.re a,"t ba8f "a,e cte(' '
sac.itice. Only pi-t.ire to yourselves the 1 ?' " wl,e" had to keep a sharp
oceretf.lai.gtiiet. the thons suds ot bloody look-out for their luggage, some forty or
corpses, the una of thousands of mourning fifty passengers bad just stepped on board
laiiiiliee, and then r flict that all thi se evii ( tlie old "lien r roiiklin, and got under
were caused by a single man, and how ean j way ou the Narraganset Bay. A gentle
youreaiMlhe cunvirli'in that such a man , man, who had occasion to get some of hi
must labor uud.:r the calamity of n, unsouud ' wardrobe.had just hauled out from an im-
"""u- i i, , ; mense pile of baggage stowed amidships, "
Another circumstance which shows lhei. ui , . . r , c , r
...., ,,. - , . .. ,7 a new black leaihertrunkof pert y diroen
insane state of lhe prtsouer s wind is Ins con- ,, , ., , v ., 1 ,
duel in relation to lhe ad.ni n of danta f.10"8' "t.u?Jed ,ttUb !. ben a
Anna into .Mexico. Only think, feoile- ,,ule withered up Frenchman, of mot-,
men, of the circumstances i.f this strange ''' complexion and fashionably dressed,
art. That the head of a nation about to j darted from the crowd and interposing
make war upon another nation should first ! between our friend and his property, ex
ftirnifh his enemy with in able co.nmander ! claimed courteously but positively
of the forces which were to meet his own j "1 beg vour pardon sare moit par
troops in battle! NV'i.ican more eoncln .Jonnez otoi you have got the wrong co
sivcly show a demented intelli ci than on i u n . . i
i: i, .i.i u-i . ii . , chonhs ze oreill zat is my trunk,
act like ibis! What would have been .. i i i i
Ihougbt of an Knghah premier who, years "Not soMons.our-I hope lknowmy
agoinacase of war with the Frenen, ; ow n ,raP- '
should have propoed to lake Xapoleun from I "Reztez tranquillehM on dans un
the rock nf St. Helena, aud pUce him on ih , instant vill prove my props; aha! you see
shores of Fraoce.' Such a minister would disjkey, eh?" Applying it to the lock, ii
no douSt be considered a traitor or a lunatic ;threw"up the lid, and then struck a tri
and for the he.t of reasons. How then can umphant altitude. 'My key unlock yeur
you more chsr.tably judte of this act of the ' tr,,keM Tell me zat!"
prtsoner at the bar th.a to pronounce bin, j ,.Stanj ()Ut of the waif., m trunk
ot unsound mind, and iLerefore notaccouu- -, J '
table for il or fur the other acts charged a-1
gainst him in the indictment.
Getting into Hie Picture. i
Yesterday, a tall, eti'Ut rood looking
fellow dressed in a fu'l black suit, having
under one aim a bundle ot dry goods and
lucked under the other apparainly a young
wife walking up from the Illinois f rry boat,
and came lu a hail opposite the auction
stand, beneath the market.. The pictures
strung along the wall attrirted the atten
tion of both. The gi I baJ a bran,p.in new
white mur-lin on, a string of blue beads en
circled her (e won't say slab, ster) neck,!
winch was Bitghtly iinjed by tne kisses of t
8 -l.(e , lot 'I ine.n -old .Sol.') a white veil
liritiiilpil nnrl nl her IpnllirpH; a IpmIIip.p Ian
shrouded part nf ber features leather fan
hung fiispended by a ribbon from her arm,
and from her dress peeped out a shoe of
white kid, which to all appearance, had a
foot in i', and, as if lo finish the tout assem
ble a pair of pautaleit- hung gracefully a
ro' n l lir ankles. The arm and hand lo
which the fan was sii-pi nded, ever and anon
conveyed lo the brides rnou h we insist
she wis ab ride en apple. She bandied ll.e
fruit naturally. and as her pretty liUle pleas
ant n.ou b tookil in, she chuckled at ti e picture-!'
'Jake.' fsid she. after examining the 'hull
ou'em,' 'there's Iwo pictures Jetit like lis,
when yon got si nud about l,uarlej Delsy
coinin' to see me!'
'War is thevVsaid Jak.
'Why, them,' . replied his spouse, 'them
e is got the lover s quarrel writ under one
and the reconciliation' under I'olher, wi'h
lheouni7 fellar and gal kinsin ilon'l von
recollect how we j'ist made U arler the
same wax? I'd like to have 'hem lo hang
up at home jest lo bar in mind.'
Jake chuckled now, and looking down
under his duxy's bonnet, he said-
Thar is two others in thai ar collection
ofphtures I'dgnod deal ruther hav.'
Inch is they, Jaki T she enquired.
Why. that one,' t says beneath it 'lhe
marriage.' and the t'other one thar, which
Whv, jou Jake,' appealed his wife, "vou
good for nothing rascal, to be talkin' this
way m a strange big city, right in lhe street
in open day light I reckon vou better buy
the hull f ur of them, and be done at wunst.'
Wellhy grief, it's a good notion,' said
Jake: 1 will fur they jest make a full set
ofpicturts, and tell the hull story 'lliout
talkin a atom. Jake did buy ihem. -
St. .inn's ltttir.
Tm wat to win a Woman's IIkirt
Let vour hair hang in euperfluuus ringlets
our your neck and shoulder, never eouer
a raxor to touch jour face, squeeze yoursen
into a coat ot mulberry cloth, pnt on a vesl
striped with green, yellow and red; pants
checked with blue, crimson and purple;
-hove jour feel imo a pair ol boots with the
heels at least three im le high dangle a
little blaek cane tiped with bras-; a huge
brass ring on your little finger, and )on
will be the Ii tn of the day, and win the
ladies 's heartf.-
gFTwo Dutchmen living opposite
each other, who had for many years been
in the habit of smoking by their door
sides iu silence, at length broke forth in
to the following dialoguo: "What sort
of wodder you think it will be to-day.
neighbor?" The other, after two or three
hasty puffs: "Well, I don't know, what
sort of wedder vou link it will be." - The
first, somewhat nettled: "I tink it willbe
such wedder as you tink it will be." The
1 other, acquiescingly: 'Well, I tink so, too.'
WHOLE 'NO. 1158.
Woral Aspect of lt, Woi ld?
According to the most recent and relia
ble authorities: the nomdaiinn f
earth now numbers about one billion, of
Ocmuiea - -
T"r. , 1.000,000,000
Ut this billion (or one thousand mill.
I ions) of human beings now supposed t.
"V ... vaiBLailCB. 11 1 nalim.,1
. ... wu.,(tl
very probable data, that about
'srf ..rnl..t.L .1... -I . .
VAIBiaill H . II 1 SI null m., t .1 ....
t"J i'nciwio uaii
very - year '
, 90 000
8,000 - l.ml.
How at irtling is the reflection that eve
ry "click" of the clock is but the death
knell of a departing spirit ushered by
the ceaseless oscillation of the pendulum
into tho presenco of Him ' who ii of pu-
I rer eyes than to behold evil, and cannot
look upon iniquity!
Ut the thousand million human being
""" anu sixty J'agans to every hundred
'individutiUofthe human family when sp
nnriioueri nrroiviinir lu iimn.ia ..,,,.
, . '
Hold von little minute zose your
"To be sure they are."
f'Zose your drawries, eh?"
"Vait a moment I will prove my props
' And the little Frenchman, rummaging
beneath a pile ot shirts and stocks pro-
luced a bottle, and said deliberately with
a hiiiious grin
"Zat your bottelle of Domfreer Ish
; (itch) ointment sare eh? Ave you got :
r t,i :.i.t Zi vnnrramsili fnrth
, (eprosv)eh? Ah! I know it vo.
' ' '
It is needless to remark that our friend
immediately opened a wide gap between
himself aud the interesting victim of one
nf the most unpopular disorders known
to suffering humanity.
A Good Appetite. - A Havre journal
has the followins incredible story: At the
last fair at Yvctot two persons, one of .
sickly 8ppenrnnce, entered an inn, and
ordered a dinner, consisting of twelve
muttoachops, a large turkey, twelve Neuf
chatel cheeses twelve pots nf eider and
six pound loaf. The servant of the inn.
thinking that so substantial a meal was
! for twelve persons, consequently prepar-
I .i .i.. ..i.i r... ,i. ,.;.. ,.r ...,tu
guests; but her surprise was great to see
two individuals enter at the appointed
time unaccompanied by any one, aud
the surprise increased to perfect sstonish
meat when the sickly-looking man said '
the dinner was for him alone! At the
same moment he eat himself down at the
table, and in course of a short time suc
ceeded in swallowing all lhe immense
mass of food which had been prepared.
He had laid a wager with the other man
to eat this formidable dinner, the stake
being a sheep. When the glutton had
won his wager, he cooly onereu me as
tonished loser to make a similar bet. to
be decided in two hours; but the latter
refused. Galignmi's Messenger.
Accident to Gov. Whitcomb. Ws
copy the following from the Indianopo
lis Sentinel of the 17th inst: ,
We learned late last evening that a
shocking accident happened to Governor
Whitcomb ou the down train of railroad
cars yesterday, atEdinburg. The Gov-'
ernor had stepped off the cars for a few
moments, at:d was abeut stepping on a
gain while the cars were in motion. His
foot slipped, and he fell between the cars
nnd platform nf tho depot, the cars whirl
in" him around and crushing his thighs a
they went. The Governor via insensi
ble for some time after he was extrica
ted, but finally recovered consciousneai.
The exact chaructor and extent of the in
jury we are unable te state: but from
what we are told, it win ee some nmo,
if ever, befero he can recover.
Presenting a bill. A gentleman who
at breakfast, the other morning, at a hotel
broke an egg, and disturbed the repose or
a sentimental looking biddy, called the
waiter, aud insinuated that bo did Dot
like to have a bill presented till he bad
done eating. ' -
' . r
: ! '