Newspaper Page Text
TUf Slave Trade Libeii;t.
Tim Rev. Dr. Humphrey, late Presi
dent of Amherst College, delivered a lec
lure on-Su-nday week, in New York, up
on the gwt subjoct of African Coloniza-
: lion, fnm which we gather the fuct that
the new .Republic of Liberia is governed
entirely by colored men no while holds
any othce, civil or military, in the gov
ernment. There are, within llie bounds
of the republic, twenty-three churches,
....... - w
are communicants. 1 wo newspapers are
published at Lioerin.- The luws compel
the parents to send their children to
achool between the 'igo of five and twelve.
The population is about 10.000, of which
- near one halt are emancipated slaves.
During the course of his lecture, Dr. H.
stated the following facts relative to the
slave trade. 0. S. Journal.
Sir Thomas Buxton, the Wilberfitrce
of the present oge, has ascertained, by
caretul investigation, that while thirty
years ago, 80,000 slaves were annually
.- iiuucu mi mo nuiuricaa comment, mere
are now zuu.uuu, ana the louses on the
passage equal to 145 percent.; so that
mo wnuie iiuruuer UD.iiracieii iniin mi'
ca annually, cannot be loss than half a
million as many of her children, thus
yearly torn from her soil, as are contained
in the cities of New York and Boston:
and in forty years, an amount equal to
the whole of the United Stales. These
ore rctferally packed, like so many her-
ring, without room, during the whole
passage, to sit upright or stand, and only
- eleven inches in width allowed to each.
Sir Thomas Buxton shows that no
trade can be suppressed by legislation,
whose profits equal 30 percent.; and the
slave trade actually equal 150 per cent.
But, he said, even in this state of things,
Colonization affords the highest ground
to expect, that this dreadful Mafic will be
The Colonv of Liberia lias already
driven the trade, with the exception ofj
one factory, irom more than 300 miles of i
what was "the Slave Coast," emphatical
ly. She was thus a mighty guardian an
gel, whoie outstretched wings shielded
more than 300 miles of coast, affording
surer protection to its inhabitants than
tho combined fleets of Great Britain and
America. And what she had dune in
her infancy, and her poverty, for she was
poor, might ho done, with our aid, on the
4000 miles of the Western Coast of Afri
; ca, where this horrible wickedness is per
'Lot mc out. '
A correspondent of the National Era,
writing from Columbus, under a late date
mentions the following amusing circum
stance: As wo came nut of the lust ward, sumo
one remarked that ono of our party was
missing. He had taken another way to
the reception room of visiters, but the
' circumstance gave occasion to the excel
lent superintendent, Dr. Awl, whose ser
vices and labors deserve the highest eu
logy, to relate the following anecdote:
Some time ago, a party, composed pr'ui-
, cipany oi memoers oi me legislature,
visited the Asylum. As they passed
through the building;, one of them a new
member, lingered in one of the words,
und was actually shut in. His compan
ions passed on and were out of sight,
when he came to the door, and found it
'locked., He was alone with the insane)
Luckily, they were not violent lunatics;
but he did not know it, & wasiugroathaste
to get out. He pulled at the door,' and
thumped and culled. The lunatics gath
ered round linn, and told linn to bo pa
tiont ihey were all in the snme situa
tionnone of them could get out! "But
J in a member ot the Legislature, and
they've gone off and left me in here,"
shouted the unfortunute law maker. "So
om 1," replied ono of the insane, com
fortingly, "and they served we just so."
Happily, Dr. Awl heurd the clutter, and
roleHsed the poor limn. Otherwise, so
frightened was he, that another lunutic
might have beou uddtitl to the nuinbur of
inmates, without the usual furmalites of
Tint Put.i'iT ANn th k Wab. The right
of the pulpit to discuss the policy und
morality of the existing war with Mexi
co was nobly vindicated in a discourse we
heard yesterday. "Some think," said
the preacher, "that this matter of the
war ought not bo toucbod in the pulpit.
I do not agree with them. I think tho
question of wars und fighting mat a ques
tion of Christian morality tome time pre
viout to its becoming a question of Amer
ica polities. My right to it is prior to
that of the politician, and I ahull not
waive my right. Must the pulpit aban
don one of its legitimate subjects, be
cause you choose to carry it to the polls?
Why, one of these days some Adminis
tration, by accident or design, for policy
or by a blunder, may take ground that
the Christian religion ought to be sup
pressed. Iiistuntlyogreat parly whichever pnrly
happens to be m power will carry the
question to the polls so strong is the in
stinct of party allegiance and then, for-
sonth, the pulpit must be silent, because
it is a political question! My pulpit will
not be silent on moral questions, then or
now as long as I have the fuculty of
moral discriminations i speak against
the war to day because I sol to myself the
task of pleading the cause of the poor,
who have got to boar the burthen ulti
inately." We trust that Guv. Dona of
Maine will weigh the force of these re
mark before he pent another Thanks-
crivinff Pmrlnmnliiifi. Tli
D - " - iuikjijiuii,
(if there were any,) who succumbed to his
recommendations; must hare been of as
accommodating a spirit os the country
manager, who announced the perform
ance of (he tragedy of llurnlet at his
Theatre, with the part of Hamlot omit
ted "byparticular request."
Posthumous Glory. We find the
following paragraph in the Post:
. "A good story is told of Gen. Lane of
Indiana, At the battle of Buena Vista,
when the Indiana regiment retreated, the
general tried every means to got them
to return. Becomiugcnthusiafctic, he ap
pealed to them as 'they loved their nutive
'.State, to do their duty.' 'Come now,'
aid he, and rush into the thickest of the
'fight.- I'll leal you, and only think how
gUtrwus tl will look in history to have tt
said that the whole Indiana regiment was
cut to pieces; ',"
Curiosity of Politics.
Mr. Giddings, of Ohio Mr. Tuck of
New Hampshire, and Mr. Palpret, of
Massachusetts, did not vote for Mr.
Winthrop, because (as it is understood,
be was not anti-Slavery enough, is one
the most r.ni-uiiK rhinoa we have ever seen
in politics. We suspect, that if old Gov.
Winthrop (of Princeton memory) were
alive now. that modern Puritans would
vote against him. We doubt whether
Mr. Giddinsrs will find this sort ofvotine.
us popular in Geauga and Ashtabula, as
tie mums tor. Jtn. iJlirvn.
Choi.k.ra Tub Letiiron Consoi.a
nons. The French papers say that the
Cholera, which is advancing towards
Western Europe, exhibits a great miti
gation of character, and is far loss fatal in
its effects than its predecessors. The
Courier des Lists Unis publishes, Irom
the Gazette des Hopitaux, the statement
ot Dr. Bruiia-1 arron, Surgeon in the Ot
toman army, who, in 1837, was seized
with the Cholera, and who having no
medicine at hand - but Sulphuric Ether,
(the Lotheon) respired freely of it, and
soon sank into a calm sleep, from which
he awoke weak, but lice from disease
Being then unacquainted with the prop
erties of Ether, he had ascribed there
covery to a caprice of Nature. Other
experiments recently made estublish tho
salutary influence of the Letheon.
tiThe Slaveholders in the United
States number but about 250,000, in a
population of about 13,000,000, and thi
quarter of a million, or rather some few
of the whole uurnber (for ull are not so
unreasonable,) threuten to dissolve the
Union, if Congress and the great body
of the people declare that no more Slave
territory shull be admitted into the Union
Tho people of the Free States might
smile at this threat with complacency,
were it not that tins body ot men are at
tached to so many "Northern men with
Southern principles, or Northern Dough
faces, who are but the hewers of wood
and drawers of water to their Southern
musters. New York set her mark upon
this class of men at the recent election.
So did Ohio and Massachusetts, and we
trust the sequel will show that neither the
quarter of a million nor their allies are
to rule the country. Pitts. Gaz.
What Temperance Societies Have
Done. There are now, says the Alba
ny Spectator, more than 1,500,000 peo
ple in the United Stales who abstain
from the use of ardent spirits, and from
furnishing it to others; more thun 5,000
Temperance Societies, embracing more
than 600,000 members. More than 2,000
distilleries have been stopped; more than
5,000 moichuiits have ceused from the
trafic. It is estimated that 30,000 per
sons are now sober, who hud it not been
for the TemperunceSocielies, would have
been sots, and that at least 20,000 fami
lies ore in ease and comfort, who would
otherwise have been in poverty and dis
gruce by drunken inmates.
IS a Starving Condition. Capt. To-
bin.who is with the Texas Ranger, writes
We're in a starving condition out at the
Texas camp nothing to eat except beef,
pnrk, bacon, mutton, hams, venison, bear's
meat, snipe, ducks, plover, &c; and for
desert, only orunges, applos. pours, poach
es, und delicious grapes.
ty-After all," said Mrs. Partington,
"I begin to think those persons are right
who say that our government expenses
might be retrenched. Just in the mntter
ot powdor and shot, for instance what a
shumoful wustel Why, it was only Inst
week that I heard a military man say that
out ot every Hundred shot fired, only one
took effect. Now what can bo the use
of firing the other niriety-ninel"
Effect! of the Absence of the Hun and Alp,
Dr. Mooie, the eloquent and amiable
author ot" the use of the body m rela
tion to the mind," soys: "A tndpolo,
confined in darkness, 'would never be
come a frog, und an iiifunt being deprived
of heaven's free light, will only grow into
a shapeless idiot, msteud of a bounteous
and reasonuhle being. Hence in the
doepdark gorges and ravines of the Swiss
Valuis, where the direct sunshine never
reaches, the hideous prevalence of idiocy
startles tho traveller. It is a strange,
molancholy idiocy. Many citizens are
incapable of uny articulate speech; some
are deaf, some are blind, somo labor un
der all the privations, and all are mishu-
Con in almost every part of tho body. I
olieve there is, in all places, a marked
enco in tho houltiiiness of houses,
according to iheir nspect with regard to
the sun, and that those ure decidodly tho
healthiest ccateris paribus, in which nil
tho rooms are, during some parts of tho
day; fully exposed to direct light. It is
a well known fact that epidemics attack
inhabitants on the shady side of tho street,
and totally except those on the other side;
and even in endemics, such os ague, the
morbid influence, is often thus partial in
A I'lttismit Itemed v.
Tho following curious prescription was
presented by a witty physician ot I'ans
to the husbund of a ludy, who was suffer
ing under melancholy and depression
iioin me want ot u lustiionable wardrobe.
The husband handed it to his wife un
read, and requested her to send for the
medicine. "Prescriptionor Madame de
S : A decoction of fifteen yards of
velvet: friction of the shoulders with new
new bonnets, the whole mixed up with
vigorous Blirnf vizites and on iiifnamn
pocket money to suit the taste of the p
np"Tho Courier says thut the follow
ing conundrum took the prize ot a gold
pencil at a late concert ot the sable liar
moniats in Cincinnati:
Why is Santa Anna like a wet da
Because he reigned as long as lie cou
and then mizzled.
This was stolen from either llnnl
Hood (we forget which) who said it
relution to George the Fourth. Why
snouia a man put himseit to the trouble
oi sieaung a conundrum to got a gold pe
cill Why not steal the pencil itself.
I7A punster waited several hours i
the door of a Mr. Snow in tha tnidr nf
heavy shower, in order to say to him, when
he come out. "Hail. Mr. Snow! if von on
out in the rain you will certainly be mist'
GEOBGB WEAVER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
Friday lHornlnc.Decem ber IT,
Christmas and Mew Yr Day.
We the undersigned, MercluuiU, Mechanic and
Shop Keepers of Laucaater, agree to suspend bu
siness od Christmas, Saturday the 25th instant,
and nil New Year's Day, January 1st, 1848.
Mnccracken & Gulbraith, Smith Si Toug, Mini
E. Murphy, Boberft Kuts, T. Cox, Bury & Beck,
Reiumuud. Soa & Beck, Boving & Graue, W.
Biniuger. W. g. Booty, Jame M. Prutt, Reed &
Buughmaii, J. C. Weaver, Kiukeud &, Doty. Ibhc
MiuenuiKor, UHies ac Loper, Springer & r ink
bone, Franci Lilly, Iaaac Comer. J. McCtellnnd
J. N. Little, John Work & Co., N. Youug. P. Bope,
John Kflingur & Co.
Laucaater, December 17, 1847.
Failure of mails.
During the paat week, the high waters have
disarranged the mail-service entirely and we
huidly know wlmt ia going on in the world around
us. To be sure, we have a large allure of rain
probably more than we are enlitlrd to; but the
clouda must, iu the order of nnture, be drained of
their contents, and then the waters will full
nud the mail will come. "In the memory of the
nldeat inhabitant," there hu not been a time aiuce
Nouh'a Ark floated upon the wutcrs of the 'great
deep" when we hud ruin for "forty days and forty
night until now
The Legislature bus bceu engiiged in receiving
memorials, receiving resolutions and prennrine
billa upon a hu ge vuriety of subjects; but no bill of
a geueral nature has us yet passed both houses
New Counties, the practice of Medicine, Doga
Hevision of tha Constitution. Dissolution of the
Union, Militiu Lows.School Lnwa,Capitul Punish
ment, License Laws, Banks and an almost endless
variety of topic is presented to the consideration
of the Legislature, most of which we hope for the
sukeof a short session, will be summarily disposed
In the House, Mr. Shuw ha introduced "a bill
to lay a tax npon the town ol Lancaster to pay the
indebtedness of Lancaster School district No. 1
Mr. Olds, the Senator from FAIRFIELD and
Pickaway, has been laboring to pas a law to
"prevent the collection of debt "
Resolutions have been offered, declaring the un
alterable and unyielding opposition of Ohio to the
ucquiiitiou of any slave territory.
Tli Governor'. Message.
Last week, we gave our readers tho Message ol
Gov. Bcbb. It possesses line great advantage
it brevity und on this account, will be perused
by every one
We have no objection to the Message. It
speak of stulo ufl'iiiis, presenting an ubxtruct of
the Governor's view, which, with one or two ex
ceptions, meet our hourly concurrence.
Compared with Polk' ponderous party paper,
the Message of Governor Bebb is suporioriii eve
8iuce our lust, we have received foreign intel
;ence by the Britannia. The commercial dis
tress, in Kugluiid, uppeurs to have reached its cul
minating point and bus lukon a change for the bet
ter. The prices of Breadstuff und provision are
about the same as brought by the last steamer
Ireland is still i is commotion.
The expectation of a civil war, in Switzerland,
The Pope is still moving onward in hi work
of reform, disregarding threats and preparing for
any opposition. I
Owing to tho failure of the mail, we have not
received, in time (or to-day's paper, a summary
of the general and political intelligence. At soon
as received, we will notice anything of impor
tance. Ireland. Switzerland and the Pope should have
the warmest sympathies of Americans for success
ill the cuuso of civil and political liberty.
Our Candidate for Governor.
A few weeks since, we expressed our prefer
ence for Col. Collier ovor all the Cundidate nam
ed. Since thut time, our attention has been direc
ted to Gen. Sanderson of thi pluce. For him we
iiiiw express our decided preference, and our
choice is backed by every individual, whom we
huve heard apeak upon tho subject. Gen. George
Sanderson is our mini.
Ho ia one of the oldest und most unflinching
Whigs in tho Stale. Through evil nud through
good report, he hu never hesitated to hear olofl
llio Banner of his party or hi country mid iu
the most trying times, though living in a district
decidedly Inenfoenith, he has uifTored hi name to
housed to hold together and add strougth to the
He is well ami favorably known throughout the
Slate he has filled several important public sta
tion with fidelity to the State and honor to him
self, and run, in addition to the strength of his
own party, enny with him a huge number of
From these considerations, we fling our banner
to the breeze inscribed on it, is ihe iiiiinn of "a
Whig, a whole Whig nud nothing but a Whig."
The I'.ditnrs of the Ohio Eaglt have embraced
every opportunity to slander those Minittora, who
considered it their duty, at the present time, to
preach against War. A peuce sermon, a real an
ti-Moxican War sermon, was delivered, iu this
town, on Thanksgiving day, and at it bu not yet
received u passing notice from 'ho hand of the
Editors, wa bog the privilege of calling their nt
tuition to it. That they have heard of it, we do
not doubt, It has been spoken of by almost ev
cry one, and cannot have escaped the ntteution of
llie Eagle men. We want no partiality In this
matter. If the EdiUir esteemed it llioir duty to
sluuder Ihe Rev. Mr. Anderson, it is e qually their
duty to slundor the pastor of any other denomina
Wo now cull their attention to the fact a peuco
sermon was preached ou thanksgiving day, in the
Catholic Church lending men of the democratic
party were there and heard it, and the Kditort ol
the Eagle have heard of it. Now, what is to be
done! Will the Eaglt men flinch from what they
call iheir diifjrf Row Mr. Anderson's sermon
wa nguiust War this one was against the Mex
Fosinire on Ncwsnancrs.
We are glad to perceive that Congress intends
to take notion upon tin subjoct. We do not be
lieve ihat there is an individual in Fairfield Conn
ty opposed to the repeul of that portion of the
lawot last winter taxing newspapers with pot
tage within thirty mile of the nlace of nnhlir..
tiou atleat,alliirein fuvor of graduating the pos
tage that the county pre will not be compelled to
pay fur the transmission of City newspapers.
Kvery paper, that ha spoken upon the tubjeot, it
m lavor ol repealing the obnoxious portion of the
law. Then let not Congress adjourn until the
will of the people it carried out.
And would it not be well for tha Ohio Legisla
ture, following the example of those of New York
and Vermont, to pats s resolution, recoinmendlug
our Senator and Representatives, in Congress, to
vote for It repeal?
Tlie President's Message.
A portion of the Message, we teut ia extras to
our subscribers, last "week the remainder wnS
be found ou the outside of to-days paper. The
txtras we obtained from the State Jvarnaoflice ;
the whole of it, owing to tome mistake, wa not
received in time. The transmission of the Presi
dent' Message from Philadelphia to Cincinnati,
with no hindrance of any consequence, by means
of the Magnetic Telegraph, is the tnott wonder
ful feat of that wonderful instrument and great
credit is due to the Cincinnati press for underta
king the enterprise.
For the benefit of those, who will uot take the
trouble to wade through the lengthy partizan
message of President Polk, we will give an ab-
sti-act of iu most important fculure.
He disavow any intention of carrying on this
war for the conquest of all Mexico ; he only wish
e a slice sufficient to pay the expense the
war and theclaiuis due to onrcilizensjbut be leaves
it to be inferred that future events may render
it necessary, iu his opinion, to take possession of
the whole ot Mexico and hold it for what pur
pose is not definitely stated; but the President,
doubtlessly, intended to leave his view to be so
derstood that, ut any future time, he may claim
all of Mexico as indemnity. Two-thirds of hit
Message is taken up in an elucidation of his views
upon this question und the remainder is devoted
to the finance, the Indian Tribe, to Foreign
Relution. to the propriety of constructing steam
ers by private enterprise but so under the control
of Government thut they muy be used for War
steamers when necessary.
The President recommends that a tax be laid
on Teu and Coffee, iu order that a lest loan muy
be required to meet the expenses of the War he
speaks highly of the Warehousing System of
the Tariff of '46 indeed any one, who bus read
a locofoco puper tor the lust year, hat ou exact
idea what Folk's Message consists of.
Mr. Polk.iu bit Measuge,ny what every one of
hi party papers huve said, thut the increased ex
portation of Grain und Flour to Great Britaiu and
other coutriea resulted from the passage of the
Tariff of '46. That a party paper should say this
is not surprising; but to see a President of this
model Republic, in his annual Message to the 'col
lective wisdom" of the nation, iu the hearing of
tho whole world, under the solemn injunction of
Ihe Constitution, utter this palpable lie, is shame
ful and will cause it author and through him the
country to become the laughing tick of the world.
We had intended to review thi Message in
somo of its essential feature this week, but will
have to defer it. It it not the Message of a
President it is the low, miserable production of
a demagogue, n third-rate Tennessee luwyer, who
by a specie ol'chiseling best known to the friend
of Van Buren and Wright, ha been elevated to
a position, to support which with dignity requires
the greatest minds of the nation. But experience
it a wise teacher and the people of"yaukoe land"
require but one poking to have their eye opened
and their eye-teeth cut.
A Falsehood Exposed Anew,
The Eagle, in commenting upon Clay' speech,
threatened to convict him of falsehood in one or
two particulars. The Editor of the Union under
took the sumo thing, together with a host of small
er dogs, when the Intelligencer, in a brief arlicla
thus expose the "exposure" and by reference to
the column of the Union completely puts down
every attempt to convict Mr. Clay of falsehood.
We doubt not but thuttimilur quotations might
be made from every Locofoco paper in the Uni
ted States to expose the blunder. The fuct it.
the Locofoco Editors are to "progressive" in their
notions, thut they never look buck to their files,
or they could not but discover their inconsisten
cies und blunders. The Intelligencer sayt:
The "Union," speaking of the Speech,
of which it had seen the report, charac
terizes the following as "a gross and un
"But instead of this pacific and mod
erate course, whilst Mr. Slidell was wend
ing his way to Mexico, with his diplo
matic credentials, General Taylor, was
ordered to transport his cannon, and to
plant them, in a war-like attitude, oppo
site to Mutamoras, on the east bank of
the Rio Bravo, within the very disputed
territory the adjustment of which was to
be tho object of Mr. Slidelf s mission.
But the error is en tho purt of the
'Union' and not of Mr. Clay. Mr. Slidell
must have been considered as on his way
to Moxico with his diplomatic credentials,
so long ns it was uncertain whether or
not he would be received bv Mexico in
bis diplomatic capacity. The order to
General Taylor to transplant his com
mand to the Kio Lrramle was civen before
uny information was received here of the
result of Mr. SlidelPs opplication to be
bo received. Without waiting for the
decision of the Mexican Government on
the question of rocoivinr; Mr. Slidell
whilst that question waspending, and the
Mexican Government imploring Tor time
--that is to gay, morethan two monthsbe-
fore Mr Slidell demanded his passports
Irom the Mexican Government Gen.
Taylor was ordered to march the army
under his command to the Rio Grande,
and simultaneously a strong; nuval force
was ordered to be assembled in the Gulf
of Moxico. It was not until the 15th of
April, full throe months after the order
was issued to Gen. Taylor und twenty
days after he began his march, that it was
known here (in this city) that Mr. Slidell
hud finally been refused to be received.
Nay, the file of the "Union" itself con
clusively exposes Ut own blunder in this
matter. Tho order to Gen. Taylorwas,
as we have said, issued on the 13th of
January. In the Union of February 10,
the Editor informed his readers not only
that Mr. Slidell had not been rejected,
but thafhe had been received with much
courtesy, and welcomed in the society of
the metropolis as an elegant and accom
plished gentleman. He had not yet been
received by tho Government in an offi
cial capacity; neither had Thkv df.clin-
KO HIS RECEPTION."
How often is it the case, thut when men begin
to retrench, tho first article or expense they lop
of it their county newspaper ! This wut the case
of a chap up in Seneca county, who, a few days
after, lost three dollars and two day's riding, by
not seeing an advertisement in the newspaper
that ha hud stopped. He saw the editor, ac
knowledged the corn und expressed it at hit de
termination to continue the pnper through life
To be sure thit it locking the stable after the
horse is stolen; but the precaution may save an
How foolish it it for man to tuy that he it too
poor to take a paper, which it of immense advan
tage to him, and at the tame time pay per year
from three to ten dollar for tobacco and egan,
which, if anything, are hurtful to him I "When
will men learn wisdom?" When will they obey
the injunction of Solomon and with "all their get
ting, get understanding!" ;
Ci We refer the reader to the proapectnt of the
"Utiio Cultivator." . :
We are compelled to put oar edition for the
morning mail to press, without nnj eastern new.
The mail ha failed for several evening and stage
nor mail, due last night, has yet come to hand.
The mail fuilures have deprived usof any intel.
ligence from Washington. Since our Inst, the or
ganization of the house has been completed.
E C. WisTHRor, Speaker.
T.J. CxurstLt, Clerk.
N. Siroxxnt, Sergt. at Arm:
R. E. Hoitsxit, Door Keeper,
J. M. Johnson, Pott Master .
All Whig except the latter. Hi election is
due to tome few fanatical, discontented Whigs,
and for the honor attendant upon their conduct,
we commend them to the loving embrace of the
The School Meeting,
The proceeding! of last Saturday evening will
be found in to-days pnper. It will be seeu that
a Committee were appointed to report to an ad
journed meeting to be held to-morrow evening.
We trust that every citizen of the town will be
at the Court House, at thut time. The object is
one of the greatest importance to Lancaster and
every Individual ought to attend the meeting iu
order that a full and fuir expression of the public
opinion may be had. What tubject is of more
importance to American parents than the educa
tion of their children?
The lait Imsvy rata have caused eonsiuerabla damme
We hav not heard from any section of the country save
Chilllcothe. Tlisre Ihe Gated says, Fences, hogs, roads
ana. u may He, creeks have been waited away. Be.
tween rikelon and Portsmouth, the culveris have been
washed away, leaving chasm in the pike, from 10 lo 30
foot deep. Tne Canal, too, will he injured. The Gaxtttt
W e trust Hint the damages will not sum up to largely as
now apprehended ; bul, at lust. Ihe loss lo Hits Valley
musl,lie very ifreaf The Interruption of navigation, at
this busy seajon. is peculiarly embarrassing to packers and
others: -hut llille pork, compared with Ihe whole crop, in
litis srclion, having been shipped Ihrough to Portsmouth.
Whea llie above was wrluen, the worst had not yet
Hocking, little Hocking, too, put on her "mad cap'' and
went booming down like a small river. We tfiave not
heard what amount of dumnge hoi been done ; bul we pre
sume lhat some of llie "Huckle berry knobs" have been
At the ti of this writing, Thursday. 8 o'clock, the
snow is lulling fail-It has bnen culling the same csner all
niehl and If it continues, those little towns in valloys,
ciiuncoine, rikelon, Portsmouth, will have the sutisfurllon
of knowing that snow Is ss likely to envelope towns on a
hill as in hollow.
fcJ-Gso. H. Coltob, Esq, the nhle end accomulished ed.
ttorof the "American Review." died, in New Vork City.
a few days ago, of typhus fever. Yet in Ihe very prime of
me, ne was t ripe scholar, an excellent poet and bid fair
for a life of Invaluable service to his country, her politics
and littraiure hut death has intervened and cut short his
career. He was only 28 year of aze.
The Scioto Gazette.
On the 3d. of January next the publisher! of
thu pnpor intoud issuing a daily. By thut time
the Telegraph to that place will be iu full opera
tion, and we doubt uot thut the citizen of the
'wicientMetropoli',ofOhio will liberally sup
port a daily paper. Right glud will we be to hear
of pecuniary and political success attending the
enterprise of friends Ely & Allen.
Some person has paid the publisher of the "Lo
gan Gazette" for two and a half yean subscrip
tion, in advance! Bear up under your affliction,
liicnd Hubbard, and with a little effort, we think
you will be able to kee, out of the hands of Dr.
By the way, does not this account for tho can
didate for presidency at the mast-head ofthe pu
EP"Dr. Oldt seouis determined to have the
Legislature abolish all lawt for llie collection of
debt and make the creditor depend upon thcAonor
of the debtor. Wonder if the Doctor it in debt I
A large majority seem in lavor of holding the
Convention tome time in January. That is Jthe
time. Let the State Central Committee delay
the cull no longer.
A young man, by the usme of John Davy, wot
drowned, by fulling into a lock near Baltimore
on friday, Ihe 10th iust. He wu engaged a a
driver on the Canal.
His body wn lukon out and carried to Bulti
more.where it wa buried at the request and most,
ly ut the expense of Capt. Thomas McKinzy, in
whose employ he wns at the time of the accident
A tmull leuthor trunk und a fow articles of cloth
thing, belonging to he young man, was left by
the Cuptuin, iu the possession of Mr. J. 8. Neol,
of Baltimore, to be given to any friends of the
deceased, who msy cull for them.
It it thought that tho young mun's parents live
somewhere in the neighborhood of Mount Veruou.
Mount Vernon papers plenso copy
CiTLost week we were tuxed with pottage on
two letter one tolling ut to discontinue our pa
per, tho other lending ut a"lhaukye" job. We
pay uo attention to such communications.
tV"A broker, of the name of Goo. Miller, ha
committed forgeries , in Boston, to the amount of
$80,000 to 100,000. After the discovery, the
forger fled, leaving behind him an interesting
'Hie Pyramid of War.
The "Halls of the Montezuma" echo
to the wild shout of victory! The cup
of glory is at last full. We have arrived
at the goal of our ambition. Let us stand
upon the hill tops and look down upon
the paths we have ascended, and the
monumental pyramids by the way. Let
us only gaze upon the "mortal remains"
ofthe killed and wounded, leaving the
crowded hospitals outofview.
HI O N T E H E Y-3001
VEUA C'ltUZ CITY-ITO!
CER1IO GOKDO 700!
CITY Or MEXICO 100!
There now, reader.ce thousand two
hundred andteventymon struck down in
regular battles, without computing the
loss iu skirmishes and from sickness. Be
sides this, we have created a nntional debt
of ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, to say
nothing of MILLIONS OF PROPER
TY, lost and captured by the enemy!
This is the first act of the grand drama,
the new glories f which are yet to be
seen, and unfolded as this lovely war pro
gresses. Jonesborough (Ten.) Whig.
Yea, ibis is the ''first act'' en our tide now lot
the Mexican build their "Pyramids of War" and
expose their lot of life, their weeping parent,
wives and children; then the ''first act," iu thit
bloody drama, will be complete, and while hu
manity gate upon the picture, lot her eye rest
upon James K. rolkthe author of all this ex
pente and bloodshed expense incurred and blood
wasted for whatl That a new element might
be mixed into a party, fust tottering to its
final end. Oh! bloody War. What slight causes
tometime bring npon the world thy curse !
Blast Meeting. I
Iu Wednesday's Ohio 8tate Journal, we find an
addrew fi-om tho State Central Commute to the
Whig of Ohio, calling upon them to meet, at
Columbm, on the 19th Jan. 1848, iu Muss Meet
ing, to nominate a Candidate for Governor, (elect
State Presidential Electors, and provede for end
ing delegates to the National Whig Conveution.
We will publish the addres next week,
LS" We have not yet received our lute Eastern
paper. What new we have received from Con
gress it of little importance. The 8enate has or.
rlored the printing of 10,000 copies of the Presi
dent's Message alone uud 5,000 .with the docu
ments. IT?" We have no newt from the Seat of War,
uot even a rumor.
tJtrThe cause of the detention ofthe mail, wa
the upsetting of Ihe stage between Someisot and
Zauesville, by which one young man was severely
injured. " '
For the Lancaster Gazette.
Mr. Editor: The statements made on
last Saturday evening, of the condition of
our schools tilled me with astonishment
and grief. 1 asked myself can these things
be, und believed them only upon the tes
timony of those who had seen. Surely
they are not common, but very uncom
mon Schools if even half of what was sta
ted be true. The citizens of this Town,
I am confident cannot be aware of the
the true condition of things, or the rem
edy would lontr since have been applied.
As they now are, they are a stigma upon
the Towu and hot-beds of disease and
death. Iam glad that public attention
has been drawn to this important subject
and trust that the result will be the remov
al of the evils under which we suffer.
Why shall this Town forever be be
hind all other Towns in the great work
of education? Why shall petty bicker
ings and soctional jealousies divide us up
on a subject of such momentous impor
tance! Why snail "change ' and "im
provement" be resisted and hooted at,
merely because they are advocated by
some who did not draw their first breath
in the Valley of the Hockhocking? Why
will we persist iu tho wrong when we
know the right, merely because the ideas
of improvement were not the coinage of
our own mains!
These Mr. Editor are questions I wish
every man to put to himself, honestly and
candidly, and if so dune 1 have no fears
for the response. Away, then, I say with
the doctrine that we are to let this subject
take care of itself and find if possible a
'still lower deep' away with the fallacy
that we aie,to do as our Fathers did and
thus closo our eyes to all improvements,
beside the narrow, contracted and dis
graceful sentiment that no man shall
speak or act unless born on this soil and
last but not least mark mark I say, that
man who ruises that cry everin the mouths
of Demagogues "the Rich against the
If there are evils in our Schools, lei
every man say "they shall be removed."
Let us no longer be unjust to our chil
dren, no longer cheat ihem out of their
rights. Are ihey not dearer to us than
all else beside, "bone of our bone
and flesh of our flesh" and who will
now falter or be intimidated, by
the cry of "innovation" from rendering to
them their due.
It is our dearest privilege to educate
them - thoroughly and correctly. Soon
their season of improvement will be past,
soon we shall be in our graves and they
will be in our places and soon they will
develope the result of a good or bad edu
cation. Now, now then is the time to act
not stingily and with faltering steps, but
generously and promptly.
Utir children plead tor it, our country
demands it. A FATHER.
Pursuant to public notice the citizens
of Lancaster, convened at the Court
House on Saturday evening, Dec. 11th,
to take into consideration the condition of
the Common Schools of the Town.
On motion Geo. H. Smith was annoin
ted Chairman and Wm. Slade Secretary.
Ihe following resolutions offered by H.
C. Whitman Esq. and seconded by II. H.
Robinson were, after considerable dis
llesolved, I hat the present Organiza
tion ofthe Common Schools of this Town,
is defective and imperitively calls for
Resoloed, That a Committee of fifteen
be appointed by the Chairman of this
meeting, with fall powers, either per
sonally or through a sub-committee, to
visit and inquire into the condition of
Resoloed, That said Committee shall
mature and present to an adjourned meet
ing somo plan for the better and more ef
ficient organization of said Schools, and
should additional legislation be necossa
ry, said Committee shall Report a Peti
tion to the Legislature, for the considera
tion ot said meeting.
Resolved, That said Committe have
power to appoint such sub-committees as,
in their opinion, may be necessary.
Resolved, That when this meeting ad
journ, it adjourn to meet at this place, on
(Saturday evening, Dec. loth, ut6 o clock
P. M., at which time said Committe will
Under the 2d Resolution the Chair ap
pointed me loitowing nnmou uuiitlomen,
as tnembors of the Committee.
II. C. Whitman, H. H. Robinson,
J. M. Biglow,
J. D. Martin,
Wm. Slade, Jr,
Rev. W. Cox,
J. U. Giesy,
On motion it was ordered that the pro
ceedings of this meeting be published in
tne papers ot the lown.
Adjourned to Saturday evening De
GEO. H.SMITH, Chairman.
Wm. Si.ade, Secretary.
OrA general law, incorporating Tel
egraph Companies, has passed the Sen
ate of Ohio.
t" When you asperse your neighbor's
character, remomber that the blot will
soon disappear from his character while
jt will stick last to yours
tySociETY, like shadod silk, must be
viewed in all situations, or its colors will
STrue friendship is a rore plant,
aim a gem wen worth possessing.
B?A correspondent of the Ne w York
Herald, who is generally woll poated,
thus writes r
Washington, Nov. 29, 1847.
Mexico The prospect of Peace onct more.
The proof of the pudding is demon
strable in the mnstification thereof;
Now, Sir, the result will bear us out ii
the position which we look in Nov. 1845r
upon tho Oregon question. Very few
men ventured the opinion at that ray,
that this government could, would, or
should fall back upon 49; but it was done.
History bears us out in that proposi
tion. We have ventured another upon this
Mexican question, and we reiterate it, tc
wit: that there will be peace with Mexi
co before the adjournment of the ap
proaching session of Congress; and that,
should Mexico continue without a recog
nized government, and without accepting
from, or proposing, terms of peace to tha
United States, the defensive line policy
will be adopted.
The people expect that this Congress,
at the first session, will close the war,
and the question of taxation will produce
a cohesion that will accomplish the work.
Of course,. this is only an opinion, but
we desire it to be recorded.
Mr. Gallatin. A friend who fre
quently sees Mr. Gallatin, calling on him
at noon on Thanksgiving day, found the
venerable statesman asleep in hisLibrary.
On awking he said the day was a holi.
day for him as well as for others and that
he felt like a school boy just releived
from his task. The writing of his pam
phlet on the Mexican war had been a
great exertion to him, and the day pre
vious, when dictating the closing part to
his amanuensis, he fell asleep in his chair.
Having been occupied ten days in wri
ting, and in haste to finish his remarks,
before the meeting of Congress, he had
performed too severe a task, and felt
greatly fatigued in consequence. Thanks
giving day, therefore, he determined to
rest, and was quietly passing the day
without mental labor, an unusual thing for
him, for, with the exception of the Sab
bath, he had occupied himself daily ei
ther in writing himself or in dictating to
his amanuensis. Prov. R. I. TVant. .
Gen. Taylor has Arrived. This an
nouncement will be received with a thrill
of joy by every citizen of New Orleans,
and the burst of enthusiastic welcome
with which we greet him here, will find
an echo in the hearts of his countrymen
throughout the entire extent of the Re
public, The General, surrounded by his staff,
arrived at the Barracks below the city
last evening, having been brought up the
river, by the Mary Kingsland, which was
sent down for this purpose. Maj. Bliss,
Maj. Eaton, and Capt. Garnett, of his per
sonal staff, Col. Belknap and other dis
tinguished officers accompany him. At
the Barracks his family awaited his re
turn. N. O. Picayune, December 1st.
tMr. Polk in his message, speaks of
the beautiful operations ofthe Sub-treasury,
and recommends its continuance. Wo
present the following as a sample of it
beauties, which we find in the St. Louis
Republican, Nov. 25:
Sub-Treasury Operation The Sub
Treasury in this city was replenished
yesterday by the reception of about $390,
000 from the Sub-Treasury at Chicago.
It was a very petty sum, and required
only eight or ten persons to guard it en
the route. Of course, it cost nothing tr
pay them for the time employed no loss
by land or water.
A Newspaper in a Family. One of
the greatest advantages of a newspaper
to a family of children, is, the constant
stimulus which the facts and statements
it contains gives to the acquisition of his
torical, scientific, and geographical knowl
edge. Who then, that is a father, will be
so penurous, not to say unnatural, as to
refuse the tender objects of his affection
and responsibility, such an important aid
to their advancement? -
Never Countenance Profanity. If
you happen to be in company where the
talk turns into part obscenity, scandal,
folly, or vice of any kind, you had better
pass for morose and unsocial among peo
ple whose good opinion is not worth hav
ing, than shock your own conscience by
joining in conversation you must disprove
A venerable lady of a celebrated phy
sician in the city, one day casting her eye
out of the window, observed hor husband
in the funeral procession of one of his
patients, at which she exclaimed, "I do
wish my husband Would keep awaj from
such precessions it appears too much
like a tailor carrying home his own work.'
lsTh is stated that, when the road to
the city of Mexico shall be opened, up
wards of20 millions of dollars worth, of
merchandise will be thrown into the in
terior. If so, this amount of importations
will help amazingly to pay the expenses
of the war. For foreign goods the Mexi
cans will pay any price. flat. Whig.
The War. Of the multitude of cler
gymen ia the city and neighborhood, who
preached on Thanksgiving day, we are
told that every one who spoke of the war
heartily condemned it as unchristian and
unnatural. A fact like this from the Pul
pit to the People, needs no comment.
It's a Fact. A western paper says
that young ladies who are accustomed to
read newspapers, are always observed to
have winning ways, most admirable dis
positions, invariably made good wives,
and always selected good huabands. A
truer thing never was said !
t"Santa Auna let loose two thousand
scoundrels from the prisons when our ar
my entered Mexico." Boston Post. , .
But who lot loose jha Prince of tho
gang, Santa Anna himself? Alb. Jour,
Genuine Bull. It is stated that when
Miss Edgeworth's Essay on Irish Bulls
appeared, the Farming Society of Ire
land, supposing the work to relate to the
kind of animal called by that name, or
dered twenty copies.
v CM. Arago states that there is in
Siberia an entire district where, during
the winter, the sky is constantly clear.and
where a single particle of snow never