NE SERIES VOL.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MOUSING BY
Jo ii x if. .wnion t.
Vicie.TllmnJg8 Buildings Third Floor
y : ' opposite J. & J. C. Maccrackeu's Slore.
: TifRsts Foi'oneyear,eiAiiiaJi!anff,$2 00
v'' Within the year..... .......2 50
. " After the expiration of the yer,.i....,3 00
INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS. .
Ten copies, to one address, cash in ad
Br'.: ""..;...............17 50
; Auj larger number in the sums proportion.
. ADVEBTISLNQ. , .
One square, one insertion .,.,.$0 50
" " . three insertions,.'..... .... .1 00
Each contiimnnnA ' oi
fcjrA liberal discount will be made to yearly
CpVOD WORK neatly and promptly executed
.' Agents for Hie I,aucnsier llazetfe.
MilltrMpert: E. Vitnce
OrunJIeld T; Walter McFar.
Jfe Salnv Dr. M D. Brock
ricHnugi: A. Brlijhl.Jr
Jeffincn: David Jiainlns;
Litkapnlitt Lewis Hubor
lanu j'lininas Lltllerutld
PUUM Tt T.P. Aahhronk
a( RiiMhvitU; Dnvid Baker
CU mektti,r: Dr. Potter
f .XuAmMi; IN. B. Collision
0rmn HeerV Aahhniiah
Atcniue: win P.Tminent
Jlmndi! Nathan i. W or rail
-fwniuia 7. Wm. Aahbrook
Ctnvllj William P. Hrek
Jtil: Hanrv Laonnrtl
Jn. 7V J. llall.B. Ulack
Hern r. James K. Pesrc
Pfri-n: Levi Friend
.Muiim IV I. E. Koonis
Clttnntlt; Col.W. Hamilton
O'amille: P. K Haiermsn
Jtaliinwre; H. L Nicely
&M-r, rhtwlil tfaultt
V. B. Palmik, Esq., General Af ent for Hie Eastern Cllles
T? HE 8 11 U HI V A a
' AT, THE
FIRST DOOR EA8T OF THE
THE subscriber is now receiving new and
unprecedented supply of
FALL & -.WINTER GOODS,
in all the variety necessary to the publio wants,
which will be sold unusually low. Wholesale and
' Betail. for Cash or County Produce, Consisting in
part of SUPERFINE, MEDIUM and COMMON
Cloths, Cassimercs, Sn line is,
Jeans, Heavy Tweeds; Rich Ribbed and Heavy
Beaver, Felts and Pilot Cloths, for Over Coats.
1 Also, a large supply of SILK VALENTIA and
8, 10, II & 12-4 Blankets; Flannels of all kinds
Comforts, Bleached and Brown Muslins
Fur and Common HATS and CAPS
Silk and Cotton Handkerchiefs'
Silk, Ginglmm and Cotton Umbrellas
Gloves, Hosiery, Curpet Warp, long reeled Cot
ton. Yarn, &c. dec. .
Also.a large supply of superior warranted Calf,
Kip and Common BOOTS.LACES & BROGANS
A few pieces choice Wool . Carpeting, new and
" Cotton ' do "
" . " ' Sluir Carpeting, and lot of superior
. Hearth Ruga
HEADY MADE CLOTHING,
o good supply, nt moderate prices.
" In purchasing this superior Stock of Goods, the
subscriber has not forgotten to provide must am
ply for the wants of . .
Among which may be enumerated in the Silk,
Worsted and Cotton liner a large lot of the most
superior, pluin, Satin striped and plaid aud
SILK WArtPJED ALPACAS,
Figured, Delisle, Cameleon, Changeable and Om-
bray, do .
Vienna, Britania, Union Silk Plaids and Cash-
.mere De Corsa. for Dresses - "
Gala, Juvenile and Rob Roy Fluids for Dresses
. aud Cloaks
Fancy, Blue and Scarlet Woollen Plaid Cloaking
4-4 and 6-4 wide
An unusually large and splendid lot of $-4 aud 4-4
French, Engltah. Scotch and Italian ' '
'' An unusual large and splendid lot of
CHINTZES, PRINTS & DELAINES,
at all prices, including Linens, Lawus, Thrend,
Cotton and Silk Laces. Edgings and Insertings,
Silk Bullion, Sheaf Head ami Mohair Fringes
Jet aud Silk Buttons, assorted
Cords, Taaaols, Merino aud other Hosiery .
GLOVES. Linon and Silk Handkerchiefs '
Swiss and other Mualiu
Worked and Turn bored Chemezetts and Collars
White Goods of all kinds, and a supply of Butter
fly aud other Iluir.Dress aud Shell Side Combs
The most beautiful M & 10-4 Broche, Cuahmere,
figured nnd printed Cuahmere, Net, Knib'd
Cashmere. French plaid & striped worsted and
woollen Shawlt, ever brought to this country
L ' Kibbons:
A large supply for Winter use, including figured
and the moat delicately wrought VEL VE T.
Also, FLOWERS to suit. "
v" " Shoes: ,
A fine supply of Ladies and Misses Polkas, Laces.
Buskius, Ties and Slippers; Ladies aud Misses
Rubber Buskins and Over-Shoes
Also, on hand, a full supply of GROCERIES,
. consisting in part of
Teas, Coffees, 'Wines, Liquors, Spices,
2nd Door East oftle"Swan Hotel,''
is also well stocked with a great variety of CHINA
and GLASS- W A R E, including a supply of
. Flowing Blue: also, with a general assortment of
The Stock of Goods referred to, was laid in
with the greatest cure, is most full and complete,
and will cover every demand to all which the
public attention is requested.'
All kinds of Produce, for which Cash or Goods
ia exchange will be given.
' T. V. WHITE,
Lnncaster, October 29, 1847. . 25
Wheat! Wheat!! Wheat!!!
A LARGE QUANTITY OF WHEAT wanted
BttheABrV Ci.W STOREi 1st Door
East of the "SWAN HOTEL," for which the
Cash will br paid on delivery.
" ' T. U. WHITE.
. Lancaster, October29, 1847. .- 35
SI'KINGER & ri.KHOL,
i Fashionable Tailors. .
SHOP In Sbscfler's Building, one door East of
the Tallmadge House. : .
. Lancaster, June 11, 1847, . 5 .
si? uisc; rsiiY6i
WOULD respectfully inform the public, thnt
he has removed his Shop to Foster's Brick
Building, iu the room formerly occupied by J,
Work & Co., as a Shoe Shop, directly above G.
Kauffman's Drug Store, where be wilt still con
tinue to carry on the
in all its various branches. ' His work will be done
in the neatest - and most substantial manner aud
I prices to anil the times , ..
Country Produce of all kinds, taken, in ex
change for work ' -i
Lancuster, April 23, 1847 -! tf50 '
. , Cheap Watches. . ,
PERSONS wishing to purchase good Gold or
Silver Watch, as cheap as they can in the
Eastern cities; are iuvitcd to examine the exten
sive assortment for sale by -"
v GATES & COSPER.
Tallmadge House, Lancaster, June 18, 1847. :
For sale at the Gazette 4 Express Olfice
2. NO. '33!
The best Mechanical Paper in the World.
THE "SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN,"
Published at 128 Fulton St., New. York, is admits
t ted by all to be the best Mechanical
publication in the World.
IT has attained a larger circulation tbuu all the
other Mechanical papers published in America,
combined, and possesses such facilities for obtain,
fug the latest intelligence on Scientific subjects
from all ports of the world that no publication of
the kind can compete with iL
Each number contains from FIVE to SEVEN
ORIGINAL MECHANICAL ENGRAVINGS of
tlie most important invcutious; a catalogue of
fuH&iuuAn rAi r,N ia, ns issued from the Pa
tent Office eack week: uoticea of the nrnmu nf
ou new MbuiiAniUAb ami BUKIN TIK1C in
ventions; instructions in the various ARTS and
TRADES, with ENGRAVINGS; curious PHILO
SOPHICAL and CHEMICAL experiments; the
alum nsanusM 1 1 tLLIUEINUK tu KU
ROPE and AMERICA; all the different ME
n An i u l, mu v v. m t.r I B. dud is led in a aeries
and ILLUSTRATED with more than A HUN
DRED ENGRAVINGS, &c. &o.
It is published weekly iu QUARTO FORM.
oouveuitiitlv odanted to BINDING. and furnished
to Country Subscribers at the LOW PRICE of
l wu UOLARS A YEAR ONE DOLLAR IN
ADVANCE, and the remainder iu Six Months.
Address, ' MUNN &, CO Publishers,
POST PAID. New York.
Bound volumes of the Scientific American con
taining 416 pages of choice reading matter aud
illustrated with more thou 3C0 engravings of new
inventions, for sale at the office. Price f2,75.
ISew York, December 3, 1347. ' 30
ASSORTED, fioin8 by 10 to 21 by 25, for
snle by - GEOTIGE KAUFFMAN.
Luucaster, August 20, 1847. 15
THE HIGHEST PRICE iu CASH will be
giveu for FLAX-SEED by
Lancaster, Augnst20, 1847. 13
.1 13 ST UECIilVIiO
AND FOR 8AI.K, .
OA KEGS PURE WHITE LEAD, aud
OU 5 Barrels LINSEED OIL, by
Lancaster, Aug. 13 1847. 14
K Bags Green mid Yellow RIO COFFEE;
iJ 3 Bogs BLACK PEPPER;
YOUNG HYSON and IMPERIAL TEAS, Sic.
,Forsuleby . GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, August 13, 1847 , ; ., 14,
10 Barrels Tanner's Oil.
JUST received and for sale by
GEORGE KAUFFMAN. -
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. 14
CALL AT THE
OLD DRUG STORE
AND see a fresh supply of DRUGS uud MB
D1CINE8 rAINTS and DYE-STUFFS,
rorsulolow. GEORGE KAUFFMAN. v
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. 14
10 Barrels Water Lime.
BEST QUALITY, for sale by -
. GEORGE KAUFFMAN."
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. 34
LAX-SEED OIL300 Gallons of
clear Flax-Seed Oil, iust received and for sale
by . - BURY & BECK.
Lancaster, July 9, 1847. -9
A Greater quantity than ever to be bad nt '
' GATES & COSPER'S.
June 18, 1847. . - ' '
AV. It. KAAIKIIV,
Attorney at Law nnd Solicitor in Chancery.
OFFICE IN FOSTER'S BRICK BUILDING,
iu the Room recently occupied by Charles
Borland, Esq. Entrance, one dnor west of KauQ
man's Dnig Store, Muin Street, Lancuster, Ohio.
Muy J4( 1847. Itf
JOHN Dt MARTIN,
K. P. EFF1NGER,
HI AIM I A; EFIT3IGE1S,
Attorneys and Counsellors ai Law.
OFFICE In Foster's Brick Building.
Lancuster, Ohio, Jnne 11, 1847, ' S
1 HAVE FOUND 1T. Eureka. '
CONSUMPTION CAN BE CURED
' or vsiNd
Dr. Duncans Expectorant R.mcilr,
Cincinnati, 0., March 3d 1847.
Dear Sir. This is to certify to the public, par
ticularly to those ufUicted with a disease of the
Lungs, or tossUMrnoN, that in the Spring of
1843 I wus uttacked with a sevove cold, which
soon became seated upon my Lungs, showing alt
tne symptoms oi un approaching Consumption.
Mvcongh was tight and troublesome, attended
with copious uiuht sweats; I spit up duilv a con-
siderable quantity of blood mixed with thick dark
matter. My situation become serious and alarming.-
Dunns; this time'l was attended bv two of
our most skillful Physicians, they did the best they
could for me, wheu nt length, they gave np all
Hopes ot my recovery, uilorruiiig me that nothing
more could bo done that mv lunas were futnllv
diseased, and beyond remedy, I was then per
suaded by a friend of mine to'mnke a trial of DR.
DUNCAJV8 EXPECTORANT REMEDY, which
my Physicians persisted against, saying thnt this
uiemciue would do no goou, and would still add
more to my sullerine. I told thorn it was mv Inst
and only hope, aud that if 1 must die of the dis
ease, (which was evident to me.) there would be
nothing lost. So I sent to the Cincinnati Office,
and obtained 5 bottles of this truly valuable medi
id, an 1 commenced using according to the di
rections, which instead of adding to my suflbring,
immediately gave me relief, lit once arresting the
troublesome Cough; easing the pain and tightness
in my Chest; giving me a new lire and strength,
which soon enabled me to be about again. This
medicine coutiuued its good work, which it so no
bly commenced, until I wus mude a sound man.
I have since been attending to my business, (up
wards of 3 years) Dud feefas healthy as I wish,
t have recommended Dr. Duncan't Expectorant
Remedy in many instances to those similarly afflic
ted, and it has always proved successful so fur us I
have witnessed its effects." My sister is using this
medicine at present, for a Ditratcd Liver and an
ArricnoN or ths Ldnos. which aha hail suffer
ed with for some time; she has nearly recovered
by the use of this medicine, and I am confident
the 6 bottles that I take with me to-day will en
tirely cure ber. , I am sorrv to know that there
are thousands of valuable persous wasting away
wuu me areauiuiacairoyer tUiBUMrTION.
Were it only possible for Nthose to procure this
medicine iu time, before it be too late, many lives
might be prolonged and their families and rela
tions agaiu rendered happy. This medicine will
cive instant relief, at the same time arrest the hard
and paiufut Cough, remove the tightness iu the
Inest; give strength to the uleeble.u and emacia
ted frame, and in most cases, am ,certain, will
perform a perfect cure.
ANDREW J FELTER. " '
' Montgomery, Hamilton Connty, Ohio,
N. B. Those who may not be acquainted with
me I refer to the undersigned, citizens of Mont
gomery, Hamilton county, ,0.;, they will at any
time substantiate the above statements,
.NORMA Brownwill, ,:
. . ' CAPT. J. SflDIR.
' -ftDr. Duncan's Western O Alee, ISO .
Sycamore at, where this valuablo Medicine can
always be obtained. Advice riven gratu.
For sale by Macocracken St Galbrsith, Lancaster
Lancaster, November 19, 1847, . 6w28.
illajor 3atk Domning.
i . . From th National Intelligencer..
iccond Despatches from fttHjor
' . . : Downing.
IIiaDqcarters, Mtxico, new addition to
'' ' Ae United Stale; October, 25, 1847
Mr. CJaleb Sc Sevton: My dear old
riond, Ginoial Scott and I find a good
daal of bollier about getting our despatch
es through to Vera Cruz, or else you'd
hear from roe oftener. I do think the
President is too backward about clearin
out this road from here to Vera Cruz and
keeping it open, and introducing the im
provements into the country that we stand
so much in need heie. He and Mr.
Ritchie pretonds to have constitutional
scruples about it.and says the constitution
dont allow of internal improvements, and
Mr. Ritchie says the resolution of '98 is
dead agin it too; and, besides, Mr. Ritchie
says these internal improvements is a
Federal doctrine, and he'd always' go
agin 'em for that if nothing else. : tut 'tis
strange to me the President hasn't never
found out yet that where there's a will
there 'a a way, constitution or noconsti
tution. All he's got to do is to call all
these roads round heie in Mexico "mili
tary roads," and then he'd have the con
stitution on his aide, for every body knows
the constitution allows him to make mili
tary roads. I know the President is very
delicate about fringing on the constitu
tion, so I don't blame him so much for
holding back about the internal improve
ments here in Mexico, thouch I dont think
there's any other part oftheUnited States,
where they are needed more. But
there's no need of splitting hairs about
the roads; military roads isn't internal
improvements, and he's a right to make
military roads as much as he pleases.
And as them is just the kind of roads we
want here, and shall want for fifty years,
(tor our armies will have to keeo march
ing about the country for fifty years before
they'll be able to tamo these Mexicans,
and turn 'em into Americans,) it is con
founded strange to me that the Presi
dent is so behind hand about this busi
ness. What s the ' use of our going on
and annexin away down south here, if he
dont back us up and hold on to the slack?
And there's no way to hold on to it but
to keep these military roads opon so our
armies can go back and forth and bring
us in victuals and powder and shot and
Here we've been, weeks and weeks
since we annexed the city of Mexico,
waiting and holding on for the President
to send us more men and money, and tell
us what to do next. This backwardness
of the President since -we got into the
city of Mexico seems more strange to me,
considering. For, when he was fixin
me off to come put hero and see if I could
make a settlement with Santa Anna, I
tried to persuade Inm to let the armies
hold still while I was making the bargain.
1 told him he never could bring a man to
reason or to trade, when he was knock
ing of him down all the time. But I
couldn't make him seem to understand it.
He stood to it his way was tliabest the
sword in one hand and peace in tother,
all the way along a word and ablow and
the blow always first.
. "Why, Major Downing," says ho, "if
you want to reason a man into a peace,
that's another thing; but if you want to
conquer a peace, my way Is the only way.
That's the way I ' begun this war, and
that's the way I meau to carry it out."
'.'How so?" says I; "how did you begin
the war in tbnt way?" ,
. " Why'sayshe'Slidell was the word,
nnd Tayler was the blow; and not only
my friends; but even my enemies, admit
that the blow come first.'1
The President said that was the rule
he had gone by all the way along, and ho
meant to stick to it; and not hearing any
thing from him so long, I'm afraid he's
got a notion that , peace is conquered.
But that would be a bad mistake,, if he
has gflt such a notion; for it isn't conquer-
ed; its only scattered. It's a good deal
as twas with Bill Johnson, when he and
I was boys, and he undertook to conquer
a hornet's nest, oxpectin to got lots of
honey. He took a club and marched
bravely up to it and hit it an awful dig,
and knocked it into a thousand flinders.
"There, blast ye'" says Bill, "I guess
you're done to now;" as he begun to look
round for the honey. But he soon found
'twas n't conquered, 'twas only scattered.
And presently they bagun to fly at him
and sting him on all sides. One hit him
a dab on the arm, and another on his log,
and another in his face. At last Bill
found he should 'soon be done tu himself
if he staid there, so he cut and run.
"Hullo," says I, Bill, wheie's your hon
"Darn it all, says he, "if I hatnt got
no honey, 1 knocked their house to
pieces; 1 ve got th at to comfort me."
1 wish you would try and convince the
President 'tis only scattered here: 'tis n't
conquered, and he must give us the
means to keep moving, or ..we shall get
badly stung bime-by. . If he only backs
us up well, I II pledge myself that we 11
carry out the campaign marked out in
my last despatches,' which . would bring
us clear down to Cape Horn in four or
five years; and I'm very anxious to get
there.it strikes me thai it would be such
a good horn to hold on to in all dilemmas,
even if all the rest of the country . went
by the board. I dreampt tother night
that we had got through annexing all
North and South America; and then I
thought our whole country was turned,
into a monstrous great ship of war, and
Mr. Polk the Captain. And the captain
was walking the deck with his mouth sliet,
and every body was looking at him and
wondering what ha was going to do next.
At last he sung out, "put her about; we'll
sail across now and take - Europe and
Asia and Africa in tow don't stop for
bird's-egging round among the West In
dia Islands; we can pick them up as we
come back along crowd, all sail now
and let her havs it." ..'
Away we want: I never sea a ship sail
faster. The wind begun to blow harder
OHIO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1817.
and harder, and then it come an awful
storm, and at last it blowed a perfect har
rycane. The sails begun to go to flitters,
and she rolled as if she was going to up
set. Some of the oldest and best sailors
among the crew told the captain we should
all go to destruction if he didn't take in
sail, and furl and clew up, and get things
tight, and bring her bead round to ihe
wind., Mr. Ritchie was standing by his
side, and says he, "Captain Polk, them
is all nothing but Federal lies, as I've
shown hundreds of times, not only in the
Union, but years and years ago in the
Enq uirer. Them fellers onlv want to
give aid and comfort to the enemy; dont
pay any attention to 'em. Here's tha
chart, (he held up in his hand the resolu
tions of '98.) sail by this and I'll risk her
on any tack and all weathers."
Un we went, lickity-split, the harrv-
cane blowed harder, the timbers begun
to cracK, tne tails split to ribbons, some
of the spars begun to snap and go by the
board, and then all at onco there was a
a terrible cry of "breakers ahead!" The
Captain thenjumped as if lie was wide
awake; and, says he, "call all hands and
put her about." But when the officers
cume to give orders to the crew, not one
of them would mind or pay any attention.
The whole crew was in a mutinv: and the
ship was so large and the crew auch a
mixed up mess of all soits of folks that
there was more thamwenty different mu
tinies all at once in 'different parts of the
Well," says Captain Polk. "I wash
my hands of this mischief; if the crew
wont turn to help, the ship must go ashore.
i Den an old sailor spoke up and said:
"All the crews in the world could'nt do
any good now; the ship was dished and
must be plumped on the rocks, her sails
and spars were eone, the timbers snrunc
and the hold already half full of water."
in a lew minutes she struck, and the rocks
gored a hole through her side, and the !
water poured in, and down she sunk low
er and lower, till at lust she gave one
mighty guggle, and plunged all under
the water, except a piece of the bowsprit
that still stuck out. The storm and the
waves swept over her, and the whole
crew and every body aboard was lost,
excepts few of us who scrabbled up and
clung to the bowsprit. .''
The hard spring I had to make to get
on the bowsprit waked me up: and al- f
though I ain't one that thinks much of
dreams, I cant help thinking a good deal
of Cape Horn, and naturally feel anxious
to get along down that way as fast as we
can; so I hope you'll urge the President
to be a little more stirring, and let us havo
men and money a little faster.
I shall have to break off here for to
day, because I've got to write a little des
patch to the President tosend by the same
post.: I have received some letters from
Uncle Joshua and other relations "and
friends in the United States, and send
some of 'em along to you, which you can,
it you think best, hitch on to my des
patches, jest as Ginoial Scott takes the
letters of his under-officors and hitches
on to his despatches. " '
So I remain your old friend,
MAJOR JACK DOWNING. '
No. II. To Jamh K. Potit. President of the
United State, and all annexed Ccuntrici:
Hiadquartkhs, Citt or Mexico )
Annexed United State: October 25, 1847 J
Dear Colonel; Things is gettin along
here as well as could be expected, con
siderin the holp we have, but we "are al
together too weak-handed to work to
profit. If you want us to hurry along
down south, we need a good deal more
help and money. " It would'nt benouso
to give that three' millions of dollars to
Santa Anna now, for the people have got
so out with him that he could'nt make
peace if he had six millions. He's skulk
ing about the country, and has as much us
he can do to tiike care of himself. So I
think you had betttergive up the notion
about peace altogether, it'll be such a
hard thing to get, and send us on the threo
millions here to help us along in our an
nexin. It's dangerous standin still in
this annexin business. It's like the old
woman's soap; if it dont go ahead it goes
back. It would bd a great help to us in
the way ofholden on to what we get, if
you would carry out that plan of giving
the Mexican land to settlers from the U.
States as fust as we annex it. I've been
impatient to see your proclamation offer;
ing tho .land to settlers to come out hern.
You've no idea how much help it would
be to us if we only had a plenty of our
folks out here, so that, aa fast as we kill
ed a Mexican or drove him off from his
farm, we could put an American right on
toil. 11 we could only plant as we go,
in this way, we could soon have a crop of
settlers that could hold on to the slack j
themselves, and leave the army, free to i
go ahead and keep on annexin. 1 thought,
when 1 lett Washington, you was a going
to put out such a proclamation right a-1
way. And 1 think you are putting it ott
a good deal to long, for we've got land
and farms enough here now for two hun-
dred thousand at loast; and, if they would
only como on fust enough I think we could
make room for twenty thousand a week
for a year to come. But I'm afraid you're
too delicate about doing your duty in this
business; you are such a . tickler for the
constitution. 1 m afraid you re waiting
for Congress to 'meet so as to let them
have a finger in the pie. But I would nt
do it: if you do, I'm afraid you'll wish
your cake was dough again. From all I
can hear from home things is looking rath
er squally there. 1 Our party seem to be
falling off, in IS ew York btate they are
all faded away Into Barnburners and
Hunkers, and it looks all over the coun
try as if the Whigs was coming into pow
er; and if they should it would be a ter
rible calamity, for they are too narrow
minded and too much behind the ago to
understand the' rights of this annoxin
business,and its ten chances to one if they
dont contrive soma way to put a stop to
it." .' O '; : '' ' . .
I've got a good deal mora that I want
to say, and soma advice I should like to
give you, but I shall ba obliged to leave
it till my next despatch. I naed'nt stop
to tell yon about Uiiieral br.ott in this,
cause I spose he'll speak for himself. But
I must tell you I went tother day to Gin
aral Cushintr. and ' found him awfullv
tickled about being nominated for Gover
nor oi me uid liay State. At first he
was a good deal amazed at it; he was as
much surprised as you was, Colonel,
when you was nominated for President.
What amazed him so much was that he'd
always been thinking all along that he
was a Whig, till the nomination come,
and then he jumped up and snapped his
lingers, ana said ne believed, after all,
the Democrats were the right party!
He's in great sperits, and says he's no
doubt he shall be elected. Ho goes for
annexin now the hottest of any of us, and
says ho takes the great Alexander for his
model, and goes for annexin as long as
there is any country left to annex. His
ancle is quite well, and Gineral Pillow's
foot is a good deal better. '
MAJOR JACK DOWNING.
fFollowlnor Official examnle. wa defpr
the letters from Major Jack's relations,
which he speaks of to some time when
we have more room for them thnn w ran
spare to-day. Editors.
From tne National Intelligencer.
The Great Fremont Bide. Tlie
Ride of Lieut. Colonel Fbemont.his
Friend Don Jesus, (pronounced Hi-
SJOOS) PlCO, AND HIS SERVANT JaCOB DoD-
son, From Los Angki.es to Monterey
and back, in March, 1847. This extra
ordinary rido of eight hundred miles, in
eight days, including all stoppages and
near two days detention a whole dav
and night at Monterey, and near two half
cays at ban Luis Obispo having been
brought into evidence before the Army
Court Martial, now in session in this citv.
ana great ucsire being expressed by some
friends to know how the ride was made.
I herewith send you the particulars, that
you may publish them if you please in
the National Intelligencer, as an incident
connected with the times and affairs un
der review in trial, of which you give so
full a report. The circumstances were
first go; from Jacob, afterward revised
by Col. Fremont, and I draw them up
from this joint statement. The publica
tion will show, besides the horsemanship
of the riders, the power of the Californian
honie, especially as one of the horses
was subjected, in the course of the ride,
to an extraordinary trial in order to ex
hibit the capacity of his race.
It was at daybreak on the morning of
tne zju ot March that the party set out
from la Cindad de los Angeles (the city
of the Angels, in the southern part ol
Upper California, to proceed in the short
est time to Monterey, un the Pacific O
cean, distant full four hundred miles.
The way is over a mountainous country,
much of it uninhabited, with no other
road than a trace, and many defiles to
pass, particularly the maritime defile of
el Kincon, or Punto Gordo, fifteen miles
in extent, made by a jutting of a precipi
tous mountain into the sea, which can
orHy be passed when the tide is out and
the sea calm, and even then in many pla
ces through tho waves. The towns of
Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo and
occasional ranchos, are the principal
inhabited places on the route. Each of
the party had three horses, nine in all, to
take their turns under the saddle. The
six loose horses ran ahead, without bridle
or halter, and required some attention to
keep to tho track.
When wanted for a change, say at the
distances of 20 miles, they were caught
by the lasso, thrown either by Don Jesus
or the servant Jacob, who, though born
and raised in Washington, in his long ex
peditions with Col. Fremont had become
as expert aa a Mexican with tha lasso,
as sure as a mountaineer with the rifle,
equal to either on horse or foot, and aK
ways a lad ot courage and fidelity. None
of the horses were shod, that being a
practice unknown to the Culifornians.
The most usual gait was a aweeping gal
lop. The first day they ran one hundred
nnd twenty-five miles, passing the San
Fernando mountain, the defile of the Riu
con. Several other mountains, and slept at
the hospitable ranchoof Don To mas Rob
beiis, beyond the town of Santa Barba
ra. The only fatigue complained of in
this day's ride was in Jacob's right arm,
made tired by throwing the lasso and
using it as a whip to 1teep the .loose hor
ses to the track. .
The next day they made another one
hundred and twenty-five miles, passing
the formidable mountain of Santa Barba
ra, and counting upon it the skeletons of
some fifty horses, part of near double that
number which perished in "the crossing
of that terrible mountain by the Califor
nia battalion on Christmas day, 1846, a
midst a raging tempest, and a deluge of
rain and cold more killing than that 'of
the Sierra Nevada the day of severest
suffering, say Fremont and his men, thnt
they have ever passed. At sunset the
party stopped to sup with the lnendly
Capt. Dana, and at nine San Luis Obispo
was readier", the home ot Von Jesus,
where an effecting reception awaited Lt.
Col. Fremont, In consequence of an in
cident which occurred there, that history
will onedayrecord;wandbe wasdetaiuod
till 11 o'clock in the morning receiving
the visit; of the inhabitants, (mothers and
children included,) taking a breakfast
of honor, and waiting for a relief of fresh
horses to be brought in li'om the surroun
Here tha nine horses from los Angel
es were left and eight others taken in
their place, and a Spanish boy added to
the party to assist in managing the loose
horses. Proceeding at tha usual gait till
8 at night, and having made some seven
ty miles, Don Jesus, who had spent the
night before with his family and friends,
and probably with little sleep, became
fatigued, and proposed a halt for a few
hours. It was in thevallevof tha Sali
nas; (Salt nyer, called Butna Yentura in
the old maps,) and the haunts of marau
ding Indians. For safety during their
repose, the porty turned off the trace is
sued through s canada into athick wood,
aud lay down, th horses being put to
grass at short distance with the Spanish
boy in a saddle to watch. Sleep, when
commenced, was too sweet te be easily
given up, and it was half way between
midnight and day when the sleepers were
amused by an eitampcdo among the hor
ses and the calls of the boy. :,
Ihe cause nf alarm was soon found,
not Indians, but white bears this valley
being their great resort, encountered
some hundred of them the summer be
fore, killing thirteen upon (he ground.
ihe character of these bears is well
known, and the bravest hunters do not
like to meet them without advantage of
numbers, un discuverina the enemv.
Col. F. felt for his pistols, but Don Jesus
desired him to lie still, saying that "peo
ple could scare bears;" and immediately
he hallowed at them in Spanish, and they
went off. Sleep went off also; and the
recovery of the horses frightened by the
bears, building a rousing fire, making a
breakfast from the hospitable supplies of
can L.UIM Ubispo, occupied the party till
daybreak; when the journey was resum
ed. Eightv miles and the afternoon
brought the party to Monterey.
The next day, in the afternoon, the
party set out on their return, and the two
horses ridden by Col. F. from Obispo, be
ing a present to him from Don Jesus, he
(Don Jesus) desired to make an experi
ment of what one of them could do.
They were brothers, one a grass young
er than the other, both of the same color,
(cinnamon) and hence called r.analo or
los canalos, (the cinnamon, or the cinna
mons.) 1 he elder brother was taken for
the trial; and the journey commenced up
on him at leaving Monterey, the afternoon
well advanced. Thirty miles undersad
dle done that evening, and the party
stopped for the night. In the morning
the elder canalo was again under saddle
for Col. F. and for ninety miles he
carried him without a change and with
out apparent fatigue. It was still thirty
miles to San Luis Obispo, where the
night was to be passed, and Don Jesus
insisted that canalo could easily doit,
and so said the horse by his looks aud ac
tion. But Col. F. would not put him to
the trial, and, shifting the saddle to the
younger brother, the elder was turned
loose to run the remaining thirty miles
wiihout a rider. '
Ho did so, immediately taking the lead
and keeping it all the way, and entering
San Luis in a sweeping gallop, nostrils
distended, snumng the air and neighing
with exultation of his return to his native
pastures, his younger brother all the while
running at the head of the horses under
the saddle, bearing on his bit, and held
in by his rider. The whole eight horses
made their one hundred and twenty miles
each that day, (after thirty the evening
before,) the elder cinnamon making nine
ty under the saddle that day; besides
thirty under the saddle tho evening be
fore; nor was there the least doubt that
he would have done the whole distance
in the same time if he had coutinued
under the saddle. -
After a hospitable detention of another
halt day at ban Luis Ubispo, the party
set out for los Angeles on the same nine
horses which they had ridden from that
place, and made the ride back in about
the same time they had made it up, name
ly at the rate of 125 miles a day.
On this ride the grass on the road was
the food for the horses. At Monterey
they had barley; but those horses, mean
ing those trained and domesticated,, as
the canalos were, eat almost anything in
the way of vegetable food or even dunk,
that their master uses, by whom they are
petted and caressed, and rarely sold.
Bread, fruits, sugar, coffee, and even
wine, (like the Persian horse,) they take
from the hand of their master, and obey
with like docility his slightest intimation.
A tap ot the whip on the saddle springs
them into action; the check nf a thread
rein (on the Spanish bit) would stop them
and stopped short at speed they do not
jostle the rider or throw him forward.
They leap on "anything man, beast or
weapon, on which their master directs
them. But this description, so far as
conduct or beheavior is concerned, of
course only applies to the trained, and
"History" need not be waited for,
the newspapers having long since told
the story. Don Jesus was the leader of
the insurrection. Taken prisoner by
Col. Fremont, he was condemned to
death, but his life was yielded to the en
treaties and prayers of his wife, who
made ber way to the presence of Col.
r remout for the purpose. H,ver since ha
has been Col. Fremont's firm and faith
ful friend. Com. Adv. -
Curious Statistical Record.
Ohio County was organized in 1776,
and soon after tba county of Kentucky.
In 1779, the western emigrants Buttered
from a famine of the most serious kind.
Even after the "price of corn had alien (!)
to thirty dollars per bushel,, continental
currency, the tavern rates in Ohio, as we
are told, were established by the bounty
1. Breakfast or supper...... 54 00
2. Haifa pint of whiskey. ...6 00
3. Dinner 6 00 ,
4. Lodging,withcloansheets..3 00
5. Horse to hny over night.... 3 00
6. One gallon of corn ..5 00
7. One gallon of oats.... .....4 00
8. J pint of whiskey, with sugar8 00
9. One quart of strong beer ...4 00 ,
The currency, continental money, con
tinued to diminish in Value until 1781,
when the charge for dinner was fixed by
the Court at twenty dollars; and break
fast and supper at fifteen dollars.-i.j3a.
An Old Voter. Nathaniel Huntoon,
Esq.. of Unity. N.H. now in his eighty
third year, informs the editor of the New
port Argus, that ba has voted at every
1 . . . , - a. - - -
presidential election since we orga,ni-
tion ot our government. 1
WHOLE ;N0. 11G1. '
The Presentation of ihe rjl st 0,i.
Thedayon'which a forced nnt.i Rr.i
presented at'tlie Bank of Enplaml fnm,.
memorable era In its history. Kot six-
iT-IOUr Veara tha aataliliahmuiit hail rlrm.
lama its paper with freedom, and darin,
this period no attempt had been made to
imitate it. . He-who takes tha initiative
in a new line of wrong doing has mora
than the simple act to answer for; and to
Richard William Vaiiah. . ,ir,.r.
linen-draper, belongs the melancholy ce-
c.iniY oi iiaving ieu tha an in this new
phase of crime, in the yesr 1758. The
records of his life do nut fthnw want thav.
gary, or starvation uroincr him h.it lb-.
simple desire to seem greater than ha
was. jay one oi the artists employed,
and there were several encaced on ,li(Tr.
ent parts of the notes, the discovery wss
made. The criminal had filled up to tha
number of twenty, and deposited them
in me nanus nt a young lady to whom ha
was attached, as a ornof nf hia wnnlih.
There il no calculation, how muz-h IniKTur
-. ... .---a-.
ami notes might have been tree from
imitation, had not this man shown with
dial ease they might be counterfeited.
rom this period forged notes became
common. The facility of imilslinn ia an
great, that when the expectation of profit
is aaueu, mere is little hope ot restrain
ing the destitute or the bad man from a
1 career which odds the charm nf nor.
elty to the chance of gain. The publici
ty given to the traud.the notoriety of the
proceedings, and the execution of tha
forger, tended to excite that morbid aym-
amy, wiucn up to tne present day is ev
inced for any extriordiimr rrlmlnnl
j j ..,,
History of the Bank of England. .
Death of Chancellor Kent." '
The whole country will Innrn wiilwlonn
sorrow ofthe death of the venerable Chan
cellor Kent, of New York. He died at
s residence in that city on Sunday even
s. in the 85th vear nf hia sirs. Imvinir
. e .(j
surrjassed with undiminished vigor of in
tellect scarcely abated . physical ability
iiu iorce, oy a quarter ot a century, the
poch at which the Coustitution of tW
State declared him no loncxr ramnsum
to perform the d utics of Chancellor.
The Legislature of Georeia ha tia-
ed resolutions approving of the plan of
Asa Whitney-, Esq., of New York, for
connecting the Atlantic and Pacific O-
ceans by railroad. They were adopted
by the House without disenl, but in the
Senate by only three majority.
Virginia. The State Legislature .
sembled at Richmond on Monday last
a. democrat in the benate and a Whir
n the House, were elected Sneaker.
The Governor. "Extra Billy," sent in
long and thoroughly Locofocoish Mes
sage. . . ,. ,,. -L
The Telegraph at St. T.nml
large meeting ofthe business men of that
city was held on the 30th ult. Mr. O'-
Kielly was present, aud, iu a clear and
frank manner.explained the progress tbns
tar, ana tne uimcuity between him and
Mr. Morse s agents, to the satisfaction of
those present. All queries were fully
answered and theifrreMfrexpresses strong
confidence that the amount of stock $25,
000 will be readily taken.
A Locomotive rs.A Bull. Tha wa
ning train for Hartford aud New Haven.
on Monday ran afoul of a bull upon tha
track near Windsor depot, says theSpring
field Republican. The engine tender
and baggage car wer thrown off and pre
cipitated down the embankment, which
waseignt leet mgn at mat place.. The
whole train, however dashed over the
animal, cutting him to pieces without
much regard to the rules ot tt.e butcher s .
shop. The Bull belonged to the keeper
of the Windsor House. - The arrident
delayed the train so much that it did nut
arrive in New Haven till 3 A. M. Bost.
sJT"'He is at home among tha fogs and
mists of Burlamaqui, Vattel, Wolfe, Gro
tius, Bynkershock, and all those Dutch,
German and Swiss civilians who were
lost in the smoke of their own pipes.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
1 bis is the complimentary language of
locofoco paper, when speaking of Al
bert Gallatin, the former Secretary
of the Treasury of Thomas Jefferson.
Mr. Gallatin is a Republican of the old
school, and maintains the doctrines of the
Whigs ofthe Revolution, in opposition
to the "progressive" Toryism of tha pres
ent day, which would lodge all power in
tne hands ot one man, llow long will it
be before the"Dutch,Germanand Swiss"
ofthe present day now in our country,
will be told by Locofocos that they are
thick-headed and "lost in tha smoke of
their own pipes?" Ohio State Journal.
' Chart of Health.
Love A complaint ofthe heart, grow
ingoutofan inordinate longing after soma -t,;nn
,i;fflnilt to obtain. 'Iteenernllvat-
tacks persons of both sexes, between the
ges of fifteen and tnirty; some have beau "
ninvn to have it at tho age of aixty.
Symptoms Absence of mind: giving ,
zephyrs; a great fondness for poetry and
mnsir- rrazintr on the moon and stars:
in . . (. . .
tiinthnrlin' loss of aiiDetite: neglect ol bu
siness; loathing for all things, save one
blood shot eyes, ana constant ueaire to
Effects A strong heart-burn; pulse
ttxniflirv? nlnoiient eves: sleenle- '
"8"i """r ' 1 f . r.
.i onrl nil that sort of thin?: at times
imagination bright; bowers of roses; wing
ed cupids and baltereJ peas; then -again
oceans of despair; racks; tortures," and
hair-tnggered pistols. . ..
Cure Uet married. ...
Smart. The Tribune has the follow. t
ing poser:' A poor fellow was yesterday
hrniirht hefnre one of the police iustices.
charged with the crime of being intoxi cat
ed. The justice interrogated him- Well,
what do you get drunk and como herein
this condition for! "Sea here," was tha
reply, uttered with a hiccough and accen
tuation of druiken . men, "what do you
give licenses for!". '- 4 ' '
xml | txt