Newspaper Page Text
. Wednesday. Dec 15th.
Se.vat. A report from a Special
Commute, appointed at the lau session,
to examine ihe bonks nf tlie Treasurer
c,T wai referred to lha Finance
Committee. This report, we believe, im
plicates the Treasurer in some illegal
transaction. ; ' '
House. The Senate bill, providing
fur the proof, acknowledgment ami recor
'ikig of deeds, and other instruments of
-writing, was considered in Committee of
the Whole and various amendments of
fered afterwards it was referred to a se
lect committee of two, Messrs. Penning-
ten and Cotton. We have no means of
.ascertaining its provisions. .
: . : .. ! i TrvmT, Dec. 16th.
Senat. The Sneaker Presented the
returns ot trie white male inhabitants of
the State over 21. from all except four
counties. Mr. Backus, from the Judiciary
committee reported back the bill fixing the
legal rateot interest,' with amendments
not advised of in Contents. '
- The Speaker announced Messrs. Ew-
ing, Backus and Olds, as the joint select
; committee on the part of the Senate, mi
A special Message wns received from
the Governor, transmitting a series of
Resolutions from the Legislature of Rhode
Island, in favor of Mr. Whitney's plan of
a Kail ltoad to the Facihc. 1 he Mes
. asge opposed the project, and favored a
system of railway post roads by the Na
' a lesoiution onereu uy Mr. uids. was
adopted, instructing the Judiciary Com
mittee to inquire whether there is any
law in the State, exempting Bank officers
from giving testimony, disclosing the pn
vate transactions of the Banks with indi
The Senate proceeded to the Hall of
the House tor the purpose of come into
certain elections and after returning ad
HouaB.A bill to tax the town of.
' Lancaster, to pny the indebtedness of
school district, No. 1, was passed.
A bill was introduced, giving to County
Recorders the issuing of mariioge licen
ces, recording of strays, jcc.
By Mr. Russcl, a bill to repeal the law
making distinctions on account of color.
. The following elections took lace:
Seneca County. John Zimmerman.
Montgomery County. Cha'a G. Swain.
. Clarke County. A. D. Mereness.
Washington County. Win. R. Put
Levi Cox,. Esq was elected President
Judge of the 11 in Judicial Circuit and
John Gieiner, State Librarian.
Friday, Dec, 17.
Senate. --The Committee on elections
reportod that the certificates of the Sen
ators elected in 1817 were correct.
The appropriation bill was passed.
On motion of Mr. Buckus, the bill fix
ing the legal rate of interest was recom-
- mitted to the Judiciary committee.
Mr. Wilson gave notice of his inten
tion to introduce a bill, providing for tak-
. inga vole of the electorsof thisStute, at
the next annual election, for ami against
a Convention to amend ihu Constitution of
. House. Mr. Shaw introduced a bill
to continue the office of County Survey
or and defining their duties. Mr. Wil
liams, to require supervisors of roads to
muke temporary repairs to Catiul budges
in tnoir respective districts.
Asomowliat lengthy discussion took
place upon a resolution calling upon the
special committee appointed to inquire
into the ufluimof the Treasurer nf Slate
to report what action had been mado,
which was finally disposed of by a refer
ence to the Finance committed.
A joint resolution appointing a joint
committee of five from the Senate and
ten from the House to take into consider
tion the districting of the Stute was a
A apeciul report from the Board of
Public Works, relative to tho Zunosvillo
and Maysville Turnpike road, was receiv
ed and luid on the table to be printed.
Saturday, Deo. 18th.
SKNTE.--The bill taxing the town of
Lancaster to pay the indebtedness of a
school district was ordered to a third read
ing. M r. Hamilton guvo notice that he would,
at some furtue, day ask leave lointtoduco
bill to amend the act to incorporate the
Slate Hank of Ohio and other Bunking
The Clorgymen of Columbus, in their
arrangements to attend and open the pro
ceediugsof the General Assembly with
prayer, not having provided tor Mr. Doo
little, a Universalis! Clergymen, wero re
quanted to do so.
llouBE. Several petitions have beon
J (resented, one this day, to provide for a
snd limitation and the exemption of a
homestead from execution for debt. A
petition from So mors, Uuyden and others
for authority to construct a railroud and
Bills were introduced, amending the
. act defining the powers and duties of
Justice! and Constnblos in civil casus,
pnssed March 14, 1831; and to extend
and apply the forms of proceeding in
Chancery to all cases at Common luw.
Read the first time.
The Speaker announced as members
of the joint solecl committee on the part
of the House, relative to the amendment
of tlie Constitution, Messrs. flay ties, Pot
ter, Pciiuigtou, Russell, Cotton and Hol
A resolution was adopted instructing
the Judiciary committee to examine into
the proprieiy of adopting a form of mit
timus fur Justices of the Peace and oilier
commuting officers. Also one, calling
upoM mm iinmiiinMoners appointed to examine-claims
against the Suite luidor the
volunteer requisition to report as soon as
South Cabolii. We loom from the
Charleston Courier thut the Senate of
that State on Wednesday last, rejected
the bill which proposed to give the elec
tion of Electors of President and Vice
President of the United States to the Peo
ple, by a vote of 17 for, and 6 against the
ineasore. . .. ..,".
A bill of the same purport waa under
consideration in the Ileuso of Represen
tatives n,Thurda. . ' (
Skats. Ashbury Dickons was elected Secre
tary, Bobsrt Beale, Serjeant at Arms, and Isaac
Holland, Doorkeeper, of lbs Senate. Under the
juiut resolution, Rav. Henry Sheer wus elected
Cbnplain. Rev. Mr. Gurley is Chaplain of ihe
flie fullowiiig are tho Chuirmeu ofthestuudiuc
committees of the Senate!
Foreign Relation: Mr. Sevier.
Finance. Mr. Atlierkm.
Commerce.-Mr. Dix. .
Afanaf'aclureri.Mr. Dickeuiou. -Agriculture
. Mr. Simeon. .
Military Affair: Mr. Cum. '
ililiiia Mr. Rusk.
Natal Affair: Mi: Fairfield. :
Public Landi. Mr. Breee. -Prinaie
Land Claim: Mr. Yulee.
Indian Again Mr. Atchison. . .
67aii. Mr. Mwm,
Reoolutionary Claimi. Mr. Bright.
Judiciary. Mr. Ashley
The Pott Offi.ce and Port Raadi.Mr. Nile.
Roadt and Canal: Mr. ilaunrgiiu
Pention: Mr. Johnson, el La. -Dittrict
of Columbia. -Mr. Cameron.
Patent! and the Patent Office. Mr. WescotU
Retrenchment Mr. Turner. ..
Terrilorie: Mr. Douglass.
Public Buildingi. Mr. Hunter.
Contingent Eepemei.Mr. Ketch.
Printing. Mr. Bradbury. ,
Entrottcd Bills. Mt. Dm win.
Enrolled Billt. Mr. Rusk.
Joint Committee on the Library Mr. Peurce,
On Thursday, the Mb. Mr. Dickensou offured
the following resolution. '
itesotpea, inal true policy requires
nil m. ...
the govurnmont of the United States to
strengthen its political and commercial
relations upon this comment, by the an
nexation ot such contiguous territory as
may conduce to I hot end, and can be
justly obtained, and that neither in such
acquisition nor in the territorial organi
zation thereof, cun any-conditions bo con
stitutionally imposed, or institutions be
provided for or established inconsistent
with the right of the people thereof, to
form a free Sovereign State with the pow
ers and piivilegos of the original mem
bers of the confederacy.
Unsolved, That in thenigauization of a
territorial government in territory belong
ing to the United Stales, tho principles
of selfgovetnmont upon which our Fede
rative system rests, will be best promo
ted; the true spirit and meaning of the
Constitution be observed, and the con
federacy strengthened by leaving all
questions concerning the domestic poli
cy therein to the legislatures chosen by
the people tereof.
On Wednesday, Mr. Calhoun offered a
series of resolutions declaring that to
conquer and hold Mexico, either as a
province, or to incorporate it into the
Union, would be inconsistent with the a
vowed objects for which the war has
been prosoculeda departure from the
settled policy of the Government in con
flict with our national character, and, in
tho end, subversive of our free and popu
lar institutions. Thujresolutions uIho de
clares that no line of policy should bo a
dopted in the future prosecution of the
war lauding to consequences so disas
trous. "Under the rulo, the resolutions were
Uid over for one day before they could
be acted upon.
On the 16 ill, tho death nf Mr. Speight, 8euatnr
li'oin Minmipi was announced. A serin of
Resolutions, panned at a War mrating, in Pbila
delnliin, was presented by the Vice I'resiilont.
Horns Tb following are the Chuirmon uf the
SUiuUiiig Committees el the Huuie: -
Committee of Etecliont, Richard VV. Thompson
UJ VVaye and Meant. Buiuuel (. Vinton.,,
Of Claime. John A. Rockwell
On Commerce. Washington Hunt
On Public Landi. Jncoli Collumor
On the Poit Office and Poet Road: William
for the Dittrict of Columbia. J. 0. Chapman.
untne Judiciary, Jnsopli u. ingeranll
Oh Revolutionary Claimi. Duuirl P. Kini
On Public Expenditure: Thomas L. Clingumn
in i rivait uana Ltaim: joun uuyio
On Manufacture: Andrew Stewurt
On Agriculture. Hugh White.
On Indian Affair: Meredith P. Gentry.
On Military Affair: John M. Butts
On the Militia. John U. Thompson
O .Viu Affairt. Thomas Uutlor King
On Foreign Affairs Truman Smith
On the Territorie: Caleb B. Smith
On Revolutionary Pentione; Win. M. Cocks
On Invalid Pennant', t Join y Ne
On Roade and Caniilf, Robert C, Scheuck
On Patenlf, John W. Farrclly
On Public Buildingi and O round t: John M.
On Revital and Uitfmithed Duiinrti; J. W.
On Account i I.iuu Boyd
On Mileage; lliniin Belcher
On Engraving; Lewis C. I.uviii
On the Library of Congreiton the Part of the
Home; Jobu Quiucy Aihuna
The following cuiumltlaes appointed at the fust
Session sluuds through the Congress, viz:
Committee on Expenditure! in the State De
parlment; P. M. Burriuger
Ok Expenditure! in Ike Treaiury Depart
ment; Joseph M. Root
On Expenditure! in the War Department;
John II. Cro.ier
On Expenditure.! in the Navy Department:
Patrick W. Tompkins
On Exjienditurei in the Pott Office Depart
ment; Junius WiUuii
On Expenditure! on Ihe Public Buildingi; E.
On Enrolled Billi; James 0, Humptnu
The following members compose the select
cominitteo appointed on Mouday last to revise the
rules ol tlie House)
Moiisn. C.J. InSorsoll, Trillium Smith, Howell
Cobb, C. R. Huiilli, D.M. Uurriuger, Robui t Mu
Clelland, J. (1. Cbiipmuu, M. P. Ueutry, T. Jen
On the 14th, a joint resolution was of
fered, by Mr. Henley, to aniond the
newspaper postage luw, borne day, a
resolution wus offered, by Mr. Vinton, to
divide the duties of the Committee on
Commerce forming a now Committee
on Internal Commerce.
On the 15th tho resolution of Mr. Vin
ton was discussed at some length, giving
rise to a debate upon the Constitutional
power to improve Rivers and Harbors.
A message from the President was read,
giving his reasons for retaining the Riv
er ond Harbor bill of lust session. Same
day, Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina, of
fered the following aeries of resolutions:
Whereas this confederation was form
ed for the establishing of a perfect union,
ana promoting die general wenare, u oe
comas those whuaie entrusted with regu
luting the government so to direct its
movements as to perfect that union, and
advance that wellure; and whereas the
prosperity, felicity, safety and perhaps
national existanco, is involved in the in
vasive war we ate now prosecuting a
gainst our sister republic of Mexico, this
important consideration should lead us
to the adoption of such measures as may
roauii in doing justice to Mexico, anil
promoting the lasting welfare onhe Uui
ted States) therefore be it
Riiolved, Thatit is inexpedient for the
United states uovernment so to use its
conquests as to extinguish the national
distance of Mexico; but so to avail itself
of the victories it bas achieved as to es
tablish, by treaty stipulations, a lasting
peace with Mexico upon the basis of an
entire free trade between the two repub
lics, such as exists between the several
Slates of iho Union.
Resolved. That we asree to recede all
the territory we have taken from Mexico
beyond the Rio Grande.on condition mat
our citizens have free ingress and egress
into and from New Mexico to California
the privilege of holding lands, oxerci
cising their religion, and of carrying on
trade us fully as any of the Mexican citi
zens of those provinces.
Resolved, That a further condition be
the right ot" entry and departure of our
shipping, both uatioual and domestic, in
to and liom the Mexican ports, as unre
stricted bs in the ports of the. United
States, with all the rights of breaking
bulk, taking in and discharging, purcha
sing and soiling of cargoes us iu our ports.
Kesolced, I hat we siipulute tor a right
of constructing a railroad from the United
States to tho harbor ot ban, Diego, and lo
any town in New Mexico or California
Resolved, That it is expedient to keep
pnssossion of San Juan de Ullua as a hos
tage for the fulfillment of the stipulations
above recited. - .
On the 16th, Mr. Pettit, Locofoco made
some severo strictures upon the Presi
dent's veto message, not confining him
solf, however, te that; but wandering off
upon various subiects especially the
Editor of the Union. The death of Mr
Speight was then announced, and the
V ery littlo business will bo done until
after the holidays. The Committees, in
the moan time, will be engaged in exam
ining and preparing bills, when we may
expect some interesting anu exuuug uo
An interesting discussion took place
in the Senate upon a resolution to pro
vide the members with certain booki
named ami it is to be hoped that the
practice of voting libraries to members o
Congress will be abolished.
From the New York Tribune.
The Report of the Secretary of the
By a special arriinueinent. and by Locomotive
F.xpress, arranged for tbeA'eto York Herald and
1 he Tribnnt, tins document wus received at our
office lust evening. Iu great length, however,
absolutely precludes the possibility of our pub
lishing it entire iu our columns this morning. We
give below, however, the most iinpurtunt stutis
lies embraced in the Report, showing the receipli
and expenditures ot the past bscul yeur and th
esttmute lor 1848:
Treasury Depirtmekt. Dec. 8. 1847.
Iu obedience to Inw the following report is res
pectfully submitted :
The receipts nnd expenditures lor the bscul
year ending 30th June, 1847, were.
From custom f-J3.747.864 66
" Public iuuds 2,498.355 20
" .Miscellaneous sources 100,570 51
Avuils of Treasury notes &
luniis 25,679,199 45
Tutu! receipts. $52,025,989 82
Add balance in the Treasury 1st
July 1846 9,1!J6,439 08
Tutul means 161,132.428 90
The expenditures during the same
tiscul year were... 59,451,177 E5
Leaving baluure in the Treasury
1st July. 1847, of $1,701,251 25
As appears in detuil by acoomuyiug statement A
tlie estimated receipts ond expauuilurs lor Iu
cul year mleuiug 30th June, 1848, are
From Customs, Urst quarter, by
actual returns from Collectors$ll, 106,257 41
" Customs for second, third aud
fourth quarters, as estimated 19,893,742 59
. 3,500,000 00
From sales of public lauds..,
" MiscolUuuous sources.
Total receipts $34,900,000 00
rrom avails of Treasury notes and
loans, 6,285,294 55
Add balance iu the Treasury 1st
Total means, is estimated. ..$42,886,545 80
The actual expenditures fur first
quarter, ending 30lb Septem
ber 1847, were $111,479,194 69,
as appears in detail by rccompa
iug statement B.
The estimated expenditures for
tho public sevrievs, during the
other three quarters, from 1st
October, 1847; tu 30lh June,
Civil list, foreign iuterrnurse, and
ami iulcelluneotib5,48tt,180 1'i
Army proper, inclu
ding voluuteors 1U,U80,80J 38
Fortiuciitious, ordi- -
nance, arming mi
liliu. &e 2,037,416 50
iidiaudeparlmoiil.. 1,720,660 26
elisions 1,003,523 bo
Nnvulostablisliuio'tlO,24 1,072 47
uterest nil public '
dubt uud Treasu
ry notes 2,200,587 18
Treasury notes out-
siMuuiue anu pnvu-
ble when presvuled 267,139,3158,613,660 07
Excess of expenditure over means
1st July, 1848 ..$15,729, 114 27
The estimated receipts, means Sc.
expenditures lorhst ul year com.
meucing 1st July, 1848, aud en
dinii 30th Juno.' 18 19, are;
From customs .$'12,000,000 00
Hales of publio lunds 3,000.0110 00
Miscellaneous 100,000 00
. 15,729,114 27
Deduct deficit,' 1st July, 1848.
The expenditures duriug the same
period as estimated by lue sev
eral departments of State,
Treasury, War, Navy aud Post
muster General, ore
The bulauces of former appropria
tions which will be requir
ed to be expended iu this
year..... $1,475,210 77
I'ermanuut aud in
ations 4,587,577 82
tions asked ror
this year 49,582,153 13
This sum is composed of the ful-
low mi! particulars:
Civil list, foreigu in
tercourse, & mis
cellaneous. . . ... . $5,613,001 52
Army proper, volun
unleers and mili
tary academy.. .32,007,028 42
nance, aimiug mi
litia, &c 2,043,109 90
Pensions .1.694,318 84
Indian department. 926,401 81
Naval estublishmenll0,905,558 55
Interest on public
debt and Treasu- ''
ry notes 2,433,402 68
Total. ...... $55,644,941 72
Deduct means remaiuing, uppli
' cable to service of fiscal year
tiding aottt Juue, 1849.,
Kxceas nf ' eiDendltures over
means, 1st J uly, 1 8 49 ........ , $36,274 ,055 99
I ho Annual Post Office Itcport.
The Washington correspondent of the
Baliimoro American writes under date
of the 10th.
I send you the following interesting
Post Office statistics from the Report of
he Post Master Gonerul:
Revenue received during the year, $3,945,833
Rxpudilures during tlie year, 3,979,570
Excess of receipts this year ever the
last, lor 13 I3-1UUU per cent.) 8,ey3
Deficiencies of the year. 33,677
Letter postage received during the
Number of letters passing through
the Mail. 5J.173.480
Free letters annually, 3,000.000
Newspapers auunully, " - .15.000 000
rumpniets, . . 'j.iltio.uuu
Dead Letters, 1,800,000
Post Routes, - 18:1,318
Annual transportation, miles, ' - 38.037.8il8
Receipts by mail for two years, . 7,360,000
Of the amount d ue in this time, the de
linquencies are only $21,948, and the
delinquents, I5i Postmasters, of an ag
gregate number of fifteen thousand one
hundred and fifty-six. : The Postmasters
changed during the 'year number 3,450.
I he .Postmaster General, in the course
of his report, recommends that newspa-
pers be taxed by .weight, end enters up
on a grave argument in defence of this
absurd position. He also takes great
credit to himself for tho success of the
cheap Postage System, though one of the
warmest opponents of the original bill
The Report will lead to further reduc
lion of Postage, and to a uniform rate of
five cents, and, by-and-by, to a postage
of cents which will pay, in time, every
necessary expense -
The present; law, according to the
Postmaster's own showing, will leave a
surplus in the Treasury next year, not
withstanding the estimates of the year
are for $1,092,206; and more than a quar
ter of a million of this sum for the Mail
Report of the Secretary of H iir.
The Union of lust night publishes the
report of Mr. Murcy, the Secretary of
War, which fills over seven aud a half
of the broad columns of that paper. It
is too long' for us to publish in full, and
as it is chiefly occupied with a detail of
the movements of the army in Mexico,
with which our readers are familiar it is
not at all necessary thut we should do so.
A brief synopsis will give the general
reader all the information of its contents,
which he may desire.
The force employed in the prosecution
of the war, is sot down at 43,556 of
which 21,509 are regulars. This force
distributed us follows:
With Mai. Gen. Scott, and belonging
to this column including r route, at lam-
pico, at and about Vera Cruz, and on the
ine thonce to his headquarters, the ag
gregate force is estimated at 31,156.
With Mai. Gen. Taylor, at the several
posts under his immediate command, it is
about 6,727. In Santa Fe, and on the
Oregon and Santa Fe routes, and in the
Indian country, there ore about 3,634
1 he force in the Calitornias la about
1019, including 200 now on the way to
There are no means in the department
of calculating the deductions which ought
to be made tor sickness, disability and
other casuulilies; but the effective force
is considerably below the foregoing esti
The Secretary then gives a detail of
the operations ot the Army, in Mex
Mexico proper, after the capitulation of
Monterey, up to the capture ot the city
ot Mexico, including the several skirm
shea which have taken place Bubse
quently. In the account of the battle of
liiiena Vista, Mr. Marcy says:
lo Mni. Gou. luylur, and lo the gal
lunt officers and brave men under his
command, is justly due the eminent glo
ry of this victory. Uonsulering the Uis
parity of number in favor of tho enemy,
the steady valor and firmness with which
our troops, often in small detachments
withstood aud repelled the repeated us
saults of superior forces, and the many
deeds of noble daring displayed amid
the changing scenes ot this perilous con
flict, the battle of Buena Vista will well
sustain a comnurisou with any of the
brilliutit achievements of this war, whicl
have tnven such wide-spread renown to
In spooking of the battle of Corro
uordo, the report suys:
1 he Commanding Uoneral merits high
commendation for the masterly arrange
monts of the attack ou Co no Gordo: uud
not loss credit is due to the officers und
men by whom they were carried intc
Aud in the account ot the battles o
Contrerus and Churubusco, he says:
A summitry and more than a summary
could not nud a place in this commuuica
tion would utterly tail loexbibitin their
true light these brilliant operations and
the unsurpassed merit ot those who di
rected and executed them; but fortunate
ly for the momory of those who fell, and
tor the fume of tlioso who survive, tin
is most ably done in the despatches which
accompuny this report.
1 ho capture ot tho city ot Mexico is
declured to be a memorable action ana
ihe subsequent defence of the garrison at
I'uebla by Col. (Jhilds, and the battle ot
Huamunlla are spoken ot in terms ot high
and deserved praise. .
Then is eiven un account of tho oper
ations in California and JNew Mexico, an
tho remainder of the report is devoted to
an account ot me general annus oi u
department, and a discussion of the ques
tion of how the war should bo hencefor
ward prosecuted, Mr. Marcy is not
favor ol the delensive line policy nor
is he in favor of the occupation of th
whole of Mexico-but he is in favor of
whut is about the same thing, "to retai
what wo now possess, open the lines
communication into the interior, and ex
tend our operations to other places, as
our means und the prospect ot aa
advantages shall indicate keeping a dis
posable force ulways ready, within ap
proachiiig limits, to annoy the enemy, to
seize supplies, euiorce cuuuiuuiions, um
frustrate his efforts to collect means an
assemble troops for the purpose of pro
trading the war. " I Ins plun, lie say
"also contemplates further acquisition
extending to other important points, mot
or less numerous, aa circumstances may
There is no difference, except in woril
between this proposition which the be
retary advocates, aud ot overrunning
Mexico and holding it in military subjec
tion and, indeed, the only means ot e
fecting the latter object would be to adopt
the plun he proposes.
Mr. Marcy then makes some recom
mendations fur recruiting the army
repeats his recommendation in regard to
a retired "list of officers, who by age, in
firmity, have become unsuited lor active
service and closes with a general ac
count ot the nttuirsot the Indians, the
management of which beloncs lo his de-
el)c Ccmcaster cr?ettc.
GEOHOE WEAVE", EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
Friday MoruinsUcccmber 81, IS 17
Christmas and Nevr Yesr'a Day.
We the undersigned, Merchants, Mechanics and
Shop Keepers of Laucaeter, agree to suspend bu
siness on Christmas, Suturday the 25th instant,
and on New Year's Day, January 1st, 1848
Mnccrucken & Galhruitli, Smith & Ton?, Miss
t. Murphy, Keher Kutx, I . Cox, Bury & Beck,
Reiumuud. Son & Beck, Covins & (imue, W.
Biuintrer. W. 8. Beutv. James M. Prutt. Reed &
Bsnglnnan, J. C. Weaver. Kinkead& Doty, Isaac
Shoemaker, Gates & Cosper, Springer & Fiuk-
bone, Francis Lilly. Isuuo Comer, J. McClelland.
J. N. Little, Johu Work & Co., N. Young, P. Bope,
jouu Linuger oc uo.
Luucaslor, December 17, 1847
fa?" Below will be found the address of the
State Central Committee to the Whigs of Ohio,
OiqkCounty Central Committee have not vet tu
keu uliy action upon the subject; and we are not
informed whether they intend culling a primary
meeting or not. We suppose that what is deem
ed proper aud expedient will be done iu due sea
To Ihe Wliigs of Ohio.
In accordnnce with what the Central
Committee deem it . to be the wishes
the Whigs of the State, they have
esignated Wednesday, the lSthof Jan
uary next, as the time for holding a Mass
State Convention, in the Citv of Co-
umbus. lo deliberate Upon the ana ra 0f
.... . " . .1
our State and Nation. And olthoutrh
they huve thought it advisoble to fix up-
on un early day and perhaps at an in-
clement season of tho year yet the well
now patriotism ot the Whigs of Ohio :s
arnesuy appealed to, tor an attendance
us full as the importance of the occasion
The signs of the limes are portentous
and alarming. Our beloved country is
mbroiled in a most unnatural, ruinous
and unnecessary Wur with a sister Re
public; which war has been produced by
the imbecile and wicked counsels that
have prevailed in the administration of
our federal government.' In the accom
iiishment ot this nefarious purpose, we
have witnessed a seiies of executive uaim
pations, which mon ace the the safety and
perpetuity ot the Republic. For a con
auieratilu time alter the commencement
of hostilities, the real objects and purpo
ses of the War were artfully concealed
Irom the public view; but recently, the
Executive has thrown off the flimsey dis-
guise, and openly avowed his unhallowed
purpose of CONQUEST. A conquest,
be it remembered, having for its primary
and ultimate object, the creation of a new
mart for traffic in human flesh! Upon
this policy the State of Ohio has with
great unanimity, proclaimed and reitera
ted her sentiments; and wo are confident
that we do but express the abiding feel
ngsot the entire body ot the Whigs of
the slate, when we declare that they ad
here with unwaivering firmness to those
sentiments. ' . -
WHIGS OF OHIO! You are again
culled upo.ii in the sacred name of truth
and patriotism, to re-affirm and maintain
the old and well defined principles which
you have so often and so solemnly asser-
ted, and which were the lund-raarks that
guided our fathers through tho early per- and teams, with provisions and wood, to
ils of the Republic. Como up, then, to the suflerers. . .
the Council. Come prepured to speak The Zanesville Courier gives us the ac
emphatically the feelings of the People counts from the MU8kinm, The im-
of Ohio, upon the momentous topics which
agitate our Country from its centre to its
remotest borders. Your voice is poten
tial your principles, founded in justice
and eteruul truth, will command respect.
1 lie business which Will challenge the
attention of the Convention will be, tlie
selection of a candidate for Governor; to
designate candidates for presidential E
lectors; to provide for the representation
ot ine otatoot utito in a iNuiionui wing
Convention for the nomination of candi
dates for President and Vice President
of the United States; and the transaction
of such other business as it may deem
meet and proper, when convened.
JUUN A. LAZliiLL,
- LANSON CURTIS, -
J. B. THOMPSON,
. LEWIS HEYL,
JAMES L. BATES.
Whig State Central Committee.
Columbus, Dec. 15, 1847.
New Vein's Address
As the Stores and Simps will be closed on New
Year's dav. our Currier intends taking his address
.... . . . . . y . .
with him, ou the Friday bolore tbe day of the
distribution of the pnpor. ,
He considers the lute nuns and snow very for-
tnnate to him, at they remind bis patrons of the
labor he performs weekly to carry to them the
news of the day. We bespeak for him n fine
Are yet irregular, wul we are two days behind
with our Eastern news. ". . ,
A happy Christinas to our patrons ono and all.
May each and every one pass the day, with all the
blessings ot Heaven showered upon them and
theirs. ' . . .
A few cords of dry hickory, sugar or beach
wood, immediately, at this office.. We hope svme
of those, who promised to pny their subscriptions
In this way, will not let the winter pass over aud
bring the wood in the spring. .
CP" We are indebted to the lion. Tbomns Cor
win. of the Senate, end tho Hon. T. O. Edwards,
of the House, for valuable publio documents.
Water Froor Blacking.
'. We beg pardon of the boot aud shoemakers
but Messrs. Bury & Beck prepare an article,
which they cull "Water prool oil Blackiug and
Leather Preservative," that softens the leather,
keeps out the wet, and if regularly applied, will
preveut the leulher from cracking and thus prove
a great preservative. . One box Will last an nut
door laboring man for a whole year, and the price
is only 25 cents per box. : -." " ' .
LlTTlie Uibana Q at cite bas declared itself iu
favor of -Judge McLean for tbe residency .
The Scioto Gazette, of this week, states thai
the Canal to Portsmouth will be iu navigable or
der iu about eight days from ibis time, with lbs
exceptiouofau injured lock at Wavorly, where
it is intended to establish a portage. A large a-
mount of outstanding coru wus lost betweeu Jas
per and Portsmouth.
The Portsmouth Tribune says that Seven-tetilbs
KPo,'to,noutn wa,overfloweJ witu wut01-- Iluu
....... r. .1 J !
ses were seeu frequently psssiug duwu the river.
No lives were kuowu to be lost. .'The rain com
menced ou Thursday night und oouliuued almost '
iucessautly till Mouday morning lust.
The Cliillicoibe Si Wilmington muil was lost in
crossing Lee's creek
The Gullipolis Journal says that the loss of
property is incalculable at present. Coru, the
principal product of lbs rich bottoms, nut having
beeu tukeu away, was carried off iu immense
- Iu our own Valley, the destructiou of property
bas beeu much greater than we apprehended last
week. Iu our own vicinity but little dumiige has
been done; but below us, the los, public uud pri-
vote, has been immeuse.
.The Athenian suys:
Through the canal from this place to
the guard locks, one mile from here, and
indeed for some distance above, the wa-
,or has been rushinr for some da v like
. o - j
an immense river, tearing awav every
thing in its course. -
Ihe extent of the damage' to the pub
lic works, although it must be immense,
cannot yet be estimated, as the waters
yet extend from hill to hill, and in many
places entirely inundating iho canal.
I he destruction ot private property, in
the way of grain, fences, stock, &c. &c,
is also very considerable; but as all com
munication to our place is cut off, except
by canoes or skiffs, we cun furnish no par
ticulars. The water, however, is now
(Wednesday) receding, and we shall soon
be able to form some estimate of the dam
age incurred. . ,'
Chauncey wus covered with water and the Ca
nal between that place and Logan was broken iu
The State Dam, at the Falls, was
ui danger; but we believe has not been matenully
'"jureJ- Navigation, on the Vulley Canal, is no
doubt closed for the season.
The editorofthe Cincinnaii Atlas made
n excursion, on Drulay afternoon, in a
yawi, emourKing nearine coi ner ot Low
er Market, on Broadway. He went on
board tho steamer Jumestown, lust ar
rived from below, and learned the follow
He (the captain) informed us that the
flood had carried great desolation with it
all along the shores of the Ohio. Nearly
all the towns and villages are partially or
wholly inundated. At Louisvillvthe wa
ter is up more than half way from Water
street to Main. At Madison all the low
er part of tho city is covered, and the wa
ter was encroaching fast upon the hill.
At Lawrence burgh, as before stated, the
whole town is inundated, The hog pens
of Burr & Fedgerhud been ull washed
away, together with several frame build
ings, a warehouse, kc. Ihe Jamestown
met the Lawrenceburgh wharf-boat float
i"g down some distance below that place,
with a number of Backs of grain on board,
and two hogs.
As we stood on the hurricane dock of
this steamer we had a fine view of the
river, of the flooded parts of our own city,
and of Covington and Newport, opposite.
Newport appeared to us to be about half
inundated, as well as the front part of
New Richmond. This place we un
deiatand, is entirely overflowed, and
much damage done to property. Ihe
extensive hog-pens, of Mr. Gibson ofthat
place, floated off and sailed down tho
fiver day before yesterday, like a fleet.
Atlas of Saturday. , :
Newport has suffered severely by the
flood. GeneralJames Taylor sent men
provements on that river have been in
jured to a great extent. Part ofZunes
ville, on the east side of the river, was in
undated and great damago done to the
houses and such furniture us could not be
removed. West ZaneBville was in immi
nent danger; but by the constant exertions
of the citizens of the neighborhood for
two days and a night, the town was saved.
Had the river washed away the embank
ment at this place, the town would have
been entirely destroyed.
We undorstond verbally that Beverly,
a small town below McConnelsville, by
the river changing its bed, was washed
borne lives have been lost, at different
points. It is impossible yet to tell how
many; but it is to be feared that a large
number have been drowned. '
Other rivers, besides tlio3e mentioned,
have been up; but from them we hoar no
definite accounts. The Juniatta and Sus-
I i ... i: i i . I,-.
queuuiwa were veiy uigu ouu me puuuc
works of Pennsylvania have suffered se
By another week, we can give our rea
ders a more definite idea of the loss, It
will reach millions.
A lady, writing for Ihe Lonisvillo Courier a
bout Ihe Lectures of Mr Maflit, gives the follow
ing graphic touch. We lmv'nt the least doubt of
her being a constant hearer and profound admirer
of the Rev Gentleman
'In after years, when the lurid flame
of criticism, prejudice and malice shall,
like school Boy's rocket, blazing meteor
like, for a moment, in serpentine brill
iancy, expire, but on their blackened
front shall be the name of John N. Maffit
bathed in the sunlight of immortality,
phcDtnx-like, rise from smouldering ash
es of departed glory, spreading hor ruby
wings heaven ward, cleave the blue dome,
and lay her trophies at the feet of the
Angel of Eloquence, who rising from her
celestial throne, shall inscribe hit auto
graph upon the brightest gems that deck
her coronal ot glory
Oh-O-Ol says the editor ot the Boston
CiTA letter from Washington in the
Boston Atlas, says: I have most reliable
authority on which to contradict the re
port that Mr. Adama intends to make a
demonstration iu favor of takingthe whole
of Mexico. There is not a word of truth
jn the statement. , . . ' . ,.
Cienernl Taylor. .
The reception or Gen. Taylor, at New Orleaus.
wus an imposing and brilliant affair. Both soxes
young and old, oil classes, vied with each other in .
doiug houor to the brave old GeuoruL He took
the city by sturui.
A grand sapper was prepared for him, an ele
gant sword was presented to him. toasts were giv
eu, speeches mode all, appropriate to the Occa
sion; and wheu he left the city and passed up the
riven at every little village, the steainor wus groo
ved oy tne loud uuzzus aud the wuving handker
chiefs of groups of ladies and gentlemen. ' The
bout stopped for a while at Donaldsonville where
the Geueral lauded and was received with the
shouts of the inhabitants and the deep-toned thun
der ol tho Artillery. At the house of Judge Nich
ols, a brilliant array of beauty hail assembled lo
greet the General. There was the trying time for
the old veteran He, who could stund unmoved,
iu the battle shock, could he meet the beamiug
faces and taste the lovely lips of womsu with the
same firmness and courage! - He stood it ull.
His weather-beaten cheeks were bleached by ihe
"round, ruddy lips" of Creole girls, and utter sup
per, he made the folio whig toast: '
The Ladiei of Donaldionville Unsurpassed in
beauty aud grace: health aud prosperity lo these
who have busbauds, aud early marriages to those
who have uot. . , '
After this display, we give it up; He toast
the ladies and they ure with him who cuu doubt
theu that he will be president Tbe women rule
us, Didu't they elect General Hurrisou, snd
wou't they elect General Toy lorf "
The Message Aguin,
The Locofoco papers, who are iu the habit of
quoting the opinions of the New York Herald
aud tbe neutral paper upuu cerlaiu subjects, will
probably confer a favor upon their readers by
publishing the following from the Heralds
We have read over this documenta
gain and again, in order to admire it be
yond any thing we ever felt towards a
message; but we must confess that wa
cant bring ourselves up to the highest
point of admiration at all.
The materials are brilliant, we admit;
but the production itself is extremely
lame.ungrammatical.badly worded.full of
repetition, loosoly put together and pre
sents no condensed views, statements or
ideas. It is the worst written message
that ever came from Mr. Polk's hands.
Why it is so.is beyond all comprehension,
unleaa it arises from the oppression oc
casioned to his mind by the magnitude
and sublimity of the materials before
him. In our estimation, it is common
place and common rate, ulthougli it con
tain useful information, but nothing that
has uot been discussed in the indepen
dent newspapers for months beforo."
Great ado has been made, by sundry Locofoco
papers concerning a certain Colonel, of the above
name, uow in Mexico, who wrote a letter home,
claiming to be a Whig aud yet evincing a spirit,
thut would honor any Locofoco iu the laud, which
letter has mot with a publication in every Loco
foco paper in the Country. But secrets will out:
and when the purpose of the writer is kuowu, it
will be admitted that be and his admirers are fit
associates slanderers of better men than them
selves. The Richmond Whig contains the fol
lowing expose of the writer's hopes end object :
"This officer, the commander of the
Pennsylvania Regiment in Mexico, has
written a letter, now going the rounds of
the Locofoco journals, in which the whigs
are most violently assailed and, in the
Lourl slang, accused of moral treason.
The National Intelligencer pretty strong
ly insinuates that the object of the wri
ter was to purchase promotion by a course
so gratifying to the President; and this
intimation is corroborated by a paragraph
iu the fottsville (1'a.) Journal, which
promises to notice, in its next number,
the gallant Colonel's epistle, "for the
sake of preventing false impressions a
broad" for at home, that paper says:
It will excite no attention; as the motives
of the writer are fortuatoly pretty well
known." There never was a Court with-
out sycophants, always eager to catch its
tone and endorse its slanders of better
men and purer patriots."
CSTOu our outside, will be found the latest des
patches from Major Jack Downing. They will
be read with interest. - 1 "
C7We have ou hand un able review of the
Presideut's Message from the National Intelligen
cer. . It is lengthy; but wo will endeavor to crowd
it into our columns next week. It is a complete
refutation of the President's wur argument.
Snow. The merry sound of the sleigh-bells
has been heard iu our town for the hut week It
is uotolteu thut we have such good sleighing, as
we uow have, only however upou the pike, and
our citizens pretty generally are making good use
As an offset to our largest one, Brother Ely,' of
the Scioto Gazette, publishes the following card,
To tux Editor or ths Gazette: '
Sir; Old Ross is ahead yeU Sildetperandum'
Whisper to your Fairfiold couuty cotomporury
to try again. Bui he mny us well save the time
he must stay beaten. Au ear nf coru wus
grown on my place, on Walnut creeK, Koss coun
ty, iu the season of 1347, which contained, by ac
tual count, eighteen hundred and three grain:
Dee. 18, 1847. libXUX JUiMfcS.
We "strike!" The men of Ross have the big
gest 'eari," consequently &c. .
The Proflts of Glory.
Each officer engaged in the Custom
House at Vera Cruz, receives by order
of Cul. Gates, a salary in addition to the
regular compensation paid by govern
ment. The different salaries range from
one to three thousand dollars per annum.
1 he Col s own pay exceeds that received
by the Secretary of war, being $3000 per
annum as Colonel, as Governor, from the
City Treasury, $2,400; and as Supervi
sor of the Customs the some amount-
making his compensation annually, about
eight thousand dollurs. ' Who would not
be a soldier?
Rather who would not be a Colonel
Samuel F. Vinton. -Mr. Greely wri
ting from Washington City to the New
York Tribune, says: , ,.' ,
Mr. Vinton was first unanimously do
sigued for Speaker, but declined the post
in a brief speech which (a Member after
wards remarked) proved that he ought to
have accepted. It was replete with
modesty, good senBO and patriotism.
Were his physical capacities as vigorous
as his moral and intellectual powers are
exalted, the House would not have con
sented to his withdrawal.' 1 presume
Mr. V. will be called to fill the most ar
duous and responsible position on the
floor of the House that of Chairman of
the Committee of Ways and Means.
He doubtless will unless be should posi
tively decline it.. " . .. ,