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M. 8. LTTTXEFIELD. 7
HOUSE AND FARM.
To Relieve Choked Cattle. When
an ox or cow gets choked, strap tip a fore
lefj and make the animal jump. The ob
struction will fly out.
Soot. This article is highly recommend
ed for keeping the striped bugs from Tines.
It is a good thing as a protection from in
sects, and as a manure for most garden
Good farming is thus defined : It consists
in producing as great quantities as possible
S vegetables that do not exhaust the soil,
id selling them in an animal rather than a
Three definitions : To mulch soil is to
cover with gome vegetable refuse ; to manure
is to blend with the soil substances rich in
plant food ; to cultivate is to stir often and
root out weeas.
Lands that are overstocked not only yield
less food, but the animals pastured upon
them make a less yield in beef or milk than
when the stock is in proportion to the ca
pacity of the lands for producing food.
A hungry light sand is not good for apple
bees, neither is a heavy clay. Potatoes and
corn furnish about as good, an analysis of
toils for apple trees as any of our chemists
can. Wherever they grow well we expect
that apple trees will do the same.
Take a sharp wire, watch your trees re
gularly, and dig out the borers the moment
jou see signs of their work. Haul the earth
stubble, grass and weeds away from the
crown of the root so that it will be exposed,
and you can see the enemy whenever he
makes a mark.
Top Dbes8 the Meadows. Ii possible
apply manure to your meadows immediately
after clearing them of hay, especially on
those places where the grass is light Even
muck is a good application for this purpose.
We think it one of the most economical
methods of using manure to apply it to
meadow lands in the tall, or on grass lands
intended for com another year. Its value is
confirmed by the practice of our best
The following ant-trap may probably be
used to advantage : Procure a large sponge,
wash it well and sponge it dry, which will
leave the cells quite open ; then sprinkle su
gar over it, and place it where the ants are
troublesome. They will soon collect upon
the sponge anl in the cells. It is only neces
sary to dip the sponge in scalding hot
water, which will wash them ont dead. Re
peat the process and it will soon clear the
house of every ant
Dogs Sucking Egos. A correspondent
of the Country Gentleman says : Give the
dog a rotten egg boiled. The manner in
which it should' be done is this :'Take the
egg from the boiling water, put it in the
dag's mouth and shut his jaws together,
crushing the egg. It must be done before
the egg gets cool, so that it will burn him.
Be sure to let the dog see the egg when you
put it in bis mouth.
How to apply manure. After the field
has been ploughed and dragged down the
manure is loaded on wagons and taken di
rectlyto the field and spread on the land right
from the wagons. In ploughing each land
is laid off about twenty-one feet wide. By
driving the load in the middle of the land
it can easily be spread from furrow to fur
row, and the men being on the wagon can
at once see when they get it all even.
The newest thing under the sun is graft
ing potatoes. The mode ot operation is to
take two potatoes, one of each variety, the
good qualities of which it is wished to com
bine. With a pocket knife cut all the eyes
clearly ont of them, and substitute in their
itead the eyes cut out of tbe other. The
eyes to be inserted should be sprouted and
cut in the form of wedges and inserted into
cuts of the same shape and size in the other
potato ; they are held in their place by hair
pics, end bound with bass matting or twine.
A steam plow experiment in New Jersey
lately was entirely successful. In view of
the scarcity and changed condition of labor
in the South, the probabilities arc that even
tually fanners having large tracts of lands
to cultivate they will triturate the soil with
plows driven by steam. Why should not
every very large farm have its steam engine,
the power to be applied to a multitude of
services upon the place ? A little ingenuity
might make a small portable steam engine
to do so much general work that a farm of
a thousand or two acres could be run by a
cry icw nanas.
PicKLKo Cucumbers. I have, after try
ing various ways to save cucumbers, found
the following tbe best Make a pickle as
follows: one part vinegar, two parts water,
three parts salt to which add four ounces of
horse radish for every half barrel. Fill the
task, or whatever vessel is to hold tbe pick
's, half full of this pickle; pick the cucum
bers with the butt of the stem on, and wipe
"id put them into the vessel. When it is
full, place a cloth over the encumbers and a
ward nicely fitted over the cloth. A stone
should be placed on the board to keep the
encumbers under the pickle. When needed
or use, soak and put them into vinegar, as
uai. uor.of the Umntry (HnUtmm.
Remedy foe Cabbage Lick. A writer
n the FarmerC Advocate says that a cheap
n effective remedy for this insect is within
S V jfe reach of all. As soon as tha plant be-
r'J&MMJuuio&uthe louse makea
'"Vpearance, open the leaves carefully
the fingers and SDnntue common salt
jrween them. This is said to be an infalli
yfc remedy. We have used it with entire
success. Plants used in this way produce
larger and more solid heads than those left
?tbe fob Bloat oh Hovek. A Pennsyl
vftian communicates to the New York Far
nirs' club the following -remedy for cows
tiiated from eating clover : "Take half a
pit of salt and cover it with water, ssd i&j
itn the animal's back over the kidneys,
al have the skin thoroughly impregnated
th the brine, particularly where the
Hunch adheres to the pleura, on the left
te, just back of the last long rib." This
f said to be infallible if given fifteen
inutcs before the animal would otherwise
Moee FtAX Wahted. The cultivation
flax is daily increasing in importance aa
iroduct of western soil. Its value hither
has been greatly underestimated, inas
lch as it was raised for the seed only,
tile the fibre was allowed to go to waste :
t within the last few years machinery has
en constructed to work up that article to
.vantage and the product is now exten-
'elv used for covering bales of cotton.
3ec cover a crop of $3,000,000 bales of cot-
lone a, 20,000,000 yards of bagging are required,
ill j a cost ol about 5,000,000.
MAHUBB8 asd Top-DHKssraoa fob Gbasb
Lands. The following lime compost says
Professor (Tanner, of Birmingham, of
great value, and will be found especially use
ful when die land ii mossy. To mike this
compost the Professor states that the scour,
inf of ditches, roads, scrapings, weeds,
sods, bog earth, and in fact any vegetable
matter not suitable for tbe farm yard manure-heap
should be collected and inter
mixed with lime, fresh from the kilns, and
partially slaked with water, The propor
tion of lime to the vegetable matter should
be one cart load to three of the refuse mat
ter, if peculiarly rich in vegetable matter
if poor, the proportion ot refuse to the lime
may bo increased from three to nine cart
loads. The mixed heap may rest for four
or six months, then be turned over and well
mixed, this being repeated a month before
using it It should be applied at the rate
of SO loads per acre, at the commencement
of spring, and after being spread, the land
should be dragged, rolled, and bush-harrowed.
; The same authority gives the fol
lowing caution in using guano, nitrate of
soda, or other nitiogeneous manures, as top
dressings for grass lands, which, in too many
cases, are rendered useless, if not positively
injurious, to the land, by the manner in
which it is subsequently dealt with. Being
a powerful fertilizer, and very quick in ac
tion, a rapid growth of grass follows their
employment, and the result is, it thus be
comes such a temptation for the scythe that
few are able to resist it The crop is cut,
and in proportion as the soil is light in its
character; and generous in its nature, it be
comes impoverished, and the herbage weak
ened by the injudicious use of a stimulating
manure. This does not happen upon
stronger and more retentive soils, which are
slower in their action, and hence more du
rable. In the nse of these stimulating ma
nures, it should be remembered that they
excite tbe growth of vegetation in such
a manner that not only is tbe manure which
has been applied taken up, but it ttimulata
the plant to fresh energy in search of food
from other sources, the soil and the atmos
phere. If, therefore, tbe crops were con
sumed upon tbe land, its fertility would be
very much increased, and a future crop
might be removed with far less injury to the
land ; but this is seldom done, and hence
guano and similar manures are often con
demned as injurious to the quality of the
herbage after the effect has passed off. The
combined use ol superphosphate of lime
with the guano, is far less preferable to the
use ot tbe latter alone. Where farm yard
dung cannot be obtained, the following
composts and manures are recommended by
a practical authority : Near towns, where
dung may be purchased Manures, 3 tons ;
earth 8 tons; common salt 1 cwt This
should be well mixed and turned, and well
watered with liquid manure. Where shoddy
can be obtained, but mature cannot
Shoddy, 1 ton ; earth, 3 tons ; bone-ash, 1
cwt-; common salt, 1 cwt; sulphate of mag
nesia, 1-2 cwt ; mixed, well-watered, and
turned twice. Where soot is easily availa
ble Soot, 8 cwt, or 32 bushels; earth, 8
tons ; bone-ash 1 cwt; sulphate of magne
sia, 1-3 Cwt; mixed and turned once. Gu
ano may be employed in the following econ
omical and efficient mixture best Peruvian
guano, 2; 1-2 cwt; common salt, 1 cwt; sul
phate ot magnesia, 1-2 cwt; earth, 1 ton.
Rape-dust may be used economically, and
for a change efficiently, thus rape-dust, S
cwt; common salt 1 cwt; earth, 3 tons.
Gbkejt Makubb ahd Greek Foddeb
fob Stock. Clover is by far the best of grass
es or grains to plough under for green ma
nure. Wheat, barley, oats, timothy, red top,
Hungarian grass and all the rest are much
inferior.! But on soils where clover does
not catch readily, oats sown in the fall do
well. These may easily be tried . in the
South. I Our cow-peas will be still better.
But with us the best thing of all is to keep
more stock. Save every particle of our barn
yard manure, and keep tbe stock yard full
of swamp muck, leaves, coarse grass and all
loose material. On the seacoast we mnst
learn to feed stock with green fodder. It is
the easiest, the cheapest and the best way to
keep our cows, mules and horses. We can
then bring them to the yard and sbed every
night, and with a dozen pigs in the yard,
we can 'make cords of a fertilizer greatly
superior to any commercial manures. We
can thus improve our animals and our land
at the same time. We must keep more
stock in. the low country. If it is bard to
get a gdod sod for pasture or a hay crop, we
can supplement our scanty pasturage by
feeding in part oats, peas and corn, green,
during the summer, and curing them for
winter fodder. Tbe lack of pasturage seed
be no obstacle to us on the seacoast We
must keep stock and make our own fertil
izers. To keep np, much less to improve our
nearly exhausted lands with purchased fer
tilizers, will make our planters forever poor
On planti ng for the purpose of " soiling,"
the American Stock Journal says :
" Corn may be sown either broadcast or
in drills. If broadcast, about a bushel and
a half of seed will be required to the acre,
and harrowed in. If in drills, they may be
drawn from two to two and a half feet dis
tant from each other, so that the space be
tween can be worked by a cultivator to keep
down the weeds and improve tbe crop;
some prefer this mode on that account, oth
ers think there is no advantage in it over tbe
broadcast system. It is well to have a suc
cession of planting two or three weeks dis
tant from each other, so as to keep up a
longer supply and later in tbe season ; as we
do not know just when a dry spell may come
on, nor i how long it may last Some sow
rye for the purpose, others millet or Hunga
rian grass. Rye should be sown not later
than the middle of June, earlier would do
better. ' Millet may be sown as late as tbe
first of July."
In many closely populated regions, dairies
are kept entirely on crops fed green in sum
mer and cured for winter. With clear water
and a little room for exercise, horses and all
animals thrive ; cows give a greater quanti
ty of better milk. It is very easy for us to
do this in whole or in part We can sow
every acre of cleared land to oats, corn or
peas ; feed a part green, cure a part for win
ter focUer, and plough under tbe rest to fer
tilize tke land. We can purchase more cat-
tie and cows, keep them in yard at least half
tne time, ana mace our own leniuzera.
Thus the farm enriches itself and its owner.
Boutk Carolina fiepublican.
' Geowhg Corn fob Green Foddeb.
Corn for green fodder should be sown, not
broadcast but thickly, in rows three teet
apart, so that it may be "tended" b y hone
power.! At this width the cultivator will
past through the rows without danger, and
r- i i .i - . 1 ,1 : 1! . ,
ll we seeu is mien iu iue uruis, iiiiib iusb
than twenty five kernels to the foot), it will,
on rich land, form so busby a growth as to
nearly occupy the whole space. The sow
ings may be continued at intervals until
nearly or quite the first of August Tbe
rows being marked out, by chaining or
witn tae plow, tne corn may be sown quite
rapidly by band, and covered with the feet,
and then well rolled down. , Or, which is
much better, it may be put in with a wheat
drill, by taking out all but the middle and
th tiro and teerh, and topping tbe dis
charges trom the nopper except over these
This will bring the rows at about tbe proper
distance apart, and the quantity of seed may
be easily regulated so as to give the requisite
thickness in the drill. Cora sown in this
way needs no additional covering beyond
what a roller, will give it Should it not be
needed for feeding in its green state, it may
De bound in small bundles, and cured in
long shocks made around a rail supported
by crochets or stakes. When cured it forma
a nutritious fodder. American AgricuUwritt.
A Kicking - Cow. Robert Eennicut of
Warren, & L, gave the following directions
how to manage her:- . , .
"Take a small chain, 'put it around her
just back of the fore-legs and twist it Ev
ery time sue kicks add a turn or two with a
stick ; she will soon stand easy, and after a
few trials will not need it at all. We con
sider it here a good thing, and, as far as I
have heard, it is universally successful." ,
. The same writer advised the application
of sweet-oil for warts on cows teats. Ap
ply twice a dayi;;..-; : .,. ;a..a -. ..
Sair with Manure. The Independence
Beige mentions that experiments, ranging
over a period of 36 years, prove- that salt
mixed with all kinds of manure tends to in
crease the power of production in the ratio
of 250 per cent ' Common sea-water where
easily obtainable is equally efflaeat v
CloVkb! as Maitcbh fob 'WhbAt,- tit
Voelckw, Who is pretty good scientific au
thority, in! a recent lecture says that if farm
ers can succeed in getting a good crop of
clover, they are almost certain to get a good
crop of wheat "At first sight it seems
contradictory to say that you can remove a
very large quantity of mineral and organic
food from the soil, as in the case of clover
nevertheless it is a fact that the larger the
amount of mineral matter you remove In a
crop of clover, and the larger amount of ni
trogen that is carried off in a crop of clover
hay, the richer the land becomes." An enor
mount of nitro-genous organic matter is left
in the land after the removal of the clover
crop, and this gradually decays and furnish
es ammonia, which, at first, during the cold
er months of the year) is retained by the
well known absdrbing properties which all
good wheat soils possess. Investigation
shows that ammoniacal salts in the soil are
rapidly transformed into nitrates. ' As am
monia is gradually formed by the decompo
sition of clover, it is much better saved by
the large amount of vegetable mat
ter thus left in the soil. So the benefit
derived from the growth of clover is very
much greater than can be secured by a di
rect application oi nitrate of soda. Tbe bit
ter is not retained in the land, not even in
elay soils, but passes through like a sieve.
But while nitrate of soda may be readily
washed out of the soil, the principal advan
tage of clover roots and leaves is, that in de
caying they furnish a continous source from
which nitrates are produced for the use ot
growing plants. If some nitrates pass off,
there is an enormous accumulation of decay
ing organic matter left. The clover roots
and leaves are not all at once changed into
ammonia, as there is a gradual but complete
series ot chemical transformations, which is
highly conducive to the gradual develop
ment of fertilizers from the clover plant
Whereas, by using nitrate of soda there is s
risk of having it washed away. So there is
more certainty of growing a good crop of
wheat through the instrumentality of clover,
than through the direct supply of nitrate of
Pbuntko Treks. Set a green hand to
prune trees when limbs of any size are to be
removed, and tbe chances are, ten to one,
that he will commence at the top, and saw
through the limb, until it falls by its own
weight ; tearing down the bark and wood,
inflicting a great, ugly wound, which may
require years to heal, and which if not care
fully protected from the weather, will cause
such decay as to destroy the tree. The
method commonly recommended to prevent
such injury is to begin at the bottom, and
cut half way through, and then finish from
the top. or, with very large limbs, to have
them supported by a crotched pole or pitch
fork held by an assistant below ; but we
have found a better plan, and quite as easy,
to be to make two cuts, the first at a conve
ient distance, say a foot, from the point
where we wish the limb removed. This
short stump can, except in the case of very
large limbs, be easily held in one hand,
while the final cut is made with the other.
After a large limb is sawed off, the sur
face should be pared smooth, and for this
purpose, we have frequently found a com
mon carpenter's chisel, about two inches
wide, much more convenient than a pruning
knife. To prevent decay there is nothing
better than one or two coats of good oil-
paint; and it should he as near the color of
the Dark as possible, so as not to disfigure
the treci All tools used in pruning should
be of the best quality and kept as sharp as
possible; it is poor economy to use any
others. .Limbs are sometimes cut too close,
but for every such one there are a hundred
not cut close enough. Every cut, large or
small, should be made in a smooth, clean,
workmanlike manner; a poor workman is
soon known by hacking off a limb with a
dull knife, leaving as many faces as on a
multiplying glass. Journal of Horticulture.
Butter vs. Cheese. A writer in tbe
Aurora Beacon thus balances the account :
Farmers' wives usually make their butter;
yet I thick six cents per pound would be a
small reward for skimming the milk, churn
ing, and keeping pans and utensils clean,
taking care of and marketing the butter.
Tbe price of making cheese is two cents to
two and a half cents per pound ; the cost of
drawing tne miiK to tne factory, and draw
ing home the whey, is from hall a cent to
one cent per pound ef cheese. With cheese
at twenty cents, and butter at forty cents
which is near tbe market value of eacb, we
will see how the account stands ; two ' or
three-fourths pound of cheese at twenty cents
per pound, gives fifty-five cents; making
and drawing milk, three cent per pound,
gives eight and one-fourth cents ; net value
of milk, forty-six and three-fourth cents.
The same amount of milk would make one
pound of butter worth thirty-eight to forty
cents per pound ; cost of making and mark
eting, six cents ; leaving thirty two or thirty-four
cents for the milk, showing a defi
ciency ir loss of twelve to fifteen cents on
each pound of butter. ' Will the butter ni&a-
be any better off next summer, when he sells
his butter for twenty-five cents per pound,
and pays twenty cents per pound for his
Grazing Meadows. It is great folly to
suppose that meadows composed of natural
grasses are injured by grazing. Mowing
annually will soon weaken any grass-land,
but grazing with cattle and sheep will
quickly improve it, if the coarse and sour
portions of the fields are kept down, so as
not to Dave a ton per acre left on it to pro
tect tbe roots next winter, as some people
recommend. To prevent the animals from
eating very bare in places and leaving other
parts untouched, some application will be
desirable, according to the composition of
tbe sou, which will induce them to eat up
the rough parts, if it is sown on early in the
season ; salt in moderate quantity will
answer the purpose, and plaster will help,
or ashes ot any Kind win sweeten the navor.
Alternate grazing and mowing is an excel
lent plan on old grass land and do not be
afraid of eating the roots or be fooled into
the belief that it is wisdom to stock light;
but when well and evenly grazed all over
tbe surface, it is good policy to take the
stock off it very early in tbo autumn, - par
ticularly when it is to be mowed the next
year. Country Gentleman. '
Mr. W. C. Strong, chairman of the fruit
committee of the Massachusetts . Horticultu
ral Society, well says, in his annual report r
I served an apprenticeship ot twenty-lour
years in good old Connecticut, .and grew
and ripened as good peaches, pears, grapes,
etc, as 1 ever saw grown elsewhere, it only
needs thought, knowledge of soil, and adap
tation of plant or tree thereto to grow fruits
just as satisfactorily and conclusively in the
New England States as in Illinois or Kan
sas in fact I doubt if there is half the trou
ble to contend with. But the Yankee, when
transported West, makes up his mind he is
going to succeed, and he does it There are
lota of hillside ledges in New England most
admirably adapted to grapes, .and with a
little use of artificial screens they could grow
peaches every year. There's "lots" of valley
land most capital for strawberries, raspber
ries, etc., and the talk about the. apple, or
years ago is all nonsense. .
How to Keep Butteb Sweet. It is
tbe easiest thing in the world. ' Simply put
it in clean jars and cover with ' a strong
brine, i This will keep. pure butter 4 year, :
fresh ahd sweet, as we know by experience.
It is almost equally as good to put in oak
casks, beaded tight This it equivalent to
canning fruit The brim in the case of the
jar act as a heading, keeping tha air out
But butter should be made well -f we nave
never experimented on poor butter. Work
out the buttermilk till you have only pure
".beads.1' clear as rain water: but do not
work so much as to break the "gmn, - in
which case you have a tough, beavy arttcla
in winter, and grease in summer. Such but
ter we advise no one lo try to preserve.
Cor. Sural Warld. ' '
Seed ' ' Fertilizers. Boussingault, ; a
French authority on agricultural chemistry;
recommend the use of phospbator of lime,,
nitrate of eoda'dnd wood. asheb,;;ugr and
soot have also been, recommended, tor has
tening the germination of seeds, especially
wheat The proportions of sugar, a pound
to the bushel,' sufficteD ;aoot to: make the
mixture t black as ukf .water to make the
compound as thick as . cream. Let them
stand thirty or forty hours, and then stir in
the grain,.' Humboldt hastened the germi
nation of seeds, by soaking them in chlo
rine water.' Prairie Farmer. . , .- a;i; , .;
:-"' : :;.z
Gapes it (cki The dlseasecrJnsiBtg
at least ao far as actual symtoms extend'
in a number of small worms that , infest .
the windpipe,-and cause the .poor, chicken,;
to gap for breath. It taken early, it will be
sufficient to give every day a inorsel f cam-'
phor the size of a grain of wheat, and to put
camphor in the drinking -water; or a. little
turpentine may be given-daily in meal ; ta
king care, tof course, that the deficienoes in .
diet and shelter be amended.;'. In fully de
veloped cases, the Worms' thust be removed
by introducing a loop of horse, hair in the
trachea, and turning it round during with
drawal; the operation to Be repeated sever-
al times, till all the worms aflpear to' bV ex-';
tracted. A. feather, stripped almost to . the ''
top, may be used instead of the horsehair
ihe trequent occrranceot gapes is a digrace
to' any poultry yti.-Practical Poultry'
The short jaunty walking' suits will be-
much in vogue: this fall and, winter. - Fall
importations are already arrived and the cry
is 'Feathers."... .The value f these airy com-'
modifies will be enhanced respectively from
fifty to a thousand' 'per cent:'' i : n.) i i ll .
The question of Tittle boys' icortumes Up
to four or five years old, according to their,
height, for some boys a year old look quite
a year younger, seems satisfactorily settled
with the short pleated skirts and jackets,
with cut out basques, in' i the Scotch style.'
Boys are uniformly thus r-dresaed from two
and a hall and three veers, old to the age
above mentioned. The skirt and jacket-are
made of brown holland, white or buff pique,
poplin, merino or cashmere,' : For very little
boys, we see the low jacket-bodice of brown
holland, prettily trimmed with red braid.
A small Picador hat, with a straight aigrette
completing the dress: ! -. . :- .;
The white pique is ornamented with braid
work, in white or black the woolen mate
rial, merely edged with silk braid and small
silk buttons to match ; just in front the
skirt is quite plain, and it is fastened at the
side under large rosette of the braid or
soutache of the trimming.,... No petticoat
are worn underneath, bqt poly wide, short
white drawers, which scarcely show under
it, leaving the leg partly bare tor the sock
is short and scarcely seen above the button
ed kid but Such is the transition dress be
tween babies' short frocks and wide sashes,
aud boys' knickerbockers - and blouse or
jacket It is a very becoming costume, too,
for a little boy... i ... ., ..,-,..(
For littlo girls we notice extremely pretty
brow holland frock made in the Princess
shape, and ornamented with braidwork in
white, red, blue or black soutache. . This
trimming is partly of plain, and partly of
waved worsted braid. It is put on all
round the bottom of the skirt, and in the
shape of an apron in front ' The square low
bodice and short sleeve are trimmed to cor
respond. '-I''! .;.-.,lT,
Not only little girls, but young ladies wear
very frequently a fichu of the same material
as the dress by way of out-of-door mantle.
These are not quite the . Marie Antoinette
fichus of last year, with long lapels tied at
the back; in front they have 'short lapels,
crossed and passed under the waistband, to
which the point of the fichu at the back is
also fastened. The latter is ornamented
with a bow or loop of ribbon, or of the
same material :,i : -' '" '::'" "' ' :
Sashes of the same material as the dress
are generally worn with simple costumes, for
which a wide ribbon sash corresponding in
color would be deemed too expensive. These
sashes of the same material are preferable to
a black ribbon sash -which is not so fash-'
ionable this yearunless with a black dress,
or one with a black pattern over a white or
colored ground a favorite style both in
fancy materials and foulard this season. '
Bonnets made on purpose for the young
and beautiful, are quite serial-looking coiff
ures; delicate flowers forming a diadem, a
butterfly or humming bird hovering over
them, and a lace barb falling at the back or
gracefully fastened upon the bosom with a
lower. Such are the dainty coiffures worn
this summer at the casino or on the beach of
fashionable watering places. .
A pretty model of this style is trimmed
with maize-colored ribbon ; a black agirette
and branch of yellow Scotch roses are pjaced
in front Black lace border and lapels. ; ,.
A. tasteful bonnet of a round shape is of
narrow colored straw; lined with- crimson
silkf a scarf of brown gauze is lengthened
into lappets. Upon the bonnet there is a
bunch ot poppies ot a rich enmsom tint,
with a trailing branch of furze and foliage
at tne bacJc
Black lace is, as we have already men
tioned, extremely fashionable this summer.
Some are very artistically ornamented with
.bunches of white currents, a bunch of the
For toilettes de viste we have robes a
trains in pale gray poult de soie, the jupe
trimmed with a double fringe one plain,
tbe other richly ornamented and formed
behind into threo scollops bordered with a
deep bouillonne of gauze "a pus contra
ries " framed within a ruche chicorec. The
high corsvge is ornamented with a bouil
lionne and fringe, and the sleeves 1 a sabots'
are trimmed with ruches of poult de soie
and gauze. Tbe inevitable bow of tbe sash
is an elaborate combination of ruches and
bouillonnes, the ends terminating in deep
ornamental fringe. ,
Jupes courtes in taffeta glace with almost
imperceptible stripes are trimmed with nu
merous small alternate flounces, now of their
own material, and then of the light bright
bright-colored material of which the tunic
open at tbe sides and oouttanto bemna
is made. , , , .
These minature flounces, known as " fri-
setts," have occasionally a broad piping
torming a double head, and diminish in
depth as they rise to meet the tablier of the
tunic, which, altogether with tbe corsage,
its little rounded cape and tight sleeves are
trimmed to correspond having frequently
in addition to a rich fringe formed of trellis.
small balls and end ct floss silk. When the
nnderjupeisof some positive though pale
shade ot color, the flounces ot its own mate
rial with which it is trimmed are frequently
alternated with bands of embroidered mus-
. A robe of sky blue faye a demi-traine trim
mod with rich guipure and starting from
the waist underneath a rounded basque, to
the sides of which it is attached by bows of
lace and taye. In front ot tbe skirt a tablier
is formed by rows of guipure arranged trans
versely. With tne low corsage trimmed
with i guipure and supported by braces of
guipure between biais ox faye, and which is
open in front, a chemisette of tulle illusion
is worn, the loose sleeves of which have
plaited guipure and a biais of faye at the
.. . i . .
'; A robe of pale rose color taffeta, trimmed
at tbe bottom of the skirt with innumerable
ganae tncbea, has a tunio of silvery gray
gauze icaught up all around with roses;
rosebud are, moreover, fixed at the corsage
in the hollow of each shoulder, almost under
the arm.-1 ! - .- .
.-. . ' :.'"( " ii " : v - '..' l
Auotner roue conrte, trimmed with a deep
plisse, headed by a bonniIlone,is worn with
a tunio of white silk, embroidered over with
small boqucts of flowers and ornamented
with a ruche of the same shade as the iure.
The low oorsago is usually completed by a
lace ficbu or a pelerine trimmed with lacsi
the long end ef which, crossed upon the
i-nest, pass oeneatu tbecemture behinoUl
As we have the j"Patrien. chapcau, so
have we the " Patrie . robe, rather too hot.
however, for present wear, as it is iu .black
taye trimmed witn vandyked flounces bound
with ambercolored satin., The tunic is ar
ranged to be worn either long 'or short, a
oerding to fancy: ar ft can "be; 'ready eanght
rip on j either' W'e sfcWIrts'1Werieolor
liningJ 'Id fronl'is i feblM-bordered'-With
a .ro w jof amTJelmect eequeVana closed -IB
behind With black and' amber 'toowai 'The
two' pockets are ornamented with carti-col-
' ored rosettes, and fringed with corn-hape4
xirops. . wa ma low .corsage, which haa,
epaulettes amber-lined coqucs, and is trim
med with a similar fringe, a bertha of puffed
lace-is worn., , ine uau-open, sleeves,, bor
dered with a double ruche, show lace slcsvcf
.beneath. ,,;, , , ,
'' i " I a-'h -'''j ' I
-yf-an fcst Tcspormble fit lU tiewt of
AU Communication' intended for puUica
tio9iUttbt accompanied by, the name of .the
name unU tnot.be pubiitheorrr
v nleu ly
it but we require it at a
of good faith. Editor" of
.Jv.'n-j ;ii:,iu;v.t;- ,th ..-
m -.'.! L tor tha Standard.
Snot's. N. C; Aug. 18. 1899.
Editor Standard Dear Sir : A frieud
Tias ,jttstl'c(illed my attention to the follow-
Rutherford Stat of the i2th instant:
are informed that ttie arithor
01 the Holden Jbcord, a .campaign doenmeht
which abused Gov. Holden more and with better I
sucaess thaait was ever done, now enjoys a ta- f
crative ooeitlQB on tbe North Carolina Riilroad.
which was given him by my friend Billy Smith,
who made the speech at Salisbury denouncing
the corruption, pf the North Carolina Legisla
tors, ana que. oi uov. noiaen s Directors - on
the Wilmington; "Charlotte & Rutherford Ball
Road. ' Wei merely ask to know ii it can be so,
H It Is; it is another straw, showing that Gov.
Holden baa been leaving tbe Republican part
lor Bomeuiaot . .-.rr r ; .. .
:t Can the Standard tell us anvtbinz about tbe
matter?- I ;n:--x4 :. I . . ', ;.
I apprehend' that I should, in the but-
set, apologize for asking tbe use of your
columns to nabliclv notice an attack which.
on account of tile meagre circulation of the
paper in Winch It appears, can scarcely be
called a .phbli6' charge: I am satisfied from
the appearance of. the Stajtdabd and my
knowledge ;q i(s .editor, that, neither his
time nor inclination woiild permit . his pry
ing into the minutise of blatters so foreign
to his duty as -a journalist, to the extent of
ascertaining!! past occupation , and pecu
liar views of every employee of the differ nt
Kaiiroaosi m tne Htate..., Therctore, Mr.
editor, you will pardon my concluding that,
perchance, you are unable to-give the infor
mation sought by the enterprising editor of
tms inquiring sheet !-nit it,'-. .' v
In view ot his nianifest need of informa
tion! I will proceed to do' so; and also, to
answef the other false assertions of the Star
to which, it is charitable to Conclude as a
palliating circumstance,;that an utter want
of information gave rise. , Since I have been
intrusted 'Whh the management of the North
Carolina Railroad, it has been iny purpose,
to know thoroughly its employees; and to
allay the anxiety of the Star and its mana
gers, who, for some time, have exhibited a
peculiar interest in this road, I will state
that the author ot the tlolden Jsecora is not
now, nor has he been, during my administra
tion, in any manner connected with this
road. Mr. Helper was' the ostensible, and
so far as I know; the real author of the
JJolaen icecora, and should be apply to me
for a situation judging from the tenor of
the ' Star and should I feel inclined to ap
point him to a position, where bis services
as a traduccr of tbe character of our patriot
Governor, would be acceptably received and
highly appreciated,; I would, unhesitatingly,
direct him to the ownert of the Star for eni-
ploymenlj as its chief Editor. .
'A due regard lor the interests ot the state
and Stock hrtklors has induced me to dis
charge many employees of . tbe road, both
Republicans and Democrats, because, upon
trial, I fopnd them utterly incompetent and
-worthless: ahd in some instances have dis
charged parties because bf their unmanly in
trigues, (while 'in positions, Which they
sought, to advance their own selfish schemes;
and-had I the .power associating both
these reasons would furnish cause, amply
sufficient, for the discharge of at least one of
tbe superior Court judges ot this state., if
there is iny man in the employment of this
Company who opposed Gov. Holden's elec
tion, he is some clever business man, who has
long since repented of his sins, is content
to look after what concerns him, and is, now,
for tbe Governor and the great National Con-
eervatite Republican Party, which will when
the people vote again, consign all narrow
minded,extreme proscriptionists to oblivion,
thereto ternaiu. ,. This newspaper, tbo Star,
is conducted ,in the interest ot its ownert
and manager! in furthering their designs
upon still more lucrative and eminent posi
tions, while they are notoriously incompe
tent to nil those they now occupy, in com
mon: with small minded men, tbey have sa
gacity -enough and only enough to per-
ceiye that their own success is measurably
dependent, not upon their own ability, but
upon the rivalry they are to meet in the con
test foe future honors. Hence tbey cry out on
mcnofliberal views,and especially those who
have successfully filled tbe positions assigned
them, add have met the approval of all fair
minded knen ol . whatever political faith,
Why this allegation in the Star against Gov
ernor Holden s orthodoxy as a true Repub
lican ? iWhy this charge that he has gone
over to the Democrats T It requires no pen
ctrating. perception to discover, when we
consider that it is made by men, who have
lulled to meet their own party expectations
in positions for which they are indebted to
Uovcrnox rioiacn and ins mentis, wnue ne
and the great host of liberal minded Repub
licans PepuUkans from principle have,
with the exception of the malcontents, won
the universal applause of their own party.
and, by their able administration, wrung
from the opposition an unwilling confession
of their ability and fitness. :
How, Mr. Editor, there is a certain class
of men who must shrink back into their
original insignificance, under the march of
true republicanism, 'wnicn win strise the
shackles from our own people, give the abil
ity of many, heretotore-banned, to the
country, and afford the"Rcpublican party a
wider held, lrom which to select its candi
dates, than a single lawyer for Judge, who
chances to be the onlv one eligible in a par
ticular Judicial district under tbe restric
tions of the fourteenth article. . These men
see this, and hence their impotent rage
against snch as claim their positions through
merit and not accident.
Now this same knowing editor asserts
that I made a speech at Salisbury "denounc
ing the corruption of the Legislature."
This assertion is in reckless disregard of
truth, fur it evidently was made without in
formation, or it is deliberately stating what
is not so. I made no such charge. ..., I said
that extravagance in Railroad appropria
tions had marked the career of the present
Legislature, and I furthermore said, that the
different railroads proposed, if built, would
prove detrimental to the interest of the H.
U. K. Road, with two exceptions, tbe W; JN,
O: R. Road and the N. W. N. C. R. Road,
I am a cautious man, with a proper regard
for truth, and that love for my race, which
renders it nnpleasantto discover.and more so
to proclaim, corruption in any ot my fellow-
men ; and as as an evidence of this, 1 will
call the attention of the Star to the fact that
I have never yet even charged the Peniten
tiary Committee ' with corruption in Its
real estate y transactions in. Chatham
county, and never will unless corruption
is proven. Ialso.inthissDeechat Salisbury.
endeavored to show, and did show, to the
stockholders, it their vote was any evidence
of the fact (which stood' 594 against con
solidation, and 2045 for it) that the consoli
dation of the North Carolina Railroad with
the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad.
according to the provisions of the bill which
passed the Legislature oh that subject, would
prove Juinous. to this road, and that the
fact of the Legislature having passed such
a Ml1 was no reason why the State or indi
vidual iBtockholdcrs should vote for this des
tructive oolicv." ' 1 -i ' '.litw ...i
But what is the object of the puny efforts
of -thej Weakly Star and those who: control
its columns Jtis simply to make war up
on thean to whom they owe: their own
place, and notoriety,., and hi friends, be
cause Goy. Hpldenr endorsed by good men
everjjwjnere, witp his characteristic noer
afity zealously fevors the extension of uni
versal bardoB and' amnesty to all . He and
his rid friends think that the war upon our
own ieople has continued long enough; and
they are unwilling to-' see them oppressed
when" there is no need for it,-and when the
pardOnedi inaviloi 'great good in lending
i tteir'afesistance .to- oust such .officials as have
. mnvni themselves only coirvnotent to stir un
;tnieaiid apuse tneir beneiactpr.
i ne xime nas came wnen an narrv lines.
n&itlwV fHrmM-1 v Gmnl1 hn Awilialt-
ed: ie iiMC3' which divided j the people,
and made the two parties , in , this state,
havej by the consurnniaUon..otuie jecon
struction acts, ceased to exist
. And now all good men, lovers . of their
.States and their Government,' should- meet
together ; in- one frit ahd obsebaii Conven
tion, and finish the. organization of the true
that would show no quarter to any extreme
party of whatever denomination. . '.
Yours truly, ', , ".; ,"
W. A. SMITH, President'
' N, C. Railroad Company.
,.'..'. ?ar ths Standard '.
Rosetta Stond.,' -
An object of interest has been . placed in
the Library of the University, a fac-simile
cast in plaster ot the iamous Kosetta stone,
of the British Museum.
It will be remembered that this stone.
which wis Wtth'd lit the year 1800. at Roset
ta in Egypt, bears Off it fa an inscription
in three alphabets, fk: the Greek, the De
motic or Enchorial and the HiwottlypllicV
Soon after its: discovery an engraving' of it
wa8 Mitayiea winch led to much study and
.f?,, Bmriftd tfci Umtta t till the
French scholar, ChampOllidrt, obtained from
it the key to read the before undeCipbered
hieroglyphics of Egypt .,, : .-. -iu i
mi - - - 1 , f Tru ,
1 ne inscription is in nonoroi rwiemy
Fifth Epiphanea, who began to reign, B. C,
An account of the progress of Champol-
lion's discovery and its' results, especially
the advantages which it offefttosaered crit
icism, is given in a book by J. ti. it; wrep-
po, Vicar Ueneral ol JJelley. Ureppo thus
explains the first steps of the investigation,
it being premised that the Greek inscription
itself declares that it was to be engraved "in
Sacred, in Enchorial and in Greek letters;''
"In tbe Greek text of the decree the name
of Ptolemy often occurred, and many other
prapef hamee .which were . foreign to the
Egyptian laflgurtgA So in the hieroglyphic
inscription, a group of sigh were observed
to be frequently repeated, which were con
t ained in the ovals or rings called cdrtowshet.
By the last mark of distinction, as well as
by its relative position in the text, the hier
oglyphic group appeared to correspond with
the name oi rtoiemy m tne urees inscrip
tion. It might then fee1 supposed with' very
great probability, that the sign clustered in
the ring or cartouche, expressed phonetically
the name of this prince; and this conjecture
led to the expectation, that in decomposing
the group to which such a signification was
attributed, some of those first elements of
alphabetic writing which were sought might
.be found. ' '
Champollion procceeded to analyse the
hieroglyphic group which he supposed to
designate the name of Ptolemy ; and noting
each of the signs which composed it, he be
lieved that he recognized signs which were
the equivalents of the letters P. T. O. L. M.
E. S. It was impossible to mistake the
name of Ptolemy, from which the first dif
fered only by its termination, and (in a man
ner common to all writings in the Sbcmi
tish languages) by the suppression of its me
dial vowels." .,
Soon afterwards Champollion came across
another hieroglyphic inscription on an
Egyptian obelisk, containing besides the
same name ot rtoiemy, anotner wnicn prov
ed to be Cleopatra. From this beginning
the whole system was laid open and the re
cords have been disciphered on many stones
and papyri, throwing a flood of light on tbe
history of ancient Egypt." '. ' ! " V
Plaster copies of the Kosetta stone are to
be seen not unfrequently in this country, as
at Yale, at Williams, and at Lafayette Col
lege in Pennsylvania. At the last named
institution some students, about ten years
ago, published a brilliantly ornamented vol
ume on tbe inscription.
The University Library has received do
nations of some fifty volumes during the
vacation. It proposed to make it more ac
cessible to tbe students than it has been
heretofore. Any gifts, especially such a il
lustrate the history of our State, will be
thankfully received and acknowledged.'
Chapel Hill, August 21, 1868. .
For the Standard.
Raleigh Its Prosperity The Situation.
: Raleigh, Aug. 24, 1869.
Editor Standard -.-Passing through our
city, as agent for a charitable institution,
my opportunities lor seeing everything and
hearing all the news, are rare, and enviable.
Every household has its news, and this news
is as varied as there are houses. Some talk
religious news, some political news, and
many descant oi tneir aomesuc con
cerns, while others giaaty reier to me
next State Fair, and still others, of the crops
and the approaching dissolution of . this
globe, on which we move and have our be
ing. X UMBO Y III 1U UD MJfllva QIC lllbGlcauug
and I never find that I am bored, throughout
my entire circuit. - ... ,
It is a little surprising, however, that
there are so few who feel inclined, or look
upon it as a topic worthy ot note, the vast
improvements that have been made, and are
going on in our goodly city. For our means,
we are going ahead of any of our sister cities
in the state. Old fogyism has taken its
flight, and the age progressive, is fully in'
augurated. If splendid . buildings i . being
built is a sign of prosperity, then we are in
a Drosperous condition. It beauuruiiy de
corated yards furnish evidence of peace re
turned, then we are a reconstructed people,
both prosperous and happy. And not only
so, as regards private residences, out tne
neatness which marks our Capitol and its
grounds, is an argument that F arris is a man
of taste, backed by a Governor, who is anx
ious "to bring order out of Chaos." The
Capitol and its grounds are objects of remark
by all strangers who visit our city and just
In the political conversations, incident to
my rounds, it is pleasing to my feelings to
find that the prejudices which have been ex
isting against our Governor, brought about
mainly by the teachings of the Sentinel, in
the hands of its present editor, are passing
rapidly away, and in their stead, feelings of
respcct,and admirauon,are expressed ior uov.
Holden, for the just and righteous stand
which he boldly took, when, to do so, all
will admit, was a game of personal hazard,
ventured upon by but a very few. The en-
sis has been safely passed and to-day, W,
W. Holden has more mends among tne
honest people of North Carolina, than any
other man in the State, and the history of
the ten years just gone, it written by an im
partial pen, will place our Governor among
the great and good men oi tne state. . it is
a fact, not remarkable, however, that those
who were his worst political and personal
enemies, are now becoming his warmest ad
mirers. il it were necessary, l might- cau
. names but where the necessity, when it is a
notorious fact, that even the Sentinel is as-:
piling to lead the party now headed by W.'
W.Holden? - ' : ;,: 1
But, Sir, I did not set out to write you a
political letter. I wish to speak of our peo
ple,, our city and its prospects, and in doing
so, I can best commence by asking you to
take a ride through our city and its suburbs,
and on all sides, improvement is the order
of the day. Buildings are springing up in
every direction farms are being improved
churches are .being remodeled, and the
last resting places ot our dead are being
beautified. All this, is the legitimate' work
of reconstruction. . Public improvement
are being made without reference to' politics,
and this Is evidence ot a better state of feel
ing among all classes. .
In a futae communication, I propose to
enter more in detail this, if you please, may
be considered an introductory letter. : ; U.
j ; For the Standard.
Sad Affttir-A Man Killed.
'' Mr. Editoe; The agent at Whitaker's
Depot bn . the Wilmington and Weldon
Railroad, in Edgecombe county,' near the
Halifax line; was killed this (Tuesday) morn
ing. The circumstances that lead to the fa
tal result as near as I can. leanv are. .these :
Sometime last week a colored man by the
namd of Stratford, Who was recently elected
a Justice - of the Peace, for Dalmatia Town
ship, in this county, was at - Whitaker's
Depot, standing on the platform of the
warehouse, and was in the way of the agent,
Griffin, who, it is said, ordered Stratford to
get out of his way, when Stratford told him
(Griffin) that he was a man of authority, a
Justice of the Peace and should stand where
he pleased, whereupon , Griffin kicked or
pushed him off the. platform.-,. Stratford
then went to a Justice of the Peace, got out
a warrant, and -this morning four colored
men armed, went to arrest Griffin, when he
refused to. surrender to them," and one of
them shot him three times, with a pistol.'
... Tours truly, HAHFAX.''
Halifax, August 44th, 1869. ; : "
Lie a tn;i
The Hew Cotton Crop Fine Prospect for
!.- s-'i ihe South. ' ' "- '
. , i -" " i ' -;; :
i A few bales, and ,the first, of the new
cotton crop .have, cqine,., the New "jTprk 7
marKet, say ihe Meraid.. . inat irom.ucor
gi elascedj as W middling was jsold at
auction for, tbirty-ix , cents pound, and
that from Alabama .classed as strict mid,-'
41ing, 'brought forty-eight and a half cents.
These, it is 'true, may be termedrather fancy
prices, as, the first bsle.oir,, two, of the new
cotton crpp always ..brim? more than those
that come after, But it is an indication of
what the price will be hereafter. We may
conclude therefore, that the crop of 1869
will realize an immense sum pf money. This
cropls variously estimated between two and
a half millions of bales to three millions
probably it may reach two millions seven
hundred or two .millions eight hundred
thousand bales. If the-, average price
throughout the season of sales should not
exceed twenty-five cents a pound- though
from present appearances it will be higher
than that the crop will be worth over two
hufidred millions of dollars. From all the
light before t there is reason to believe it
will bring nearly that; sum in gold. ..This
production, too, is in addition to the tobac
co, sugar and other valuable crops of the
6outh for1 exportation. . Besides, that sec
tion of the country, since the war has paid
more attention to the raising of grain, corn,
and other articles of food, and is now, per
haps, independent, or nearly so, of outside
supplies. In short, the South this year will
have a surplus .production to be sold for
cash over and . above the production of ne
cessities;' worth, at least, two hundred mil
lions of dollars. Who .will not say the
South is becoming rich . again ? Wq must
admire the wonderful recuperative power of
the people there and congratulate them on
the splendid prospect they have pf material
prosperity. (.With more labor and capital to
develop their resources the Southern States
will become very soon the richest 'country on
the globe. t, ... , . . , .
The London Star follows the Times, Notes,
Morning Post and Standard in advocating
or acquiescing , in the prospective acquisi
tion of Cuba by the United States. Such una
nimity on the part of the leading British press,
says the Chicago Tribune, cannot but reflect
the sentiments of the British government
and people. It is . the more remarkable as
at. almost any previous epoch m. pur histo
ry all England, Scotland; Wales, and half of
Ireland (Would have bristled wifh indignar
tioa -at the attempt to consummate the event
which they now so warmly, advocate. The
argument of the. Star is as follows: ' ;' "
"As a naval and military position in the Gulf
ol Mexico, Cuba is of great valae. Troops and
a squadron 'would be required 'theri, but the
people of America, with whom the acquisition
of Cuba is so popular, would ' offer no objection
to ettch an outlay. , There is no , reason for
Great Britain to grudge their possession. Eng
land's possessions in those seas are so exposed
to attack at present that tbe danger cannot be
augmented. In the interests of commerce, it 1b
desirable that Cuba be " prosperous,- and her
prosperity it mneb more probable . under, the
American Government than a distressed colony
or Spanish Bepublic", ... . . . ....
. The maxim, that Great Britain can make
more money out of foreign .communities by
trading with them than by governing them,
is getting a deep and practical hold on the
English mind. But, in addition to this, the
friendly disposition, exhibited by , the entire
English press, on the. Cuban annexation
question, is doubtless induced by a desire
to conciliate American .feeling, deeply
wounded by the conduct of Great Britain in
our trying struggle.;. Respect for the higher
virtue with which we have maintained our
neutrality laws, and a -feeling --that- Cuba
will gorge and satisfy the' American appe
tite for annexation for a long time to come,
and-. so doubtless delay , the., severance of
Canada from the British Crown, also com
bine to dcvclope the good will of our British
Cousins.; i- ..,-; v1 Mil ,i ,:.:-tt !s.v .
Austria. and Prussia' seem to have been in
geniously misunderstanding each, other, says
the New York Tribune, ard now are willing
to approach an understanding with . ,the
chance of becoming entangled again. It is
not easy to make out from the maze of Baron
von Beust's controversies the exact status of
the dispute between .himself 'and the Prus
sians. We know that; in the first place
Count Bismarck hod fair cause to feel offend
ed at the publication, by Austria, not a
great while since, of what the Prussian jour
nals stigmatized as garbled official dis
patches, exposing King William's greed for
territory after the battle of Sadowa. These
dispatches were by Bismarck, and the meth
od and circumstances of their publication
are deemed offensive. Then we find that
the Prussian organs have been attacking
Austria's subservience to France in the Bel
gium question, notwithstanding a , rumor
that Count Bismarck was-willing to give up
Belgium to France, if France would allow
to Prussia perfect freedom of action in South
Germany., i .Without expressing any opinion
of this story, we may say that the present I
controversy between . Austria and Prussia
turns on the charge by Baron von Beust .of
persistent coldness manifested by the latter
-to his advances, r , Prussia denies this soft
impeachment, and to-day we have the. ab:
stract of a chapter of words from Baron yon
Beust again,, 1 He - declares that .what he
said in Parliamentary Committee ; was pri
vate, and not .debatable diplomatically; but
thathe will not withhold, his opinion on
questions caused by inaccurate newspaper
statements. . Again the Baron confesses that
his envoy Wimpffen was instructed to ab
stain from visiting Bismarck, on account of
continuous and violent attacks on Austria
in the Berlin papers 1 Evidently in Berlin
and "Vienna newspapers are State papers.
L The f.thatEastennesceJhe strong-.
hold of disfranchisement, says the Knoxviile
WMif, fcas given a decided majority for uni
versal ffrage, will,. ; we.,,tni8t, have a very
salutary influehce.upon the next Legislature.
It would have been a misfortune if the Mid
dle and Western division had gone oneway
and the Eastern division the other, for the
vote would have made the. lino of demarca
tion deeper and . broader than ever. But
East Tennessee who sent 20,000 men into
the Union army, and.cever.bent the knee to
the Baal of secession, has voluntarily offered
the olive' -branch to her sister divisions,,
and met them more; than half way in the
peace-maker's work. f' We shall be greatly
disappohited if Middle and West Tennes
see dp not show themselves fully worthy of
the confidence so generously reposed in them
by the Eastern division. : '
-: : '" "-""
" , Advices iro.n a Radical source in Missk
sippi' indicate the nomination of Albert G.
Browne, Democrat, for' Governor, and the
entire abandonment of the Dent utoveinent
h - '"
, .t , ' y-i?,- - , .... " . '- .. i ,
' : Stokes accepts the situation and will not
interfere with the, verdict of the people, '.
''' The confident German naturalist who pre
dicted a' fearful earthquake in Peru on the
10th and 11th of August, say the New York, . , -J
Tribune, will have a hard time it if hit
prophesy has not been fulfffled, At own
latest advices from South America, fiunilie
were flying from Callao and Lima into the in?
terlor.'andj the whole country wa, o to
speak, knocking its kneel together. Why
so much' implicit faith should have been
put in the prediction of Prot Flab we don't
know; but premonitory symptom of a great
terrestrial convulsion are said to bo abun
dant, and we shall -awaii newafronv-lima-
with at any rtfodemble)ooitv,Y '..)
'' ' ' From Apptoton' Jour yii I.i i
" f ' Spectram Analysts j-.t.'r , .
' "Beyond all- comparl8on,ith' ;moet bril-
liant and startling conquest -whJeh -tb so
man mind has yet made over the domain of ai
nature, consists of that group of diaeovenei , ,
which is described by the term SpectntmAn
alysis. It provokes amazement in every ,
pect In the first plaoe,the development .
have been made with a rapidity that is al-'"'
most astounding; the wTTole"Thhig-hM le4nr
done in ten yearn Dr. Wolhuton discover
ed, in the year 1862, that by looking careful- -ly
at the solar spectrum with a - spyglass,
dark lines could be seen crossing it. In'
1865, Fraunhofer, a German optician, re-disr , ,
covered and made a map ..of several hun
dreds of them, and from that time they
were called, after him, ' IrmnAeftrt line, i.
But few supposed that there waff the alight- '
est possible significance in them;' they wen
regarded as mere optical curiosities, having ,
no higher use than to serve as landmark for
measuringthe spaces of the coloredspeclrum
But, in 1859, the two German ofiemishv
Kirchoff and Bunsen, made the capita-.'
discovery that each chemical element, .when,
burning in a flame, gave out a light that Bad ,.
its peculiar marks or lines, so thai these
lines could become a mean of detesting the
element.- A totally new mode of chemical ,
analysis was thus hit upon, far more deUoato
than anything hitherto kuowiV Wfji :
method, moreover, whioh wMcapablsw
coming a revelater of the eenttitmtioiiitf ike
universe. , Chemistry, at a single stroke. Wis - -fused
with astronomy, and the universal 1.
agent of light became the powerful, Krrant
ot the laboratory.
' " At the very first step, several new ele
ments were ' discovered, . the xirtenc-of
which, had never before' been suspected.
Examining with the spectrum the ash of
some mineral waters. Prof. Bunsen thought :
he saw tome lines which did not belong to j
the substances already known. -He
boiled down forty-four ton of J)urkheim
spring water, and got a couple of hundred , '
grains of residue, from which he extracted .' .,
two new. metals,, Caesium and , Rubidium,.
which resemble potassium,. This Rubidium , . .
has since been found in the ash. of oak, ot
beet-root, of tobacco, coffee; tea and cocoa. " '
','The spectrum analysis, however; is nut
a mere instrument of original chemical, aa- ,.n.
searches ;i it is a practical applicability, j ,e .
The ' Bessemer process, v at it it Called, it 4 ' ' :
method of converting cast iron directly tnto. 1 ,-. 1
steeL . Cast iron contain more carbon ith ; w ,
steel, and it is converted into steel by ,o
burning this carbon -ont of the- saolton
white hot mass by blast ol tmopb-.I( ,
ric aici Ia . this operation fiye ton of : ,.
cast iron' are converted in twenty minute v -into
five tons of cast steel ' But tha laeces ; (-
'of the process depends upon .being bl to.
stop it at just the right time. If continued '
ten seconds too long, or stopped ten second' '
too quickly, the batch is spoiled.-The flame
of course, is an index of tbe advance of taa"o ?
combustion, and, by watching it with thi -u-i
. spectroscope, the appearance and disappear-!'.'' '
ance of the lines indicate tbe exact moment ', "
at which the operation is to be arrested. ' 1 ' '
' "The spectroscope promise also to br '
come a very valuable instrument in medico- .,
legal investigations into th videno -of
criminality.. . Blood stains may be detected, , ,
with extreme . delicacy. Mr. Qorby ha,..
shown that the one thousandth part of i
grain of tbe red-coloring matter of ft blood- -
...In IHBtT a .lllf W-to1 wit), tllA mMfMt MIT. '' '
"But it is in its celestial applications that , ,i,
the spectroscope h as-performed it laort
wonderful achievement. The constitution
of the sun, for example, which, ten year
ago, was a matter of the purest conjecture, it ' ' ;
now a matter of difinit and positive know- - w
ledge. We know what it is composed of r,
its chemical- constitnents not a complete- hif
ly, but with the same certainty, as we knoW ,,
the chemical constitution of the amrtlu Si-, i
teen ot the elements with which we arc
familiar on earth, are proved also to exist
in the atmosphere of the sun. They an
the - following : sodium,. clcium, barium,
magnesium, iron, chromium, nickel, copper,
zinc, strontium, cadmium, cobalt, hydrigefc, ' ' 1
manganese aluminum, titanium. ' .'
ttTiA atflra YinwA' tiAn -aIa nhiaAff In' '";
spectroscopic study with equal fnecea. Tbey : '
are shown to resemble out son, their light i ,- - r.
coming from .white-hot .matter in their afc.,..
mospheres. About eighty lines in the spec- ''
trum of the light from Aldebaran have '"" ""
been mapped, and it has been ascertained :':
that the atmostphere, of thi tar contain .,.,,.., , , ,
sodium, ; magnesium, hydrogen, . . -bismuth, ' . :
tellurium, antimony and mercury. Sirius -
contains sodium, magnesium, iron and hy- "'-
drogen. ' About sixty other stars have been -.
examined, and all eem to have tome ehec-
ical elemeat known on earthv . . ,,, , . .j
The Elephant an BrU...
The well known sagacity of the elephant
recently bad a remarkable exemplification
at St John,' in ' the province ' of Quebeck. '
The immense Ceylon elephant belonging to '
Campbell's menagerie and circus, which wu
to exhibit in Montreal, Was the hero.' W
will premise lour statement with the fact
that, a few week since, - while travelling 1
from Waterbury to Korthfieldj in tbe State!"
of Vermont, this elephant, in -orossing a
bridge over a creek, crushed the floor
with bis enormous weight, and fell partly,,'
.i i. t.:. r t if 1
through, his fore-auartcrs onlv remaimncr on'
the bridge.'. By this accident he waa lamed
for several days, but not sufficiently to pw-
vent him from travelling.' When he wa
brought to the long bridge over-the Riche
lieu river at St. John, he evidently retained
a vivid recollection of this mishap, and '- '
neither: coaxing,' threat, pursuasion aor .. ;i
force, could induce him to budge n inch.
on the to him perilous structure. Nor dot
it appear that his apprehension were - un-''''
founded, for the proprietor of the bridgj j'r.'
notified -the menagerie manager tbii . lfj i
tbey were , dubious of the capacity ,. .
of the bridge to bear the weight of the ,
elephant,' and that if they crossed him they ' r '" "
must do so at' their own risk. 1 The morning 'ii n :i'
was rather chilly, and aa they did act: wish '! -to
risk his health by swimming, they con-1 r.. ;).
clnded! to make the venture. Tha band
chariot and an enormous den of performing : "
lions were started on ahead of him in order 4 ''
to give him confidence- and when h aw '-. '
that they went safely over, be wa induced ., , ,
to follow, which-he did very (lowly, testing , .
each plank and timber with bis tore leet ana
tram ' ptogrnM linn
covered any of the timbers to be defective
he would cross over the division to the op
posite roadway, and would so progress un--, .
til he Came to another doubtful place, wkea
he would cross' back 'again. He worked ;
along this wa until he had come more thaw
half way over, when he became suapktoos -M
that neither, road was safe, and (taxied , ., .
rapidly back, driving back the long den of ' .
cage that were following, and clearing the
bridge for a space of ten or more rods. At v
this junture a flock of sheep came running ,
past him and he vented hi spleen by pick-
ing them up one by one with his trunk and ' -
throwing them into the river, until he had '
disposed of seven in thi way. ; He was V
finally induced to go on, nd, after having ,
been more than two hour in crossing, ar-. .
rived safoly over. The scene was witnessed
by over - two thousand people, end the ut
most excitement prevailed. ..((-
-'! -:' I-'
Another fact for our Southern readers is
the growth of St Paul, Minnesota, which '
thirty years ago bad but three inhabitants, .
and now ha 10,108 of a population, with an ,;.
assessed valuation of eight million.
; Musical instruments being scarce in GeoN '
gia, s party of young men in one of tbe ..
cities have put their money together and
bought a hand organ, with whioh they treat .
their fair friend $9 nightly serenade, ' '"
I rfi- ' - - : '. '
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