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BALMaH, IT. O., WEDNESDAY. MORNXSTQ, SEPTEMBEE;,; 1869.
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M. S. LITTLEFIELD,
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M. 8. LITTLEFIELD. !
HOUSE AjStD FARM.
Sixteen pounds of grease and the lye
tfroui one barrel of ashes will make a barrel
Dry copperas strewed about ant nests will
induce them to leave and not to return. So
.says one who has tried it.
To cure the mange in calves, the New
England Farmer recommends a saturated
. solution of carbolic acid, one ounce, in a
; pint of water. Apply with a soft sponge.
Soil under barns or stables that have been
-standing any length of time is usually very .
rich in nitre and is especially valuable in
the compost heap or as a top dressing.
In holding produce for higher prices the
loss on shrinkage is usually under estimated.
Potatoes, for instance, will often shrink one
fifth daring a winter in the cellar.
A sure remedy for apple tree borers is
said to be to plug up their holes with to
bacce. The borers come down to the en
trance to push out their chips and finding
nr. 'extraction attempt to remove it when
fthr .tobacco kills them without fail.
iBugs axd Cockroaches. Boil one ounce
ot pokcroot in one pint of water until the
strength is extracted ; mix the decoction
.with molasses, and spread it on plates in
;the kitchen or other apartments which are
iinfested by these insects. All that have
partaken of this luxury during the night
will be found "organic remains" the next
Place a bone in the earth near the root of
: a grape, and the vine will send out a lead
ing root directly to the bone. In its pas
isage it throws out no fibres but when it
-. reaches the bone, the root will entirely cov
. cr it witli the most delicate fibres, like
; lace, each one seeking a pore of the bone.
On this bone the vine will continue to feed
as long as nutriment remains to be extract
ed. Worms d Sweje. In answer to an in-
quiry as to the cause and cure of worms in
pigs, a correspondent of the Main Farmer
says : "If the writer will take the pains to
give his pigs a handfull of good rock salt at
feast three times a week, in their food, until
killing time, I think his pigs will thrive,
provided he gives them enough to eat The
cause of pigs having worms is, I think, the
want of the preventive salt Pigs hardly
ever get any salt, except what they can get
from the slops of the kitchen.
flow to Peel Peaches. As the time for
putting up peaches is at hand, we have pro
cured from a lady friend the following recipe
for peeling peaches which we confidently
recommend to our lady readers : Take a
kettle of very strong lye, and heat to boil
ing; take a wiie cage similar to acorn
popper fill it with peaches and dip into the
lye for a moment, and then into cold water.
With a coarse towel wipe each peach, and
the rind will peel of smoothly; then drop
into tresh cold water and the operation is
complete. You need have no fear of inju
ing the flavor of the peach.
The Cheapest Food. The cheapest and
most nutritious vegetable used for food is
leant. Professor Liebig says that pork and
beatiB form a compound of substances pe
culiarly adapted to furnish all that is neces
sary to support life. A quart of beans
costs, say fifteen cents ; half a pound of
pork ten cents. This, as every house keep
er knows, will feed a small family for a day
with good strengthening food. Four quarts
of beans and two pounds of corned beef,
boiled to rags, in fifty quarts of water, will
furnish a good meal to iorty men at a cost
.of one dollar two cents and a half a meal.
ITow Trrcnps Can be Raised Cheaplt.
- By sowing the Purple Top turnip seed at
the last dressing of the corn, and covering
with a light harrow, a couple of hundred
bushels of the best turnips can be raised
with very little trouble. The early sowing
will be compensated for by the shade afford
ed by the growing corn. This crop will
take the place of the weeds and will not be
in the way of harvesting the com, as it will
do the turnips little barm to treat them as
though you did not know the crop was there.
There will be enough left uninjured to pay
all the expense a dozen times over. Ger
A Gbeat Relief. Since the papers have
so widely circulated the story that the to
mato worm is fatally poisonous, great anx
iety has been felt by old maids and nervous
housewives lest a terrible, calamity befal
them, and they have not only carefully
sroided tomato patches, but have cautioned
the gardener, the kitchen girl, and all the
children to keep at a safe distance from
these ugly green worms with poisonous
stings. But here comes comfort from a man
of science. -
Mr. Walsh, a practical entomologist, who
has studied worms most thoroughly, says:
"I scarcely supposed that anybody would
for a moment believe such silly nonsense ;
but as I find that a great many do actually
lelieve it, I take this opportunity to state
that the whole story is fabricated out of
whole cloth. The horn in a tomato worm's
tail is not a sting, neither can it penetrate
the human flesh, and even if it did there is
no poison bag attached to it, so that the
result would be no more .serious than a
wound from a needle."
TjtAININO HoBSES. Colts I
too Jong before they are t&kf
in band tor
part of their earliest education, instead of.
as now, left to no as thev HsOntlt the time
arrives for the professional " breaker" to
practice on them. It is just as easy, while
commencing to fondle and pet with them,
to learn them to be obedient to the halter
and other things; and they would then be
brought to work more easily, and with a
better spirit than they now often are. We
saw at the close of the war a seven year old,
which had hitherto known service only as a
cavalry horse, "broken in" to go in a heavy
wagon. The cruelty it was nothing else
"necessary" though it seemed to be, was
shameful. The owner had bought him for
that purpose, and he "would not pull."
Two men with . green clubs beat him for
nearly an hour, during which time he broke
the wagon and the gears nearly all to pieces
in his roarings and layings down. He
learned at last that all this meant that he
had to pull forwards, and he ever afterwards
' 'ade an eimllpnt. driving horse. ' But all
l,iut suffering might have been avoided by
proper training when vouner. There are
horses like some men, whose nature is
"tiaUy vicious, and with whom the rod
I?"1 be spared without spoiling the
colt ut Wltn a Prop61 tnuaiag of 106
cl J ttould be found m horse raising agin
n re Iing, the old rules of kicking and
. "nng Win 1. honored in the
p'rl in the observance. Philadelphia
How 'a Boy Bought a Fakm. Several
years ago, a youth of sixteen years, of good
sense, and a fair English education, not hav
ing profitable employment at his father's
home in Kentucky, sought for employment
among bis enterprising neighbors a few
miles distant; and although wages were low
in those days of silver currency, he saved
from his first year's wages $80. lie was
then seventeen years old, healthy, lively
looking, aspiring, and ambitious to become
useful, noble, and perhaps great He had
already learned that money loaned at high
rates of interest was oppressive to the bor
rower, and reacted on tire loarier, and in the
falling of prices of nearly all articles in the
commercial woTld that men sought justifi
cation for their bankruptcy and delinquen
cy in the fact that they bad paid large rates
of interest. Feeling, therefore, that a liber
ality, as well as justice, was necessary to
every man's dealing with his fellow men, he
loaned bis $80 to an exemplary, enterprising
and prosperous trading man in his neighbor
hood, at the lowest rate of interest known
in business in that State, viz., six per cent
pel annum. He worked another year clothed
himself in neat Kentucky leans and other
cheap but neat articles of apparel, and went
to a country school three months in the
winter of that year, and learned the ruclir
mcnts of Latin, and something of the higher
branches ol mathematics, working for a
prosperous and liberal farmer evenings and
mornings to pay his boarding ; and at the
end of the second year, or when ho was
eighteen years of age, he had saved $96
more. His character for integrity and in
dustry began to be better known in the
neighborhood and his services were sought
He worked on a farm and rode as collec
tor for trading men and the sheriff of his
county ; and at the end of his nineteenth
year had saved $110 more. With the inter
est accumulated on his other two years'
wages, he had now $300 ; was comfortably
clothed, and had a good business education, j
which he improved from one winter to an
other, till he became a scholar, both literal
ly and scientifically His influence and use
fulness increasing, he had at the age of 20,
$480. At twenty-one had $550, and was
well known for liis activity of life, as a
young man of intelligence, virtue and use
fulness, as well as a young man of very at
tractive manners and ways.
He moved to a Western State, where land
was cheap, and entered one hundred and
sixty acres by a land warrant, which he pur
chased with $150 of his ni'oney. He made
a good selection of land in a good region
of country; he used a portion of the balance
of his money in improving his land, buying
a little stock, and a few implements for farm
ing, and the second year he raised a small
crop. Having gone to his new neighbor
hood with some $o50 in money, and used it
cautiously, he by degrees gained the name
of a responsible citizen and a good paymas
ter, and his influence rose gradually from his
appearance among his new and scattering
neighbors. Year after year he raised a crop,
continued to read the best newspapers, pe
riodicals and books, which still further im
proved his mind, till sheep, cattle and other
stock grew up in flocks around him, more
land adjoining him being purchased from
time to time, till now he finds himself, when
scarcely at the middle of life, a gentleman
farmer of wealth, surrounded by comfort
and many luxuries, esteemed by neighbors,
both far and near, and would receive the
suffrage of those who knew him to any of
fice for which he might be nominated, irre
spective of party politics, so firm is their
confidence in both his ability and integrity.
St. Louit Journal of Agriculture.
How to Keep a Cow in thk City or
Village. AH agree that really good, fresh
milk, from healthy and properly fed cows, is
the best possible food for children and
youth. But how, ask our city friends, shall
we get it ? This question has been asked
many times ; we would say, keep your own
' This is, perhaps, not so difficult and ex
pensive a matter as you may imagine ; even
a good cow costs comparatively little at
first. She requires less room than one
would suppose ; and she will almost inva
riably pay her keeping and a profit in milk.
If not short of storage room, procure a
small load of loose hay, as brought to mark
et on wagons; the quality can be better
seen than when compressed into bales. If
cramped for room, get a few bundles of
baled hay. A straw or hay cutter of mod
erate size, costing from three to six dollars
will be requisite. Straw or corn stalks will
answer very well as an occasional substitute
alternating with bay.
Procure at a feed store a few bags each
of ground feed (corn and oats ground to
gether) and as much shorts (wheat bran.)
and you have what is really necessary. It
is advantageous to give a little green food,
such as turnips or potatoes, occasionally.
Saw a barrel in two, for a couple of boxes,
one to mix and the other to feed in. Cut
a quantity of hay and mix about half a
bushel of it with three quarts of the ground
feed, and as much of the shortswettiog it
until the meal adheres to the hay. In very
cold weather it is better to heat the water
a little. Feed a " mess " ot this kind and
amount to the cow in the morning, and as
much more at evening, and fodder with
dry, uncut bay at noon.
Give as much pure soft water to the ani
mal, twice a day, as she will drink. It often
happens that a quantity of turnips, carrots,
parsnips, cabbages or beets are left on the
hands of vegetable dealers, which can be
cheaply purchased. They form a valuable
addition to the "mess," cut and mixed
It is also better for the animal to have an
an occasional change of diet. Carrots, es
pecially, are very good for stock of all kinds,
and may be fed to milch cows without af
fecting the milk unfavorably, which turnips
will sometimes do, when fed in large quan
tities. When turnips are fed they should
be given at, or just after milking, as there
is then less danger of their giving an un
pleasant taste to the next milking.
A cow provided for a3 above, with her
apartments kept clean, and neat, and well
ventilated, will furnish a large supply of
nice, rich, healthful milk, to say nothing of
the cream for the coffee. And unless you
give an enormous rent for the small space
of ground she must occupy as stable room,
she will much more than pay her way.
American Stock Journal.
The Gkafe Culture. A recent article
in the North American Review, contains val
uable information on the subject of open-air
grape cultivation. After a recital of the re
peated failures to introduce the European
varieties of grape vines into the Northern
and Middle States, an interesting account is
given ot the numerous domeslis , varieties,
and the respective merits of each are exam
ined.' With rcgarj to cultivation, it is as
serted that deep trenching and high manur
ing have proved injurious, and should be
abandoned. Since in the climate of the
United States the soil rarely gets warmed
more than a foot below the surface, the roots
should not be induced to strike downwards.
Avar manuring, it is contended, causes
rank growth of wood, that ripens imperfect
ly, and is killed in winter. Wood ashes and
bone dust, it is asserted, are the strongest
fertilizers that should be used.
In reference to pruning, it is stated that
while grape vines should not be allowed to
straggle over the top of trees, yet extremely
close, systematic pruning is injurious. The
simplest and best method of pruning is
given as ioitows: Allow Horizontal arms
near the ground, with npnght canes, which
are cut back to three or four buds every year
after fruiting. The horizontal arm may be
renewed annually by cutting it away at the
end of the season and bending down in its
place a new cane that has been allowed to
grow for this purpose from near the base of
tueivine. 1 lie next year s truit is raised
from the fresh, vigorous buds of this new
arm. Any system of pruning, however, it is
contended, is better than none.' . Grafting
the vine, which is successful with a few od
erators, is believed to be a failure, as a gen
eral rule. The chief diseases of the vine
mildew and rot it is asserted, have yet no
adequate remedies, though sulphur has often
oeen usea ior lue iormer.
' A correspondent of the Country . Getdle
man says that hand friction always rub
bing down will ceftainlv kecD wind galls
trom increasing, and if well applied for half
an hour at a time, twice a day, will remove
a new one, or materially check one of long
Influence of Weather on Hkalth.4
The Medical Record for June contains a va
riety oi . valuable and interesting matter.
Among other things, the Record gives the
following " nine aphorisms" of Dr. Ballard
npon the relations of the atmosphere to
health : ,
First. That an increase of atmospheric
temperature is normally associated with an
increase of general sickness.
Second. Thai a decrease of atmospheric
temperature is normally associated with a
diminution of general sickness. -
Third. That for the most part the increase
or decrease of sickness is proportional in
amount to the extent to which the atmos
pheric temperature rises or falls.
Fourth. That it is an error to suppose (as
is popularly held) that sudden changes in
temperature are, (as a rule) damaging to the
public health. A sudden change from cold
to hot weather is indeed very damaging,
but a Budden change from hot to cold is one
of the most favorable circumstances that can
occur when sickness is regarded broadly as
respects a large population.
Fifth. That, remarkably enough, these in
fluences arc most marked in the directions I
have mentioned in the colder season of the
year, and more certaiu in the winter than in
Sixth. That rises and falls of temperature
are more certain and effectual in their special
operation upon public health when at the
same time the daily rang rjf temperature is
lessened) than they are when the daily range
is at the same timo increased ; rises of tem
perature increasing sickness more certainly
and markedly, and falls of temperature de
creasing it more certainly and markedly.
Seventh. That a fall of rain lessens sickness
generally, sometimes immediately, sometimes
after a short interval, and that, as a rule, the
reduction of general sickness is greater when
the fall of rain is heavy than when it is .light
Eighth. That drought, on tile other hand,
tends to augment general sickness.
Ji tilth, ihat wet weather in the summer
season operates more certainly in improving
puuno nesiiu man it uoes in tne winter
WEAKDta Colts. When a colt is about
four months old. if he has had proper care
and training, and if the dam is to be used
in harness, or if she is breeding agHlri, he is
old enough to be weaned. Supposing, as
most farmers aire obliged to do, that the
mare has had to work more or less since
dropping her foal, and that the colt has been
allowed to follow the dam when at work
the attachment between the two has become
very strong. If separated entirely and at
once, and if the mare is nervous and high
strung, she will perhaps refuse to work, act
frantic, kick and do everything else she
ought not, and would not do, but for the
separation. On the other hand, put the colt
into ever so good a pasture, feed him on
grain and do everything you mayhe will
run up ana aown by the lencc perhaps try
to scale it, etc., to get to the t)am; tthtil
has run off every bit of flesh nn hia hnnpa
Now, what's to be done I
We would place the mare ul a stall wide
enough for her and the colt, then we would
halter the colt and tie him So that he could
get to the manger but not reach to the teat
It may be necessary also to change some
what the halter of the dam, so that she can
not turn sufficiently to allow the colt to suck.
Water the colt freely, but the dart as little
as possible, for a few days at least If possr
ble feed the colt a double-handful 'of oats
twice per day for two or three weeks before
you attempt the weaning. Increase the
quantity ot oats a little at weaning time.
even if yon withdraw the extra ration by-and-by.
standing by the side of hit dam he will
be more quiet, and after a little forget his
teat. The mare also will leave him more
readily in the stable while she labors, espe
cially when she finds him on her return. To
facilitate the drying up of the milk in tic
marc, take a little soft soap and smear it over
the udder. It may be necessary to draw
out some milk for s few times, to ease
her distress. After a fcw days, especially
if the mare is again breeding, milk will not
flow very readily, but be diverted naturally
to the embryo foal, and, although, the
mare may call her colt she will refuse to let
him suck. If possible, the colt should have
the best of pasture and. the company of
other colts of his own age, and the daily al
lowance of oats or a handful or two of meal
mixed with wheat bran should be given
1 he latter part of our hie on the farm.
we never allowed the colts to follow in the
field; but kept them in a loose box in an un-
der-grouna stable during the day. When
the mares came home and were watered at
night, the colts were allowed a play spell,
and also at noon while the dams were teed-
The colts kept in better flesh and gave
a great deal less trouble at weaning.
Remedy for Peach Worm. A corres
pondent in the Country Gentleman, Sir. L
U. Mask, of Moorfield, West Virginia, writes
as follows on the destruction of this terrible
" There is a handy means for the destruc
tion of this heretofore fatal enemy to the
peach tree, which is practiced here, which
has proved certain beyond peradventure. It
is simple, of easy application and expedi
tions. It consists of the use of boiling water
applied to the collar of the tree, in quanti
ties varying according to the age of the tree.
In small trees, say one inch in diameter, half
a pint is sufficient, and a pint is enougb lor
larger ones. Remove the earth from around
the tree a few inches in depth, and just pour
the water boiling bot on tbe exposed roots,
and it will kill every egg as well as worm
with positive certainty. It has been tried
here time and again upon trees that were
more than half killed, and a perfect restora
tion has been the result in every case. JSo
danger need he apprehended irom the effects
on the trees. Where a large number of trees
have to be operated upon, a fire should be
made in the orchard for beating the water.
so that it can be applied boiling hot Con
sidering the importance ot this remedy to
peach growers who may not have heard of
it, I deem it but common justice to give it
circulation through the columns of your
paper. Its certainty as a remedy may be
implicitly relied on."
The Golden Chicken Rules. The fol
lowing are some rules that it would be well
to observe in raising cmcKens :
1. Keep the chickens in a warm, clean dry
2. Don't let them run out in the morn
ing until the sun has removed the dew from
3. Let them nave plenty ol lood and
4. The coopjmust be tar proof
5. Don't let the chickens have access to
slops or stagnant water.
S. cce that they are well boused when a
storm is threatening.
Rules for keeping the hennery in proper
1. Clean out every day and sprinkle a
handful ot lime.
2. Sprinkle ashes over the floor two or
inree times a weeK.
3. Frequently change the straw or hay
forming the nests, and whitewash the nest-
boxes at every renewal, and twice a year
thoroughly whitewash the whole interior of
BULKS TOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SETTING
11 Set the hen in a place where she will
not be disturbed.
2. Give a large hen fourteen or fifteen
eggs, a medium sized one twelve or thirteen,
and a small hen eleven.
3. Don't let the hen come out of the set
ting room until she has hatched, but keep
ber snpnlied with gravel, lood and water. '
4. When the chickens are hatched leave
them in the nest for the first eight or ten
5. Don't meddle with the eggs during
incubation; sprinkling them with water,
turning once a day, and all such foolishness,
is apt to prevent the eggs from hatching.
Mural JVew lor leer.
The Essex Banner asserts that small quan:
titles of sunflower seed, mixed with tbe
food of a horse, will imnart a fine trloss to
his hair, whilo it is also a cure for lounder
if civen immediately after Ibe ailment
discovered. In the latter case, about a pint
of the seed should be mingled with the oats
or chopped Iced, w hep a cure will be et-
lectea, I :
1 he Alamo Farmer recommends giving
piss good rock salt twice a week in their
As a novelty of the season we notice orna
ments of black velvet worn very much upon
clear fabrics. Ribbon ruches seemed too
simple after the shining splendor of jet
This is why we have come back to velvet
White leno dress, pearl-gray and buff
gauze dresses are ornamented with wide
borders of black velvet
In new materials we have to mention the
the gray cyclope, a splendid silk ; black,
violet, dark, blue or green, or even a crim-.
son, with narrow gold-colored stripes placed
fur apart from each other. It makes up very
elegant costumes. The silk dress is gener
ally worn with a puff basque, which has the
advantage of dispensing with wearing of an
A pretty mantle is the Diva, a short circu
lar fitted to the waist at the back with a
sash bow, and falling loose over the sleeves.
It is made of black poult de soi, and is trim
med with cross stripes and with a deep
fringe or a lace border.
The Marquise is a pretty tight-fitting pat
elot of black silk, open at the back with
revere up to the waist, and ornamented with
large bows and lapels. Trimming of fancy
braid and Tdm Thumb fringe: , .
Mantles of clear grenadine and crepe de
Chine, forming both a double Bkirt and bo
dice, and fashionable in black; or, for very
dressy toilettes, in white to wear over color- i
ed silk dresses.. They are trimmed with
ruches and fluting.
Foulard de Nice is a charming fancy ma
terial for young ladies' dresses. It resembles
mousseline de laine, but is of a finer texture,
and is very suitable for the draperies ol
modern dresses. Foulard de Nice is white,
with a tiny pattern in some bright color,
or in black for half mourning.
New sashes are made with short scalloped
out lappets, extremely wide. Let ns note,
in this style, a sash of sultan colored gros
grains ribbon, with a large bow and two
lappets of unequal length placed one above
Another sash made in the same manner is
ol black ribbon, with a bouquet of poppies.
corn-flowers and dtisies and wheat ears em
broidered in raised work, and in natural
tints upon each Inppct
These sashes are in great vogue for sum
mer balls and fetes. These Roman sash or
scarf, with stripes of the national Roman
colors, and the Watteau sash of soft pale
tints are also very fashionable.
The fashions are now very well settled for
the summer, and nur eouturieret have only
the resource of trimmings in which to dis
play their taste and powers ol invention:
Seaside toilettes are always more fanciful
than others and these must how engage our
A pretty costume is made partly of blue
mohair, and partly of the the same material
striped of different colors, yellow, black,
blue, and orange, each stripe being edged
with a line of white. Tbe lower part of
the bodice and the second skirt, which is
looped dp four times With a bouillion and
a fluting round the edge are a self colored
material. The underskirt the upper part
of the high bodice, and the large sash, are
of Btriped mohair. The effect ofthe touten
temple hi extremely good. -
A walking toilette is of white silk gauze :
the deep pleated flounce is embroidered
with blue silk. This dress has two skirts;
the second is looped up with two puffs : a
shost mantle forming three puffs at the
back and two rounded lappels in front is
worn with a waistband over it, and a large
bunch ot loops at the back.
Tbe same toilette is simpler In light gray
sultana (very fine mohair) edged with
Another charming Walking toillette is of
mauve and white striped gauze de Cham
ber?. It is trimmed with black lace. The
skirt is ornamented with five small gathered
flounces, with a narrow edging of black
lace ; the second skirt, of the same material,
forms a tunic which comes down as far as
the heading of the upper flounce ; it is
gathered at the back. This dress is worn
with a short tight fitting jacket of mauve
silk, richly trimmed with black lace, and a
wide mauve and white striped ribbon sash
tied over the basques of the jacket
One of the prettiest materials of summer
is the sultana, of which we spoke just now.
There are several varieties of it, tbe newest
of which is the clear sultana with satin
stripes. Sometimes both the clear and sat
in stripes are ot one color, but at others
there is a clear white ground with mauve or
blue, or green, cerise or buttercup colored
stripes, in other cases tbe ground is shot
mauve or blue or green and white, while tbe
stripes are plain mauve, blue, &c. This is
also very pretty and very new.
Some dresses of black barege, with white
satin stripes, are made with dress and man
telet to correspond. ;
; A little slimmer of Autumn preferences
begins to peep up side by side with the
purer shades ol summer colors, although
weeks will pass before fall fashions come t
'Lightest muslins and white grenadines
beach, and everything that is bright hued
and Oriental comes to the rescue.
Brilliant lines on white grounds, and the
richest crapes, hanging in wavy folds are
more than fashionable.
Every possible shade of pongee is worn,
from the cork color and almond brown, to
palest buff with a dull shadow resting upon
Some travelling dresses designed for fall
wear are made ot fanama, and bamboo
fibre, of heavy quality, quite rough to look
at but son to the band. 1 his material is in
such demand that enough of it is not to
be had at any price.
There is a positive mania for all kinds of
pongees, India foulards, crapes, manillas and
Ladies who preserved their Canton crape
shawls, which were in fashion twenty years
ago, are not sorry tor tneir prudence now.
They are among tne most courted and styl
ish of light cranes they are no Ion for worn
in the simply folded triangle, however, but
are cunningly draped about the person in a
manner requiring the skill ol a modiste.
Scarlet, black and white shawls are the
most fashionable, though we have seen one of
the shade called ecru, the peculiar unbleach
ed color, which was most delicate and beau
Shoes, quite low, with a high, pointed
ncci piece, running off at the back ol the
foot, and a square piece overlying the instep,
ara -now tolerated out of doors at the sea
shore and country place. They have large,
flat bows of kid, and square steel buckles
shaping to tne toot.
Stockings of a linen web as fine as Desde-
mona's handkerchief are worn with these
pretty shoes, and the supply, of Madame
Metternich of 365 pairs does not seem quite
so laDUious. . Borne Deautilul scarlet shoes
of this style are seen with white peignors at
Long chains of coral, strung as baby
chains were wout to bo, are fashionable, as
also short chatelaines of cut coral with the
watch banging, accompanied by many
Some small, square shawls, scarcely more
than handkerchiefs, are wrought in lace pat
terns about the edges and are thrown care
lessly over the shoulders. They are more
quaint than beautiful, though lace embroid
ery Upon the thread of pineapple cloth is
someining new, ana ot wonderful execu
Sultanas in the gayest colors rose, violet
and green are amoncr tlm best dresses ot
this season, in which, till fall really comes,
we wok ior nuie mat is new, althougn or
nampnts and adaptations are always varying
Delicate silks ot this variety for mourn
ing are of black and gray : thres, five and
seven finest lines of gray upon a black
ground, or uce perm, black upon gray,
We are not responsible for the view of
Att Communications intended for puNica
turn must be accompanied by the name of the
author. The name viU not he published-.
unless by request but we require it as a
guarantee of good faith. Editor of
Onr Enemies and how we Should Regard
"Ye have heard that It hath been said, limn slinlt.
love thy neiehbor, and hate thine enemy : But
I say unto you, love jour enemies, bless them
that curse you, do good to them that hate you,
and pray for them which despitefully use you,
and persecute yoh. That ye may be the children
of your Father which is in heaven : for he maketh
his sun to rise on tbe jnst and on the unjust. For
j rare mem wmcn love you what reward have
I? Do not the nnbliennii thn Mme Ra vn
therefore perfect even as your Father which is in
heaven is oerfect." Onr Bavlnnr. 8L Matthew
5. chap. 43. verse.
Can you read those words, proud man, and
turn away and forget them and despise your
brother man? Do they not steal over your
world-stained spirit, gently diffusing the dew of
holy love f Do they not come unto yonr heart
1th a soothing) lnsplringi ennobling influence ?
Alas for you if they do not strengthen and re
fresh your soul. And woman, gentle woman,
canyon close your ears to that most blessed
commandment which so plainly and unequivo
cally directs the course we are bound to pursuo
as christian men and women. Dare wc read it-
Is not an Injunction, observe, not recommend
ed to us as a proper thing to do merely, but it is
an absolute commandment, one that wc can
not modify or misconstrue, to gratily the
cravings of the unregenerate heart; to fur
nish an excuse for an out-let of the vindic
tive passions of our nature, dare we read it and
still hate and feel revengeful, though we may
have been deeply, deeply, wroneed? Dare
we pray "Forgive us our trespasses as we
forgive ihoso that trespass against us" whilst
the vile serpent, hate, is coiled within onr hearts ?
When we presume thus to pray, do wo not in
voke a curse, and not a blessing? Is it not of-.
fering strange Are npon the altar amidst the
lurid flames of which we, and not they, shall
We often times feel strongly tempted, whilst
traversing the Btormy paths ol our terrcstial ex
istence, to hate our brethren who array them
selves agaiost us, often In a manner unaccounta
ble to us, and seemingly without a cause. The
wrongs they inflict upon us are hard for the nat
ural man to boar; the sufferings they compel us
to endure, the losses We sustain by them, often
tend to embitter our lc!lngs toward them. It
then the Demon hate loses much of his hide-
ousness In our eyes his subtle voice sounds
pleasant to Onr cars, and his manner and shape
become so agreeable that be fascinates us, and
almost irresistably bears us along with his spe
cious arguments to hate, to wish to destroy ut
terly, to Inflict suffering upon them in a like
wise cruel manner. It Eounds like a syren
strain to our human hearts, it Is the teaching we
love, we justify ourselves for receiving it, we
pile up our wrongs to mountain heights until
we are awed by their stupendousness, wc stand
and contemplate them until they become awful
ly sublime to our eyes, and our worldly hearts
grow to love them, and brood over them, we
love to Walk in their dark shadows and listen to
the influences that teach us to hate. Seldom
do we stop ind ask, "Is this teaching right ?
Oh ! for tbe angels ot light to come, and chase
away these evil spirits, and open our cars to the
blessed voice of the gentle, loving, forgiving,
Jesus, quickening our senses to hear its heaven
ly tones rising above the wild storm of human
passions ever raging, saying to every heart,
"Peace, Peace, Be still. Dearly beloved avenge
not yourselves. I will repay. If thine enemy
enemy hunger feed him, it he thirst give him
drink. Recompense to ho man, evil for evil.
Love worketh no evil to his neighbor, therefore
Love is the fulfilling of tbe law."
It is to be regretted that at the present time
the current ol public sentiment in this country
is too deeply tinted and intermingled with the
dark waters of dislike, discord, and un
paternal feelings. As it 1b clearly un
christian and unlovely to indulge in leelings
and actions oi revenge, so it Is as certainly un
patriotic ; It betokens not valor nor discretion ;
on the contrary, it is only the brave and intrepid
spirit that can overcome the natural tendencies
of a fallen nature, and treat his foes, national as
well as personal, according to the dictates of
reason, clear judgment, and impartiality that
can extend to them that forbearance that can
only be exercised by the truly brave and great.
To fight our enemies often becomes a necessity,
to all properly balanced minds a painful neces
sity. Likewise it is a duty frequently to fight
with all our might and strength, and to seize
every advantage, and push the battle until the
foe is routed and subdued ; and all this may be
be done without yielding to unwholesome and
brutalizing passions. Whosoever flghteth bis
battles, and holdeth himself in subjection the
while, Is indeed a true Chistian, a brave man, a
valiant soldier of the cross, and a child of God.
King David, the sweet Psalmist of Israel, and
the great warrior of the olden time, prayed God
to teach his fingers to fight, but not his heart to
hate; on tbe contraiy, what beautiful examples
of forbearance and magnanimity he set us when
his fierce pursuer aud cruel oppressor, Saul, bad
fallen, more than once, into bis power. If we
descend to our own time and country for exam
ples we shall find them among the best and
greatest names upon the pages of our nation's
hiBtory. It is not recorded ol Washington that
he abused and villiSed, and Inundated the inva
ding and haughty British with abusive epithets,
and vowed undying hatred and vengeance against
them, as an army or nation, or as individuals.
It is certainly known that he wept when he pro-
ounccd the sentence that consigned Major Andre
to an ignominious grave, and that his great and
noble heart was stirred to its depths with sorrow
and mortification at the unworthy conduct of the
traitorous Benedict Arnold, but we never heard
that he cherished feelings of hatred to either of
Amid our recent and existing Internal coramo
tioos, and moral and political up-heavings, and
general unscttledness of society, the press of
this country, and also, I grieve to record it, the
pulpit has encouraged and often striven to keep
alive the old, and Incite fresh, leelings ot bitter
hatred and revenge against our fellow country.
men and brothers In the flesh. What will our
Saviour say to those of his Pastors who have
urged the souls committed to their charge to
hate their enemies ? Let them fear and tremble
hi dread of the hour in which they must meet
His reproving eye, and His voice uttering the
words of reproof and condemnation. " The
children asked for tbe bread of Christian doc
trine that tenderetb to eternal life, and ye have
given them the serpent of discord, and strife.
that worketh spiritual death. My sheep came
unto you for guidance unto all holy things, for
comfort, lor the sweet consolations of that
faith, the life of which is love, and ye have
roused and lashed into fury the darkest pas
sions of their hearts." May they be forgiven,
may they see their error and repent of it, and
flee from lb , We write not to censure, but with
sorrow, in the spirit of brotherly love, und in
the fear of God, who saith, "Thou shall not hate
thy brother in thine heart, but shalt in any wise
rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer Bin upon
him. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any
grudge against the children ot thy people, but
thon shalt loye thy neighbor as thyself: 1 am
the Lord." Gen. xxlx :'17.
What will be the doom ol those men who
wield a powerful influence and use it in Stirling
up strife and teaching hatred to the advantage of
Satan, the avowed enemy of mankind? Verily,
it will be terrible. " lie that soweth to the
wind will reap the whirlwind.' .
A word to you my country-women :
Mothers, so surely as you incite feelings
and thoughts of cruelty and hatred, (and
I . have beard some of you boast of
doing so, after partaking of the Holy Sacraments)
into, the tender minds of your children, will
those beloved ones become monsters of dark,
unlovely sin, their fair persons temples, not ot
the living, loving God, but the resort of every
unclean and hateful .beast ol passion, their pre
cious souls doomed to an eternity ot torment
because you taught them doctrine in diametri
cal opposition to the true doctrines aud direct
commocdments ol Jesus Christ, tbe true friend
and Saviour of man. How can a christian mother
teach her children to hate aught that bears tljo
image and Impress of God ? Should her conver
sation and example induce them to think It a
meritorious thing to hate a human being, a fellow-man,
a creature for whom Christ conde
scended to die? How can she do It, and be a
disciple of the Lord Jesus Christ? . , .
My countrywomen, It is as much your boun-
den duty to teach your children, the true and.
scriptural doctrine on this, as on every other,
branch of the christian religion; and It applies
equally to public and political, -as well as to
private enemies, or those whom you regard as
such. Hatred to mankind begets a reckless dis
regard of tbe rights of mankind, and one so
trained will never become a benefactor ot Mb
race. Hatred and scorn of any class of people
naturally produces a desire to oppress and de
grade the people so regarded, and therefore great
care should be taken to eradicate all prejudices,
nad groundless dislikes, to the lately emanci
pated class of people who are now among us. .
The grandest example that I can point out as
corroborative of the truth and purity of the
doctrines I wish to call tbe attention ot tbe peo
ple to, is the life, teachings and death of the
Lord Jesus Christ.
Behold Mount Calvary, whereon a spurned,
rejected, hated Saviour died. Who so wronged,
so bitterly persecuted, so vexed in spirit as He?
See the fiendish faces of His tormentors, bear
their tannting jeers, taste the vinegar and the
gall, look on tbe spear which plcfaid the' sacred
side of Jesus.' Behold the knotted crowu of
briars set In mockery upon the holy Head, given
s a ransom for an ungrateful World. Press those
thorns Into your brows until the red blood flows,
ye men who bate your fellow men, and learn a
lesson of God-like love. Look on His hands
and feet, bear witness to the keen agony that
tears his soul. See! the dark cloud of suffering
upon His face is penetrated, and almost dispelled,
by the bright, warm, sun-like beams of love and
pardon shining from His radiant eyes. He
speaks. Oh! that those blessed words were graven
upon the tablets or every heart, as with a pen of
iron, " Father forgive them, they know not what
they do." Wo, wo to us 11 wo refuse to hear
them. Those were the words of forgiveness
that gave us eternal life. Such was the spirit of
ineffable love that secured us the hope of salva
tion. The Prince of Peace has given us an ex
ample; there is no need for us' to look elsewhere.
He forgave all manner of insult and died bless
ing his persecutors.
No matter how great tbe offence, unforgive-
ness is unjustifiable, unchristian and uuscrip
tural. Where hatred dwells the love of God
cannot abide. " Despise your enemy," saith a
Latin proverb, 'and he has conquered you.' When
hatred enters our hearts we have a far more
dangerous foe within us than auy who may come
against ns armed with deadly weapons, though
their name be legion. Let us stretch every
nerve to rid Us of the Insidious monster; or he
will gain power over otff souls to destroy us.
Let us fight against him or be will envelope our
nature iu the smoke and flame of Pandemonium
and leave our hearts as charred and blackened
heaps of ruins, fit habitations aud resorts for
every diifft-pluioned bird of evil, he will shrond
those ruins with the clotrtb of desolation, and
finally lead us to the gloaming of fefdal Night.
Let ns pray for the spirit of love, for the
charity that bcareth all things, forgivcth all
Rebecca Bledsoe Buxton. .
Oaklakd, August 18C9.
For the Standard.
"The Only Remedy" of the Eastern
Intelligencer The Theory Impar
tially Considered Revolu
tion tne necessary Re
sult of such Demo
sion. Ms. Editor. The time is drawing nigh when
the " goats will be separated from the sheep."
The lines arc being drawn, and when fully devel
oped, time will show that between good and evil
is the place to make the mark, between the en
terprising republican spirit and that horrible war
spirit which you see in the editorial note of the
Eastern Intelligencer, of August 10, 1869, headed
" The only Remedy." We thought he bad play
ed at the games until he could play a belter card
than that We bad seen the little praise-worthy
pieces he used to write on bis succcsslul visits
when be would get a new subscriber or two, and
had begun to think well of him ; but really since
we see such a spirit as that In his paper, we fear
he mixes too much whisky with his spirits, and
wrote that piece when he did not know right
from wrong, Or he would not have favored tbe
despotic idea Of starving votes out of men In a
free country whet-c tbe law allows every man to
vote for bis own interest according to the dic
tates of his own conscience. He mentions the
hand writing on the wall. That is a hearsay to
him. He is too blind to sec it Perhaps he will
see it in an year or two. I will follow his piece
a tittle further and show the difference between
equal rights and no rights.
It seems as if many of our citizens cannot ap
preciate, or even bear the idea of the colored
people having equal rights and privileges with
themselves. But Mr. Editor, the colored race
here in this county have been doing well, and
have respected their rights and privileges, their
country, and the flag of their country. I have seen
them take the Stars and Btripes In their hands and
sing "rally around the flag" with as much love
of liberty, and hearty good, will as any race on
earth ever did. They are well pleased with the lib
erty to worship God according to the dictate s
of their own conscience, Tbe mass of them at
tend Church on Sunday. Both male and female
appear there well dressed and have their chil
dren well dressed, and their faces yet look fat
and sleek. Their race is tame and submissive.
and would be perfectly contented forever with
their equal rights. And they ought to have
them. The ed tor saj-s "he cannot get employ
ment from us, and vote with our enemies."
See how inconsistent is that principle. When
I hire a laborer, do I hire his right to vote as a
free citizen ? Of course not I hire him for his
labor, and not to press his liberty out of him,
And we have an idea that it those men continue
to press liberty out of a man when they hire
him, they will not be troubled much here
after with those fellows who he says are starv
ing for employment. Labor Will gradually go
where there Is most profit and least oppression.
He further says :
(tAnd we do not intend to emnlov the Radical
freedmen. Let them look to it. Their day of grace
is over. We are very much mistaken, il any other
treaty of peace will be offered them. II they
can withstand a combination of the monied men
of this land, the men who possess the intelli
gence, the culture, the social influence, and tbe
nnancial DacKoone. tnev can uo wnat no otner
race of men. no other institution and no other
political creation has been enabled to do."
Now I Fay they have done It, and thev will do
it There Is some money on the other side. And
here is where many of tbe white people of the
South made their mistake. They held out from
reconstruction, and then tried to hold out
against universal suffrage, and now try to hold
out against a colored man's voting for the Repub
lican party, according to the dictates of his own
conscience. What ot the idea that the monied
men will no more employ the radical freedmen ! If
tbeyhad not made their moneyon the radical freed-
men's labor, they would not have employed them
this long. And what a pity it is that the white
people of the South cannot lead labor without
slavery, tyranny, and oppression. , Have the
freedmen got to abandon their right to vote, or
vote themselves back under thu monied men?
God forbid. Be says, "they may convert their
churches Into political council-bouses, where
they influence odo another against the whites,
and Issue their threats against any poor colored
mad who may wish to go with us." Now, sir,
I have attended their churches to hear the spirit
they do preach, and they preach less politics in
their churches than any other set of people lever
heard. I know that some of the whito preachers
preach war spirit until I am mighty tired bear
ing It, and have stopped my visits until they
preach a better spirit , I am very sorry to say
that1 there is too much politics in all moral socie
ties in tills country.
. list tbe idea of the colored race trying to influ
ence one another against tbe white race is false.
They love the white man. : Ii the white man will
respect the wants and feelings ol the colored
race, they will love the white man and serve
him right, but they do not want to be forced
into it, and compelled to vote against their own
Inteijest : Instead of issuing their tnreats against
any (olored man who may wish to go with tbe
Democrats, they only say don't sell yourecli.
The editor of the Intelligencer says; ,
' ' " W" do not ask the colored poople to" vote
for ns. It is matter of Indifference to us
whether thev yo.te the. . wbite. , man's . ticket . or
He thinks to force them out of you, . respect
or no respect, right or no right. -, That la the
wrong way to produce harmony and prosperity
and build up this great and glorious Sunn
8outh, but it is the right way to trlng' revolui
tiouand. destruction. I. "-;''-' a j
And he sayss. .i, i ! :i v. Kil -tut, j
"Before we will submit to this sort of thing:
we will import Irishmen, Germans, Chinese, or
even Laplanders to do the work of our wharves,:
our fields and oar warchousesi" ; ; ;; .;. ; j
This is a s abject which wlsemen ought ta
think about Is it true that enterprising . men,
are in favor of importing the heathen and ouciv-j
Hired mankind just for spite, because the negro)
is free? My opinion is that the African race al
ready here in this country can be tiaincd to be,
better laborers, better men and iettur citizens
than any new race of men. i Everybody knows'
that tbe negro of the South has never been train- j
ed to the free labor system. Let us go to work'
now and do that, and then see who can best:
work or West agree?' -' -'
i : H. A. U. F. i"
Beaufobt CotlSff, A ague 1 24th, 1869.
,j r For the Staudard.i
Letter from Charlotte.; .
Dear Stakdardv The Charlotte Obscrcer
having published bur letter of the 18th, says:
" In reference to the imputation which it con
tains upon onr worthy Mayor, we will simply 6ay
that we do not believe "' J. 8., Jr.,' " ever at
tends the Court and'ho could not have been
present and listened to tbe evidence in the case
or Elms, Walker and Lowric, but founded his
opinions from one sided reports.", , .:f i'
It matters little to J. 8. Jr., what the! local
of the Obsener may " believe." In regard to
the matter of Elms, "Walker and Lowrie, we
will state for hit information, that instead of
being a " one-sided report," the evidence on
which we based our opinioil of injustice- to
Walker, was received from the verd same wit
ness on which the Mayor, as we understand,
made up Am judgment against W alker.
In regard to appointing men to " guard
the polls" and look after the interest of the
party on the day of election, the character
described in the Obserter is not the one gen
erally appointed by either party. In fact,
such men will have nothing to do with it
It is the " buUy or braggadocio " that usual
ly attends to such matters. The very princi
ple implies that party interest demands,
that bully be met by bully, and force lie
met by fore. Away with all such
ideas. Let the voters; Waek or whito, go to
the polls and vote their horieSt sentiments,
without let or hindrance, and the feeult in
the main, will be the same. We are a peace
man. But if anything should ever tempt us
to so far forget our raising as to strike a fel
low-being, it would be lor some impudent
meddler, on the day of election, to tell ns
how to vote. Our opinion is not changed
by any " further light " thrown on the mat
ter by the local ofthe Observer. , .
We were in error m our last in. regard to
the new building just commenced by W. J.
Black. He is not the sole proprietor. . W,
A. Smith, W. J. Black and J. 8. . Means are
the parties. It will be occupied respective
ly by the parties building ; and will be an
ornament to that part ot our city.
The (iovemor having ordered an election
on the 7th of October, to fill the vacancy in
the State Senate occasioned by the deatb ot
Judge Osborne, considerable speculation as
w wno . win ie me cauuiuawv are
on. The 1 imes, radical Democrat
24th, says: . . T .. . ;. . j .: ..,::
" This election seals the political fate of the
county for a number of years. - If a conservative
is elected, so will tbe county go next August ;
if tbe radicals carry the day, so also will the
county go next August. We know, and there is
no disguising tne tact, tnai mere are many vo
ters, who, like carrion crows, will follow where
the plunder is. and just as certain as fate will
they join the victorious party without regard to
We will say this much in reply, CoL Wm.
R Myers, than whom there is no more per
fect gentleman and true Republican, is onr
first choice for the position, . With him as
our leader, and a united eaort on tbe part ot
the Republicans of the county, we can " seal
the political late ol tne county ior a number
.. ii. 1 ! 1 i .1
oi years.", rvv ueueve swu win ue uui guuu
luck. The editor of the Times is, it seems,
becoming again " disgusted with politics."
It is whispered by some, that he is anxious
to fill Judge Osborne's position. We hope
he may oe tneiemocrauc-v;onBervanve can
didate. 11 so, wnat a nice tune we win nave
of it J. S. Jr.,
August 27th, 1869. ' "; ' '
For the Standard.
Editor Standard : I am loo well pleased
with the tone and temper of your valuable
paper, to sit quietly among my native hills
and not express my decided approbation of
the platform which you liave announced as
the ground-work of your political faith
"Universal Suffrage and General Amnesty."
The first position is but a reiteration ot tbe
doctrine which you nave advocated ior years
it is not now an issue; it is .a settled pnn-
ple. It is well to advocate a general
amnesty, arid to orae its adoption now
and continue: to Urge, until the Congress
of the United1 States shall say to the
wayward children1 of the South, -go in
peace and Sim no more." By universal
amnesty, it 1b understood by the people,
that all men ot lawtul age, name to tax
ation, and the duties required ot a citizen
ofthe Union, shall be entitled to vote, and
to hold office all men let it be remem
bered, embraces all classes, irrespective of
color, or iormer pusiuun . ju my pumiiuu ia
correct I adopt the principle with yourself,
and am a co-laborer in the great work with
the Standard ; and whoever builds npon
this rock shall stand, and whoever under
takes to battle it down,' will be dashed to
atoms. Then we understand the one issue;
and understanding it, he is a fool or a knave
who sets himself up to combat the comple
tion of our form of a Republican Govern
Other issues, of a like nature, may spring
up but they will become subordinate to this
one oreat principle: and our Senators and
Representatives in Congress should stand
fairly and squarely in its support, or resign
that others may taKe tneir places wno wm
respect the wishes of our people, who are
pff nmm'r a unib iu lis invui.
Strioplihgs may sneer at and oppose this
principle, but the wise men, the far-seeing,
advocate it ; and the great leader in onr own
State will have his hands lilted np ana sus
tained. He will go lorward until bis voice
will rieff clear and loud in the Senate cham
ber of the Union, in advocacy of this grand
finishing stroke m the work ot reconstruc
tion 1 Let it be done ! and the bright sun
shine of peace and prosperity will illumin
ate the humble cottage aud log cabbin, now
made desolate because freedom is not yet
complete. ..--,( ) ' ' "';!' '
Ho on. sir. in tne gooa wont i vrnte iur
and talk for our much abused and maligned
riiwernnr Tfia rlnv of comnicte triumph
has come ! Be has stood firm under the fire
nrl lnsh of the eneuiv I And to-day he
Htnnrla forth victorious the father ot
our common cause the friend of all
the original champion of universal irce-
rinm I It is a nroud era in his lite ; and
other honors are in store for him ; but, not
to be compared with his consciousness of
having only done his duty. The people ap
plaud him, and their representatives will be
instructed to convey, in an unmistakable
manner, their appreciation of. his sterling
worth. , ' . '
- , .:.. : index.
Hickokt Tavbrs.N. C, Aug. 25,1869. -
A railroad war on time appears to be im
minent between the three great routes con
necting the two great cities of the continent,
New York and Chicago: the i-rie, rtew
York Central and , Pennsylvania railroads.
The Pennsylvania railroad with a track
sixty two miles less than that of Eric, and
eighty-two miles , less than that of the New
York Central, are increasing their speed by
reducing the time between Chicago and New
York seven hours and a quarter. The re
sult of course, stimulates the other two
lines to similar increase of "speed: "On the
Erie road, a lightning express will run be
tween New York and Chicago ' in ' thirty
hours. The New York Central intends run
ning a train to perform the above distance
in thirteen hours j. less thun.it now takes.
The undertakers and surgeons can scarcely
contain themselves for joy, at tjiese good tidings.";'-
- "; ' ' ' ' " "'!'""
- --Tneifew York Herald says the English
yacht Cambria and. tho. . American yacht
Dauntless will start on a race rrojn Cowes to.
Itew York, September tt
The International Boat Race Harvard
Agaiast Oxford The English Crew
; Victorias Tae Harvards
:t Beatea. Tkiee Boat.
' yi- .ieairtht-De-"
taile4vAeeont f the Race, 4e.
The great international boat race between
the Harvard American and Oxford English
four" oared crows" camo off in the river
Thames Friday-afternoon; according to ar
rangement, and resulted .in the victory of
the Oxfords by three lengths of the boat,
about 126 feetji The' Harvards were- six
seconds behind. Tha following ; account is
furnished by the Atlantic cable:
Londojt. August 27.Tbe excitement over
the Harvard and Oxford boat race to-day
was intense. The city has been almost de
serted and business quite Beglected. Ve
hicles of all descriptions, bearing Harvard
and Oxford colors, and. heavily laden with
people, crowded all the roads leading to the
course, and during the entire day the roads
in the vicinity of Putney, Hammersmith,
Cheswick, -Barnes,-Mortlake, &c., were
thronged with, pedestrians. The railway
companies found themselves almost unable
to provide cars sufficient, to carry the vast
numbers in waiting at the depots. It is no
exaggeration to state that probably a million
of people : witnessed the race, i : a : -
The course for the race was that known as
the Metropolitan oir better as the Putney to
Mortlake course. Its length is four miles
two furlongs. The race was rowed up.
stream. The boats did not row under Put
ney bridge, but started directly above it.
The river is about seven hundred feet wide
st this point, and the banks are low andl
level alosg the whole course. For.one third
of a mile from the starting place, the river
is straight; it then curves like the letter C.
Thero are two bridges on the course, the
Hammersmith bridge, one mile and six fur
longs from Putney, and' the Barnes railway
bridge, three and a lialf miles from the start.
The conrse ends at a, place called Barker's
Rails, where the direction of tbe river makes
another U, in a position tbe reverse of the
first. ." - '"' '
The Harvard crew won -the toss (or posi
tion, and chose the Middlesex side, the out
side of the semi-circle. Both boats started
at 5 o'clock, 14 minutes 16 seconrK The
tide nt tbe start was sluggish, and a lighk
south-west breeze prevailed, with smooth
water. The Harvards were first to catcls
the water, and took the lead, gaining rapid!
lv nnon their oriDonents and making forty-
five strokes per minute, against the Oxford's
forty. At Bishop's crecK, inri-e iiirions.
from the starting place, the Harvards led
half a lenth. Guininc headway, they in
creased their speed as they passed the wil
lows. Their pace was subsequently slack
ened, and the O&fords pulled up, bot the
Harvards were still three fourths of a length
ahead at Craven Point three fourths, of ja
mile from the start.
The Oxfords now went en witk a steady
drag, liut the Americans lapidly lncn-ased
their lead, and at Crabtree, a mile and an
eighth from the aqueduct, wera a couple of
lengths ahead. Beyond this point thu Har- '
yards were taken wide, and the Oxtorus
quickening tbeir speed reduced the gap, at .
the soap works, a mile and a half from the
start, to a half length. The Harvards now
lion . as puIea up with a magnificent burst to Ham
?J?g ' mersmith's bridge, a mile and three qua
ters, but in shooting the bridge lost the dis
tance they had gained. Opposite the mid
dle wall the Oxfords spurted and came up
gradually to the Harvards, but when oppo
site the Danes the boats were found to ,l
too close, and the Harvards gave way, and
at Cheswick Ait, 2i miles, the boats were
level. After proceeding fifty yards further,
the Oxfords began to gain, though tempo
rarily, and the Harvards again got even
with them The Oxfords gained rapidly at
Cheswick,-where it became clear that tbe
race apparently told on. the Harvards, who
were rather wild at Wis pan or tne race,
From this point the Oxfords drew ahead,
and in a few strokes obtained a lead of two '
lengths.. The Harvards, . rowing pluckily;
held them there for half a mile when they
fell astern and the Oxfords, 38 strokes, per
minute, shot past Barnes, bride, 3f miles,
three lengths ahead.
Along Barnes? Beach ' the" Harvards re
freshed their stroke. Mr. Loring, with river
water, thereby retarding their boat The
Americans then tried to spurt, out round
the effect ineffectual, and the Oxfords get
ting more of a lead, eventually won the race
by four lengths, easing up in the- last few
strokes and pulling np fresh. The Oxfords
arrived at the ship at 3 o ciock do numues
and 47 seconds, making the 4J miles in 23 .
minutes 40 seconds. The Americans were
well received at tne nnish, and returning
were landed at Barnes'. The . race: was a
good one, and excited a degree -.of enthusi
asm along the banks of the river utterly un
known in former races. " ' ' .
' ' - FORMER B ACES.
The following is a table of the past six
races between, the ..English ,i crews Oxford
and Cambridge, .:jrwed.over, this course,
given lor ute sane oi comparison wuu vuo
11M.C X- iiuajr .
1864 Oxford, rrutney to mortlake.
48 23 seconds. t1 v . . .. ; i - .
1865. Oxford. Putney to. Mortlake. .
22 13 seconds.
1866, Oxford. Putney to. Mortlake.
48 15 seconds.
1867. Oxford. Putney to Mortlake.
39. Half in length, . .
1868. Oxford.- Putney to Mortlake. 20.
1869. Oxford. , Putney to Mortlake. 20 ,
6. Four lengths.
I BOSTON AND THE BOAT BACK.
Boston. August 27. The Tcitizcns hero'
calmly submitted to the result of the inter
national race, all believing that had, it taken
place pn our own waters the result would
have been different ; At first the excitement .
was intense, but when it became known that '
only three boat 'lengths between the Har
vards and Oxfords decided the match, every
on acquiesced in the result . i . . :
i Oxford Wias by "Four Lengths. '
t BT TBLEORAPH TO THE TB1BC1TE.1 t , ,.
London, Friday, Aug. 27, 1869 Noon.: fcl in
The morning, opened bright and clear;
and the absence ot the. English drizzle in- ' ' '
creased the chances of Harvard's success. !i
The crew passed a good night, though this- -
morning jar. mmmonas showed weakness
from the seyero attack of diarrhea with, ,
which, he has suffered for several dayi, t
Loring, too, has been troubled with a "boil, ,'
which is tar from' well, but the rest of the "
crew are in splendid condition, and' were :'
full of confidence. ' ' :..';.!. ' '
. The race was set down for 5 o'clock, .but
before noon the crowds began .to line the,
banks of the Thames, and for hours before
the start the roads were crowded with ve
hicles of .every description, and business
was neglected, i,; ! , ,..-.-..".: ;
. Harvard won the choice of position, and ;
took the Middlesex 'side, or' outside of the
semi-circle.- When' ttie- word was given
Harvard's noted start came into play, for
their oars ,took the water first, making 43
strokes to the minute. The Oxfords made
only 40. tot a mile and a half tire race " j
was splendid. "Harvard soon drew awuy
from Oxford, and kept the lead to Craveu
Cottage, a distance of three quarters , ot a ;i
mile. r Oxford drew up level just beyond
Hammersmith Bridge, and when off Chis- . (
wick, two miles and a half from the start,''
and gained the lead, and after "that they V
won, as they liked. The Oxford crew never
changed their stroke during the race. , The .;. ai
stroke of Harvard was irregular ; they lost. .', ,:
form wholly above Hammersmith, and when ' '
off Chiswick were rowed to pieces, though"
.tbcjt pulled to the end of a hopeless race "
with magnificent pluck, .and that long after
fheit strength and control over their muscles r
bad'failed. For the last two miles they had
'pldck," and that only, the coxswain stccr: " "
ing 'wide,": and the stroke leing fatally
quic Icr The superiority of Oxford, manifest.
throughout the race, was never doubtfuj Jj!(
aftei the-first half mile, though Harvard ry- . ( .
tainVl the lead some time after that point. . 1
Oxfords won by four lengths. -Timo,
piiniites,, 39 3.5 seconds. :i .n ;: -
Vt sj)OK,.Ailg. 28.--Tha Timet, oomment-, u
ing n tho race, says: The American infe-.;:.
rior ty was in steeling, but not enough,, to .
accn int for distance. . The Americans must
eki owledge our style of rowing the besr , ;
.The comments of the press generally are .!
com ilimeptary to Harvards.;. 1 k,; , :J; a .
m.i J.:: X"'-'-'
Sopator Chandler has been, getting off his, j i .
Alabama speech at Fnuild'ort-on-thc-Main,