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RA.l!iElQ-B;'! IST. C, WEDNESDAY MOHISmSTa; , SEPTEMBEE
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jtf. S. LITTLEFIELD,
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M. 8. LITTLEFIELD.
HOUSE AND FARM.
Dogs Sucking Eggs. A. correspondent
of the Country Gentleman says: Give the
Jog a rotten egg boiled. The manner in
which it should bs done is this : Take the
egg from the boiling water, put it in the
dog's month and shut his jaws together
crushing the egg. It must be done before
the egg gets cool, so that it will burn him.
Be sure to let the clog sec the egg when you
put it in hi mouth.
Place a bone in the earth near the root of
i grape, and the vine will send out a lead
ing root directly to the bone. In its passage
it throws out no fibres hut when it reaches
'.he bone, the root will entirely cover it with
-be niost.delicate fibres, like lace, each one
etking a pore of the bone. On this bone
fthe vine will continue to feed as Ion as nu-
riment remains to be extracted.
A Parisian paper recommends the follow
ng method for the preservation of eges:
f Dissolve four ounces of beeswax in eight
jaces of warm olive oil, in this put the tip
it the finger and anoint the egg all arouud.
Ae oil will immediately be absorbed by the
hell, and the norcs filled un bv wax. Tf
kept in a cool place, the eggs alter two years,
will be as good as if fresh laid.
Tapioca. Blanc Mange. Hall a pound of
tapioca, soak for one hour in a pint of new
milk, and then boil until quite tender.
Sweeten to taste, with loaf sugar, and if pre
ferred, flavor with either lemon, almond or
vanilla. Put the mixture into a mould;
when cold, turn it out and serve with cus
tard or cream, and, if approved some pre
serves. A writer in the Rural New Yorker gives a
receipt to make the hair start on spots gall
ed or otherwise injured on horses, as follows :
Take an old boot or shoe, place it on the
Sre, burn to a coal, pulverize and mix with
iiog's lard to a thin paste. A few applica
tions of this paste to the bare places will do
Take a sharp wire, watch your trees regu
!arly, and dig out the borers the moment
you see signs of their work. Haul the earth
-rtubble, grass and weeds away lrom the
crown of the root so that it will be exposed
mil you can see the enemy whenever he
makes a mark.
Veal Ojielet. Two pounds veal, 5 eggs,
crackers, grated; spoonful sage, rubbed
?w, spoonful pepper; spoonful salt; teacup
milk; 1-2 teacup butter. Mix well, and bake
Mulching is said to be a snrc remedy ior
mcking in fruit. In some places that ex
cellent pear, the White Doyenne, cracks so
much that it becomes almost worthless. In
;ler to prevent this, a pear grower of New
Jersey used a thick mulch of old chips and
iion wa-te. This application was perfectly
successful as a preventive of cracking, and
also imparted a superior flavor to the fruit
ird smoothness to the bark.
Feed the Frot Trees. It must be ap
arent to every reflecting person that the
jterial round about a fruit tree, which ren
rs important aid in the production of fine
'-nit of any kind, must necessarily be more
r less exhausted after a vine, bush or tree
as produced abundant crop3 for several
uccessive seasons. For example : A large
ear tree or apple tree will frequently yield
in to sixteen bushels ot fruit annually.
Hany trees have produced more than twice
fee quantities at one crop. After a lew
sasons, the materia that the roots must be
applied with, in order to develop fruit will
I more or less exhausted. For this reason
iuit begins to fail; and the failure is often
.ttributed to an cast wind, or some atnios
jheric influence, when, in fact, the sole cause
-- starvation, arising from an impoverished
oil. The remedy is to feed the roots of all
ads of rait tree3 with lime, wood-ashes.
Jjsum. chip-dirt, bones, fishes, and any--ing
that will renovate an imnnvirisliwl
f it It is evident that fruit-trees cannot
?nduee fine fruit out of nothing, or out of
sou material as may be desirable for some
' uer purpose. Umrlh and Hume.
Hoiv to Eradicate Sassakhas P,rsrtF?
-To the Editors of the Baltimore Ameri-
'n: JIany farms are infested with sassafras
lilies, and manv nlans have lieen nrlnnted
r tk-ir destruction with little success, the
n'ole being that when thev are "rubbed
"every small root left in the ground will.
tusuiiig spring pro'iuce n scperate
'root, and thus the numbers increase. Thir-
T years ago a practical farmer, w ho had
wi four score years, told me that if the
lues are grubbed the day before and the
J after the full of the moon in Julv and
lay before and the day after the full ot
' moon in August, the small roots left in
;'e ground will never srerminate again.
ter thirty years' experience, I a in prepar
1 to say to ail who are troubled with them.
'spend U other work, embrace the oppor
:ai,.v uSered during the four days I have
"Bed, and in the coining spring you may
-in a thousand ; but follow tne same
'3rst next summer, and you shall see your
envy no more. I speak from experience,
tall leave others to philosophize and the
tte upon it.
ar Reese's Corner, Kent county, JId.
Colt-Biie.vkixc. It is by no means an
"iumon practice with persons m tue
horse to nar-
, by this
Af lv-s; the act is therefore unusual
V 'n- . iii.:-oral act would be to recoil
froi V be c.uld. Of course, therefore,
the lieuv.x tue weight he feels against him
the more disposed he is to recoil from it.
IV good and well-trained cart-ho se will pull
wenty times running at an immovable ob-
ect, for this reason: he has been accustom-
rl to nna mat iy increased exertion he has
cncrallvt succeeded in moving an object to
Inch lianas oeen attached; he theretore
wavs e.wccts to be able to do this, conse-
uently will try to do so ; but the novice in
arness, ue leeis a great weight behind,
ill most probably do everything but what
a ought t do, which is, to resolutely set
is shoulcUrs to the collar. This fact is, in
lis as in all cases with horses, they should
ver. if Wissible, be put to that which it is
kely thej will refuse to do. It is quite
atural a Iwse should at first refuse to face
collar with 0OU IDS. pressing against him
-none would refuse to do so with 5 lbs.
he 500 Ihs., therefore, s Iiould re ver be tried
n we know he will draw the 5 lbs., and
,.n increaf.- the draft by degrees. Neg-
tcting t d" this is one of the great causes
it ornuui s lllibing. wllicu is uic atuiosi
urtain wstut of ... mjuuicioii? iruimutiii
II. ' r wish to break a
L. l;:f "' ' ! him into a strong
lt do any harm ;"
f . '. ' :he chance is. that,
V i V i' : !:;"fncing his harness
1 i ' Iood. This may be
; Rotation of Cnort. Frequent attempts
are made to lay down specific rules for the
rotation of the crops of a farm j but there
are so many circumstances which render it
necessary to deviate from any fixed direc
tions, that it seems td us much more useful
to state the principles upon which the ne
cessity for rotation is based, than attempt
to prescribe definite rules. There are va
rious objects to be attained by means of a
rotation. The most important of these are
the improvement of the condition of the
soil and the proper adjustment of the de
mands for labor. All other matters arc in
cidental, although, of course, the question
of the sale of crops, that is, the production
of that which will yield the most money
without injury to the land, is of the utmost
It is perfectly well known by all farmers
who know anything, that the raising of the
same crop unless, indeed, it be permanent
pasture grasses tor many successive years
on the same land injures its quality. Not
only are certain elements of lertility that
the soil contains, removed out of all propor
tion to the quantity ot other available ele
ments thut the crop requires ; but, as each
crop is attended by its peculiar weeds and
peculiar insects, these incidental drawbacks
to the success of our operations are fostered
in an increasing degree in proportion to the
length of time during which a single crop
is made. Therefore, we should constantly
aim to so alternate our cropping, that, while
this year's crop may make an excessive de
mand on the phosphoric acid of the soil,
that of the next year may require less of
this ingredient, and more of some other ;
and so that the weeds that are induced by
the growth of this year's crop may, by the
more thorough cultivation of the next year,
be exterminated. It will be found in prac
tice that the greater the number of different
crops that enter into the rotation, provi
ded they are all such as can be
grown with success and disposed of with
certainty, the better will be the ultimate
result ; and especially should clover or some
other deep-rooted plant find a prominent
place in the shift, lor these plants obtain a
large amount of nutritive matter from the
subsril, which on the decomposition they
yield to the surface soil, while the decay of
their deeper reaching roots opens inviting
channels for the descent of the roots of more
It is not always indeed, not generally
possible to adopt such systems of rotation
as shall develop the greatest possible pro
ductive capacity of the land, even in those
cases where the supply of manure is ample
for the purpose. The reason for this is that
some of thu more productive crops require a
large amount of manual labor, and also that
the chief labor required by too entirely diff
erent crops may fall due on the same day.
It is necessary, therefore, to take into conside
ration the amount of labor that a given area
of any crop will require at any particular
period, and matters should be adjusted, so
tar as possible (due allowance being made
for bad weather), in such a way that, from
the first opening of spring until the final
setting in of winter, the regular force of the
farm may be constantly employed, and also
the requirement for extra labor, which neces
sarily attends all systematic farming during
certain seasons, may be snrely met by the
supply of transient men within reach. For
instance, the raising of roots and cabbages,
which are highly important, not only as
yielding a very valuable addition to the
ock of winter food, but as greatly improv
,ig the soil through their high cultivation
jid the rich manuring that they need, re
quires that a very large amount of hand
abor be done at the precise time when the
getting in ot hay calls for every moment's
labor of the regular farm force; and, conse
quently, the extent of these crops must be
limited almost exactly by the amount of
help the neighborhood aftords due account
being taken of the services of women and
children, who for this work are even better
than men. American Agrieulturalint.
Wheat Ccltcre. We often ask our
selves, why should not Jforth Carolina be
come a wheat-growing State ? We shall be
answered doubtless that it cannot lie made
profitable. We very much doubt whether
this answer is correct if it he intended to
say that it cannot be made to pay as well as
in those States that are pre eminently wheat
growing. Wheat growing fell into disuse
before the days of railroads, mainly because
of the expense of getting flour or wheat to
market. Indian corn was cultivated in
many parts ot the State, and still is, because
it could be converted into whisky, and, thus
reduced in bulk, conveyed at less cost to
market. It is this maize culture that has
exhausted our lands, and it is imperative in
order to restore our lands that it be very
greatly reduced in acreage. By an improv
ed system of farming, wheat would be again
restored to its place as first in the agricultu
ral products ol the Slate.
Tiiere is no question that the soil and cli
mate ol this State produce wheat of a supe
rior quality. Our State reaching the coast,
and so near to the flour and grain markets by
water conveyance, has the advantage over
the Northwestern wheat States, and because
it ripens so much earlier, can always be in
the market one or two months before many
distant States, while there is less liability to
a failure from any cause of this crop. . Take
year with year we think our wheat crop is
much more certain than that of the North.
It only remains, then, to determine by ex
periment whether the quantity produced per
acre call be so increased as to justify the
farmers in growing wheat under nil tue ad
vantages we have pointed out. To our
mind this is certain. All that is needed is
that nnr land be. improved and ordinary
care be had as to the seed sown, and our old
State will stand high as a profitable grain
growing State. We invite the attention of
our agriculturists to this matter of wheal
culture, and hope to sec the days when our
hills and vales shall be covered with luxu
riant wheat that shall prove North Carolina's
soil well adapted' to this staple and remu
nerative to the well-to-do farmer.
Cotton Seed Meal and Cotton Seed.
Chemical analysis shows that cotton seed
meal is one of the richest foods now availa
ble for farm stock, while its price is relative
ly lower than that of any other. After con
siderable experience in its U3e with milch
cows and other animals, wc fe prepared to
say that its effect in feeding seems fully to
sustain the indications of the analysis. It
is not well to feed it very largely ; and there
are authenticated instances of its having
speedily produced death when given to
young calves and young lambs, although
sucking colts eating it from tho lambs'
troughs in the fields have not been injured.
It is almost always necessary to teach cattle
to eat it, by at first mixing a small quantity
of it with other meal. Its effect on the
value of manure is very great, probably even
better than that of Unseed meal or rape cake.
A neighbor of ours used it last Spring as a
manure in the hill, for com, with excellent
results. He considered the applicatian prof
itable, and proposes to repeat it during the
coming season. An Arkansas planter re
cently informed ns that he regarded a bush
el of hulled cotton seed as equal in value to
two bushels of corn in fattening hogs. The
hulled seed, from which the oil has not been
expressed, must be fed even more cautiously
than the meal which is deprived of the
reatershare of its gib American. Agnail-
iue following experiment ny air. n. .Day
ton, of Alden, Erie county, N. is better
than a column of theorizing. His orchard
of two acres and a half, which had produced
very little fruit for a number of years, and
most ot that wormy, was caretully plowed
less than two inches deep last fall, and har
rowed and cultivated two or three times in
the early part of the present season. The
result is, he picked last fall, over four hun
hundred and fifty barrels of flue smooth ap
ples, bringing in about sixteen hundred
dollars. The soil was a sandy gravel, and
bad been in grass about ten years, . , .. .
To preserve meat, cut ' it in from two to
four pound pieces; place the pieces in an
earthen or wooden vessel ; sprinkle with
salt and cover with powdered charcoal. In
this manner meat may lie kept fresh more
than fifteen days, no matter how warm the
weather may be. The covering of charcoal
should be from an inch and a half in thick
ness, the thicker the hMcr Exchange.
Bugs on Plants. Sprinkle the plants,
just as they are coming through the earth,
with a mixture of hen manure and water.
Rencat. if necessary, after the plants are np,
This compound enriches the ggU A3 well ftS
ogencutuo uugs. . , , . iu : ; ...
;( Benefits of the Drouth. -In this seo
bon Vegetation has suffered more from
drouth than any previous season in many
years. In 1865, ram was deferred to a later
day in August, but the ground was more
thoroughly soaked in the spring and early
summer, and consequently trees and decp
rootcd vegetables did not suiTcr from its ef
fects. ! This season the early fruit, grass and most
kinds of grain had advanced beyond the ef
fects of drouth before it came severely upon
us. But much vegetation garden crops
generally, corn, early potatoes, vin and
recently set trees have been vcrv much in
jured. But noTv rain is again upon the earth, our
fields revive our confidence in nature's econ
omy is restored, and wc begin to feel that
our loss in consequence of the continued
drouth is not so great as our fears led us to
anticipate. Indeed, there are benefits to be
derived by the withholding of the rain not
merely moral benefits, but blessings ot a
physical character that may be traced to this
It is admitted that many diseases incident
to dog-day weather are caused by the decay
of vegetable as well animal matter about us.
During a warm and rainy period, there is
more rapid decomposition than in a dry
time, and as a consequence, more malaria
and its attendant diseases. In a season of
drought, the waste of vegetation withers,
crumbles, and is preserved from decay. Ab
sence from fevers and similar diseases may
then in part be attributed to dry weather.
Now that the rain has come again especial
care should be exercised, and the effects of
decomposition be counteracted by disinfec
tants and deodorizers.
Another benefit is the destruction of
many insects injurious to vegetation. It is
pretty generally admitted that much advan
tage conies to the cultivator in consequence
of the destruction of insects and their eggs
by continued dry weather.
Still another advantage, as claimed by
chemists, is wrought upon the soil by con
tinued absence of rain, Which we shall dis
cuss at another time in a special article.
The effects of dry weather on many pro
ductions of the soil are certainly beneficial,
producing excellent flavor in fruits, a meali
ness in the potato, and equally desirable
qualities in other productions.
So we might enumerate other advantages
arising from drought to effect the losses to
crops and other disadvantages caused by
the same agency. Producers arc apt to look
only at the losses; never or seldom at the
benefits. iV. IL Farmer.
A Real Charm. A young farmer found
that he was getting poorer and poorer every
day. He went to a friend to ask his advice.
This friend, with a very grave face, said : "I
know of a charm that will cure all that; take
this little cup, and drink from it every
morning of the water you must get at the
crystal spring. But remember, you must
draw it yourself at five o'clock or the charm
will be broken."
Next morning the farmer walked across
his fields, for the spring was at the further
end of the estate. Seeing a neighbor's cows
which had broken through the fence and
were feeding on his pasture, he turned them
out and mended his fence. The laborers
were not yet at hand. When they came
loitering after their proper time, they were
startled at seeing master up so early.
"Oh," said he, "I see how it is; it comes
of getting up in time."
This early rising soon became a pleasant
habit; his walk and cup of water gave him
an appetite for breakfast, and the people
were, like himself, early at work. He saw
that the advice his friend had given him
was good as it was simple, for the charm
that saved him was early rising.
Greasing Wagons. Few people fully
appreciate the importance of thoroughly lu
bricating the axles, etc., of wagons and car
riages, and still fewer know what are the
best materials and the best methods of ap
plying them. A well made wheel will en
dure common wear from ten to twenty-five
years, if care is taken to use the right kind
and proper amount of grease; but if this
matter is not attended to, they will tie used
up in five or six years. Lard should never
be used on a wagon, for it will penetrate
the hub, and work its way out around the
tenons of the spokes, and spoil the wheel.
Tailow is the best lubricator for wooden
axletrees, and castor-oil for iron. Just
grease enough should be applied to the spin
dle of a wagon to give it a light coating;
this is better than more, for the surplus put
on will work out at the end3, and be forced
by the shoulder bands and nut-washers into
the hub around the outsi.le of the boxes.
To oil an axle-tree, firjt wipe the spindle
clean witli a cloth wet with spirits of tur
pentine, and then apply a few drops of cas
tor oil near the shoulders and end. One
teaspoonful is sufficient for the whole.
Cross Beed Fowls. It is a well known
fact that from a first cross between animals
of different breeds, or between a pure bred
animal on the one side and one of mixed
blood on the other, we often obtain animals
of much individual excellence, perhaps sur
passing either parent in desirable qualities.
It is also known that, ordinarily, such an an
imal is comparatively worthless for breeding
purposes. We think these rules apply to
fowls as fully as to larger animals, and that
farmers might use them to advantage, A
cross upon common fowls by the use of a
ccck of some breed of acknowledged merit,
and of merit in the direction in which the
common stock is deficient, often might pro
duce fowls which either as egg producers or
for the table, would equal any. And table
fowls of perhaps unequalled merit can -be
produced by crossing two pure but entirely
distinct breeds. Western Rural.
Nice Brown Bread. First, get a tin
Eail with a close-fitting cover, such as the
akers use. Take one common pint bowl
of Indian meal, scald it, and when cool
enough add two-thirds of a cup of yeast,
the same of molasses, one bowl of the above
measure of rye meal, and one bowl of wheat
flour. Mix thoroughly,using for' wetting
sweet skim milk. Let it rise from eight
o'clock till eleven, then set in a s'ove on
two bricks, making one fire just about the
same as for apple pies ; then keep a very
slow fire, alxmt one stick of wood an hour,
till five o'clock. Eat it steamed or toasted
and you will find that your family will cat
every crumb before they will touch the
Chloroform for Botts in Horses.
Dr. Gee, of Florida, says the bot3 in horses
can be dislodged by the use of chloroform.
It is sometimes difficult to distinguish be
tween an attack of colic and bots, but by
the use of the above the question is soon set
tled. A tablespoonful of chloroform screen
ed by a couple of spoonfuls of good mucil
age, administered to the horse, will make
the bots release their hold on tho stomach
even after having bored nearly through its
Keetisg Hogs. Comfortable quartan
and good food are of more importance in
the management of swine than is generally
supposed. Salt and sulphur in small quan
tities prevents kidney worm, and corn soak
ed in very strong lyocurc3 it. Hogs require
sulphur, and in the winter season, carbon ;
it is a good plan, therefore, to supply them
With soft coal in the winter time which con
tains both ingredients; and in the summer,
plenty of wild mustard will fill the bill.
To Break a Horse of Pulling at the
Halter. Procure a small rope, (about three
lourth inch is best, although a strong bed
cord will answer) put the middle of tho
rope under the horse's tail, as one would the
crupper, across the ropes on the back, bring
the ends forward and tie so as to form the
lower part of a breast collar. To hitch, put
the halter strap down through the ring, and
tie to the rope collar. Rural New Yorker.
.. A Nice Dish for Breakfast. Take one
egg and beat it up, and a teaspoonful of
salt, pour in about two-thirds of a pint of
naici, iiieu oiiuu oiuuu uicuu, uip lb in, aull
fry it a little ; serve warm.
Comparative Cotton Statement.
The Macon Ga.. Telegrap h says :
"During the first week in September,
1808, there were received at this point 219
bales of the crop of that year, and of this
amount only 86 were sold on u basis of 25
cents for middlings, the market being dull
all the week. During the first week in Sep
tember, 1809, there nave been received here
1,470 bales of the new crop, and of the
amount 1,129 bales have been sold on a ba
sis of 30 cents, for middlings tho market be
ing active with a good demand all the week. ,
FASHIONS FOR. LADIES.
- .. fFrom fiafper's Basaar.J
Fall bonnets are decidedly targCT than
those of last season. They are high, tower
ing strdcthrcS, in the Henri Quatro and
Louis Quinze Styles, and once more begin to
resemble a &ma fide bonnet' The frame
fits the head like a close cap, and worn very
farforwnrd. A standing revers of velvet or
silk is turned up at the front and at the
back. The space between these is filled by
a high Wattcau puff, on which is looped a
mass of trimming, which seems to be held
in place by the upright revers. . Narrow
ribbons tied nnder the chin bold the bonnet
Another style, of Quakorish simplicity,
resembling an infant's bonnet in shape, has
a close-fitting band in front, and a deep, flat
back, or crown, tolling in two or three
curves below to fit over the coiffure of chate
laine braids, with reference to which it was
evidently designed. The front frames the
face plainly, without ornament ; the back is
adorned with trailing feathers and vines
that hang among the low braids. This sim
ple and elegant shape is admired in black
velvet, and will probably become the favor
ite bonnet for the promenade.
The two shapes are repeated, with slight
variations, in the specimen bonnet selected
from the best French houses.
The materials most used arc plain velvet
royale or uncut velvet, and gros faille a
corded silk heavier than grOs grain. Satin
is little used for the bonnet proper, but is
abundant as trimming, in the way of tiny
pipings, facings, ribbon loops and strings.
Two or three shades of velvet and feathers
of the same prominent colors, are used on
the same bonnet, or else different materials
of the same that give the varied shaded ap
pearance that will be a feature in the win
ter's toilets. Uniformity of color is to be
preserved, but several shades of the prevail
ing color will be combined to prevent mo
notony. For instance, a Lucifer velvet bon
net has torsades of darker ruby and feath
ers of deepest maroon; an Havana brown,
is edged with satin pipings of dark leaf
Drown ana a sky-blue royale Has plumes of
dark Mexique and lapis. When contrasts
are used they are usually to relieve black by
a gay color, or to display the Warm, rich
shades of red that are so largely imported
The material is disposed of on the frame
in every way the fancy can devise in flat
pleats all turned one way, in nutings, box
pleatcd ruches, careless forcades, plaits of
three stands, shirred puffs, and corrugated
folds. In the style alluded to above, the
velvet coveis the frame smoothly, leaving
the appearance of fullness to be given hy
Beyond all other trimmings, leathers nre
used, and especially ostrich leathers. On
evening and full dress bonnets the longwhite
plume of Navarre begins at the side, crosses
the entire bonnet and falls below behind.
The short Flizabethean feather, standing
high and prominent iu the centre of plainer
bonnets, takes the place of the aigrette of
the summer. Two or three plumes of slight
ly different shades, are attached at the back
of other bonnets and permitted to wave over
the front Beside the variety of ostrich
tufts, are scarlet wings, a few tiny birds,
slender shaded plumes, alternately blue and
green, white aigrettes in rosettes ot black
ostrich, and the eye3 of peacock feathers.
Flowers are not seen in the profusion that
marked the summer, j-et a small spray is on
almost every bonnet usually a rose spray,
gieat full blown roses with petals apart, as
if loose and about to fall. There are im
mense pansies of purple and gold, and large
black marguerites with golden hearts. Quan
tities of leaves are made of a new metallic
preparations representing all the varied tints
of the forest, from the bright hues of the
maple to the sombre brown of dead leaves.
the scarf veil.
The scarf veil, a conspicuous feature of
the new bonnets, affording an opportunity
for novel and lavish arrangement of lace a
fact that delights the milliner's heart For
handsome velvet bonnets the veil is a scarf
of black dotted net bordered with real
thread lace. It is fastened on one side, falls
under the chin, is caught up at the other
side and mingled with the trimming in
extricablc loops and knots, and is finally
pendant a yard long from the back. It is
then left hanging, or is draped over the bon
net and face, according to the wearer's
Sear's of colored gauze or grenadine.
draped in the most capricious manner, will
be greatly worn with round hats and plain
ljoniu ts. On many hats a feather and this
scart forms the entire trimming. A long
and abundant scarf, the full width of mate
rial, is permanently attached to the bonnets
in puffs across the top, and sometimes a kind
of bag is formed at the back for the low
braids of the coiffure, whence this scarf is
carried over the face to be fastened by a jet
pin on the left shoulder, or low down be
neath the arms.
FASHIONS FOR MEN.
Fall and Winter Styles.
From the New York Post, Sept. 4.
The fashion for frock coats during tho
coming fa!! and winter will be the Prince
Albert style, double-breasted and short in
the skirt, winch has been worn during the
past season. It will be even somewhat
more abbreviated than hitherto. The colors
are to he blue, black, olive ir brown, as may
be desired. Entire suit3 ot .hnglisli and
Scotch black and gray plaids will also be in
vogue. A similar frock coat will be worn
for evening half dress suits in making calls.
&c., the materials being meltons and plain
dark beavers of various shades.
The full dress evening suit for receptions
and small gatherings still consists of black
dress coat, with black vest and black pan
taloons. The ball and ope. a costumes are
to be composed of blue, olive or claret dress
coat, with buttons to match of similar colore
a white vest, and light plaid pantaloons.
To this decided innovation over the late
funereal garb a few adventurous spirits may
add brass buttons, in the style of twenty
five years ago.
Overcoats will be in the sack style, singlo
breasted and with fly fronts. The materials
are to he of meltons, fur beavers, chinchillas,
ami other rough materials.
For sporting and driving coats and vests,
velveteens will have the preference, the col
ors being brown, dark green or olive, and
pantaloons of light shades.
Pantaloons will continue in the present
somewhat tight style, fitting in the same
manner round the boot, but wili be less
striped at the side than formerty. The ma
terial will be chiefly gray plaids.
Vests for day wear will be of the present
gay and varied colors, cut low, with plain
rolls. The light fancy vestings, tor day or
evening, will ba, of white cashmeres and
Kcrsevs, lull and double-Dreasted, in the .En
glish style, anci Duttonea mgn. i or exclu
sively evening wear they are to be cut low,
with three buttons and rolling collar.
The materials used in the more extensive
establishments will continue to be largely
foreign, put more American cloth will he
used than hitherto, especiallv tor pantaloons,
Foreign manufactures can be well imitated,
especially in pantaloon materials, even with
our inferior wool, and for ready made cloth
ing they will continue to be almost entirely
Neckties will bo both white and black, as
Silk hats will be much similar to the
stylo of last spring, with low, belled crowns.
and brims rather broad, but they will be, if
nnytning, sngntiy lower more ot the bell
shape, and with a greater curve in the rim.
Of the low-crowned hats the broad, straight
brimmed Wharton style, of smoke color, is
to be much worn, with a wide, contrasting
black band, resembling mourning. .The
other numberless styles of hats in use will
continue ot the same pattern, and as varied
a ni'ieiuiuix. '
Boots and shoes will be rounded at the
toes, and similar jn styles fa those now in
' We are not responsible for the tielit of
Correspondent!. '' ' ' .'i-.jui '
AU Communications intended for publica
tion mutt be accompanied by the name' of the
author. The nam tciS not be published
unless iy request tntt t require it as a
guarantee of good- faith. EWTOH :? OF
StANDABIj: ' "" '' ':'
fdi the Standard. .,
OUR FOREIGN CORRESPONljfftrCE.
. Letter From Scotland.
Edinbohough, - :'
More than twelve hundred years 8go, the
city of Edinborongh was Edinborough castle.
Some two hundred years later St Giles'
church is supposed to have been in existence
and early in the twelfth century, Holyrood
Abbey was chartered. . Not long afterwards
Edinborough was selected by the Papal Le
gate as a place for the General Assembly of
the Scotican Church, It is probably owing
to this fact that it soon after became the
fountain head for the dispensation of justice
and the depository of the principal records
and royal regalia; then the seat of parlia
ment of the Bruce and finally the capital of
The places of principal interest for the
tourist historically inclined are the Castle
and Holyrood Palace.
The castle is more than twelve hundred
years old that is, what remains of it and
the old Roman red brick are mixed with
the stones that compose these ancient walls.
But the whole castle is now little more than
a modern fortress with a regiment or two of
soldiers, a lew batteries of artillery and an
armory of thirty thousand stand of arms.
Most of the buildings have been modified
and improved and some have been removed
entirely to give place to others better adap
ted to comfort and convenience; in many
places old walls have been torn away and
new ones built, so that we have no longer
the Edenborotlgh Castle of the days of Dou
glas. The chapel of Quecrl Margaret is still
standing. The walls are ancient, though
the flooring and windows are modem, and
some new stones have also been inserted in
place of some which were crumbling nway
with age. The chapel is a narrow Gothic
arch, measuring some 20x13 feet W do
not remain long in this sepulchre, this mon
ument of the dead and of a dead past We
are soon out again in the fresh air and a love
ly scene is before us. We are three hundred
and eighty-three feet above the level of the
sea. To the North and West looking
over a vast expanse of hill and
dale, the hazy highlands melt into
the sky; hard by nre Arthur's Seat
and Salisbury Crags; at our feet sparkles
the Firth and to the East rolls the German
Ocean ; all around and beneath us lies Ed
inburgh town with inspires and lofty gables.
Our guide now shows us into Queen Mary's
lied chamber. It is a tiny, tidy little room.
Here James was bom, which opens through
the outer wall, the anxious mother let down
the infant monarch by night in a basket
more than three hundred feet, where friends
received him and carried him to Stirling to
be baptized in the faith of the Stewarts.
Here too are exhibited the foyal arms of
Scotland, which Sir Walter Scott discovered
after they had lam tor so long a time for
gotten and given np for lost
: We leave the castle, pass under the port
culis, cross the drawbridge over the Nevat
and are outside the walls on Castle Hill,
with our faces turned toward High Street
We turn to the right to pay the University
a visit It is Saturday, and there are no lec
tures and no lecture rooms open, so we must
content ourselves with a look at the library,
which is also the great examination room
tor the students in solido. This is a mag
nificent room 198 feet in length by 60 feet
in breadth and 50 feet in height containing
over 200,000 volumes. There is a row of
busts extending on each side from one end
of the room to the other. Sir William Ham
ilton's is the fourth on the left. Dugald
Stewart is the last on the left. About the
middle is Blair's and immediately opposite
is that of Thomas Carlyle, late Rector, but
no longer Rector ot the University.
We pass back into High Street, on our
way to Holyrood Palace and pass the house
of John Knox. We think the canny Scott
wants to charge a little too much for
going in, and we decline the honor. In
the first story of the building, a young
woman sells a villainous article or pig
tail chewing tobacco for a "penny-a cut"
After passing Leith Wynd, High Street
becomes Canongate. Wc keep down Canon
gate, and at the extremity of the street we
pass the prison the home of unfortunate
debtors. There are several anxious looking
women, sbme of them with children, and
some little girls, not very well dressed, hang
ing about the doors, ferhaps they are ho
ping for something to "turn up." But they
cannot see their friends inside, and the war
den is too much accustomed to such scenes
to be troubled in any degree by their dis
tress. Prom Canongate we cross an open square,
with a fountain in the centre. We pass an
outer gate and we are in the Courtyard of
On the left we enter the picture gallery of
the Scotish Kings. There are other por
traits there beside kings. But at all events,
here are all the kings from the worthy
Fergvsivs I. (from which probably our mod
em name ot ".Ferguson" is derived) 339
before Christ, down to Prince "Charlie,"
who gave the ladies a ball in these apart
ments in 174D, and then went " o'wre the
At the left end of the gallery, one step out
to the left, then a right angle left again,
and we pass into the ante-room. It was
once Lord Darnlcy's. Passing through this.
we enter tho reception room. Lord Darn-
ley s rooms still retain enougn ol the old
furniture, paintings and tapestry to show
the taste of that luxurious nobleman. If
we pass out of this reception room into a
cabinet on the right, we find the most ex
quisite of all little bed-rooms. This, too,
was Darnley's. In the side of the wall there
is an iron wicket, and through the bars we
can see a narrow stair-case leading upwards.
W e will see the other end ot the stair-case
before we leave the palace. Queen Mary's
rooms are just overhead. We visit them,
not by way of the private stair-case, for that
is closed now, but by the great castle stair
way. Arrived upon the threshhold of the
m-tated Queen s reception room, a quick
eye and a vivid imagination may detect tho
stains of the blood of the murdered
Rizzio. Wc go into the audience room. The
persons in attendance assure you that every
thing nowjis exactly as it was when Queen
Mary held her levees there. You will be
convinced that this is not true from the tact
that there is a bed standing in the room.
The door, too, has been patched several
times, and the flooring repaired. The ceil
ing is unquestionably old. From the audi
ence room we pass through an ante-room
and then into the sancta sanetarvm, Queen
Mary's bedroom. . The bed stands in the
rigjit hand corner of tho room from the en
trance. The stead -is high-posted with a
hijffli and antique carved head board. The
furtiiture is of the richest character, but all
crumbling to decay. The. pillows are ein
broidcricd sattin, the over covering is crim
son inwrought with gold. A wire railing
surrounds the bed to protect it from the
touch of the profane. This corner of the
room is hung with tapestry. . In this room
we sec the veritable old fashioned - high
backed chairs, whicn were mode in Mary's
time; also her delicate table anil stand and
her two looking glasses. Wo had almost
forgot to mention that ln the wall,, under
tho tnpestry, near Mary's bed. is an iron
wicket which opens upon a private staircase.
It is the other end of the private staircase
that we sa in Lord Darnley's bed chamber.
Everything is crumbling to decay. , We
leave the palace, taking a look at the ruined
chapel, where the starlings are living
troops, and making their nests in the hoi-
lows and arches of the Gothic windows and
in the ruins ot Queen Mary's chapel.
The Greenville,- Texas, Herald gives an ac
count of the murder of Mr. Matthews, near
that place, by a young man named Pope,
who went into the field where Mr. Matthews
was plowingjUnarmed and defenseless, and
shot him down, killing him instantly, Ha
is still at large but energetig parties m on
', Jfor.the Standard.
. Letter from Ckarlotte. ' .
tEAB Standard: Just now. the most
interesting topic is, u Where are we going
to locat th Market Hons." Every citizen
waDts it in his orfrj ward, and on the next
lot to his own. "An' ofij Cztfeea" thinks
it ought to be located in the Srst ward, as
it is the neglected one ; while No. has the
N. C. and C. C. & A. Railroad depots. Ko.
3 the Mint, and No. 4 the Court House.
j Now all this is true, and many more ob
jections might be used against Nos. 8, 3 and
4. First then, in addition to the depots
there is a building known as the N. C. Mili
tary Institute, or Mecklenburg Female Col
lege. This building cost oar citizens a vast
amount of money, and baa been of bnt little
profit. This we think ought to satisfy No.
8. Next No. 3 has the Mint This build
ing, like the child by being born, was placed
there without its consent; hence is not
chargeable as a set-off of No. 3's claims.
The advocates of No. 3 have our sympathy,
and we hope if die they must, they will die
game. The objections to No. 4 we think
less reasonable than any. It is true we have
in that ward the Court . House ; but it
is by no means as handsome as some we
have seen, though it does very well as a
Temple of Justice. ' But "an old citizen"
thinks No. 1 is the place, and so do we.
There are no very extensive public buildings
in this ward. True, the citizens subscribed
very liberally towards the Charlotte Female
Institute, and never got much in return. But
this is a great "institution," and, if it never
pays, the fine building ought to be sufficient
to satisfy tax-payers for all they have done
for it We are in favor of having it located
on No. 1, for tho further reason, that nearly
all our family groceries are located in that
part of the city, and such trade as beef,
pork, chickens, butter, eggs, &c., are so ac
customed to going on that part of Trade
street known as "Cotton Town," that they
would as readily take to the Market House
as a duck to water. Another reason is, we
want it built on the vacant lot in the rear of
Lowingwood's store, and we want that nest
of wooden buildings on Trade street, be
tween Oatc's and Davidson's brick blocks,
removed to make room for it Other more
weighty and substantial reasons might be
adduced, but for the present we must close.
, The Radical Democrats will hold a Con
vention on Tuesday next in this city, to
nominate a candidate for the Senate, vice
Judge Osborne, deceased. Who among the
aspirants will get the nomination, deponent
knoweth not. We have heard the names of
John L. Brown, John E. Brown, and
Reid mentioned, as quite prominent for the
' : The Republicans will hold a Convention
on Saturday, the 18th to nominate a candi
date. We hope peace and harmony may
prevail. We are going to support the nom
inee at all hazards, for we are satisfied be
will be a good man.
All quiet in tho Mayor's Court Only a
few trivial cases since our last
J. S., Jf.
Onr Need. ,
! We need in the western portion of our
State 500,000 emigrants. We need work
shops, factories, and every form of industry.
Our climate is fine, the air pure and bracing
and the scenery varied and magnificent In
climate, soil, production, and pasturage,
North Carolina has no equal; and is singu
larly fortunate over all her sister States of
the South in her entire exemption from
all lakes, ponds, and marshes, so prolific in
epidemic diseases. Beautiful streams run
through our valleys, and drain the country
perfectly. The land here has been regularly
cultivated a half a century without manure,
and yet is as prodnctive as when first bro
ben. Our cultivation has been not only
slovenly but exceedingly superficial; still,
the yield is abundant Every farmer with
good seasons makes plenty. We are anxious
to sec experiments made at farming on
strictly scientific principles upon the best
lands, and from the little we know of the
matter we confidently predict a result not
dreamed of by any of the people
the South. The grape grows luxu
riantly everywhere, and needs but culture to
make the vineyards bud and blossom
like the rose with their luscious fruit
Peaches and apples grow finely on the up
lands, and the small fruits on all lands.
Stock-raising may be made very profitable,
as the mountains abound in grasses, which
afford an excellent pasturage during winter.
Of the mineral productions in Western North
Carolina, there is no end. Water privileges
are so plenty that there can not probably be
found a single place within the limits of
some of our western counties that would be
five miles lrom a stream of sufficient fall and
water to turn a merchant mill.
Wc hope soon to see the tide of emigra
tion flowing in this direction. What other
Statu can boast of a better climate; a richer
more productive soil ! Why don't the poor
flock here, when lands and stock go a beg
ging, and labor is king? -Land is tor sale
on any time and terms; improved farms can
be bought from three to ten dollars per acre,
on liberal conditions, and rented at from
two to three dollars per acre, or for one-third
and one-quarter of the crop. This is no idle
talk. We wish to see our country prosper,
and emigration alone can make it so. Ashe-
It is a matter of interest to note the rela
tive progress made by the different South
ern States in the way of recuperation from
the disastrous effects of the war. Probably
no State in the South was crippled more se
riously than south Carolina, and tor a con.
siderable time alter the close of the war the
business of Charleston, its chief city, seem
ed utterly paralyzed, while it began to re
vive with more or less animation at other
points. During the last business year, how
ever, south Carolina seems to have taken a
start that promises to put her again in the
way ot prosperity, ine Uouner, in making
a retrospect of the year, notes with satisfac
tion the increasing strength ot their finan
cial position and the better condition of the
banks, founded upon the lavorahie crops
and good prices, and the establishment and
energetic development of many new branch
es of industrial pursuit The following is
the estimated value of exports from Charles
ton during the coming season : Cotton, Up
lands, 300,000 bales, at 100 per bale, $30,-
000,000 ; cotton, Sea Island, 15,000 at $200
per bale, $3,000,000; rice, 45,000 tierces,
$2,500,000; phosphates, 30,000 tons, 300,-
000 ; naval stores, 75.000 barrels, $250,000 ;
lumber and timber, 20,000,000 leet $200,-
000 ; domestics and yarns, 15,000 bales, $2,-
000,000; sundries $1,000,000. Total $39,
A few days since, in the Supreme Court
at Lockport, N. Y., a dog occupied the seat
of an absent juryman. The presiding judge
turned to the counsel, and remarking that
all itbe seats in the jury bos were filled, ask
ed was he willing to proceed ? The counsel
looking at the dog, remarked that " while
that fellow might do for a judge, he was not
willing to take bim tor a juror." This story
reminds a cotemporary of another, which es
tablishes a precedent for a dog sitting as as
sociate on tjie judicial bench. On one occa
sion, "Curran, the great orator, pleading
before an Irish indge, slopped suddenly in
hig speech. "tio on, Mr. Curran, I am lis
tening," said the judge. " I thought," said
the lawyer, with a significant look at a huge
Newfoundland dog that the magistrate was
fondling, "I thought your lordships were
consulting.1; ..-,,. , ., . .. .(
Mark Twain thus describes, in the Buffalo
'Express, a remarkable citizen of that place :
"John Wagner, the oldest man in isunain
104 years recently walked a mile and a
half in two weeks. He is as cheerful and
bright as any of those other old men that
charge around so in the newspapers, and is
in every way as remarkable. Last .Novem
ber he walked five blocks in a rain storm,
without any shelter but an umbrella, and
cast bis vote for Grant, remarking that be
bad voted for forty seven Presidents which
was a lie. His " second crop of rich brown
hair", arrived from New York yesterday,
and he has a. new set of teeth coming from
Philadelphia. He is to be married next
week to a girl 102 years old, who still takes
in iwashing. " They have been engaged
eighty years, but their parents persistently
refused their consent until throe days ago."
Saa Tranoisbo w exporting silk worm.
eggs w fiurc-pe. .-:
Population of the Globe. .
There are on the globe 1,288,000,000 of
sonls, of which, ..
: 360,000,000 arc of the Caucasian race. , , ; ,
, 552,000,000 are of the Mongol race. . J
j 190,000,000 are of the Ethiopian race.'1"1
176,000,000 are of the Malay race.
1,000,000 are of the Indo-American race.
! There are 3,642 languages spokes, and
1,000 different religions.
; The yearly mortality of the globe is 83,
333,333 persons. This is at the rate of 91,
554 per day, 8,730 per hour, 62 per minute.
So each pulsation ot the heart marks the
decease of some human creature. .
j The average of human life is 83 years. '
' One-fourth of the population dies at or
before the age of seven years. j
; One-half at or before 17 years. -
i Among 10,000 persons one arrives at the
age of 100 years, one in 500 attains the age
of 90, and one in 100 lives to the age of CO.
! Married men live longer than singlo ones.
. In 1,000 persons 95 marry, and more mar
riages occur in June and December than in
any other month of the year.
. One-eighth of the whole population is
military. . . -
: Professions exercise a great influence on
longevity. In 1,000 individuals who arrive
at the age of 70 years, 43 are priests, orators
or public speakers; 40 are agriculturists, 83
are workmen, 82 are soldiers or military em
ployes, 29 advocates or engineers, 27 pro
fessors, and 24 doctors.
; Those who devote their lives to the pro
longation of that of others die the soonest
.There are 336,000,000 Christians.
'. There are 5,000,000 Israelites.
, ' There are 60,000,000 Asiatic religionists.
i There are 190,000,000 Mohammedans.
There are 300,000,000 Pagans.
' In the Christian churches :
' 170,000,000 profess the Roman Catholic.
: 75,000,000 profess the Greek faith.
, 80,000,000 profess the Protestant
The Two-Headed Girl.
The wonderful two-headed girl is still on
exhibition in New England. She sings
duets by herself. She has a great advantage
over the rest of her sex, for she never has to
stop talking to eat, and when she is not eat
ing she keeps both tongues going at once.
She has a lover, and this lover is in a quan
dary, because at one and the same moment
she accepted him with one mouth and re
jected him with the other. He docs not
know which to believe. He wishes to sue
for breach of promise, but this is a hopeless
experiment, because only half of the girl
has been guilty of the breach. This girl has
two heads, four arms, and four legs, but
only one body, and she (or they) is (or are)
seventeen years old. Now is she her own
sister? Is she twins? Or, having but one
body, (and consequently but one heart,) is
she strictly but one person ? If the above
named young man marries her will he be
guilty of bigamy? This double girl has
only one name, and passes tor one girl but
when she talks back and forth at herself
with ber two mouths, is she soliloquizing?
Does she expect to have one vote, or two ?
Has she the same opinions as herself on all
subjects, or does she differ sometimes?
Would she feel insulted if she were to spit
in her own face ? Just at this point we feel
compelled to drop this investigation, for it
is rather too tangled for us. Buffalo
Homicide in Ringgold.
On Tuesday, Wells B. Whittcmore, who is
a Revenue officer, with headquarters at Dal
ton, arrested a man named Deadman, who
was running an illicit distillery in the neigh
borhood of Ringgold. Deadman resisted
being arrested very strenuously, but finally
submitted. Subsequently, however, he made
an effort to escape, and was in the act of
running away, when Whittemore nred, with
the intention, he savs, of causing him to
halt, although Deadman was about forty
yards away when the shot was fired, it took
effect in his body and he felL Whittcmore
assisted him to his house and called in sur
gical aid, after which Whittemore came down
to his home in Dalton. Later in the day a
dispatch was received at Dalton from Ring
gold, stating that Deadman was dead, and
ordering the arrest of Whittemore. The ar
rest was made, and on Tuesday night the
Sheriffs of Catoosa and an adjoining county
came down to Dalton and, with the aid of
the Sheriff of Whiteheld county, took Whitte
more back to Ringgold. The examination
was to have come off yesterday, before the
civil authorities of Catoosa county. Atlanta
Another Sensation for Niagara Flitting
Across on Wings.
The boldest and most scientific feat yet
performed at Niagara is promised before the
season closes by a daring fellow who pro
poses to cross the river without the employ
ment of any such safeguard as an ''under
shot" velocipede, and, in fact, he will even
dispense with the rope. This new miracle,
who, we presume, will claim the distinction
of the "Canadian Sinbad," designs taking
an serial flight across the chasm on wings ;
and as wild as such an attempt would seem,
we can state as a positive fact that the appa
ratus is now being constructed in this city
for that purpose. We are not vet informed
what sort of practice the new professor has
been pursuing, or concerning the principle. I
oi ills nymg appurieuauces, uui u wuuiu
probably be advisable for him to take a
small nutter over tne Liunoas marsn Deiore
doing Niagara. Hamilton (Ont.) Times.
California Opinm Raising.
It is understood that agriculturists in Cal
ifornia are now turning their attention to
the raising of opium. The poppy plant it
is found grows there without cultivation,
and the gathering ot the juice oi the heads,
of which opium consists, is as simple an op
eration as the making of maple sugar. Raw
opium is worth about $20 a pound, it will
be seen that the pecuniary inducements to
embark in the business are very great But
comes np the moral question involved in it
The principal use ol the drug is that of pro
ducing intoxication, ana the cmel market
for it is China, where it is as great a scourge
as whisky is here. Would the money made
out of the insane appetite of the miserable
Chinese opium eaters and smokers be sucu
as a decent man would luce to pocket :
; Singular Circumstance.
A late letter from Richmond says : "Many
of the elms, locusts and maples of Holly
wood have been entirely stripped ot their
bark, and consequently killed by some
stranse and undiscovered process. Al
though every particle of the bark has been
carried off, and the trees cleanly stripped
from the ground to a length ot six or seven
feet, marks of some kind of animal teeth
are left on the body, seeming to have been
imprinted there in knawmg and pulling.
The erave-diggcrs regard the matter rather
superstitionsly, especially as not one of the
thousands ot visitors who nave puzzled tneir
brains in theorizing about the matter has ol
fcrtd a probable solution. No horse, cattle
or bad dogs are allowed to enter the
One of the observers sent out to Kentucky
todbserve the late eclipse of the sun re-
ouestcd an old negro living near ms ooser-
vatory to watch carefully his big flock of
hens, for at 4:4o they would go to roost.
After the eclipse was over he came, evident
ly much excited. "How was it !" said the
Doctor. "Beats de debbil," said the negro.
"When the darkness come ebery cbick'n
rani for the hole in the bain. De fust ones
cot in. and de next ones run obcr one anud-
derj and de last ones dey just squat right
down in de grass. How long you know dia
ting was a comin' ?" "Oh, I reckon we
knew it more than a year," said the Doctor.
"Beats de debbil ! Here you away in New
Yofk know'd a year ago what my chick'ns
"was gwinetodo die bery afternoon, an' yon
nebber see de chick'ns afore nudder 1"
bricht vonth who was euiltv of some
offence was told by his father to go into the
next room and prepare himself for a severe
flogging. The parent carried his horsewhip
into the room to inflict chastisement, and
found that the youngster had an immense
hump on his back. "What on airth have
you got on you back !" asked the wonder
ing) sire. .'"A leather apron," replied John,
" three double. " You told me to prepare my.
telfl for a severe flogging, and J guess I've
uoae me cestiooiuui"
One of the Mrs. -. Brigham Young on a
I Pleasure. Tour. .:
i One of Brigham Young's wives has re
cently arrived from Salt Lake, accompanied
by her daughter, and purposes spending a
few days in this city.- Tha personam ques
tion is rather a notable woman among -the
Mormons, and is frequently -mentioned
in books concerning that people. She waa
the wife of a well known Boston merchant
by the name of Cobb, but becoming- infa
tuated with Mormonism a few years ago ran
away from her husband, taking her daughter
with her. The girl was dressed as a
boy in order to facilitate her escape.
Brigham Young took Mrs. Cobb as one of his
wives, claiming that he bad power to divorce
her from her husband. Her daughter, Char
lotte Cobb, grew up quite pretty, and for a
long time was a favorite belle among the
Mormons. She refused until lately all prof
fers of marriage, but within a few weeks ...
has become the fourth wife of a prosperous
Mormon merchant by the. name of Godbe.
She says she had a revelation that she should
marry him. This is the first instance, we be
lieve, in which a Mormon woman has claim
ed to have had a revelation. The happy
husband is expected shortly to join his new
bride, bnt he will not. probably bring his
other wives with him. The other three- .
quarters of the household establishment will
be left behind, as it would create too much
of a sensation to see a man. walking down
Montgomery street, ineompany with four
wives. That style of barnyard fowl perform
ance has at present to be confined' to Salt
Lake City and other Mormon towns. Son '
Francisco Chronicle. ..' - : I
! The attractions of the South.
i No man who has traveled through the
Southern States of the Union and especial
ly the great belt stretching from the Poto
mac by Richmond, Raleigh, Columbia, Ma
con, Montgomery and' Jackson, onward to
the Mississippi will be unwilling to admit
that he has passed over a region of country
whose natural attractions and charms could
not be surpassed in any part of the world.
J Whether the traveler be. enamored of a
soft genial and equitable climate of a re
gion that lies high and dry, and is exceed
ingly healthy of fruit trees,- plants and
flowers, rich, varied and perrennial of a
soil that is fertile in the highest degree, and
productive of the greatest diversity ot use
ful, wholesome, and profitable articles of
consumption and commerce he will admit
that in no respect could even his imagination
rise higher than the actual facts that have
come under his experience and observation.
TV. T. Times. .'
a! Strange A flair A Desperado Hangs
' Himself to Escape Lynching.
A special dispatch to the Leavenworth
Times from Sheridan, Kansas, says that at
Pond City, on Wednesday morning, about
2 o'clock, John Langford was taken out by :
the vigilance committee to be hung for his
crimes. On ascertaining his certain fate he
told them he did not want them to hang
him, and that lie would hang himself; so he
pulled offhis boots, put the rope round his
neck, climbed the tree and jumped off. Be
fore doing this he acknowledged to killing
six men, and said if. he had his fate post
poned a . few days he would have killed as
many more, liangiora was aoout twenty
two years old, and was half Indian. He
had led a desperate life all over the border.
I The Wrong Heaven.
A minister of fine descriptive powers was
on one occasion preaching about heaven, :
and, to show the absurdity of Emanuel
Swedenborg on the subject, drew a graphic.
picture ot the Bwcdcnuorgian Heaven, with .
its beautiful fields, fine horses, cows, and
pretty women ; and in the midst of his glow
ing uesunpuoil, u guuiA um Biawi, i;tiiiiciL
away with the scene went into raptures ana
exclaimed : "Glory, glory, glory !" The
preacher was so disconcerted that he paused
seeming hardly to know what next to do,
till the presiding elder in the stand behind
him cried out to the shouter: "Hold on
there, sister; you are shouting over the wrong
Hindoo suttee, the massacre of his widows
oa tho death of an African king, and the
other heathen horrors- of which' the public
have heard and read much, pale their inef-1
foctual fires in comparison before the super
stition of some of the Russian fanatics. In
the province of Saratoy, some travelling''
preachers convinced the ignorant peasants
that suicide by fire was the only road to sal-1
vation. Consequently no less than seven
teen hundred inhabitants of one village
burned themselves in their wooden houses. .
The figuresseem incredibly large, and we
trust that the story is much exaggerated.
Yetjitis certain- that Russians full of supersti
tions well calculated to lead to such dcplo- -
rable results. The established Greek Church
seems impotent to avert them. Just what
the civil authorities are doing we are not
The Cleveland PlaindeaUr is responsibla
for the following : "Hon. John T. Dewees,
member of Congress from North Carolina,
l t ' " "il , , . .
mis ueen stopping in iicveiana a lew aays
with his father-in-law, Mr. John Drum, on
t. Passing through Superior St. '
and observing a one-legged soldier giving
curb-stone concerts on an organ that had
evidently seen better days, he asked the
man at the crank if he wanted to sell out
The reply was in the affirmative. Name
your price, said Mr. Deweese. The ex-soldier
did so, and received the cash in hand. Mr.
Deweese called an expressman and sent the
ear grater to the residence of Mr, Drum,
where it is to be preserved as a relic of tho
war by a "gratctul Republic." . .
The little Princess Felicia, said to be the
smallest girl of her age on the continent, is
still the great sensation in Paris. She is
only fifty centimetres high. On her arrival
in Paris she was taken immediately to tho
impress, who put ner into her work-basket
anil carried her to the Emperor's room. The
gin was placed on Napoleon's writing table. .
onjwhich she promenaded and danced for a
while, and closed the performance, to tha
great amusement of the Emperor, by turn
ing a somersault. She is only seven years
old, and the physicians who have examined
her predict that she will yet grow abont
eight or ten centimetres, when she will bo
about two feet high.
An Irishman named John Driscoll went
to a music ball not long since, in London,
and returned home singing a song he heard
there about " JUary : Ann." A countrywo
man of his, named Mary Coghlan, . had : a
baby who had been christened -Mary Ann...
bht thought he was ridiculing her child, .
and, after some words had passed between
them on the subject, Bhe went in doors, ' put
wary Ann to tied, ana returned to tne street: .
armed with poker, with -which, she beat
Driscoll pn the head so severely that he has
been in eer since, aua is not iiKc'y to bo.
convales'-a! K m-i :' " ' t,-,--:.,
The Southern Argus, (Sdma,) sm fr-
all parts pi Alabama is heard tte story Os
yield of cotton is falling buoit of ii eipeo-
tations indulged in three weeks ago. to
the middle ot July, or later, the crop was
backward lull two weeks behind average
seasons.' August 1st to 10th, it came for
ward rapidly, and the prospect was most '
encouraging. , -Then came the-, change. .
Drouth, worms, rust, rot an together, blight
inslthe santruino hopes of the planters. Tha '
yield in this section will be full twenty-livo
percent less tuan was caicmaieu upon ono ,
moqth ago by tha most experienced and
prudent cultivators. Meridian, Mississippi
' -n'. '
A Senator from one ot the mountain dis
tricts of Tennessee on his arrival at Nash
ville to take his scat, pnt up at a first class;
hotel, when the fallowing occurred on tak
ing bis seat at the table : Senator to servant,
"What is your victuals!" Servant, 4'What
will yon have sir, tea or concej". . senator. '
"Tea.'' - Servant, "What kind of tea" Sen
ator, "Store-tea, by ; do' you suppose I .
come here to drink sassafrax ?. .
A Mobile sexton offers a discount to nat
rons on acconnt of the dullness of the sea.,
son bacasioned by tlie unusual hcajthfulnesj
of tte city,.!. ..: '