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Letters must be addressed to
M. S. LITTLEFIELD.
"house and farm.
Mr. Melclii, the well known English far
mer, in speaking of crops of oats and bar
Icy that bad been destroyed ly wire worms,
says, "All this might have been easily, and
cheaply, and certainly prevented by sowing
about six bushels of salt per acre just as the
plants were coming through."
Fraud rs Fektilizebs. An analysis by
Prof. Johnson, of Yale Callege, of sixteen
different kinds ot fertilizers, sme of which
arc sold as high as $65 a ton, shows that a
very large proportion of them are worthless.
One specimen, selling at $23 a ton, was
shown to be really worth, as a fertilizer, not
more than $2.33.
A Good Helpmate.- The St. Paul Prat
publishes a private letter from a lady in the
country, which shows that she "does her
own cooking and baking on a farm that
grows 2,000 bushels of grain for a large fam
ily, including the voracious harvest hands,
and who, in addition to all these severe do
mestic toils, raises with her own hands over
three hundred varieties of choice flowers,
doing all the laying out, digging, raking,
hoeing and manuring herself.
A correspondent of the Scientific Ameri
ran recommends as a remedy for the tooth
ache, or neuralgic affections arising from
teeth in any stage of decay, a small bit of
clean cotton wool, saturated with a strong
solution of ammonia, applied to the affected
tooth. The pleasing contrast instantaneous
ly produced in some cases, causes a fit of
laughter, although a moment previouly ex
treme suffering and anguish prevailed.
Liirs rs Soil. There is said to be carried
off from the soil nine pounds of lime in
twenty-five bushels of wheat, nine pounds
in fifty bushels of oats, and fifteen pounds
in thirty-eight bushels of barley. There
are thirty-five pounds of lime in two tons of
clover, and one hundred and forty pounds in
twenty-five tons of turnips, and two hundred
nd seventy pounds in nine tons of potatoes.
Some soils-contain an abundance of lime for
a thousand years, while others require an oc
casional application of lime as a fertilizer.
A practical farmer writes : In my observa
tions tor twenty years in the practical appli
cation of manure, I am convinced that what
is ordinary termed mulching, or the applica
tion of thoroughly decomposed barn yard
manure to the surface is the most economi
ical use ot this clas9 of fertilizers. From
this experience I am convinced that one
cord of manure applied on wheat land
at the time of sowing, or on ground intend
ed for corn in the late autumn, or applied to
all varieties of large aud small fruits, is worth
three cords plowed or dug under to the
depth of eight inches.
Samuel II. Godwin, of lladison, Ind., says,
'"Last winter all the bees in our county, with
the exception of about half a dozen swarms,
died, and of course there were none to suck
the honey from the flowers last spring. We
have an orchard which has borne but very
little fruit for the last seven or eight years,
but this season it is full of healthy fruit.
Xow, the question is whether the fruit is
injured by the bees taking every particle of
honey from the flowers many times a day or
not ; or, in other words, is not the honey
that is secreted in every flower blossom, put
there for the health and nourishment of the
There is no fixed rule for salting butter, j
some preferring more and some lest salt.
An ounce of salt to the pound is the quanti
ty generally used. After the salt has been
worked in, the butter should be allowed to
stand twenty-four hours, and then worked
over again. By this second working, it is
not only rendered more solid and compact,
but the salt is more thoroughly incorporated
the streaks are avoided, and the butter will
keep sweet a longer time. It should never
be worked in a warm room, if you would
avoid oily, streaked butter, that will become
rancid in a short time.
BcTTEE 3Iakixg rs Fkance. A singular
method of making butter has lately come
into quite extensive nse in France. The
process consists in placing the cream in a
linen bag of moderate thickness, which is
carefully closed ; then burying the bag about
a foot and a half deep in the earth, and al
lowing it to remain from twenty-four to
twenty-five hours. After the expiration of
this period the cream is found to have be
come hard, and it is then broken up by
means of a wooden beater into small pieces,
and enough water ponred upon it to wash
out the buttermilk. To prevent hny mix
ture of earth it is advisable to enclose the bag
in a second one of larger size and coarser
The Best Wash for Thees. October
is perhaps the best period for the autumn
scraping and washing ot fruit trees. The
insects which hide in the bark and crevices
of the tree, have by that time retired to
their window quarters and can be easily de
stroyed. There is nothing equal as a 'wash'
with which to scrub the trees than a prepa
ration ot say one pound of whale-oil soap
to a large bucket of water, well dissolved.
There is nothing more nauseous to insects
than this. It will lay " cold " everything
that we have tried it on but the curculio
thai, however, cares no more for the mixture,
even though (accompanied with sulpha
iime-water ant) tobaacco juice,tuanu it were
gingerly dose ot pure spnng water. But
se-bugs, and the steel blue grape-bug, sur-
;lier to its power incontinently.- Avery
u&cr and gjardener ought to have a supply
us snap sn nana ior use wucnever nc-
.....I .... w ( i-.ii.ii u' (. 1 1 euro ri.l anrl
i alt mm m.w . ......
r-Qi washed with this preparation will not
f i be freed from some ot the chief insects
ireying upon foliage and fruit, but will sen
rsibly feel its invigorating effects. ;
1 Cube fob Cokks oh IIobses. I have
I seen many valuable horses whose usefulness
1 was very much impaired by corns ; have
j owned such, and tried cutting and burning
V with but temporary relief. I became ac
;quainted with the three-quarter shoe, and
. 1 fund a ucrniinent cure. As it may be new
1 1 'o some who would like to try it, I would
I ' that it is what its name implies three-
'1'iiirters of a common shoe. Cut off a
1'itrter, or nearly so, of the shoe of course,
the quarter that was over the corn round
'I'tedge a little that comes to the hoof, nail
"Mlie shoe, and drive on. You will per
hnl expect that your horse will interfere,
uu'yoo will probably be disappointed. Use
a niIJe Wih merelv a swing heel.
I liuvc derived "rtat benefit from apply-
'"g n-at's foot oil to the frog and heels of
"rsra' fV.pt It kppna tliem soft, makes the
j"roS !!row, and at the same time will not
""P not water, like other greese. itsliouin
!' used two or three times a week on all
"'Ties tlmt an- kent in the stable. If these
sllKgestious arc worth us much to one of
v"ur suiiscribcrs, as they have been to me, I
u ui be Well paid for putting tuera on pa-
w--C'r. Rural New JarlXT,
3. TS. Stearns, of Kalamazoo, SEcIl, gives
the following statement of his experience in
mulching the raspberry in the, "Western
Rural:" . ; . ' :. ! -. ; ..
"I consider mulching of the utmost im
portance. In a dry season like the past, it
will make the difference of a good crop, or
an almost entire failure. I have one kind of
red raspberry that netted me at .lie rate of
nearly one thousand dollars per acre last
year that were heavily mulched ; while some
of the black-cap, that .were not mulched at
all, were nearly a failure ; and some of them
that were what I call half-mulched (mulched
along tho row only) produced a fair crop.
I give thorough cultivation in the spring,
and then put on the straw, which serves a
treble purpose to keep the ground moist,
the weeds down, and the fruit clean.
Tbe next thing is to teach him to draw;
this is done by attaching two ropes about
eight feet long, one to each tug or trace; let
the colt start up, and you draw back with
your whole weight; in this way you will
soon have him accustomed to the pressure
of the collar upon his shoulders, after which
you may safely hitch him to a light wagon
for a few times, and then to a light load.
But I would caution you against overload
ing a colt. It is from this cause that so
many balky horses arc to be found all over
the country. I make tbe assertion, without
the least fear of contradictin, that one half
of the men who own horses do not know
how to drive them. If most men would ex
ercise more judgment and less whip, there
wouldn't be so many balky horses. Persua
sion is better than force.
Shying Houses. L. A. D., in the Scientific
,Amarican, says that a horseman should nev
er "shy" himself when the horse shies, or
show the least nervousness, nor notice it in
the horse, and far less punish him for it,
and adds : Allow me, having had a great
deal of experience in managing horses, to
add another bit of advice to nervous horse
man. Whenever they notice their horse di
recting his cars to any point whatever, or
indicating the slightest disposition to lie
come afraid, let them, instead of pulling the
rein to bring the horse towards the object
causing its nervousness, pull it on tbe other
side. This will instantly divert the atten
tion of the horse from tbe object which is
exciting bis suspicion, and in ninety-nine
cases out of a hundred the horse will pay no
more attention to the object, from which he
will flyaway if forcibly driven to it by pull
ing the wrong rein.
How to Break the Colt to Harness.
Procure a good bitting rig of yonr own. If
you cannot afford that trouble, ask some of
your neighbors for one, rather than do with
out it Bit the colt up once a day, from
three to four hours, for about one week. He
will by this time get accustomed to the bit.
Next proceed to harness him.
There are five mediums through which
the horse can distinguish one object from
another, and be useful to man by sight
hearing, sound, touch and feeling. To har
ness the colt, care should be taken to .never
frighten him. And when first harnessing
him, let him examine the harness, which he
will do with his nose. Once assured that it
will not hurt him, he will care nothing for
it. - Be sure and fit the collar so that it will
not gall him. Attach two lines, one on each
side of the bit, and have them long enough
to reach back of him. so that you can drive
him about and teach him to mind the reins
until yon can easily quide him and made
him " gee " and " haw " by the word.
The Farmer's Cieed. AVe believe in
small farms and thorough cultivation.
We believe the soil loves to eat as well
a3 the owner, and ought, therefore, to be
We believe in going to the bottom of
things, and therefore in deep plowing and
enough of it All the better if it be a
We believe in large crops, which leave
the ground better than they find it ma
king both the farm and farmer rich at once.
We believe that every farmer should own a
: We believe that the best fertilizer of any
soil is the spirit, industry, enterprise and
intelligence without this, lime, gypsum
and guano will be of little use.
We believe in good fences, good barns,
and good farm houses, good orchards and
children enough to gather the fruit
' We believe in a clean kitchen, a neat wife
in it, a clean cupboard, a clean dairy and a
clean conscience. Dixie Parmer.
Tofpiso Cork. The former practice of
topping com is now generally disapproved
by intelligent farmers. The practice was to
cut the stalks as soon as the kernel of the
ear. was scaled-over, when nature was making
its effort to mature the corn. It has been
proved by fair and conclusive experiments
that by the old practice the corn was less in
weight, less in quantity and sweetness, and
will not come to maturity so soon as it does
when cutting the stalks is postponed until
after the milky substance ceases to enter the
kernels of the ear. That sweet substance is
matured in the corn blades by a chemical
process, and goes through another process
before it enters the kernel. It is therefore
very unwise to cut off the tops and the blades
at the time when nature most needs them.
When the corn is ripe the best practice is to
cut the butts at the bottom, and thus save
the whole for fodder. Tbe butts, cut in due
season, contain more nutriment than tbe
tops and there is no difficulty, with a little
practice, in husking the corn in the barn.
Fall Chickexs. There is a prevailing
idea that late fall chickens cannot be reared.
But we do not believe that one poultry fan
cier in one hundred ever tried the experi
ment, but takes it for granted that such is
the case. Of course there are difficulties
in the way, but we see nothing insurmount
able. There mnst be warm quarters for cold
weather and protection from storms; feed
must be given much more frequently than
when the fowls pick up for themselves the
insects and seeds that abound in the sum
mer months, pure water must be furnished at
all times and care be taken that they are
not deprived of it by freezing. A writer in
an exchange gives an idea that may be of
some importance in an attempt to rear win
ter chickens. He says : We have proved
that a chicken's crop will completely empty
itself in about five hours ; the : bird takes on
no fat, for it needs every particle of nutri
ment to supply the wants ot its growing
body. When its stomach is empty the sys
tem has no reservoir to draw from, and if
too long an interval occur between its sup
plies of food the bird must starve ; hence,
in a season of the year when the nights are
from twelve to fiiteen hours long, starvation
and not cold weatberin our latitude prevents
the rearing of young chickens. We are of
the opinion that if the young birds could be
fed in the night, say when it is half passed.
that cold weather, if reasonably provided
against would not be a bar to success. There
is room for investigation in this matter.
Soap Making. Mrs. L. C. Merriman, of
Lewis County, N Y., sends to the American
Agneutturvit the following, which she as
eures us makes most excellent soap : " For
one barrel of soap, pour into a strong barrel
four pailtuls ot lye that will hear up an egg;
add thirty pounds melted grease (previously
tried and strained) mix them well together.
Let stand a few hours and then stir thorough
ly. As soon as the soap begins to thicken,
add weak lye, one or two pailfuls at a time
until tue barrel is full. Be sure to stir trie
soap thoroughly each time the lye is added,
and afterward stir once or twice daily for
three days. For those who live in cities,
the following receipt for potash soap is in
valuable. Put in a strong barrel twenty-five
pounds of potash, broken into small pieces.
Pour over it four and a-half pailfuls of boil
ing water. Stir well, let it stand twelve
hours or nioie, and then dip off carefully
three and a half pails clear lye into another
barrel. JNext heat thirty pounds ot strained
grease, boiling hot, and pour it into the lye.
Stir, well, and let it stand until it begins to
thicken, which may be in three or four days,
and then add two pailfuls of weak lye daily
nntil the barrel is full, stiring well each
time. The weak lye is made by adding
more water to the potash which remained
in the barrel."
Cows sometimes get a surfeit of grass, es
pecially in wet warm weather, when the
grass is succulent and rich. This feed dis
tends the bowels uncomfortably. An arm
ful of dry hav once a day will serve to ab
sorb some ot this moisture, and benefit the
cow in several respects, .
' Onions. The onion is known and repor
ted to be the most healthful of the ruilhnim
family, but owing to its strong and pungent
navor, is less a lavonte in - refined circles "
than it ought to be.. In this peculiar cli
mate, and more particularly during the wet
season, when cougns and colds are the rule
and the exemption, from them flie excep
tion, a free use of the onion would prevent
much of the suffering. A portion of raw '
onion eaten just before retiring to rest will
generally give repose to such as are suffer
ing with lungs overburdened with oppres
sive and irritating matter. Of course we
are aware that for a short time the breath
of the onion eater is not so fragrant and de
licious as is desired, but the sweet repose
and other advantages derived from them is
more than sufficient to balance the unpleas
antness in the shape of tainted breath. Ex
change. . ,,
Raising Pigs this Fall. Pigs are very
scarce this summer, and farmers are antici
pating very high prices for pork next win
ter. My own opinion is that those who fat
early will make the most money. Corn is
low, and it will pay well to convert it into
pork at present prices. In August and Sep
tember, if the pigs have tbe run of a good
pasture, I have no doubt that three or four
bushels of corn will make one hundred
pounds of pork. Ordinarily, when pigs are
shut up to fatten, it requires seven or eight
bushels of corn to make one hundred pounds
of pork. In the summer, with a good pas
ture, the pigs get enough grass to keep tbem
growing, and all the corn they receive isconl
verted into pork ; whereas, when they are
shut up to fatten, probably more than half
the corn they eat is needed to sustain the
vital functions, and all the growth and fat
are derived from the corn eaten over and
above this amount. When pigs are scarce
and corn cheap, as at present, nothing can
be more unwise than to feed them on noth
ing but the slops and milk from the house,
and grass. Let them have a quart or so of
corn a day besides, and tbey will grow as
fast again. There is no cheaper way of
making pork. No half-fat hogs should be
sent to market this year, and now is the
time to prevent it If a farmer has no corn,
let him buy it It will pay as it has rarely
paid before. J. HarrU in Am. Agriculturist.
Washing Sweated Horses. A corres
pondent of the London Field answers an
inquiry whether it is a safe practice to wash
sweated horses in cold water. He says he
has adopted it, and with beneficial results,
botn in summer and winter. Alter washing,
the animals should be nibbed dry, as far as
practicable, and the legs especially. Should
the uair on tliem be too long to admit ot
this being sufficiently done, flannel bandages
should be put on, and a woolen rug thrown
loosely over, but without the roller. In the
course of an hour the horse will be tolerably
dry, and should then have another rub down
and be clothed in the ordinary manner. If
horses were treated in a more rational man
ner than is often the case, with pure air and
scrupulous cleanliness, disease would be far
What is more refreshing to a man after a
bard day's shooting, or other luxurious ex
ercise than a warm or cold bath ? And I
believe it to be equally so to the horse. To
the tired hunter a warm foot bath and fo
mentation, if the animal is sufficiently quiet
is most refreshing. With gentle treatment,
most horses can be used to almost anything.
Some years ago I visited the royal stables at
Buckingham Palace. There I was informed
and at the time myself witnessed the oper
ation every horse, summer and winter, was
washed from head to foot with cold water,
after returning from work. A regular bath
house, cold water.'two men to rub, &c We
cannot all have such appliances, but the
plan is good.
The Way to Blanket Horses. But
few persons comparatively understand how
to apply a blanket to a horse to prevent him
from contracting a cold. We frequently see
the blanket folded double anil across the
ruinp and a part of the animal's back, leav
ing those parts of the bo'ly which need
protection entirely exposed to the cold.
Those parts of the body of a horse which
Surround the lungs require the benefit ot a
blanket in preference to its flanks and rump.
When we are exposed to a current of cold
air, to guard against any injury from con
tracting cold, we shield our shoulders, neck,
chest, and back. If these parts be protected
tbe lower part of the body will endure a
degree of cold far more intense, without any
injury to the body, than if the lungs were
not kept warm wilb suitable covering. The
same thing holds good in the protection of
horses. The blanket should cover the neck,
withers and shoulders, and brought around
the breast and buttoned or buckled together
as closely as a man buttons his overcoat
when about to face a driving storm. Let
the lungs of a horse be well protected with
a heavy blanket, and he will seldom contract
a cold, even if the hindmost part of his
Jiody is not covered.
Many of our best teamsters protect the
breasts of their horses by a piece of cloth
about two feet square, hanging down from
the lower end of the collar. This is an ex
cellent practice in cold weather, as the most
important part of the animal is constantly
sheltered from the cold wind, especially
when travelling toward a strong current.
The forward end of horse blankets should
be made as closely around the breast of a
horse as our garments fit our bodies. Most
horses take cold as readily as men, if not
blanketed while standing after exercising
sufficiently to prodce perspiration. So long
as a horse is kept in motion, there is little
danger of his suffering from cold; but allow
him to stand for a few minutes without a
blanket to protect his shoulders and lungs,
and he will take cold sooner than men.
i Oxen vs. Horses. A writer in the
Hearth aud Home says : " Hill farms are
worked most advantageously with oxen;
the plains with horses. Upon a prairie
grain farm, unobstructed by stick or stone,
the ox can be spared as a worker, after the
last natural sod is turned. He may have
a half-holiday life, for which he is fitted by
nature (in view of his chances in making
' holiday beef,') in assisting and supplanting
the horse in tbe hurry of seed time and har
vest Unless the French savant give us all
a relish for horse soups and roasts, the ox
may remain, in his character of meat produ
cer, with working possibilities, on many
smooth farms ; especially such smootn farms
as lie adjacent to a hilly country. His posi
tion is tbe more secure, as there is yet no
adequate supply of horses bred purely and
simply for heavy work.
: The different periods in the growth of a
country are attended by a change in the
working cattle. In clearing timber land,
the ox is indispensable. When the " sttfnip
period " is passed, and the soil is adapted
to easy tillage, horses multiply. Later, when
the plow is not alone profitable, and man
ufacturers come in with an increase of pop
ulation requiring better roads, bridges, and
buildings, and the transport of stone, brick,
coal and lumber, and all the " rough and
tumble" of modern improvements we wel
come tbe ox again.
I The ox and horse fair best when employed
upon the same farm, each doing the work
for which he is best fitted. Who Biinple and
inexpensive harness necessary lor oxen, the
little time required to prepare them for work,
the rapidity with which they are shifted
from the tongue to the chain, their general
trustiness and steadiness, make them espe
cially useful in straightforward, heavy
work in all weathers. Horses, with a light
artillery of carts and wagons, relieve the
ox ot quick steps and accidental and ex
express iobs upon the highway. In the em
ployment ot Doth norscs and oxen, mere is
an opportunity not only to use the animals
best fitted to the work in hand, but also to
favor the natural prejudices of workmen.
The old-country lad, thongh unused to oxen,
may distinguish himscll witn a norse and
cart, while a good ox driver is half thrown
away on a horse team."
Jack Whalv's wife one day chanced to
find an elegant piece of white leather on the
road and she brought it home with her in
great delight to mend Jack's small clothes,
which she did very neatly. Jack set off
next day, little expecting what was in store
for him; but when he had trotted about five
miles it was in the month of July be be
gan to feel mighty uneasy, in the saddle
a feeling that continued to increase at every
moment till at last he said : "It was like
taking a canter on a beehive in swarming
limn 11 nni-1 wpll ha miitlit ffr ihn rio rl
leather was no other tfian a blister that the
apothecary's boy had dropped that morning
on the road.
A few new hats have been seep, the pret
tiest of them being of velvet, with feathers
and trimmings the same shade as the hat.
All hats are promised larger and higher
anove tbe forehead.1' Bound hats, we are
told, will be chiefly of black velvet ' and the
softer shades ot grey felt ; :,.!.: .
It is too early to speculate much. upon the
future of cloaks. Suits will be as they
have, been the regulation dress for the
promenade and for church trimmed skirts
being reserved for visiting and the carriage.
Most of the early fall wrappings are intend
ed for the occasional chills of the season, and
are made so as to be easily put .on or off.
They are principally of the burnous or
.i i . - i i , : i l. :
miuiLie siiape, vaneu uy luupjugs, ueikiugo
and sleeveshapes. . ..
Scotch plaids are always the first to come
tons early fall The blue and green,
known as the "Forty-second" and the
simple black and white check, with, a bar
of brilliant color, seems to be particular
avorites this season. - '
There" must always be an epidemic fash
ion, and this year it is of the jacket type.'
These are seen on everybody everywhere.
There is a flush, too, of creamy white jack
ets, bound with flame colored satin, or
trimmed with a double row of scollops
bound with the gayest ef satin.
Jackets for the house are of every bright
color of cloth or firm-bodied flannel, made
gayer by embroidery. Gold braid and
Victoria gold thread embroider a light
quality of flannel for breakfast jackets.
Double-breasted ones of cloth are trimmed
with notched bands of velvet or finest cloth,
with gay colored embroidery on the bands.
Sailor-iackcts are of navy- blue flannel
with white braid trimmings, or of white
with navy blue braid attached on with
white, and gilt buttons to fasten. Jackets
for driving are chiefly in the loose basque
shape, and for the house are sacques, cut
quite loose and flowing.
German canvas work is common, ton.
with quaint borders and monograms il-
Silks are not more moderate in price than
they have been. The best makes of black
are always held at a good price, and shades
of ecru, sultane, bishop's purple, and almond-brown
are not to be had for anything
trifling in price. It is predicted that black
satin suits will bo very fashionable for
church and promenade the coming fall and
winter, wadded so as to be warm enough
for the season.
Woolen goods are exhibited already, but
attract little attention so far. Summer fine-'
ry has got to be replaced, it is true, but
light silks, sultana, and fabrics of goat's
hair will precede poplins, reps and empress
cloths. The newest feature of these heavy
materials is the diagonal stripe. The fash
ionable shades alluded to in mention of
silks are also found in the better qualities
of woolen goods, and will be equally popu
lar. Round veils and square veils are to be
laid aside, it is said, for the long scarf veil,
made of dotted thread lace, and to be fanci
fully looped across the hat For round hats
veils of colored grenadine are worn, not
entirely tor service, but as an additional
trimming with leathers.
The revival of old-fashioned eyelet-hole
embroidery on muslin is affording a great
deal of work just now to skillful needlewo
men. It is a very popular trimming both
for dresses and undergarments, and it is well
worth buying, as it washes well and wears
till the "crack o' doom."
chit chat for gentlemen.
The fashion for frock coats during the
coming fall and winter will be the Prince
Albert style, double breasted and short in
the skirt, which has been worn during the
past season. It will be even somewhat more
abbreviated than hitherto. The colors arc
to be blue, black, olive or brown, as may
be desired. Entire suits of English and
tScotch black and gray plaids will also be
in vogue. A similar frock coat will be worn
for evening half dress suits in making calls,
&c, the materials being meltons and plain
uarK oeavers oi various snaaes.
The full dress evening suit for receptions
and small gatherings still .consists of black
dress coat, with black vest and black panta
loons. The ball and opera costumes are to
be composed of a blue, olive or claret dress
coat, with buttons to match ot similar col
ors, a white vest and light plaid pantaloons.
To this decided innovation over the late fu
neral garb a few adventurous spirits may
add brass buttons in tue style M twenty-hve
Overcoats will be in the sack style, single
breasted and with fly fronts. The materials
are to be of meltons, fur-beavers, chinchillas
and other rough materials.
For sporting and driving coats and vests
velveteens will continue to have the prefer
ence, the col lore being brown, dark green or
olive, and pantaloons ot light shades.
I Pantaloons will continue in tbe present
somewhat tight style, fitting in the same
manner around the boot but still less striped
at the side than formerly. The material
will be chiefly gray plaids. ,;
Vests for day wear will be of the present
gay and varied colors, cut low, with plain
rolls. The light fancy vestings, for day or
evening, will be of white cashmeres and ker
seys, full and double breasted, in the English
style, and buttoned high. For exclusive
evening wear tney are to oe cut low, witn
three buttons, and a rolling collar.
The materials used in the more extensive
establishments will continue to be largely
foreign, but more American cloth will be
used than hitherto, especially lor pantaloons.
Foreign manufactures can be well imitated,
especially in pantaloon materials, even with
our inferior wool, and for ready made cloth
ing they will continue to be almost entirely
: Neckties will be both white and black, as
: Silk hats will be much similar to tho style
of last spring, with low, belled crowns, and
bnms rather broad, but they win be, it any
thing, slightly lower more of the bell shape
and with a greater curve in the rim. Of the
low-crowned hats the broad, straight-brim
med Wharton style, of smoke color, is to be
much worn, with a wide, contrasting black
band resembling mourning. The other num
berless styles of hats in use will continue of
the same pattern, and as vaned as hereto
i Boots and shoes will be rounded at the
toes and similar in style to those now in
use. ... :
' Alpha Ccntauri, the nearest fixed star, is
20,000,000,000 miles from the earth ; and 61
Cygniis 60,000,000,000. The light of the
latter is ten years in reaching us. . The for
mer is of the first magnitude. Stars of the
sixth magnitude are 800,000,000,000 miles
away, and their light is one hundred and
thirty years in reaching us. The light from
the most remote star seen by the telescope
requires 3,500 years for its passage to us, and
light moves at the rate of 194,000 miles per
An old lady, recently, in some court before
which she was brought as a witness, was
asked to take off her bonnet, obstinately re
fused to do so, saying, " There is no law to
compel a woman to take off her bonnet."
" Oh 1" imprudently replied one of the
judges, " you know the law, do you ; per
haps you would liKe to come up and sit nure.
and teach us ?" " No, I thank you, sir," said
the woman tartly, "there are old women
enough there now."
In a religious excitement in Boston, a per
son met a neighbor, who took him by the
band said :
" I have become a Christian."
" I am glad of it, he replied. " Suppose
we now have a settlement of that little
account between us. . Pay me what thou
; " No," said the new-born child, turning
on nis heel ; religion is religion, and busi
ness is uusiness."
Wt art not retptnnble : for i the. newt of
GorretpendenU. '. m Vf '."v i.Jmi. , -h!;
AU Communication, intended for puMica .
turn, mutt be pecompanisd by the name of the
author. The name vM not be published--
unlete bp requett hit ve require it at m.
guarantee of good -faith.-'EDrioii , or
STASDARll,.. 'M ril-Hf-Hiar. -li-.-ij ui ;,!.... ,
j , -iy For the Standard. ;.
OUR FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE.
Berlin, Aug. 25th, 18GS. ....
There is no State in .ancient -nr; iniodcm
times, if -we accept the American Union,
that has exhibited such a rapid, aad at the
same time so substantial a development in
all repccls, as the kingdom ef -Prussia.
Raised from an electorate to the dignity of
a kingdom in the year 1701, it haa increas-,
ed its area from 10,000 square miles to 30,
000; audits population' has grown from
one and a half millions to twenty-four mil
lions. Before the coronation pt the first
monarch at Eoeningsberg, we find the same
remarkable expansion of territory under the
vigorous and enterprising house, Huhenzol
lcm. ' What is now the kingdom of Prussia,
was in the time of Frederick VI (1411) the
Kurmork Brandenburg, with 3,000 square
miles and a few hundred thousand inhabi
tants. These accessions have taken place in
every conceivable manner; the falling in of
feuds upon : the sovereign, purchase, ex
change inheritance, - occupation - and con
quest . .- t i . ., .
lne political progress ot this kingdom is
no less worthy of our attention. Before
tne adoption ot the Constitution i (1848)
Prussia was an absolute Monarchy. As the
book of the law expressed it, the' right to
make all laws and to provide for- their exe
cution, acd to expound, alter and repeal the
same belonged to the King ahme." It is
unquesuonaoiy true mat tne estates were
possessed, in theory, of the right to- raise
revenue, and they not unfrequcntly embar
rassed the action of their sovereign. But
their power was gradually broken down by
various causes, among which may be men
tioned, the entire denial to tho estates of
the right of armed resistance, the changed
mode of warfare, and principally the impe
rial theory of the civilians and court pub
licists, that the power of the Prince was ab
solutely unlimited and he might recall at
pleasure all the privileges and concessions en-
oyed by the estates and which, theoretical
ly at least had been derived from the boun
ty of the crown ; a claim which had
cost an Ecglish monarch his crown and
head. i .. :
But the question oi a Constitution had
been agitated before 1848. The power of
Prussia was utterly broken in the battle of
Zena, (1806,) and the peace of Tilsit, in the
succeeding year, had reduced the kingdom
to one half of its former territorial extent
Prussia now experienced that the strength
of a state docs not consist in a standing
army or a glorious history, but in its people
and in institutions corresponding to the re
quirements of the age. In the year follow
ing the peace of Tilsit, the blow which Na
poleon had given at Zena began to show
some practical results for the better.
i reiber von Stem was the chief of the Ad
ministration. In November, 1848, he ad
dressed a circular letter to the principal
officials, in which he set forth the outlines
of his plan of a Constitution, and for the
administration of the government. The
following are a few of the fundamental pro
positions which he thought necessary to be
put into operation to save the state from im
pending ruin: . i :
"lhe last remnant ot slavery, hereditary
serfdom, is abolished, and the doctrine that
the will of free men is the strongest support
of every throne, is established."
"Landed privileges must be restricted.
"Patrimonial or feudal jurisdiction, ex
clusive of the King's courts, is aliolishcd."
"A general national representation.
"Upon the adoption or rejection of this
plan," said Stein, '"depends the weal or woe
ot our state. . Onlv by such measures is it
possible to infuse life and vigor in the heart
of the nation." '
But the lesson of Zena was not sufficient
to ensure Prussia a free constitution. Stein's
plan did not meet with Royal favor. The seed
wanted to germinate forty years in tbe
brains ot statesmen and in the hearts ot tne
people.- And in addition to this, the mem
orable times of 1848 was necessary to bring
tbe truit to perfection.
The cloud of revolution was now (1848)
overcasting the heavens denser and darker.
Events were crowding one upon the other.
France, Austria, Italy and Germany were in
a ferment In all tbe capitols of Europe
was disquiet and uproar. It was an anx
ious day for princes. No one knew what
an hour would bring forth. In Berlin
were to he seen masses Of earnest, danger
ous looking men, parading the streets. Blood
had already been shed and an immense pro
cession followed the victims in funeral train
tinder the Linden. Was the play of tbe
trench revolution to be re-produced on an
other stage ? Something must be done and
there was nn time to lose. The hard shell
of conservatism, which Zena had not sufficed
to crack, gave way now.
On the 14th of March, 1848, was issued a
roval patent, calling the State Generals to
assemble on the 27th of April followino-. at
Berlin, to " devise means for the welfare of
the German t atherland in the present dan
cenous condition of affairs." But time was
pressing. Four days later, on the 18th of
same month, the King issued a royal procla
mation for the purpose of hastening the as
sembling ot tne btatc Ucnerals, and called
them together on the 2nd of April (Sunday)
instead 1 the 27th, as in the first call. This
proclamation concluded with an assignment
ot- the reasons tor tbe call, among the prin
cipal of which were the drafting of a con-
1 .1 .J" t -VTi2 I
ifiuuuun, anu pruviuiug lora nuuonai con
tention. '-Three days after his proclamation,
on the 21st, the King published an address
to " the Prussian people and tbe German na
tion," in which - tne organization ot a true
Constitutional system, with responsibility of
the Ministers ; the public and oral adminis
tration ot justice, the trial by jury in crimi
nal causes, equal political und civil rights
I ir all religious contessions and a truly pop
ular and liberal constitution, were indica
ted as the only 'means " to secure the unity
and security ot Uermany. :.
i The principal business of the State's gen
eral was to provide for the calling of a Na
tional Convention, which, together with the
king, should agree upon a Constitution;
and, in addition, to present the outlines of
a Constitution to the National .Convention
which was to assemble for their adoption or
rejection. The State's general sketched a
plan ot a constitution, and provided the fol
lowing concerning the election of represen-
utuves ui iiie national convention, viz
"Every Prussian, 24 years of age, who
has not forfeited his citizenship by his own
act is entitled tit vote in the precinct where
he has resided six months before the elec
tion, provided he is not a pauper and sup
ported at the pnblic expense." The ; only
qualification for representative was "thirty
years of age," and a non forfeiture of civil
rights "on account ol crime. About every
40,000 inhabitants chose one representative.
The electors voted closed tickets; an actual
majority of votes elected and the assembly
itself verified the returns. On the 22d of
May, 1848, the national assembly convened
at Berlin, was opened by the king in person,
Constituted itself, and began" the work of
training lhe Prussian Constitution.
", ') l.,rl I,:,:, -!: BERNSTEIN.
. . !, .... Social Reform,
I The young ladies of - Dover, Ohio, : have
formed a society for the redemption of
young men whoso habits do not suit them
pledging themselves not to receive the at
tention of any ' young man who swears,
smokes, chews, loafs on the street corners or
drinks. The .-.mount of "sitting up with
the girls" done in that region since the so
ciety went int6 operation is '"not 'worth
speaking of." .An agitation in favor of
"suspending the rules" for two. evenings, a
week is expected. . . . . , 1
j Not less than 107 clergymen have clergy
men's cards from' the St Paul anil Pacific
Railroad' company, entitling them to ride
at half fare. tw -? -i i- ;
; The1 emigrant through fare,5 on' the" Pa'
cine road, from New York to San Francisco,
is (50, currency. , j
nj Shi '(tiui
For the standard.
'The Time' for Reflection has Com? t
nation pause.. This is the time to deal with
stem truths ; it is a time of bitter rankhngs,
of furious assaults ot malice and hatred ;' of
envyings and ot strife. A time rife witi the
fruits of dire calamity. The moral atmos
phere teems with the infectuous vapors ot
unwholcsome'contention, the moral heart it
given up toainholy and forbidden affections.
Men make a . boast of that which is their
shame; they hug their idols of pollution
Close to tneir uosoms; u tucy pray n is
that wbich-they- desire may come to pass,
that God may Crsc whom tbej corse, and
bless whom they Wess.. ()They, Strairt their
eyes after the ' ignaut ' fatut of . delusion as it
flits' before them through the marshes of
self-will and deception until (hey 'believe it
to be the true and 'only sight. They, floun
der on through brake and bnar , until
the dawn of day and the morning. Bun
rises upon them, when,' strange to relate,
they sail at ' the powers that brought
its beams upon .theme to expose tueit:
folly and wretchedness .aud never bethink.
themselves of looking inward for , the true
cause of their disasters ; they sail at the eter-
it i- it - i. . :r .1.
nai uasis oi an ugiu principle on u bueir
expenditure ot wrathful breath' could any
more change the position of things than the
flitting ot the smallest insect or the rolling
from its place of the tiniest atom of dust
So contracted are the natures of some
men that it is impossible to make them see
anything beyond themselves ;. that which
tney DeiievB is rigut, mat wuicu mey rejcub
is wrong. So ends the matter, an logic is
wasted upon them ; reason, it you will, -to
rock and trees, but let them alone, or you
ill receive the reward ot him who argues
with a fool. ' ' ' ' "
There is a growing tendency to intolera-
ftion in this age. The public mind seems
narrowing to prejudices, it is a dangerous
inclination, it should be ' actually striven
against The Church should enlarge -its
teachings to' liberality-in religious mat
ters. The press should advocate modera
tion and toleration in . political affairs.
Influential " public, men should lay the
check-sin on ' their ' own proneness to
"sink into extremes, and thus become quali
fied to tone down the increasing evil in the
minds of the masses. Untold horrors are
bound up in that web of intolerance. Pri
vate and public wranglings, religious and
social discord, homicides, - assassinations
and wholesale revolutions are its natural
productions. The ttUetto of treachery, the
gibbet, the guillotine,the rack and the bastile
arc its legitimate off-springs. Persecution
and ostracism (that most hatctul and unjust
:orm of despotism) for holding last to hon
est opinions are conspicuous figures in its
attendant tram ot evils.
Intoleration is bom of ignorance and
'nurtured by bigotry, assuredly will his fool
ish reign be over when the "March ot intel
lect" shall herald the advent of wise modera
tion, and the air of enlightened views be
drummed and fifed into the awakening ears
;of christianized enlightenment
- Kebecca Bledsoe Buxton.
Oakland, N. C.
For the Standard.
Letter from Tyrrell County.
Mil Editor: We people in Tyrrell
jcounty are really glad when the time comes
round to hold Court, because we see a great
many people, bear a great deal of news, and
'have our disputes and differences adjusted
jand determined. Again, we are glad because
!we are miahtv clad to see the lawyers who
attend this Bar : they are as good a set of
fellows as you ever saw ; and the whole Bar
!as well as His Honor at this term were in
jfine spirits, fine health and looked as though
jthey had been faring sumptuously on Noah
1A. White's fine shad, and other eatables
They were all in the best of humor, and I
km satisfied some, several poor, clients
lad been pretty freely bled. Everybody's
(business here is well attended to, for the
reason, we pay our attorneys well. . They
(work hard for us, and we pay them liberally.
This is the first court in this district, and
(was held by tis Honor E. W. Jones. The
Uudgc has just returned from some of the
Springs in Virginia, and, like the lawyers,
looks well, is in fine health and asunaouoc
edly been well cared for. ' -
There was no cases of importance tried on
lhe State Docket. In one frivolous astault
tnd battery case, Major . Gilliam raised tbe
oint as to tbe iurisdiction of the Court, un
ifier the 15th and 82nd section, article 4, of
the Constitution. The point was argued by
lhe Maior and the Solicitor, J. 1. Martin.
The case, was decided upon tbe point, that
the Court bad once assumed jurisdiction,
and the Legislature did not intend to take
kway that jurisdiction. ' ri - if-.fj
How the Judge wiH hold m a case- com
ing under these clauses of the Constitution
cannot sav, but believe he will say ne nas
iO Tight to try. - - '-
There was no case tried ot any interest.
he State docket was small, and but two
ivil cases were tried. The people in this
icction have determined to attend to their
farms, and improve their lands, and have
ess business m the Court House,
Our crops this season have been seriously
njurcd by a long, continued spell of dry
Weather. ' -
We are in hopes that we will make enough
;o live upon and spare a little, but our cot
ton is seriously damaged, and the sweet po
tato crop is almost a failure. The corn crop
bn some farms is very good; ' on others not
lo good. , While some of the farmers will
not make over half enough for a support,
tome will make, almost nothing.
Columbia, Sept. 6, 1869.
For the Standard.
Editoe Stahdaed : I have delayed wri-
ing to you, relative to our county election.
lor the reason that the election of one of our
Townships has been contested.
In the county, the Republicans carried
Six townships and the Reus three. In Leas-
urg township, the Rebs had no candidates.
Our majority in the county was increased on
(lie vote ol the former election.
In this township the commissioners order
ed that there should be three magistrates
elected with one additional lor Yancey ville,
Thereupon, we added the name ot . Jerc
Graves to our ticket- The rebs also took
aim up, and finding this out, the day before
dhc election, we erased bis named from thir
ty-three of our tickets, which gave J. - W.
Stephens and J..E. Cook, the other: two
andidates, a decided majority over Graves.
, .fler the election, the commissioners re
i ersed the former decree, and decided that
we were only entitled to two magistrates,
i nd they allowed Graves to qualify, thereby
leaving Stephens out, Stephens applied to
Judge Tourgee, who ordered a. return of the
election to be tnade to him, with all the
fkcts in the case, including the fact that the
judges of the election did not take the re
quired oath aud the Judge pronounced the
election illegal.- Thereupon, it was further
decided, that the magistrates appointed by
die Governor should continue in office until
leir successors are elected in accordance
ith the requirements of the Constitution.
In ihe face of this action by -Judge Tour-
:c, the rebel sheriff ot the county refuses to
rve anv Winers or' nrecents issmnrr from
iie old magistrates denying their right to
t,: ; I , r. ';" ; ; ,'.! n i
3 W. Stephens! Eso... has issued an order
r the deputy sheriff to appear and , show
use wny proceedings snaH not be institu
d against him for refusing to obey the off
icial acts of these old magistrates and this
rder was placed in tbe hands ot the rebel
oroner to execute, which he has failed to da
give you these lacts as a specimen of the
w and order which prevails in this county.
A. A. Mitchell's store house was broken
dnen. robbed and fired a short time airn.
The appointment of Wilson Carey post
master ot this place is pleasing to the Rg-
UDiicans. ' -.r.i it in ii s .
Copious showers have visited this locality
mtiy, Dut too late to ue ot any benefit to
lur crops. OHILOH.
'xanceyville, Sept 10, 1869;
j Secretary Cox, of the , Interior, Depart
ment, has received an invitation, from,, the
Ohio Btate Executive Commileu to stump
the State during the present gubernatorial
Canvass, but has been compelled to decline
fa.wnsegui?Peeof the painful illhess of his
ion. . . . ,
U "fit l-n-i )". ailj Ii.ihI
Gold OreMoaerm science,
As the fottpwing fromlfa Turf 'Field and
jfyrw will be I of interest' to many of birr'
H - "'
biol. If Mftm LliSi flviminn
Prof. Odlin'fately' brought, Wore' 'the
oval Societv'of London. Srfaat were styled:'
tbe very" remarkable resort ;of h w
arches ot trrot. tiranam. upoa t tna i bp
rotion of wes" These discoveries have.
xcited irreat attention. in 'scientific circles
hroughout Europe, and high' honors have
iverywhere been awarded to -tne -'learned
'rofessor. . The experiments were raana up
n various metals and gases, and the absorb-
ng power of metahi . for .the wrpe gas and
or diiterent gases respectively, were iouna
6 vary tery materiallr.'goveriied by the tex
ure of the metal and the! .'temperature:! In
rrt to hvdrocren. it was found that near-;
y all metals at a red heat would absorb, .it,
.ri a greater or 'less degree. " Platinum, Tot j
xample, four hundred times in own doie.
id palladium six hundred times; tnat iron
as readily Permeated, and many curious
acts were eliminated concerning the . result
ing phenomena in meteoric stones, poanufac-
ureol steel, chilled rron, etc., Dut tne lm-
ortanceor the discovery to modern nan
nsisted largely m the, fact that tflp per
eatinz powers of hydrogen could be prac-
ically aud advantageously employed in dis
integrating and desulphurizing ores, especi-
,ny or the precious meiaia. J -ana u woo
iave experienced the exasperating vexation
f owning mines of gold pre, wherein the
resence ot sulphurets ot copper and iron
ave rendered the reduction of more 'than
hirty or forty per cent of the metal Impoa
Ible, will be able to estimate the value of
inv process which promises to obviate the
E, faculty by any sufficiently . economical
ethod. ' '; '. ' ";"':.' 1
In our article on gold some weeks ago we
ferred to 6 process discovered by a Dr. W.
E. Hagan, of Troy, N. T and patented in
1B02, embodying tbe principle oi rroiessor
Graham's discoveries in regard to this prop
erty of hydrogen, and from what , we learn
of the experiments of Dr. Hagan and their
Results, the honors are most decidedly his.
The Doctor is an educated chemist and pro
fessional metallurgist,' and tbe diseovery
In question was not an accident, but the de
liberate and toilsome solution of a chemical
problem by scientific methods. Among his
first results was to determine the property
pf hydrogen gas to permeate metals and
metalliferous ores at certain degrees of heat,
and he has exhibited to us a specimen of
lion ore - weighing twenty pounds penetra
ted and its chemical constituents; changed
throughout by hydrogen. Following np bis
discoveries and applying tbe principle to
ores of various kinds, he believed he bad at
tained the long-sought secret of .desulphur
izing and freeing gold from the matricis in
which nature's laboratory had concealed it
from tbe search of man, and proceeded to
secure bis rights by patent. Litigation
Bprung up and has consumed and frittered
away three or four years, during which time
no large practical test of this process has
been satisfactorily made; yet nevertheless,
quite sufficient to satisfy many experienced
metallurgists, mining experts and capitalists
that the principle is the true one, and not a
few believe it can be economically reduced to
firactice. Mining is, of all arts, one in which
gnorance and a little dangerous learning are
prone to bring labor and capitol to grief, and
in New York has' become the synonyms
for fraud and humbug, and if one escapes
the wild-cat mining speculator, and drops
bis money into a good thing, tbe chances
are ten to one that his profits and principal
will late or soon be swept awaybysomenew
tangled patent dodge to reduce the precious
Ores by some wonderful device, ninety-nine
in a hundred of which bave heretofore proved
worse than useless; and as miners as a
class having burned their fingers, are in
as wholesome dread of fire as other peo
ple, and frown . down .any , new, .untried
proposition peremtorily, - the new. process,
however scientific, must await absolute prac
tical demonstration. '.We happened to be
among the number of those, who, having
witnessed tbe chemical results or neat, oxy
gen and hydrogen on ores, believe that n6th
ingcanbe fumisned cheaper than fire and
water, and our hope is therefore .large. , A
great proportion of , the mining , disasters
which occur in this country, and especially
In Colorado and North Carolina, so frequent
ly, in fact as to inspire wise political econo
mists with reasonaoie aouots wnemer tne
aggregate labor and capital bestowed upon
the production ox goia ana silver are not
greater than the aggregate results; ' and
many think labor is much more profitably
bestowed upon agricultural and mechanical
products than in mining, where so many tail
. . . i .1 .
and so lew succeea, a uypotuesis ouiy com
paratively and partially true, if at all, since
mining in this .country is in its crude
infancy, and experience will doubtless ob
viate a greater part oi tne oujectious, to say
nothing of the all-important fact,, that
ninety-nine one-hundredths of th capital
lost in wild-cat speculations, ' cannot be
Charged to mining. At all events, however.
Hagan'e success . will reciuce tue larjor, ana
more than treble the products on less than
half the capital, so the fastidious calculator
will be compelled to alter his figures and
change his conclusions. It is pretty safe to
assert that gold ana silver is primitively
found always in sulphurets. ures diner in
various localities' in their proportion" ef
quartz sulphurets, metallic compound), aad
pure gold and in some mines at the suface
the chemical changes necessary to . liberate
the gold have been wrought by time and the
elements; but in the lower levels the sul
phurets of iron and copper in most : -mines
interfere with every known process pt amal
gamation and decrease the yield, although
the ores may be richer. In the Hagan pro
cess the ores are placed in a cupola, like i
smelting furnace, or more properly a lime
kiln ; a fire of wood or coal is made .below,
Until the whole mass of ore becomes red-hot,
and steam, previously decomposed intb its
elements, oxygen and hydrogen, is admitted
through the hollow and perforated ' ' grate
ears. Tbe . process .which - takes place
pty be, described as follows v. First, - a
portion of the gasses unite in the combus
tion and increase the temperature. ' The hy
drogen permeates the ore, seizes upon the
sulphur and escapes in the form of sulpha
retted hydrogen. A portion of the oxygen
unites with sulphur, forming sulphuric acid,
and converts tbe copper into a soluble sul
phate. Another portion converts the iron
into an oxyde. - The arsenic, phosphorus, and
sine are sublimed,: and driven off., i After
forty-eight hours the white- hot, ores .are
raked into water, Dy means oi wmcn tne
hard quart; is disintegrated into fine send,
tjhe sulphates leeched away, and the gold
left clean, and ready ior any process et amal
gamation desired. As we have said: tbe
theory is chemically correct, and nothing is
cheaper than water and fire.' We Trader
stand that Dr. Hagan is about' to give a
practical test of his process in' Colorado,
and as we desire tue nanors oi nis, discover
ies, we hope his success will permit them to
remain altogether empty ones.'"- ; ' " "' '
t .1-, I .
1 .ill iniiil-
Brigham Toung, chief of tbe Mormons,
has been called upon to meet a serious de
fection among tbe laithluU It is beaded. tyy.
josepn Dmuu, sou, oi tue original propnet,
Joe, finder of the original plates," author
qf the Morai on Bible, founder of the Church,
and martyr to his opinions. Ja Smith, it
will be remembered never, professed, polyg
amy. That was an in. invention of the sen
sual elders since his death. " Young Joseph
S ronottneed it aliase' and Criminal heresy,
nd proclaims himself Head Prophet by the
right , of Descent Brigkani Toting being
pronounced a fraudulenl usurper Brigham
ft sixty-five years old; Coarse and Ignorant.
Smith is thirty-three, handsome: and educa
ted. Brigham has the elders on his; side.
Smith has already combined a considerable
party, who are dissatisfied with the present
. tyrannical regime.' Of course,' the Gentiles
Will all side with Smith. So will the wo
men, when the advance population fills the
Territory with eligible men, and shows them,
the absurdity of polygamy, and the infamy,
of being only the thirtieth or sixtieth' part
, of a wife.?i It will be strange' if this prob'
' ltm of wbolesale concubinage; brought1 in
to prominence by the Pacific Railroad enter-'
prise; and threatening so many difficulties,'
settles itself byjlreyoltL of theMormons
themselves against their leader and his po
lygamous creed. ' iitaii-jailu i; LiitiriaU.
Vn ftA'Jl TXt
I Specie flows to the Ban of France abun
aWly. ' ..
Heroic Cqusuls T tonsuis oi weal
Britain and the 7 itea Mates in-
terpose their ' ags and Per- -V
. soM.:to a Refugee, v ! "
The foUoilfin& interesting apd" exciting
narrative, otfiicb; we. published" a short
telegraphic icooUnb i ip days , -ago, is ex
tracted from the Jamaica Wuardian, oi Aug.
, to whiaa it was jamished by a corres--
oBdent whojrecenay .escaped trom sanua-;
'O de i:nna wnere pa w i""" "J
he Spanish volunteers in , consequence of
eing suspectfect as " a Ciban sympathiser:"
Mr. Ramsden, the consul, being wen Known
ind greatly respected in Kingston, the sub
ect has been fluent ftiucrah conversation,
ifhtte bw.Jieroic , conclo' nas cUed , forth
!xpressions' of uniyersal .'adnAiration. ( ? The ,
paragraph Tuns-thus: ; ""' 4 " n
"A poor unfortunateseaman bad been ;
tpprehended on -chargeOf being implica
ieiin a-ifillibustering. expedition, and; that
ie was ..thrust into prison and afterwards
sondemned to he shot, bn evidence as imprb
jable as any could conceive. "He was an
American, the son of English parents, and
lotwithstanding-the steeiHious efforts on the
part of the. English and. American consuls
the Spanish authorities, seemed determined
lo; sacrifice this poor man's life. -On the
Homing appointed for his execution he was i
narched out to the usnal place, amidst the
;reat show of bloody -Solemnity. He was
mmediately followed .by Mr. Rainsden, Bri
ish vice-consul, and the American vice-con-ul
to make a still further protest in the pri-one'r'sfavor.-'
' "'' -'-' l" -' "
'Mr. Ramsden read the document, pro
esting, in th name of Engjand and Amer- .
ca, declaring that the prisoner was altogeth- '
r innocent of the charge which had been
aid against him, demanding his immediate
elease, and declaring,, that if the unfortu- ,
late man's life was taken, those who took
t would be guilty of murder, and would bo
dike answerable to the Governments Of Eng
and and the United States of America.
uring the reading-ef th document, which
as done with calmness aud determination,
lie prisoner fainted from excitement, and
here was strong;signs of impatience on the
art of the Spanish troops, wuo mamiesteu
thorough determination, to force tbe, au-
borities to take this man's- life in spite of
" A consultation followed, and Mr. Rams
en and the American Consul were informed
hat their remonstrance came too late; tho
risoncr had already been sentenced to
eath for having taken up arms against
pain, and that the sentence must be carried'
nto effect. With this the order was given
the firing party to ' present' It was the
ork of an instant and.Mr.XJonsul Ramsden.
nd the American Consul, rushing with the
lass of their respective nations before the
levelled rifles of tbe Spanish troops, and in
ront of tbe unfortunate man, snoutea -noiar
nd throwing the English flag around him
ilf and the prisoner, and addressing the of-
icer in cbarze of the firing party, said. 'Gen-
lemen, as-a consul of her Britanio Majesty I .
nnot stand silently . by and see this torn
urder of an innocent man. It is my duty
;o protect his life, and if you take his you
ust take it tnrougn tnese r-iacing mm
lf immediately in front of the condemned
leaman. his eves sparkling, while his man-
y form heaved with indignation his speech .
ad so heroically expressed, l ne American
Jonsul. wrapped in the 'Stars and Stripes'
f the Union; stood abreast, and for some
noments the Spaniards stood aghast, the
onduct of these two Consuls being more .
;han they could comprehend. The emotion
pf the prisoner was extreme; he was sup
ported right and left by the Consuls, and
lhe poor fellow shed' a profusion of tears
from weariness and. excitement A consul-
ation was again held, and the prisoner
narched back to jail under, an escort of
xoops,' the Consuls, supporting the unhappy
nan all the way along.- The furore was be-;
rond description. Aftor dark the prisoner
ras reprieved, aniLfinally shipped from the
muntry through the indefatigable exertions
if the Consuls."-i-:2)irffln 'Herald? '"" '
From, the Corriune, Utah Reporter. , , ,
lflormoa Jurisprudence Brough, t to a Stand
Did you all read Judge Hawley's decision
a theltussel murder case u not po 80i 1C , .
is a good thing, i.u shows a little aayiigut. ,
in the black sky that has hung over Utah in
Judge '-'Uawiey,-' supported -'by Judge
Strickland, overrules -the judgment of the
hief Justice andawards a new trial. We up
here all vote to hate, tile yillians hung; they
Deserve it, and the people here would do it
without ceremony; 'yet : when they are put
fpon trial, .because a . ruling in their case
ill be a precedent to be. followed in all
pther cases, and we do not. know bow soon
t may before' We ' arts brought before that
ribunah No matter what-the charge, we
pant a . fair and legal . trial. We -want no
ndictments gotten, up pv a -mob of... Mor
mons, nor do we want a trial before a.mob
ef the same. Such seems to be the case at
par: Not the first form of law was observed.
f be Grand Jury was only a mob of Mormons
ailed in by a man calling himself "Territo-,
ial Marshal" (the XL S. Marshal allowed no
ilhce in tU. S. Court). They present an
ndictmcnt; another mob Is called in by the
Iime man to try them; they are convicted
nd sentenced to be shot The jury are not
ven informed by the court as to the law of
lie case, nor even given a definition of mur-
er. This kind tA Mormon jurisprudence
idn't suit Judge Hewlett -- He sets it aside;
squelches tbe whole thing and sends it back
tor a new tnatm it ma little cheering to suf
fering Gentiles to know .that we have such a
yian as Judge Hawley on the bench, at once
in able lawyer of superior abilities, exten
sive experience' and ' a ! high reputation
throughout the' land a ft jurist;- an honest,
i prigutman, ieariesa and bold, wbo knows
1 be right and. dares to do it,; He will
I eard the lipri in his deri. No expediency
i nth himbut right and Justice,-no matter
who gets hurt: itfiain U'vm .U.fcw
arge ; Arrival of Snakes and Monkeys.
On Saturday, afternoon the bark Zingerel
1 1, Captain Shaw., arrived at this port from
lissan, on the west coast ' 6f Africa. The
1 ulk of her caTgo' I Consisted of' hides and
5eanuts;'buti:by -way i of -.variety, she also
rought five boonstrictors and four large
( og-faced, monkeys.. The largest of the scr
jentS is ' twenty-eight feet long, is of im
i lense girth, and weighs nine hundred and
dd pounds. On Tbranival-it'had not eaten
i r six weeks, ,yltft meal - at that time con
s isted of twelve small cats' and a good sized
( og, which it disposed of in the course of a
i ight;'' On Saturday iright, showing signs
( f hunger, &;live cat was given, to- it which
i ; speedily crushed and , swallowed. , . A sec
c nd live cat still remains in the cage. , The
i 'ftiched'anlmai evinces 'extreme terror at
t ie presence of its deadly fbe. This is the
I irgest serpdnXcver: .Ijrought.tb this country. ,
I I is immensely powerful, as the effects of
climate have hardly yet lessened its natural
ugor. " The other serpents range from eigh
tecn'tc -twenty-three feet in length. The
reptiles were taken to the yard of a board-,
ing house at 12, ,North Square, where they
Have 'been inspected by ' large numbers of
'jjcrsons.' It Is expected that they will soon
lw -nniyllaanl -Kv airrIA fnonamirio nrnnriik.
bTjBotU) Adtertiai. y, ,,'
JVmIJ -r i .. in : r - w
Important Document Sir John Franklin
I 7 Heard From,
j A party y.ouched for' as reliable writes to
the San Francisco Bulletin from San Bena
ventura, that a doc-rrrnentrwns found on tho
beach: at that place on- the 30th. of August
much mutilated, which requested the finder
. L r : i H . . . i. : r r ,,
$ forward ft to the Secretary of Admiralty,
I' at Londoni'dr td the British Consul nearest
that port, with, a request that it be printed. -It
was written in six .commercial languages,
the margin and every vacant portion is filled
With writing relating to Sir John Franklin"
and party. The document ' was evidently
cjast in the water-in latitude 69 degrees, 30
minutes and , 42 - seconds, . and longitude 08 .
degrees, 4 minutes and 5 seconds. ; , , . ,
I It gives, an account of the desertion of the
Slips Erebus and Terror, The party : num- ,
tiered 105 atthe'tio.,of ,the desertion, and . ',
was under the command of F. R.McCrossier. .
, This party succeeded in reaching the above r
latitude and longitude, where thev found .
a relic affbejate Sir. John Ross.,- The docu-
menij.sJtateSihat-the; party ' wintered, on a ,
UiWjislad iji mC-7, and.Sir '3$hn Franklin
V rfieri.T. hA 11tK nfTnna 1 fti 7 Tf
- : ' many interesting incidents,-' connected with,
j, e expedition, Tiuvj v: ja.Viv