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, , M. 8. LlTCXEFIELD.
HOUSE AND FARM.
i . - 1
From the Charlotte Democrat. '
Grasses for the South '-Evergreen Grass.
Mr. Editor: If you will avail yourself
of a short ride into the country adjacent to
Charlotte yon will be gratified to see the
rapid strides that our formers are making on
the road to prosperity. A noticeable feature,
chief among which is the great changes
brought about doubtless by the results of the
war and its effect upon labor, and which to
me affords the greatest evidences of advance
ment is the large quantity of Clover now
used. Indeed, on plantations which former
ly boasted acre lots, we notice large green
fields comprising many acres, which, while
adding much to the- quality of beef, butter
and milk, supplies the wheat grower with
the best and cheapest fertilizer for that and
other small gram.
It has been my privilege to use your col
umns several times urging our people to sow
large quantities of clover seed, while it has
been scarcely two years since my attention
was called to the benefits flowing from sow
ing Orchard Grass, and you will rem':mber
then how I used my feeble efforts in a short
article devoted to the encouragement of its
growth. Since that time I have seen many
pretty lots of Orchard Grass which success
fully resisted the effects of the drouth, which
convinced me that, Orchard Grass is well
adapted to our scctibn.
Kow, Mr. Editor, while I would not say
one word against and much in favor of the
continuance of the cultivation of such grass
es as those named, and while' I am satisfied
that tbey are the best grasses which, have
had a trial in our section, and that they are
remunerative both in supplying food lor
stock and vegetable mould for land, I do
not think I am detracting one iota from
their usefulness if I introduce to your read
ers anotbeir species, of grass which has
claimed my attention for the past lew
During the months of May and June,
when passing through ,tl)3 country near
Lynchburg, my attention was called to green
pods which covered the fields which before
the war were nearly exhausted by the cul
ture ot Tobacco. Persons livihg about here
who are familiar with that section will find
difficulty in noting any. difference in the
characteristics of the soil, climate and the
main features of the country, ' except that'
cotton is raised there only in garden patch-
es, if at all, while tobacco . has heretofore
been the staple product. . Surely it is not a
grass growing section, nor has the soil more
lime in it than our own. 1 The land is very
d rout by and has suffered much by continu
ous cultivation of most exhausting crops.
But the larmers of that section are, recuper
ating their lands rapidly by the use of grass
es, and in lieu of the bald hills which once
stared at you on every side, I . notice, that
Clover, Orchard Grass and Evergreen Grass
is rapidly sodding the hills, thus presenting
a most pleasant prospect to the eye. ..
This Evergreen Grass to which I wish to
call attention seems to be the favorite tliere
and I am induced by its successful career to
give you its mam featuns;scrthat if any of
our people feel any inclination to profit by
it they may have time yet left them in which
to do so. Evergreen Grass is easily gotten
rid of by the plough. Evergreen grass, of
all grasses, will take hold on the thiunest
land, though like every species of herbage
it must have some soil. It withstands more
effectually the heated terms of the year and
sutlers less trom drouth than any grass
known. It is the first green thing to show
itself in the Spring and the last of all grasses
to yield to the rigors of winter, hence its
name. If not pastured too close it will re
seed itself for a number of years, certainly
no less than seven years, and it properly at
tended to, for a much longer period : It is
eagerly sought after and eaten by horses,
cattle and bogs, and its fattening qualities
ire not excelled by any grass. It grows
higher than the highest clover, hence is
easily mowed and makes excellent . hay. It
has two growths each year, Spring and
Fall. The seed should be sown in the
Fall, at the rate of one bushel per acfe, on
wheat land and slightly brushed in. I can
not think that the cost will be more than
one-third or one-fourth that ot Clover Seed,
while the soil for its production if well pre
pared need not be the richest. Having once
set your land in this grass, the seed obtained
from it with but little difficulty will enable
vou to cover every field on your place which
aced rest and recuperation. ,
I learn that panics near Charlotte who
have had their attention called to this spe
ties of grass, by gentlemen who have seen
it growing, have been induced to order it
through the druggists. I propose sowing
fifteen bushels on land which I am seeding
in oats. From what I have seen and heard
respecting this species of grass, I incline to
the opinion that . Evergreen Grass can be
successfully grown here, and that it can be
made a powerful agent in restoring our
worn out lands to their former visror and
worth. , . , . ; ":tu-::
Hence. Mr.. Editor. I think it advisable
for our farmers to sow some seed of the
three varieties of grass mentioned, and after
having fully tested all to continue with that
fmm which most ' benefit was derived and
which seemed to suit best our climate and
Stable 'Wistxjwb. Diseases 'of the eye
m horses may, in many cases, he traced to
the wretched custom. .uf onfining-animals
n dark stabWs. Any one who has been for
"me timtfin dark room: knows what t ;e
OxVnmimr unddpnlY ontlhto the
V"- Z y m BtiAAanXv nut anrl vsin n rtt'mn Vi -i f
f; stumbles against almost evetythmg that
his way, and steps with the utmost un-
amty. .'The eye must gradually become
ustomed to the change. il The effect of
common treatment cannot tail eventually
be disastrous to the eyesight. The de
tention in dark stables must have a dclete-
ous influence on the optic nerve, by weak-
ng it....'1'ue retina leels. it aiso.' uije
reflected on a dull surface and iney are
t clearlv discerned. The master wonders
hat is the matter: his horse used to be
"re-footed, but now he stumbles entirely
frequently for his credit in the market
K used to be very gentle ana coma oe
"ted as altogether safe, but BOW' he shies
itjominably that several times he dm near
pset the carriage, and -the ladies of the
'ffc- afraid of him. He is loosing
,rcter and rapidly getting a bad name,
'en the poor brute is as deserving bf con-'
nee as ever.v The ammnl wanio. in
fer with nUmliit. blindness than, with,
"'rfect vision, fur it is constantly alarmpa
''bjecta whieli nivswn indistinctly, wliere-
" the former caw it trn ffntirCIV to the
He. Farmers clinnlrl ninka . . TlOtC. and
lleir horses have, licrht.
e farmer who obtains from the Bold not
rer'y fertilized tea bushels of groin when
uunng tc might have obtained twenty
""g nut labor at half its value.
. I. 1 1 ; 1 - . w . . 1:' -i n' --U If -1:1 triii
Pnrvr Pum-iiM It is Dretty generally
known that whatever checks the wood-producing
principle of a tree tends to encour-
' age the formation of fruit buds and the pro
duction of fruit. In some cases the remedy
has been so roughly applied that in place of
having the desired effect it has put a stop
. to the growth of wood and fiuit and caused
the death of the tree.
i Summer pruning is resorted to for the
purpose of checking the growth of those
strong and vigorous shoots which by out
stripping the principal part or the head des
troy its compactness and regularity. This
operation has a tendency to weaken the tree
and to cause in it a tendency to produce
fruit, but there are cases in which this oh
ject can be with more certainty attained by
I It is .well known that root-pruning con
sists of cutting the roots of a tree at a suit
able distance from the trunk, in order to
check the rampant growth of the branches
and to cause in them a tendency to form
fruit spurs. The reckless use ot this process
lias caused the death of many trees. Expe
rience and good judgment are more necessa
ry in this kind of pruning than any other,
for roots are of more importance to the
health of a tree than branches. A tree will
perform its various functions without much
interruption after several of its branches
have been removed, the principal part of its
juices being thrown into the branches which
remain and the rest used in the formation of
new shoots ; but when a considerable nuin
'ber of the roots have been cut away the sup
ply of nutriment which they furnished is
cut off, and the remaining roots are insuffi
cient to furnish those ingredients which are
necessary in the formation of wood, leaves
and fruit ' ' ' :
, In root pruning, a trench is opened around
the tree to be operated on, at a suitable dis
tance from the trunk, that distance depend
ing" upon the size of the tree and the conse
quent extent of the roots. About one fourth of
the roots may be cut away, and as they ex
tend nearly as far as the brunches, the diam
eter of the circle formed by the trench may
be regulated by the spread of the branches.
In root-pruning small trees the soil need not
be dog out of the trench as the roots may be
cut by driving down a very sharp spade to
the required depth. When a large tree is to
be operated on, the lowest roots can scarce
ly be reached without removing the soil from
the trench to the depth of a foot and a half,
and then cutting a circle with the spade in
the bottom of the trench, at least one foot
In opening a trench around the tree care
should be taken not to hack the roots with
the spade or axe. When it is possible to do
so, they should be cut with a sharp knife,
making a clean draw cut. Much damage is
sometimes done by hacking the roots with
a spade, or cutting too close to the trunk,
also by cutting the tap root which is used
ly the tree as an anchor for keeping it se
cure in its place. When a tree has been de
prived of the greater number of its fibrous
or feeding roots by this method of pruning,
manure should be applied to encourage the
growth of others. A root-pruned tree, with
out the application of suitable manure, gen
erally produces a large number of very small
fruit, but when the trench is filled with suit
able manure, and a heavy top-dressing of it
applied to the area within the circle, very
favorable results may be expected. On the
whole, root-pruning has been found injurious
to;the longevity of trees and should not be
resorted to until all other expedients have
tailed The best time for performing this
operation is in the fall immediately after the
growth of the tree has ceased. Some expe
rienced horticulturists select the end of
August for this work. Wettern Sural.
Slavemxq. Ptyalism, or the excessive'
secretion of saliva, commonly termed sla
vering or slobering, though generally symp
tomatic, is sometimes observed when there
: is neither heat, pain, nor swelling of the
salivary glands; but it is generally seen, in
connection either, with swelling of the sali
vary glands or with apthta, inflamation of
the tongue, &c. Horses and cows have
been salivated from eating grass containing
a quantity of wild mustard. It may also be
Caused by the animal eating musty bay,
musW clover, amd bay containing the leaves
of lobelia j, It may also -be caused by the
administration of murcury, either external
ly or internally when continued for too long
a time,' or when too large a quantity is used
producing swelling of the salivary glands.
Excessive secretion of the saliva is very
often produced from feeding large quanti
ties of so-called Condition powders; many
of these " celebrated " cure-alls contain im
proper quantities of black antimony, arsenic
or mercurial preparations. Mercurial ptya
lism is also seen, and especially in cattle
from rubbing mercurial ointment on the
skin for mange. ' Sharp, projecting, diseased
teath have the same effect.
When any source of irritation exists in
the mouth the discharge of saliva is often
very great. Second crop of clover often ex
cites an excessive secretion of saliva, and
for which Dr. McClnre ' accounts thus :
"Second crop of clover grows fast, is soft
and full of moisture, and cool nights resists
its mushroom growth; and the mosture it
contains is great in quantity, and is con
verted from a sweet and nutritions substance
into a sour and acidulous fluid, not unlike
vinegar or acetic acid The acid so formed
within the clover leaf and stem, is pressed
out by the act of mastication or chewing,
stimulating the fauces of the mouth and the
salivary glands to such an extent as to tax
the substance of the body to supply saliva
to meet the enormous demand"
In mouth deseascs, such as scald mouth,
wonndsof the tongue, thrush, frothing from
the mouth, slavering is an accompaniment ;
the tongue is swollen, and the saliva which
runs from the mouth has a very bad odor.
Treatment in all such cases consists in re
moving the canst. The teeth should be ex
amined, and, if necessary, regulated. In
scald mouth, or sore tongue, allow the horse
to have a bucket of cold water suspended
or placed before him, to cool his mouth in.
Borax in powder, one ounce, and molasses
thrte ounces, should be mixed and applied
occasionally with a soft brush, or soft piece
of cloth. . Soft feed, or cut grass should be
given. . A few doses of sulphite of soda,
half an ounce to a dose, should be adminis
tered for a few evenings. In the case of
mercurial salivation, saline laxatives may be
givjm, and the mouth be washed with a lo
tion of one part ot brandy to five of water.
Tiie Uses or Salt. A hot salt bath is
one of the most powerful tonics which ;can
be employed in the various skin diseases so
prevalent in new countries, and for persons
of delicate constitutions, who find themselves
at the bottom round ot the ladder ot health
' If you think you can afford time for a
bath, take a crash towel and wring it out of
strong brine, let it dry, and when you get
out! of bed in the morning rub yourself from
top to toe till the skin is in a glow. It will
not take more than three minutes of your
time, and you will feel the good of it all day.
. For congestion of the lungs, a napkin
wrjng out of hot brine and laid over the
chest,.' changing as soon as cool, will give
great relief.- In cases of bleeding of the
luiil'S or stomach, dry salt, swallowed in
. Miialf Quantities, will at least arrest the flow
of blood until other measures can be taken
for relief. For a sprained ankle or wrist,
make a bag and fill it partly full of salt,
quilt it several times across to hold the salt
in place, bind it Upon the affected part, and
keci) it saturated with strong not vinegar.
Tot inflamation of the bowels, nothing can
ne lietUr for aq outward application than to
rase me yolks ot six eggs, stfr in salt sum-
CrCQt to makn n nnttino enrpad it. nnnn a
Jin.- m nnen, or cotton, and apply to tne
mk iv win uc moist, and consequently
keop cool for t went four hours.
There arc. those who discard the use of
salt lor anv cuunarv nuroose ami of rnnran
if there arc any such who read this artir.le.
tney win Dc greatly pleased to see it classed
among drugs and used onlv as a medicine.
But we by no means wish to be understood aa
joining in the raid against the use of salt in
food. We make use of it in almost every
thing 'we cook, and think some dishes
nire unfit t6 eat if it be wanting. "We could
f doubtless accustom ourselves to its disuse, as
to other disagreeable things, could we be
convinced of theaenseof it. But it seems
to lis when we sec a cow lick the end of a
sal I ami until the skin is' worn off of he;
tJingue, and the blood' drips from the com
ers of :her mouth, that theiru is a pretty strong
indication of a natural taste for jali. May
be human animals aonx have such a taste
; naturally, but somehow tbey acquire it easily,
Why thb Land is Rtjkhing Otn.-i.
SVith all the priae'which Americans tetl in
witnessing the improvements of this conn
try in most respects, it is a source ol morti
fication that in almost every portion of our
fair land the soil is yearly growing less pro
ductive.'' We are talking of "worn-out
lands " in regions where men are now living
who witnessed their first, settlement and
where the perishable structures of the pion
eers still remain. We are sending wheat to
towns that were, in our colonial days, the
granaries both of our own and foreign na
tions; and nnless the aristocratic Virginian
is content to smoke tobacco interior to that
in which his ancestor indulged, it is oertnin
that he must receive his supply of the cher
ished narcotic from beyond the borders of
the Old Dominion.
The cause of the diminution of the! mate
rial wealth of the country lies in the fact
that we arc annually sending away from the
land, with each successive harvest, those
things on which the soil is dependent for its
fertility. We all know that wheat is an ex
haustive crop ; that it robs the soil of its
rich phosphates and several other salts that
are essential to the growth of the plant,
which, more than any other, supplies the
food for men. Let us see what becomes of
these essential elements of wheat growth :
they are very largely found in the covering
of the berry. This, we all know, iu the
great majority of cases, is seperated from
the whiter portions of the flour at mills sit
uated at a distance from where the grain is
produced. This bran or shorts is fed to
cattle in large towns, and though some will
find its way into village gardens, by far the
larger portion is buried in pits, used in the
place of soil for filling up places that are re
quired to be raised, or taken out into bodies
of water by means of boats or through
Of the bran and shorts of wheat, and the
entire portions of other grains that are fed
to the stock on the farm, some, of course,' is
returned to the land, and shows its good
effects in the crops that are produced from
it. But the animals that are raised from
them, as well as the dairy products derived
from the milk so produced, are sent to dis
tant markets. Even the bones of the ani
mals that die from disease or accident, or
are slaughtered for beef, are now eagerly
collected, and find their way, for the most
part, to toreign shores. To-day the English
wheat fields and French vineyards are re
joicing in fertility derived from bones of an
imals raised in the valley of the Mississippi
Every year thousands of acres of land are
put in flax, a crop that diminishes the pro
ductiveness of the soil for several successive
seasons. The oil is expressed from the seed
to be used in painting bouses, but nearly all
the oil cake is sent across the sea. The pro
prietor of the largest linseed oil works in
the West informed us recently that never
over two per cent, of their oil cake found a
market in this country. The remainder goes
to England The English farmer buys this
product of the flax mill, not altogether or
principally because it is the cheapest food
lor dairy and beef stock, but because of the
excellent character of the manure that is
derived from it. Rome Journal.
THE FALL FASHIONS.
We gather the following information con
cerning the fall style of bonnets from high
Despite all statements to the contrary,
there is but little change to note in the new
styles of the coming season. The Fanchon
is retiring, decidedly, and the new shapes
are infinitely more distingue, as well as
more becoming, but they are very much
likethose ot lust winter high, the design
like a Highlander's cap or a military casque,
the trimming ot curled feathers and stri
king aigrette, arranged to give grace and
distinction to the carriage of the head, and
as much of beauty as it is possible to impart
by a milliner s tiame to the lace.
There are round hats of velvet, but prin
cipally they are made in felt, mounted with
velvet and trimmed with feathers and a ro
sette, or pompon, which either constitutes a
decoration in itself, or serves as a base lor
the wing or aigrette which springs out of
it. : .
It is quite a new and very popular fancy
to attach a long "Donna Maria' veil or scarf
to the back of round felt hats, which may
be drawn across the face or wound around
the neck, one end passing the opposite side,
in what is called a 'hangman's knot' The
effect is a little tragic, but it is striking,
and on cold, windy days it is comfortable.
' Velvet, cut and uncut, is the material
most in use for bonnets; and feathers and
lace, the principle features of the decora
tion. The lace is arranged as a veil at tho
back, and also as a scan, which is brought
under the chin and fastened up on the side
with a rose or some other ornament
The neck-lace of lace, with folds of quil
lings of satin or ribbon, and bows in lront
are still worn ; but the scarf of lace, knot
ted on the left side, high above the car, 13
newer, and has the merit of affording some
protection to the lace and ears.
Among the newest designs is one called
the Trianon. It has a square crown and a
straight brim, and can be used as a hat or a
bonnet. It is made ot while uncut velvet,
laid upon the frame, and covered with
white lace. It is trimmed with white feath
ers and pink roses. A long veil of white
lace descends at the back, edged with white
satin, and mounted with satin rosettes.
A very pretty bonnet is composed of
double standing flutings of black velvet and
lace, wide ceries velvet strings, carried np
on the sides, and a plume of short curled
feathers, composed of two black and one
cencs. . , , . -.
Another graceful design is executed in
violet velvet, with a trimming of -black
feather fringe, and ornaments composed of
a rosette ot small peacock leathers and an
The gem, however, is the . "Natalie." It
is a straight black velvet casque, with a
very narrow brim, over which the velvet is
laid slightly full. There is a black velvet
bow in tront, a round cluster bow at tne
back with long ends, and a plume of three
lovely short black ostrich feathers, these
starting trom the front and curled over the
crown. If color is required the central
feather will be pink, blue, green, or ruby
red, but we consider the all black more dis
' TRIMMINGS. '
Flat trimmings promise to be very fash
ionable this winter, in the shape of broad
ribbon, velvet, heavy braids, cords, gimps
and bindings, but heavy corded braids prin
cipally, in addition to black velvet, and the
galoons which arc used so much for cloth
Fringes of the same material, or contain
ing the colors ol.tbe material, aro in high
vogue, and trim a suit richly, though some-.
One ol the sensations consists of white
dresses, with white grenadine or white mo
haif, trimmed with black velvet and black
Knortea buk innge.
(Jords, gimps, and narrow galoons Binned
in the Roman colors are used to trim gray or
duck aipacca dresses with very good enect ;
and Roman striped silk or satin is also large
ly used, cut into narrow bus lolds, which al
ternate with others, ot the material, or are
employed as headhngs to a fringe trimming.
These goods -striped on blacK or some
mote striking colors, are also cut into rovers.
sailor collars, and the broad mousqiietaire
cults now worn, and lorm a most effective
finish to plain house dresses or merino, em
press clotn, or cashmere.
' The importation of autumn goods being
at length concluded, it is evident that self-
colored materials and plaids predominate,
with here and there a line ot stripes. In
solid colors the preference is for glossy sur
faces. . ' '
4 11 wool serges, new . this season, are soft
as iberino, and so Smoothly finished as to
seem overcast with silk a decided imiirovo-
tneat on the harsh fbsiina lustreless surges of
meii wiuier. t luey are rjiree-tourths of a
yard tvide, and of different .qualities, smta-
I blefdr house pr ptrerj
We are not responsible for-the mem f
Carretptndentt. I ' ' "": ' n fniv f-T
AU Communication . intended for vuWica
Hon mutl tie accompanied by the. name of ihe
author, t Tie, .name will not he fvUUlted-
unlettoy request out vie require itat a
guarantee n of ' good i 'faith. Editor ;"' or
Standard. ' ' !' .'.".'.V,-'
Mil-... ror the Standard. f '
Affairs in Rockingham County.' -
i Mb. Editor : In the Raleigh .Sentinel of
September 22L thereas an article, written
by its editor from (eidsyjlle, which contain
ed so many misrepresentations, not to say
knowingly false statments, that justice calls
for a true statement of facts;
I will notice first the recent trial ot Mr,
Zach Groom; 'Chairman of the' Bosrd"bt
Commissioners, for attempting" to incita
three' negroes tq hum several; , houses and
commit depredations on stock. - ,
i On Sunday, the 12thaf this month, Dr. J
H. Simpson met, as he was poing to church',
a negro by tne name ot bewis Wttt, who11
topped tho Doctor, and told him that Zach.:
Groom had been trying to hire his (Lewis's)
lxys to burn the houses of Geo. Simpson,
Dr. Simpson, and J. W. Thompson, and kill
their horses.1 Upon 1 this !nforniatioB, 'corj
roborated by Alex and Julius, sons of Lewis
Watt, Richard Ray issued a warrant, and.
Mr. Groom was arrested the same day at
church. -i "'i i" ..... v-v. . i- -. f!' '
The trial was to have taken place at Reida-
ville, before. Mr, Ray, at 3 o'clock on Tues'
day after the arrest When the prosecutors,
made their appearance, Mr. J. W. Thomp
son, who appeared to be highly delighted
the prospect of bringing a Republican officer
into disgrace and ruin, objected to baying
. i. . L. .. X. r t i
liic utiae Lncu tuciurc mr. ra&y, uuu pub 111.
airs sufficient to have been committed tot
ontempt, because Mr. Ray said, when? her.
issued the warrant, unless the testimony was
stronger than what be bad heard, he ..would
not bind Mr. Uroom to court, , Whereupon,
Mr. Ray consented for Mr. James Starritt to
to hear the case. , . ,.., ...".,
The trial ended Thursday at one oclock.
The prosecutors put forth every effort to es
tablish the guilt of Mr. Groom, and have
him bound to court. When put upon the
stand, Lewis Watt and his two sons testified
that Mr. Groom had not attempted to hire
or incite them to burn the bouses of the
gentlemen aforesaid; neither had he told
them to kill their horses. r, ,. ... .
These three .witnesses were expected to
fasten guilt upon Mr.. Groom beyond a
doubt, and their testimony being in his (Mr.
Groom's) favor, threw such a bomb shell into
the camp of the prosecutors, that they dis-'
missed the ease, each party paying his ow n
cost The following paper was .given, to
Mr. Groom, signed by all the prosecutors and
witnessed by Air. stnrntt: , , , v ..
" Wo, the prosecutors, do hereby certify;
that we withdraw all censure from Mr. Z.
Groom ; and from the testimony, . all' the
Thus was mt. uroom completely vindicaT
ted.' Dr. Simpson, Gen. Simpson and J. W.
Thompson were put upon thestand, and tbey
testified that Lewis Watt and his two sans
did give them the information upon which J
the warrant was issued, ana that -they had
no other reason to give for their action in
the matter. " --'-
On motion of J. W. Thompson,). Lewis;
Watt and his two sons were arrested, and in
default of bond, were committed to jail, to
await a trial for perjury. '
Such are the facte connected with "this
case, i know whereot l write. It Is tKS
lioved that there is something behind. the
curtain as to the origin of tliis-ease that the
public is not acquainted .with. What that
something is, I know not. It must be re
membered that all this excitement,' arrest
and trial took place in what is known as
the iiu JUux portion ol this county. -There
is good reason to believe that several of the
prosecutors belong to the Ku Klux Elan,
and that the raids, depredations and mur
ders committed in this county can be truth-'
tully laid at their door, i ,.. ., . .; , :
The Sentinel says Judge Settle and Rag-
land, the clerk, and many of the-. scalawag'
family were on- band to testify as to : the
character of Groom. The trentlemen men.
ttoned were on hand to aid an , honest man,
and Republican county officer as far as they
could, compatible with justice and public
safety. . ... i .
The Sentinel endeavors to ... create the im
pression that Mr. Groom said if it was not",
tor his religion, that he (Groom) .wquld
head a party ot men and burn every house
oh the Korth side of Dan River. Mr. Groom
said bo such thing. : Mr. Groom did . say- .if
Tom Settle was Ku Kluxed, that he would
be one of a hundred men to burn the houses
of every Ku Klux on the North side of Dan,
River. Other men, as good citizens as the'
county contains, have said the same thing..
The Republicans of this county have sub
mitted to the depredations of the Ku Klux
until forbearance has ceased to be a virtue.
Conscious that they, the Republicans, hav
done nothing to be taken up or whipped,
as the case may be, they are prepared; lor
any 'demonstrations the Ku Klux may here:
A great deal of fuss has been made over
the building of the bridge across Dan River.'
The Commissioners advertised and gave as
much publicity to the matter as possible:
and on the day set for the letting of the con
tract, a large crowd assembled at the place
where the bridge is being built, and the con
tract was let to a Mr. Traver, for ten thou-,
sand dollars. There was nothing . said,
against the bridge until one A. M. Scales, of
Brigadier General notoriety in the Confede
rate anuy, commenced to agitate the ques
tion of putting a stop to the erection of the
bridge. This was after, the contract had
been signed, sealed and delivere l, and, the..
work on the bridge commenced... ' Jar.
Scales, thinking the bridge a good horse to
ride to- Congress next year, : spread himself.
He told the people .that he would, bs- they
Moses; that if they would raise fifty dollars
in each township, that he would take the
money and see that tne bridge was not
built. -The result has been, that the people,
acting according to the advice- given them
by their wouia-oe moses, in tne ciumsy, lai,
overgrown personage of A M. Scales, did
not; pay their taxes as readily si they wouldf
havie done; and in this manner, according!
to the programme and advice of Mr., Scales,
thelagreement to pay Mr. Traver twenty-five
huddred dollars on the 15th of August last
hasinot been complied with ; and there ts 'a
faid prospect that the Connty wilf. be : com
pelled to pay two tnousano aoiiars more ior.
damages incurred Dy jur. l raver lq noi ge;
ting the money according to agreement,. If
such should be the case, Mr. Scales ' should,
pay the money himself. He is to blame for
the wholo matter.- - sn.ittjiin '
.There is no safe way of . crossing Dan
Rivfcr between Madison and Leaksville,,. a
distance of sixteen miles. The bridge is
half way between both places. It will be U
great convenience to the whole county'; arid
theto would have been nothing said against.
thejbuilding of the bridge, but for the howl
raised uy men wno nau noiiung u luse, auu
whi wished to lat the ground works for' a
said for Goigress'next:year'.--i ,r.;i" .
A great deal ot 4usJas been, maue overt
tlie'tax to be raised in this county.,. It, .is
about tne same this year that it nas been
heretofore. The heoole 'thronrrhoritf "the
whole State - would hare paid - their (axes
more cheerfully - but lor the drouth';!i:it)
people of this county would have paid theirs
cheerfully and willingly, but for the agita
tioij gotten up by demagogues who' :pay no
taxes, and who expect to bambonzto the
people . by a great amount of gab for, i the
purpose i of. procuring the nomination .for
Con gross for A. M. Scales, h-h-in! i; -nwi
The best reason why i there ha been,: so
much devilment going on in this county to
the (ruin and distress of the peoplcns. that
a certain set of men whQi.keid lie county
offices from "time whereof the memory of
man 'Tunneth ubt Jto the " cWtrarV,"
and -swindled ' and grew 'rich ''yfl'misJ
applying: the revenues, of -the n connty
are now set aside, ;and men, wbo., have
some respect for honesty and' the im
poverished condition of'the1 peopicj admin-'
ister the affairs. The Ku Klux Democracy
of this county are so determined to, get con-,
trot of this county at Jhe next flection, that
they will do anything from . murder down.
They have done so up to. this time, ' .There
is no YraiKensm. in this county. Hut tor
the, prevalence of a few men this county
I would be as bid if pot worse than.-Jpnes
1 spd, Renoir. ' "" '' ;.;,:.u:' .' . T: lfi -
I This kCrt wtekvJliidge. TourgeB'JIreJ
siuing. -x. an lmomtea mar. a,umy,,ironi ,
Kew Orleans, ia.' who lost her foot during
the warbv an accident im 'tHfe'Hicnmond to
pahvilleRfitrotd, Med "the" tUlhohsViCoffl-H
Pi j, au got, a .soraiqi u ,nuufrei uqrti i
I Edkinpiftn Ooflntj', oepf. Wtny WW P "
I i,ar I -H'iinwj rutii o (Porta "Standard:
la Iaqwisf tatcvith. ksaCiau terras
pf Office MesakfS-trrf he pw. ,,i,
ISA.. EnrroiL ---T.hfv mililic. -will nardon .
Die. for Wachiogaquastion, fjiat a destined
tJuu iu uccupy a large suar uj 11s aitequou ;
and'althooCTl can brinS' nbBiiris'tiewto-'
ards itsisolutlon, yet a: review, of the -com
stitutionai provisions, bearing upon the sub
jeer, cannot fail Jq he i wterestuig,,, JLprop
tferais of 'bffirJe SfHheembers1 the pr,
w uiiukc tui uuuirx mui Lim ieu"j.u ui
Qenerri'Assembhis ssdl'oelbfa twdeaeil'I
duo tfl.: those ,satlonyX)f; Jbe- Constitution,
bich are most Important,,,, -, .,
Sec 3. The Senate shall be camnosed of
oeuniurs, pienniaiiy .cnosen oy uauub .
Sec" 6; ,'The"Hjusb of1 Representatives
shall be cWpcfe -of 'one 'hundred and
tiVestyaepresBDtatiye biennially caosen by
Sec. ST, The ferms. of, office of Senators
wtu incuiuviB ui luc nouseui neprcsemaLivcs
shall eommence at the timed their election'
apd,thtetm of office-of those, elected attlia
first election,. rudei:this, Constitution shall
terminate 'fit the .same time as if they had
blBeafelected 'at ' the first ensuing' regulaf
cleevJSn. a..g nyun t
Sec 2ftl The oleotibn for. members of the
General Assembly shall be held for their re
spective aistrictsraad eountiss, at the places
where thev are now held. or. niav be directed
ti be hild.'in 'such manner as may be'pre-v
sarfbed by law, on' the first Thursday In
August, in' the year one thousand eight hun
dred and seventy, and every two years there
aftet. But the General Assembly may change
tne time of .holdfner the elections. The first
election shalt be held when the vote shall be '
taken1 on rhctatracdhohof this 3on9titotiotf
Itr the voters of the State, (and the General
Assembly then elected shall meet on the fif-.
teenth day after the approval thereof by the
Cberess of t)io United States; if it fall not
on Sunday, but if it shall so fall, then on the
cm uay the leaner (ano une manners men
elected shall hold thek seats untUtheir sue-1
ceseors are elected at a regular election.
I From fjiese sections, which contain, the
gst eMhe tnaltet,-1 extract the following
mieriingr-u!4mi Ictm is .!i -xi o: htm, u
iTbe Constitution, providing in Sec. S .'of
.l.ft T.ntnftlftHvfi. article, tlmfc thu HpriPrfll Ac- J
wm niT MTifti i mppr. HnniiHiiv nn inn. rnirn i
Monday iiNovfenfoerjprescTibes' in ''general '
that- membeifhalMwcibse bhllol
OBcaln every twoeaoi, ftantbe first Tharw J
day in Augusk or suijb, other time as niay.be -I
appointed by law: "and tnat the icrms of
om or tne memuereor ine iegisiainre snail
at-arime! of 1 meif elecrMn!
Bht the OeBstitntfrn jslsespeeihlly provld-i
ed that.the first election held, under- it for
1 kgisJators8hould be held on the day When
li was suomiueti ior rauueaiion: rnai ine
General Assembly then elected should meet
fifteen days.after its approval y Congress
and that after so assembling, the , -term of
their, offices should terminate at .the same
time, as ir tiiey had been elected at the first
noninrr hv.-" . Ilprt.inn in1 ' Hmr thv
should hold, . ir seats until their successors
were chosen at a regular election. rn- w
it is plain tliat-tfaepecial-'prov)sionsi.of
t,lie UoBStituoon above elemiaated apply on J
lylto the present Ueneral Assembly, while it
is equally plain that! therein -the length of
the term, ot olhce ol Its members is - set
fotth. 1 tlf .then the term of their office shaii
exbire at tho same time,, as if tliev hid becw
elected at the first ensuing: regAdar i election,
anil they, shall, hold liujirl 'seatsi until' their
successors are chosen at a regular election,
the ouestionlnatnrallv arises, what is a Teru-
lat election TwKhin tlie ineaiiirig of thb Con-i
stitution r l nrtsume that no ooe will deey
thkt if onee in every , two-years an eteetion
is to be had, occurrins upon someday fixed
by law, that it is' thei-regnlas election' con-':
tesi plated in the Cbnstitution -If this then
is settled, it is noli proper to innuire at what
dote do the .regular elections begin, ancrwbat .
is the meaning ot the constitutional term
HTho first ensuing legular election r
lTh PinatitntjnB rtnxiriliM. that irr.
ttdn for.membeis of' the General Assembly
shall b neld bn tbelst ThdrsdsV in 1870. '
antl overv i two ''years thereafter. "The tact
that every two, years .after? AujrUSt, USTO,.:
such elections are .toibe had, sustains the
tne position aireaay assumed mat tnese are
thi reffUr'WeWirms'crjntehiolatt'd ititlre1
CohstitiAiabfrand Stl attse gives tho starting!
point fiirithain-!-e,,pointr which; -being -ouec!
gijen is necessarily ot. the entire number
i the first of the regnTar elections, and in fol-
oiog,Hre;doption',lof ' the 'Constitution',"
not snly Wi nrst, lt the first ensuing regn'
lafl ejecyondwibw. is, asi nas, been shown;
qbwn to be had on the hrst Thursday in-
Se ft 'tBen that "thi first ensuing regh-'
lartpwetioa". means the- 'erectio n of August,
18tQ.r-.aai tbisv teitan the i solution of 1 1 be
frutstieajB easyj kit 1-nnd .that sectiqn XI
ie terms of office, of those elected at I
1,11a HISb CICVblMll uuuer blllO VUU31IIUUUII,
shall terminate as if thev hsd 'been1 elected'.
at the- ocst ensuing' election, " and iurther
that the concluding clause of section 20,
reaiis, nlhat the members elected (i. e., at
the; first election) shall hold their seats until'
their successors are elected at a regular elec
toti.ri Therefore, ifi the- members of the
present Gcncral,.As3cmblyhad been elected
at the first' ensuing resular election, which
is (contemplated' Id be had "6rf the 'first
Thhnsday1 fa August ' 1870, their term of
othpavwoHlol,, ;expire,i on then 1st! flharB-'
dat of Apgu.st, W2, when, )theii;fUCcessors
wohld be.ch0se at a regular election; and
this is tueternV0ofoffice-,of"thc''Dr3ent
members, uutif the first Thursday in August'
s.kk ol iu '' i.!l l!tfit ill !!'! r.i
uvintr arrived at this conclusion, it may
-tti well' to rehiark that this close construc-
tioi iri rirfwaV'Ssturns the harmony of the
reirlilafe pk(iank.t It t were asiif1 ' tlia' Letrls-'
latsre ftow.iniJsoing, instead of dying on the
flrsi Jbudaytofi(Apgust uext, received new
Kfejfrom the provisions of the fundamental
hswl aud faovcef oh fof two jVeafB'lohfier 'in
fljll sWentftlti and- vigor: 'Then, its career
beihiterronateq. regular election is .held
and a sejond. General ssembly called,,, into
beii? in one time and'ui reeular order. '
Ho-weverf ff it be oWected "that fnt a'res'
dreUef rtetaocesl and for'amending bnd
strAigtbesitig , the laws) elections' should j
be eiten pHi,1! ljanswer,! at, tne, twenty ,
thopsand majority which carried that section
Ol uue Dili oi luguus -uiuiiniieu lug wiiuie
insfrumeBt, and that it fa but a peor tnethod
ol srrerrgtnenlng the laws bymislDterprctnig
tnebonstitution, and counseUinc tbeabxidEe-
aleit of, the rights of the law-making power
ho fnif St jbeairthBr "oliject'ed, that ihe
BT lUBATOVCtnillf-UL lUHTll.
eenenuciBon oersra given is new ana ancx
neoted bv the neonlo. I answer that it is-not
nef , but as old aa-tha constitution- ltselt ;
and that if any .portion, of the. people re
snstned uninformed conCernins it dunnz the
eatsyassVitms1 because thosrwho'atldressed.
thefn-Bstrainsda at' 'gnht ind-ewallowed si
cant eL -end rbf ) attempting to i rbuse , their
jjifeju.djcas against the poor negro, tp .putsue
thelscrip'tual simile still further, '.'ricclected
ihelwelBhtfcrinatters'of the law." " "'
V 1"1 JHi. 'BfAItlAUUtK"?
i. - 3 nr.. i. : . t rt
whlcaiil eoklreiasromanuwaa on trial before
aiitxed jury ifordtilliiig 4t white, riian who
harl icojoed' oeJ was tcsneludod Tth srtav:
aijl thai rr Bf ice, aurirbeonco of tea 'than
five) mmntcaialn-ouabt -in .a. : verdict of" not '
gullyj,ii81iHJiad )eerron torisof improper
lutimny ith J tho dceaacoV lw i ts t lie- proau
psct jtf, becoming -a motherjJ Bhotnota ad-
.vntap,nf 'biS; lying onua rloungeat the'
4io-in(r Bausejnvtiiett,se was sorvant,
and Wled.huuivritii ah axef oaiiatohot ' '' -
. leyjCal.ata.'deptli,' pf 19,ff feet has given a
strehrh i two' inches deep', bv ten Inches in
Width, settling all doubts and apprehensions
-i. J... .1. r,. it - ;
colored orphan, aged 12, at Moranhis.
recantly committed suicide m consequence
I -r i. k-..! -. v ?
ithejcolored family with whom heliverL- To
- . J?f fT?,,?1?, nmPe' jS?9 M JWj
I Vt liaviug uiuacu BbUUB jug ueiUUglllg HI
sdJ W70.il a.!.:.r 1i ?.r.tn. Standard.
Great thourhts abound amon? the richest
ireasnres'bf Solitude.' Though Dcvond all
destiba ibfe-Hot good fdrmea-sYways to Jbe
tloBd yet 'wittotit :8ulilude there is little r
el0flrt.:il oill ti dVilool won ill
part frn,,his. feUow-kind, .the, pbijpsi;
her, poet, paturalist, 'scientific, experitnen- r
tblist and "botanist in istjovenng attl de-;
velnping grand secrets of JrnolttUdge: that
continually tend to the f aUghtenmont nd
mind., ,, , ,.., ,,,11 f,,,
Alone, amid the' forests, KCUhyirfjhencnth
1 lie umbragepusst)
t tie ar 'fa Ka-untipd' $FfiWPj!f, hfotj.
i nd'ih'spired with' tbps'e sounds jracmpnv,
t inriUs'tbe, heart .',$ emotions' of. de
1 ght,''jntpxicates,, wj,tl)f $tfsi,nft Jcads
apljive ,the jfancv, .wooingjit'tfO Mngpr flinong
f tiry scenes o fqctaijtihg foyepiess. ,
Solitude hath rare cifta ,for all wtiQ .seek
her oompanlonshi'.'.liaifntertainetji hep J
guests weii( w.Ha .,ncn,; ypnns, , eue.,tsea
wuu xue uawn 01 uuueisianuing, urcafcium
with reflection, .dines with deliberation and
spps with' wisdom.''' She-sits now as she sat
atones ago, with the pate tudcnt in the
1m hours .ot mid-mghtanai give hiiii,one
r one. rich pearls of learning with, which.
tp link a coronal, for "the brow sicklied, o'er
with the pale cast- of thought," one Tin-
rolls to him the names of all the great minds
that have illuminated the pages ot the
world's history, even from the beginning of
tjme and. tells him that they were herricuds
and followers, yielding id. her, soft, allure
inents, seeking, her whispered counsels,
binding them upon their hearts, 'engraving
tfem upon their memories, bearing them
into; the restless, .busy world, to please, . la
delight and to instruct.,, . ,, ,nit.;i -; v.
1 fl.iotr clt,t,rlo ca u'lirt TvnnlrT hp wlco
tt-Hin hor ciljinr ariarW rrrnffnpe are r-llllprl
and wrbathed the richest and brightest and
most fragrant garlands of thought that
aorn the regawsof,tnesons.and daugh-f
rs ui gemus,, ,,. , ., , v 5, -,Ti f-
Again, ye youths and maidens, who desire
,td be wise, retire to the silent "retreats of
solitude and invoke Iier laid. v From'the'
portals ot her bidden DaJaQes-are atiH eom
irg forth the bright.. train. , of- wonderful
discoveries and new inventions that are to'
pqmplete,' by making perfect, the machinery
Rebecca Bledbob Buxton.
i ?or the Standard, t
Nl C. Real and Personal Estate Agency
. i A. CARDi !,.'.. ::.
At a meeting of the Directors of the Iforth
Carolina ReaLand Personal , Estate Agency,
)iild on the 31st day .ot -August, last, I was
, , T-. i il .1
elected President On the next day a draw
una omwuofcu i aiu my
13th' day of.Novenjber, 1869, and my name
-pfisNd ipresident This advertisement
is,, made without consultation twitu me,
d before the afiairs, of the company had
en looked' into. Upon ; examining intb
them l-dlsoovered that the assets" were not
sujfiiclent to justify the aimoujnccment, and
I jimmediately...caSed,'a,, meeting :0C.. tlie
stockholders loir tic 16th .day of September.
At the meeting of the stockholders on mat
(lav, I stated the-eondition of ;tke afiairs of
tne company, aa wait as. i coma ascoicam u
li-fcm the booksas A louna.tneni;aua yiere
pon.the following1, resolutions were.adojt
tea: . ' : : ... -. -
I L -a. . i.T.,7 - - . ''
'red. That the rresident appoint a com
mittee ol three toemmine tho books and papers
of the, Company, and ascertain, !! f obsiblq, v)ut.
ditposmonas oecn,maaeoi,iis luuus.,
i rlue committee under this resolution re-
liqrted that theyiikd not sufficient time for
a Kuorongn exuniiuaiiuu, - auu uiiereu iiic
following resolution which was adopted i '
tlfuived. That the President be directed lo
employ two. competent men to examiue thou-.
ro&iriuy into ine suairs oi toe company, iu as-
certain andmport, wnat aisposiuoa uas oeen
Slide ol ta funds,, to put its pressnt ooks into
the best possible shape, and to open, a new set
6 1 .books upon such a system as' shall secure
the affairs of the Company trom confusion here-
aflier.' ' , . . ,
1 niis 'was' amended ' so as to' allow the
Pi Esident'to appoint "a" third person' td"bc
employed tor not more than nve days, "ine
chairman of the committee . also, reported
fht following resolution; - ;-:r
Rutilvedj That tke tbanxsol the stoekhblders
arn fine and ara.herebv tendered to &. i. Lewis.'
Esq.. Treasurer of the Company, lor the faithlul
inr IB wnicn ne nas.aisenargea nis amies. .
'his' was a'doptcdj- and it was then 'fur-
thir ' f;--i-ii..- !.: -- ''.
stehei, 'That tlte Board of Directors bo re-
: qnfsted to mas:e an assessment oi lurec pcrxant
online stocK oLueumpauv, yj u paiu hb-imi-lows
: One per cent within fifteen days, and two
pecent on the .vth oi vcoper nexi..i.i ,. t:'T
, Raaluei furOun That the, stockholders who
nlive alredd v made' pavments of cash upon, their
itntk.iKa allowed eredrt toaatownt of iMli'Puy-L
roehta nnoa.this assessments ana. it uus assess-
mem be not sumcient to meet lue ua.uiufies oi
thdComDanv. the Board of Directors shall In-
crejse the asseesmept until it .be sufflcient .., it
Jlesoivea, luai lue rreaiueuL is uervuy mreti
ed t enijuire into the' matter trt "money paid to
J. 6. Heeter.-tbe late Freslde&tsat Wilmington;
the) surd J. G. Hester to pay said money to the
TrsMurerjorto account ipr,)!; ,,i l, ..m.'.m
Ii After thee adioutnmcntof: tb-5 Stockliold-
ersl a meeung oi xue ooaru oi uirectora was
led for Saturdav, the 18th inst.
At this meeting,' the following Directors,
b the rresiaent'fttteudcd': '-' jtoDcrt u.
lis, J. S. Hester, JC. Hester and Wesley
Sitaker..' ;r. . ,. - , ,.- . '! .
Lfter the proceedings of the Stoekholdors
BTead. K. ti. Lewis, Jsq.,"ollered the to!
4ing resolution '.' -'"'" 1 '-
nkeH That an assessment of three per cent!
on the stock sold oe maae.: r inat one per cem
of one same be paid on the 1st of October; one
perjeent on the 15th of October; and one per
sent..onthe80tnuctpoer.!,! ,,i .,,
'. fvrthtr. rthat -tbo Stockholders who
have made payments of cash upon their stock.
shall be allowed credit-to amount of -such pay-
meats upon this assessment., (lI -u .i , j
r. ,3. G.Hestcr moved to amend, by
strikimr out all after, the words. ',' 30tli of ,
October,'' and insert the following :"
'jfc)idurAer.That the provisions of this re-
Olulion BiaU not apply to the stock sold by tho
lataPresldept Mi iWilmington, on, or about Au-i
gust 20th, upon which 10 per centj was paid. .
This was accepted by Mr. Lewis, and the
resolution, after discussion, passed. , . ,
The public can see from the action of the
StofckholderB ' as 'well as' of the : Directors,'
that steps are being-takOTtOrdt.se-money
suficientTto.T18 ithe- Company; iipon -a.
spuhd tooting. t;l,.sure 'toe puDl! tnat
every proper .mens, in my power, as an in-
aiv auai, ano, as, u uiucer oi iuu uuipauy,
wil be reaorte fa ta put right '. tiie , affairs
qf the '.,Cjpmpany,',anjd"i save those who
hoi b takehj iicets Jom.losss No: scheme
wil .be Tesedinlal this is accomnltfncu
sue tboge'pajticsiiiQlding, tickets will have
thefcptfoii tq nopey, or jxelajigc them
WTLfif.i1 aaai -fficon li (I iri 1 V- ii)
, ,Ifeel: deep, pewrjnal.. interest in getting
the aaairs-ot the, tympany straight, in audi
tioi to the interest I feci as. an officer. My
haiie was .connected with it as one of
thol Shpcrvisors, 1 after ' the "first drawing.
Wmki so acting, I had- no1 interest 1 in the
Coinanv. and my only duty was to see that
the! drawings ..wereJairly.cpBdncted, and I
can! assure ttie pvdlic that they were, , Very
rcelntlv'toefore mv'blection ak1 President. I
p'uiphased sbnie stock; butfberer knew hyl
thiig Of the, financial .condition of the, Cotol
panly until alter. njyfilecion
ol! I i-lnrrrno ' u 1 j i j 1 1 1 , ; i t "; i - wn I
, . The mathematician of a newsoaner has al
most lunsetfledtus brain bv attcniptina to
esti iijitethe icost'of 'a "respectatile " funeral
in oW'drkv'iuCnless the-tendebey to pom--pot
B-'VfoeirisrVhceked, tho, time will I soon
con c w,len the poor,will be unable, to bury
the r dpa'd 'decently.' 'What is true of Kew
YbiVk'tH - ascertain 'extent true'-'ot Wash
injpr.oo,iiiu7he atei Sishow-Timon. -Roman'
Catiiotic ..bishop of ; BurTuJo,' .seeing the: etii
enetts ni-inis extravacanee, airliadc his-dio-
Cesa rpore fliari four carriages appearing in a
luneranors5ronvna we oeneve other pre-
latep hi tha -samenshnrcli ; ba Tnade JolmUuSf
reeilatieeaj iiPnteetant clerBlpmec ho-not
f the authority, but tbey could exert their inn
fluehce, and ongul iodo sew . This uact'cc
of tone processions seems doubly ridiculous
when it " is--remembered that two-thirds of
the carriages are occupied by people who
woild not have known the deceased bud
the met him on the street, and w ho readily
f adniit tbat they-Vonlj
- 1 F PfFZi ".
mygo tor -'the ride,"-
Lynch Law la WlscoBsia Tw . em
v.,-j-'J Haage hy.a, JCh. i
Chicajoo-. Bent l&Woj..Citav WJs,
was the scene off.,. fril?'f - tragedy on :
Thursday aflernooh. It appeal? that two
Joung men nanied Vfm.' It'Spsin and Bar
iey Brftt had quarrel and after they sep
arated Spain , wesi hornet procured. ; avoir
jer, si)d on meeting Britt aaaia soon, after,
shot and almost instantly killed him, scarce
ly a word being exchanged After commit
ting the deed Spain deliberately walked
(Jowbi, the street, flourishing his revolver,-
and passed up Ilia stairs, leading to, Jlr.
Haskell's office, closely followed by Marshal
Hiekey; wlio immediately ' arrested ' him.
While passing up the street again, an ex--
cited crowd of iieople followed, and when
opposite i tne -Amencau: jiynsm viiuuc,,
general, onslaught, was niade on th.e prisoner
and he was beaten in a' fearful manner, 'but
the -officers' succeeded ' in ' getting' 'Spain
ipto ' the i Express-1 office'; which : af
forded him tempomry; protection., ,The
epecitcment increased at. a, fearful rate,
d cries of "Hang him,, hang him, rent
the air.- The crowd soon increased at tne
Bxprcss office-W the 'number W one hnn
dred, who took the prisoner into! their pos
stssion, placed , a rope, about his neck and
dracced him tp the nearest tree, below the
BUswotth House, and hung him. ' His body-
was taken lb sliarge of by the otticers ad
carried to Ihe-.engiiit-lKiuse, where aa iur
quest was held,,,. Both men, were meinbers
of the Wisconsin Regiment, and the diffi
culty is said to hive originated while fn the
army.1 Spain wasa-'lawyer by profession;
abd.Britt, a bwuvfr. w)w resided a few miles
from this, place. Both'Ore old. residents of
Portage." '' "
: Tcsterdav morninir at-14 o'clook the Co
lombia jail, was entered the jail pfSoere
made cap li vc, and Pat. Wildick, aqtoious
highway rpbber. taken . from Ilia , cell and,
hung. The plan was managed so .quietly
that the citizens knew nothing about it un
til ext moniiiig.- The lyoohcrs -' were diB
gtiuodi, and appear to have: tome from a
distance. Wildick was in jail tor.njghway.
rqbbery, and it was while his examination
was proceeding that the bid man' Gates
frbm Eilbonrne City, was nmldered.' ' Thie
nates iwo iyncnmg auu Awo anaruer uaacs
tqat have, occurred, in .the.vjcinilu- of .Por
tage City within one week., -"j. , ,,.H ,
A Wedding is Stopped by a. Victim of the
. isriaegroom,,) ii
Some excitement was occasioned near a
church entrance up; .town; night before last,.
over the interruption oi a wedding ta was
about to be solemnized. , It appearsntbata
fay young Lothario, who had been raying
is kito " among the fair sex fur a few years
osst had suddenly concluded to become set-.
tied down by takipg to himself a wiftfid :Ma
had chosen ior his partner the daughter Dl a
well known and respeciame lamuy uptown,
wpo. unquestionably,, wss ignorant of tba
past history of the man upon, whom she had
bestowed her hand, her life- and lief future.
She did not learn it,: either,. until the sight
ore; last, just as l he. .parties were an their
wsy to bemaae.ouc,, AS we, names were
naaring the churcha woman raade her apr :
pearance with aebi.d in her arms,, ana oft-
dared the,. man. to stop in uis career ana nod
send to destruction another honest and inno
cent heart.,:. She then accused the would-be
bridegroom of having seduced Jier.'and, that
he! was the father of the child she held in
hdr arms; - The man, in uraggadocia etyle,
declared the: woman, mad,, add ordered, her
away. But it was no use.- She persisted in
hat efforts. She also stated that there was,
anjother girl whom llie rascal had seducfed
and. abandoned.' bv - whom: he also bad 'a
child. . ,6he advised, the: would-be bride to
beware ol the ipjposto.; and sequcer, as fie,
would deceive, ruin. , and,, deser her, as he.
had bis other victims. ;: So: excited aid the
pejor creaturo 'become, that she 'threatened
to shoot her seducer if.fae-usdertookto have
the ceremony performed.,. A large crowd, of,
persbhshadoy this time, collected, among
whom were "sbme "policemen, who causea
-thb orowd to disperse. ''We understand that
thl cav., Lothario abandoned the waddids
that was on foot, fearing tliat his infuriated.
viitim . .would execute , her .terrible threat
fiQwaswcu aware oi lue laci. iuuv sue uau
purchased a pistol for the' purpose of killing
hiivand thought discretion the. better part
of valor,, and left.,. Whether the piarpage;
was supsequcntiy nenormeu we KuvWj .noijj
j.HKKcruucMir. .... ,
A Personal " Ineioent.'": '
An amusldgihciaehtiiccurteii ndtfaif from
Princeton; ometTmb'!'ao, " wherein ' two
yoing men" aid 'iwo' sistersinclnding the
"old centieman ": were the actors.1- -The'
gefts professed love for the sisters, and-1 by
letter asked the .privilege of 'a clandeaoina
meeting with, them. The girls were provok
ed lit their impertinence, and determined to
pattliemoff in 'their own Coin."", They
therefore answered the letter granting Hhe
request, and said they, would . be' in l their
father's barn at 9 o'clock the next evening.
It So happened that a neighboring urmer
bad a horse stolen a few nights"before and
withont-acquaintinz their father of the plot,
the girls suggested lo him that it i would be
a. good idea to keep, watch for a few nights
lesf the thieves (night steal some ot their
homes. The bid gentleman agreed, with.
liisdaughters, and at their1 suggestion load
ed the gun with fine shot, and went o the
barn.- Promptly at the appointed time the
wohld be lovers made their appearance, and
believing t'.iem to be thcives the father treat
ed them to the contents of his gun giving
each fortunately a fair share. '. There wss no
stopping on the order ot going, for they left
as once, ami mat too as lasi. aa tueir aauinr.
ingj legs could carry them. After they lad.
goti awny a short distance, one of ' them
stutibled and fell, and his comrade, , fright
enefl almost out of his wits, as i he- passed
, him shouted, ''you're a dead manl" ', It
muit be confessed that these gents were vic
tims of misplaced confidence,, and merited
theipunishinent they received Exchange. "
A llan Robbed of His Money
1 " M ' ' : Wife.' ' ;-'' ;H
An old man by the name of Rickey,' Eving
dear the lead mines in Wyth county,' htd a
wife that, like every other- man's wife;; was
the best of women. He, had a, hired man
naiied Taylor, who was married ; but Tay
lor Joved Rickey's wife better than his own ,
and, Rickey's wife loved the husband ot Tay
lor a wife better than her owa 'The old man's
presence was a , source, of annoyance, .and
they resolved to.bid him adieu. .. Alter cap
tunpg Rickey's money (sixty six dollars in
coilf ) they ' took the train for t Bristol (for
Whenever people have love on the brain they
stri ce tor .Bristol), and took quarters at l ay
lor' 1 brother's bouse. , .Rickey,, old and fee
ble as he was, gave chase. On Wednesday,'
as He sat near the depot the picture of the
Indigo (man. Taylor and - his brother made
their appearance.,, He made .a grasp for . bis.
pistol, any. ,1 ay ior amie s run ior uio, sou,
it is said,. did serious damage to a corn-field
, : . . 1. 1 l 1. 1 j
as ne passed - xiirougui a. cousiauie is aeui.
out tlie wil'e'strunk captured, and tbe mon
ey recovered. : She employs a lawyer, makes
the Aid man bobevc sue is only going on a
visit to her brother's, and expresses a per-"
fectiwillintrncss to return' as nis dearmife
if he would1 only treat 'her'well.1' He-insists
on 'Tiuttbig Iter in a house in the cornet of
theiyard on probation she declines acom-
pronuse is enected. JSmtol JXeus.
A AfnrflnTRr rlAntfillCRd.
" 'nr.'Fa'ul'Sclicrippe' was convicted and sen-
tcneed to death on i riday' at Carlisle, ra.,'
folthe murder of an elderly lady, . a Miss
Stinnicke.,: He was her attendintr physician
and poisoned her. . After, death he claimed
her fpropertv under a -will which he forged.
ii-TJic trial was interesting. Involved much
scientific informa'ffbn. The murderer is re
ported to nave been a most accomplished
chemist. i!r . f.tt --v. .' .K i-
1 He asked a new trial which, was denied.
When the sentence was announced, Wil-
bAnl uould, an old gentleman, court ener,
dropped aeaa in me court-room. '
" :Xu.r. Xn Ancient Artist. 1
..OoanVb Waltteck:bf Paris;' aithouirb one'
hundred and three years) of age, has sent to
the 1 Paris Fine Arts , .exhibition a. picture
representing noiew.er ian two Hundred ana
fifty person!, " The veteran artist eoiovs ex
cellent henKVand takes strong walking-ex
ercises wery.idayj,' .'Ho.'i;.,maiTied. tOD.aitl
nglisli lady of forty, and has a son asedlT
VRara. ' ." '
A lieaeklt trategeni
It is said that, at one time, when Lorenzo
Dow preached-tiBderav largs spruce pine in
fouth Carolina,? announced another ap-
ointment for preaenmg m u. a .jv,
n that day ftfrn inontha, - The yew pass-
and Lorenitrwas antenag we ceiguoor-
ood, the evening preceding nis appomt
ient he uTtutuuk a colored boy who- was -
llqwing si lontf M ?onld iend on '
With. rjy. Pnrl awftll, SAtt GMWIIGB,
hich waked the echoes pf h hm.
6alling aside the blower, Dow said to him : ,
" What is your name, sir !
-My name? CUbnVirl - "P118"1 the
tirotterin ebony. . r . v .
"Well, ttabnel, nave you wa," '-'""'
0 yevmass, rse keen ai many now. -"
Do you iwemj)er,f big spruce pine, tree
oti tnat ,uiii i .
" O yes, massa, I knows dat pine.
tti -U,. vw taat rranso Dew bad
ah -ippoiBtasent to -preach under, that tree ,!
I" O yes, ntaasa, everybody Knows oat,' ,,- -"Well,
Gabriel, I am Lprenio, Dow, and , ,
vnn'll talr tanr hom Slid BO tOmOlTOW '
nloniing and clinlTrlnto Oaf pine tree, and
bide among t e fcraoche before the people
begin to gatbefj and wait jthew nntil I call
ybur name, and then blow such a blast With , 3
ybvur horn as I beard yon blow a minute, ago
ifil give you a'rol,8,- J00 d"?.08" ,
" Tea, massa, I takes that dollar."
GabrieL, like. Zaocheua, was hid away in
tie tree-ton in fine time. Aa immense con
course, of all sizes and colors, assembled at
tie appointed hour, and Dow preached on
tie judgment of the last day. - By his pow-
of description ne wrougni, uie uiuiuuiuo .
to the openingssenes 01 an muimuuu,
rhp orrand aasixe. at the call of the tTUm-
t peals which were to awake the nations.
' .. ... ,. Ak.l
hen," said ne, suppose oi; inouua tum
should hear at tliat moment the sound of
.brio's -trumpet,, ure enough, at that
iment tbo trumpet ot waDnei sounoeti.
e women shrieked, tod many' fainted; the
n sprang up afioHodked" aghast j some
.. others fell and Called lot mercy ( tad
felt that for a tun tttat tu juagmtm.
1 set and the books were opened. Dow
od and watohed'the drtvinff storm till the
ebt abated J and some one discovered the 1
orea- anirel .wno isa tseaw . vuv auarui,
. . . , - , e .1 u
letlv perched on.a limn ai m uiu urutc,
and wanted to get Aim down ana wuip mm,,
add tb'eif resumed his theme, saying : "I for
bid all persons from touching that boy np
- . , 1..- v- .
tHere. If a colored toy with a tin horn can
hten yon almost out of your wits, what.
will ; .you .. do- when L ye shall hear, the
mpet of the archangel ? How will ye be
e to stand in the great day of the wrath '
God t He made aerj effective applica-
tiin.rii&pwktea Democrat,,., .
aft X --...I" ) rr. r: .--'!iii; r.. -.;
Ciptnre of Hoaater Devu FUa Near the , ,
onthof UHiaaiaipi Kever, - ,;r
In 12th inst. while the United .States. .
refenue cutter Wilderness was cruising in .
vicinity of at Island, Mississippi Bound,
leu in Wltn TWO Doara, onntainmu; m
of officers, from the gamsonat Snip '
Mississippi.: m tow 01 sn immense .
ril fish, .Assistance being asked m order
ipture him it was cheerfully granted,. , .,
after considerable labor the fish Was
an at the ship's tackle, and the Tes-'
steaming to the Wand, hissataaisi pisca.
isl majesty was son ea ine oeacn. un
mination he wss found to somewhat re- -,
bte a stingaree, only, instead of the bead
ing to a point, the space between- tne --Itlires
leetfc formmg the month. 1 wss- ':
Feticave,tha mouth litsslf, measuring two ,
feet tn width ; no teeth were , visible, lot ,
was tne same as a stingaree, witnouc
stinz: the color was a dark brown;-'-'
iy black on top-andwhite-Underneath,
surina iwelVs feet, from head to., tail.. ,'
rfeen feet in breadth and two feet thick .
in the mMdle'lU' weight 'wasf -estimated , "
frojnv 1,K) to 3,500 pounds.': - The history of 1
thteailtuje i4riefiy aa soUowRiiA .-party 1' ; :
ef btnears fishing on the pier discqrefed the ; iv
close in shore, on the bottom, apparent- . ,
;ly ksleep. Colonel C. R. Bliss, the commao- '
da itot the post, an expert Banerman ana
wl aMr, waSi immediately' suinmonedV and 1'
lie ng provide with a number of harpoons ,
sm L lines attached, at once called for a boat
I in hopes to saptnre 'the fish; proceeding''
cai uoinsfy,'Ue uoionei am threw itnea: '
thi rnoaBter1, winchatonee ataa-sed flr ,slaep :,!
Wa rwith the boat in tow- Jt second and ;
thi d iron were planted ilLWo. hut still lie
ke t on. Another boat went to the assist
ance of the Hurt, bu letwiussanamg toe --
weight. of 'ttti boats, with .aaKpemona in L
eactL they wens , picked u a distance of ,; ..
miles from , the Island, the fish beinc
ut dead;' fob f hours' time- being con- .
ed in-thecRas, and all tbe parties en - -
tt oeuipldtelFl txhausted. Several sU
pts have been made to- eapture one ot
..nsh, but lew nave been, successtul, and . ,
for the skill of 'Colonel Bliss with the
oons, this' one Would have still been nn- "
lit. A tihotocrraDh of this enrioairv
waratohoelnde,ed the surgeon of the,
post, JUr. JLergei. .win. endearror to preserve -;
rtion 01 it, ior the nenent 01 science.--- -
Where the West Is. " 1 -
icago Is no'lohgor a Western, but is an
erh. city. .' K is only 900 miles to tbe A.U-
lan ic coast, .while; it is 8,850 miles to tho
Pa ific,C088t.r,pividing tbo Union into east,
cjen re and' west, each division is about 1000 .
mil ' Wide. " The eastern' division win em-
bra :e all Jbs States lying east of the Missis- '
sip i river; the centre all the States and. '
ten tories between tbe Mississippi and Rocky
Mo intains; and .the western, all tbe States
anc Territoriea,"between '.tbfi Rocky Moub- . ,
tail s and tbe. Pacific,' 'coast. .''Somewhat the ' '
lar est.of tbcse.great divisions iiUfe'centni'. ,
An ., astonishing as It may appear to those .
wh 1 have not ejeamined the jnap carefully, ,
the territory lying Vest of the Rocky Monn- - -
L tairls eontaias ss many square smile a tho. -
teriatpry asvoi , we jusBtsaippi river, noir
withstanding this comprises eleven Southern,-
all brtbe so-called" Eastern" and "Central'' .
j States, and all of the old Northwest'' The
con pletion of the Pacific Hallway has chang
ed he.fqrmer ,,West into East and central, :
and moved the West 1,800 miles toward tbe , .
sett rig Bun.' 'The actual' West consists of , . "
Cal fornia' Washington, Kevada,' Arizona, '
Ut hp Mentmui, Wyoming,, and tbe major -nor
,ioa of Colorado and NsW Mexico. ItM
arfl to .realize the truth that Chicago is an . ',
erq city, and Qiat Illinois is not even a
oenpi, but ao jsastern Btare; umana; wnicn
baslalways been! regarded as oe tbe western ., '
yerfte of the JTaf, West, is itf taetrlSO mile .
eastjot tne centre ox.iae. uninn we are
notbiirprised therefore, that the citizens of
to West,' and ben the Dominion is "absorb''
tuai euterprising utile piacn reaent toe un-
putLrtoii of being the Far West' 14 short;
ed,! the distance will be equally as great
from. North to i&Ovfa-Chieago Trmaft ' , '
ft-ti.t-,- : , 1 -t .1 n.' -. r'
it. Straace T-Aecident at a FaaermU. ,
" A curious accident occurred at Philadel- '.
phi on Sunday: At the bouse of a colored -
woi tan named Fanny Bishop a numbet . of
coli red people had assembled to attend 'the
fun iral oi a -'ehili '' Arotmd the corpse,'--whih
was lying in the lower or first story '
room, the;mourniog relatives and friends .'
werfc gathered, listening to the exhortation , ,
of 4 colored' minister, when suddenly the '
errttre floor gave and carried with it into the ' '
cellar all the people and furniture that had ' -.
been standing upon it. - The -body of the
deceased child went down, along with the .
living, the corpse falling among one portion
of the debris, and the coffin into, another .. .
paTi 'With the frightened persons shriek- '
ingfor help 'and. endeavoring to release ',
themselves the scene was most exciting and
, painful. A few moments, however, brought -the
junfoTtanete mourners 'from theii'i-un "
pleasanf position. About twenty' persons,'
1 men, women and children, were fchro - A
lendy together among tbe debris, and their .'I
escape, without very serious injuries was 3 - ,
moat remarkable. Several of ibe women, .
when taken Odt of the cellar, were found to '" .
be ooBSicWabry bruised, none of them . serf- '
usty,' except one who waa. struck violently,' .
in tbe aide by .some- heavy rticle., , , After ( -considerable
difficulty, the cornaa was .
' brought out of the Wrecked house in an "-' ' '.' '
narmeo-'eonaiBoB. . - Tbe negroes t first
iseemed. to have a auperstitioaa iorror which '.:''
prevented Jthem. from - remevinir it. from, -r ,
fn .VJV.W.1 IU XT'
.? V - . v