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mToI. xxxt;; ;
JffflffiBCt OCTOBER? 7i 869.
:U 1,3 M sm't .i
M. S. L.ITTLEFIEL.D.
KATES OF SUBSCRIPTION
, HUMS CiiM in AOTiacm.
Dily Pper, 1 yo
- .1 1 , , l
!SeMj ptser, 1 ymr. SO
? , fc .. bwoU......... 1 S8
- , 8 " 100
' ! 9xpieje. ....... U 00
" 10 . " I ... ... WOI
To ttaote wbeget ay cJaUof dz r BonHb-
eriben, one eopj, Ttl, will c fnrniibed.
A eroM X aark on tbe pper indicate the ex
plrstioa the cabKiipUon.
BATES 'OF ADYEimSING
Tea tloe or ooe iocs ipaca t eowUtaic
OAe tqure oae faMrfion.. v'.
Vca tubtequcat laaeruoa..;.
liberal dednetioa. br pceial eoatmX. to lam
Coart adrertbenMBto win be charged S per
reniaifner iDaa ma regaiarrate..: 1
8rzcti, Moncu eaaixed K pcrceot blgbar
uu ora:nry aarenueaKau.
FeV idrertiaeaieirta rater led lnrpilirly, SS par
ccaif aieaer laaa aaaat ravea wiu ae agafgea.
Xo paper in ttu SoIll km MTfertMnc funKJe
JiarvaiatMMiiiiil"1'' ' ' '
.HOUSE AND FARM.:
S(.ietific Fabkipo. "Ererj plant , de
velops ndtenccu itself by nttural Ura.
"H'htn tou bare supplied au the Beccssary
conditiom for plant growth, yon have done
all that yon caa. This is a scientific culture.
It iss simple as rolling off a log. If people
nsu 1 knows it sras sn simple they would
hare had it Ion? airo.n
Thus discoursed aa aged friend, a man of
learning and experience, in oor hearin, not
manf day since. lCvally, then, fanners hare
been, practicing scientific farming to a great
er extent than many of them are aware of.
Three fourths of our farmers are ready, on
occasion, U scoff at and ridicule the idea nf
:scientific farming, and yet, so far aa they
barer armed intelligently and soccessfaly,
they, may be ssid t hare farmed scientifical
ly lor tney nave given their crops the neces
sary Conditions tor development.'
Ewry fanner who plants corn knows that
be should . first bar his land in fine tilth,
deep and mellow ; he should plant the seed
at a certain deptn to secure the necessary
wamith and moistare for its eerminstinn.
aad at certain distance apart to give the
lilnnta sufficient room for growth, and that
urng growth tbc land should be kept
clean and mellow. Tfis observation has
taught him that these arc conditions ncccs
ary fur the growth and development of the
pi-inta, or the productions of good crop,
'Xhey arc- facts understood and comprehend
ed by his mind, hence scientific A very
Sum farmers bare pursued their observations
a little farther, and found that by selecting
the lust grains from the best ears, and from
the iicst stalks snd civing them cxtr culti
wation for the purpose of raising the best
weed tbev bave been able to Increase the
;yicld -to fifty or one hundred fold. '
Scientific farming is that kind of farming
w hich is based upon knowledge, truth, and
understood facts. The more knowledge a
farmer can brine to besr upon his opera
tions," he more facts be comprehends, pTti
nent lo liia business, the more thoroughly
scientific will be his farming, and, of course
the more successful. There have been exam
ples of theoretical farming, not based upon
facts, r guided by experience, and ernwc- ;
ously -called scientific farming ; but there is
nothing to merit ridicule in scientific farm
ing. ff nearly every farmer practices it in a
greater or less degree.
The" horticulturist, bv studying the char
acter and wants of plant, br? cataful culti
vation, by hybridization, etc. have develop
ed new varieties, and otherwise accomplish
ed results trulv wonderful, and sdding im
mensely to the interest and profits nf their
branch" of farming. They are scientific cul
tivates. Yet there are some successful hor
ticulturists who can barely read and write,
but t Ui y study, think, and observe carefully.
If thp do not originate improvements, they
nt least inform themselves of those made by
others and appropriate the advantages.
Without this, the horticulturist of the pres
ent day cannot sttsin even more moderate
success, compared with other. The same
is true in retrard to the general furmer,
though perhaps in a less marked degree. It
is true tliat the truly scientific farmer is in
all rcftcct the mot successful, while the
old fogies barely live, or if they make some
thing more, it is more by luck than by the
amount of knowledge they apply to their
Tlieimwt eMential requiaite in scientific
fxriuiiii! is mivfiil b'rv!Un, with a knowl
edge !' hat how to olxrTe. As an
aid to such V mnvU-l-jc, l-wks and papers
arc uwrntia. i-'i -m litem' uiiv I learned
the idxcrvaiion nl 1 Xrrit nifd other, the
results of rxperuiHUis. etc VViih.wtappro
priatity tlie kuw Udji- gVuxtl l y oilier, a
man call make but very .l".v jimgrcsH in any
busineas mote eet'ii.l!v m hi fnrming In
no other way c;.i udi knowledge be so
readily ami r-iii l te!y g:;ined as from Itooks
and tlie egrk ultiif.il .Hrn, the latter being
the pniper n p"Mtorit-ilor a record of facts,
observations, etc., of almost daily occurrence.
Journal, vf Agriculture.
THS,TrRir Flv. In one of our late En
glish exchanges there wis given the results
of a most exleaded series of experiment
mad: with variona wasbrt and sulwtances,
for the jiurpoce of preparing turnip seed ia
such a manner as to resist tlie attack of tbe
fly. All (some thirty or forty in number and
extending hslf over the catalogue tyf ub
atsnces. within reach of the farmer) proved
to I worthless, except the soaking of the
turnip seed for from five to six hours in train
oil, or Unseed oil, the seed lieing afterwards
dried i( powdered dry earth, so as bi enable
it to be easily sown.
Tbe effect o! the oil was to render tbe
growtli of tbe plant far mnrc vigorous than
it wara either a natural or an otherwise
fircpal state; the seed leaf was darker,
srgcr ami fatter, thaa other seed leaves; the
plant appeased to be nearly if not quite un
molested by the fly. it turned Into rough
leaf rutch emmer, the rough I ave being
also in s (reat racasurv exempt from attauka
of the fly. ami the general grow th continued
afterwards 14 be superior. A kmg soaking
in oil did rt appear to be more betieATial
tbaa th six bears: it is a thing well worth
trying, and is within tbe retch, of all. CW
Trkk PusxTrsa. In planting tores this
fall, all.-should remember that it ia requisite
to set the tree only just so deep a to enable
it to stand, for we can earth np to protect it
from heaving by the nhilw'i fiisux ' ml as
anon af spring ope and the ground it
levelled down, the root will start and seek
their appropriate depth. If we dig a deep
hole, especially in hard clay soil, and fill it
with a good loam and set 00V trees therein,
we must invite the water tliere'aa into a cis
tern ; and aecnoit.we cause a vigorous growth
of roots, until they reach the undisturbed
clsy, when a cheek i at onee perceptible and
often an orchard stand from five to seven
yeara withoet sprrntly nuking say pro
gress. R-'mviuber, liien, and plant your
trees just so deep a to over their roots, but
no more'; thin faith up f.rn inter protection
against th4 fir the f5rt year, and dress
down agaia t a trwl in spring Ihrtinl
tttritL .. ,
KEtFCio I'iTATiir.-Ki pork nee proves
that potatoes hou. he kept Ihsoogb the
winter in a dry and told aimosphere the
drier the letter, providetl it be above the
freezing -point All changes of tcmperarore
or of th degnc of asosstuni ara nnfavora-.
bte. W hue sly small quaati tsea are In be
Store!, as foT family Mt, tltry cJ,..ntt -
sorteil iiito barrcS. the instirstics filleil
with suniiriedaand. and the whole cnvere-l
with nicely: sued tuif. cVouiiigwshriv
eiling is tluu pmeuu d, and much l the
origuikl freslinr- 1 f jlw potaloe is retained.
They have hv.l a m inster cocomU-r in
8u Fragciscti. It was r fret mt two
jpehe long nd cigiit inches ia diameur.
: Oabdbx Work fob Octobktl The work
ia the Garden for this mouth is as ful
lows:- i.J -- i'i
: Winter 8piBacb--Tae spiaacb previooSy
seeaeu ana in gooa growing rMMl'tr-n
should bow be carefully weeded, and tbe
plant thinned out to about foar inches
apart. IT the soil 1 not Tery rich, top dress
it after boeio with well retted bara vard
manure afiet the bard frosts setia sprinkle
over um eaa (igut dressing of straworwxfi,
leaves or any other like material a a putee
tiowof the plants through the winter.
Letpjca Set the lettuce' plants, if they
re sw large enough, out ia awarmaordec
See that th ground has been well apadw)
aaa weu manurea. ic setting out the pUnt
let them stand six Inches apart, and when
cold weather sets re protect them wkh a
light covartag of brash wood or atrawj : '
Setting aot Cabbage Plaota. Karlj io tbe
month -choosing for this purpose mildy
molit weather prepare a bed for cabbage.
Haanre it heavily, for the soil csnnot be too
rich, aad choose tor tan bed a southeastern
exposure, if it is 10 be had. After spaainjv
rake the nil thoroughly and then throw it
as into parallel ridges Irom twenty-seven
inches to three feet apart. Make these
ridges from tmz to sis inches high. Beat
down th slopes of the ridges firmly with the
back of tbe spade. ; When this ia done, set
the plants about midway, down tbe slope of
the north side of tbe ridge. Let the pladts
stand six ioehe part T swards the close
of Sevetnber, star stsbj manors or loose
straw along the valleys between the ridyea,
tti 'stone of the ridge. Lee re all thus
auu naoou laearn"1 pmnhithki ud
th roach the w later. As sooa u tbe frost is
out of tbe ground in the spring, draw daw a
the earth from tbe crest of tlie ridges into
the valleys with a boe so as to level the en
tire surface. Thin out the plants as they
advance in growth. Keep the soil loose and
free, ot weeds as the season advances, and as
the remaining plants begins to expand draw
earth about their roots At the third and
last working, give them a final hoeing and
Cauliflower and Broccoli. Work these
carefully during the month, and keep the
soil loose and clean. Towards the close ol"
tb-month commence to kill them.
Endives Tie these np for blanching.
Asparagus Beds. Mow all off and clean
thoroughly th asparagus beds as soon as tlie
baulni begins to turn yellow. Fork lightly,
and finish by to-dressing the beds liberally
first with well rotted stable manure, and
over this a mixture of salt and ashes, the
proportions being three part of salt to one
Celery. Earth up celerr from time to
time and water freely in dry weather.
small saiading. i'lie tmai seeding Tor the
sob may be made dnriac the first half of
Rhubarb. Rhubarb seed sown during this
month will advance tbe plants a year over
seed sow a in the spring.
unaiiou, uaruc and Chives. All these
root may be planted out this month.
- Horse rlauisn. riant out a bed nf this
wholesome condiment early this month. The
crowns of old roots will speedily strike and
when once they get possession there will be
no difficulty whatever, in perpetuating them.
Raspberries, Gooseberries and Currants.
New plantations of these mav now he wt
out. Plant tbe raspberries fobr feet apart in
the rows, sad the gooseberries and currants
at a distance of six feet apart. Of the lat
ter, cutting may now be taken and planted
in a warm border, ready to be set out the
following autuma or tbe spring succeeding it.
Feeding Rack ron Sheep. A rack or
feeding box of convenient site for use sndJ
lor moving, may be made as follows:
fur tbe posts, take pieces of sor arood
bard wood, 2 by 2f inches, six ia number;
one for each corner, and for the middle of
the sides. For siding snd ends, take boards
twelve tret In length, twelve inches wide -
from the bottom, and 8 inches from the top. -This
will give you an- ripening of ten inches
mr the Iwaa ot the sheep, u the pasts are
thirty laches in length. But tbev caa readi
ly b made a little longer or shorter, accord-,
mg to the sue ot the sheep' you wish tt
For the bottom, take three narrow strips
of board, one at each end, and one in tho
middle. Upon these fasten a board twelve
inches wide, running lengthwise through
the middle Upon each side of this put in a
board upon a bevel, extending to the sides
of the box. This will make the bottom
dishing at the sides and tight lor holding
grain, meal, roots, or anything else you wish
to give them.
This box may be made with wooden pins,
or nails, but tbe best fastening is stout
screws,about two and a halt inches in length.
In the moving about, the boxes are subject
ed to a considerable strniu, and screws will
be loupd the cbeagest in the end. Such a
box ss this will accommodate about twenty
large sheep. It is easily turned over and
cleaned without sweeping, and rapidly put
away for the summer.
This kind of feeding aprstus has been
in use in this country lor si least forty years,
and is on the whole, the handiest contri
vance we bave ever met with. It will pay
any man who keeps heep, to have enough
of these made to accommodate his whole,
flock. Ia the common slovenly way of feed
ing upon tbe ground, much more fodder
will be wasted.
In Ibechsngeof the flock from thtpaslure
to the yard, care should be taken n it to over
feed them with grain at first. The quantity
of meal, grain or oil cake, may be gradually
Increased from a handful np to a pound for
each sheep daily, beyond which quantity it
I not ordinarily protrtaDie or sale to go.
Too rligh feeding with mesi or oily food.
sometimes lead to sudden death, and the
butcher looses bis mutton, and your profits.
GitutDiso Eat ron Horse. Mr. J. S.
Kirk of PitUburg, Pa., writes to the Far
mers' Club as follows :
Tor some time past I have been making
observation and experiments in animal food,
and obtaining what I believe to be an im
provement, and 1 take tbe liberty of com
municating to your Club the results. Grass
being the natural food for live stock, is ea
sily snd properly extracted. With hay, how
ever, the case ia different, for when fed in suf
ficient quantities, tbe animal, especially if itr
teeth bave become flattened by age, attempts
to satisfy itsett by selecting toe leave and
tender branches. To obviate this difficulty,
and prevent waste, cutting hay in abort
iengtha has to aa extent become general, and
is no doubt, a step in the right direction.
M) belief is that we should go still further,
and grind the hay at we now grind oats and
corn. It is thought thai, owing to it gluti
nous nature, bay could not be rednced to
state of meal, or, if so reduced, the expemr-a-.tending
would not justify. . To test tb I
constructed a cutter and crusher on new
principles, aad tho result was beyond my
most sanguine eipeetatwna. Ten tons a
day Can be gronad with: oae machine, at a
cost aot to exceed one dollar per too.
Ground la this manner, bay is not nnlike
ground oats, sane in color, its weight being
from thirty two to thirty-six pounds per
bushel. Mixed with rtapped feed, such aa
com of oats, it makes a cheap aad excellent
food. Thus we effect by mechanical means
what the hard-working ordecrepid animal
is incapable of doing perfect mastication."
"Some persons may not be aware," say
Hieover. in his work, "Bipeds and Quadru
ped,' thst tbe trifling neglect of a pair of
wheels being comparatively dry or , well
greased will csuse twenty miles to take far
more Work out of a horse than forty would
in the latter case; yet wheels absoluterr
screaming from dryness are often sees and
beard attache i to carts and wagons; and
thus would the brute in human form . let
them scream until he had finished bis jour
ney1! esd or his rlsy's work, though , hi
horses were drawing, from such cause, at
least one ton in four of resisisnce more
than they would if the defect were attended
, .. -
Cotton picking ia aow tbe absorbing oc
cupation of tbe fanner, and diligently will
k be plied, that anew mav be allowed to fall
from the bo lis, aad tbaretV? 4ceome stained.
It were well if car wera lakes that bo trash
be picked with tka cation. A dried leaf a
broken Imil, or other trash' may srem nf lit
tle enfiacanewcr ; bat whee i quantities are
aaixad with tacaottnm, they lessen the vafne
f the line r ' ' . - .. . - i i i t
In the long mp tereN willing equal to
stable manure. ' " ' '". . ' , ' ,
TfleWrtttlw-f frt0tctrs great wJ-
tentsa . in .iCbina'TheWroar tta yea re-
: ported to be very fine, jnekling from two to
tsree jinndred poumU of prepared fiber s.d
iiiom ten to twelve loshels of seed to The
sere, ha tr?e amount ot land is a dew--ed
to time alt 1; re. aad aa ijngLswh eoaipany
is beicg tunned wtycii proposes to raia&arat
manufacture Jlax pa an. expensive scale, It,
is suggested that '(f Caft afta flax can be' made
id take the place of tseCw'jnds. thistle tbf
TittdSUBB aaaren ae-tfae Itoatiraoe, w al
T greatly tenefitod... .,-,,7. 3 ; r- ;jn
: tlrnsi laths are flia latest IdcVTn 'bnildin
We kr ieew reads, iroa fronts, brackets,
window iieada anil 411s, aod joists, and now
we have the additional item of laths, which
am made of number twenty iron, wnregoage
aad 1 inches- wide, resembling' If inch
heop iiaa, with a sanll ridge er beaal4a the
middle to stiffea it., Jha laths are ut into
proper lengths, and afford additional secu
rity from fire. A Pittsburg mill i t pre
sent employed oa large orders for iron laths."
) I'lie question 'w hether we snail cultivate
Otr bearing "orchards or not, seems to be
sbout settled for or by the apple "'woim.
Near, o ejuite all observing aaeq adopt the.
theory that bogs in apple orchards present
a very great obstacle to. the propagation of
this pest )f ilia frnit grower. When sH 'c
cep aad 'practically apply tha-remodyjwe
need, have little, t ,ear fnsas the. second
orpod, and muck leas froig the first ,
lustraie ihainjoriooti fTei4-rTf;
. i.S,,i tt. t t, TV irrTrTjt .
ling K'ass laild, Hr. I. X. R-Coliius, at a
meeting of the CrafUbury, u, tanners"
Club, said, I hsflre three-fourths of in acre
ot land which I fenced In with my garden
some years ago, since w hich no cattle have
been on it fall or spring, and it will produce
good crops of grass twice as long as precise
ly similar land the other side 'of the fence
treated with the same amount of manure."
A Cbeap asd Good Pie. The following
recipe for making a good pie is worthy of
dissemination : In bail a tea cup of vinegar
put one tablespoonful of but'er, one tea-cup
of molasses, one tea-Cup of dried currant-".
one egg and a tittle nutmeg. Koll two sod
crackers fine, snd add to the above, and you
will bsve material enough (or three pies.
Try them and you ill make more.
A correspondent of the Practical Farmer
says that his experience shows that two
quarts ot cooked potatoes would do as much
toward lattening as four fed raw, and that
the value of corn meal is very near doubled
by thorough cooking. He considers raw
potatoes almost valueless lor fattening.,
Soobt Cakes. Dissolve half a pound of
fresh butter in as much milk ss will make
a pound and a half of flour into a paste, roll
it out about a quarter of an inch thick, and
cut it into a large round cakes. Do them in
a frying pan and serve them hot- Eat with
Cherries were so plenty in Putnam county.
Ohio, this year, that hundreds ot bushels
were permitted to rot on the trees, the own
ers not having time to gather them even if
the price had been high enough to justify
picking them. . . . . ;
When milk is allowed to sour before it is
skimmed, the layer of cream appears more
unity ana of greater consistency, but it doe
net produce so good a quality of butter as
cream properly raised from milk before it
Tlie seeds of plum, apple, potato, &c, will
not bring the same kind of iruit that they
were taken from. It is only by grafting the
former and planting the potatoes, that we
get the fruit we want . ., , , ;, ., ; ,,
Tlie fiist principle of gardening is liberal
manuring, and tbe secoud frequent cultiva,
tion. It is easier, too, to hoc often and keep
weeds down, than to whack away at big
one once a fortnight, ,
. The latest suggestion as to pteventing
slapping by cow's tail in milking, is that the
milker should put die bush of the -tail on
the milking stool and sit oa U- :.
. Gen. John CochraJio.wilLjdcUrexlhata
miat address before be Yalca County Agri
cultural Fair at Penn Yam
It is proposed to make sugar from pump
kins, which contain about four per cent of
the saculsrine quality. ,
Two Irish potatoes raised in Virginia,
(Hampden county) weighed one pound and
a half. .aol.
The grape crop in Tennessee lare and
of excellent quality. ' ; ' ' "
, .,!'! . ?. if r i -.
Hogs arc selling at seven cents gross in
Rail county, Missouri.
We compile the following fashion notes
from the X. Y. Telegram which is good au
thority upon the subject:
Among the plaids the tartan colons worn
ty old Scottish clans are still repcateo line
for line in their original biles imitated, it is
said, from kilts a plaids treasured as heir
looms iu Scotland. , Modern taste has, how
ever, suggested new combinations of color,
and many fancy plaids are now worn. Those
of historic origin are of course preferable.
Tiic Sutherland, or Forty-second, Scots
plaid, entirely of blue and green, is Already
familiar. This is the favorite plaid of the
season, and though most becoming to those
who hive the fait complexion and hair of
Scottish lasses it is worn by nil. ...
Dark persons should choose the bright
Victoria and Stuart plaids, into which mapy
bright colors enter.
Bob Roy tartan of scarlet and black blocks
is becoming to fair and dark alike .,
We admire short dresses for the promen
ade, both tor their neatness and utility, hut
there is a graceful medium.
Fashion, however arbitrary in her de
mands, prompt us to adopt only those modes
that are becoming. For tall or short ladies
inclin. d - to talanpoint, a more complete
sweep of di apery is more becoming. j
Some of the new material for foil dresses
are exceedingly beautiful. We have seen
some apparently transparent, yet all wool,
which as the season advances we have no
doubt will be much worn, i . w i.'. -t m
Although there Is a good deal of vanity in
the trimmings of dresses, yet we think upon
the whole that flounces predominate aad will
be likely to remain in favor. Velvet ribbons
are much used to trim the borders of flounces.
Wherever ased for tie skirts, it is employed
to decorate th corsage aad skeves. .
-,.l . : r
For social balls, tarlatanc, grenadine, or
gandy, crape, tulle or gauze caa b aura.
Bail dresses are worn with flowers, wreath
of ribbon or flounces. W have seen several
crape robes both white and colored, trim
med with a variety of narrow flounces bound
with satin of the i..- Kj..t. Qf
lowers ot different hues were placed at reg
ular distance on the folds. The corsages of
these robes were low draped and the drap
ing looped witu Dowers.. .-.,. a ,:
We noticed a white grnadine with eight
flounces, trimmed with Pomona, green satin.
A large white Marguerite placed between
every fold at regular intervals, bad a chaste
aad elegant effect Silk and satin are also
used 6 it balls, soirets snd evening parties.
At some ot toe late balls at the r reach court,
previous to the Emperor's illness several la
dies of rank wore a melaag ot . flowers aad
diamoods, others, nothing but sprays and
garlands of flowers' and exotics. Crimping
and short ringlets predominate in the front
pair, ootvnere wj aisaa goon cleat of variety ;
the much abased cbignoa is still ia the ma
jority and is likely to remain a favorite.
Mantles, casques. 'Basques, Indeed every
kind nf pardesswa will be msciooaUc for tbe
mi: aad winter wear., . , i.,
,. Feethers are decidedly, fashionable for
trimming all sorts of chapeaux. Some rice
and Italian straws look well with plumes of
amertnx colors. I Hern are three kinds
bats equally In vogue Tbe round turban
bevoming to full faces. , Tbe small turned
up bat, aad the high crowned Spanish hat
bevoming to branettes. Velvet chapecux
will ue extensively worn, decorated with
ccy d plumei mara'-xnits, birds of paradite,
of pifltc ntnis ot iwiinant plnraage. '
ortli v Carolina State rFair.
Grand Open g first" Pay. . :
iTeaterdsy t the apppointedjiour, the
Marsh: and liamountewpwl 0 the'
Ffur.Gronnaaiid inaugurated f!ie. F ur by
a (Grand Psricle of members of the , Society
id Mrriage-vwitU 'theStock. on .exhibition
lod'sround the fracf--the whole .proceeded
b a"Band oFJfusfe. ' '
J lifter the parade, Kemp' P.' Battle, JUq
pjesiderjf of the TS. C." ,AuHuraJ cjet j
Biade' 'the opening address, which we
Band. ' ' We would remark, that "the .aUeiid
i i" , . , ' ' -' ' t
rtec was equal to any former t'J, ; .
f n . the ftcrnoon, a trotting match came
. if WwecB ' horses owned by Trf lee snd
Eto'lT.1 Wynne, Eaqrv-Mr! W, wianinj
f " ' ADDBJE8S Of JUL Itttft.'.","' J.'"'
FidmryembirtofAeSmk Carolina' jjrie.il
I ttrat Stdety, Imiim and Gentlemen : y
lAuennwi nave acew umomw
conic and passed away, sines we met iogefh
r at a Anoual Fair. -Nie jwrs so crew j.
rl with strange snd mornesious events, that
they : loom np in the memorji'- like; a gen
erstion! It is therefore proper thatl s'kouM
at this new beginning of our yearly mectiiiga
apeak a few works of history and of tip':
lionC " , ' ' ' ' . - '-s
On the 14th October 12. lr- '
erience tliat tuoe engager! in the industrial
arts, to be most effective, should be organ-
izeii, assemuieu in xuis city to lorm the
North Carolina Agricultural Society. ;
It is slike interesting and mournful to read
over tbe names of its founders and. to note
bow roany fail to appear among us to-dav.
Some, after long lives of usefulness and lien
or, others -ut 08 in the pride of manhood, all
well remembered by the good deeds they
bave done, sleep peacefully under tbe green
earth. There was the venerable William
Boylan, who, with sterling good sense and
farseeing enterprise was one nf the fathers
not alone of this society, but of the railroad
system of the State
There was Charles H. Hinton, long occu
pying the chair of treasurer of the State,
aginst whose spotless integrity, private
malice nor political rancor ever breathed a
whisper. There was John A. Gilmer, as a
statesman, wise, as a lawyer, able and adroit,
whose heart was always open and impulses
ever kind. I notice the name of one, whose
clear intellect and sound judgement, needed
only ambition tb have made him one of the
most conspicuous statesmen of hi? time,
Lewis Thompson of Bertie. From the foot
of fhe Blue Ridge came the eloquent and
astute John Gray Bjnum; from the valley
of the Yadkin appeared the generous and
genial John A. Lillington. I see tlie names
of CoL Roulhac of Raleigh, famed for his
public spirit and unbounded hospitality, and
ot our estimable friend, Robert W. Hay
wood, whose body wa-bavehut lately-followed
in sorrow to the.graye, . In that list too
may be found tlie name of that excellent
man, Sidney Weller of Halifax, one of the
founders of grape culture in North Carolina ;
of Wm. F. Collins, bo long tbe comptroller of
the State ; of the venerable editor and well
read scholar, Thomas J. Lemay, and we
pause with a peculiar pang over that of an
other, -who leaving a successful political ca
reer, plunged into the late deadly struggle,
and on the rugged heights of Sharps
burg, in the meridian pf a brilliant lite, tell
ia a cause, to which be had given all the en
ergies of bis aature your hearts tell you, I
speak of the lamented General Branch. - -
Others might be added. to this list of hon
ored dead but these will suffice to show the
character of those who stood at the cradle of
ourtocieiv: '' -
I ! will not call over the - names of those
who have been spared to witness the revival
of oar Fair. I cannot forbear, however, to
offer my heartfelt congratulations, that th
first president ot she society, John 8. Dancy,
of Edgecombe, and its second: president.
Richard tt Smith of Halifax, and two of th
first j vice presidents, Nicholas W. Woodfln
aadiWUliaatR. Pool, are Dow or trill be
with us, during this week, still active and
most valuable members, still ready, in the
future, as in the past, to co-operate in every
enterprise, which will advance the interests
of agriculture, the honor of this society, and
tho prosperity of the State they love so welt
May their -.hadows never grow less.
Under the auspices of such men as I have
mentioned, our institution sprang at once
into wide spread popularity. Its success
wiis beyond tbc expectations of its most san
guine friends. The counties of the State de
lighted to send to its an ual gatherings their
beat and most intelligent representatives.
Our citizens exerted themselves to make the
Fair worthy of North Carolina. Each suc
cessive 5car witnessed an improvement on
its predecessor. All classes of society, the
young and the old, sedate matron and bloom
ing damsel, the rich and the poor, flocked
to learn lessons of wisdom from the exhib
itions of our natural products, and the fab
rics of our industry. Different sections were
brought into familiar acquaintance ; views
were interchanged ; enterprise stimulated ;
inventions aroused. The best things of one
region were disseminated over others. - The
Society grew larger and stronger every year.
It became more and more a favorite with
our people. It was developed into an Insti
tution, widely known, dearly cherished,
abounding in usefulness, influencing for
good the remotest limits of the State.
I remember well the pleasant meetings
we had in those good old days. I recall
particularly the Fair of 1859. Our Presi
dent was one whose early years and middle
age had been spent in close study of legal
principles, which, retained by a memory of
extraordinary power, made mm one ot tbe
first jurists of the age. For years, as Chief
Justice of our Sup emc Court, his opinions
were sought in distant lands for guidance in
the most intricate questions of law. When be
stood on the table-land which divides youth
from old age, he employed his leisure hours
in the practice of Agriculture. He brought
to this pursuit the same clear judgment and
patient attention -which had made him fa
mous as a lawyer." He gave it its true pos
ition among the art? and sciences. He re
garded it as tit-meat important i. which
men engage. He used all means to encour
age the application to it of intelligence and
science. '. On this account he wss from the
begin sing a fast friend of this Society. ....
He still lives, enjoying at tha age of mora
than four score years the respect and vener
ation of all a grand representative of tbe
good old days with mind still clear and
strong he watches with lesions interest tbe
progress of tbe times. Though on account
of the infirmities ot age, his person is not
among usr with the same hand, that, fjr
three Kore years, penned learned constitu
tional and legal opinions, he has written
us . words of encoarsgement, and assurance
that we have no well wisher more sincere
than Thohas Ecrra.
Af the meeting of 1809, I witnessed the
rcJuctance with which the Society received
the agnatioa of Jndge Baffin. The President-
elected in bis stead, though a far
younger man, bas gone to bis rest He too,
was one of our warmest friends. . He never
missed an attendance on our meetings.
From tlie green pastures of the Jersry settle
ments always came bis anble Devona, the
admiration aad delight of all spectators.
He ws a large aouled and intelligent and
progressive farmer. He was a kind and
geaerous neighbor. The State lost a good
citizen, and the Society a valuable member,
when death knocked at the door of Dr. Wat.
K. Holt. .. , ... .
When the Society adjourned in October,
18S0, none doubted but that we should meet
again in October, 1 WT-Anticipations were
had of a Fair still more interesting and in
structive" The State was growing rich;
railroads were hastening towards our moun
tains, opening op new and fertile regions,
developing tiie resources of our forests and
fie'ds, our minerals and metals... The stream
of emigration ' which for so many years de
pleted or.r strength and filled with the chil
dren of North Carolina, the highest places
of other Slates, bad in a measure caaacd to
flow. . We were becoming a wealthy and
pnsierous people. ,. ,,
That Fair was destined never to be held.
In the Spring of 1861, when the bright sun
was warning th earth, and q sickening into
lite the seeds which slept in its besom
when the flowers were blossoming and the
birds singing among the hall formed leaves
when nature was very beautiful, and tin
pith- of God so kind, the passions ot men
flashed into consuming flames like gun
rowder at tlie touch of the electric spark.
War burst npon us with all tbs suddenness
and tremendous fury of a tropical storm.
For four ; long years all tha energies
of our minds and .tha resources of our
wealth, were diverted to the work of des
truction. Tbe plough share was beaten into
a sword and tho pruning hook straightened
into a bayonet Men dug into the ground,
not as a means for beautifying adorning
tbe earth, not to aid us in the progress to
wards more advanced civilization, but to
obtain material for artillery and rifles, sop
plies for : the numberless demands of Taat
armies. Tbe old fable of Cadmus teemed
reproduced in reality.., So suddenly did our
peopic rush from the pursuits of peace to
deadly conflicts, that even the very stones
appeared to change into armed men. All
claw and ages, the high ud. tha few, the
wise and the foolish, gray-haired men aad
heardlesg boys, iq sad ignorance of its count
less evils hd trials, dashed with reckless
bravery and shouts of defiance into wab.
-' The contest waa such as might bave been,
expected from th angry elaah of mrncana,
defendants of the fiery, proud and energetic
elements of fhe best races of the world.
History records no more terrible struggle,
thai that I which for so many weary years
demanded the offering of all our .energies
and our wealth. AH institutions, whose ob
ject was the developement of the f jrv
into a higher refinement and more ar'! N
"a-vr- ojrui.-;iouuU ucakass. . ,
, Tlus'Society shared the common fate. In
a few days after Southern artillery thunder
ed on Sumptcr, these grounds were filled
with volunteer troops arilling for the con
flict. Since thst time our buildings have
experienced uses totally alien from, tbe
peaceful purposes of their contraction. They
have been barracks for gay and thoughtless
soldiery. Over them for a long time floated
tlie yellow flag of the hospital service. TUey
have been converted into military dungeons.
Instead of the grateful music of the lowing
Devons, or the shrill neighing of noble
thoroughbreds, their walls hav resounded
with the loud orders of drill sergeants, the
shouts of soldier's revelry, the groans of the
sick snd wounded, the sorrowful sighing of
captives pining for the frsh air of heaven,
and the ceaseless tread of armed sentinels.
None of her sister States put forth a more
determined effort, or suffered severer losses
than North Carolina. Tens of thousands
of stalwart men, all the proceeds of the io
dustry of her people for four years, and a
large portion of their personal pioperty,
their provisions and merchandise, their
horses and cattle, were either consumed or
exchanged for securities, which became
worthless in their hands. When the crash
came on Johnson's surrender, the sun which
rose from his ocean bed on the morning of
the 27th nf April, shone on a people,
almost destitute of the necessaries of
life, with - their circulating medium
become waste paper, with implements
of husbandry worn and broken,
with fields waste and badly drained, with
ditches filled and fences decayed, with de
fective animal power, and worse than all
without th capital wherewith to purchase
these requisites to successful production.
What was not least in this catalogue of
calamities was the sudden change in the
system of labor. A race, whose father's
fathers hsd been bondsmen, where lifted in
a day from slavery to freedom. The land
owner, who, from childhood, had been ac
customed to despotic power over his de
pendants, found himself confronted with
the unaccustomed task nf suddenly dealing
with his former slaves as hired laborers. The
contemplation of. this difficult problem had
filtei the wisest philanthropists . with . dis
miiyl On one side-was the lire : long 1 habit
of .arbitrary rule, orl the other, the training
of unquestioning obedience. When sud
denly the material power of the dominant
rscejwas broken and the servient race be
caan lifted ap to equality in political rights,
th mast enthusiastic advocates of social
progress trembled at the likelihood of jar
ring discord, perhaps. bloody strife to result
from thft daali nf variant tirinelnles. ' '
Lv-f loye I tnsyte"parToDed for saying that
the q.stoiT nt tne wnna wm not snow a
parrallel to the wonderful good sense snd
good feeling displayed by both races nnder
these adverse circumstances. They have not
as a general rule suffered the angry animos
ities, inspired by their losses of property,
on the one hand or on the other, revengeful
feelings engendered by fancied oppression,
to prevent their harmonious co operation in
the new relations of employer and employee.
When the cloud ot war lifted, throwing
side all supine repinning over past losses,
our people made a determined effort to at
tain renewed prosperity. With stout hearts
they put their shoulders to the wheel. The
meagre treasure, which the temptings of
want, or of delusive speculation, had not
been able to disturb, nor the searching eye
of the plundering bummer discover, were
brought from their hiding places in stumps
of tree or deep dug graves, to be exchang
ed for provisions and implements, for mules
snd guano, and other necessities to success
ful labor. The close of 1866 witnessed a
tardy return of cheering confidence and
hope. As neighbor shook neighbor's hand,
it was agreed that all was not lost and that
thereafter our path would be upward.
The events of 1867 overwhelmed our
stricken peopic again with despair. After
a hy no means favorable spring, when the
yonng crops were struggling to attain the
' necessary vigor, iu the early days of July,
the portals of heaven were opened snd the
flood poured upon the land. The yellow
waters rushed down the declivities mocking
all tho . devices of hill-side cultivation,
dragging with them the costly manures,
which had been spread over the fields.
Dry ravines became roaring torrents,
petty branches swelled into foaming riv
uleu. From all quarters the hurrying
streams gathered into vast masses, which
spread over the low grounds, submerging all
the richest f.elds and most promising crops.
It wss sdmitted that not since 1797 had
there been more universal ruin, mora utter
devastation than was caused by I hi tem
pestuous season. , , .
The evil was intensified by other causes,
some of which were seemingly accidental,
others the result of mistaken policy. Never
before had investment so heavy been made
in artificial manures. Tbe high price of
1869 bad largely extended the culture of.
cotton, while the area, devoted to bread
stuffs, was diminished.: The autumn of 1867
developed an extraordinary- faH in the
price of this staple, so that toe unfortunate
planter found himself overwhelmed by a
combination of misfortunes, entirely unpre
ffirni li no foresight- could provide
against ana no can wa auie so aven.
Never before bad a return so meagre followed
the farmer's labor. Then by a curious per
versity, which baffled tbe most astute po
litical economist, not in the history of cotton
culture, had the staple commanded a price
o insignificant in proportion . to tbe oast
The inflated labor market and excessive pur
chases of artificial manures swelled the ex
penses of raising the crop to a point above
the experience of the oldest cultivator.
Moreover, in all the dreary catalogue of rev
enue exactions, there cannot be found so
enormous a tax oa tlie labor of tbe agricul
turist as was levied on cotton ia the year of
which I speak. The Hebrews, under the
ancient theocracy, judged it no hardship
perhaps, to pay one-tenth of their income,
because the tithe, was devoted to the com
bined service of Church and State.' Thia
cotton tax, being in that year tno-UmUu of
the gross proceeds of tbe farm, far Oie State
asMi, doubled the heaven-imposed tribute
of the Jews. To trown thess- multiplied
evils, tbe poverty and want of credit of the
unfortunate victims, rendered them leas able
to bear their reverses, than when in the ol
den times, the deficits of one year were
made good - from ts aecamalatioa of
those which preceded it, ; t. V .;-.'
The disasters of .the cotton planter were
paralleled by those of the tobacco and corn
grower : manufacturing and mining, and the
other industries, and professions, all ' of
which' ar tupported by agriculture, bad
their own losses to encounter, aad will long
look back with ahuddcring horror to the
dark and bitter year of 1867.
I recal these thing to your minds, my
friends; not to set bleeding anew, wounds.
Bow I bopc.healed. forever, but to uafold
tbe causes of the long delay ia holding our
Fair, and the reasons for any deficiencies
which may be observed. Speakiag for the
Executive Committee and the other officer
especially, of our very active Correspondimr
Secretary, who seems to have the muscles of
Hercules and the winged feet of Mercurr,
and ot our collectors of funds, who -have
performed their thankless office with th
same zeal and success which have brought
money into their own pockets, and built up
lofty stores to adora the streets around, our
market square, and of these fair la die,, who
hve lent a helping hand in tbe decorations
aad arrangement of Floral HaU. I will say
that we have done what we could to revive
aa insulation, which w hops will b of
such signai aonrice in advancing tbe indus
trial arts ia North Carolina Tbe long rowa
of new made stalls and panel of fence, all
of lumber, whose color, fresh and saffron,
show that a few days ago it was standing
untouched and green, in the stately pine
forests of Johnston, or the shady vales of th
Dark Corner of Wakere some evidence that
w have not been idle. We began our task nn
deV tnany difficulties A discouragement, Our
groan') bad become an open common, where
Stray cattle grazed. Owbeuldjngs wore filled
With a numerous and untidy tenantry. .Flo
raj Hall had been torn, down and scattered
to! the four winds of heaven.' Every vestige
of; oar track. !iad becosae obliterated. i-ven
tut title . to our land hsd reverted , by the
conditions of tha grant to the city of , Bat
eigh.. Worse than all, all interest in the So
ciety aeemed to hav faded from tha mind
of, men, and our treasury was barren of
fjutlda. - ' ;. .1 -r M , ' V t. 1
trhanV In fk. linitiuM nf ......
era. and to the pencrositv. mainlr nf fitifin-M
tiWU'lSfli iitJi to oui grv-wds has becar
gain secured, aaa tney have been prepared
fo whatever articles worthy of exhiiauoa
may be olTjred .
' While there will be no lack of object of
interest, at this the beginning nf a new era,
we) venture the confident hope, that hereafter
our march will ever be spward and onward.
Our State has great natural advantages.
W4 have blessings of the earth and the
ikies, of the fields and the forest Neither
tornadoes, nor earthquakes, nor bitter enlt ,
nor torrid heat; neither caterpillar aor lo
cust, ever turn our smiling landscape into a
blighted wilderness. Above us the sun sheds
bis. gnial rays, around us play health
bearing breezes, from the ground spring the
numerous varieties of the vegetable king
dom useful to man, beneath us are tlie
choicest minerals and metallic ores. Fat cat
tle browze on the perrenial grasses which
clothe the summits ot our loftiest mountains,
while luscious fruits ripen v ithout fear of
frost On the rich swamp lands of our' east
ern counties grow great corn crops which
calf to mind tlie famed fertility of the Valley
of ihe Nile. Never do the boll-worm or
the caterpiller, or inundations completely
destroy tbe gold bearing plant ia the broad
fields of our cotton belt Intelligent indus
try icldom fails to leap rich rewards in the
grain and tobacco lands of oar midland
counties. Our rivers, as they rush in rapid
descent from their sources in our mountain
defiles, and break headlong over tbe barriers
ot phe primitive rocks, supplying water
Fuel under the ground and above tbe
groSnd is accessibi and cheap, . Whatever
maj contribute to oar comfort or luxury,
whatever may aid us in the great struggle
to subdue the forces of nature, our generou
mother will amply furnish us, if ws make aa
honest effort to obtain them. . Give us intel
ligent industry, guided by science, and few
States will surpass North Carolina in the
race, of which wealth and refinement and
happiness sre the prices. i
It is to incite to this industry and create
or qhicken this intelligence, that we meet
together now. " As iron sharpeneth iron,
an . foes a man the countenance of his
frienjds.'' 1 By our annual gatherings im
proved breed of animal will be more wide
ly distributed, new processes of culture
made known, our dominion over the mate
rial World extended by new application of
machinery, mental rust rubbed on, faults de
tected, and rectified, old erroneous idea
exploded. In a word in the largest sense
we will educate one another, .. ,i
' Lot us then determine that each Annual
Fair-shall he hereafter greater than its pre
decessor. Let ns seek to extend the popu-'
larity aaal inHaasawrnf owr rjoraery.-- iier ns
not be discouraged by beginnings smaller
than we hoped for. Let us aim at the grand
er success and more abundant usefulness.
Let us follow the counsel of America's great
est pbet. Let us not " look mournfully into
the past" Let us "wisely improve, the
present" Let us, like true and undaunted
Americans, " go forth to meet the shadowy
future, without lear and with a manly
5. C. ASRrCULTUBAL SOCIETY THE HEMARK8
OF BET. . BBITOH SXITO AT THK
! COMMONS HALL IxAST NIGHT.
Dr. Brinton Smith made a motion thst the
Fair t Grounds be removed from the city of
Raleigh, after its present use to Camp Mao
gum, if ground could be prepared there, and
that a committee be appointed to memnrc
lize tbe Legislature of the State to make a
donation to the society to enable it to Secure
those grounds. Dr.. Smith stated that his
reason for making such a motion, was from
the tkctthat the State of North Carolina
was a larger State in square miles, than the
State of New York, 800 miles more hud in
North Carolina than in the empire State,
that the present Fair Grounds wen large
enough for county purposes, but he did not
think it at all worthy of the vast State whose
agricultural society occupies them.
Wilmington or rather the Cape Fear Agri
cultural Society, as he bad men informed
has at least 100 acres in its Fair Ground,
and he did not think it was in accordance
with propriety that the State of North Car
olina should occupy a place so small, when
a district of two or three counties occupies a
place eo large.- We are situated Bear tha
city of Raleigh, so near tb city that we are
almost In it, and these grounds are needed
for many purposes, as our citizens are very
much! cramped for room. We have but a
half mil track, while tbe District Society of
North Carolina has a .mile track.
We are compelled to put our bouses in the
centre of the track, when they should all be
outside of it We are a mile from a railroad
and are comptiled to transport our articles
at considerable cost nd these are the rea
sons which have influenced me to mske the
suggestion. I do desire that the Agricultu
ral Society af North Carolina should t ke iu
stand with the Agricultural Societies of the
sister (states., I desire that we should have
a Fair Ground that would in some meas
ure represent tbe greatness of our State. ' I
am not now speaking so much of ber pres
ent greatness, but of her capability for great
ness at regards her resources.
. There is no State ia this Union; I repeat
that there is no State in this Union thst
hss greater natural resources than North
Carolina... The mineral wealth of this State
is fifty .times that of New York ard ber
Tatar power is ten times greater.
J saw an article in the Standard on tbe
great advantages of bet climate, her soil snd
her vast resources. The fertility of her
Adds the richness of ber soH is likened to
paradise, a land of Palestine,
I am told that North Carolina is the only
Etato in the Union that bas entirely filled tbe
programme of the Patent Of Ooe, of the Ag
ricultural Bureau. -Every column of the
census returns has been filled by th State of
North Carolina. I can not express myself
on this subject with anything like the merits
or dignity of thia question. I am surprised
thatqur people should tor a aaMneat' feel
down cast, that could pose despair with
such a great State and blessed with such io
exhausUbie resource. With such men snd
such women what is North Carolina capable
of being t I say bow that the event nf to
day will give a new impulse to tb Agricul
induttry of North Carolina. Thia fan my
I considered a small affair. . I. must
say it is a great deal larger than I hoped f o
see. They may say that the number, of
things cent here for exhibit is extremely
small, 1 am gratified beyond measare at tb
result . ,.. .!. ... .: i.ii ( . vi.-
It is a grand success. It is s grand suc
cess ia the number of article that has been
placed on exhibition. Wa are m crowded
for space for cattle- aad articles that are
eouldsoaroely satisfy the demand, aad I be
lieve every place i ovvrcrewded. Now I
aay, let u have something wwthy of North
Carolina. A an evidence of the great Inter
est taken ia tlie - Virginia Btite Pair, I will
mention tha fact that the exty of; Richmond
appropriated $10,000 to th improvameat of
its Fair Ground -
I will also refer vou to ltrv5aod on this
subject, a I wish to keep before the eyes of
the people of North Carolina, ana especial
ly before tha Stat Legislature tbe inter
est manifested by other Counties aad Slates.
TtalAB&tHn elMrr,Un4 PPpriated
25.000 and the City of Baltimore t23.000
more, making a total of $50,000 to be put in
to the band of tha Agricultural Society of
Maryland for the improvement of their State
Fair, aad what ia Maryland computed with
North Carolina, - ' '
. The - only u. ohjectioa that - -1 can
an to this - movement is from the
nirrow view. of. some people in the
City of Raleigh. ' that tbe movement
would be an injury to the city. ' These peo
ple aay that the city of Raleigh would aot
b benefited aa if the Fair, was held in
their midrt. I do not think an. I believe
it would be of great interest to the city of
Raleigh as Camp Mangrrm would b? still in
the busineSa vicinity of Raleigh: I speak
particularly of thia place because it i a
desirable situation, ( has railroad facili
ties ami is easy of access to all points. If
tl Fair Grounds are once established, then'
it ' ist my" Arm belief that the railroads will
carry passengers at 10 oenta per arils and
run their trains at half fare. . Whatever ad
vantages this city may derive from the
Fair held ia their midst, it would also ' de
rive then.1 ''-' i. oi-b.'.- ji.fii
It is not proposed to build lodging boose
for the visitors them, . Te people would
stSl live in Raleigh, and would transact
heir business here then as now. This is tbe
ooly ohjectioa that can t made to it and
each aa obiectino ha no fbundatiaa ia sanSL
I propose this motion "ih;u!u It ts ium't
r., t;,;.u. t .:
.IIH. v. 4UIUI..IW, UU L I , a. a
should like action at nnce,'utiless tome goou
irason to the contrary I given, and I earn-'
esdy request the Society tonoommcodsuch
' CoL Heck moved that the discussion of
this question be postponed to Wednesdsy
night (this evening,) when a larger attend
ance of member ia expected. i- -1
The Society accordingly adjourned to
meet this evening. ...
" Nothing ia the Paper." '
The Richmond Rramintr has a spicy
chapter on the subject of newspapers, elicit
ed jby the stereotyped remark of indifferent
readers, after scaning the minature world"
of a daily issue of news, that there's noth
ing in the paper.' It says;' ' 'v'
And men sre always grumbling about
their papers, and insinuating how much bet
ter tbey could do it. . They talk as flip,
pantly about " fine articles," on every imagi
nable subject as if they could effect such s
change. Let some of these over runr.ing
philosophers try it for one hundred and fifty
days in succession. . : i . ,i, v - i.
And then they think it is nothing to
"select" for a newspaper you have merely
to run tbe scissors through a half dozen ex
changes, and you bave got matter enough.
Now this is th most important aad tbe
most difficult department to fill en a news
paper. Very few men have tbe slightest idea
how to do the work. It requires a thorough
newspaper man who knows the public ap
petite well who know what is going on tn
the world and who knows bow to re-write
and pack a column in a dozen lines.- ,
Men who skim a newspaper and toss it
aside, little reflect bow much brains and toil
have been expended in serving np that meal.
Busy heads and busy hands bave been toil
ing all day to gather and prepare those
viands, and some vast building ha, been lit
from cellar to garret all night to get that
paper ready for the newsboy by crack of
dawn. - fiii. :i .
" Nothing iu the paper 1" Nothing in
your bead 1 that's what the matter.
Hotel "Style" Carried
to a Very Fine
In describing new hotel just opened on
Fifth Avenue, New York, to be conducted
on the European plan, the .Swa say the
proprietors all part their hair in the middle.
TUeir carpets cost fid a yard, and tney
brag on the second biggest looking glass in
the city.' Tbe waiters are of inetfabU ele
gance, and of aa intellectual cast nf counas
naaos. .Thai- iok kko grathmteB of Har
vard. They wear two clean shirts and two
white choker a day, and chango their
aprons three times sn honr. . A spot on a
bosom, or a crease in a tie. involve instant
dismissal The cook gets $3000 a year. The
The napkins are worth 3 a piece. When
objectionable parties enter the restaurant
they receive a card npon a silver salver. In
term of freezing politeness tbey are reques
ted to leave. It a guest kisses a chamber
maid be finds his room required.
The Federal Dead ia Virginia.
Tlie following is an official statement of
th number of Federal soldiers, white and
colored, interred in tho national cemeteries
of the First military district :
Buried at City Point, 5,150 ; Culpeper,
1,343; Cold Harbor, 1,083; Danville, 1,289;
Fredericksburg, 13,228; Fort Harrison, 802;
Glendale, 1,189; Poplar Grove, 6,137 ; Rich
mond, 6,318; Staunton. 749; Seven Pines,
1,357; Manchester, 4,470; Yorktown, 2,162.
Total (including white and black, known
and unknown) 53,161. Of this number the
name of 19,573 wen known. Counting
the names of 268 persons employed in our
navy, citizens snd Confederates, buried in
the cemeteries mentioned above, snd we
have a grand total. 33,429. The burial at
Arlington are not included in the above
, , i . silver Hiding in Eatah.
The Corine Beptrter, of September 24lli
says:' Ws learn from reliable sources that
valuable silver mines have been discovered
about fifty miles from Corine. As our infor
mant was not posted as to the locality, he
could' not, of course, inform u just webre
they were. But enough is known to know
thst they are near Corine, and have proven
to yield in the neighborhood af f 300 per ton,
ia silver. Dr. Gregory's party, thst left Co
rine in May last ' discovered mines to tbe
northwest of corine, somewhere about the
Goose Creek range, the specimens ot which
yielded silver globvles nnder tha blowpipe,
and gave every edidence ef being rich, but
the ore was not sssayed, nor tbe mine open
ed sufficiently to know their value. Enough,
however, i shown tn prove that there are
miaes of silver adjacent to Corinne that will
soon take a high rank among the silver mine
of tfle world. ' ' ' ' 4.- - ! :
A SabterraaeaB Lake aader a City Taro
Men lost la atreapUBK to Explore It.
Tlie French JaurtKilr Official tell a strange
story sbout a subterranean lake, under the
city of Constantinople: Nearly half a cen
tury ago a large bouse in that city sunk bo
low the level of the street, .aad revealed a
series I of subterranean vaults supported
by magnificent marble pillars, richly orna
mented, evidently the work of Greek artists.
Underneath these vault appeared a lake
of unknown extent and considerable depth.
Little has been said or even known of this
strange discovery until last month, when an
Englishman and a sailor undertook to navi
gate this subterranean take ; but tbey never
returned to tell of their discoveries. Another
Englishman volunteered to go alone in pur
suit of bis lost countryman, in a boat with
torches attacked. After two hour he re
turned, completely exhausted and nearly
choked to death with the foul air. ' He re
port finding ranges of vaults and pillars as
far as be could see.
Purchase of Cottoa Laaia ia Uaaiasippi
'- A Swedish Colony.
' St. Loci, Oct-18. Job a Swansoo, pro'
prietor of aa extensive cotton factory near
Stockholm, Sweden, ha just purchased 12,
(00 acre of land in Dunlin and Stoddard
counties, Missouri, where he will establish
a colony, build a factory, mill, etc-, and
carry on tb cultivation and manufacture
or cotton. , I be land selected is well adap
ted to cotton-raising. Dunklin county will
export this season 7.000 to 6,000 bales, and
Stoddard about fiJMO. ' Th enterprise gives
employment to 1,300 families, a part , of.
whom are on their way from Sweden, and
the remainder are soon to follow.
1 k Mrj Bowers of Harrison ville, CaM conn
tv. MoL. was ararsted andVcbnreed with ab
ducting aad manuring a jooeg lady, and
tried before the Justice of tbefeace. .While
the trial waa going on the said young lady
appeared before the Justice, but he refused
to take ber evidence whether sho hsd been
killed or not, snd committed Bowers to jail
for murder. BoWem was discharged on a
writ of habeas corpua.
; 'We take the folio.
York Timet,'' and w ea ; T
dorse tha position', take. i re- -
d action of taxiaWmd I " . f n
be greatly reduced aud the pa .nj of the
debt still go on. "Bomo iwf is greatly need- '
ed by our people. The Timet says;
iThe declaration of the Commercial Con
vention in favor f eimpfifying'oqualuuag', tt
sncr-Terrocrng tha tnwa, "h pracliet ahaf-
Bright have been expected trout an asseta ,
bhtge representingnmKnafttm commerce
and enterprissof tho 'country. : A ooavea-"
tion of Iron manufacturers, or of wacJea'tH .
manufacturers, or oTlhrahems or of salt AZ--K
tnpnoplista-' would not bare sent forth an- r
declaration of the kind, They would pteAr
bably have declarecTlne present system ot Vs
taxation the im prvt ifrrd tbeaViadon VV
Te might pretence Save aggegtcd a- ai , (y
gentle increase of the tariff in their own be- "
half tfcrtoirily tVy'vroiaJtot'haVe prayed
Congress to simplify, eqsalUeov' reduce th ---'
takation that now is. But tue general om-:w "
tniree and Industry oTtBS Knrhtry, being
'pacta, is erode and uotatistsrtoty, and xVoui 1 kl
i tariff constructed is the interest at sualt,A
fatored classes rather than of tbe country,' -c!i
are earnestly deircs"eTfeToSi?r The Lonis
viQeCvenUoh bnly'sxTweAsesl'ihi feeling
universal among the' people when it calls for ' ' -l
revision and amendment. : "o! i ,m". 7.i.. X ft
1 Tbe first rx)int which Congress may lie""'!
asked to consider is, that tne present aggre
gate 'of taxation it in excess of the actual 1
requirements of the IWsury. Tha apid
progress made by Mr. BoutwcJl in the re- ,:'
duction of the debt is nndoujjtedly a source '
of honest pride. And the improvement it ..
i : ...... i '., ' - . -1
oas imparted to uu puunp creuii may as
certainly be made the means of lightening '
the burden on account of interest on the
debt But the national hQOOt.doea not ex
act the extinguishment of the debt, in four- .
teen years, which, a Mr, Boutwcll tells ct,
would be possible if the present rate of tax- '
ation be maintained What da eswsntiai is, Y.
that a steady and definite reduction of th
principal go on. Forull practical purposes
a yearly extinction of fifty millions would
be an adeqaate rate of relief from debt, and 17
by limiting it to thia amount a 'margin ia i n
fifty millions more would be available. foj .,,it
tbe reduction of taxes. . Even then, accord- . .
ing to Mr. Boutwell, the debt may be- paid: ' ;,
on in less man twenry-iwo years.
Apart, then, from tlie reduction of taxes
which the rigorous economy of Genera- r
Amv'i 1 .1 in i ,i i . 1 1-. li.,t, rn il or i-,r-t i ra 1
b!e, and apart from the relief which would l r '
follow the funding of the debt at a lower1
rate ox interest, is ia humiiick ioh .laaauovi i.
may be reduced, to the extent of fifty milt ,Kii
lion without embaira.ss.went. to th public
service or damage to the public credit.
But to obteln the full benefit of reduced '
taxation, a simplittcatio and eq ualisation of ij i
burden ia imperatively .required. Hence e itjii-i
careful, well-informed,, and essentially just'j u
revision of the entire system is a preliminary,
that should not be overlooked." Tbe repot ra 1 ' i -of
Commissioner Wiams-m a valuable con
tribution to thia and; aad us exparieoae ha ;(
baa acquired marks bite ou aa a man whoso 01 t
counsel snoum carry weimia in ueuuera
tion of the Congressional Committees,'' "
The country,, meanwhile, without pretend- nun
ing to have an intimate acquaiataace witii :
fiscal mysteries, is alive to the iniquities of
the system and tbe necessity of realizing ( 4
from reductions the most eqnally diffused 11
relief. i i : l .J. wl tii uoibt;.i qi'
- '.7t';-x ipr .oj
The Sicniacance of tho Xlc EteeUav(
. The aecond year of its 4ilo h peculiarly ?
critical to a National- Administration. It
forma, says tbe New York Tribute, the grand ,. i
climacteric of its official existences By that '
time the party in power bat lost the flush f .
victory, and with it tbe eeprit deeurpi which , ,;.,.
gave unity and energy ,to its, movements.
Ardor hss subsided iota salmiis; passion
into sober reflection or, selfish, calculation. ,;
Party attachments are no longer stronger . -'- A
than the principle of individuality. Petr
annal sense of right and justice, and por-t ,
senal pride, jealousy snd pique begin to pre- ,'ao,a
valL The measures which brwrghtthe par
ty into ower perhaps have oeased to od: r
practical issues, and the old water ard
have become stale. There remains no raflj "i
ing cry but the leader's name, snd this of it-' '
self can never long hold its potency.'" Bis-'
content, dissension and defection spread In '
ine ran as. ii uie opposing party at ever to
rally effectually from it overthrow, thea'is ' "
its sigual opportunity.'V These laws of party ' 1 ;.' '
working bave been attested by tho' ui&torv;
of every Administration in our Government. , t;
The second year of every one of them has
always brought home tha omnia! test of the
strength of its bold upon public confidence, 1 1
It is in view of these iacts that the- deni- ji y .
ded Administration triumph iq the elections
of this, fall justify peculiar congratulation,,,;,
It is settled that General Gkaxt'b Admiei., ,;,l
tratlon is a notable auoceas-rthat he- is a n,..
good in making moral eaaqnesU as he was
in achieving military, -The convictions of , -
his friends that he would command th pub- . , . :
lie approval in peace a well . in war, are , n.(
every way substantiated.) What makes this it 1ml
popular assent all tha snore gratifying, i; , .
that tbe Sooth shares iq it a weit as th ;j m it
North, . There is no longer any such thin$ u lar w
as an avowed anti-Administration party in ".7-t
any of the late rebellions Statear AH parties
and all candidates tkaro iwetkndia the popn i.iO
larity pf tho Administration. Jy a. special Ulai-v
sollcitnde to make it appear that it i -aaj tam'i
their side, even in particular eontesta, when, ...?.; yi
tbe tact is quite otherwian, ..The fierce Klila' ivj oral
talk against, military government -aiidi-atl.t- riT
that, which wesatilj get front fern rot thefiiir m .t
factious newspapers of titei Bouthf is-h:'i( f.lol
nothing against this tribute uf UJiuinenda
tion whici all tho. Cooler partj. jnaaagtB in- j. n K
tbe Soath bsve to pay as first conditio of -i i
mmi, '" .mil.!.... l.tl)aUiMta
Various and contradlctbry, sayi ftio New'- ," f
York UerM, are the account received' here"" lali
regarding the movement sad position' en ,ti'i
Lopez. From Lisbon one dsy we learn that ; ' V-ii1
the fighting President oT the Paraguayan
republic, yheo last heard of, wtts " making' J' ,
tracks tor iBqliviaa ,territoryv "ropi' i the ji."
wording of the dispatch wc.ara)eft toinXarr ! : ',jt,i
that be is badly used np, and that his receat'A '
reverse hare completely prostrated hin.-w ,, ,tv
Following thi inforrnatioa, next, day. tho 3 f -news,
via Paris, tells us that. "Lopes baa es., , y
tabllHbed new line of defence at San Estao
islaus, where he hss a """("ln-tlrln ft of
men and plenty qf artillery Between these
conflicting statement,owever, it is not dif.' , ; (
ficult to arrive at, thaeUuatioa aflaixa.--.
Tliat Lopez hs been drives from hi eas-ital -ia'.in
and routed in several engagement ie'an aeV'0
knowledged fact; that hi rank have been
a " . , i ; j: . t -
oecimatea oy ucceaive uuasutra is no was
. v.. .v.. vt. i. ."t. J-' ff
so clear. Defeat has never vet broken hig''"':''';
" - .1 i,;. 1 1. t. -aI ..n . 'd ' "
ing to do so now. Neither is his position so -hopeless
as pa been more than once stated, !
Tf the report prpves true that tho allies aave
dlscontinaed the pursuit, Lopes cm bide ha) ! uio-.,i
own time before be assumes the effansive. c -A h
He has the nuclcs of an army amend bim 0J.i' ''
he is not altogether deficient in arms or am- '
munition, and that be'posseenthdrrded "'J '
confidence ' of the ' Pariiguayane'tt'diai tas
pntcd.' Henee'the charices of Lopez niwnui uov, ar?
SQbad, after alU ' ' If tf .ilil t-41