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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, May 05, 1871, Image 1

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Poetry.
"WORDS AND THEIR USES."
BY A MYSTIFIED QUAKER.
BY A MYSTIFIED QUAKER. NEW YORK. 4th Month, 10th, '71.
RnFECTXD Wipe: From these lines my where-
mwuve mee u learn
4 impan w nice mj n. 1 1 n ur nit tti U :
uc laugnagc 01 rnie peupie is a nuuie unto me,
-And words, with them, are figment of a reckless
Tor instance ; as I left the cars, an Imp with smutty
iace.
Said " Shine !" " Kay I'll not shine," I said, " ex
cept with inward crace !"
Is ' inward grace ' a liquid or a paste?" asked
uus youns'inrK;
"Hi Daddy! What w 'inward gracer now does
the old thing work;"
FrieDd, said I to a Jehu, whose breath suggested
pin,
Can thee convey me straightway to a reputable
Inn?"
Ills answer's gross irrelevance I shall not soon
forget
Instead of simply yea or nay, he gruffly said uTos
oet;
"Nay, nay, I shall not bet," said I, "for that
would oe a sin
Why don't thee au&wer plainly: Can thee take me
to an inn? . -
Thy vehicle fe doubtless meant to carry folk about
in
inenwpy prevarlcatsT Said he, perversely,
".Say, verily, I shouted notj" quoth I, u my speech
is mild;
" But thine I grieve to say it with falsehood is
defiled.
Thee ouuht to be admonished to rid tliy heart of
mil "
""iSea herel my live moke," said be, "you sling oa
wv ffluui bi jrie ;
,Tve bad these plain drab garments twenty years
sua more," saia l,
"'And when thee says I slig on style,' thee tells
a willful lie:"
At that he pranced around as if " a bee were in his
bonnet,"
And, with hostile demonstrations, Inquired if I was
on iu"
." Oa what; Till thee explains thyself, I cannot
tell," I said.
lie swore that something was " too thin;" more
over it was " Diaved:"
Bat all his jargon was surpassed in wild absurd
ity. Tly threats, profanely emphasized, "to put ahead"
on me:
"No son of Belial," said I, "that miracle can do)
Vt hcreat be fell upon me with blows and curses,
too.
But failed to work that miracle if such was his
deMirn
Instead of " putting on a bead," he strove to smite
off mine I , -
Thee knows I cultivate the peaceful habit of our
sect.
Bat this man's condnct wrought on me a singular
effect:
Tor w hen he slapped my broad-brim off, and asked,
" How's that for liighr"
It roused the Adam in me, and I smote him bip and
uiigni
The throng then gave a specimen of calumny broke
loose.
And said I'd "snatched him bald-beaded,1 and
likewise "cooked bis eoose;" .
Although, 1 solemnly a&rin, I did not pull his
hair,
Nor did I cook his poultry for he had no poultry
mere: ...... . "
They called me " Bnlly boy I" although I've seen
nii:h three-score year;
They said that I "was lightning" when I "got
upon my earl"
And when I asked if lightning climbed its ear, or
areeea in aranr
"You know how His yerself!" said one inconse
quential blal
Thee can conceive that, by this time, I was some
what perplexed;
Tea, the placid spirit in ma has seldom been so
vexed:
I tarried there no longer, for plain-spoken men
like me
With such perverters of our tongue can have no
unTj.
Buffalo Courier.
Miscellaneous.
Early Railroading.
William Ham bright, an old conductor
on the Pennsylvania Central road, has
given to the Columbia (Pa) Courant some
account ot his experience.
Mr. Hambright commenced his career as
conductor by taking the first train (horse
care) out of Lancaster in 1833, after which
time he ran regularly, and has been era
ployed nearly all the time since as passen
ger conductor on the Pennsylvania Cen
tral Railroad. He then acted as conductor,
brakeman ana greaser, his compensation
being eighteen dollars per month, which
-was considered good wages at that time.
Bis train of horse cars would leave Lan
caster at fire o'clock p. m., and arrive in
Philadelphia at five o'clock the next morn
ing, making twelve hours for the journey,
and the fare charged was $ 3.50. Stoppages
were frequent, fresh horses being employed
every fifteen or twenty miles. At times
they would be greatly detained by the se
verity of the weather, the winters in those
times being much colder than at the pres
ent day. -
There was no fire in the cars and when
a stop was made to change horses the con
ductor would make for the nearest hay
stack or barn for the purpose of procur
ing straw or hay to strew upon the floor
cf the cars in order to make his passen
gers more comfortable, himself riding out
side, the cars generally being packed so full
that he could scarcely gain admission.
Down grade the horses were usually kept
at at full run. Horseflesh was very cheap
then sometimes five good animals could
be purchased for a hundred dollars. In
the year 1835, a locomotive built by Norris,
was brought from Philadelphia to Lan
caster, in wagons (why it was not brought
by rail we did not learn) ; however, the
wonderful machine was put upon the
track, and fired up in the presence of an
immense assemblage of spectators. It ap
pears that the enterprise was not very suc
cessful, as it would run a short distance
and then halt ; then a number of muscu
lar men would lend their assistance by
pushing. Every device was resorted to to
make the critter go, but to' no purpose.
Some time after this, three small engines
were purchased in England and sent over,
which answered all the purposes for which
they were intended, one of which is in use
at the present time in York, Pa sawing
wood.
The Harrisburg & Portsmouth Railroad,
as it was then called being laid upon
strong pieces of wood, using flat bar iron,
fastened down with spikes, it was neces
sary to carry hammer and spikes on the
engine. Very often spikes would come
out of the end of the bar, causing the end
of the same to stick up, which-were termed
"snake-heads," and the engineer would
be obliged to stop and spike down before
attempting to pass over. Information had
to be given the engineer before starting
where stops were to be made.
Here we may state that to Mr. Ham
bright belongs the credit of inventing the
bell and rope system for signaling engi
neers. He got permission from his "boss"
to put his idea of the thing into practical
shape. Procuring a rope and common
door bell, he attached the latter near the
engineer, no house being over the locomo
tive at that time, then stretched the rope
over the top of the cars. Ever after that
and up t the present time bell-ropes have
been in vogue, though in a more improved
style than in the one ju9t described.
Conductors weri not required to make re
ports at the end of each trip, as is now
practiced ; they would hand over the gold
and silver perhaps two or three hundred
dollars or more to the clerk, who would
enter it in a book provided for the pur
pose somewhat in this wise : " Conductor
Hambright, so many dollars," and that was
all the formality about it.
Checks for baggage were not used, but
when the cars arrived in Columbia or
Philadelphia the conductor would open
the car door for the delivery of baggage,
etc., to the passengers, who crowded
around and secured their parcels by
answering " Mine " to the conductor's in
terrogatory, " Who's trunk is this?" .which
was kept up until all disappeared. - If a
trunk was marked "B"it was to go by
boat, if " S " it was to go by stage line.
Strange to say, there was not as much bag
gage lo:t then as now.
Verv often the conductors would help
the proprietors of the lines during harvest
ana assist at other laoor wucnuu uuijr.
A gouty old fellow advertises in a New
Hampshire paper for "a man that is able
and willing by honest labor to earn one
third the cost of hiring him, and not
picketed with rum or baconed with tobac
co smoke; also a woman capable of tak
ing care of a farmer's kitchen and but
tery, and neither too proud nor too lazy
to do it, and who does not carry a 'chig
non big enough to hang herself in try
ing to get through a common doorway. A
liberal price will be paid for these rare
relics of antiquity. Gall on or address,"
etc
o VOLUME I.
McCONNELLSVILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, MAY 5,
1871.
NUMBER 5.
A NARROW ESCAPE.
On a handsome lawn fronting an old
ivy -grown mansion in the State of Vir
ginia, one pleasant afternoon, not many
years since, a group of young people of
both sexes were gathered. Standing in
their midst was an old woman, bent down
with age, looking as if the stood on the
brink of the grave, but her dark, restless
eye showed that there was vigorous life
in her mind, if not in her bor'y.
She had been ' telling fortunes " for the
young people gathered around her, and to
all but one had Bhe loretoid a blight and
happy future. The exception of this rule
of blessedness through lile-was a-hand
some dot ot nineteen, wiyi a darn, pas
sionate face, and an expression which in
dicated perfect fearlessness.
rive years betorethe opening of this
story, an oia jentiemau and his nephew
had moved to Virginia from some Northern
Stale, and. liuviue- a farm, had made it
their, home. .Air. Mercer and his nepbew,
Frank, were treated with kindness by the
gentlemen of the neighborhood, and they
received icvi.atiocj to vi-nt the plantations
near them. Frank soon became acquaint
ed with all the country, but his uncle
never left his farm, and seemed to shun so
ciety. For this many reasons were given.
but the true one was that he had lost all
his family, and Frank's parents having
lelt him to Mr. Jleroer s charge, he deter
mined to devote himself to the boy, and
found sufficient enjoyment in his company
and in cultivating his farm. Thouch re
ported verv wealthy, and that he alwsvs
kept a large sum ot gold in the bouse, Mr.
Mercer and Frank lived in a quiet way.
and made no display
Thus passed Frank's early youth, from
his fourteenth until his seventeenth year,
when our story opens. A man of supe
rior education, Mr. Mercer had been his
nephew's teacher, and had imparted unto
him much knowledge oi the world, of let
ters, and people, so that t rank, at nine
teen, was as well-informed as if he had
lessed a cultivated education. There
were those in the neighborhood who re
ported that the boy was wild and dissi
pated, and this touna ready Daiievers m
others, so that Frank had some enemies
as well as manv friends.
Thus we find him; and on the evemngof
the commencement ot our story he had
been invited to an entertainment given by
a wealthy planter to his children.
Mr. Dewes, the planter, had three chil
dren. the youngest and loveliest of whom
was Mary, a girl of twelve. Mary and
t rank were the Dest oi iriends, and loved
each other dearly. So, when the fortune
teller predicted a dark and stormy future
for Frank, the tears arose to the child's
eyes, and she said ; Don t listen to her,
Frank."
But the boy laughed, and, turning on
his heel, walked away.
Two days afterward he lelt home for a
week's hunt in the mountains; but the
second night after his departure the neigh
borhood was aroused by the startling news
that old Mr. Meicer had been murdered
by his nephew. One of the servants pass
ing the house at night heard a cry, and
seeing Frank's window open he sprang in
and walked across the hall to Mr. Mercer's
chamber, from whence the cry came. Ly
ing upon the floor was the old man, dead,
while near him stood his nephew, with a
bloody knife in his hand.- In fright, the
negro ran from the house and gave the
alarm. Persons from the neighborhood
were sent tor, .and Frank was seized
gainst every protestation that he did not
kill his uncle, and thrown into jail.
The feeling against the youth was in
tense, for the negro told the story of how
he had found Frank and a wayfaring ped
dler, who had just ascended the steps to
ask to stay all night, corroborated the man's
statement.
The trial came off and the charges were
made known. Frank was accused of
starting upon a hunting expedition as a
blind, and then returning from the moun
tain by night, had entered the room, and
attempting to remove a large bag of gold
kept by his uncle, had aroused him, and, I
upon being discovered, had driven his
hunting knife into the heart of Mr. Mer
cer. 1 he gold was on tne noor, us weignt
having torn through the bag when it was
raised. The knife with which Mr. Mer-1
cer was killed was one he had given to
Frank some days before, and was a large
dirk-knife encased in a silver scabbard.
Pale as death, but Ehowing no sign of
fear or guilt upon his handsome face, the
prisoner sat unmoved by his sentence,
which was to die on the gallows. .When
asked if he had-aught to say, Frank arose
and looking around the court room, in a
clear voice answered :
" I have. Circumstantial evidence has
condemned me. I admit it looks as if I
did the deed ; but I am guiltless of mur
der. Dropping my percussion cap box in a
mountain stream,! returned home lor more ;
for without caps mygun was useless. It was
lovely night, and i determined to enter
the house by my room window, get the
caps and return without awakening my
uncle. I tied my horse to the fence, sprang
into the window, and then heard a loud
crash, a call out, and a shriek in the direc
tion of my uncle's room. I rushed thither
a dark form dashed by me in the un
certain light of the room and I fell over
something upon the floor. With' fear in
my heart 1 arose, lighted a candle, and saw
my uncle's body covered with blood, gold
scattered upon the floor, snd my own
knife, which had done the deed, lying near.
picked up the knite, and thus was llound
by the negro and seen by the peddler.
As God is my witness, I did not murder
the good old man who has protected me
throughout life, and whom I loved as
though be was my own father. I am guilt
less of the deed, but submit to my fate 1"
A silence fell upon all : there were, how
ever, but few who believed the youth's
statement ; among the latter was Mr. Dewes
and his family, who, through all, remained
staunch friends.
Frank Mercer was to be hung to die
an ignominious death on the gallows and
hundreds flocked to the little tiwn where
the execution was to take place to see him
die. How they were disappointed to find
that ihe night before he had escaped !
How, no one knew ; but he had left a note
addressed to the jailor, thanking him for
the kindness shown him while in his
charge, and his regrets that his escape
might cause mm irouDie, duv saying uuu
he had had an opportunity of escaping,
and took advantage of it, for he had no
idea of dying an ignominious death for an
act he was not guilty of, merely to gratify
the curiosity of a gaping crowd. Free
dom was offered him, and he accepted it,
and be hoped he would yet be able to
prove his innocence. '
This was about the substance of the
letter, and when it was published in the
local paper there were some wno were
glad that the boy had escaped the gal
lows, i -.
' Mr. Mercer's property was, in his will,
all left to Frank, and it was found to be
considerable. Trustees assumed charge of
it, ana Detore long the quiet community
had settled down to its usual routine, and
the murder and escape were in a short time
almost forgotten. .:
Ten years passed away and no word of
the lugitive naa rjeen heard, and people
believed him dead. One exception was
Mary Dewes, now grown to womanhood.
She had never believed him dead, and
through her life had treasured Frank's
itnasre in her inmost heart, the mystery
that hung around him but adding strength
to her regard. Her sisters had married,
her mother was dead, and, together with
her father, she had lived at the old home
stead. Business calling Mr. Dewes to Havana,
he took Mary with him, and they set sail
-always
from Charleston in a fine ship running
south. They had been some days at sea,
when, in the dead of night, the fearful cry
of "fire' was heard, which aroused all from
slumber. In vain were enorta made to
quench the flames. The seamen in fright
rushed into the only available boat, and it
sank with them, and left them struggling
in the ocean, borne away by the wind and
waves, while Mr.-' Dewes and Mary, the
captain of the ship, and a few others, were
huddled away, upon the stern, awaiting
the IcarlUl doom that must, to an appear
ance, overtake them. -"Sail
hoi" '' ,
The joyous cry came from the captain,
who had been straining his eyes over the
ocean, in hopes ot seeing some vessel com
ing to save them.' Swiftly flying toward
them came a low, rakish, three-masted
schooner, wnioh ever and anon sent up i
light to prove to those on board the burn
ins shin that succor was near.
Hark! the deep boom of a gun Is heard,
and as the captain listens, he exclaims,
"Miss Dewes. we are all riirht now: cheer
up, for there comes a vessel-of-war to our
aid.
"Ship ahoyP came in ringing tones
from the schooner, as she came near the
burning ship, which was being driven rap
idly along Dy tne wina.
" Ahov !" answered the captain.
" Throw a long line from your ship, and
I will send you a boat," came in the same
Clear tones.
The line was thrown, the boat attached,
and, after a little difficulty, the people
from the. ship were transferred to the
schooner, and Mary was soon in the com
fortable cabin, rejoicing over their escape
from a horrible death.
At breakfast the neri morning, the
young cantain of the war schooner de
scended to join his guests at the table, and
as ne entered, jjiary sprang lowaru mm.
f rank Mercer! Uh! it is you is u
not?"
One elance at the beautiful girL and.
though years hid passed. Frank Mercer
for it was no otherrecognized the play
mate whom he had loved so well, and
whom he had never ceased to think of.
Mr. Dewes came forward, and what
joyful meeting was there; but seeing a
cloud, as if of bitter memories, come over
the young captain s face, Mr. Dewes said :
a irst, let me relieve your mina oi one
thing. Your innocence in Virginia has
been thoroughly established ; for a negro
runaway, hung the other day for killing a
woman, confessed, iust before his death.
that he had murdered your uncle, and
your arriving when you did had prevented
rum irom eetting itie goiu, out maae mm
escape from the house. He knew your
uncle kept a large amount of money, and
you being away, as he thought, he pro
cured your knife, and with it committed
the fatal deed.
Frank listened to Mr. Dewes, almost
breathless, and then, when he had con
cluded, he bowed his face in his hands ana
wept like a child.
' But come in." said Mr. Dewes at length ;
" we are hungry, and need breakfast, and
are dying to know how you became a cap
tain in the Mexican navy.
My story is easily told, my dear mends ;
for. after escaping from prison through
your kindness, I went to Mexico, entered
the navy, and, having rendered some ser
vice, rose to my present command, which
has been the means of saving your lives."
Little more can be added.
Frank resigned his commission and re
turned home, when he was lionized by the
entire community. He came in possession
of his estates, which were greauy in
creased in value ; and six months after
ward, in the very town where he was to
have had the hangman's halter placed
around his neck for death, he had the
noose of matrimony thrown around him
for life, and the bride was Mary Dewes.
Thus his life had been both dark and
bright in a remarkable degree. Richmond
Dispatch..
a
a
a
Sarsfield Young's Hints on Health.
Rbadek, are you strong and hearty
Does your system glow with the vigor of
health Nature intended that it should,
and if you only followed the innumerable
Rules for Health which travel through the
newspapers (and which you should always
cut out and paste in your hat), you would
become an ornament to society and nothing
due the doctor. I can give you a few sug
gestions which may save you from an uu
timely grave and your personal affairs
from the Probate Office for many years to
come.
First of all, see to it that you start right
It is vitally important. Avoid all heredi
tary taints. - Be continually anxious about
yourself. Remember we are fearfully and
wonderfully made, and this curious
mechanism at any moment may get out of
repair. It may break down altogether.
Tlii i death. How much better to sub
scribe to a health journal (only four dol
lars per annum, with a beautiful chromo
of Pealo's "Court of Death") and worry
through a few years longer.
He on the lookout for symptoms. They
generally precede a disease. Consult your
pulse every half hour, and make sure by
frequent personal observation that your
tongue isn't coated. You should weigh
yourself at least once a day, though it is
not necessary to test your lungs more than
twice a week. Keen your feet and your
friendships warm. .. -
Food is very important. No man can
live long without it That Chinamen suc
ceed in doing it and laying up money be
sides, proves nothing. Your food should
be taken in moderation, avoiding over-eating,
to which one is very prone when din
ing at somebody else expense ; and equal
ly cautious not to eat too little, unless you
happen to occupy a seat at a cheap board
ing-house. A good, plain, nutritious ciet
is what yon want Mention it to your
landlady and you'll probably get it
I cannot lay down any special rules as
to what you had better eat Breadstufis
are bad. Never eat bread. The process
by which the article is rendered light and
white is very deleterious to the health.
Never eat hot cakes nor cold ones. Corn
bread is fatal. Take to wheat in grain ;
carry some in your pockets, aud chew the
food Harare designed for you. if your
teeth are bad or you have none, soak the
wheat in castor oil. Acorns are good for
people who read "What I know about
Farming." Their digestions require some
thing of the sort Eat soup. - Never take
four plates of soup. Besides being vulgar,
it undermines the constitution. For break
fast I should say ham and eggs fried ; or,
it med eggs don t agree with you, drop
them.- Don't hurry your meals. Remem
ber that Rome was not built in a day.
Don't be afraid of frittering away time at
breakfast Eat them with sugar or syrup.
For dinner, yon want something substan
tial pork, for example. If you choose
pork, stick to it right through the year ;
many a man has built himself up in the
pork-packing business. And then, abrupt
changes are dangerous.
- For tea, something very light should be
taken, such as lobsters and milk, cucum
bers and ice cream, or cold mince pie.
pickles and hard cider. Then for lunch
iwuicn in uj va cowu, ui wiuoc, me
diately before going to bed), we have
found plenty of saner krout Welsh
raDDit, picfuea wainuu, Btueruius uiscuu
hot, with London porter and green tea,
very agreeable and soothing.
Never eat so heartily as to have apo
plexy at the table ; it is extremely annoy
ing to the rest of the company. Let your
board be the scene of cheerful, animating
and instructive conversation. Mine always
is at least when I am there.
You cannot be too particular about your
sleep. No man ever succeeded without
6leep;and many an indmdual has died
is
a
in
a
is
is
.
from the neglect qf a few simple rules. I
knew a mau who persisted in sleeping
across a railroad track', night-times, al
though I couid have demonstrated to him,
by means of diagrams and a copy of the
statutes relative to the obstruction of rail
ways, that the practice was an extremely
unhealthy one. By and by a train came
along so fur behind, time that the conduc
tor refused to make the usual stop to lake
him off. The unfortunate sleeper wasn't
exactly "hurried into eternity" (they never
hurry anything on that road), but was
pushed in leisurely. His administrator
swears that the estate is going to make a
nice thing of it out of the company.
Another instance of imprudence: Mr.
A., a gentleman of full habit, worked hard
all the week getting up a corner in wheat
He fell into a profuse perspiration. Going
to church on Sunday, he thoughtlessly
slept with his pew door open. He now
sleeps in the churchyard of his native vil
lage, t . , - . .
Let your bedroom face the rising and
sluing sun, and the - head ot your
bedstead point to the North Star. You
are then in sympathy with the great mag
netic current that belts the earth. Open
all the windows and doors, and, if practi
cable, knock a hole through the plastering
so that you can put a steam revolving
blower behind it Fresh air never killed
anybody yet except by the careless and
lndiscruniuate use ot air-guns and by the
occasional stupidity of the Pneumatic
Railway Company's switchmen.
Early rising is conducive to health.
Alexander the Great rose early to fame
aud power. He wasn't much over thirty
when he died.
Take plenty of exercise in the open air.
or in a treadmill, if well ventilated. Join
circus. Walking is excellent ; so is run
ning, particularly if you can run ahead of
your ticket Gymnastics are eminently
salubrious. In any two hotels you can
probably practise on parallel bars.
Rowing opens the chest Sailors row
good deal. - r ou must "have noticed
what large chests they have for their
outfits. : . . i .-. - ...
After exercising freely bi careful not
to cool off too suddenly. I am well ac
quainted with a widow whose husband
ran two miles to a fire (he was very fond
of fires), and then sat down on a cake of
ice to see the fun. It cost him his life.
A falling beam struck the wretched man
upon the temple. :
It is a winter day. You have been
walking briskly. Yon stand . at the
corner of a street to talk with a
friend. He asks you to endorse his
note, just by way of accommodation.
lou experience a cold shiver. No
wonder. Almcst any man would.
Let your friend take his paper somewhere
else, while do you go home and clap on a
mustard plaster. "Nature is giving the
alarm!
A lovely young eirl danced all nieht at
Saratoga, and stood by an open window.
In a few days her father failed for half a
million, and she found out how cold the
world was.
Your clothing should . vary with the
thermometer. If the wind pulls around
a cool quarter, invest that cool quarter
in a pair of thicker socks. Young men
should guard against tight lacing.
Bathing is a good thing a very good
thing. . But take care if you are a lodger
that you don't slop over. It may lead to
rupture with your landlady. Rub your
self briskly with a coarse towel it will
bring you in plenty at m onbocrlterj.
Excuse me. I mean it will increase your
circulation.
If you perceive a dull feeling in the
head when you get up in the morning,
you will very likely have the spotted
lever. Make your will and give minute
instructions for your funeral, if you have
any peculiar views on this strictly per
sonal sumect then use tincture ot lobelia
and belladonna. You will probably be
gin gradually to sink. Try a change of
climate. If this has no good effect per
haps it wonld be well to call in the
family physician.
Marry young, accumulate a large for
tune, live contentedly to a ripe old age,
and die with calmness and serenity. This
the only way to avoid trouble. People
who don't do this make a great mistake.
uaiaxy.
Errata.
There are readers who are never hap
pier, as mere readers, than when thev
light upon a typographical error in their
favorite author or journal. No beauty in
the blemished page give quite so much of
certain kind of satisfaction as the blemish
itself, for that enables the reader to rise
for the moment superior to the writer,
however learned, brilliant, or graceful he
may be. The reader seems to have the im
pression, more or less vague, that he is
himself an exceedingly clever fellow, and
straightway sends a note to the editor
pointing out the glaring error that occured
his last issue. Every journalist knows
this kind of note, and has dropped hun
dreds of such missives, half read, into his
waste-paper basket for it is only people
unfamiliar with types who think it worth
the while to make an ado about an inver-.
ted letter or a misplaced comma. Typo
graphical accuracy is impossible even in
works slowly and carefully prepared ; it is
unreasonable to demand it in a newspaper,
the writing and printing of which are
necessarily done in haste. The wonder is
that there are so few mistakes. Let the
reader reflect for a moment that every let
ter on this page is produced by a separate
piece of metal so small that only the mott
skilful fingers can handle it dexterously.
The slightest displacement of one of these
slender strips of lead would inevitably
cause a blunder. How easy it is to drop a
type, or misplace it or dent it! Even
after the proof-reader has corrected his
proof-sheet all these chances and a hun
dred others are possible. In comcting
one error in the types it is the commonest
accident for the compositor to disarrange
word in another part of the text then
proof-readers are mortal. There is noth
ing easier in this world lying not ex
cepted than not to see a misprint until it
too late to amend it and then the blunder
that escaped the keenest eye always
has the faculty of becoming the
most prominent thing on the page.
An author or proof-reader may re
vise and revise and at the end find that he
has overlooked some obvious flaw. This
true of books as well as newspapers.
There has never yet been produced a
volume, of any considerable size, free from
typographical blemishes. Famous print
ers have attempted again and again to pro
duce such a work. The nearest approach
to success was that of Souza Botelho, who
edited in 1817 a superb edition of " Os
Lucidas" of Camoens. This amateur, as
Disraeli tells us, spared no prodi
gality of cost and labor, and flattered him
self that, by the assistance of Didot not a
dingle typographical error should mar that
splendid volume. But after the work was
off the press, an error was discovered in
some of the copies occasioned by one of
the letters in the word liiisitano having
got misplaced aunng me process oi print
ing. Errata have been the bane of writers
and printers ever since the art of printing
was introduced. Oddly enough, these
very freaks of the types which so wring
the hearts oi printers, nave sometimes lent
to their books a value that they would not
have had otherwise. The other day in
London a book was sold for more than
forty times the original cost of the volume,
simply because it contuined a ludicrous
misprint '
A list of notable modern errata would
make as entertaining a chapter as any in
Disraeli's four volumes of " Curiosities of
Literature.'' Two or three Instances of
the willfulness of types have just occurred
to us. In Mr. Arthur Helps' charming
essay called "Brcvia," the author, after
discursively showing how critics delight
in fixing upon typographical errors, and
of assigning to the author what is fre
quently the fault of the compositor, sug
gests that some of them are set up in pure
satire by that functionary. Thus Mr.
Helps wrote : " The ant is a most satirical
creature, as may be seen by the quantity
oi formic acid that it secretes, which is
only latent criticism." The printer, adds
Mr. Helps, in a note, put the word forensic
instead ot formic, and this, he did, by " a
subtle expression of wit to vary a monot
onous occupation." Thus one author, no
ticing another's book, said, the "writer is
a vufe-niinded man"; but the printer
turned the compliment to an Insult by
printing "rutto-minded. A book notice
astonished a sub-editor, since it began with
" This indefensible animal " ; it was a
lauf atory review of a post-office directory,
and the words should have been, "This
indispensable annual. " During the South
ern war, a telegram was sent from this
country to England, where it appeared to
this effect: "Three dogs fighting with
great courage in Tennessee " ; the sentence
should have been, " Three days' fighting,
with great carnage." A clerical writer,
lately, referring to Paul and Apollos,
shocked his seriously-minded readers by
the conjunction of Paul and Apollo. In
an English newspaper reprint of Dr.
Holmes' admirable lecture on " Mechanism
in Thought and Morals," the author is
made to enunciate a profound but melan
choly truth : " We have prejudicial intel
lects as nearly achromatic as the organ of
vision," when the fact is that the author
wrote "judicial intellects." A few years
ago, the Atlantic Monthly published a poem
containing the lines :
" Well, well, I thluk not on those two
But the old wound breaks out anew."
The New York Leader, in reprinting the
poem, made the verses read as follows :
" Well, well, I think not on those two
But the old icvnuta breaks out anew!"
Imagine the poet's surprise and disgust
To return to our former assertion, typo
graphical errors are not to be avoided ; and
the more an author knows about the types,
the less they will have it in their power to
astonish him by anything they may take
it into their heads to say in his name.
Entry Saturday.
The Aurora Borealis.
Although many ancient writers allude
to appearances in the sky which, there is
no doubt, were identical with the aurora,
we have notany very accurate descriptions,
the phenomena having been regarded from
a superstitious rather than a scientihc
point of view. The first of these displays
of which we have a careful and scientific
account is one that occurred A. D. 1560 ;
but the particulars were not published till
ninety years afterward, when they ap-
i 2 i i - 1 1 i it i t-v . , e
pcareu in a uwk cmieu a. uescnpuuu in
Meteors." In 1G21 the name of Aurora
Borealis was given to this phenomenon by
Gassendi, the French philosopher, on the
occasion of a remarkable display visible
over a great part of Europe. None seems
to have been observed after this till the
year 1707 ; but during the last century it
has been by no means uncommon.
It occurs generally in the spring or
autumn, particularly after a dry year. In
the notie regioas however, it is the usual
accompaniment of a clear winter's night
and is familiar to the inhabitants even of
the Shetland Isles. Lights of a similar
character have been observed toward the
south pole. Mr. Foster, in a voyage with
Captain Cook, had an opportunity of ob
serving the Aurora Australia, as it has been
termed, and thus describes its appearance :
" It consisted of long columns of a clear
white light shooting up from the horizon
to the eastward almost to the zenith, and
gradually spreading over the whole south
ern part of the sky. These columns were
sometimes bent sideways at their upper ex
tremeties, and though in most respects
similar to the northern lights of our hem
isphere, yet differed from them in being
always of a whitish color, whereas ours as
sume various tints, especially those of a
hery and purple hue.
It is, however, in the northern hemis
phere that there have been most opportu
nities of taking minute observations of
this phenomenon, and it is from these that
we are able to form some idea of the natu
ral operations to which it owes its exist
ence. The noshes oi light wnicn consti
tute the aurora are now generally allowed
to be within the region of the terrestial
atmosphere, though they were at one time
considered to be tar beyond it as it was
thought that they could not otherwise be
visible at such a height from the horizon
over such an extended area. It would ap
pear, however, that the aurora covers a
larger extent or sky than an oDserver
would suppose. All is invisible to him
except a certain arc, with its flaming and
streaming ottshoots. Its visibility has, per
haps, some analogy to that of the rainbow,
which, as is well known, appears to two
observers to be of a different height their
positions requiring the light to be reflected
from different parts of the sky to make the
same angles of incidence and reflection
equal in the case of each. There are cir
cumstances attending the auroral phenom
ena which may be accepted as proofs of
their electric nature. It is supposed that
the lights seen are flashes of electricity
passing through the higher strata of the
atmosphere, which are, of course, highly
rarefied, and an experiment whereby a
stream of electricity is passed through a
glass tube, from which the air has been
exhausted, strengthens this view, appear
ances similar to those of the aurora having
been noted.
The position of the are is observed to
bear a remarkable relation to the magnetic
pole : it generally lies east and west hay
ing its vortex on the magnetic meridian,
but it appears at all times to have the mag
netic pole for its center. The earth cur
rents of electricity, which often interfere
with the working of electric telegraphs,
are most frequent at the time of a display
of the aurora, sometimes causing an entire
stoppage in the working of the wires, un
less the electric circuit can, by using
double wires, be rendered independent of
the earth. The magnetic compass is also
affected during the display of an aurora,
and often in places where the latter is in
visible. Sir John Franklin, who made
some minute observations in the arctic re
gions upon the deviations of the needle,
which are often so slight as to require mi
croscopic examination, stated that the mo
tions were not sudden ; but that after an
aurora, the needle would travel slowly in
a certain direction, and as slowly recover,
its position ater several hours. He also
remarked that when the arc was not at
right angles to the meridian, but inclined
to east or west, the needle deviated toward
that end of the ark which was nearer to
the magnetic pole ; after deviation it would
be assisted in recovering its position if an
aurora occurred in a direction opposite to
the former. He observed that when the
arc seemed to be exactly at right anglas to
the meridian the needle was eenerally in
clined to the west The prevalence of
pink, violet and blue in the colors of the
lights seems to confirm the probability
that thev result from a discharge of elec
tricity; and the noise affirmed by some
to have been heard at the time of an
auroral display seems to have resembled
somewhat the crackling sound heard when
sparks are taken from a Leyden-jar, or
the conductor of an electric machine, l ne
hearers have compared it to the sound
made by rubbing one piece of silk on an
other, and the discharge of fire-works.
Some, however, includine Captains Parry
and Franklin, have afllrmed that they
never heard any sound at such times which
they could not trace to ordinary terrestrial
sources.
Although, of course, difficult to ascertain
with certainty, it would seem that these
aurorse, the borealis and australis, occur
simultaneously at tneir respective poies,
and this would point to an electric action
common to both. It has been surmised
that on such occasions a discharge of elec
tricity is takins place from the poles to the
equator, and the apparent motion of the
auroral arc in that direction seems to con
firm this view. There are, however, rea
sons for thinking that, on the contrary,
the discharge is from the equator to the
poles, and that the direction of the motion
is only apparent However this may be,
we may presume that in one or other of
these places an amount of electricity ac
cumulates from time to time, and that it is
periodically discharged mto the other
tbroueh the medium of the upper atmos
phere ; or that the atmosphere and the
earth form together a galvanic circle,
which is put into action at certain inter
vals. But it is remarkable that though
the earth currents would be expected to
runorth and south, they are frequently
observed to move in a direction from east
to west Like many ether phenomena,
however, this has yet to be fully investi
gated by observation and experiment
The meteorology of the earth will, per
haps, be found to be more under the in
fluence of this electric action than is at
present tupposed. It no doubt performs
some important function, and is destined
to be as perpetual as the revolution of the
globe itself Discoveries respecting it will
m ail pruuauiuby, assist hi uvuuiui uid
theory that heat motion, and electricity
are essentially one, and that they are the
origin of many of the phenomena of the
earth and of the organic life on its sur
face. Harpers Weekly.
All Fools Day.
TiiK custom of playing off tricks upon
the unwary, has long distinguished the
First of April, that beine the particular
day when the practice is allowed ty estab
lished usage. But it is a foolish sustom,
tending to no good ; and we wish it were
" more honored in the breach than in the
observance." Our special dislike to the
habit dates from a circumstance which
occurred in our personal experience.
We had made our first venture in tne
great city, leaving a good home, kind
parents, brothers and friends, to go to the
metropolis, where so many of the young
gravitate, in the hope of bettering their
fortunes. Havine selected our vocation
and secured a permanent place, we went
resolutely to wort, auenuing sinciiy w
the duties assigned us, and only occasion
ally stopping to listen to the bustle and
hum of the human tide daily surging
alon? the streets.
Une day it happened to oe ine nrei oi
April, but we never tnougut oi mav a
fellow workman, a boy like ourself. came
to us, and with an air of sincerity, said :
" There s a letter for you in the post omce,
from vour mother." Now we did not
think of the absurdity of the last part of
this piece of information, as to now ne
should know the letter in question was
from our mother ; but our heart gave a
great jump, and we could have hugged our
informant then anu mere, we were so
filled with happiness at the news. For
many a weary day and night w had
thought (how tearfully!) of that dear
mother, and yearned to see her face again,
often with a dull pain in the breast that
we can easily recall. How natural that
she should remember her dear absent boy,
all alone in the great crowded city, and
write him a tender and anecuonate icner,
full of news of home and the beloved
ones there ! A rush for coat and hat, and
we were flying up the street to the post-
office. Giving the name, a smiling clerk
handed us the precious epistle, and run
ning to the window of the entrance where
we could devour its contents unobserved,
we read these two (and only) words:
"April Fool!"
Never, before or since, have we experi
enced such a bitter, bitter disappointment
as at that moment ; and if the boy who
had deceived us so cruelly, and who disap
peared suddenly round the corner as we
emerged from the office, derived any
pleasure from the trick, he is quite wel
come to it, as we forgave him long ago ;
but we would not wish him to " repeat
the dose."
For this reason, if for no other, we are
opposed to the senseless custom of playing
tricks upon our fellows on the first of
April, or any other day in the year.
The Young Filet.
Simplicity and Elegance.
Osk of the lessons cur people greatly
need to learn is the superiority of sim
plicity and elegance to that of extrava
gance and display which are fashionable
everywhere among us at the present time.
The style of living, the furnishing of our
houses, the mode of dress, the equipage,
and, in short the entire arrangements of
our life are quite as offensive to a refined
taste as they are seriously objectionable on
economic grounds. Ostentation takes the
place of elegance, and the ambition to
outdo others in the matter of expense is
more conspicuously apparent than any re
finement of culture or serviceable end.
Tt would he well if more of OUT people
would study the best models of style
among the aristocracy for whom they af
fect so much veneration. In the families
of many of the nobility and gentry of
England, possessing an unusual income,
which of itself would be an ample fortune,
there is irreater economy of dress and
more simplicity in the furnishing of the
dwelling than there is in many oi me
houses of our citizens, who are barely able
to supply the daily wants ol their tami
lies bv the closest application to business.
They have more servants than we do, but
labor is much cheaper there than here.
But English ladies make more account or
one silk dress than ours do of twenty.
They frenerally dress in plain, substantial
garments, neatly trimmed, reserving their
costlier articles and jewelry for great oc
casions; and would look with suspicion
upon the woman who decked herself in
drawing-room attire for a shopping excur
sion, sweeping tne sireeis wuu ner irau.
Instead of turning their furniture out of
door every two or three years and replac
ing it with new and fashionable styles,
they take pride in preserving the articles
that were used by their ancestors, and
value them quite as much for their sim
plicity, solidity and age, as for the associ
ations connected with them. Even their
carpets are used years longer than ours be
fore they tnina oi replacing mem, iuu
their china-ware has, in many instances,
been in and out of fashion twenty times
since it was made. How much better it
would be for our people to catch the spirit
of such conservatism as this, and exchange
extravagance for elegance, vulgar ostenta
tion for simplicity and refinement! The
amount of waste in our American homes
is useless, aad essentially vulgar display is
appalling even to contemplate. ine oot-
den Age.
Tub German imperial crown is a foot
high, of 21 carat gold, and heavily set with
pearls. The sceptre is of silver gilt and
two feet long. The globe carried in the
hand is of the finest gold, 3g inches in
diameter, and encircled by two rings in
FumuinHimilQ. an1 half mmml With
ijn.uuivuuu nui.
jewels, and the other horizontal and en
tirely crusted with gems, ua top is a
cross which fairly blazes with precious
Btonee.
Tns ion of a rich man in New York
has squandered $50,000 in a single year.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Colo Comfort. Eating ice.
Sojto of Tax Sesds. " Put me in my
little bed."
Gbrmajty has at present thirty-two hu
morous papers.
Ah Infai-liblk PREsckiPTiojf. To rid
a house of fleas, kill them.
Why are some women like facts? Be
cause they are stubborn things.
No notes are deducted from the policies
at maturity in the Washington. .
Tub New York Fire Department em
ploys 4-3 engines, 165 horses and 720 men.
Thr dividends of the Mutual Life, of
Chicago, are paid annually, in cash or in
surance. A physician claims that 10,000 women
hare been squeezed to death by corsets
during the last five years.
What is the difference between an hon
est and a dishonest laundress r One irons
yonr linen, the other steals it
Da Brsu said the reason why Germans
die so seldom of consumption is the fact of
their singing from the earliest childhood.
Women should be employed to draw up
a man's last testament because it is no use
ever attempting to dispute their will.
Yottso Swell " I say. boy, what do
you do with your clothes when you've
worn them out r Boy wears em 'ome
agin !
" V hat are you doing J" said a father to
a son, who was tinkering an old watch.
" Improving my time," was the witty re
joinder. Some Chinamen at the Berlin diggings.
in Australia, have lately struck a nugget
of gold weighing 1,717 ounces, and worth
A New Hampshire lady, Mary
Brockway, recently celebrated her 104th
birthdav in East Washington, bv snlittin?
and carrying into the house half a cord
of wood.
A dandy in New York is in a fix.
His pants were made so tight for him that
he can't get his boots on, and if he puts his
boots on first, he can't get his pants on.
This is a case of genuine distress.
A otrl ten years old Las been arrested
in London, Eng., for stealing babies. She
made a Dractice. after cettincr the children.
of stripping and abandoning them, selling
their clothes to go to the theater with.
"I am sitting on the style, Mary,' as
the husband said when he sat on his wife's
new bonnet For thirty years this ap
peared regularly among the "Wit and
Humor " of the weekly press, and it would
have appeared for thirty more if the mil
liners hadn't got to making the wife's bon
net too small for the husband to sit on.
" It is not often," says the Nashville,
Tenn Union, " that we see city Mayors in
State's Prison; but we saw a convict on
Thursday, at work at the Capitol as a car
penter, who is said (o have been formerly
Mayor of Cleveland. He sent many
prisoners to the Penitentiary, but finally
got there himself. He was working very
faithfully, yesterday, in making some im
provements to the Comptrollers State
apartments."
Recently, George M. Ellis died in
Chester County, Pa, in his 92d year. He
is reported to have had the consumption
nearly all his life, his physician having as
sured him, before he was twenty, that he
ronVA not em i re the next two years.
Ellis was so pale and thin for forty years
previous to his decease that he was known
as the walking skeleton ; and yet he is be
lieve to have been, with two exceptions,
the oldest man in the county.
A good story is told of a late college
president near Boston. On one occasion
the students substituted a large dictionary
instead of the Bible, at the morning devo
tions. On opening the book he at once
saw the situation ; but he said nothing and
proceeded to the prayer, which he pro
longed for an hour. The students got out
of all patience ; but they appreciated the
sly remark of the venerable President on
his retiring, that he " found all the words
he needed in the volume they had placed
on his desk."
A monument is being made in Phila
delphia to the memory of the late Hon.
Edwin JL Stanton, by order of his execu
tors. It is to be placed over his grave.
The monument will be about eighteen feet
high, and comparatively plain. The base
will be five fett square, and will have a
sub-base, on which will rest the die, with
this inscription in raised letters :
HDWIH Jl. &TANTOS,
"Born December 19, 1814,
- "Wed December il, lStM."
On the top of the die there will be a
gothic cap, receiving a plain and massive
square. The whole affair will be extreme
ly plain, no ornamentation being attached
to it -
A Miss Crtppbn, one year old, recently
celebrated her first birthday at her resi
dence in Concord, N. H. A local paper
says: "At about three o'clock the car
riages began to arrive, and by 3: 45 there
were assembled some thirty ladies and
gentlemen, aged from 11 weeks to 3 years.
emoracuig uie .ie ui uux ciiy. ai u
o'clock, refreshments were served at two
long tables, around which twenty-four
'high-chairs' had been placed, and the
usual viands were most lavishly served.
Prominent on the bill of fare were ginger
bread, elephants and roosters, biscuits, one
inch in diameter, and choice cakes of sim
ilar dimensions."
A fond father, blest with eleven chil
dren, and withal a domestic man, tells
this story : One afternoon, business being
very dull, he took the early train out to
his happy home, and went up stairs to put
the children to bed. Being missed from
the smoking-room, his wife went np stairs
to see what was going on. Upon opening
the door she exclaimed, "Why, dear,
what for mercy's sake are you doing?"
"Whv.: savshe. "Iam putting the chil
dren to bed, and having them say their
little prayers." " Yes," says witey, but
this is one of our neighbor's children all
undressed," and he had to redress it and
send it home. After that he called the
roll every morning and night
J. N. Beard, residing two miles north
of Germantown, Ind had an oak tree
standing on his farm, some three hundred
yards from his residence. Twenty-five
vears aeo he offered it to various men.
ana since idiu uuie, Bgmu aim again, u
they would take it away and clear tne
spot ; but on account of its great size and
rough appearance, no one would accept
the offer. Finally, Cornelius Boyer, from
Pennville. undertook the iob. It took
him four hours to cut it down. The tree
measured eight feet and nine inches in
diameter across the stump, and produced
four hundred fencing posts, at fifty cents
apiece, making $200 : fourteen and a half
cords of wood, at 3 per cord, making
$43.50, and six two-horse loads oi chips,
at S3.50 per load, making $15, the total
amount being
A correspondent from Brazil of the
Boston Advertiser writes: "The negro
'totes' everything on his head, from a
small paper parcel to a grand piano, and,
on this head,' a lady spending the hot
months la iijuca ordered her piano sent
out from the city, a distance of about
twenty miles, supposing it would be sent
by steam. But on the day appointed eight
negroes made their appearance at White's
Hotel in Tijuca, with the said piano
riding aloft on their woolly heads having
brought it the entire distance, including
the mountain road of three miles heavy
'up grade,' without once stopping for
rest on the way. Before setting it down
these jolly negroes paraded it about the
yard with a sing-song march, to show that
they were not in- the least done n? by
their performance."
"
i
Youth's Department.
THE DIFFERENCE
Tresx was an old lady all dremed In Ilk,
Wno lived upon lemona and buttertnfla ; ' '
And, thinkiDg this world was a aoux-old. place, .
She carried lu acid all over her face.
Another eld lady, ail drrared la patcbea.
Lived upon notbms bnt Lucifer ma'ches;
So the world it mult bar etransiJtt and cough.
And iure aa you rubbed her you act ner ou.
Another old lady, all nnny and neat.
Who lived upon auear and everything sweet ;
Declared, when aha heard of their troubles, aha
never !"
For the world was to nice the could live on for-
THE DIFFERENCE MORAL.
Now children, take your choice
Of the food your hearts shall eat:
There are sourish thoughts, and brimstone
thoughts.
And thoughts all eood and sweet:
And whatever the heart feeds on.
Dear children, trust to me.
Is precisely what this queer old world
v 111 seem to yon to be.
SOMETHING FOR THE GIRLS.
I suppose you really love these rough.
teasing brothers of yours, but don't yon
think yon might show it a little more
pleasantly 1 I can t.rll you I know all
about boys. I was brought up in a house
full of them. I h&ve enough in my own
house this very minute to keep things
from getting dull and stupid. I know just
how rough, and noisy, and heedless they
are ; how they forget to wipe their feet on
muddy days, throw their caps and scarfs
on the floor, and leave their books in the
queerest places, to be hunted up in the
last minute before school time. I know
how they whittle on the carpets, paste
kites on the chair seats, daub the table
covers with paint and spill mucilage on the
bed and bureau. I know how they come
in with a whoop, and: clatter up stairs
like so many tire engines, the moment
the babv ttres to sleen : and how they are
always leiving the doors open, and cut
ting, and burning, and blowing themselves
up. But lor all that we could not spare
them from our homes very well, could
we ? and isn't there something wrong in
the family when sisters can call their
brothers "nuisances?" Yes, that's the
very word she used, and I've remembered
these half dozen years, for the speaker
was a pretty, delicate girL and I was a
good deal astonished to hear her say:
A. boy in a lamiiy or giris is a periect
nuisance."
The " nuisance" came home from school.
presently ; a hearty, good-natured-looking
boy of eleven or twelve, whistling" King-;
dom Coming" with all his spare breath.
He stopped suddenly as he saw me, and
came forward, awkwardly enough, to speak
to me, for he was evidently unaccustomed
to meeting company. . Unfortunately his
foot came in contact with his elder sister's .
dress, soiling it slightly.
' xou clumsy thing!" was the impatient
exclamation, "you ought to be kept in a
cage."
I looked from the cnnnou face of the
nuisance," and tried to fancy how sweet
ly that sister would have assured an older
gentleman that it was of no consequence
at all, and was entirely her own fault for
taking up so much room. In an arm chair,
cne of the younger sisters was curled np, '
examining with great interest a new mag-
azine. An - exclamation - of. delight
brought her brother to her side, and he
was soon absorbed in the engravings, look
ing over her shoulder.
" Wait just a second," he begged, as she
was turning a page.
" O, you always want to see sometning,
said the sister, fretfully. " I hate to have .
any one look over my shoulder."
S it was from morning until night
There was not a place in that house, so far
as I could see. where the boy was wanted, '
or a person who wanted hm; and I won
dered if the dear, dead mother knew how
it was, and whether it would not make her
heart ache, even in heaven, to see it If
the sisters walked or rode, or sang, or
played croquet no one ever said, " Come,
Johnny." And 1 really suppose mey
thought he did not care for their laugh
inz. and teas ine. and snubbing, just be
cause he was a boy, and was too brave to
show that he cared. I iouua oui tmouier
thinir. too. and that was that the "nui
sance was very convenient when the pony
was to be harnessed, the pitcher to be
filled with cool water, a big bundle to be
carried down town, or a disagreeable er
rand to be done : yet I never heard any one
say:
" Thank you, Johnny ; it was kind in
yon to take the trouble."
No doubt he would have stared if they
had said so, but I think he would have
liked it and I think it would have .helped
him to remember to be polite himself.
" Why didn t you thanK that Doy lor
bringing your hat !" I asked of a pleasant
little girL
"Why," she exclaimed, "that's our
Tom!" as if that was reason enough for
not being polite to him.
"I wish I had a sister," said a boy to his
companion, in ray hearing. - "It must be
so nice to have sisters of your own."
" That s because you don t Know, saia.
his companion. " I tell you they plague a
fellow the worst wav. and the bother of it
is, you have to take it, because yon know
you daren't lick 'em."
That made me think of a little fellow
whom I once charged with cruelty for
Eulling out the long legs of a grass
opper. ! , .
' Don't hurt him," was bis defence ;
"ain't a mite of juice in 'em. An he
don't squeal, neiver course if it hurt him
he d say somen Dout u. .
These brothers of yours will not always
say when you hurt them by unkind, care
Wi wnriln hut they feel it all the same,
and it harts in another way, by gradually
chilling their love for you, ana niaaing
them hard hearted, and careless of the
comfort of others.
I tell you. girls, you cannot auora io
lose your brothers in this way. You need
them, aad they need you. Many a boy
has gone into bad company, and yielded
m oirii Hotrraiiin? influences, simply be
cause there was no stronger, purer influ
ence at home to draw him away from it
and lilt him above it Make your brothers
your companions and friends, and never
be afraid or ashamed to show your love
for them. Little Corporal.
Don't Fret.
Rn-trw vnnnir folks are always fretting.
Are you a member of the "Fretting So
ciety V Do you irei wnen it rami-, unauo.
you can t go out? ana ao you ires wuou
it's a fine sunshiny day, because of the
heat J Fretting because nobody comes to
ion von. and freitins beciuse you don t
want anybody to come t A fretty child is
a tiresome, irouoiesome
haps you say, "But I have so many trials
bear, so many nam iesuiio w i
, tnniOi wnrb to do." We'.L BUDPOSe VOU
,1 fttintr Koln vnn uivf The
11HVO, UU J J -
longer you sit fretting, the larger will your
troubles appear, uo your uuiy, uu u"
patiently the troubles which may beset
x) .;fla,i with what Gad cives
you; look to him for help, and stop thia
disagreeable whimpering uu. umuus
about uitles. loums wuuu.
How to Keep to Situation.
Lay it down as a foundation rule, that
on will ha "laithlul in mat wnicn is
least" Pick up the loose nails, bits of
twine, clean wrapping paper, ana pui
them in their places. Be ready to throw
in an odd half hour or hour's time, when
it will be an accommodation, and don i
nnt,A a merit tf it Tin it heartily.
ecciu u i" r- u- - - v. -- -
Though not a word be said, be sure your
employer will mane a uuio w -wnnrwir
indispensable to him, and he will
lose many of the opposite kind before he
will part with you.
Those young men who watcn ice umo
to see the very second their working hour
is ud who leave, no matter what state
the work may be in, at precisely mem-
stant who calculate tne extra
they can slight their work, and yet not
get reproved -who are lavish oi uieur em
ployer's goods, will always be the tosl . to
receive notice that times are dull, and
their services are no longer required.
Working Man.
A Masosic apron, made by Madam
Lafayette, and sent over tD this country aa
a present to Gen. Washington, is now in
Masonic Hall, Philadelphia.

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