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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, May 12, 1871, Image 4

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About Chinese Women.
Irs. 8. L. Baldwin, the missionary to
China, lectured in Philadelphia recently.
Of the women in China she said :
" The women of China are divided into
two classes the bound-footed, who are
the ladies, and the large-footed, who are
the common class. The latter cany the
burdens, do all the drudging and out door
work, while their husbands do noth
ing. When a little girl is born the pa
rents thiuk the gods are angry with them,
and they hold a consultation whether 6he
shall be allowed to live or not If she is,
when she arrives at the age of four years,
they hold another consultation whether
she shall be a bound-footed or a large
foo:ed woman. If she is chosen to be
bound-footed, she is not permitted to do
anything, but if otherwise she has to be
the family slave, I have seen a woman
with four children strapped to her back
and rowing a boat, while her husband laid
in the cabin smoking his pipe. Girls have
no choice of their husbands ; the young
girl is sold by her parents at the highest
price they can obtain for her. She never
sees her husband, nor he her, until after
they are married. If he chooses he can
be divorced from her for talking too much ;
if he becomes poor, or gets tired of her,
he sells her again. In the coldest weather
the large-footed women are not allowed to
wear stockings, and cannot dress in any
other colors than black or blue. The
manner in which they make their feet
small is by binding the four toes under the
foot, which they keep bound up for about
eleven years, when the foot becomes dead.
I have walked through the streets when
the women would brush against my dress
so as to see my feet, so they could tell to
what class 1 belonged. I would say to
them : ' I will show you ray feet, but do
not pull my clothes, as it is rude.' When I
would expose my feet to them they would
exclaim: 'Why, have you no real
ladies in America f And the only way
that I could make them believe tliat we
had was by telling themthat the women
read books like the men, which utterly as
tounded them, as the real Chinese lady is
brought up in the utmost ignorance, and
they only marry in the rich families, be
cause they know and do so little, and need
so much wailing upon that it takes a rich
husband to support them. If you ask a
Chinese woman how many children she
has, she will give you only the number of
Doys. erne nas to be asited tne second time
how many girls she has, as they are
thought so little of that in many cases they
are killed as soon as born. A large footed
woman told me once that her first child
was a little girl, and she described to me
how she loved the little one. My hus
band went out,' she said, ' and brought in
a tub of water. I begged him to spare its
life, but he took the little one and put its
head in the water, and held it there until
it was dead.' Her second babe was a
daughter, and it was served the same way
as the first ; the third child was a boy ; he
lived until he was about four years old,
then the gods got angry and killed him ;
'then my husband died; and now if I eat
anything that is nice and if I wear good
clothes, my relatives become angry and
treat me harshly.' Even in our Christian
churches in China, the women are not al
lowed in the same room with the men,
but are partitioned off in a lattice work
room." '
Baggage Smashing as a Fine Art.
Baggage smashing as a fine art has
reached a perfection in this country, and
the skill, ingenuity, and perseverance ex
hibited by railway porters and employes,
in reducing the strongest built trunk to a
hash of wood, leather and iron, must be
highly encouraging to the trunk makers,
New York and the West produce some
human bnmb-shells, wfio stand at the head
of the destructive brotherhood for the an
nihilation of baggage. A heavily timbered,
iron-clad, armor plated trunk will only
stand a two day's trip and the handling of
two or three of these railroad wreckers be
fore it is reduced to old junk. On a recent
trip we put our faith and our clothing in a
heavy sole leather valise, handsomely built ;
it ield together as far as Washington, and
. we began to believe that some great reform
movement or " revival " had taken place
among porters and railway men ; that some
railroad Father- Mathew, or hotel Elder
Koapp, had arisen, and that the debased
baggage smasher had signed a pledge to
abstain from destroying even so much as a
band-box, or had experienced a change of
heart, and with it more tender hands. It
was with a hopeful spirit, therefore, that
we unsuspectingly parted with our trusty
portmanteau at the dep t in Washington.
Alas! for the fallibility of human hopes;
that elegant piece of leather was delivered
to us in New York, at the end of the day's
journey, neatly manufactured into leather
snoe strings, a stout, leather-covered
flask of cologne had been well pulverized,
and the fragments of class judiciously dis
tributed in our linen, where it was calcu
lated to excite the most lively emotion.
A brrach of cigars had been converted into
snuff and fine cut; in fact, the remains of
everytning ot a perishable nature attested
the muscular energy and activity of the
American baggage-smasher.
As the traveling season is approaching.
we wouia suggest to any new railway
company, who wish to wit immortal fame,
and advertise themselves in the most
thorough manner, that they will guarantee
ine saie delivery ol baggage, except in case
of the usual railroad accidents for which
"nobody is to blame." Such a guarantee,
faithfully earned out, would largely in
crease the business of any railway, and
cause them to become known throughout
the civiized world as the benefactors of
manttind. Boston Commercial Bulletin.
Lead the Children not Into Temptation.
tatlon.
Cftldrejt are often made vicious, and
tempted into the commission of crimes
that would never ha we occurred to them
but for the severity of the home discipline.
It is indispensable that there should be a
proper government, and instruction in
moral principles ; but an excess of these is
frequently more injurious than an entire
absence of such training. If children are
surrounded by good examples, but few ver
bal moral lessons are necessary; example
is more powerful than precept. A i tern,
unbending discipline only renders the
heart callous, and incapable of receiving
good impressions. Many times, children
with dispositions that might have made
their characters pure and beautiful, have
been ruined forever by the harshness with
wuicu vueir liuie units were condemned,
and the opprobrium attached to them, for
the commission of very venial sins.
Oftentimes the slightest disobedience has
been. magnified into a crime, and followed
by such scathing censure as to wither and
crush out every good impulse from the
young heart. Children are extremely
sensitive in regard to their good name,
and are much more easily praised than
censured into good behavior. If their
self-respect be lost, all is lost, and childish
faults and punishments should never be
divulged, ihere is abundance of in
uuuiiauie testimony mat children are
tempted into prevarication and direct false
hood through fear of scandal, severe re
proof or punishment for disobedience,
when kindness and gentle admonitions
would not only have remedied the
present evil, but have prevented
iurure transgressions. parents and
teachers are too forgetful of the
equivocation and little mistakes of
their own childish days, knowing too, that
had they been met with scorn and con
tumely, their minds would have never re
covered their moral tone. Children are
frequently misunderstood, and accused of
falsehood, and ideas are thereby suggested
that, many times, they are not slow to act
upon. Nearly all children have a desire
to possess trifles that they admire, and are
often tempted to appropriate such things
without being in the least aware that they
ae committing a wrong, which if un
checked would result in great harm to
themselves and society. They are also
often tempted to steal by the penurious
ness and unwise caution of parents, in the
locking of drawers, and the secreting of
articles pleasing to childish natures. The
harsh name of thief for such misdemeanors,
and the odium attached to such a charac
ter, can only be productive of harm to a
child. It may possibly deter them from
the like offense again, but the wounding
of the feelings and the loss of self-respect
cannot be atoned for. We know a charm-
ing little girl, who when but seven years
of age, purloined a piece of broken jewel
ry, that was carelessly left in her way, and
disposed of it to a schoolmate. The
severe treatment and contemptuous epi
thets she endured from her guardians
would have been much more appropriate
for a hardened criminal than a child of h6r
tender years. Soon would she have been
ruined in body and mind had not fortui
tous circumstances removed her beyond
the influence of her cruel upbraiders.
She was reminded every day that she
had been guilty of a heinous crime so
unwittingly committtd and she felt that
everyone knew she was a thief, and "why
should she try to be good." Parents
would do well to remember their own
short-comings, and the mental anguish en
dured by themselves, when young, upon
receiving merited reproof ; and how much
more bitter the pain when undeserved. In
this way many children are led into temp
tation by those who should be ever watch-
lul ot tneir comfort and nappmess. jon
start censure and stem rebuke, often ad
mini.-, te red, are as prolific sources of crime
as extreme poverty end evil communica
tions, and many of the outcasts from so
ciety, degraded ones of both sexes, can
trace their final downfall to the harshness
with which their first transgression was
reo'oved.
Unfailing patience, kinduess and charity
should characterize the management and
care of the erring, and the little ones of
whom the Savior spoke so kindly "let
them come unto me. Prairie Farmer,
Carbolic Acid.
So much is said about carbolic acid, and
it is now so largely used in medicine and
the arts, that more information ought to be
popularly disseminated in reterence to it.
it is not a new thin', but most ot its ap
plications are of recent date ; and as nearly
every person who haj taken out a pateut
has given it a new name, we are otien per
plexed to recognise the precise article that
is meant. It may be well to Iook into uiis
labyrinth of names rxiore proceeding
a description of the article itself.
Carbolic acid was discovered by Runge
in wood in 1834, and was so called by
him. It is a pity that other chemists have
not adhered to the original name, as we
fihnnlri thns nve hppn saved much con
fusion. Six "ears after Runge's original
discovery, a TFrtnch chemist named Lau
rent made some of the pure acid, and pro
posed to calrtt PLenylhydrate, from the
Greek word meamng to illuminate, oe
cause it was' supposed to be a constituent
of illuminating gas ; and still later, such
names as phenylic acid, phenol, phenyl
alcohoL coal tar creosote, coal oil acid
phenylous acid, aad sundry others were
proposed. All of them ought to be drop
ped, and the original name of carbolic
acid retained. It is really and truly an
acid, capable of combining with bases to
form salts, but is not strong enough to
drive out many o.her acids from their
compounds.
Carbolic acid has been found ready
formed in the bile and urine of various
animals, and is the product of the dry dis
tillation of vegetable matter ; and can be
made by conducting the vapor of acetic
acid or aiconoi tnrougn a red not tuoe.
For technical purposes, it is almost exclu
sively made from coal tar, and as its boil
ing point is between 300" and 3G5" Fah,
it is from the dead oU that the greater por
tion is obtained.
The details cf the manufacture of car
bolic acid may be consulted in works on
chemistry, but its properties and uses may
well occupy our attention for a few para
graphs. When pure, it consists of long
needles or a peculiar, smoky odor and
caustic burning taste ; its specific gravity
is 1.060, and it fusss at about o t an.
absorbs moisture from the air, and runs to
water, and it requires twenty, times its
weight of water to dissolve it Alcohol
and ether dissolve it in all proportions,
and acetic acid is a better solvent than
water. Concentrated solutions act power
fully on the skin, turning it white and
afterwards red brewn, and the spots after
wards peel off. GeUuin and albumen are
precipitated by it, end this property has
suggested its use in tanning, it is a dan
gerous poison ; a few drops will kill a dog,
and plants are tt once destroyed by a weak
aqueous solution.
Range recommended carbolic acid for
embalming bodies, and as a disinfectant,
and tried many experiments to show its
value for this purpose ; bat little attention
was bestowed upon his assertions, and it
is only recently that the substance has ob
tained proper recognition from medical
and other authorities.
Extensive use is now made of carbolic
acid to destroy the odor of stables-; a car-
bolate of lime is prepared and sold for this
purpose. As an resect exterminator, lew
agents can be compared with carbolic
add, and it is naturally applied by physi
cians for such cutaneous diseases as are
caused by insect hie. Several cases of
death have b-.en reported in consequence
ot an incautious use lor this purpose.
Three women who bathed themselves with
a sponge with carbolic acid, to cure the
itch, were immediately attacked with diz
ziness, and soon became unconscious.
Two of them subsequently died, and the
lite ot tne other was saved with difficulty.
When used as a wash for men and the
lower animals, it must be taken very weak,
and in small quantities at a time. Dogs
nave been sadly tortured by it, in the vain
hope ol killing Leas.
The odor of carbolic acid is sometimes
disguised by mixiDg it with camphor,
when it is required to keep moths out of
1 urs and clo thin g. n o dou bt the preserva
tive property of coal tar is largely due to
tne presence ot this piwenul agent.
All manner of soaps, ointments, and
even troches, are made with carbolic acid,
which must be used with caution, as the
poisonous character of the acid suggests
at once that it ought not to be tampered
with. A new application of carbolic acid
is proposed nearly every week, and it has
become one of the most important of our
chemical products. Scientific American.
Haste and Health.
- It is not at ell wholesome to be in
hurry. Locomotives have been reported
to have been moved a mile in a minute for
short distances. But locomotives have
often come to grief by such great rapidi
ty. Multitudes in their haste to get rich
are ruined every year. The men who do
things maturely, slowly, deliberately, are
the men who o:tenest succeed in hie.
People who are habitually in a hurry gen
erally have to do things twice over. The
tortoise beat the hare at last. Slow men
seldom fcnoct tneir brains out against a
post. Foot-races aie injurious to health,
as are all forms of competitive exercises;
steady labor in tr.e Held is the best gymna
sium in the world. Either labor or exer
cise carried to exhaustion or prostration,
or even to great tiredness, expressed by
" fagged out," always does more harm than
the previous exercise has done good. All
running up-stairs, running to catch up
with a vehicle or cars, are extremely inju
rious to every age, and sex, and condition
of life. It ought to be the most pressing
necessity which should induce a person
over fifty to run twenty yards. Those live
longest who are deliberate, whose actions
are measured, who never embark in any
enterprise without " sleeping over it," and
who perform all the every day acts of life
with calmness. Quakers are a proverbial
ly calm, quiet people, and Quakers are a
thrifty folk, the world over. Dr. SdU.
Value of Husbands.
Wives sometimes do not value their
husbands as they ought. They not on
frequently learn the value of a good hus
band for the first time by the loss of him.
Yet the husband is the very roof-tree of
the house the corner-stone of the edifice
the key-stone called home. He is the
bread-winner of the family its defense
and its glory the beginning and ending
of the golden chain of life which surrouds
it its controller, law-giver, and its king.
Yet, we say, how frail is that life on which
so much depends. How frail is the life of
the husband and father ! When he is taken
away, who shall fill his place t When he
is sick, what eloemy clouds hover over
the house ? V.'ben hs is dead, what dark
ness, weeping, agony ! Then poverty,
like the murderous assassin, breaks in the
window starvation, like a famishing
wolf, howls et the door. Widowhood is
too often an associate of sackcloth and
ashes. Orphanhood too often means deso
lation and woe. 'Exchange. I
Effect of Treatment on Animals.
Besidis the effect of skill In selection,
good deal lies in the proper treatment of
animals. The best beasts may be spoiled
by bad management.
Docility and quietness of disposition,
which are points of so great importance,
depend greatly on how the animals are
used. A kind and gentle way of treating
them, if uniformly persevered in, has a
magical effect, and there is no doubt that
too little attention is paid to this matter.
Bake well's cattle were noted for their gen
tleness, and this was owing to the uniform
kindness with which he caused them to be
treated. And here there must be selection
also, for temper runs in the blood like
other things. . Animals of a wild and
vicious disposition should not be kept for
breeding, however excellent they may
otherwise be, for there is every chance the
fault will be inherited, and every one
knows what a pest even one wild beast is
in a herd.
The animal nature responds wonder
fully to kind treatment. Every one has
heard of the Arabs and their horses how
these children of the desert excel us in
their usage of these fine creatures, and
how generously the noble steeds answer to
the call of their masters, without the rough
appeal to whip and spur which is too com
mon with us.
Sir Charles Knightley, well known as
a breeder of Short Horns, was still more
celebrated as a brilliant horseman. Ue
had a fimous hunter called Benvolio, the
best he ever rode ; but in the hands of an
other man this horse would, in all proba
bility, have turned out a useless and
vicious brute. The first trial of him
seemed only to show that his most dis
tinguishing characteristic was an ntter
aversion to all sorts of jumping exercise.
Sir Charles took him out alone one
morning, and endeavored to bring him to
reason, but in vain. Stock-still be stood,
and no power on earth could induce him
to take a fence. 11 is rider came home to
luncheon somewhat discouraged but not
disgusted cast down, but not in despair
Afier a glass of Madeira, he brought him
out again, still patient, good-tempered and
persevering. The animal that would have
resisted coercion to death was at length
subdued by kindness, and from that cay
Benvolio became the finest hunter in En
gland. The marvelous feats he performed
with the Baronet on his back are yet re
lated with wonder and admiration. One
spot is pointed out that still goes by the
name of " Knightley's Leap," which de
generate horsemen of modern tunes gaze
at with dismay, declaring that, even on a
second Benvolio, no consideration would
induce them to ride at it. Here then is a
fine instance of what can be done by a
gentle and masterly hand.
Again, there is no doubt that treatment
is of much importance in developing tbe
size and expansibility of the animal frame.
Good shelter, and plenty of food, given
regularly, without intervals of starvation,
have evidently the effect of increasing the
size and early development ot cattle, and
the best breeds can be stunted and spoiled
in course of time by an opposite system of
hunger and exposure. froj. jaimeson.
Sun-Force and Brain Health.
Every intelligent person understands
the effect of cutting off the supply of sun
light from a plant, but very few are aware
how important sun-force is to the subtle
mechanism of brain and nerve, and how
terribly mischievous is the result of a life
too exclusively confined to houses, shops
and stores.
Recent science has brought to light
series of intensely interesting and extreme
ly significant facts in regard to the action
of the brain, and the invariable connec
tion of this action with the working of
mind, and has also shown that brain action
is largely determined by the influences, di
rect and indirect, of sun-force. Professor
Tyndall has lately expressed the extreme
view of this when he savs that the advo
cates cf natural evolution, or many of
them, " would probably assent to tbe posi
tion that at the present moment all our
philosophy, all our poetry, all our science
and all our art Plato, Shakspeare, New
ton and Raphael are potential in the fires
of the sun." We may pronounce this ex
treme notion monstrous, as Professor Tyn
dall does, but the most conclusive results
ot scientific inquiry put it beyond all
doubt that the force of the sun's influence
plays a chief part in sustaining the life
of the brain, and is too important to
brain health to be neglected without fatal
peril.
The almost miraculous play of the par
ticles of the brain, which constitutes the
life and action of that organ, is very little
understood, except by scientists and those
who pay special attention to science. It
goes on ill or well, and no heed is paid to
causes which affect it, until perhaps the
effects of ignorance become manilest in
complete or partial DreaKoown or tne
mind. At this moment all civilized com
inanities, where a high spirit of enterprise
has long prevailed, are suffering to a most
serious, not to say terrible, extent Irom
brain-deterioration, the result of working
the brain too hard, and of cutting it off
from vivifying influences, chief among
which are the influences of the sun.
We need not enlarge upon the facts to
which study of this subject bears testi
mony. It is more to our purpose here to
point out the practical necessity, for our
men and women who have
chiefly in-door life, especially
that life be one which taxes
the brain, of special attention to
feeding the brain with sun-force, or bath
ing the brain in the solar influences. And
we believe practical experience warrants
tne statement that lor anything like an
adequate result there should be an active
state of the body, while in the sun-bath,
and as much help as may be from the
freshest air and the closest contact of the
feet with the kindly magnetism of the
earth. The fact is that the garden is as
much Eden now as ever it was, and that
work in a garden, nghtly engaged in, is
the surest safeguard to one who needs to
take special care of the health of the brain.
Days in spring when we have a fresh east
wind, a warm sun, and the soil alive with
the new influences of the season, ought
conscientiously to be improved by people
of overtaxed brains, to whom the exercise
and exposure we speak of would be far
more useful than any vacation from labor
in midsummer can be. Thirty days at
this season of the year, judiciously devot
ed to putting body and brain under the in
fluences of sun, and soil, and air, would
do more to renew brain power than all
other means together can do.
remaps some of our readers cannot
command tune for holding such a " pro
tracted meeting" with Nature and Na
ture's Author, to reinvigorate body and
soul for the burden and labor of the year's
worK ; dot u is practicable for most per
sons to devise their way of lift so as to get
out into tne sun ior some moderate exer
cise, and let earth and sun have their
kindly play of subtle forces through the
jaueu system, uilies nardly admit of ir.,
and for-this reason brain workers should
avoid cities as they would a Calcutta Hole.
ISO wors involving severe brain labor can
long prosper in cities, except at the cost
oi using up those engaged in lL if ft
o'clock does not find such workers out in
the country, as a rule, sixty will find
them fit, or nearly fit, for the insane re
treat In the country any bit of out-of-doors
may be made the bads of that keeping of
a garuen wnicn nas so much promise in it
for the wearied worker. The more pleas
ure which can be devised, by creating
beauty, and cultivating an interest in plant
and flower tree, which comes with per
sonal care, the better; but most persons,
if they will only turn themselves out for
this purpose, will find interest enough. A
flower garden serves the purpose most
satisfactorily in most cases, and is more
practicable than any other labor of the
kind. Do not undertake too much : put
your wits to it as well as your hands, and
maKe as mucn ot it as you can is the ad
vice which we believe can be followed
with satisfaction. Chicago Tribune.
The question, does getting'drunk ever
advance one's happiness? would seem to
be put to rest br the Irishman who went
courting while urunk, and was asked what
pleasure he found in whisky. "Oh, Biddy,
it's a trate intirely, to see two of your
swate, purty faces instead of one."
A poor equestrian should always keep
his eye on the mane chance.
KITTY'S CHOICE.
A wbaltht old farmer m Absalom Lee,
lie bad but one daughter, tbe miecbleTont
Kitty;
So fair and so good, and so gentle was the.
That lovers came wooiiitf from country and
city.
The nret aud the boldest to art for her hand.
Was a trimly-dressed dandy, who worshiped
her tin;
She replied, with a smile he could well aDderstand,
" That she married no ape for the sake of his
skin!"
The next was a merchant from business retired.
Rich, eonty and grsff a presuming old tinner:
Young Kitty's fair form and sweet face he ad
mired. And thought to himself, " T can easily win her."
So he showed her Lis palace and made atalutf
bow.
And raid she might live there; but wickedly
then
Kitty told him she'd long made a rash vow,
" K'ot to marry a bear for the sake of Ms den I"
A miser came next ; he was fearless and bold
In claiming his rtetat to fair Kitty's affection;
He said he'd not wnt for a home while his gold
Could pay for a cabin to give her protection.
Half vexed at his boldness, but calmed in a trice.
She curtried, and thanked him, and bliuhingly
then
Deninrely repeated her sae aunt's advice
" Not to marry a hog for the sake of his pen!"
The next was a farmer, youne, bashful and shy;
lie feared the bold wooers who came from tbe
citv;
But the nui-h on his cheek, and the light In bis
eye.
Soon kindled a flime in the bosom of Kitty.
"My life will be one of bard labor," he said,
" But, darling, come share it with me if you
can
" I snppose," she replied, gayly tossing her head,
"I must marry the furm lor the sake of the
Hints on the Use of Draft Horses.
" If a horse cannot lay to his work, and
bend his head down when he desires to
do so, be sure that he is not properly har
nessed." Whenever a horse is employed for the
purpose of drawing any vehicle, it is of
me utmost importance that he should be
able to employ all his strength to advan
tage. Every one, who considers at all,
must acknowledge that if a horse has to do
his work iu a cramped or confined condi
tion, or when he is inconveniently placed
as regards the load, he cannot exert hii
lull power, which is so much loss to his
master; or, if forced to perform a certain
am mnt, that he is obliged to waste a great
deal more of his strength (or muscular
power) than is required, to his own great
pain and injury.
The queaion how to prooerlv attach the
horse to the vehicle is, therefore, one of
tne greatest importance to every master
who wishes to get a proper degree of work
in a fair and rational manner. Yet, from
being unacquainted with the principles,
few examine closely into the practice ; an
immense deal of horse strength is wasted
every day on loads which, if properly at
tached, might have been comfortably
moved with far less trouble, exertion and
pain.
The act of pulling is performed by lean
ing forward, with the weight of the body
against the resistance of the onrvosine
force, and then, by strong movements of
the limbs, keeping up and increasing the
pressure; the weight of the body being of
vuc uuiium importance, as any one may
try by pulling at a rope passiug over one
shoulder, and standing upright all the
time. It will be found that what was be
fore pulled with ease cannot now be moved
at all, or at any rate, only by the most
severe and continued efforts of the limbs.
These muscular movements, exhausting
the strength, try the system violently,
whereas, the body-weight is easily em
plowed without consuming the vital ener
gies.
From the upright position of a man'!
body, he is not fitted to draw loads. If,
therefore, this great difference is perceiv
able with his light frame, how great must
be the waste of strength when the horse
is prevented Irom throwing his whole
weight fairly into to the collar? Yet this
is constantly the case through various
causes.
. First, and, unfortunately, in too many
iub-s, me ciniar i quite unnt ior the ani
mal, a norse collar is, we are sorry to
say, frequently looked upon merely as a
ring for the neck, to which the traces are
to be affixed ; whereas there is no part of
the harness so important and which ought
mj in, bo accurately, now oiten is a little
collar, only fit for a pony, jammed on the
neck of a much larger animal, so that
every pull he makes gives the feeling of
b lauguiauuo, ana mat win, in all proba
bility, cause some fit, if long continued,
besides its liability to gall and wring the
poor animal's shoulder? When this has
taken place the work cannot be fairly per
formed ; and to do it all the anguish of the
poor horse must be indescribable.
Secondly, the horse is often prevented
from throw ing his weight into the e illar
Dy a cnecK-rein a useless and painful in
cumbrance introduced by vanity and re
tained by thoughtlessness amounting to
cruelty. Ask horse-keepers why they use
it, and hardly any one will give the same
answer, although it is generally supposed
by them to be a safeguard in case of stum
bling. The real object with which it was
introduced wi s to make every horse to
which it was applied, however wpfc r
old, or poor, assume the lofty carriage of
mu iiiurougu-oreu norse; and the
tossing of the head, the foam of the
mouth, and the restless agitation of the
body (mute but expressive signs of pain
aud suffering) come, in a little while, not
only to be disregarded, but even to be
looked at with approbation. Fnrtllnntnlv
this vitiated taste is rapidly going out of
msuiuii us uetter lniormation is diffused.
Few of the London cab drivers use the
cnecK-rems, knowing them to be ineon
sistent with proper work ; and when one
is observed it will invariably be found to
be on some poor animal, whose wearied
and haggard appearance is attempted to be
uiguieu Dy mis implement of torture.
1 hirdly, a great cause of unnecessary
pain and labor to many horses, is a neg-
greased. "Some persons may not be
aware, says llieover, in his work on Bi
peds and Quadrupeds, "that the trifling
onvciy ury or wen greased, will cause
twenty miles to take more out of a horse
than forty would in the latter; yet wheels
absolutely screaming from dryness are
often seen, and heard, attached to carts
ana wagons, and thus would the brute in
human form let them scream till he had
reached his iournev's end. or ftnishpri ha
day s work, though his horses were draw
ing from such cause at least one ton in
foui of resistance more than they would
if the defect were attended to."
Men who have loaded carta Anrl rlrivpn
norses ail tneir lives, ought to know hnw
a norse should be worked to his master's
advantage and bis own comfort ; but the
fact is the working men know little and
care less on the subject If that is not so,
how is it that we frequently see the fol
lowing error? A disproportion between
the vehicle and the animal. May not a
person everywhere observe a fault of this
kind ? a little horse staggering iinrtor th
weigui oi s mgn ana neavy cart, which.
U the load be in rear of the axle, nearly
iuio me umuimuaie creature on his legs,
placing him in a position in which it is
impossible he can exert his power at all
favorably ; and, on the other hand, hnw
often is a tall horse sent between the shafts
ot a low gig or cart, pulling the shafts up
wards at a sharp angle? a position just
n 1. 1 1 . i : i v
aa n&muiu miu uisauvantagous, and
wasteful of animal power as that min.
turned oetore. American Stock Journal.
Finery for Babies.
Whes will American mothers show
their good sense and dress their children
plainly? An underskirt is just as useful
entirely plain, as with innumerable tucks
and ruffles? aprons soil just as ouicklv
with all the stitching and ornamenting, as
if without it.
We should avoid all this useless work.
A good sewing machine used to iwrfi-irm
the sewing of plain garments is a valuable
servant My sewing is no severe master
for me, though there are six of us to be
clothed. My children never seem to feel
the need of tucks and ruffles, aud as I join
iiiem ior a laiiiuie iiuiiting spring tlowers,
I am not constantly fretted about their
clothes, for they are of good, substantial
material, not easily torn, aud so plainly
made that if soiled they are very easily
washed and ironed. People say to me
what a healthy, rosy-looking family you
have. I think very few people ever felt
serionslv distressed nt th nlain rimni.
wuj OiltlliO
dress of my children. .
I was very much distressed by one of
the numerous children of a hard-working
mechanic coming to my door, one cold,
rainy day, dressed in ruffled dress and
apron, with shoes unfit for any child to
wear, and asking a pattern for an infant's
tucked dress. 1 told the child to tell its
mother that I never had such an article,
and hoped my good sense would never al
low such a display. Very pretty they are,
but there are so many things to be done
for the sweetcss and most helpless of all
creation, that I should hardly feel justified
in taking the time to make and iron such
a garment
Mothers, try this plan of plain garments,
and see if the little ones are not just as
comfortable, and if you do not find your
labors very much lessened by it
Above all things, try to find time for a
little self-culture, that you may be the
companions and teachers of the tender
years of your children. Cor. JV. T. Tribune.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
An exchange says onions, if planted
near the roots of a rose-tree, will" give a
most excellent scent to the roses.
To be happy, the passions must be
cheerful and giy, not gloomy and melan
choly. A propensity to hope and joy is real
riches ; one to fear and sorrow, real pov
erty. Istisiblb Cement. Insinglass boiled
in spirits of wine will produce a line, trans
parent ceineut, which will unite broken
glass so as to render the fracture almost
imperceptible and perfectly secure.
To Remove Stains To take the stain
of any fruit from any fabric, put the gar
ment in a vessel, pour boiling water over
it, and let it stand till cool, then wash it
and the stain is gone.
Commercial oil or turpentine is said
to be a good antidote to poisoningby phos
phorus. The two substances form a com
pound in the stomach, resembling sperma
cetti, and this can readily be removed from
the system.
Blacking for Ladies' and Chil
dren's SnoKS. Take good black ink,
and mix with dissolved gum arabic. Ap
ply with a brush or sponge. This gives
beautifully new appearance to morocco
shoes that hare become a iitue rusty.
An Orange County (N. Y.) man says,
that by feeding on brewer's slops, many
cows in that county are so drunk the year
round they don't know what kind of milk
.1 IT. .1 . I. . . . 1 . V. - r, n,,.AU
mey give, xic uou b imu& ikci l.ulu
improved by being strained through an
old cow.
Hoo Cholera. Dissolve thoroughly
one pound of copperas in three gallons of
warm water, and apply tne wasn auoui
milk warm to the affected animal, by dip
ping into the solution or rubbing upon it
until the skin is thoroughly wet When
ever the skin of the hog begins to look
rough and scaly, or of a dark red color,
apply the wash immediately. Don't wait
until the mere alarming symptoms (vomit
ing and purging) set in. Apply the wash
every day until the scales are removed.
Wertern liuraL
Chatped Hands. It is said that honey
is an unfailing preventive for chapped
hands. When washing the hands, or
rather having washed them, while they are
still wet, rub on them a little honey, and
then dry them, taking care to leave the
honey on, and not rinse it off before dry
ing the hands. If the hands are sore and
chapped, on the first and second applies
tion the honey will cause pain for about
five minutes, but it used every time tne
hands are washed, the hands never chap.
It is also a cure for irritation on the face
caused by wind and cold weather.
To Destroy Willow Trees. A cor
respondent of the Carolina Farmer says:
Cut through the bark with a light hatchet
or drawing knife about five or six feet
from the irround. Then strip the bark
down to the ground in pieces two or three
inches broad, leaving it fast to tne tree at
the bottom. This can be dose any time
in May. Toward the latter part ot sum
mer, or any time thereafter, the trees may
be cut Some will die previously ; others
will remain green throughout the summer.
But whether dead or alive when cut, the
stumps will never sprout
Sakett Rein. A correspondent of the
(Munfru Gentleman gives a plan for a
simple safety rein, for use on hard-pulling
horses. A common jointed snaffle bit is
used, but on it are placed two loose rings,
not large enough to slip over the ouler
rings on the bit To these loose rings the
eheck pieces of the bridle are fastened,
the outer rings being used only for the
drivinir reins, which pass tcrougu luetu
an 1 are fastened at the top of the head. It
will be seen that pulling on the rein by
the driver, draws the bit up in the mouth,
pressing it against the fork of the lips,
and throws the head up instead of against
the breast. The correspondent says he
has used this contrivance with success for
three Years on a mare which had repeated
ly run away before even with a strong curb
bit
Gunpowder for Borers. btulman
Stockwell, of Lyons, Iowa, says: "It
frequently happens that we nearly destroy
the tree before we can find the borers.
In cae I cannot find him without much
trouble. I make a hole with a small bit as
far ahead as 1 can and nit the no.e oi tne
borer, then put in say a thimbleful of
powder, plug the noie tiie Dorer
has made with moist -dirt or a rag, then
fire the powder with a hot wire, and by
the time the smoke clears up the borer is
dead. It makes no difference whether
he goes up or down, the fire will find and
cook him perfectly. Sometimes it is nec
essary to make a smtll cartridge of paper,
or a goose-quilL I have practiced this
course for some years and have seen no
bad results.
The common practice of throwing saw
dust into the streams on which stw-mius
are situated is reprehensible. It would
not pay to spread it upon a muck swamp,
but upon any sandy land, or light gravelly
loam, deficient in vegetable matter, it
would prove a good dressing, and in time
would show good results It makes good
bedding for animals in stables, it is an ex
cellent absorbent and w.U keep cows
clean even better than straw. It is also a
very light handy article in the hetnery.
The article is merchantable iu cities, and
is auite extensively used upon floors in
eating saloons, and for other purposes. It
is a good substitute lor straw, ana tins is
now worth so much for manufacturing
purposes, in many parts of the country,
that no thrifty farmer can arlord to use it
for bedding. Exchange.
Green Spinach. At the head of that
class of pot herbs commonly called
" greens, stands spinach, admitted to be
the most delicate in texture and acceptable
in flavor. Many like their greens boiled
with meat a treatment that may be well
enough for turnip-tops, cabbage-sprouts,
and the like coarse herbs, but to drench
the delicate and refined spinach in greasy
pot-liquor, is to my notion an out ami sac
rilege. Often, with the best of intentions,
the cook will send spinach to the table
of an olive or nearly brown color, instead
of the dark, pleasing green, which makes
it as welcome to the eye as it is to the
palate. This want of proper color is be
cause the cook does not know one simple
dodge. Always boil spinach in an un
covered pot AVhen the spinach is done.
drain it on a colander, chop it fine, warm
it up with a good lump oi butter, and.
when well heated through, serye. Ameii
can Agriculturist.
House Plants.
To succeed in growing plants in dwell
ings, it is necessary to keep the air around
the plants at a moderate temperature, say
from fifty to sixty degrees, and as moist
as possible, by having the plants stind on
damp moss, sand, or other material that
will all the time be giving off moisture
amongst the leaves.
Any plant havin g leaves large enou A
as the beautiful waxy camelia. the India
rubber plant, century, and others, are
greatly benefited by occasionally sponging
the leaves with water, by which means the
dust that accumulates on them is removed
a fruitful source of trouble to honse
plants. Where sponging is not applica
ble, as with small-leaved sorts, or those of
a wooly or rough surface, a syringing, or,
what is better, aa hour or two in a warm
rain, will have the same effect and be vast
ly beneficial to the health of tha r'.ants
Scientific American
Dangerous Well Water.
It frequently happens that wlla, which
at one time were supplied with pure and
fresh water, in the process of building and
change in population become contaminat
ed with organic matter, having Its fource
in cesspools, outhouses, and the like. A
convenient way of testing whether the
well is subject to external Influences, is to
employ a salt of lithium. For example,
pour into the cesspool a small quantity of
a soluble salt of lithia, and after a few
hours, test the well water to see if any of
the lithia has percolated through the soil
The least trace of lithia can be shown
through the spectroscope, anil a Subter
ranean connection, with the well, at once
determined.
There is nothing more dangerous than
organic matter in drinking water. To
such impurities have been traced many
cases of typhoid fever, cholera, and other
epidemics: and too much caution cannot
therefore be observed in the location of
wells.
The insidious character of water cannot
always be determined by a direct chemical
analysis, and the taste of soft water be
comes more palatable than that of hard,
so that it is better, if possible, to prove a
connection with drains or pools, in order
to frighten persons from using from un
wholesome wells. As lithia is not a
poison, its use for this test can be safely
tried. Scientific American.
Feeding Sheep.
Ae to my resona. for keeping sheep in
so small lots : In the first place, in small
lots each sheep will get its proper share
of grain, etc, 'and in the second place,
you can keep them more quiet All the
room they should have, in my opinion, is
so that they can lie down comfortably and
not crowd each other. One quart of com
per head a day is heavy feed, I admit, but
if they are large, strong wethers, that will
weigh 100 or 110 pounds on an average in
the fall, they will eat it, if the weather is
steady cold. But if it is hot and cold
every few days, they will not eat quite so
much. My theory of feeding sheep is
this, that after you get them well on their
feed, and up to what we term full feed,
the more you can get them to eat, the
faster they will lay on fat My experience
is that if you want to fatten sheep fast
give them all they can eat and digest and
keep them quiet and they will not disap
point you. I claim that you can crowd a
sheep las well as you can a hog, if you
know how to do it We calculate to make
sheep gain from twenty up to twenty-five
pounds per head, live weight, in about 100
or 110 days from the time we put them in
the yards. F. L. Potter, in Country Gen
tleman.
CAUTION! CAUTION! CAUTION!
Unprincipled men are endeavoring in differ
ent parts of the country to palm off upon the
unwary an imitation of Dr. Sage's Catarrh
Remedy, under a similar sounding yet not
identical name. Remember the genuine
is called " Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy," and
of "Dr. Sage's Catarrh Cure," "Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Reliever," or some other similar
sounding name. Also bear in mind that the
genuine has the words " R. V. Pierce. M. D.,
Sole Proprietor, Buffalo, N.Y.," pr'm ted upon
the outside wrapper, and has Dr. Pierce's por
trait, name and address on the government
revenue stamp upon it, which is A positive
GUARANTEE Ot GKNOINBXESS. It is therfore
an easy matter to distinguish the genuine
from the spurious.
The msansED drams, falsely called medi
cines, fold in bar-rooms as "tonics" and
" stomachics " have nothing in common with
Da. Walker's Vinegar Bitters. That fa
moos invigorant does not owe ita stimulating
properties to fiery and adulterated Alcohol,
but to medicinal roots and herbs never here
tofore combined. The effect of the Bitters in
cases of constitutional debility, chronic Indi
gestion, liver complaint and all diseases tend
lug to consumption, is so marvel Ions that ex
cept to those who have felt or witnessed it,
the result seems incredible.
Chapped hands are very common with
those who have their hands much in- water.
A few drops of Johmon't Anodyne Liniment
rubbed over the hands two or three times a
day, will keep them soft and white. Fisher
men, sailors, and others will do well to re
member this.
Tne Timt eays Dr. Walpole has lost his
beautiful chestnut mare. She died suddenly
in harness, it is supposed from Dots or pin
worms. If the Doctor had used Sheridan't
Cavalry Condition Poadtn, be would no
doubt have had his mare to-day they are
death on worms.
Writs to Cobb Brothers, Booksellers,
Chicago, for their new catalogue. It will be
sent to you post paid.
Pbusstno's White Wine Vinegar Is a moat
raperb article for table use. Warranted pure.
The American Builder for May con
tains fully its nanal amount of Interesting and
valuable matter. Especially la it rich in contribu
tions from well known writer. Tbe illustrations
for the month consist of a portrait, which is a
genuine work of art, and a plan of a cottage, with
details, which possesses a practical value to every
body. Published at 151 and 163 Monroe street,
Chicago. Price, $3.00 per year. Send twenty-five
cents for specimen copy.
Quit Drugging.
This is now admitted by the medical profession
as a fundamental principle of healing science. It
is wisely provided by the human economy that
whenever anything is wrong In the physical sys
tem tbe natural lorcea of the body are brought to
bear to expel the disease. The great aim. there
fore, is ta strengthen the natural powers. This
has been kept in view by the skillful compounders
of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, which operates to
give fresh vitality to all the organs of the body.
Tbe effect of this medicine upon tbe stomach, the
liver and the kidneys is prompt and decisive. The
patient who b wise enough to quit drugging and
try the Bitters soon feels aa If he had taken a new
lease of life, and as he continues the use of the ar
ticle, he is overjoyed to find the streams of health
coursing through his frame. It at prepared with
great care, and iu component parts are entirely
vegetable. It is free from the objections so often
urged against preparations of the kind. As a me
dicinal agent it has no equal, while ita pleasing
flavor and healthful effects have made It a general
favorite. It is free from all properties calculated
to impair the system, and its operations are at
once mild, soothing ana efficient. All who have
used Hostetter's SLomach Bitten attest its virtues
and commend it.
Even those who are In tbe enjoyment of perfect
healta frequently have need to have recourse to
tnnics ss preventives of disease. We are never
too well armed against the assaults of "the ills
that flesh is heir to. In health or sickness, this
tonic cannot be taken regularly without giving vi
tality and elasticity to the system.
T ..i.4 . tit fi " - - - - - apfe.
in? from a disordered liver, stomach, nervous de
bility, dyrpep"a or liver complaint, suuuiu iry
Pn-v TiLvi' Pain Killer. It seldom fails tO effect
a cure in a very short time. Those troubled with
ague or chills will find it a sovereign remedy.
White Rose Potato
MORE NEARLY BUG PROOF
Thaa muj ther kaewv Tttrlecr.
Rvrrr Farmer shoald secure enoazii thto fprlng to raise
hie teea tor another year. .
Wp hv & ffmflii aoandtr which w wiD irfl for Intro
(taction at 50 cents per pouod by mail, or 95 per peck bj
ex rtresa.
HOVEY Sc OO-,
Wholesale and Retail Seed Warehouse.
37 Muus Ht Chleaa-o.
THE OLD ROOT & KERB DOCTOR.
ContalntatheIndlnRnwdisfcrthe rare of Asthma.
ConulM, Colds, Debility, and all diseases of tM Min.
b'oeu. stomach, bowels, liver, kidneys. Also, the And
dote for every known Poison. A copy laonld be In every
Family. Price, bound In muslin, 30 eta. ; paper, SO ets.-,
sent prepaid bv mall. Artdre-e . w
yo, j. Diauai - '
osity tDrSoc.
urmsiv. nr. H- TAI.LJIAS'S
oolosne; tarnus Cam J ""f,' T?-
ouot mo. ""'""'fiVii;iri:
bllduufbeVSmnl'SWj. Where nS
mJuVJti oi oblnai uPPliat wholesale pneesb,
write tor rr1 list Gds sent Ty expnss. Uaokt,
TOav jjssvnis. Wacoixani.
V'5irtuch keeps narlnz all thf rime. Made by
pie Purer, wmcnT- hTwhITTEMORE.
2.11 S'-E ""ZL's ml 2
f" h Da t tru r a m ifcna mm saaBawsai m m
rn-" g " O 05
3 $ $ $
A Good Spring Tonic!
CT CASES OF GEKERAL DEBILTTT.
A GOOD SUMMER TONIC,
ton errs of
aVjriio or CJliills.
DE. S. 0. EICHAEDSOFS
SHERRY WIHE BITTERS,
Tna cxajEBUATSD
HEW ESOtAND BBBEDI
roa tsi eras ot
Jaundice, Fever and Ague, General Debility,
and all Diseases anslng xrant a iusor
dtred Stomacn, Liver or Bowels.
Kab the fcuowtar from Dr. teener, for many years
the most prominent puyocian and drnsast M tne placet
w . . c-rfr fn Alilo Jnne 31.
fWdme fr-rhvd a lot ofTr 8.
son's Sberry Wine Bitters to sell oo coninilsslwi. TJT
are all sold: and your farther supply of three d.eo Just
recelTHl. I think 1 shsll wd more f-on, as UVy arcln
food demapd and hii-hly praised bv sufferers Irom InOiges-
UUn, uyepepsia ann liver cuwihsuu..
r'TEru'ISKPR.M.D.
J. Pf. HARKI9 & CO.,
Sola Proprietors,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
For Sale by
TTTLPR. mcfl flTXEB. ..CWemao, fiL
RICIIAUDSO.V CO St. Loua M
JI NKEKMAXS H.tSS, Diibanarf, low.
GHKKNK BUTTON,. Milwaukee, Wis.
KOYE4 BUUb St Psnl. Minn.
THEA-NECTAR
is a rrM
BLACK TEA
wtfli the Tri FUiwr. War
ranted to suit ail ts.-rrs. Ar Ml
wrtvhere. And Kr sale wlw .U
SHleonlv hv the llrrnt Atlan
tic ml Pacific Tea t'e.. S
Chnn-ii SU .V i ork. P. . Box
540tt. fiend kjr Thea-SectM
Circular.
A CIRCULAR !
Of Interest to everybody m the country, will be sent
FREE on Immediate application to
II. X. IlEHPSTED,
ntiiwmakee. Wiacoaataw
' 1 -- -r"- - 1
IW VI STOR9 who wish to tales out Letters Patent
are advised tocounsel with the Editors of the Scustific
Avckica. who have prosecuted claims before ne Patent
nttiM. f. j- .1.1 VHnL Their American and fcurooean Patent
Avency ts lite most extensive In the u-orM. t harzes less
than any olbcr reliable agency. A pamphlet with lull
fcbttrocnoos to ffiTentorsM sent Brain. AiHiraw
MUHIi Sc CO 37 Park Raw, Kawt Tark.
THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN !
A stictean pace weekly demted to M bchaictcw, M.irr
TAfTCKW, lNVatXTIOX, CHZMU-TKT. EN4.IHBMIXO,
AscniTicmi and Pom. a Sciencs. Kull ot nplen-
tit Ennmiiga. lerma, fj.uu a year, opecuueu uuui-
DW Kail irv-. AtKirats, . ,
M CNN & CO- 37 Prfc Row, H. T.
AGETTJ WAITED JJpS OF
Jefferson Davis.
The mndovkT, Ohio, Re-rUtcr, nw of the
ftnuncbeat lirjHiUirain piitarra, tttyt,: "U rombtne in
one miMWut volume, all tint! can b ttnll on th: SoutlKni
Side; and If we wislwtl 10 mpwi one book giving tlie
&outhrn view of tlie ?reai Mruele in vteoruu! style an1
compact form land every itu(ia,t of hiMonr annuM have
such a book), we iihoafd huv AltrirniVs Life of
Davis, The book to readable thpHilMmt, aud many
portions are abworbincly inUTestin-r." V. F. LST,
PuUi&lier, as tt Fourth Street, CtnctnnatL, U. .
lira VTVn ImmevtiitstT . MO APTTtf" lor tnnr tnvrn-
l V Loo In jrreat de m:uTt at 15 cent-, givinir nT cent.
profit, sample aenu nuuu jlwli Atitiiuotu
Alaioen,
MERCHANT'S
GARBLING OIL
13 GOOD FOB
Ttitrn and Scaidt.
fiprai awf Bruited
Cftippert Httmiit,
Fl" WnUMiU,
Frml Bit,
Rrttmnl Pntm,
Nrliul OwU
lintXtnf AU Kindt,
Siff'tiM. Ringbone,
Prttlril,
Bila of Antmal Thaeota,
TooUutcAe, tc, tc.
Mmorrlumf of Pile,
H"re Atopfe-,
Oief kmif,
isfNi, Manor,
.-rnfc-Ar, or Grrtv.
ISrringhnlt, WindguUt,
ommtered feet,
Vmctrt HreU.
mot Hi in Stiff,
Jtoup in PoHUry,
Loan Buck, tc bc
Urge SIze.tl.00; Sedlaaa,50e.; Small, 5c
The GarcUncOn has been rn use ss a Lmtment for I
thlrty-euht vears. All wc ask is a air tnai, but I
ne sare ami lotlow Ulrecuons.
Ask your nearest druasist or dealer In patent
medicine, lor one of our Almanacs and Vaue
Mecuma, and read wbat the jxoftt aay about the
Oil
The GanrTlne Oil Is for sale by an respectable
dealers throughout the CnUt UlaU sad oiker
OoHntrie. .
ur UHtnHmkU date fmen 1SS8 to the present and
are mnmiiriiM. Use the dorating 04, and led your
neighbors what roodlt has done.
We dad fnir and liberal with all, and defv rontra-
diction, it rmjor an Almanac or uxx book.
Manufactured at Lociport, IT.
MERCHANT'S
G1EGLOG OIL C031PAYT,
JOH5 HODGE, See'y.
CUT THIS OUT
And send twenty -five cents far a ticket, and get a
Watch, Sewing Machine, Piano,
or some article of value. Six tickets for ai.Ou. Jo Moats,
Addraat .FACKAliU CO,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
HKPARKERJS'GUMr
Se--.foiTP .. . "P3rr. '!?
tart ed agf-wt. ! ?;
au lh celebrated BOME buol himiiuio
MACHLNK. Has the under-flat, makes tna
I . . l ... m .i.irA am KAth slrt.a.1 and ta full
' t K.t and eheanest lamllr eew
"locm mncA (Siixa hdwdiiu-i.iwivwih.,
UcenKtl. Tha beat and cheapest lamlly eew
Address JOHN.
SON, CLARK A CO, Boston. h.,l
bnxah. Pa Chleace. Ill-or St. tools. M.
Pitts
REDUCTION OF P1UCES
To conform to
REDUCTION Or DUTIES.
Great Sa.vla ta Cesmamera ky ettl mm
Ciabs.
tr Send Ihr our w,w Wee Lbt snd a Clnh jrm wffl
accompany It containing full directions, inaklnif a 'ante
Mvinett consumers awl remunerative to club orgatuzara.
THX GREAT AXEBICAX TEA CO.,
P.O. Bex 5643. 31 and 33 Vtsey St, Hew Tort
UILDIN& PAPER
OP THREE KHS.
taeredshi:a THING.
Forontside ol feioddirar. under Claphoards. " A
DuoMMliietorofrold.hentandrtamnne. tosts
bat a few dollars to cover a honse, thus making
U Aia-Tjoa-r.
PBEPABED PLASTEKNO B0AB.D.
A cheap and perfect substitute tie huh and plas
ter: makes a smooth, warm and permanent
waU, at less than naif the usual cost.
DOUBLE THICK E00 FINS
and Qoartt Cement make a fnod water and
and are-proof roof for tea than 3 per square.
rr SamDles and circular, with prices, cost per square
yard, c sent free to any address.
BOCK K.IVER PAPER CO
73 Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
P. 8.-Please say to what paper you saw this advt
FRAGRANT SAPOLIEHE
Cleans Kid Gloves and all ktnds of Cloths and eMhlnsr; re
moves Paint, Greaae, T it, ax, initnnttm, wttliout the least
Inlnrv to the finest fnbric. Sold by Prrcnri-t and Fancy
Soodadcalers. FBAGRAST. BAPOUESF. CO,
S3 Barclay 8t, Si ew York, 46 LaSaJle si, ( h-cno
- DUTCHER'S LICHTNINC
PLY KILLER
. 4,.
DEAD.
SHOT
fori BED HUGS.
Try them and Sleep lr Peace ?
FASmSS, MT.CHAW7C9 WORKERS
Can mute 50 ta 150 per month, with
THE VE1R OF BATTLES,
And our Maps. Pictures end Chromos.
Gorscsicis's ariH Sook asto iut fiocas. CmcasOk
Sri f
WHMWRITISOTO ADVERTISERS
please say yea saw Ike AaTertiaf at la
this aaaer. jaaJi .
H. Hm
Hallway's Ready Belief
CUKES i ui ttuna'i' raus
Im from One) to Twenty Minute.
NOT ORE HOUR
after mlinn this tidvertiement need any one
hlTKKls ITH rUi.
EAEWAT3 fciADY KKLIKF IS A CUBE FOB
tVTHV PAIN.
It was ll first and l
THE Mil PAIN KETIF.DY
that instantly stop the mont eYcmeiatinff pains, alBtys
InuammalionH, and cures Cotit-i.tior.s, wh-tli-r f tlie
Lun::, ;.mitii, ISuwow, cr oUiar Uii or oi"ius, by oao
Wiki?ROM OXF. TO TWKVl'T MTYCTF.S.
no matter hoar violent or excrucwtinir the pain the liHKr
MATI1C. Hed-rviiU-n, Inllrm, Crippl"!. iitnous, l.eurr
gfc, or prostrated with disease may uner,
Badway's Ready Belief will afford Iastiat Aid.
inpiminattrm of tht Klthftn, Infammnum of W
Jji'itLtrt. InfiimHvrnnii of tlie B'lwit. I o't!n of
Ike .,.. Snr Tkrora, Ultra, brnaku.il. Put
pUiil inn of the Jraj t, Hs'lrrk "iou. Ipa
liirri,''at'trrj. htlfnzu, JltfUt'-he aiul
jwthitrhe. X'nmUna. HheHiintu,
iUd t'AWis and A'jiie rttM.
TheappllMtioo of the Ready Keller to the part or
parts w liars the pain or ditticuity exists w ill slforU euac and
cotntoTT.
r... 1 r,. , , (.iflh , IT
Tr.i.rtpmshiMildrtls-vsearrya bottv of Radway sj
Ready Relief wlihiiietu. Afcw drops in water will
pmreiil sleknosorpaiii l'r-mch:in-reof wr'tcr. It la better
thou 1 rumh Hrantlv or UtUers as s sUniulant.
FEVER AND AGUE.
V K K A X D AG ' K rnxrrl for M y cents. There Is not s
remedml :;ent In this world tli:tt rvillcure Feverand Amie
and allotlu? Malar!.' ns, BikHn,tlrl"t, Trphotil, Yellow,
and other Fevers i aiitil 1t K lira'A Y'S F1LL4I so im k
asKADWAl 8 UK.UY"iikXIKF. FlJly cents per ooul
DR. R.IDWIT'S
SARSAPAR1LLIAN RESOLVENT,
Th-B Groat Blood Purifier.
Efirry strop of ftv SARAPAKILLIAX RESOLVKN V
frimmitnirat'tt iliroitrli ilw iUKxt. hwrat. Trine, ami o.htt
fliiifte hthI j'liw of .he mwtem. the tuinr afli ?, fir it n
jvtirhtlic ww.it of tr hotiy with new ami if uil materiU--TotV,
S'piiti, Vnumnmptitm frHti ntttrr dimit, l't
cert in tAetAnxa ,mtt ftoutt. Tumor-, Xo1in rlauim
and othsr pirtn of th jtm. Sort fi-jr. Mrnorn
cAftrffr' fmnillM E'r andi 'A vrtrM fornm of bkindt
fc'rw"', V--r tiorft, S aid MtnUL'ini HVjrwr,
frut Rheum, &rffiprit,A4-ne, Hhn-k Spa. B in
7.et Tmunrs t'lturr.-itin thA U'.'nik. anlltll trrtmkmiHH
and pit i Oil fi-A'i.Ytr, Stbt AVfrrt. 7 w uf Spermatid
ttu rotMf of me Ufa pn i)", ur
rttnrtr of thi trtmtUr of Ult-rn Ciatry. ami n jft
ffruV uje rillpi-nrvio any ivmn vMit'j itJ'"T etfier nf
iitt'-e fiiTitt Of' (ti '' if pr n t l'r-r Ut Hietlnm.
If Uk iKttW-hL sliiily butumnncri'iiiui'tl by U wiwtMiiiiffl
dromi-'t-'.tion llutt in continually p: xrn!tii. niM.tTwb.iii
jure-Jt mt Utte wjrtt, mwi rentitr tt,e -vtme with new niv
lertU m.a'fc'fmm c iieilihv b.-l utl thin the SAli
bAiVIULLIAS wilimnildoiierai cttre is certaiu;
Hr, wliffloravlhi9nmie'lTrminw-t-slt'orlc of pi-rirt-cuU(iu-wdHiHTeiUindirn!nl.-riinjtlie
.nun of wast itn
rrmirn will be nipii,and evwv da v the patient will hini-
petite ini'mviri at id il-i-li and weiirlif lm;reaiiii.ir.
Notonlv il-ie- tlie 8arpakiXsLIas IiiOLioiT rrrri
a!lluiownrernel!;d,n'Hintht'iire of Chronic, Scrotn
kHi.4')iLfUiitiHialSidbiaa tliseuBt; but it la tLo uuly
punitive t un' lir
Kidney and Blnodrr Complaints
TrlnnrT and Womb di-H-.is-, Gravel, iJiiihefea, Propfiy.
H'.pjBtL-e'rt" Water. lm-uuiiieieee.tTr:rw Bris.u's ln-ie,
Alltuiniiiuria, and in tail c- wbere tUc.-e am brl k-diwt
dIxw-'M,.rt..ew;4tT is tlmic, ciuodv, iuixed with anb
maiKtu like lite wiuie "f aue"j, or threiuU (ike white silk,
ortlMTeisani-rbi(l,(iark. biliott apf?;iran-e, ami white
hneMtrist d.'pntits. mid when llie:-e a prH'KKu; bumin
peibation w hen i.-.in water, aud pain in tine bmaU of tha
B.tck and alon-4 tiie Luiua.
Tamr of Twelve Yenm Growth Carrdhr
lUuiway'o KesolvcBU
Bktebly, Ma.s Jnhr IS. 19f.
D-r. T.mrT-T hare had ovarian Tumor in tne ova-rirandlwei-.
A'l i tie doctors .d Uiere wan no euro
fur it." 1 trxHl evervtliitiiC that w: rwummemted: but
nothing lflped me. saw vwr IiWolvcnt, and thonirht I
would trv it; twihad nu faith in it becatw; I had sutfemt
W twehvin. I hwih fix lnleof the Ke-olveni, and
one box ofliilwavi Pill, and two bott'-s of your Keady
Ui liof; natl thiTu U int a suy i of tumor to be seen or li lt,
and I (eel latter, snuirter. and liappitT than 1 have lot
twelve yvar. The worst tnrn- r wsis in tle It-It Rido of tlie
bowt-Kovur the min. I write thi. to von lor Uia beneus
ol oilus. You van publiah it if yon chxe.
HANNAH P. KS&FP.
Alf IMPORTANT LETTER
from a prominent i:t .ii.-nuui aud nident ot CirrtnTiatf.
Ohio, for tht'iM-t irty vi-an well known to the book pol
li&Uera tiirwuiul Hie L in ted States:
Nkw Yokx. Oct llth, 1870.
Pk. Radwat TimrSir: I nin imltn-ed by a sense of
doty to titeMUllVTiru; toni;ikea brwt surenTit of Ue wtrfc
pof vouriiht!itii.eonniy!i!f. For several yeara I had
been atToeted with .tne trvuite In the bladder and arinary
oraas, which n.:nt twelve months ao culminated in a
iiwtt UrriiHy anVctins: dln-vage, which the phvsicians all
tviid was ajx-osuuic stricture in the Ui-etlia, as al.-o ini!ruii
m:t(in of the kidneys and bladder, and pave it as Uku
opinion that my aue Wi years would prevent my ever
cettiruc rwlicaily cured. I had tried a number of physi
cuiiLsand liad tafcm alarm Quantity of medicine, bo'h al
lojuihic and hhnitBopathtc, nut had pot no rtiicC Iliad
readot ataHii.-.hin cures bavin;; been made by your reme
dies; and me four months ago I read a not ice lntliephit
adetihla Sttunliy Kfniwi iot ot a cure haviw; been
injected on anern who hail Ion 2 been riiB-tiius I had
been. 1 went riht off and trt .me of e;cti your Sarsak
parillian li-solvi-tr, lUtniy Kchei; and I-siihitin Pills
andcoiiiiiHri'-ed taiviiv ihenn In three days 1 waa greatly
relieved, and now leeia- well as ever.
C. W. J AiKS, Cincinnati, Ohio.
D3. RAD WAT'S PERFECT PURGATIVE PIUS,
perlectiy tasu-K-ss elegrmtly coated wuubweet zum, punce,
rcinilaie, purify, cleanse and strentlicn. Iiad way's Pills,
fcr tin cure of 'ail disorders of the Stomach, Liver, Bowels,
Kitlnev-, ItUdder, Nervous Dis.-ais lleadiirlie, t'onstipii
Loo,t.r.riveies indexes tion, Oy wia, IJiliousot, Itil
iiKis Fever, lnrlaniiu.Uitn of Uie Bow ls Piles, and ail Do
rasuruientsof the internal Vi-ctr. V .imuUtl to efiect
pocitave cure. Purely Vt-cet:die, contaiiaui), no mercury,
in:n?r.Us, or deleterious drius.
XT UiTve t), ,! tow ini (rymptoms fettlting from
Dw;rder of iiie Uvjestive Onptrw:
Constipad'tn, Inward Piles, It uilTress of tne Blood m the
Head, Andity of the Stomach, Nanca, Heartburn, lzust
oi Kotxt, r'uilnessor Weight iu Hie bt.-nuM h, iSour Krw't
tious bulking or Flmrcrmir at the of tbe Stomach.
A frwdtWH of RADWAY'5 PiLLS will free tlie system
lr-m all the ataove-iuined dt.rdtxa. Price, cents per
bx- .U ISY !H:l (.GrTS.
l;KAI) FALSK AND Thl'E." Sertdoijelettewrtanip.
tn 1,IWAY & 0 No. o7 Maiden Lane, New York,
luionuatioa worth UiuUttand w ill be sent you.
k GREAT fr.EDICAL DISCOVER.
BI1XIOHS Sear TatanaT ta taeir
W.ndrrtal Carmtlve Effect-,
im. WALKER'S ClUFOBVIjk
Ther tire ot wile FANCY DRINK.
Hade of Poor Ram Whiskey, Proof Spirits
and Refuse Uqaor doctored, spiced and sweet
ened to please the taste, called 44 Tonics," Appeti
era," -Eestorers," c, that lead the tippler oa to
drnnkenneas and rain, but are a tne Medicine, made
from the Native Roots and Herbs of California, freo
from all Alcoholic Stimalaata. They are the
GREAT BLOOD PfRIFIEIt and A LIFB
GIVING PRINCIPLE perfect Renovator and
InTitrorator of the System, carrying" off all poisonooa
Blatter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
No person eaa take these Bitters accord in to direc
tions and remain long anwell, provided their bonea
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and the vital organs wasted beyond the poipt of re
pair. Ther area Geatle Paraatiwo aa well sis
Toaic, possessing also, the peculiar merit of acting
mi a powerful agent tat relieving Congestion or Inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOR. FEMALE COMPLAINTS whether in
young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters hava
ne equal.
For Iaflansaatory mad Chronic Rheasna
rleas aad Goat Dyspepsia or Iadiaeatioo
Billoaa. Resaittent aad Iatermiuent Fewer,
Dtaeaaea of the Blood, Liver, Kidneys, aad
Bladder, these Bitters have been most successful.
Sack Diaeaora are caused by Vitiated Blood,
which J generally produced by derangement of tto
Dlgeative Organ a.
rv aii it Paa I a ni? TXTlTnTTTON. Head
ache. Pam in the fihoutdrn. Loughs, i ihiuens of the
Chest, Uizziness, SoHr nrctton3 of the Stomach,
Ba taste In the Month. Blilona Attacka. PalDlratloB
of the Heart, Inflammation of the Lnnk. Pui In the
regions of the Kidneva, and a hundred; other painful
symptoms, are the oiiapriiis of U apepaia.
ThevtnviiTorate the Stomach and itlmulate the tor
pid liver aud bowehi, which render them of nnenae !
eificscy In cleansing the blood of all imparities, and
imparting new Uie and igor to the wholesy stem,
vn R KT T.TSR A iF.4. Fmntions. Tetter. Salt
Bhewiu. BlotclM-ftpois, Pimptea, Pustule. Boils, Car
buncles, King-Worms, Scald-Head, Sore Kves. Krysip
elas. Itch, Bcnrfr. Discoloration of the Skin, Hnn.ors
and Diseases of the bkln, or whatever name or nature,
are literailv diir ud and curried out f the system in a
thort time bv the nw of these BitterS. one bottle Ira
such rases will con vine the oio( incredulous of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever von find Ita
tropurtt'es bursting through the skin in Pimple. Erup
tions or Sores, cleanse it when you find it obstructed
and 8lii:ih in the veins; cleanse it when It in foul, and
your feeling will tell you when. Keep the blood pure
and the health of the system w 111 follow.
PI V. TAPE, and other WORMS, lurkln-r in the
svHtem of so many thousand, are eilectually destroy
ed and removed. Tor full directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed In four lan.
guages r.najlifOi, Oennan, French and bpaniah.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. B. H. McDONALD A CO
Druggists and Gen. Agents, San Francisco, CaL,and
S2 and St Commerce Street, New York.
lOU BT ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALEKA,
S CClools.
FIRE
ITT!, Faricaesmt ParaaleCAPS,
ilI LT S, Ac. or wrti u "
old nianulac!' . 14-i (rann ft H.a.
fiswN -A a isls. Si "il Kir C imilan.
C AIRS a 4 BK'J, Successors I ) U. T. btaTACAT-.
si Ri, 4 R. bow made m 10 hours, without drugs
J ParJeUars 10 cenU. r. Saaa, Cromwell, Conn.
$100,000.
M i ff ri HOW TO OBTAIX IT I
'x4 ramphlstof twetve pas, jlTine the in.
(H l 4 ft as Ihrmauon a tu-b Is mlo-iMe to (tut man.
I M'w' wmpan awl clill in L'. S WU1 &e sect
i nw, by adilreasms
aw Mr. n ti.i.r
F.O.EoxKCliicago.
AGENTS! BEAD THIS!
WE WTf.L PAY AHET A SALARY
of30 Bw-r week and eiienseaoT allow ala--
comaiJsaion, to sell our new wonderful Inventions. Ad
III I IM. au mm w-, jiMiamati, aaua.44.

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