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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, May 19, 1871, Image 4

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Locks and Keys.
WiTEfcll the progress that has been
maae oj Eociety lor its own protection,
there has never yet, in all probability, been
invented a loot that could not be picked
or a key that could not be duplicated. In
fact, it is doubtful -whether we have made
so very much progress over the ancients,
according to the researches of a writer in
Chamber? MiseeUany. As thieving is the
nm recorded su in human story, it is Dut
reasonable to suppose that devices for the
protection of movable treasure employed
at a very early age the ingenuity of the
craftsman. lit all probability, Tubal Cain,
the inspired artificer in brass andiron, was
the first locksmith who excited the pro
verbial hilarity ot (J lipid; but it is pretty
clear that, in a very remote age, the lock
smith's craft had become renowned for its
ingenuity and skilL In the book of Xe
hemiah, Solomon's song, and other parts
of holy writ, are allusions to locks and
keys, bat they afford little indication of
we character of the articles then in use.
ine most ancient lock ot wju;h we
have any descriptive evidence is one sculp'
tured in detail on a marble slab found
among the ruins of the great temple of
iamac. This lock represented those m
use more than forty centuries ago, and its
construction was thus described by the
discoverer of the relic: A staple was
nzea to tne side ot tne door, a bolt at a
right angle with it, three loose pins in the
upper part of the staple dropping into
three consecutive holes, so as to fasten the
door when the bolt was pushed to its full
extent The key (a straight piece of wood ),
having at one end three pegs, correspond
ing in position with the movable pins or
lumbers in tne lock, was inserted length
wise through the hole formed in the bolt ;
and then the pegs in the key correspond
ing with the vertical holes ia the bolt into
which the movable pins of the lock had
dropped, raised the pins level with the top
side of the bolt, thus disengaging the
movable pins, and allowing it to move
DacKwara ana forward, fastening or un
fastening the lock. Kone but the right
key could open the lock, owing to the va
riation ot the movable pins. In its lead
ing principles, this lock has proved to be
me foundation of most of the inventions
in recent times.
The earliest keys were curved in shape
and of prodigious size. The poet A rat us,
in ms description ot tne constellation
Cassiopeia, states that in shape it resem
Dies a Key, we stars to the north com
posing the curved part, and those to the
south the handle. Ariston,in his "An-
tholgia, applies to a key an epithet signi
fying one that is much bent According
u justawius, wese keys were sickle
shaped ; and some notion of their size is
conveyed by Callimachus in his " Hymn
o ueres, - wnere the priestess ot JNicippe
is described as carrying a key Muperhuma
lent. Homer's allusion to the lock and key
of Penelope's wardrobe is better known.
.rope thus renders the passage:
A brazen key she held: the handle tamed,
With steel and polished ivory adorned;
The bolt, obedient to the silken string.
Forsakes the stanle as she Dnlls the rintr:
The wards, respondent to the key. turned round;
ine oars ny naca, tne nying valves resound:
Load as a ball makes hill and valley ring.
Bo roared the lock when it released the spring
Pliny and Polydore Vireil ascribe the in
vention of keys to Theodore of Samoa;
dui wis is reiuiea Dy otner authors, who
mention these articles as having been in
use peiore we siege of Troy.
Another ancient lock, in which the se
curity is obtained by levers or tumblers, is
of Chinese invention. Mr. Chubb has in
possession a lock of this description, made
euurviy oi wooa, and, aiwougn many cen
turies old, it is founded on exactly the
same principle as the modern Bramah
lock, having " sliders or tumblers of differ-
ent lengths," which cannot be opened nn-
less raised simultaneously to a naxtiralar
height Some authorities consider the age
of this lock as remote as the time of Con-
"fucius. Some idea of the ingenuity of
this invention is afforded by the fact that
a ioc a ot nve sliders or tumblers admits
of 3,000 variations, while one of eight will
iiave no less wan I.'JSo.iHil) changes ;" or,
in other words, that number of attempts
at making a key or picking it may be
made before the lock can be opened.
Latch-keys the terror of Mrs. Caudle
were made as early as the sixteenth cen
tury, and the oldest specimens had a cross
inserted in the center of the bow. This
was a very common ornament in the an
cient keys, and was doubtless due to the
superstitious belief in the power of these
articles to influence the inhabitants of the
spirit world. Mr. Fairholt favors us with
a note on the ornamentation of keys in
We seventeenth century. " They were.
he tells us, in many cases as elaborately
uowiawai as uie articles ior wnicn we
locks were intended, including even the
most magnificent cabinets of the middle
ages.'
The history of locks and keys supplies
an interesting chapter in the curiosities of
intervention. Mark Scaliot a smith of
Elizabeth s time, is reported to have made
a lock consisting of 11 pieces of iron, steel
and brass, all of which, with a pipe-key,
weighed only two grains of gold. The
ingenious Marquis of Worcester includes
in his Centum of Inventions several won
ders in the shape of locks and kevs. A
little triangle-screwed key, not weighings
shilling, yet capable and strong enough to
bolt and unbolt round about a great chest
aw Doiis through &u staples, two in each,
with a direct contrary motion, and as many
more from both sides and ends, and at the
self-same time shall fasten it to a place be
yond a man's natural strength to take it
away; ana in one and we same turn both
locketh and openeth it" Such was one
invention of this prolific mechanical
genius. Here is another, equally remark
able in its way ; "An escutcheon for a lock,
with these properties : The owner (through
a woman) may, with her delicate hand,
vary the ways of coming to open the lock
ten millions of times beyond the knowl
edge of the smith that made it, or of me
who invented it If a stranger open it it
setteth an alarm agoing, which the stranger
cannot stop from running out and, besides,
though none should be within hearing,
yet it catcheth his hand as a trap doth a
fox, and though far from maiming him,
yet it leaveth such a mark behind it as will
discover him if suspected ; the esccutcheon
or lock plainly showing what moneys he
nam uuten out, oi we dox to a larwing,
and how many times opened since the
owner has been in it" Quaint and in
genious as are those two contrivances, they
are eclipsed by our third and last quota
tion from the note-book of the inventive
peer. Padlocks were almost from time
immemorial made for securing iron
" bridles," formerly fastened on the mouths
of scolds. Many of these locks were curi
ous enough, but his lordship of Worcester
ecupsed an previous enorts in Wis direc
tion by an instrument whioh in his quaint
way ne termed we untoowsome pear.
iie inns aescnoes it: A little ball in
the shape of a plum or pear being dex
terously conveyed or forced into a body's
mouth, snail presently shoot forth such
and so many bolts of each side and at
both ends, as without the owner's key can
neither be opened or filed off, being made
of tempered steel, and as effectually locked
as an iron chest" Dr. Plot the historian
ot btanordshire, refers to locks made in
complicated suites in that country two
centuries ago. He also says that locks
were made with chimes in them, playing
-i? - . -i . . . .
tu vers quaint ana wonoenui tunes When
ever opened. What effect this music
would have upon the burglar is not easy
to imagine.
The lock attained the acme of its celeb
brity during the great exhibition of 1851 ;
but it proved to be the presage of its sud
den fall. Mr. Bramah had for many years
exhibited a lock in his shop window in
Piccadilly, attached to which was the offer
of a reward of 200 guineas for the invent
or of an instrument to open it Every
body remembers how this boastful chal
lenge was accepted by Hobbs, a young
American mechanic, who had come over
to the world's fair, and how, after ten days
of patient effort he succeeded in dispel
ling the fond dream of an " unpickable
lock." This astonishing feat was the great
event of the exhibition, and it lifted Hobbs
into fame and established a new and suc
cessful era in the production of locks and
keys.
An ingenious locksmith, who has large
faith in Dr. Cummin gs, is troubled at the
prospect of his craft at the dawn- of the
millennium. The lock trade is one of
those numerous industries that thrive
upon the frailties of civilized mankind ;
and it must decay in the golden age, when
the world resembles Longfellow's village
of Acadie, for there
Neither locks bad they to their doors nor ban to
their windows.
Bat their dwellings were open as day and the
neans 01 weir owners.
To the end of the craft however, come
when it may, X doubt not Cupid will re
main the greatest pick-lock in creation,
ior bnaKspeare nag no truer coupict wan
this:
Were fteanrr under rwentv locks kent fast.
Yet Love breaks through and picks them all at
last."
A Useless Character.
Is one of the buildings used for the
Sanitary Fair in New York, some years
since, there was a small fountain with a
little cut ball playing witchingly on toe
sides of its perpendicular jets. While
looking at that ball, the mind would
change from one mood to another, from
delight at the frolics of the little thing, to
wonderment at its many escapes, and from
wonderment to weariness with anxiety for
its fufcty.
Docs not that baa closely resemble
some men we meet in this world? You
say es men who have a great many
unfortunate crossing and diverging cur-
rents to contend with." But, no : not pre
cisely that Say rather, men who suffer
themselves to be the sport of such unfavor
able currents; who, instead of clinging
resolutely to one, are continually making
shifts, and headlong plunges fatal to suc
cess. That ball on the fountain is a good
type of decision of character; a quality
which wastes many a life in nothing but
change and rotation, cps and downs, sky
ward shoots and headlong plunges. It
makes many a person, also, at first a source
of amusement then of anxiety, and finally
oi contempt, as a mere plaything ot cir
cumstances.
You see this in persons of all ages.
Here is a boy who, in that club of boys on
the sidewalk conjuring up a play, makes
the most brilliant propositions, but quick
ly finds in them all insuperable difficulties;
and so, while the others are aching to be
up and playing, and perhaps have already
extemporized a good game, he stands idly
leaning against the fence, thinking what
to play, boon be is growing into man
hood, and the time has come for him to
choose a plan for life; but here again the
same tendencies are seen, tie cannot de
cide; he takes to one thing, then another;
then rests awhile, and thinks of a third.
bo he becomes a man, appropriately titled
bit uncertainty, and he wears we same
title on to eld age. Els peculiar fate, he
thinks, has been to come continually upon
folks in the road, at which the sign-boards
only told where each diverging road would
lead, and not which road was the best one
tor Mr Uncertainty.
Here is a girl : one of those human but
terflies which dart as rapidly from one
piay to another as we butterflies of the
garden from one Cower to another; and
the older she grows the more she confirms
her childhood character. As a young wo
man, her life consists of such countless
waverings between content and discon
tent indefinite wishes and indefinite-deeds,
that an effort to define her mind would be
the greatest task of her life.
This characteristic is a great deformity
to any person. It may arise, however,
from causes which somewhat modify the
censure it brings. For example, it may be
hereditary, r rom unhealthy parents, or
from the marrying of cousins, children
often inherit a certain sluggishness which
at tirst appears only physically, and after
wards also mentally. The unfortunate
heir can hardly be centered, except so far
as he has failed to overcome it Again,
weakness of will may be the result of ed-
ncation. Many parents always decide for
weir children, in every matter, small or
great They never look out into the
world where the young wings will one day
have to fly for themselves, but fondly hope
to carry them always on their own backs,
Thus the child grows up always leaning
on anower wm, ana wnen mat will is lost
his decision is gone.
Indecision sometimes, also, arises from
an unusual versatility of mind, and then it
nas a snaao w or greatness about it A
person has natural ability to turn his hand
to any one of a hundred different pur
suits. In a store or counting-room he sees
the desirable side of mercantile life, and
almost decides to be a merchant He
watches the wonderful ingenuities of the
shop, and almost determines to be a me
chanic. He watches tie stately ship, and
gets up an enthusiasm for sailor life. He
dabbles in science, and declares there
would be nothing for him like becoming
a teacner ot sciences, lie would take true
delight in any one of these, if he could
only hide all the other attractions from
his sight Ho doubt some men are change
able from no other reason than this, and
tor such we cannot ne.p having a respect
Now the main point is that the undecided
man t not fit for anvtiisna. He is uni
versally pronounced " good for nothing,"
nr nt. rwct Tint rrnr f,ir- munti i.il I
or at best "not good for much." And
the reasons are very rlain. If he has no
power of deciding, he is useless where
any decision is required. Everything must
oe aeciaea ior mm. tie can be hands or
feet for another s head, and that is all.
But in reality there is sc arcely any work
in life where some decision is not reouired.
Furthermore, mental indecision increases,
. . : i : . j 7 . . . , i 1 . . . . . ,
uuui uutMxuwt to tue Bouuiesi particulars.
He who habitually hesitates over large af
fairs will come at length to hesitate
habitually over tries. Then, again,
energy is lost by habitual vacillation. If
one has almost adopted two or three other
courses before deciding t pon the present
one, he becomes accustomed to the
thought " it might Lave been otherwise .-"
and that thought as a constant attendant
weakens one s energy. Tne hesitator is
seldom a vigorous man.
V hatever, then, may be the cause of in
decision, it is a disastrous thing. It is a
true deformity. If hereditary, it deserves
chanty, out chanty does not make a per
son fit for life. If it came by defective
education, it may be overcome bv more
careful education, later in life ; but unless
it is, the man is not good for much. If it
comes of too great versatility, or genius,
if you call it so, its victim may well sacri.
fice brilliance for the sake of decision, for
better tar is an ordinary man, who sees the
necessity of doing one thing, and does it
than a genius of the first magnitude.
Advance.
The Triumphs of Old Age.
What is happening to the old men t
According to established precedents they
should retire, give themselves to contem
plation, and leave the busy affairs of life
to a younger race. That ray have been
the practice in ancient times, but in our
day they hold fast to work, and rule the
world right royally. Von Mollke. quite
juvenile at seventy, plans and executes
such a campaign as modern ages have
never witnessed ; his sovereign, tough as
oak at seventy -four, roughs it on the field
as launtiiy as a young lieutenant
Von Koon, the .Prussian War Minister,
older than either the General or King,
directs from Berlin the marshaling of
host and gathering of supplies. Nor are
these wonders confined to the German
side of the controversy. Thiers, at seventy-
nve mts'witn the vivacity of a boy from
one camp to the other, is a negotiator of
peace, and the executive head of the
French Government Gf his associates,
Dufaure, the Minister of Justice, is
seventy-three; GuizoL King Louis Phil
ippe's ex-Minister, though past eighty,
wntes books with as much precision and
force as when he occupied a professor's
chair.
In England, where men are reckoned
young till they are past fifty, splendid ex
amples ot vigorous old age nave not been
wanting. Palmers ton, Lyndhurst and
Brougham, octogenaritns all of them,
led public opinion in Great Britain to the
end of their days, and died in their har
ness. It is said of the first of the three,
that after a field night in the House of
Commons, he would be seen at daylight
walking home at a pace which a young
man could hardly equal. Thos. Carlyle,
over seventy, abates nothing of his intel
lectual vigor, while Lord John Rustell,
though creeping towara eighty, still at
tends the Upper House of Parliament
Our own country, too, famishes us strik
ing instances of hearty old age.
Stewart Drew and vanderout the
money kings of this city, are old men, as
the years are counted, but still hold firmly
in their grasp the great interests which
they control. The grave has just closed
over Dr. Munner, who, nearly naif a cen
tury ago, was famous as a preacher, and
of whom it may be said that to the last
" his eye waxed not dim, nor did his
strength abate."
Physiologists tell as that, with a greater
prevalence of the knowledge of the laws
of health, the world may expect an in
increase of the average duration of human
life. Are we already reaping the fruit of
mis Better knowledge, in the prolongation
01 we vigor of the Human species r The
cases we have given are not of an old age
enfeebled, retired and barely tolerated, but
01 age sou bearing the armor, militant
triumphant One could almost persuade
himself that the golden era is near, and
wese splendid examples are the first to
kens ot its approach. l lie Methodist.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Learning will accumulate wonderfully
u juu ouu a iitue every uay.
: t . . J .. .
Thb oleander is poisonous, both leaves
and bark, but particularly the bark. The
x renen use it lor rat poison.
Halls Journal of Usaltfi says
u t f tUan , doUli dinner
hunA , . '
bolted at a "station.
Happixess. Help others, and vou re
lieve yourself. Go out and drive away
wecioua rrom thai distressed friend
brow, and you will return with a lighter
nean.
It is said that a trace of blood in a nail
of water, so slight as not in the least to
affect the color, can readily be detected by
uie use oi acetate of zinc, the value of
which for this purpose has but recently
otxu discovered oy uunning.
Experiments recently made in Glas
gow have demonstrated that iron bolts ex-
posed to frost cannot stand so great a strain
as those unfrozen. With a gradual strain
the difference in favor of the unfrozen
iron was 2.3 per cent ; with a sudden
strain, 3.6.
Indi an Bread. Take one quart of but
ter-milk, add soda (as for biscuit), one tea
spoonful salt one tablespoonful molasses,
one egg, one-third "shorts," or coarse
flour, and two-thirds corn meal. Stir
thick, steam two hours, and bake one
hour.
Tee use of nitrous oxide gas. savs Dr.
McLaren, in the Edinburgh Medical
Journal, should be avoided in all cases of
disease of the lungs in which the breath
ing is much embarrassed, and when there
is evidence of either serious brain or heart
disease.
John Cabkes writes to the Lima f O.
Gazette to say that potatoes should be
planted with corn, or something that will
shade the potatoes. He says : " The potato-bugs
lay their eggs on the under sWIe
of the leaves, and if the sun does not
shine on the leaves, the eggs cannot
Protection Against Moths. A cor
respondent of the Cabinet Maker gives the
tuuuwmg recipe as one which has kept the
moths out of a furniture warehouse for
ten years past .- Flour of hops, one drachm
owicu suuu, s oz. ; gum camphor, 1 oz
umua pepper, l oz. ; cedar sawdust, 4 oz.
Mix thoroughly, and strew, or put in
pain-re among we goods.
Cokn planted early should not bo cow.
ered so deeply as that planted later in the
season, as, at first we warmth of the sun's
rays has not penetrated deeply, and the
grout, ii covered ueepiy, cannot grow.
Deep covering m cold, wet seasons, it
often the cause of the failure of seed corn
to grow. The same seed planted later in
tne season wm grow with greater cer
tainty. Anybody can soil the reputation of anv
individual, however pure and chaste, bv
uttering a suspicion that his enemies will
Deiieve, and his friends never hear oC
putt of the idle wind can take a million
of the seeds of a thistle, and do a work of
mischief which the husbandman must la
bor long to undo, the particles being too
uue to lie seen, anu loo light to be stopped.
Such are the seeds of slander, so early
sown, so difficult to be gathered up, and
yet so pernicious in their fruits. The slan
derer knows that many a wind will catch
up the plague, and become noisnnnd hv
his insinuations, without ever seeking th
nnuuoie. rto reputation can refute a
sneer, nor any human skill prevent mis-
UlllUl.
It is estimated that 6.000 norjnrla. or
three tons of sugar-beet leaves would be
oDiained from an acre of land. In Enrone
these are either plowed under or fed to
cattle. As they cannot usually, all be fed
fresh, they are salted and nreserved in nits
dug five or six feet deep, on the bottom of
which a layer of two or three inches of
chopped straw is placed ; on this a layer
four or five inches thick of the leaves is
placed, a very small amount of salt being
nseo. xne same alternations are continued
until the mass is two or three feet above
the ground, when it is covered with two
feet of soil. From 60 pounds of fresh
1 im iroo A f nti n.ln ..C , 1 1 . c
leaves 40 pounds of the preserved leaf
is produced.
How to Mix Mustard. MnRtnrrl
should be mixed with water that has been
boiled and allowed to cool ; hot water de
stroys its essential properties, and raw
cold water might cause it to ferment Put
the mustard in a cup, with a small pinch
of salt and mix with it very gradually
sufficient boiled water to make it drop
ii um iuu spoon wiuiout oeing watery.
Stir and mix well and rub the lumps well
down with th ww
properly mixed should be perfectly free
from these. The
be more than half full, or rather less if it
will not be used for a day or two ml the
mustard is so much better when fresh
made. mcchange.
Whitewash. The Counlru
has obtained a recipe for making white
wash used by the Government Light
iiuiujc ooaru, on ngni nouses and fixtures
biase naif a bushel of fresh lime with
boiling water, keeping it covered
the process. Strain it and add a peck of
salt dissolved in warm water, three pounds
of good rice put in boiling water, and
boikd to thin paste: half a nnnnd nf
Spanish whiting, and a nnnnrl nf oloar
glue dissolved in warm water; mix these
wen togewer, ana let them stand for
Beverai days. Keep the wash thus pre
pared in a kettle or portable furnace, and
when used put on as hot as possible, with
pointers or wmiewasn D rushes.
Science and Imagination.
What are scientific exnerimpnta fcnt
uruiiani eiioris OI the lmairin&tion "1
imagine that under such and such circum
stances, such and such will be the case.
don't know.- but I will trv w
this fact more profusely and more con-
vuicuigiy iuusiraiea wan Dy llr. i vndall,
both in his published books and his lec
tures. He amplifies the experience of
otner philosophers, besides inventing ex
periments of his own. He wishes to know
whether pure water be. ss meat neonle
suppose it absolutely colorless. It is so,
as we usually see it in small quantities;
but a very thin stratum of ale is almost as
colorless as a stratum of water. He pours
mumcu water into a arm Ring glass; it
exhibits no trace whatever of color; so he
imagines an experiment to show ns tht
wis pellucid liquid, in sufficient thickness,
has a very decided color.
"Here," he says triumphantly, "is a
tube 15 inches long, placed horizontally,
itends being stopped bv nieces of Tlni
glass. At one end of the tube is an elec
tric lamp, from hich a cylinder of light
will be sent through the tube It
half-filled with water, the upper surface of
wmcn cuts we tuoe m two parts horizon
tally. Thus. I sent half of mv hem
through the air, and half through the
water, and with this lens I intend to nro-
ject a magnificent image of the adjacent
euu oi me tuoe upon wis screen, i on
now see the image, composed of two semi.
circles, one of which is due to the light
which has passed through the water, and
the other to the light which has passed
through the air. Side by side, thus, you
can campare them; and you notice that
while the air semi-circle is a pure white,
the water semi-ciir'e is a light and deli
cate blue-green." The real color of dis
tilled water was ascertained and proved
beyond a doubt AH the Tear Bound,
A gentleman addressing a passionate
love letter to a lady in the same town, ad
ded this curious postscript.- "Please to
send a speedy answer, as I have some bod v
else in my eye."
'I-1.
a
in
to
so
in
Churning Sour Milk.
It is not necessary for milk to become
" sour or thick" before churning, to make
good butter. There is difference of opin
ion among butter makers in regard to the
proper condition of milk best suited for
churning. Some contend that milk but
slightly acid makes the best butter, others
that the milk should be allowed to thicken.
Good butter is made by either plan, if the
milk be good and all the conditions for
keeping it be properly attended to. We
know certain noted butter-makers who in
sist that the best condition of the milk for
churning to get a superior quality of but
ter is when the milk becomes thick and
moist on the top of the cream. Where
this plan is adopted, however, great care
should be taken not to let the milk stand
too long before churning, as in that case
in hot weather it becomes too sour and
the butter will be sour also, and in cold
weather it becomes bitter.
As skillful butter makers make good
butter by churning milk when slightly
acid, and also when it is thick or loppertd,
we are hardly prepared to decide as to the
better system of the two. We hold, how
ever, that the best system of butter-making
is to set the milk where it may le kept at
an even temperature of about 60 for the
cream to rise, and which should be taken
off before the milk sours. The cream then
may be allowed to become slightly acid
before churning. This is the plan usually
adopted by noted butter-makers of this
country and Europe who make an extra
fancy article and obtain for it extreme
prices.
The square box churn, revolving on
axles, is a good churn where power is
used, and some think it quite equal and
even superior to the dash churn. The
dash churn is more extensively used, and
its efficiency in producing a fine quality of
butter has never been questioned by our
best Duttermaners.
In butter-making it is essential to have
good, clean milk, to keep it in a pure at
mosphere, or at least out of the reach of
foul odors holding it at even tempera
tures and getting up the cream quietly.
hen milk is set in vesseis surrounded
with cold spring water the temperature is
more easily controlled, and by getting up
the cream on this plan and churning it in
stead of the milk, there is less liability of
making mishaps and of getting a poor ar
ticle We do not say but that good butter
may be made by other processes, but they
require more skill and watchfulness on
the part of butter-makers and result in less
uniformity of product than the plan
named. Rural New Yorker.
Culture of Onions.
Onions may be grown on any good fri
able soil, free from stones, and put in good
order by previous working, ll is better
not to attempt raising onions on stony
ground, as the stones will increase the
labor of hoeing, and cost more than to pay
a high rent for good land. It should be
well manured, as this crop succeeds best
on an enriched soil. The manure and the
soil should both be free from the seeds of
weeds, as pulling weeds by hand is costly
work. If the previous crop has been
weedy, it should be thoroughly harrowed
many times at intervals, to make clean
soil. Having brought it into a state ol
thorough pulverization, and rolled the sur
face, proceed to plant the seed. This
should be done as early in the spring as
practicable, as early-sown seed always gives
the largest and best crops. A hand marker
should be provided, with teeth about 10 or
12 inches apart The first drills arc made
straight by running this marker by
stretched cord ; the first tooth run in the
last mark will make the others straight
The seed are then sown conveniently,
rapidly and accurately by means of a sow
ing machine or drill. According to the
rule that seeds should not be planted more
than tour or five times as deep as the oi
anicter of the seed, onion seed should not
be covered much over half an mch deep.
The soil should be either rolled or other
wise pressed down over the seed, and if
inclined to be heavy, they will come up
Deuer ii a spnnaiing ot the fine mould is
strewn along the drill. This may seem
like a good deal of labor, but it is much
cheaper to spend a day or two thus, than
to lose halt a crop from gaps and irregu
larities, after working the whole ground
through the season the same as for an en
tire crop. It is important also to have
good fresh seed, from a reliable vender
they may be proved by trying a portion
between the folds of cotton kept wet in a
warm room for two or three days, when
ail good seed will nave sprouted.
If the seeds are placed an inch
or an inch and a half apart in the
drill, they will come up so as to be thin
ned out evenly. At first the thinning
may ne two inches apart, so that every
alternate bilb may be taken up for use
when half grown if desired, leaving the
final plants about four inches apart This
distance is for best soil and best manage
ment; if not quite so good, three inches
distance will do, or even less.
As soon as the young plants show
where the rows are, the hoeing should
commence. T his work should not be
day too late. It will cost n times as
much labor to hoe after the v- ecds are some
inches high as when just peeping at "the
surface, and be a great deal worse for the
crop. It would therefore, be better to hire
man at double wages than delay the
work.
In the vicinity of cities, large crops are
raised from "sets, or small onions grown
from seed the previous year. Poor ground
is selected for these sets, but it must be
finely pulverized. The object is to have
wem grow small, hard and compact and
not rank and succulent If no larger than
peas, all the better. These are taken up
towards the latter part of summer, well
dned, and placed a few inches deep on a
floor, with half a foot of straw over them
for winter. They are set out in'drills early
in spring, on ground prepared like that for
seed, but rather richer or with more fine
clean manure. They may be about three
inches apart in the drills, should be set
rather shallow, with the soil pressed
closely to keep them right side up, and
the whole rolled. Take the same care as
with the crop from seed, to keep the
ground perfuctly clean. These are much
earlier, or fit to harvest at midsummer;
and other garden crops are sown after
them.
It is nsual to skip every seventh drill, to
be left as an alley ; and where the crop is
planted ot "sets, the alley ot every
fourth row is often planted with cabbages,
which take the place of the onions when
they are gathered.
Onions may be grown for many succes
sive years on the same ground, if well ma
nured each year.
ihe best varieties are the following:
Early Dutch or Strasburg, called also Yel
low onion, which is very hardy, keeps
well, and is much employed for " sets."
" .11.. oi.: j iiti , ,
a ne iciiuw orwiiueu or wmtc onion IS
less hardy, but is more delicate, and used
for pickling. The Red Dutch, or Large
rtea uewersneui, is extensively grown in
xsew ungluna for a general late crop.
pcing a good keeper. Potato onions are
very convenient crop, the bulbs of which
are planted early in spring, in rows about
loot apart, and tour inches m the row,
and treated as other onions. They multi
ply by producing young bulbs from the
parent root The Top onion is produced
a similar way at the top of the stalk.
ana mese ouios planted in we same way,
but when grown they are not good keep-
is.
Three hundred bushels per acre is a fair
crop. Country GentUman.
Marl as a Fertilizer.
A cheat Question with some of
farmers is. Does it pay to nse marl as &
fertilizer? A very simple calculation,
based on the experience of some nf nnr
neighboring farmers, will show at once be
yond a doubt that it will pay. It appears
have been used from remote antinnitv
and there are but few soils which are not
benefited by it Marl added to clnv anil
destroys the sticky, waxen consistence
that makes it so difficult to work, and mo
vents the baking and hardening so fatal to
vegetable life. The addition of marl is not
beneficial as an element of plant food
soil, for generally there is enough of
lime for this purpose ; but its good effect is
chiefly owing to the chemical changes it
causes among we substances forming and
existing in the soil. It has long been
known that a mixture of lime soil and or"
ganic matter causes the production of ni-1
trie acid. Such a mixture has been used
to produce saltpetre, which is the nitrate
of potash, where the mixture is lixivated
and the salt crystalized. The same thing
takes place in the earth ; when marl is add
ed to it nitric acid is formed, which com
bines with the alkalies and earths in the
soil, forming nitrates which are all good
fertilizers.
Marl added in small quantities annually
seems from experience to have a better
effect than when put on land heavily at
once. At first it may diminish crops, and
does so invariably when applied in over
doses. On light soils, deficient in vegeta
ble matter, it should be used sparingly.
The richer the soil, the better will prove
the effect of the marl ; the poorer the soil,
the slower and worse the effect It is ow
ing to this cause that marl has been con
demned in many cases, it having been put
upon poor soils, where there was nothing
for it to operate upon. All land should
rest every other year, and so doing it will
grow up in vegetation, which will furnish
sufficient organic matter for the coating of
marl. Cor. Carolina Farmer.
Pleasures of Gardening.
TnE pleasures arising from the the cul
ture of flowers are harmless and pure ; a
streak, a tint a shade, becomes a triumph,
which, though often obtained by chance,
is secured alone by morning care, by even
ing caution, and the vigilance of days. It
is an employment which in its various
grades excludes neither the opulent nor
the indigent; teems with boundless
variety, and affords an unceasing excite
ment to emulation, without contention or
ill will. There is no other pursuit alike
calculated for peer or peasant in which
the distinctions are so trivial, tor we cot
tager may possess and enjoy the same
beauteous rose or fragrant mignonette in
his little plat or his window, that occupies
a place in the garden of the richest The
clear light of heaven, the sweet fresh air,
the verdure of the fields, the delicacy of
form and richness of color with which
bounteous nature supplies ns on every
side, in the almost inexhaustible variety of
her horticultural and floral treasures, are
all sources of the most unalloyed pleas
ure ,- and it is a wise dispensation of the
Giver of all Good, that this gratification
of the senses of sight and smell, whilst
beholding the elegant shape of plants and
inhaling the exquisite perfume or Weir
flowers is an enjoyment within the reach
of all who choose to seek it There are
few surer tests of a happy home within
than the flower-decorated window and
neat-kept garden; and there is no occupa
tion for the leisure hour more calculated
to keep it so, or to soothe the mind. It
yields pleasure without surfeit ; the more
we advance the more eager we pecome.
And how nnlike this is to most of our
worldly engagement Gardeners' 2Iaga-
SlK.
Singing in Families.
Children are delighted with poetry at
early age ; and what is loved in early life
cannot be easily ettaced in later years.
lady informed ns a few days since, that
when a very little girl she had learned
hundreds of hymns and poetical effusions
not of a childish, but of a pure and ele
vated character. This early discipline,
she savs, has been a safeguard to her all
her Hie a preservation against sin and
folly.
Among the German forefathers it was
a common practice, in professedly Chris
tian families, to teach their children hymni
and spiritual songs. The children had
thus useful employment afforded them to
till up the time which would otherwise
have been spent in idleness, if not in
something worse. Frequent repetitions
of them at intervals, prompted to efforts
to connect the poetry with music, and
this gradually led them to acquire a taste
and cultivate a talent for singing. To
this simple practice may be attributed, in
a great degree, the nnely cultivated musi
cat talent ot the German people.
Singing in the family adds greatly to
the interest of devotional exercises, es
pecially among children. It makes the
family altar and home circle a pleasant
place. The influences of vocal music of a
social character have always been very
happy indeed. Show us the family where
good music is cultivated, where the
parents and children are accustomed often
to mingle their voices together in song,
and we will show yon one, in almost
every instance, where peace, harmony and
love prevail, and where the greater vices
1 1 - 1 , T I Tr T - 7.
uuve uu auituug place. nurumcw j vrKcr.
The late Deacon Ebenezer Davii, of
Brookline. was the first who brought
watermelon to sell in Boston. This was
considered worthy of record on canvas,
and bis portrait with a watermelon under
each arm. duly painted by the artht of the
period was paid for by subscription. It
now forms part of a collection in Eng
land.
A new style of ladies' hats is said to
" resemble a pen-wiper with a fringe, said
to be very becoming.
Extensivb Art-Gallekt. Next to the
Bible, no book is more useful than Webster's
Dictionary. The Unabridged is an tite.tivt
ttrt qatltni, containing over three thousand
engravings, representing almost every animal.
insect, reptile, implement plants, etc., which
we know anything about. It is a V-st library,
giving information on almost every mcntiona
ble subject. It indeed has been well remarked
that It is the most remarkable compendium of
human knmtudije in our language. Ikraitnotd
Symptoms Liver Complaint, and of
Some of the Diseases Produced by It.
A sallow or yellow color of skin, or yellow
ish brown spots on face and other parts of
body ; dullness and drowsiness with frequent
headache ; dizziness, bitter or bad tasto in
mouth, dryness of throat and internal heat
palpitation, in many cases a dry teasing
cough, with sore .throat, unsteady appetite,
raising of food, choking sensation in throat
distress, heaviness, or bloated or full feeling
about stomach and sides, puin in sides, back
or breast and about shoulders ; colic pain
and soreness through bowels, with heat
constipation, alternating with frequent at
tacks of diarrhcea ; piles, Catulcnce, nervous
ness, coldness of extremities ; riLsh of blood
to head, with symptoms of apoplexy, numb
ness of limbs, especially at night ; cold chills
alternating with hot flashes, kidney and
urinaiy difficulties; female weakness, dull
ness, low spirits, unsociability and gloomy
forebodings. Only few of above symptoms
likely to be present in any case at one time.
All who use Dr. Pierce's Alt. Ext. or Golden
Medical Discovery for Liver Complaint and
its Complications, arc loud in its praise. Sold
by all first-class Druggists. 07
TnuEsntNd Machines Read the adver
tisement of the " Aultman & Taylor Thresh
er " in another column, and send for tbeir
descriptive price-list. This latLe groin and
time saving Thresher which has attracted so
much attention during the past two or three
years.
Etirt obgan demands sustenance and sup
port from the stomach. If the stomach can
not supply the aliment required, the whole
svstem languishes. To rou'e and regulate
this great supplying organ, there is no prepara
tion ar present Known mat win compare who
Da. walker's Vinegar Kitties: and as
two-tbirds of all hnman ailments originate in
indigestion, it follows, logically, that most of
the diseases that nesh is heir to are curable
at thrir source, by this powerful vegetable
restorative.
Tub all-gone feeling which people some
times speak of, is caused by want of proper
action of tne liver and heart. 1 hese may be
assisted, and the bowels regulated, by I'drvntf
Purgativ Wis in small doses.
Corn and flour are staple articles ; but not
more so than Johtuon's Anodyne Liniment,
where known. It la good for children or
adults, for any internal soreness of the chest
or bowels, and the best Pain Killer prepared,
under whatever name.
Godev's Lady's Book. " Towing the
Prize " is the title of the steel-plate presented to
the subscribers of the Last's Book for Jane. This
is followed by a six-figure colored fasUon-plate,
containing walking dresses, evening dresses, etc. ;
a beautiful wood-cut Illustration of four children
fighting with leaves, and another entitled " The
Lily." In addition to all this the publisher has
been lavish with his wood-cut fashion on the ex
tension sheet and In his deelgns for the work de-
ESlTL.."! - L.-.:Z'7,. Z
he public. "' t
Good for the Schoolmarm.
A lady teacher in Dubuque made tU4
during, two weeks vacation, selling "The
Land of Sacred Mystery," a popular new
work, published by J. A. Stoddard fc Co.,
Chicago.
PSTTsarRft'a White Wine Tmegar Is a most
ruperb article for tabie use. Warranted pore.
Persecuted Organ.
The human stomach baa been a shamefully per
scented organ. There was a time when for every
dereliction of doty it was poniehed with huge doses
of the most disgusting and nauseous drugs. In
vain it rejected them, and literally returned them
upon the hands of tnose who administered them.
1 bey were forced upon It again and again, until
its solvent power was thoroughly drenched oat
of it.
The world Is wiser now than it wis In that dras
tic era, when furious purgation and mercurial sali
vation were what Artemas Ward would have
called the "main holt" of the faculty. In case of
dyspepsia and liver complaint.
Tue great modern remedy for Indigestion and
bihoosuese is Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, a prep
aration which has the merit of combining a palat
able flavor wtth such tonic, aperient and anti-bilious
properties, as were never heretofore united
la any medicine.
It has been discovered, at last that sick people
are not like the tabled Titans, who found prostra
tion so refreshing that, when knocked down, they
rose from the earth twice as vigorous as before.
When an invalid is prostrated by powerful deplet
ing drug's, he is apt to stay prostrated ; and the
Jebiliuied being aware of the fact, prefer the
tmiltiing up to the knocking dote system of treat
ment. Hostetter's Bitters meet the requirements of the
rational medical philosophy which at present pre
vails. It is a perfectly pure vegetable remedy, em
bracing the three important properties of a pre
ventive, a tonic, and an alterative. It fortifies the
body against disease, invigorates and re-vitalizes
the torpid stomach and liver, and effects a most
salutary change in the entire system, when in a
morbid condition.
In this country where the enfeebl Ine temperature
renders the human organization particularly sus
ceptible to unwholesome atmospheric induences,
the Bitters should be taken as a protection against
epidemic disease.
Pxbso rs afflicted with any of the disease aris
ing from a disordered liver, stomach, nervous de
bility, dyrpepfia or liver complaint, should try
Perry Davis' Fain Killer. It seldom fails to effect
a cure in a very short time. Those troubled with
ague or chills will find it a aovereism remedv.
HEW BOOKS.
1 Rovel by Emily II. Moore,
A LOST LIFE.
JTJFT FCHLXSHXDw
A LOST LTFF 1p ore of the mrst rWlit'n! ikttpti rtw
written, and will command a white sal throughout ttw
Community. OrtW-n are poarins In from every quarter,
ard thoiLsanrls of readers are beinc charmed with tu
Mm. milt H. Moor, who ha written tone nnriex
the wm tie plmue of 44 ( ijrnoneti e," baa made that
luime very popular all over ibe trl Weat, and inia, bar
Urst book, la welcomed by every one.
The book la beautifully printed and bound. Price $1.50.
fSold everywhere, and tent by mU, portage rte, on
receiptor price, by
G. W. CARL ETON 6c CO., PablUhm,
Madisov SQtJAaa, N. Y. City
A Good Spring Tonic!
Ei CASES OF GEXKTSAT, DEBTLTTT.
A GOOD SUMER TOXIC,
roa ccaa or
-Ag-no or Cliills.
DE.S.O.EICHAEDSOFS
SHERRY WIHE BITTERS,
THB CXLZBRATO
NEW ENGLAND BE3IEDT
XB THB CUBS OF
Jaundice, Fever and Ague, General Debility,
and all Sueaaes arising from a Disor
dered Stomach, Liver or Bowels,
Bxas the following from Dr. Leeper, ibr many yean
the most prominent physician and drolst ox tne place :
Navaickk. Stark Co Ohio. Jmv 9L
Some time rtnee, I rcctvtxl a lot of Dr. 8. 6. Bicrmro.
sonV sherry nine Bitters to sen on coinmlssloo. Trtey
are all mid. and your farther supply or three dozen Jnst
received. I think I shall need more soon, as tbey are in
good demand and hh:hiy prtlaed by sunereni Ironi lottige-
Vonrs. very nfpectfnriT,
JAilta L. liEPEB. M. D.
J. N. HARRIS 6c CO., Sole Proprietors,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
For Bale by
FTLLETt. TTSCTl FULLER, Chicago, VL
KICHAKIISON" CO. St. Louis, Mo.
JI NKKKMANN s HAS3...... iniDoqne, lows,
liKKENE BUTTON Jlilwaukee, Wis,
lOi BliOS, lit. Paul, Mlna.
FIRE,
ITS, FatkaeuH) Parade C A PS.
.1jTS. 5Lc. of rarioua Mlea, at the
i manuiario. v. 14.1 irana riu n. ,
CAIKN - HlUK Succeseors to H. T. Uatacap.
- rmaotinia irs.x. nenu ior iircuum.
Thresher of the Period.
AULTMAN A TAYLOR 1
Threshing Machine
WITH 8 AND 10 HORSE
Monntad Mad X3e
SUItl BT TITI WILL XSOWB
ATJIiTMATT A TAYLOB M'F'Q CO
Tile brilliant raeeeasstteae hnpmtd Grain
Sating, Tiwu-Saving and Jkmey-Eorning TkrnMing
Zstablukmtnti it wtpanOtltd in Omt annals qf farm
Machinery. LargcljiincTmrdcarmngtaTtTTuotttdbm
Tkrahermen wAo tare pwrchattdA great taring nf
gram bf Ftirmtrt icho m rmpUnftdTKnt ytart in
troduced and frmm Filly Established JV
experiment Jn tut m 400 Cbmtietin It States bf VI 00
pwrchatenEndormd bf forty thousand farmers Ks
Jure employed them Graiji-MTliLgJfoLcAlus
" separating" principle They shake the grain tut of
the etraw o Beaters, Pickers, Baddies or Endless
Aprons X dogging or "wrapping'' in Flo or Wet
StHuo-uOcertlasr Ftm-Sieteshavtoeereletensquarm
Jeet of surface Many kinds of Work Gnat
"capacity" in meat. Bye, Oats, Barley, Buckwheat,
Peas, Beans, Millet, Hungarian, meUnapproachabls
in Flax Unrivaled in Wet Sram and Grain Unsur
passed in Timothy Time sawing; Ab littering! to
clean up JT detention from teat straw, high winds,
puttering, dogging ar tad woatherOuickly set and
morcd Simply constructed Easily managed
Remarkably light draft Very durable Cheaply kept
in order Only about osx-baif as many Belts, Gear
Wheels, Boxes, Journals, Shafts and Pulleys to dog,
wearsat,addtodraft,ortokeepinrepairasinEndless
Apron Machines More eonieniences and leu to annoy
All the latestimpmements JHoney-Atatktiia;
Ihtter thrahixgLca detention Choice of jobs-Extra
Prices for work Farmers wait for weeks and months
Elegant Finely Finuhed Salable.
Sexact sox Irlo Xatsra.
Send your Dune and pemt office address for
r Acroai rue list, name of the nearest Local Duller,
and Dtscairrrri rutmxsr (free) containing 60 Our-
trations, full particular, and letters from hundreds of
purchasers. Every Thresherman and seery Farmer
should get posted, and no longer buy or employ Out aid
style, grain-wasting Machines.
ADDRESS
Aultman eX Taylor M'fg Co.,
Mansfield, Ohio.
BCRMIAH'S
New Poultry Book.
rST OUT. Ek-sntlr Illustrated. large Hze. Price,
J lA printed on UntM raner. Over 100 cot from lite.
Pent anvwbere, rort-p-iid. brrHANril.F.K CO-21 Com
hill, Botton. H hi t-iule by Western New. Co Chicago.
O.fi per week clenred by Aaenta. Addreas
V-)U e. C. DIXON. 153 South Water Su, Chicago, 11L
BOOKS, BOOKS.-cd amp for a catalogue,
w" A.LtABV,Jr.. fiflhand Walnut, Philadelphia.
PaOTLB's LrraiuBT "CoapaMoit. Best Family Paper.
P TBB ll a
Railroad Gazette.
A WBBBXT WUBXAI. OF
InnspcrtatioB, Ecgmeerin ml Mroad Sews.
The attention of Railroad Men Is called to thai Journal
which n bettered to be at ttus tun
THE MOST C0MP1EHUSIYE IARI0AD J0IIIA1
IS THE WORLD
Treatlm as It does of an branches of tne
Complicated business of Transportation, and especially
of the Operatioa of Railroads, Railroad Engineer
ingj the Constructlos of Locomotives and Cars.
The candnctorsof thai Journal give
Special Prominence to Baiircad Hews.
And there win be found m Its eoramns accounts of the
Organization of all Near Companies, the Projection and
Location of Kew Lines, the ft utiles of B&iiroad Con
sanction, the Impiovcinqit of Old Lmea, the Business ol
Different Roads, the Combinations sad Business Arrange,
ments of Companies, Annual Reports, Elections snd An
pointmentsor Directors and Officers, Decisions of Coons
Relating to Railroads, sad. In abort, whatever la
Interesting or Talaablo to a Ballroad Xaa,
Be he President, Director, Stock bolder, Strperrnlenrtent,
Engineer, Master Mechanic, Agent, Coorroctor, Locomo
tive Engineer, or in any war connected with or Interested
m railroads or railroad
Articles by Praurticavl Willroad Men
Form a dTstrnroiahtng feature of the JoumaL Leading
Engineering Works and valuable Improvements in Ilailroad
Machinery ar
moitrated by Fine Engravings
In Its coram ns. Engtnrera, Master Mechanics and Man
tsclurers And these illustrated (iMcripooaa of the greatest
value.
PropsrattenticalSKtventotha
BelatJoa of BaflrWs t ta Coatmaaity aad
BaOroU Leglalatloa,
And also to the
Betatlons of Companies to thetr Employes, and them
Bsseral Bights and Duties.
This paper I prepared by a corps of Editors of special
anaii lira! tons, and every pains Is outen to make ltindbpene.
able to every Railroad Han. It is altogether hatcpenuent,
avoids all undue pulling of men or oonioranoos, gives
news fully sod Impartially, alms especially to give pracav
col tnOrmotlon which will directly aid its readers In the
prosecution of their Business. Business men and In the
RjULaoaD Gazsttb the earnest Information of the open
Wax of new Marions on railroads In course of construction,
snd are thus enabled to establish relations with such towns
from the beginning of tbeir existence.
ZNGINXIIRXN'G,
The leading enetneertng Jonrnaf of England, for wine
American snbacribers have usually paid S 15 per year, win
be sent, together with the Ktll.aoan Oazxtts, for t ii
per year. -
Terms of Subscription:
Single eopy, per anmrnii .......... ...... .1.0.
Ten copies, per annum .
Single copies .10
Letters concerning sabscrrntioM and advertising should
be addressed to
A. H. KELLOGG,
11 and 113 Madison Street, Chicago.
Health and Strength.
Throat and Lungs.
For ten year Dr. Crook' Wine of Tar has
been tested and proved in thousands of eases, ear
pable of curing all SianM cf ta taKatua Lsagt,
penonningwonaeriui cures, wui yuu let preju
ndice prevent von from beina eared also f
12. C3CCX S rftSZ CI IA3 i rich in the medicin
al qualities of Tar, combined with vegetable ia-
Kedients of undoubted value. It npialyrsRans
utod itrtngta, cleanse the 8tomch, relaxes the
Liver and puts them to work, causes the food to
digest, and make pure blood. If you are afflicted
in any way, we know the liftgivia toils prcperustot
Dr. croon a w tne or i at, are wiuu you neeu.
It cures ail Cciglil ui Cells, and its many wonder
ful cares of Aftts sl Biencaitls, have caused many
tocsil it aapecibo lorinesecompiainsa. 1 ureal ail
ment! require but a few doses. All suffering from
Ceatcapticaorany Cissusof tfc Lugs should remem
ber that Dr. Crook's Wine of Tax haa cured many
cases pronounced incurable.
The wi and DtcOiiat should remember it ms-
V& toe asa utvlgmtM the system, and la ssaUa-ginsg
sea i;j-.iiTrwnsr.
It alno cures Linr sal Edstr BramltWa, and bv
Its healthy action on the Stomach, removes Cys.
pspsa. t ry one ootue. -iaae only vs. tirooava
mneoiTar. ooia oy Druggie..
19 Scrcfula,, fcnfBlsi Toasts, Scrtrslcu
u-jeism a us 1.751, or scroiuia in any
form, Etniiilin, tewss f u Uvtr, Vis
Hsu of us Scia, Ertp&as, Fiarlas, Edit, lit-
tar, scata oat, bars, aaa ui Jim, or any
disease depending on a depraved con
dition of the blood, take Er. Creak's Cca
Jccaa Eyrsn af Fat loot. It ia oumbined
with the beat tonic preparation of iron
kaown, and is the best Alterative and
Blood Purifier made.
Goats tsu elcoi.
Try one Bottle.
rryone Bot
Prepared
eoia oy Druggists.
BlV
SCCS ft 3L, Ssytcs, X
FERRATED WINE
-OF
WHD CHERRY
1MB
Dyspepsia, Isdlgestloa, Jerroasaesa, Ac
This agreeable and highly efflcackraWTne Is prepared so
as to present to invalids a reliable combination of the valua
ble dements of CHgwsrr, PnosrooaoxB a fnox, in a
form more acceptable than the ordinary prqMraoons of
Iron.
Aa IbobtTobto axd SaTtaTrvs snedalry adapted to the
d-bcat eonstitutloa of Li ones, hi caars of general weaa
ncas, lossof nervous energy and mamverlsaed blood. It
promotrs the appetite, gives renewed strength and energy
aj the whole system.
TILDE de Clk,
Phsrmscentlsts snd ChemlsM,
Kew Lebanon, jr. T, snd m William SL, New York.
For sate by Druggists generally.
FEED GRINDERS.
n . 1 1 11 1 1 Kv 4nrf!n i li, fhr atnek. All
kin-is ol nve stork Improve one-third taster, sad are
bnUthler and in ail respects better, if fed on ground sood.
inecuearaiei
CHALLENGE HI ILLS,
which have taken the blghert premium at every Farr
where exhibited, grind from 20 to 50 oushels per hoar of
any kind or grain, in any oooaitino.
Prices from SttO t. olOO.
Send for Circulars to to the
niAt 1 rkkk MILL COMPACT,
Batavia, IHfaola.
WIND MILLS.
The celebrated setf-governhig Wind Mil's, which oaj
.. ... v will lunni and erind. and do a
per cent more worli Ot any kind, than any other Wind
M n made, and to lb ohxt mnra, aaxr-oovBBSBD
Wind Sim known. . . .
bend ior Circulars and roll msormanoa m us
CHALLEJiGK MILL eOMPAWT,
Batavia, tDlnola,
rTANTBD AGENTia, rW'20 aer dy) to
sell the celebrated h OilA BUo 11 La SKWISU
I MACH1KK. Has the mlcr-fi-cd, makes th
I "loot stacA " (silks on both sldrs.) and is Wij
I heennea The beet and cheapest lamUy eew
U lag Machine la the marivu Address JOH1-
SOW, CLAKH, W, gowwa. mrmam., I nw
burgh. Pa. Chicago, UL, or at. Louis. Mo.
AGENTS! READ THIS!
B WTT.lv PAY AGTSTTS A SALARY
of 030 Mr week avodeiprniw or allow aimrn
rommiMaOaa, 10 ? 11 onr new wondei ful tnTranorm. Ad
W- M Attn aVA K VAA MaVTAVtL, MrCS.
Hair Retorv)d-Bjalines PreTentod,
Bv using Dr. OreenleaTa remedv. Send 25 centa and eel
the recipe by return mad. Every one can make their o n
toilet in auanmv and or sonerior nuallrr. Add ma
xin.u,nta lkkkni i. a it Boston, sum.
Write J. BentW, Wayne, III.-. A. G. Bower.
St. Charles, UK: T. RTjsnes, Batarla, 11 L,
acdJ.Kinne,soWest Lake street. Chicato,
I f wmwt k. ,. r.iie.r.
They have remained cured loc year.
FARMERS, TECHKTC WORKERS
i An mava tAU stan ft I 5A Mr rwnth VI Lb
THE YEilt OF BATTLES,
And ocr Maps. Picturfa and Ohromm.
GooiMnsiys Erau Boo m Ma? tiocaj, CndM
CMOjCSJvyIMEfflg
WHatW WRITIKG TO ADTOKTISbTRS
Bleaae sy yon, w the Ad vert Is esaent ta
this nwr. mo-m O
A CHEAT MEDICAL DISCOVERY
KILLIOKS Beerr Testimony t. thetr - -
W.sMertal faranvt EaTeetav
DK. WALKEB'I CALU-eHMA
They are not at wll. FANCY DRINK.
Made of Poor Rnan, Whiskey, Proof Spirits
ad Refuse Llqaara doctored, spiced and sweet,
ened to please the taste, called "Tonlea,' "AppeU
ers," - Restorers," Ac, that lead the tippler on to
drunkenness sad rain, but are a true Medicine, made
from the Native Boot, and Herbs of California, free
frasa all Alcaholle Btimalanta. They are the
GREAT BLOOD PI RIFIEB. ana A LIFE
GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Beaovator and
Invlgorator or the Bystem, carrying; off all polsonoas
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
Ho person can take these Bitter according to dlree
tlona and remain long unwell, provided their bones
sre not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and ths vital organs wasted beyond the point of re
pair. They are a Gentle PargmtiTe aa well as a
Tonic, possessing ajo,the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful agent In relieving Congestion or Inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether in
young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters have
neequaL
Far IaBaaamatory ana Chronle Raeaaia
tlani and Goat, Dyeaeaala or Iadlgeatism.
Blilaaa, Remittent and Intermittent Fevers,
Disease of the Blood, Liver, Kidneys, and
Bladder, these Bitters have been most suceeasfuL
Such Dlseasea are caused by Titlated Blooe!,
which Is geaerally produced by derangement of the
Digestive Organs,
DYSPEPSIA OR INDIGESTTON, Head
ache, Pain In tue Shoulders, CougUa, TlghtneM of the
Chest, Dizziness. 8oar KnrctaUona of the Stomach,
Badta'tein the Month, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation
of ths Heart, Inflammation of the Langs. Pain in the
regions of the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful
symptoms, are the oasnriuga of Dyspepsia.
They Invigorate the 6tomaeh and sthnnlste the tor
pid liver and bowels,whlch render them of nneqoslled
eiScaey In cleansing the blood of all Imparities, and
Imparting new life and vigor to the whole system.
FOR SKIN DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter, 8a
Rheum, Blotches pots. Pimples, Pustules, Bolls, Car
buncles, HI rig- Worms. Srald-Uead. Sore Kyes, Erysip
elas, Itch, Scurfs, Dlacoloratlons of the Skin, llumor "
and Lideasesof the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dug up and carried out t the system In a
short time by the nse of these Bitters. One Dottle in
such cases will convince the most Incredulous of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever you find It
Impurities bursting through the skm In Pimples, Kru ra
tions or Sores, clt-anse it when you find It obstructed
and sluggish in the veins: cleanse it when It is font, snd
your feelings will tell yon when. Keep the blood pure
and the health of the system will follow.
PIN, TAPE, and other WORMS, lurking In th
sysim of.o many thousands, are enectually dcatrov
edand removed. For full directions, resd csrefully
the circular around each bottle, printed in four lan
guages ugiieh, German, French and Spanish.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. B. H. McDOKALD CO,
Druggists and Gen. Agents, San Francisco, CaL, and
33 and SS Commerce Street, Kew York.
PTSOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS,
j ME
Ifjjr.i
MERCHANT'S
GARGLING OIL
IS GOOD FOB
Nm fMfj Scald
ChtibiiUHM,
SprttiH at Brnieet,
Fmmt Bar a,
Efterniti i'nimna.
Stunt OnrA-ji,
ftttWi of AU Kind.
pu am.
Hit of Animal hixcU,
JtfteMWTttfHu.-
JitmorrhoiiUi or Pfitt,
frrrn S'ipitfs'Jt,
ftMuttz, M'tntpe,
tSmtrink, Steeenev
ti-rau-ke or amu.
oStTinffhfiO, YTimjigudMu
jttmtutertit ",
Cntchti VW,
f-Ot HOt i .SVrVJX,
Jirttp 01 poultry
LoiM Back dnLu a
Lrge SI $1.00; Hedfom, 50c.; 8an.c.
The fvnrllrrir OH hsu brm In te? as a IJnlmrrrt fbr
thtrtr-efcr.il vpara. All we k tmr trial, but
be ure ami tuiktw dirrcdonfl.
amc Your nearcAt drnrtst or denier tn patent
mnUi-.ne, for one of our AlmaruM-s and Vade
Mitnuxaav, and r&nX wbat tike peoptt ar about ue
Oil
The 6wUnr Oil la for tale by I1 respectabte
drakrs Uirougtaout Ums United States ami other
iHirU"imoniaL(iTitf from 1S3 to the prMnt,and
are unumjiirHsM. Use the GmvUng OtL, and tell your
neiliNr wliat snod it hits done.
riaxal rt.is- a-.il Hrws-il urilh all mrtA fftofV tVaTstfaV
I dictioo. Write Jor an Aiimuuic or Cook Book.
Maniiiactiiied at Lockport, IT. T-,
MEHCIXANT'S
GAEGLnG OIL COHPAXY,
JOHN BODGE, sVl.
A CIRCULAR !
Oi interest to everybody to the country, win be sent
FREE on application to
II. K. IIEMPSTED,
Milwaukee, Wlseaasia.
nVFMTORSwho wfchto tke oat Letter Patent
arprvlviwd toc-xuwl with the Editors of the Scieatifio
Amvritmw, who hnve rjrriitel ehim bpiore the Patent
OfbOL for.'i Years. Tltcir AjuwrrOaui inU Kuropesm PaMit
A-i r.cy ta Uie Dion extensive in Ue worht Chanr le
Uinn any oilier reliable agency. A pnirihlet wiib Um
kiHtrocU'ati to lnvtn.lt"". is rat gratia. Adareat
MUSK tfc CO., 37 Park Kew, Kew Yerlu
THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN !
A nlxteon pace weetTy dcroted to Mxchaiticr, Ma!ct
FAf-rUKl-JS lNVKNTlO", ClICM IrvTatY, KNOlKETtBI KJ.
AKcntTkc-TTR avl Poftxab Scijoc. Full ofaplen
rlid Eitzmvings. Terras, $3.UQ a year. Specimen Bom
ber atiu jitt. AUirea,
M rs S & CO.. 37 Park Row, N. T.
FHAGBAHT SAPGLIENE
CrPsmKld Worwand avUVtrsde of CVrthaswid vtMrar: re
movin I'aint, (.rawe. Tar, tit:-, n'inX?, witltout tin' lrat
in Jury to the flacst jWhtc. hold by Imzift and Fancy
twdstknUT. KAv.TMNT, SAPtH.IKNK ro
Zi uarcciy at , ew 1 oraa,-t mjier.,t ntr-azv
CUT THIS OUT
And amd tTvrotj-ftvo cenU lor a UcSrt, and ret a . .
Watch, Sewias Machine, Piano,
or some article of valus. Six t!rke. for 1 .00. No blunts.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
HE?PARrERav4QUM.-,
A NEW BOOK FREE
BOOK AOEST9 or other, wfchtni to procure a conv of
our new wort. "CI Bt WITH PEN ASD rlN-
CIL, Faaa, send your atklni to
Fubhiers, Chicago, DL
S288 in 16 DAYS!
Io wo wfint s -irrxiirton a Mlesman at or near borrt, to
mike to a day tvllin? our new strand U'kUtt
Wire i o 4f'fn htxt toTrrr. Samplefre. Adrtnua
IIrutnn fttrrr : I Murk, NEW YORK or CHICAGO, UL
J. HAMBURGER,
TMPORTEft of Plrtmrs, Chromos, ec WarmlactnrT
X of Frames. Mouldings Jobhenln Photoflrmnlu. sac-
1st Lace street, Chicago, UL
BUTCHER'S LICHTNIKC
PLY KILLER
DEA ICS HO T
POIl BED JOTJG-S,
Try them, and Sleep In Peace !
lHMKUAK, how made tn 10 hours, without tugs
Kill I'sr-toJaralOeent. T. baa, Cfomwul. Cona7
- UJ l ,'.' .Lie J in. i an
Is'&-Ser.ttaanu SiorCsman ort (Trial ' I
El&oRcutArT PARKTR-ERC'cohn. 6!
a-r a"g5!9.i
SlS'lBllfi'llI
Q CO Pm O a Q wt2

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