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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, May 26, 1871, Image 4

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THE STAGE BABY.
BY CELIA LOGAN KELLOGG.
The stage baby is thrust upon the stage
s soon asit can walk and understand that
it most not cry. lathe morning, instead
of being sent to school, like other children,
it is taken to the theatre to rehearse its
"part." At night it is not allowed to
sleep and build up a constitution for after
life, but the weary puppet must go
through its tricks before a crowd of whom
it is afraid. The stage baby is forced to
do without food for many consecutive
hours, to be up late, to face storms, to en
dure cold and fatigue, to tax its memory,
and to be beaten if it forgets.
- The applause of a great audience, so
gratifying to men and women, is simply
terryfyingto a child. The stage baby
leads the life of grown up peo
ple, undergoing the hardships of the
hardest profession in the world, without
any of the compensation which older the
atricals experience, such as money, gifts,
. applause and celebrity. The reward of a
tage child is abuse. Its education is be
gun by fear and perfected by blows. If a
child Jails from a horse in the circa it is
beaten.' If it fails to perform a feat prop
erly before an audience it is made to re
peat until it does accomplish it, though at
the peril of its life. The training of stage
babies is most severe. Their limbs are
tortured into difficult and unnatural posi
tions when beinz taught dancing and ac
robatic exercises. There is no inert talent
for or love of acting in any stage baby;
that which seems like talent to the public
is simply the result of severe training, be
gun long before this child understands
anything but that it must obey orders on
ram of Dunishment : they are taught ex
actly as animal") are taught, through fear
of the whip. Girls being more tractable
than boys, are preferred in theaters; in
the circus, where physical courage is re
quired more than docility, boys are usually
the truant prodigies.
There is never any playfulness, fresh
ness, nor gayety of childhood in stage
babies. They are men and women of
smaller growth as they say themselves,
"old before thev are voune.
The stage baby's theatrical life is one of
fear- -of punishment in the morning, of
the audience at night, the lights, the bus-
ue, noise, ana conrusion ueninu me scenes.
When the " White Fawn" was in re
hearsal, a few years ago, in New York,
numbers of children were daily for six
weeks kept swinging five or six hours in
UIO Oil OS BU1C10. Vil uwivu
girl fainted from want of food and fatigue ;
she fell from the framework which sup
ported her and broke her arm. During
the same winter a very severe one a boy
aged 8 had a part to play at the then New
ork Theatre. He appeared only in the
earlier scenes, which left him time to un
dress and dress for the street, hurry to
Niblo ; undress and dress again for the
transformation scene in which his sister,
aged 6, also appeared. The curtain never
fell till midnight; after which, hand in
hand, these two stage babies, went
through the snowy, deserted streets to the
extreme limits of the city, arriving at home
about 2 o'c ock in the morning, there to
nod in chairs by the side of a bed-ridden
mother, a widow, whom they supported
on their hard-won pittance, fifty cents, or
at most a dollar a night.
The play of " Pizarro" contains a stage
baby. The youngest child that can walk
is selected, because its mother says, "lam
sure he will speak soon." It is a very dis
agreeable and trying part for a baby. Ev
erybody, Cora, Pizarro, Alonzo, and the
soldiers, in turn, pull, drag, and twist it
about. Rolla frequently seizes it by the
hair of the head, nearly scalping it. He
bawls in its ear, froths in its face, and
slobbers over its little naked, shivering
bosom. He jerks it off its feet, and
by one arm, slings it over his
shoulder, where it must strike an attitude
in the air, held by one arm. It dares not
cry when he frightens it by sprinkling
false blood on its face, nor when still hold
ing it by the arm, he rushed at breakneck
speed across a shackling bridge, with
shouts confusing it and shots flying fast
and thick. The bridge crossed, he tosses
the baby down anywhere behind the
scenes, recking not if he breaks every
bone in its tender body; he thinks only
of staggering on the stage and dying effec
tively. The blood, -the danger, fiignt, pur
suit, and shouts, are all real to the stage
baby ; and mental distress is thus added to
physical pain.
When children are not available dwarfs
play their parts. A very heavy, thickset,
but remarkably small dwarf was once ob
tained to act the child in " Pizarro "
usually called "Rolla's child "though
Pizarro is the father and Cora the mother.
That's the proper parentage. The audi
ence noticed nothing strange about the
dwarf, except that he was a trifle heavy
for a child who was expected to 44 speak
soon." He spoke sooner than his theatri
cal mother anticipated, for when Holla
seized him and flung him, with some diffi
culty, in the air, he grasped the actor by
the hair, enwrapped him in the manner
known as " picaback," and, in a deep, gruff
voice, u tiered an oath that curdled the
blood of the ladies present, and roared out,
If you let me fall I'll kick you !"
More recently, a dwarf was engaged to
play a child's part in the drama of "Enoch
Arden." In the course of the play an
actor inquired how old he was. He should
have replied, Tour years;" instead of
which he gave his own age "Forty
four." The actor was dumfounded for a moment,
but recovering himself he patted the
dwarf on the back, and gazing intently
into his old, weazened face, he said : You
look it, me boy, you look it."
A little girl was sent on the stage to
play Fleance, in Macbeth. Forrest was
the star. He had placed on a small table
at the "wing" or side scene a cup of
something to wet his throat with when he
came off. The child stole up, and, find
ing the beverage palatable, drank' it alL
She had just time to squeeze between two
flats, when he came tearing up for his
drink, and, seeing the cup empty, began
to stamp' and rage as only Forrest could,
lie used to alarm strong men and women
in his passions. How terrible he appeared
to this pilfering stage baby! She thought
he was the veritable giant, smelling the
blood of a little girl, and that her grinded
bones would make his bread. Further
and further she shrank out of sight, but
not of hearing. The prompter blew his
whistle. The scene, in being shoved for
ward, took her with it, and rolled her on
the stage. The shout which followed
frightened her Still more, and nh tnnV tn
her heels, rushed out of the theatre, fled
through the dark streets in her boy's High
land fywtnrYlA l-potriMl tier hnm i. ar,A
1 uvui.., WU iuu
herself in the kitchen cupboard, where
she was found hours after nearly mad with
terror, and half suffocated. The child's
nervous system was shocked by the fright,
ana ever since inat time she declares she
has been "in a hurry all over " or nerv
ous.
a certain actress, witn a cnud in arms,
used to take it to the theatre with her every
sight, and make it a bed, on two chairs, of
me actresses- waiting dresses. Airs. Merry
wood was prevailed on by a gentleman to
give him a glimpse behind the scenes, he
supposing it was a species of fairy-land.
Grt-at was Captain Brown's astonishment
and bewilderment as he stumbled against
piles of scenes in the dark and dismal
labyrinth.' "Flats" (scenes) were sud
denly pushed against him, pinning him to
the wall ; scene-shifters swore at him for
getting in the way; "a apes," representing
the invading army, ran him down and
nearly trampled him under foot; actors
brushed scowling by him ; the prompter
shouted at him not to block up the wings,
or entrances; the call-boy bawled in his
ear, and the property-man thrust a lighted
torch in his face. Fearing his awkward
ness would bring a reprimand on her for
introducing a stranger behind the scenes
during a performance, Mrs. Merrywood sat
him in a chair in a safe place, and enjoined
. upon him not to move from it until she
cam back, 6be being called to appear on
the stage.
In this particular theatre the dressing
rooms were up several flights of stairs, so
the actresses had had some scenes stood
up, like screens, behind which they dress
ed. Those who know how rickety every
thinarisin theaters, touch not; taste not,
handle not
Captain Brown was utterly ignorant of
theatrical mysteries and insecurities, and
for a while sat quietly where Mrs, Merry.
wnnd had Dlaced him. outside the tem
porary dressing-room ; then he tilted his
chair back against a "'painted ocean,"
immediately behind which reposed the
sleeping baby. At the same moment,
from afar the " heavy villian," hearing his
" cue " given to appear, came tearing along
with his false whiskers in his hand. The
stage was waiting for him I SUge wait !
staire wait! the words ran around: won
dering what that meant, Brown tilted his
chair further back to give the actor room
to pass. He overbalanced himself, the
ocean gave way; it was touch-and-go with
e vet-thing scenes, chairs, man, stage, baby,
and all. Brown fell fiat on his backhand
lay waving his feet in air and crying for
help, for the baby had been thrown three
feet off and buried under a hill of canvas;
and Brown on top of all. The child's
screams struck terror to the heart of its
mother on the staire. rj'.iehtine her virgin
troth to the youth at her side, who felt for
her. beine a family man himself With an
answering shriek she darted behind the
pcenes. followed by actors, supes, scene
shifters, and some cf the spectators, who
scrambled over the foot-lights shouting
"fire! fire!" A terrible uproar succeeded.
The manager went on the stage and Med
to quiet the alarmed audience. In vain
there was a general stampede though no
lives were lost; not even the infant. It
was uninjured, and so was the Captain,
who says he don't hke to think how near
he once came to killing a stage.baby. The
VapuaL.
BY CELIA LOGAN KELLOGG. The Sunken City-A Legend of the
Zuyder Lee.
Among the commercial sea-towns of Hol
land, six centuries ago, Stavoren held the
first place. The sn.ps ot its merchants
covered the seas, and imported the pro
ductions of all zones. 8uch an extensive
commerce raised the wealth of this town
to a hitherto unknown extent It is true
that there were here, as elsewhere, many
poor, but the wealthy vastly outnumbered
them. High n.e, luxury ana magcin
cence the usual companions of great
riches prevailed, for, in the foolish pride
and ruinous zeal, eaJi citizen tried to out
vie the other m pomp, splendor ana ex
travagance of banquets. Tradition re
lates that there were many houses which
equaled palaces in their grandeur. They
were constructed of marble, the interiors
ornamented with the most artistic decora
tions, covered with the richest tapestries,
provided 'with the rarest furniture, the
doors bound with the most precious metals
instead of iron.
But of all the Stavoren merchants, none
could compare in riches with the virgin
Richberta. The success with which each
of her speculations was rewarded and not
seldom with unexpected profits seemed
to show to her to what degree fortune
could lavish her gifts on a mortal, and
how long allow her favor to be enjoyed.
The commercial neet ot the virgin mer
chant visited the remotest seas, and not
only returned each time with the richest
profits, but loaded with the most expen
sive wares, with ornaments of diamonds,
pearls and precious stones, which were
employed in the palace of their mistress,
and shone on its wr.lla.
Such unexplained good fortune Rich
berta could not support with indifference ;
and if the maxim that " great misfortunes
are easier to be borne than immoderate
happiness" be true, Richberta was des
tined to be a glaring proof of the truth of
this assertion.
Her pride and vain glory kept step with
the increase of her riches, and she showed
this both by contempt of her fellow-creatures
and by preparing the most luxuriant
and extravagant u-asts, less with the in
tention of amusing- and gladdening the
town than to give her guests the oppor
tunity to admire the ever-chaogiDg splen
dor of her apartments, and be astonished
at the foreign and costly food and wine,
and thus excite their envy. At one of
these senseless repasts, offering nothing to
the mind and leaving the heart void, a
very strange guest was announced. He
came, he said, from foreign countries ; he
had seen many royal kingdoms and the
splendor of their courts, and he had come
tAmiMPi.kh. . Au wk;ni. r..
ku ouiiuic iuvuuum o siirco, uiu wiuc-
reported to be miraculous.
The Battered mistress begged the stranger
to take a seat at bar side. He appeared to
be still a robust eld miui.la the picturesque
costume of the Orient His conduct was
both dignified and no'jle as he stepped to
Richberta, expecting the welcome from
her hand which, according to the usage of
his country, is given symbolically by the
offering of bread and salt
$ut there was no Dread on the luxurious
table, which groaned under its burden of
rare epicurean dishes, and from which the
simple nourishment of poverty was ban
ished. Silently the stranger seated himself, and,
while taking refreshments, related, in a
manner which bound all eyes and ears
upon him, his travels by land and water,
of foreign nations and their customs.
Every guest was entranced with his
words, but not so the virgin Richberta.
Her vanity could expect nothing else than
that the noble stranger should be loud in
his praises of her riches, the brilliancy of
her least, and would make comparisons
giving fresh nourishment to her pride. To
these subjects, however, he made no allu
sion; till finally, driven to desperation,
she demanded it of him herself, when he
confessed that only with kings had he
found such splendor and extravagance, and
what made it more singular to him was,
that he should miss here the best and
nobL-tt thing the ea ti produced.
In vain did she attempt to gain a fuller
explanation of the strange guest ; and be
ing questioned too prcssingly, he disap
peared, and was not seen again.
Richberta's pride and curiosity, equally
excited, allowed nsr no quietude, bne
possessed in valuables all that could be
mentioned. However "the best and
nooiest thing was wanting! one con
sulted scholars and philosophers, sent for
magicians and astrologers; but none knew
how to name the thing which for years
sue naa not possessed.
In her restless desire, she had ships
equipped to cruise through all oceans and
seas, to visit every land, with orders not
to return till the required article had
been found. The commander of the fleet
put to sea, undecided whither to direct his
ships. One part he sent to the East, the
other to the West, while he himself, with
his remaining vessels, relied on the favor
of the winds. It happened that by a leak,
a part of the provisions got spoiled, and,
although there was no want of meat and
wine and other luxuries, the flour and
bread had become uuf t for food, and the
want oi it was soon relt most severely.
iu mis Bimifc me cum manlier saw quick
ly what he must consider the best things
that the earth produced not the spices
ana pen times oi inaia, nor the pearls from
the depth of the sea, nor diamonds of
most priceless rarce ; but that universally
thriving gift of nature, the indispensable
ana est una Die nourishing bread, tie rec
ognized now the sense of the obscure
words spoken by the stranger, and his res
olution was quickly made. He steered to
a Baltic harbor, where he took in a cargo
of the finest wheat, with which he sailed
to btavoren. As soon as he arrived he ap
peared before Richberta, who had not ex
pected him so soon, and announced to her
that he now knew what was the best of all
the earth's productions ; had found it, and
in abundance hod brought it with him.
He then related to his astonished mistress
how he had obtained this knowledge, and
that myterious gue,t could only have
meant the necessary bread. He therefore
believed he had executed her orders in a
satisfactory manner.
But Richberta was not of the same
opinion. She cast reproachful looks at the
confounded servant and painfully sup
pressing her rage, demanded to know on
which side of the ships he had taken in
the cargo. She was answered, "On the
right side." "Well, then," said the haughty
Richberta, " I command you to cast the
whole cargo into the sea from the left"
In vain were appeals and expostulations
made against the carrying out of this or
der. Uselessly did the faithful servant
beg of her not to abuse the rich gift of
God, but at least to alleviate the wants of
the needy poor with it. Uselessly did he
send to her crowds of poverty-stricken
wretches to soften her heart All was in
vain. Before her own eyes she had the
rich wheat cargo, which could have given
bread to so many, thrown into the sea.
amid the howling and cursings of the mul
titude. The bottom of the sea had re-
ceived the cargo, but the grains became
the seedlings of ruin.
Germinating in the mud, continually
covered with new earth, ot unnatural
growth, always springing higher and
higher, which like sea fungus or huge
spiders, covered the surface or the water.
As the soft, movable mass of earth there
by lound a support an immense sand-Dana
was formed before the harbor of Stavoren,
which no human power was able to break
through. The numerous ships of the
town, and also those of the rich rucn
berta, being nnable to find an entrance to
the port, were the sacrifices of the raging
waves. Commerce and riches were de
stroyed, and continually recurring strokes
of misfortune precipitated the virgin mer
chant from the pinnacle of splendor and
happiness to want and misery.
But the sea, to whom an accustomed
channel had been closed, raged with even
new anger against the bank, and during a
most tempestuous storm it broke the dykes,
flooded the town, and bore it hastily into
the sea, a long wished-for booty.
Where Stavoren once stood now roll
the troubled waves of the Zuyder Zee.
But when the clear water allows its bot
tom to be seen, the shippers view with
horror, through its depths, the streets,
proud towers, and high gabies of this now
sunken but once magnificent town. From
the German. -
A Monkey Story.
Monkey stories are innumerable. One
occurred, however, lately, in the city,
which is amusing as developing the pecu
liar traits of the animal. We met a friend
of ours, whose expression of face .was in
dicative of the greatest sorrow. " You
know Sancho." he said "my monkey f
We assented. " WelL listen. Christmas
week somebody gave my little girl one of
those fearful toys called jacK-in-a-pox. n
was an awful thine, fully two feet hieh
The monkey saw it When the child went
to bed I was busy reading, when all of a
gnMen I heard the most awful noise in the
next room. I rushed in, and on top of a
chest of drawers lay Sancho, in a regular
fit with the jack-m-a-box, sprung, along
side of him. He had stolen it from where
it had been hid out of his reach. From
his terror 1 thought his curiosity had been
well punished. We were mistaken. That
box had an awful fascination for that mon
key. He absolutely craved for the excite
ment Life was apparently a blank mo
notony without it For days he would
not go near it ; then again he would kind
of pine for it He got the hang of arrang
ing the wire fastening, and would touch it
off with the end of his foot Instead of
getting accustomed to it every time it
jumped up the same scene would be en
acted. After a while it had positively an
effect on his health. It became too much
for his nervous system, though the stimu
lant he must have, cost what it would.
Some few days ago he began to mope,
though always hankering after the box.
Yesterday the poor little fellow was very
bad so weak he could not crawl to where
the box was. In order to revive him we
sprang it for him. That seemed to stimu
late him a little, though he was just as
frightened as ever. This morning we
found him dead, alongside of jack-in -a-box.
It seems during the night he must
have had just strength enough to set it off
for the last time, and get the last shock. It
was a clear case of feio de sc. Poor San
cho!" Kern York Timet.
Summer Drinks.
The first, the best because the safest for
laborers, invalids, the sedentary, for all
classes, at all times of the day and night is
half a glass at a time, repeated in ten min
utes, if desired, of common cold water, at
the temperature or the spring, or well, or
reservoir, or cistern. Ice water is more
palatable, but often kils.
Any drink which contains alcohol, even
cider, root beer, or domestic cordials, all
are not only not harmless, but are posi
tively injurious, because the atom ot alco
hol, by using the strength of the next
minute for the present leaves the system
that next minute just that much weaker
than it would have been haa not that atom
of alcohol been taken ; this is the case,
because that atom of alcohol has not one
particle of nutriment hence connot sup
ply the system with one atom of strength.
If anything is added to the summer
drink, it should contain some nutriment
so as to strengthen the body as well as to
dilute the blood for purposes of a more
easy flow through the system, as any one
knows that the thinner a fluid is the more
easily does it flow. Some of the more nu
tritious and safe dnnks are given below,
especially for those who drink in the sun
of summer, all to be taken at the natural
temperature of the shadiest spot in the
locality. To any of them ice may be
added, but it is a luxurious, not a benficial
ingredient, nor safe one.
L. Buttermilk.
2. A pint of molasses to a gallon of
water.
3. A lemon to a half a gallon of water
and a teacupfal of molasses, or as much
sugar.
4. Vinegar, sugar, and water are substi
tutes, but the vinegar in not a natural acid,
contains free alcohol, hence is not as safe
or healthful.
5. A thin gruel made of corn or oats,
urauK warm, is sirengiiiemng.
6. A pint of grapes, currants, or garden
berries to a half gallon oi water is agree
able. Cold water applied to the head is very
refreshing to harvesters. AVading in
water abates thirst Persons cast away at
sea win sutler less from thirst it the cloth
ing is kept wringing wet with salt water.
A piece of silk fitted in the hat at an equal
distance from the hair and top of the hat
is a great protection to the head against
sun heat ; it is an absolute protection if
one side is well covered with gold leaf As
there is always a space between the top of
me neau ana crown ot the hat, hatters
should pracucalize this idea. Good Health.
Why Fruit Trees are Barren.
Trees that expend all their forces in the
production or wood growth cai produce
little or no fruit Indeed, it is not possi
ble for any tree to produce a fruit germ,
and not again in some way disorganize it
unless the wood growth shall cease in time
for the leaves to elaborate food enough to
grow both leaf and fruit the following
year, or until part of the leaves shall at
tain to nearly or quite their full size. That
this is so will be apparent when we con
sider that the leaves which first appear in
the spring were formed in the buds the
previous year, perfect in all their parts,
and in the embryo state contained each
individual cell found in them when fully
grown.
The question may arise, if there is no
addition to the number ot cells, bow do
they grow The answer is, that the only
difference we can see between an embryo
leaf and ore fully grown is in the size of
the leaf cells. As growth begins in the
spring, these small cells, which were
formed the previous year, begin to expand.
Each individual cell thus enlarges until
the numerous cells of which these leaves
are composed are of full size. To further
illustrate this : let us suppose, on a brick
wall, that each brick at the same time was
gradually to expand to several hundred
times its present diameter, and you have
just what takes place in the growth of an
em Dry o leal. Here we nave a tree m pos
session of a full grown leaf. This leaf did
not form itself, but was formed by the
tree in the preceding year.
To produce and sustain this cellular en
largement there had been stored the pre
vious year a large share of nutriment in
the buds, and in other parts of the tree.
This nutriment must be not only suffi
cient to feed the embryo leaves, but must
also be sufficient to produce the small
warty excrescences the rootlets and
spongioles. These new leaves and spon
gioles are a tree's laboratory. And those
leaves and spongioles first grown were
made, with the exception of moisture,
wholly out of the materials that were
stored by the tree during the growth of
the previous year. When these vegetable
stores are in sufficient supply to do this
and nourish the fruit germs also, then we
shall hear little about imperfect fertiliza
tion. . On the other hand, had the food
been consumed the previous year, by
ripening an over crop of fruit or by mak
ing a very succulent growth, then the tree
would not store a sufficient amount of
plant food to perform its three-fold office
of
a
in the production of leaves, roots with
their spongioles and fruit
In this condition a part of the leaf and
a laire part of the fruit buds yield up
their nourishment which goes to the pro
duction of root and leaf growth. The
tree, therefore, is barren of fruit for the
summer, its whole growth being required
to recuperate its own vigor. Such trees
often bloom freely and then cast their
blossoms. When this occurs, uninformed
persons attribute it to want of fertilization.
or suppose that the rain must have washed
away the pollen. Dr. BaU, in Kantat
Farmer.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Sidney Smith recommends it as a rule,
to try to make at least one person happy
every day, and adds the calculation: Take
ten years, and you will have made 8,650
persons happy, or brightened a small
town, by contribution to the fund of gen
eral joy.
-A wretched contagions disease is once
in a while propagated by careless barbers;
and, as barbers must be patronized some
times, a recommendation in the London
Medical Pre is worth remembering. The
razor should be dipped in hot water and
then wiped clean. This will effectually
kill the germ of mischief and be a protec
tion mat can De aepenueo on.
A Top-Dressing for Coves. Corn is
much benefited by a stimulating manure
applied in the early stages of its growth.
A valuable compost for this purpose is
mace oy mixing nen manure, wood-ashes,
and plaster. Keep it dry until used. A
handful may be sprinkled on each hill as
soon as the young com appears. The deep
color and vigorous growth will attest the
efficacy of the application. Lastly, but
not least, me cut-worms don t like it
Tub "five-year rotation" adopted in
England for light loamy lands is: First
year, roots; second, barley; third and
fourth, clover; fifth, wheat The ad van
tares of this system are that land gets i
thorough cleaning, and a mellow seed bed
it prepared for the barley; and a young
sod is held to be, when broken up by a
single plowing, a good preparation for a
sound seed-bed r the ensuing wheat
crop.
J. Wilkinson proposes, in the Miry-
tana f armer, a plan lor wnat ne calls a
" symmetrizing rack and manger," which
consists simply in placing the feed box so
high that the colt can only reach the food
by arching the neck and raising the head
nearly as high as possible. By this means
he claims that great improvement can be
made in the style and symmetry of horses
designed for the saddle, the coach, or the
road.
Prevention or Rust. Dr. Crace Cal
vert states that iron immersed for a few
minutes in a solution of carbonate of pot
ash or soda will not rust for years, though
exposed continually in a damp atmosphere.
It was believed long ago by soap and al
kali merchants that the caustic alkalies
(soda and potash) protected iron and steel
from rust, but that the components of
these salts preserved the same property as
they do in a caustic state now. It docs
not seem to matter whether the solution
be made with fresh or sea water.
Tiis editor of the Germantcwn Telegraph
says that the suggestion that the trunks of
apple trees should be shorn of all the
boughs and allowed to sucker, and some
of them when large enough, grafted, will
prove a failure. The grafting of the ordi
nary suckers growing from the trunks of
old trees can rarely be done with success.
He tried this, and the grafts all died at
the end of the second or third year. Far
better to graft the old trees whenever
there is any smooth-barked wood near
enough to the main bough.
Fact in Sweet Potato Ctjltcrr. A
writer in the Country Gentleman says: I
believe that experience has settled the
somewhat anomalous fact that the sweet
potato is improved by successive cultiva
tion on the same ground for a series of
years. The more the soil is enrichtd by
the proper stimulants, the better will the
product be both in quality and quantity.
The principle of rotation does not apply
in this instance. The most successful cul
tivators have found this to be true by uni
form experience, and the fact I know can
be attested by the most reliable testi
mony. Cleasbing varnished Paint. In
cleansing paint which has been varnished,
there is nothing better than weak tea. AU
the tea leaves from several drawings
should be saved and boiled over early in
the morning of the paint-cleansing day.
If boiled in an old tin pail or pan, the tea
can be easily strained off for use. Wet a
.1 , i ; . 3 . - ,
iiaimei in it, auu wipe me o&K-gnuneu
paint and you will be surprised at its
brightness. No soap is needed, no milk ;
the tea is the most capital detergent ever
invented. Wipe the paint dry with a soft
cloth ; you will find that very little elbow
grease is needful White varnished paint
is cleansed as rapidly with it as the
grained. Boston Journal of Chemistry.
The advantages arising from planting
evergreens in orchards are set forth by t .
R. Elliott, in the Journal of Horticulture.
He says: The ameliorating influence of the
evergreen extends really but about fifty
feet ; yet within that distance the bodily
action oi man teeis it perceptibly, and so,
reasoning with careful observatior of ani
mal and vegetable life, each year teJs me
more and more that to insure success and
further development of either, certain
warmth and shelter, etri, must be had. In
the animal it is by means of artificial shel
ter and clothing in which they can be
placed ; but in the vegetable it must be the
subduing influence of one plant upon
another, and the evergreen, from long ex
perience, is proved the safeguard and
ameliorating nurse of the diciduous tree.
To Maks Embroidery Patterns.
The traced patterns for embroidery ore
printed, when many copies of the same
pattern are required. When a few are
needed, they are made by hand, as fol
lows : The drawing is made upon paper ;
they lay the drawing upon an even cloth,
and perforate all the lines with a fine
needle, close and even. Then take finely-
powaerea cnarcoai, three parts resin, one
part in fine powder; mix and tie it in a
piece of porous calico; so that it forms a
dusting bag. Lay the perforated drawing
upon your material, hold down with one
hand, rub the dusting bag over the draw
ing; the dust will fall through the holes
and form the drawing on the material
Remove the paper drawing, lay blotting
paper over me oust pattern, and go over
it with a warm flat-iron. The heat will
melt the resin and fix the drawing.
Dr. Letzerich, the pathologist who,
some time ago, published his observations
on a fungus, supposed by him to produce
diphtheria, has recently made a series of
experiments with another form of fungus
growth, which he believes to be the cause
of the very infectious disease, whooping
cough. The spores found in tbe expector
ated mucus causing the irritation and
coughing, were allowed . to vegetate into
larger masses, and small portions were
then introduced into young rabbits bv an
opening in the windpipe. The wounds
thus made soon healed, but the animal be
came affected with a violent cough. Sev
eral animals thus dectased were killed,
and the air-passages in each were found to
contain very large quantities of similar
fungus. These observations, so important
to the advocates of the germ theory, have
not as yet been confirmed by other in
vestigators in the same field.
A Chinaman will sell his children.
his limbs, anything he has, even his life,
for money enough. Some years ago, when
one of our ships of the navy was going up
Nankin, a Chinaman had his ankle so
badly fractured and crushed bv noma ami-
dent that the surgeon had to amputate it
save his life. After the operation was
over, a collection was taken up on board
for the benefit of the poor fellow, and
about a hundred dollars was soon raised
and paid over to him. As soon as the fact
became generally known, the surgeon was
besieged by a host of " heathen Chinees,"
all willing and anxious to sell their feet
ankles, or legs for $100 apiece, or even
less.
A French chemist asserts that if tea be
ground like coffee before hot water is
poured upon it it will y ield nearly double
the amount of its exhilarating qualities.
Another writer says: If you put a piece
lump sugar, the size of a walnut into
teapot you will make the tea infuse in
half the time.
Harrowing Corn.
Noticing an inquiry of R. J. H Martin
County, Minn., about harrowing com, I
will give my method of raising com in
Iowa. I plow deep, roll my ground be
fore marking, use an improved planter,
with a man to drop instead of a boy, and
drive straight both in marking and
planting.
As soon as the com is up big enough to
follow the row, take an "A" harrow,
knock out the forward tooth, pnt a bow in
the rear end of the harrow to manage it
with, put on two horses, and straddle
every row with the harrow, which will
pulverize the ground, loosen it up, kill all
the surface weeds, and leave the ground in
good shape for the cultivator. I then fol
low np with the two-horse cultivator, and
go over with this three or four times, or
as long as com needs working. Ee very
careful to pull all the weeds out of the
hills.
One good man, with a good team, will
tend fifty acres, in this way, in an ordinary
season, and keep the ground clean of
weeds, and have good corn and plenty of
it If you have any doubts of this method,
let any farmer try a strip of, say, twenty
rows, leave twenty without the harrow
and roller, and then roll and harrow twen
ty more, and give the result next fall.
Cor. Weter Jlural.
Boiling Potatoes.
Wben they come to the table smoking
hot with their "jackets" on all bursting
with the floury inside, it is a sight to make
a dyspeptic good nature!, and never will
fail to turn a sullen face into wreathing
smiles.
Then let me say a few words about cook
ing this vegetable, and tell the way in
which I have been most successful.
To boil potatoes, let them lie in cold
water six hours at least before boiling,
(twelve hours for very old potatoes, is not
too long.) Then put them in a little wa
ter a little salted, and the water
should be kept a moderate boil till they
are done, which should be tested with a
fork ; then pour off the water and let them
stand in the pot till dry. Great care
should be taken not to let them boil a
moment after they are done, as it will
render them watery.
An excellent plan to make old potatoes
mealy is to turn them into a cloth and
rapidly shake them about, or take them
one at a time in a cloth and slightly press
them.
The larger potatoes should be put
into the pot before the smaller ones, that
iheymaybe equally done. It requires
from forty to fifty minutes to boil old
potatoes. New ones will take half the
time. Exchange.
It is officially announced in a Massa
chusetts State document that women em
ployed in housework in Boston live, as a
rule, in greater comfort than any other
class ot lemale laborers that is their food
is better, lodgings more comfortable, and
their wages enable them to dress' neatly
ana comiortaoiy, ana to save sometmng.
During a late performance of the
Lady of Lyons," at the Mormon theater
in salt iisse (Jity, an old elder got up and
indignantly walked out of the house with
his twenty four wives muttering, " I won't
stay and see a play where a man makes
such an awful fool of himself about one
woman!
Dr. R. V. Pierce, of Buffalo, K. T., sole pro.
prietor of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, whose
name is printed on the wrapper of the gen
uine, has for over three years offered, through
nearly every newspaper in the United States,
a standing reward of $303 for a case of Catarrh
in the head which he can not core. That he
has treated thousands of cases and had no
elaims presented for the reward, from any
one who has made a thorough use of his
means of cure, is strong and conclusive evi
dence that he possesses sure means of curing
this loathsome disease. The Catarrh Eeme
dy is sold by all druggists or sent by mail on
receiptor sixty cento. SOS
Fresh Eggs and Yellow Butter
Is the title of new book, the only publica
tion of the kind ever issued. The preserva
tion of Eirira Butter. Meats md tlie rostcra-
tlon of rancid butter; the manufacture of
cheese, vinegar, inks, soaps, sirups, wises ; ine
use oi Aniline ayes ; me prciarauon oi uniuj
medicines, and the many other valuable ar
ticles set forth in the advertisement in an
other column, belong to that class of informa
tion that must prove of great utility to the
public This is not an ordinary recipe book,
but a scientific treatise, containing important
knowledge acquired by years of patient re
search and experiment ; therefore the pro
cesses sre reli&hle snd orsctical. and tha en
dorsement by some of tbe first chemists of
this country is a sumcicni guarantee.
This book should be in every household
and in the possession of every man and
woman who desires to engage in a proCtable
business.
PRUSSING'S VINEGAR.
We desire to inform our readers who wish
to use an extra good article of Vinegar to get
" Prussine's." It is justly celebrated for its
pnrity and strength, and not only is it war
ranted free from all injurious acids with which
so much of the commercial vinegar is adul
terated, but it will keep pickles for years.
Mr. Pnusing's works are the largest of the
kind in tbe United States, and owing to the
extra quality of his Vinegar, it is rapidly
superseding all others with the city and coun
try trade. Dealers and consumers should not
fail to ask for it when replenishing their
stock. tVii. Journal of Vomnurt.
Who, whim his brother asks roa brsid,
would give him a serpent t Vet how often,
when the sick ask for medicine, they receive
poison. Mercury, iodine, strychnine and prus
sic acid are daily prescribed, and the larger
the dose the more heroic the practice ! Shun
all deadly minerals and concentrated vegeta
ble poisons. Let Da. Walkxr's Vinegar
Bitters be the first resort of all who suffer
from general debility, indigestion, constipa
tion, biliousness, intermittent fever or rheu
matism. They will need no other medicine.
There are several kinds of worms which
trouble horses ; the pin-worms (pointed at
both ends) are tbe most common and most
dangerous. Sheridan's Cavalry Condition
Powder will in a few days eject the worms,
and the horse will begin to thrive.
Factories and machine shops should not
be allowed to run a day without Johnson's
Anodyne Liniment. In case of a soddon ac
cident, an immediate nse of it may sc.ve weeks
of suffering, and perhaps a limb, or even life.
The American Builder is out for
Jane, as nsn.l, fall of good thiols. The con
tributed articles are "The Building Stones of
Michigan," 44 Stockholm," "Modern Styles tn
Bunaing,"-" ROOT Ttome," and "No Tel Methods
of Sarreytoe.' The editorial and miscellaneous
matter of this journal is always good, wlille tbe
building designs in the present isace are of more
than ordinary merit. Tbe Builder is noteworthy
as an instance of a technical publication which at
the tame time is fall of interest to all dames, i-ub-Uehed
at 131 and 15S Monroe street, Chicago.
Price, $3.00 a year.
PEaraics afflicted with any of the diseases aris
intr from a disordered liver, stomach, nervous de
bility, dyvpeuia or lier complaint, should try
Perry Davis' Psin Killer. It seldom fails to effect
rnra in a verr sbon time. Thoee troubled with
ague or chills will And it a sovereign romodf.
The Household Tonic.
The efficacy of Hostetter's celebrated Stomach
Bitters as a specific for recruiting the enfeebled
body and cheering the desponding mind has
passed into a proverb. In the United States, where
this marvelous tonic bas borne down all opposition
ana eclipsed all rivalry, tbe demand for it has an
nually increased in a heavier and heavier ratio
for years, an til at la t the regular sales of this
preparation exceed those of all other stomachics
combined. Eminent members of the medical
profession and hospital surgeons without number
have candidly admitted that the - pharmacopoeia
of the faculty contains no prescription that pro
daces each beneficial effects in dyspepsia, genera
debility and nervous dleaseses, as Hostetter's Bt
ters. To nse the language of a venerable physi
cian of New Tork, The Bitters are tie psrest
stimulant and the safest tonic we have." But the
nses of the great vegetable antidote are much
more comprehensive than each praise would im
ply. As a preparatory antidote to epidemic dis
ease, a genial stimulant, a promoter of constitu
tional vigor, an appetizer, a stomachic, and a
remedy for nervous debility, no medicinal prep.
aratlon has ever attained the reputation of Hos
tetter's Bitters. It is the household tonic of the
American people, and in all human probability
wll be so for centuries to come. The magnates of
science recognize its merits ; and that it is emphati
cally the medicine of the masses, is proved by iu
rest and ever Increasing aas.
FaTJSSnre'l White Wine Vmegar Is a most
rn-perb article frit table ase. Warranted oar.
1840-
-TO-
1871
FOE THrETY-OITE YEARS
PERRT DAVIS'
PAIN-KILLER
HiwbfenlwtrdmevpryvarMvof climate, and brahnort
evrry narion known to Ajnerkuna. It Is tbe alraoM coo
tantcoinmnioQaDd inestimable friend of the mbwionary
and the tntvt-kT, on ea juirt Innd, and no one aboaki trava
oaoarLAJLbS OR IUYrIkJ Wll 110 UT 1L
PAI5-KILLIR was the first sad is the Only Per
saaaent Pain-Believer.
Btaee the PATX-KTLLER was tnt bitrortorM. and met
with such nnurpal Mle. many Liniment, Panacea, and
other tvmedia have brai nTed to the public, hut not one
of them has ever attained Uie truly UTUIU STAJtSIM
Of the PAIN-KIM. KlL
Why Is this so?
It is bemnae D AVIS? PATS-KILLER what it claims
to be a believer of Pain.
Its merits) are Cnsrarpaaaed
iryoo art nrSerlnz from I.VI'kKN AL PAW, Twenty
or Thirtv lffops In a Little Water will almost Instantly core
yon. There at nothing to equal it. In a Jew raomwita it
coxes
Colic, Cramps, Spasms. Heart-bars, Dlarracra,
Drseatery, Flsx, Wind la ths Bowels, Soar
Stomach, Dyssessia, Sick Headache.
In sections of the country where
rEVER AND AGUE
PreraiK then In no rrmtfij beM In gmatrr cwtmn. Emy
noaHekerper should krep it t hand, lu iirvplv it on the nrvt
attack of any Pain. It m ill give tatiaiMiorT reiki; and
Jive hours of raftering.
Do not trifle with yourrWrwhy tertlnc nntrlrd rwrrwJIes.
Be sorr yonct.il for ami get the pmuine PA1N-K1L1.KK,
u dliot wonhrnn rmtnimi v aitemptrri to be sold on
tbe cmt reputation of thl valuable mediciDe.
JT" UixcctiuoB accompany eaca bottle.
Price 23 cts-, 50 cti. ud $1 per Bottle
J. K. HARRIS fc COr ClncUnmtl, OU,
Proptietofs for tbe 8oathern and Western States.
XT For sale by all MedldDe Dealers.
VIN
KGA K. now made tn 10 boors, without drags
particulars iu cem. r. baa a. uromweu. uoaav
$283 in 16 DAYS!
Do too want a 1rnatton as mlesntan at or near borne, to
make 85 to $"iO a day sellinc our new 7-rrtrand White
Wire Cloth Linrn to Utt Jnrrrr. Sample free. Adilrrss
Hdm Hirer Wire Work. NEW YORK or CHICAGO, IU.
UUTCHEH'S LIGHTNING
DEADSHOT
POU 33D X3TTG-J3.
Try them, and 8leep In Peace!
FARMERS, WTCHAWTCS efc WORKEB8
voauuuu: is aitM per mooin, wiui
TDE YEiR OP. BATTLES,
And our MarS Prctures and Ctaromos.
Goouspixii'x Jlupuix iioos: uo Map iloc&s. Chicago
THEA-NECTAR
m a ma
BliACK TEA
with the 0ea Ta Flavor. Wae-
rnnted to rait all tastes, if tali
sc-TyM-tare. And lor sale whole,
sale only oy the Crrac A tlan
tlc and Pncifie Tea Co.,
Chuivti bL, ew lorK. o. liox
550B. aind for Tnea-Xecui
Crcular.
Of at fer Hlffhrr Class Hum any other proprietary
medicine of the day ttuue
Timit'i Effervescent Seltssr Aperient,
And lor Oils reason 'tis an exact counterpart of one of
the most valuable natnral medicines In Uie world. We r
fertowcermt Seltzer Sprlns of Germany, to which thoo
samtaof thedvapemie, the bilious, the rheumatic, and tl
victims of venal dieaBes resort annnally, ami return to
their homes convalescent or enred. The Aperient la oneof
the nret and hv tar the mosr snecessml of alltheefforts
made to repmn-.ice, in a portable form, tlie popular mineral
waters of Knrone. tpe that yoa purchase nly
Iho sennine artirle.
SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS.
MERCHANT'S
GARGLING OIL
IS GOOD FOB
Burn md Scalds,
Hemorrhoids or FUss,
tutn Xipole,
Oiked BreaMs,
FiMula, Mnnoe.
BpneiHS, Utreeneif,
&TidrMS, or fiream.
itrlngSult. WiTutgaJIs,
toHndtrrd Feet,
Cracked lleeU,
Fnoi Hot in Mta-n,
Roup tn Poultry,
lams Back,tc-,4c
Spniitui and Bruises,
Fro Bart.
r it 4 nnuHOS,
Exlrrwtl Potmis.
G-iUnof Alt Kinds. .
I SiifiiKt, RwgbuHS,
Burt of jintmnu r insects,
JoiMiackc, trc, dx.
Large Slxe,$1.00; edlasa.SOe.; Small, tie.
The Carbine Oil has been In use as a Liniment for I
i
tliim--ct:ht vears. All we auk Is a air trial, but I
oe sure ana lonuw airecuons. i
Aic your nearest drtunrist or dealer tn patent I
meiiK-ine. for one of our Almanacs and Vado-
Mecums, and read what Uie people aay about the I
uu
The Carsiine OH l for sale by n rpectahle
d-aiers throughout tbe Taued Stales and otner
COMHlrifJi.
OmleMimmlat date front 11B tn the present, and
are HHMtticitr'l. L'se the Oarolina CM. sad tell your
I neighbors what rood it has done.
We deal f:ilr and liberal with alL and defy contra
diction. Write Jar an Almanac or Cook Book.
Manufactured at Lcckportj U. T,
BIEKC1T ANT'S
GARGLIG OIL C031PASI,
JOHN HODGE, Sec'r.
WANTED FO THat
PJ I STORY OFrTHE
H WAR IN EUROPE
It contains over 1 00 flneeiiiisilngs of Battle Scenes
and Iix-i'lcnts in the War, and Is tbe only AUTHENTIC
and OFFICIAL history ol that area! conflict. Published
In English and German.
P H 1 1 T ! P. y Inferior histories are beirrfr drrnlsrM.
UnU I lUll See that tbe bonk yon bnv contains 100
fine engravum and maps. Bend for circulare and we otir
terms, and a full description of the work. Addreass.
NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO, Chicago, rjL, iClnoa
nan, Ohio, or St, Lotus, Ha.
PURE BP-ED PIGS FOR SALE.
We are Importers and Dealers In tbe fcrjowinr
brafd hirrris of Hoes: Pcrfcihlre, Fjw Mud, i.nflolk
atrfCTiesTrr vermes. vre n.v : some ten cWe Tt v?
all th- above lm-.t (or sale. For price hf-. addnas
with stamp. H. it) IBB4 CO.. Gartettsvlile, Ohio.
HUGH M.LLEF,
THE
EECLGKST.
A BOOK FOB TCT FEOFLX.
Life and letters of Hugh Miller,
BY PETES BAYnE,
Author of "The ChrWian Life."
t vols, 12 mo, cloth, 4. With an Elegant Steel l.iyt-nfss.
ana a rciure 01 ns jMruipuKew
The Biography of a Man, Nte HUGH MTLLER, by
Petes Batn a. the Prince of Biorranbers. as shown In his
"Christian Life." cannot tail of brfna deeply interesting,
ami mnst be nniversally welcomed by American leaders.
Just published by
Ne. 59 Washing-tea 1 Hasten.
Is Copies sent for mail on receipt of prioa.
MAKE MONEY,
With otrr ESGRAVTSG8.
Proflts-AM) percent. Sanipto
em noetpaid for Scents. Circulars free. Address aU
banbern de Is., 114 Madiaorxt, Chicago.
HASE, HARFORD cfc CO.. Chtcaqo, 111,
u.nrT-iTrrem for Palnti. Otis. varni&bBa. Axle
Grease. an'I Wilaoo'a Patent Oil Cans. All at mannfao
turers prices.
AL8HME5 WASTFD to sell Groceries
vhiwiiH hv sample. Liberal salarv and
BKOWN r'AV, P.O. Bol 5 US, Chicago, IiL
TWO MILLION ACRES
IGVYA AMD NEBRASKA LANDS
FOR. SALE BY THE
Burliiitttoa & Ho. Eiver B. B. Co.,
On Ten Yean Credit at 6 per ct. Interest,
VonartoTthe nrmcinal doe two years, snd thence
ot.:y one-ninth year y till p'd In fulL Fred acts will
? i iv tor land ana improvemeiMs -"iiv "
h5 rent-mo credit. Better terms are not oflered, never
were, and probably never will be.
rratn ; and any wishlne to Induce others to eiriirate with
them, or to form a col.mr, are Invlled to aakfcr all they
WaUelUUUUIMslCs war
fiZO. S. HABBIS, Lass ComatlsaiomeT,
For Iowa lands, at BTJBLIXGTOX. IOWA, and
Tar Vebra&ka Linda, at LESCOLir, FEB.
NEW BOOK,..
Fresh Eggs and
Yelldwjutter.
FIFTEEN TEAKS' IXPEBntXS'TS BY A
PRACTICAL CHEMIST-IJlPOai-AHI
PROBLEMS SOLVED.
PRINCIPAL CBITim OF THE I00K.
Kca kept Iresh lor one year at less than 1 cent per down.
without tarnish or appearance ol aire to the shells, hy
new raxoraseaaod equal far auxupases la newly bid
eesh
Iaspertant DiseoTerr. Eora neory(enated and h
Milalt-il lor X cnt per dozen. Procera sirule, quick,
andenVcdvc. Theejurs will aaXAUt rsaH and can be
shipped in hot weather many part uf Kim aorta.
BUTTER.
Rurcmand ftowy batter deodorized, made sweet, and
tlie fre4h Erane or Burvrtn flavor impartc,!.
Whits xxd strkaskd Bitto renuered yellow and
equal to a good June article, and new butter kept lu a
awvet state.
Ftsaxas A2TD Caocss jnanlamrl Jbr the ptuti vaQon of
butter.
Milk kept tweet In not weather.
IapBovaaaxTs In cheese making.
Tins book contains an exhaustive treatise of over MS
raxes on eirza. butter milk ami cheese, and shows
chemical e&xt ot the rsiKjos sgenu used lor their pre
servation. Beef, Marten, Fork.-Hs, svj-nr-eored and pre
served by superior dry and pickle processes.
Vlneaar mamtfacttrred mil sTrercnh in S boors far 1
cents per Kalion. wiHitesoune and pure.
Kerweeae Oil. and other barrels deodorized and ren
dered swueL lor aU purposes, in 30 minutes.
Boa.se, bard snd soft made by recent piicejsea, cost
from l to 3 cent-, per pound. Also perfumed. Glycerine,
and carbouc soaps.
Caadlesv TaUowand Paraffine. '
Cements, for Glass, Crockery, Iron, Stone, Marble,
Tmware, Ac
Palate. Fire-proot Ac
Varnisaea. Sliellac, Coral. Indla-Ttubber. Ae, and
now to uuke them any desired color, by a new process.
Iaks. Black, Bine, Dmnze. EM, Crimson, Violet, Pur
ple, Oranxe, Green, Gold, lalcliba?. bynipJtic, India
SImI nilnm,
Washinc Composed. Sew Ksrreriea hard
water rendered soil
Baklna Pewdera and Teas Cakes.
eiyvapa. Strawberrv, Raspberry, Sarsaparilra, Vanilla.
Lemon, GingerPaat Apple, and other soda or flavored
syrups.
Tlactarea. Essences, extracts, ornrmenta, plasters, Ac
Ferfaasery and Caloffaea.
Hair Oils. Invigorators and Restoratlvea.
UaiisHtreaaiasaad Skampaalae- CaavpaaBafa.
Inatantaneoae kalr-ntyce and hair-curhug Liqtd
diue. Tel let and Tooth FsrwdeTsj. PeaH Wash lor rr
movin Tan, r retains and bun-bum, and beauniyius the
- complexion.
Per f emery, IbrrJothunr,
Cloth Krntarativr, for Instantly renewlns the color
to laded and worn pennent.
Acid, fruit and vlnerr stains removed from clothing;
UUMMMvers, Ac, and Lhe original color rtslored.
Iran-rasa snd Ink-stains removed from doth. Ac
Bklaa tanned, either with or withoot the hair, wool,
ur lur on them, in lortyut boars; also colored to imi
tate other grades.
Llejald Glee, for Wood, Leather, Ac
(una, for labels, postage snd revenue stamps.
Neath Gl a e, for paper, Ac
Uraftins Wax, forrmit trees.
Kealins Wax. Bed, Bine, Black and Gneo.
Ptarck Polish.
Cloth Renovator, for rernnvlns; crease, oIL tar,
paints, varnish, etc, Irom silk, woolen, cotton and otlier
fabrics, and will also restore the original color to
clothing.
Water and Sncnr-rtcoof Blacktns and Leather Preserva.
nve for Boots, Shoes, Harneas, Carriage-tops, Ac
Paste and Liquid Polish Blacklnza.
Haaey, artificial, at one-half the cost snd equal to the
evnuinc
Cider, from Apples. Champa! me. Cider Wme. arrmdal
Cider, Perry, Meail. and how to keep doer sweet, or in
the pleasantly acidulated state
Beers. Sprnce. Sarsaparllla, Lemon, Ginger, and other
Hoot or Medicated Beers.
Wines.-Isabella, Catawba, Cnrrant Port, Blackberry,
Gimrer, Rhubarb, Tomato, Strawberry, and other Do
mestic Wines.
Portable Lemonade.
Preaerwatloa of Potatoes.
Preserwatioa of Fraita.
Whitewash snd Calcimiae, for walls.
Kerosene Oil, and iu adulterationa, and bow to render
it rjcoexpiosive
Sletala, plated wUbont a battery, with gold, silver, cop.
per, unc and tin.
Stone and Marble, artificial, of various shades and
colors, for ornamental and biuldinK purposes.
Preserwatioa of BoUdlnc; Stone.
Timber Preserved and rendered flre-proof.
Old Files and Hasps re-cat and ro-nesred by acbenv
ical process.
India Rabber. soft, bard, and tn solution.
Chla Hals snd Bonnets dyed and varnished.
Dyeing, with all shades ot Aniline, fast colors for va
nous kinds of goods.
A annua and Its nses.
Parfnne Wax and Us ues.
Glycerine snd its nses.
Carbaale Acid Gaa snd Us uses.
Dlalafectins; Caaspoaads.
Family Medicines. Coneh rvrrms. Alterative
syrups. Stlmutatlna- and antispasmodic drops. Ca
tarrh remedies. Eve-waters. Cooling- lotions. Lini
ments for IUienmatism, Neuralgia, Wounds, sores,
brnisea, Salt tuieum, etc
Carbolic Acid I its properties and nse for various
diseases.
This work contains other lrww, and valt-ablz formnlas
w! th full airecuona so Uial any person can pretAire sod use
them.
This m Tarn able bonk shonld be tn the hands ot every
Farmer. Dairyman. Grocer, Produce Dealer, Manufacturer,
and otliers who mar WL-ti to enmure tn a pcodtalHC host
nesa. It a printed on beavy Unu-d paper. In plain type,
and anhstanaaiiy bound in heavy ouard and ciolh Turkey
Imitation.
This book has been submitted to and approved bv the
ouowunx u.smirm.Hnea cnenusis, viz.: j w. v. c nisiiey.
Professor of Chemistry. Rush Medical College, and Con-
snlrinE Chemist, Chlcaco ; H. D. Garrisoa, M. D, Prrs'cssor
ot inennstry in ijcrtnrtr, Menieai concert, imcago; c
Gilbert Wheeter, Professor of Analvrical and Applied
Chemistry, University of Chieasn ; together with the tes
timonials of many well known Farmers. Groeert, Produce
Dealer, Mawiiarmrers atU Agricultural Journals.
" Pries ef Book, Kit by auU pre-paid, 3.
Address
DR. W. C. BKTJSOIT, Aothor and Pnblisner.
143 La Salle Street, Odcaro. IIL
REDUCTION OF PKICES
Totxnformto
REDUCTION Or DUTIES.
Great Savriac ta Conaamera by setting ay
- Claba.
rr Send for oor-Kew Price I.hrt and a Clnh fcrm va
seconmanr It eontatnlr full direeUona, nuking a larrt
saving to corawmers and remunerauv-e to deb organisers.
TBS CHEAT AXEBICAS TEA CO,
P.aBoxtslS. SI end 33 Vesey St, Sew Tork
HODGE,
WHITNEY,
COOK & CO.,
312 Broadway, New York,
Harnfactnrrrs snd Wholesale Dealers la
BOOTS AND SHOES
The trade are invited to call and examine onr stock wben
In New York.
Orders by man win receive prompt attention, and prices
as lorn as can be found In fhe EaMem wtartes.
Onr Stock is especiAUy adapted to tie West
ern and Southwestern Trade.
CUT THIS OUT
And send twenty -five cents far a ticket, and get a -
Watch, Sewinj Machine, Piano,
or some article of value. aixflekessforSt or). Xbbiani.
Address .PACKARD CO,
Clrrlnnsll.Oblo.
tfMin niiin riAnrn
uiluii.u rnrcn
OP TUBE KIDSa
T A TlttT hHrTTE A TrTTTfl.
Fa ontride ot Stndcttr.., meter Clapboanfe. A
rooxoii2rtoro cxkl, hebUiiaaddAinDes. Cost
v i utu iicw tne aw wmA as isviuaa B tuiao ninri
pfN it Aia-TtoHT.
PEEPAJLED FLASIESnro BO ABB.
A cheap and perfect snbstltirte for lath and plas
ter; makes s smooth, warm snd permantnt
wall, at less than half the usual cost.
DOUBLE THICK BOOnjfQ
and Qnarti Cement make a rood water snd
and flre-proof root ior lea than $X50 per square.
yard, Ac, sent tree U any address.
BOCK KIVF.R PAPER CO.,
IS Wabash Avenoe, Chicago.
P. 8. Please say In what paper yon saw this adr't
EMPLOYMENT.
The art of irrtmr a sitoatkm. How to keep rt Bovrto
better onr condition. No more strikes. 20,000 copies.
Send a cents and eet one tiy return man. Ananas us
Puhuaher. CK, Lr, Id GKtKLLAF , Boston, Mass.
IITyXTOR who wr"h to talcs out Letters Patent
are advised to counsel with the Editors of the SctrVTllTC
Amine., who have iprosecnted claims before the Psrenl
Omee for -23 Vears. Their American and European Patent
Agency ta the most extensive in the world. Cnarses lee
than any otlrsr reliable aeency. A pamphlet with ftul
injirncdoraitomvenlorelasenlftTatak Address
BICNN CO., 37 Park How, Mow York.
THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN !
A sixteen naze weekly devoted to Mbcstt-s. Mawt
TacTtrsss. Lwsjmox. CHaanrrsT, ijra.
AacnrrscTTraa aii-i nrtui .i.,v . -
did Engravings. Terms, t&M a year. Specimen nam-
lTf "n- Park Row. If. Y.
liamd. The beat and cheapest lamllr
..rirJVv, km! and ehaanest lamliT
yiratacnineiBHiainava--. - I t
crs
roH
PIUS-
WHEW WRITITtG TO ADTIRTI8KHS,
lease aay yea aaw the advertlssmsaS
la tela paper. . . S01H, 0.
K. Re-Re
Railway's Beady Belief
t tass 1UB truasr jrAYiajaj
la from One tv Tweaty ICimmtsM.
not out: hour
after reading tuts advertisement need any one
8CKFKH WITH PALS. '
BASWATO EaAXir RELIEF1 13 A CIHJS FOR;
AVEKY PAIS.
It was the flrst snd Is
THE ONLY PAITT BtTTEDT
that Instantly stops ths moat excruciating- pains, allays
irtnammaoons, and cures Conrestiona, whether of the
Lanes, bujmach. Bowels, crctiawsndsorceaarasbyaoa
PtUiCai?'FtBOM OXE TO TWK.NTT VLUTfA
no matter how violent or excTnetatlns: the pain the P.HKU
MATIIC, Bed-ridden, Infirm, Crippled, bervoua. Aeons
gk or prostrated with disease may suner,
kaawaj's Beady Belief will aitbrd Instant Aid.
JhArmtansloM of ths KUtney. M0ammation of IA
BUtdtttr, Injlttmnvnvm of We BoweU. Congestion of
Ins Luvqa, Sore Tlirrxu, iAitrud breaihtna, Pat-
nLilirtn nf Ik HrtirL HnrirM- fvvMin. Ijrohr
lAi-vm, (Yrltirrk inAutnaa, Headache and
Toothache. Varal0o, AAewMuilissn,
Cold Chitle and Ague CniUe.
The snpficaoon of tbe Ready Relief to the part os
parta w here the pain or duhcuity exists will afford ease and
comfort.
Twenty drops In half s trrmbter of water win, ta a few
moments, cure CHAMPS, SPASMS, SOI R STOMACH,
H E A ItT BL'KN" SICK H E AD ACH ri DI A R RHEA, DYS
ENTERY, CtlLlC, WLND 13 Til BOWELS, and all
LNTEli.VAL PAIXS.
Travelers should alwavs carry a bottle of Rsswav'l
Ready Relief with them. A few drops in water wl,!
drops in water '
prevent siclrmwe or pains from change of water. It a better
inau x
frenca Brandy or Biuers asaatunulanu
FEVER AND AGUE.
Ffc'VKK AXD AOLK enred for flflv cents. There is not s
remedial atrent in this world ".hat will enre Fever and Agne
and all otrsT Malahooa, Bilious, Scarlet, Tvphotd, Yellow,
anootrvrrevTTSisui ty KAIiv, at SfiLLo) so qnlca
aaRADVTAY'S BEADY RELIEF. Fifty cents per battle,
IB. HAD WAY'S
SARSAPARELIAN BESOLYIKT,
Tit Great Blood Purifier.
Frrry amp of the 8ARSAPARILUAX RESOLVENT
cnnimunicates thrrxich Uie Blood. Sweat, Urine, and other
fltii'it. Mid jwcea of the a v stem. (Ae vtsyor of life, for tt rr
pHlniltc w.w-8 nf the body with new and sound material
tx-rofuisL, frfpsMti. Cnttsumption, Gknutuittr dwra, LI
cent tn ihetAroi ani rue-ruth, lnnwr, Sufis in tMs (rUmd
and otserpmU of tAeyte?m, Sore Eve. Sireiorrm di
ck trirYMfnym Lh E- rr, an dike trormt forms of 6km di
wati, t mpiior), Envr Sore Sraid Bmd, King Worm,
srU tHhfnm, Eryttptitt, A me, B'wk OprHM, Worm in ike
ElexX, THmor,Oim-eTinthnf Worn, and all wenksmtng
and puin ftU dfrfutnjrut, yigk 1 6urU4, Lomi qf Sperm and
aU trristtf' of Ue li fe prinripie, are whin, Use evntttr
ntnoe of thi wontler of Modern Ckemutrif, and a fen
dityst ueund prove ta any permm Usuno U for eiiJur Qf
tAfe forme of diJtemte Uh poUntpOfterlocttre Utem.
If UkepiUtetit, daily becoming reductrd by tbe wartpvan1
decomposition thai is oonttnoally proCTmiiaC. rareradt tn
arrestirur the wwleBL and rf pairs theme with new m
term! mvUfrom zood be-jthy blood and this th BAR.
8APAKILL1AN" will and does aeenn a cure to emain;
tor, when once thia remedy commences its work of panO
cation. and sncemUln diminiehiDai the low of watiU-A, tta
rcpalra will be rapid,and erery day the patient will feel liim
elf jrrowiiiat better and stronger, the food dirt-niii DeUci,
afwetlte improTlnc and flesh and wettu hscrea-unc.
Not only does rite 8a ksapah LLLiAJf Rbsoltznt excH
all known remedial agenta In the cure of Chronl, Scrofn
loua, Contutrooai and bioa diseaaea; bat it la tho onlj
poaitive cure tor
Kldaey ) Bladder Complaints,
Frfrmry and Womb diseaeea. Gravel. Di.'ibrtea, rrrrrTTt
Stoppage of Water, liMrontinence of Unne. Brisfri's Duea-ea,
AiUuiiinoria. and in all case where there are brick-diuf
deposits, or the water ta thick. cJoodv, mlxrd with anlv
aLuicti like tle white of an er, or threads like white silk,
or there in a rLVorh,d, dark- bilioon appearance, and white
bofteintt deposita, and when there w a pricking burning
lenaatlon when pawtini? water, aoti pain m the bmallOaCthe
Back and akxuc the Loins.
Twtr f Twelve Year Orawth Cared y
JLaaway'a KesaWcau
BmiiT, Maub, July 18, 1809.
Da. Radtwat: T hare had Ovarian 1 muor in the ora
Tiea and bowels. All the doctors said There was no cure
forif I tried ererrthintr that was recommended ; but
nothing helped me. I saw tout Resolvent, and tuoncht I
would try ic ; but had no laith in 1 1 becatwe I had golfered
I twHvc years. I took six bottles of Uie Resolvent, and
one box of Kadway's Fills, and two bottles of your Heady
Relief : and there is not a sign of tumor to be seen or felt,
and I feet r-uer, smarter, and happlt-r tlian I have for
twelve years. The worst tomor w in the lett side of the
boweU, over tbe groin. I write this to yu for the benefit
of oUwta. Yoacita public)! it if voachooe-
U ANN AH p K2JAPP.
AW nf PORTAKT LETTER
from pnmnnent kreuUeman and resident of CftKtanatl,
Ohio, for the post forty vears well known to the book pub
lAshers tluwKhuat the tiuted State :
New Vosx, Oct 11th, 1870,
Vw. Radwat ZVnr Sir I am induced by a Mnse ot
duty to the rmffrrinie to make a brief statement of the work
Insof vonrmedicineonmynelf. For several years 1 had
been allected with some trouble In tire Madder and urinary
orzana, which some twelve months ago culminated in a
mom terribly affwtinir diftexee, which the phyakians all
said was a prostatic stricture in the tiretha, as also Iniiam
mation of the kidneys and bladder, and .rave it as their
opinion that my aje ti years would prevent my ever
pettiug radically cured. I had tried a number of phy4
cians, and had taken a large quantity of medicine, both al
lopnUiic and Itotnosonatluc, bat had got no relief. I had
read of aftUMiihine aura having been made by yonrreme
dios; andtannrc four months airol read a notice in the PI id
adeiphia &itHrdttjf Erasing Pott of a cure ha vim? been
effected on a perwMi who had x been sulferinK as I bad
been. I went ri:rht off and trot some of each your Sarsa
rmrUlian tawolvent, Keady Iteliet; and Herniating Plils
and commenced taking them. In three days 1 was grtaatij
Rlieved, and now k-el as well as evr.
C W. J AXES, Chieiimatt, Ohio.
OS. RAD WAT'S PEBFECT PURSAT1VE PILLS,
perfectly ranMi'ss. elegantly coated with sweet earn, purse,
rceulatc, ptuiiy, clean.e and strengthen. Kadway's puis.
$ t hL- cure of all di.-orders of Uie Stomach, Liver, Bowels.
Ki Incy-s ULidder, Nervous Piseasea, Headache, Constira
tion, CorjUven"wrs Indifction. Iv9peria, Billoumeew, Bil
ious Fever, IntLininiatton of the Bowels, Piles, and ail De
rangements of Uie Internal ViMxra. w arranted to effect a
p-n-iave cure. Purely V' friable, ooDtainlng lio mercury.
uinfTHla. or deleterious drills.
W Observe the following "fTmpCotns rwltjiig Irom
lX-rdVr of the Iiiseative Onrans:
Constipation, Inward Piles, FriUneas of the Blood hi the
Tleavt, Acidi.y of the Stomach, Nausea, Heartburn, Di-sjtjs
of Food. Kullnewor Weight m the btomach, boor Eructsr
ttons. Sinking or Frntterinx at the Pit of tlie btomach.
Swimming ot the Head. Harried and Difficult Breatliuia;
Fluttering at the Heart, Choking, or Soff'Mratlng BefiKHUoos
when in a Lying Posture, lAmnew of Vision. Dots or
Webs telore the Sight. Fever and Dull Pain in Uie HtL
" A fewOfMt-sor KADWAY'S PILLS win free the wrstem
from all the above-named dl'oniera Price WW cents tve
box. SOLD BY DKLUGIsTS.
KEAD -FALSK AND TP.UE. BendcmMfvMvTTe
to RADWAY a ;0 No. 87 Maiden Lane, Hew York,
lnstjcuiartuo worth thouaaUMls wii. be aent you.
K CHEAT MEDICAL C.SGOYEi.!
MI1.1I059 Bear TestlmsaT to their
Woarfertal Caraulva Effect.
OR. WAIKXIPS CAUVivBXIA
Tkey are aat a Tile FANCY DRINK.
Made or Fear Kan, Whisker, Proof Spirits
and Refaae Lloeare doctored, spiced sad sweet
ened to please the taste, called "Tonics,' "Appetis
ers," " Restorers," Ac that lead the tippler on to
drankenness and rain, bat are a true Medicine, made
from the Native Boots and Herbs of California, tree
rraaa all Alcoholic Htimalaata. They are the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER aaa A LIP
GITISG PRINCIPLE, a perfect Renovator and
Invlgorator of the Srstem, carrying off all polsonoos
matter and restoring- the blood to a healthy condition.
No person eaa take these Bitters according to amo
tions end remain long- an well, provided their bones
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
snd the vital organs -Wasted beyond the point of re
pair. They axe a Gentle Part-ative as well aa at
Tonic, possessing also, the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful sirent In relieving Congestion or inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether ta
young or old, married or single, at the dswa of wo
manhood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters have
noeqnaL
Fer Inflammatory and Chrenle Rbeama
rtsat aad Goat, Dyspasia, ar Iadiressioa.
Bllloaa, Remittent and Intermittent Fevers,
Dlseaaee ef the Blood. Liver, Kidneys, aaa
Bladder, these Bitters hare been most sneeessfnl.
each Discs see are caused by Vitiated Blood.
watch Is geaerally produced by derangement of the
Digestive Orgaaa
DYSPEPSIA OR rSTJIGESTIOW, Head.
ache, P aiu in tlie Shoulders, couirtia, T:gutness of Uie
Cbest, Dizziness. Sour nrctations of the stomach.
Bad taste in the Month. Bilious Attacks. Palpitation
of the Heart. Inflammation of the Langs. Pain in the
regions of the Kldnevs, and a hundred other painful
symptoms, are the orsprings of Dyspepsia.
They invigorate ths Stomach and stimulate thetse
pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
eihcacy In cleansing the blood of all impurities, and
Imparling new life and vigor to the whole system.
FOR SKIN DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Blotches bpoia, pimples, Pustoles, Boils. Car
buncles, Ring- Worms. Scald-lieaa. 60 re Eyes, Erysip
elas, Itrh, Scurfs, Piscolorations of the Skin, Humors
snd Iiiseaaes of the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
sre literally dug np snd carried out a the system in a
short time by the use of these Bitters. One bottle In
such cases will convince the most Incredulous ef their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon And Ita
Impurities bursting through the skin in Pimples. Erup
tions or Sores, cleanse it when you 0nd it obstructed
sndslufgish in tbe veins: cleanse ltwhen it Is foul, and
your feefinirs will tell you when. Keep the blood pore
and the health of the system will follow.
PIN, TAP3, snd other WORMS, lurking tn the
system of so many thousaads, are enectually destroy
ed and removed. For full directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed tn four laa
guagea English, German, French and Spanish.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. S. McDOSALD CO,
Druggists and Gen. Agents, Sea Francisco. CaL, and
83 and 34 Commerce Street, Kew Tork.
fmTSOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS A"D DEALERS.
FRAGlttNT SAFCLILNE
Clesra Ed Gloves snd an kinds of Cloths and Hothtng; re-mov.-a
Paint, Grease, Tar, nJ'tnl's. without the least
Injnry to the nnertfcVic. Bold by lfrnjt and Fancy
Goods dealers. FRAGRANT, AFOUK.N ttO,
Si uarciay i , 3 ew i - a.- - ".
AGtNTS! READ THIS!
WX WILL PAT AGENTS A SALAB.Y
of 30 Per week snd expenses or a,tr,w aiarn
eemmiaAaxh tt sei I onr new wonderful tnvennor" d
drees, M. WA6J8EB CO. Varaiiail. sTsa.
a- a ill p" cn ( s
"Sol 5 215 Sit
S S SSSlai IT'S?

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