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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, June 09, 1871, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075000/1871-06-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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The Habit of Taking a "Nip."
A city merchant of the old school re
visiting the scene of his labors at the
present day would certainly be a irood deal I
SiartieO, and we fear scandalized, by
various changes which could not fail to
attract his attention. Admiration would
mingle with his astonishment at the vast
scale of modern transactions, the daring
and versatile ingenuity with which plan's
are conceived, arid the rapidity with which
they are executed. But there would be
another side of the picture. He would be
painfully struck by a certain feverish ex
citement observable in city life, and a
growing tendency to disregard the line
"ffhich separates legitimate business from
sheer gambling. He would find that the
1 til
disastrous conseqnenoes of reckless trad
ing, which in his day would have brought
uirate, are now recKoned among the
ordinary and natural risks of commercial
enterprise. And looking a little more
cioseiy into the private habits of those
who had succeeded him, he would observe
?f r two S8 which, according to his
old fashioned notions, would sufficiently
p irreguianues 01 iraue or
of iiercantile morals. Even in
walking Kong the streets the number of
ui iuiu-g oars 01 an tunas woum strike
pa ye, some flaunting in gold and rain-
"ow nues, ana aisciosingmronga me large
plate-glass windows and widely-opened
aoors tne glittering counters and dash
ing iieoes Dehind it; others, prim
and shy, with close wire-blinds to
the street, and secluded compart
ments opining on the bar; others, again,
more unabashed and shameless dram
shops. Many of the old chon houses re
main, bnt the tendency of development is
evidently in the direction of the gaudy
refreshment bar, with fittings in the high
est style of Parisian ornament, stucco
mouldings, panels of white and gold,
flowery arabesques, mirrors flashing on
the walls, and reflecting the gleam of
crystals, colored glasses and bottles, bou
quets of artificial flowers, and lavish show
of electro-plate on the long marble count
er. In some cases the transformation has
been accomplished ; in others the old and
new may be seen in grotesque comoina
tion a quaint oyster shop of other days
with low roof and squat broad window,
throwing out an annexe of Albambra
splendor, or some famous old tavern
breaking out into gilding and looking
glasses in a corner of its dingy yard. But
even in the traditional chop house, with its
wooden boxes, sanded floor, gridiron his
sing and spattering in a corner of the
room, and metal plates to keep the chops
warm, although externally the old aspect
the place remains the same, a change may
be noticed from the uniform simplicity of
the chop or steak and glass ot Deer, or
ders for sherry and spirits are frequently
heard, while men may be seen coming in
just for a glass, and leaving as soon as
they have tossed it off, to return probably
in an hour or so lor another, i ne Amen
can bar system, which in New
York and elsewhere has been carried
to a height at which, through be
ing so flagrantly scandalous and intolera
ble, it has almost begun to cure itself, has
unfortunately taken root in London and
others of our chief cities. The habit of
taking irregular "nips," "pegs," "pick-me-ups,"
or "eye-openers," as the Yan
kees call them, is established among us,
and seems to be rapidly gaining ground.
The forenoon glass is in especial request,
and men who shrink from going to public
Dars have no scruples about htting up
neat mahogony cellar in their own office,
where they can help themselves to a glass
whenever they want it. Under these cir
cumstances the drinking at a bar or in any
public manner is clearly the less of the
two evils, for the same reason that the
open blazj of the grate is less dangerous
than a smouldering Deam under the carpet.
Once a man would have been disgraced
had he been seen drinking in a public
house during business hours, but apparent
ly no discredit now attaches to visiting
the luncheon-Dar lor irequent drams, pro
vided the liquor be sherry, and that it is
consumed at a gulp standing, not sipped
sitting, and with a Dnel interval between
each glass. Still, slight cs the restraint of
the opinion may be, it does operate to
some extent as a check on drinking in
public. Sec et drinking is free and un
controlled. The bottle in the private
room is the most alarming phase of mer
cantile alcoholism; for the tippler helps
himself as often as he likes, the tempta
tion is ever present, and wine is apt to be
supplanted by gin or brandy.
It is beyond question that the potations
of city men are terribly on the increase.
" Oh, everybody does it," is the excuse ;
and can t get on without it, alter a time.
is the confession. The old rule of self-de
nial and abstinence during the sacred
"business hours" is set at nought, and the
consequences are of a kind which it is a
duty to expose. The evil effects of this
pernicious habit are not confined to ruined
health and shattered constitution; they
may be traced in the general course of
business, in the wild projects of gain fos
tered by an excited brain, the relaxation of
prudence, and the weakening of moral
resolution and self command, of which we
have had in recent years such painful evi
dence in the records of the bankruptcy
and criminal courts. The pressure of
business is nowadays intensified by the
operation of two conflictLig circumstances
on the one hand, an increase ii the
amount of work, and on the other, a con
stant tendency to reduce the hours within
which the work was to be performed. A
aeries of important transactions which
would have occupied our grandfathers
several weeks, perhaps mouths, is now dis
posed of in as many days. The facilities
lor communication, the wide range of com
mercial enterprise and diversities of spec
ulation, provide incessant employ
ment 'With the telegraph and
an accelerated postal Eervice at
command, there is no interval during
wnicn a man 01 Dimness can leisurely
meditate on his affairs and mature his cal
culations while waiting for the mail to
convey his letters or to bring the replies.
Advices which arrive in the morning have
now to be answered within an hour or
two, if not on the instant ; and one matter
is no sooner settled than another presses
for decision. And thus the tide of affairs
flows on swiftly and without intermission
irom week s end to week s end. If a tran
saction is profitable, the profits bring fresh
care ana trouoie, lor they have to be in
vested without delay. If there is a loss it
must be repaired with similar speed. If or
is it merely that the number ot transac
tions is multiplied a thousandfold, but the
sams staked on them have also risen in a
still greater ratio. The safe but com
parativcly petty gains of the old school of
traders are despised as too insignificant for
pickmg up. " iiig things " are the order
of the day, and the risks of loss are neces
sarily in proportion to the chances of gain.
The effect of all this is obviously to pro
duce a restless anxiety, a perpetual strain
on the nerves, the danger of which lies
not merely in the exhaustion which at
tends it, but in the tendency which it is
apt to engender to seek some artificial
stimulus for jaded powers, and at the
same time a sedative for the fevered ex
citement of high-pressure work.
The amount of mischief which is pro
duced among all ranks of mercantile men
by tAo growing custom of drinking fre
quent glasses of wine, and especially sher
ry, not at meals and along with or just
after food, but tossed off at odd moments,
as a mere " nip," either out of a private
bottle, or at one of the public bars, u pro
ducing incalculable mischief. It would
almost be better to take to brandy at once.
Men would then kuow what they were
about The effects of the indulgence
would be too flagrant to be disguised or
sustained, and the evil would assume a
form -in which it would neither be ignored
nor tolerated. At present a disgusting
and ruinous vice is widely practised under
a kind of mask. The ravages it causes
both to health and morality, the shattered
constitutions and wrecked careers, are not
traced to their true origin. Ask any doc
tor who has much to do with city men
and he will tell you of the terrible in
crease of paralysis among this class. A
yearly list of the number of young men,
who either perish in this melancholy way,
or are reduced to permanent imbecility,
would startle those who have never had
their attention called to it. Even when
the facts are known the cause is misunder
stood. "Overwork" is the usual explan
ation ; " the strain of business," " anx
ieties of speculation." No doubt all
these things have to do with the mischief.
it
oi
at
it?
out
of
on
get
in
as
you
and
you
this
in
"
ax
ing
he
nours ot work, and in the endeavor lo re
looseness duce, as far as possible, the worry and fa
The conditions under which mercantile
work is nowadays carried on are such
ai to tell severely on the nerves,
but not the less is it true that
they are only Indirect, not direct, causes
of the wastino- rliaiBA on. I Wr. r.to f
.f t. . T .
of mortality which are now becoming
sucn marKed teaturcs of city life. It is the
iree use ot stimulants during working
hours, enfeebling the mind and paralyzing
tne lrame, which makes the work so fatal-
ly exhausting. Nor, as we have raid, does
the evil stop here. It is impossible that
business can rest on a sound basis when it
is carried on under the excitement of fre
quent drams. The tales of ruined charac
ter are more terrible even than those of
ruined health. The recklessness with
which business is carried on leads natu
rally to the desperate and unscrupulous
measures which are resorted to in tee at'
tempt to avert or retrieve disaster. A cool
head and careful prudence are essential to
the maintenance of that secure credit
which is the only basis of sound trade,
The remedies for the rjresent melancholy
state of things must be sought in resolute
abstinence from all stimulants during the
tigue which usually attend the daily life of
a man of business. The present movement
for curtailing the hours of work is in every
way a mistake. Instead or being short-
eued they should be lengthened, and city
men, as they certainly will not go back to
the old plan of living over their counting-
houses, should et least try to establish
themselves within waiting distance of
their place of business. What they imper
atively require is more repose of mind and
and body, and le&s excitement London
Saturday Review.
The Old-Time Pony Express of the
Great Plains.
However, in a little while, all interest
was taken up in stretching our necks, and
watching for the " pony-rider" the fleet
messenger who sped across the continent
from St. Joe to Sacramento, carrying let
ters nineteen hunurec miles in eight days
Think of that for perishable horse and hu
man flesh and tlood to do. The pony
ri-ler was usually a little bitof a man, brim
full of spirit and endurance. No matter
what time ot day or mtfht his watch came
on, and no matter whether it was winter
or summer, raining, snowing, hailing or
sieetiDg, or whether his "beat" was a level
straight road or a crazy trail over inoun
tain crags and precipices, or whether it 1 d
through peace! ul regions, or regions that
swarmed with hostile Indians, he must be
always ready to leap into the saddle and be
oft like the wind ! There was no idling
time for a pony-rider on duty. He rode
forty miles without stopping, by daylight
moonlight starlight or through the black
ness of darkness, just as it happened. He
rode a splendid horse that was born for
a racer, and fed and lodged like a gentleman,
kept him at his utmost, speed lor ten miles,
and then, as he came crashing up to the
station, where stood two men, holding a
fresh, impatient eteed, the transfer ot rider
and mail bag was made in the twinkling of
an eye, and away flew the eager pair, and
were out ol sight Delore the spectator could
get hardly the ghost of a look. Both
rider and horse went Lying light The
rider's dress was thin and fitted close ; he
wore a " roundabout" and a "skull-cap,"
and tucked his pantaloons into his boot
tops, like a race-rider. He carried no
arms he carried nothing that was not
absolutely necessary, lor even his postage
on his literary lreight was worth two dol
lars an ounce. He got but little frivolous
correspondence to carry; his bag had
business letters in it mostly. Ills horse
was stripped of ell unnecessary weight
too. He wore a hgh: wafer of a racing
saddle, and no visible blanktt. He wore
light shoes, or none at alL The little flat
mail pockets,1 strapped under the rider s
thighs, would each hold about the bulk of
a child 8 primer. 1 h?y held n.any and
many an importcai Dusiness chanter and
newspaper letter, but these were wrote on
paper as airy and thin as gold-leaf, nearly.
and thus bulk end weight were econo
mized, ihestage coach traveled about a
hundred to a hundred and twenty-five
miles a day (twenty-:our hours) ; the pony-
rider about two hundred and fifty. There
were about eighty pony-riders in the sad
dle all the time, nigut and day, stretching
in a long, scattering procession from Mis
souri to California forty flying eastward
and lorty to wares the west a ad among
them making lour hundred gallant horses
earn a stirring livelihood, and see a deal
ot 6cenery every single day in the year.
YV e had had a consuming desire lrom
the beginning to see the pony-rider, but,
somehow or other, all that passed us, and
all that met us, managed to streak by in
the night, and so we heard only a whiz
and a hail, and the swift phantom of the
desert was gone, Delore we could get our
heads out ot the windows, liut now we
were expecting one along every moment,
and would see him in broad daylight
presently tne driver exclaims
"Here he comes:
Every neck is stretched further, and
every eye is strained wider. Away across
the endless dead level of the prairie a
black speck appears against the sky, and
is plain that it moves. WelL 1 should
think so ! In a second or two it becomes a
horse and rider, rising and falling sweep
ing toward us nearer azd nearer growing
more and more distinct more and more
sharply denned nearer and nearer, and
the flutter of the hoofs comes faintly to
the ear another instant a whoop and a
hurrah from our upper deck, a wave of
the rider's hand, but no reply, and man
and horse burst past cur excited faces, and
go winging away like a belated fragment
a storm I
So sudden is it all, and so like a flash of
unreal fancy, that but for the Lake of white
foam left quivering and perishing on a
mail sack, after the vision had Hashed by
and disappeared, we miht have doubted
whether we had seen any actual horse and
man at all, may be. Mark Twain.
A Hint to Husbands.
strange that some men. who
will be kind and obliging to their neigh
bors, gentlemanly and polite to other
ladies, will be so rude and cold and harsh
home, and perfect bears to their wives
crabbed, snappiec, ungenerous and alto
gether unsocial and hateful Does any
body know of any such men? Not that I
wish to lay all the wrong doing and
blame on man kind, or condemn them en
manse not at alt. lliere are plenty of
good, noble men, Lut not quite enough.
When they are so strong, and have so
much power to do good, and win love, and
bless their homes, why won't they all do
"Circumstances alter cases." Some
men s wives are trying enough to wear
the patience of Job ; but then, in the
perversity of things, you will generally
find a real bear of a man united to a frail,
patient forbearing and forgiving wife.
She is your wife, Mr. Bear, and the mother
your children, and probably dependent
you for a home and means, and can't
a way from you ; so, of course, she is
your power, and you can treat her just
you choose. But if you expect her
heart to liound with pleasure when she
hears your footsteps, or to proffer you
caresses, or to rejoice in your presence,
are much mistaken. She is human
neither more nor less. 1 .ease reverse your
situations and conditions. How much,
how long, would you bear such treat
ment as you give her? You will inevita
bly be measured and weighed for just what
are, and there is no help for it Rural
XlW lorker.
m 9 m
Uncle Sam a down East farmer.
known far and wide bv his patriotic title
had a neighbor who was in the habit of
working on Sundays, bnt after a while
Sabbath breaker joined the church.
One day our friend met the minister to
whose church he belonged, " Well, Uncle
Sam," said he, " do you see any diderence
Mr. P since he joined the church? '
Oh, Yes," said Uncle Sam, " a great dif
ference. Before, when he went out to
mend hi6 fences on Sunday he carried his
on his shoulder, but now he carries it
under his coat"
A youko man who was canght strain
his sweetheart to hs bosom the other
night justifies himself on the ground that
has a light to strain his own honey.
It is in our mind and not in our sur
roundings that we must find our happiness.
a
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
It frequently happens that painters
splash plate, or other glass windows when
they are painting the sills. When this
the e. melt anrriR anrU in wrv hot water
I J .v ..... . . a 1
and was them with it. using a soft flanncL
it will entirely remove paint.
Grease can be extracted from floors Dy
annlvinir a raste of wood ashes: keen it
on several days, and then wash it off.
Stains on wall paper can be cut out with
a sharp penknife, and pieces of paper so
nicely inserted that no one can see the
patch.
In broiling a beef-steak, whenever the
coals blaze up from the drippings, a pinch
of fine salt thrown upon them will in
stantly extinguish the flames. By careful
ly attending to this matter, you may have
your broiled steak or chicken crisp, but
not score nea, ana juicy, yet wen aone.
Kerosene and powdered lime, whiting
or wood ashes, will scour tin with the least
labor. Kerosene and whiting will also
cleanse silver-ware, door knobs, hinges,
etc Wet the flannel slightly in the oi.
dip into the whiting, and rub hard; wash
off with hot soap suds, and brighten with
a chamois skin or newspaper.
The Household savs you can make cloth
water-proof, by putting in a pail of soft
water half a pound of sugar of lead, half
a pound of aluin ; then stir this at inter-
Tals until it becomes clear; pour it into
another pail and put the garment therein
for twenty-tour hours, and then hang it up
to dry without wringing it
Trees out of Place. Trees are out
of place (says a writer in the Farmer)
when they overshadow the roof of a house,
or darken its windows, or shut out a fine
prospect It is the testimony of eminent
physicians that no small pan ot the sick
ness of families is attributable to the shad
ing of dwellings by overhanging trees and
thick clustering vines. Our bodies need
light pure sunlight, and a great deal of it
and our spirits need it none the less ; and
he who shuts out this genial dispenser ot
health makes a great mistake, and does
great wrong.
Packing Eggs. The Poultry Standard
says : In packing eggs put the large end
down. The vitality of eggs packed this
way is as 2 to 1, if packed the small end
down. Mr. Wright the celebrated au
thor, says that repeated experiments have
demonstrated the fact to his entire satis
faction, and that ' eggs a month old when
packed this way are perfectly good for
hatching, and thus the eggs oi valuable
birds can be kept until a hen is ready for
them, or they can be scut long distances
with hope of success.
Housekeepers should never allow the
plate of a mirror, or even their window
panes, to be cleaned with newspaper.
Almost all newspapers now use paper
containing st-iw as a component and as
the substance jf straw is largely composed
of silex, (flint), which cannot be entirely
eliminated in the process of manufacture,
the result is a congeries of minute scratches
on the lace ol the glass, not always visible
to the naked eye singly, but, in a mass,
producing a cloudy and dull appearance,
ruinous to the glass. Chamois skin kept
in a drawer free from dust and the deli
cate tissue paper, are the best materials
lor glass cleaning. American Mural.
Home.
A SUGGESTION TO B UTTER MAKERS.
We are still feeding our cows cooked corn-
meal say three quarts of meal per day to
each cow.' I am satisfied that it pays.
We have made just as nice yellow butter
all winter as 1 wish to eat better butter
than we make during the hot summer
weather. 1 am inclined to think that the
best time to have cows come in, where
nothing but butter is made, would be in Sep
tember, and let them go dry during the
hot weather ot July and August We
should then have plenty of skim milk, just
when we most want it lor young pigs.
And the cows would run in the pasture,
and require no muting duaing the busy
season of harvest J. Harris, in American
Agrxcuuurut.
The Value of Clover,
Clover is a crop which has rather
more intrinsic value than any other
product of the farm. It can be appro
priated to three very valuable purposes.
First for pasture and hay to feed to stock
second, to plow under to improve and fer
tilize the land ; and third, to raise seed
and Ell the purse.
11 intended tor pasture, turn in the
stock about the first of May, or when the
ground is firm, so that the cattle will not
mdent the soil with their feet At that
time the growth will be enough advanced
to enable the cattle to thrive, and if it is
the design to raise seed, the cattle can re
main on the grass till the 15th or 20th of
June, and it will be well to have the
clover cropped pretty close at this time, as
it will give the second crop more ample
chance to grow, and mature the seed.
V hen a crop ot hay is intended to be
made, and the after crop to be left to go to
seed, the grass for hay, as a rule, should be
cut some days earlier; though there be
some disadvantage in drying the hay. the
loss will likely be more than made up by
the increase of the seed, than if left stand
ing uncut a longer time. But if it is not
the desire to grow clover for seed, the first
crop had better remain standing till the
clover blossoms have become partially
brown. It will render into hay more
readily, and there will be less danger in
curing on account of the weather, and
tne iooa will be relished by the stock
equally as well, if not better than when
cut greener and in a slippery state.
ut the advantage ol clover to the im
provement of the soil, the half has not
been said or told, in keening up the fer
tility of lands, there is no crop that can be
raised on the farm that is equal to clover,
because if properly secured, the hay is the
best feed for stock, and for heavy soil it is
tne best plant that can be raised to plow
under to make the ground loose and rich.
lame and clover should go hand in hand.
in the ways and means to ameliorate the
soil, and together, with the aid of other
special fertilizers, it will go a great way
toward supplying the deficiency ot animal
manure.
Clover, to have the best effect in improv
ing soil, should be plowed under after
most of the blossoms have become brown ;
then the saccharine matter will not be so
abundant as to create sour mold when
buried under the earth. But in all stages
oi us growuu ciover turned under or leK
to rot on the surface, is the cheapest fer
tilizing substance that grows.
me uesi ume to sow clover seed is
when the snow is on the ground, some
time in the month of March, and the best
plan to sow it is to take a pair of horses
and a sled, hx a piece of timber twenty-
four feet long across the rear end of the
sled ; the center of the scantling or timber
to be in the centre ot sled, then fasten
chains to each end of the piece and one in
the center, to drag in the snow to mark
off lands twelve feet wide, by which to
sow the seed, two casts to each land.
Marking out the lands or belts is best
done by using poles. Set the first range
of poles thirty-four feet from the fence.
and the other ranges thirty-six feet apart,
which if run straight will make the lands
all uniformly twelve feet wide, and every
bout with the sled will mark off three
lands. Boys or men can sow much evener
on a coat ot snow than they can on the
bare ground, because on the snow they
can sec how they are sowing, and how and
where the seeds falL Six quarts of clover
seed by most farmers is considered ample
lor an acre ; but it sown purposely to plow
under for manure, more should be given.
If clover seed is not worth more than six
or eight dollars per bushel, farmers can
well afford to sow a peck of seed to the
acre, lor a dollar and a half or two dollars
expense per acre, as a fertilizer, will be but
trifle in comparison to the amount of
vegetable matter produced by the tops and
roots of the clover, which will be returned
to the soil as pabulum to nourish the
crops.
As much as five tons of green clover
(roots and tops) will grow on an acre from
the first of April till the first of August
with ordinary rain and sunshine to favor
its growth ; and where can be found the
growing material that will yield such
good fertilizing substance as clover at the
trifling cost of a dollar to two per acre?
In fact, it is a good practice for farmers
to sow it among all crops, and at every
opportunity, for its growth will take the
place of foul weeds that would otherwise
spring up, if the ground is left bare.
is
to
of
In
of
Among corn, at the last working, or
among buckwheat it will pay to sow
clover seed liberally. Even though it is
not largely developed before it must be
destroyed, it will amount to considerable,
and amply repay the investment either to
rot on the ground, or to be plowed under.
Other substances such as buckwheat,
turnips and oats, can be used to plow un
der to improve land, but then they are far
inferior to clover, but notwithstanding
that they may answer a good purpose, es
pecially buckwheat sown right thick to
smother briers and choke out weeds. But
in conclusion, we can say in regard to the
value of clover in keeping up the fertility
of the farm, that it can be done cheaper
than by carting manure from a distance,
and at such extravagant prices, as farmers
m most neighborhoods have to pay for it
There are two good things for farmers to
do to produce a great benefit to land.
First sow clover seed, buckwheat, rye,
oats, turnips, or any other vegetable mat
ter very thick, to occupy the ground and
subdue weeds; afterwards destroy their
growth and allow them to decompose in
the soil. The second thing, and not the
least is,fto abandon the miserable practice
ol leaving manure to lie in the barn-yard
to waste one-half of its best qualities.
Vor. Journal of tte f arm.
Direction for Whitewashing.
The return of spring makes us all
anxious to improve the appearance of our
surroundings, and in this endeavor there
is no way in which a little time and money
can be so advantageously applied as in
whitewashing, for it not only gives a fresh
and clean ellect but it also prevents the
decay of fences and out-houses, and kills
the small vermin which lurk about the
poultry-houses and stables. To be sure.
it is not as lasting as a coat of paint but
neither does it make so heavy an inroad
upon our purses, it is most cheaply pre
pared and easily applied.
A whitewash that will produce a glossy
appearance, ana win not mo on upon
every thing that comes in contact with it,
can be made by using skimmed milk in
stead of water for slacking the lime, and
making it of proper consistency.
When a ceiling has been badly black
ened it is well to add a little dissolved
indigo to the whitewash, the bluish tint
serving to hide the smoky surface. If
other colors than white are desired, they
can be made by adding different pigments
to tne wnitewash.
For stone color, four pounds of raw um
ber and two pounds of lamp-black to half
a bushel ot lime, t or a light pins,
Spanish brown can be stirred in until the
tint is correct t or a fawn color, add one
pound of Indian red. four pounds of urn
ber, and one pound of lamp-black, to half
a bushel of lime. Chrome yellow wil
produce a lemon-colored wash.
To make the whitewash, take half a
bushel of unslacked lime and slake it in a
cask with hot water or milk. To this add
one-half pound of whiting, one-pound of
glue dissolved in hot water, and a peck oi
salt dissolved in water.
For laying on the wash a pad. with
wire fixed across it, is needed to press off
the brush as it is lifted from the white
wash ; and in addition to a good white
wash brush, a paint-brush is needful to
use in corners and between the pickets ou
tences.
Before whitewashing walls and ceilings,
they should be wiped clean with a towel
pinned over a broom.
Alter a little practice any one can be
come a skilful white-washer.- It -is not
easy work ,- it makes the wrists and neck
ache, but persevere and you will be re
warded by the great improvement you
will find in cleanliness and appearance.
lake only a small quantity upon the brush,
and avoid drops ; be careful not to put on
too thick a coat at first but alter having
gone over the ceiling once in parallel
strokes, let it dry, and then put another
one on crosswise, and finish off with
parallel coating. A good workman never
lets a drop fall, and he dips his brush per
pendicularly into the pail, taking care to
have but a small quantity upon it
ualcimine is a substitute lor white-wash,
which is now considered superior for nice
work. It is made from Paris white and
glue sizing. The proportion is twenty
pounds of the former to one pound of
glue, which is first dissolved in boiling
water and added to the whiting. The
mixture is then diluted with water and
added to the whiting. The mixture is
then diluted with water until of a creamy
thickness. It requires a little practice to
know how much water is needful, and it is
well to try a little at first so as not to make
it too thin.
Calcimine is the better coating for walls
covered with hard finish, and whitewash
is more suitable for those covered with
common lime mortar. Hearth and Home.
Grooming Horses.
The horse being the most important
machine m the tanner s establishment care
should be taken to preserve him in as per
fect a state of health as possible. The or-
dinaiy care of a horse consists in feeding
and watering him, and when from neglect
he suffers, dosing him with balls and
drenches. Physicking a horse may be
avoided altogether by treating him prop
erly. Give him a roomy, airy stable a
loose box, or stall, is preferable to tying
up with a halter. Clean out his stable
daily ; nothing is more hurtful to the feet
of a horse than to permit him to stand in
a pile of fermenting manure. With a
clean bed, and left loose in his stall, he
will, of his" own instinct, avoid lying in
filth, and much labor in cleaning will be
saved. Every night when the day's work
is done, wash his leet and legs tree lrom
mud and dirt and in winter clean off all ice
or snow. Cleanliness is an absolute pre
ventive of grease and other diseases which
commonly affect the feet and legs of
horses. Have handy m the stable a piece
of rough sacking, and rub his legs and
knee joints for a few minutes before leav
ing him tor the night A day s plowing
or harrowing over soft yielding soil is ex
cessively hard work for the legs both of
horse and man, and this plan of rubbing
with a coarse cloth is good tor either.
Feed regularly, and groom morning and
night and you may " throw physic to the
dogs. llearvi ana iiome.
The Nutritive Value of Milk.
Dr. Oliver C. Wigoin, of Providence,
R. I., bears the following testimony to the
value of milk:
The nutritive value of milk, as compared
with other kinds of animal food, is not
generally appreciated. There is less dif
ference between the economical value of
milk and beefsteak (or eggs or hah) than is
commonly supposed. The quantity of
water in a good quality of milk is 80 per
cent, in round steak 7o per cent, in tatter
beef 00 per cent., in eggs about 63 per
cent From several analyses made last
winter I estimated sirloin steak (reckoning
loss from bone) at So cents a pound, as
dear as milk at 24 cents a quart ; round
steak, at 20 cents a pound, as dear as milk
at 14 cents a quart ; eggs at SO cents a
dozen, as dear as milk at 20 cents a quart
Many laborers who pay 17 cents for corned
beef would consider themselves hardlv
able to pay 10 cents for milk, when, in
fact they could as well afford to pay 15
cents. Milk is a most wholesome 'and
economical food, for either the rich or
poor. It ought to be more largely used.
If the money expended for veal and poik
were expended for milk, I doubt not it
would be an advantage both to the stom
ach and pocket especially during the
warm season. Relatively speaking, then.
milk at 10 cents, or even 12 cents a Quart.
the cheapest animal food that can be
used. Whether larmers can allord to pro
duce it cheaper is a matter for them to de
cide. It is very probable that were thev
ask 13 cents, a very large number of
poor people would refrain from its use
from mistaken notions of economy, not
withstanding they were excessive meat
caters.
The latest revised figures of the census
New York State shows a proportion of
foreign-born population less than in 1S35.
all the cities and towns except New
ork, there were, in ISCj, C11.5S5 foreign-
born : in 1870, the number was 715.009.
The native-born citizens have increased
from 2,209,411 to 2,716,472. The foreign-
born, in 1855, constituted 24 per cent
the population of the State, outside of
ew lork city. jow the per centaee is
less than 21,
a
A Day's Work.
In labor, as in most things, mankind are
prone to run to extremes, so that while on
the odc hand the community is alllicted
with a class of persons who seem to view
labor as a curse to be avoided, instead of
as the means of development and progress
it really is, there are others who try to ac
complish each day a greater task than they
have strength to perlorm. Yet there are
probably few men who ever attain the full
measure of success they might have se
cured had they worked in accordance
with the laws which govern their physical
and mental systems. Thug it happens
that most of the instances of so-called
death from over-work are, more strictly
speaking, cases in which nature has vindi
ea ted her broken law a The body is, after
all, the engine which drives the various
faculties and upon which they are all
chii fly dependent, for when the physical
system is once exhausted all power to
work ceases. If, therefore, a merchant or
professional man devotes himself so assid
uously to his work that while he is making
a constant drain upon his mind he utterly
neglects his body, he breaks down not
necessarily because he had more to do than
he was able to perform, but because he did
not know how to keep his engine in an
efficient working condition. In order to
secure success in any calling it is necessa
ry to concentrate on it all the powers of
the mind and body, but it is not wise to
work without intermission. Whoh some
recreation for a portion of each day and a
divergence of the thoughts from their or
dinary channels, refresh both the mind
and the body, and give the laborer renew
ed zest and power tor his work when he
returns to it
Where these physical laws are unknown
or neglected, active nervous men of deli
cate build commence the day with feelings
of lassitude and nervous debility which
they seek to dispel by the cse of strong
cotlee or some alcoholic stimulant thereby
aggravating the complaint which their
own negligence has produced. As the
result of this course of action, we meet in
all parts of the country business men ut
terly broken down in health at a season
when they should be in their prime. Some
of these unfortunates, it is true, have ac
cumulated money enough to live on the
re3t of their days, but what is life worth
after all its juices are dried up and all its
sources of youth and vigor irretrievably
sapped ? The movement toward shorten
ing the working hours in the shop and the
counting-room, the multiplication of tel
egraph lines and the various agencies for
the rapid communication of intelligence
and transaction of business, have so in
tensified the strain of business that the
number who break down under the pres
sure is constantly increasing. Not only is
tins the case among men engaged in busi
ness, but women everywhere, and especial
ly farmers' wives, are groaning under the
burden of household and family cares, and
where they are not relieved, are either
dying from exhaustion or losing their
minds and becoming inmates of asylums.
The remedy for these growing evils is
lor us to consider what is lairly a days
work for each laborer, and not to attempt
to perform more ourselves, or to require
more of others. It is impossible to state
definitely how much each individual is to
periorm in the working hours ot the day,
but it is safe to say that no one should
attempt or be required to do more than he
can rest from in eight hours' sleep, so as
to rise refreshed and fitted for another
tour of labor. .This may seem a con
tracted limit to ambitious souls, but it is a
safe rule to follow. By wise attention to
the needs of the body, and a constant
ell'ort to strengthen and develop it i
powers of work may be greatly increased
but still, if sleep does not refresh us for
renewed exertion, we laii to nceu the
monitions of nature at our peril.
In speaking on this subject Henry Ward
Beecher, who is a famous workereays : " I
have thus always tried, by a due and
faithful attention to both exercise and
recreation, to keep up the balance be
tween my physical and mental energies.
I hold that there must be a careful pro
portion maintained between these two, or
the man, however great his strength may
be, will soon break down." So, too, when
we examine the habits of life of William
Cullen Bryant the poet who, after
laborious life, is, at seventy-six, as active
and vigorous as many men twenty years
his junior, we Add exercise, simple food,
no stimulants, and plenty of sleep, the
secret of his longevity. The merchant
who draws more money out of his busi
ness than he puts in it will soon become
bankrupt, and the man who makes similar
drafts on his body, will sooner or later
come to a disastrous end. A day's work
for each day is a good motto, but we must
take care to be honest in the measure
ment and not require of ourselves greater
or less tasks than we are fitted to peitorm.
Hearth, and Home.
An Irish woman who came to this
country about a year ago, and settled in
Pennsylvania recently, grew so nomesicz
that she became insane and attempted to
starve herself, taking no food for twenty
two days. At the end of that time she
was helpless, and was promised if she
would tat she would be taken back to ire
land. She made her friends set the time
at two weeks in which she was to start
and as they were not ready at the exact
day she took to her old tncks again, see
ing it was useless to put her off they com
menced the journey, when she began to
recover reason and hcallh at once, and b
probably now as well and happy as any
one.
There is a fence standing in German-
town, Pa., which was in its present loca
tion in Revolutionary days, and bears
marks of the battle there. The boa ids
were originally one inch in thickness, but
constant exposure to the weather for a
century has reduced them to one-third of
that
A preacher in Somerville, Mass., as
serted in a sermon on a recent Simday that
that town is the wickedest in the United
States. Only 2,700 of its 1G.000 inhabit
ants ever go to church.
If a i.if renewing rorXTAiJi, like that
songht for by Dc 8oto, should buret from the
earth at every man's door, thousands would
turn ineir DacKs on me neaung Bpnues wun
In arm's neaeh. to run after pretended rcme
dies. The observant, everywhere, accept Dr.
Wai.keb's Vinegar Bitters as the greatest
medicinal Messing of modern times ; but on
the other hand multitudes dose themselves
with poisons, while this well-spring of hi altli
-. . . . ii i . . i- . . : .. 1
IS aCCeSSlOlC LO ail. lb Iiuriliea ilia oiiiiuui
fluids, reeruhites every function of the body.
calms the nerves, invigorates the vital organs,
and is an unfailing speciflc lor indigestion,
' There was a frog who lived in s spring.
He caught sneh a cold that he could not iing."
Poor, unfortunate, Batraeliian ! In what a
sad nliL'ht lie must have been. And yet his
misfortune was one that often befalls singers.
Manv a onee tuneful voice among those wno
belong to the " genus homo " is utterly
polled by "cold in the head," or on tuc
lungs or both combined, ror the above
mentioned "croaker" we are not aware
that any remedy was ever devised ; but we
rejoice to know that all human singers may
keen their heads clear and their throats in
tune by a timely use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh
Remedy and Dr. Pierce's Golden Medicil
Discovery, both of which are sold by dni-j-
gists. 570
Gem Fruit Jars.
The Gem Is nn all glass Jar. Every cover is
warranted to fit." It keeps the fruit and the
metal from coming in contact, and seals v. ith
ring, which can le removed when the fruit
has cooled, to see if the jar is air t iL'lit. Let
every family try the Geni. Ask your grocer
for it, and tell him to order from Eaton
Brown, wholesale dealers in lamps, glass,
croekery and fruit jars, 71 Randolph street,
Chicago. Their prices are the same as at the
factories, and they sell the Gem, Hero, and
other leading Fruit Jars.
Habiti'al constipation leads to the follow
ing results: Inflammation of the kidneys,
sick and nervous head-ache, biliousness, dys
pepsia, indigestion, piles, loss of appet ite a.id
strength ; all of which may be avoided oy
being regular in your habits, and taking, sy
one of 'orww's I'uryatirt J'illt nightly, fwr
four or six weeks.
m m
Jvhnmn't Anodyne Liniment may be ust-d to
advantage where any Pain Killer U aesirahle.
In cases of severe cramps and Trains in the
stomach, it is undoubtedly the best article
that can be used.
FrcesiSo's Whlto Wine V negar b a most
icperb article fcr tatle tue. M arraatti para, 1
Gaoaoa Stinsos & Co-rWe take pleasure
In giving prominence Xo Messrs. Stinson &
Co.'s advertisement which will be found In
onr general reading matter columns, for the
reason that we are sure our readers will be
benefited by the inducements extended by
them to those who are In need of permanent,
profitable work In their own localities. We
are well acquainted with the business con
ducted by Messrs. Stinson & Co., and advise
those of our readers whe are out of employ
ment or who have spare time which they
wish to improve to advantage, to correspond
with them at once. American Xevwpaper
Reporter.
Yocso Pilot. The June number of
this handsome monthly contains its nsnal attract
ive fall page niujtraUon, and la freighted with
pleasing and instructive matter for "young people
in their teens." Among the most noteworthy
articles are Wm. Everett's contlnnatlon of " My
Uncle's Watch Geo. A. Earnest's " Romeo and
Jallet " How Those Boy Spent May Day and
many others. For 90 cents, before July 1, seven
numbers of the Pilot will be sent np to January 1,
1ST. Fbankum II. Tinker, publisher, 6 andT
Farwell liall, Chicago, ill.
.
A Pitiful Condition.
It is a sad thin; to pass through life only half
alive. Yet there are thousands wbose habitual
condition is one of lantnior and debility. They
complain of no specific disease; they snnerno pos
itive pain; bat ther have no relish for anything
which atrords mental or sensuous pleasure to their
more robust and energetic fellow-beings.
In nine cases out of ten this state of lassitude
and torpor arises from a morbid stomach. Imli
cestion destroys the energy ol both mind and body.
When the waste of nature is not supplied hy a due
and regular assimilation of the food, every orran
is starved, every function interrupted.
Now. what docs common sense UL"'est under
these circumstances of depression? The system
needs rousing and strengthening: not merely for
an hour or two, to sink afterward into a more pit
iable condition than ever las it assuredly would do
if an ordinary alcoholic stimulant were resorted
to), hut radxally and permanently.
ilow is this desirable object to he accomplished?
TSe answer to this question, founded on the nn
varvinjr exierienre of a qnarter of a century, is
easily given. Iufuve new vi'or into the digestive
organs by a course of liostetter's Stomach Bitters.
Dj not waste time iu administering temporary
remef!s, but wake the syetem up by recuperating
the fountaiu-head of physical strength and energy,
the great organ upon whica all the other organs
depend for their nurture and support.
By the time that a doxen doses of the great veg
etable tonic and invlgorant have been taken, the
feeble frame of the dyspeptic will begin to feel its
benign influence. Appetite will be created, and
with appetite the capacity to digest what it craves.
Persevere until the enre is complete until health
ful blood, lit to be the material of flesh and mus
cle, bone and nerve, and brain, flows through the
channels of circulation instead of the ? watery
fahulum with which they have heretofore been
m perfectly nourished.
Send $1.00 to Ivisob, Blakexaw, Tatlor A
Co., l'H Si 110 Grand street, New York, and re
ceive by return mail Webster's Pocket Dic
tionary, the most useful, compact and compre
hensive Pocket Companion extant. Contains over
1S,X) words.
We call attention to the advertisement of Owens,
Lane, Dyer A Co., of the Eclipse Machine Works,
Hamilton, Ohio, and St. Louts, Mo. No firm in
the country has done more to Improve the ma
chine ry called for in the West, and none are more
extensively engaged in its manufacture. Their
steam thresher, California Chief, takes the lead and
fills the bill in this line.
Dr. S. O. Richardson's Shrrrt Wisr Bitters
-A pharmaceutical preparation, by a regularly
educated physician, is
is
one of the most pleasant
and valuable tonics of the day. Persons recover
ing from protracted illness, or those who at this
particular scasou of the year are subject to jann
dice, habitual constipation, or any disease arising
from a disordered stomach, liver or bowels, will
find in the Sherry Wine Bitters a friend more to be
desired than gold.
Sold by all Druggists.
1840 TO 1871
FOB TETRTY-03TE YEARS
PERRY DAVIS'
PAIN-KILLER
Has been tested m svptt tstWv of climate, and bv almost
every nation known to Anierii-ars. It is tlie almngt con
staiilroniMnsiflarKl inestimable friend of the mlxaioruiry
and tlie traveler, on sea Hnri land, and nn ool ahoukl travel
ouourLAKS OU Vi llliOUT It.
PAO-KILLER was the Unit aad la the Oaly Per
tanrat Pala-Believer.
Pines the PATV-KTT.LFR was first Introduced, and met
with vucii unsurpaed sale, many Liniment, panacea, and
othrr remedies liave been oflVred to the public, but not one
of them has ever attained the truly rbtviablr STixnpia
Of the PAtS-KIl.l.KK.
Why is this so?
It Is beranse DAVIS PAXS-KILLEB la what It claims
lobe a Ueheverof Fain.
Its Merits are Fnsnrpaaaed.
If win are snffering from 1NTKKXAL PAIX, Twenty
orTiiirrv InvtfMin a Little Waterwill almost Instantly cure
you. There is rajihingto equal U. In a lew momenta it
cures
Colic, Cramps, Spasms. Heart-ban, Dlarrhm,
Dysentery, Flex, Wind in the Bowels, Boar
Stomach, Drupe pais. Sick Headache.
In sections of the country where
FEVER AND AGUE
PrTfK thrrt no rpmertr heM to irreaterestfrm. Ercry
hnuwktvner (Urmkl keep it at hand, to apply It on the first
mitHi kdl anv Pain. It will give safelactory n.iu an4
save lionnt of wi T?r1mr.
IK not tniie with yvHiraeJrwby trrtlnc untrlod remedies.
Be mire yon mil for and get the put line PALN-KILLKli,
a many worthletiKifmiTnsare attempted to be ulU un
tlie znvit rcpntaiion of this Yalitahle medicine.
tT Uircctiuua uccumnuny each botlku
Price 25 cts 50 eta. and $1 per Bottle.
J. N. HARRIS & CO., Cincinnati, Ohio,
Proprietors lor the Southern and Weatern St&tfls.
W For aale by all Medicine Dealera.
$288 in IS DAYS!
Io Ton want n situation as ft-Uesnuut at or near doith to
rove 8-5 to Jt'iO a day selling our m-w 7-smmd Whit
Wire t uthr J.iiwtn kiJyrrrr. Simple fn-e. Addnt
limlHOH tfrwttVjr Wirt XKW TOKKorClUCAGO. IU.
TWO 10111011 ACRES
IOWA AND NEBRASKA LANDS
FOB SALE BY TUB
BMiitoii & Io.EiTBrE.il Co,
On Tea Years' Credit at 6 per et. Interest.
Xo mrt of flte nrinefpftl dne lor two jt-it. and thenee
only .Hie-ninth yttur.y till paid in full. Product will
tin psHTtMM cm I it. Better terms an not oflcred, never
Wi-tv, Hint probably never will be.
CIRCI'LARS dvins: full parttcniftin are mppHed
-.lis: and anv winning to Six I ore ter lo emigrate with
if H'tri. or to Tonn a comnr. are inviiea io asjt jut au uty
aani iu uiBinuuie. Atny io
GEO. S. HABBISv Laid CovMliaioner,
For Iowa Lands, at BUBUXGTOX, IOWA, and
Far Kcbraska Lands, at UXCOLS.XEB.
STEAM ENGINES
FOR
OICE RTDDICK STEAM ENGI5E,
IV horv-powTT. Price with Govrmor. ron. Prrfrrfly
tteio nmt nnrmninL Will be aoldkir tour ttunorea
uuiurs, casta. Abo, one
SEC0ND-HA5D HORIZONTAL EKGUTE,
OtS'le hy E. J. Good tt Co, CalcacO rMmras-powfT, In
excvUml onlT awl wamuitM. Priff. wilh Jmlsnn's
uovtrnor, txwl ix-w, frfv. AWlrrss imm'tiuueiy.
a. a. Tkr.i.n..,
1 10 and 112 MadUon street, C'hicaaa, HL
15t
FOR ONE MONTH we will ftenri to anv adrfrr
One Pint of Ink. lilnck. It-'d. or Vtnlrr. Warranted.
rr I jr. M I1-L.M; M A 2i V f At IU tUSi U tt. ,
1X c J If
tBDerir to the cronTfl ieH in nil recnertiu fa
'hooper, make trancr and MJKK 11 liVriLK
Uol:k,an1 it kOJ'AL to a fScrew for most purposed.
ouiu vj xi i u art i i.tirrs.
ISAiili HAIL. 11
Cleveland, OKo.
If I U KG A K bow made to 10 hours, without drags
111 ruciuan iu wau.
T. &amm CramwtMi. Comm.
Of fnr ITichrr riaMthanajiyotlproprtetary
Timnt'a FftVi-vnu-rat Seltzer iDerient-
And ftw this reason t tt an cxartovantet-part of one of
tlie most valuable n:nimJ medinnrs in tlie worttL V e re
fcr toineim-iit iVlt7.TSi.rinrof Uennany, to which tihm-
Kimlsfiritirilrwpile.tliebiUwia, Uw rheumatic, and ihe
H-f!iii!t ol vwiaJ di r-firt annually, him return io
ttielr liomes convalest-ent or rnnt. Tire Aperiit t one of
tlMj nrt and hv tar the nvr rnrreHsnd ol all ttie efforts
m:ide to n iKwmee. in a -.ortable Hum, ihe popular mineral
w:Ueroi fcumie. rer mat jou paixaaaw "w
Ifee genuine artirle
fcOLU ii AM UKLUblSia.
EMPLOYMENT,
The art of rrtbrni a wtiiaUon. How to keep K. How to
htft,r oar jitt!itiQ. o more tinKes. 2U,uuo copie.
hcud 35 etna and setone hv rerarn mall. Address tbs)
ruDUener, lh. x. io urr.u. i.r.s , ixuQ,
f
I
aa
way
. - . SPECIAL ADVERTISEMENT.
e r T f fflf DCD niY en' omen Ey8 Girls who'
OJ U 3)IU lain UhI. engnge in our new lmsiness make
from five to ten dollars per tlay in their own localities. You can engage
in tikis business during your jare-time, or devote j our whole time to it,
as you may please or as may be convenient. We send full particulars and
instructions free by mail. Those who see this notice, who arc in need oi
permanent, profitable work, should address, at enee, - - -
CEORCE STINSON & CO.,
. " -v. 3?ortland,
P. S. "We guarantee those who take hold in earnest Two Hundred
Dollars per month as long as they work for ns. See Complimentary
Editorial Notice in another column, headed Geokiie Stixsox k Co.
! Re Re
Eadway's Eeady Relief
CTKEsi THE WORST PAINS
la from On to Twenty Mimntea.
NOT OWE HOUR
after reacilnr this advsrttsernent need any one
Sl KKKK WITH PAIN.
BASWAT'S EJLADV KF.LIKF Id A CUBE FOB
KVEKV PAW.
It was Uie first audi.
THE II- PAIN KETTEDY
Inetititf j Aor. tlie muut excruciating pnina, alravv
InAanimitUona, unri mrm Conreiiun. wht-Uier of Uie
Lorrga. huimacii, fiovclatorotheralaodsororinuiajbyuue
application.
IS FROM ONT? TO TWENTY MTN ITKS,
no matter how violent or excruciating the nain the KrTETT
MATUC. Bcd-rMib-n, Inftrwi, Crlpptit. Nervoue, KeunO
gic,or pruatratai with disease may suffer,
kadway'i Ready Belief will afford Iastaat Aid.
In ftmmntirm of l Kutnryn. tnlUmmntUm of Ou
JiitiiUhrr, JnfitimntfUion of the BoireU, CotttfrttUm of
Ar tw .Sim J arora. Brviliiwo. fill-
ptuitwH of Ike Mwt ll'irtrrir. Vntup, Jnpmr
tkrritt.rtitirrk, Jiiltn'eHma. ll'tuitulie atul
JuiihnrJie. S'ltfilfjUl, HlMHinntitm.
CoUl Chill an.t Ayie 7.ii.
Theartrincationof Uie Ready Kclirl to tlie part or
parts wlanuV pom or dttiic-ullyexlsuwiU afford earns and
Gonifiirt.
Twenty dmpa In half a tnmbW of water Witt, tn a IHv
mmn,rurc CHAMPS, SPASMS, Bol'H STOMACH.
IIK.l:Tl!UliN",SICK HK.DACIIE,IIAKRHKA,DVs
KSTKKY, Coi.K?. WINU IS TI1K BOWELS, and all
Traverm should alwavi carry a bottle of H ad way'
Ready Relief with tliem. A few dmpa In waiter will
prevent sickneKHorpafn 1mm chancf of water. It J better
tnani'rencu lirandyor Hitlers aaastioiulant.
FEVER AND AGUE.
FtlVKKAND AGl'EmredforfltlvccnK There in not
rpniti:il aent In ttiii world :nat willcun Fever and A-ue
and allollNT MalarUm. l!i,iou, rVarlet, Tvnhoid, Yellow,
ami other Fever i aldcil hv UAflWAY'SPllXs) so quirk
aaUAllWAY'S liK.YDY UHLIKF. Fifty cuius per buule.
Da. itADWAY's ;
S1RSAPARILLIAN RESOLVENT,
The Great Blood Purifier.
Entry drop ot the SARSAPAlttLUAX K F.SOL YFNT
cmiinuuiicaU's through tin? Blood, bweatt, I'rine. and otliet
fluid actl juice of tlie nvsteni, tAe Hqnr of lift, for it re
pairs Die miftmof tlie body wilh new kitd sound nrnUTiul
&'mtiln, StfjihiliA, Ottt)ptifn, Uktmhtlmr ditr, I't
cent in U?0riit(inrt mouthy T'tiitor. y erf in w iUi tut
and oiherjitru qf (Vijrw, tiore ,stnnnt)mut di
ehttryr fi-imte J-tr,atlth9 wortj'Hiis of tHrin di
ftxr. t rufMinrttt, Ffrrr aSotcj, S fikt Itout, Ring Wunt.
HUt HA turn, SrifxiprbiM.A'yiC Ul'tt'k Apoix, WoiiiMtAt
Fifvk, TiinorKfin,r9iHihe B'omA. uutiall tcniknuitq
itntl ptinfui ftirJtire, A7yA f Stctftu, Ln of t"penti wa
aU wv4s of the li fe prinripie, are uuhin tit enntiir
vrnwof thi tnmilrr of Mmtem ChenHvtry mid a ftu
driyV iixe iciUprnretn any permm Hting U fir eilluT oj
lhr-rfmti of ttimiUxpou-ntjioirtrbcHrrtiim.
If UMpatKnt,dHiiTlcimini;rctlatTlhy thewnritrtmnri
wwmpiiMtioQ Umtis eon tin mil I y pr-rcmin:'. uccibtin
wrestnu; tlte fK und tvnttirs th wtnie with new nm
tenid m t'lefmm corwUwilrhv blood mini this Urn SAlt
SAPAiULLIAX will and (l(twirt- care to certain:
lor, vhenonrethlAremerlT commence Its work of puriiv
cxtioa,Hntfncctsindimiiiihinirtlie low of irWt-, It
rvmirs will be rnpid,jmd every (Uv the patient will fci-l hint
if crowing better and utronir. "tlie food llistln belter,
appetite improving and flesh and weight Increasing.
Sot only dors the feAtfesAPAKOXiA KOL?wr rxre.
aU known muedlnl ac-nt In ttmcure of Chronic, Hcroiu
loaC'niuutaMuaa.aadbkia deaow; bat it i the unly
positive enre Ibr
Kidney mud Bladder Coin pin In ts
Frlnary Womb diseases, Gravel, IMiihrtes, lropr,
St'ipiKie of Water, Inn miinence.tf L'rinc, alright'? ln.cifi
AllHimiiiuria, ami tn all cw when there are bri k-lust
deponitu, or tle wattr to thick, cloud v, mixed with huV
Uuirra likethewhiteof an er', or ihmuto like whiie silk,
or thereto a mrtml,(Urfc, hiii.vm appearance, and white
Nine-dnHtdeptxiita, and when tliere hv a pricking nuxnniif
pettHHt ion w hm pcWMiur ater, uud pain in the biUatll ot the
Back and aloiu. the Loha.
Tnmr of Twrlre Yearn Growth Cared by
lt&away'a Resolvent.
I5EVTW.T, July 18. tSfi9.
Da. Radwat: T hare luul Ovarian Tumor in the ova
rii and bowel.-. AH tlie doctors said "there was no cure
Jor It." I tried everything Uuit w:ia recommended: bid
nothinsr helped me, I saw vour lio-Wvent, and thought I
would try U; but had no fiwth In it becaiue I had snilen-d
tweveyeara. 1 look aix brttleof the Iiesolveut, ami
one box or Uvl way's piIL-, and two bottles of vour licnrr
KchVf: andtlMTCadnota.-iiHf tumor to he seen or fclt,
ami I feel better, smarter, and happier than I liave lor
twelve years. The worst tnnwr wm in the left aide of tl
boweH over the itTotn. I write tltiM to rou lor the benefit
ot' other. You can publish it if roa rhoiMe.
11 ASS All P KXAPP.
AW IMPORTANT LETTER
from ft prominent zemkmaii and n-ident of Cincinnati,
Ohio, Kir the past fcirtv vnurn well known to Uie book pub
lisher IhruuhLrUt Ihe Culled States:
'kw Vomr, Oct. 11th, ISTOi
D.Raiwat Drttr Sir : I am induced by a mi; of
duty to thesutffriii'tomiikpabnt-i uteimntof the wvrk
Ineof riMirmedicineonuiyselC Fnr several years I had
tvrn affected with some trouble In tlie bhuhlerand urinary
onrams which some twelve mouth- ago culminated in a
mo-d terribly afl.i'tim; dntcaxe. which the phvchuw all
so I was aprtwutie stricture in t!ieuretli,aaiwmilam
tuatim of Uie kidney d aud bladder, ar.d cave it aa their
opjnioa tint my swe 73 year would prevent my ever
ftetthur radtukiiy cured, f had tried a number oi phsi
cians,:ind had uku-u al-inrRouantity of medicine, bo h al
lopathrO and honueoiwMhic, out had got norelitt I had
read of a.-umLaiiin;j ciirva having been iu:wtehr your reme
dies; and jomiefoiu-months agol read a notice fntliePliil
adelhia iyennntttg Enming Pnm ol a cure having been
ilmed on a person who had long been suffering as I had
been. I went right off and got s me of each Vfnir Srsa
parillian Kntolvcnt, Ready liehVf, and Regulating PuU
and commenced taking them. In tlirue clays I was greatly
relieved, aud now fcei as well as f-ver.
C W. JAMES, Cincinnati, Ohio.
DR. RAD WAT'S PERFECT PURGATIVE PILLS,
perfectly tasteless, rieg-mUy coated with sweet gnm, purge,
regnlaie, purify, cU-au.se and strengthen. Kadwav's Piii,
for the cure of nil di-nrders of tls? Stomach, Liver," IV'WeU,
Kidneys, bladder. Nervous Diseases. Headacla, C'witir
tion,.Vrsrivenes Indigestion, lh"iwj;i, Itiliousne, liil
hmu Fever, liitUmuiaitoa of the'iiowels Piles, and all De
rangements of tlie I nternal Viscera. Warranted to effect a
positive cure. Purely Vegetable, conuuuuiK no mercury,
litintT..!, or tHettriou- drug.
tVolerve tho following symptoms resulting from
DiordVrs of tlte Digestive organs:
to.wup.tion. inward Pik-s, Fnllneas of the Blood m the
Hc-kI, AciiiiiyofllicStnniach Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust
of Food. Fulinew or Weight in tlie St. mutch, Suar Kructa
booa. Sinking or Fluttering at tlie Pit of the Stomach.
Pwrmmmgof the Head, Hurried and Plftjenlt Breathing
Fluttering at tlieHeart.'CliokiBg, or Siiff-ca!ing bensafioas
when in a Lying Posture, Diainoss of V if Ion. Dots or
wd bciora the Sight, Fever and DtiUPaittinlheileatL
A lewnoseanf KAlWAi"S Pn.IJ win free the systrm
from all Uye above-named disorder. Priue. cent i
box. soli) b Di:n;;isTs.
1CFAD FALSK AND TRUE." Send one leflewtamp
1.ADWAY A t'O No. 8. Maiden Lane, 3iew York.
LiibnLiaxkA worth flwunb will heaeni yoa.
owns, im, Dm & co,
Manufacturer of tho
Selips Saw HillsrJ
Combining XII BET: PAT EX TED Improvement
Essential to worhtr Circular 1211s.
to,. fW "'"Tinmc
1 1 'Ml Hill HI oV
n i
Mm n U.i.i.ia.ki Mil Hill!
gill gearing and cgfachincrrr.
WM the ceUbroXdl
WW! IERESEZ3, ''CilLtt W
For Description, Prime, C&, aidnea then at
KATiTTT.TQK, OMo, or ST. LOUIS, Ha
tCorrrsnrindeani vul pleate Mate In what paper ther
M this advertisement .
illlLDING PAPER
OF THREE KINDS.
TARHEI)-SHArHUTG.
For oatifie ot Studdine;, nnder Clapboards. A
non-eondurtorofcoliUbeatanddanipneNi. Cost
but a lew doiiara to cover a lionae. Uiua makioa
It At a lio BT.
PBTTPARED PLASTZEHTO BOARD.
1 A cheap ana perfect snbetltntefcrla hand pins
ut; nuna a amount, warm aud permaii-ni
wall, at leg than half the usual cost.
DOUBLE THICK HOOFING
and Qnarte Cement make a mod water and
and flre-(injof roof tor tea than jt) per uouare.
I ff Samples and circular, with prices, cost per square
yard, 44, s nt tree to any addr.
KOCK RIVER PAPER CO..
92 Wabash Araiue, Clueago.
P. 8. Please say In what paper yoa saw this adVL
THEA-NECTAR
IB A mtr!
BLACK TEA
with the Vren Tea Finwr. Wa
raiite! to MiU all taM. ntl4
mrertftrhere. Anl lor air h"Jr
mteonlv nvthrlirrnt At Inn
Sir and Pitriflc Tea S
C'nin li bL, N'W Vurk. !'.. P-o
530i. fivnd for TUva-Necta
REDUCTION OF TRICES
To conform to
REDUCTION OF DUTIES.
Great Savin to Coasnmera by (citing
ti.n.
V Send IbronnsS'ew Price List and a CInb form wffl
aconmpaay it containlr.2 lull ilirecthms, niaKini a Iarre
saving to consuiuera and reniunerau veto eJabor,;aniarra.
THE 6BXAT AliHMl'AI TEA CO..
P.O.Boxa613. . . 31 and 33 Vesey SU i-w orx
FARRIERS, MF.ril !TH Sc WORKERS
Can uuke to 3? 1-f O per nioutb, wub
TUB TEAR OP BiTTLES,
Aim) j-srir Mium. Pirjom and 4hroimM.
GOODSFSU' uMtUUL iJOK AMtt HAP kluVxM. CHKUOflfc
ebea.
mml. I . (Ui 111 Mil 1
Injurious. Siml 33 cents fur recire.
r . is. liiaii, " ' -
aiuru MUIRV Prwlnieneoplof'benewpaper.
GIVEN AWAT. rramr.,,.
pueadon. Address J. Hasal braosos. Box J3, Boston.
WITH ALL SIZES OF
M!lTA!lI.t!HTAWIl5VPm
WHE WRITING TO ADTERTISIES,
please amy yoa mw the advertisement
In thU naner. 303 -H. U.
I GREAT MEDICAL DISCOVER-
MIlLIOS Beu TeMtn.aT OietT
Vr'adr1.l Cllve Kea.
la. IK'l CllFRVi4
8
They tr IM a Tile FANCY DRIK
Made of Por Rant, W hiskey, Proof Spirit
mad Re fane Uqaora doctored, spiced aad aweeV
ened to please the taste, called Tonics." M Appetta
era. MBeatorera cc that lead the tippler on to
drunkenness and ruin, bnt are a true Medicine, made
from the Native Roots and Herbs of California, free
front all Alcoholle Stimulants. They are the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER and A LIFE
GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Renovator and
Invlgorator of the System, carrying off all poisonous
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
No person can take theaa Bitters according to direc
tions and remain long unwell, provided their bones
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and tho vital organs wasted beyond the point of re
pair. Ther svr-e m Gentle PargatlTe as) well as a
Tonic possessing also, the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful agent In relieving Congestion or inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether In
yoongor old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the torn of life, these Tonic Bitters have
ne equal.
For Inflammatory aad Chrenlc R hen ma
tlnm and Goat, Dyepepsla er Indigestion,
Btlleas, Remittent and Intermittent FeTera
Diaeaaea ef the Blood, Liver, Kidney, aad
Bladder, these Bittern have been most uceessfoL
&ach Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood
which is generally produced by derangement of tho
DigeatWe Organs.
PYfPEP?IA OR TSMGESTTOX, Head
ache. Pain in the Shoulders, Coukus, Tightness of the
Chest, Dizziness, Soar mctations of the Stomach,
Bad taste in the Month, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation
of the ileart. Inflammation of the Lumrs,Paln in the
regions of the K itinera, and a hundred other painful
symptoms, are the offsprings of Dyspepsia,
They Invigorate the Stomach and stimulate the tor
pid liver and bowels which tender them of unequalled
eificacy In cleaning the blood of all impurities, and
imparting new hie and vigor to the whole nystem.
FOR KIN DISEASE?, Eruptions. Tetter, Baft
Rheum, Blotches bpou. Pimples, Pustules. Boiis, Car
buncles, Ringworms. Scald-Head, Sore Kyes, Erysip
elas, Itch, Scarfs, Disco lor at ions of the Skin, 11 u mors
and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dug up aud carried out f the system In a
phort time ov the owe of these Bitters. One bottle In
inch rases will convince tue most incredulous of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever von find Its
Impurities bursting through the skm in Pimples. Erup
tions or Sores, cleanse It when yoa hud It obstructed
aud sluggish in the veins; cleanse it when it la foul, and
your feeling will tell yoa when. Keep the blood pare
and the health of the system will follow.
PIX, TAPE, and other WORM?, tarkmr tn tha
svstemofooniauy thousands, are ettectually destroy
ed and remove-L For full directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed in four lan
gusgus Euglioh, German, French and Spanish.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. H. McDONAXD CO,
Druggists and Gen. Agents, San Francisco, CaL, and
S3 and 34 Commerce Stre.-t, New York.
EsTSOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS.
HUGH MILLER,
THE GEOLOGIST.
A BOOK FORTH PXOPLK.
Life and letters of Hugh. IHler,
BT PETEE BATXE,
Antlmr of "The Christian Life."
2T0la,12nio.cVth.ai. with an EVsm Steel Llienesa,
and a Fkrcure of his lruiilactik
ThBlocanhr of a Mn. like HUGH MTT.I.TTR, by
Prraii Ba y a. tlie Prince of Kinertpheni, as shown in ha
"Christian Life," euirvit nUl of tvtnir deeply Intentfns,
and mnt lie nmversully welcomed by American readers.
jastpabUshcdbr GorijD ujfcouf,
Ne. 39 Washinzt.n-et.. BaMan.
tVCoplea sent by mall on receipt of price.
MERCHANTS
GARGLING OIL
13 GOOD FOR
Prim and Scalds,
t hiilMUtHA
Fprtiiu and Bruise,
t'lwwil Miming
Fifth Wnutuia,
Front Bae
External Pnona
txtn.1 Vrrp-k.
fillqf AU A?N'ftta
SirfiisJ, Ruvjbout
f'-'tlt Frii,
; of Animal t Insect,
TooUuicbc, dxw fcc
lib H1H ttt "t,
Jemorrhtj to or Pfie.
ST9 Sipplta.
Oiked fl'rw.'
F'lMnUz, M'tntf
Fpttin, Siceif.
fc-rritrhtA, or rrme.
&rijirjhtn Wiml.jaii,
F'ouiutered Fcety
VrnckM HeeU.
FotftoiiH Sheep,
ifowp in PoHttr
Louie MjcJl Jx, 4c
Large Size, $1.00; Xedium, 50e.; Small, 2oC
The GurrHmr on has been In nse a a Liniment for
thIrtv.eU.-lit yrara. All we ask is A fair trial, but
be sure iuiiI follow dirrrthfi.
A-k your nearest dnvtsidt or dealer In mtent
meilieine, fur one of our Almnniw-s and Vaile
Mccuiuh and real what Uie peopt say about Uw
Oil
The Gnr-lln? Otl h (or sale by all respectable
dealers UtroUiiout Uie Cttdtd plates utui oUtet
Countries.
OurmoilJlidtP from IKm to the present, and
are imdk ibl. I'se the tiaruliiig CM, and tell your
netirlihfrs what soikI it haartcuie.
W ileal r.iir anil liberal wilh all, and defy contra
diction. WriU for unAtiuauac or Coo Eook.
Itf aaufketored at Lockport j IT.
BT
HEitcnisTS
GAUGLIXG OIL COMPANY,
JOHX HODGE, Sec'y.
ACKKTU WANTED FOal TITS
f
JISTORY OF THE
i VAR IN EUROPE
It rontalm otpt 1 WO fine cmrraTrnes of B.-mlp Scttw
and Irrrtiimts in tin; War, am. X Iheonlv ACTHKN TIC
ami OFFICIAL history ofilial great coiitUcL Published
tn Knsttah ami (imuao.
PAIiTfi,y Inferior Mstorirs are beinsr dimmtiM.
uMU I .Oil Pop that tho hook-Ton hny contains 100
line enraviivis ami map. Sen! fijr circulars anil we our
trnn, ami a full leMriptkn of the work. AiUlr.-,
NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO, Clucagu IU ;ciiii.
naiu Ohio, ur SU LyS Mo.
Q O'Olools.
A"i?oi
e Pnrer. Carer and Mirer. Price Si.
IAjU! all at once. Wamnled saualactory.
U. H. WHlTThJlOUK, Monaster. Mass.
MAKE MONEY.
With our KNUKAV1W3.
Profirsjal percent. b.m'"to
i pmiiktld ii Siccpi. t'imiliira iree. Address JC.
Sanborn eV Co.. 1 13 Maiusnn-st.. Chicago,
rTANTFI AGENT. f-0 per day) to
HUIbecihratedalOHS8UljrilJSii.fLNU
I f MACHINIC Has tne urfkr-fftO. make, tba
5 -lu-Ji staVA" (alike an both stdtaj and it full?
licerunL Tae Desi ana cuepei laiuuj rew
ind slach'.ae in Uie mac let. Address JOH s
SoS!. CLAKS A CO.. Boston. Maas Pitts,
tmrsh. Pa Calcaco, ilUor St. Louis, ko.
$2.50 L Til IMAJ
For an ADVERTISEMEXT to
270 NEAVSPAPEIl S.
This LM comraisea
A large Proportion of the Best Western
Country Papers, Superior in Character,
Circulation and Influence to those
of any ether list.
WHERE CUTS ARE rSEP. OKLT THREE REQUIRED
YOU THE WHOLE LIST.
Tor lists, estimates and farther partlcnlars, address.
V. IT. KELLOGG.
1 JO and llil MaiUson street, Chicago.
FRAGRANT SAFOLIENE
nesnsK'dOloTesand.'initlndsof Cs-thsand rlothlmr-. pa.
DK,vi Fainl, tirerwr. iiv, -ai.e, Wlllioot tin: least
uiinrr l Hie linest td.rle. tMd bv llrmnrist ami Vancy
SLds.le.lent. HiAC.ISANT. SAIHLIK.NK CO.
SiUarelay St , Sew Y'rk, IS LaSall sut hirai
AGENTS! READ THIS!
W
E WII.I PAY AGKfTg A MLART
nf hhu mT rBk aiai axnenaea or aihiw aiarM
eommiaaiuu. IO k11 oar new wooaemu mTranons. Aa
s, M. WAtiaVavB CO, aUnOiaii, Midi,

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