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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, June 16, 1871, Image 1

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Poetry.
THAT LINE FENCE.
t)tt"rarm6f'Sm'tJK'e.me'leme'hil KW v--From
hie field the other day, ' ,
. While hie sweet little wife, the pride of hie Jife,
ft
ii
I
At her whel wee SDlnning awa.
. ' t v ( .
AM ever anon. a nr little sons 1 I I
With the hn of L-ant H.. 9 .
An the wratfifsJ bro is clearhi now s
LraAer the cheerful rtirme. . ,1
Come, come, little Turk! pat awij'yoor work,
auu UBIBU Mr " aw 1 HJ , v
Whet can I do bat a qaarrel brew J
With the nan across the way! I r.
l.". buI,t y fence, but be wont eommenca
ToUyaeineleiaU;
Hie cattle ret in, and the reed fets thin, i
I aia tempted la make a sale I" ,
Jny, Jokn, dear John, how yon do to on!
I'm afraid it wtil .fee as they My."
"So, no, little wife, 1 have found that strife
In a lawyer's hand don't pay.
"Helsptckinganaw, to drive me to law, I J
IbaTe heard that be satiLhe would; '
An you know, long ago, law wronged tie so,
I Vowed t never should. a t i
So what can I do, that I will hot rue,f f ''
To the man aero the -tyr 5
If that's-w at yen want, I can help ycra haunt
mm wiui a specter gray i
" T1'! dolla will do to carry you th roach.
And then yon Uve gained a neighbor;
& c,Of court, and mocfa more labor. iT . ;
w K, ' ' - v r- . f-:-
k-flfc- -fe S0 sense-tars fatafe him
And shame such thonehte ont of the fellow."
They built np hie part, "aid sent to hit heart
t . lvedar wheretherood meUojr.
jTtat serf aras nfcnt, by the candle-light. !
"They opened, 1ihirrteret. a letter T !
Kot a word was there, but three greenbacks fair
Said the man was growing better. j
(l
Miscellaneous.
Color Blindness.
J. Clerk Maxwell writes in 2Tafre t
.experiments on color indicate very con
siderable differences betwtea the vision of
umereni persons, all ot whom are of the
ordinary type. A cororr for,' instance,
which one person on comparing it with
white will pronounce' inMsh, another
-person will pronounce greenish. This dif
ference, however, does notrarise from auy
diversity In'fhe' nature of tie color aeosa-
tlons m different persona, It is exactly of
of the persons wore yellow spectaclei In
fact, most of 1 tu - have, near: the
middle of the mtina a- yellow '. spot
through which the rays must pass belore
they reach the -sensitive organ: this snot
appears yellow because it absorbs thersysj
-uiun art 01 a jjrecnisu oiue color.
Some of-u- hirve this spot strongly devel
oped. I am indebted to Professor Stokes
for the knowledge of a method by which
any one may see whether he has this yel
low spot It consibts in looking at a white
object through a solution ,;oX cblnride of
chromium, or at a screen -on which flight
which has passed through thia solution is
thrown. This licht'is a mixinro nfd
iigut wun the light which ia- so strenalv
absorbed by the yellow Spot When it
falls on the ordinary surface of the retiDa
u us m a neutral Tint, but when it faHs on
the yellow spoL only the red light reaches
uoi t, auu wc ihjc a rea spot
floating like a rosy cloud over the illu-
mmaiea neia. " -'
There are several
are several interest! no- ttn
aoeut the olor sensation which I can only
mention briefly. One is that the extreme
parts of the retina are nearly insensible to
red. If you hold a red flower nd hliu
flower in yonr hand, you will lose sight of
tus mi uuwer, wiiue you suu see the blue
one. Another is, that when the light is
jjiminished red objects become darkened
more in proportion than blue ones. ' The
third is, that a kind of color blindness in
which blue is the absent sensation can be
produced artificially by taking doses of
santonine. This kind of color blindness
is described ly Dr. Edmund Roserof Ber-
fiti. ' I is ;only. temporary afid (joes not
appear" to be followed by any more serious
consequences than headaches. I must ask
your pardon for not havine undereone
course of this medicine, even for the sake
of -becoming able to give yon, iaforsnation
at nrai nana aoout color-blindness. ;
a
it
it
A Competent Juror under the Law.
-'- Xs exchange cives the followlrj c i
Queltions alternately by the Cosirt, the
Dtaxes Attorney, ana the aelense, as usual
ly answerea Dy an "intelligent juror:"
"Are you opposed to capital punish
ment r r ,
"Oh,yes yes, sir."--' 1 it
" If you were on a jury, then, where
man was being tried for his life, you
wouiua i agree to a veraici to nang mm ?
t T ' S ,J Hi
i es, sir yes i wouio. j ;
nave you iormea or expressed an
opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the
accused r
"Yes sir!"
v " Your mind, then, is made up ?"
- "Oh.no no it ain't"
" Have you any bias for or against the
prisoner? - 'J : -I " -j
" Yea, 1 think I have."
" Are you prejudiced ?"
un, no, not a bit. i
" Have yon ever heard of this case ?"
"I think I have."
" Would you decide, if on the jury, ac-
coraing to the evidence or mere rumor?"
" Mere rumor." ;
. HFrhapsop.rlo't understand; would
you aeciae accoraing to evidence ?
"Evidence." .
"If it was in your power to do so, leould
you change the law of capital punishment
- r rtr lot n uraitn v i
" Let it stand."
The Court: " Would you let it stasa or
cnangeit?
10
1
"Change it."
" Now, which would you do ?"
" Qon't know, sir." j
t " Are you a freeholder ff
" Yes, sir, oh' yes.' '
"Do yon own a house and land, or
sent?"
" Neither Tm a boarder." j
" I lave you formed an opinion ?" .
No, sir." . . r '
; " Have yon expressed anopinion f
. V " Thiak I have. . . ... . i
. ,3 The Couit: "Gentlemen, . I. think the
r) luror is competent. . It is very evident he
i , has never formed or expressed an, opinion
on any subject''
out
if
so
only
ting
eaca
can't
want
may
bot.
come
hand
pared
"
m&
really
A Texas Snake Story.
A Texas correspondent of a'New' York
pajierives ,the following snake story:
'tne-nieht my wife and myself were
awakened by a noise from the shelf which
contained our small store of crockery, fo-.
lowed by a crash, which showed that ' a
great portion -of our cups and plates had
been flung to the floor. Springing up to
discover the author of this ' attack : upon
China..' I found a large . snake . in a some
what unpleasant 'fix? -He had 'crawled
upon the shelf, attracted by a number of
eggs wmcn were scatierea aoout une ot
these he had swallowed, 'and in order to
get at the next he had put his head and a
portion -of -his body through the handle of,
a jug which happened to eland between
the coveted delicacies. .The handle was
just open enough to. let his body, in the
natural state, slip' cleverly through, but
t not sufficient ta let it pass whe puffed
out by the egg. ' In this position he had
swallowed the second egg. His snakeship
tlitia (V,nn1 tii.rtcolF nalila t n .nna Af
"retreat; and in floundering about to escape
from this novel stock, had caused the ac
t cident which bad aroused us, : I of course
, r proceeded at once to execute summary
. iustice UDOn the interlonp.r hut. thn fra
, . r -- r, -oc-
ne naa swallowed were a dead loss.
m m -- . , . ....
What stuff is sometimes sold' as tea
may be learned from a London commer
cial circular, wLlch says that recently 300
half-chests, of -sea-duet called scented nr.
" ange Pekoe siftings, were sold by auction.
:irfiAtittGrvH-'nn nvtnnt nff li imtv,.
iers, sad -part realised one penny per
:! pound, Adding that, it is a matter of con
siderable doubt whether this article is tea
' at all; it' is certainly utterly spurious nd
'- unfit to drink ; the leaf is m a great meas-
i. n ra AnmnncWl ff diK .no stMl nlintri anil
.if a magnet bo throat into a sample of the
same, on examination it will be found cov
, ered with small particles of metal.";
" PrFTT-KioHT millions of sheets of paper,
especially manufactured " for the Govern
ment currency-purposes,-'; have ! been
counted and given into the'poesesaion of
the Treasury Department
ckros.
every
"
er
"I
looked
was
to
over
peared
hy.
and
it
thing
all
upon
take
tier
else
so
Deen
fallen
when
there
be
made
and
brief
and
were
were
were
very
tr :ii:f:iTJ:i f ti fiir .., i .'..iszsu Jtir. ; -r.-.i.: - , j ., ., .. .
. . -1 ." i .-:'.:..(- . . .''."'" - -
b
mm it
4-1
ha
IcCONNELLSYILLE, OHlb; FRIDAY, ' JUNE 16, 1871. -
NUMBER 11.
A Texas Snake Story. AUNT JEM'S BONNET.
. Dn4 yo ever watch a canary flying about
in its cagsttul tuning its head knowingly
from side to side, as if it were in deep med
itatioa upon some enbjoct 'through all its
restless hurry? Well, very much after
tht same fatbi.jt. Miss Jfmirjja Veer went
flitting about in the little drab house tinder
the hill one bright spring ' morning. She
shook out the white muslin curtains- with
a tender respect for their old age, audt ar
ranged them so that the darns should not
show, placed a cushion carefully over
danwcca-WroughiJbyJittle.feet in the seat
of the old-fashioned rockine-chair. and
dusted the tall clock in the corner as faith
fully as if its lone hand were not nilssinz.
In truth, that room was a sort of hospital
for disabled furniture; but then thel in
valids all had such a cory, well-carea-for
look that one never thought of noticing
their deficiencies : and the little brown-
eyed, browa-haired waean who bustled
abonVamong them was as bright and
cneery E.neaxi be. ,uut this day there
W;il an alrnv ved nmhJr tn lookin? nut from
the eyes, and now and then Miss Jemima
would come to a momentary pause in her
occupation, and strike an interrocatlon-1
Doiat attituda at ths-end of some mental
questtoi. fcAt iRsffchctopp d by one of
me wmuows, ana arew irom ner pocaet a
soiiewhat faded green and silver purse a
lean, dysppptic-lookine purse, that flopped
about in a dowDcast way, as if aware! that
iver up what
hofrmch fin-
depth, , then
turned it wrong side np and shook it, that
no shirking penny might be hidden sway
m its corners. The amount in her hand
vm small prtmitrti wfipn all wna rlnriA Kho
-- - -
counted it terward adv'bac&ward, but it
didn't grow any either way ; so she closed
ner ringers over it, with the lamtest breath
of a sigh, and said, with a decided shake of
her head :
M I as'Ulvit?- Teddf wants new shoes,
Bob tnutt have jacket, and a3xnnet isn't
to bthngatot :
hlchdirin tfollowat aU ; foT she thought
of it more vigorously than ever alter bv-
attgaMeruunedr neyood sMioyb that there
was rjo money to buy a new oca. roe aid
lot need krlook at the one ilie had worn
aU wtater to secowshabby h was; she
could fed that, even with it away up stairs
iu the bandbox. It had been twisted and
turned, made and remade, from year
to year, until it was " poor but
respectable" no longer, besides being
aU on of : .season t and esA' hut. head,
bereft of its ancieat shelter, went seeking
new covering. When the house was all
in order, and Hob and Teddy laudably em
ployed in trying to plough up the back
yard with the flour scoop, she went, up
stairs, and from among the cast-off treas
ures of a certain old red chest in the attic
fished up a straw bonnet immense in size.
yellow in color, and of shape indescriba
ble, boe laughed at the ellect as she tried
on before her tiny mirror; but, after
all, it was not a laughing matter; indeed,
seemed more like a crying one at she
turned, the antique affair on her hand, and
wnndered soberly what it would be possr-
bie to make or it ;
Upon her meditations there suddenly
broke the slight rustle of a stiff dress, and
the sound of a footstep that spoke of dig
nity and one hundred and fifty pounds, and
announced the coming of Aunt Hester.
was the only announcement that lad v
It necewary to -make ; or she en
without tM'-iormaiity ot a knock,
seated herself in the rocking chair, or at
tempted to do so, but immediately re
sumed hetieet again.
" Hum 1 I advise you to put that chair
of the way, Jemima. One can't be
always remembering. that the bottom is
broken tmt" she' jemarked Severely ; '"un
less, indeed, yqu intend it as a trap to catch
your friends in."
" If that was the object, Yd set it just
outside the gate, and try to catch them be
fore they got in," Miss Jemima whispered,
rebelliously," to herself, as she arose to
bring forward another chair a sound, sub
stantial wooden one. '
Aunt Hester .surveyed it doubtfully, as
she suspected some deception, but final
ly settled herself in it, shook her black
alpaca into into proper folds, and said : , .
! I thought I would call to see how you
were getting oa." V I? ,
it did occur to Jemima that n she had
known of her coming she would have got
far cn as to be out of sight; but he
answered quietly,
"About as usual we are, thank, yon.
AiwtJtfeter." ;.--,, . -,
" Aunt Jem 'Aunt Jem!" cried Rob and
Teddy, makine a rush from the yard, get
terriblyTnixed up in the floor-way. and
trying -to-'xplara the others re
marks before he had made any. "'Deed,
Aunt Jem, we won t hurt it any a rum-
breller to build a barn with ; 'cause we
jiut our: horses -nowhere ; . and we
it top 6' the chicken-coop. Say,
we ?" .
Yes, dear, yes ; but don t be so noisy.
-: Don't you sne Aunt-Hester is here "
answered Aunt Jem, inaulgent but dis
tressed, i
Yes; that's what we don't want to
ln.for,"' answered Teldr.- with re
freshing frankuess. " Won't you please to
the rumbreller out, Aunt Jem ?"
Aunt Jem produced the umbrella. iaXull
conciousireta that her Visitor was watch
ing with grim disapproval, and was pre
lor the speech that came next.
Vou areapouing those children, .icml-
rompletely spoiling them. I am
astonished at you. . . ;'
was a noint noon which the lady's as
had become chronic, so Jemi
ma did not attempt to lessen, it, and a nio-mi-ntary
silence ensued.
"Ah! said xrrat ilester.m a more pra-
tofie, after, her; eyes .'hail canned
other article in the room, and rested
finally on the rjonnet. What do youpro
pose to do with that, my dear ?" . .
I don t know, answerea Jemima, rath
disconsolately. . '
recollect. that bonnet 1 thought It
familiar, and I remember now. , It
one my daughter Susan wore for a sea
son or so, and then gave to your mother,"
pursued Aunt Hester, growing compla
cent over the memory of by-gone bent va
lence. It is a very excellent hraid. with
crreat deal of wear is it - Out of shane.
be 6ure, but I think. it could be made
into a very suitable' bonnet for yon."
The "very excellent article had ap
old and ugly enough before, but it
looked a trine '.-older ana uglier to Apoor
Jemima now, though she scarcely knew
fcne turned it aoout on her hand.
fell to wondering a little drearily why
was sne never nal anything new any
all her own. It seemed to her,. that
her life she had been obligedjojsuild
other people's foanfotioOs,lo make
straight where others'Tiad blundered, and
np things where others naa stopped.
wore never came ta ncr ja the raw
material: it was' aiwa,rs: what' somebody
had used, or spoiled, or begun. Back
thTotrgn the-twenty-eight years ot her life.
nearly as she couia remeniDer, it naa
the same. HouseKeeping cares naa
early upon her childish shoulders,
her invalid mother died. Then
had been the constant planning and
working to procure what her careless.; im
provident "father did not provide, to econ
omize where ho wasted ; a pretty sister to
snubbed by and worked for, until she
a runaway match with a gentleman
ly scamp ; and the same sister to copsole
care for during what remained of her
life,-when he came back, deserted
broken-hearted. Rob and Teddy
the-legacies; she left WelL thev
not Jemima a .owuv-either but they
a wondertul comfort to her. The
thought of them made her pause sud-
a
a
on
toy
a
8elf-rel.ance
he
alL
the
its
the
that
that,
it
at
or
were
Just
fence,
where
-
on
was
Rob
i
them.
been
out
blaze.'
detect
face,
well
jut
trine
l
and
a
but
one
:
for
wagon
off
f was
piacer
sive
bushes.
what
had
-
dy ;
had
up. ,
too :
jem."
"
Jem,
ed
denly In the midst or her questioning
whether she would not tiave buildedr beu
ter and more successfuTly if she could have
laid her own- corner stones ream! a
structure of her own instead of filling
breacbeaT in th broken w ails-xf oi hers.
Those two little faces stopped the train of
" mieht have beena." and made " her mur
mur, woman that she u, " Dear bys-r
I wouldn't eive them no for anvthiup!"
If OMK-be f whitened, pressed-: 'into-
shape, ana -made yery pn&senuuie, , Drone
In Aunt Hester's voice. ' '
. "Truel- answered Jemima, - slowly,
thinking of her life instead of her. bonnet.
V x ev 1 hope it will be made presentable
at last, though it does not look so how."
"Why, it's the -best rf. biwd,' inter
posed A wit HesteT, "with" some severity.
She fancied the remark was a slight di3:
paragenRht ftf dstightePSTisan,B;rastb:a
thing not to be tolerated -jsov - ;.
f- That lene Jarviised Jerlntalfr)m Iter
reverie at onfce." 'She discovered Cie good
qualities of the bra!d' immediately," and
Aunt Hester, somewhat molified. toot her
departure;' - ti t-. -s n. z A s ,-r
"Send it to ; milliner g and-haVe it
bleached and made over : advice very easy
to give, bat notqaite ee-ja8y trike
der the ci re umsUnceg," commented Jemi
ma, left to herself again. '-'-'.Ncy most ex
cellent Donnet,"you will have to submit to
being sewed over by my owa fingers, -and
no others, and take -such bleachin? as I
can give you. Pity, considering your past
grandeur, but it can't be helped! j
She was an energetic little woman, and
so in a very shozt paca ff .time she had
arranged in the- back yard- closely cov
ered barrel, with a pan of coals sprinkled
with brimstone placed in the bottom of it,
and the antiquated straw fastened near the
to,, and reft to-whiten in the smoke.; Rob
and Teddy were duly advised of the' con-,
tents of the barrel and warned not to mo
lest it ; and then Miss Jemima went cheer
ily back to the house and to her work of
darning BTnH-strkrnrarirr;ptaBmg for
diminutive jackets. The out-of-door
world was very lovely hat snring? morn
ing, and she stole' glances at -it now and1
then through the little window delight
ing in the fresh green grass and blossom
laden trees of the tiny yard In front and
watching' with kindly, human interest the
occasional passers-by on the road beyond.
These last were not many, for it was only
quiet village road ; but presently, there
passed a team with an unusual load a
large, heavy . millstone. The driver
walked.Vtieside' j t i as it moved
slowly along, and following it a short
distance behind was another person.
whom 'Jemima, scanned ;more closely a
man some thirty-three ' or four - years of
age, medium-sized, bronzed and bearded,
and dressed in a plain suit of gray. - There
was nothing-very remarkable m his ap
pearance ;. nevertheless, he was a person
age of some interest to the villagers as be-ing-the
- owner of the toill over the hill.
The former owner had failed to make it
profitable, and for a year or two it had
stood idte. When, therefore. H was known
that it had been soldr and was-to be re
paired and put in running order, there was
variety of opinions and some ("taking of
neaus among the sages oi the little place.
There were some who carried their disin
terested, kindness so for as to infbrm. Ibfr
newcomer that it "wouldn't pay," he
would "sink money." etc To all of
which Cade Barclay listened good-natur;
edly, answering but little, except with his
frank, sunny smile, and then went steadily
hi way, apparently quite, tin disturbed
their predictions. . i. i -.J . 1
Of the merits of the question or the
man Jemima knew nothing ;. but there was
quiet, resolute air "about him, a certain
and determination betraying
itself even ill- his- firm, .'quick step as he
passed, that cave her the impression that
saw,-, quite, as clearly hi to his own
affairs ed others, coulil see for him, and
made her fancy that she should trust his
judgment as soon as that of the wisest of
,The!Toad-wwind i around the little
house, and up over the hill at the back of
garden, so that the great wheel and
owner 'disappeared 'from. her view at
front window while she was still
thinking of them. ( So little that was new
came to disturb the serenity of the place
it was not marvelous that the people
Indulged in speculations concerning this.
enterprise, or that J emima, in her nook,
should feel some interest in it : Her medi
tations were still tending in that direction,
when suddenly .there came a rushing,
rolling sound, a crashing as of. breaking
bushes, a scream from iiob and Teddy
would have done credit to two In
dians and .then something . struck "the
comer of the house so heavily as to make
all jar and tremble. r -
Jemima sprang to her feet and was out
the door in an inetant . . The boys were
certainly not kiltd; she" saw" that at a
glance ; neither were they injured in lung
limb, for the shouting and gesticulating
wild una furious, t
"Aunt Jem! Oh,ATmt Jem, look!'
JookiT v i-.-.- . ,
Aunt Jem did look at the broken back
-leveled - currant-bushes, flattened
flower-beds, . and last fit the. front yard,
reposed the cause of all the mis
chief the large millstone. r
"It corned tumbling the Mil right aWav
to our back yard, and some of the fence
there besides the currant-bushes, and
and me we yelled, you'd better be
lieve !'.' lucidly explained the ' astonished
Teddy. I - v hi. .. . .- -
"It is mercy you were not kiled,"1e
gan Aunt Jem s trembling lips ; but Rob
interrupted, her with another" vociferous
Oh, look ! ' and pointed to a brisk bon
fire that was springing up- in front-of
' Jemima's bleaching apparatus had
overturned, and the coals emptied
of the pan had set, 'the barrel in a
A bucket or two of water soon
extinguished the fire ; but alas for the bon
net! it was wofully blackened instead of
whitened, and burned beyond, all pos
sibility of makiDg over. - A ..'.' v '
The group gathered about (he mini Jn
dismay, for the children were quick to
the look of trouble iu' Aunt Jem's
and even they understood the case
.enough to knoW' that "articles
destroyed were not always easily replaced.
"No one hurt,' I ' hope?" said voice
beside them a manly voice, though 2
trarnea ana anxious. r"
"Jemima looked up,- met" the kindly,
qrresrkrning -glance of s pair of blue eyes,
recognized Mr. Barclay.' She started
little, not having noticed his approach.
she answered, promptly, " No, .Sir j no
hurt in the least" - ,
Really, I don't know how such -an ac
cident could have happened,", he remark
ed, as-if even yet bewildered by the af
fair. "There must have, been some care
lessness in loading the stone, I 'support;
when we were part way up the hill; the
tilted a little, and the stone slipped
and came crashine- down. - Iti form
mostly spent before it reached 1 your
out i ree w- nas oone- damage
enough as ft is ;" and aj swift, comprehen
glance swept flower-beds and broken
v.x ;
"Nothing " very serious nothing but
a little labor will mako right again,
courageously and politely responded Miss
Jemima,-noticing the direction his eyes
takea. j.r :: ...r .
"No, it won't,'", interposed MastorTed-
" cause Aunt 'Jem s bonnet what she
a bleachin' in the barrel is all burned
It was go in.' to be-her Sunday est one,
an' bow she can't go. to meetinV nor
notnin'; only, J'llleaa you my hat, Aunt
, , r.-'' ".. " V. - -t,
nush. hush, Teddy ("whispered Aunt
pressing -the little white- hand that
snaTnto-ners, in apprecianonoi me oner
sympathy.-though her feoe-' grew sud
denly rosy, and it required some effort to
-'"
she
-Thafels
in
laid
that
'
he
hav
birt
'
man
tree
they
Only
fast
'
out
.!
,-The
-1
I
for
,
betray no discomposure.
there not much harm done.
fui It is o worse,
A So am L Some one might have been
killed by it, " he answered, gravely steal
ing a curii.us glance'at the chiirred bnrrel,
meanwhile,'- .and pondering Teddy's, re-
.mark,.. Not very well Versed ih'miilinery
ft tiers was Jad Barclay. A sister Iki
had never had, and his mother had betin
fc8eVmriy a ywuu Vkr?ne: nest, Qma
ker like bonnets aha had worn -daring her
life-time came from, it never had occurred
ta him tn inquire; rint tip felt-tolerably
certain; that they had not1)een conjured
out. of a JiacreLin tier back yard. lie
knew that there were f laces where such
articles wutv aojdnd fancied that most
adlcs "bought' them. Brewing t hem at
home. In barrels, over, a fire, alruciLhlm' as
rather an "original- 'lam "and he. stroDsy
suspecteflrTeddy's lament taken into (re
count,.' hat it IrKlicatetTt a""Bh6rthess of
funds. lie' .'was 'very" sorry for the mis
chief his rolling stone had caused, and this
particular part of it seemed the most uuu
cult to remedy; " ;i-v3. V';-.
" ion must let me compensate as lar-i
possibly for the trouble I have.cauSd
yo;"h-begr"bit-'M issWeinimft .s
quickly and decidedly declared the injury
pf no consequence that there was nothing
more to be said. - Ui honest heart was
rtill perplexing itself-over the probkm
when a t mail specimen ot ihc ctniue race
No, sir;
I am thank-
i presented itselt to view, toi Teddy caurfu
it up. mi ' -J 1
I This is my dog he comer to live with
us withoutnobody.askin'.hiiru. AustJem
don't Jike hiin much- 'cause lie ain't a
Newfounderj he's a rat terror.", -
"Ah! is he ?" said ir. Barclay, Decom
irg suddenly interested. ".Such ananimaj
i- ray: nselnl about, a mill sometime
where-there -are a great, many .rats and
mice. 1 wouldn't-mind eras? yon five
dollars for hint, if y were willing to' lit
him gor Would yon sell him for that ?"
" Yes.-Stir'.aniweredTeddy, promptly;
and a bill was oressed into the little palm.
and the dog transferred to its new owner!
Miss" Jemima viewed" this "proceeding
rather doubtfully; still, as she"Waa not
consulted iu the-natter,-and the gentle
man, appeared as mneh interested in the
bargain as- Teddy,- himself, she -did not
quite ce how to interfere. -The dojr might
be valuable; she realty-did not know. Air.
BarcUy seemed .wonderfully well satisfied
himself,; and .held fast to his purchate
as if its' were a rare prize, while he dis
cussed with Miss Jemima' the removal of
the ponderous ornament from the front
yard.- - '-'; '-" T - '
" You will, at least,, let me come and;
help put this garden Into order aeain," he
said as he turned away Brpropositlon she
could not readily have declined, even if
he had given her a chance to do so, which
he did not i . i f !iUl 1 - .
Now, Aunt Jem, now ' yott earn have
bonnet; and not an old. smoked one,
either,'' said Teddy. .- . . . !
.-. And Aunt Jem did have a new bonnet
pretty white chip, with fresh, spring-
i;i - 2V1 , . i . s, .... , -
HKe Errru noouns, inai lb ecemwi a posi
tive luxury Tor her to put onv ' You wonld
think a respectable bonnet conld scarcely
be purchased for so small a sum, ilr. Barcf
ley had entertained some fears on that sub
ject too," though he had offered ashigh as
he dared for the dog; but he was perfectly
satisfied . when he saw . her come into
church lie next Sunday, leading Hob and
Teddy. Was she to blame .for. enjoying
the whole service, better because of those
toft, hocomiag ribhonu4hat funned Jeer
. . i i - i : . . . -K-- :
prgLij oiuwn iiws auu uii:t jawi . xiu;
she did not think about the bonnet t she
only felt it; but when she. was at home
again, slowly untying the strings before
her little mirror, she whispered softly to
herself, " I do believe the Great Love that
blesses all our lives -cares for -our- happi
ness even, in such, little things as these,
else all this wouldn't have happened so
strangely J , ' .' ' - - : - j
' It took a go63 many evenings to get
those Hower heds Into perfect order again,
but Mr Barclay persevered' in his work
with -praiseworthy 'fidelity ; and having
bestowed so much labor upon them, it was
natural that he should feel a more than
ordinary interest in them, arid visit' them
freouently all throueh the snmmer. There
were many happy evenings spent in the
tiny moonlit portico, wrtn Tneconversa
tion wandering to deeper than floral sub
jects ; and he teamed to look upon; that
spot as a little haven of peace, and . gen
tle, thoughtful, unselfish Aunt Jem as the
pleasantest of companions. So it hap
pened that, when the autumn came he had
won her consent to his taking care-of her
fl.wer-Ueds and buying' her new bonnets
always." .
Aunt Hester, who, '-like many another
worthylady, war an unconscious wor
shiper dC success, greatly approved of Mr.
Barclayr" She was very gracious in her
commendatirm of .the new arrangement,
remarking, with an unwonted attempt at
facetiousne&s, that 'She-did hot know that
could " ever believe again that rolling
stones atherno moss.
-per
It
of
on
or
Is
of
or
the
Ink Lings.
BY JOSH BILLINGS.
.Trutw iz like the burdocks a cow gits
Onto the end ov her' fail ; the more she
shakes them oph, the less she gits - rid ov
them,
2 kindsbv men in this .world,
that i don't bare about meeting when i am
a grate huiry. Men whom i owe, "and
men who want to owe me. j v..
ThareHz always one chance agin the best
plans ov man, and the Lord holds
chance.
li private opinyun about " abocence ov
mind'' is, tliat 9 times out or 10, it is at
scence oy brains.
The flattery that men, offer to themselfs
izthe mosfc dangerous, 'bckanse the least
suspekteu.
Take a kitten that kaa hardly walk on
land, and chncthim Into a mil pond, and
wil swim ashore enny boddy kan ap
ply the moral in- tli&M 5T C f ' ,
The best philosophers -aud moralists i
ever met, hav been thoze who had
plenty to eat. and drink, and had money at
interest ! v
It" takes a wize man to suffer prosperity.
m'o6teriy phocilian sufl'el- adversity.
Pride, fter all, iz one ov our best frienas
It makes us; Deleave we are better and
happier than our labors,- r. ,
Before yu giv enny man advise, find out
what kind ov advice will suit him the best
Knowledge is like money, the more a
gits the more he hankers f Of. i
The vices and jhollys ov grate men are
never admired nor imitated bi grate men-
The trew art ov kriticism is tew excuse.
faults" rather than ridikule them.
We . hav no more right to laff at a de
fjbrmed person,' thin.' we"hay at A'cf00161!
both ov them are God's arkitektnre.
How ' stfaege It iz that most men kad
rather bo -flattered for : poeaessing what
fcT-oot.-thaa to be juAly praised for
havinjwhat they possess. -w- ..(
Suavity-ov manners towardsmen fcr likq
suavity7 ov molassia toward flies, it not
calls them, to you,- but - sticks them
after they git thara ' , ' .
Thare iz a grate' deal ov charity in this
world so kold!yi; rendered that it fairiy
hurts ; it iz like lifting a drowning matt
ov the water hi the hair or tho hed,
XrflJthea tettuig-fafag'ttrryyon the ground.
Exchanging-Jtnmpliments is another
name for exchanging lies.- . ., i .-
greatest thief this 'world hz ever
produced iz frtercutiHaiion, and he is. still
atlarge.-o .! . m t ...
Religion is nothing more than a chattel
mortgage, executed and rekorded, az se
curity for a man's morality andf virtew. 1
White lies are sed tew be innocent but
am satisfied that enny man who will lie
phum, after a while? will lie for wages.
the
-,
ing
the
and
all-the.
off
up
was
less
in
and
the
on
in
he
to
our
of
the
of
who
the
. 'A man 'with ohly one accomplishment
kant expekt to interest us long
We all git tired pretty soon looking at a
goose standing on one leg. A York
s
Financial Rings and Corners
. Thb great majority of people are, for
tunately for thenuclves, unacquainted
with-the TVall street ways that are- dark,
and tricks th it are vain; - fortunately, we
say, because cuch knowledge is, as a gen
eral thing,- obtained only at considerable
cost- Outsiders read of this or that in
dividual . who has made a fortune in a
Tew hours time, and, they are strongly
tempted to--take a chance in the golden
wheel. of ,lirUiHe.. For the. benefit of
those.-ouour readers thus tempted, it may
be said that there is not one of a thousand
yielding5 who-doea not livo to repent his
folly. - -Generally, speaking,- the money
reairzea in me speculative maelstrom Is
made by heavy capitalists eonibintne and
working in concert Having put their
nesas together ana denned upon the rail
road to manipulate, they begin ta ' work
the stock. -Some of the officers of the
corporation, are generally embraced in the
rmg.rMnring the past ten years,; many
oi me raiiruaus oi me country nave Deen
conducted purely In the interest ot specu
lative managers, ii the aim ot the ring
De to - duu ; tne stocK, tney nrt " bear
i't in order to obtain as much as possible at
row rates. Various means are resorted to
for depressing it licports of one kind
and another, unfavorable to the road, are
sei anoatv ine . conspiring directors
irequentiy wimuoia a semi-annual or
yearly dividend,represenUng that the re
ceipts cave pareiy tquaiefl, or (alien be
low, the running expenses. Day after day
the road is talked down on 'Change, until
public confidence is seriously imDdred.
-ami holders of the stock throw it . upon
me marsxi at almost any price. -Furthermore,
the rinu usually emnlov
two sets of brokers, who are. enjoined to
secrecy or ara in-me oars, ana act, en
tirely independently of each other. One
set sell the stock m the Exchange with a
considerable bluster, and keep hammerinir
: .1 e a . - j . -1 .
Ii uuwu iiuui uajr mj uay, unui, (O use a
street phrase, the oottom drops out of it
All this time the other set are quietly
ouying in uio biock- at me depreciated
figures. --'-
Having by these means obtained a larsre
amount oi siock, me ring begin the bull
ing' process. The withheld dividend, to
guiher with a new one, is declared. The
road is represented as being in the most
prosperous condition. , . xtinnors of con-
sOlidiUioa. i , or connectionsj with . great
tarougn routes are put in circulation. To
give coloring them, perhaps one or
more prominent managers or owners of
other lines are added to the board of .di
rectors. New carriages and steel rails are
talked of. The air is suddenly filled with
all manner -of reports favorable to the
road, the stock halts in its downward
course and begins to rise rapidly; some
times jumping tip -ten, fifteen, or twenty
cent a day- .Then, when it has ad
vanced -as -tar as the manipulators think
the circumstances will warrant, they begin
"
unloaa upon the public.
- Outsiders almost invariably purchase
stocks at the highest figures, and sell them
at the lowest . When - they see them rap
idly advancing, ana near them talked up
onausiUes. it is quite natural that they
should try to take advantage of the rise.
ii.- equal lynatnrar that they should
hasten to' dispose- of their stocks when
they are weak and ranidlv declining with
an apparent -prospect of " going out of
sight" It is by acting upon a knowledge
this iacfthat noes contrive, in the
manner ve have described, to " miik " the
public, and ' realize enormous profits.
Nearly every leading railroad in the
United States has been manipulated after
this lashiou during -v. the! past ten years.
Large sums of money are needed. . The
speculators do not however, have to buy
their stocks out and out, but can operate
a ten per cent margin. ' . .'
" Corners" are engineered in a similar
manner. Individuals of extensive means
combine aud secretly buy on a margin all.
nearly all, the floating stock of some
railroad.y They, then, through brokers,
make enormous time purchases, amount
ing, in some instances, to 'twice or three
times the wholcjunount of stock. That
to say, they purchase with the privilege
taking the stock within twenty,' thirty,
forty days, aa the time may be agreed
upon the sellers thinking that the price
miy, in the meanwhile, go down so that
they will be able to buy tha stock in at a
less figure than they have agreed to de
liver at. ,
.When the market has been largely over
sold, the manipulators begin to call in
their purchases. The sellers enter the Ex
change to buy their stock 'for delivery,
when they discover, to their great dismay,
that none u to be had. A panic seizes
them. c They rush wildly about to obtain
stock which is now jumping up at a
fearful rate, but it can be boueht only of
manipulators comprising the pool. The
are complete masters of the situation.
hold on to the stock until it has
reached as high a point as they deem it
sate to carry it, and then compromise with
unfortunate victims who sold : what
tliey did not possess. By holding on too
long; the fatter may oe ruiuea so as w oe
unable to nil their contracts.
The - Morns CUnal stock was once
bought' np on an average of ' between
thirty and fortvper cent', below par, and
carried up to 150, the !'ppol"- thus realiz-.
J per cent Manipulators purchased
Harlem at Mi. and compromised with the
sellers on a basis of l'J5. Some years later
Harlem -was. bought by the Vanderbilt
Tobin pool at 4t) and run up to l!3o. After
settlement, which realized three mil
lions of dollars to John Tobin, John Mor-
rissey and others, and caused- the ruin of
many nrst-ciass nouses, me siock settiea
down to 80. In one month's time a pool
forced Prarie du Chien from 60 up to 250,
finally compromises with the "shorts"
way between 110 and 210. One
single speculator paid f 125,000 to be let
from his contracts. Kdck. Island was
advanced from hi to 149, and finally cor
nered at 140 144- Hudson Hirer was run
from 113 to 180.- Michigan Southern
manipulated by a pool in a manner no
successful." "The attempted " corner"
Milwaukee and 8t Paul, in Erie (1S68)
in gold (18CKJ failed because the
projectors neglected, to take into con
sideration,', all the -'.obstacles " to be
overcome, and because t,he Erie ' shorts'"
resorted to the ruse of issuing fresh stock
which to meet their obligations. The
double sets of brokers are also employed ia
these cornering operations, one advancing
price by purchasing in a loud manner,
while tho other unloads. - For example,
that memorial -"black Friday," Mr,
Speycr! ' n Erie gold-ring broker was
offering 185 for gold in one corner of the
room-when it -was being offered for V-S5
another corner., He had-received,' as
has siooe etid in court,, his Instructions
keep bidding the price up and he ad
hered to' his instructions. ' ' i
.Prom this brief elance at the manner ia
which stocks are engineered on 'Change,
readers may understand-how extreme
ly hazardous it is to touch any stock for
speculative purposes. ..The quotations to
day may no more represent the real value
a stock than did the figures represent
value of ?rairie du Chien on the 80th
November 1805, which thirty days be--fore
was quoted at CO, Whenever, there
fore our rcaJers hear "of one individual
has n.ade .everything iu the stock
market they may conclude that there are
hundreds, who have Jost; tho profits-of
ring and ' pools . coming from the
pockets of- inexperienced outsiders.
Hearth and Home.
A Whirlwind.
At half-past 11 o'clock this morning an
extraordinary sight was seen at the corner
of lindire and Broad streets, which for
few moments caused considerable excite'
ment ; At first a small quantity of dust
was seen to gather in the middle of the
street at the right hand, going toward the
horse-car track. This gathericp was
abont the size and shape of a bushel
basket, and appeared as If a strong current
oi wind arising irom .lue inside ot the
earth was forcing it upward es though in
a compact Doay. tn a lew seconds. How
ever, it began sensibly to increase in size,
and to rise higher. - Althoueh no wiud
win perceptible. It seemed to be whirling
violently rouud, and it -was soon moving
so rapidly as to appear almost stationary,
On approaching close to the body an hn
pression of fear and awe was irresistible.
As it still grew and grew tho dust collected
on all sides of this center came into the
moving column in sheets, hut on becom
ing part of the body remained with it as
a solid mass, from which escaped, seem
ingly, not a particle. '' i .
At this time its size was that of a sugar
nogsneau ana aoout its torm, being appa
rently solid. From the mass came a moan
ing noise, which grew in volume with the
m crease of matter. Presently It took a
conical siiape, and then began to stretch
upwards, the base or ofW part, becoming
wider on the ground as the point as'.ndeiL
its progress upward was then most r.7pul.
and in perhaps a minute the eye could not
perceive the end of the tapering point, so
great was its altitude, and it appeared to
have decreased into a thread. The snire
of the Reformed Church and the flag-staff
in the para, behind which the whirlwind
was, seemed less than a fifth of the height
of the column." By this time the street
was packed with astonished and alarmed
people. A horse "car was coming up, its
driver would have driven right into the
whirl, but was stopped by the passengers.
In the car a devout ladv ICatholicl
to in ner Deaus in terror, while ot her ladies
were much terrified
By this time the column had, by its size.
swept np the dust from all sides, and
stones as large as a man's fist were drawn
to its base, but did not aa tar as seen, rise.
The revolutions became slower and more
graceful, till at length the magnificent col
umn fairly waltzed to slow measure, round
and round. - Occasionally it changed to
the right or left of its position a few feet.
while its breadth spread out over a laree
surface of ground,' or nearly the whole
width of the street With graceful motion
the speed decreased, the da t from the
heavens be can to. fall, and the column
fell little by little to its natural place. For
many minutes afterwards the dust con
tinned falling from the clouds. A smaller
column was raised, a minute or two after
ward, .on the sidewalk, but had not dust
enough to form its strength. Soon pieces
of paper were, however, picked up and
carried over the way to the ton of the Sag
stall, touching the pole as they-went up.
A piece of ground, at -least thirty feet
square, swept entirely clean, showed after
ward where the base of the column had
been. JTeieark (iV. J)' Adtertiter.
Romantic Story of Generosity and
Gratitude.
Here is a neat little story from Ken
tucky: About twenty-five years - aero a
young man from that State took a horse-
oacb: rule to v lrcinia,. where his father
came from, and on bin way he met a dan
and his family removing West,- 80 poor
that they were almost reduced to starva
tion. He had compassion on the wretched
group, and gave them a $20 bill with
which to reach their iournev's end. Jn
about fifteen years ther young man re
ceived a letter from the man he had be
friended, saying that he was a prosperous'
merchant in -tywjthern Kentucky, and in
closing a (20 bill to repay his loaa. i After
another ten years,' which included the
great rebellion and its termination, he was
elected to the lower house of the Ken
tucky Legislature, and,, being a man of
talent and influence, was chosen Speaker,
in the contest for which he had noticed
that a stranger, and one of the other party.
was his strongest supporter. -, His curiosi
ty was aroused by this, and he asked the
man's motive, as he never had. to his
knowledge, seen him befbre. " Sir," re-
flled the member: "you will recall, when
mention it, a little scene that occurred
when you were a boy on your way to Vir
ginia, It was you who saved my wife
from starvation. She has told me. time
and again, that never did a morsel of food
taste so sweet so utterly delicious as
that you gave her then. She was just six
years old at that time ; but when she saw
your name, during the late canvass, among
the prominent provable candidates tor the
speakership-, she laid down the law as to
how I was to vote. - This is aJL Neither
she, nor her father and mother, brothers
and siaters', nor myself, can ever forget
you."
it
'
an
in
"
so
How a Centenarian Lives.
t - .,
The following letter from Rev. Charles
Cleveland, of Boston, a cltv missionary.
and long known as Father Cleveland, who
is one hundred years old, is published in
the J une number of the Herald of Health :
JUT Dear sir.- In answer to your re
quest for information regarding my habits'
of life, you will please accept the follow
ing remarks, which are given Kith much
pleasure! 1--"- - v ,':
1. Mf time of retirement is at an early
hour, not beyond 10 oclock, and of rising
as soon as awake, and before the sun,
throughout the year. " '
- 2. At meals my food is simple and nour
ishing, avoiding whatever may be regarded
as luxuries. , . .
3. 3lv drink at the table is " Golden
Ale." .
4. I taste no spirituous Honors.
5. Tobacco I abhor In all its forms as I
would poison, peHuaded that its .use hath
been as a harbinger to . " strong drink."
which has slain iu thousands and tens of
thousands. ' ' ' ' . .
Thus, dear philanthropist I have eiven
you my "habits of living," and would just
add that preserving a conscience void of
onense toward uod and man, my sleep in
its season is undisturbed and refreshing.
for
to
for
his
is
at
:
of
the
t
the
the
was
A Most Startling Truth.
Tub punishment of . vice and intemper
ance does not end, says the. New York
Tribune, with the vicious and intemper
ate, but the great human family is so con
stituted that one member of it cannot sin
without pulling down the others. ' Thus,
la an ap paling dt-gree, are parents answer
able for the weakness and vices of their
children... A maa drinks moderately but
stuadily all hU liSo, with no apparent barm
to himself ; but his daughters become nerv
ous wrecks, his sons epileptics, libertines or
incurable drunkards, the hereditary tenan
cy to crime having its pathology and un var
iable laws asscrofula,consmuption,orany
other .purely physical disease. These are
stale truths with medical men ; but the
majority of paresis, evrn those of moder
ate intelligence and culture, are apparent
ly cither wicked, or ignorant, or widkedly
regardless of them.- When our people are
brought to remove gin-shops and gin-sell-crs,fbrthe
same, reason that they would
stagnant ponds or unclean sewers, there
will be a chance of ridding onr jails and
alms-houses -of half their .tenants.; :We
have irrgod.thia point until; Unas grown
hackneyed aud tedious; but how can we
be silent so long as a fresh murder or suicide
every day exemplifies the gastly peril and
its cause , ' '' ' - ...
A Spotted Adder The book-keeper
watched by a detective. ' .
fox
it
be
ter.
ing
at
able
for
was
she
in
end
in
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
has had
South Shrbwsburt, Mass,
only one Ure since 17 iu.
- Tub rates of the Washington Life
the same as other good companies.
Why are Cashmere shawls like deaf
people? Because you can't make, them
nere.
Thb best estimates give Nebraska
41,000 children between five and twentyone
years old. -. - . n . - 1
PRKxicxa, policies and dividends
paiu m casn u me mutual ldlex or Chi
cago. ,
Tna young lady singer who thought
sue couiu mate ner voice clearer Dy strain
ing it made a great mistake. -. , .
Fivb hundred and twenty-five thousand
six hundred trains leave London' in the
course of one year. .
In 1831 five suits' for divorce were en
tered in Middlesex, Mass. ; in 1841, 14 ;
iwh, 4i j m iaei, lUfanorin lsri, 201,
Why Is the first chicken of s brood like
the mainmast of a vessel T - Because it is
utile forward of the main hatch. ,
A Texas paper prints a list of 109 per
sons murdered by Indians in eleven years
in one county in that State.- Among the
Kiiiea were many women ana children.
A Wbstbrx eflitor,"who doesn't know
much about farming 'any .way, suggests
hi: Mb lur irarueuixiK, a caaviruu uacit, wun
a hinge on it would be an improvement on
the spinal column now in use. Hoiton
Post. " ' -'-
A maw stoppibg his paper wrote to the
editor: "1 think folks ottent to spend
ther munny for paypur, mi dadda didilant,
and every bodo sed he was the inteUigents
man in the county, and had the smartest
family of bo is that ever dugged taters.
A satlob. whose sweetheart had a very
. . ... . . -
handsome set ot teetn, attempted to Kiss
her but she eluded him and gave him a
box on the ear. ' " Just my luck,? said the
good-natured sailor;'. " I'm always getting
wrecKtd on the coral reels.
A To uno married ladv beine aDDlied' to
tor a situation by a servant girl, she asked,
"Why did you leave your last placet"
Why, you see, ma.am, replied the girL
" I was too eood-looking, and when I
opened the door the gentlemen always
took me tor the missis.
Thb Turkish Ambassador was at a pub
lic dinner in London recently, in company
with some of the magnates of the land
the president gave as a toast, is corapli
ment to bis excellency, "The Sublime
Porte. and the Turkish Ambassador." The
waiter echoed it down the table. "A sup
ply ot port lor Uie xurgish Amoassador.
Thb Prussian authorities state officially
that the assertions of the 1 rench news
papers about the large number of French
men who were said to have been flogged
by order of the German officers , are un
founded. That mode of punishment was
administered only to twenty-three persons.
Nine civilians were shot after trial by mil
itary commissions.
Thb Scrinlon (Pa) HepuUiaan states
that .it knows of a mule that has been
brought up fn the coal mines, that under
stands so well what - it is expected to do
that, when pulling 8 loaded car up a slope,
finding its strength is not holding out,
will catch hold of a sill with its teeth,
and thus Beep the car in position antu
the driver succeeds in blockading the
wheel.
It ra well Vnowri that icebergs' cool the
twatef around them to " very eensiderable
distance. An American gentleman named
Dion, has made this fact the foundation of
invention to protect vessels against
collisions with icebergs. He proposes to
place on the bottom of steamers or- other
vessels an apparatus so arranaed - as to
sound an alarm the instant the ship's keel
enters a stratum of cold water.
Chamber's Joubnal gives this illustra
tion of the power of India-rubber' to
deaden sounds: " We once visited a fac
tory where some forty or fifty copper
smiths were at work in a shop above our
heads ; but what was remarkable, scarce a
sound of their noisy hammering could be
heard. On1 going - up-stairs we saw the
explanation. Each' leg of every-'bench
rested on a cushioir made of India-rubber
cuttings. This completely deadened the
sound. " ,
"Well," said an old gentleman, the
other day, " I have been forty-seven years
the business, and I can say what very
few can after such experience; in all that
time, my friend, I never disappointed but
one single creditor." . " Bless me, what an
example for our young' mercantile com
munity !' replied the person addressed.
What a pity that one time occurred : how
was it f " Why'' responded the old gen
tleman, "I paid the debt when it became
due, and I never, in all my life, saw a man
much astonished.- - - - ''
California papers tell of a man who,
having lost a considerable portion of -hie
nose in a fight, picked up the severed part
put it m his pocket, and subsequent
having gone home and bandaged what
was left, put on his best suit and started
a surgeon. Wbea the doctor was ready
reunite the separated - parts, he called
the piece, and the mutilated man, to
horror, found that he had left It at
home, and after searching vainly in all his
pockets, said: "I beg pardon, doctor; it
a rough Joke on me, but I left my nose
home in the other vest."
Onb of the latest uses for paper is to
employ it for the manufacture of railroad
The pap r is cut 'into discs
diameter of the wheel, less the thick
ness of the tire, and subject to, a pressure
one and a half tone to the square inch,
and then secured by iron flanges held by
bolts passing through them and the paper.
The wheel then receives a steel or iron
flanged tiv The advantages claimed for
use of paper for this purpose are, that
is noiseless, does not swell or shrink
with the weather, affords stay to the tire,
and a' lateral support In turning curves,
adapts Itself to any trifling inequality of
inner surface' of the surrounding tire,
ia stronger than any other material of
same weight of which a wheel can
poshibly be made. . . . - "
Tiiby have had a bread controversy in
Washington City. Some weeks ago fault
found with the bakers for raising the
of bread ; and, a practical baker tak
the ground that bread -could be made
five cents a loaf, while others claimed
could not, to settle Uie matter it was ar-1
ranged that three barrels of flour shoild
purchased and baked atthe government
bakerv, tne omcer in charge to be the arbi
The result was a yield of 200 pound
loaves of bread to the barrel of flour, cost-,
k7.j per barrel. This, it is stated, is
variance with the past experience of the
Washington bakers, who have not been
to obtain more than H'tO pound loaves
from the barrel in the regular course of
business. , , , .. , , . . ...
A Youxa . couplo were betrothed in
Wales, some twenty years ago, and the
young man, in order to acquire a home,
came to this country, promising to send
her as soon as that should be accom
plished. He devoted himself to medicine
with so much success that a competency
soon secured, but at thia juncture the
girl's father became a helpless invalid, snd
refused to leave what she considered a
path of duty, even for the man of her
choice ; so that a coldness arose, resulting
a complete estrangement, and he mar
ried a yoimg lad j1 whom he found here.
Abont a vear.aeo his wife died, and at the
of the twelvemonth, a widower's pre
scribed time, it occurred to him to look
after his old flame, and he found her still
single and ready to carry out the old
agreement, and for that purpose she is now
America. , i
Youths' Department.
A LITTLE THING.
are
1 1
. It was sach s UUU tir!o
' One si 1b ht twist of erfm?ensriii;
t Bat 'twas stealing all Uie tame
Ani the ehl'.d who took it knew
. TCat she told what was not true,
lae to screes aurMlf from blame,
rTrrt a theft, and then a fie
, r Both recorded np on Wgk. - T-;."
It was but tUtk word,
Softly spoksn, scarcely heard,
r- . TJttered byaslnle breath.;..
Bat It dared to take In vara- - - r
- God's swet hia and holy name,
- 1 . 80 provoking wrath ana deaths
' Boon the Hps, once fresh and tair
Opened bot tocens sad swear.
' - It was but one ZiBi "blow- '
Passion's sadden overflow
. BcareelT heeded la its fsUc
Bat, oaos loosed, the fiery son '
Wonld no longer brook control r
Laws it spurned, defied luem all.
Till the hand love clasped in Tain
: Wore the murderer's crimson stain.
Ah 1 It is the lores small. . j 1
ju!y climbing o'er the wall
Thai destroy the tender Tine;"
. and it is the spark of are, .
. Bri'-hteninir. growing, curling higher.
That across the forest shines.
Jnst so, step by step, does sin
- If aa checked, a triumph win.
What Jimmy Get from the Top of a
Tree.
in
a
1'It was at a 'watering-places-a country
hotel, where there was a spring of horri
ble water, which tasted likewell, I can't
think of anything disagreeable enough to
compare it to where ail this happened.
It was" at the end' of the season, and the
fall winds were beginning- ta blow, and
fnost of the ladies and. gentlemen, who
had been spending the. .'summer eniovintr
the pure-air and making- believe to enjoy
the horriMe water, were expecting to de
part is a daytor two. - On thd particular
afternoon-? which Ii am writing, a large
portion of the company: were out on a
laww.-arKi irrnl ni ttirm had eroquet
mallets in their hands , But they were
not plavine. TThey" were all gathered
around a tall" pine tree, which - stood in
one corner of the lawn. This tree had a
very long, ' slender trunk, with a few
branches, almost at the vorv too. And on
one of these branches there hung a lady's
nai a pretty iitue nat, trunmed with
flowers and lace, with a blue veil, which
was now wrapped around and around the
branch. This hat had just been, whirled
from the head of the young lady who
owned it, by a sudden gust oi wind. This
lady was very much annoyed 1V the acci
dent.' . .-,
" It's too bad " said she. C""I am coiner
home to-morrow " and that Is the only hat
I have to travel fn. And I ' can't wait
here until I can send to the city (or an
other." -- ."'."'!
Some one suggested a bonnet to go
homein.', - " irirrs
"No," said she. "I don't want to travel
in a bonnet, or a straw flat, eithea Can't
somebody get my hat down t" -
" Look here, boys," cried one of the gen
tlemen, to some of tha waiters who were
just coming out of the house, " I'll give a
dollar to any one who will get that hat.
The waiters then came down to the
tree, and one of them started to climb it.
But he found't a hard job. The bark was
smooth, for a pine tree, and by the time
he had gone up fifteen or' twenty feet he
was glad to slide down again. The gen
tleman now doubled his oiler, and another
tried, and another, but neither climbed as
high as the first man. Then another gen
tleman added two dollar to the- prize, and
more waiters came, and also boys from the
hotel and the neighborhood, and they all
tried and all failed By this time there
was quite a lively crowd around the tree,
and a young man in a red neck-tie said ii
was real jolly ever so much better than
croquet. ' Then three more gentlemen
added . two dollars each to theprize,
and the excitement became intense. Every
body who eould climb at all tried tha tree,
but no- one got one-third' of the way up.
Then, as it was necessary to keep up the
fun, and his money seemed Very safe, the
young man in the red neck-tie offered five
dollars more. And Just at. this moment
Jimmie Clark came running down to see
what was the matter. Jimmie was about
eleven years old, a bright, smart fellow,
and as active aa a caty'. His mother was a
widow, who lived on' a ' very little farm.
about half a mile from the hotel. ' When
Jimmy saw what had happened, and that
fifteen dollars was offered for the recovery
of the hat. his eyes sparkled.- Ha. was a
reading boy, and he remembered what he
read, and it "sow - flashed across his mind
that the savages in the Pacific islands
climbed higher and smoothe r trees than
that. And what ia more, he knew how
they did it, ' 1 . . , ,
Without sayuur a word, he turned, and
ran for the woods as fast aa his legs would
carry him. In a very few minutes . he re-
111 run 1. nrrv air 21 viva ui K 1 .unj-v ilia
about lialf an inch thick, and five or six
feet long. With this In his hands he
bounded into the crowd at the foot of the
tree.'; - - ..
" Is it fifteen dollars," he cried; " for any
one who gets that hatr :- '
" It w fifteen dollars," said an .elderly
gentleman who stood near the tree, " but
now it has gone np to twenty .1 - Can you
climb that tree, my boy J". . . - - -
" I am going to try, sir, said Jimmy.
" Very welL then," said the gentleman ;
" the money ia yours if you succeed."
Jimmy now stepped up to the tree, and
holding the grape-vine horizontally before
him, ; laced the center, of it against the
trunk. He then wrapped the vine once
around the tree, and bringing the ends
back to him, took one in each hand, lie
then loosened the vine a little and pushed
it up the tree as-far as he-could reach.
Tfo w.'hoTdmgttglrtly-trj-the' earls, he drew
himself np me vine nrmiy Douua arouna
the tree by his weight, did not slip an inch.
This was the way he had read the savages
climbed tail trees. - wnen ne had tnus
drawn himself up, "he wound his legs
around the tree and held fast until he had
loosened the vine and pushed it up again.
And so. foot bY foot, he went steadily up
that tall pine tree. ' It was terribly tire
some work md he stopped to rest several
times, but at last ha reached the- branches.
Grasping the lower one he drew . himself
up, dropped the ( grape-vice, and, .
seating ' himself' on ' the - branch, rest;
ed for ' several " minutes. .: Then he
climbed- np to.-; the . hat,, disen
gaged it, and threw it down. As' the hat
with its beautiful blue veil; came floating
down, a tremendous cheen arose from the
people on the ground: but, fortunately,
Jimmy was not startled by it After rest
ing a short time, he came down 'the tree.
He could slip gradually down, without aDy
grape vine. As soon as ha, reached the
ground everybody clustered around him,
and the elderly gentleman, who had col
lected the money,- handed him the twenty
dollars. ' .-.--.- ? ;
".Now, my lad," said he, "I hope you
will make a good use of this."'
" You may be sure of that, sir,"' said the
landlord of the hotel ?I know Jimmy,
and he'll give it to his mother." . ,
As for Jimmy, he thanked the company
and hurried away. 'But not home. Early
in the summer, his mother's only hog an
arum Jr w which he depended for much
of her living dating tha winter had died.
Jimmy knew that nothing would please
her so much aa another hog, and so he
went to farmer Peters, who he .knew had
hogs for sale, to buy her-one., About an
hour before supper-time he appeared be
fore his mother' door, driving a fine lazy
Why, whose hog Is that V said she.
' " It's yours, mother; and I climbed up a
tree after it," said Jimmy. 1 - '
When the story was 4old, his mother
was delighted ,-and all that winter, when
they had hams, and spare, ribs, aud pork
and beans, and aaasages, and . lard, and
hoga'-head cheese,, and scrapple, and
pickled pig's feet, and all other things that
can be made out of a fine fat hog, Jimmy
was very glad,4hat he had remembered
how the savages in . tha Pacific islands
climbed tall trees, " - .
Th8 time" lost' in drinking fa at least
equal to th9-money spent; cost of time in
consequence' of intemperance; $1( 0,000,
000 cost of pauperism 5O,0O0,OtO ; cost
of legislation, $-'00,000,000. Total ap
proximate cost of liquor to the nation,
$1 878,000,000.' As the ; result of actual
inquiry, i : haa been ascertained that
19-gOths of the crime committed by in
mates of our State Prisons resulted from
intemperance-

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