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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, June 30, 1871, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075000/1871-06-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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Statisties of American Journalism.
Tun American Xewitpaper Directory,
for 1871, lost issued! by Mesr Geo.
P. Kowell & Ca, proprietors of the Amer
ican Advertising Agency, of New York
City, contains certain tables of rrtatistica
'which have been compiled with care, and
can be relied upon as substantially correct.
They cover a field of research which no
statistician has before touched upon, and
famish food fori reflection and wonder
ment. The following are a few of the
many facts which a study of these tablea
reveal : '
The who:e number of periodicals issued
in the United States is 8,983, itn 73 to be
added for the Territories, and-353 are
printed ta the Dominion of Canada, -and
29 in. Vhe British Colonies, making a grand 1
".t&i oi o.3, oi wiucn tan are a any, lis
tri weekly, 129 semi-weekly, 4,642 week
ly, 21 bi-weekly, 100 semi-monthly, -715
monthly, 14 bi-monthly, and 62 are issued
quarterly. New York has the largest
number of publications, 894, of which 371
are printed in New York City, and Nevada
bas the smallest number issued in any
State only 15. Nevada has more daily
than weekly papers, and is unique in this
respect, every other State having from
three to twelve times as many weeklies as
dailies. Tri-weekly papers are more com
mon in the South than semi-weeklies,
"while in the Northern States the facts are
reversed. r . .. r
The largest number of daily oaperapub
lished in any State is 89, in Nework.
Pennsylvania is second, with 61. ' Next
comes Illinois, with 33, and California has
84, being the fourth on the list. '- Delaware
and Florida have., each 1 daily paper.
Kansas has as many as Vermont, West
Virginia, Mississippi and A rkansas com
lined. Nebraska and Nevada have each
more dailies than either Oregon,. Rhode
Island, South Carolina, Vermont, West
Virginia, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida,
' Maine or Mississippi. - - ' ' '
Of the 73 publications issued regularly
in the Territories, 13 are daily and. 50
svwklv S tri wwblv 4 semi-weeklv. 1 ap
pears monthly, 1 semi monthly," and 1 ti-
weeKiy. - -" ; .? r
The papers of New York State have the
largest circulation, averaging 7,411 each
issue. Massachusetts is second, with 5,709
average; then , comes the District of Co
lumbia, with 4,323. -Nevada has the small
est average circulation, only 516, while
Florida averages 616, Arkansas C50, Texas
701, and Mississippi 753.' The average
circulation of all daily papers published is
2,717, of the weeklies 1,698. and of the
monthlies 4.08L The average edition of
all the papers printed is yMX, wmch, mul
tiplied by 6,433, the entire number of pub
lications, gives 11,858,796 as the number
of copies in which an advertisement would
appear if inserted once in alL ' The same
advertisement,- if continued -one year.
would be printed the enormous number of
1,499,922,219 times. The total number of
publications printed in an entire year in
North Carolina will supply only four cop
ies to each inhabitant, equivalent to one
TJSDer to everv son! once in three months.
Mississippi,' Florida and Arkansas do but
little better, furnishing five copies per
year. Alabama, Minnesota, south Caro
lina, Texas and West Virginia all print
less than enough to give each inhabitant
a paper once in five weeks, while Califor
nia gives 82 copies per year, - exceeding
every otner state except new l ort, wlucn
prints 113 copies per year for every soul
within its borders. As New York papers
circulate everywhere; white those oi -Cali
fornia do not go very - much- out . of the
State, it is evident that the papers issued
there have a better local support than in
any other State of the American Union.
In the District of Columbia we find that
one newspaper is published for everv three
square miles of territory. Massachusetts
has one to 30 square miles, and Rhode Is
land one to 50; then comes New York
with one to 57 ; Connecticut has one to
60, New Jersey one to 63, Texas one to
a,a, i lonaa one to 2,693; while in. the
Territories one newspaper spreads its .cir
culation over no less than 14,465 square
nines.
There are 543 newspapers in the United
States which prints more than 5,000 copies
each issue, and 11 which print more than
100,000. The New York Weekly has the
the largest circulation given ; among the
political mediums the New York Weekly
Tribune takes the lead, and among the ag
ricultural weeklies, Moore' t Rural Nne
Yorker stands first The New York Inde
pendent is the largest paper and has the
largest circulation of any religious paper.
Nearly 1,000 papers are printed on the
auxiliary plan that is, on sheets purchas
ed from New York, Chicago and other
centers, with one side already printed
This number has more than doubled with
in one year. "More than 1,000 new news
papers have been established since the first
of March, 1870, and the number of sew
ones announced since January 1st, 1871,
has averaced nearlv fonr nnr Anv Th
number of suspensions is about one-fourth
as large as that of the new issues announc
ed Messrs. Geo. P. Rowell & Co., assert
that the number of newspapers issued has
fully doubled within six years.
In looking over the publications devoted
to specialties, (or class publications,) we
find the religious largely predominate over
any other class, which shows the interest
the public press takes m the moral and
religious welfare of the country. There
are in the United States 283 publications
advocating evangelical and sectarian ideas,
with 22 in the Dominion of Canada, with
none either in the territories or colonies.
Of this number New York City has 44,
Philadelphia 23, Boston 21, while Florida,
Kansas, Nevada and New Jersey are en
tirely unrepresented.
The farmers, horticulturists and stock
raisers have their interests represented by
an agricultural press numbering no less
than 106 publications, many of which are
gotten up at great expense, and are very
extensively circulated. --
The medical profession enlightens its
members through the columns of 72 pub
lications, of which 5 are weeklies, 50
monthlies, 3 semi-monthlies, 3 bi-monthlies,
and 11 quarterlies. - -
Nearly, if not all, the schools of medi
cine have their representative organ,
which circulates among its admirers and
is criticised severely by its cotemporaries,
whose views differ from it about the
" healing of the nations," while Jhere are
a number that furnish intelligence of in
terest to all medical men,-as well art the
genera! reader, without taking sides for or
against any particular school of medi
cine. .
Most of the colleges and many of the
State Boards of Education have their
representative organ, besides several publi
cations that treat educational matters in a
general way. Of this class we have 84 in
the United States and 6 in the. Dominion
of Canada. They are mostly monthlies,
with an occasional weeekly, bi-weekly and
quarterly.' '
The large cities have their commercial
papers, - which are nearly all issued
weekly.
Insurance is discussed throueh the
medium of 19 special publications, 12 of
which are issued monthly, and a number
of them being noted for their superior
typographical appearance.
Freemasonry, temperance, odd-fellowship,
music, mechanics, law, sporting, real
estate, and woman's suffrage, have each
their representative organs, many of which
are edited with ability, and have extensive
circulations, and net large incomes t their
enterprising publishers.
The list of class publications is increas
ing rapidly of late, its ratio of increase
being greater than that of the entire press
of the country taken together, owing,
probably, to the fact that the increase of
wealth and .population of the country
make it possible and profitable to publish
class papers where, but a very few years
back, they could not have been made self
supporting. The number of papers published in
other than the English language is grow
ing rapidly, owing to the immeBBe' immi
gration from foreign countries, especially
Germany, France, Scandinavia and Italy.
The publications printed in the German
language in the United States number 341,
and the Dominion of Canada 5, and are
over three times as many as the sum of all
the other - publications in foreign lan
guages combined. . '
The publications in the French lan
guage are confined principally to Louisi
ana and the Province of Quebec, where
the language is in common use.
The Scandinavian publications number
i
18, and are confined entirely to the .'West
nil KrtrlhwMl fwHtri cincrlA ovrontinn
that of a daily, send-weekly and weekly .
i'i New York City), the immigrants from
Denmark, Norway and Sweden having
nrinniTMallfr Qottlpri tlinrn Vnnv nt tl,p
thriving Western towns have been -almost
entirely built up by these industrious ana
frugal people, who use their native tongue
universally, and frequently never learn the
English language.
In the Spanish language there are but '
7, Hollandish 6, Italian 4, Welsh 8, Bohe
mian 2, Portugese 1, Cherokee 1, none of
which have a very wide circulation or in
fluence, owing to the reason that the pop-
psxatively limited and widely scattered.
:
Shopping in Japan.
:
our visit is " steamer day," as on such oc
casions the assortment of merchandise is
most complete, and displayed to the best
advantage, we soon find ourselves among
groups of newly-arrived passengers curi
ously examining the various wares. In
bianuness of manner the Japanese mer
chant cannot be surpassed. Seated on a
neat mat-covered floor, elevated say two
feet above the street level, his heels for a
chair, and attired in a calico gown with
flowing sleeves, he salutes his customer
with suasive voice, 44 O-hi-a," which might
be considered synonymous with "How
are you ?" Even though co purchase were
intended, it would be hard to resist an
overture so pathetic. But take heed lest
you outrage common propriety by treading
on that bleached straw matting or polished
floor with dirty boots. Conform to the
usages of the country, and if you desire a
closer inspection, on with those leathern
integuments, no matter if you capsize in
the operation or burst a blood-vessel. -'
If, by a stretch of courtesy, the trader
signifies that so much trouble is needless,
then step daintily, lest violence be done to
good-nature. To learn the price of an
article you say I-ko-rah, " how much?"
Invariably an exorbitant figure is named,
which, if you have been Initiated by some
thoughtful friend, will be repelled with
feigned astonishment. - The merchant at
once responds, " How much you give?"
One half the price asked will be a reason
able oiler by way ot compromise, a. pro
found consultation then take- place among
the several traders interested, all of whom.
by this time, will have emptied their pipes
and risen, some one of their number mean
while rapidly shuffling on wires the little
balls of a calculating machine,. If your
offer is accepted, several nods of the head
and a simultaneous clapping of the hands
signify assent. If rejected, make no more
than a - trifling concession, for if by any
chance you are permitted to leave the
store without a bargain, a messenger will
probably be despatched in hot pursuit,
saying, "Can dot" A porter is at once
instructed to deliver the goods. For the
latter service. volunteers, are always at
hand. - To attempt to carry one's own
package would not only be a flagrant
case of infra dig but operate as a direct
challenge to the whole horde of burden
carriers along the street. "Jaunts in
Japan," in Herxbner Monthly.
Rats.
" The best kind ov bate for a rat, iz
toasted cheeze, and the best kind ov a
trap iz the one that will ketch them the
oftenest, and hang onto them the most.
It aint always a sure thing tew ketch a
rat bi the tail, 1 hav knew them tew bight
ph their tail just outside ov the jaws ov
the trap, and thus save their rat meat. ..
Bob-tailed rats hav ceased tew be a cu
riosity to me lone aeo. '
Once i should have looked upon a bob
tailed rat with mingled pheeliugs ov pitty
and surprise, but them daze hav fled from
me, i look upon a bob tailed rat now, as a
clnss bizzness transackahun. '. - '
Rats are one ov the far-famed butys of
civilizashun, they won t live in the wilder
ness, and i wouln't if i wuz they.
Sum folks are so enlightened they kant
bear rats, but az i lay in mi bed, at mi
boarding hems, at the deceased hours ov
night, it iz one ov mi privileges tew hear
the rats chawing holes thru the base
boards, and playing tag in tne wainscoie.
Rats are very prolifick, one pair of as
sorted rats,' will keep a phamily in rats for
years.
Rats are very easy tew keep, there aint
but phew things but what they -will eat,
and them phew tilings are locked up. -
Rats are not a subjeckt ov diet in this
country, but i am told bi missionary s, that
rat pi iz thick in Chinx i - --
I shouldn't wonder if rat pi might be
good, but i hav aiwus accustomed miseif
to plain viuies.-'-jwA tstLingt. . . : :t
Abuse of Study.
. Parents, ignorant of the laws of health,
and without experience of their own in
the acquisition of knowledge, are almost
sure to urge their children to an injurious
excess ot mental labor. All around me 1
see lovely children who are victims of
their parents' unenlightened ambition.
At school from mine to two or three jthen
perhaps, piano and. dancing till dark; and
in - the evening, study till nine or ten.
What a massacre of the innocents is this!
Even on Sunday they have no rest What
is rest to a schoolboy ? It is not to go to
school. Nothing saves some children
from utter destruction but their ceaseless
rebellion against our murderous require
ments. They will not sit still in ill-ventilated
rooms ! They will not learn those
long lessons out of school ! - They will not
coax excuses and holidays from their
mothers. We compel them to disobey
and misbehave, in order to save their
lives. Parton, in Public School Journal.
The Cow's Intelligence.
- That- cows have memory,' language,
signs, and the means of enjoying the pleas
ant association combining ior aggressive
purposes, have been recognised, but scarce
ly to the extent the subject merits.
Traveling in Italy, many years ago, we
visited some of the large dairy farms
in the neighborhood of Ferara. Inter
spersed among much of the low lying, un
healthy land, remarkable for the prevalence
on it of every fatal forms of anthrax in the
summer season, are fine undulating pasture
lands, and the fields are of great extent
We happened to stop at a farm house one
fine autumn afternoon when the cows were
about to be milked. A herd of over one
hundred was grazing homeward.
The women took their positions with
stool and pail close to the house, and as
the cows approached, names were called
out which, at first, we thought, were ad
dressed to the milk maids. Rosa, Floren
za, Giulia, Sposa, and many names, which
were noted by cs at the time, were called
out by the overseer or one of the women,
and we were astonished to see cow after
cow cease feeding or chewing the cud and
makeldirect, sometimes at a trot, for the
woman that usually milked her.
The practice, we found, was not confined
to one farm ,- all the cows en each farm
knew their respective names, and took np
their position, just as readily as the indi
vidual members of some large herds in
this country turn in from the fields to take
up their places in the sheds. London Milk
Journal. y
Forget Your Sins.
Beecebr says : "There are men who
have committed great sins, and who are
like the knight that used to wear sack
cloth in order that the scratching might
remind him of having, perhaps, murdered
his royal master, and who never wanted to
forget that he was a murderer. But what is
the use of remembering one's crimes?
Some set apart days to remind them of the
sins of the olden time. They want to keep
them is memory. But what is the use of
keeping one's sins in memory 1 You are
not the children o: night that von should
set up a monument of tnia kind. It is not
worth a mars while alter, he has once
escaped, to ponder the things of the olden
time. It js not in accordance with New
Testament truth, or God's truth, or
Christ's truth. Forget, forget, forget 1.
God promises that he will do it; and he
commands you to do it 'I will never
make mention agon oi your trans
gressions,' he says to men. "He declares
that their sins should be cast as into the
depths of the sea. And why should a man
trouble and vex himself about his past
sins. Do yon suppose you are any better
for remembering that which crushes you
and fills you with painf Pain is like
emery." If It scours anything .that wants
to be scoured' it is good. Otherwise it is
not good. He who seeks mere pain is an
idolater. While the strife and conflict of
sin is on yon, then look at it and fight it;
but when it is past, then throw it away
androrget it Never looK long at your
self or at the old burnt out craters in life.
Never linger long in the precincts where
you have suffered a great deal Yon are
children of light Look to Jesus."
How often to Milk.
The Iriilt Farmer Oatette- has the fol
lowing, which at least goes to show that
cows should be milked oftener than twice
a day, for some time after calves are taken
away from them, if they are allowed to
suckle till they are weaned
" Regularity in the milking of cows is
of as much importance, as regularity in
the feeding of them. In a state of nature
the cow is relived of its milk a (treat many
times each day. A calf allowed to remain
with its mother will help ltseu to ine
lacteal fluid seven or cieht times a day.
Under such circumstances the udder of
the cow will remain small ; and if allowed
to retain the milk secreted during -twelve
hours, feverish symptoms are likely to lie
produced. The practice of milking cows
more than twice in the twenty-four hours
causes the capacity of the udder to be
greatly increased, and, probably, helps in
maintaining the lacteal secretion long al
ter rirppnanrrv ban takrn nlare.
"When, howeveri by an artificial sys
tem the cow has been enabled to ratal a its
milk without inconvenience for twelve
hours or so, it ought to be milked regu
larly every day at the same hours. When
the time for milking arrives the udder usu
ally becomes distended to its utmost ca
pacity, and if the fluid be not epcedily
removed, the animal suffers considerable
pain. Cases of fever, the result of allow
in? animals to remain too Ions unmilked
are, indeed, by no means of nnfrequent
occurrence. It is especially necessary to
attend to this point for some days after
the animal has brought forth its young,
tor during that , period . . very little ir
ritation, - of the lacteal ' organs
is likely to bring on that most fatal of mal
adies, puerperal fever. If the milkinjr be
too long delayed, nature will try to help
the poor animal An absorption of milk
into the blood will, to some extent, take
place, and that which remains in the udder
will become deteriorated. When neglect
to milk a cow at the regular time is re
peated several times, the secretion of the
fluid is permanently checked ; and there
are many cases where by such neglect an
animal has become "dry" in less than a
month. -
"In these countries and in North Amer
ica, cows are only milked twice a day, ex
cept in some cases, when for some time af
ter calving the operation is repeated thrice
daily.- In most Continental States it is,
however, the general practice to milk
dairy cows three times a day, 'at regular
intervals of eiuh hours. Now, would it
not be worth while determining the ques
tion whether an interval of eight or twelve
hours between milking is the best - We
incline to the opinion that a" cow would
yield more fluid if milked three times than
if milked twice a day; but the former
number would involve great trouble to the
work people. In Germany and Holland
the cows are milked at four o'clock a. in.,
noon, and eight o'clock p. m. We fear
eur dairy maids would consider these
noun too long lor a day s work ;
The Potato Bug.
From almost every part of the country
we hear alarming accounts of the progress
of the potato bug, and some farmers have
given up all attempt to check the ravages
of the insect, and have abandoned their
crops to destruction. It is probable that
such faint-hearted individuals will bitterly
regret this course, especially- when they
see the crops of some of their industrious,
persevering neighbors, saved by the timely
application of preventives or remedies.
One of the most instructive of .iEsop's fa
bles is that which describes the ridiculous
conduct of the wagoner who, when the
wheels of his wagon stuck fast in a slongh,
knelt upon the bank, and, with loud lam
entations, called upon Jupiter to assist
him out of the difficulty. The indignant
deity, who could scarcely refrain from an
nihilating the lazy fellow with a thunder
bolt, told him to cease calling on Jupiter,
but to get up and put hi shoulder to the
wheel, cheer on liis horses, and help him
self out of the difficulty. ' ,
There is no doubt but the ravages of the
potato bug may be entirely prevented by
picking or brushing off the insects as fast
as they appear, gathering the eggs, which
are easily seen, and running the cultivator
between the hills, or drills. The bugs de
posit their eggs on weeds as well as on the
potato vines, therefore all weeds should be
destroyed. " Coarse, lumpy soil is very fa
vorable for these insects, as they hide
among the lumps and clods. The soil
should be well pulverized, as this will en
courage the growth of the vines and de
prive the bugs of a hiding-place. ? Paris
green or white hellebore will kill the bugs,
but while waiting for these remedies the
crops may be destroyed.
' We say to all potato growers, pick off
tne eggs and Dugs, oanisti weeds, keep the
cultivator continually 'at work, and the
crop will Decayed. western Mural. : .
Ashes as Cattle Feed.
t " The Maine- farmer', says :. One of our
substantial subscribers, in a recent conver
sation, gnye his experience . in training
neat stock affected with the habit of eating
woou, cnewmg Dones, etc . ills catuc
were one spring affected in this way; they
became thin in flesh, refused to eat hay,
and presented a sickly appearance, lie
had the impression that their food lacked
the constituents for making bone; but his
neighbors used bone meal without notic
ing any good results whatever. Last
spring he put about four bushels of leach
ed ashes in his barnyard, and threw out to
them about a shovelful each day. They
all ate it as if with evident relish. After
turning them out to pasture, he put one
peck of dry ashes per week on the ground
in the pasture. .. They ate -it all up, and
gnawed off the grass where it had .been
lying, 'ihe cattle began to improve ieam
ing flesh and looking better than they had
for several years. lie says that this mor
bid - appetite -Wi unnoticed years ago,
from the fact that the land was new,
and ashy from the burning- of the
woods and land clearincs. He has anoth
er proof of the value of ashes for "stock
trom this incident, lie had a large tub fuil
of leached ashes, which remained in it
sometime. It was afterwards used as a
watering-tub : and when the cattle drank
at it they would lick and gnaw the sides
and bottom of the tub, actually biting off
pieces ana eating mem. latterly ne gives
one quart of ashes, mixed with the same
quantity oi salt, to twelve head of cattle,
about once a week, and finds it to agree
with them wonderfully. ;.
Planning Out Work Beforehand.
) FORESIGHT and calculation, and plan
ning beforehand, will save much "hard
work. No hour or part of a day should
go to waste. Work should be so planned
and prearranged that when the weather
is threatening, and rain expected, the work
for a rainy day must be taken up. By so
doing, the delay and uncertainty caused
by wailing for the rain to come, the loss of
time in returning home when it has come,
the injury to clothes and harness bv a
thorough drenching, and the time occu
pied by drying on again, are all saved or
prevented. An "ounce of prevention is
worth a pound of cure " here.- So many
iobs are on hand, and ready for a rainy
day, that generally when it comes, it is
passed away in indecision as to which
should be taken np first To provide for
these occasions is the duty of the business
man and good farmer.: When work is laid
out ahead, make a practice of coin?
through tb list, and thoroughly complct-
... . . : rro -t, i
ing one uung at a uuic lucre will men
be so occasion for lying awake nights,
thinking of what ought to have been done
during the day, or whit ought to be done
to-morrow. You may literally and wisely
then " take no thought for the morrow,
for "the morrow will take care of the
things of itself. Hearth and Home.
Prtldelfsia has female undertakers
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
A wet sponge and grern leaves are
worn in the hat by Bostonians to avert
sunstroke. : t
Those owning trout-ponds should keen
ducks away from them." -One able-bodied
aucK, it is said, will kui and eat ten trout a
day, and an ordinary flock will clean out a
pond in a year or two.
Poverty and riches are mere imagina
tive distinctions. The man who can eat
his bread and be happy is certainly richer
than he who can't eat it unless it is spread
with butter. - '
Another new meat-nresemng nmcAss.
said to be very successful, is described in
the Monievr Seientifiqve. It consists in the
immersion of the meat in a solution of per
fectly pure carbolic acid in water. Not
only raw meat, tut eggs, fish' and vegeta
bles can be preserved by the same method.
Whether to eat ice cream or not that
is the question. The following is an opin
ion wui is uoaung arouna me conntrv:
" Ice cream has a very injurious influence
upon the functious of the stomach. As
soon as it becomes melted and digested it
becomes a powerful heating material, pro
ducing a violent reaction, and leaving the
uieiuinuw in a luauua or congested condl
tion."
Dcxii tools are an abomination to an
active man, besides bcir.g a prolific mens
of wasting time, whl.-h.,.i money. ' The
knives of the mower sTio'uld be keDt well
ground, and while the horses are resting,
the driver who has been riding comforta
bly round the field, should be occupied in
giving a keen edge to them by means of a
emery stone or common whetstone.
When a knife is changed it should be
ground and prepared immediately, that it
may be ready for use the moment it is
needed. A "stitch in tuns saves nine.
should be chalked upen the door of everv
barn, and learned by heart. Hearth and
Home.
The American Rural Home thinks it is
less labor to transplant beets from, seed
beds into well prepared ground, and after
wards cultivate them, than to weed and
thin them in the field. It gives 12.0JO
plants as the proper number lor an acre,
and thinks a mau and a boy can transplant
them in two days, the boy dropping the
plants and the man setting them in holes
made with a dipple better we think, bv
the use of a mason's 'trowel, with which
the earth can be pressed, the plant insert
ed, the trowel drawn out, allowing the
eartn to tall back of itself.
PntcniKo ih Tomato Vines. The
Rural Neie Yorker commends this prac
tice on the ground that, it planted in rich
soil, the plants will usually continue grow
ing -vigorously, expending their strength,
in the early part 01 the season, m produc
ing stems and leaves little fruit appear
ing until late, so late that much of the crop
ordinarily does not ripen, in the North.
By pinching in the vines, the efforts of the
plant are turned to fruit production. It
thinks the tops should be pinched off
wnen tne plants are a loot nigh, and the
the laterals when a foot or a little more in
length.
Is reply to a query as to the best method
of killing out hazel brush without plow
ing, and the best time to chop sprouts
iroin stumps, "Kural, in the Chicago
Tribune, says: "As a general thing, trees
cut in August will die. It should be done
when in full growing vigor, and before the
wood is matured. Sprouts cut from stumps
m J uiy, and again m August, are pretty
sure to be finished. Hazel brush cut in
spring and fid down by sheep through the
summer, will Dc out ot the way ; other
wise they may need two or three cut
tings.
To drive potato bugs from his fields, a
luissian gentleman living near Chicago
takes fine, pulverized," air-slacked lime,
commences at "one end of the fie id and
scatters it over the vines for the d istance of
about ten rods. In the course of the day,
if the lime is applied in the morning, the
bugs nearly all betake themselves further
down the row where no lime was scatter
ed. The next day he scatters lime on the
vines for a like distance, and thus con
tinues day by day, till the bugs are driven
on to a small area, when they are destroy
ed by Paris green or by other means.
A writer in Appleton's Journal collates
the proverbs, superstitions and curious
facts about cats. This extract may save
some mother's worry: A common super
stition charges cats with sucking the
breath of infants, thereby causing their
death by strangulation. This is a false ac
cusation, as pussy's month is so formed an
atomically that (he would not be able to
do so sanguinary a deed did she wish it
Instances are on record where cats have
crawled into a cradle or bed, and laid down
on an infant's face, not probably with any
criminal intent though children have
been found dead under such circumstances
but purely for the sake of the warmth
of the infant's body and clothing.
Hens Eating their Eggs.
It is a common error to suppose that
some deficiency of diet causes this vice.
The appetite for animal food cannot be so
satiated that a nice fresh egg will not taste
good as soon as hunger begins to return.
The habit of egg-eating is first acquired
by fowls devouring a thin-shelled or shel-
less egg, and then trying to repeat the
oeiicate tare py pec ting at those with
thick shells, or by some accident an egg
may be broken, and thus afford the first
lesson. It frequently happens that hens
wncn snut up and driven to straits for oc
cupation, will scratch among the straw or
ouier litter 01 tneir nests, and thus break
eggs, and so get a taste. When one learns
to break them on purpose, the rest soon
imitate. If hens muxt be kept in close
confinement, make the nests in covered
boxes, with a low, dark, covered passage
way a few feet long leading to them which
is lighted only by an aperture at the end
just large enough for a fowl to enter. The
consequence will be that while the birds
will readily enter to lay, and even prefer
a aarE piace ior cnaz purpose, yon may be
sure they will not go there on mischief or
spend their time rummaging among the
straw. This is a preventive, and also
generally a cure, for even a hen that is so
far demoralized as to eat her own eggs as
soon as laid will not often do it in a dark
corner. But the best preventive is a free
range for fowls, in which case cgg-ealing
as well as plucking and devouring feathers,
is rarely or never acquired, because fowls
find plenty to do that is legitimate without
following abnormal practices, and if one
does leam evil the rest are not huddled
close by to watch every motion and ltarn
also. It has been suggested that the
nest-eggs of some " hard material
be placed where egg-eating hens
may peck at them unavailingly until
wearied, and thus be diverted from their
bad habit, but we have repeatedly seen
fowls ruined by this vice in places where
artificial eggs were always kept Another
recommended cure is to remove the con
tents of an egg-shell, fill it with ground
cayenne with a little paste added, when
the fowls will break it fill their beaks
hurriedly in the strife for possession, and
then run around as if they had been eat
ing coals of fire. While the smart lasts
they avoid eggs, but will soon relapse.
Sometimes the billsjof offenders are burn
ed off with a hot iron until so blunt that
they cannot break eggs with them. But
in impatience at their ill-success they will
sometimes scratch the eggs about trying
to make an impression upon them in some
way, and thus break them after all. So
the darkened boxes for nests are to be pre
ferred, and are the only things satisfac
tory, thouch many fruitless plans, of which
the above are samples, have been devised.
Care should be taken, however, to make
the passage leading to the nests so low
that the fowls can barely stand upright,
and not make them so dark at first that
they cannot find their way, but instead,
commence with a twilight, and after they
become wonted, narrow the opening that
admits the light We devote considerable
space to this item because the trouble is
common, its cause much misunderstood,
and it is quite serious, when, as is some
times the case, a whole flock of valuable
fowls are killed as incorrigible. Hearth
and Home. 1
' A poultry-grower and egg-producer
m amine Keeps eggs, irom springtime
when the price is low to winter when it is
the reverse, by placing the eggs on mova
ble racks in a dark but well ventilated
room, lie changes the position every few
days by passing along the racks and light
ly moving them so as to turn the eggs.
Repairing Roads.
This is an operation which is or should
be performed immediately, after the set
tling 01 tne ground in tne spring, in ag
ricultural districts it is often deferred till
later in the season. In this case the labor
of putting a road in good condition is often
doubled. It is as true of roads as raiment
that "a stitch ia time saves nine," and if
for the word si itch, we substitute ditch,'
tne old saw will be even more forcible in
its meaning. . ...
Winter makes sad havoc in the earth
roads, which intersect the country in all
directions. His frosts upheave, and the
springs wash out deep gulleys and ruts,
and when at last the reign of frost is over,
mavwaicu was straignt is all crooked;
level places are changed into alternate
rises and depressions, stones are left on the
top, and, in short, these roads become
sloughs of despond in which loaded teams
wallow in despair, and where wagons are
leiiBuuiuing ior weeks up to the huos in
mud, simply because it is beyond the
power of horse flesh to extricate them.
If, when the mud has dried, the ruts
were filled at once, and the ditches at the
wayside opened, much would be gained,
but as this is generally neglected, the June
inunaersiorms nave tcings all their own
way. Sluices are filled, bridges under
mined and washed away, and, finally, wbrn
the "road master" summons the inhabit
ants to turn out and work on the road, thev
find plenty to do. The road is at list put
into passible condition, and remains so till
the fall ruins and the marketing wagons
again cut them up, and the snow following
hides them from view till the ensuing spric g,
- That this is only a fair picture of the
majority of the nads in the Northern
States, we know from experience; and
those of the South and many parts of the
West are even worse, if all accounts of
their miserable condition during the win
ter rains are to be credited.
There is, perhaps, some excuse in tae
pressing work of spring for the delay in
road repairing. We believe, however,
that the custom is maintained more
through habit than necessity. '
An old fanner once remarked to us that
there is no other work done by tinners
that pays so well as road making; but
there are few of them that are far-sighted
enough to see that the saving effected by
goou roaus in tne current expenses ot re
pairs in wagons and harnesses, and the in
crease of loads which can be carried, pay
liberally for the work, which they do
graigingiy, wnen at last it is perlormed.
Sdtnlifie American. , .
Farmers' Homes.
Keep a stock of wood ahead. Any wife
has a just reason of divorce : from a hus
band who id so mean and so shiftless that
be furnishes her stove wood from day to
day ; and any farmer who does it w ith tho
idea of economy, is a dunce, for the time
ppent in hunting up the ax and such a
firmer arways has to hunt up the ax or
anything else he wants and the time
spent in going to and from his other
work, to cut wood, and the delays waiting
for meals, because the wood is green and
wet, would go a long way toward work
ing up a good stock of wood ; which,
being seasoned and handy, the hard-work
ing housekeeper could use so as to save
herself many a scolding; and a man who
has no woodpile must be a scold, and un
reasonable enough to find fault with his
wife, when he alone should be blamed.
Pork is the most expensive food, besides
its tendency to make people cross and
vulgar. A big pork eater and a man of
delicate sensibilities and feelings are oppo
sites. A pound of chicken can be pro
duced on a farm as cheaply as a pound of
pork. 1 ne same is true ot mutton, iioth
are healthier than, hog flesh. Then why
not raise chickens and lambs, and eat
poultry and mutton?
A house on a hill with no trees around
it looks cheerless and unhomelike. Have
grounds around the dwelling. Tear away
the fences ; they cost money and are use
less. I mean the fences shutting the house
up as if there was danger of its running
away. .Let there De not less than an acre
of door yard ten will be better. Make a
rich lawn of this and cut the grass. It can
be no waste, but it will be a thing of
Deauty, and a tning or beauty is a joy
forever." There netd Jnot be any loss to
ba tasteful; nature and beauty are syn
onyms ; good taste and economy can there-
tore be made handmaids to each other.
Set out fruit trees in this enclosure, and
dig around them with a spade each year,
and top dress the whole, and the trees will
grow finely, and the gTass will grow luxu
riently, and the house will grow beautiful,
the children will grow contented, the
luthersand mothers as they grow old will
grow happy, the neighbors will grow to
emulate and to excel, the township will
grow attractive, and the young men and
the young women will grow up to think
and to feel that there is no place after al!
like home, "Sweet Ilome." F. D. Cur-
-
Improvement of Seed.
Plants may be improved by selection
They will always reproduce themselves in
their specific characters, and often in those
of t heir varieties, especially when a vane
ty has been cultivated for a considerable
time under the came conditions of soil and
climate. In a general sense, like produces
like; and 11 proper care is taken in selec
tion, it will do more than this, it wDl ini
prove upon itself. Therefore, if the best
plants of any variety are selected yearly,
and the best seeds ot these are planted ir
a soil especially adapted to their highest
di'velorinent a great improvement will ce
effected, and often new varieties of gret.t
excellence will be obtained. When tha
French began to manufacture sugar from
the beet, the best specimens yielded nly
about four and a half per cent of their
weight;' but when they selected seeds
from the beets containing the largest
amount of this substance, and applied the
manures which were best fitted to pro
duce it, as potash, ammonia, etc, the
plant was at length so much improved
that it pickled nine per cent, or double
the original quantity,. The same course
may be pursued with equal success with
other plants. '
Multitudes of new varieties are spring
ing up every year, which are lost from a
want of competent observers to select
them and bring them intocultivation. Tha
skillful agriculturist goes through his
fields, and observes with a keen eye every
variation of any plant in any particular
direction, and converts it to some useful
purpose. If a head of wheat of remarka
ble size or plumpness is seen, it is selected
and cultivated by itself, till a new variety
is develofied and permanently fixed. If an
ear of corn is observed which is distin
guished for its length, the number of its
rows, the size of its kernels, or its .early
maturity, it is preserved for stcd. In this
way most of the new varieties which are
considered to be so remarkable, and are
sold for so great prices have been origin
ated. Farmers are not generally aware
how much is lost from their yearly crops
by not selecting the best seeds. S. C.
Patee, of New Hampshire, threshed two
bushels of wheat from the ends of the
sheaves, where the largest heads are usu
ally found, without opening them, and
picked out the largest and best kernels
by hand and sowed them. He got cne
third more wheat from this seed than from
the same quantity not thus selected, tl
though the soil and cultivation were the
same. Cor. Country Gentleman.
Some queer answers are elicited at the
examination of government clerks at
Washington. One young gentleman being
asked, "What is the plural of 'it?'" re
plied, "Its. Another to the question,
"Where do the northern lakes empty them
selves ?" answered, "Into the Gulf of Mex
ico." Yet another to the question, "In
what direction is the North Pole from
London?" answered. "Northwest.''
The Rural Kew Yorker has found that
it grows more and better tomatoes by
staking than by any other kind of training
ever tried Its stakes are three and a iialf
to four feet long.
"Didn't you say, sir, that tliis hone
wouldn't shy before the fire of an enemy "
"No more he won't ; it isn't till after the
fire he shies.
A Chicago debating society wrestled
with the question. " Which is the cleverer,
a minister or a lawyer 7" and decided in
the aihrmative.
Galled Shoulders.
The heat, sweat and dust, together with
rough and badly fitting collars, are very
spt to make troublesome and painful sores
upon the shoulders and neck, and it is not
unfrequently the esse that a valuable
horse is disabled ior weeas, au uuic
times months, all from the want of a little
ire.
A collar never should be put on a plow
horse in summer time, trntil- it has been
carefully rubbed, to remove every particle
of grit or earth, that may possibly have
gathered there. After taking off the col
lar, in summer time, it Is a good plan to
bathe the shoulders in coia water, aiier
wards wiping them dry. - . -
Be careful to have tne collars nt tne ucck
perfectly, not merely touching at top and
bottom.
If the neck of a horse is already galled,
bathe thrice a day with cold water, care
fully removing loose hairs irom tne sore,
and then apply an ointment made of sugar
of lead, pulveiizs very fine, and rub this
amount in a piece of tallow half as large
as a hen s egg. - Apply a small poruon
after each washing 01 tne sore. : -
The same salve is excellent for scratches
or sores of any kind that are not of long
standing. Zxthange. ' ' .
A correspondent of the Journal of Ag
riculture states that the leaves of the com
mon basket willow (tulix nigra, Marshall)
make an excellent yeast, if treated in tne
same way as usual with hops. The dis
covery, he says, "was made in my family
last summer, aud, after a thorough trial, I
was convinced that nothing is equal to it,
as it rises much quicker than hops in
half the time imparts none of the hop
flavor so disagreeable to some; and, in
fact makes better bread every way. , The
thing is wall worthy the attention of
every good house-wile; and, lest some
should hesitate in consequence ot not
knowing the medical properties of the
willow in question, I will add that it is a
healthful tonic, from which no harm can
possible anse. . . . .
Man as a Broveteb and Thiemoxiteb.
Science has failed to invent any apparatus
as sensitive to atmospheric changes as t tie Hu
man fiame. It is therefore of vital import
ance to guard it aeairut tha effect of varia
tions in tbe weather ; and experience lias
demonstrated that Da. Walker's Visboab
Bitteks is the best medicine for this purpose
at present known. If taken as a protection
against the disturbing Influence of sudden al
ternations of heat and cold, it will certainly
prevent the bowel complaint, fevers, bilious
disorders, rheumatic affecuous, and throat
dueages, arising Irom tbese causes.
' PrUSSISO'S CZLBBRATBD WH1TB WiX
Vinegar will keep Fickle. Ask for it .
As Irishman called at a drug store to get t
bottle of Johnnon'M Anodyne Liniment for the
rheumatism : the druggist asked him in what
Dart of the body it troubled him most. " Be
nie soul," said he, " I have it in ivery honl
bdu curacr cr nic
For loss of end, horn ail, red water in
cows, loss of sppetitite, rot, or murrain in
sheep, thick wind, broken wind, and roaring,
and for all obstructions of the kidneys in
horses, use tfieridan't Cavalry Condition Pou-
atrs. j
. J3f For Coughs, Bronchitis and ' Con
sumption, in its early stages, nothing equals
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. 573
Tub Phrenological Journal for
July ia unusually good. Conepicnous among its
contents an: Audnbonlana, or Reminiscences of
tbe Great Naturalist, with portrait; Maa's Plac
In Nature; A Bale far Editors What lhey should
be; The Last of tbe Taamanians, illustrated
" Woman w. Woman's Rights," reviewed; Lead-
era in tbe Mormon Reform Movement, with por
traits; Tbe Beard Should it be Worn? Tree
Wonders of California, Illustrated ; The Treaty
Hon. Ward Hunt, Chief Justice ol the New York
Court ot Appeals; Western School -houses; The
Traveler, an illustrated poem. Thta number be
gins a new volume. Subscribe for it now. Price,
f 3 a year; single numbers, 30 cents. S. B. Wells,
Publisher, 889 Broadway, N. X,
TriE Little Corporal for July is a
model number. Mrs. Miller's new story begins
well, and will be read with delight by all the boys
and girls. The poem " Pictures on tbe Slate,
has a (all page Illustration by uanderbach, which
is exceedingly fine and suggestive. Under its new
management, this already popular journal is
gaining in beauty and excellence with each num
ber. Terms, $1.50 a year. Published by Johji E.
Miller, Chicago, Dl.
The Universal Safeguard.
' It is nseless for State Legislatures to pass laws
for tbe preservation of the public health. If the
great law of self-preservation, which depends for
its enforcement upon the will of tbe individual, is
Buffered to remain a dead letter.
There is scarcely an adult member of the com-
inanity, of either sex, in tbe country, who has not
seen the testimony in favor of Hestetter's Stom
ach Bitters, furnished over their own signatures
by persons of acknowledged eminence in science.
literature, art, commerce, and every department of
business and professional life. - These witnesses
have declared in the most explicit terms that the
preparation Is a safeguard against epidemics, a
sovereign remedy for dyspepsia, a valuable anti-
bilious medicine, a promoter of appetite, a genial
and harmless stimulant, a food acclimating medi
cine, a strengtheaer of the nervea, a general in
vl go rant, a protection against the deleterious ef.
fecta of malaria and hnpnre water, and that it im
parts a degree of vigor and activity to the vital
forces which Is not communicated by any other of
the tonics and stomachics in use. Under these
circumstances the self-preservative law of nature
should teach every rational person who, either by
reason of inherent debility or in consequence of
exposure to nnwuolsome mnaences, is in peril of
lo-ing rne greatest or an temporal Blessings,
health, tbe importance of asing the Bitters as a de
fensive medicine. Dyspeptics who neglect 10 give
it a trial are simply their own enemies. It Is guar
anteed to cure indigestion in all its forms, and tbe
bilious aud nervous will find nothing in the whole
range of otUcmal and proprietary medicinea which
will aiiora inem me same reueu
Dr. S. O. Richardson's Shehrt Wrm Btttecs
A pharmaceutical preparation, by a regularly
educated physician. Is one of the most pleasant
and valuable tonics of tbe day. ' Persons recover
ing from protracted illness, or those who at this
S articular season of the year are subject to jaun
ice, habitual constipation, or any disease axwing
from a disordered stomach, liver or bowels, will
find in the Sherry Wine Bittern a friend more to be
desired than gold,
ttold by all Druggists. V -'-..- ' v :
PLEASE ... -
Read the Following Letter !
T' ;-' w : J I r. ! 1
' " Mottt Vbwox, III April 29, 1S7L
Ifrnrs. J. X Sarria dk Ok, CinctiuuMi Ohio: .
GKN-TT.nnni I heard one of my mitomrrn upeak tn
nut'b hih ttrms or Allen's Luns Baiini ttwlav, lliat I
thoc.irhr I would write to you ttte mib-tunce of bis itatfr
nun l : H Kir hi mother, who tfl oow uixty yran qf atA,
imll KlFTr'RKU Willi t"Sl7I-TlO Kr FETIKAb KAtC.
nml hi btft. under the rnrr of ail ottr 6ew pA u.tanJt, bat
nfver rvcHveti any pemiunent benefit; iheii sne rvsortcd
to most everv kiinl of Consh and Lung Bsvlsam that ooold
! nruronfl for ber. biU all to no am ft the still erev
wor unMI she was confined to her bed; and when she
w:i rvized wiib a paroxysm of couemns she would to
fV jintrrr ft r-pinitum, and they were compelled to r
tort m vnrl'Mw ntemi to restore breuhinr; aud whitest
oa:rhed !o hard ehe could not execurHie aiiytbias acii
the LimXy and friend lutd eiven tip all hopes of her r
cover. Her soa noticed the advert iaeBKnt of Allen
l.nnjc Balaam In the fhrMUm Art ran tic and they thought
they wKiid procure and trv It. Tuev commenced etvin
uer Use bar-m at 5 o clo k n. a dlrerteii, a dose every
Aour until uiiilnfcrttt ; then she took another spell of coach
tn.r, and expectonitxl a mouthful of dark, yellow matter,
which wns something si hum. not leen abbe to do for soma
thne. They continued to Eire her the Balsam until monv
ind, and then she be-an to expectorate freely, and within
two hour ltehad expkctoratkdthrkb pints of mucus
matter, wtiH-h cave her humeilMte relief ; and since that
tlifn; nie ban continued to improve, t-he now sit no all
day, and can walk ahoal the house ami take onn.i1rrbte
out-door Her khi bmiht more of the Ilalsara to
il (v, and he w rnxMiimeudjig it very highly lo every ooe.
enr rweciiuny,
A. a JOHKSOX, DrnfistaL
VTn frvrr ever greater proof of merit than tbe case tikis
ALLEN'S LUNG BALSAM
P-withont rtnnht the BIT K ATTTTOvT A XT 1
r.rervd to the afflicted pnbHc. Il enntnins no opinm j
any loriii, ana iu use m mvnucm to we mow reuutus.
. W DlrcctiooB accompany eacti bottle. s i
Contains no Opium in any Form!
Ia Harmless to Che Most Delicate Child.
- SOLD BT ALL DRUGGIST!
Kelleml and cnnrl by Dr. Sherman's Palfnt Aw sncs
wkI c.niiourul. Oltlre IWT Broadway, X. 1. fc lur.
Ibrbnok wilh photographic llt.-nesw" ot eases hence sad
C i1ralt ii;itl trsvrhnff impostors. Who psttMlta
ivr bum afeisbinls-of Vr. bursas. - . , - -
Vn. KICIIARIM'OV new snd elegant hooi
. " oaH'wl HV-ivw." Asents wasted. -AdUrea
CoirauAS liooa CO-, liarUbru. i ...
3Iail 50 Crnts to n. Needles,
At Vth sni P.ne tre-1. PhUa-lelpMa, Penn., lor one
h x oi hi trtTtou"' nipontw Camphor Troches. They
rti-csU .u-orrlcsof the towel i ramr. frn pticPalna,
ifctd tiTecn oi uqw, aou vnoiera sympToms.
RMoad -Gazette.
A WXSXXT JOCIXAX, O -' f
Tnnsporbtion, lagiiireruig b! Mroal Se?s.
r ' ' -. -.-. ; -a..f
The attention ofaDroad Men Is ealM to ttus Xnnal,
wntcn is iieueveaio neat tola Urn -
THE MOST CDMPBIUUSlYI lAiLSDAO JOOMAl
IS THK WORLD I !ri:;i;
' " Treaiingasridociof allbrancoesof the !-' '
Complicated business ef Traaspertatfoe, and especWj
f Sis Operatjoa ef Bailroaia, Railroad Engineer
lag, the Construction of Locomotives and Cars.
' ' .... ' f' ' - ; ;
. Tne conductorsof tide Joiisal give .
: -f t '. .
Special Promiaenct to Railroad Sews.
And mete win be lwnd m Its eotamns aecenntsof the
Orptazauon of aU Vw Companies, the Projection aud
location of Kew Lines, lite Progress of Railroad Coo
strucaofi, tbe Improvement of Old Lines, the Business ol
Different Roads, maComblnatJonssne) Bosavss Amnae-
menrsof Companies, Annual Imports, Elections and Ap
pointmeotsof Directors and Officers, Decistansof Ooerts
BelaUngto BaUroods, and, in abort, whaojvera, .
Interesting or Talnable to a BaHroad SUsi,
Be he President, Director, 6tocknoMer, SrniertmendeBt,
Ensineer, akistcr Mecnaale, Agent, Conductor, Locrmo
tin Kmrineer, or many way connected wltu or Interested
Articles tj Practical Railroad lien
Form a nlstlnulsblns; foiture of tbe mnuu.J Leaitrng
Enrineering WorkB and raluabk tmproveuienU In Railroad
Machinery are ; , ... . . - !;-'
Illustrated by Fine Engravings
In lis coknnns. "Enstneem, Master Mechanics and VsnS
tscturers find tkeae Illustrated deacripuoos at tbs create!
Proper attention Is given to tbe "
Bslatloa of BaHroada to the Coauauity and
Railroad Legislation,
Andslsotothe '
EdaUonS of Campania to their Emftoyaaiut their
Several Sig'U and Inau.
This paper Is pienaied by a corps of Ed! tors of spedsl
qnslinc&uais. snd erery is takro to malLe U inlip-n
sble to every lUUroad Man. It Ualtrjgether Independent,
avoids all undue ruffing of men or corporations, gives
news fully and Impartially, aims especially to give sroctf
col information vhieh will directly aid Its readers in the
rroseennon of rhetr basmms. Business men find In tbe
Railsoad Gazsttb the earliest Information of theonen
ngof new stations on rauroa&tacruw of construction,
and are thus enabled to establish relations with such towns
from the beginning of tbeir existence.
, . GXITCXRIXYG,
The leading engineering Journal of England, for which
American subscribers have usoally paid lis per year, will
be sent, together with the Bnsni Gazarrn, tut Sit
t year. ...
Terms) of Stibsoription :
Single copy, per armtan. . v .,
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110 and 113 Madison Street, Chicago.
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rne. i.'.rerai snuuy arm rtjimw.
Box 39S, Chicago, liL
MERCHANT'S
GARGLING OIL
IS GOOD FOB
Burru and Scaldt,
.Jrun amit Bruite,
Chttwnt h'intx
Flch WoumH,
fnueBUen,
Kjctemai PrtiMme,
Htllt)f AH Klmlt,
1?hermnttm.
MernorrlwmltarPtee,
Lnfrti hrmito.
itffri. Mum.
Npagm, iStoafjey; -,
ly-riUrkt. or limn.
htrimijAaU. WimdyuiU, '.
toHiiaeri rem,
Cnieswl 1teU.
HOrr of Animal tt TnMrta. Fotm tn Pmtarv.
Larye Size, $1.00; led lira. Me.; 8sull,!Gc
TheOartrTinsOriluwrjeeTirnBsessa liniment for
thirtv-eitrlK jean. All wa a&k Is aair trial, bat
he sure and follow dtreeUorw.
Ask Tour nuarst dnurrttt or dealer- In pftSsnt
medicine for ote of our Alm&naca and vade
M.xojma, and lead That the peep say abeu the
VII
Tha Gsrzline OU 4 sale by sB rctshle
dealers throughout tbe United tituitt and other
CottHtrir.
OurtMlimoniali date from 1WS to the present, and
n mmHrUtH. Use Ue 'irvnq Oil. aod U.-U your
neitiir9aliatiroodit has doue.
We deal fair and llbml wtth aU, ssrd AWV centra.
met loa. n cue or un Atmanw sr coos jioac
Manufactured at Lockportj N. Y,
. i ' ' BT .
MERCHANT'S
GAEGLUG OIL C(OTA5T,
JOIIS HODGE, rWv.
Pert start CreeH D i tier, tmt tTtere are no ffinsen-
tns irom the auierii imortj-lc, tiiai a rrent nMriitaiie ia
great bt-inj. We Itave iiLtny ot these hl-ssiiu:,
armrti; theia ail, In tha prm-iucw to wiuca it betooi.
creaier uiaa
Tarrant's Efferrescent Seltzer iperieatw
A cotamn wooM not suffice to enmnerate the aliments
which It is nreftcrihttl bv nhv:ucuui of the hiidrest tuul
Inz. It floes not belon? to the cl tltviMvely tmned pal
en i nHsiicuktu. dw is an aruL'tc Oauea on scicihuic anaiv.i3,
ami will f-titHt the tent of tha stuM-i1! ami moot rim
Diectlcal criucism asacathMrtlc, a.-oiu.M-hc, mi ann-fiLU
T-rcnHration. and an aihiruble remertr for all bihons com
plaints. Let there fee bo miatake. Becare ifao
iliac article oily.
toOUJ 11' AiJU DKUGSISTS. . .
iraVrAinrrtras ArAltprtroal
I flot-ks fn-c A tress A.J.
indl 4 22 Warrm -St, IS. Y.
PURE BRED PIGS -FOR .SALE.'.
We are Importers and Dealers in the fonowtne eele.
brated breeds of Hop: Berfcahire, Essex, Mart, tnffolk
ami Chester Whites. We have some very choice Kp of
all the above breeds for sale. For price Ii-t. ftr. , atldrtss
with sramp. H. BOBB ACQ, C.errettsvtlle, Ohio.
lf 1 MTrTt The rnoo or woman In
it AN I tU,rtKsy-lototeui!a,cj
- 3IANIIATTAN
XIIFNT SFWINtV MSPHIVP
vbiiniu - Hinvu 111 las
tt nuemi rates im terms w,U Be given. Mvhlne sent
direct to the irrAaaera. with Ail! Printed fnelrae.
pie of wor ent free toanv i-tre. .
1 A M LA TT A.N' SfcUlM; MACHTXE CO,
. m-MuwaT, Aew 1 one, S7 Mafllson street, CMcrem in.;
sTw7ASn'in-Cot:K,jBn"1' Toledo, aai Kmrflav.
- . . ' wsr w IISiaiH Jfa,laaoSS b MAU AAWaASHMSAJVIajaj
590fi P:R MOVTHrTmIv!B sends
K?4JJ any artrtro-s JO rwiis fnr the enre of -JO prev:
Mit Diseases or BleinlshM of Bone. 40vearV expertsnee.
Addres.Da It. b. lliUUUCK,kMoriTOSt, Chicago, ill
AGENTS! READ THIS!
WE Wllil PAY AGRTS A MLART
nf aX.IA mp a-Msfk suid einene or a. ow aiarn
errtntTslanoia, (O aeU onr new weoderrol tnverilotift. Ad-
at
ac
a
but
no
for
Oe
.
WHE3 WRITISO TO ADTEKTISKRS,
please say sea emw tke a4vmlaaes
lathUaaver.
aV W AW ws
GET JTHE BEST."
EspecfaLyLcni it Costs bo more
tliaa the Poorest.
Is THE QSLT TVBESGES THAT HAS OTTLt
Patent Flange Cog-Wheels
On both enda ot tne HoITs. whlcn ailowa the roHs to
erwrafie at eUWKl; tJl the c;-Ueeto mnnct be
Haifa out of fwoAAotheiKtooi the wnnur at ioe tuuua
time. Huiet 1A prrxxurt ia tnkn off.
rW km-nib.T tliatt rin-rers with eoT-wheels on OM
end only the roi& of which cannot aeoarate at both emia.
worn Terr nam nni wnn; rery auereniy.
It 1 AOW asjfllUKd teUAt tt hriet IsO eUlUl M lamlllilT
wrin-jer. Ai l'-jt k L&nil Ckrii4Um.
Hetof wrineerfc t"c ior (rwtta.
Tire lT-Anf. jmi w ' t euntalna. seem to be srtftewpena
able to a prac k-ti wrevr. Sew York Independent.
Bny the ilOTEtvt Y or at tan take U on trial
with ni or all oUra, and keep the Beat Ior wi
ever jfic hen. -
Cm Do lUblil 0 sV Vef
Gen. Ar'ra, 162 Cframbera New Ya-rfc.
Health and S'trnsth.
Tot ten fears In. fart's Of TsV nae
been tested and proved s thonmmM inf '
pablo of curing liisnai ef tt saa tasjs,
performing woods ful cures, ill y ou let areju
ndiee prev-nt vou from being erd alot
82. SXX'S WET1 Or J A is nct in the medicin
al iiimbties of Tar, combined wtltt vegetable tn
eredtentsof undoubted value. It rlf Itrwai -lasitsdltrtaita,
eleeases the S to mat u, reuuea tne
Liv.raad puts item to work,usea the food to
digest, and make? pore blood. U v-aarp attticted
ininv wav, we know the lii-sirisf tests ajeatraeiof
Dr. Crook's Wmeof Tar, are lua jou ned.
Iteuresall Cnrii lad Cells, and, its man J wonder
ful eeraa of Isuoa aal Bronchi:!, have eacse-1 many
to call it asveoinohHrlheseeoinplalnw. TiTCM ali
ments require bo a few doses. - All sntfenog irons
CsTJiaitiaosenv Siseaaal ths LssMhould remem
ber Oiit Dr. Crook a Hioe of lar bsseured many
cases pronoonee incurable.
The wssx asd 1 3 tili4tsd should rsmemnervt nss.
vttat aai iBrtjKai the ayaiem, and is iaui-ginij
H .f'tSeersi a ElM? OmjlaWl, ind by
its healthy action on me S to in sen, removes By
WHU. Try one bottle. Take only Dr. Crook s
ViMof Tar. Sold by DruKgav. - -
- Tor S;Tfi2,i Scnratas taaas, Sacfslns
Rmsst Of tits I;ts. or eoowm to any
form, Zrnaitio, Siisust at :i Linr, E'J
euci tt Sea, Znv-lat, Ksp'.ss. EatJ, It
tat,Scall Esii, ylws, ns cli iana, or any
cusease depending on a depraved eon.
ditioa of the oiooii, an a. tna s wus
snsl Srrvp at Pus Sat. It is combined
with the best tonic preparationsol iron
kaown. and ia the best Alterative and
1 Blood Purifier made. Cciias your slao.
Try one Bottle. ' cotnoy vruggisi.
Prepared only hy " '
--v 8U72C3CSX,l7ta.O.
HODGE,
'3AC0. I SF
St-ITS & d
jtjja..
a
A V
. WHITNEY,
COOK & CO.,
312 Broadway, New York,
-. t ?
If iniiaul 11 and 'Wholesale Dealers In
BOOTS AMOES .
- . -
. Tte trade are tovirl to csH sod eiaiulue oar sockwlcn
In New Tot k. ,
Orders by mall wH! receive prompt attention, and prices
or fcxs as can be fbnnd in tbe Eastern market.
-
r---j.--4 i
Our Stock is especially adapted to the West
era and Southwestern Trade.
FEEDGRI2iDERS.
rhrs-THTKD cavrd by triridlns; iraln for stock. AH
kintts ot Uve soek Improve one-third faster, ana are
r,enltiier and In ail respects beUer.il ed on ground lood.
Ihe celborau-d '
CH4LLEN6E rHIl.a.S,.
whteb have taken the hlsbert premlnms at every Fair
where exhibited, jrrind from 20 10 SO buaaels per hour of
any kind of ftrauvlB any condition.
Prserafrera 860 ts 810. 1
8end for Circulars to to the - '
CHALLENGE mtt.t, COSTPATt",.
iMttavia, iiiinrna,
WIND MILLS.
' The celebrated aetororernrii .Wind XUUs. wMctt caw
xotbs blows dow will paws, and arlnd, and do J3
it cent, anrs wart, of any land, than any other Ind
M il male, and ia tbe osi.1 rami, eaxF-aovsasao
Wind Mal knowiw '
bend Kir Ciscuiars and fan hibernation to fhw
CHALLBKGB " ' eOMPAHT.
BatavUklAnoia.
4 GFJtTS W4STED-T0
.IV " llie Batlii'. ami "Sir t
n sen The Two Ancels,"
.tii,' :uhI &ir Conn." Tliese staiMlard
ut. AudreM CLAf ULk ii CU, 213 Uiinois su, t 1ui-k;o.
TIIK PEOPLE'S MICROSCOPE, een.
talniuavreaders and eariowfttie. ot satire,
seat ea receipt ef stamp. Agrotn make
moaev. send st snrp. ssdrese . K.
STAMll Ab Ct.. 113 jUadisea atn Chi
cago. AGeSTS W4 S IK D To srtl fastest stllin-anu-los
in Ihe world. 8end-lur cirenlar. it. It.
LAN DUX, Asaf. t41 Filth IV, CHicano, lit.
AJK"Ts WANTHJ To eanvKS throttshont U10
Northwesr frv.lv La-'t Cruise, 'h-itur an Ht-ct-uni
of visits to Has Malar and .ooChon IlarMK the coasts of
China, FomK-:i, J;ir;in, Kamseliatka. 5-ilierla, anil the
mouth of tiie Amoer l.'ivir, lmi-rsnered wilh amti-in" In
eileiitssnd e inii? auvenmrvs-hiUKt-ioiw-iy illustniu-d.
Alao, t'lianitien MKttitiil.a, lev. Fd.. :i..d oilier valna
ble snlwcrlissA work. J B. I.IPl'LNCOTT A -0,
133 and 133 S att- st, Chicago, liL
GREATCHAHCEF03 AGENTS.
1 Do vtm wvtt mi tenrr, lorrtlnr trnrrttita. with
? chaiiea to make Jk;j to '20 per clay seiiiiuoiir new
1 i-Htnaxi W tine H O't C tvihru iliirn f 1 nr uisi fur
Jrnvr, r"'-.le rree,fjo ths-re i- ih risk. Atltiro at
i merffmmbn Hirer Wtr Wirtim, 1 Mani-n Lane,
cor WS-U.VorliiDaartwrabuaii
rT IMfcD-AGENTS (20per dnT tn
vJrbrat.-U iKtUeSHUTTIaS&KiVINa
I MACHWE. Has un-Ur frr nmkea tire
I Un L-xiAi. fi ffnfikeon both ies.arnl t full
I Urete wt. The bent nvA citnpt tmHv Sewing
. Al-uliitw In the nvirKet A'rtrre joh.-m vi.,
1 :LAL.lk A CO., B.Esi.,TT'vi, itUlairsh.
Clucai&h -flit or lv Hv
Or. tV!ss Pinnoe Sent on rri;ti. Noair-nl.
i UVJ AtioToo, LT. S. PIASO Ca, WBtt-ay, S. V.
TWO MILLION ACRES
33V A AHD NEBRASKA LANDS 1
FOB SALE BY THB
BiirligpSOsElYerllCo,
. On Ten Teartj' Credit at 6 per cVlaterest. rv.
Tornrtof V. principal dtie thr-riro yrrv. and Ihencsj T
only wK-nirm w till pid iaJi.il. Predacie wiU
rxiv furlandaul l'linrovemenlsniuca witlua loe limit of v
tlibsmerooseredls Bftier tirms ate .not oJered, never
were, and prohaMy never will be, ,
CI KCl ff. AltH Blvtne ft fsarMenJars are strppled s
pads; and an. wuiluna; to induce of hers to emiraie wita -
tliena, or to lorcn a oolnhv. are it.vlled to ask for ail they '
want to distribute. Aji'.y to -'
GEO. S. HIEBISt Land Commissioner,
For Iowa Lsukvat BUliLC'CTOK, IOWA, and
ForScbnil.-i T -siia, afJJWJ.KEn.
MITJS Cll, Publishers .Sfcjermrie
nuriciii.3i Park liw,. Y,oii;un,
Piih-nts everywiare. Twenty-lii-a
ft-nlu. acmil. rriiteut Laws and Guide to Inventoni.
UAJ Ft nn,r. nmi uim
Foran ADVEKTT3EMEXT In
270 NEWSPAPERS."
. . This list comprises
A Larrje Proportion of the Best Western
Con airy Papers, Superior in Character, i"
Circulation and Influence to those " "
pr:.". : aa7 otaer list,
WHERE CUTS ARE TSEn, OSXT TTTKEE REQUTRUy1
FOR THE WHOLE LIST.
For Hati, eatlmatea and farther particulars, address
1 . A- 2ST. KELLOGG,
' v110 snd 113 Madison street, Chleatra. T
STEAM ENGINES:
FOB SALE.
" OX RtTJDICK 8TKAM EXCITE.
tii hui.wHiuei. -JMce with Governor, ton. PrrJrtfy
h mut ymrrtxifd. Will be sold ior tour Hundred. V
dollars, eaai Aso, one
sscoxn-KAin) HoaizojrTAi eitgute.
(Made by E. X Good A Co, rMcao, S-horse-power. hv
x-llent ord-r and warranrL Priee, wilh Jntlson'ss
tiovemor. Coat new, (Stido. Addn-ss immHliateiy. "
A. X. KELLtXiG, V
UCKEYE BELL FOUNDRY.
Snperior Bells for Chnrrhes,
Schools, etc., of Pnret'on.
pr and Tin. fnlly war.
.1 i . .
11 a . . a .
v' Mitm inpntveil
Rotary Usuaclnsra, the
!f. I oral in w
ImnZ'i VAirmizra a tut.
r
I AT r
mm
S

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