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A DAY IN EARLY HAY-TIME.
8 blulx watery donas begin to rise, befers tba mid
And beaded drops on water-jars foretell an early
The honse-do seeks his favorite grass while cos
ing down the lane.
And tzee-toads in the poplar bough are propLssy
lngrain. The quail since early morning hours has piped Ml
. ftong, " Kara wet I"
And cackoos in the maple grove ere sinking
" cuckoo " yeu
The mower drone his scythe, and wipes the sweat
tram off his brow:
Two loads of choicest cloyer hay are read; (or the
"Be quick and pet the ox-team, John! Frank
harness op Old Gray I
And James may leave off spreading swatitf, and
tumoie up ine nay."
A dark cloud with its watery folds now suets the
And- muttering indistinct are heard ticsg ti
f6on ohn comes hurrying to the Held, wiia Get
np, mar: ree, untrai :
The stalwart form of Farmer Day b alcosi ioit to
The hay goes on the rick so fast that John cries
" Father, stop.
And let me lav the corners ont and biaa titeas at
"fe Btck then; for thB shower is niihi 'twill
- cover do to let
This clover hay, so sweet and dry, be sj oZi by get
And standing in the grateful shade beccalh the
Tha farmer wipes the sweat again from on his
tne Lfad Is safely in the barn, and one rpoa the
While Just across the meadow lot coon ea da
A larre drop falls upon the hat, another oa the
Aed now the tempest wBdlr breaks ;pcn tie
Th othef load la in, hurrah 1 and; rarsid along
THe tries and boys lie stretched at ea-e, non the
The sun in splendor breaks again upon the waiting
And lo ! a painted bow appears and cpij the
Aii Farmer ttyr evening prayer thanks God
with heart- praise
For Tenia! eur, ant summer rain, and plenteous
narvesicays. uur 1 otitic cut.
How Bodies May be Frozen by Heat.
Tek fact that there now exist severs!
machines which throueh the constnnntion
of coal produce ice, It one finite inezpli
eable to many; and perhaps while we are
enjoying our iced drinks, so Krateknl in
the hot weather suddenly come cpon cs.
m cApuuianuu oi iiiis appHrent paraaox
may not be unacceptable. That heat should
airectly or indsrccily produce cold seems,
at first thought an impossibility: never
theless, in the laboratory of nature this it
an onerAtion tvirtMantlv '6rZtr nn . it
js in mis wise:
Whenever a body changes from a solid
to a liquid state, or from a liooid
- - I
ir ZTLOUSillZZ nif
vs. ntuciuiw Ut-'Oli ucajsu. AJ1U1CI
the temperature (sensible heati of
the body itself falls -very much
lower than it wag before its change of
Bute, or sensiuie neat is abstracted from
surrounding bodies to maintain the ex
panding substance of its former tempe
rature. The heat abstracted and stored
up in the body, so that it no longer nro-
aaces tne enecta popularly included in the
term -neaung, nas been called latent
heat Its amount varies ereatlv in dif-
lerem soiias, liquid?, ana vapors.
Now there are two ways in which bodies
may be expanded, namely: by addincr to
their heat sensible or latent or both or
oy removing the pressure their surfaces
sustain, or we may, if we chooss. both
impart he&t and remove rjressure simul
Thus the gas chlorine, when submitted
to a pressure of about four atmospheres,
becomes a liquid, and will remain so &s
long as tne pressure is continued. During
ne acr oi compression, it gives oj a cer
tain amount of heat, which is the exact
equivalent of the mechanical power em
ployed in reducing its volume. When the
pressure is removed, it expands to its orig
inal bulk as a gas,-and in so doing tikes
the same amount of heat, from other
bodies, as it lost when compressed. Air,
when compressed, gives off heat, and ab
sorbs the same amount azain. when it ex
pands. In reducing the volume of budiea,
we may not only use com nr. ssion. bat we
may also abstract heat by bringing them
r . J . " " t,v ui I
bringing about the desired result
But mechanical power is only another
name tor neat, tne sourca ot all terrestrial
power. If we employ a water wheel to
generate oar power, we find this D5ssible
only because heat has raised the water for
us. If we use wind as a motor, it is heat
tnat puts the air In motion ; and if we em
ploy steam, we must do the same thing.
ii we use an electrometer we nad our ma
terials prepared for us through the came
The various ice machines employ vola
tile materials such a; expand into gss at
ordinary temperatures, or at least do so
wnen atmospnenc pressure is removed
from their surfaces. In thus expanding
uiey ausiraci neat irom water placed in
suitable vessels, brought in contact with
the absorbing bodies. The expanded
gases are next compressed, the heat given
off daring the compression being absorbed
by some other body most generally
water. The condensed and cooled mate
rials are then allowed to expand in con
tact with the vessels containing tbe water
to be frozen again, and so on repeatedly
until ice is produced.
Thus we see tbat heat indirect'y pro
duces cold, and this is only an exrrsssion
of a general law. Nothiag can gaLi heat
without loss of- heat in something else,
and though the gain or loss may be latent
ana not appear in tne temperature, yet we
UM UCWUg IUU UC CU1U HIUU 1
,v,-.0 r.. ... . . ewiiu
the tame. Scientific AmervoiX Th(w
Avoid the Blues.
The blues, low spirits, and depression
are one and tbe same thing, caused by
trouble of mind, or an unhealthy condi
tion of the body ; but, whether the cause
is in the mind or body, the effect is to eat
ont all joyousness, to clothe everything in
the blackness and darkness of night All
suicides are led to the last rash act by de
- pression of spirits ; hence it becomes every
one to use all means possible to break
away from so terrible a danger. Some
times we are sad without any known
cause ; we cast our minds about us and en
deavor to ascertain some reason for the
dispirited condition of the heart; bet the
a "arch is in vain ; in all such cases the
cause is physical ; it belongs to the body ;
the blood is bai aud there is too cuch of
it; it oppresses the brain, and instant
measures should be t iken to remedy the
condition, or a fatal apoplexy may ensue.
The most available plan involving neither
medicine nor discomfort, except in the
frtrmatirtn nf ilia rjiastliitirm nt tT-.o vrrlr
of dressing, nrenaratorv towards camririff
it out, is to make a visit to some lowns,
light-hearted friend, or take a wait or ride
with some merry member of the family;
but to sit down, and mope and think, is
but to co"l misery, and may be death.
Dr. W. W. IlalL
A tkrdakt young man in Maico Flsltod
Portland the other day for the first time,
and in his meanderingB around town to
see the sights, wandered into an engine
1 : ... !.-.
house. After gazing at the steamer some
time, he turned inquiringly to one oi the
boys and said: "Say, mister, is that a
brass band r" Aud being answered in the
negative, and told what it was, he contin
ued : " Well, what do yon do with it ? I
should like to see it work, but I've sot my
mind on a brass band, and I thount this
was it" .
A man in Brattleboro, Mass., was re
cently urged by an insurance agent to take
out a policy for the benefit of his wife, to
the amount of $5,000. Before deukiing,
he asked his wife's opinion, when she re
plied, " Why," rrlr dear, you will of course
act according to your own judgment ; but,
in case of your decease, it would make me
rather more diairabl widow i"
McCONNELLSVILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1871.
THE FAMILY—HOME SCENE.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
"Ill not live in this way!" exclaimed
Mrs. Lyon, paionHte!v. ." 3u?h disorders,
wrangling, ami irregularity rob me of
peace, and make the house a bedlam, in
stead of a quiet home. Tom ! " she spoke
eharply to a bright little fellow, who was
pounding away with a wooden hammer on
a chair, and making a most intolerable
din, "stop that noise this instant I And
you, Em, not a Word more from your lips.
If too can't live in rjeace with your Bister,
I'll separate you; li'ye hear ? liu&h ! this
" Then make Jule give me my pin-cushion.
She's got it in her pocket. "
" It's no such thing ; I have not, "retorted
"I tell you I haven't1'
""Will you hush?" The face of Mrs.
Lyon was fiery red, and she stamped upon
the floor as she spoke.
44 1 want niv Din-cushion. Make Jule
give me ruy pincushion.
Irritated beyond control. Mrs. Lvon
caught Julia by the arm, and thrusting
her hand into her pocket, drew out a thim
ble, a piece of lace and a Den-kmle,
1 told yon it wasu t there. Conldu t
you believe me f
l his impertinence was more than the
mother could endure; and, acting upon I
he indignant impulses, she boled the ears I
nf Julia ssinnrilv ninermnB at tnA timp
that irmly was chielly to blame for all
this trouble, by a wroLg accusation of her
sister: she turned upon her. also, and ad
ministered an equal punisnnient Jrright
ened by all this, the younger children,
whose incessant noise, for the last hour.
naa contributed to the overthrow of their
mother's temper, became suddenly auiet.
and skulked away into comers and the
DaDy tnat was seated on the floor between
two pillows, curved her quivering lips, and
I .. 1. i i. 1 . . . i 3 - . ' . J r
uuiueu veanuiiy up lllto me uistui teu lace
m which she had been used to see the love
light that made her heaven.
A deep quiet followed this burst of pas
sion like tne hush tnat succeeds tnestoim.
Alas, for the evil traces that were lift be
hind! Alas, for the repulsive image of
tnat motner, dagueneotyped in an instant
on tne memory ol her cnuuren, sua never
to be effaced. How many, many times, in
after years, will not a si eh heave their
bosoms, as that painful reflection looks
out upon them amid the dearest remem
vut UUUU turiii will it I
brances of chUdhood.
her bosom. A book lay on a shelf nea
frhpFft fchA VM OlttmfT Ti1 M i-q T.vnl
scarcely conscious of the act, reached out
A woman with good impulses, but with
scarcely any self-control, was MraXvon
She loved her children, and desired their
go xt That they showed so little forbear
ance, one with another, manifested so
httle fraternal affection, grieved her
" ily whole life is made nnharmy by it !"
sne would orten say. - vvnat is to be
done? It is dreadful to thiak of a family
growing np in discord and disunion. Sis
ter at variance with sister, and brother
lining np his hand against brother."
As was usual after an ebullition of pas
sion, Mrs. Lyon, deeply depressed in iplr
its, as well as discouraged, retired-from
her family to erieve and weeD. Liftine
frightened baby from the floor, she
drew its head tenderly asainst her bosom.
and leaving the nursery, she songht the
quiet of her own room. There, in repent
ance and humiliation, she recalled the
stormy scene through which she had just
passed, and blamed herself for 'yielding
blindly to pawion, instead of meeting the
trouble among her children with a quiet
To weeping, calmness succeeded. Still
was perplexed in mind, as well as
grieved at her own want of self-control.
What was to be done with her children
- , , . , .
How were they to be governed aright?
auuui uiu euc icoi ii ci uwu uiiuiuebtt lur i
iL tunfeuthe wa?
a.,leep. and the mother felt something of
tranquil peace that every true mother
knows when a young babe is slumbering
hand for the volume. She opened it
without fecline any interest in its contents.
she had only read a few sentences
when this remark arrested her attention :
All right government of children begins
The words seemed written for her. and
truth expressed was elevated instantly
perception. She saw it in the clear
light and closed the book and bowed
head in acknowledgment of her own
errors. 1 nus lor some time she had been
sitting, when the murmur of voices from
below grew more and more distinct, and
was soon aroused to the painful fact
as usual, wnen lett alone, the chil
dren were wrangling among themselves.
Various noises, as of pounding on and
throwing about chairs, and other pieces of
furniture, were heard, and at length a loud
scream, mingled with angry vociferations,
smote upon her ear.
Indignation swelled instantly to the
of Mrs. Lyon, and hurriedly placing
sleeping babe in its crib, she started
the scene of disorder, moved by an
impulse to punish severely the youne
against her authority, and was half
down the stairs, when her feet were
checked by a remembrance of the senti
ment: "Ail right government of children
Deguis witn sell government
Will - TITl.....
... A .'..1... 71 - 1 ..II
uncut oturtii, is uie lempefc siineu z
nM,; ' cw, Xt ...if .i.
lnis is no spirit in which to meet my
children. It never has, never will enforce
and obedience," she added as she
upon tne stairs, struggling with her-
ano striving ior tne victory. From
nursery come louder sounds of dis
How weak the mother felt! Yet
this way weakness was strength.
I must not stand idly here,'' she said,
a sharper cry of asguish smote her
ana so sne moved on quickly, and
opening the nursery door, stood revealed
her children. Julia had just raised her
to strike Emily, who stood confront
ing her with a fiery face. Both were a lit
tle startled at their mother's sudden ap
pearance, and both expecting the storm
usually came at such time, began
assume the defiant, stubborn air with
her wi tempt rate reproofs were al
few moments did Mr?. Lyon stand
looking at her children grief, not anger,
her pale countenance. How still
became. What a look of wonder came
gradually into the childrens' Cices, as they ness
gvlanctd one at the other. Something of
mother was conscious of a new power
the young rebels of the household.
Emily," said she, speaking mildly, and
with a touch of sorrow in her voice
could not subdue, " I wish yon would
np into my room, and sit with Mary
she sleeps." ;
:.i . . r
UUUUb B ElgU Ol OppOSlMUIl, VT CVcD. OI
reluctance, Emily went quietly from the two-legged
DlinUTV in ntuiunna tn I... tiiAtW. ila.
nursery, in obedience to her mother's de
This room is very much in disorder,
circumstances, "Why don't yon put Men
to nphts?" or, "I never taw such
If all in the room was topsy turvy, such
the floor an inch thick with dirt
d never turn over a hand to put things to
order, or " Go and get the broom, this
minute, and sweep np the room. Yeu are
laziest girl ever lived!" Many,
times, as we . have said, had
language been addressed by Mrs.
under like circumstances, to Juiia
her sisters, without procuring any-
like even partial execution of her with
But now, the mild information I you
" When I forget.
that the room was in disorder, produced
all the effects desired. Julia went quickly
about tbe work of restoring things to the
right places, and In fcfew minutes order
was apparent where confusion reigned be
fore. Jiittle Tommy, whf se love of ham
mering was an incessant a-iiic'jKfe''. to his
mother, ceased his din on her sudden ap
pearance, and, for a few moments, stood
in expectation of a boxed ear; for a time
he stood puzzled at the new aspect of af
fairs. Finding that he wag not under tne
ban, as usM, he commenced slapping a
stick over the top bf fln old ttsble, making
a most ear-piercing noise. Instantly Julia
said, in a low voice, to him :
"Don't Tommy;, don t do that Yon
know it makes mother's Ilea' cbe."
" Does it make your head ache, niotaSr,
asked the child, curiously, and with, a
pitying tone in his voice, as he came creep
in to to his mother aWe, and looking at
ner as 11 in uouui wneuier '..u-aa ue
retiuised or not
"Sometimes it does, my son," replied
Mrs. Lyon, kindly, " and it u always nn
pleasant Won't jou try to play without
main? i5 mriM roso ' -
"Yes, mother, I'll try," answered tke lit
tle follow, cheerfully. "But I'll forget
lie looked earnestly at his mother, as if
something more was lii hli thurht.
Well, dear, what else r said she,en-
you'll tell me, won't
"And then HI stop. But don't scold
me, mother, for then I can't stop."
. The mother's heart - was touched. She
caught her breath ana bent net head down
to conceal its expression until it rented on
the silken hair of her child.
Be a good boy, Tommy, and mother
will never scold you any more," she mur
mured gently in his ear.
His anns stole upward, and as they
were twined closy abtmp ct neck, he
pressed his lips tightly against her cheek.
thus sealing his part Of the contract with
How sweet to the mother's taste were
those first fruits of self-control. In the
effort to govern herself, what a power had
she acquired. In stilling the tempest of -
passion in nr own boom, she, had poured
the oil of peaw over tne slorm-Lrettcd
hearts of her children.
Only the first fruits were there. In all
her after life did that mother strive with
herself, ere she entered into a contest with
the inherited evils of her children, and
just so far she was able to overcome evil
in them. Often, very often, did she fall
back into old states, and often, very olten
was self-resistance only a slieht effort, but
the feeble influence for good that flowed
from her words or actions whenever this
was so, warned her of her old error, and
prompted a more vigorous sell control.
Need it be said, that she had an abundant
The Will and the Way.
BY W. MATHEWS.
Amoko the oft-auoted maxims in onr
language mere is none finer, or more re
plete with sterling truth, than that which
often falls so lightly from mens hps
Where there it a will, there it a way" No
donbt there are limits to all human carja-
bility in all human affairs : in every sphere
activity men may meet obstacles which
even tne utmost energy cannot overcome.
Almost every man Is more or less the vic
tim of circumstances, which sometimes
operate so powerfully that it is impossible
crash his way tnrough them. 15 ut the
frequency with which such occasions occur
greatly over-estimated ; and the fact that
UlUUlliOlUa DM UllCU UniliUlD IUW U1U1CU111S
When we once resolutely determine to
dinn-a lUnt r,
ance of extraordinary cases, the old Saxon
is stm tree renerauv. -nd that h who
intensely wills to do a thing will find a
waT. AJnd intense desire itself transforms
of the wilL which is indicated bv
spasmodic action by fitful effort, or lack
possibility into reality. Our wishes are
but prophecies of the t bines we are csnv
of performing; while, on the other
hand, the timid, feeble-willed man finds
everything impossible because he believes
to be so. As V lrgil says of his boat
men, men are able because they think they
aDle pottaunt quia pomuntvutenturto
resolve upon attainment is often attain
ment Itselt We are all aware of the fact
that the roads which we incline not to
travel are all sadly beset by specimens of
iciine tribe; ana, wnen a gentleman is
asked for money by a neighbor often in
need of it, he is extremely apt to have a
lar?e and exhausting navment to make at
end of the week. But when one is
really determined to push his way along
roau, opposing uons nave usually little
terror for him. and. if he is anxious to
oblige his friend, he will almost certainly
able to do so without breaking any of
It is, indeed, wonderful, at times, to see
what marches are accomplished by men
acting under the impulse of a powerful
will. A remarkagle example of this is
furnished by the captured Texans of the
Santa Fe expedition, who, after havinsr
marched until they were nearly dead with
fatigue and exhaustion, yet, being told
any who should prove unable to
walk would be shot, contrived to pluck np
set off at a round pace, which they
kept up all day. Bo Quintin Matsys, the
famous Dutch painter, in his youth, de
spaired of ever being able to paint, till his
master told him that only by producing a
picture ot merit witnin six months could
have his daughter's hand ; and then he
vigorously to work and brought forth
Miters, a masterpiece ot art which
connoisseurs have admired for ages. It is re
lated ot a young t rencn officer that he
to walk about his apartment exclaim
in e. "I vsiU be Marshal of France and a
great general ; . and his burning desire
proved a presentiment of his success.
Smiles, in his "8elf-Help," tells of an
English carpenter who was observed one
planing a magistrate's bench, which
was repairing, with more than usual
carefulness, and, when asked the reason,
replied, " Because I wish to make it easy
against the time when I come to sit upon
myself." Singularly enough, the man
actually lived to sit upon that very bench
Nearly all great men those who have
towered high above their fellows have
remarkable above all things else for
energy of will.
Among the many causes of failure in
none is more frequent than the feeble-
persistence. " The longer I live," says
Thomas Fowell Buxton. " the more I
certain that the great difference be
tween men between the great and the
insignificant is energy, invincible de
termination, an honest purpose once fixed,
then death or victory. This quality
ao anyining in tne world ; and no
s, no circumstances, will make a
creature a man, without it"
T1...Mmni.i;. .11..: . -ii .
very reputation of be ine strone-willrl.
plucky, and indefatigable, is of priceless
value. It often cows enemies and disnels
the start opposition to one's undertak-
which would ntharwinp. lw fnrmiriaUo
feel that it is useless to struggle
against a man who will never yield. If
a man does encounter opposition it
becomes a belp, rather than a hindrance,
his general success. The difficulties he
conouers are his stimnlus and aliment:
strergth tor the day of battle; and it is So
life's trials. It has been said that
may put a Yankee on a desolate island
are his gymnasium and paltestra, by
which the muscles are strengthened. It
tbe beliet of the savage that every
enemy he slays passes into him, and is
added to his own, accumulating a warrior's
in the Pacific, and only leave iHth i?m a
jack-knife, and he will get home as sooii
as, if not sooner than, the ship that 1 ft
him there. " Put him in anywhere, and he
will get out if he wants to ; put him out
anyhcrr( and he will get in, if
be., wishes' to." This is the spirit
thst giiaraLir success inevefyCall'ig and
profchsu-n. It Is tnie tTat rniiy persons
have to begin th-3 voyage of life cgitmst
both wind and tide ; and it seems at times
as if thy were doomed to "wage with
fortune au eternal war. " But who ever
heard of a mall's Wing to succeed at last
inai.t business which he hd stuck to
fahhfliny for teri yC1 together Lock
at Bulwer. His VIlolS life bra beCt 4 se
ries of tempoiary fuihin-8, crowned with
intimate triumphs. His first novel was a
failure ; his rat drawa was a failure ; his
firs', poems were failnres; as-1 were his
first speeches. But he fought his way" to
eminence; fought it through defeat and
ridlcu!?. til oW be baa his own enchanted
circle, where "roue Hrrl wslk, but he,'
and stands on one of the cuminiis of tin
three-peaked hill, the compeer of Dickens
and Thackeray. Look at Disraeli. Coughed
and h?sr"d don on his-first essay in Par
liament, he told the HotrS! tta-i.the time
would come when they would hear iiun,.
and he persevered until tney under wnose
laughter he writhed were made to wntne
in tieir turn under his terrible sarcasm.
Look at Uronjham. Hanging during
sixty years over the helds, nvt cly ol law
and politics, but of science and literal ure,
he triumphed in all ; and such was his love
of excellence, to ht'l'ittieablc his perse
verance, that it has been said thai; if he
had begun life as a sboe-black, he would
never have rested content till he had be
come the.best shoe-black in England.
In furtiii? illt!sr.tion of the same point
I might site the case of Hotjert who
broke down in his first extempore address,
and covered his face with his hands, cry
inc. " Oh! I have lost all my ideas," and
who einerlcri'ed a second and yet more
mortifying failure, yet lived to be one of
tne irnr.test nainlt orators oi XjiiEiana;
and still further tie ip;rience.of Curran,
who tells us that when he rst rose in a
debating clun, in Dublin, the features of
the audience swarm before his eyes, and
the candles seem to glare most unmerci
fully noon him. almost depriving him of
utterance, but who ere long charmed the
most iasiiaio"s "ax of the, JJouse ot com
mons, and made a corrupt Vench . tremble.
Again, I might point to Talma, the great
est of French actors Sheridan, the orator
Cobden, the champion of the Corn Law
reform and Alston, the painter all of
whom foiled in their first efforts. Not
long cfter the latter had taken rank with
the great master of his sit, a p'ctnrs by a
young man was brought to him for his
opinion. "To deal plainly with you,"
said Alston, after examining it carefully,
"it is a wretched affair. There is no
ground for hope not even for ?m. Let
him give np tne idea, lie never tan
make a painter." "It was painted by
yourself." "No impossible! " It was.
Look there is your name ; and here, see,
here is the date only seven years ago,
yon perceive." Keats first poem was a
failure : but though damned t7 the critics.
he was not disheartened, for he felt that
the genious of poetry must work out
its own salvation, and that by leap
ing headlong into the sea, as
he did in Endymion, he had
become better acquainted with the sound
ings, the rocks and the quicksands, than if
ne nad stayed npon tne green snore, ana
nirted a silly pipe, and took tea and com
fortable advice. " I was never afraid of
failure," said he, " for I would sooner fail
than not be among the greatest"
It is thi3 pluck this bull-dog tenacity
or purpose and stubbornness ol persever
ar.ee which win the battles of life,
whether fought in the field, in the mart, or
in the forum. It is the half-a-neck nearer
that shows the blood, and wins the race
the one march more that wins the cam
paign; the five minutes more unyielding
courage tnat wins tne ngni. it is not
help, but obstacles not facility, put oim-
culty that makes men. indeed, the
freiahUwe of a creat mind can be estimated
only by the amount ot displacement it
creates. Washington lost more battles
than he won ; but he organized victory out
of defeat, and triumphed in the end. Bee
thoven said of Rossini that he had the
stuff in him to have made a good musician
if he had only been well nogged when a
bov: but he Was spoiled by the ease with
which he composed. Thousands of men
are bemoaning their poverty or obscurity,
who might have won riches or honor had
they only been compelled by early hard
ships to cry, witn Burns !
4 Come, firm Resolve, take thou the van,
Tbon stalk of earle-bemp In manl"
and to task to the utmost all their facul
ties. Chicago Tribune.
A Harmless Reptile.
Not only are toads harmless, they are
absolutely and directly useiui to us, per
ambulating our fields and gardens at night
and devouring vast quantities of injurious
insects which could never oe destroyed oy
the hand of man. The mcde m which a
toad takes its Drey is very curious. The
sincularlv beautiful eye of the toad is
quick as it i3 bright, and if within the
range of its vi&ion an insect or a grub
should happen to move, the toad is sure to
see it and nearly certain to eaten u. irsi
he load holds its head as high as possible,
as to make sure ot its prey, and then
crawls slowly toward it, preferring to get
under It if possible, wnen it is neany
within reach, it gaz?s intently at the in
sect, its mouth being gradually brought
nearer and nearer, bometning pins, men
flashes from its mouth, and the insects
vanishes as if by made.
The pink flash is the tongue of the toad,
which is formed m a ramer curious way.
The base of the ten cue is fixed close to
the front of the lower jaw, and is long and
tapering, the tip pointing down the throat
when it is at rest When, however, it is
nsed for catching prey, it is thrown out
with a sort of "flick," and the tip, which
covered with a clutinous secretion, ad
heres to the insect, and conveys it down
toad's throat tx fore the prey has had
time to make an effort for escape. When
toad swallows its prey, it does it with
mighty effort, during which the eyes al
most disappear, the size of the insect hav
ing little to do with the vehemence of the
demonstration.' fcjonie.imes when a large
beetle is swallowed it does struggle, but
late, and for som time its struggles
may be seen through the thin and riblcss
sides of its capturer; the toad sitting the
while in perfect composure, not in the
least affected by the scratchings and kick
ing that are going on in its interior. i
Indeed, the stomach ot tbe toad seems"
devoid of feeling as if it were of iron.
Moreover, the toad not only cares nothing
the scratchings and kit-kings of a large
beetle, but is equally indifferent to the
stings of wasps, bees and insects similarly
armed with venomous weapons, and will
them with marvelous appetite, as if
sting acted as a sort of eentle aid to
digestion, like cayenne pepper with cu
cumber. CmcW "Magazine.
Says the Lehigh (Pa) Regiiter: "A
young man in town, last week, who
claimed that he is neither insmo or
hypochondiiacaJ, but only laboring under
great mental depression, catered info ne
gotiations with one of our practising
physicians for the sale of his body, which
to be placed into the hands of the latter
after death. The persons appeared before
of our Aldermen, where the neces
sary documents were drawn upand proper
ly signed, the amount apTeed upon being
10 lor that organization which is fear
fully and wonderfully made."
The Uncertainties of Wealth.
ANOideubsfttiber" wkhes to know
what proportion of those who succeed in
acquiring a competency in business pur
suits ultimately retain it This problem
has been worked at by many statisticians
with about the same results. Of those
who engage in business on their own ac
connty cn)y three out of a hundred escape
failure, and only 2t out of a hundred suc
ceed in avoMisg !rt entirt collapse of their
first iffort Of CotrfiS, those" who at some
time or other have in nana a reasonable
competence, and may be said to hard suc
ceeded m business, ninety per ceut arc
still IV subjects of after reverses of some
son, so that fiDiy ten per cent or the suc
cessful prtes keep their frrrtnue unshaken
Two things' onilrt i be strongly im
pressed upon the yoto people of onr
country : The insecurity of nche even
whsn acquired, and their unsatisfying
character. Ttsre no fallacy to univer
ruliy cherished as the not?n that wealth
is surely a means of happiness. The care
of a 6re property is cne of the most bur
densome of esTth s tniRt8. The only ma
terial good which dolhe orpf any estate
is to be made out of a moderate income
lar more easily than from a large oue, and
with fcrrer attendant disadvantages. Few
thoughtful hiCn WQnld undertake the en
tire stewardship of a iarC estate on a pos
itive bargain that they should receive no
more for taking care of it than ordinarily
falls into the cup of its owner. The
scfatsbrs after wealth is due to a wrong
estimate of the good to. be acquired
from it when it is gamel. We speak
no now of the immense sacrilices
made in the wrrsuit, snch as the
waste of health, character, peace of mind.
and even life itself; but of the little to
come from it, in the way of reward, even
should the pursuer be successful. And
the corroding care which each large addi
tion brings canfiot !-e e leaped by the wis-1
use of it The more Ccnsi!!eBtiotts the
possessor may be, the more is he likely to
feel tbe burden of the stewardship. The
sweetest enjoyment in the use of money
Is in the dispensation of bounty, but this
is ssdly marred by tne judicious care re-
auired la the selection of recipients, The
man who is earning it good living, with
something to spare annually for the sweet
uses of charity, is far less tried in this re
spect He relieves as far as he can the
cases of distress that appeal most strongly
to hint, of touch his heart most deeply,
and is not ovsrpressed in this direction
But when once he has tie repute of wealth
the aDDlications come in like a flood.
There is not a wealthy man in this city, if
he cave ludiaonslv in answer to every
honest appeal to his benevolence, who
would not soon divide bis entire estate
among the beneficiaries. There is a com
mon misapprehension on this point among
those whose sympathies are noi thus
tested. They believe that a rich an
ouht to answer every legitimate call on
his boun'7,ahd 'f they. know of any genu
ine case of suffering brdaght to his no
tice which he has failed to relieve, they
lay np the refusal to his discredit. The
truth is, however, that the widest
possible channel of benevolence can
not irrigate all of earth's barren wastes
oyer which it might be made to flow.
Each steward of a large property, howev
er charitably disposed, tan select but a few
the objects presented to his pity, and if
his large resources are publicly known,
must reject a large part of the applications
mad to Lira. The selection of those to
helped by him, and the rejection of so
many tnat ougnt to be neiped oy some
body, is a great drawback on the luxury
doing good. Most thoughtful men of
large income appropriate a certain sum to
cover such disbursements. They often
discriminate unwisely, and sometimes are
governed by mere whim or caprice in the
distribution ; for it is human to err, even
with the bi8t intentions; but there is no
possible way in which the largest sum
they can set apart for charity could be
made to cover all the cases of real suffer
ing that come before them. Every one
knows something of the anxiety and vexa
tion attendant on the care of property
where it is to be held sacredly in trust;
have only just hinted at . the burden
which even a wise distribution in charity
imposes, to show that on its most favored
side the trusteeship is not a position to be
eagerly coveted. JVeto York Journal of
Bad blood, too much blood, giving
headache, bad taste in the mouth of morn
ings, variable appetite, sickness at stom
ach, chilliness, cold feet, and great suscep
tibility to taking cold no one person may
have all these symptoms when bilious, but
one or more is always present
Sometimes a bilious person has a yellow
in the face and eyes, called "bilious.'
th hiio whinh i. iin.- i. t
irithrironm fmnx th l.lrwvl it ia th' hnal.
ness of the liver to do that, but when it
docs not do it it is said to be torpid, to
lazy, does not work, and the physician
begins at once to use remedies which are
to " promote the action of the liver. "
It has been discovered within a few
years that acids "act on the liver," such
nitric acid, elixir vitriol, vinegar; but
these are artificial acids, and do not have
uniform good effect of natural acids.
those which are found in fruits and berries.
Almost all persons become bilious as the
warm weather comes on ; nine times out
ten, nature calls for her own cure, as
witness the almost universal avidity for
"Kreens." and "spinach" in the early
epiing, these being eaten with vinegar ;
soon after, by the benign arrangement
Providence, Uie delicious strawberry
comes, the raspberry, the blackberry, the
whortleberry; then the cherries and the
peaches and apples, carrying as clear into
fail of the year, when the atmosphere
so pure and bracing, that there is gen
eral good health everywhere.
The most beneficial and anti-bilious
method of using fruits and berries as
health promoters is to take them at dessert,
breakfast and dinner; to take them
their natural, raw, ripe, fresh state,
without cream or sugar, or anything else
besides the fruit themselves.
Half a lemon eaten every morning on
rising and on retiring is often efficacious
removing a bilious condition of the sys-
rTnERK was a little amusement in the
of the Probate Judge of Cincinnati
few days aeo. An exceedinirly corpulent
gentleman called, and perspiringly asked
a marriage license, l ne accommouav
Lfog clerk, of course, seized the blank with
fl.r;!fv rait dnn-n tliA llntA inttprtpfl tha
applicant's name and then asked the im
patient lover uie name ot tne prospective
bride. This was a poser. The interro
stared blankly at his questioner,
his hands in his pockets, and finally
acknowledged that he did not know. The
told him that the name was essential
the legality of the license, and the un
happy man departed, saying that ne would
ont and call again.
There is some advantage in being fat
few nights ago a bulky lady in Bridge-
Conn, alarmed by the approach of
urglars, leaped out of bed with such force
she shook the house from garret to
ceilar, awakening a male lodger who slept
the lower floor and frightened away
burglars before they had time to se
A schoolmaster in Binzhampton, N.
has been fined 1 1.700 for circulating a
of verses found upon the floor of his
school room, in which the character of a
jn the neighborhood was maligned.
It cost London 1,400,000 to take care
ct its poor last year.
A Troy editor speaks of another as
sufficiently well posted to edit a handbill.
An artist is not cs strong aj a horse,
but he can dnw a larger object
Dkatu will stop all income. Provide
for it by insuring in the Washington Life
insurance company, oi JNew l or.
A leading merchant at Trinidad, in
the West Indies, murdered a friend be
cmum he refused an invitation to brcak-
An exchange, wanting to compliment a
" live stock journal," mys It fa edited by a
ni in whose head is full of live stoc.t.
TnEHB is a school teacher in Massachu
setts, who, it is said, sometimes, for pun
ishment, compete her scholars to eat grass-
Commenciso at the ae of thirty, five
cents a day will secure a policy of 1,000
in the Mutual Lite, of Chicago.
If in this world you fail to find anybody
as intelligent as yourself, don t get mad
and think of committing suicide; try to
bear it as bravely as you can.
" Don't yen take rather too much spirit
for a single man " askHl a kind man of
one who was indulcimr pretty freely. "I
beg pardon, sir; 1 nave been married
these ten years," was the answer.
It was a taunt of Mr. Richard Cobden
that there was not a man of ordinary or
polite education, as it is called m .hngland,
who being challenged to point out Chicago
upon the map, could be able to put down
his finger within a thousand miles of the
Vkkt Unkind. (Scene A volunteer
review). Infuriated commanding.offlcer
yon madman get
flu there, eet away,
away from the target ! Easy-minded luna
est tic Hold on, guv nor, I ain't as mad as
t ioa i 1 was nere ail day yesterday, ano
found it much the safest place in the field.
Tng pay of the enlisted men of the
United States army has been reduced.
Privates of cavalry, artillery and infantry
receive hereafter $13 instead of 10, and
the compensation of non-commissioned
officers is proportionately less than for
A lady had a favorite lap-dog, which
she cill'ed Perchance. "A singular name,"
said somebody, "fof a beautiful pet
madam. Where did you find it J" " Oh,"
drawled she, " it was named from Byron's
doe. You remember where he says, 'Per
chance my dog will howL'"
A dandy of twenty-six having been
termed an " old bachelor," appealed to an
elderly gentleman to decide wlnfoer he
snouid oe caneo oia or noi, giving nis age.
" Twenty-six." said the elderly gentleman,
" it is owine to how you take it Now, for
a man it is young enough ; for a goose it is
More of good than we can tell.
More to bar with, more to sell;
More of comfort, leas of care.
More to eat and more to wear;
Happier homes, with faces ongntw.
All our burdeDS rendered lignter?
Conscience clean and minds much stronger,
Debts much shorter, panes longer; ,
Bones that drive away all sorrow.
And something laid np for to-morrow.
A stout is told of a father in a church,
who, when the marrlago service came to
the point where the clergyman asks, "Who
giveth this woman to be married to this
man?" replied: "Well, sir, I am called to
do it although it do go agin the grain. I
wanted her to marry Bill Plowser, who is
woith twice the money o' that ere man."
The answer was not considered regular.
TnE Rev. J. Hyatt Smith, of Brooklyn,
has in hit possession a Testament which
he picked tip by the side of a dead soldier
boy on the battle field of Gettysburg after
the close of the fight A singular fact
nhnnt th hook is that only on blood-
staid is found upon th6 pages, and thai
covers these words in Revelations : " And
it became as the blood of a dead man."
Osk of the importunate juveniles who
solicit pennies was asked, "Where is your
mother !" She answered diffidently, " She
dead." "Have you no father " " Yes,
sir, bu't h is sick." "What ails hiinr
continued the fitlestioner. " Ho has got a
snri! fintrnr. air " Indeed !" " Yes. sir."
Then why don't he cut it off f "Please,
sir, responded the little maid, " he haiiit
got any money to buy a Kniie.
BoiLrso potatoes is apparently one of
the most simple operations oi me elemen
tary cookery. Yet at a recent meeting in
London, a gentleman had the courage to
say that not one girl In seventeen, of a
certain parish he knew, could boll a pota
to. Others s'ate that so great is the
disregard of English housewives just now
for all household matters that this " in-
''au Anaio. mauers inai inia - in-
difference is one of the most outward and
visible signs oi ine aeienoranou oi me
A Colorado saloon-keeper said of a
roueh crowd : "I couldn't get their whisky
strong enough for them, so after trying
every way, I at last made a mixture of
nelson oak and butternut It fetched 'cm.
called it the sheep herders' delight ; and
was a popular drink. The first Pike I
tried it on yelled with delight; the next
one took two drinks, and turned a double
somerset in the road before the house. A
neddler came alonz. and after he took sev
eral drinks ot my sneep neroers aeiigni,
he went on" and stole his own pack, and
hid it in the woods.
A party of eentlemen who left Bridge
port, Conn., recently, to attend tne wed
dine of a friend, were shrnally unfortunate.
They had nearly reached their destination
when the horse baulked, and could not be
made to advance an Inch. The time for
the ceremony was at hand, and, as they
could not reach the church in season to
witness it they concluded to turn about
and bid the couple good-bye at the Bridge
port depot But, mucn to tneir disgust,
the horse baulked again when near Bridge
port, and the would-be congratulators were
denied the privilege of seeing the happy
An amplication made to one of the
.courts of London, made to compel the
payment of a debt in montniy installments
2, brought out the fact that the debtor
was a barrister who nad only one brief in
. i u Ti-i. ir. T :
Byles gave hisopinion that this.case was
an exceptional one, but that, on the
contrary, not one in twenty of the barris
ters of England made a living in the pro
fession. The Law Time accounts for the
prevailing legal impecuniosity by the hy
pothesis that, numbers of needy men go to
bar on speculation, without knowl
edge of law or special gifts cf eloquence.
Captain IIau. takes with him on
expedition to the North Pole a flag
which has an eventful and peculiar his
tory. The flag is a man-of-war boat's en
sign, about six feet long and three feet
wide. It was taken out in Wilkes' expedi
tion in 1S3S, and was on the vessel that
went further South than any of her com
panions. In 1800 the colors were present
ed to the Grinnell expedition, and were
taken further North than a"y other Amer
ican flag had ever before been exhibited.
1854, when Dr. Kane went out, Mr.
Grinnell loaned him the flag, and it was
taken still further north. After abandon
ing his vessel, Dr. Kane made a perilous
voyage in an open boat toward the North
Pole. The colors served for his pillow
when he slept in the boat In 1857 the
flag was loaiii d to Dr. Hayes, wbo took it
half a degree nearer tne North Pole than
had ever been before. At the comple
tion of each expedition it was returned to
Grinnell, and now it has been placed
care of Captain Hall, who takes it out
with him in the Polaris.
A SONG FOR BOYS.
Whs nfc fc fall nf health and glee.
Work thou as busy a a bee 1
And take this gentle hint from me;
Be careful of yoor money!
Be carefnl of yoor money, boys
Be rareml of your money;
You-ii Jnd W true that friends art few
When yoa are snort of money.
. Bat do not shut gwset Mercy"s doors
When Sorrow pleads or Want implores;
To help to heal Misfortune sore.
Be careful of your money!
Be careful of your money, boys
Be carerul of your money;
To help the poor who seek your door.
Be careful of your money I
TINY TIM TYLER.
BY MRS. JENNIE T. HAZEN LEWIS.
His same was Tiny Tim, and, as his
name shows, a very littl bit of a boy was
he; but what he lacked in size he made
np in mischief. His mamma said he was
as full of funny capers as his skin could
hold. Perhaps some of you have a plant
in your garden bearing a round berry you
call capers which are to be eaten with
boiled mutton ; but these are not the capers
with which Tim was filled, but another
kind, about some of which 111 tell vou.
When he was the smallest mite of a boy,
and wore little Dink and white striDcd
aresses, nis mamma lied on nis sun-bonnet
one sunshiny morning in May, and
told him he might go out in the front yard
to play. Tim trotted directly down to the
gate, and clutching it with his pink fingers,
oegan 10 snaKe ii to open it Uut his mam
ma knew it had been fastened, so he could
not open it and she went back to finish
working over the butter, and packing it in
the jars, ready to carry to market
It was so sweet and yellow the buttrT
1 wish I had some of it now.
Mamma was very busy, and as sheconld
think of no mischief that Tiny Tim could
get into, she forgot him for a half-hour or
so. wnen sne went to look for him, she
found him sitting by a bier neonv. with
every one of the buds lyine in his Ian.
" Why, Tun! what have you doner"
cried his mamma.
Pitty marbles!" chirnined Tim. with
nis moutn crammed lull ot something.
Mamma s heart flew into her mouth, for
rT". u-.l - , i . : . e ... . .
lau unu o jmun ui uuuLDif aimosi everv-
uiiug iiilu nis mouio, ana naa several
times come near choking to death. She
lifted Tim up quickly, spillinsr all his
pitty marbles " on the ground. She nut
her fingers in his mouth, and pulled out
r n&i uo you inina 7
An oid, withered apple, that had lain on
tne ground all winter!
i i i i . , . .
iiui jkieieu ana squirmed, ana erica,
too, as sooii ?s his mouth was empty so
ne could, and oeggea ior ine apple.
"Dood appo, mamma! diy it bat to
Mamma told him he should have a big,
red one instead of that
His mamma tried to make him under
stand the mischief he had done t her
peony, but he only looked at her with his
brown eyes filled with tears, and mur
mured, "Pilty marbles!"
Mamma could only hug and kiss the
little fellow, for, after all, he was but a
baby, and worth more to her than a hun
dred posies. So she took him into the
house, took off his pink bonnet, washed
his face and hands, fed him his bread and
milk, gave him a red apple, and put him
in his little crib, and left him to go to
But his little brain was too full of his
" pitty marbles" to sleep, so, after nibbling
his apple a little, he crept out f his crib,
went to the sewing machine, took down
his mamma's work-basket, emptied all of
the spools and thimbles and scissors out
upon the carpet and went and picked up
the peony buds in it, crept back into the
house and sat down to play with them.
In Z little while he grew sleepy and
codded his head in a most comical way
lower, lower yet it went, till, finally, it
rearhed the floor, and Tiny Tim was as
fast asleeo as was " Little Boy Blue."
tVhcn mamma came in to look after his
comfort, she was surprised and vexed and
glnd, all at once. She stooped and Uxlk up
her little bundle of "capers" and laid him
so softly in the crib that he did not wake
up. Then she picked np the spools and
things and put them in the machine draw
er, say ine to neiwu ;
"Poor Tiny Tim "O shall have the
basket to keep his 'pitty garbles ' in."
When Tim waked up, he wat ready for
more business. There was one good
thing about Tim, and that was this : .e
was always busy witn sometning ne called
work. . IX he went ont with his piece of
bread and butter, and the chickens gath
ered around him and wanted some, he
would crumble it np and give it to them.
One day his sister saw him sitting on
the' ground surrounded by hens, ducks,
and turkeys. They were clear up in his
lap and were eating sometning from it
He would Dut his hand and touch one
of them, and scream with delight, when
they flew from under it Sister Cora
went out to see what he had, and saw
loaf of bread, all scratched and picked to
"Tim, where did you get the bread?"
"In debutwy," he replied, innocently.
A sudden panic seized the girL She ran
hastily into the buttery, and looked into
the broad jar. She found it empty
. . , i . . i . t
empty oi oreau, out mere was suuieuung
else in it it was tne biacK Kitten ! 1 mi
had shut it np in the jar, after he had
taken out the bread, because the kitten
fnzhtened the chickens away.
Cora was in a dreadful fix. Her mamma
had gone to town and left her to get din
ner, and that was .every crumb of bread
there was in the house, and she didn't
know how to make biscuits.
I think she ought to have known how
to make biscuit at twelve years old, don't
you? I hope all my little girl readers
know how to make bread and biscuits,
Cora though a minute : then she spoke
" I'll so and borrow a loaf of bread of
aunt 'Becky Meadowa. Ma always does
when she gets out of bread. " Come, Tim, "
she called, "we must go over to aunt
'Becky s, and get bread lor dinner. "
Tim was always ready to go anywhere :
he jumped np, and his half-eaten and
wholly spoiled loaf fell to the ground for
the fowls to finish.
Tiny Tim grew fast in years, and grew
some in size, lie never, even when he
was not more than two years old, wanted
wear a bonnet, but always cried lustily
for a hat, and if one was left within his
climbing reach he was sure to have it on,
and he was always obliged to hold it with
both hands to keep it from resting npon
Having such a passion for boy's clothes.
is not strange that at the age of four he
was dressed in Jackets and trousers resem
bling the clothes of the father. Tim had
always teased to go fishing, but he had
been put off.
1 on must wait till you have a coat and
trousers, " said his father.
And when the day did come, he did not
forget it He did not consider it neces
sary to ask again if he might go, for his
coat and trowsers were on him.
Brother Lucius had a "den" UD-stairs.
where Tim was seldom permitted to en
ter, the door being carefully locked ; bat
this day, as it happened, it was open, and
you may be sure Tim was not long in find-
iii,; it uut, auu iu Kvmg in sou uuuug s
fish-hook, line and rod from among the
treasures he found there.
Tiny Tim had no idea he would be do
ing anything wrong in going to tne
brook ; so he did not try to be sly about it
but went boldly down through the gar
den and serosa the pasture to the brook
His mother saw him crossing the pasture
with the rod trailing after him, but as ha
often went there to drive the calves about,
she thought the red was a big whip he had
The little ch.tp seated himself on the
bank, baited Li3 hook, and began to fish.
He sat a minute quite still, then jerked up
his line with the air of a veteran angler,
then dropped it again ; and so on for hUf
an hour he sat patiently waiting for a
As he sat there, he had forgotten how
much pains he had taken to teach a lamb
that was in the pasture to butt ; but the
lanib had not been so forgetful, and when
he spied Tiny Tim seated there, moving
his hands, he thought it was "a dare" for
him to butt ; and butt he did, sending Tim
off the bank, plump into the brook.
One squall as he went over the brink
splash, and ha was down among the
Old Obadiah Oliver happened to be fish
ing just a few rods farther up the stream,
and, hearing the splash, ran down nd
pulled poor Tim out of the water. He wa
as wet as a drowned rat
Tim lifted up his voice and wept; and,
to comfort him, the old man gave him
some fish he had caught, and set him over
the fence, and told him to ran home and
dry his clothes.
Tim cried as loud as he could bawl, all
the wy home; for he thought he had
spoiled his clothes. Of course he had not,
but as hia mamma had only that suit
made, be ha? either to put on his dress
again, or go to U?d. He said he would go
to bed ; so he went C 0 s'airs.
He kept so still th-it he7 thought some
thing was goirjg on, and ora went to see.
She peeped through the craCK ' lVe 0OJi
and saw Tim with a pair of l.nciU3 ola
trousers on, and his father's coat
The sight was too much for her, ana
burst out laughir.g. Tim slammed th?
door, and no more was seen ot him till
supper time, when he crept down in his
bed gown; to cat his bread and milk. He
not be coaxed to put on a dress
again, after the bliss of wearing trousera.
Young Follct Rural.
A Key to a Person's Name.
By the accompaavinz table of letters.
the name of a person, or any word, may
be found out in the following manner:
A B . D u p
V C K I Q
K F V J H
G O U K 8
I J L L T
K K M M V
J Ji N N V
o o o o w
Q R T X X
tt 8 U Y Y
IT V V Z Z
Let the person whose name yon wish, to
know ' inform yon in which of the up
right columns the first letter of his name
is contained. If it be found in but one
column, it is the top letter; if it occurs in
more than one, it is found by adding the
alphabetical numbers of the top letters of
these columns, and the sum will ue the
number of the letter sought By taking
one letter at a time, fh this way,
the whole can be ascertained. For exam
ple, take the word Jane : J is found in the
two columns commencing with B and H,
which are the second and eighth letters
down the alphabet; their sum ten, and
the tenth letter down the alphabet is J,
the letter sought The next letter, A, ap
pears in but one column, it stands at the
top. N is seen in the columns headed B,
D. and ii : these are the second, lonrtn.
and eighth letters of the alphabet, which,
added, give the fourteenth, or N, and so
on. The use of this table will excite no
little curiosity among those unacquainted
with the foregoing explanation.
A Vermont Man's wonderful Clock.
Mr. R. D. MtmsoN, an old resident of
Wiiliston. Vt has just completed a won
derful musical calendar clock, which has
attracted visitors from far and near. It is
in every detail his hand-work, the old
farmer havme spent his spard hours in
working upon it for the past eight years. .
Ue has produced an eieht-dav cloca, wnose
dial marks the second, minute, hour, day
of the week, day of the month, month of
the year; a thermometer rests against its
pendulum, giving the state of temperature;
the ball cf the pendulum contains a
miniature time-piece, which derives its
mot ive power solely from its vibrations,
and keeps accurate time. There is also a
cylinder musical attachment, which may
be set to play any one of seven tones at
the end of each hour. In this last feature
it can so be adjusted and such was tiio
intention of the maker as to play " Old
Hundred at the end of each hour on bun-
day, and "Old Folks at Home." "Swiss
Waltz," "Star Spangled Banner," " flail
Columbia," "Yankee Doodle" and "Sweet
Home," respectively, on each successive
day in the week. The entire mechanism
is placed in a black walnut case, wnicn
measures ten feet high, twenty inches
wide and ten inches ceep. The case is
highly polished, and its front bears the in
scription in raised letters, "Our Union for
ever." " U. 8." Mr Munson. who is 63
years old and quite feeble, feels proud of
wnai lie nas accorupiisiieu.
Exercise can kill as well as cure. To be
takeu advantageously, it should be done
with jno'jtnent Sometimes a particular
part of tne iOdy needs exercise, but the
whole body is toC weak to ive it ; in such
case, only the part needing should have
But there is one rnl which is applica
ble to all, never go agama the instincts.
Many persons have hurrfcu themselves
into the grave by endeavoring " to keeP
up" when they ought to be in fed; and
they do " keep up,'' too, for so long a time
that when they do take to their beds, their
strength is so completely exhausted, that
the system has no power to rise, and they
fall into a typhoid condition, and all is
lost When anything serious i3 the mat
ter with domestic animals, they court
quietude and perfect rest Sometimes we
feel indisposed to exercise from sheer lazi
ness ; in all loose conditions of the bowels,
debility, an instinctive desire to sit down
and stay there is universal ; in most of
such cases quietude is cure. Bui there is
one safe rule for all under all circum
stances : if every step you take is witi an
effort, do not take another; go to bed ; if
yon feel the better for a walk, then walk
; but stop short of great fatigue. Dr.
W. W. JIaU.
How Long to Starve.
A man will die for want of air in five
minutes, for want of sleep in ten days, for
want of water in a week, for want of food
varying intervals, dependent on consti
tution, habits of life, and the circumstances
the occasion. Instances have been
given where persons have been said to
live many weeks without eating a particle
food ; but when opportunities have been
offered for a fair investigation of the case,
has been invariably found that a weak
and wicked fraud has been 2t the bottom
On the 28th of August the captain of a
Boston whaler was wrecked, i or eight
days he could not get a drop of water or a
particle of food. On the day of the wreck
weighed one hundred and ninety
pounds, and when rescued, he weighed
one hundred pounds. A teaspoonful of
brandy was given to each sailor, but be
fore they could be taken on board the
vessel which saved them, they became un
conscious, and remained so for two days,
all evenlually ' recovered. Many per
sons have been killed oy eating too mncn
after having fasted for along time. The
safe plan of procedure, and that which
every reader should bear in mind, is to
the way along, aa persons who are
traveling in the dark and fear a precipice
ahead. There can be no rule given, be
cause there are so many modifying cirenm
stances. Give a tea poonful of hot drink
a time, and, if there are no ill effects,
repeat in five minutes, and the same
amount of soft food, boiled rice, softened
bread or gruel, for tne stomacn is nseu as
weak as the sufferer in proportion, and
only manage a very sic ail amount of
food. , .
Wadine in water, or keeping the cloth
saturated with water, even if it is sea-
water, sensibly abates tne horrors oi
thirst HcuTt Journal of Health.