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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, July 28, 1871, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075000/1871-07-28/ed-1/seq-4/

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MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Ditidkkds can bo used to keep policies
in force in the Mutual Life, of Chicago.
Thkt recently had a storm in Texas
which traveled 730 miles in thirty hours.
New York has twenty nine miles of
water front and over seventeen miles of
saloons.
The Washington is purely mutual, and
divides its profits among its policy-holders
only.
A daughter of a New Tork stock
broker exults over the fact that she has
been to Europe six times, and has never
seen the insido of her mother's kitchen.
Thk largest telescope in the world is
now being made at Cambridge, II ass., for
the government. Three or four jears will
be required to complete it.
An Irish magistrate, censuring some
boys for loitering in the street, said : If
everybody were to stand in the streets,
how could anybody get by?"
A fellow tried to hang himself in
London not long ago, and the magistrate
before whom he was taken very properly
ordered him to pay the man who cut him
down ten shillings for the job.
In the midst of a stormy discussion, a
gentleman rose to settle the matter in dis
pute. Waving his hand majestically over
the excited disputants, he began: "Gen
tlemen, all I want is common sense "
"Exactly, that is precisely what you
want!" was the immediate response.
Me. W. W. Thomas, Jr., the Maine
Commissioner of Immigration, has been
presented by a Swede with a watch, triang
ular in form, having the dial near the
vertex of one of the angles. By looking
through an aperture in the dial, the day of
the month is ascertained, and beneath the
dial is an arrangement which shows the
day of the week.
A touss lady in the singers' gallery of
a cnurca u Lyons, A. I., while looking
ovtr the railing, the other Sunday, to see
what the congregation had to wear that
was new, lost her balance and fell plump
upon a deacon's head and shoulders, fclie
bounded into the aisle, however, without
receiving any injury, and joined in the
concluding nymn.
Whilb compositors and proofreaders
are human, typographical errors will be
in order, ine Food journal, published
in .London, has to apologize lor a very tun
ny blunder of the types. In a recent
number it credited the Boston Journal of
Chemistry with the responsibility of a mon-
Btrous pea, measuring thirteen and onehalf
inches in circumierencel It should have
been pear.
In the town of Newbury. Mass., is
dwelling which was erected in 1062. It
was used for a garrison in the time of the
Indian wars. The stairs are made of blocks
of oak timber ten inches wide and ten
inches thick. It is now occupied by tbe
seventh generation of the family that built
it, the Christian name of each owner being
.Benjamin.
m Titusvuie, la., when a man owns
four or five hundred wells he is generally
considered well on, andbarreisiui ot oil
is the synonym of "Dockets full of rocks.'
It is customary to speak of the fashiona
ble young lady as wearing an eiehtv-six
barrel opera suit, and when a boy wants to
nave nis leein plugged ne gets a requisi
tion on the "old man" for a couple of bar
rels 01 oil. The system being abundantly
iuoricateo, worKs very smoothly.
A citizen of Albany. N. Y.. has been
particularly unfortunate in the marriage
relation. Bis first wife killed herself
thirty -four years ago ; nine years after, his
second wife ran away from him, and died
of consumption in Illinois; six years later
nis third consort was drowned, in ISjS
his fourth helpmate was killed, and he,
having been convicted of the murder, was
sent to prison for life, but pardoned out.
In another decade the fifth partner myste
. riously disappeared; and very recently the
sixth idol of hii soul sought peace and ob
livion by hanging herseii to a bedpost.
Rev. Mb. Talxadgb told his Brooklyn
people in a sermon, the other day, that the
Sabbath evening previous a woman was
taken with convulsions in the vestibule of
the church after service. In the delirium
that followed she kept repeating: " Eight
o-ntsl Eight cents! 1 wish I could get it
done! I am so tired! I wish I could get
. some sleep, but I must get it done I Eight
cents! -Eight cents!" It was afterward
found that she was making garments for
eight cents apiece, and that ahe-coatd
make but three of them in a day ! And
the physician said she evidently needed
c j . i
auuu inure ui&ii meuicine.
Twenty years ago a Boston tailor retir
ed from business on account of failing
health. For a few years past he had suf
fered much from dizziness. A short time
ago a surgeon discovered and extracted
from his body a common sized needle,
with double thread four inches in length.
attached. As he had used no needle' of
the kind for twenty years, the surgeon
supposed he must have swallowed it an
terior to the period, and is of the opinion
that the working of the needle and thread
through the system caused the dizziness.
Since the operation the patient feels great-
ijr icuctcu, buiu is improving ill ueaim.
An odd law-case was lately tried in Bir
mingham, England. A laby lost her well-
beloved parrot; and, one day, she saw it
upon the stall of a bird-fancier who would
not give it up. An action was brought.
The lady declared on oath that her bird
spoke English. The bird-man swore that
that this particular Poll conversed only in
Spanish ; but being brought into court, it
was aoasned, and opened not its mouth.
It was then given in charge to an inspec
tor, who reported that upon recovering
iw iiwt pans oi speecn, n Durst into
" Pretty Polly," Beautiful Polly," " Kiss
Polly .,r "Good morning," "What's the
time r" There was nothing of the noble
Spanish about this, and the cracker eating
srauum was nanoea over to its mistress,
wiiuuui even me iormauty ot a cross-ex
amination.
A gentleman of New Tork city, witty
and agreeable, but with a single impedi
ment of speech, had it in his heart to be
"come the possessor af a pore black-tan
terrier, for which he was willing to pay a
uoerai price. A. superior little brute was
brought to him by a dog-fancier, who de
manded for it the modest price of fifty
dollars. Not being disposed to check for
that ngure unless sure that the dog was a
good ratter, he proposed to the party to
meet him next cay at a pit where dogs and
rats were brought for sanguinary contest,
and try him with a rat Agreed. Next
day our friend, having obtained a first-class
rat of the " wharf " species, had him con
veyed to the theatre of strife. Both were
at the sune time thrown into the arena.
After being pursued for a moment the rat
turned, made a spring at the terrier, caught
him on the lip, and made him howl with
pain. In short, " he had him." Our pur
chaser turned and said, "I d-don't think
your d-d-dog's good for anything. D-d-don't
you want to b-buy my r-rat t"
The Boy's Fourth of July.
The Boy's Fourth of July was a jolly
one. In this respect it was not different
from any 'other Fourth of July since he
can remember.
It seemed as thongh it never would come.
H commenced figuring on it immediately
after he had gotten well from overeating
at Christmas.
At school, during the latter part of win
ter and through the spring, he solaced him
self when his head ached with the reflec
tion that it was coming.
Once, he was going around through an
alley to look for another boy, when he got
nipped by a dog. He howled some, but
the pain was instantly ameliorated as he
happened to think of the Fourth of July.
Another time, a big boy lured him around
on a vacant lot under a pretence of show
ing him a leather jackknife, and then pro
ceeded to knock off his hat, punch him in
the eye, and to give him several kicks in
miscellaneous localities, and all for the
pretended reason that he had told Jim
Snaffles that the big boy wasn't a nice
feller.
The Boy had a prolonged howl over this
new visitation. lie first thought he would
go and get pa's revolver, and shoot the big
boy full of ballets. Then he wished he
had a big dog, which, when he said a Sick
'em," would fly at the big boy and fear all
the hinder part of his clothes of! And
then other furious schemes of revenge pre
sented themselves, which were all sudden
ly cut short by his happening to think thftt
Fourth of .July was coming. , i
-aavi
by
The last four weeks which preceded
the national anniversary were over two
years long. Whenever it was morning he
wished it was night, and when it was night
he wished it was the next morning. The
most of this month he spent in flattening
his nose against the show windows of toy
shops where there were fireworks., He
shyly cultivated the acquaintance of a
young man in one of tht-m, and with him
held frequent and earnest interviews in re
gard to the merits of torpedoes, crackers,
sky-rockets, and small cannon.
Often during this month, as he passed
along the street, he would straighten
out his forefinger like a gun barrel, elevate
his thumb as though it were a hammer,
and then take long and deadly aim at some
cat as she picked her way up an alley,
frightening her at last into a tail swollen
scamper with a vicious and explosive "click-
BANG I"
How slowly the hours dragged away !
The Boy didn't care to play short stop in
the Suckling Nines any longer. He had
rather go over and talk with the shopboy
about fireworks, and to gaze into muzzles
of infant cannon that were arranged in
battery in the toy shop window.
And by degrees there came into his mind
the tremendous conception that maybe his
pa would buy him acurnoo for the Fourth !
The enormous weight of the idea stag
gered him. That very night, with all the
sagacity of a veteran, he began to open
parallels against the paternal citadel. No
direct assault for him. He felt that the
undertaking was a desperate one, and that
it must be achieved only by an expendi
ture of enormous strategy, great patience,
and no end of genius.
And so that very night he commenced
operations by talking long and earnestly
to the maternal relative about such beauti
ful cannon as there was in Mrs. Popbaug's
window.
And the ground was broken for the first
parallel.
The work went on. The next day, and
the next, the same relativo was treated to
much interesting information about ord
nance. This year, cannon was so much
cheaper than ever they was before. And
then she never would believe how safe
they was. They were just as strong, and
she couldn't bust one of them no more
than she could the the the and here
the boy, being at a loss for some article of
tremendous cohesive qualities, finished by
saying the anything. Such cannos !
Oh, my, and she never saw anything like
it in all her life !
And thus the parallels went on.
The approaches grew nearer. One day,
the maternal relative was treated to the
startling information that Jimmy Ducks
who ain't only two years oldern me was
agoing to have a cannon tor tbe r ourth
and a hull pound of powder! So many
of the boys was agoing to have cannon
and all the powder they was a mind to.
And now it was time to erect a battery.
One day there came a shot hurtling over
into the camp of the besieged, greatly to
their unbounded astonishment. The art
ful besieger had gotten his first gun into
position, and had opened alter this wise
One af.ernoon, the Boy astonished every
body by being good for thirty-seven con
secutive minutes, and then, with fluttering
heart, propounded as to whether Ma
thought in case he was real good all the
time for a year, Pa wouldn't buy him a
little cannon for the Fourth? Ah! most
momentous of queries, and what worlds
of interest hung upon its decision.
Of course the maternal relative said no,
with instant determination that no such
awful thing could be possible under any
circumstances. Harrowing recitals were
given of little boys whose eyes had all
been blown out of their heads; and of
other little boys who had had their inno
cent legs shot off; and how bad their mas
felt, and cried over them, and all that.
No garrison surrenders at the first sum
mans. The siege went on, and in time the
maternal out-works capitulated, and the
Boy occupied them with drums beating
and flags flying gloriously in the air of
breezy triumph, in ail sucn sieges, when
the feminine advance is routed, it is
question of but short time when the
masculine citadel shall surrender. And
thus it was butadiyor two more, when
the Boy's flag hung from the loftiest turret
of the Keep, indicating that he held pos
session oi all the woiks.
What an exhilaration poured along the
uroobing puses oi the ioy, as he con
templated this glorious, this - nnnra-
eedeated, this overwhelming victory! in
an hour, tidings of the great event were
borne by the herald-Boy everywhere. Jim
my Ducks knew it. The grocery boy was
told ot it, and that he received the stun
ning information with a sublime indiffer
ence, and ended the interview by throw
ing the Boy's hat into one lot, and the
Boy himself into the next one, is one of
those phenomena which nobody can ever
understand.
And there came a day that brought the
cannon, un, jumiauon! as long as
child's little finger, as large about as
pencil Yet it seemed a very columbiad
to the Boy as he gazed into its painted
mouth.
Oh, most long night that precedes the
wonderful Fourth ! That night was come
at last, and to-morrow was the glorious
day of days ! A Boy rolls and mutters in
his bed, and long belore the gas is turned
off for the night, often wakes up with a
start, with the fearful conviction that he
has overslept himself, and that day has
long since dawned. And upon a table
close by there frowns that cannon, and
bt side it a wealth of black and shining
grains to which the alchemy of a Boy's
hopes and lond imaginings nave given a
value far above- what they would have
were they particles of yellow dug from
the placers ot (J&iuornia,
What an interminable night! How the
darkness clings to earth ! How often Is
the serene repose of the moonlight mis
taken for the flash of auroral eyes! Nieht
ot waitings ; night oi dreamings that are
realities in vividness, and in which tbe
Boy, time and time again, thought he had
slept till noon, and that the Fourth was
half gone without his participation ; night
that is shod with lead, and that moves as
the hours that separates a lover from his
mistress ; night that is feverish, that is
hated because it divides from the Day.
and yet loved because it is so near the su
preme event I
But now, after everlasting wakings, anil
alter sieepings that seem tor hours and
are only for minutes, there comes a leaden
hue low upon the horizon across the lake.
And into this sickly tint there creep
flushes of tawny red, which, anon, deepen
into a vivid crimson. Tbe leaden hue
crawls up the sky, pursued by the tawny
red, and from out the crimson that is em
bosomed across the sluggish water there
comes a crescent, while hot with the fer
vor of a promised day.
And lust as the crescent stows into
fullness, and is born a vast and glowing
oro, trenuiiDg nugers are ramming home
grains of black, a nervous, boyish hand
carries the lighted punk to the tiny vent.
there is a blast, a smart report, the red
mouthed cannon flings itself back with
the vigor of its opening note, and then
the Fourth has come. Poliuto, in Chicago
lxmc.
I
it
Rather Awkward.
What terrible creatures are little
children ! They are always investigating
anairs Dy me ngm oi tneir own innocence.
and bringing older people to confusion
thereby.
The other day a little girl, not past the
years of babyhood, was taken out to ride
a city car by her auectionate aunt
There had been considerable illne S in the
family, and she had seen one lady fre
quently supported on someone s snnuider,
while her head was being bathed with cam
phor, or in order that she should change her
position for awhile. Also there had been
some fear ef the invalid's death, and baby
listened to much that had set her to
thinking deeply. Now that she was
perched noon the car cushions, she looked
about her at the passengers, and soon
settled her attention upon a young man
and young girl who, probably not being
wen verseu in ine cusumia m pume socie
ty, were revealing the fact that they "kept
icaay company, in irue uinirai l'ark
tyie. Anyone may see what that is
taking a walk in those paths by moon
light and looking at the benches, on every
one of which seem to sit a young girl
with her head upon a young man's
shoulder and his arm about her waist
Babj looked wisely for awhile, then
as
or
at
If,
no
shook her head, and plucked her aunt by
the sleeve.
"Aunty," she said, in a shrill, childish
treble, "oh, aunty, do you think that lady
is going to die? the one the gentleman is
holding upon his shoulder."
Aunty sat overcome. The majority of
the passengers tittered audibly, while the
more polite looked out of the window,
and plainly saw something on the side
walk which amused them. And tbe
young lady's head was set straight upon
her shoulders in a moment,- while her
sweetheart indicated to the conductor his
wish to alight at the next crossing, an
operation which Baby witnessed with the
remark that "that lady seemed to be
better, and could walk all by herself now."
Cincinnati Time.
all About Butter.
What to Do. Butter, when taken from
the churn, should be separated from the
buttermilk by washing with clean cold
water, or otherwise; should then be salted
and set in a cool place for full twenty-four
hours. Should then be worked until all
buttermilk, water and streaks disappear,
and no more, as too much working injures
the butter.
It is then fit for market. May be pack
ed in tubs in the summer, or made into
neat rolls in winter. It should be exclud
ed from the air as much as practicable,
and kept but a few days in rolls.
Use all the salt you can without making
the butter gritty ; or, in other words, all
it will dissolve. Remember that neatness
in appearance adds to the market value of
butttr, more than to almost any other ar
ticle. Prepare tubs or firkins by soaking forty
eight hours with salt and water.
Xu packing, cover each layer of butter
with thin cloth and sprinkle with salt, so
as to lilt at each fitting. Fill the tubs as
full as you can without touching the cover.
In packing do not put in one poor churn
ing ; keep that for home use, or sell it for
what you can get
The only proper way to color butter in
the winter is to feed good bright hay,
pumpkins, squashes, cirrots, etc.
When carrying butter to market in
warm weather, cover with new mown
grass.
What Kot to Do Do not milk in a wa
ter pail that makes the milk taste.
Do not set milk in wooden dishes.
Do not keep cream in a wooden churn,
or any wooden dish.
Do not allow buttermilk to remain long
m tne cnurn.
Do not allow milk, cream or butter to
stand in a cellar or other room where there
are potatoes, cabbage, onions, or other
decaying vegetables, soap-grease, or any
unpleasant smell, as they readily absorb
navorani oecome oiiensive.
Do not allow milk or cream to stand
until the whey begins to separate, as it
gives the butter a smell and taste similar
to that ot cheese. -
Vo not take butter to market in sum
mer the day it is churned. Work it again
and take it witn tbe next lot
' Do not put butter of different colors to
gether, li in rolls, separate with a wet
cloth.
Never add coloring matter to butter. It
is better to be white than colored artifi
cially.
Follow these directions, and your butter
will be better, will always be marketable,
and will bring much better prices. D. D.
Farmer's Wells.
Good water is an article of the first im
portance to the health and comfort of
every household. The fires that bTirn
within us are constantly producing a thirst
that calls daily for "water, water; " but if
from any source the water that we drink
has become impure, our system cannot
long maintain its healthy tone and vigor.
If our daily drink has been polluted and
poisomd by contact with filth and gar
bage, is it any wonder that our blood be
comes impregnated with the germs of dis
ease. Hence, the necessity for good and
wholesome water to health of the human
family.
All will admit the value of rood water.
but it is a fact patent to every one that
mere is too much bad water drank that
the water of many wells is often nothing
dux stagnant waier-poois in wmcn green
scum asd- "-wiggle-tails form the larter
uau. And wuo nas not seen manv a hole
called a well filled with a milk colored
fluid yclept water, and in which half a
score ot frogs were playing " netn O " be
hind chunks of rotted wood or somothiner
else still more objectionable. Farmers are
too careless about this matter of provid
ing good water for their families. Many
a en oi gooa water nar been spoiled by
having a duck puddle near it Too often
the pigs are allowed to root a hole right
by the side of the well which soon be
comes a cess pool of impurity, tainting the
air around, and which at every rain is car
ried down to be brought back again from
the well in every bucket of water. I have
seen wells, the water of which would actu
ally taste of th contents of an adjacent
mudhole. I have seen wells from which
it would be difficult to draw a bucket of
water without bringing up a frog.
is it any wonder that such stun often
generates diseases in the human system ?
is it any wonder that water impregnated
with the essence of mudholes filled with
the filth and excreta of pics, reese and
ducks, should produce a poison virus in
tne Diood to sap the foundation of health.
assert that no doubt many a death, could
it be traced to its origin, would find its
home in the mud paddles at the farmer's
welL Many a farmer's wife and farmer's
daughter have gone down to the grave
from no other cause than the lack of
wholesome water. And manv a doctor
owes a handsome fee to these same mud
puddles. friend, have you a mudhole at your
well ? Go for it at once. Do not eat or
sleep till it is removed. Take a hoe and
drag out all the mud and filth, and then
nil the hole with dry sod or sand. After
doing this, shut out the pigs and poultry
from the well, and keep them out If the
curb is broken or rotted down, replace
with a new one. After doing this, scraoe
away the grass and surface soil around the
well, and replace with a layer of sand and
gravel. If from the character of the land
your well ever fills with water, cut a ditch
six ieeiueep ait around it at the distance
of a few yards, and have an outlet from
this to take off the water. The water in
the well will not, after this, rise higher
than the bottom of the ditch. If vour
waier is muuay or impure, throw in a peck
of lime to purify it If animalcule appear
in the water, throw in a half a gallon of
sail to mane tnem settle to the bottom. And
is worth while to take some pain a to fix
up some conveniences at your well. A
bench to set ihe bucket on while it is be
ing filled; a handy and easy way to get
mo water; ana a smooth, dry pain irom
the well to the kitchen these things will
make so much easier the task of your wife
and daughters. Farmers, do not neglect
your wells a single day longer, but
that all about them is neat and tiriv.
see
and
determine to keep it always so. Maryland
urincr.
Colic in Horses.
Prevention is better than cure. Colin
may do prevented by care in feeding.
r uen succulent green looer is used, sneh
the blades and tops of the green corn,
colic is common. It is caused bv the rmv
duction of gas in the stomach and intes
tines trom tbe fermentation of the food.
Dy permuting tne horse to drink too
freely of cold water when tired and ex
hausted l.y work. Feed sparingly of suc
culent food until the animal has become
accustomed to its use. Water often and
give little at a time, and never either im
mediately before or after a feed. If the
horse has been permitted to become very
thirtty, give no more than half a pailful
a time; letting fifieen minutes elapse
between the drinks, until he is satisfied.
notwithstanding all care, he is troubled
still with colic, give him two ounces sweet
spirits of nitre and one ounce tincture of
opium in half a pint of water. If necessa
ry, repeat in half an hour, adding one ounce
tincture of allocs. Any rpirituous medi
cine should be carefully administered. If
inflammation be present, a pint of rum
with half an ounce of pure ginger might
afford relief American AgriculturiU.
London is said to contain two hundred
female students of medicine.
a
w
of
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
A Timely Motto fob Little Folks.
Avoid unripe fruits.
Life is like a bank-note, and your vir
tues are the figures upon it
If misfortune comes into your house, be
patient and smile pleasantly, and it will
stalk out again, for it can't bear cheerful
company.
How to Curb Wasp Stisos. Potash
water is the quickest cure for wasp stings.
A small quantity should be kept in a glass
stoppered bottle. Open the sting with a
needle, and put on one drop of the potash
water. Exchange.
Qltcekikk and litharge, stirred to a
paste, harden lapidly, and make a suitable
cement for iron upon iron, for two stone
tui faces, and especially lor fasti uin;; iron
to stone. Tho cement is insoluble, und is
not attacked by strong acids.
TniiEE-FOCRTns of the difficulties and
miseries of men come from the fact that
most want wealth without earning it, fame
without deserving it popularity without
temperance, respect without virtue, and
happinets without holiness.
Killing GBAgsnorrEits. An Austra
lian paper states that if Cfin.uon krkspur
be sown in gaidens and vineyards, the
flowers will be eaten by the grasshoppers,
which will suddenly die. The writer
states that he has followed this p'.an with
success for years.
31b. Jose I'll Harris says, in the Ameri
can Agricvlturui, that while he believes in
clover and that wc cannot grow too much
of it, it should all be led on the farm, and
he believes that fill fallowing, on clay
land, is more in accordance with the fa:ts
of scientific farming than is the practice of
plowing under clover.
Applying Plasteb to Land. The
Rural A'eto Tcrker sys : " Three bushels
per acre is enough for any crop. If to be
applied to corn or potatoes, throw a tabU
spoonful on each hill after the first hoeuig.
If to pasturts, meadows or spring grain,
sew broadcast as eaily in spring as you
can do it doing it, if you can so manige
it, just before a rain."
If caught in a shower, and you get your
hat wet, brush it before it is dry. And so
of the horse. hen he comes in wet wi
perspiration smooth his hair with a coarse
bruin a common broom i3 better than
nothing in the direction you wish it to
lie when he is dry. The animal will feel
better' and it will be only hall the trouble
to clean him the next time he needs it
i Watering Teams Often. How man
: times a day does the plowman or driver of
a team in the harvest held slake his tnmt
Dots it not occur to him that the horses
or oxen, which have been severely taxed
with labor, and have possibly been pro-
luseiy sweating unaer tne not sun
are in as great need ct quencning
thirst as he ? VY hen animals aie kt pt too
long from water, they will certainly take
more than is proper tor them, and many
fit of colic is occasioned thereby. The
practice of watering, at least once between
feeds iu the morning and again in the
afternoon, should be reculariy followed,
and if fifteen minutes is thereby lost to the
plow, it will be more than made up in the
renewed vigor with which the team, wd
take hold on its return. Health and
Home.
Cleanliness. A neat clean, fresh air
ed, sweet, cheerful, well arranged house
exerts a moral innuence over its inmates,
and makes the members of a family peace
able and considerate of each others fuel
ings and happiuess. The conuection is
obvious between the state of mind thus
produced, aud respect for others, and for
those higher dudes and obligations, which
no laws can enlorcc. Un the contrary,
filthy, squalid, noxious dwelling, in whit
none of the decencies of lite are observed
contributes to make the inhabitants selfish.
sensual, and regardless of the feelings ot
others; and the constant indulgence of
such passions renders them reckless and
brutal. Bee-Keeper Journal. ;" '
At a meeting of the Potomac Fruit
Growers' Association, a member stated
that he had been successful in raLiiijg
good crops of quinces, not by pruning to
a single stem, as is recommended in the
books, but by permitting it to throw up
iiiree or iour svems, ana loroi a bosky
head. He prunes very little, merely taking
out or Shortening cross shoots, lie per
mits the gras aud weeds about the tree to
remain and decay on the ground, at; d gives
a iigut dressing oi salt annually, lis cuts
away biightcd brunches as soon as possi
ble. lie has grown quinces for thirty
years, always with perlect success when
the tree was kept in the bush form, and al
ways with bad results when the single stem
styie was attempted.
To Tan Squirrel Skiss. Placs the
hide on a smooth, round-sided siab, made
lor the purpose, with two legs in one end
and let the other end rest on the ground
dnve a nail in the upper end to hold the
skin while slipping from flet-hing. Scrape
off all the flesh with a blunt knife, being
careful not to tear the hide. Then take
the brains of the squirrel and work them
thoroughly into the skin ; this renders the
skin pliable. 1 hen, to preserve the skin
from the ravages of insects, scatter on
some powdered alum and a little saltpeter.
Let dry; then stretch and work it until as
pliable as may be desired. The above
acknowledged to be a very good recipe for
tanning all kinds of fur. although there
may oe Deticr ones in use. Jtedianoe.
Lime and Ashes as a Wheat Fertilizer.
The lime that is slacked and the wood
ashes that is left, after firing the kiln, are
generally thrown to one side and sold at
half the price of pure burnt lime. As a
manure or fertilizer for wheat it is almost as
good as guano or other fertilizers now of
fered for sale. The above mixture of lime
and ashes contains a large amount of solu
ble salts, and the sulphates, phosphates
and carbonates and lime salts are just what
the wheat plants want to perfect straw and
grain. Experience has shown it plainly
where the refuse lime has been spread, as
the grain has come to maturity earlier,
growing stiff in the straw, and yielding
large crops oi wen nued heads ol the best
quality of grain. This can be seen mostly
on the farms of lime-burners, who haul
the mixture upon their land as it accumu
lates at their kilns, and the great fertiliz
ing effect of this manure can be seen, not
only upon Uifeir wheat, but on iheir grass
land. Grasses grow much more luxurious
and have a much darker color, an the
clovers and other cultivated grasses grow"
auuve ana crowd oui ine ordinary grasses.
We have found that lime and ashes mixed
as a top-dressing for clover or for corn,
was worth as much as plaster, if not more,
as it has always helped the corn to grow
faster and caused it to ear better, and gives
ns a much larger yield with Uss smut on
the stalks, than corn that had no ashes
and lime applied. Then fore we would
advise our farmer friends to apnlv lime
and ashes as a fertilizer for the cereals.
Mow to Make tne Farm Pay.
Thinning Out Fruit.
It would bo difficult to give a specific
rule applicable to all cases for thinning out
fruit Every orchanlist however, knows
inai it irecs are allowed to overbear, the
fruit will be proportionately small and far
more likely to be deformed and of inferior
quality. It is far better to have a less
number of specimens and all large and
fine than many small ones, as the 'former
will usually measure as much as the latter,
and bring more in market Nearly all of
ue urge iruits, nae appics ana pears,
should be thinned wh n not more than
half grown ; and where they are produced
in clusters, it is better to remove hut. rmo
leaving the largest and most prominent
fpecimen. It is also well to notice the
difference in quantity upon the different
branches, and so thin that no mnm fmit
will remain on one side of the tree than
the other. This, of course, cannot always
be done, because cold winds or late frosts
may have blighted the blossom
side and not upon the other; but by using
little forethought, and making obaerva
tion before commencing the OTtoTAfinn on
equal distribution of the fruit over the
hole tree can be established. It is also a
good plan to go about the orchard once or
twice a week and remove a;.v snwinna
fruit that have been stung by infects
such fruit, however, should not be thrown
upon the ground, where the larva within
cm come to maturity, but should be eithtr
given to hogs or otherwise tfl'ectnilly de
s'lioyed, A little attention to such matters
as
As
and
All
use
It
A
fi
would improve the quality of our fruit
and lessen the number of its insect foes.
Rural Arew Yorker.
Care of Fowls.
Probably no one has written upon the
subject of poultry raising, who has not
said that cleanliness is ot vital importance.
"Cleanliness is godliness," to mankind,
and the next thing to it in the care of
chickens. If under your perches you will
spread a little straw or hay, you will find
it no trouble to clean out your hen-house,
which should be done once a week in win
ter, but less frequently in summer, w here
the house is perfectly dry and the chickens
half the time in it, will answer very will.
It is important to see that you invariably
feed them in cl-an pl.-.ces.
Fowls are as capricious as people about a
change of diet They grow weary of coi n
even, if fed continually. A bttttr way is
to keep a supply of corn and also of wheat
screening, etc, and alternate the food.
And if poultry is your chief delight, what
ever else you do, don't keep a dog to sup
plant your fowls in your ail'.-ctiuns, and o
get all the bones and bits of meat which
your chickens so much need. And don't
be 6tingy about your 6craps ; cut off all the
seragty parts from your roasts, or legs of
Veal or mutton and chop it, raw, for your
pord'ry;and observe what a concert you
will create in the chicken yard when ion
feed it
Don't forget the box of fresh, dry a-hes
where they may have the fowl luxury of
dusting themselves as efu-n as they like;
and aUo She fresh limo somewhere conve
nient for them to supply shells for jour
eggs, as well as to promote cleanliness and
and sweetness of their premises. You
will not, of course, ask your chickens to
drink water which has stood twenty-four
hours, any more than you would drink
such yoursi If. But yon w ill sec that every
morning finds vour watering places thor
oughly cleaned, and filled with good fresh
water.
I have been using a preparation to im
pregnate the water with iron and sulphur
both conductive to the health of poultry
which has been recommended by per
sons of large experience. It is this: Pour
two quarts of boiling rain water on to a
half pound of sulphate of iron and a half
o.iRcc sulphuric acid. When the iron has
dissolved, bottle the preparation, and uue
about a gill of it in each pail of drinking
water. .
When your hens are ready to come off
witu a brood ot chicks, before cooping
them, take some kerosene oil and with a
swab thoroughly oil the feathers and flesh
of the fowl about the breast, legs and
wings The oil is thus communicated t
the young chickens, and all are rid of lice
most effectually. By the same process
you can cause every fowl on your roost to
" rise up and call you blessed," if they are
troubled with this little piultry pest
lhis spring l tooK a newly hatched chick
en, which had come out a few da- s iu ad
vance of the rest, and rolled it up in flan
nel ; I discovered a louse on it, I put some
kerosene on the downy chick and when
next I unrolled it, I found over fifty lice
on ine nannei. J? act!
1 do not kno r that 1 have given very
valuable hints in all that I have written
upon the sibject, but I do know that while
others have had fowls dying off promiscu
ously, I have not had even one on the
sick list; and out of I'M young chicks,
one third of which are now large enough
to broil, i have only lort four. Cor.
Prairie farmer.
A Few Sheep on the Farm.
The relative profit is much greater from
a small flock than a large one. The grain
iarrner, no matter how lew Lis acres, can
mike money by keeping a few sheep.
There is al ways room for them somewhere,
and they consume and turn -into money
food thtt otherwise would waste. But he
mut-t be careful not to overstock.
To illustrate, suppose the farmer culti
vates only eighty acres, raising grain
cnicny. lie Keeps a few cows and the
necessary teams. One-fifth of his farm is
in pasture, one-fifth meadow; one planted,
one spring grain, and one wheat He
thinks he has as much stock as he can
profitably keep, but if he puts on one
shee p to every five acres, he will find their
products clear gaia.
In the spring, early,- they can run on the
sod which is to be plowed and one sheep
to each acre will not hurt the land, yet
t'aey will live well. After that thev can
go into the pasture and will glean after the
c vws to advantage. A run on the stubbt
nfter harvest will not be felt where each
f-hcep has two acres, and in the fall there
is plenty of feed. Through the winter
they can do well kept on what the other
stock would not consume, with the addi
tion of a little grain.
Probably the most profitable are some
oi ine coarser wooied, mutton breeds.
Their lambs sell to the butchers for high
prices, and when fat the sheep fetch
much as a yearling steer. Sixteen mutton
sheep well managed would produce a year
ly income of one hundred dollars, where
tr none were kept nothing would be real
ized.
The greatest drawback is liability to
loss by dogs, and it is a disgrace to any
State to protect its curs so well that thev
expel, to a certain extent, the only animal
which can cheapen the meat and clothing
ot ine people. American Jiurai Home.
TriB overseer of the House of Refuge in
ban r rancisco was lately induced to go
down into the new well by two of the
youthful inmates, who complained that
they could not work there safely for want
of a platform. After letting him down
they cut the rope and decamped. The un
fortunate mac was discovered and drawn
up twenty-four hours afterward, " more
dead than alive."
A grand industrial exhibition will
take place place at Moscow in 1372, to
commemorate the two hundredth anniver
sary of the birth of PeUr the Great The
boat which he built with his own hands
will be shown in the naval department
The best wood for making cradles
hock maple.
The Lasd of Vegetabli Wonders. The
soil of California teems with vegetable phe
nomena, giant trees, plants, roots and herbs
unknown elsewhere. From that vast botanic
field are culled the ingredients of Da. Walk
er s v ineoab Bitters, a medicine that is
astonishing the world with its cures, and
th row in 5 all other tonics, alteratives and in-
vigorants into the shade. As its benefits are
extended, indigestion, biliousness, intermit
tent fever, rheumatism, kidney diseases.
bowel complaints, and all scrofulous and scor
butic disorders lose their terrors.
Facssnco's Celebrated White Wise
VI a scab will keep Pickles. Ask for it
How to Purchase a Clothes Wringer.
In pnrchasinz a clothes wrinecr wo prefer
one with cog-wheels, as they greatly relieve
tne moocr roils irom strain that would other
wise occur, and add much to the durability of
me macnine. l he next point is to see that
the co; wheels are so arranged as not to fly
apart when a large article is passcl between
tne rollers, n matters noi wnciner the coe-
wheels are on one end or both ends of the
shaft ; if large articles disconnect them, they
are entirely useless. This is very important,
for as the larger the article tho creater the
strain, therefore if the cog-wheels separate so
to disconnect, tbey are of no service when
most needed. We hare taken some pains to
examine the various wringers, and much pre
fer the " Universal," as lately improved, be
cause it has Ions and strong gears (Rowell's
Patent Double Gear), and is tbe onlv wrinirer
wilh ''patent stop" for preventing the cog
wheels from so pa ratine so far as to lose their
power. Xew fmjlnnd Farmrr. Having used
the kind of wrinirer mentioned above, we
fullv indorse all that is raid by our New Ens
land contemporary. Editor of BcUnt'jie
Am rican.
SUICIDE COMMITTED.
tbe result of an inactive state of liver
stomach, producing headache, obtuse in
tellect, dullness, despondency, dementia, and
finally insanity, is no uncommon occurrence.
tbcfc disagreeable symptom and lad
feeling are mist certainly dispelled hy the
of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
revitalizes and builds tip tbe whole system.
little book on Chronic Diseases sent free
Add-vs It- V. ricrce, M- D , Buffalo; X. T.
olden. Medical Discovery sold by all drag,
tibts. fi7
The relaxing power of JuAmjoh'i Aodynt
Linimtnt is truly wonderful. Cases are al
ready numerous where bent and Ktitl'med
limbs have bt-en limbered and straightened by
it. When used for this purpose, the part
should be washed and ruiibed thoroughly.
Apply the liniment cold, and rub it; in with
the hand.
A crowd of "horse men," and others, daily
throng the stores in country and town for
Shrruian't Cavalry Conditiun Pwlm. They
understand that horses cannot be kept in good
condition without them, and with thcin can
be on a much less quantity of grain.
Abtitcr's Lady's Home Magazine.
Tbe frontispiece in tbe Angnst number is entitled
The L'ususpecting ArtUt," and repmwuts an
arti.t in the wilds of California so engrossed in hi,
labor of sketcbln p as to be oblivious to the prcs
encc of a grizzly bear, which is close behind him
taking a licw of tho artist Limsclf, and perhaps
thinking what a glorious feast is t ef )rc him were
he only bnngry enough to enjoy it. There are
also a donble-page fashion illnstration. a piece of
mat-ic, several stories, the fashion news, recipes,
several pieces of poetry, etc., all combining to
make an entertaining number. T S. ABTnom &
Soi-8, Philadelphia. Ttrms, ti a year; th-cc
cop-c, to; 'our $; ei ht, and ine extra, (11;
1 teen, ana one extra, f JO.
Tng Children's Horn. Thero are
several excellent stories in the number for Aognst.
Two full-pae and some smaller Illustrations are
given. This is an attractive little msazine for
tli children, specimen numbers of which are sent
to applicants on receipt of stamp lor postage. T.
S. AKTHt nJt Soxs, FauaiiELrHU, at fl.iS a year;
Sve copies $3.00; ten, and oue extra,.$l'i.OO.
Godby's Lady's Book fob Acqcst.
A beaatifal steel-plate engraving Life's Young
Angels" a charming wood-cat, illustrating a
passage in the history of Mary Jane's Court
ship, and the usual colored fashion-plate, to
gether w.th the latest fashion intelligence, enter
taining stories and sketches, useful recipes, etc.
make the present number of this popular maga
zine fully equal to any previously issued. The terms
torti&ify are:One copy,oneycar,$3.00; two copies.
(3 00; three, I7-5U; four, (10.10; Sve, and one
extra (II P ; eight, uduit extra, 21.00; eleven
and one extra, $27.00. L. A Godet, Philadelphia.
A Perilous Season.
Glorious and delightful as the summer weather
is, its tropical heat is a severe trial to the vital
powers. Even the strongest are sometimes pros
trated by its effects. Tbe common phrase applied
to'this condition of tbe body is " general d-biiity."
Now, general debility arises from, andlnclndes, a
variety of ailments. The liver is mora or less af
fected, tho bowels are either constipated or too
much n.laxed, the stomach bnt haif performs the
work of digestion, the appetite la poor, and the
sptrits depressed. This is what is called general
aebiiity. It is a general ditarrangemem of all the
physical functions, and requires as a remedy a
medicine that will reirulate ih m all. Hoetetter's
Stomach Bitters is rpeciully adapted to this per
puse. Its general op- ration is not confined to a
single organ. If the liver is sflVcted, It restores
its tone, li ine stomacn is torpid, n regenerates
it. If the nerves are tremulous and weak, it
braces and reinforces tbein. If the mind, which
ever symftathizes with tt.e body, is gloomy and
despondent, it relieves tbe dilliculty. and soon
brims the whole mechanism of the body into
narniony witu tne laws ot neaitn.
There is no civilized nation in the Western
Tlemisphere in which the utility of Hosteller's
Stomach Bitters as a tonic, corrective, and anti
bilious medicine, is not known and appreciated.
Throughout the rropicj it is considered, both by
the p.-ople and the profession, tbe standard spe
citic. While it is a medicine for all seasons and
all climates, it is esoecialiv suited to tne com
plaints generated by the weather, being the purest
and oest vegeiame stimulant in tne worm.
B.-ware of the Bitters made of acrid and danger-
ons materials, which unscrupulous narti s are en-
deavoring to foist upon the people. Iheir name
is legiou, and the public has no guarautt-e that
they are not poisonous. Adhere to the tried
remedy, llostetter's Bitters, sold only in glass.
ana never in kegs or barrels.
TJKB1VSI.LED Yxt. "Blood will tell t" say the
horse fanciers, in estimating the endurnce of a
flue anim 1; and the motto is a good one, outside
of the sporting world. A pure article intrinsic
ally gooa1 niiiat oistance all competition, eventu
ally. The succors of L'dolpbo Wo le's A'omatic
Scuiccain Schnapps has induced the manufacture
t(l u uunureu imiiauuiw; uui in tut, uuiitauru
sale of his manufacture, while others have achiev
ed if at all but a cauty success may be found tbe
public appreciation of a pure and wholesome
beve age. - - - :
Pzert Davis' Paiit KnxEB Is an excellent refu-
tauir ot tne stomacn ana ooweis, ana snouia
always be kept on hand, especially at this season
of the year, when so many suiter from bowel com
plaints, 'mere ts notnuig so quica to rencve m
auacics oi unoiera.
Sold at only 25 cents a bottle, by merchants generally.
FINANCIAL.
Investment Securities.
Jay Cooke & Co. are now selling, and rec
ommend as a profitable and safe investment
for all classes, tbe First Mortgage 7-30 Gold
Bonds of the Northern Pacific Railroad Com
pany, bearing Seven and Three-Tenths per
cent, gold interest (more than 8 percent, cur
rency), and secured by first and only mort
gage on tl.c entire road and equipments, and
on more than 33,000 Acres of Laud to every
mile of track, or 509 Acres of Land to each
$1,000 Bond. The highest current prices will
be paid for IT. S. Five-Twenties, and all other
marketable Securities received in exchange.
Pamphlets, maps and full Information will be
furnished, on application, by Jat Cooke &
Co., Philadelphia, New York and Washing
ton, and by most Banks and Bankers through
out the country.
1810. i S1871.
TIME TESTS THE MERITS
OF ALL THINGS.
DAVIS' PJSIH KILLER !
This rf4rhnifM wrffriTO" hrs -won ft OefrrmT.'r W-Tti
lrput-itiun iu nil itllrvuttnr af Pun iuil prvserrer o
IKw ii it. it na itriiiio noiu iKmi n-nfiv, miu iiw r.ta
ttt.it It zivrs iiimtr-IUtiv iuitl peniiantut nii. f. It it a purely
Vv-SPtaW? pn-jMurUHrti. made 1'nmi tlie rxtf nml mn-t nt-v
tm.iL'iNnfe to kt-cn and to Qac In cvt-rr Ctntilv. It Ix rrrnin-
tnmill by Hiyicuire anil persons of all cLisfM-s " to
day, aitrr a public trinl of thirty rears thr avii-aav life of
mini it utaiHts unrivnli1 and "nexf-Hlcd, eptyarlinz lis
D-luTnwH over the wlile world. Itnlanre and incrcauiur
sue iiujruft pocituvc cvuieacu w iu mwnnna utmc
A Cure for Colic in Horses.
... x .9
TMrart fmm a letter from T. A. Kccd. nnNLshed In th
CfurinwtU ftzetfr. April aith. 1S71.
Ft. KirNKit. In ik, April 17. I U lire a remedr Ibr colic
fn horsn: Give two tnb!e-pxnfil; of Pt Iiivti Pum
Killer in a ptntof wann awcrc mjlk,orwan kizf lea.
swertcm-a. int is Minirienr iot a nnnnmn airnrK. ln-
cmue or diinlntsh accurrlinir to the K-vc-ritv of tlioratia.
anil repeat In twenty to thirty minutes If thV hor-se to rn
rtiwveiL lnrtK'ti. bnt not in the nostril, as - out r armer.
of CefbuTHle. Ohio. kivu Thi b Hie niutt obtain! nuiiner
ol clvtmr a drcnrli that 1 crer heart l ot
Kverv iioti.'ie-KPtMh.T Mtoui'i Keen it at nana to arwvr it
on the rtfU attar if of any psitn. It will give MLh&tctory
rt-iM'i, aim save nonrs oi m;unni.
IK) nor in ne witn yourselves or irsnng mnrieii mnew
Hea. He sure von ra!L and zet the eennine PAIN
KILLKK.a mnnr wnrhtrss nostrum- are attempted to
fir ift on liferent reputation ot this TaiuaUe muiicioe.
B jJirecuoos accompany eacn Duiue.
Price 2-5 cts SO eta and SI pcrbottfe
J. N. HARRIS CO., Cincinnati, 0.
Proprietor fcr the Southern and Western StUea,
CTFOP. BALK BT ALL MEDICIXE DEALERS.
19 OOO COOK'S EVAmn.VTOKS hi use. and
Iff.uuv iiiuu i.:vfc. vii.ijx ttu warrtMua.
AWAItnS: Conk's Kniiratnr: Klnst Prmitum at
fi? Sl:i!e tain. icl.T Crnt' Mill (mrrtiuiiit'd lu lrtv;t.
Mrst ftxaihuuat43 btatefiurs. Suid tor bmgo liaud
Book.
TrTinMve Circular and Price List of tlx- fibrin
Tlmixhrr. Victor Omtn IirUI. Trful Pntrm. naxltaatc-
iuy Jf'Aitaixi liriUt sent fiveoo ajtrlicatioii.
BIV.T1IEII, FEARING tc CO.
Cor. Bevh and Senor Ma, Chlcaco,lu.
BLY.HYElt, NOKTO) ot CO., Cincinnati, O.
Relieved and cared bv Tr. f Herman's rnli-nt AppnanOT
l Comnoond. Ollics (Oi Bnia'lwav. J. . svd IJc
(i.r hook with rotocxwlifc-M'worcawsbetf.FeJ-ne
al'trr cure. Willi Henry Want lV-ocner's can., k-lters am!
Krtmtt. Beware ol travelm:- Impostors, who pretend to
have been asti&unts of Dr. Siixbh s.
$2.50 jL Til 1M 2i3
For an ADVERTISEMENT In
270 NEWSPAPERS.
This LW comprise.
Large Proportion of the Bert Western
Country Papers, Superior in Character,
Circulation and Influence to those
of any other list.
WII KKE CCTS ARE USE n. OXLT Til REE REQUIRES
FOIt THE WHOLE LIST.
ForlL'ts, esCor.fc-" and further particular, addrraa
A. ?T. KELLOGG, "
lift lit Uadiwu itrwt, CMcaso.
At
TT
-WW.
and SLreiffitlu
mm
throat and Lunsn.
For ten vr Dr. CrKl f J
beentei.l and proved m tliousjuvisor caw. c
pt.l. of ennng all Biauta t tt I"1 "
perforni.n((woierful inns. Hill you let preju-udn-
prevent voti from being curwl alaor
12. ECU'S niH a IAS ia rich in th. medicin
al qu-JiliM of T:ir, combined with vegetable in
gredients of undoubted vuiue. It npuLj natcrti t
Ihs1 ttnsg', cleanse, th. Blomacu, relaJtea in.
Liver and puwthemto work, cause, th. food to
digest, and make. pur. blood. If von are afflicted
in any way.weanow th. Uft-jivin teaia prcprnittof
Lr. Crook. Wine of T:r. are . bat you need.
It cures all Ccluaai Cc'it. rind iu many wonder
ful en res of A " x acl Brrahitia. have caused many
to call it aspecilic lortheeecolnplainU. Tfcratall
ments require but . few dose.. All snfferina; from
Cctiaajtica or any Si-tuxa tfcs Ltcgi should remem
ber iliSt Or. Crook . U ine of Tax Has cured many
caae pronounced incurable.
TheT'll lid ImaMd should remember it na
TttN sd iarijerat the ayttem, and ia asfiTuc
.4 actcti.ar'fis'rii".
It io cures Lmt tnS Elary OespUtarta, and by
it. healthy action on the btomaeh, remove. Dy.
yszii. Try on. bottle. Take only Dr. Crook'a
Vine of Tar. Bold by Druggie.
Ta fcKfala, ScKfilm Taaon. Scnflfo
Bixuea cf the tyts, m Ocrotula in any
form, Sieiaitica, Eimiat at th. Lvnr, Ci-
tor. Soli Said, Clcen, Hi. eil Sorts, or any .
diacaae depending on a iwpniw wu
dition of the blood, take Cr. fcxi'l Oca).
fCRi Byrsf af fua Kxt. It ia combined
with the beat tonic preparation. of iron
aaown. ano. i. in.
Wood Pnnf.er made. Clcasta year bleed.
Try en. Bottle. Boia oy iKugguM.
TIIH
Railroad Gazette,
a YzzaxY nacui of
Transportation, Engiaefjring anl Mroid Sews.
Tilt attention nrlMtnad Men t. called to thla Journal
whlcuu believed to be at thiettma . -
THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE 1A1LR0A0 JOORIAI
IS THE WORLD!
Treating aa It doe. of an branches of tbe
Complicated business of Transportation, and especial!
. of the Operation of Railroads, Railroad Engineer
ing, the Construction of Locomotives and Cars.
Transactors of this journal Rive
Special Prominence to Railroad ITeva
And there wm be Jbond In Its columns accounts of tin
Organization of all New Companies, the Projection anc
Location of 2Ccw Lines, the Progrtaa of Railroad Con
trar lion, Uie Improvement of Oki Lines, the Business
Diflercnt Roads, the Combinations and Business Arrange
ments of Companies, Annual Reports, Elections snd An
pointmrntsof Directors and Officers, Decisions of Court!
Bi'luhig to Callruads, aud, In short, whatever ia
Interesting or Taloable to a Kailroad Xaa,
Be ttt President, Director, Stockholder, SopRtotendent,
Engineer, Master Mechanic, Ascnt, Conductor, Locomo
live Engineer, or In any way connected with or interested
Vtlclea It Practical Railroad If a:
Form a dlsthicnshlns: feature of the JooraaL LeKfing
Ennneenne Works abd valuahk lmprovemcnls in Railroad
Machinery am
Illustrated ly Pine Eiigravings
In Its oolomns. Eudnrprw. Master Mertuules and Man a
tvcttiren Hod thorn Ulattmed UedcripUoofto-f tbe gmte
Y&lQsV
Proper attcntioa k siren to tbe
BelfttiOB f Sailrads to the CowM-tlty an
Kallroai I-eghUUoa,
Andabototha
BdatioHM 0f CompanUi to their Employe and SUeH
Seserul Might and Dutie.
This prT!a prepared by s enrr o IMltora of etyiechi
qmvliiicaHons, and every pains is tafctsi to make tt awliftpcm
able to every Kailroad Man. ItUalloather iiitlepentlent
avoid all undue nuinna; of men or coqiorationa, ffiva
Dtvs Hilly and imwt.al.r, aims especially to giro practi
ail fnjltntu&ton which will diiceUr aid Its lewViiiin Um
Tosjecntioo of their bnainrsB. Bastoru men find la tin
atiL. bo ad Gazktts the earliest Information of theort
r of oew stalioaton rmllraals in ctwrse of cootructi-a
d are thoa ermbid to establish reiatiuoa with such town.
mx Uie beginning of iocir exigence.
IGINEERING,
. he leadlnc eimlmeihu! Journal of Eneland, Ibr whld
American snlncribeis have nsuallT paid $1 per yvar.wfl
be sent, together with tbe liin aoin aazxrra, fat tli
per year.
Terms of sttaOsoription:
ek" copr, per amimn-
....!.
Ten copies, per annum .. .
SiniecopiM
Letters concerning subscriptions and aitverttelnj shook
be addressed to
A. H. KELLOGG,
110 and 112 Marttaon Street, Oucsco.
Th C aat EntjwalMff Th itiM Trwrr he
K -lialMa-d to VMiuce m pttfect a. auruuLmun oi atv-
Tarrant's Seltzrr At Heat
Is of fta orfcinal. Hie Pcliz tprne of teimin. TV
Apenenl, rtvw-tl on a correct -uialvsis of the S-1Lt Wster.
is evt-n rturH-nor to Uie tuanolacttire -f Nature herseJL br
caiusc It cimtaina all the active medical Dmoen ie of th.
RiffHt.. unalloyed hy any of the inert and uw'tess pan tere
brans iiecaireti. rou have ibe'iacr Nstrrof fcun.
pun lit -li and peTtt-i-tt-d, and protwhly the best, the moot
rt iial fadiartic and antilMuoas preaaratice. en tbe lace ot
SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS.
a. w --
. I. CASE & CO., Racine, Wis.,
Manufacturers of
THRESHING MACHINES
With P1tt nimiT tarwl VrarnfM Tlarw Pnwwe. TtW
Power, Wood Snwinz Machines and Portable Enrt
The Largest Mnanf actory of THRESHERS
la the World
J exming's Seminary.
Aurora, I1L, offers best of adVsntases tn Enrllsh
Ciass.cs, Book-keeping and Music. Send for circulars.
UAMTrn AGENTS, eieiiwlirie to earrrsss r
All I bll our eresi DOLLAR Paper. A line $2J
fiieW fciiirravuie; given to every subscriber. Exusoru.
nary inducements. Address,
tt. li. ISUBSELL, Boston. JUSS.
AGESTSl WANTED fhr rhe !-it- mt r- serl'i.
iUUckoot. tt-udbUuup. L riLiTi' CUn Cleveland, C
CVOA prwt Airerts wanted hi everr town. Ai
,UV tlrtt-s C. Ilr...Mo, iwunwer. 1.
READ - THIS!
ILL PAT AGE1T8 A HA LABI
30 r wkaisdexpaiaesoraiuiwa;ari
v to fvJl ortr uew wooJerral tarenlcoa. hi. I
at, WAwAXa MaralM-A 1
oreas.
1 i-.i c:
TTTHES WKITIHO TO ADTERTTSIKSs
V please sa.j van saw tbe sUvaaMaosa ,
la this Baacr. i , . t t 31fk t$0 1 ' i
k GHEAT MEDICAL CISCOYEBY
U1XLIOKS Bear Testlain t their ;
Wonderful Cormtlve Efleeta. '
SB, WALKER'S CALIFORNIA
nil
Taer art at wile FANCY DRINK.
Made of Poor Rusn, Whisker, frecf ei.trit.
and Refnse Liquor doctored, triced and sweet
ened to please the taste, called "Tonics." Appetis
ers," " Restorers," c, that lead tho tippler on to
drunkenness and ruin, but are a tne Medicine, si ads
from the Native Roots and Ebs of California, Ire.
from all Alc.hollo St imnlants Thev are th.
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER and A LIFE
GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Renovator and
Invujorator of tbe Svstera, carry In jr off all potsoaons
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy conditio a.
No person can take these Bitters accordina; to direc
tions and remain long anwell, provided their bone
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other meana.
and the vital organs wasted beyond the point ot re
pair. Tbey are a Gentle Pwrcatlve aa well aa a
Tonic, possessing also, the peculiar merit ot acting
as a powerful agent In relieving Congestioa or Inflam
mation of the Liver, and all tho Ytsceir.l Organs.
FOR FEMALE COM PLAINTS, waether ia
yocng or old. married or single, at. the .dawn, of wo
msahood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters bars
aoequaL ' '- '
For Inlatnamtorr and Chr.sle Saeasaav.
tissa and Goat, Sjaocasda or Isdigessisn,
Bliloaa, Remittent and Intermittent Fever,
Diseases af tbe Blood, Liver, Kidney, and
Bladder, these .Bitters have been most suecessfuL
Sack Diseases are eassed by Vitiated Blood,
which is generally produced by derangement of th
Diirefitive Organs,
DYSPEPSIA OR niDIGESTTOtf. Head
ache, ram in lao Shoulders, loiiKhd, i jtfiun-ss of th
Chest, Ulzziness, Sour Eructations of th. Stomach.
But taste in the Month, Bilious Attacks. Palpitation
of the Heart. Inflammation of the Lnngs. Pain in th.
regions of the Kidneys, and s hundred other painXoi
symptoms, sre th. oarprings of Dyspepsia.
They Invigorate the Stomach snd stimulate ths tor
pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
etneacy in cleansing to blood of alt impurities, and
impsrting new life and vigor to the wholesystem.
FOR SKL!f DISEASES, Eruptions. Tcttsr. Salt
Khenra, Uiolchei, spots, iMmbies, Pusinles. Boils, Car.
Doucjes, mng- orma, tcaia-ucau, rire fcyes. tr
elas, itcn, bcarft. Discoloration, of the Skin, Bumora
and Disenses of the Skin, of whaterer came or ntnrL.
are literally da; up and carried out of the tvstem In a
hort time by the use of these Bitters. One' bottle In
tnch cases w 111 convince the most incredaioas of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Titrated Blood' whenever yon find ft
Impurities bursting through the skin in Pimples, Erupj
UoMor&ores, clsiaTit when you find it obstructed
and slnfThrlsh in the reins; d-nrnac If wherr tt in fon I, and
your fet liner -wi) 1 tell you when. K eep the blood pura
and the health of the system will follow.
PIN, TA PE, and other WORMS, turkine in th
system oieto many thousand, are ettectnally destroy
edand removed. For fall directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed In four lao
guages ngliah. Genua, French and Spaniihw
J. "WALKER, Proprietor. U. H. McDGSALD aV CO..
druggists and Gen. Agents, San Francisco, CaL, and .
S and SI Commerce Street, Kew Tork.
pr&OLsD BT ALL DRUGGISTS A2TD DSALEBa.
MERCHANTS
GABBLING OIL
13 GOOD FOSV
Pirm tmd Scald,
Fprain a ft 4 Brvitea .
Chrtppeti HntuUi
Fifth hounds, T
Nid Cntivl.
Gt'UtitfAaandx,
Sitfiixt, RinulMH
Pii k'rii,
of An Imal Insects,
i ooach&, atc .sV.,
Ji'morrhout OT PUtS
O'Arrf krmHS
VTri A(ff, or GrrtU.
XtrixaixUt, WimlyuiiSt
bflfffvd Feet,
Fift Hi A I'm Xftfji,
JaIU
Mini ack ttcm tc
Laxa Sil$l.tr0; Xcdlam, i0c; SsiaJI,5c
Tlie Garllm: Oil has Twen In use as a lin'ment for
tnlrty-eurht vein. All we ask to Jair trUd, bat
besiireaui-l in'iuw dtp-rtit-ns.
Ak your m-anft Jruiri-t or denier In mtent
mriiH-in fir oue of our AI manaca and Varte-M.t-ouuw
mud read what the peopit aur about the
Oil r
The Gnrdmiz Oil i for wle by all re-ertah!e
drnlera tiu-uuhoui the CuiitU Mates tuui otiar
tjkjunrrts.
iixxrtettimoniai dare trom lft3 to the. precnt, and
are unmUiritni. Ttte the fMrrttng Oik, and tell your
net-rhhow what -nod it haa doi6.
We deal f:tr and ilheral rtfh all, and dtfV eontra
diciioB Wrm Jur it Aimnjus: er Gx JiooA.
Hanuctnied at Lockport j IT. Yn
--.-BT '
MERCHANT'S . I,
GASGLOG OIL COMPANY,
. JOII5 LTODGE, Secr.
0 O'Olook.
STEAM ENGINES
FOB SALE.
ONE BfBDICK STEAM ISfilSE,
Ybnnr-nower. Prtc with Governor. JI91. TVri'-rffv .
s,o and mtrmntfL Will te sold iur Four nuuuruj
kiuara, cash. Afen.oae
SECOHD-HASTJ HOEIZOKTAI EKGINE,
Mrte bt E. J. Ooxl Co, fWcs-rO Wmrat-nowrr. In.
Merita onliT and warrap;il. Pi-W. wuli Jyilmme
governor, Cost now, ifu. AiU!rs immwliaKly.
r HOand 112Madlaonatras.Cliicaeo.IlL
' NTKD-AtiEST-.
r20 oor (tn VI to
w!l Hi"
ikbroliU iiOMHSIilTTl.K SK.V1M
MA' HINiv Ifcis tiie Ktolrr-ffrri, makt. um
"Ux-kMiM-b9 f;il.keon bolh sidt,i anl w .vy
' ItrrmrrL The best snd dimiy tiniHv 1nj;
Vm liiiie In Ihe martd Aildrw JnHN ON.
CLAliK CO- BnntiiH, M&, i'Ubburtl.ixL,
Caiiaa-v), HL.pt St. Liu , .Mil. ,
ATTKHTIt'S, OV Mtatf OK I1UKKI
Tia yivi' I'll! i .4 12 P411 m .iiariiilif il til o:re the
worst fcine of raw and LntlHUird snn: ak in t-n days, and
work the honv every ilav, or Ihr miMM-y rrfclKlun. or
aJehya!l9BikUeryhsrdw;irt'rstariU3hirirrits. fiend forrlp.
ousts. ZINC COLLaU PAD CO, Buchanan, Michigan.
Wo Will Pay
ft GIST! A STATED SA LA R Y and ex
A pent-s to sell entirely new Articles never beiore in
reduced. For panls-u'ars adrtnas
J. W. FKINK tftc CO. Mil rah a 11, Mich
SEDUCT10X OF PllICES
Toeontormto '
REISTJCTION Or DUTIES.
Sreat Sasinc t CwaBsers By aettlna a.
rsT"Smd Ihr oor 3T-W Price IW snd S CInb form will
vlng to oiflatuuersand reuiunerauve 10 cuui oraanirrra.
THE GBEAT AXEEIC1S TEA C0
.O.Boi5Si 31 andM Vcser SU new Tortt
AT XHB LAST PAT WHAT
A BIS BLAGK CAT-
iln-nanf erwirles to rhOdren manv a parent will have to
iC. rvriniltiiiir Hies and moniiaiiors 10 toiuk-ti
rlpless Utile rhiKren when yon can nr-vent it is rll'iu
"LT C vNoputs Ul prulrct tbein. TlifT sre sent by null
4-ra.ft,on rvript ot prire. One, Vf. Thrre to one ad.
lrrs,sv. ) dicerent ik.aiii(vM HUusa Uus auveruso
lent, juiuress.
,A.R.HOLGHTOIf. JrfRmon, Onio.
RIFf.K. HBOT-tilNr, REVOLVERS'
Gun MittiTal. drc. of evun' kust at ilie lwoit uricvs.
is'nlr ibr a PYk-c I.Ht lo
UllKAT Vit.-TKIIN Gl X WOI.KS, FlttsDnrsB, rt.
Amy Gons, Kuvotvun, du, takru lu ewhanitr
OrsiiTill. Ohio. Colier-3Mh year opens
.-v-ptemoer 7tn
i:ro TtKiiiKiii .-mil rxli'tuiKrl.
Addn-a
P. KLi:U Princiiul.
3
N K ECF I PT of 25 cents and on- pn:ld pntHope
it sent, sTrorvnnHi iserica; i.H-Mze rinxHi ot uie
hwlfiit "iV.; lH)W.wstococ Ilk-h, -XrC.; W.-tehlms.
l-.n Tinu; lnt!k-:tror, isc S.-nd eoority iwxt. A
a 3L W avriLuooM., t9 Djuclay tirvft, iww York.
4 cent WaiilrHt.
Brat artfrlt ou-fiens on tairht.
A. Kaiupie -ac. l
li- Dt xcAN, CUiveioud, Ohio.
Illaritrrtted Rook f Wonder, sent Are, Axi
tliKr OA4vU-JbyCaoai S. ew York City.
liOOr. r'- R-mtr-At on lrl.il 'Koacenta.
2JJ Adlrc U. S. PIANO Co. 613 ITwav. X. Y.
1 C X7 lof C n-.mrarrtt,r.nr. Fa., cffjn choice ( C C li 71
Jill I jwneailvwlsandone-ita
DKAhFOKD ACAD8MY
Krxt term hedrs
1) Aikci -t atO- AKin :8 it circulars, the Phacii-al.
Bradr.), Ma-s.
VP. KICn.4RD40T new and eTegsnt honk
"Giinifroil MMtt't.. Ai?Dtj wanted. Addreas
svrmuAJf Book Hrt!br(l. Caj&a.
OUT THIS OUT
And amd twenty-five cents fcr s ticket, sod get a
Watch, Sewinj machine, Piano,
rsomesrtlcte'of valne. faxflctt' ir1 00. .Vo bthntt.
Address .. .fat,aAsii s wi.
winrmnmi, vruo.
THEA-NECTAR
18 A TTWK
E LACK TEA
wtth trie fr'rr-m ftti Fitwf. 7i
rantett to suit Mil tHt-s. Fr
TeTyirArv-e. Ann itTNda wait .
sale oniv l.v tlie Carent At au
ttcaud Par ilie Tea 1 M'
Cr-nn-h bt- -w York. P. o. Bex
6
9

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