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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, August 25, 1871, Image 1

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Poetry.
UNDER THE STARS.
'Twaa on a clondless summer night ;
The mooo threw down her radiant light:
lhe riror ran, s silrer thread,
Eeside the eurvinz road tnt led
Around the hills-wnh Uuirh and song,
A merry ciowu, we arove along.
Beside me eat yon know a friend ;
Mt " toward I ho bTm ra rA rnA .
"How bright PI said. Ue answered " Tee
a b orient ntunr Bat. dear, yon guess
Td: woile for me th stare did shine
Bis eyes looked level into mine.
Jnst then, from bine moonlighted space
A star dropped; ali its sbinhu? race
Looked after it and blinked away
In CArelsa wonder: "Utiick, I pray,
And wish, before t falls, I cried.
44 I've wished," he quickly replied.
Bnt whit he wished he wonld not tell
Although 1 teased him" All the spell
Were broken if th s mhrht be told ;
But when airain the scattered irold
Should rprinkle all the heavenly bine.
He'd tell me, and 'twould all come true.
nd all the right the rtare looked down
Inquisitive till morning's frown
Of angry red obscured th-ir li-ht.
The day slow passed, then came the night.
And out they jus led in haste, pell -meli.
To hear the wish he had to telL
But all the night we danced, till they
Grew pale and weary with deiav;
And then te frasraut fields between.
We homeward rode, and all the sceue
Was magical our tones were low.
Our pace was somewhat very slow.
" Tour wish, I said, and ail the d.-w
Clung round us as If listening toe ;
My wih "the stars bent do n to bear
My wish was you might love me. dear."
The Stan- they mum hare freshed in glee.
For something blinded, dazzled me.
The silvery mist In their surprise
They must have rushed into my eves.
For out of them rolled, crystal clear,
A something very like a tear;
And.iu-t as he had said 'twould do.
His wl-h, sure enough, came true .
The morning stars once sang to nv-rj.
And why should t"iev i ot sine aiuf
You won't believe it hut tuey did
To us; and when at last he bid
Good bye, th ir solemn light a, Well,
We saw it all, but we won't tell."
BikIoh Adrtrtiter.
Miscellany.
How Faro Banks and Keno Houses Obtain
Their Victims.
Evkbt faro bank and keno home, hitrh
or low, wfcether fair in its d alings, as fan
is understood in the gambling world, or a
recognized system of robbtry, as most of
intm are proved to be, has a class of em
ployes, variouy known as 41 ropers-in,'
"pimps." " pinea " or "skinntrs." Th
last-named U rui is the one now in general
use, and is the most appropriate of the
list, for once in the hands ot one of these
sharpers, the victim is fairly " skinned
of everything valuable. Broadway Ciro
uauKs ana seno nouses nave their "skin
nera"at prominent hi .tela and places of
amusement, and the smaller gamesters of
me cowery keep their ttxils la constant
attendance at concert siloons and beer
gardens. The unwary Etrauger at a first
class hotel finds himst If in the companv
of a w 11 -dressed, chatty, light hearted
fellow, who dt slants glibly on every topic
of the diy, until he has made himself a
favorite, and is on sufficiently good terms
with the "pigeon" to lead him to the
plucking place. The " skinner " of the
Bowery is neither so well-dressed, chattv.
Jtnr r..n.,.v. i . u: -7 , I 'r
uva nv iuuauug, uui. uis eAjjcnence nus
v.ugni mm now to deal with his victims,
and he is. m the main, as successful as his
more aristocratic brother.
Walking up Broadway lsst Thursday
evening, when in front of Niblo's Garden
a repoiter of the Tribune heard one of
two men exclaim, But I tell you I don't
understand the game." The "pig. on"
was protesting, and the " skinner " calmed
his fears with, " 1 11 call the turn for you ;
I'm goingto put a little on it myself" If
he did put any os it himself; the banker
swept it in to be returned at a future time.
The victim's funds were swept in without
a doubt, never to be returned ; the " skin
ner" receiving his precentage on the
amount and stalking off after fresh vic
tims There is not a hotel on Broadway
that is not zealously watched by one or
more of these " touts." Their prey gener-
mur consists oi w estern and oouihera
to
a
"
merchants, visiting New York on business
and their brisk times are cot sequently in
me spring ana autumn. Tneir prototypes
ot the Bowery, a class of men bv no
mean 8 prepoeessing.may all be si en ia a sin
gle evenings' stroll through the beer gar
dens. A few nights ago oue of these men
attempted to ingratiate himself with a
Tribune reporter, but failed, and within -a
few momenta afterward was in close and
amicable conversation with a ward de
tective. This was near the Atlan
tic Garden. Almost any evening these
two tie thitf and the rietective
may be seen lounging about the bar-rooms
of the Atlantic and adjacent beer gardens.
On Saturday mon ing they were quiet ly
Btrolling around the Toombs. Tiiis "bkin
ner " is well known, and is considered a
very successful member of the fraternity.
The detective is not attached to the Sixth
Ward, though most of his time is speut in
its saloons. Another young man, noted
for his persuasive demeanor, makes it a
point to walk through the Atlantic Garden
every night at 11 o'clock, and introduce
himself into the company of some sti an
ger, as though mistaking him for an ac
quaintance. On dcovtring his error he
modestly asks the name of'his intended
victim. Being furniohtd with some or
dinary surname, he icquir s with much
impressiveness, "Ah, but you hav a title ?''
If republican simplicity disdains ti have a
handle put bef re his name, this persua
sive "skinner" casts down his eyes, and
afiects to understand why his iutendnd
" pigeon" refuses to rev. al himself in the
full tplendor of a European title. The
chances are in favor of some vain foul
taking the whole thing in down-right
earnest, and allowing himself to bs flit
tered into the idea that he is in good com
pany. If the "skinner" succeeds in placing
himself on g.od terms with the gullible
mortal, the getting of his cash, if he has
any, is mi rely a matter often or fifteen
minutes' time, as he is speedily carried off
to the faro bank to which his etcort is at
tached, and there robbed. It is a notorious
fact that this business is done every day in
the Fourteenth Ward, aid complaints of
robbery are frequent. Still the houses re
main practically undis nrbed, and the
"skinners" are usually ou the best of
terms with the police.
Where these fellows who take the
meanest part in plundering fools, and re
ceive the least share of the profits come
from, is a matter that puzzles even astute
pollosinen. The one last mentioned above
is believed to be a German f good family,
who came to this country with a pocket'ul
of money which he lost to the men who
now employ him ; whila others have been
thieves from infancy, and will remain so
to the end of their lives. JV. T. Tribune.
In Maryland they have a colored man
whom they style the African Fire King.
Recently he gave an exhibition of his
" powers " to a select company. After ap
plying a red hot snovel to the bottom of
one of his feet, without making any im
pression on him, also licking the shovel,
still red hot, with his tongue, without even
drying the saliva in his mouth, and taking
a red-hot anthracite coal from a stove,
without scorching his hand or fingers in
which he held it, he asked if there were
"unbelievers" present. One individual
stating that he remained unconvinced, the
Fire King, as the story goes, put a shovel
in the stove and partially filled it with
shot, and when the shot got pretty hot he
stirred them with his naked fingets till the
lead had melted. He then took the shovel
in his right hand and poured the hot
melted lead in his left band, and then
poured the burning solution into his
mouth, kept it there till it cooled, and spit
it out in a lump. After this latter per
formance, the "unbeliever" expressed
himself entirely satisfied. The Fire King
said "that was only a $20 performance;
if they would make him up $50 he would
show them something worth seeing."
The Governor of Ohio has received a
letter f-om Dundee, Scotland, making in
quiries as to the suitableness of that State
for a Scotch colony, which is about to
emigrate bodily to this country.
shut
all
An unpoetical vouth described his
fiancee's hair as frizzled in front, and fri-1 And
caseed and scrambled at the back.
an
I,
see
I
sir,
the
ped
sate
for
th
at
his
the
old
and,
in
in
into
the
let
filled
part,
But
table
days
"
law"s
descr
may
cm.
quite
is
and
7
T
T TTT7!
m
VOLUME I.
McCONNELLSVILLE, OHIO, FItlDAY, AUGUST 23, 1871.
NUMBER 21.
DR. PECHAL'S THEORY.
BY JULIAN HAWTHORNE.
Not long ago, tlio steamer Ecliptic
Drought to Xtw i ork, among other pas
sengcrs. a la', lrowy niaa, lather short,
aud evidintly a:or.-:xcer thmiUof what
nanonslity, oiyin-r u his f .ciiltarity vrith
languages, it xs not easy to dic.oe. Ha
was not an e-imc'.ng man, ws super-
naturally conceited, s uie said crazy. He
wore a pair cf unusually stiny spectacles
it was believed to assist him lu 8tarin.
His hair wan low' tangled and sandy,
overhDjin!j; hb coat-coliar, and pushed
bark leutnd his ears. Ilia iuegage con
sited of a ragged, black carpet-bag, which
no one susnecU J ot containing clothes.
1 he captain L-mselt was not sacred trom
tae lrtruive impeiiinence 01 tins man.
The second dcy out, at dinner, he stared
umntcn.pu'&ly lor ten minutes at that of
ficer, and tlen said :
" Yon must be a Scotchman !
The captain's little hobby was to be
taken for an American ; so he bowed some
what stiy, and continued his couvcrsa
titm with the American banker s wi'i, at
his right.
lae trow-y loreigner drew irom his
pocket a creasy note-book, piloted his way
through several pages with his dirty fore
finger, i ill he trrivea at a certain entry;
then, w.th a powerful assertativeness :
" You are lory -eight years oia to-day r
The canfcua was a young-looking man.
perhaps not wnwjlinely so, especially in
the tyes of h.s fcir ncht hand neighbor.
So he looLed up ra:her severely at the
foreigner, and atid, grutsy :
"01 coarse," pursued the other, absorbed
m tu note-book - all here, sir. l calcu
lattd your -roup some time ago; it coin
prises four, and possibly five. I met one
las year in Turkey a very pretty little
?iri- Wnersaboiits will you be seven
weeks irom 10-cay, captain r
patience began to grow
The cantcin'
thin : but Le com uandcd himself to reply.
albeit somewhat te&uly :
'uire fair wet iter, oil the southern
coat of Irelt. 1."
The frowsy foreigner was charmed. He
bubbled over with an unclean smile : his
teeth were dreadf jL
"KigUt! cuite right r he exclaimed,
rubuibg his fat hcuds self approvingly
"You will be drowned off that coast, sir;
steamer founders, or you are washed over
board cannot be sure which.
At thia sally, ery one, except the cap
tain, either laughed or smiled. He, strange
to say, turned pate and frowned slightly.
u r. : . !.-; . ni.w n,
The fortign lunatic calmly n placed his
note book anC resumed his dinner.
Could it have bepn a coincidence that.
seven weeks from lLat day, in a heavy sea
on the southern corst ot Ireland, (Japtain
McAlcnuy, cf the Ecliptic, was wathed
overboard and lost? Curious, at all
events ; Moreover though, what has this
do with it? vLe little daughter of a
prominent oQcial in Constantinople died
the same da, after the crisis of a long and
paintui lever.
The conceited foreigner was not, there
fore, an agreeable companion. He was no
respecter of persons ; for he used up even
custom house oiacer in ihis wise
After ttansfiximr him with an indignant
and prolonged glare of his spectacles
Why, yoa should have been dead two
years ajo. Your tune expired in tne sum
mer of lt3G9. I saw one of your group
condemned to be banged lor mnraer in
June of that yew. end I cannot be mis
taken in you," said he, referring to his
note hook.
against cne. Ah, rmil ! why didst thou
thine eyes when Destiny ofi'ered thee
lhf rrtnfit exart intArnrptntinn jv-mlH
she loved thee, EmiL Yes my
friend; but that was twenty years ago !
The cistom house officer glared back in
eavae atnaement. " E f 't warn't f my wife
child'n," Le began, menacingly; but
rat toreigner s trow cleared up imme
diately, as if his mind were relieved from
immense load o: perplexity.
" My dear sir to be sure ! How could
of all men, make such an oversight?
And now I recollect his sentence was
commuted imprisonment for life. Let me
your wife? ah, yes! she belongs also
with the young Frenchman ; and that Jew,
think, must oe a connection. Well, well,
you're safe for six years yet" And the
maniac departed in total apparent uncon
sciousness of the blnck wrath distorting
custom-house oQcer's black visage.
Landed in New York, he grasped his
racged, blacx carpet-bag, and walked to
South Sea LoteL On his way he stop
to purchase a directory, and barely
escaped b ting knocked down by the sales
man liecause he informed him the only
thing in his rxse was to marry a cer
tain African lady, a resident of Guinea
Arriving at the hotel, he engaged a room
three days, and registered his name as
Pechal, Ironi Belgium. He eyed the gen
manly clerk tearchingly.
" Your hair tutt bs dyed, sir," said he
last, firmlj.
The gentlemanly clerk drew himself up
baughuly. -The doctor glared, and shook
trocy head.
"No use, sir; it won't save you. No
immediate danger, however ; your group
remains ti;i me next oecaoe.'
In short, Dr. Pechal was not merely dis
agreeable he was awful
He entered and locked his room-door.
opened the buxk rarpet-bag and poured
conteuts on the table nothing but
books ! There were a volume of lo
garithms, life-insurance reports, works on
phrenology and phyiology, metaphysical
compilations, directories of various cities,
at the very bottom of the bag, a large
manuscript volume, whose contents the
doctor only knew.
He placed these paraphernalia of research
a semicle upon the table, seated himtelf
the concavity of the arc, and worked
away steadily for at least three hours, con
cluding by writirg down his results in the
manuscript volume, and making an eliouiia
tion thereof into the greasy note-book.
Then he leaned back, ran his thick fingers
his hair, and ruminated. The manu
script book lay open on the table. It was
entitled " Todes-Gesetz," which appella
tion, shou'd it ail'ird no enlightenment to
reader, places him on an equality wi h,
us say, nine people out of ten. It was
with closely-written pares of myste
rious and enifmatical import, in a dozen
different languages, and, for the most
unimportant to the present history.
the last entty, ad transcribed into the
greasy note-book, rnay possible be of some
assistance. Here it is :
" Group comprises four. Distribution
two to one each In Belfast, America,
possibly Trance, possibly Asia.
"Distribution as regards sex male, two ;
females, two.
"Incidence of law (as calculated from
of logarithms, 'Natural Sine') four
frou date, subject to following im
pediments aud exceptions:
1. Amalgamation to have occurred be
tween two of thU group ; or
"2. Such amalgamation to take place
within the net four days, provided that
Literal identity of surname exists be
t wee u the two.
"Outside contracts no obstruction to
c.uree.'"
Besides thi3 there were sundry personal
ptions and date, and numerous refer-
th
of
as
the
his
no
the
the
I
But
yet
sir,
that
a
to
the
encea, citations, end commpnta whinh
as well be p&tsed over for the ores- rest
iu ua utore vo me point, and
as discreet, to listen to the doctor's
runiinoionfl:
Poor prospects, Emil, very poor ! Al
lowing thee everything that the person
in New Yor. is a woman. is unmarried
is willing to marry thee still are the
cnancea as
lime-honored
to literal identy an infinity ago,
in a spruce stage, with vivid medallions
and golden scroll work on a deep ultrama-
nadst thou but known then what
thou knowest now, thou hadst not thin
gone alone to sot k thy fortune!
Ai)d doft thou hope to fiad Iter here?
As well that ss another like her! Nay,
evfn tut-n, cost tfcou believe the woulu
still care for thee, Etnil?' eiolaimfd the
doctor, rising and going to the dressing
table, on which was erected a small mir
ror. "Alas! tli ou art sadly changed! I
fear she would Hud dea.h. more attractive
than thfe.
"But courage!" exclaimed Dr. Pechal,
fg-iia robinT himself from his d&pon
dency. uhti ua persevere to tlio end!
One more attempt, friend Emiiere we say
t irwell to each other! Let us use well
the time that remains to us!"' With
which partiug exhorta'i jna to the ample
ana lugubrials countenance in the mirror,
the doctor turned away, replaced his
library in his carpet-bag; and, it being al-
raay late, we w.ii ka?c mm in unais
turned possession of his room.
Next morcifl?, having performed his
arid toilet, this unpleaiant and mysterious
man appcar-?d upon Bioadway. the pen
etra'ing glare of his spectacles, as he
shuffled onward, was ever and anon di
reeled at some passing face, whenever it
seemed to come within the range of his
wiurd and preternatural intelligence. For
himself, such attention as he received was
not complimentary. What a turning of
tatik-s, could they have recognized in this
uncouth individual the man who had re
duced mortality to a working formula!
But their non appreciation troubled nun
not ; he was perhaps used to it.
Having reached the Fifth Avenue
HotcL the doctor paused, and looked about
him somewhat wearily. Wnat besought
was apparently no nearer than ever. For
all that, his ilestiny was even then upon
him; it was coming rapidly up the avenue
rine background. Yet, so unconscious did
the doctor appear that, were it not an
established fact that Destiny never makes
a mistake in her appointments, and is
always tunctual, it would seem a mere
chance he did not miss her altogether.
1 he stage Contained but one passenger
a charming young lady. To look at her
was a ruUaed aud exquisite enjoyment.
She was the flower ot gentle breeding;
and an indescribable, scarcely-perceptible
aroma, peculiar to such flowers, hovered
about her like an evanescent mist. The
contrast between her very dark hazel eyes
and straight, hue eyebrows, and the amber
tint ot her crisp and vigorous hair, made
her beauty more striking than it would
otherwise have been. Her complexion
was clear and luminously pale, the skin
drawn smoothly over the rounded flsh.
All the refinement and faschiation of her
face seemed to culminate in a petfect little
nose, with delicate nostrils a&d pointed
tip. The curve of her lips might have
seemed haughty, but that there hovired
always about them the remembrance or
the promise of a smile.
bwavetl by i know not wnat mysterious
impulse, this nre creature turned in her
seal iut as the stage was passing the
upper corner of West Twenty-third street,
aud looked straight at a foreign,
ill-conditioned figure that happened
at that moment to be standing there.
The figure, at the same moment, raised a
heavy and woe-begone countenance to
the stage win tow. and the shining specta
cies aud dark hazel eyes met. Perhaps
the extremes of human nature presented
no wider contrast.
The young lady recoiled with a refined
little shudder.
"What a dreadful thing!" Then she
gave a startled little scream.
i or ihj oreadtui thug had suddenly
frozen into an awful stare, rapidly shift
ing into an expression of wild delight.
lie had made a clumsy rush lor the stage
door, wrenched it convulsively open, and
flung himself, panting and perspiring, upon
ODDoslle. Within the narrow limits
that Filth avenue stage extremes had
met at last !
And what did the hiirh-bred ladv do ?
First impufse scream for help, or spring
from the vehicle ! But the next moment
pride cast out fear bullied it into sub
mission, rat her. Ten times more almared,
reason of her high-wrought organiza-
zion, than any ordinary pers n could have
been, no outward sign, sive bloodless lips.
betrayed it. She sat stern and motion
less as a little statue, except that her heart
beat so.
It was all thrown away on Dr. PechaL
He was at that moment too thoroughly
impregnated with pleasurable emotions to
admit of any other sensation. His first
act, after recovering wind, was to draw
firth the inevitable pocket note-book.
From its pages to the pale little face and
back again, he gazed with artless delight,
if comparing as excellent likeness with
the original. One might detect, more
over, in his expression, the secret self sat
isfaction of the successful artist But,
more skillful than his fellows, this man
had drawn his portrait first, aud by its
means discovered the original atterwurd.
The comparison satisfactorily concluded.
artist pocketed his work, and surveyed
sitter complacently.
he
the
ask
is
had
tor.
so
that
age
of
no
chnl
1
ing
he
" How fortunate," he ejaculated, at last,
vou have turned out to be a woman! i ful
Had you been a man " The doctor
seemed loath to contemplate so teartul an or.
"
the
life,
are
For
alternative.
"Crazy!" thought the young lady, and
irrepressible shiver of horror ran
through her.
But being a woman, resumed the
doctor, forcibly, all may be welL Pray,
take an interest in me ! Believe me, I am
stranger to you, and our individual
welfare depends exclusively upon each
other."
" Do I understand you to say you are ac
quainted with me, sir?" demanded she,
catching at the first hop 'ful straw.
" Ah, none better," replied the doctor.
You are not yet quite twenty am I not
fifty? You are rich am I not poor?
Your name is " Here the doctor
paused.
The young lady s hazel eyes were black
witn expectation.
" Caleph ? ' hazarded the doctor, with an
insinuating grin, yet with an undertone of
anxiety in his voice.
lhe young lany started, and blushed to
forehead. A moment she looked at
doctor earnestly with an indescribable
expression ; then burst forth into a most de
licious little laugh.
" Well, now, jou mutt know me, though
don't remember you, I'm sure. And how
strange that he never spoke of you either!
no, blushing again; "l m not that
only Mabel Chapel still, if you please,
with ravis-hing sweetness.
"Chapel Mabel Chapel, repeated the
doctor, retiring behind his spectacles. It
seemed to be all he heard, as it was cer
tainly all he understood, of this remarkable
little speech. " Chapel ah, yes. yes : now
certainly is wonderful !" And again
broad smile of delight disclosed those
awtui teeth.
Then he recovered himself, and turned
address his lovely companion oce
more. But the rattle of the wheels over
Fifth avenue pavement drowned the
the conversation for the present.
"Oh. nursie. he was so dreadful!" said
MabeL piteouslv, as old ChrL-tina, the
domestic of the family, was
combiog out her hair tuateveLing.
Christina had had the sole care oi JUi
tipVfi amlipr Vtni.- pver nincn twe.ntv vpjtra
there had been any such hair to be
carel for.
Think not of him, my Ma'tclein," ad
vised the old lady. "He was some crazy,
ru:;aivav man."
" That's what I thought at first." reioined
MabeL "But, nursie, he seemed to
is
that
a
of
be
the
I
wife
their
io
tive
the
I
self:
she
two
Hew
in
and
you
ine
out
to
from
neck
and
know all about me, even my enticement
to Charlie, that no one knows, ou know;
4 hy,'' siid Mabel, blush ing at he reco lec
tion, "ha adJres"d me as Mra.CalepU;
and, when 1 told him I wasn't married yet,
the horrid thing sa.d I must mry him
and ritjlit oil', loo, or we would bolh be
dtad! And then he went on and ttlked
about all torts of the s'.rangest, most in
comprehensible tiling?, and read something
to me out ot a dirty note-book e had
about group3 and t'to law, and distribu
tions, and literal identity s, and I don't
know what else. Wasn't it terrible ?"
" But he i3 gone he returns no more,"
said nursie, soothingly.
An, but he does return " said 3laoci,
disconsolntcly. He's coming here to
morrow night ; he said he must como any
way to get my answer. Think of it ! And
I old him to come, then, because Charlie
will he here, you kaow, ai.ii he cm talk to
him."
" What name has he, my Slabelein?" in
quired Chribtiia. v .
Oh, some thrmrji csme ; I irmemU
it reminded me somehow cf your list
name, r ursie Lapcch.' There was a
' pech ' about it, and ob, yes, I know, it
was 1'echal ut. 1'echaL
Christina started so that, for almost the
first time in her lifa. she nulled Mahpl'a
hair.
" Ah !" screamed Mabel ; then, catching
sight of the old lady's face in the mirror,
wh v. nursie dear, what's the matter? '
'.Nothing, my Liebchen. nothing: onlv I
that the name reminded old Christina of a
time long ago.before thou wast bom, Ma
bcl in wnt-n she, too, was engaged to be
married. Ah, that was a happy time!''
sighed nursie.
" lea m. all about it, dear," said Mabel,
persuasively; all matters of the heart were
to her of paramount interest and import
ance.
"There is little to telL Liebchen. He
was stout, handsome and brave ; he wore
a studtnts cap. and lougbt with the
Schlager. He was wise, also; he knew
more than an the protestors. And he
loved his Christinchen; and to me he was
very dear, said the old lady, simply.
"But why didn t you marry him ?" de
manded Mabel
Ah, that is a sad history, Mabelein
Thou kno est we once were wealthy, and
had rank. But a time came we had lost
ourfor une we were poor and unfortu
nate. But he was brave ; he said : ' I will
go, Christinchen, and see. I will make
fortune for us alL And he went, but I
never after saw him, and I think he died,
for I believe not he would ever forget his
Uhristitchen.
Poor, de tr old nursie, said the tender
hearted Mabel, with tears standing in her
sweet eyes. "And was this before you
came to us 7
" Ye Liebchm ; your father and mother
were then boarding at our house ; and your
dear mother, who is now dead, liked me
and I her ; so when yon went away, she
took me to be nurse and to kelp her. i
said : ' If he comes, I must leave you.' But
never came, and I am always here
Poor, dear, old nursie, thought MabeL
again, an hour later, as she lay with her
cheL-k upon her hand, waiting for sleep.
Ana she never told me ot it before!
Well, some day perhaps he will come back
and marry her, and then she will be as
happy as 1 shall be.
Do pleasant dreams always go by con
tranesr
" Do you mean to sav, sir," demanded
Uharlie, who sat with Mabel 8 little trem
bling hand in his, " that you have evolved
law which regulates the time, place.
and circumstances, of the death of every
human being?"
"It Is precisely that," replied Dr. Pe
chal, ccaimed at being so well understood.
Were the room not so dark, sir, I would
you to look over my little book. All
explained there."
The doctor, calling late in the evening.
come upon Mabel and Charlie Caleph
sitting together in the dusk ; and, being a
somewhat abrupt gentleman, he had en
tered upon his business at once, without
waiting even for candles.
iut how do you know your law is
true? a.-tea Mabel, defiantly.
Is it not then logical ? said the doc
" The insurance companies have gone
far as to establish the average age at
which death comes: if a man die here at
sixty, somewhere must die a boy of twelve,
the balance may be preserved. Is it
probable that this balance should relate to
alone ? Is there not also the balance
one sex against the other, of light againF'
dark, ot nation against nation, ot temper
ament against temperament? Not even
here can we draw the line: the farther we
search the more the conditions that arise :
trait, however subtle; no feature, how
insignificant but bears directly, how
ever lightly, upon man's destiny. What
could be more clear, more inevitable ? "
Charlie and .Mabel were silent ; a strange
seemed creeping around their hearts.
he doctor s voice, all apparently remain
of him in the darkened room, sounded
solemn and mysterious as he gave
-
a
a
in
as
a
its
to
in
"
cv.
in
of
all
utterance to the thoughts which
had been all his life revolving. Wholly
bound up in the contemplation of his aw-
theory, his words were not without an
impressiveness even more powerful than
unary eloquence.
-it is mated strange, resumed he, ton
that mankind, continually prying after
mysteries of science and the laws of
should never have set themselves to
learn the most important and yet the
simplest law which tells them when tbey
to die, and wno snail die witn them.
no man dies alone. There is a mys
terious chain, tormed ot innumerable aud
invisible links, binding his life to that of
others, be their number more or less. He
one of a group ; and the breaking of
one chain is the dissolution of tueir
common life."
"Can nothing hinder this law if it be
law? demanued Charlie.
It is seldom possible " replied the
doctor. - lhe only satety lies in mar
riage, which constitutes a new condition
things annulling the old. But it must
no ordinary marriage. To be efilcacious,
most exacting conditions have to be
fulfilled. Of the many, it is only needful
should mention two : the husband and
must belong to the same group, and
names must be composed of the same
letters, differently arransed. And this."
added the doctor, " bears upon my errand
nignu
Mabel shuddered, and drew nearer to
Charlie, who passed his arm around her
waist. Dr. Pechal proceeded :
I have discovered, by the most exhaus
calculations, that before this hour to
morrow my death, and that of all my
group, is destined to take place. My cal
culations also showed that one at least of
group must be a resident of this city
knew there were but three besides my
one, whom I was personally ac
quainted with" the doctor cleared his
throat" was not to be thought of. thoueh
once might have saved us all ; of the
others remaining, one I knew to be a
woman, and, trusting she might be the
Yorker, I came here to seek her. ard
the person of this young lady I have
found her. She is a member of my group ;
she, as her name proclaims her. is
destined to Eave us both by uniting her
uesmiy to mine.
or
the
it
as
fail
but
in
is
rule
the
not
and
and
to
in
very
very
and
Analyze our names siMa
find them literally identical ; and for
rest, me proots are easy ana irre
fragable." Here the doctor paused, and. holding
one of his fat hands, seemed duskily
summon Mabel from her lover's side.
Charlie groaned, and removed his arm
her waist; but her's was around his
in an instant, and her voice was clear
firm:
so
in
ca
will
"Whether your hateful theory be a
truth or a falsehood, neither it nor you
shall ever part us. Do you suppose I care
so much for my life here as to tell, for its
sake, all that is most sacred and precious
to me? You have much to lesrn, with ail
your wisdom. Did it never occur to you
that there is a Life, somewhere, waich no
theory of yours can ever rtachr And
that very death, by which you seek to en
slave me, shall be the means of my tri
umph over you!"
The doctor was awe-stricken and silent,
and Charlie, who could scarce beii.ve this
to be the modest and tender little girl
whom he had loved, and thought he knew,
looked up at her with a reverence he had
never lelt btfoie. " You are right, dar
ling," he murmured, but sighing heavily.
Death is better thnn such a life as thitl"
"It is an alternative of death," she an
swered, "one of the) body, the other of
the toul. But do not sigh, my love.
What this man says is false ; no divine
law cocld authorize such a consummation.
i do not believe his thory !"
At this, Dr. Pechal, who had been edg
ing toward the door, advanced again into
the room, and spoke with emphasis:
"You say you do not b. he ve my the
ory ? Very well ! The proof is at any
Jate easy. Twenty-four hours will show
ana I, at least, am ready to die in defense
" what l have spent my lite to veniy.
As he turned to depart, the door opened.
admitting a glare of light Christina wi'h
two tall wax candles. The doctor was
dazzled, and shaded his face with his hand.
Christina looked keenly at him as she
pkced the candles on the table.
"It is already so dark, Fraulcin," said
she, " and the gentleman is here," turning
to the doctor, "I thought the candles
would be pleasant to you."
At the sound of her voice. Dr. Pechal
started, and seemed strangely agitated.
He jeered earnestly at the speaker through
his ipectacies.
"Ton may go, Christina." said Mabel.
"Christina!" cried the doctor, in
tremulous voice, "Christina! Christina
Lapeeh ! can it be thou ?"' He stretched
toward her his stumpy hands, which shook
as it with an ague.
Christina gazed at him as if he were
ghost At last she gave a low cry, pathetic
and loving.
" Ah ! Emu, my own Emil ! alter twenty
years, hast thou come back to me?"
And what did these ridiculous old crea
tures proceed to do, but fail into each
other's arms and blubber like two chil
dren, putting the younger lovers to the
blush with the fervor of their emotion.
bursting freshly through the cerements of
lifetime!
So the candles had at least as much to
do with Dr. Pechal's destiny as the om
nibus. Several other dusky points were
also illuminated by their light. As soon
he had recovered himself, and things
had regun to settle, the doctor recognized
Cnarlie Caleph the fourth member of
the group.
A remarkable coincidence! and, alter
moment's reflection, " Sir, I have not yet
learned your name except the first one,
What is the last ? '
" Why. Dr. Pechal!" exclaimed Mab.l.
largi-eved wonderment, " how can you
help knowing his name, when you ad
dressed me in the omnibus as Mrs. Ca
leph?"
Upon which it transpired that the doc
tor had, in fact, known nothing er her of
her name or engagement ; but had haz
ards d a name containing the same letters
his own, feeling that in case it turned
out to be the correct one, he would lay
strong claim to the possession of her
hand. The little game at cross-purposes
whicii had ensued, eudmg in a solution
which answered the purpose equally well
had banished his first guess from his mind.
Mow, as the reader has long ago divined,
appearance as the surname of our
friend Charlie at once established hit right
Mabel by the ruling oi that very law
which had at first seemed so adverse to
their happiness.
And Dr. Pechal, it is needless to remark,
was more than ready to forego his china
one whom he already regarded with
ridiculous awe, for the sake of her who,
lost through so many years, he had long
ago given up as married and done for.
And thou art rewarded for thy constan
Christinchen," siid the old hypocrite.
sententiously ; "for, hadst thou bten mar
ried, and our union impossible, so, also,
would have been the preservation of our
lives. Charlie s eyes had a quiet twinkle
them ; he was thinking what a constant
man the doctor had been lately.
"The law has been very lenient to all
us," perorated the doctor; " seldom do
the members of a group posses the
qualifications for intermarriage, or the op
portunity to pront by the privilege u tney
have it."
"I'm afraid, doctor, said Charlie,
"you'll never forgive those unfortunate
candles for depriving you of the chance to
prove your theory correct ; though even
if you insist upon it, it is not too
late."
No. no!" said Dr. Pechal, rather
gruflly ; " after alL there would be no sat
isfaction in it; for not one of you would
remain alive long enough to confess your
"that selves convinced?'
And, as far as they are concerned, the
theory still lacks confirmation. Apple-
Journal.
to
"
Home Talk to Girls.
Your every day toilet is part of your
character. A girl that looks like a "lury
"sloven" in the morning is sot to be
trusted, however finely she may look in
evening. No matter how humble
your room may be, there are eight things
should contain, namely: A mirror, wash
stand, soap, towel, comb, hair, nail and
tooth brushes. Tbos are just ss essential
your breakfast, before which you should
make good use of them. Parents who
to provide their children with such ap
pliances not only make a great mistake
commit a sin of omission. Look tidy
the morning, and after the dinner work
over improve your toilette. Make it a
of your daily life to " dress up" for
afternoon. Your dress mayor need
be anything better than calico ; but
with a ribbon or flower or some bit of or
nament, you can have an air of self-respect
satisfaction that invariably comes with
b'ing well dressed. A girl with fine sensi
bilities cannot help feeling emoarrassed
awkward in a ragged and dirty dress,
with her hair unkempt, should a neighbor
come in. Moreover, your sell-respect
should demand the decent appareling of
your body. You should make it a point
look as well as you can, even if you
know nobody will see you but yourself
Exchange.
of
fly-leaf
Sunshine and Sleep.
Sleepless people and they are many
America should court the sun. The
worst soporific is laudanum, and the
best, sunshine. Therefore, it is very
plain that poor sleepers should pass as
many hours as possible in sunshine, and
as few as possible in the shade. Many
women are martyrs, and yet tney oo not
know it. They shut the sunshine out of
houses and their hearts, they wear
vails, they carry parasols, they do all pos-
to keep on the suDliest ana yet most
potent influence which is intended to give
strength and beauty and cheerful
ness. Is it hot time to change all tEis, and
get color and roses in our pale cheeks,
strength in our weak backs, and courage
our timid souls ? The women of Amer-
ara pale and delicate; they may be
blooming and strong, and the sunlight
be a potent influence in this transfor
mation. Mural Hew Yorker.
his
in
the
of
his
if
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
A Soft Blow A gentle breeze,
A Rooted Sorrow The toothache.
FoKETiioronT and Prudence both say
insure your Hie. lake their advice, and
insure in the Washington.
There are fourteen Americans studying
at the tnivemty ot Ltij-sic, and sixty
seven at Berlin.
Make friends with life insurance, that
when you are old it may comfort vou.
Insure with the Mutual Life, of Chica;
Florida punishes her criminals by
prison diet of ham and eggs. They have
to turn out the military three or four times
a week to keep the outsiders from breaking
into tue penitentiary.
The following is from the Terre Haute
Jd'til : "If the pirty who plays the ac
cordion in this vicinity at nights will only
change his tune occasionally, or sit whore
w.i can scald him when the engine has
steam on, he will hear of something to his
advantage,"
A witkss under cross-examination, who
bad been tortured by a lawyer for several
hours, at last asked for a drink of water.
" There," said the Ju ige, " I think you
better let that witness go now, as you have
pumped him dry."
A GEJiTLEMAX of Dubuque sent up
little red balloon labeled so that it should
be known who sent it and where from.
In less than a week he received a letter
from Akron, Ohio, that it had arrived
there, five hundred miles from where it
started.
Font young Scotchmen living in Kan
sas City, Mo., advertise in the Edinburg
aeolrman that they "find it difficult to
conform to the usages of American so
ciety," and, in order to " revive the good
old associations of former days," long to
correspond with "a limited number of
bonnie lasses of culture and refinement in
their native land."
As "oracle " at New Orleans, discours
ing on the wpnders of the Mississippi,
mentioned the iron coffla of De Soto,
containing the golden trumpet given him
by Queen Victoria. "What!" exrlaimed
one; "not Queen Victoria?" "Yes, sir.
Queen Victoria." "Why; she wasn
born then by two hundred years or more."
" 1 don t care u she wasn t," was me bold
reply ; " I reckon she could leave it in her
will."
1 he Rochester Democrat U slightly sar
castic on a railroad line in thU vicinity.
It says that a gentleman took the train a
tew days ago on what is termed the
"Huckleberry road." running between
Avon and Jlount Morns. Alter me train
started from Avon he discovered that he
had left a valuable dog behind, but on ar
riving at Mount Moms the lost dog was
found sitting at the station awaiting the
arrival of his master.
Loc.ic.
Tia ft ange, hot true, that a common cat
11 a got Un lail just think of thatl
Iron'! re it, eh? The fnct la plain.
To prove it so I riae t' explain.
We ray: A cat baa bat one tail
Behold bow logic lifts the veil:
Vocat ba- nine tills: don't joo fee
Out cat baa oue tail more th n she?
Now add tbe one tall to the nine,
You'll dnd a tall ten-tailed fell e.
As Holmes bas said in his "One horse Shay,"
Louie ia logic, that's all I say.
A foreman of one of our factories was
aggravated by the action of a new hand
who failed to perlorm his duty right.
although repeatedly explained to him. He
told him what he thought ot men who
did as he was doing ; mentioned the torrid
zone, and dipped to the very roots of the
English language for vigor of expression,
and men suddenly ana quietly wiinarew
on being informed that the anxious lis
tener wus a deal mule. JJanoury Acute.
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps tells us
that "the average young woman spends
enough inventive power, enougn nnanciu
shrewdness, enough close foresight,
enough .perturbation of spirit, enough
presence of mind, enough patience of hope
and anguish of regret upon one season's
outfit I had almost said upon one single
street suit to make an excellent bank
cashier, or a comfortable graduate of a
theological seminary."
A correspondent writes to an ex
change, inquiring " what is the best treat
ment to prevent the development of hy
drophobia in dogs," and is answered as fol
lows : Don't really know about the best,
but if you will give your dog water
enouch it is pretty certain he can t have
the disease. The satest way to insure mm
an abundance of this indispensable fluid is
anchor him in about- seven feet of
water, so that his head will be from
lghteen to twenty-nve inches Deiow me
surface. In tnat way he can drink as
much as he wants. Any surplus he may
hance to swallow will do more good than
harm.
Apropos of the stage of life behind
scenes, the Philadelphia Telegraph says:
We have heard Mr. Murdoch tell of a
choice lot of patriots he was leading in
some place or other, who had, with infin
ite care, been uriuea to maKe certain ex
clamations in a set order. But brains to
adapt themselves to the situation they had
not. Mr. Murdoch made an inadvertant
transposition of his own lines, and the fol
lowing snort out, empuauc uiniogue waa
result: Hero Would ye be slaves?
Shouters We would! we would! Hero
(finding it too late to cry back, and tni9t-
ine to luck) Would je be free men?
Shouters We'd die first !
Doing zood under difficulties is thus il
lustrated in the experience of a missionary
the American Sunday School Union, in
Western State: "At the nrst settlement
came to I found that there had never b--cn
Sundav-shool in that region, and the
people could hardly understand what I
wanted. One had never seen a Sunday-
school, and thought there must be some
trick about it Having some books with
me I proposed to give him one. No, sir.
don t want it: i can t anoro it: ior I
know, if I take it, there will be some sort of
officer alter taxes on it.' l wrote on me
'No tax to be collected on this
book,' and then he consented to take it"
At a recent meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce ot South uradtora, England, it
was reported that the growth of wool in
Australia was increasing every year. The
total imports of sheep and lambs' wool into
Great Britain amounted to 191,5Cl,:iS9
pounds in the first six months of 1871
atrainst 160821,340 pounds in 1870 and
144,174,733 pounds in lUG'J. In these to
tals the Australian wool amounted to 134,-
i3,2SJ pounds dunne corresponding pe
iinls iu 1S71 seaintt 135.028 213 pounds in
1870 and 103,772,827 pounds in 18ti9. The
value of the imports of wool from Austra
now amount to from $7,500,000 to $10,-
000,000 a month.
Tub other day the rare sight was pre
sented here of a soft Lobster just out of
is old clothes, and his cast-oil shell by
side. He was foolish enough to creep
a lobster net iust before he took off his
overcoat, and was captured soft and fresh.
Lobsters cast their shells once a year, dur
ing their growing period. Some time be
fore they are very restless and uneasy,
nrobablv from the pain of the tight fit,
the animal struggles to relieve him
self. Soon the shell is split across
bick, the back, the claws are drawn out
first next the feet which comes hard, then
head and the eyes, and lastly the taiL
The whole operation involves a good deal
shivering and pulling. In drawing out
legs and claws, as in his ferocious com
bats with other lobsters, if he breaks off a
limb, he always does it at the second joint;
not he is a gone lobster by bleeding to
death. Cape Ann Advertiter.
a
is
to
is
is
if
to
on
It
in
the
the
to
in
and
in
About Vipers.
This reptile is not nearly so terrible as
is generally supposed. 1 rue it possesses
venomous iargs, and its b'te is very dan-
geroU!, though not o:"teu filial. But with
the true apathy of its r piile nature, it
very unwilling t J use its formidable wea
pons, and will at ail times rsther glide
away than bite. I have talked for days
together through heath lands that abso
lutely swarmed with vipers of all shades
or col r and all Sizes. As my foot brushed
aside the tut;s ot heather, a viper would
crawl out ot mem, ana clMe soltiy away
or a gentle rustling would point out the
spot where another had already taken
s arin, ar.d was escaping from th;j presence
of the intruder. Not once did a viper
even offer to attack me, though I must
often have actually touched their bodies.
and I feel sure that unless I had actually
trodticn on, or in some way injured tnc
reptil", it would not have attempted to use
lis iangs.
Only once did I see a viper in the atti
tude of attack, and this was under pe
culiar etruuiubuuices. iv flowing utat i
took an unaccountable interest in these
reptiles, a man summoned up courage to
bring me a young living viper. Of course
I paid him, and then had the mortification
cf finding that the poor rep ile was quite
disabled, the man having crippled it by a
blow from his stick before he dared to
meddle with it When it was placed on
the ground, it tried to crawl away, but
being unable to do so, erected the sound por
tion ot me Douy and stood on me defensive,
striking at everything which came near it
Uut mis was simply acting on me deten
sive. If it could have crept awey, it would
nave done so ; but being crippled, and un
able to escape, it endeavored to use its
fangs as the only mode of protection.
have seen the common grass-snake assume
a similarly menacing attitude, and strike
as if it possessed the poison fangs of the
viper.
t ew persons know how loth a poisonous
serpent is to use its fangs, except for their
legitimate object, that of taking prey. It
ill endure a very large amount ot rough
handling before it will strike, and rarely if
ever win uo so unless provoked. The late
.Hr. Waterton was so well aware of this
fact that he was accustomed to handle the
most venomous snakes with perfect un
Dunitv. He has been seen to take a num
ber of rattlesnakes from a box, carry them
into another room, put them into a glass
case, and afterward replace them in the
box. They sprang their rattle a truly
fearful sound and hused, but mode no
attempt to bite their captor. He told me
that any one could do the same, and that
if the serpent were only approached very
gently, and taken up without being tightly
grasped, it would not ev n think of biting,
its sluggish reptile nature not being suf
ficientiy roused. Acting on this principle,
when he was in the wilds of Guiana, he
trusted his bare feet in places where the
most deadly snakes in -the world abound.
and would take up, examine, and release
again serpents whose bite was Crrtain
death.
The same rule holds good with the
viper. One of my friends, when a boy,
caught a viper, which he took for a harm
1 .-ss snake. He chased and caught it in his
bare hand, twisted it round his neck, and
brought it home. He then exhibited the
reptile to his friends, laughing at their
folly at being afraid of so harmless a rep
tile, and played all kinds of pranks with
it, the viper not using its frangs until he
tied it in a knot, and drew it so tight as to
hurt the creature. Its patience then gave
way, for which it could in no wise be
blamed, and it bit him in the hand, teach
ing him for the future to discriminate be
tween a viper and a harmless snake.
The reader may well learn here what he
ought to have known before. There is no
possibility of mis aking the two reptiles
when the distinction is once known. 1 he
viper has a black, zigzag pattern running
along the center of the back, looking like
black chain ; and on the head there is a
black V, standing, we may suppose, as
the initial of Viper. The black chain
down the back is, however, an unfailing
mode of detecting the viper, even if only
lew lucnes ot his Dooy do visible.
Ca&stWi Magazine.
Who is Fail?
BY "GRIS."
"Come without FaiL" Such is often
the final remark as two persons separate,
the closing paragraph to a letttr, and the
emphatic substance of a dispatch. Who
this Fail whom every one is so anxious
have left behind? What has he done
that he should be perpetually snubbed ?
We are inclined to think Fail is dealt
unjustly by sometimes. Some business ar
rangement in progress, for instance in
which t ail has a vital interest A meeting
to be held to consider important points.
All are summoned to attend except Fail,
and each one summoned is strictly enjoin
ed to " come without FaiL" Clearly there
chicanery there. It wouldn't be strange
it should prove a dark and diabolical
scheme to defraud Fail in some way, or at
least to take underhanded advantage of
him. If Fail, hearing oi the way in which
had been treated, should manage to get
and . burst the whole thing up, it
would be serving them no less than they
deserve.
A rich old covey dies, leaving an im
mense estate to his heirs. Fail is one of
the heirs, for Fail and rich men's heirs are
often quite closely related. All are sum
moned in great haste, yet all are enjoined
" come without FaiL"
We can imagine the perplexity of a lover
receiving a message like this from his
mistress :
Come to-night, dearest and come with-
tut Fail. J ilia-"
Without Fail J " says Augustus, in se
vere and perplexed reflection ; ''Fail, Fail,
now who the dickens is Fail I don't
now FaiL I never heard of Fail before.
What have I to do with Fail? And
(clenching his fist and glaring wildly
about) what has Fail to do with my Julia
Am 1 in me habit ot bringing other lei
lows along when I go to spend an evening
with her, that this warning in contoundea
italics should be considered necessary.
even allowing that I know Fail Not
much, ill hunt up this rail, m know
who he is that Julia calls Fail so familiarly,
without adding Mr. Without FaiL indeed!
This terrestrial hemisphere will be with
out Fail, if I catch him.
And so it goes. foorlTail! the most
innocent soul alive, well be bound, is
snubbed, insulted and threatened in every
way. But who is i ail ? Cincinnati Times.
Density of Population in Ciiina.
id generally supposed that there are
more people on the average to a square
mile in China than in any other country.
This hardly seems the case, judging trom
facts recently published. In Ewantung,
from which province most of the Chinese
California have emigrated, it is reported
there are about 240 persons living on a
square mile, and in the three provinces
next inland the population is seventy to
squ -tre mile. On comparingthe coon
tries of Europe with China, it appears
that in Belgium there are 436 persons to
square mile, and in some provinces
there are as many as 700 to the square
mile. Again, England has 370 inhabitants
the square mile ; Ireland, 140, and Scot
land 90. The average per square mile in
Europe is less than 150, and ia about 300
the entire empire of China. New York
America can beat the world when
they try. Ia Great Britain the average
number of persons to a house is five, but
New York city a city paper states that
there are on an average twenty-one per
sons to each house
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Youths' Department.
BABY NELL.
Sort-ur eyes of hear. n't bine,
Cheeka tbe damvk rose, hue;
Lips tbe cherries ripest red.
Golden on be una crown bex head.
FlIrHnir like a happy bird.
Baby prattle now is beard;
" Manuna, do oo love me lots.
Cause me loveoo telly mat.
rneary feet are on my chair,
Hoantied dimple anna so fair.
Are pressed abont my neck so tight.
And I am kissed with baby might.
Rosy cheeks the pillows press.
ouy near is iiua 10 ran ;
Dol
" Dese my dolly bab see tronp.
For she losed ber todder boot;
She tared ber dress and losed her hat,
W hen merideheronse cat ;
Sides I lea bed heron zee stair.
While oo nizzled np my hair.'
Well, well, my darling, say your prayer.
Then go to sleep with dolly there,
" Ko I aa tee down to seep,
I pray zee Ord my soul to teep.
If I sood die before I wate
I py zee Ord my so til to tate.
And zips 1 ask for Jesus sate;
Sod bexe mamma anf papa too,
sly dolly and my titty too
Bottori Cultivator.
ABOUT KITES AND THINGS.
Did you ever hear of the man who har
nessed a pair of kites to a light carriage,
arranged a set of strings so that he could
manage tbem, and took a ride one hun
dred and 3fty miles long f His kites were
like the common paper kites all boys
make, only they were twelve feet high,
and made of linen. And it really happen
ed in England fifty years ago.
Putting V-w; 10 useful work seems
somcljting liTCfying to lead butterflies
into industrious ways; and yet, when yoa
think about it t iey have been useful a
good many times.
More important to the world than the
Englishman's carriage-drawing kite was
our own tfen t rankiin s kite, it was
not famous for its beauty, for it was only a
silk handkerchief s' retched across two
slicks, but it is immortal as the means of
a great discovery.
Vou must know that Ben's kite flour
ished more than a hundred years ago, be
fore the days of lightning rods and tele
graphs, when the wisest man did not
know as much about electricity as the
merest school-boy knows now, thanks to
Ben and his kite. Been was much inter
ested in electricity and had a shrewd sus
picion that lightning was the same thing.
He determined to find out about it So
oneday when a thunder cloud was coming
up. instead of running into the house ana
getting on a feather-bed, as I've seen peo
ple do, he went out Into the field and put
up his kite. When it was near the cloud,
he tied a key to the end of the hempen
string and waited. Pretty soon he saw
the loose fibres of the kite string stand np;
instantly he touched his knuckles to the
key, and received an electric shock. That
settled the matter. As soon as he found
out the nature of lightning, to protect
houses from its pranks he invented the
lightning rod.
When the lightning leaves the clouds it
rushes at once the nearest way to the
earth. If a house is in its track, so much
the worse for the house; the lightning
hasn't time to turn out But when men
out ud a nicely pointed red over the house.
expressly for a path for the lightning, it
very amiably accepts me xmoness ana
travels down the rod instead of through
the house ; which is more satisfactory all
around.
Perhaps you never heard of another
useful kite, owned by a man called Steeple
Jack. He lived in Edinburg nearly
twenty years ago, and his business, as yoa
may guess from his name, was repairing
hiiih steeples, upon wmcn no one else
could go. No steeple was so tottering
that Jack would not mount it; and this is
how he did it: He just put up his kite
and managed to catch the cord on the top
of the steeple, then Jack who was lithe
and thin would climb this tiny rope, seat
himself on the top, and do his work. His
tory does not state how he got down from
his airv perch.
It is not necessary to tell our city boys
anything about Chinese kites, since the
Pacific Railroad brings us so many of
them that every other boy has one; but
the country boy may like to know that
they are as unlike the American kite as
possible. In the first place they have no
tails. In the second place they are of the
moet fantastic shapes and georgeous colors.
They are made and painted to represent
fishes, owls, dogs, dragons, cats, roosters,
and funny little men, and, though they
are not artistic, they can be recognized.
They are made of thick paper laid over
split bamboo sticks, and it looks funny
enough to see these grotesque Oriental
toys sailing .over our sober American
towns.
The flying of kites is as much a nation
al game in China as base-ball is in Ameri
ca. It is not mere fun either, for the kite
string i3 prepared with pounded glass and
other things, so that it will cut Then
there are match games between the kite
flyers, in which the object is to cut each
other's string and let the kite down. Trav
elers tell us that the little boys run after
the fallen kite in China exactly as they do
in America, so I conclude that " boys will
be boys" the world over.
In America, kites come down and go
home at dark, like good children ; but in
China they have lighted lanterns hung on
them, and fly them as late as they please.
" Kite time " comes, I believe, in the
spring and I would like to have some
one tell me who regulates the time for the
various games. Tney succeed each other
regularly as day follows night First
there are kites, and by the time every boy
has one, down to the baby, they suddenly
go out," and every boy has his pockets
full of tops, box-wood and other wood,
ivory, Iron, and tin. Balls drive out the
tops, and themselves disappear before mar
bles. And while I write, every boy in the
city, I'm sure, is stalking over the ground
on stilts. Our Young Folks.
Insects as Musicians.
We frequently hear people speak of the
singing of crickets and grasshoppers.
These insects, are yerynoisy.it is true,
but they are not vocalists ; they are instru
mental performers. Each one is furnished
with a sort of violin, upon which it plays
without any instruction. In the crickets,
portion or rib of each wing is furnished
with teeth, which serves as the bow, and
hard, smooth rib answers for the strings
the fiddle. The insect rubs one wing
over the other, and then reverses the
movement, and by the scraping of these
two parts together the s und is produced.
The grasshoppers manage somewhat dif
ferently. The long hind legs are the na-
dle-bows. The inner sunace oi me oroaa
upper part of these legs is furnished with
over eighty small, lancet shaped, elastic
teeth, and these the insect scrapes against
the sharp ribs upon the wing cover of
outer wing first one and then the other.
The loade t instrumental performer among
our insects is the Katydid. In a still night
the constantly repeated " katy-did-she-did'
may be heard for the distance of a quarter
a mile. The katydid produces its note
means of its wings, which are pecu
liarly fitted for the purpose. In each wing
cover there is a little tambourine formed
a thin, transparent membrane, or skin,
stretched ia a strong, half oval frame. A
the wing-covers are open and shut, these
little tambourines rub against one another
and produce the sounds which give the in
sect its name. These notes are supposed
be useful to the insects in enabling them
find their mates. From the constancy
with which some of them keep up the
sounds, we think that they must be pleased
with their own music. Boys just learning
whistle make a noise that, whatever it
may be to others, seems very pleasing to
themselves, and they keep it up for their
own gratification. It may be that insects
the same. Ameriean Ag-ieulturut.
The editor of the Elmira Advsriiter
has poor luck buying medicine. He says :
wfent to a drug-store early one morning
. . nt morphine for a sick friend.
The night clerk objected to giving it to me
without a prescription, evidently feanne
th:it I m irM destroy myseii. t snaw
5
said L "do I look like a man that would
kill myself?' Gazing at me steadily for
hall" a moment, he replied : ' I don't know.
Seems to me, if I locked like you, I should
greatly tempted to kill myself.' "

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