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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, August 25, 1871, Image 4

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Munchausen in California.
A. cocpi.k of weeks ago I started on m
vi-it to Yosemite Valley. The Stockton
boat leaws San Fraucisco at half past 4
o clock ia the afternoon. I arrived at the
whtrf just a moment too late to (ret on
b rd, and instead of waiting until the
next day, I determined to go to Stockton
on horseback, by land rou'e. I according
ly croBStd the bay to Oakland, or as it is
oeiier icnovrn "Little l'eddlmeton" pro
cured a horse and rode over the Liverniore
Valley, wh-re IstaidalLcigbt with a ranch
er, who was known in the valley as
Clamps." They all call him that because
he pot rich by holding on to his money
with a degree of fortitude not universal in
in this country. Well, as supper tinn an-
proauus i, -j!amp3 assea me U 1 would
like some egs, and how I preferred it, hard
or soft, Ooiled or fried. I told him I wonld
and that it would suit me best soft-hoiled.
In few momenta there enme Clamps
and his wife, rolling an egg the size of a
fl ur buret, which they boiled in a short
tune in a large cauldrin, and thf n set it up
wii euu alongside ot madam s chair at the
tab'e. A. hole was made ia the top of the
shell and the egg was dipped out with a
long has lied ladle. I was astonished at
the bize of the e,2g, anl observtd that his
hens must be enormously large. " By no
"means," he replied. You will not be so
much surprised when I tell you that one
hen did not lay this egg alone; it took
seven or ii'ht hens almost a week to lay
it !t was a joiat-stock production of the
chickens, but still it is better than the in
dividual responsibility plan.
At breakfast the next morning we had
more egg, and then I went on the road to
Stockt n. I reached San Joaqu n River at
noon, and was. with my, horse, ferried
ov r in a very unique looking craft
While the ferryman was tugging silently
at his big oars, I Btarted a conversation
with him by inquiring whether his ferry
was very profitable.
Doesn t scarcely pay for raisin' the
boat." he replied.
" Baking the boat ?" I repeated. M What
do you mean by ' raising the boat ?' "
" Mister," said he, resting for the while
on his oar, u you be a stranger in these
parts, bean't you T"
I replied that I had not been long in the
country.
"Then," said he, pointing away to the
field, " this 'ere boat growed in that punkin
patch over yonder "
"Growed in a pumpkin patch!" I ex
claimed. " Growed in that punkin patch on a
punkin vine. Mister, this boat is a punkin
Bhe'A, cut in two and the innards taken
Out That patch is where it growed."
Where, over by that bun?" I inquired.
That ain't no barn," he answered, " un
less you choose to call it so. That's a
punkin, too. But I started a -hnle in the
end on't and let the stock inside it, and
when the wet season sets in, why, you see,
I jist plug up the hole and let 'em winter
in there. They come out awful fat in the
spring. That big preen looking squash
over yonder, I'm hollerin' out to live in."
" Are these the growth of the se&Bon?"
I asked.
" We don't have no sich difference here
on the San J.wquin as prow in' seasons and
them ethers; thinirs keep ongrowin'all
the t'me till we pull em or they die.
As I was about taking leave of the fer
ryman he gave me a pumpkin seed, with
the remark that I might some time as ton
iih the folks in the East with it; and be
fore twenty-four hours had elapsed I came
near having a calamity by reason of this
same seed.
It was in this wise: After riding several
hours in the sun, I was so overcome with
drowsiness as to find it impossible to keep
in my saddle, so I dismounted and lay
down on the ground, intending to take a
short nap. I had put the pumpkin seed
in my vest pocket- During my slumbers
it feil out on the ground, and I rolled over
on top ot it. Jiy great tatigue caused me
to quite overslei p myself, and I was awa
kened the next morning by being roughly
hurried along over the ground in my pros
trate position, and it seemed as if a rope
were wound around my body. I bawled
lustily for help, and my cries attracted the
attention of two m- n who were on their
way to the harvest field.
On being released from my perilous
position, the mystery became clear to me.
The warmth of my body caused the pump
kin seed to spring into vigorous life, and
one of the tendrils of the new vine had
coiled itself around my body, dragging
me along in its rapid growth a distance of
more than half a mile before 1 was awak
ened. My two deliverers had a hard run
to keep pace with me in the clutches of
the pumpkin vine, and finally arrested my
unwilling progress by cutting off the end
of it with their sythe-blades. I gave them
the vine for their reward, and we counted
on it no less than three hundred young
pumnkins, ranging from the size of a hen's
egg up to a flour barrel.
On returning to my horse, I found him
fi linir hhns :lf with creen rmmnkin. and.
as a cons, quence, daring the after part of
ine oay, while we were proceeding on our
j Kimey, he was s. ized with a violent fit
of colic, of which he died, notwithstand
ing that I gave him several bottles of Cal
ifornia sooihing syrup. I did not feel
able to pay for the pony, which I knew
woul 1 be required of me on my return to
Little Peddlington, and began to think
very bad over the unlucky turn in
things. While sitting on the ground
near my dead pony, a jackass came brows
ing along. I took out my hunting-knife,
and in a j fly whipped off the pony's hide
and threw it over the jackass. It fitted to
a charm, and, after visiting Yosemite Val
lep, I returned the disguised jaskass to the
man of whom I had hired the pony in Lit
tle Peddlington. To this day he does not
know but that he has got the same animal
he lent me
There is but one thing more I will no
tice in this letter. Six years ago, a gentle
man residing near Stockton planted a
grapevine by hU house. In a couple of
years the building was completely enfold
ed in the strong branches of the vine, and
the gentleman was purprised at seeing his
dwelling starting from its foundations.
The vine gre v with wonderful vigor, and
carried the house, bodily and unharmed,
up to a height of sixty feet in the air,
where it remained at a stand. The gentle
man now reaches his front door by means
of a winding staircase around the stout
trunk of the grapevine, and anybody who
will take the trouble to go and see. will
fiDd it just as I have related. Cor. 2f. Y.
Hews.
A Word About Faces.
Some one calls the face the index of the
mind ; but it was a wiser observer, the
wisest of observers, who wrote .
"There's bo art
To And the mind's construction in the face."
There are a great many people who
plume themselves on being what is called
" readers of character." We never knew
a professional reader of this sort who was
not constantly deceiving himself concern
ing his fellow creatures. As a general
thing, 'aces have an obstinate way of not
bclriying the mental or moral traits of
their possessors. Character doesn't put
all its goods, nor even a small proportion
of them, in its shop-win low. The idea oi
reading at a glance anything so abs truce
and complex as the human heart ! He is
a wise man who can understand himself,
to say nothing about reading othe people.
There are few things in which we are
so apt to be mistaken as in the off hand
estimates we form of men and women. A
man ot dissipated habits cai ries signs of
dissipation in his countenance ; but, then,
intense mental labor, protracted auxicty,
and lack cf exercise will give the same
jaded, worn out expression to the face. A
friend of ours a famous student of physi
ognomy - once p ointed out to us, on the
street, a most eminent and exemplary
divine, as being evidently a member of the
sporting fraternity " a fine old sport," he
Ciiled him. Our friend was illustrating
his fatuous theory of reading character,
lie committed the easiest of errors.
It so happens that a man of the greatest
determination will have a weak mouth,
and the most vacillating and purposeless
disposition will go withj firm-set lip and
defiant eye. One of tb bravest of our
young generals in the late war a rough
rider, and re kless in battle to the verg"
of madness is a gentleman so unobtrusiva
in address, and so gentle of face, that a
Strang r. meeting him casually, would at
once place him in tf at category of tem
porizing souls who are supposed incapable
of saying boo to a goose. Bret Harte was
as true to nature as to art in his descrip
tion of the denizens of "Roaring Camp :
" The assemblage numbered about a hun
dred men. One or two of these were ac
tual fugitives from justice, some weie crim
inal, and all were reckless. Physically,
they exhibited no indication of their past
lives and character. The greatest scamp
had a Raphael face, with a profusion of
blond hair; Oakhurst, a gambler, had the
melancholy air and intellectual abstraction
of a H&inltt; the coolest and most coura
geous man was scarcely over five feet in
heigh t, with a soft voice and an embarrass
ed, timid manner. Perhaps in the minor
details of fingers, toes, ears, etc., the
camp may have been deficient, but these
slight omissions did not detract from their
agirregate force. The strongest man had
but three fingers on his right hand ; the
best shot had but one eye." Tuese few
touches, haty and unconsidered as they
seem, prove that the writer is a shrewd ob
server of human nature reader of charac
ter, in the best sense The conventional
novelist, who has si udied novels rather than
life, makes his villians the most obvious,
barefaced villians. The black sheep is so
very Hack, physically and morally, the
won ier is that the saintly hero or the
angelic heroine does not hand him over to
the police the instsnt he appears. It is
not so unknowingly that Shakspeare
drew his rascals. It was not so he drew
Iago outwardly a most engaging, soldier
ly, capital, frank eyed fellow, though
many actors, judging by their mouthing
and Lang-dog manner, seem to think that
Iago was a cheap transparent knave. As
he is usually represented on the boards,
he would not have deceived Othello for
a quarter of an hour. Othello would
have split him perpendicularly with his
scimiter at an early 'stage of the proceed
ings. Iago was a witty, plausible, fasci
nating, soulless villain, cooL adroit, and
sunny just such a villain, in short, as the
professional reader of character would
select from a crowd a9 being an open-faced,
honest man and right good fellow.
It is only in books that the sharp-featured
mau is always irritable, and the
round-faced man always jolly. In real
life, it is often the scamp who has the
V smile that is childlike and bland," and
the choice spirit, the heart of true gold,
that wears unprepossessing clay about it
Every SUurJay.
How to Save a Drowning Woman.
In Cheyenne, when anything happens,
the people consider that a religious duty
devolves upon them to hold a meeting,
and to pass resolutions upon it, and to
strong has this habit become that some
citizens of that place, whenever a break
fast bell rines, call a meeting of the fam
ily, eli ct e mbers, and resolve to go down
stairs and eat the meal. The other day a
woman fell into Crow Creek and sank. A
large crowd of men were standing upon
the bunk at the time, and they in-tantly
proceeded to organize a meeting for the
purpose of devUing means for rescuing
the woman. After a spirited debate, M. A.
Arnold was elected Chairmen; and on
taking his seat, Mr. Arnold not only
thanked the meeting very warmly for the
compliment offered htm, but he made a
lone speech, in which he discussed the
tariff, the cal product for 1871, and the
Alabama claims. A series of resolutions
were then offered, and after a prolonged
discussion, and the acceptance of several
amendments, they were passed. They
embraced a protest against the depth of
Crow Creek ; regrets that all women were
not taught to swim, and a resolve to rescue
the particular woman who had fallen
overboard. A committee of one was ap
pointed to dive for her. He dived, and
brought the woman to the surface by the
hair. J ust then it occurred to him that
he had not been ordered to bring her to
the shore ; so he let her sink again, and
swam to the bank to report progress, and
ask for further instructions. Action was
taken on the report, and after an exciting
discussion, he was directed to land the
woman immediately.
He dived again and dragged her out
None of the women in Cheyenne can
hold their breath more than an hour at a
time, so when this one was r covered she
was dead. The meeting said it was sorry,
but it was vastly more important that
things should be done decently and in
order, and according to rule, than that the
life of a woman should be saved. Laramie
Sentinel.
How a Diamond was Lost and Found.
A few years since, a gentleman engaged
in the lumber business in Maine, having
an appreciative eye for a hne diamond,
and being convinced that a real gem
would, if properly bought, be a safe in
vestment, accordingly commissioned Mr
Charles W. Eennard, tie well-known
jeweler on Tremout street, to purchase f r
him a stone, about a thousand dollars ia-
value, which was mounted as a spiral
backed stud.
As months rolled on the owner was of
fered by connoisseurs constant advances
on his purchase, which temptation only
made him value his gem the more, and he
said to hires. If, "If it is worth that to
them it is to me. and I will keep it till
forced by necessity to sell"
In April of last year, while working on
his boom of logs on one of the streams of
the Kennebec, having on a shirt, the stud
hole worn large by service, he saw his
sparkling brilliant fall from his bosom,
strike the log, and glide quietly into the
swift current below.
Determination to regain it overpower
ed the regret of his mind. He kept his
loss where his stud should have been in
his bosom. Sounding the depth of water,
he found it to be about seven feet ; he
then decided to wait till the summer
drouth should bring the stream to its low
est ebb, and taking accurate measurement
of the place, by the bearings of the rocks
and trees on shore, allowing eighteen
inches for the change of direction by the
current, he left his treasure to compete
with the dace and shiner, in fascinating
the river mermaid,and returned to his Mas
sachusetts home.
The Septemoer following, fix months
after the loss, the river being then at its
lowest point for the season, the undaunted
lumberman started for his diamond. The
riverful of logs, covering the place, had
been sawed and shipped, and now only a
few inches of water trickled over the spot
where the stud fell He took with him a
large tin colander, the holes of which
were ef a size to hold the prize if found.
He had determined to work a fortnight, be
fore giving up the gem as lost, and to
have all the river bottom to go through
his handy kitchen strainer. He made his
first dip of gravel and water as nearly as
he could calculate, eighteen inches down
the curr nt from where it struck the sur
face of the stream, seven feet above. And
a lucky dip it was! for at the bottom of
the pan lay the lost gem, bright and spark
ling as when it came from the jeweler.
The above incident ia a good illustra
tion of Yankee patience and tact, as well
as a warning to those who wear diamond
shirt studs. Boston Transcript.
Sterling Advice.
A lady makes some suggestions, in a
London journal, on the subject of marriage
or celibacy, a few of which we annex:
" When a girl marru s she ought, to a
certain extent, give up her acquaintances,
and consider the company of her husband
the best company she can have. The
young wife must learn cooking carefully,
if she does not already have a gooa Kno w
ledce of it. There are many excellent
cookery books, but she must not follow
them implicitly, jviy own plan, tor some
time after I was married, was to take some
recipe given, and note carefully what in
gredients could be dispensed with. The
second time I generally managed it at halt
the expense. A useful plan is to keep a
blank book in the kitchen tabic drawer,
and whenever a deviation from the ortho
dox cookery book is made, to jot it down.
Do not wait till you nave washed your
hands; let the book be fingermarked
rather than lose an idea. You will thus
learn more of household economy than if
you trust to memory alone ; and when
your daughters grow up, what a fund of
practical information it will be Tor them!
" To a great extent, the celibacy of our
young men is owing to the way in which
girls are brought up. Through mistaken
kindness mothers often themselves do
what they ought to make their daughters
do. Let them teach housekeeping on a
fixed, methodical plan, and they will then
learn their history, French and music all
the better. It Is natural and right that a
mother should wish to see her daughters
well educated and even highly accomplish
ed ; and it is a mistake that good and care
ful education should unfit a girl for the
homely duties of cooking, dusting, eta
On the contrary, those duties would t
better performed if mothers would, at the
same time that they seek talented instruc
tors for their daughters, impart to them
some of their own culinary talent ; there
would be more good wives and marriages.
Little girls should be taught, as early as
possible, to perform simple household
duties neatly; and as they grow older, let
them become gradually acquainted with
the theory of housekeeping in such a man
ner that, when they are married, they
will be able to adtpt themselves to their
circumstances, and be useful as well as
pleasing companions to their husbands."
Dangerous Burning Fluid.
We desire to call attention to the moun
tebanks who travel around the country to
exhibit their non-explosive oils. They
show that it is impossible to explode thdr
particular brand, and they give as a reason
that it has been treated with certain
chemicals in a way to remove all danger.
Nobody pret-'rcU that naptha, alcohol,
ether, and "the like, are explosive. They
can be lighted an 1 burned quietly and in
the most inoffensive manner. It is only
when mixed with the oxygen of the air
that an explosive compound is produced,
and this part of the experiment is natural
ly submitted by the exhibitor. It requires
considerable skill to prepare just the right
mixture of light oils and air to insure suc
cess, and it is un'ler cover of this difficulty
that the dealers in adulterated oils escape
detection. UnfortunaU ly, just the proper
mixture is sometimes formed in lamps as
the oil isexhausted, and the fatal expl Jdion
takes place.
The number of accidents from ths-burst-ing
of lamps is very smHll, and it is not the
question of explosion that should attract
the most attention. By far the greater
number of deaths and losses by fire have
arisen from the ignition of the lamps or
ecus, either from the breaking of a lamp
or some careless handling of the petrol, urn
the ignited fluid spreading over the
clothing of the person, or on the floor, is
what does the damage. It ought to be
understood that there is no chemical that
will make an oil safe; the patents and
claims on this subject are sheer impost
tions. The OLly way to make an oil safe
is by distillation, that is, removing from it
all oil or naptha that will take fire below
110 deg. Fabr.
Any oil that can be lighted on its sur
face by a match, and Will continue to burn
without a wick, is unsafe. Sperm oil, rape
seed oil, and the refined petroleum can be
poured upon the floor and a match applied,
but they will not bcrn ; it is necessary to
heat them to a high point before any vapor
will come off that will take fire from a ta
per and continue to burn.
Any oil that, whea poured inloasaucer,
will take fire and continue to burn as al
cohol does, is unare and onght to be dis
carded atonce. Such a l oil contains vola
tile compounds which can give rise to ex
pl isive vapors, a ad if the lamp breaks,
may occasion the most dangerous burns.
We must,tberef re, warn all persons from
using such oil- aVrat the premises. Jour
nal of Applied Chtmistry.
Science in Plain English.
William Rushton, of Queen's Collegp,
Cork, writing in Nature, under the above
heading, says : " The learned will have to
revise the method of teaching. There is
a well founded suspicion that the course
commonly pursued has been wrong in
principle The teachers proceeded from
generalities, constructed very pretty sys
terns, and dealt largely in refinements.
Many people now believe, on the contrary,
that we ought to begin with individual
instances, then lead the pupil to construct
a broad outline, and gradually to fill up
the picture as his knowledge advances.
" Or, take another illustration. If a man
works bis way up the mountain side, he
meets with many difficulties, but at length,
when he reaches the top, he enjoys a fine
prop pec t all around. Now, if that man
wishes to guide others up the mountain,
it is not sufficient for him to harangue
from the top, or to dilate upon the fine
prospect which he enjoys. He must come
down again to the valley; he must take
others by the hand, and lead them by the
way he took himself, or very nearly by
the same way.
" Until recently, elementary treatises on
science were written from the top of the
mountain. The authors, enjoying an ex
panded prospect, were disposed to take
general views, and to discuss principles
which, however interesting to themselves,
had little or no interest for the pupil.
There was a want of sympathy with the
learner. For example, the writers on ge
ography began with the globe, and ex
pounded the elements of spherical trigo
nometry and astronomy, talking of merid
ians, parallels, the tropics, the equator,
and the ecliptic. At preset t, the best
teachers of geography to young children
begin with the place where the pupil lives
add dwells; thence they proceed to the
surrounding districts, to neighboring coun
tries, and end with the globe.
" Bacon Siys that ' wherever it is possi
ble, knowledge should be insinuated into
the mind of another ia the manner in
which it was first discovered.' If this prin
ciple were fairly carried out, it would
work great changes in our nitthoia of
teaching."
A Story from One of "Jo's Boys."
On one occasion the children were all
gathered in a room, when they made a
decree that every one thit entered should
tell a story. Mrs Jo hd just been trap
ped, and made to pay forfeit, when little
five-year old Robby came in, having got
out of bed to Fee what was tha matter,
and dragged his bed-cover with him. He
was about to be turned ignominiously
out, as one who could not pay the forfeit,
when he protested vigorously against this
sentence without a tiial, and declared
that he could tell " lots cf ones " when he
had "finked." Having deeply cogitated
for a moment, "perched on his mother's
knee, and wrapped in the gray coverlet,
he told the following brief but tragic
tale, with an earnestness that made it
funny:
"Once a lady had a million children
and a nice little boy. She went up stairs
and said, ' You musn't go in the yard.'
But he wented, and fell into the pump,
and was drowned dead "
"Is that all!" asked Franz, as Bob
paused out of breath with his startling be
ginning.
"No, there is another piece of it," and
Bob knit his downy eyebrows in the ef
fort to involve another inspiration.
" What did the lady do when he fell into
the pump?" asked his mother, to help him
on.
" O, she pumped him up and wrapped
him in a newspaper, and put him on
the shelf to dry for seed." From Little
Men.
The following is said to have been a
Yankee's reasoning on progress in trans
portation: " I kin reckerlect tenor twelve
years ago, that if I started from Bosting
on a Wednesday, I cud git in Philadelphy
on the next Saturday, makin' jist three
days. Now I can git from Bosting to
to Philadelphy in one day; and I've been
cal'latin' that if the power of steam in
creases for t he next ten years as it has
bten doin' for the last ten years, Pd be in
Philadelphy jist too days before I started
from Botting."
A piece of" iron-paper," a thousand of
which were required to make a layer an
inch thick, was sent from this country to
the International Exhibition at London
in 1851. But English workmanship has
now attained a far more remarkable result,
in the production of a sheet of iron so thin
that it requires four thousand eight hun
dred such to form an inch in thickness.
It is the thinnest sheet iron ever rolled,
and measured ten inches in length by five
and a half in width. It weighs only
twenty grains.
Fanner Stevens, in Kossuth County,
Iowa, has taken eight hundred bushels of
oats from eight acres of land this season.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Tee worst use that man can make of his
time is to borrow trouble in any shape. It
is quite bad enough to spend it in tears
ana despair when it comes of its own irre
pressible accord ; until then, let us keep
our hands clear of it, and if we must bor
row anything, borrow joy and hope, even
if we have to pay back the loan with dis
appointment and with grieving.
Tub Country QentUinan says : "Some of
our readers are aware that by coating the
lower part of the trunks of trees with
soft soap, the worm may be prevented
from laying its eggs in the bark, provided
the work is done at the right time (late in
May or early in June), and the coating is
kept on. Where this work has been omit
ted, the trees should be examined.
Capt. Pierce, of Arlington, N. Y., a
very successful orchardist, finds that the
best time for pruning, so as to have the
en's heal rapidly, is the last week in May,
or the first week in June. His time lor
removing surplus wood is in the falL He
cuts off a limb six or eight inches from
the place where it is to be cut for healing
over, and then, at the time specified, he
goes over and cuts off these stumps, close
up, with a sharp saw.
Eoos asd Poison. By having his wits
about him, and a plentiful supply of eggs,
Mr. Josvph Hale tucceeded in saving the
life of his wife, recently, in Portland,
Maine, who, in a lit of abstraction, had
swallowed a dose of corrosive sublimate,
thinking it was laudanum. Givenovtr by
the frightened neighbors for as good as
dead, her husband at once aduiinUteied to
the terrified victim the whites of fifteen
eggs, which completely neutralized the
effects of the poison.
The Gcrmantown Telegraph says : "We
repeat our doubts that there is more than
one kind of asparagus. The more we
hear of the cultivation of the mammoth
a size tint we do not covet tne more
clear does it appear that it is the result of
selecting the ttrong single roots for plant
ing to begin with, and then plant them in
trenches six to eight inches deep, well
piled with manure at the sides of the row,
and as the manured spirts grow, fill in the
soil, eta At least this is one way of get
ting the very largest wc ever saw."
A pl.vte of ice cream, taken leisurely,
while s ated at a supper table in pleasure
able conversation, ia a far safer quencher
of thirst than a glass of ice water, or any
other ke-cold liquid; the icecream is, in
addition, stimulating and nutritious, thus
invigorating, cooling and strengthening
the system at the same time. Ice cream
should not be taken immediately after a
full meal, unless in the most leisurely
manner possible a plateful in the course
of fifteen minutes during lively conversa
tion. If eaten rapidly, it cools the stom
ach, prevents digestion, and causes acid
ity, unseemly belching, if not actual chill,
which, in feeble persons, endangers life,
Ilails Journal of Health.
The Massachusetts Ploughman says that
the old-fashioned way of cultivating cel
ery in trenches dog deep with the spade,
has been abandoned by the market gar
deners, and is now considered a v.sele ss ex
pense. It is found to do much better
grown on the surface, making a quicker
and better growth, on which the quality
so much depends, and the labor cf digging
the treLChes is saved. It may be sown
any time from the 20th of June to the 1st
of August, or even later, according to the
obji cl in view. Planted about the middle
of July, it would be large enough to
blanch by the middle of October, and
and would be fit for use early in Novem
ber.
Petunias. When the petunia is grown
as a house plant and neatly trained on a
trellis, it presents a much prettier apnear-
ance than when grown in the garden. A
very neat trcllii may be made of old hoops,
forming pieces of them into three circles,
seven, five and three inches in diameter,
fastening each circle firmly with the clap
taken from the hoops. Then a fine stick.
two feet long, nicely polished and sharp
ened at one end, must be put through the
circles, first under one side of the firt,
etc., weaving them in, securely fastening
the upper side of the largest one with a
little wire staple. Exchange.
Mice in Meadows and Orchards.
The ravages of mice are sometimes suf
ficient to completely destroy a sod during
one winter. If allowed to increase and
find shelter, no means of prevention will
avail. There is no plan but to disturb
their haunts, clear out the fence rows of
brush and weeds, remove all pieces of de
caying rails, pick off all loose stone; in
tact, leave no places lor the vermin to hide.
Tteir natural enemies, the hawks, owls,
skunks, and cuts, will then find them and
devour them. In addition, leave a few
small bundles of straw in the fields scat
tered about, and when they have com
menced to work at them, put a small
quantity each nitiht of corn-nval and
arsenic under each bundle. This will
help thin them off, a'd if persevered in
will eo reduce their numbers that the sod
and the trees in the orchard will to a great
extent be spared their ravages. Hearth
and Home.
Verbenas are pnpagatid in the spring
by taking young, soft shoots of this year's
growth, making them about two inches
long, and leaving only four leaves on each
cutting. When well-rooted, put them in
two inch pots ; alter they have grown
three or four inches, plant in open ground.
To have them flower well in winter, prune
the plant severely, the first of bepttmber;
give each plant to be taken up a top dress
ing of fine manure; this will cause young
shoots to start near the center ot the plant.
Before frost, take up those that are to be
kept through the winter, and put in six
or eight-inch pots, they will usually
bloom and grow vigorously, if kept in a
warm room, uo not water too ireeiy un
til they flower It is useless to keep ver
benas in a cellar, as it is too damp. If
young plants are wanted tor the following
sprit g, use cuttings as before stated, irom
young growth; but never take up old
plants or layers, as they are more liable to
be infested with insects during the winter
than young and thrifty plants. To have
seed, select the largest cluster of
flowers after the petals have drop
ped ; when the seed vessels begin to turn
yellow, cut them, and lay them away un
til dry. 'the seed miy be sown in .nirch
in hot-beds, or in open ground in May.
iluraijew lower.
Driving Bees from the Hive.
Choose that part of a pleasant day,
when many bees are abroad, and if any
are clustered on the bottom board or out
side of the hive, puff among them a few
whiffs of smoke that from spunk is N-st
so as to drive them up among the combs.
The bees will go up more readily if the
hive is tipped back, or ckvsted by small
wedges, about one-quarter' of an inch
above the bottom-board. Have in read
iness a box, which I shall call the forcing
box whf S3 diameter is about the same
with that of the hive from which you in
tend to diive the swarm. Lift the hive
from the bottom-board without the slight
est jar, turn it over, and carefully carry it
on aoout a rod, as Dees, it disturbed, are
much more inclined to ba peaceable
when removed a short distance from their
familiar stand. II the hive is gently plac
ed upside down on the ground, scarcely a
bee will fly out, and there will be little
danger ot being stung. The timid and in
experienced should protect themselves
with a bee-dress, b! may gently sprinkle
the bees with suear-water, or blow more
smoke among them, as soon as the hive is
Inverted. After placing it on the ground,
the forcing-box must be put over it, and
every opening between it and the hive,
from which a bee might escape, should be
stopped with pip?r, or any convenient
material. The forcing-box, if smooth in
side, should have slats fastened one third
of the distance from the top, to aid the
bees in clustering.
As soon as the apiarian has confined the
bees, he should place an empty hive
which I shall call the decoy hive upon
their old stand, which those returning
from the field may enter, instead of dis
persing to other hives, to meet, perhaps,
with a most ungracious rccepti in. As a
general rule, however, a bee with a lead
of honey or bee-bread, after the extent of
his resources is ascertained, is pretty sure
to be welcomed by any Live to which he
may carry his treasure; while a poverty
stricken unfortunate that presumes to
claim their hospitality is usually at once j
destroyed. The one meets with as flatter
ing a reception as a weal'hy gentleman
proposing to take up his abxle in a coun
try village, while the otht r is as -much m
object of dislike as a poor man, who bids
fair to Income a public charge.
To return to our imprisoned bees : their
hive should be beaten smartly with the
palms of the hands, or two small rods, on
the sides to which the combs are attached,
so as to run no risk of loosening them.
These "Tappings,"' although not of a very
"spiritual" character, produce, neverthe
less, a decided effect upon the bees. Their
first impulse, if no smoke were used,
would be to sally out, and wreak their
vengence on those who thus rudely assail
their honied dome ; but as soon as they
inhale its fumes, and feel the terrible con
cussions of their once stable abode, a sud
den fear that they are to be driven from
their treasures, takes possession of them.
Determined to prepare for this uncere
monious writ of tjction, by carrying o2
what they can, each bee begins to lay in a
supply, and in about five minutes, all are
filled to th ir utmost capacity. A prodig
ious humming is now heard, as they lie
gin to mount into the upper box; and in
about fifteen minutes from the time the
rapping .began if it has been continued
with but slight intermissions-tbe mass
of the bees, with their queen, will hang
clustered in the forcing box, like any
natural swarm, and niay, at the proper
time, be readily shaken o-.t, on a sheet, in
front of their intended hive. Langstroth
on the Bee.
Attend to Threshing Grain.
Loss is almost certain to attend long de
lay in threshing out grain after it has
been gathered from the field. Stored in
the barn, it is subject to the ravages of fire
and vermin, and if in the stack, it istuh-
j- ct to injury from the same causes, ai d.
in addition to these, liable to mold and
dampuess, or to be scattered by tempest.
There is no time when grain w ill thresh
more easily than wh n it tin-t comes from
the shock, if properly cured, and at no
time will it be in better condition for stor
ing or for market.
Grain, after lying in the straw for a
while in large bulk, gathers dampness and
shells out with greater difficulty than it
would have dune before this, and contains
a greater amount of moisture when it goes
into the bin. If mold is taking place in
the stack or mow, it cannot be easily ar
rested, but if in the bin, the work can be
performed with comparative case, and in
case of tire the chances of saving the same
are multiplied a hundred fold. Then,
aain. the straw is better for stock feed if
threshed when fresh from the held than
after lying and sweating in the compressed
sht area.
At no season of the year is the grain mar
ket mere empty than at harvest time, and
usually the scarcity of an article increa-es
the pric-i in like proportion. Therefore,
undr ordinary circumstances we do not
say all it is best to take to market as
early as possible the surplus amount of
grain. Even if a few cents more a bushel
may be obtained in the fall than at har
vest time, the shrinkage, risk, etc., will
more than make auy reasonable difference.
Ohio rainier.
Having Things Handy.
The other day we went into a model
kitchen. Between it and the dining-room
a small passage served as closet and also
to keep all odor3 of the kitchen lrom
reaching the dining table. On cne side of
the kitchen was a large range, beyond that
a sink, with hot and cold water leading
into it and a waste pipe from it. At the
end of the room, between two windows,
screened to prevent the ingress of flies,
stood a long work-table with a series of
drawers. On the other side of the room
were two stationary tubs, each with fau
cets for hot and cold water, and a discbarg,:
pipe. Hinged covers made an ironing
table firm and ample. Just beyond the
sink a door opened into the pantry, a room
four by ten, with a window, a shell run
ning rouud three sides of it, wide and
high enough to cover barrels ot Hour,
sugar and meal. At one end of the space
beneath thishelt was filled with deep
diawers for towels, table cloths, the iron
ing blanket, starch, blueing, each in ap
propriate places. The housewife needed
but to step in there ami find every thing at
hand necessary to prepare food for the
table. No running up stairs for meal and
flour, no labor for petting ready to make
bread or pies or cake ; pans were close by,
spices in neat boxes at her eloow ; enffie
mill, with a little shelf under it to hold
the cup, was screwed over the window
casing. What hardships are there in do
ing work in such a kitchen?
Contrast it with another we toiled in
once. China closet in one corner of a
room, twenty-four by fourteen, dry sink
and sick-closet at the opposite end of the
diagonal, stove midway, pump in an out
house three steps down and twenty-five
tett distant, cistern pump ditto, flour and
mial in the kitchen chamber. By the
time everything required to make bread,
pies, or cake was gotten together cur
strength was quite gone, but the food must
be made, and the wt a' tsome tasK ot put
ting everjthing in place gone through
with. The kitchen could have been ma le
tolerable by cutting off a section including
the sink and contiguous window, tor a pin
try with shelves and drawers sufficient to
contain everything needed in the kitchen.
The waste-pipe should have been put into
the sint, the pumps from both cistern and
well set in shelves near it, and then one
could have worked there with comfort.
An expenditure of a little industry, in
genuity, and money would convert many
an ill-planned dismal kitchen into a cheer
ful, commodious room.
Soon the harvest will be past, and our
good wives have a little change in pocket
We suggest that they look alter all these
odds. and ends, nay, tht-se prime requisites
for leisure, cbeertulness and thrift the
labor saving economies. By so doing hi-y
may secure many -an hour, even in the
short days of winter, for furnishing their
minds with valuable Knowledge, aud the
walls of iheir homes with tasteful devices.
NeB York T'itmne.
Farmers' Wives.
The readirg of essays by the' ladies is
one of theextrcises which give lite and
inter st to the meetings of the cpnneneid
(Vt ) Farmers' Club. From one of the
essays by Mrs. D iniel Rice, published in
the Vermont Jiarmr, we copy tne loiiow
ine paragraph :
" Did you ever think of the amount of
thought requsite to plan turee meais a day
for three hundred and sixty five days in
succession To prepare enough and" not
too much, and for those living at a dis
tance from the village, to remember that
the stock of flour, sugar, tea, etc , is re
plettished in due time? Do you ever
think of the multitude of h r cares and
duties? She must rise early to prepare
breakfast or oversee it Perfciira there
are children to wush, dress snd feed, or to
get ready lor school with their dinners.
There is baking, sweeping, dusting, mak
ing beds, lunch for the men, maybe din
ner, supper to be made ready at the proper
time the washing, starching, folding and
ironing of clothes take care of the milk,
including the making of butter and cheese
and the inevitable washing of dishes!
In autumn therf is an additional work of
picking, preserving, canning of fruit dry
ing apples, boiling cider, makin.c apple
sauce, with the still more unpleasant task
which falls to her lot in butchering time.
Then there is haying, harves'ing, sheep
shearing eta, when more help is needed,
bringing an increase of her labors. Twice
a year comes house cleaning. Ey the
way, of all the foes a housekeeper has to
contend with, dirt is the greatest. She
may gain a complete victory, and think to
repose upon her laurels after hfr semi
annual engagements but it is only tem
porary. The en' my soon returns, and
even daily skirmishing does not keep it at
bay. There is the mending, too. Sewing
machines sregrtat blessings, but they
can't set a patch or darn the -stockings.
I don't mention these thinirs by way of
coirplainine of woman's lot in general or
asking for her any rights which she does
not poss- sa I don"t Know as there is any
remedy in the present state of the world.
It sems to 1 ono of the evils of life
which must be borne as we bear other ills
but what I do ask is a due appreciation
of the importsnt part that woman aH',
and a concession that her labors, mental
and physical, ere as r.at, all things con-!
sidered, as those of the other s?x. Wo
man are not so childish that a little sym
pathy now and then, or acknowledgment
of their efforts and sacrifices make them
imagine thtir case worse than it is. 1 tell
n, men and husbnds, ' it docth good
ike a nn dicine and many a p or, crush
ed, broken down wife and mother is dying
for waut of it "
nonnrrficut has 112 Masonic lodges
aud 11,0-0 Master Masons.
J. V. Fabwell & Co.. Chicago, are daily
receiving fresh importations from manufac
turers in Europe, and now have on sale the
bet stm-k ever ollercd in any market. Tbey
thoroughly understand the wants of the
Northwest, and merchants baying of this
house will see such eoods only as ire adapted
to this latitude. They will find their goods
selected for them, and can buy snch quanti
ties mi they nevd. replenish their stock ollen,
anil thus avuid the loss of carrying otct an
old stock.
Old Pkejcdices abs Dtino Oi'T. Xcw
facts are killintr them. The idea that invalids
weakened by disease can be relieved by pros
trating them with destructive drugs, is no
longer entertained except by monomaniacs.
Ever since the introduction of Da. Walkeb s
Vixeoab BiTTEits, it has been obvious ibat
their regulating and invigorating properties
are all-sufficient tor the cure of chronic indi
gestion, rheumatism, constipation, diarrhea,
nervous altcctions and malarious fevers, and
they are now the standard remedy for these
complaints in every sect inn of the Cnion.
Died Suddenly of Heart Disease.
How common is the announcement. Thou
sands are suddenly swept into eternity by this
fata! malady. This disease generally has its
orifin in impure blood, tilled with irritating,
poi-onous materials, which, circulating
thronsrh the heart, Irritate its delicate tissues.
Thouirh the irritation may at first be only
sligh', producing a little palpitation or irreg
ular action, yet by and by the disease beconv
firmly seated, and inflammation, or hyper
trophy, or thickening of the lining mem
brane, or of the valves, is produced. How
wise to give early attention to a case of this
kind. L't. natural throbbing or pain in the re
gion of the heart should admonish one that
all is not right, and if you would preserve it
from further disease, you must help it to beat
rightly by the use of such a remedy as shall
remove the cause of the trouble. Cse Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery before the
disease has become too seated, and It will, by
its great blood-purifying and wonderful regu
lating properties, effect a perfect cure. It con
tains medicinal properties which act specifl.
cally upon the tissues of the heart, bringing
about a healthy action. Sold by all first-class
druisrUts. 581
Better than fine gold Is the news contained
in the advertisement headed J. C. (J.
A great many people have asked us of
late, " Llow do you Ke-p your norse looKmg
so sleek and glossy?" We tell them, its the
easiest thing in the world; give Sheridan's
Civalry Condition Pow Jen two or three times
a week.
A gentleman In the eastern part of the
State, who was about having his leg am
putated on account of its bein? bent at right
angles and stiff at the knee, heard of John-
.)' Anodyne Lininitnt. After using it a short
time, his leg became straight, and ia now as
serviceable as the other.
Godey's Ladv"8 Book. The September
Enmber contains an excellent steel-plate engraving
"The Defence," a beautiful colored fashion-plate,
and several other fashion illustrations, with de
scriptions of the latest fashions The stories are
good, - nsaal, and the useful information eon-
taine ' in the household department is alone worth
the price of the book. TheUrmsare: Onecopy,
one year, $3.0!); two copies, 15.00; three, 7.60;
four, $m.00; lire, and one extra, $14.00; eight
and one extra, 31.00; eleven, and ono extra,
(-27.50. L A. Gonir, Philadelphia.
The Little Corporal for September
present an exce'Ient variety oi Stories, Poetry,
Natural History, Pictures, etc. As the time for
making arrangements for reading matter for the
next year is near at hand, the publisher offers to
send the remaining numbers of this year free to all
whose names and money are sent in before Ocober
Oral. T.rme, ft.5jayear. AddreseJousE.MiL-
lbb, Chicago. lit.
Medical Mistakes.
It took the fdcnlty about a thousand yean to
discover that the best way to cure diseases was not
to render the patient too weak to contend with it.
Within the last twenty years, however, the whole
system of medical practice has been changed for
the better. In diseases or complaints caused by
excessive heat, for instance, the doctors no longer
recommend the reduction of the inrild'a strength
by prostrating medicines. The vast success which
has a tented the use of Hostettcr's Stomach Bit
ters as a remedy for debility, has given even the
moet prejudiced members of the olu school an in
sight Into the only true and rational theory of
cure. Cantharides. calomel, and overpowering
doses of opium, are now among the obsolete nos
trums of another age. The lancet, once as much
the legitimate weapon of the physician as the
sword is of the solrtier, is s-ldom drawn from its
case. The principle ot life ia no longer drained
from the veins by the quart, and water-gruel for
the strengthless Invilid has ceas d to be i-oneid
ered an appropriate diet. Vigor b the motto of
the adonal members of the profession, and they
nnde stand, at last, the value of a sterling vegeta
ble tonic. So, a'so. with the people at lar-;
ana wunoni consulting meaicai me at ati, tney
nave adopted ine hitters s a nouetoia remedy,
thereby economising both cash and health.
Note the fact that Ilostetler's stomach Bitters
is sold in botf'es only, never nbuik, snd that the
abortions springing up in various parts of the
country, and sometimes offered as eubs'itntes for
the great national specihc, are all utterly worth
leas. Pbrbt Davis' Par Kiixer is an excellent seen-
lator of the stomach and bowels, and should
always be kept on band, especially at this season
of the year, when so mnny suiter Irom bowel com.
plaints. There is nothing so quick to relieve in
attacks of Cholera.
Bold at only 35 cents a bottle, by merchants gen
erally.
Schiedam Aomc ScnsAPP-". This medical
beverage is manufacinred by the proprietor at
Schiedam. Holland, exressl- formedictl use. aud
is not only warranted free from all re eterions
compounds, but of the best possible quaiiry, and
Is the only a coholic b.-verage that has the en
dorse men t ot the medical faculty.
Put up in quart and i int bottles. For sale by
an uruggists and grocers.
Oor-r or RHEmATisif is quickly relieved and"
enren in a lew days nv mat celebrated ncguan
Medicine, tsiairs oout ana itneamatic mis.
FINANCIAL.
Investment Securities.
Jat Cooke & Co. are now sellinir, and rec
ommend as a profitable and safe investment
for all classes, the First Mortgage 7-30 Gold
Bonds of the Northern Tacific Railroad Com
pany, beArins Seven and Three-Tenths per
cent, cold interest (more than 8 per cent, cur
rency, and secured by first and only mort
gage on the entire road and equipments, and
on more titan 23,C0 Acres of Land to every
mile of track, or 500 Acres of Land to etch
$1,000 Bond. The highest current prices will
be paid for V. S. Five-Twenties, and all other
marketable Securities received in exchange,
Pamphlets, maps and full information will be
lurutslK-d, on appucatton, by jat ukkJ
Co., rnilauetphia. iew lork and. Washing
ton, and by most Banks aud Bankers through
out the country.!
BUSS?JSSS CHANCE.
VA N F AN AU KX T n mrr vfl'a-j- ro w-n my
V- V .Hill-.'. IT. IoIKM', 1H)X .Si, Lmtn'a
VTE "nt irllnhlr Own! AotiI in rverj Crmntr to
i:im nit oi UK fttreui mr i,oroon
Bobbins Srvriiie MacliinrM. Arraii-i-iiH-itu
r in nw U mil!' fr a it-niiuin 'i( :tml nrntlt tiire bUMUC-Ni.
Ij CAsUTIUMtOtt-.l "Hi PIC ATTICA Ih
lty iitMi Vi-Mtii V.i-u, at -rfwolJ t'olIt'Kr, a
ve n port. Iowa. linoc n Mruu-i)ts iTvpiirimy,
atitl ucssiU-c Cost, iiUMk-ntc. i& Tenn op-n3 ttlu
OTIS Sc BIGELOW.
REAL ESTATE & LOAN AGENTS,
121 Dearborn Sc., Chlcnir, III.,
DEAT FHS IS riTV AMI St'HI'Ci; AN PKOPEIiTY
A.MJWhMtllS AM MM-IHKKN LAM'S.
TjurU for sue in I'W:i. K:ini. Minneitii. NebrwOcjL
ar.-J Missouri. Clmm; niK-tty iMrtiirli and sold ou emu
I IIF YOl'NO KDIKV INTITITTK. Grmr
t it: i . iMiii'ict in nil ii-aitoiniuienu. w;H mm-
mm"Mt f rtv-Hrt year S-rnil-r 1. II P cniHT
wtih a pxwl PreKirHt -rv Krpartiivnt. hat mpe-hir !
vantne fiMhe nil tiv: tii m oi Mumc and Pul'iTins, "!
nocdy. Ad.tn Kev. I). SIIKPAKPSOX. President.
AGEHTS! BEAD THIS!
K WILL HAT AOKSTS A AI,AKY
am a. wb tfidtixpe'iesora.low lr..e
cmnmiiwloa to ll r-r.r n-w won-iejtul J?"0 AT-
OlMj.rii:i.l.i r.jtt'.ilver.ne Ml Co, Cassopolia, Mich.
tf O O r 1 1 Ctr. TrsR! 4i!r r ; Bulimia
JS.jji V" U-ior..W- K.nut-I Pf-aaMe. Iwl
circuUrj. T. i R UOCis Atth St., f tuUiU., Pa.
1SIO-
-TO-
-18TI.
FOR THIRTY-ONE TEAKS
PERRY DAVIS
PAIN-KILLER
FT hrfn trs'rd in m-rr nrWr of cllmnb. aw? br nlmrwl
rvtTy ii.tii.Hi known to Aiiit-nun. I( is (be aJmMt vim
hhvit crtiin: n and liM-siinwltk fHfiid of the muwonwT
and Hk" tr.v 'Ur. on n - nt.d hind, snd no one should
tr.Y. t.H, mu I.ARtiUlt lUVUa WITHOUT IT.
PAIU-H1LLEK was the first and is the Only
Permanent rain-Keuever.
PInre tbr PAIX-KII.I.ET5 wm Intrrvtwrd, and mef
wi:t !h-1i ii!r-unt:ivsi-d Hak. many Ltninwnr, Pniuun-.i, ami
oiIht r'trvlK liuvt nff'T.'M to tttc rwiMir, but no
otn- f ri-m in rviT attaint, the truly knvijuu mxM
I-lii af IBM PAI VhlLUU;.
WHY IS THIS SOt
It is hemn" DAVTS PAIN KILLER Is wtaai It claim
to be a n-iicver oi' pain.
Its Merit3 ar3 TJnsurpassel
II ron nr. tiSrin"- from INTERVAL PAPT. twiutT or
lltirly 'tnw ill link? wmer w II aluiKt uwt:uilly rnre
yotl. 1 IKTC W DUllUU tO r'UJ II. 1U . ICW uwuraa u
Colic. Cramp. !pan, Ilcartbnra, Diar
rhea. Uynintrry, Max. y ind In IBB
Bonelm rar stomach. Dys.
pcBsia. ick Headache.
In section of the country wbcra
FEVER yTMXJ AGTJB
rtnniiL thre Is no p-rii -!r held In grfater esteem.
r.vt-rv Imu-fcocpcr -,ho"ilil iaei il al li.v.l, 10 upr'y on
li? Hrvt :i tuck if am- P.i'n. it will Rive sattoiaclory re
itL and save tiotirs of 8iil:V-iiit.
y mt trilie with yoursHvis by tesflrer rnitrlwl rrme--'
It.- till,- vihi mil f-H- iumI if't tle erniline PA1V-
KILI.K1U ni:mv w).rtli!"s ii.tmm-t nrv Mtlt-mpwl to he
.il m 'It trrv.it n-iit:tliMi of Ihii valuable medicine.
IB U.nvltUU.4 L'CU!UiMfcllU UlCU UOIUC.
Price, 23 eta.. 30 eta. and 81 per Bottle.
J. IT. HASHI3 & CO., Cincinnati, 0.,
t Prop, ietora tor the Western ad Southern State.
tjF Sold by all Medicine Dealers.
For Sale by
IIi-RLnrr ErwiL. rhieaio.
ti!iK-'..K A Bctto-V Milwaitkt-e.
Sovti BU8 St- PuL
THE GREAT ESGLISH EE2IEDI
FOR
GOUT A.D MEHITBH.
A LI unffeirrs from tbe above complaints, are advised
.XI. to use
GOUT AND RHEUMATIC PILLS.
TIkv can be rrbXI npon ft the most mfc and rftVrtnal
nimilvrt-wouVml tot lie public, and have been universally
u-cd in Euro,? tor manv years with the irelest s:ccesn.
HerM.uestY' t'oniniisisiuners have autliorized Uie name
awl addrvs of "THOMAS PliOLT. Strand, London,
to be imprevfHl upon Ue GovenuiM-nt Manip atlUe4 to
eacu uux oi lue genuine meuiciije. t or tuuc oy
FULLER & FTLLEU, Chicago,
ATD DKALZftS GEXKaULLY.
TiUIfU.ll.l) mTITFTK. FKEKHOI.IR. N J.
X A honnLin-: Hhx1 tor bov. Kor c:iUloUtai apply
to tl rnneipui, A- u. ciiA.MUf.iuv
JAMES & EDWD. ATKINSON,
WHOLESALE AM) EXPORT
PERFUMERS
24 Old Bond St., London.
ESTABLISHED K93.
Prize Medals, London lSii' ; Paris,lSSZ.
Atkinsons' Celebrated White Rose
Is now utanuiactnmt In bond ami thfpped, duly free, at
cuuaiuemuic reuueuou.
ATKINSONS' CELEBRATED
BROWN WINDSOR SOAP, Ac.
X. K An pTfxnwx, Ean He Colosme, Lavender, Hah
iw-ninmrsaita iihi -i v im-ir are now nmnu.iiC
turul io Bond," and siii,ped duty in at reatt reduoiuo.
PRICE LIST ON APPLICATION.
fM UTION. Many Jipnrtons imitations am now jmM
ofM.-sra. J. A E. Atkixwins' Good-: nnlera should
tlien-fore be rnt direct fr thmnsb contniiton houtws of
n.iuii Tl'iWki fc ii Li:fTa iv t uii i.-ii
JQESSRS. FILLER it FULLER
Tb r?nt Fnnlvui. The wortd mar be snfb-
fy i :i. :!'Td to puMiucu so perfect ft simulation oi' any
1 fi-rattta inli"Mr Anrtfat
la of Its oriTin d, tlie SeltziT spring of (imram. Tbe
A entitf, h:is-d on a corn-t itnstivsb of the Seltzer WfltT,
Is een -upriitT tt tlie manufacture t Nature hersetlj he-(Mi!--
it eo;i!:ui all the a tie medical properties of tbe
-in iiiir. mialloved by any of the inert and u lew partleles
j "mini in ail in:iMTnl -unt;iins. i he eeuHlne article
briuir nrr a red, vu have thei-efzir Y ntcr of Europe.
tinled nd itiTti'iel, and rolMy tlie best, rhe most
irent -il r:iiiiruc aud aiitiUilou prejionLtoo oa Use facial
roc curuia
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
AT THE LAaT DAt WHAT
A FJ1S ELACH G&7-
M U C?aH mw
jone nf cnn-ltlrs to rtiiklrrn many a parent have to
l a: Pv-nn.ti n tL anj iwfulU) to tormzxt
l,.-:tt'ei h'-leciiil-lrfn wln you canprvvent It Is rat'EL
l. L ,itt it.Mi- Tlieran! .Mil nv nj;il
i.t.Rtn r frHt of nrire. One, T.-. Thrr to onr ad
Il.-i-s. KW (lilli-reut ut-uaiap r pub!W tht adviita
n.l. Adda.-. R noTOHTOX. J. fftrson, OLio-
STEAM ENGINES
ron SALE.
OSS RUDDICK STEAM EXBIXE,
IVbor-.powrr Price with Covnwr, f rm. Prf'rBl
Kttc ir--rTmt Will be aoidiuc iour Ilinidn.-!
dollar, caso. Abo, oca
SZC0HD-HAJTD HOSIZ03TA1 KTOUTE,
rvik-tit ott and rnvTar'- -L Pi-i--i. Willi Jt)L--n
Governor, ikO. Cost near, jr2. Adilr. fi. immnludt-ij .
1 1 A and 114 MiWl slrtL Uitcazo. Iu.
gi I The only mnliclne In rr'tmyf
m a laa i'i;w nevtT l-'li w tjin; li r. -
ol iuiva-orrari.-n--i!lvitp:iin. fUWIir niM. Liberal
dieiMi;'.t to ih-.' trade. UIL l:oK. Box a. ChicHiZO.
Ft T 'N'TED AliBXT.I, (3AjM-r dfT) .'?
I VI wliii..- i-irbrai- d homk:;iil ti le si-.Hi.Nu
tl M Y HINE. Ma the Kmlrt-rml, n'.ki Hk
I M 'drtittil' Oilikeon bolh sil.-.i an.1 b fnUt
IfFH-THIf. TIN IK'S! RIM1 CIKHI.- ""''"'f? " 'Vt-
Q M.K hhie In the mirii.1. A'ldn-s. JOHN ON,
l 3 l.AUK : ft), li!on. Vm, I1lL.bur.iH. Ja
m Cuiuiu,llL.orM.luia.u.
. vi.'UMHiwirHf-ltlKK VlJIKtJAR.
A OMtnil.-d I'.M-ils Purity, i'-nn:li ai:d PaiHUl.U-nefS.
Warranted t.. keep lVea. Kirt Pminnm awarded at
the United Sl:ile Fair, li.nwd. t-tate Fair and r.in av' f ily
L-..i. i il. kind in tiie United stales, r-
t.-iU filled IMS. Ortler. and crre-poroh-m-e promptly at-
teml.il to. t 'IAS. IJ. K. Ill MM.. ..tfanfi .,n .-uw
Clii.-Oi.-o. Al-o superb WH1 1 K WI N t l. rA-AI
THEA-NECTAR
is a mi
DIACK TEA
ranted to iniit all ta-t-- nito
aor.'.irlete. Ai d f.-r sale wh. h
lie-and Purine Ten t o.. J
Imr. '. St, New York. P. Bol
5 lli. Jknd lor Tuca-Necj
Cucuiar.
SOLID GOLD AMD SILVER.
W.ilfham. liiria. Mirioa and wi. Warhr.
JEWEL.lt V, tllAISS & MLVER WAKE,
OP VEY TAalCTT AD STTLX
TTTwill forward hv Krav. C. O'. D. any artifice at
iLuiill'arturen' p'riecs ailuwtns the inin-haMTt" oien
n.l examine ile noo-la ln-t'-a-e mi i.is tl. ,ll 1. e k'o
ftHV.-.illier tui-liH-rH ofl ut l a. d prolitlo evert man
Hid wo i. in wIk) will .end ilH-ir address at once. f"r onr
ilheirrated pri nsl an'.l relrivnces. a., jm.o"!..,
Maiiasi-r SatfNud Jewe rjr Bazaar, Loci Box lw ilaiuu
loo. Ohio, biate where wu.
Uafson's American Miisical Agency
9i I'llnlan Pliire iMth St.) N. V.
Klalal.-lHil ItiUi.
Musical In-dminentn. Shi-et Mo?k
OLE BULL ViOLiN AND GUITA3 ST31BSS,
Pateiil Violin iN AX and Mnsieal Mi-n-lnndw.ri every
ik-mTiHinn. fataliciK-smaik-l f'rre. .M iwal HibTiiiat'OO.
rlK-FTl'illy furntolaal ijiilaM!f. verbally y "a"1-
ATTENTION. OWNF.HS OF HORSES I
Tlie .INC foLI.AU P.'.D a :.-nutB.il to luie Mn
vorxt e-ie of raw and irtUi.i.uf.'n: -. ek in t.-a dav, imd
work III" lior.MStTV i.tv, or III.' n-..n- i.-I'iiimI. .L ror
il hy i.'l x-jMI.-rv lU'ilWitr-eest'iiiiuh--"-:''.. I'd t-Teir-tulara.
iU-Nl; Llll.LAIi PAD CD, Hochanan, Michigan.
IMIered and mrrd br TV. Pberrnnn's Patent AppN;w
hi 1. 1 Compound. Tli? VI Ur-KMlwuy. N. V. biu hV.
frbook villi photo-.THphic like-sof own bltreaiwl
itl'er cure, wi'li lletuT Ward 15et-livrs ow, letter awl
-rtniiL Hewarroi travetin? hiiKUurit who prvt.inl U
Live been a.-i.-uuib of Dr. hu ekm o.
OOAF'irW-rlri,p,nno" Sent on Mai. Ho acmuv
JJ Addrw L:. 8. PIANO Co-, W5 B'war, N. V.
REDUCTION OF PRICES
To conform to
REDUCTION OT DUTIES.
Great Savtaat t Cnnanmrra by (rltlnc
tf Send (br our rw Prier Lh and a Club rm wfD
nv.mnw It e...l.mlr7 full dirvelaaia, III'.WU'IS a hrj
aaving to conaunuaw and rcmuiKralive lu ciub oramxera
TDK CHEAT AlERirAS TEA CO,
P.O. Max acta. 1 and 33 YwSt,3e Ton
R',
linn MaterlaL c of every kind at the Ufflt pruMl.
Wi ite tor a Pri.-e Li-t to .
lillEAT WKSTERS GXTS WOP.KS, Plruhorgh, Pa.
Army Ouna, Uijrolven, ax, um ut tiriLuie
rf?a"
TTTHE3I WHITIXO TO ADYEKTISER
i t alraae amy ymm saw . atfvertlaemeaa;
thlaaaix-r. S14-H O.
A CHEAT KEDICAL GiStOYEET
MILLIONS Bear Teatlaieay tm tketr
Wnder(al Caratiwe Effects.
XR. WlLKtR'9 CALIFOBSIA
They mT9 mot a vile FANCY DRINK
Made of Pmor Ham, Whiskey, Pmf Spirit
mad Refuse ILiqasrs doctored, tplccd snd iwert.
enedto plesie tb taste, called "Tonics. Appetis
ers.- Restorers, w ftc.. that lead the tippler on to
drnnkecneas sad ruin, bat are s true Medicine, made
from the Narire Hoots and Herbs of California, fires
from ai; Alcoholic Stimulants. Tbey are the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER asd A LIPK
GIVING PRINCIPLE, ft perfect RenoT&tor snd
InTigorator of the System, carrying off all poisonous
matter and restoring tbe blood to a healthy condition,
No person can take tLese Bitters according to direc
tions and remain long unwell, prorlded their bones
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and tbe vital organs wasted beyond tbe point of rt
pair.
They area Gentle Portative mm well asm
Tonic possess in also, the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful agent in relieving Congestion or Inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOE. FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether ta
yoongor old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at tae turn of life, these Tonic Bitters bars
no eqnaL
For Inflammatory and Chreale Rhea ma
ll am and Gaat Dyspepsia er Indigestion
Billons, Remittent and Intermittent Fevers.
Diseases ef the Blood Liver. Kidneys, and
Bladder, these Bitters have been most successful.
Sack Diseases are caused by Vitiated filoed.
which Is generally produced by derangement of tat
Diftentlve Orsrans.
DYPEPMA OR INDIGESTION, Head
ache. f-ta in tue Shoulders, Couk!i, Tigntnc? of t!is
Chest. Dizziness. Sour ructatiuns of tbe ttomnch,
B-wi taste in tl:e Month. Bilious Attacks, Palpitation
of the Heart. Inflammation of the Ltiugs. Paiu In the
regions of the Kidners, and a hundred other paiafoi
symptoms, are the out p rings of Dy spepsia.
Tbey invigorate the Stomach and stimulate tbe tor
pid liver and bowel), which render them of unequalled
etfeacy In eh-s nsing the blood ef ail Imparities, and
imparting ntw hie and vigor to tbe wboiesystcm.
FOR SKIN DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetur, gait
Rhe a m, bl'iuiieb -pou, Piuiples, Pustules, Boils. Car
buncles, King-Worms. Scalii-Head, Sore Kyes. Erjsip
elits. Itch, Scurfs, Decolorations of the Skin, Humors
and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dtig up and carried ont ef the srstem in a
?hort time by the use of these Bitters. One' bottle in
such cast will convince the most Incredulous of their
curative eif ecu
Clene the Vitiated Blood whenever yon find its
Imparities bursting through the skin in Pimples, Ercn
'Aons or Sores, clnie it when you fiud it obstructed
and sluggish in the veins; cleanse it when it is foul, and
your feelings will tell yon when. Keep the blood purs
snd tbe health 01 the system will follow. ,
PIN, TAPE, and other WORMS, lurking m the
svstemofsomany thour-iinds. are edectnally destroy
ed aud removed. For full directions, read earemlly
tbe circular around each bottle, printed in four laa
guagt ng lub, German, French and Spanisn.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. BT. McDONAXD CO..
O-uggtsts snd Gen. Agents, San Francisco, CaL, snd
83 snd 31 Commerce Street, New Tork
OTSOLD B7 ALL sDRUGGISTS ASD DEALERS.
THE
Raileoad Gazette.
A WEEKLY JOUB2CAL OV
Transportation, Enginctriiig and Hroad Sews.
Tbe attanQoo of Railroad Mat la called to thia Joomal,
which is tKlinal to be at ihU tima
THE MOST C0MP8EHESSIVE RAILROAD JODRRAl
E TUB TfOELD!
Tnatins aa It doea of an branchea of tha
Complicated business of Transportation, and especially
of the Operation of Railroads, Railroa'd Engineer
ing, the Construction of Locomotives and Cars,
Tlie conductors of ttaia Journal atra
Special Prominence to Railroad Sews.
And there will be tumd In Ite eolnmna aceonntsof the
Oranlzatloa of all New Companies, tbe Projection and
Location of New Lines, the Proercaa of Bailroad Coo
Btmction, tbe Improvement of Old Lines, the Business oJ
Di liferent Hoads, Hie Comblnarions and Boslnrss ArranKe
menta of Comrnnles, Aonnal Reporta, Elections and Ap
pointments of Directors and Officers, Decisions of Courts
Keating to Tt.iiwn.ri., and. In abort, whatever la
Interesting or Talaable to Kallroad Xaa,
Be he President. Wrector. Stockholder, Scmermlendent,
Eneineer, Master Mechanic, Azent, Conrtnoor, Locomo
tire Enzlneer, or in any way connected with or interested
in railroads or railroad business.
Article 17 Practical Railroad Men
7onn a fflsMrmshlns; nrore of the JnnmaL Leadhn:
EnsinerrinK Works and valuable Improvements in Bailroad
MachlDayara
Ulnstrated by Fine Engravings
In Its columns. Eneineers, Master Mechanic and Mamv
fartnrers Sad loese lliostnued oascriptioos of tbe greatest
value.
proper attention is riven to tha
Belatioa f Ballroada to U Conunnnltj and
Bailroad Lerlslatloa,
And also to tha
BelaUons of Campania to their Employes, and IAir
Snmi Bighla md Danes.
This paper Is prepared by a eorpsof Editors of special
onxliflcatioos, and every pains ia taken Io make It ladupena
able to every Kallroad Man. It laaltoeether independent,
avoitla all undue pulBna; of men or corporations. Hives
. r..iii anil imnu-rbillr. aLnoa esnecUllrto cive prarftV
ml infbrtMHImt which will directly aid Its readers in the
proven Hon of thrir bnsincaa. molnoa men una in u
Raileoad Gaztt the earliest information of theopen
Insof new stattooson railroads in course of construction,
and are thus enabM toestablish rriatloos with such towns
fromtlabepnniDgof their existence.
The leading enrtneerms; Joomal of England, for which
Ajnerican suhscribers have nxuaily paid IS per year, will
be sent, together with the Baojuas Cazwm, or I J
per year.
Term of Subscription:
Smsle copy, per amrans...
Ten copies, per annum...
Single conies
tM.oa
JS.Ot
an
Letters concerning subscriptions and adrerttmg should
be addressed to
A. N. KKLXOGG,
110 and 113 Madison Street, Chicago.
2.30 .A Til N-l-j
Tor an ADVERTISEMENT m
270
NEWSPAPERS.
This List cooiprises
& laxga Proportioii of tha Beat "Wertera
Country Papers, Ba pernor in voaracier,
Circulation and Influence to tioao
of any other list.
THERE CUTS ARE fSED. OVLT THREE REQfTREB
pott the vi auut uax.
For Ota, estimates sol farther parUoulan, address
A. If. KELLOGG,
tlalaad 113 Madison street, Cticaso.

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