OCR Interpretation


South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, September 15, 1871, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075000/1871-09-15/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Our Teeth.
Thb charms, omens, si en a, panaceas, re
lating to the teeth, constitute quite a form
idable item in folk lore. In some parts of
Sussex there is a superstition that if yon
. put on jour right stocking; right shoe, and
right trowser leg before the left, you will
never have a toothache. To drink out of
a skull taken from a graveyard ; to take a
tooth from such a skull, and wear it round
the neck ; to apply the tooth to your own
living but aching tooth; to put a double
nut into your pocket ; to pare your finger
nails and toe nails, and wrap up the par
ings in paper all are charms against the
toothache. If you catch a mole in a trap,
cut off one of his paws and wear it as a
charm, yon will soon see the effect," pro
Tided a right paw be used for a left tooth,
and riot vert. When an aching tooth is
. extracted, mix it with ea!t and burn it.
There is at Norfolk a custom of calling
the tootache the u love pain," for which
the sufferer is not entitled to any commis
eration; whether he (or she) fully assents
to this may perhaps be doubted.- Kany
other items of tooth-lore have no connec
tion with toothache. For instance : if the
teeth are set wide apart, there will be good
luck and plenty of traveling for the fortu
nate possessor. When a tJOth is drawn,
if you refrain from thrusting your tongue
into the cavity, the new tooth to grow in
its place will be a lucky ore. L3y Went
worth, in a letter written in 1713, to her
sod, Lord Strafford, spoke of the efficacy
of wolves' teeth set in gold to assist chil
dren in cuttiDg their teeth: "They are
very lucky things : for my twoe first one
did eye, the otner bred his very ill, and
none of ye rest did, for I had one for al
the rest." Bless the good lady ! her gram
mar and her logic are about on a par.
Why do some people's teeth come out
more rapidly than others? The reasons
for this are probably many. About the
middle of the last century Peter Calm, a
Swede, visited America and wrote sensibly
about what he saw. lie observed a fre
quent loss of teeth among settlers from
Europe, esptcUlly women. After discuss
ing and rejecting many modes of explana
tion, he attributed it to hot tea and other
hot beverages, and came to a general con
clusion that "hot feeders lose their teeth
more readily than cold feeders." Mr. Cat
lin, who some years ago had an interesting
exhibition of Indian scenery, dresses,
weapons, eta, noticed that North Amer
ican Indians have better teeth than the
whites. He accounts for the difference in
this strange way, that the reds keep the
mouth shut, whereas the whites keep it
open. The teeth, he says, require mois
ture to keep their surfaces in good work
ing order ; vt hen the mouth is open, the
mucous membrane has a tendency to dry
tip, the teeth lose their needed supply of
moisture, and thence comes discoloration,
toothache, ucdoloreux, decay, looseness
and eventual loss of teeth.
During the days of the resurrectionists
or body-snatchers, when grave-yards were
subjected to pillage for supplying anato
mists with subjects for dissection, the teeth
from the dead bodies forme 1 a frequent
article of sale to dentists. Sometimes
graves were opened for the teeth alone, as
being small and easily concealed articles.
Mr. CooDer. the snreeon. relates an in
stance of a man feigning to look out for a
Dunal-place tor his wile, and thus obtain
ing access to the vault of a meeting house,
the trap-door of which he unbolted; at
night he let himself down into the vault
and pocketed the front te;th of the whole
of tiie buried congregation, by which he
cleared fifty pounds. Mention is made of
a licensed sutler or cantineer duncg the
Peninsular war, who "drew the teeth of
those who had fallen in battle, ana plun
dered their persons. With the produce of
these adventures ne built a Hotel at Alar
gate. But his previous occupation being
discovered, his house was avoided, and
disposed of at heavy loss, lie afterward
became a dealer in dead men's teeth.
Chamber Journal
The "Deep Snow" in Illinois Forty
Years Ago.
The following graphic account of the
aeep snow, an event so often re:erred
to by the old residents of Illinois, is from
a recent address delivered by President
Sturtevant, of Illinois College, before a re
union of the old settlers of Morgan, Cass
ana boon counties, at Jacksonville:
The constitution of your society defines
an old settler. lie is one who resided here
before the deep snow. The thought has
occurred to me that it might be interesting
to many in tms auaience to ce lntonuea of
what we mean bv the deep mow. - We
shall have no difficulty in making ourselves
understood on that subject In the inter
val between Christmas l&iO, and New
Year, 1831, of course, forty years ago last
New Year's, snow fell all over Central Il
linois to a depth of nearly three feet on a
level. Then came a rain, with weather so
cold that it froze as it fell, forming a crust
of ice over this three feet of snow, nearly,
if not quite, strong enough to bear a man,
and, finally, over this crust of ice, there
were a few inches of very light snow. The
clouds passed away and the wind came
down upon us from the northeast with
extraordinary ferocity. For weeks, cer
tainly not less than two weens, the mer
cury in the thermometer tube was not, on
any one morning, higher than 12 degrees
Deiow zero, ine wind was a steady, tierce
gale from the northwest, day and night
The air was filled with flying snow, which
blinded the eyes and almost stopped the
breath of any one who attempted to face
it No man could, for any considerable
length of time, make his way on foot
against it
The story of such a winter as this may
be pleasant enough to hear to one who
hopes never to experience it; but the sit
uation of the inhabitants of this country
was certainly rath:r alarming. The peo
ple were almost wholly from regions more
southern than this, and knew nothinz bv
experience of dealing with such a depth
of snow and such cold. Indeed, I had
then some experience of New England
winter, and have had some since, but I have
to this day never seen any other which
bore any comparison to this. Jacksonville
had then about 400 people. We were de
pendent chiefly for keeping warm on hav
ing plenty of wood, for our houses were
certainly far enough from being warmly
built ; and yet our supply of fuel for the
winter was not as is more commonly the
case now, piled at our doors before the be
ginning of winter. It is in the forest, and
must be brought us, through the snow,
and by people who were quite unaccus
tomed to it Could it be done ? It was at
first not quite apparent that it could. Our
corn was ia the fields, over which this
covering of snow was spread, and to a
great extent the wheat for our bread was
in sacks in like condition. Snow paths
could not be broken after the New Eng
land fashion. There a few hours of wind
blows all the snow from exposed places,
and deposits it in valleys and behind hills,
where the wind cannot reach it A little
energy with ox teams and sleds
will break oat a road and there
is no more trouble till the
next snow-storm. There is no truer
picture thau that given by Whittier in his
" Snow-Bound " of the frolic of breaking
the roads after a great snow storm. But
nothing of that sort would have been of
much use in our case. In this level coun
try there is no end to the diif ting as It ng
as the snow lasts and the wind blows.
There are no covered places in which the
snow can be 'driven, consequently the
path would fill behind a team, or any
number of teams in a few minutes, so that
its track could not be seen. The only
way in which snow paths were finally
made was by going as nearly as we could
in the same place, till the snow was trod
den hard, and rounded np like a turnpike.
The snow-fall produced constant sleighing
for nine weeks, and when at last warm
rain and sunshine prevailed, about the
first of March, in melting the snow from
fields and untrodden places, the roads re
mained as lines of ice, which disappeared
but gradually. The New Englander has
scarcely any such experience of winter as
this certainly not unless it be quite in
Northern New Ens land. We had no
railroads then, nor indeed any dream of
them. But our mail communication with
the rest of the world was quite interrupted
for several weeks continuously. We in
those days had one mail a week, and that
on horseback from Springfield, and to
more energy than ma'l boys in those days I
were master of. J
I say we had no railways in those days.
But how little good they would have done
us if we had had them. I am free to con
fess that my memory of the deep snow
produces in my mind to this day an un
conquerable aversion to long journeys by
railway in the winter. Should such a win
ter as that of 1830 31 occur aain in Cen
tral Illinois, our railways would be as use
less to us for five or six weeks together, as
though they were buried a thousand feet
in the earth. The cuts would all be filled,
and they would fill again in half an hour,
behind any train that might dig i s way
through. It is a consolation that such a
winter has never occurred but once in the
memory of man. But what has happened
once may happen again. If it does we
shall have a Very definite idea how impor
tant our railroads are to us, and we shall
be very glad that the snow is not over the
telegraph wire. I cannot say, after all,
that in town there was any very serious
amount of suffering we did get food and
fuel and a good deal of fun and frolic out
of the deep snow, though at the expense
of not a few frozen ears, noses and faces,
but the loss to the fanners in stock and
crops, was very considerable. Some va
rieties of wild game were nearly exterm
inated. Deer were entirely unable to pro
tect themselves from the dogs and the
huntsmen.
I think, then, my audience will agree
with me, that the line drawn by this asso
ciation to define an old settler is a very
definite and palpable one.
Flowers.
Although, in the main, bedding plants
are propagated during the latter part of
winter to the best advantage, still there
must be stock to propagate from, and to
this end considerable preparation is nec
essary in the falL Such plants as verbenas
are kept over in what are called stock
Dots ; that is, the vigorous youDg tips are
rooted during next month, and then kept
in, say, three inch pots UDtil after the
the turn of the days. By that time- each
plant will furnish a quantity of cuttings
and from that time on, as fast as the tips
grow, they are taken off, rooted, and
plact d in two inch pots until wanted. .
Of geraniums it is just as well to strike
the main crop in the fall when cuttings
are plenty, as they need not take np over
a two-inch sized not until February, if
care is taken to keep them rather dry dur
ing winter. Heliotropes, petunias, fever
fews, salvias and other similar plants, are
quite as well struck late as early; hence it
iinot worth bothering with more than
stock plants of such things, as the room
they would occupy early in the winter
can be very conveniently used for keeping
such plants as carnations, bouvardias, eu
naturiums and thelike. for earlv flowering.
to be afterwards thrown away to make
room for the late bedding plants.
Coitus and other foliaged plants are
best struck late, as they require a rather
high temperature to winter well. It is not
Qehiraoie to nave more oi mem uuui wiu
furnish cuttings in the spring.
Chinese primulas shculd now be encour
aged to make all the growth possible, as
on that will depend their size of flowers in
a great measure. Of course a poor race
will not furnish first class flowers, neither
will a fir3t-class strain if the plants are
grown weak and spindling. Some people
grow flowers of extxaoKiinary size. This
is all owing to extra luxurious growtn.
f mi lax shculd also be encouraged now.
It delights in a close, humid atmosphere ;
if kept in a dry one the consequence will
be a plentiful supply of the pest, red
spider.
" The old common ladie3 slipper or balsam
has taken quite a dignified position among
florists, being used very greatly now in
funeral decorations. The pure white
double camelia balsam has always been an
attractive object, and the fact of its being
stemless does not interfere with it in the
florists eyes, as they stem almost every
thing. ' At first sight this looks a barbar
ous way to use flowers, but to form flow
ers into exact shape and designs it cannot
be done otherwise. Then, again, lor many
of the purposes flowers are used for, they
last abundantly long; if, fresh, twelve
hours, which they will easily do, and sev
eral times twelve stems or no stems.
Only a few varieties of flowers are
grown for the fancy bouquet business, and
they are such as are very prolific in num
bers and decided in color, or ot extra fra
grance. For purposes of house decoration, where
one grows their own flowers, all this may
be changed to advantage, and the Bowers
cut with some stems and set into water, or
beds of sand, as the case may be. Here
greater variety may be used ; such as fade
quickly can be reolaced every morning.
Some of them will fade in spite of long
stems. This the florist soon finds out, and
entirely discards such kinds from his list.
The gladiolus is really a capital plant in
the flower-garden or for cut-flower pur
poses. It has this important advantage.
that a spike cut off and placed in water
will continue in flower quite a long time,
as the plant has the rather rare quality of
opening its flowers that are only in the
Dud when cut, successively, until all are
are opened.
By planting a batch very early in the
spring, on a warm border, another in a
month, and the last batch at the end of
June, a constant succession of flowers un
til frost comes is the result rrairie
Farmer.
A Keeper's Story.
It was in the yesr 186-, that important
bnsiness called me from the small town of
N to the city of A , a journey of
about twenty miles. When about naif
wij between the two places, a rain sto. m
overtook me, and made it necessary tor me
to put up for the night I acerJingly
drove into a farmyard and requested per
mission to stay through the night My
nquest wss readily granted, and after see
ing my horse properly cartd for, I repair
ed to the house with my best, where a
warm suj per was a siting us Four rosy
cheeked children wtre seated around tte
tible, betide the matronly looking mother.
After supper I drew up to the fire to en
joy a smi ke with my new friend. As tae
man lighted his pip-, 1 noticed a deep scar
that extended across his hsnd. On astir g
him the cause of it, I taw my host and h s
w.le exchange glances, and noted a shadow
flit across her handsome face. Alter draw
ing a whiff or two on his pipe, he slid :
" There is a story connected with that
scar that I shi.ll never forget; and even
now, as I am sitting here in safety, with
my dear wife a'd children around me, I
cannot repress a ehudder at whit might
have been."
On my saying that I should like to hear
the story, he commenced is follows :
" I was formerly a night-watchman in
the Insine Asylum over in A . I had
been at my employment about two years,
when the incident I am about to relate
happened. My wife and I had been mar
ried about a ye.r, and she had tried to get
me to leave tee asylum, and find some iess
dangerous employment as she termed it
I had laughed at her fears, but as she
seemed so anxious about it, I had prom
ised in one month more to do as she asked.
The month hid nearly expired ; only one
more nicht remained. I had to go on mv
watch at ten o'clock. On this particular
night I was seized with a nervous fear
of I knew not what, but still I felt that
something was about to happen. In vain
I argued to myself that I had watched
there two years, and nothing had happen
ed, but argue as I would, that saadow
still hung over me. I had three galleries
to g through, and on each side of these
galleries were cells in which tae patients
were confined. As I passed along, I would
occasionally see some bony hands thrust
through the grates, or some poor fellow
would rave at me, accusing me or he
knew what himself. As I nagsed into the
third gallery it was with such afee'ing
that I could hardly help turning ant flee
ing back to awakens me of the attend
ants ; but, laughing at my idle fears, as I
then termed tuem, I resumed my duty.
Passing along, I became aware of an un
common noise in one of tbe cells in which
a new patient had been confined. I walk
along am looked thr' uh tte grates, but
saw nothing out of the way, and was
about passing along when an agonized
groan passed from the lips of the man oi
ue fctraw in the corner he was one of the
worst patients, and we could not cive him
a bed to sleep on as he would tear it into
pieces. I immediately unlocked the door
and passed into his cell. I approached
him, leaving my kees in the lock. As I
stooped over him to see what was the mat
ter, he sprang to his feet, and before I
knew what he wss about, planted a stun
ning blow in my face, which sent me
reel ng into the farther orner. The same
time that ho struck, he tprang psstme
through the door, and before I could pre
vent tiro, had closed and locked it, making
me a prisoner. Then picking up the hn
tern, which I had set on the floor outside,
he held it up and glared at me with his
terrible, bloodshot eyes, and muttjred :
" ' I know where they put the big carv-ing-kni'e,
and now that I have got the
keys, I will get it, and death will be your
port.on.'
" Saying tbis, he started off, leaving me
in the dark. He was a large and powerful
man, weigfcirg nearly tfty pounds more
than I did, and in h s piesent ttate a match
for two like me. In vain I tried to think
of some way of escape; there was none
The window v. as strongly giated ; the door
a dozen men like me could not move. I
thought of my dear w.fe and darling into
cent'babe, and tears would come in my
eyes in spite of all I could do. What
would she say when I was borne a ghastly,
bleeding corp.-e to the house Sometimes
I would try to hope he would forget me,
and not come tack, but reason to'.d me
better. I tried to pray, but instead of hav
ing my mind on what I said, I was con-liuua-ly
listening for his returning foot
steps. At last they came, nearer and
nearer, and as he came in sieht I noticed
he carried a long carving knife in his hand.
As he approached the c.11 he accidentally
dropped thelump, leaving us in darkness.
A faint ray of hope pierced my mind.
Could I not dodge out as he unlocked the
door 1 Nearer and nearer he came, snd
at lest stopped at the door. I could hear
him groping for the keyhole. At last I
heard him insert the key and turn it
Drawing in a long breath, 1 nerved myst If
for the encounter, and as the door opened,
I made a spring at him, and Providence
favoring me, caught him by the collar.
Putting forth a desperate effort, I twitched
him, and tripping him at the same time,
sent him to the further side of the room.
I immediately sprang out and was locking
the door, when" he rushed to it but find
ing it locked, reached through the grates
and with his knife struck me across the
band, while I was removing the key. As
he went to draw back his hand, I seized it
by the wrist and catching hold of the knife
with my wounded hand, wrenched it from
him. The next dsy I left the asylum for
good, and have never been inside of one
since. We bought this farm, and have
lived here ever since; and, now, friend,
you can judge, whether I can ever lock
back to that night without a feeling of
horror."
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
A Chop fob Breakfast Hash.
Philadelphia is trying to discourage
the use of coal oil
An English lady has been sued for
breach of promise by a farmer.
The Lowell Cow ier asks its exchanges
to quit calling it the "Low. Cour."
A large swarm of bees occupy the
steeple of the German Lutheran Church
in Lancaster, Pa.
The Mutual Life, of Chicago, is con
ducted in the interest of its policy-holders,
not to enrich stockholders.
A hotkl-keepek in Penn Yan, N. Y.,
has sued the Board of Excite of the village
for $5,000 damages for refusing him a li
cense. A California politician says the path
of rectitude has been traveled so little in
that State of late years, that it has all run
to grass.
A drugoist has been sued for damages
in Waverly, N. Y., for selling laudanum to
a man's wile, and the jury have awarded
damages to the husband.
Thb Washington is a great public favo
rite; the increase of business last year
over the year previous was greater than
that of any other cash company.
The Rev. A. Folsom, a Methodist cler
gyman in Raymond, N. IL, now seventy
seven years old, walked to North Salem,
on a recent Sunday, a distance of seven
teen miles, and preached three times.
Ose of the largest hotels in Philadel
phia is owned and managed by a woman,
and in one store, among several large ones
owned by women, a business of over $100,
000 a year is done.
Mrs. Barton and Mrs. Eldret, two sis
ters, at B.ildwinsville, N. Y., who had al
ways lived near each other, died the same
day recently, at the ages respectively of
ninety-five and eighty-seven, and k ere both
buried at one time and place.
An awkward young man, while rowiDg
a lady on Irondcquoit Bay a few days ego,
fell ovtrboard. She pulled him Into the
skiff by the hair, put him ashore, and then
rowed away home, leaving him on the
beach to dry and to lament the results of
his stupidity.
John King, known as the first teeto
taler in Great Britain, has reached an old
age of helplessness and poverty, and to
alleviate his position all the teetotalers in
the three kingdoms are to contribute a
penny each for his benefit. He is now in
his 72d year, living with his fourth wife.
Recently, at an evening service in one
of the churches in New Haven, the pastor
observed a man in the back part of the
church hitching about in his seat, snd,
thinking he was suffering from a con
science that would not be quieted, he said,
" Does the brother want to speak The
mau rising said, "No, sir, the brother
wants a drink of water," and then he walk
ed to the altar and took a drink of water,
and resumed his seat, af ter which the ser
vices were proceeded with.
" A thermometer should be placed in
an open space, out of the vicinity of high
buildings or any object that impedes the
free circulation of air. It should face the
north, to be always in the (hade, should
be twelve inches from every neighboring
object, should be about fifteen feet from
the ground, and should be protected
against its own radiation to the sky, and
against the light reflected from neighbor
ing objects, or the ground itself." So says
Signal Officer Singleton, of St. Louis.
The Worcester (Mass.) Spy has U9 fol
lowing account of one of its carriers: "A
novel and most faithful Spy carrier, it ap
ptars, has been put upon one e f the nor
thern routes of this city, in the person of
an intelligent spaniel dog. This animal,
belonging to a farmer near Barber's Cross
ing, comes to the regularly appointed place
ner the cros ing every mi ruing before
the passing of the Nashua train, and, tak
ing the paper in his mouth as it is thrown
out by the expressman, diligently conveys
it to the residence of his master. The
faithful canine, after receiving his charge,
watches the train with much apparent in
terest till it is nearly out of sight
and then, giving a significant wag of
his tail, darts for home with telegraphic
speed."
L. Maria Child, in writing upon the
ab surdities of' female fashions, says:
"Seven or eight years ago bonnets were
hung on the back of the head, and slipped
down on the shoulders, instead of being
perched on the forehead and tipping over
the nose, as they now are. At that time a
brida in the vicinity of Boston left her
father's house soon after the mwriage cere
mony, and rode seven or eight miles in a
winter evening to the dwelling of her
husband. She became so silent c u ring the
latter part of the ride that the bride, room
was aliroied, and, there being ho house ia
tight, he drove as rapidly as possible.
Arrived at his own door, he lifted a corpse
from the sleigh. Her bridal bonnet hal
afforded no protection from the severe
cold, and her brain was frozen."
A Gray Mistake. A queer mistake
occurred recently in a burial, by a family in
Cincinnati, f a young German woman
who had died at a pest-house, under the
supposition that the v were bun ine their
mother, who was supposed to have died at
that institution. The mistake occurred in
telegraphicg a death from the pest house
to the Cincinnati Hospital, the patient's
nn ruber being used instead of her name.
The wrong number was given, or taken, in
tee sending or receiving of the niessaee.
and it happened to be that of the old lady.
Notice that f he had aiea was tent toner
relatives. They, without caring to ex
pose the body on account of the disease
(small-pox) had it turned over to them in
a nest burial case, and immediately buried
it After the usual season of close mourn
ing, they were startled by the announce
ment from the hospital th.t their mother
was in a lair way to recover.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
A helping word to one in trouble is
often like a switch on a railroad track
but one inch between wreck and a smooth
rolling prosperity.
Preserved Watermelon Rinds.
Cut the rinds into squares about an inch
long; boil in alum water a few minutes;
then rinse in cold water, and drain.
Make a syrup of equal weight of white
sugar; boil until clear; when cold, add a
little ginger, or what is better, when the
preserves are to be used, add a little ex
tract of lemon.
Vert True. now much would neigh
bors rise in vilue, and how much would
neighbors rise in beauty, if all should lay
aside habit of criticism, and neighbor
hood scandal, and pelty feuds, and ridi
cule ! And if men should study the things
that make for peace, and the things that
make for happiness, everybody trying to
make everobody else happy, what a revo
lution there would be !
Weaning Lambs. Lambs that are to
be taken from the ewes should be put into
a good pasture along with the ewes for a
few days, until they get mcd to it Then
the ewes may be taken away from them,
but should be put in a field out of hear
ing of the lambs ; then neither the ewes
nor the lambs will fret If there are any
dry ewes in the flock let them go with the
lambs, and they will be more contented.
The ewes should be watched closely, as
some of them may need a little milking,
to avoid inflammation of the udder. As
the pastures fall off, some extra feed
should be given, to keep up the condition
of the flock. llearih and Hum.
Sleeping on One Side. Sleeping on
the right side, In addition to permitting a
free action of the heart, has the great ad
vantage of favoring the escape, through
the pyloric orifice ia the s ottach, of that
organ's cont.-nts by gr itation, the stom
ach then It ing in au inclined position fn m
left to rit ht, which it aLso assomes when
one is in the erect attitude. For people
who limit themselves to light or easily
digested suppers, or who go supperhss to
bed, the posture of rest may te a matter
of lndiff rence ; b'tt t individuals inclined
to rotundity, or to indulgence in hot sup
pers and icompaninunts, the best way to
avoid, or to facilitate scape from tneasy
gensstions, is a question cf inteiest
English Mechanic
Ahout a year ago, a street railway com
pany in a Connecticut town obtained per
mission from toe Legislature to increase
the fare from six to seven cents. A iegu
I r patron of the road, indigcant at what
he deemed ei'orticn, vowed he would
henceforth walk from lis house to his
place r.f business about one mile and
back, and deposit the fare he would have
pail ia a little box at home. Accordingly,
he has since put seven cents in the box be
fore starting out a&d ceven more on re
turning. His year was up the other day,
and he opened the box. He found in it
$ 109 20 which he deposited in the savings
bank, and began on a second year in a
like nunner. liesides, and Here is ine
true moral of this true tal -, he finds his
he;.lt j and digestion so much improved
by bis exircise that he siys seven cents
is cheap enouga lor the privilege of walk
ing a mile.
The Waste of Liquid Manure. Very
few barns or barn-yards are so arranged
as to save the liquid manure. The loss
resulting from such a want of proper
arrangemert is a very serious one, more
so then most farmers would imagine. In
the first place, the quantity of liquid
matter which might be saved from a pair
of horses and a half a dozen cows amount j
to 80,000 pounds yearly. This is equal to
about 1U.0UU gallons, which, diluted with
an equal quantity ot water, would furnuh
each year a dressing cf 1.0C0 gallons per
acre to twenty acres of land. Fermenting
liquid manure needs this addition of water
for the purpose of retaining the ammonia
which would otherwise pass off and be
lost The solid matter contained in the
above quantity of liquid is equal to nearly
three tons, an.1 is worth as much as the
best guano. 7he mr.ney value would
therefore be about $200 an amount that
is well worth saving. Much less than
this amount would niuke the drains and
ta.k required to rave the manure, so that
the outlay would be more than repaid the
fi-styear. Or, if proper absorbents were
freely used, the whole of the liquids might
be saved without any outlay at al
Hearth ana, Hume.
Two Plowings before Seeding Wheat.
As the grass crop is to us in this section
more important tiaa the wlcat crop,
there can be no question that a plowing
as soon as possible after oa's is off, and a
second ono immediately preceding wheat
sowing, is very favorable to the succe sfel
germination and rooting of the grasses.
The soil is made rrellow and pulverized
by the double plowing ; it u araUd more
points for absorption of atmospheric gases
are presented and because, when seeded
down to grass, it remains so, often for
many years, it is important that when the
opportunity offers for thorough plowing
turn Biirrmg, mese upcrauons snouia ue
fully performed.
We believe, if a portion of the subsoil,
which has never yet seen daylight, is also
brought to the surface, and incorporated
with the top soil, it will often result in
new and valuable combinations: aud the
increased depth will, so far as it goes, tend
to prevent damage from drouth, which we
are mog or less leable to every season.
rraciicui. f armer.
Cure of Gapes in Chickens.
A correspondent of the Rural World
writes to that paper as follows : " I no
ticed an inquiry for a cure for gapes in
t hickens. Before a remedy can be applied,
the cause of the disease must first ba
known. The cause of the gapes is un
doubtedly a small worm, about three
fourths of an inch long, filled with a red
dish fluid. I have taken these worms fre
auently from the windpipes of the chick
ens. It they can be got rid of the chicken
will get well. Sometimes there are from
half a dozen to a dozen of these little
worms in the windpipe, and sometimes
not so many. I have cut the windpipe
open after the death of the chicken, and
taken them out. Where or how these
worms originate, I don't know, but I have
found an effectual remedy for them. Hav
ing been in the habit of dissolving sul
phate of iron (copperas) in water, and
mixing shorts and bran or cornmeal in the
water after it was so dissolved, for the
purpose of destroying worms in horses
and it having always proved eQectual, I
thought I would try the tame remedy for
gapes in chickens. I found it successful,
and all who have tried the remedy say it
has proved successful with them. No in
tercal or white-blooded worms can stand
sulphate of iron dissolved. It destroys
them at once, and it never harms the at.i
mah Iron is a tonic, and is recommended
by all physicians for that purpose. My
way of giving it to chickens is, to keep
the copperas standing in water, and then
mix up the enrnmeal in this water; and it
is death to the worms that cause the gap is.
Copperas can be got at every drug s-ore,
and a supply should be kept on every
(arm to give hogs and horses. I consider
it a certain remedy for hog cholera, and
have the first instance to hear oPuy farm
er's hogs having the ch l.ra who fcive
them a fair supply of it It is sold cheap ;
can do no harm, and a ctock should bj
laid in by every one. It dissolves in water
like salt"
How to Apply Manure.
Observation and experience shonld de
termine the mind of the farmer in regard
to the best plan of applying manure,
whether to plow it under deep, or leave it
on the surface. The advocates of surface
manuring speak against manure being
turned under too deep, while the advocates
of deep manuring charge surface manur
ing with fertilizing tbe atowsphere. But
there is a medium course, and each theory
is supported by plausible arguments.
However, there are true philosophical
principles against burying manure too
deeply in the earth. Thb loss of the
saline matter of the manure, by solution
and infiltration, will be great in porous
soil, and the evaporation, to which so
much loss is attributed by those holding
opinions adverse to surfkee manuring,
would be only a Email drop in the bucket,
compared to the loss by solution. In por
ous sods, it is wttll known that manure
will penetrate to a great depth, and much
animal matter may descend beyond the
reach of surface-growing plants. Humus
is formed by the decay and decomposition
of vegetable matter, which, in the philoso
phy of nature, is manipulated on the sur
face ; hence, the rule in the application of
manure should be taken from the indica
tions of nature and science. The decay
and consumption of one crop for the nour
ishment of another, the droppings of ani
mals, the defoliation of tret s and plants.
are all left on the surface. This seems to
contradict the idea of loss by evaporation.
It will, therefore, be best to adopt the plan
of deep cultivation, but keep the manure
and vegetable matter as near the surface as
possible. There is always some loss by
evaporation, but much less than by infil
tration. It shonld be a leading idea with
farmers to be close observers of such natu
ral operations, in the growth of spontane
ous aud cultivated vegetation, and accom
modate their practice so as to imitate
nature as nearly as possible. "Agricola,"
in Journal cf Vie Farm.
On the Transplanting of Large Tress.
Mr. O. C. Bullard, Superintendent of
Prospect Park. Brooklyn, N. Y., sends to
the Scientific American, the following in
teresting particulars relative to the trans
planting of trees, so extensively and suc
cessfully practiced by him in various parts
of the grounds under his charge :
The pit nting of the Park has been un
der my charge from the first, and no part
of my work has received more careful
study than the subject referred to.
We have pirated nearly 2,000 trees of
from five inches to two feet diameter, with
a very small percentage of loss.
Relying upon a few plain simple princi
ples, healthy, vigorous trees, of almost any
size, may be safely transplanted.
There are, of course, exceptions. With
some varieties, as tbe hickory and other
essentially tap rooted trees, it is almost
useless to experiment Those with soft
succulent roots, like tbe sweet gum, sassa
fras, and some of the magnolias, are diffi
cult to manage.
1 o insure success, it is important to tatte
with the tree a mass of earth, proportion
ate to its size, which shall contain a large
part of the fibrous or feeding roots unin
jured. This accomplished, the tree may
be moved without the necessity of materi
ally damaging its form or losing its char
acter. The leafage should be reduced, some
what in proportion to the necessary dam
age of roots. Mnch, however, will depend
in this matter, upon the vigor of the tree
when moved, what the change is to be,
whether from a poor soil to a better, or
the reverse, from a sheltered locality to
more exposure, or otherwise.
My system of pruning large trees which
have been transplanted is (if the form is
satisfactory) to thin out over and through
tbe entire head, cutting as few large limbs
as possible, and reducing the ontline only
by cutting back the leading twigs or
small branches at their points of junction
with the larger branches.
The trees with which we have been
most successful are the maples, elms, lin
dens (American and European), horn
beams, some of the oaks, and birches.
These for the most part have abundant
fibrous roots reasonably near the stem of
the tree.
We dig a liberal trench around a ball of
earth and roots, varying in size from six
to thirteen feet in diameter, according to
size of tree. The roots are smoothly cut
as far from the tree as they can ba safely
retained. The trench is carried below the
roots, and the excavation well under the
ball, leaving only a small pedestal.
Timbers and chains are securely placed
under the ball ; to the latter, heavy tackles,
attached to the windlasses of the tree
truck, are fastened, and the tree is then
raised in an upright position far enough
to clear the ground in conveying it to the
new home.
In planting, the excavation to receive
the tree is dug much larger than the root
ball, and deeper than its thickness. Good
loom or soil is filled in to the required
depth, and the tree lowered on this bed,
the greatest care being taken to properly
place and cover all exposed roots. Com
posted manure is mixed with the soil that
do: s not come directly in contact with the
roots.
Our trees make but little growth the
two first years. New roots are forming
and getting well hold of the rich food
furnished them. The third yer.r, and
sometimes the second, they are among our
most vigorous trees.
During the summer following planting,
and. if necessary, the second summer, we
mulch the trees liberally with fresh cut
gras3, and water, if the season be dry.
I think the foregoing may give your
readers a general idea of the possibility of
transplanting large trees with comparative
safety, and may be of some service as to
the method.
Our trucks for removing trees were got
ten up by the Park engineers, modified
from time to time as we made our first ex
periments. I can hardly go into such an
explanation ot their construction as would
be ot any value.
One of the oldest if not the oldest
church ia the Middle States is an r id Pres
byterian pile in Deny Townsh'p, Dauphin
County, Pennsylvania. The b-cks of the
pews reach past tne top ot the sitter s
head : the communion service wa a pres
ent from the hf.use of Hanover, and the
small window panes are fastened to tbe
sash by lead instead ct putty, ai an ad
loirine church in a Dutch quarter, the
collection is taken up in a little black bsg
tied at the end of a pole, with bells at
tached to wake the sleepers.
There are seven papers in Germany
advocating woman s rights.
An Original Mbdicins. The ingredients
of Dr. Walker's Vinegar Bitteks differ
from those of every other tonic and correct
ive in use. Unlike the tinctures of the phar
roacopijea, this remedy contains no alcohol.
Botanical lesearch has brought to light in
our Pacific Territory herbs, roots and plants
of surpassing potency as alterative, nervines
and invigorants, and of these tbe Bitters are
mainly composed. A long series of enrcs,
embracing dyspepsia in all its forms, and bil
ious and nervous disorders of every phase, are
the vouchers of this inestimable medicine.
BRONCHITIS.
This is an irritation or inflammation of the
bronchial tubes, which carry the air we
breathe into tbe lungs. It arises from a cold
settled in the throat, from Catarrh extending
to these parts, from scrofulous affection?, and
from severe use of the voice. The irritation
from this latter cause commences In the
larynx and orfit, which are the organs of the
voice, and, extending downwards, produces
hoarseness, coughing, and spitting mucons
matter, sometimes mixed with blood. It Is
chiefly dangerous from its tendency to spread
into the lungs, and terminate in consumption.
It is in the cure of severe and obstinate ca?es
of this disease that Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi
cal Discovery has achieved unparalleled suc
cess, and won the loudest praise from all who
have used it. It is sold by all respectable
druggists. 684
GAGE BROS. & CO.'S WHOLESALE
MILLINERY HOUSE
TS Lake street, Chicago, shows what enter
prise and skill, combined with ample capital
and exper'ence. can accomplish. For fourteen
years thev have been winning the confidence
of the Millinery trade of the Northwest, re
taining their old customers and constantly
gaining new ones, till their name has become
familiar as household words among Northern
milliners, and their integrity and fair dealing
u proverbial as the superior quality and otyle
of their goods, and their promptness in filling
orders. There is no stronger, more reliable
or honorable house in Chicago.
Thb constantly increasing trade of the
house of J. V. Farwell & Co., of Chicago, has
compelled them to make additional room to
facilitate their bus iness. Their present sales
rooms, it is well known, are now the largest
in the West, but they need additional room,
and next season will greatly increase it. so
that they can handle more goods than ever.
Tus most astonishinz cure of chronic diar
rhea we ever heard of is that of Wm. Clark,
Frankfort Mills. Waldo County. Maine : the
facts are attested by Ezra Treat, Upton Treat,
and M. A. Merrill, either of whom might be
addressed for particulars. Mr. Clark was
cured by Jointon' $ Anodyne Liniment.
Extraordinary Cure of a Snake-Bite.
From ProTldenee (R. I.) Advertiser, Aug. 14, 1PT1.
We bare been favored with a copy of the
Cap Argwt, published at Cape Town, C. of
G. H. in which we note the following com
munication :
Hcisuohdi Statios, IObiqcauxd, I
Ma; 1. 1S71. f
Sib : Snake-bites are so frequent to human
beings and animals in warm climates, that
any antidote that has been used successfully
should be sufficient reason for publishing it in
the public papers.
About a fortnight since a young dog about
nine months old a mongrel belonging to
one of the men on tbe railway works here, was
bitten by a full-sized puff-adder, below the
eyes, but rather under the left eye.
One of the gang, an old English navy, who
believed most explicitly in a medicine called
" Pain Killer," and in fact nses it for every
complaint, thought nothing was better than
his own specific ; he prescribed "Pain Killer,"
and " Pain Killer " was at once used. A few
drops were dropped in the bite, and near a
tatilespoonrul administered inwardly. Under
ordinary circumstances the dog would have
died in an hour ; but it lived, and is now
hearty and well. On administering the med
icine the dog vomited, and on applying it to
the wound it bled ; the dog's head swelled to
twice its ordinary size, bnt in two days it was
able to run about. Of what the "Pain
Killer " may be composed I am quite igno
rant ; and as it is a medicine mucb used in
the Colony, its remedy in this respect should
be noted. IIksbt T. Hall.
There is probably no house in this country
that has goods to well adapted for Western
trade as the house or J. V. Farwell A Co.,
Chicago. Lone Tears of strict attention to
bnsiness, and close observation of tbe wants
of the people enable them to supply Western
merchants with just the goods they need.
Hom. JossrH Farewell, Mayor of Rock
land, Me., Isaac M. Bragg, Esq . Bangor, and
Mcasrs. Pope Bros., Machias, Me., lumber
merchants, fully endorsed the Sheridan
Cavalry Condition Povdm, and have given the
proprietors the liberty to use their names in
recommending mem.
Tna Young Pilot has always shown
excellent taste In the choocing ot its contributor,
aud tbe September number is, thronghoat, thor
oughly entertaining and readable. Tbe interest la
well kept op In this Installment of the aerial story t
and tbe " Argoay Clob" will more than meet the
anticipations of thoee who laughed at and mourn,
ed tbe sad fate of the Mandarin, Gllderoy, and his
kite, told In the Angnat number. In tbe "Club
thia month Mr. Waterloo's rollicking rhyme give
a moat comical origin for the expression, That's
where the gazelle comes in." All the depart
ments of the Pilot are full, and thia September
number Is an exception II r rood one. Terms, one
dollar a year. All who anbacribe kefore tbe lat of
octonerwil! receive threennmbers rree. Addreee,
Franklin H. Tinker, Pnbltete-, Booms and 7.
r arweu xiaii Btuiuing, unicago.
A New Book fob Sixoixo School. ExebsoVi
SniuiHo School. What pleasant memories cloa
ter about tbe old faihioned Singing School I It ia
now proposed to revive the " Institution," and the
book above namea is pre-eminently fltted to make
ice eieroe interesting ana pronianie. air. tm
erson. tbe author, is on or onr moat aneeessful
book-makers, hJa magical works having sold to
the amount of a million copies, or more. The
book in question contains a pleasing and progres
aiv ilementary course, a collection ot flees and
son a ana a nnmoer 01 aacrea lanes and antnems
lr e ft but little more than half as mnch as a ree
nla Church music book ; that is, but f 70 per
dozen, and tbe enterpiising publisher, O. Ditsow
& Co., Boston, will seed a eimple copy for 75
cenv. post paia. v ona rename tor, sureiy.
In Hence o Te perature on Health.
In the fall the difference between tbe tempera
tare of night and day la greater than at any other
time of the year. In the early autumn the quick-
ailver sometimes rises as hlh during the day aa
in the most fervid summer weather, while at night
it often sinta to an almost In try point. The hu
man body not being made of steel or India rub
ber, sensibly feels these tremendous changes. To
lortify the system against them, a genuine tonic la
required ; and the public has long since discovered
that among this description of medicines Qostet
ter's Stomach Bitters ia infinitely the best. It
gently quickens the circulation, regulates the bow
els, tones tbe liver, braces the nerves, aud thus
puta the whole physique on Its defense against the
vlcis&itndea of temperature In our climate. Few,
if any case of epidemic fever are ever heard of in
localities where it is ia common mse. As it be
comes more and more widely known, and tbe de
mand for it increases, chills and fever, and the ba
tons remittent seem to recede before it, axd If ever
it thould come into universal ase, these diseasee
would cease to be known as the scourges of oar
low-lying and marshy districts. That nonv-ly bit
of powerful philosophy, that prevention is bet
ter tnan cure," snouia be especially borne In runa
In the autumn months: and. indeed, in all seasons.
together with the fact that among all the preven
ts ee of malariuua disease, Hostetter' Stomach
ismcrs is tne moat sale and potent.
Be certain, however, to obtain the Pennine arti
cle, aa countless imitations of a pernicious charac
ter are abroad, see tuat tne externals are an
ri'ht and remember that Hoetetter'a Slonuch Bit
ters is told in Dottles alone.
Pirbt Davis' Vegetable Fats Killer pos
sesses virtue which not alone removes pain in
stant'v. but regulates the stomach, give strength.
tone and vigor to the system. It is one of those
medicines which is worth more than gold. We
advise tne good people not to iry experiments cy
nsing the many new Ketiefs and Panaceas, butcail
lor tne old renaoie uavis rain ivuier.
Show yoTr neighbor this week's advt of C C. C.
1S40-
-TO-
-1S71
FOR THIETT-OSK TEARS
PERRY DAVIS'
PAIN-KILLER
FT been tested In T?vnTrrT of cttmitr and by almoal
rvcry nation known to Americans. It ia the almost con
urini cHti!;inion and inestimable frtenil or the mlxHionary
and rite traveler, on m and land, and no on? should
travel on 04ULAK.i3 OK lUVEUd WliliOt l If.
PAUT-XILLEB was the first and is the Only
Permanent ram-Believer,
Sinn? the PAIX-KILLKR wm first Introdaeeti, and mel
witli nitch omui-ieaM-d wile, many Liniment, P.tnacva, iu.q
otlier iwHHhes have tn-crt offtfitl to tl putdic bnt no
one of U) 'in has ever attained the truly XXViaVLS rTAl
ura or tux ai.vmi.i.i,
WHY IS THIS sot
It is beransr DAVT7 PATS-KILLER la what it claim
to ue a reliever oi pun.
Its Merits are Unsurpassed.
II yon are wifferin? from INTKrWAL PAIN", twenty or
uitrty drops m a unte water w 11 annual instantly cure
yon. Tiiere is nothuiR to equal It. lu a lew iuouenU It
Colic Cramp Spaant Heartbara, Dlar
rhiea. Uyaintnry Flax Wind In the
BoweK Sonrtamach Dyn
pepsia bick Headache
In sectloni of tbe country where
FEVER AND AQUE
Prevail, thera Is no lenwtr held In jrrenter esteem.
Evtv honsekeeper should keep It at hand, to apply It on
r.e nrsr au.tcK ot any rum. it wui give aiiauciory r
iff, and reive hours ot suiTcrlng.
Do not trifle with yourselves by tesflnjr untried remn-it'-H.
lie Mire thi caH for and set Ue genuine PAIN
KIlXKIC as-many worthless nostrum are atternped to be
ao"i mm" cti-tu rrptiuuion oi mis vaiuaoic
gjf Direct ious acuranauyiax each bottie.
Price, 23 ctaw, 30 eta. ana SI per Bottle
J. H". HARRIS & CO., Cmcinnati, 0.f
Proprietors for the Western nod Southern States.
W Sold by an Medicine Dealers.
For Sale by
fft-RLnt-T FWAU...
ChlCMO.
WKKfNK A Bl'TTUX,..,
N'ovrs Hpo-
Milwaukee.
St l';tnL
Hail's Patent Husking Gloves !
4?
HALT GLOVES. XTIX OWTD.
Tie vry N-st thrne erer hvrenied ft hak'm eorn.
Tiicv trfve nniverf.il Miisiaciionin nse. A man can hiiU
Iroin X to it fwter with thein. They absolutely preU
t.,...!.wi il.l fl,t.ra T1m half trlme COTCT ihe
nitrtu r the iuuHls whlcirhccome sore. Price $1 j0. The
i'lll "lovB an' n .de in the bit maimer of tanntvi bwt
. '--J . uMar'ji t? i. .m-Im hv.r. flawa aftarlrfd and
madeol three sbT. larse, mcv1:.im ami small, r Iwib
rzht ana h :t hawieti person. prer:a " '"li'Vi"
imre. A litvnil ilimunt to deal' rs. Address "ALL
iti:Clu 4.UVVECO.. 90 South Water St- Uueaso, 1U
IHFEBiAL GUI.
If too hure not this eelehrared brand, trt It at once.
Tharc is none equal to It 1 now put up In bulk or in
V,.-h taar-ktA-tt und hot tie tl 18 H. H. S. & Co.
burnt or blown urn It. Xne other Is equine. Send
tor a circular. 11. n- cni-riuit. ki rm-r.
WHITNEY'S SEATS FOOT HARNESS S3 A?.
(&TEAU Ktr l.ti.)
It OilL Blacks, Polishes and Soar at the
iin-cen-snd Ini:etcvfTVwhci-e. M:tnu-
fictuntt by li. t. wmi-Mui
A, for FttfUl.vti'lltlUliRHJIEHAa.
OMiratod for lt ttirHv, Stmn-tli and Palamtwnrw.
Warranted to keep ptrk'ea. First Pn-minm awanWi at
(tie Lniled States Fair. Illinois ttate Fair and rhlcacnf. ity
F lr. Lartro works at t!-e kind in the I'nUed Sules. 1
L-iItli-hd IS:-. Order and rorrrsponrtmee promptly at.
tcrek-d to. ( HAS. fs. F rl:t ss!KO. 3K imt HI Mate St,
Chira'-o. Also superb WHITE WINE VIXEGAK.
TMWed ami enml bv Ir. Shcnran'a Patent Appliance
aiidl;ar.un'L IM fcff Prvjlway. . . tj-nrt lOe.
r DO tc Willi noTi'snipii; iij-v. -- -artrr
coif, with lltury W.ird l!eoch-'a ease. leu. ra Mid
. . . n . .1 i ImnnalfW lift fUMl'IMl tn
n"rira;i. tK-n wit: tti imiv-uiu M.-t-. ,
EST. COOONOW Cf.A iBoat.e, Maa.
i Po!Msh " Taa Patixt 6raa." aeil Patents, and
live profitable agcaciea to caovaa.
2 wv
LE Ex B
Eadway's Eeady Belief
CUBE!? THI WORST PA IS 9
Ia from One to Tventr Minute.
NOT ONE HOUR
after readinr rhl ad verrisetnent need anyooa
k 1 l L L'J U.-TT1I P1IV
RADWAT8 RK&XiV KEUF.F U A CUBS FOB
KVEKY PAIN.
It waatlieOretaodl
-i'hk ' f.vr viiv mrvrwvnT
ttntlnstantlv atopa Lie mart eirmruunK palna, allav
Infttmm itkina. and enrea Corumtkm, wla ther of tiie
Lons mdhiacIi, lioweiA, or uu.er kuumIjj or onoiua. by oua
application, "
IS FROM OS?. TO TWENTY MnrCTFS,
no matter how violent or exeructatint tbe pain Uie RITFT
MATIIC Rrd-ridik-n, Innrm, Crippii-d, Ktfvoua. liaunat
gte.or proattated witn rtimiaae may suffer. "
Kadwaj'a Ready Belief will alTor Iaataat Aid.
JunrmrnaOon of Uu Kidney, nttftnnuttifm of Uu
ptttuum oj ( eon. tttnmr, iroua. LlA-
mervi, ' 'iwTTfi. inn'wnu. iitamtcne and
Joothtjclu. yewrtiUjia Kkeuiiyttumu
Lfdtl ChillM ami Ami Chili-
Tarmlieauonof the Ready Relief to the nart or
part Here the pain or diiia cull y exieia wUi aflbrd e&ae and
OonitVirt.
Twenty drops In half a tnmWer of wator wiTI, Tn a IHr
mmn.nit.seure CHAMPS, fiPA8M SOl'R STOMACH,
IIC t If rltt'LIV' L' II L- Ti 11 1 Til t PU11L' I lif.
iir.-ti' i ik.i, T1XV II r.Alnv. i r ii;iitiiii c J, u A
KNTKliV, COLIO, WID IS TUE BOWELS, and ail
1THKNAL PAIN.
ravclcr ahonld always carry a bottle of Radway'a
Ready Relief wuhtttem. A frw drop in water will
prevent Ktt-kiifw or patn innichanrvof water. Ilia bettor
ilAan i'rench linuuiy or Bitten MaftUmuliuiL
FEVER AND AGUE.
FKV KK AXD AOl'K -nrtd lor fitttmm. Therein not a
remedial unit in thia world '.hat willcurc Fever and AinK
and all other Malarfcms, Bilious, Searlrt. Typhoid. Yellow,
ami othr Fevers aldwi bv K A 1W A V'S Plt.Uj) ao quick
aaUAi) WAV'S KE AD V "RELIEF. Fifty ceola per butlle.
Itt. KADWAY'S
SARSAFARHLIAN RESOLYENT,
ine ureal niooa amrww
Eim tmo of the S ARSAPAKIT.LIAX RESOIVTNT
eominunicat ihrcnzh the IMood, bweal, Vnaf , and other
nuHto ana juic ot tne BysU-Tn, tAertyttr of lor it re
psiirs trt; waud of the body with new and nound matt-rial
aV-muij, aV pAiU, (rm-ramptiVm, iiktmiuUtr dVuw, L'l
rera in thstArmit inH inoulh, Titnhor. Xottetin the GlmtU
and oterptrtx of thetixtcm, .Sore A'y, Strum'trou di
thttrgfM from the E-mandtke wr-U fnrm of Sk rfi
ffi-, A'rwpfiow, rr Aor, yiid Jimti, Ring Horn,
avu KArnm. AvrvuDrVM. iiin. huvk adou. norm tn ia
Fifth, Titmnrn. fMmtr in tke Womb, and all trakmino
anapmnjuiiuxrn'irqe jtgi bicnu, uxn of rvtrrmand
ail KviAtvj of Ute Ufa prituiplf, are tritMn Ue cxrattr
rttnaeof thit iconlr of Mimx CkeinuAm. and a feu.
da'jti ve mllprareio any permm wring it for either tf
lh' reform of Urie if pot n tpoirrr to err e thsm.
dW-omiMttia Uiatis cununualiy prtrrwin-'. iKi-'eU tn
arretinT lliee wantes. and rpnatra thewitme wilh nm
tertal mad from i Rood henlthy blood and thia the SAK-
oAr.viviini. m win aoen wrure- a cure m certain;
ftr. whenonrethisrenie.lv commence lta work of nunn
cation, and micceedstn UiminWiinir, the low of wmK it
t-pairs win be raput,and "rcry day the patient win ivi inm--lf
erowine better and stronger, the food dieentina be tier.
armedte imnroTinr. uid flesh and weiirht inuvaMimr.
Sol only doe the ttAi APARiLiixK Rssolvkst ereei
all known remedial aentrt In tie cure of Chronic, gcrufn
loua.CoiittutiotiaiaiuibJiUa flibttue; bat it i ti only
IrUMUt a cure ur
Kldney and Bladder Cam plaint a.
fMnary and Womb di-eaaea, drnvH, DtAbefcs, Dmpur,
fctoniaei Water, incontuteiice of t rine. Bright' I)teai,
Albuminuria, and in ail ca-- where there are brick-dibit
der-;stw, or the waur la thick, cktudv, mixed with sub
lancc like the white of an er.r. or Uiresds liite white nlk,
or there tn . morhtd, dark, biiioua appfeu-ance, and white
bone-fhuttnVpmha, ami when there w a pnekms burrilnfr.
petutatton when pastting water, aud pain in the tituail oi' the
.Baca anu ajons uw lamhs.
Timer af Twelve YearV Grawta Cared fey
K&dway'e Kewolvrou
Birm.T. Ma.il. Jure TS. TfWL
T1. Rabwxt: T hare had Ovarian Tumor in the ova
rips and liowek All tttedocroraaiud "there waa no cure
lor it." 1 tned evervtiuns that waa lrcommerHled ; but
nothmcheipedine. 1 aw your KeolTent, and Uiouht I
would trr it: but bad nolaitti in it because I had u tiered
tirtaetveytuni. 1 took six bottlesof the Kesotvent, and
one Vx of Ivitlvray's Pills, and two bottie of your Kcady
K-IU'f; and there u not a sign of tumor to be aeen or felt,
and I feel Iwtter. maner. and haonier than I have lor
tvelveycara. The wont tumor wa; in the lett aide of the
bowri-, over the rrotn. I wnte this to you for U3 beotsu
HAWAII P. K5APP.
AV TH PORT AWT TaltTTFR.
from a pruuiineiU L'tniit-man and n-snitnt of ClnelnnatL
4 iluo, for tiie part lorty vkit well known to the book pui
luintr uiroUftuuui we imica Maiex:
New Your. Oct 11th. 187ft.
P.Radway Dear Mr : I am Induced by a aent of
duty to tlieBuff'Tins tonuikeabrirfBtateirtentof tbe work
lm;of T'Hir medicine on niyrielf. For several year 1 had
bt-t-u uftccted with me trouble In the bladder and urinary
othtih, which some twelve moot lis ago colminated in a
niOht terribly afl -cunir disease, winch the physician aU
aid was a prostatic nuicture in the uretha, a alno inl'am
niation of the kidneys and bladder, and (rave it aa their
op-tiioo that my ae 73 year mould prevent niy ever
cetiihic raiucally cured. I bad tried a number of rbvri-
cUbis, ami had taken a large quantity of medicine, both al-
lopaiuic ana noinawpaiuic, out naa pi noreuer. inau
read of astonif lung cures having been niade by yonrrcnie
di; and some V mr uvMitln 1 read a notice in tiie Phil
adelphia irturdny Ereiiing I'ot oi a cure having been
cifv-cted on a penum who had long been suiferinir aa I had
b"t'n. I went riht off and pot n.-aie of each your Sama
panlllnn ItrNoivcit, hVady Kdief, and Rcjulatin; Pills
and commenced taking Hiem. in three day I was greatly
rcuci'u ituuiww wu ait wru server.
C W. JA-MES, Cincinnati, Ohkx
D3. RAD WAT'S PERFECT PURGATIVE Pill.
pertvetly ta.-n K,,elerantiy coated with sweet prim, puree,
reflate, purify, ctt-anie and treuzthen. Kadway' Pills,
for tin? curt of ad disorder of tiie Stomach. Liver. Uowels.
KklwfTS Bl iddtr, Nervous UiaM-is Headache, xwtir
Hon, I enliven -sn. Indigestion, Dyspepsia, lliiiouaon, BU
iou KevT, IntUmmauonof the' bowls Piie.and all le
rauS'tnentd of the Internal Vit-ccra- WarrantedtoeilV.'ct a
posKivecur. lurely triable, contaiAAing no mercury,
lufn-TuK or deUrttrions druin.
tyohrjerve the loilowLnj syraptoms leniltlns; from
DiM-lersof the I'luve Ort-nns:
CiniaTipation, Inward Piles, Fudnessnf the Blood m the
TlV:ul, AciiUtvoi'tiieStoniach, Heartburn, I)L-ut
of KixxC Knlinesor Weight in the btoroac?!. Sour Kructa
uoas Suikirj; or jnutterirur, at the Pit of the btomach.
Swimming ot theTIrnti, Ilurried snd Difficult ireaiir!nrw
Huiierins i uu liinri, v nokin, or aunouuin? &ensaiiui.a
win-u in a Lviit? po.-:un DimiMTM . f YUn, Dors or
Wei- bt-i'ure" li.t- fc.iiL. Fiver and Duii Vaiu m Lhc licatL
A few A'm of H A DWAY'9 PTLLS will free the v-ttfm
from all Hie a!ove-nniM !:nrdera. l'nce, cent aa
i.x. sold bv in (;rvrs.
liKAI FALK AND Tl.rE." Bend one Wter-tf4rnn
to KADWAY -t fO No. 7 Mul-lrn Lane, w Yurjt.
iidoruiaUun worm uaMiaami wui De sent you;
1,700,000 Acres
or Tna
FIHEST imm LIHDS
XV THB
STATE OF IOWA,
ARE SOW OFFERED FOB SALR TO SETTLE BS,
Ia Tracta to Suit Pmdiaaera, by the
IOWA RAILROAD LAND CO.,
For Cash, at Reduced Prices, or upon time payrnenta
(with six per cent, htterest, resiled to the means
of all classed of lannera.
Tr land are ra'ed at from $3Jo$f per icr-, ar
CorUiiur t quality and DearnuM to oTaUoai, and ail he
adjacent to
t;:e great thoroughfares of the west!
the Ttw DKaSkw of the Oiicaco A Northwestern and
the Illinois U-nlral railruada cn.Bing the Slate.
Tarrrterp brnin-r now have a first choice of selection, aa
the lands have not W-en cnl'M and be: fn iroin aU
lncniriuxanwUiepunliar'slite la perfect.
Descriptive pamphl'tA -rivlnjr prices and terms. Comity
map Mtowinc the lands f .ue and all neciKsary hr
iormar.on how to rr-teh tle lands and where to prucure
ujjioruil ticket seul lrw oy mail on apt -ucauon u
LAND COMMISSTONETt
Iowa. tL ll. LasoCmtfaict,
Chicago BsAxnr Orrtc, Cedar Kaiidd, Iowa.
NOV g-i r.v
GLOTKES YRIKSER,
N.B-PHCLPS e. CO. I --'v
MAS! b-,T H Y
!f otMnir. eieent the Sewlne Machine, ha ever been to.
vented which reUcvea the labor of the household aa the
Wringer. Bat lta oart ulm-aa doea not end here. The aav
h.rof clolhin ia of murn ervalcr importance. It la often
remarknt that amVlea of fine tenre, last twice aa trmf
when HTHny in a rmsr aa wiwu . nui vfuwiu. ;
Kovri.TV Itui I'ns-wherls on both nidi. Tiie nil!
are allou-ril tonjior.ile lively al Hlber end. TVse, besitii-s
o'her v.vantairrs wna-ii n conutui-s win w iii-h-iw-iw
bk to a pcacUcal wringer. lor iwirpauiau.
The Novelty WHrer.-Hi become an mfls
pntiille inaututi'rtl In lh.m--.aml of laroilie. Ami we lie
Hcve in 2Tt-.it ami incrensiiuf nopnlarily b fully nicrtlMl
tvlheXoveltvi(iilv all the nqmi-itrt of a
iti nr'.tiMl mafliiiii.. lixleL aflT UMnffoneftiT
ninny montaa In our own fimilv. we are nTar- to hv
- ..... v ..v.l ItlM. hiim nwnnillll.
vnVi-,r.) by any of the wwral wringers previously tried.
Ji. B PHELPS Sc CO.,
Ren. Aj'ts, M3 Ciiuhiebs Sraarr, X. T.
10
rC'E?ITH. "STAR. SPANGLED BANNER" I
lliiisrrated tl nae 40 column paper, overflow-
Ip with Kich, Ire ami Kacy remlink. Morit, w it.
llusvear. It iuiowa no rascality, and will save yimr
Money, make yna-tauzh and arow lal" ami. enrra ine
Miut" T cenla a vear. Din we will acini itoniruuio
you 3 months f.adinie. Kle-rant net Cliromo ret to
every year.y au.u .o. n, .. ,. .
I.IAA Forll-cla.-aP1inoa pent on rlal. Koagcnta.
C V U Addrvaa U. 3. tLSO to, SS.i ffway, a. V.
Ffnrthecouisef30. No oilier riaeA Sciirt for
Pine hrreet, Pnluuieiphia.
MM
m rTN N ft CO., Pnhera Srtmtit
I . v: I'.rl- If V v.o.v.r.iin
i a.!
WriwSlPark Itow.N. Y
E Pat":
Y V.it'rs cv-p-whero. Twr-nty-live
Cdcuual. bcui k. rauni Law'auuOuiileto InVentura.
aM VS T N'f ED-AG K5T-.. (20jmt Sv to
Q H lltl,(. cee-tmt"! llKMESHVTTLKShlStS
f A I MAl HIS Una the vpttrr-rtnl, m:ipa the
U I ".-o-Aaw.-A' falikeon both u!v, and l v;
a,' IPviml The lt and dieanesi fcui.iiv einl;
i .Machine In the mart. Addrw JnHN ON".
H Cl CI.AHK ft CO, B'on. Ma, iltUilKlrkli.fv,
B ailuo,IiUoi LLouia. Ala.
4l,'lWTU?! THE Kt'RAL HOMEjhvlHiB
lIUli I nOl Scil. 1 to Jiinuiry.to ail Ni
l remit TWO IHH.LAia for isrj.
rOr V II Flrsl-CI.VN M-Fee A-T and
Family li A u..mt)M on trird 5i era. 8icuneua
free. IJorKui ft Wiux.v. lucut.ter, N. V.
AFineAaMTtment f Decnlcwmalne Paint,
inira Willi lull li.MnM-iiou lor mainrmtn? wood.
(laaa, ( i una. paper. fte4 willbeamt prMt-naid oh ceceipc
Of bicta. Addieaa BoaSaiX. Y. Poat OLite.
mmZl BEAD THIS!
v
T WILL PAT AC3EXTS A MUR1
1 a Mur wMk and enersei or anew aarve
enminiiakSw to tell car Lew wonderful Inrprtlona. Ad-
gilf! j
UM
WHES VrtrfTKQ Trt ADTERTISEK
pleam ay j.ts Mw , Ne aaVvMtiaaiaem
Im tkl. mier. 317-W. O.
k CHEAT K.EE.3AL DISCOVERT
2fin.ION9 Ber Te.aay tm tfcrtr
Wn4ertal CrmW Meets.
!&. WALKER '9 CALIFHNIA
They are not a wile FANCY DRINK.
Made of poor Ram, Wnlakcy, Prf Sptrita
mod Refuse Li q wore doctored, tpieed and trweeV
enedto pleaaa the taste, called Tonics, MApptte-
era," m Beatorera, e-, that lead tne tippler on to
dmnxennetM and rain, bat are a tne Medicine, made
from the Native Boots and Herb of California, free
frem all Alcofaolie Htimalante. They are tbe
GREAT BI.OOD PI RIFIER end A LIFK
GIVING PRINCIPLE perfect Iienovator and
Inrigorator of tbe System, carry ing off all poisonous
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
No person can take these Bitters stftioidmg to direc
tions and remain long mnwell, provided their boaet
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and the vital organs wasted beyond the point of re
pair. They ere a Gentle Per get! to aa well ae m
Tonic, possessing also, the peculiar merit of acting;
as a powerful agent In relieving Congestion or Innam
nation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOB. FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether la
young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the torn of Hie, these Tonic Bltte have
no equal.
Fer Inflammatory and Chronic Rhea ma-
tlans and Goat Dyap-rpMa or Iadigewtlee,
Billeae, Remittent aid Intermittent Fever
Dieeaaee ef the Bleed Liver, Kidneys, and
Bladder, these Bitters have been most saccernfoL
Sack Dieeaaee are caused by Vitiated Bleed
which ia generally produced by derangement of the
Digestive Organ.
DYSPEPSIA OR rSmOESTTOTf, Head
ache. iRin in the Shoulders, colkIia, lik-tum-ns of the
Chest Dizziness, hour met stums of tbe stomach,
Badtaffteln the Month. Billons Attacks. PxiDitatlon
of the Heart. Inflammation of the Langa, Pain in the
regions of the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful
symptoms, are the oluprinKS of Dyspepiia.
Thev tavtenrate the Stomach and stimulate the to
ptd liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
efficacy In cleart-dng the blood of all Impurities, and
imparting new life and vigor to the whol-dsystem.
FOR fS K IN DIS EA E, Ernptions, Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Blotches pou, aUiipits, Pustules, Boils, t'ar
buncies. Riiiir-VVorrns. eald-Head. re Evia. Ervsin.
elas-Itch, ScurtX Decolorations of the Skin, Hnmore
ana utsesses orthe bin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dug op and carried out of the system in a
hart time by the ue of these Bitters. One bottle la
such cases wMl convince the most incredaloas of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon find lta
Imparities bursting through the skin in Pimples, Erup
tions or bores, clwanse it when yon find it obstructed
and sluggish In the veins: cleanse It when it ts foul, and
your feelings will tell von when. Keep the biood pare
and the health of the system will follow.
PTX, TAPE, and other WORMS, rtrrltinr hi the
system of o many thousands, are eifectnally destroy
ed and removed. For full directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed In four laa
guagee aglish German, French and Spanish.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. H. McDONALD 4k CO,
Druggists and Gen. Agents, 6aa Francisco, CaL, and
82 and 3 Commerce Street, New York.
fejrSOLD BX ALL DRUGGISTS AM) DEALER.
STEAM ENGINES
FOB SALE.
OXB RUDDItlX 8TKA3I
Y hompowr. Price with Gommr, l9l. Perteet
wo and idm-mtud. Vi'iil be aoldfor Foot Hundred
duliara. caau. Also, one
EEC05D-HAUD HOEIZOUTAX ZITGUTE,
(Made by E. J. Good Co, ChlciT'O .horpoWT. la
aellnt orlfT and warranrnL Prtre, Willi Jntlaor
Governor, ift)t Coat new. OoIa. Addnva hnmediatei,
A. X. KEL1.IIOO,
ll.arvl 1 -2 Vadiwa amet. Chleasnt Itt.
BROWN & BOENEE,
ForaeriT Eaton tt Brown.)
71 Kaadalph Street, Chicma;,,
Jobber of
Lamps, Glassware and Crockery,
Lamp roods msrte a aneeWty Jbr tbe fan trade. Sod
for our Iilitnitrd Oitaloarue.
rndfr m Bnrninrx nn, where BfPrew ttrerfone
and rcver of vnrious ucBcrv-1 o gLntraiiy prerail,
TarTaut's Efferveacent Seltzer Aperiant
nan been sucefrfil N-yond kM namllrl. F nee the phy
niciarts ol ine in-nics give it ibrir enipiatic sanction,
nresenhin-r It in pirteronor to -rrtro:hersr,'trVnt in twe.
Tl-e patjeiitt, oi couroe, phuir w niiirtce, tor Uiw prrpara
tl"n ! one of the nu-tt rii-liaiiti'iii, sts wll at mild and
cooling cathartics chcinry ha ret oevtfed, and pos
every medical virtue of the ikr-ramwl German
fceitzer Sm. It is a powder that onty requirea the aodittoa
ol water 'to produce in rn ins'aut adehcioua, etferrctQl
beverntAue, as well as an lnviiubie medicine. Ask for
and except none but (lie geaniae. ouU) tfx
ALL LULbOlaia.
$2.50 Jk. Til 1ML1
For aa ADVERTISEMENT la"
270 NEWSPAPERS.
Thia Llat compriae
A IArge Proportloa of tt Bert "Wettarn
Country Papers, Superior la Character,
Circulation and Influence to UioM
of any other list.
WHERE CUTS ARE TOED, ONXT TTTREI RZQCTRE1
FOB THE WHOLE LIST.
N". KELLOGG,
llSal HiladlaoBtret,Cbieag 1
ATTKNTli, 0VMHel Olf MOKSKHf
Tie ZINC COU .X'.i KI ia e'tanwreeu to cure tn
wont e.ise of raw ai.it inllanied sore peck in ten dava, and
work tiie lipie evi rv d:iy, or lb.- mcciT Tefundfd. For
Uc by all lultilen- hard.vnn ciititlilLilinienta. fcenil fnrcir
culaia. ZINC COLLAR RAD Ci Buchanan, Miehlgan.
XX FLCIT GLASS
LIMP tUIMETS
Stand Heat better thaa any ,ther aiada,
Ask for Sithridge's, and take no other.
Pe that au mm la every
DITHRIDGE ft EON, Pittsburgh, Pa.
UTSend fur Frlee Lit.
Upham's Depilatory Powder
Heniowi MifirrrlTiom hnfr in 1tre mhintM, wtrhont rniry
tntheskin. S.-IW lie mail for J'lJB. Aildn sa 8. C. VYH AM.
lflti So; ;h Ki"'"')! S'.. rh;i ti. I;.ti:i. 'rntiirn .rr ft.
EnrCATIO. CHRIST! CI-AhSI-l'AUTUOKOUUl
PKArTICALlbr
Bovs and Vonna Men, at driMWold Collese. ila
Tenport, Iowa. Three oVnartnicnts Pn-par.rorT.
(Jollt'r.-ile and f Ivloirlral. LoenMon (Wlihfftil, healthlul
liu m iiiiii vajwm uiuw -mc . ' v. u. -')" " i
OTIS 5s BIGELOW,
RE.iL ESTATE & LOAN AGENTS,
131 Dearbera St., rhleaca. III..
DEAT-KRS IS CITY AND srnrnnAX PROPEKl t
ASK WESTEHN AND SllUTIIKKN' LA.NUS.
t...h. ... ii i.,ar. K:mi. Alinneiiola. braMni
ami Mieeouri. thica.'o iwnneity bomiht and sold on coot
niisaiou. Investment luaile for noo-nitiidenta.
iiiaiavi..'s
TTe make the Nt and ebwineat Oder Pref Serew la
markeu fiend for Ctrenl-ir atut Prices.
I'.Lilitl & CO, fceneeaiaiB.a.1.
CCCi
I I want an rnt In eeerr eommnnlfT ta
fllniT TII E MKDICINI'a. tmewnona
heen afflirrM al- .is nme w!th Pi.'pa pnft.
Icned. 1IL ROiE. Eos S3, Chicago.
SOLID COLD AND SILVER.
Wallaaat, llei. larioa and Swiaa Wairhea.
JEWELRY, CIIAISS fc fsILVBB WAKE,
or avaaT TABiirr ASDsTTUt
WE win forward nr Expn-w. C. O. D. anT arrMea. at
manillacmrer- nri.-e, nlluwrac tne pun-hasertii open
. .. t..A ..... ... it. I ne alaa
ma ei.UlllIlP MK-SOIKIS vi-lnv inmi. -
have oUkt lm-.li-.r. of r ler-n ai d proill toera- mao
l won tan -no in cm uru iu-.--
Maiwjfpr Xitionni J-e ry lto-x. Lock Box A-s iiaiii-
kko, OIuo. buue wivra tun.
Watson's American ISInsical Agencj
92 t'Untaa Place (M n. a.
. EualAisheil IdtS.
Musical InminKTits. Sheet Mojie.
ntr ami vimtl A9 GUITA8 STCtX&S.
Patenl Vi"i:nTHi &u.an.l Moalral Mm-handivof every
cheetrjilir ftnuuuuurruaiuij. Teiliail or by mail.
1 1. ,un M 'rial. Ac, o ekeiir kiod at ibe luweat oricea.
Wnie kT a PrlrT Llt to
! KK A I tir.ri. ' -l n'lriivo, nrmunru, rm.
Aiuur (iuua, terolttn. taken is erfinnt

xml | txt