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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, September 22, 1871, Image 4

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A Plea for Xantippe.
BY THE "FAT CONTRIBUTOR."
Thekk was an unfortunate female whose
same is a synonym for " scold," whom the
world may have Judged too harshly, and,
recalling her, I am constrained to write a
plea in her behalf.
Who can tell, at this late dav, what an
noyances, irritations and insufferable vex
ations resulted in rendering Xantippe the
scold Bhe was f She might have been, and
undoubtedly was, an amiable young wo
man when Socrates married her. As good
- humor implies a sort of easy indifference
to the cares of life, she must indeed have
possessed good-natured attributes, or she
would have inquired and found out how
poorly calculated Philosophy is to support
. a family on. She probably knew very
little of Socrates, except through reputa
tion, when be asked for and obtained her
hand. She saw his name mentioned very
frequently in the papers as the Great Phi
losopher. She had heard him quoted as
authority in philosophical matters; had
known half of Athens to flock together
for the purpose of listening to his talk.
and had perhaps drowsed through one of
sub lectures herseii.
Her vanity was naturally gratified at be
coming the wife of " The Greatest Philos
opher in the World," as the lyceums inva
riably billed him. Perhaps, in her girlish
romance and ignorance, she thought he
possessed the philosopher's stone she had
read about, which transmutes everything,
not excepting greenbacks, into gold. Or
she might have pictured him as some time
filling the Presidential chair, and she mis
tress of the White House, as Horace Gree
ley, "J. N., and other well-known phi
losophers who had aspired to that exalted
station.
What a waking up it must have been
when she discovered what sort of a mn
the greatest philosopher in the world real
ly was, and what an unprofitable lice of
Duainess be pursued ! As a classic tnonga
practical Greek remarked, it was "all talk
and no cider." It might have been most
excellent philosophy that he gave the peo
ple, winning much applause, but it rarely
Drought bread.
If; overcoming his repugnance to any
action that would appear mercenary, he
allowed his hat to be passed around after
one of his philosophic bursts in the market
place, soma one invariably ran off with
the collection, besides stealing his hat. He
lectured Young Men's Christian Associa
tions for nothing and found himself, and
traveled around the country on foot at his
own expense, organizing schools in phi
losophy, thereby seriously impairing his
entire philosophical apparatus.
Sbe found that philosophers were gener
ally out of money when rent became due,
and only prepared to respond to cilia from
his butcher and baker with sage and philo
sophical maxims and disquisitions. Clean
clothes they were sublimely indifferent to,
and they never were regular to their
meals.
"No use to get up a good dinner for
8ocrates, as no one cauld tell when he
would be at home to eat it. He washed
very rarely, and let his hair grow loDg,
greatly to the disgust of Xantippe, who
was a neat woman herself. So much
wrapped up was he in philosophy that he
would only halt' dress himself in the
morning, and he appeared on the street so
often in his stocking feet that the boys
Cubbed him Old Boc.
He would come to his house at a late
hour of the night, bringing a lot of brother
pniiosopners with him, ana want Aanuppe
to get up and cook them a supper. On
such occasions she would tell Socrates to
feed them some of his philosophy and let
them digest that.
What wonder that the life she was com
pelled to lead resulted in rendering Xan
tippe peevish and cross. It would sour
the sweetest disposition in the world, most
assuredly. Had she lived in our day she
might have louna an outlet for her ill-
humor, as numerous testy and petulent fe
males now do, on the ros'.rum: but Wo
man's Rights were unknown in Xantippe's
time, so she vented all her spleen upon her
"husband. She would have applied for a
divorce; but, alas for the disappointed and
ill-matched ones of that period, Chicago
was not then discovered.
She began to make it very warm for him
wnenever he came noma, and scolded,
fretted and fumed day and night, bhe de
clared if she were to marry again, and had
to choose between a natural philosopher
and a natural born fool, she would take the
fooL sure!
It is not recorded, I believe, who made
the hemlock tea which Socrates was com
pelled by his judges to drink as a punish
ment for setting a shiftless example before
tde Athenian youth, but 1 suspect it was
Xantippe herself, and I can imagine the
cneenui alacrity witn wnica. she aid it.
The sublime philosophy which sustained
him as he drank the poison was doubtless
equaled by the heroic resignation with
which Xantippe saw him depart Cincin
nan lime. . . .
The Guest Chamber.
BY MRS. H. W. BEECHER.
It is the prevalent opinion among
housekeepers that the guest chamber or
"spare -room" must, in every respect be
the best and most desirable room in the
house. We think this a mistaken idea.
Of course the room shold be pleasant and
inviting, furnished as tastefully, and with
as many conveniences as can be afforded,
without curtailing the pleasures and com
fort of the family, and with tuch regard
to comfort that a guest, on entering, may
feel at once, not only at home, but as if
surrounded with, kindness and thoughtful
care. All this can be accomplished with
out appropriating the largest and most
commodious room for that purpose.
The chambers most used, and, next to
to the sitting-room, most necessary to the
comfort and happiness of the family, to
whom the house is home, and not a mere
stopping place, should be the best ven
tilated, the largest and most convenient.
The mother's chamber and the nursery (if
were must De two apartments, thty should
be separated only by a door, that the
mothers care may be near at hand) ought
to be chosen with reference to the health
and enjoyment of those who are expected
to occupy them for years.
. The "spare room should be a secondary
consideration ; for our guests are but tem
porary residents of our rooms, to whom,
to be sure, must be given all the time and
attention that family cares will allow;
but to the permanent inmates the house is
a resting place from hard labor, a refuge
from outside care for some of the family ;
' and to make it such to husband and chil
dren, the housekeeper has a daily routine
. of duties which can be wonderfully light
ened by pleasant surroundings; and thus,
for reasons having a bearing on every
member of the household, it seems to us
very desirable that more thought, care
and expense be given to secure a pleasant
outlook, a thorough ventilation, and at
tractive and convenient furniture for the
family rooms, than for the one set apart
for those who, however honored and be
loved, can of necessity remiia but a few
days.
It is painful to glance into rooms in daily
use, and see no indication that a moment's
thought has ever been bestowed upon their
adornment, or to fill them with objects
that, to the children's eyes, will units
grace and beauty with nseiulness for the
family's every-day use. "Oh, this will an
swer I It's good enough jutt for our own
family." But look inio the guest's cham
ber, for which enough has been expended
to compel pinching in all that belongs to
home and family comforts, and all for the
ostentatious display of hospitality ! When
you see such incongruities and contrasts
between the furnishing of the family
apartments and the "spare room," you
will find the same rule runs through eve
rything connected with the family.
For everyday use the commonest kinds
of delf, with odd bits of broken or de
faced china, mismated cups and saucers, of
every-variety and color, and the food,
carelessly prejtared and of the poorest and
cheapest quality, showing the same un
wise disregard for family comfort Bnt let
a visitor appear, and the table is dazzling
with silver and cut-glass, and loaded with
dainties over which the utmost skill has
been expended. This is all wrong. Home
should be first; company, of secondary
importance. Let your family have the
best you can afford; then cordially wel
come your friends to share the good and
pleasant things with you.
It is not easy to teach children to love
home, and prefer its society to ell others,
i
if they see that a l the good, and pleasant,
anu ueauiuui uuega you possess are vuiy
to be used when you have visitors. You
have no right to hope that your children
will have good manners or be refined
they see only the coarsest of everything
when alone with you, and are called upon,
with company, to put on company man
ners. Love of home, refinement, and good
manners are blessings that will rust out
and De destroyed, it not brightened by con
stant daily use. Lnmtian L nion.
The Interior of the Earth.
Among the various papers recently read
before the British Scientific Association
was a report from the Tidal Committee
of the Society. This piper contained
number of curious and interesting specu
lations with regard to the degree of clastic
yielding which the solid earth experiences
under the tide-generating influences ot tne
sun and moon. It is quite certain that the
solid earth docs yield to some degree.
has long been a fa Vc rite sssump ion with
geologists that the earth consists of a shell
of solid rock.lrom twenty to fifty miles in
thickness, inclosing an interior filled with
melted material, lava, metals, etc This
hypothesis is now shown to be absolutely
untenable, because, if it were true, the
solid crust would yield with almost as
much treedom, on account 01 its thinness
and great area, as if it were perfectly
liquid. Thus the boundary of the solid
earth would rice and fall under the tide
generatine influences, so as to leave no
sensible differences to be marked by the
water rising and falling relatively to the
solid; showing that if the earth as a whole
had an average degree of rigidity equal to
that of a glass, the tides would be very
much diminished from the magnitude
which they would possess cn a perfectly
rigid globe, with water like cur seas upon
it This consideration, the committee re
ports, makes it probable that the earth has
considerably more average rigidity than a
globe of glass of the same size. The
mathematical calculation shows a some
what startling result to the effect that
globe of the same size as the earth, if
throughout exactly of the same rigidity as
a glass on a smaller scale, would yield like
an India rubber ball to the tide generating
influences, thus leaving very little oppor
tunity for change in the relative heights
ot water and land. The precise agree
ment of the actual tidal movement with
estimates founded on the supposition of
perfectly rigid globe, renders it probsble
that the earth is in reality vastly more
rigid as a whole than any specimens of
surface rock that had been experimented
upon in any laboratories. Dr. Soule, ten
years ago, in speaking on this subject, had
suggested that probably the great pressure
in "the interior produced in the material,
which might be the same substance as the
surface rocks, a greatly increased rigidity
in positions at grea. depths below the sur-
f mt . f A I -
race, xais pari 01 me inquiry me com
mi tee propose to make a primary object
in the calculation next to De tasen.
Make-Believe Shoes.
The shoe worn by the young woman of
the period is surely one of the most abom
inable contrivances ever brought into
vogne by the caprice 'of the sex. What
need to describe it ? Do we sot know the
absurdity of its construction, and how in
geniously it has been designed lor tne de
struction of comfort and ease, and grace
in walking, and also in all semblance to a
real woman's foot t When it first came
into fashion, the ladies were told by a tew
sensible men that to put their feet into
machine with a toe like a bird's bill, and a
heel three inches high brought forward
under the instep, would insure suffering
ana aetormity.
Bat the dear creatures. In their irresisti
ble way, resented this interference with
their prerogative of self-torture and sell-
caricature, and asked, " Would you have
us look like dowdies, with broad toes to
our shoes, and low heels, and all that ?"
all that meaning heels where nature in
tended they should be. The plea was un
answerable. Ladies' shoe-makers (certain
truthful ones) tell us, what observation
also reveals, that there is hardly a young
woman now who regards herself at all
fashionable who has not bunions, callosi
ties, corns and enlarged joints ; and that
the crop.ot these ornaments developed
wit tun tne last tour or nve years is aston
ishing and pitifuL The worst of it is that
there appears to be no prospect of relief,
except a turn in the whirligig of fashion,
and that there are no exceptions to the rule
of torture and deformity. For the good
and sensible ot the sex immolate them-
selver with the foolish and the frivolous.
No degree of sense, or independence, or
stability ot character seems to absolve any
woman who had the charm of womanhood
about her from slavery to fashion, at what
ever sacrince or time, comlort, money or
n cairn. jxeie xorn lime.
New Heroes.
We listen to essays upon the total de
pravity ot human nature, and discourse
thereon ourselves as if we believed nine-
tf en twentieths of our fellow-beinea
wnouy seinsh, yet there never arises
great emergency demanding heroic self
sacrifice, that some good soul does not step
forward to respond. The steamer City of
Houston came near going to total wreck
through the stubiditv of a drunken captain
and a demoral zed crew. when, after her
galiont mate was disabled, two officers of
tne United btates navy and a detachment
ot seamen took the ship in charge, and
bravely and calmly labored until they
brought her safely into port When we
get the details of the loss of the Lodona,
we shall find that her noble captain, Hovey,
did h;s duty to the last Ac d last evening,
five miles out of Boston, happened the
most dreadful railroad disaster New Eng
land has known since the catastrophe at
Norwalk. A second after the terrible
cra.-h, in the midst of one ot the cars, a
cool, steady voice cried out, "The danger
is an over don t be afraid." Another
gentleman, finding that his wife wa-j un
wounded, though greatly shocked, laid her
fainting on the grass, leaving his little
daughter to watch her, and went desper
ately to work to get out the wounded.
And a brave brakeman, working a; his
post to stop the train, was caueht between
the platform of the baggage and the first
passenger car. He sat upon one plaiform
with his thighs crushed and bound by the
other, and a terribly bruised hand. There
he sat patiently conversing, but not mur
muring, for nearly an hour till a jack
crew wa-5 brought to lift the platform and
relieve mm. lr. btorev, a passenger,
found lying upon the grass a woman with
her right arm badly crushed between the
elbow and the shoulder, and her face badly
scalded, and suffering intense pain. Ee
a&ktd her what he could do for her. She
replied: "There are others hurt a great
deal worse than I am. Go and attend to
them. I can bear it" She was taken to
a house and Kid upon the floor with
bundle of bloody clothes for a pillow. She
would not let the doctor attend to her in
juries until the others bad been cued for.
Anothtr is added to the countless list of
those who have paralleled Sir Philip Sid
ney's famous feed. All about us are men
and women, not knowing it themselves,
capable of suffering and dying for the
good of ethers, or in the simple perform
ance of duty. The world is better than
it seems. Hartford Courant.
About a year ago a street railway com
pany in a Connecticut town obtained per
mission from the Legislature to increase
the tare from six to seven cents A regu
lar patron of the read, indignant at what
he deemed extortion, vowed he would
henceforth walk from his house to his
place of business about a mile and back.
and d posit the fare he would have paid
in a LU C box at home. Accordingly he
has since put seven cents in the box be
fore start ng out, and seven more on return
ing. His year was up the other day, and
he opened the box. He found in it $109.20
which he depositel in the savings bank.
Besides, he finds his health and digest on
so much improved by his exercise that he
says seven cents is cheap enough for the
privilege of walking a mile.
Never sleep ia a room where there is
any green paper on the walls, as this color
is made of arsenic or lead : the former is
by far the most dangerous, being Sheele'a
green, and is known positively by a drop
of muriatic acid on the green leaving it
white.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Physic, for the most part, is nothing
but the substitute for exercise and temper
ance.
How to Curb Waktb. I will give the
readers of your paper a simple and easy
way of curing warts. I take a sharp knife
and pare them offuntd they bleed a little
then out on spirits of salt once or twice i
cay for a week, and they will disappear,
leaving the skin smooth, making no sore.
Five cents' worth wid do for a whole
neighborhood. Cor. Western IturaL
The color of yolks of eggs may or may
not be slightly affected by the kind of food
eaten. But it is said to be certain that the
yolk of a new-laid egg is always of a
light lemon color, and that age causes it
to grow darker. A yolk of a deep orange
color simply denotes an old egg. The
lighter the color of the yolk the fresher
the egg.
Canvas fob Sketching. To prerare
a canvas f-r sketching in oils, first strain
it tightly upon a frame, and then wah
over with thin glue. When dry, piint
with a coat of oil color made of white
lead, red led, linseed oil, and turpentine,
and afterwards with a second coat in which
the red lead is omitted and sugar of lead
with a little coloring matter substituted.
Fbkdiko Nettles to Laying Hens
The Vienna Agricultural and Fortt Jour
nal states that hens fed in the winter with
chopped and boiled nettlo leaves, or with
the seeds, and kept in a warm place, will
continue to lay during the entire winter.
The experiment was first suggested by
noticing the eagerness witn wnicn ooin
domest c and wild fowls devour the nettle
leaves and seeds whenever the opportuni
ty is afforded. This proclivity is believed
to be one reason why, with the enormous
yield of setds on the part ot the nettle,
comparatively so lew plants spring.
A correspondent of the Oarder.eri
Monthly says that on the 15th of April he
planted two rows of Eugenie peas clo:e
together. The seed in one row had been
kept during the winter m a warm room
that of the other in an empty stable, per
fectly dry, but exposed to severe cold.
Previously to the cold both seeds were in
the same pot The result was that the
peas which had been hept in the warm
rooms all came up very vigorously, while
in the other row only a small part came up,
and the plants were very weak. There
must have been some influence of the tem
perature on the seeds while lying in a dor
mant state.
We should all have our flowers of time.
btight spots in our lite to-day, and if pos
sible, brighter moments in expectation for
Vie morrow. We must toil, and toil in
cessantly. That fact cannot be shirked,
avoided, or passed by; it stands sentinel
at our very bedside, and speaks to us even
in the land of dreams. But our toils,
tapestried with merry minutes, sweet
smiles, cheerful music, eventful episode?,
fair flowers, and frolicsome faces, if we
add these enjoyable trifles, and we can if
we will, no pasting moments will not be
the plcasanter f r them, and also for the
playlul little times gone by, and the antici
pation ot pleasant hours to come.
A correspondent of the Canada
Farmer says that there is no doubt in his
mind that cuttings taken from the tomato
plant in autumn, jut before frost, stack
in damp soil, and when well rooted re
moved to six-inch pots, kspt in an atmos
phere ot forty to sixty degrees, and
watered just sufficiently to keep them
alive duriLg winter, is the true way of ob
taming the earliest fiuit The shoots
should be pinched back, and also a part of
tne large leaves, so as to retard the winter
growth as much as possible. If properly
attended to the plan s will be thick and
strong at the base in spring, and as wo.xly
almost as a wall flower, while plants forced
in not Deoa win De weaK and spinalmg.
ncKLiNG cucumbers. Take cucum
bers, wipe them clean, and lay them into
some stone jars. Allow one quart of
coarse sail to a pail ot water ; boil the
salt ana wa'er uutii the salt is dissolved
turn it boiling hot on the encumbers
cover them tight and let them stand lor
twenty-four hours: turn them into
basket to drain. Boil as much best cider
vinegar as will cover the cucumbers ; wash
out toe jars and put the cucumbers into
them; turn the vinegar on boiling hot;
cover them with cabbage leaves and cover
them tight In forty-eight hours they will
be fit f-r use. Here is another moce
much liked : Pick cucumbers each morn
ing; let them stand in weak brine three
or four days, putting in mustard pods and
horse radish leaves to keep them gnen.
Then take out and drain, covering with
vieegarfora week; at which time take
out and drain again, putting in new vine
gar, add.ng mustard seed, giagerroot,
cioves, pepper and red pepper pods, ot
eacn about one or two ounces, to suit dif
ferent tastes, for each barrel. The vinegar
mutt be changed once, as the larce amount
oi water in the cucumber reduces the
vinegar so much that this change is abso
lutely necessary, and if they seem to lose
their sharp taste again, iust add a little mo.
lasses or spirit, and all will be right
newcm nurai.
Cows Holders ttp thebk TWtt.k S
ti. iUrtshorn, West Cheshiie. Ct.. has
cow that holds up her milk, apparently
nuuuut cause, lie wants a remedy, we
have been led to the conclusion that it is
due to some irritating circumstance that
has brought on a fit of the sulkc, if we
might be allowed to use such an expres
sion in connection with a cow. We have,
often noticed a curious sidelong glance
given rjy me cow wnen endeavoring to
bring her to, reason and to her milk, which
has conveyed to us the idea that the beast
was spiteful about something. Our nlan
has therefore been to have patience, to
manipulate and gently rub the udder, and
avoid anything that would further irritate
the animal: to avoid givinp- anv little
dainty, or even to be led out of our regu
lar course of feeding, lest a habit might be
confirmed. This treatment has trenerallv
resulted in bringing the milk, though it
has sometimes failed. Many plans have
been suggested by which to overcome this
trict, ior a trick we believe it to be. Pres
sure over the loins between the lust rih
and the hip bones is one ; a smart and sud
den stroke of a whip which would change
uie. current -oi me animal s ideas is an
other; giving some enticing article of food
to effect the same purpose is another; if a
iresn cow, letting the call suck all having
the same end in view, namely, to cause
the cow to forget all about her milk : but
we have not found any of them effectual
but the third mentioned, and that we
were averse to encouraging. IleartA and
nome.
Absorbent Powers of Mellow Soil.
EYTP!Ttrwlr.VTO rmvA filinvn tlio a mAl
low, loamy sou is capable of absorbing
in
mcivc uuujB, wiic ii tipuseu 10 a moist
mosphere, an amount of water canal
tat-
to
two ner rpnt nf it. wirrht If mn-a
ment were needed to keep the soil mellow,
ucrc 13 & muai poweriru one to convince
nr. T7- . 1 ' , .
- .. . 1 . J. ' "J
mellOW SOll IS cue that in a Arv uaonn
IB. 1 t II L1I1M 1 1 1 I I W 1 IV nnflV-Kit.l flTT
is
auie ui give ii me power or maturing
v. l . .
uup, wuen a naraenea sun ace would
Unable to do un. A snrfara th.t ia .
be
penetrable to the atmosphere, of course
rt-.ll.i .. -I- V- . ...
mum uub auauru niijr oi lue moisiure Witn
which the atmosnhera ia rhnryaA Tint
when rendered free from lumps by
repeated plowings and harrowing?, each
chsnpft nf tpmiwrafiim tlCM r5 r, nloi-v
of air throughout the mass of soil, which
u nee iucu v susoro an me moisture
coming in contact with it until it is satu
rated, fin. then t?lf Itinr. thn anil ia iyi.1.
lowed by cultivation, the less it is injuri
ously affected by drouth, and the better is
it PTIAhlAd tn fnftlnw ft fuir ernn in cnitA rF
the absence of rain Hearth and Home.
Milking in Silence.
At a Farmers' Club in West Cornwall
Connecticut, a farmer said that no talking
should be allowed while milking was go
ing on. He said he discharged on of his
servants who persisted in talking during
milking time, and that in three days the
increase of miik was equal to the man's
weekly wsges. We fear an increase to
such an extent must have been due to
other causes besides the one assigned. If
the enlarged yield followed solely from the
dismissal of the man, we suspect his pres
ence affected the supply of milk in some
way apart from his loquacity. We have
frequently found a change of servants
prove beneficial. It may be that talking
prevents ht ns from laying also. We know
we have often experienced a vast increase
in the number of eggs brought into the
house after the removal of a too officious
individual from our employ. Besides, our
cows have sometimes improved in produce
by the same means, but we generally
attribute it to cleaner milking by fresh
and more industrious hands. It is, how
ever, well known that cows are peculiarly
sensitive to sights and sounds during the
time they are milked. Unless they are at
perfect ease, they will not give their milk
freely. They should be daily milked un
der the same conditions. Cows that are
fed at milking time require their usual
meal, or they become restless and dissatis
fied, and put a stop to their bounty.
Many of them will only allow some
special favorite to milk them. In those
parts of the country where women are
solely employed to milk, we frequently
find one or two tuneful lassies singing at
their work, and many cows become so
pleased with the rustic harmony as to
show evident signs of their approval of
the loud seet voice, by giving tbeir milk
only by being sung to. Everything that
distracts the attention of the cow and
ruffles her placidity, should be avoided
when she is called upon to yield her milk.
Her nervous system should not be excited
by strange noises, unwelcome objects or
rough treatment, or the effect will be
apparent in a diminished sap ply in the
milk paiL It would no doubt be good ad
vice, on the whole, to tell those who miik
that they should hold their tongues and
keep their tempers. The Connecticut
farmer appears to have sufficient reason
indeed to say, that speech is silver, but
silence is golden. London Milk Journal
To Judge the Quality of Honey.
Tflis is an interesting question, and one,
we believe, not very generally understood.
Honey, of course, is judged mainly by its
color,- but owing to the liCt that there is
often a very great difference in the color
of the comb, and the additional fact that
bees often put white honey in dark combs,
and vice versa, it is manifest that very grea.
care must be exercised in taking into ac
count both the comb and the honey. 1 he
proper way to judre honey is to strain it
into glass jars. You can then rtadilv
judge of its color. But th n there sre at
least two other qualities to be considered
thickness arid flavor. In judging of its
thickness, it is necessary for the judge to
know whether that quality was imparted
in tie first instance, or whether it is due to
thea.tionof l ght; for light (the chemi
cal rays) acts upon honey very much as it
dues upon the iodide of silver, on the pho
tographer's excited collodion plate.
Take two bottlesof honey from the same
comb, seal thera up perfectly tight, and
keep them both at the same temperature
only one in the sunlight snd the other
in a dark room and the former will gradu
ally grow thick and finally assume a semi
crystalline shape, while the other will re
tain its original fluidity. This is one rea
son why bees always work in the dark,
and why honey should always be kept in
the daik or in opaque vessels.
It would be very improper to award a
first priza to a jsr of honey that bad b
came thickened by the action cf light be
cause it thereby becomes deteriorated.
Stili honey, to be superior, should not be
very t&in. Flavor is also a very import
ant consideration, and must always be re
quired. A good-flavorei, dark honey may
sometimes be superior to a white article
which koks much better. The thickness
and tainness of honey depends upon the
source from which it is gathered, rather
ttan upon the secretive action of the bee,
whether we admit that the insect makes or
amply gathers it Scientific Prts.
Too Much Land.
In tlis country, above all others, land
good, tillable, fertile land is abundant
and cheap. This reason, perhaps, more
man any otner, nas caused our tanners to
fall into the erroneous notion that thev
could not have too much land ; or, in other
words, they could not own and cultivate
too large farms for profit This lone-
established idea, that in order to be suc
cessful as a tiller of the soil, one must
cultivate a large tract of land, has been
over and over practically exploded. We
anow irom experience tnat tanners are,
as a class, timid, careful, conservative
men not given to wild speculations.
averse to any, or at least sudden changes
in Business, incy use the old. w&ll-
beaten path. When they have a little
money to invest they are very apt to buy
more lanu, anu, wiinout any additional
help, they try to cultivate it in addition to
the old form. In looking back for a score
of years, we notice that the facilities for
periorming farm labor have been wonder
fully increased. The gcniuB of progress
has not made ereater advances in anv
department of productive industry than
in that of sericulture. The number of
valuable labor-saving implements for farm
and garden that have been brought into
practical use within a few years has been
legion, ana the natural result should have
been everywhere a deeper, more thorough.
and better tillage; but instead, we find
our tanners buy more land, and continue
as before the same loose, straggling culti
vation, xn me iiisiernana Middle states,
with a few exceptions, the farms are too
large. Double the amount of land is
occupied and cropped, after a fashion, than
ought to bewitii the labor and capital
the owner can command. Manure and
attention to the crop, are annlied too
thinly and sparingly to produce market
results; besides, on large farms worked
with little help, a great amount of time is
spent in travel. Farmers would be sur
prised if they could have the actual time,
in days and hours, placed before them
which thty spend in the course of one
year in useless travel over their large
farms.
Again, on large farms cut into numerous
lots by expensive lences, after the old
method, the time and labor spent in look
ing after snd keeping in repair these
fences, equals, in many cases, one-third
the net proceeds of the entire farm. Con
centration is what we need. Less land.
less travel, more labor, more manure, and
more intelligence to understand the possi
buities and the demands of each crop.
Our farmers must undertake to dn less.
and do it better. If thev would sell or
give away part ot their land, 'and then
double the labor acd manure for the bal
ance, they would find the credit side of
their bans account increased, and there
would be less complaining that "farming
don't pay." If properly conducted, there
is no ousinoss more jermanently profita
ble than farming. There alwavs is and
always will be a demand for the products
of the faim. When men learn in this
business, a they soon learn in every other,
that they must not undertake to do more
than they can do well, then will they
prosper, ana tne sons ot tanners will
learn to love their vocation, and not be
possessed of an itching desire to "go into
a store."
Our English. Swede and German emi-
grant farmers are teaching the American
people some valuable lessons in farming,
the chief of which is that small farms are
more profitable than large ones. They
believe in special crops, plenty of manure.
uu Burring me son ouen. L,e us heed
the lesson. lor. Country Gentleman.
A Cheap and Substantial Cistern.
JNO one having had a cistern for evp
a snort time will be willing to do without
one. wnen it is known, too, what
small amount or monev and labor i.
required to make one. the
farmer will no longer permit the family
waiKj uiuu auu Birengm 10 insure
cleanliness in the kitchen, from not hav
ing access to an abundant fupplv of nnrc
soi t water. By reason of bavin? com
parative leisure, and the ground bini
usually free from water, the tall of th
year is the beat time for the performance
cf t his work.
In the construction of a chtem nf
ordinary size, commence to dig about four
feet in diameter, and proceed in a per
pendicular direction until firm ground is
reached ; then make a jog of about four
iochv.s toward the center, for the wall to
rest uron.
A cistern eight feet in depth, and ir n
diameter at toe widest point mada it.
acely in the shape of an egg with the
large end down is sufficient for a family
of ordinary size. The shape h important
or the Btiengh cf ita wall. To procure
the above shape, the use of a grubbing
hoe, or other Use tool, is quite necessary.
Brickbats are better than whole bucks
for arching up with. Lay in cement, by
commencing on the jog left in digging for
that purpose, pliciDgthe bats level with
tee surface below, and drawing in
gradually all round, leaving an aperture
sufficient to allow the workaun to get
inside. Fill up with dirt round the out
side to hold the wall firmly, as the work
progresses. Then it should be run up in
a perpendicular manner a foot or two
more, to elevate the platform sufficiently
above toe surface of the ground. A
fquire frame of timber around this, and
filled between with gravel or coal cinder,
ana tne cuiern is reany tor the boards
The mortar must be mixed a little at a
time, so that it may not sUnd long before
being used. The sand must be clean and
sharp, and not less than two parts u-ed to
one of lime. If the walls crack, ue less
lime. Twc-thirds of a barrel of the latter
is sufficient Twocoats should be put on.
for below the wall the cement is put im
mediately upon the dirt
The c stern should be kept covered, tint
the mortar may not become dry, and the
water let in in a few hours, if possible
The water should never be allowed to rise
up in the ground above that in the cistern.
or the latter will became " hard." If you
can't afford a pump, procure a pine pole
of tufllcient siz?, and saw oat a block of
five inches within fire inches of the end
and put on a spring with screws, so that
a bucket may be put on or taken off at
pleasure, Western Sural.
Converting U. S. Five-Twenties.
Messrs. Jay Cooke & Co., whose opinion
regarding money matters is certainly en
titled to great weight, have issued the fol
lowing financial circular relative to the
general conditions of the loan market, and
the exchanging of government bonds for
railroad securities :
Omci of Jat Cook A Co., I
Philadelphia, September, 1871. (
The signal success of the New Five Per
Cent Uovernment Loan foreshadows the
early funding of the entire public debt at
a less raie man o per ccn, and indicates
that the average rate ot interest on loan
able capital in this country will hencefor
ward be considerably lower than it has
Dcen, tne tendency being to au equalizi
tion of rates between America and Europe.
In view of these facts, the present hold
ers of United States Five-Twenties must
decide whether it is not best to make at
once such a change of investment a will
enable tbem to realize as profit, or add to
their capital, the present average premium
of 14 per cent on Five-Twenties, while at
the same time largely increasing their
annual income.
Homers ot r ivc-t wenties ot the issues
of 13B2 which, under the recent announce
ment of the Secretary of the Treasury,
will be paid off in December next, have
special and immediate reason to consider
me question of conversion, unless they
wish to receive coin for their Five-
Twenties, or exchange them at par for
bonds of the new issue, bearing an average
rate of 4 per cent.
To all holders of United States securities
who wish to take advantage of the present
most favorable opportunity for changing
their investment at a large profit we
strongly recommend Northern Pacific
Seven-Thirties (principal and interest pay-
aDie in gold), now selling at par in currency-
The results already accomplished
in the construction and equipment of near
ly inree nunarea miles ot road, and the
rapid development of the adjacent country,
have established the permanency and suc
cess of the Northern Pacific enterprise, and
created a large and rapidly increasing de
mand for the First Mortgage Bonds of the
company. With their high rate of interest,
ample security, and their convertibility into
the Lands of the Company at 10 per cent
premium, they constitute a most desirable
, investment and can hardly fail to advance
considerably above par at an early day.
The holder of a $1,000 Five twenty bond
who exchanges it now for Northern Pa
cifies, thereby increases his principal by 14
per cent, receiving f 1,140 in Northern Pa
cifies for fl.OtO in Five Twenties. He also
permanently increases the yearly interest
income on his investment more than 38 per
-ceni., or irom $ t,0.00 in gold to 583.23 in
gold.
Funds invested in Five-Twenties at their
present premium yield 5i per cent inter
est in gold, or 5 9 10 in currency. Northern
Pacific Sbven-Thirties yitld 7 3-10 per cent
in gold, or 84 in currency.
These most unusual opportunities for the
profitable conversion ot Government Bonds
into Corporate Securiti-.s of undoubted
reliability cannot, in the nature of the
case, long continue. The increasing abun
dance of loanabltj capital both aUh' me and
abroad ; the almost certain rise in value
ot all desirable railroad mortgages, the
rapid resorption of Northern Pacific
beven-Thirties and the probable early sub
stitution of a six per cent bond for the re
mainder of the Northern Pacific loan, acd
the early, funding of the remainder of the
National Debt at lower rates, promise very
soon to change the entire aspect cf the
loan niarae wmcn is just now so pecu
liarly favorable to investors.
Tin's state cf things suggests prompt ac
tion on the part of those who wish to ex
change securities in time to pr. fit by the
present niga premium on Five-T went us.
JAY COOKE & CO.
Philadelphia, New York and Washington.
Personal.
Here is the way Richardson, of the Daven
port Democrat, delineates Dr. Shallcnbergcr,
the great Fever and Ague-care man :
"Dr. A. T. Shallenberger's name la
household word in a majority of homes
throughout the W estern and Southern States,
bat to be intimately acquainted with the man
is the lot of comparatively few among those
even who have received lasting benefits at his
nanus. 1 wenty-tlve miles, or thereabouts, on
this side of mnrkv. emokv. dinrv. busv.
hustlin; Pittsburgh, oat of the dense clouds
of its forge and foundry fires, away from the
incessant rattle of its machinery, is situated
the rural little village of Rochester, Pennsyl
vania, not to be mistaken for its populous
namesake in New York State, for this modest
town would have been scarcclv heard of out-
biuu 01 us luimeuuiie neiirnuornooa were 11
not that it was the home of a public benefac-
tor, the' place from which he has cent to all
paru 01 the j nion that great and good rem
edy, which baa done more towards the reliev
ing or poor ButTcnng humanity, who barn with
fever or shiver with airue,than all the remedies
ever piacea ociore the public put together.
This we would have the reader under
stand is no idle boast, beyond the knowledge
of the writer, but barn of experience, and
proved by knowledge of actual facts. Among
our own personal acquaintance, we have
those who. prostrated bv the alternate burn
ings and freezings of America's direst disea-se,
have found all doctors at a loss, all boasted
panaceas useless, until the friendly hand of
Dr. Shallenbergcr has come to their aid with
the well-known bottles of familiar pills.
which have proved an infallible antidote, ar
resting the chills, and disarming the fever de
mon as if by mairic. For fifteen Tears has the
doctor been busily employed in preparing for
the public this prescription, which is not one
ot tnoee cnre-aiis calculated to heal every
disease, but a well-considered, fullv-nroved.
and never-failing resort for the malarious dis
ease it professes to cure. Those who know,
as we do, the character of the man, his stand
ing in society, his perfect honor and undoubt
ed lniecniy, and bis aversion toanTthimrbor.
aenng ua cnariaianism, will indorse every
wuru wc cay.
Great Success.
The new boose of Hamlin. Hale fe Co,
whose magnificent buildiDg has previously
been described in our columns, are doinz an
enormous business, and cow sell from $.50,000
to I. J, tAU daily. Combining not only all de
partments ever Kepi Dy ary nooas bouses, but
also the largest carpet business in Chicago,
this firm possesses extraordinary advantages.
Thb stork of John V. Farwell A Co.. Chi
cago, has six stories, 72 feet by 1&4 feet, and a
basement 7a feet by 20S feet, waking in all
313 square rods nearly two acres of floor
room, all devoted to the Wholesale Dry Goods
trade. It contains more room than is occu
pied by the wholesale department of any oth
er dry goods house west of New York.
Misstoxabies and others sojourning In for.
eign lands should not fail to take with them a
good supply of Johnnn't Anodyne Liniment.
It is the most reliable medicine for all nnr.
poses there ia in the world.
"What would make a rood leadmu
art'ele for me tomorrow?" asked a wicked
editor of a wit "A halter," was the sen
tentious reply. .
General Bcall.of Pennnylvan'a, is the
owner oi aw 000 acres cf land in Cali
forniarather a sizesble garden spat
- - .ti,.. . ,t -
-.Iw'HfSW .TV-ill 1 SLl I
mmmmi
m m
GREAT DRY" GOODS AND CARPET HOUSE,
Nos. 94 to 104 Wabasb Avenue and 14 to 20 7asMngton Street.
07 THIS MAGNIFICENT BLOCK, with Its Imposing front of 233 feet, Hiram. HAHliIH, HALE at CO occupy the inrt IX feat oa Wabash aa,attteeoraef
ol WaMimzloii street.
in iiip am-tnn-tum of thr prwrnt hatMine. which occupies the site of one burned last Tear, Mem. Hamlin, It ale A Co. uttrodooed such nnmeroaa hupioremenla a ban
mail' tlieir hon-e ttie lol Irv (ioKls lasuntra-e nk in Aiiw-riciC
ConjJoli'Utins ami comhi'nini a vcrv cslennive Wbol-.-il and TJctafl Carpet TVpartroent, which occapicsthc mttrehnanDeat, and alarge and profitable retaU bosDeas,irtth their
furmou W uoivaale Dry Goods trade, this house poanutaea advantages and laciliuea bcyund any other uoo&e In Chicago.
r4 rtt ,fcB i" -
mm mi
II 1U- rM'ttltJ M S2I .IK l jirEi-ra
mm
1 s sr
.-LvtiJ
Thb tebbific di-el bbtwein Pbcssia asd
Francs is over, bat thousands of battles be
tween Dr. Walker's Vimaia Bittebs and
dyspepsia and liver complaint are now going
on in every State in the Union. The issue of
such contests is never for one moment in doubt.
The conflict may last longer in some cass
than in others, but the Leading Vegetable
Tosic and Alterative of the Nineteenth
Cextcbx invariably triumphs.
Jonir V. Farwell & Co. sell more Dry
Goods at wholesale than any other house west
of New York. The prices and quality of their
goods, and their method of doing business,
make them general favorites.
Contagious diseases, such as horse-ail,
planders, etc., may be prevented by the use of
Oheridan'M Cavalry Condition Powder. Per
sons traveling with horses should take note
of this.
Pimples on the Face, Eruptions,
Blotches, Scrofulous diseases, and all sores
arising from impure blood, are cured by Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. 5S5
Tub Little Corporai, has never been
mora attractiTS than it ia for the month of Oc
tober. It contains numerous finely executed en
gravings, and its reading matter cannot fail to
please all clarse, jonDg and old. Parents desir
ing to place good and wholesome reading matter
into the hands of their children should aubscribe
at once for this popular jaTeolle, and secure the
three extra numbers to all new subscribers for
1ST! who send their name before November 1st.
$1.60 a year. Published by Jobs E. AIillzk,
Chicago, 111.
Godet. "Nutting" is the title of the
handsome steel-plate engraving In the October
number of Oodry'e Latiy't JSooi. On the colored
fashion plate is displayed suitable designs for
wrlking dresses, house dresses, a visiting dress,
and a suit for a boy; and on the extension sheet
will be found later styles, from which choice can
be made to salt all tastes. A plate of children's
fashions la also given. In addition to all these is
presented a colored plate of fancy but useful
work, directions for working which will be fonnd
in the work department, along with many other
useful articles. Part II. of "Nurse Brown's
Story," by Marion Borland, is given in this num
ber, together with the nsoal variety of literary
matter. L. A. Godex, Philadelphia; $3 W) per
year.
Tns Balance is the name of a new
monthly five column quarto publication just start
ed in Chicago, and mainly devoted to the advance
ment of the political rights of woman. It has an
able corps of editors Mrs. E. Mackvray, Dr.
Odelia Blinn, HlssM. Tomlin and Miss M. Hawley,
all experienced writers. If we may judge by the
September number, the Balance will prove an
able, dignified and consistent champion of the
right of woman to an active participation in polit
ical affairs. It editors claiming that the exercise of
such right will not only " better woman' condi
tion, but equally benefit the nation," and avowing
a determination " not to touch the family relation
with the lightest disturbing finger." The Balance
i a well printed sheet, and contains a large
amount of reading matter on a variety of subjects.
Terms f 1.00 a year; single number 10 cents.
Over-Doctored.
Without any disrespect to the members of the
medical profession, a profession honored by all
thinking men. It ia only just to say that tbey are
too thick on the ground. The consequence is that
the community Is doctored over much. When ni
tore needs only the gentle stimulant and alterative,
which has become famous througnout the country
as a reliable medicine, under the name of Qostet-
ter's Stomach Bitters, she Is not unfrequently
dosed with a dozen prescriptions, all experimental
from the Pharmacopeia. This Is an evil, and
proves that the practice of medicine is far from
being at all times a healing art. At this period of
the year, when the fall of the leaf Indicates that
decay has seiz d upon the vegetable kingdom
many harrasslng dl-eases are prevalent. Chief
among tuese may ne meatfonea intermittent fever
and bilious remittent. The exhalations rising
from decomposing vegetation, and the heavy dews
and fogs, are very apt to generate these com
plaints. The wisest policy Is to protect the system
uy s coam of lloxtetter's Stomach Bitters at the
commencement of the fall. Much suffering may
mere uj ue svoiaeo. out it ine aisease nas already
begun. Its periodical visitations may readily be
cu4.-ca.cu, ai:u oruaea up uy tnis acuve, yet nana
les. vegetable tonic
But be on your euard against the char atana
wno are attempting to palm off, under various
names unwholesome compounds, which they pre
tend to compare favorably with the great national
elixir, which has long since swept mole formidable
opposition from the field Bear in mfed that every
bottle of genuine Hoetetter's Stomach Bitters to
authenticated by a sulendidly engraved label, and
jUc Mtnttf of the sign manual of the firm. Put
up in bottles only, snd cannot be obtained in bulk
Pxkbt Davis' Vegetable Path Kills pos-
sessts virtue wnicn not aione removes pain ln
stantlr. but regulates the stomach, gives strength.
tone and vigor to the system. It is one of those
medicines which is worth more than gold. VYs
advise the good people not to try experiments by
using the many new Keller and Panaceas, but call
ior uiq oiu rename iravia x-aui zviiicr.
FINANCIAL.
Investment Securities.
Jat Cooke & Co. are now selling, and rec
ommend as a profitable and safe investment
for all classes, the First Mortgage 7-30 Gold
Bonds of the Northern Pacific Railroad Com
pany, bearing Seven and Three-Tenths per
cent, gold interest (more than 8 per cent, cur
rency), and secured by first and only mort
gage on the entire road and equipments, and
on more than 33,000 Acres of Land to every
mile of track, or 500 Acres of Land to each
$1,000 Bond. The highest current prices will
be paid for 17. S. Five-Twenties, and all other
marketable Securities received in exchange
Pamphlets, maps and full information will be
furnished, on application, bv Jat Cooke A
Co., Philadelphia. New York and Washing,
ton, and by most Banks and Bankers through
out the country.
UPHAM'S ASTHMA CURE
r?HtvTM mnftt YWmt tniTiTTRiTM In itre mftrtri. Artd
fficfj. gp-rwfir run. Price ft"; bv mail. AWtfVb A. C
LrtiAJiL, ivo souui luniQ dtu, riiiisViAtipiiia, ra.
WWm P TrT mvlrnrf onr ermf -ntrv 1 .00
F Ist.C !'iruin mrt-kly 30 vrnr rifiWi.n-l
Actus mskr iriv finH bVk.i..j..i..n...
HlkwelU MeT '
AGENTS! THIS!
WES7JIi PAY AGENTS A MLARY
orfSJO pr-r week andcxrfnses. or ailoa aiaree
Tommlssion. to sell oiir new wonderful inventions. At
ire. M. WAGNER CO- MarshalL Mich.
FMPI ftYFrWT Lt?nt honorable, laree profits,
kUlrLU I Ifi Lil I ftmck tains jries satiGtscnon.
Our well known tn-ravin-js hst in Annriea; u!ipres
BURS CO., 113 Madison u Chicago.
-pi nnsi-nain mr rc. irruiarN wni irce. it. ivan-
T.K4 mnA mirrri hr Dr. PliCTirnn's Patent AnnHnMa
ami Compound. Olfite 7 Brwdway. S. Y. bid 10c
fobo-k with jhnroi(iTrMc likenesses of before antf
alter cure, 1tn Hearr Ward Beecher case, lettei-s and
portrait. Beware ot traveling; Impostors, who pretend to
iuve been a&uuus of Pr. .SiiKN.
18IO-
-TO-
-IS71.
for Tnnnr-osE tzaes
PERRY DAVIS
PAIN-KILLER
fin Wn tested In m-r TnrWy of cllTnatv. ami by almost
ewry nation known lo AiTwricsiw. It to the almnut run
Manf riHnpnnioa and inosttmablf frientl of I he mi5slonary
and the tniwiVr, on M-n and lund, nnd no one houiJ
tnivdoaoiirLAKCdOK KlVEUd WITHOUT IT.
PAIH-XILLEK was the first sad ii the Only
Permanent Pain-Believer.
Since the PAIN KILLER ffM first tatrodw-eii, and met
Willi ntisiirparvfil naif, mimjr Liniment, iniuufa, and
orher miKi:es have he-n oflvpii to the ptihhV, but not
one of UitTn Iit ever attained the truly i'VIjuils &TAJii
ia or thk f AiN-Kll.l.KIL
Why is this sot
It is becntue DAVIS" PAIN-KILLER to what It claims
to be a reliever of pain.
Its Merits are Unsurpassed.
If yon are wifferlnr from TNTKKN'AL PAIN", tw-nty or
thirty lro(w in a little water wll almost instantly enre
you. There ia tsoUuiig to equal it. in a tew mouieQU it
otres
Calic Cramps, panfftA, Heartbarn, Dlar
rhtta. Dysiiitery Flax Wind lathe
Boweln. SoorStomnch, Dys
pepia Sick Headache
In sections of the country wbcra
FEVER AND AGtTE
PrernlL thero to no remedy held m greater esteem.
Evrrr hoa-vkepper should kt-ep It at hnnd, to apolv It ob
lie first attack ot any Pain. It will Rive attieJactory re
Jef, and save hour ot guttering.
lo not trifle with yourselves by testing nn tried reme
lies, lte sore you rail ftc and get the frenuine PA1X
K.II.LK&, as nianr worth'" n(trninn are attemperi to be
so.' I on ttie zmtt reputation of ihU valnairle njctiiciae.
tDirectkxiS acuomnaaj uis tatch home.
Price 25 ctaw 50 eta and SI per Bottle
J. 3T. HARMS & C0.( Cincinnati. 0.,
. Proprietors for the Western and Southern Stales.
Sold by all Medicine Dealers.
For Sale by
nrntmrr fc Kna.vu Chlra-o.
tinxxE t ltiTTON, Milwaukee.
SOYES BRUA St. 1'HUf.
X. OTTER. MTXTC. ALL ANIMALS from theJirmTl-
et to Br and LVer ran he trapped. Boy ! read ttte
New r.'i'WtTwl " Hiinter! Guide and Trapper n Compan
ion. Teifc all shout Huntino, Fishinu Trapping.
How to nt;.ke Traps Boats ami Snare. Also trapping
.vreti, to tan furs ail colors and kinds. Nearly 100 evs.
It is tire oniv crvr-ap book of the kind. Beware of retipea
aud worlhi Nvk. On y 2 cent prepaid hv
HL'NTEB fc CO, Pubutera, HinmiW, N. H.
THE YZHY BEST CHURCH MUSIC I00X
JUST KEADY,
The Sacred Crom:
A COLLECTION OP SEW TTYMN TUNES. Ai'
THE MS, SENTENCES MOTETS AND CHANTS,
l OB PUBLIC AND F1UVATE WOKSIUP,
Tncther with a Comptete and Practical Sr-tetn of Be.
mt-ntary Instruction, written expressly lor this work; a
lane rollHction of ioiir part Sones, Glees aild Choruses for
Bv B Pi Hodges.
The wen-nown Author and Condnctor: A-wirtite Editor
cf tut very muxuiu1 work, - juuiani t oicn.
And O. W. FOSTER,
One of our most popular Kew England Teachers.
Pries Si SO i S13.30 per doiem.
The authors hare spent two years m writinz, arranstnir
hut a-rt selecting mis work, which. In addition lo Ukb
best ctfbrv, ha a larger number, a ereater Tariety. and a
ht Iter selection of contributions than any previous Music
Book oi a s.ltuflar character has produced. We have laree
orders already lor it. Orders will be answered m t- m,
and special term, made to Teachers and Choristers. Spec
imen com- 8 sen: ly mu nosrpaia oa m-eii i .i-w.
LEE 3c SlllSAKD. PuUuiien, Boston.
EEXD T0B FREE 8PXCDIEir PAGES I
NOW RiiVJJY!
LEON ABO MAKSII ALL'S
FOUNTAIN OF SACRED SONG !
THE leading Musfdans and Choir Directors eniplna,
L cally pronounce till to be the very aw colkxuon of
Alusc ever puDtisuou luf tne use oi
CHOIR". SINGING SCHOOLS and C0NVESTI053.
THE FQUXTAtM DF SABRED SORB
Contains Musical Notation," " Slmtmir-Scbool Depart,
mmi- vm Cnltnr.-" "Glees 'and Part Bonus.
"Cnolce Collection of Ii vrnn Tunes, Anthems, Sentenoa
and ciianta, and MConregauoiuu runes.
Price 81.50. 13.5Br!oB'.
Specimen copy sent pot-iud on receipt ot sl.la.
Pt'BUSUSD BT
WHITE. SMITH k PERKY, Boston.
Mr. Leonard Marshall's sei vices for Conventions may ha
secured bv addressing as above, or Boom U, Trciuom
remiie, costun.
XX FLINT GIASS -
LIMP CHDUEIS I
Stand neat better than any other made.
Ask for Sithridire'i, and take no other.
See that onr name la on every box.
DITHRIDGE SON, Pittsburgh, Pa.
KAvoena tor r rice a,uh.
COflA For T-it-cl iss PI nos sTit on 'r it. lrongents
O. I U Address U. S. PIAN'O CO., SB.J B'wsy, ft. X.
.vfvit s , -1. V vi r".r, linTl
soil tt- ciirbnuvd HOME SHUTTLE 6KU INO
,1 IITVV Il-M. tlm. uu.Ve-lrfff. m:ikCS UlC
l..-idio-b' ulikeon both MUs.)lMi is t'UlM
.vKe,t. The best and clienpest tinnlr ev.-ns
.Msi'iiire In the markt A'luns" JOHN ON.
CT.AKK t'(, Blon, Mwa, iHlKOUOAU.".
uucatfu, HI or at. Adtua. MA.
1TTKTIDV. lUVVtHH OB HORSES f
The ZiN'c COLLAB PAI 1s enaranteed to cure U
worst cane of raw and uinjunen sore .?eci, m ten aays, anu
w.H-k Hie horse every dav, or the money retundisL For
wle by all soldiery hardware cstublishn enu. bend foreir.
culan. ZINC
; PAD CO, Buchanan. Michigan.
1 tne PHIIKKI !H,"s HIIIKB T I l EUAK
J Crlelirand fiir Its Pcntv, Stmmth and PaUtahleneas.
Warrantiti to keep pickles. First Premium awarded al
Hie Cmt'xl states F:ur. Illinois s-UIe r"n:r;tnd Q.i :if-'!ty
F.iii. L.trt work, ot ttie kind in ii..- Cniied S:.'. i
ji'vfife,j OrflT and cwrfspowl'iH-e pmnTytly at.
trwied to. il.s.(i. E. PIU'sslNtl, UiMmt :UI stalest.
Clumvu. AlsorjperunrJllr. v.ih slfcUAiw
4
Mr!TU?l THERTRAL H)MErVlrrwB
171 Wfl I flW !-!(. I i" J. Miliary, m an wno
r ;l rvmit TWOIMH.LAJW f7 I87"i.
rOr :i Fint-C1JA, -Pe A;;"! and
om norm. IAS k n ixoujl. iixikwit, a. a
Fin Ar-rrrnfr of Decalcamaine Paint
J- iDfrawitn mil iiiuici:ofu kit oni.aiiDi:n?
eImh, riuna. ptr.-fcc- will be sent norU-paiii on receipt
RIFLE. OOT.GIXS REVOLVERS
Gun MntrriiU, ir, tf every kiud at Uie .wi pfioS
Write icr a IMc U-r to
UliKAT WKTr:iN GCN WORKS Pltt-thnr-h, F.
Aiiiij" OuuttW iAsVua,vetn Ac btVen la cxcituig?
1,700,000 Acres
FINEST FlBiHG LiHDS
Ilf THB
STATE OF IOWA,
AEE JfOW OFFERED FOB SALX TO SETTLE 33,
In Tracts to Suit Purchasers, by tne
IOWA R1ER0AD LAND CO.,
For Cash, at Itedaced Prro- or upon time pttjineots
( witli six per cent. intcre8t.)8aJtl to the means
of &11 claseca ot fivmera.
The Iruxis are rated at from to fill iw am. -
Coniitu t ctiutlitv- and Dearnt.s U jtUoas. and al lie
adjacLl to
Tl! GREAT THCrtOSSHFARES OF THE WEST I
rr Tott Div,Vrt: of the CMmeo Northwestern and
Use IiluMi& Crairal railroad ctoocid the State.
Farmer bnrlTis n-w have a first choice of selection, as
th-x U1 have not tWn ctriirri. and ber e free Irom al
iocumb. ance the pcutrhaser'a title la perfect.
DescnpttT pampMrta in Tin price and te hix. Cnfttnry
tp' vlrowliis the Unlfor (n'e and ail nec$ixry Uf
kM-matioa bow to reac:i u.e lanLs and w hre to procure
urkloriQ,; tickets sent li-ee by mail oa application to
LAND COfMISSIONET?,
Iowa ii. R. Land CoPAmr.
CHiro ThtAirm Ottice, CecUr Bapids, iou-a.
tSsin.Ul? Hanorr.l. Fonitarjl Ptr.rltabl. 58-1 for
circulara. W- X. og Awh 6.. railada-, Fa.
WHKlf WRITING TO ADTERTISERS,
eaue amy yoa saw avdvenisemeiat
i cheat MEC15AL Discovert
191X1.1039 Bear TMinwr tm tkslr
Waaaertal CnrmtlT Eflect '
WALKER'S CALIFORNIA
rVT7 . C rTT
They are aot a vile FANCY DRINK.
Made of Pavor Rasn Whiaker. Trf Sprrlta
aad Refuse liqaore doctored, spiced and sweet
ened to please the taste, called H Tonics, MAppetiva.
era, MBeetorerm,H fcc that lead the tippler, on to
dnrakerjneas and ruin, bat are a trae Medicine, made
from the Natlre Boots and Herbs ef California,
frmm all AIeohslie IHtlsnalaata. Tbey ar the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER aad A LIFI
GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Benorator and
InTlfcorator of the System, carry ina; off all poisonone
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
No person can take these Bitters sccordms; to direc
tions and remain Ions; unwell, prorided their bonet
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means
and the rttal organs wasted beyond the point of re
pair. They are a Geatle Pai-wartoe as) well as a
Tenlc, possessing also, the peculiar merit of set leg
as a powerful agent in relierins; Congestion or lsflasa
m at ton of the lirer, and all the Visceral Organs.
FOR. FEMALE COMPLAINTS whether Sa
young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters haY
no equal.
For Inflammatory aad Chrenta Rheum
tlma and Gent Dysvepela er IndJgeeciea
Bilioas, Remittent aad Intermittent Fererav
Diaeaaea of he Blood Liver, Kidneys, and
Bladder, theso Bittern have been most successful
Hack Diaeaaea are caused by Vitiated Blood,
which la generally produced by derangement of the
Digestive Orgaaa,
DYSPEPSIA OR rnIGE3TTO, Head
ache, Vain in tbo Shoulders, CougtiA, Tightness of Ui
Chest, Dizziness, Soar E nictations of the Stomach,
Bad taste in the Month, Bilious Attacks, Pxlpitation
of the Heart, Inflammation of the Langs. Pain In the
regions of the Kiuners, and a hundred other nnlnful
symptoms, are the onpriugs of Dyspepsia.
They tnTigorate the Stomach and stimulate the to
pM liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
elficaey In cleansing the blood of ail Imparities, and
Imparting new life and vigor to the whole system.
FO R S K IN DISEA SES, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Batches spots, rtmpies, Pustnles, Boils, Car
buncles, KinsWorais,8cald-Head, Sore Kys.ry5lp
elasItcb, Scurfs. Discolor ations of the Skin, Hnmora
and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dug up and carried oat of the system tn a
shert time or the use of these Bitters. One bottle la
such cases will convince the most Incredulous of their
curative effect.
Oeanse the Vitiated Blood whenerer you Un Its"
tm pari Ues bursting through the skin in Pimples, Erup
Hons or Sores, cleanse It when you find it obstructed
and sluggish In the veins: cleanse it when itlsioul.and
yonrfei'tingswil) tell you when. Keep the blood pure
and the health of the system will follow.
FIN, T A PE, and other WORM lurking fn the
STStem of so many thousands, are elleetuaJly destroy
ed and removed. For fall directiona, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed in four laa
gnagea English, Cennaa. French and Spanish.
J. WALKER. Proprietor. E. R. McDOJTALD CO
Druggists and Gen. Agents, San Francisco, Cat and
32 and M Commerce Street, Kew Tort.
tarSOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS ASP DEALER
STEAH ENGINES
FOR SALE
On RUDDICK STBA3I 58152,
Y horx-.powrr. Price with Govrmor, stStt. PerffrOt
uem nud HxenrrtiaetL Wiil ta) sold Hue Four Uuixlre)
doUart, cash. AJo,oM
KEC05D-EA3D EOEIZONTAl E5G2TE,
(M:ule by E. J. Gof A Co, ChlcasoJ -horr-novrrr. ta
ivjill iu onlrr and vramintcd. Pnre, wtth Jratacra
Governor, aim). Cost new, j&G. AiVliw hnmUaleljr,
A. KELUKiG.
V 1 HDratinaniM. Cbtowo.ro.
BROWN & EOHNEB,
Fomrrlr Eaton Brown. 1 .
It Raadalph rjirert, Catcaso.
Jobbers of
Lamps, Glassware and Crockery,
Tjimr mods mx a mwlalty for the fail trade. Sand
tor our r.lratntteU Catalogue.
Tnder a Bo mini San9 wftere Billmw sflrcrfonsj
sod h ever uf vmxi mis Oecrtptiuns so gunentlly prevail.
Tarrant's Zfferreecent Seltzer Aperient
Hns been MMTrssful NtowI all mraiv -I. Ht-nre th phy
muium ol ir tropin pivc it ilit-ir emHiatic sancttirn.
nres riWnff tt In pn-iermcc in errry other iinemit In use.
The patieuL, il coun f;tnIlT at:nifsce, lor Utw pnTar-
li.in inru if tho mr (I. li-hrtllL rr W'll SS Ullifl and
conltng cattmri!Ct rhemiRr-y hr.- yet deTHel, and pt
w-tT every itkirtii viniie ot uie nti-uuiiw v-n.;
WHmy S-r-i lika lanwstVr t)i:il rmlT rrauirwrhe a-l'tHMMl
ol water to prfridirc m n hisiiint a dViirUwrs, tjf. epiit
DvtTH2e, hk wvu ha an mvanuuKe ntr!nitc r m.
and nrefpc none bat the genalne. Mi
ALL lULoiaia
f'CI.FCTICMEDICALCOLLEGBafPeria.
Fft. for the coarse 930. No other extwswes. Send foe
Auooam-roent- JuKPH SlTiiS, ii. JX, Dean. U4
Pine btrert, FbUadelpala.
MTNN A CO, pnMMiers fWtito
rrwriran. :rt Pv)( Kow. . 1 onoi:n
Patents mryT erc. Twenty-live
yennt" exiiencnre. twrrwrns cot-
ilutiLJai. od.'U ri')i!rnt LawrjuKlOtiMie to llnveuoi7i.
CCCi
I want an aemt tn mre comtnontrr to
rll niv PILE MKTMCfNES. Onewhohas
open affl'fsl a ronsl ntne wtrn r:ivm (.
fcmxf. UK. BOiK. Box 3S. CUcago.
-L Til IM-Ila
Tor an ADVEETTSEMEST In
270 NEWSPAPERS.
Ths) Ust ttaiplses
Largs Proportion of th Best Weston
Country Papers, Superior In Character,
Circulation and Influence to those
of any other list.
W HER CTTS ARE CSED, OVLT IHfiEJI KEQnBH
FOB I US WHOLE LIST.
For Bsts, estfmates and fOrtber partlCQlarl, sdijreal
A. N. KELLOGO.
11 aad iaitadls(itrat,auefL 1

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