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Tn primary cause of wakefulness ts
an increase in toe quantity of blood clr
culating in the brain: hence, any condi
tion or cause cipable of inducing this state
of the cerebral circulation may give rise
to it. As these causes are more or less
under the control of the indiridnal, it is
imDOrtant that they should be generally
Known, i. .excessive ana long-conunueu
intellectual action, or powerful mental
emotions. 2. Those positions of the body
'Which tend to impede the now 01 Dlooa
from the brain, and, at the same time, do
sot obstruct its passage to the brain. Many
physicians hare noticed the connection ex
isting between bodily position and wake
fulness. It is evident that the recumbent
position is more conducive to a state of
congestion of the brain than the erect or
semi-artct. Dr. Forbes Winnow, Dr.
Hammond, and several other physicians
have notice! an increase in the number
and intensity of hallucinations of insane
patients, or persons suffering from deliri
um tremens, as soon as they assume the
recumbent position. These patients have
been found to sleep quietly for some time
in an arm chair, but to be annoyed by hal
lucinations as soon as tbey lie down. 3.
Certain substances nsed as medicine or
food. The chief agents of this class are
alcohol, tea (especially strong green tea),
coffee, opium, belladonna, stramonium,
and Indian hemp or hashish. Opium, in
small doses, is often especially potent in
inducing wakefulness. A single dose of
half a grain has been known to keep a pa
tient awake for three consecutive nights.
All the so-called narcotics, in small doses,
induce wakefulness rather than sleep. 4
To the above, Dr. Hammond adds a fourth
excit cause of insomnia namely, func
tional derangements of certain organs of
the body? whereby an increase in the
amount ot Dlooa in the brain is produced.
As, however, such cases as these are be
yond the control of the sufferer, we need
not discuss them here. In all those cases
of wakefulness dependent upon severe and
long continuous mental exertion and
these are the cases to which we especially
wish to draw the attentions of our readers
all means of relief will be utterly use
less until the patient consents to give
his biain entire relaxation for a tune.
Whenever it is possible, a course of travel
through a romantic country, or a visit to
the seaside, should be regarded as impera
tive. An early dinner, followed by a
hearty supper of plain and nutritious
dishes, is preferable to a heavy, late din
ner. The value of physical exercise and
especially riding in the open air, can
scarcely be oyjer-estimated, snd should be
earned cn to the point of incipient fatigue.
A shower bath in the morning, and a warm
bath before retiring to rest, are useful
auxiliaries; a somewhat high and not too
soft a pillo should be used; and, if the
feet are very cold, a hot-water bottle should
be placed at the foot of the bed. If the
preceding means all or mott of which
the patient can try for himself fail, re
course should at once be had to profes
sional "advice, if we had been asked a
couple of years ago what was the most
potent agent la the treatment of wakeful
ness, we should have answered without
hesitation, bromide of potassium. There
is now reason to believe, from the re
searches of Dr. Clcuston, that a combina
tion of this salt with tincture of Indian
hemp, in the proportion of half a drachm
ot the salt to a drachm of the tincture, is
more potent in allaying nervous excite
ment in cases of insaiiity, and probably
generally, than the bromide alone, even in
a far larger dose. The most powerful and
irresistible ot all sleep promoters is, how
ever, the new remedy known as hydrate
of chloral, and which, it is stated, has
been prescribed successfully, and without
a single accident, in more than 100.000
cases in this country alone. Once a Week.
Lying to Children.
I was sitting on the door-steps, one
warm Sabbath evening last spring, idly
watching the passers-by, and speculating
vaguejy regarding tneir ainerent charac
ters, when my attention became suddenly
nxea upon tnree individuals two women
and a boy. As they came near I heard
one woman say to the other, I fear it will
be chilly when we return. I do wish I
had brought my shawL" " You will need
it," replied the other, "and 1 thought you
-had it; bat dont mind, Charley will run
back and get it" " No, ma, I don't want
to," said the little boy. 44 Yes, you do,"
said his mother. " Now, ro right along,
like a good boy. You will fi nd it lying on
my bed in the bed room." " But you
wont wsit for me," persis'ed the bny,
"and I don't want to go." " Yes. we will,"
his mother answered, "we won't stir one
step from where we stand."
" Well, I'll go, then." he replied, and off
ne started on a run. rresenuy he stopped
and look d behind, calling at the top of
D is voice, loan De sure to wait for
me T" " Yes, yes, of course we will," the
other answered back. " Now, hurry, just
as fast as you caa." I was watchiog tae
graceful motion of the boy, almost un
mindful of the near proximity to the two
women, whea I heard the mother say to
her companion. "Now, when Charley
turns the corner so that he can't see us,
we will walk on. I only told him we
would wait to make Lim willing to go."
And they did walk on, and soon the
thickening shadows hid them from my
Still I Eat ou'side, curious to see what
Charley would do when he returned. Ten,
fifteen minutes passed, and then I heard
the patter of his feet along the walk. (It
had grown so dark that I could hardly
distinguish him.) " O, mamma," he called
out, when he came to where he had left
them ; "you promised to wait forme, and
you didn t Tint lied to me, and Til never
believe you again at long as I lite."
Then he ran on a littie fart fit r, and again
stopped, and called out : 44 You lied to me,
mamma, you did !" Si k at heart, I went
inside. I had seen and h'.ard enough for
one evening. Methinks, could the mother
only realize the awful impoit of her bo 's
words, 44 You lied to me, and I will never
believe you again," that 6he would rather
have dif d than to have deceived him.
A child will Kara the lesson of distrust
very easily, an4 when once learnt d. how
nearly impossible to be unlearned. To the
mo'.her gret responsibilities are given.
She may mold tha character of her chil
dren almost as she chooses, and if she fails
in her duty she lays up for both herself
and them untold misery. If she lies to
her children she cannot blame them for
lying to her.
It were kinder, I could almost say, in
any mother, to thrust a dagger into the
heart of her ch Id, than to sow the seeds
of distrust there.
Mothers, pause and think, before yon de
ceive, even in the merest trifle, the little
child God has given to your keeping.
An Anecdote of Everett.
Ih his speech at the Amherst semi cen
tennial commencement, Professor Park
said : 44 1 have recalled this afternoon a
scene which occurred thirty-six years ago,
on the day preceding commencement
Edward Everett then delivered the ora
tion. In the midst of the oration he ut
tcred one sentence which called forth
bursts of applause. I will read that sen
tence : 4 Before tfae admiring student of
nature has realized all the wonders of the
world, let hm sit down and know the uni
verse in which he lives, by examining the
races of animals disporting themselves in
their representative ocean a drop of wa
ter. After that sentence, it appeared as if
all Amherst College would not cease to
clap their hands and stamp their feet, and
yet you seem to be unmoved by the recite'.
Now the question comes, what is the rea
son f. The reason is found in the studied
artlesmess of Edward Everett
44 While he was on the point of speak
ing the words, a 4 drop of water,' he turn
ed carelessly and saw a glass of water on
the table. He put his finger in the glass,
and a drop of water was suspended there
from. I have it on the best authority, that
six or seven weeks before that oration was
delivered, Everett wrote a letter to a friend
in Boston, asking him whether so bold a
gesture would be proper."
Spirit Lake, heretofore supposed to
be the highest body of water in Iowa, has
been discovered to be on a lower level
than 8 wan Lake, which is six miles east
Of the former,
The Records of Longevity—Curious
Physiologists from the days of Galen
have established rules and regulations for
the preserva'ion of life, which are all in
cluded in the mutual laws. Upon a strict
observance of these laws and upon such
natural conditions as the parentage, con
stitution and form of the individual, lon
gevity depends. Hereditary longevity is
regarded by Dr. TSoirot as te most im
portant prognostication. Rash said he
never knew an octogenarian who could
not quote similar instances in his family.
From a statistical report of the hospitals
and work-housrs of London, out of 597
octogenarians, 303 were descended from
long lived parents.
Regarding the parentage, Bacon makes
the curious statement that "those that
resemble the mother most are longest
lived." The same author describes the
most favorable organization of old age,
44 as one with 4 head sma l in proportion
to the body, moderate neck, wide nostrils,
large mouth, ears gristly, teeth sound, a
raw-boned body, broad chest, large hand,
short foot, eyes large, and facility for hold
ing the breath." JledicaLauthoritiea, as a
rule, rely more on the general physique
than on minor details. The celebrated
Hufeland favors one of the middle size,
with a complete harmony of all his parts,
senses not too delicate, pulse slow and
regular. Lavater lays more stress upon
the countenance. He says "every man
destined to leach an advanced p riod of
life, has a muscular forehead furnished
with a soft skin, and the nose somewhat
curved.' With respect to the sex, there
has been much discussion ; but it is cer
tain that women attain as great age as
men, notwithstanding their inferioriiy of
form and sedentary habits. Tisteh ex
plains this want of exercise as b ring com
pel sated for by their talking so much.
The health of the human race is very
dependent upon the external conditions of
life, especially the character of location
or habitation, and a country geograph
ically sitaattd so as to combine regularity
of the seasons with a uniform, mild and
moist climate is the most conducive to the
prolongation of life. The moist unfavor
able localities are those where extremes
of temperature prevail. In Iceland and
Siberia, both with extremely cold cli
mates, seventy is the standard of extreme
age, while in China, with its enormous
population, centenarians are so rare, that
when the Eaneror in 1784 assembled the
oldest inhabitants of the Empire to the
numb.-r of 3,000, there were only four
whose sges exceeded a century, Morra
tainoos regions, on account of the purity
of the atmosphere, offer superior advant
ages to those of low countries. Scotland,
Switzerland and Wales are remarkable in
this respect Ancient Greece and Italy
were celebrated for their salubrious cli
mates, which partially explains the many
instances of extreme age among their dis
tinguished men of antiquity. Sophocles,
Thales, Deno, and Xenoc rates exceeded
ninety; and Plato, Pindar, Solon, Xeno
phan and Pythagoras lived beyond eighty
years. Cities have been aptly termed 44 the
graves of the human species," on account
of the mortality resulting from disease en
gendered by the impuri.ies of the atmos
phere. Many of the cases of remarkable lon
gevity are very doubtful. Numas de Cngna
is said to have died in 15CG, at the age of
350; but the following are some of the
most authenticated instances :
Peter Lortan, of Hungary, aged 135;
Louisa Truxo, a negress, of South Amer
ica, 176; John Rovin, of Hungary, 172;
Sarah, his wife, 164; Henry Jenkins, of
England, 169; Mrs. Ju-iith Scott, of Eng
land, 163; Thomas Parr, of England,
152; Ivan de Outryei, of France, 146; the
Countess of Desmond, of Ireland, 140;
Alexander MCullock, of Scotland, 132;
Peter Garden, Scotland, 13L
Very little information regarding the
means of preserving life can be obtained
from an examination of the habits of these
44 What la one man's poison, Signor,
Is another's meat or drink."
Beaumont and Fletcher.
It is related that old Lortan's only food
was milk and cakes, with brandy. Jen
kins appears to have subsisted on salted
beef and sour, leavened bread. De Outryei
lived on corn meal; Parr drank ale and
sherry, at d many centenarians have been
addicted to the use of liquor and tobacco.
Whatever may be the t fleet of diet upon
longevity, it is certain that the occupation
or profession exerts great influence.
f armers are generally the most favored.
having the advantage of pure air, plenty of
exercise, wholesome diet, and freedom
from excitement Clergymen are lon?
lived, for they lead regular lives. The cel
ebrated Wealey attained the age of eighty
eight, having preached sixty-six yea's.
Tailors, shoemakers, printers and watch
makers die young from the confinement of
their pursuits. Masons, plumbers, and
painters are usually unhealthy, while car
penters and bookbind-.rs arc more fortu
nate ; stablemen and dyers live long. One
would not suppose that those connected
with the stage would survive long, and yet
there are many instances cf very old ac
tors. Garrick lived till he was 63 ; Eemble,
66: Mrs. Siidons, 76; Colley Cibber, 86;
and Forrest is upwards of 70. Poets, as a
class, have died very early ; but it is ques
tionable whether this is cue to the immod
erate use of the brain or their own excesses.
Byron died at 36, Burns at 38. Goldsmith
at 41, Spencer at 46, Thompson at 48,
Dante at 50, and Tasso at 53, etc
The pursuit of the arts and sciences
seem to favor health ; many of the mott
illustrious artists attained great ages.
Titian lived to be ninety-six ; Michael An-
gelo, eighty-nine ; Claude Lorraine, seven
ty eight Physicians, although exposed
to constant ritks from disease, usually
reacn old age, out not extreme age. .Law
yers are short-lived. In short, all profes
sions requiring mncn study have a ten
dency to shorten life, and eighty consti
tutes the maximum age. With literary
men, sleep the most important auxiliary
of health is too often neglected.
Sleep is as necessary after in
tellectual as phj eical labor. The
loss of sleep has been know to oc
casion . death, as in the case of Lord
Littleton, and a new-bo; n infant could not
survive twenty -four hours if kpt awake.
Bnasspeare appropriately calls sleep.
"nature's soft nurse," The married sttte
is nure favorable than the single. Buffon
declares that "marriage is the proper state
of man," and physiologists affirm that
nearly all the remarkable cases of lon
gevity were married persons. Old Parr
tried wedlock again at the advanced age
of one hundred and twenty.
Philosophers have represented old age
as nneviable on account of the physical
decay accompany ing it, yet there is often
no diminution of the strength and vigor
of the intellect at the most advanced
period of life. Necker says 44 that the era
of three score and ten is an agre able age
for writing." At eighty, Plato com
menced Greek, and Plutarch La' in when
nearly the same see. Amauld, when that
old, translated 44 Joseph us." Theosphrar
tus, when ninety, began his work on the
44 Character of Man," and the famous Izzak
Walton, at the same age, published some
poems. Sir Christopher Wren continued
his astronomical and philosophical labors
beyond ninety. Fontenelle, the centena
rian, engaged in literature until his decease.
The Man Who Knows Everybody.
Evebt one, we presume, knows a man
who knows everybody. B v affinity, if not
by blood, he is own brother to the man
who knows everything; but he is a vastly
more entertaining and companionable fel
low; he is oound to be clever and agreea
ble, and, arovc all things, sympathetic, or
he would not know everybody. To know
many people argues the possession of sev
eral excellent qualities, such as tact, amia
bility, nnselnshnesSv magnetism. A man
may have these, to be sure, and yet not
know everybody. To do that he must
have a sort of genius, a genius for socia
bility. This is not perhaps a lofty pi.t,
and we should say not a rare one, but
under most circumstances it is a pleasant
The man wno Knows everyooay aincrs
in one respect from the man who knows
everything: he is not a dispenser of what
goes under the head of useful information ;
he is not eternally setting his fellow-man
right in the matter of statistics, history,
ceozraDbv and philology. He is not nec
essarily a well-read man ; his gossip is not
born of books ; people and not thlrgs are
his specialty. lie is generally a person of
middle age, for his knowledge is of a kind
which is gained only by time and expert
ence ; he has traveled much ; indeed, he
is traveling perpetually. The Wandering
Jew of the legend is not a more uneasy
spirit You will find him we are speak
ing of the American type at Baden-Baden
in the height of the season and after
the season is over; he is smoking a chi
boque in Constantinople ; he is stopping
temporarily at the best hotel In London ;
he is at every well known watering-place
in the world ; he is on all the trains and
steamboats going everywhere, and never
misses being a passenger in every old stage
coach that is lumbering along some out-of-the-way
road. If chance takes you to
an unheard of, one-horse hotel in the lone
liest part of New England or in the
Southern States, you ill find the man
who knows everybody sitting on the porch
waiting foi yon as if by appointment He
is the first person that salutes you on your
arrival at Yokohama. If you were cast,
like Robinson Crusoe, on an uninhabited
island, you would discover his footprints
on the beach before you had time to dine
upon the toothsome varieties of mol'usks
wh'.ch alwayB throw themselves providen
tially and with remarkablo precision at
the feet of shipwrecked mariners.
As a general thing he is a pleasant per
son to meet His varied knowledge of all
your friends and their antecedents render
him especially agreeable if you encounter
him in a foreign laud. To say he is like a
letter from home is to describe him feebly.
He is like a whole postoffice of letters.
By virtue of his familiarity with persons
and affairs connected with your own
sphere, he becomes in a few minutes an
old old friend of twenty years' standing.
But though he is communicative to the
last degree, and seemingly as open as day
light a certain sort of mystery invariably
attache itself to him. It is not clear how
he has had the time ui o pportu nity to
know such a multitude o (people, A man
in nercantile or professional life is neces
sarily brought in contact with numerous
persons ; but, after all, he moves in a nar
row circle; he is constantly meeting the
same or the same kind of man. Hu does
not get out of his own ret. Like the so
ciety of a small town, the society cf the
great world is divided into cliques, innu
merable circles revolving around each
other, but seldom or never touching. Now
the man that knows everybody do's not
appear to be under the same limitations
s other folk. He has maneged somehow
to swing round many circles, counting his
acquaintances in every grade of life, from
the humblest to the highest Oar friend
is not to be confounded for an instant with
the social bore who thrusts himself in
everywhere, and is only tolerated. The
man who knows everybody is welcome.
And, indeed, he deserves to be cherished.
He is proof that human na'ure is better
than we think it is. lie either sees it with
clearer ej es than other men, ar else he
brings to the study a heart full of Chris
tian charity. He knows everybody and is
not dugusted. livery bUurdtiy.
Lawyers and the Sabbath.
In his lecture on the Study snd Practice
of Law, Professor Emery Washburn gives
the following advice in regard to the
Bible and the ob.-ervance of the Sabbath
44 Where so many reran! the Bible as a di
vine revelation, it is a orse than folly for one
who has any desire to share the respect of
others tor his prudence, or sense ot propri
ety, to indulge in sneering criticisms upon
its authenticity, or the truths it reveals.
And I hesitate not in join ft further to say
that, if he wishes to cultivate a familiarity
with the best and most effective form of
the English language, or to store his mind
with the most sublime conceptions and
noble thoughts, such as have never been
surpassed for grandeur, beauty or magnifi
cence, ne should make the ijiole a study
for the models and examples of which it is
full. Nor can he study any book which
will so well teach him as this how to sway
the judgment and control the wills of
other men, by the insight it gives into the
laws of human nature, and the motives of
the human heart And as for the law it
self, in no other book can he find so many
of the elements of what he brings daily
into play in the business by which he earns
his livelihood. Another thine to be re
garded in this connection is the frequent
ana regular penoas ot rest wnicc are inoc
ulated in the book to which I have just
referred. I do not believe that a law
yer can work, with the life and vigor
which justice to himself demands, more
than six out of seven days, for any con
siderable length cf time, without endan
gering if not actually impairing his capaci
ty to worst, mere are sad spectacles in
every Dusmess around us, ot tine intel
lects paralyzed or prostrated by over-tax
ation of the brain, enough to warn
young man as to the manner in which he
should treat that delicUe and sensitive
organ. The bow kept always bent at last
loses its power oi tensi n ; and the mind
like the body, by a continuous strain, ex
bausts the quick and vital energy which
vigorous health gives to the system. Such
being the law under which we are created,
it is worse thn folly to disregard it The
young must have his hours of sleep and
his hours of relaxation, or he will pay for
cheating himself of these by the forced
rest from labor which nature will impose
upon him when he can least afford it
Whatever, therefore, may be the specula
tive notions of a lawyer as to the higher
obligation to observe the Chrlsuin
Sabbath, there is enough in the need of
such a relaxation from his labors, and a
decent respect to the opinions of others to
suggest the wisdom -of substituting some
thing else than law a? a mental occupation
lor at least one day m the week.
A Cheap Ice House.
In reply to a query as to "what would
be the cheapest mode of constructing an
ice house suitable for an ordinary sized
family, and about how much ice it would
require, the Western Mural aavg:
It is well understood that ice keens bet
ter in large bodies, yet the majority of
inquiries oi this character contemplate
cheap houses in which to preserve ice for
family use. This luxury need not be de
nied any, where the winters are cold
enough to form the ice. as a cheap house
may be profded to supply all demands of
me lamuy, u properly cons ruct-.d. A
few dollars expended at the on set for lum
ber will make a house that will last for
years; and but little labor in winter
when there is comparative leisure will
replenish the stock of ice. Persons accus
tomed to an ample supply during the heat
of summer would rather deny themselves
of any other luxury than the invigorat ing
influence of this refre-hing commodity.
When ice cannot be had, snow is some
times used by beirg packed, and water
poured on and allowed to freeze.
For a cheap house we give the follow
ing plan. Wm. Hedge fays, in the Western
Rural oi S.ptember 12th, 18I58: -I drew
one large load of sawdust and spread on
the ground on the north side of my horse
barn ; then drew the ice (sawed in square
cakes) and built up a square pile, some
eight by ten fett, and seven or eight feet
high. I then set up scantling, and built a
board house around it, two feet 1 oneer
each way than the ice, then filled in saw
dust around, and two or tnree feet on top,
and covered w ith boards and slabs. We
have used freely during the season, sold to
picnic patties, given away to sick neigh
bors, and have plenty of ice yet"
Here is a p;an fur a more permanent
house : Make a frame ten Jeet square, of
studding two by ten inches, and eight feet
high. Board np rn each side, and fill in
with sawdust Shingle the roof, with
ventilator on top ; put three or f ur inches
of sawdust on the ground, and twice as
much on top, when the ice is put in. Bank
up around w ith dirt, which not only forms
a drain, but cuts off all chance of a draft
of air from below. If sawdust cannot be
had, chaff or fine stray vii.l answer the
A man visited the Slate Library of
New Hampshire, wishing to consult Jef
fersons 44 Notes on Virginia." The Librar
ian fumbled about the shelves for awhile,
and then said to the applicant, 44 1 cannot
find them, and I presume Mr. Jefferson
took them up before he died."
An English medical journal says that
wearing green kids frequently causes
eruptions on the hands which are almost
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Tire ivory keys to a piano which have
become yellow may be made white again
by washing them with a sponge with di
luted sulphurous acid, or a solution of
soda, and evpose to the sun.
Sun Flowkbs. A writerin the Prairie
Farmer thinks 44 it more profitable to raise
the mammoth sun flower than the common
kinds, but they are all good. The seed is
valuable for many purposss, especially for
feeding hens. The stalks are very useful
for kindlng fires."
Remedy for Eab Ache. Generally,
heat is the best remedy. Apply a warm
pou;tice or warm oil to the ear. Rub the
back of the ear with warm laudanum. In
case of fetid discharge, carefully syringe
the ear with warm milk and water. In all
cases keep the ear thoroughly cleansed.
Relief is often given by rubbing the back
of the ear with a little hartshorn and wa
ter. Wn are generally losers in the end, if
we stop to refute all the backbitings and
gossipping we may hear by the way.
They are annoying, it is true, "but not dan
gerous, so long as we do not stop to ex
postulate snd scold. Our characters are
formed and sustained by ourselves, by our
own actions and purposes, and not by
others. Always bear tMs in mind, that
44 calumniators may usually be trusted to
time and the slow, but steady, justice of
DRrLi.rxo Wheat. In drilling in fall
wheat some advantage may be gained by
the direction in which the drills are run.
The prevailing wiuds in winter are from a
northerly direction. If the drills are ar
ranged to run similarly, when the ground
is frozen and the wii ds are violent much
earth is blown from about the roots, and
they become sometimes dangerously ex
posed. If the drills run in an easterly di
rection the winds will blow across them,
tnd all loose earth, dust and floating mat
ters, and, most important of all, the snw,
will be drifted against the rows of wheat
plants on the side where they need protec
tion. The roots will thus gain covering
which is useful sot only during the cold
weatter, but also during the growing sea
son. Hearth and Home.
How to See Under Water. Says a
writerin the Scientific American: "The
Indians of Nortn America do this by cut
ting a hole through the ice, and then cov
ering or hanging a blanket, in such a man
ner as to darken or exclude thecirect rays
of the sun, when they are enabled to see
into the water, and discover fish at any
reasonable depth. Let any one who is
anions to prove this, place himself under
the blanket, and he will be astonished
when he beholds with what a brilliancy
everything in the fluid world is lighted
up. I once had occasion to examine the
bottom of a mill-pond, for which I con
structed a float out of inch plank, sufficient
to buoy me up; through the center of this
float I cut a hole, and placed a blanket
over it, when I was enabled to clearly dis
cover objects on the bottom, and several
lost tools were discovered and picked up.
I am sa'.isfied that, where water is suffici
ently clear, this latter plan could be suc
cessfully used for lost bodies and articles."
Look most to your spending. No mat
ter what comes in, if more goes out you
will always be por. The art is not in
making money, but in keeping it; lit' le
expenses, like mice in a barn, when they
are many, make great waste. Hair by
hair, heals get bld; straw by straw, the
thatch goes off the cottage ; and drop by
drop, the rain comes ia the chamber. A
barrel is soon empty, if the tap leaks but a
drop a rr.inu e. When you mean to save,
begin with your muuth ; there are many
thieves down the red lana. Th-i ale jus is
a great wast. In a:l other things keep
within compass. Never stretch your legs
farther than the blankets will reach, or
you will soon bs cold. In clothes, choose
suitable and lasting stuff, and not tawdry
fimries. To be warm is the main thing;
never mind the looks. A foci may make
money, but it needs a wise man to spend
it Remember it is easier to build two
chimneys than to keep one going. If you
give all to bark and board, there is noth
ing left for the saving bank. Fare hard
ana work hard while you are young, and
you will have a chance to rest when you
The Heat of the Blood. How many
of us know the real temperature of cur
own bodies? All the thermometers are
marked wrongly; they generally mark
"blood-heat" at ninety-eight degrees
Fahrenheit. Now, the real temperature
of the blood, in a healthy person, varies
surprisingly liitle from one hundred de
grees. But the temperature of the axilla,
or arm-pit, which is the part of the body
whose heat is most frequently and con
veniently measured, averages ninety-eight
and six-tenths degrees. This is the usual
healthy temperature of the body; little
variation frtm this temperature occurs,
whatever be the heat or cold of the sur
rounding air. It is well known that we
retain an inwaid warmth while exposed
to the cold. But the same vital power al
so keeps ns cool when exposed to a de
gree of heat far higher than that of the
blood as in the case of the experimen
ters who entered an oven heated above
the boiling-point of water. And this
power to retain an even temperature is
one of the strongest proofs of a sound con
stitution in the individual. Any range of
the axillary temperature below ninety
seven degrees or above ninety nine and a
half, is always very suspicious. Hearth
Carts vs. Wagons.
Carts are rarely seen on American
farms, and the neglect with which these
usetul vehicles are treated is far from in
dicating a true economy. Carts have
many advantages over wagois in the ord
inary work of a farm. They are cheaper,
two good carts costing less than "one
wagon; and two horses working incar;s
will do the work of three in wagons. The
load being so much nearer to the draft,
the horse draws it moi e easily ; while, be
ing undisturbed by the neighborhood of
another hirse the efforts of which are
sometimes a hindrance instead of a help to
his fellow, more especially in a badly
mated team his undivided at'ention is
g ven to his work, and the whole useful
effect of his exertions is secured. Carts
are more easily loaded than wagons. If
properly constructed, the Dody oi the cart
is nearer the ground than that of a wagon ;
and in loading all heavy mcterial, such as
manure, stoiie, earth, lime, e c the exer
tion of the laborer is confined mainly to
the arms; while had he to lift the material
one foot higher, the action of the muscles
of almost the whole body would be requir
ed. They are more easily unloaded. The
dumpirgofa cart-load of any material
used on a farm is almost instantaneous,
w hile the unloading of a wapon is nearly
as laborious as the loading, and the time
occupied is a serious tax. A load of a ton
can be put on a cart, and one horse will
draw it with ease. Ihe line cf draft is
from below upward, which enables the
horse to use the lifting power of his fore
legs. He will back it with eqnal ease, be
cause the weight of lis body is thrown
into the breeching, adding to the pushing
power of his limbs; while he will turn
h s load in a space equal to that which he
and the cart occupy on the ground. This
is a great advantage in the hay or harvest
held, and saves much traveling in turning
Another great benefit from the u?e of
carts is that a continuous loading of hay
or gain can go on in the field, one cart
being loaded while another is being un
loaded ; thus keeping the field force al
ways occupied, with no increase in the
number of horses used. With a suitable
rack, twelve hundred pounds of loose hay
may be loaded on a cart
The style of cart is a matter for consid
eration. By having the axle of iron, and
bent the body of the cart may be brought
aown as near to ine ground a3 may De de
sired ; the tame arrangement will permit
the use of larger wheels. The center of
gravity of the load is thus brought consid
erably below the line of draft, making the
draft easier, and the balance of the load
mu:h more readily secure!. The body of
cart may be built up of narrow slats,
put six inches apart, which will lighten it
considerably. This may bs used when
manure or any coarre loads are to be
moved. If earth, lime, or gravel is to be
loaded, light boards may be laid in loosely
to confine it Hearth and Home.
Hydrate of Chloral.
Tkebb Is great danger that this (Jrng,
wl ich was introduced less than two years
ago as a substitute for preparations of
opium in allaying nervous irritation, will
prove to be a greater harm than the drug
it was intended to displace. It has already
come into extensive use as a family remedy
a something handy to have in the hou'e
and hundreds of families now use it
with more or less regularity. In England
the evil is far more widely spread than in
the United States. A competent medical
authority in London estimates the total
sales of the drug in that country at fifty
tons a sufficient quantity to make thirty
six millions of ordinary doses.
Tie danger of a continued use of hy
drate of chloral will be understood when it
is known that it acts as a permanent de
pressor of the vital forces. Hence, how
ever useful it may be when administered
under competent medical direction to
allay a temporary nervous excitement, the
result of its repeated nse can only be to
check the processes of life, interfering
seriously with the healthy functions of
the body, and bringing about a genuine
nervous tremor, which is the result of
weakness artificially induced. It is espe
cially dangerous, too, as unlike opium, its
continued use does not allow the system
to take lcrger doses with comparative im
punity. On the contrary, the fame dose,
after the end cf one month, will work far
more injury to the nervous system than at
first, though its nse may seem to give tem
porary relief in each case.
If any of our readers have contracted
the habit cf using the drug, they have the
best of medical authority for discon
tinuing it without delay, except as it is
taken under the advice of an attending
physician. Equally icsidious with opium
in any of its forms, and far worse than al
cohol in its effects, chloral should be avoid
ed as an arch enemy, unless where its use
is indicated in the cure of specific disease
on a diagnosis made by a skillful medical
practitioner. Chicago Tribune.
Spelling Horses' Feet.
It is almost impossible to get horses
shod without having the frogs cut away.
All veterinary surgeons, all horsemen, all
leading blacksmiths, agree that the frog
should not be pared one particle not even
trimmed. No matter how pliable and soft
the frog is, cut it away t mooth on all
sides, and in two or three days it will be
dry and hard as a chip. You m;ght as
well cut off all the leaves of trees, and ex
pect them to flourish, as to pare away the
frog and have a healthy foot The rough,
spongy part of the frog is to the foot what
leaves are to the tree the lungs.
Never have a red-hot shoe put uporsthe
foot to burn it level. If you can find a
blacksmith that is mechanic enough to
level the frot without red-hot iron, em
ploy him. The burning process deadens
the hoof and tends to contract it If you
do not think so, try the red hot poker on
your finger nail, and see if it will not af
fect the growth cf that
There are many important points in
shoeing horses, but these two are of more
importance than all the rest, level to the
apprehension of men not skilled in horses,
and the two most disregarded. Mirror
A recent look into some city s'able has
turned our thoughts to the subject of the
above heading. How horses live over
night, even, in such numbers as are crowd
ed into some places, and closely confined
in so impure an atmosphere, is certa'nly a
There was a time, we suppose, when
mankind ve:y imperfectly understood the
nature of air, the manner in which it sup
ports life, and the causes which destroy its
vitality. But now that science has devel
oped the facts which ought to instruct us
in this matter, there is no reasonable ex
cuse for a man to torture his animals by
depriving them of a sufficient amount o.
the breath of life.
Air is essential to the existence of every
living bring, Breathing it over two or
three times exhausts that portion of it
called oxygen, and then the animal dies.
A mouse inclosed in a jar so that no air
con id get in or out seemed to feel no in
convenience for a little time ; but as the
oxygen diminished, he was obliged to in
hale another property of the air, nitrogen,
and he grew more and more oppressed,
and soon died of suffocation The horse
would die under similar circumstances.
The most dreadful exact pie on record of
the destructive consequences of a want of
atmospheric air, exists in the hom fate
of 146 Englishmen wno, in 1756, were im
prisoned in a small room, only eighteen
feet square, called the Black Hole of Cal
cutta. There were only two very small
windows in the room, and as both were
on the same side, ventilation was impossi
ble. Soon after the door was closed the
men began to experience heat and intense
thirst In a short time many became de
lirious, and at the end of six hours ninety
six were relieved by death from their tor
ments. In the morning only twenty-three
were found alive, and of these only a few
Some of the stables we have seen are
not Black Holes, but they are quite of
fensive ones, although ventilated in some
measure. If the horse-stalls are below
the ground which is frequently the case
there are openings over the feed-racks
which permit the air to rise upward, pass
ing the horse's nostrils or over his head,
on its way. Where the stalls are above
ground, there is sometimes a small hole
cut through the boarding of the building,
if a wooden one, or left in the woik, it a
This is a very common arrangement,
both in city ana country, and is one of
the worst, we tnink, to which the horse
can be doomed. It is true that respira
tion may proceed and life exist for a time,
in places where the air is impure to a con
siderable degree, yet as pure air is essen
tial to the full enjoyment of health, every
degree of impurity must be having an ef
fect upon the animal, although it may not
be perceived immediately.
Ventilation, therefore, as a mf ans of pre
venting dissase, is not only important to
the comfort of the horse, but as a protec
tion to our property. We paint our build
ings to preserve the wood work. We
house our machines to prevent rust from
eating them away. We do both because
it is economical ; we save our property by
bo doing. But we force our horses to
breathe vitiated air, by standing in stables
w here our clothing become saturated with
impure odors in a very st ort time.
Badly ventilated stalls are usually rather
dark stalls. No animal loves the pnre,
clear light better than the horse. It is
cruel to deprive him of what he loves so
well, and what never does him harm. His
8 all, therefore, should not be so placed as
to bring his head aain-t the aide of the
stable; but if rx ssible, where he can have
a free and cheeiful 44 look-out," and where
pure air can reach him at all times.
It will be found greatly to the benefit cf
the horse u his leed-bnx is next to the
barn fl or instead of being against the
side of the building. He can be more con
veniently fed, his droppings will not be
offensive in the flx)r, and he on always
have light and pure air when his sur
roundings are kept in a cleanly condition.
Then there is a great pleasure added, of
always locKing an old ana faithful servant
in the fice when you approach him!
The Idia op a Universal Medic'nb Is at
last realized In Dr. Walker's Caxiforisa
Vinegar Bitters. This concentrated essence
of the finest medicinal herbs and roots In the
Western hemisphere eradicates all dise&tes
which have not undermined the sources of vi
tality, and in Chronic Indigestion, Nervous
Headache, Congestion of the Liver, Rheuma
tism, Gont, General Debility, and innumera
ble ulcerous and scabious disorders, it Is a
specific absolute and Infallible.
There is no disease flesh is heir to more
troublesome to manage than rheumatism. It
comes when you least expect it, and generally
remains till it gets ready to go away. The
most conspicuous remedy for this complaint
is Johnson's Anodyne Liniment.
Two or three doses of Shtridan't Cavalry
Condition Poxcdtrt will care a horse of snv
common coneh or cold,, snd the very worst
essei msy be cured In s few weeks. We know
th's from experience.
$1000 Rewaxd is offered by ths proprietor
of Dr. Pieres's Golden Medical Dtscovary for
a medicine that will eqnal it In ths eur of
Bronchitis, severe Coughs, and the sariy
stages of Consumption. 687
Tbr Phrenological JorRXAt, for
October deserves special mention . A list of arti
cles, illustrated sr.d otherwise, composes its table
of contents. We would particularly mention the
following: William Cliflln. Governor of Vassa-
cansetts; The Yonthfulneee or the World, or the
signs of its perpetuity; Foster Blodgett; Ken, as
Husbands; Witch-Hszel; Gram biers: New Stud
ies in Physiognomy, or the Model of Kespeetibll
Itjr; Unman Food, its preparation; Street-sights
in Chins; Agriculture snd American Indifference;
Bad Air; Wrf Ing by Dashes; Alice and Phxbe
Cary ; Some Hints on Pruning; Tbe Deserted VII
lsge, with new Illustrations; Alexander B. Ste
phens' Hesd; Girls' Education. Terms of the
Journal .- $3 a year; single numbers, 90 cents. On
trial three months for 60 cents. 8. B. Wills,
Arthur' Lady's Home Maoazinb.
The October number abounds in good reading for
the family circle, and contains the latest fashion
intelligence, with appropriate illustrations. The
publishers announce an attractive premium for
dabs for 1873, in tbe shape of a new and beautiful
chromo, made expressly for them, entitled "The
Church Mouse." T. 8. Aethcb tt Sons. Philadel
phia. Terms, $1 a year; three copies, $5; tbar,fA;
eight, and one extra, $12; fifteen, and one extra.
Thb Children's Houb. The October
number conta;ns a large amount of aseful and en
tertaining reading and several handsome pictures.
Tbe publishers will give the hscdsome chromo.
"Tbe Church Monse,"ss a premium for every
club, Isrge or small, of subscribers for 1STS. T. 8.
ABTBt-a A Sons, Philadelphia, at f 1 5 a year;
five copies, 5 00; ten and one extra, $10.00.
Specimen number free on receipt of stamp for
An Unprotected System.
So not fancy because you feel strong that yoa
are Impregnable to sickness. Whole neighbor
hoods are frequently prostrated at this season by
malarious fevers. Vigorous muscles and strong
sinews, broad shoulders snd sound lungs, are no
defense sgalost the mephitie vapors of autumn.
Frames which have withstood the summer hest
msy succumb now. Msny an athletic man,
whose family depends for its support on bis in
dustry, now lies prostrate, weak and helpless ss
a babe, under the periodical assaults of chills snd
fever, or bilious remittent fever. This cos Id not
be if all were wise enough to provide against such
a contingency, by toning and fortifying the sys
tem with Hoetetter's Stomach Bitters. This ap
proved vegetable tonic is sbsolutely harmless, so
that It is sheer folly not to take It as a safeguard
at a season when diseases of the liver, the stomach
tae bowels, and indeed all the visceral organs are
generally prevalent. To keep the system in or
der and insure health, or to put it in order when
this precaution has been neglected, is the duty of
every humsn being who values life. For both
these purposes Hostettefs bitters is designed, snd
It answers both. Petty local dealers are endeav
-ring, m many parts of the country, to substitute
preparations made of impure and dangerous
materials in Its stead. Give them a wide birth.
They are prepared by unskilful expert men torn,
who want to turn a penny at the expense of tbe
"Ths Rkmt Wht so Mast Dm with Coxsratp
non. i, because tney neglect to use the proper
remedy in season. When tbe system is first at
tacked with a couira, oppression of the chest, or
se ted pains in tbe breast, Allen's Lung Bali-am
will cause the phlegm to raise, heals the irritated
parts, snd restore the system to health.
J at Cooke & Co. are now selling, and rec
ommend as a profitable and safe investment
for all classes, the First Mortgage 7-30 Gold
Bonds of the Northern Pacific Railroad Com
pany, bearing Seven and Three-tenths per
cent, gold interest (more than 8 per cent, cur
rency), and secured by first and only mort
gage on the entire road and equipments, and
on more than 23,000 Acres of Land to every
mile of track, or 500 Acres of Land to each
(1,000 Bond. The highest current prices will
be paid for U. S. Five-Twenties, and all other
marketable Securities received in exchange.
Pamphlets, maps and fall information will be
famished, on application, by Jat Cooke &
Co., Philadelphia, New York and Washing
ton, and by most Banks and Bankers through
out the country.
Hm brm tested In rrrrr rartrtT of crtmate. ndbyInKWt
vrrv n itr-m known to Animran. It the alrmmt con-.-at
cnmiunroti arwt itHumuide frknul of (tie nitawionary
anl HtP ir.tvt-HT. on i iuhi inniu "n n w
travei on our LAKES OU tUVtlU I 11.
PAI5-KIXLEB was the first and is fto Only
PInre the PAP? KITLFR wm first tntrrxftic!, mwt met
riili irh tiiMirpewserl nale, mny Liniment, Pnttce,nd
ThrrpMiH-itrenlMve been offered to the nuMie, but vot
of trviii h.ist rvrr Attained ibe truly UiTiABLS tad-
Uft) OF THE 1'AlA'sVlLal.bU.
wiir is this sot
It h Dsnuiss DAVIS" PArv.gn.iTH Is what it claims
CO ue a reliever ol pain.
Its Merits are Unsurpassed.
II yoa air tnSfrln? ton TNTFP.XAL PAIN", twmty or
Iluriy flro( m a Utile warcr w 11 ahnoM iwsliuiiiy care
r xe. TaemisaottuuxtaequalU. lu a lew momenta U
Celic. Cramps, Spasmm Heartbnra, Diar
rhea. Uysinterr, Flax, Wind lathe
BawelH, Soar teaiach. Draw
pepsia, Sick Headache.
In sections of tbe country where
FEVER AND AQTJB
PnT:L tlipre Is no irra-lT held hi ereatfr esteem.
Kvitv hoa-'.it-eiT shoalfl Keep H itt hand, to applr It oa
Urn Ai nt ai liti k of any Pin. It will give satbiactory re-
tk-i, aim are noim oi suik-nnx.
IkiuH irlde- wilh yourselves by tesMns wntrlrd rrme
(!!.. Itfaurpyou cull Ii and srt Ihe sfniiine PAIS
KILLKIi. m ninny worthless ivwlranw are attrntpert to be
ao 'i 'Vi ine m-Hl rpfMtiaiKm of inut vaiuante meuiciuc
1(7 Direeuoos accomiuoyiog eacb bottle.
Price, 2-1 ets., 30 eta. and 81 per Battle.
J. N. HARRIS & CO., Cincinnati, 0.,
ProiKletors ibr tbe Western sod Sootban States,
IT Sold by all Medicine Dealers.
Far Sale br
fTinLBt-r A Eixal... Chteacn.
eKrxB A BeTTON.. ........................ Milwaukee.
Kent, Dsos. ...SL PauL
MTTVS & CO- Pnbmhera .SrfrnU
.t m, riMH. 37 Park Ifow, X. Y, ohtnin
Patents evenrwlierc. Twrtiy-re
years exrenence. Fyerythtna: co
iTOfhluli oeik. im ralenl Lawa ana uuiae 10 invuuora.
A iw lor KKIr.IX(;'BllDKKVIXEi;AR
I IV1. brurert fr its Purity. Strength and Palitlithleneys.
Wamuited lo kj iekes. First Pmn.am awanted at
tlie L'nltwt Sfales r :ur, llltnotF fctate ruranl Clilep. Ity
Pair. Largest works ot tbe kind in the United Sean. Ki
eiMunefl isih. Onlt-ra ann ("rresponneiire nromm T at-
tenis-d to. e:lIAS. . K. PitrssISU. SO ami stl State St,
i.iuca?ee Aisoaupero w in lb aifi ll.uAU.
SEDTJCTIOX OF PSICES
REDUCTION OP DUTIES.
Great Sarins; to Caanstert br aettlna; ay
tS" fr-nd Ibr tit !Tew Pries tj st and a Clubfcrm win
fca-ompany It containing IV.il d.racuons, nvuVine p. lar.-e
saving to co&scmer& &d remuaerauve to ciub oraouers,
THE GREAT 1IEKICA.X TEA CO-
P.O.Box568 31 snd33VeseyStKewTor
C O C C Trr samples of om- cr
PfstC H Mr-wn weefclv 30
BSaalSn jr,J)c Meel Engraving 6
I rear :aM:.-i.'.e
ina Bee lo subficphera.
Acrnts mike 5 aday. fcenJ lor ctatarday Gazette
billowed, i! a.
UPHAIYTG ASTHMA CUHE
' " nwwf .jMit .mn t'.uia In Jfra flTeMoVS. snd
rtfT's a 'n.ie eure. Pr!- ? t)T mall. Ad4rrsaS.C
erilAS, lull aouin tjgniu au, ruuoi. .
RIFI.E. iHOT-fJCN!. REVOLTKRS
(,!:r. M.rerixl. A-r- OI etcrv kllld at tLeluSebt ruieea.
Write ! or a Ire I.i t ro
Gr.KAT WESTER.V SC5 WORKS, PHrrtw-h. Pa.
Aioty GtUfe, nevotvens -, ukeo in txcftarige.
re' I -.'.jlT " o-f iiirianaiW i
i mm II i
H'et ftp. yijf-yj ;-!
Itfrsterleae Pirtaree nrrran on
receipt of ooe stamp ftr rtAr.
HERB IT I. Asmts wanted to srtl Dtrtoon's
I'acaitaadDOTriroRK senww. Frishu for aale.
WAUEB MCKSO.V, Albany, S. T.
PflDIOI One Parltsge of Pbop. Laoe Mac to
UUnLOl (,,Ponn. will lnetnntlT Carl the
i.nti.'la, hnir of ei(h-r ex (wlihoat injury i. Into wny
iiiiuivu or Df.rr, nuHMre unria. in every cwr, r nvon- j
iWiiKltvL VV.ry. on na m- ruisrkAra. Mat Mail, tar S Jut 50
USE lor sa ADVEKIISEMECT In
830 Weekly Newspapers
eirrnlatnuj In an theT&irtliera Ftatrs of tbe Union- fl
and cJleapeM medium or lu kind in tbe wtttid. dlunaies
aent on application tn
uyntt,41 Park Raw, K. z.
KOW READY 1
XEW COLLECTIONS OF
A tarre mrtirtn TPltirne of Sit rwrrr. mitaM rr omnw
tettt- or chorus cboint, it tHbie of corttrnin rfmiriripi c n
trilHiriom lrom tfae mot eminent American coi;,noTi
of eliurt'h nmnic, gmtf from the works of the errat in -utters,
an I the rhoi eti mmpnuitiona of tN author.
whole tomi Ute mixt complete and d-nimble collection o
Mcred musU extant. The work i rua y well twinptevi
for ut In all Protttt;ant(1enoniiniiirnnri. Mr. Banmbnrp. lum
devoted In the nrenaratton or this book the bent war of
hi life; he hitemls It to be Iim but work of this clasn, and,
thereiore, has spared no pains to make it worthy of a per
manent piaro in nil flrst-clam etioir. Price, bonna in
doth, 13.00: board. t..r-0. Copies mailed prepaid on rfr
Ctupt ui pnee. PuMiahed br
LYON & HEALY, Chicago,
Tn addlrroi. tn om former wtoek of label, we hare hist
bojirht Uie entire mocJe of D. Karoom fc Co., and J. Sr.e
A j,a, or Knn elo, and now bare the tentest ijiixi
Warehourie In the United States I:winK l.Ktt d-rent
U rCH, ami rUTirciralinic otct Jour million label, kept In
stork lor Hair Oita, Honvuleis, Perfnmerv, Lkitiora, Fruit,
fcx tract, etc., Inclndins the celehraied Leaf set of Drawer
Lfl.be k. IrnirisU LUIh printed, eumroed and cut to ov
kr a inenuaun. bcuti kit: aaoiplts mod prlcea.
Late MUTar Frrfttm. ENIrel tn 1SSS.
& E. Cor. Lake aud Clark Sta Chicago, IS.
EfiOF. D. KES'3
Infallible Core for the OpU
iesa reiTMtly lor the tlniam HaiHt ever
discovered. Curea wtthont any tncon
vemenc to or interrupt ioa of baet
ne. Pamnhlett feent tree oa apuu
H. UliUIJXER ro..
P. O. Drawer 1016
La Purte, Ind.
To take the ntaee of a aenlor partner about miring from
bnium-o. In a lame. weU-eMabllshed and nrosnerooa Print
Ins. Publishing and Uook Mnufacttu1nctaorMe ln lhlro.
,i ... h. - Htj-i. hiMinMM rn .1 n and Airaisa beat of
references. Capital required, tViOu. Address
AGK3TS WASTED FOB. JHE YEAR
OF BATTLES, Fna"ia
TUB Kail jtfciJ.i-aav
.. . . in TrMTttvh atwt man.
toA;Syr Uc - Goo
WAJtrED-Asents em I shere. male and e :
Y raNreei permanently. Address J. litMti
d-oA-nS a .. ... .... ILdlrM.
WATnTD-Ifrtrybody thrtf is afflieled with "I Wnd
V of rncumatism lo wntts to DU. VUiEATLAA.
GreensScoT, Indiana, Inclosing seamp.
TWO MEN BURIED ALIVE
In oaslness want l,f lire ssenia. male and fcmale. Oieat
iltducement ! Address, with atanm (or cirrnlar,
J. r. PEasS ccbox 306, Greenville, Mich.
CTOP, AGENT?." Dont work r t.00 per
O day, we warrant you yon ran irnkeS.0U Phit V.- Y
SURE, selling our goods, nnslinvvi M-'ht aud honorahle.
ho gtitenterpiw, Donambnz. 30,000 aod In aae
jIIOMlOE, KENNEDY & CO.,
A new edition of the Patent Law, with official mVa
for proceeding before the Patent omee, etc., including
Census for 1KB, complete. -It shows the por-ttlatiou !
counties of all the States and Territories aud pnpcla
lion of cities of orer 10 Ono Inhabitants. lii!ror:.;nt to
every patentee who hat rlvlitj to cIL it enal ! s li.m.
to calenlate tlie value of territory, by the population.
Price, bouuj, 2j cend. Mailed on receipt f price.
vxrss a ro..
, PubliJlcrj Ecix:rrinc Arri:re,
Xcot Vorll oar.
XX FLINT GLASS W
L1.UP CHDUEfS B
Stand Ileat better than aay at her anade.
Ask for Dithxidge's, and take no other.
Bee that ear name la aa every box.
DITHRIDGE & SON, Pittsburgh, Pa.
.""a1 for Price) Iit.
f B ST a male or female tn every eoramnnrry m sen
W All my Pile Mtutrcras. A person badiy afflict-
srrn ed with the Pius nreprre-t
TtU UK. KofcE, Boa 33, Chicago, IH.
552.30 .Z. Tig TSiJLS
Tar an ADYEKTEESlESTn
This tat ecarcrlSJS
A large Proportion of ths Best Western
Coin try Papers, Superior in Character,
Circulation and Influence to those
of any other list. '
WHERE CUTS ARE FPED, ONLY THREE REQCIBEE
FOB THE WHOLE LIST,
for IlBta, estimates and farther rarttenlara, address
A. N". KELLOGG,
110 and 1 li Mmtlaoo street. CMram.
The Kins; af Mineral Sprints Is the German
Tarrant's Effervescent Seltzer Aperient
b Its duplicate. Letters sttesttne Its wofwlcrfhl Tonle
Aperient and Antl-Bllioo nnaliurs swarm in rrtmi every
source. Tbe quewl.ial has hrvn nettled whether artint-Lvlly
medirxted waters may imt he coital to tlroee which burnt
anarltling from the earth il-lt: They can ; and the seltzer
Aiiertent. when mkUmbtedlv pnre a- d genuine, proves tlie
bit. Beeailous. Accept aeueei her. bULD
Ba ALL UKLoOialS.
u K aa l
!;-;!-t(1 ur,4 rared bv Dr. Fbi'iiuiini Patent Arp
mri o.mpouad. OKtss Cli llroadwar, X- Y. Mud M.
.v.k.-.i- ..-its nli..i.-vratit-ie lik-ue-iesirf cases le."re :ui t
f-r rare, ivith lleurTWara Beceher's cr.v letters Snd
pr -trait. Beware of traveiiiiT mipoyors, who pretend U
have been aitana of Dr. Suxxxas.
ONE HXDDICK. STEAM ENGINE.
fUheme-mwer. eVIee with OoVWnOT. tfO. PrrfnHl
?e and mrrmuei. Wul ha trad lor four Hundred
KECOira-HAKri HOBIZOITTAX ENGUTE,
nfs. hv T J. Good Co CMcairO S-horsc-rmwer. tn
serejlent order and warranted. Priee, with jTidson
ttoveroor.&lCO. Cost new. Be. Address . irjrmxilately.
1 1 and 1 1 3 Madison "timet, Oucaei IB.
IB A TV CM
irtfh the 6 en Til F later. 'War'
ranted to suit ail t-stn. emr .nit
toeryycheTt. Art fjr f ale wta -h
ssieonrr bv tt. f;rnt At'an
tlc ana Pacific Tea. C'a.. M
CImrrii tot V'W Vorx. I 0( Jjcs
5 50 4. UlA tot Ti-.eua
4Mn,!TUM THE HFKAJL HOME Jrm tn
VliiH I Intn &t. 1 tn Jonaarf, ta ad mho
s- ATI remit TWO rxiLLABd far Vn
. '.or V ;l FIrsi-Class, M-Pase Ar'l and
FamiW liK.'A 4 ni'.-ntftaiM triit jit eta. cpecuneat
Iree. Hopsrm I
S S WILi
lamx. nocbester, X. J.
FlneAssarfmentnf Drralcamalne Paint
iniia vim full instrucilcia lor omaiimtu:c wood.
glass, cuius, paper. Ac wiilbesent po.t-r.:jd on receipt
oi Met. Artilreas Box Si34 N. V. Post Omce,
WHBN WRITING TO ADTJlTISEaV
please say yea saw the asWarttaemaaa
la this paper.
k CHEAT MEDICAL CISCOYESY
BULLIONS Bear Teattaaaay ta their ,
Weaaertal Cartutre EtTecta.
r DR. WAllUIB'S CALIFORNIA '
They an not a rile FANCY DRINK.
Made of Poor Ram, Whiskey, PiW Spirits
and Refuse Liquor doctored, spiced and gweet
ened to please tbe taste, called "Tonics, M Appetls
en," "Restorera, that lead the tippler on to
firukesaeas and rain, bet arefttrso Modlrfc.jnada
from the Satire Root and Herbs of California, free)
from all Alcoholic Ktliaalaata Tney are the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER aad A LIFS
GIVING PRINCIPLE perfect Renovator and
iBYigorator of the System, carrrina; off all poisonous
matter and restoring the blood to healthy oondltioa.
Ho person caa take these Bitters accordlnc to direc
tions and remain lonar unwell, prorlded their bonea
are not destroyed by mineral poiaea or other means
aad the vital organs V acted beyond the point of re
pair. They are a Gentle Pare-atl-re as well as a
Tonic, poesesalnar lo, the peculiar merit of actios
as a powerful agent la relierlng Congestion or hulsm
nation of the Llrer, snd all the Visceral Organs.
FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, whether la
young or old, married or single, at the dawa of wo
manhood or at the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters bar
For Inflammatory aad Ch rente Kh earns
tima and Goat, Dyspepsia or ladlgestloat
Hi If oa a. Remittent and Intermittent Fewer
Piseases of the Blood, LlTer Kidneys, aad
Bladder9 these Bitters hare been most successful.
Soch Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood
which is generally produced by derazigemeixt of the
DYSPEPSIA OTt ITOIGESTTO, Head
ache. rin in the Shoulders, cougti, Tightae of the
Chest, Dizziness, Sour Eructations of the & torn sea.
Bid Uflte in the Mouth, Billons Attacks, Paipitatloa
of the Heart, Inflanimation of the Lungs, Pain In ths
refrtons of the Kidnevs, and a hundred other painlul
symptoms, are the olfeprings of Dyspepsia.
They hrrtsrorate the Stomach and stimulate the tor
pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
eficacy In cleansing tbe blood ef all Impurities, and ,
imparling new hie aad vigor to the whole system.
FOR PKI5 DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Ttheum, Blotches SpoU, Pimples, Pustules, Bolls, Car
buncles, King-Worms', Scald-Head, Bore EresETYsip
elaa. Itch, Sc urfs, Discoloration of the Skin, Buiuors
and Diseases of the Skin, of whaieTer name or nature,
are literally dug up ami carried out of the system in a
hort time by tne use of these Bi tiers. One bottle la
such esses will convl&os the most lacreduioua of their
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon find Its
Imparities bursting through the skin in Plmpies. Erupe
lions or Sores, cleanse it when you find It obstencted
and slnfreish in the veins; cleanse it when It is fool, and
your feelings will tell yon when. Keep the blood purs
snd the health oi the system will follow.
PIN, TAPE, and other WORMS, rorkiag to tha
system of o runny thousand, are eUectnally destroy
ed and removed. Tor fns directions, read carefully
the circnlsr around each bottle, printed tn four Uii
guagea JujsgUau. German, French aiui Spaiuau.
J. "WALKER, Proprietor. R. H. McDONALD dt CO..
Druggists and Gen. Agents, Baa Francisco, CaL aad
83 and Si Commerce Street, New Tort.
gar-SOLD BT ALL DRUGGIfeTS A5P DRAlJgRa
A WKUI.T atOWTKHaii OS
Transportation, Engineering and Railroad Sews.
Tbe attention of Railroad Men Is called to this Joarnal,
iwiilcn to bettered lob attnis tuna . .
TRE MOST COMPCLHEISIYI IAHB0AD JOOSIAi
Treailnc as tt does of an bnncbss of flat
Complicated business of Transportation, um) especial!
of tha Operation of Railroads, Railroad Engineer
ing, the Construction of Locomotives and Can.
The ecru! actors of (sis Journal Rtm
Special Prominenoa to Railroad Hem.
And there win be (bond In Its eohrmns accounts T th
Organization of ail Near Companies, tbe Projection and
Location of Sew Liaea, tha Progress of Bailrcad Coo
traction, tbe Improvement f Old Lines, tbe Balnea) ol
Dluarrot Koflria, iteCotnbrnarlonaaEd Business Arraara
aients of Companies, Annual neporta, Elecnons and Ap
pointments or Director sod Officers, Decisions of Courts
p.l.ttng to R.H-I..I., iwt, hi .Wt, rimn. I.
In teres tins; or Talaable to a Kallroad Han,
Be be President, THrector. 8traAnoMar. 8operlrJendent.
Engineer, Master Jleenanic, Agent, Coodoctor, Loeotno.
tire Engineer, or m anr way connected wltb or liuersstsd
in railroads or raUmsd business.
Article Ttj Practical Railroad Mea
form a dlsnntroisblns: fcstnre of tbeJonmsL Leadlnf
Enitiaeermit Works and Taluaote ImproTementa in Baload
Illustrated fcy Pine Engravings
In Its eolnmns. Rirtrifers, Master Mechanics sndMsna.
Dartnrers And tnese lUasrrauxt descriptions of tnecrauast
Proper sttention Is riven to UN
Belatloa f Ball roads to the Coauaaaltj tmi
Aad also loth
rafiSlliu tf ftasaanlis lo (Mr Smplore, and IMr
Mlgha and Jnakt.
ajhts paper la prepared by a corps of Editors of special
sole to ererr Railroad -Van. It isaltoretner independent,
avoids all ondna pnfflnfc of men or corporanooa, sires
news lullr and Impartially, alms espeetallT to rive practi
cal bturmaUon which will directly aid IB readers in tbe
prosreutioa of tnetr badness. Business men Ind In tbe
Ruuao Gaawrrs ths earliest Information of tbe open.
ins; of new stations oa railroads In coarse of euasuucUon,
snd srs tons snabtrd toestabllsb relations with each towns
nTSa tilt T1lh"ll'g mlrvtrrt.
Tbe leadlnir ettrfneerm: Jeamat of Erarland, tbr which
American snoaenbera bare usually paid $15 per Tear, win
be sent, S-sssUaa alia tbe Gaisttz, far SU
Lettrccacerrnnssobsulriuialaacl sxrrerttstef should
be addressed io
aaasssf 119 MarSaco Street. Chleasya,
HOW TO OBTAXV THE JTEW
And other real esrate. Tallied at SVAOOO. bend lor a etr
lenar at once, which will be ftirwarvlpd free, containing roil
Iniormatlon. Address FASS.MOKR A KUl'KLN,
Uempnia, lean-, or 13t Madison SU Cblcacn. in.
MPHjs. Tenn- bept. A,
Tie. the rmderslmrd citizens of Memphis, take pleasure
tn statlnK that we are personallT acquainted with Messrs.
PaAnniore Buflln, and with pleasure recotnniend them
ss reotleinen ol prooitv snd capacity. In whose leneacuia
tlons onr people can of ace implicit oonfldence :
Jso. JoHxsua, liajor of i . A. Cols, Cierlr and taa-
Memphis. I ter in i nancery.
W. M. Rajtooin, City At. i W. M. McLaou, state and
omer. Canty Tax Collector.
ri ii W. BonxsTsoa, Gry 'P. D. Dotli, Clert bscond
Tax Collector. I Circuit Court.
L. K. Bitmasra, City Bar-1 A Wood w aid. Comity .
Ww- I Trnstee.
Vmos TsorsOiOJA Secretay J. J. Meaner, Presldene
SCnmbcr commerce Ol xempms esojc
1 .-n ftrnnalnrwl wth the rer.tjtstlon of ths Sbnasvaanwl
mitleioeti. .Mara. Pasmore a Bnffln, snd consider tnesi
soove n-prOHCii. J. C. rtLT.cai.aT, Cbairn.sn County Court.
Jh9 shove .peci-il indorsement, sided to tr.at ?f oop
business men and citizena eeneniily, Tvith the press. Is ss. '
locctmiiy euomiCed to our pairoos. Pjssxosa a iizmx.
6 OOrt f'"' Irt'"" Plmo-Seitw mil. Kosarats.
pJt'U Alrtress C. o. PiA.NO CO, f6i iTwyT. r.