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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, November 17, 1871, Image 1

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VOL. I.
rCOXNELSTILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1871.
NO. 32.
CUON
Tale of a Kite.
ftooh a wondrons kite to fly !
Tinted paper six feet high.
Nothing small would do for him
Bey I tell ot, Boasting Jim. .
Bc-est kite or all the V ;
Miles of strongest twine he got '
Hmal! ones g a certain height ;
Bis he'd send clean oat of sight
Down the street, one day in Fall.
Vent tnsr Jim, kite, string, and all.
Kite 1" his comrades shoot in joy,
" Where are yon going with that boy ?"
All was ready soon, and whew ! . ,
O'er the trees the giant flew, , r
Whisking Jimmy from the ground,
Just as if he weighed a pound.
Vp they sailed, close to the moon, , . . .
Hoard the man there sing a tune. '
J'oreign lands Jim saw and knew "'
Tartary and Timbactoo.
Vet s eoravt tn his flight,
Bilver tail, Just hke a Trite.'
Conldnt starre, yon well might say,
Cp thore in the Milky Way.
Aoross the sea he flew," and then,, ,
Fondly sillied for heme again.
"Smaller kites are sale," he said ;
Pqpl he Wes in his bed 1 -
THE DIVER'S STORY.
Few readers, perhaps, hare ever seen
tbe name of Simon Weaver in print, and
fewer still would know who the man was
honld it be Been.
Divers, as a . class,' and in spite of ill
the sale-guards afforded them by modern
' -science, pass a. most precarious existence,
and mch time a d.?seent is made, be the
; water deep or (hallow, the practiced diver
tee'.s that perhaps his last glimpse ol sun,
- Eky and friends has been taken. Those ol
the most experience feel this the more
keenly. ' .......
One night while the snow drove like
hail against the only window in the boose,
facing the sea, I found myself one of a
party of divers, wreckers and contractors
tor encb work.
I had asked many questions of the sev
eral talkers forming the circle, as to the
: life, incidents and dangers of the profession,
when Vtaptatn Stephen L , an old gray
beard among divers and each ilk. nudged
me, and whispered that if I could get old
Simon Weaver into the talking hnmor my
desire for stirring incident would be fully
yratiGed. . , .
Cautiously approaching the subject of
personal adventure under water, for Weaver
proved a little shy. by a few well-timed
questions, 1 succeeded in " bringing him
out" to my entire satisfac "aon.
As I write the words of the old man, I
' teem to see the earnest glance, the erect
figure, and the almost snow-white head
shaking and nodding as the memory of his
exploits came before his mind.
Taking a fresh attitude in bis chair, and
casting his eyes from one to the ether of
us boys," as be called the younger mem-
berg of the party, the old diver began.
Few of our officers on duty off Charles-
toa tn JSoV will forget when the news
, came out to the wooden fleet that a moni
tor had been partially disabled,' and that
until something could be dune her situation
was extremely critical. She lav quite near
the batteries, and as though divining her
danger, their guns were plunging their
shot and shell against ber with the fiercest
tnergy. r
It was seon known that a diver would
be called into requisition to do the work
under water, while the guns of Sumter
bade fair to demolish the whole ship in a
Tew hours. -,,-.. . -1 ;
Being the most experienced of the div
ing corps on duty at that time, the Admiral
sent for me without delay, and laying the
difficulty before me, asked if I would un
dertake the job. By a few judiciously put
questions I was soon placed in possession
of all the (acts, the work to be done, and
the results to be expected iiom success.
The propeller of the vessel had been
fooled by some of the numerous obstruc
tions set afloat . by the- enemy, and . not
wishing to endanger any other vessel in
the same manner,, the Admiral desired to
send me alongside in a steam picket boat
' with roy best diving gear, and try to mace
a successful descent. : - - ?
. "Indue time we, that is, myself and
four more whom I could trust under all
peril, arrived at the place of operations.
And now, before going further with my
story, let me try to give an idea of the
situation, and its cause. A vessel had
been sent in to reconnoiter, and, if neces
sary, to fire on the batteries to ascertain
their force and strength. .
Proceeding cautiously until within a
few hundred yards of Sumter, she had
unconsciously drifted too close to the line
of obstructions defending the entrance to
the harbor, and in turning to come out,
ber propeller, as I said before, had become
entangled among ropes and chains. - All
efforts to release the ship from ber perilous
position bad failed, hence the caU tor
a diver. Immediately on perceiving the
state of affairs, no bard task, the enemy
bad opened a fearful, fire from all guns
within range on the single craft, and
seemed beat on her destruction before as
sistance could reach her.
" The shot fell fast acd furious against,
the iron of ber turret and side armor,
while the water on all sides fairly boiled
from the frequent shot striking its surface.
It seemed a veritable iron bail.
"As our little picket boat approached
the scene of conflict, the firing suddenly
ceased, and we were fortunate enough to
get below with the apparatus ' before the
storm again burst over the trembling ship.
The cause of this apparent kindness was
made known to us the following day by a
deserter from Fort Sumter.
" As the picket steamer approached the
monitor, the enemy imagined that a message
from the Yankee commander was about to
be received, "looking to an. armistice or
surrender, so slackened fire. After wait
ing a few moments, and the expected flag
of truce not making its appearance, the
enemy saw that somehow they bad been
outwitted, and the shower of shot and
shell seemed to increase in fierceness as
they reopened fire.
In a short time I saw how matters
, stool, and succeeded in finding a place on
the lee side of the turret, where, if the
ship could be kept in one position, no shot
could reach me. Carefully instructing my
men as to their duties, I at length put my
ladder overboard on the f afe side, and made
it fast in such a manner that should the
wind change or rise during ray absence
under water, my mean of escape should
sot be entirely cut off. Leading my air
pipe up through tbe turret and out through
cne of tbe ports, I secure! them to my
helmet, and requested that all firing from
the ship be suspended during my Absence,
for experience bad taogb't me the danger
of a heavy discharge directly overhead of a
diver. . . -
" The position of the turret favored my
request, and placing its back to the enemy
enabled me to use tbe gun port as I have
described. As my life would hang upon a
thread at beet, I made every arrangement
for safety that experience could suggest,
even going myself into tbe engine-room
and enjoining upon the . engineer of the
watch not to allow the engines to be-
started upon any consideration until my
return from the perilous undertaking, the
success or failure of which assured the
safety or loss of the vessel. The pump for
supplying me with air was fixed in the
turret chamber, and as the fragments ol
shot, which still poured in from Sumter,
mi.'htcBt the air tube as it crossed the
deck t had arranged a stout iron pipe as a
sheath, and discarded entirely the usual
signal-line.
"All being in readiness, after petronatty
inspecting all of the apparatus, t cautiously
made my way W the ladder, aud having
Uxea my helmet firmly in its place, and
ecured my kit of tools, hammer, saw,
chisels, etc, to the strong belt attached
for tbe purpose, began my slow descent.
u Fortunately, tbe water was quite clear
and free from mud, so 1 bad no diffleul.y
in seeing everything with perfect distinct
ness. Or dually nearing the bottom, for
the depth of water exceeded the draught
of vessels of less than four feet, I became
aware of quite a strong current" setting me
against the ship, which, while lessening
my fear of being swept out of reach of my
ladder, rendered . working more difficult.
As usuI, my "progress was attended by
numbers of curious fish, and as I ncarcd
the bottom one or two huge fellows passed
close by, but seemed intent on other prey,
leaving me in peace.
Once or twice I was somewhat startled
by a heavy splash overhead, and a dull
th-id, followed by the rapid descent of a
shot or shell Within e sr view, and as it
would settle into the soft, coty bottom, a
tiny cloud of mud would for a moment
obscure it from View. I felt a constant
fear from seeing these oft-recurring clouds,
lest somo of them might be the spluttering
fuze ol an unexploded shell.
"Although an old band at the diving
business, it had never before been my for
tune tn operate in action, so I was not a
little anxious, as you may imagine, as to
the effect of a shell exploding on the
bottom. I was not long waiting, and found
out to my entire satisfaction, as I will
presently tell you. -
" Well, at length I reached bottom, and
slowly trod my way along toe bends of
tbe ship to the oa e of operations, the
disabled screw, sometimes stepping on
rusty shot, and once I nearly tripped over
the stock of some old rust-worn tnchor.
Being bur fifteen or sixteen feet below the
surface, I had no difficulty in perceiving
the trouble with the propeller, which was
this : a pit of chain attached to the
floating obstructions bad become so wound
about the propeller-shaft, between tbe
blades and ste n-post, as to' become per
fectly rigid.
" ily tools being prepared for just such
work, I began operations at once, and soon
had two or three of the links, which were
quite small, severed, and as I afterward
learned, released the strain so suddenly
that the engines gave one quick, short.
partial revolutiim, ou a va:um,' tne.of
tbe engineers told me afterward, and one
of tbe blades striking mr expiration tube,
threw me f.-oru my feet, and for a moment
it se.'med tba. my fate was sealed.
! Tbe screw stopped as suddenly as it
bad started, and somehsw I struggled to
ny feet again. Seeing ut a few strokes
more were reeded to complete my job, I
soon bad tbe good old-ship in fighting
trim again, so far at least a ber propeller
was concerned.
" Being now at liberty to return, I cau
tiously retraced my steps to where tbe
ladder hung idly swinging to and fro in
tbe water, and was about to mount to the
surface, when with a crash and roar of ten
thousand shots, a big shell fell apparently
right over my bead, and alter w..at seemed
but the fraction of a second, settled, as 1
thought, directly upon me. Passing but a
few .eet distant, it had scare 'ly reached
tbe bottom when tbe very earth and sea
seemed shaft 'red to atoms.
u Tue shell had exploded almost beside
me ! By s me means Ue books provided
in the breast of my armor had become
fastened to a rung of my ladder, else this
tale had never been told. Stunned and
racked as it was, tue instinct ol self-preservation
urged n e to attempt the ascent
of my only road to safety, the ladder,
when, to uiy horror, the current began
swayng me back and fotth in such a man
ner that I found it impossible to do aught
but bold on and trust to the chapter of
ccidents lorYelief.
M In an intant after I beca-ne aware of
the current, a dull, regular beat, united to
a seeming tremor ol tbe ship, convinced
me that the ship was under way, and
probably steaming out to the fleet. A
glimpse or two at the bottom, assured me
of this, for 1 could plainly see it gliding
past urtil the shoals deepeneJ and nothing
could be seen underneath me but water.
Imagine my situation, you youngsters who
think you have seen danger towed to sea
under a monitor! - -
"The motion rapidly grew more violent.
and had it not be-.-n for the hooks I have
spoken of, death would have been inevi
table, lor my strength would not nave
enabled me to retain my hold on the lad
der, and 1 should have drowned, my body
weighed down by armor beyond recovery.
" All of th's time, in reality minutes.
but seemingly hours, rny faithful men
within the turret chamber bad not cease 1
o give me a plentiful supply cf air, so my
only danger lay in being swept away.
After what seemed miles ot gicund passed
over, and hours of time, the beat of tbe
engine gre w gradually slower, then stopped.
and no sooner did I feel the pressure of
tbe current relax, than 1 prepared to make
the best of way to the surface.
" I remember no more. A deadly rant
seixed me, and for hours I lay-without
life, vibrating between this world and tt?e
one beyond. Returning senses revealed
my four men around me, on the wardroom
table, doing their utmost in my behalf,
and only gave way to the surgeon when a
heavy groan and slowly opening eyes told
that my life was safe.
" i speedily recovered, and for tbe first
time learned the details of my great peril
and marvelous escape.
" Immediately on the strain beroe taken
off of tbe propeller by tbe chains being
cut, the engines gave the quick partial
revolution which 1 have mentioned, tnd
tbe engineer, as in duty bound, of course,
reported tint the disability to the machin
ery being removed be was prepared to go
ahead at any moment.
" it was but a few minutes alter this
hbat tbe tide began to flow, causing the
current I have spoken of, and tbe devoted
vessel bade fair to be agaia drifted among
the dreaded obstructions acd still nearer
to Sumter, whose guns never ceased their
roar all this time.
44 Captain , to prevent this threat
ened catastrophe, and feeling certain tlat
was clear of danger from the propeller.
determined to go ahead a sljprt distance
to clear all danger from the obstructions,
and then to await my return to the surface
before proceeding farther.
" Carcfullv watching tbeair-ranelpadinp
overboard, the engines were started slowly,
and as the ship gathered headway, and
tbe pipe remained without visible strain,
it was concluded that my ascent bad begun,
as in truth was the tact; so A
coming to after steaming a short distance,
the ship was headed for the fleet and
only came to anchor when within hail of
the Sag-ship. Ibe rest I have told you.
"As tne result ef tbat day's work, I
was sent home, on the siok-list, and from
that day to th s, young man," turning to
me as be spoke, ," I have never been inside
a diver's dress, and never intend to be
again."
. As the old man approaelied the conclu
sion, he grew quite excited, as indeed had
his listeners, and as the tones of his voice
died away, the wind outside, gathering
fresh fuiy, seemed to shake the old house
to its very foundation. .
Down in the Mines.
We are now in the coal mines, says
one who has been there, and the passage
we walk along so freely was the bed of
a seam of coal, long since removed by
the miners who have pushed on into tbe
bowels of the hill, and are now at work
miles away tearing oat the shining
walls that dispute their further progress.
To the right and to the left narrow
chambers, suca as we are in, branch oa,
some on upward grades, some . down'
ward.
At intervals we are confronted by
massive wooden doors used to control
currents of -air and secure ventilation
After walking a good mile, and seeing
nothing but mules hauling the coal cars
along the track to some place in the
mysterious distance, we come at last to
the chambers where the miners are at
work. We find these chambers to be
passages like those through which we
entered: some broa-l and high, some low
and cramped, nil supplied with iron
tracks leading to the end. At the ex
tremities of these chambers or work
ings, the miner stands, pick or bar in
hand, delving and wrenching to remove
huge masses of coal from the seam whose
lead he is following. Here is the coal
we seek, anittiere ia the miner, laboring
patiently by the dim light of his single
lamp, isolated by walls of rock and earth
from bis companions, water dripping
from the roof and standing in pools at
his feet, in constant danger, and alloted
to incessant toiL The huge chunks of
coal, wrought out by manual force or
blasting powder, fall into heaps on the
floor and are loaded by the miner or bin
help into a car that stands ready, then
drawn by mules along the gangway to
the shaft, and hoisted by machinery to
the surface above. This shaft is the
commencement of operations in opening
a mine, and is connected by gangways
with every chamber worked, and some
times extends a hundred fathoms into
the earth.
A mine many hundred feet deep is in
splendid working order ; men, boys, and
horses, filled with animation and indus
try, throng the chambers ; the sound of
the busy hammer, pick and ear enlivens
the sense, and everything in cheerful
contrast with the gloom that envelopes
all. Suddenly, by some unseen eause,
the circulatiou'of air is interrupted ; fire
damp immediately accumulates to nn
explosive degree in some portion of the
mine, and an unthinking miner enters
the region and sets the whole m a blaze,
which suffocates and consumes every
thing in reach. Such is the force of
this concussion and those succeeding,
that those out of the range of flame are
stunned or prostrated by the shock.
Their lights are blown out and the warn
ing that the explosion may be rolling
along the cbamliers to meet them,
causes many to hurry to the nearest
shaft. nusual heaps of rubbish .im
pede their progress, and tney wander in
tbe wild confusion to uncertain alleys.
and sink down, overcome by noxious
vapors, or are swallowed up in the seeth
ing atmosphere of flame that may pene
trate every part of the mine.
The miners of this region earn very
high wages the year round when they
work. Those who are sober and frugal
own their own houses and save money.
The life is rather nn adventurous one,
and the temptation is to spend their
earnings freely. The grocery bills of
some small families average fifty and six
ty dollars per month, the women declar
ing that their good men work hard for
their money, and their only comfort is
in what they eat and drink. But this
underground work is not necessarily
more severe than certain kinds of labor
done upon the surface. It is seldom that
a miner will leave the works and come to
the sod to earn his living. The mining
is done at so much per car, und they can
have their own way, and in a dry well
ventilated mine they suffer so severe
extremes of weather, and are generally
healthy. But in mines where the beds
are thin, and the way in and out is
through narrow, cramped alleys, fillea
with foul air, water 'streaming from the
:-nof and knee-deep on the floor, and the
air so heavy that a candle sheds no
light ten or fifteen feet away and must
be constantly swung to keep up the
flame, then the miner's life is one of un
ending hardship, and must he endured
to be appreciated.
ChtiOBOFobm Pn It. Dr. Goldsmith
of Rutland, Vermont, relates an inci
dent occurring in his army experience,
illustrating the power of chloroform in
detecting feigned contraction of the
limbs. ; While in " Jefferson Hospital
there came a man who bad run the
gauntlet of several hospitals, having
been discharged on the ground that a
contraction of his arm, which was bent
up so that it nearly touched his shoul
der or breast, was incurable. It was so
rigidly and firmly fixed that I could not
with any strength (and the doctor is a
"heavy weight") which seemed to me
not to risk the breaking of his 'arm.
straighten it. I directed the nurses to
watch him at night, and go to his bed
side, and suddenly try to straighten it
They uniformly reported that they were
Unable to accomplish the desired result.
He was. then allowed to pass out and visit
all the rum shops at will, in the hope
that under the influence of alcoholic
stimulants the case might be solved, but
it found no solution. I then put- him
under the influence of chloroform, and
as seen as the chloroform began to act
his arm was straightened out, and I tied
a board on tbe back of H, and when he
awoke and looked at his arm, he said,
" Well, doctor, I suppose I will have to
go back to my regiment ?" I -replied,
" Tbat 8 just where you will nave to go.
my friend." He went.
Potatoes. If kept in pits overwinter,
select a dry spot, cover with dry straw,
and then throw over it three or four
inches of soil Let them remain so until
winter is about to set in. Then put on
another layer of straw, six or eight inches
ttiick, and cover with soil as before. This
middle layer of straw, acting as dead air,
will do more to keep out frost than a
foot of solid earth, and saves a great deal
bard work.
A Famous Auctioneer.
!fhe most efficient auctioneer that ever
lived, probably, was George Bobins, of
London, who flourished about thirty or
forty years ago. His advertisements
were marvelous pieces of composition,
which none of his . successors in the
sanie business have ever succeeded in
imitating. Ha was a very " Admirable
Criehtou," a man of universal know
ledge; never at a loss, and.with a power
of magnifying the good qualities of the
wares he was selling, such as no auction
eer, before or since, his day,, has ever
possessed. . It was a literary treat to see
him sell a library ; but the place best
fitted for the display of his abilities,
was the sale of a fine couutxy-honse.
In 1820,- the magnificent Fonthill
Abbey, owned by the brilliant Beckford,
came to the hammer. That it would be
knocked down for one quarter of its real
value seemed inevitable, but Bobins
waa equal to the emergency. Taking
the advantage of the great fame of
Beckford, and the rumors which des
cribed the house as surpassing the grand
est palaces of the East in sumptuous
elegance, he announced that no one
would be admitted to view the libuse
who did not purchase a catalogue price,
one guinea. The fashionable world felt
bound to. See the.se wonderful sights,
and rushed in crowds to buy catalogues.
Eighty thousand of them were sold, and
people journeyed from all parts of the
kingdom,, to feast their eyes on the mar
velous Fonthill. In" the height of the
furore the sale began, and lasted thirty
three days. The abbey was knocked
down for 330,000 a third more than
its worth. . Pictures, furniture, etc.,
brought fabulous sums. Baphael's Saint
Catherine sold for 5,250, and the con
tents of the house realized the enormous
sum of JEl.OCO.OOO.
Once Robins had to soli, amongst fhe
effects cf a deceased merchant, silver
ware amounting to over six hundred
ounces. Duplicates of the pieces had
been made in Sheffield ware, for daily
rise, and by some accident, , the real sil
ver, on the first day of sale, was knock
ed down as plated. The next day, the
Sheffield ware being put up, iU real
character was at onoe discovered. The
purchasers of the silver disappeared,
and Robins promptly paid tiie loss out
of his own pocket.
The Swedes in Maine.
In manners the Swedes who . hove set
tied in ilaiue are said to be modest and
retiring, but noticeably kind, obliging
and courteous. - To strangers they show
the politest attentions, and tender them
the warmest hospitalities. They are al
so kindly considerate of each other's hap
piness and welfare, and train their child
ren' into strictest habits and morality,
obedience and politeness. Their dress is
at present a strange mixture of American
and Swedish costumes. Those who re
tain the national dross wear wooden
shoes, made long and low, pointed black,
tyid with high heels and p Jinted or turn
ed up toes. The dross of the men does
not otherwise dLTer from tbe various cos
tnmes seen in our own country, save that
they are of somewhat antiquated patterns.
The costumes of the women and children
are quaint and queer enough. The wo
men and girls all 'wear - hnnkerchiefs
Hwde of the nic-ilk, folded with great
care over their heads, and tied firmly but
softly under their chm, looking very odd,
to be sare.but at the same time both sen
sible, pretty and comfortable. ' A long
narrow apron is also an indispensable
appendage to a complete toilet . The
dress itself lias generally a straight, full
skirt, with one or two tucks, a plaint
short, round waist, -and short, straight,
sleeves. The little children look funny
enough clad precisely hke father and
mother.. The panted, vested and coat
ed little boys, and the nice little maidens
in long dresses, narrow aprons and ker
chiefs, demurely and soberly tied under
the chin, present , the - appearance of
dwarfed editions of manhood and woman
hood. Some of the ladies have dispens
edwith the kerchief, and supplanting
their places are successfully-attempted
chignons, surmounted by flat straw hats.
Quite a number of silk dresses, a few
gold chains and some nice jewelry were
also conspicuous, it is to be remember
ed that these colonists are by no means
poor, but brought with them a deal of
baggage and money. , . ,
A Cuban Execution.
Lopez has-been executed in Havana.
Having been condemned by court-mar
tial he was parroted at the side of the
Castle of the Principe and outside the
city. He saluted the crowd, showing
tne snacKies wincn pinioned bun, when
at the foot of the steps leading to the
platform, and the officers in charge of
lum volunteers fearing tbat lie might
address the people, hurried him up the
steps, wounded as he was. When he
sat down on the bench it was found to
be too low to allow his neck to come up
to the fatal iron collar. The second
time he sat down he was too high. At
last, after the fifth attempt, the garrote
was adjusted round his throat. The in
strument was so badly arranged that it
broke on the first twist given to the
sorew by the executioner, and then the
victim had to be lifted up, while with
his head hanging iri the collar the gar
rote was repaired. When Lopez sat
down the seventh time, he seemed to
strain his nerves for one supreme effort,
and lifting his hands to Heaven, yelled
forth in a voice heard by the whole as
sembled crowd, " Death to Spain I "
What followed is esnceivatle only of
cannibals. Two volunteer officers as
cended to the platform, and to prove
that their victim was really dead, they
lifted hint from the bench several times,
they made the executioner give several
more twists to the screw, and took the
face of the corpse -which waa an nndis-
hnguishable mass of bloody flesh, with
the eyes protruding from the sockets
in their hands, turning .it toward the
people. .
Womes Voters. The names of severa
women were inscribed on the voters re
gister in New York. Mary A. Leland
writes describing the courteous treat
ment she received at the registration
office of Nineteenth District of the Six
teenth Ward. Learning that Victoria
A. Woodhull and Tennie C. Claflin had
registered their names, Slory A. Leland
determined t follow their example.
The registrars referred to the Constitu
tion of the United States, and not finding
any interdiction of female registration,
politely acceded to the request of the
lady aspirant to the privilege of suffrage.
Here is a now field for rivalry i A
Lanoesville man, eighty-seven years old,
waa born when his father was seventy
eight, and he wants to know if there is an
other man living whose father was born
one hundred and sixty-five years ago.
An Agricultural Locomotive.
in England, says a correspondent, a
number of engines of various patterns.
All are on whoels, and either move
themselves, or can be dragged along by
horses. . One particular engine stood
alone on the grass with steam up, and a
light blue cloud of smoke was escaping
from its slender smokestack. Near by
waa a broad circular track, showing
where it had been driven round to show
its paces.. The grass near it did not
seem to have been injured in the least.
The boiler rested upon four .wheels.
Tbe forward truck was movalilp.: A
small platform in front, with a steering
wheel, showed how the machine was
guided. The driving-wheels were 6ix
feet in diameter, and shod with rubber
tir.two niches thick. The cab for the
engineer hung over the rear and carried
the coals. The water-tank was under
the boiler. - The exhaust steam could be
turned into this, thereby saving fuel
greatly. The cylinder, safety-valve, etc.,
were placed on top. There was a piece
of short shafting qu top, with a fly-wheel
attached. From the wheel and shaft
power was taken to drive tile saw, run
the thrashing-machine, elevate the hay,
or do any farm work required.
With a push the train backs up to a
huge straw-elevator. This machine is
on wheels, and resembles one of the ice
elevators used in our ice-houses at home.
It is used to lift straw in bundles to the
lofts or to the tops of ricks. The eleva
tor being coupled the whole train Is
ready to start. It consists of the loco
motive, twelve feet long and weighing
seven tons, the thrasher, weighing five
tons and fifteen feetiong, and the straw
elevator, three tons, and twenty feet a
total of fifteen tons and forty-seven feet
in length.
When all is ready, the engine starts
gently and easily, takes a great sweep
over the grass and starts for one of the
entrance gates of tne fair grounds.
This gate leads to a narrow, win. ling
lane, wifh only room for one team.
The engnie enters the lane at an angle
and the train follows after, without
touching the gate posts. It would take
a careful driver, with a docile team, to
do as well with horses.
Immediately on entering the lane the
engineer comes to a soft place in the
road. The wheels sink into the mud
and stick fast. The crowd gathers
around, and become?, after the usual
English manner, derisive and doubtfal.
Really, if this is the style of the horse,
he developea faults suddenly. Without
a word the owner steps upto the driver,
and asks for a " claw." This m a cast
iron shoe, made to fit iho wheels. The
gentleman quickly fastens it on ; the
wheel turns round, and when the sharp
edge of the claw strikes the ground the
train moves on a foot or so. The claw
is used again, and the slough is easily
passed;
He remarks : " That was an extra bad
along. Don't meet such greasy mud
often. t ben we do we unsnactio tne
engine or use the claws. With a chain
we can drag the team through, and go
on. The engine, when alone, will pass
any ordinary mud-bole with ease.
Drinking Leather in Tea.
After the many revelations recently
published on the adulteration of tea, our
tea drinkers ought to be prepared for
worse news than that they are, according
to the discovery of a French savant,
consnming a quantity of leather in their
favorite beverage, sufficient in the course
of a year, for the manufacture of a stout
pair of boots, ibe consumption of this
wholesome article of food is not confined
to the drinkers of " lie tea," but includes
even such as indulge in the most costly
and genuino qualities, supposing them
to mix the beverage with milk or cream.
It is to this most innocuous of drinks
that we are indebted for the addition to
our cherished evening draught of an
ingredient proverbial for its incligest-
ibUity. Tea leaves contain a portion of
tannic acid, which in the liquid state is
suspended in solution. Milk, on the
other hand, contains a proportion of
white of egg, and the two constituents
being the main ingredients of leather,
readily combine on mixing the fluids,
adding by the globules or leather-like
substances which tbey form to the opa
city of the compound liquid. We do
not apprehend that this discovery will
deter any of our readers from taking
their accustomed allowance of tea. It
may possibly, by the scientific explana
tion of the process, even add a new
relish to their enjoyment. At any rate
they onght to be thankful to learn what
excellent powers of digestion they are
gifted with, enablitfg them to digest
shoe-leather, though even this may be
no novel intelligence after the convinc
ing demonstrations furnished by their
butchers.
Story of a Magpie.
"I will tell you a story," says a writer,
"in regard to women who eat dainty
morsels in the absence of their lords.
There was a lady who bad a Magpie in a
cage, which talked of everything which it
saw done. Now it happened that the lord
of the household preserved a large eel in
a pond, and kept it very carefully in
order to give it to some of his lords or of
his friends, in case they should visit him.
So it happened (hat the lady said to her
female attendant that it wauld be good
to eat the great eel ; and accordingly they
ate it, and agreed that tbey would tell
their lord that the otter had eaten it,
And when the lord returned, the pie
began to say to him, My lord, my lady
has eaten the eeL' Then the lord went
to his pond, and missed the eel, and he
went into the honse, and asked his wife
what had become of it She thought to
excuse herself easily ; but he said that he
knew all about it, and that the pie had
told him. The result was that there was
great quarrelling and trouble iu the
house ; but when the lord was gone away,
the lady and her female attendant went
to the pie, and plucked all its featuers
from its head, saying, ' You told about
the eel.1 And so the poor pie was quite
bald. But from that time forward, when
it saw any people who were bald, or had
large foreheads, the pie said to them,
Ah ! yon told about the eeL"
Floqgtso Df the British Army.
An English journal states that lost year
in the English army 41 cavalry eoldiers
were flogged, who received 19,751 lashee
in all. In the infantry 96 men received
4,b47 lashes, in the artillery 41 men
5,750 lashes, and in the engineers one
man 2o lashes, while in the miuai no
case of slogging occared. Thus, in the
cavalry, for example, each of the unfor
tunate culpita drew as his Bhare 189
strokes of the cat, aid a fraction.
A CltHnraAn man fiM nrranizej a mm.
oanv for catchim? wild horses and tarn -
ing them, and it pays well
A Tragedian's Little Joke.
One of the noblest tragedians' era tbe
stage, Charles Young,' was an irrepressi
ble fttrceirr in private society, and con
stantly playing, with imperturbable grav
ity, the most whimsical pranks in pub
lic. . He undertook to. drive Charles
Matthews (Ji's) to Cashiobury, on a visit
to tbe Earl of Essex. 'Having passed
through the turnpike, and paid the toll,
he pulled up at the next gate ha came
to, and, addressing himself most politely
to a woman who issued from the- toll
house, inquired if Mr. , the toll-tafc-er,
whose name he saw above the door, 1
happened to be in the way. The woman
answered that he was not in the house,
but that she would send for him if tbe
gentleman wished to see him particu
larly. "Well, I am sorry to trouble yon,
madam ; but I certainly should like to
have a 'few minutes' conversation with
him," replied Young.
Upon this the woman called to a little
boy : " Tommy, run and tell your father
a gentleman wants to speak to him."
Away .ran Tommy down a straight,
long path in the grounds of a nursery
and seedsman, - the entrance to which
was close to a turnpike. Young sat bolt
upright in the tilbury, solemn and silent,
to the astonishment f Mathews, Who
asked him what on earth he wanted with
the man. .
" I want to consult him on a matter
of business," replied Young.
After some five or six minutes the boy,
who had entered the building on the ex
treme end of the path, reappeared, fol
lowed by a man putting on a jacket as
he walked, and in due time both of them
stood beside the tilbury. The man
touched his hat to Young.
" Yon wished to see nte, sir ? "
" Are you Mr. ? "
"Yes, sir."
" The Mr. who is entrusted to
take the toll at fhis gate J"
"Yes, sir." -
" Then von are precisely the person
who can give me the information I re
quire. Yon see; Mr. , I paid six
pence at the gate at -, and the man
who took it gave me this little bit of pa
per" (producing a ticket from his waist
coat pocket), "and he assured me that
if I showed it to the proper authorities
at this gate, I should be allowed to drive
throush without payment"
" Why, of course ! " said the man,
staring with amazement at Young.
" That ticket clears this gate ? . Then
you do not require me to pay anything
here?" .
"No 1 Why, any fool " '
" Mv dear Mr. . I'm so much
obliged to vou. I should havo been so
sorry to have don"? anything wrong, and
therefore, wished to hava your opinion
on the subject. A thousand thanks.
Good morning. Mr. '
And on drove Yortng, followed, as the
reader may easily imagine, by a volley
of imprecations and epithets of any
thing but a nattering description so
long "us he was within hearing.
Protection from Poisons.
At a recent meeting of the Boston So
ciety of Medical Sciences, as. reported in
the Medical a(l Surgical Journal, the
question was discussed of the protection
acquired by the human skin against the
action of certain animal poisons, after
repeated inoculation, one gentleman
claiming that the frequent inoculation of
some poisons gave a grmlnal immunity
from any poisonous effects. He in
stanced the eflecta of niosquito-bites,
which he thought were more severe in
children than in adults, much more
severe in foreigners who had recently
arrived in this country than in natives,
and in support of this spoke of a whole
family, recently arrived from England,
which he had just seen, upon the mem
bers of which the bites of mosquitoes
had produced a violent eruption of the
skin resembling pemphigus. He thought
that the immunity derived from frequent
inoculations was analogous to that from
vaccine matter against voriola. He said
that he considered it as established that
poisonous snakes were not killed by
their own poisons ; insects, however, he
said, did not enjoy this immunity, ns
wasps and bees were known to kill each
other by their poison. He was sappoit
ed by another gentleman, who said that
in regions .where black flies abound,
persons after a few years are not affected
by the poison. This immunity is not
obtained iu one season, but only after a
prolonged residence ; such persons are
bitten as at first, but escape all the
disagreeable effects from which a non
resident suffers. '
Fish n Japan. Mr. Brooks writes
from Japan that the national food is
fish. There is not an ocean or river
creature that the Japs do not eat, even
sharks, and the uglier tbe more appetiz
ing. And most of the fish sold are not
dead fish, but living, jumping, wriggling
fish. Y'ja buy an eel all squirming.
The fish-market men bring their fish to
market in water tubs, and the fishermen
keep a huge bamboo water fish tank on
each side of the junks, into which they
throw the creatures that they haul up, or
in. So much is thought of the fish
here, that on a certain festival day every
family that has had a boy born during
the year hangs out a great painted fish
to boast of it
The Exoijsh Strike. The Newcastle
engineers resumed work after a five
month's strike. You may, says an Eng
ligh correspondent, almost say it was
settled in five minutes. Mr. Joseph
Cowen of T7ia XevcaJiUe Chronicle, and
Mr. Philipson, town clerk, found them
selves all at once endowed with tie re
quisite cleverness and good sense,
coupled with an intimate knowledge of
what both aides would insist on and
what both would concede. The men go
to work on a 67 hours time-table from
now to Jan 1, 1872, then tiie nioe hours
pure and simple are to be the rule.
Watchtsq Thejl Forty thousand
dollars waa collected on passengers' bag
gage at New York during the last year,
being a larger sum than has ever been
collected before on such goods in one
year. This is the result of the examina
tion which is considered so obnoxious.
It is estimated that in nine cases ont of
ten the owners of such baggage wouM
smuggle through the goods thus dis
covered and taxed, and cheat tbe govern
ment if it was not for the inspectors.
Tub Sufferers. Rev. E. B. French,
Chairman of the Relief Committee,
Hartford, Wis., in acknowledging the
receipt of a remittance, state that the
losses in Chicago cannot compare with
the northern conflagrations, wmcn des
troyed whale families and their posses
sions, and maimed hundreds for life.
Many hundred families are, he says,
thrown upon the public for help until
next harrest
About Fresh Air.
A Scotch journal says : that whoever
rifer uncomfortably cool will get aiek.
To hoist die' window sky high when the
mercury is at zero b stn! absurdity. - The
cooler a sleeping apartment is tbe more
unhealthy does it become, because cold
condenses the carbonic acid formed by
the breathing of the sleeper. It settles
near the flooTi and is re-breathed, and
if in a very condensed form he will die
before morning. Hence ;we must be
governed bv circumstance : the first'
thing is, you must be comfortably warm
dunng steep, oiuerwwe you uui -freshed,
and inflaninlat'pn ..of the lungs
may do engendered, and file destroyed
within a very few days. , An open door
und 3fl open fire-place are sufflcient for
ordiuary purposes cold weather.
When outer winnows are opeueu, it
well to bwe them down at the top two ot
three inches, and np at the bottom for
the same space, in miaunic localities ;
and these are along the water courses,
beside mill-ponds, .marshes, bivouacs,
river bottoms, flat islands, and the like.
It is the most important from the 1st of
August until several severe frosts have
been noticed, to sleeo with all external
doors and windows closed, because the
cool air of sunset causes the condensation
of the poisonous emanations which were
caused by the heat of noonday sun to
rise far above the earth. This conden
sation makes the air "heavy "by the
great soliolfication of the emanations by
cold ; these resting on the surface of
the earth in the more concentrated and
malignant form, they are breathed into
he luflgs and swallowed into the sto
mach, corruptiilg -and poistming the
blood with great rapidity. By daylight
these condensations are made so com
pact by the protracted coolness of the
night they are too near the surface of
the earth to be breathed into the sys
tem ; but as the sun begins to ascend
these heavy condensations begin to rise
to the height of several feet above the
ground, and are freely taken into the
system by every breath and swallow ;
hence, tiie hours of sunrise and sunset
are the most unhealthy htmrs of the
twenty-four iu the localities named ; and
noontide, when the sun is the hottest, la
the most healthy portion of the day, be
cause the miasma is so much ratified
that it ascends rapidly to the upper re
gions. The general lessons are : Jrirst,
to avoid exposure to the outdoor air in
miasmatic localities for the' hours in
cluding: sunrise and sunset - Second,
having a blazing fire on the hearth of
the family room at these hours- to raniy
and send tie miasma upward. Third,
take breakfast before going ont of doors
in the morning, and take tea before
sundown ;' then being out at night is
not injurious. . . . .:-.'!
The Labor Question.
Some time ago it was stated that ar
rangements were making by the irades
Union Societies, for a general strike, not
only throughout the United States, but
thronifhout the entire civilized world.
This labor question is assuming formid
able proportions throughout i.nrope.
In England. Beiginm, Trance, Holland,
and Germany powerful organizations
exist among workmen for the ameliora
tion of their condition and for the' devis
ing of schemes for the efficient prosecu
tion of the groat war on capital. The
workingmeu's committee of the various
European societies have summoned a
general congress of workmen to meet in
Berlin at some date this Winter, and in
the summons tbe committee suggest as
their platform the organization of a
general strike for the daily term of labor
and for a general increase of wages.
Wendell Phillips lately delivered in
Boston, a leo'.urefbe first of a course
which he is to deliver in various parts of
the country, on the labor question, air.
Phillips discourse is a strong denunci
ation of the wrongs inflicted on labor by
capital, and an argument to prove that
the tendency of the present great move
ment is the equalization of property.
Mr. TbomnsBrassey, one of the largest
employers of labor in England, proposes
the adoption of the system in vogue at
sea, namely,, the employment of three
sets of men to worn eight hours eocn out
of the twenty-four.
Yebi Sad. A lady writing from Chi
cago sayp, one of the saddest features is
tne snnenng amonjj women in aeucate
health. It is estimated by a responsible
physician of our city that five- hundred
babes were born on Monday, Tuesday,
Wednesday, after the fire among the
sufferers. 'Forty were born in Lincoln
Park on Tuesday. Events of the most
heart-rending character are being
brought to light One poor woman on
the North Side was in bed with a babe a
few hours' old when the house caught
fire. The inmates in their flight forgot
the poor woman and her babe. She rose
from her bed, rapped a sheet around her
self and child, and made her way to the
street. There she was found dead, with
the babe in her arms.
On. Wells. One of the chief causes
for the cessation in the flaw of oil wells
is tho accumulation of parafhne. Tor
pedoes discharged with dynamite, or
other explosive compounds, have been
used for years as a means of removing
the paraffine. Thie device, however, not
only failed to remove the difficulty, but
even increased it sometimes by wholly
stopping up the wells. It is now pro
posed to burn out the paraffine by means
of oxygen, which is brought in contact
with it by means of pumps and pipes.
The fire is commenced at the point near
est the surface, and is continued down
ward and out into the lateral crevices,
wherever the paraffine is located.
The Fexiax Oath. The following is
a copy of a Fenian oath, found on the
person of a prisoner : " In Uie presence
of God I do solemnly swear that I will
do mv utmost to establish the national
independence of Ireland, and that I will
bear true allegiance to the is. Ci of tbe
L R., and will obey the orders of the
officers of the S. C of the L B.. So
help me God." .
Ikon. At a recent meeting of the
London Society of Civil and Mechanical
Engineers, one of the members. Mr.
Dawson, remaiked that if wrought iron
work was always immersed in boiling
linseed oil before leaving the manufac
tory, and afterwards painted with four
or five coats of the best oil paint, it
would effectually keep the iron from
corroding for many years.
Seized. Eighteen hundred sheep and
six horses brought through from Cana
da by Bngg & McF arland, were seized at
White River Junction, by a Customs
officer, for nnder-val'uation. The train
on which they were loaded had backed
oyer from West Lebanon and was about
to start Twelve car-loads were seized
Enjoyment of Life.
Tla not for maa-' o trUW is Lrk
And sin is her.
Aaagau but ths falling of a laaf
A dropping tear. - '
' We hare no timo to sport awsv the hours ;
All most be earnest In a world hke oars.
Hot many Urea, bnt only one, have i
lTrau. fleeting man l
How sacred shoald that one hie evex be
That narrow span I
Dav after day Oiled nn with blessed toll,'
Hour after hoar still Winging m nor spoil !
Facts and Fancies.
. Vegetable philosophy Sage
. Mill-dew Wages of the factory girls.
; What dress is most durable ? A habit
A cowardly assault To beat a retreat
The best place for the blind The
side. '
The population of Utah is now 120,
000.
Kisky concerns Insurance' com pa-'
nies. "
The torch of hymen The domestio
match.' .
Coming to grief Meeting trouble
half-way. - ''
Light employment building castles
in the air:
The grandest verse in eristenoe The
universe. '
A woman's pride and a sailor's guide
The needle. ' '
When is a bow not a bow ? ' When
it's a bow-knot ' ' ' ' - '
One hundred and twenty-nine school
teachers were thrown out. of employ
ment by the Chicago fire. : i -'
A query for mothers Why is a scream
ing baby like the goddess of morning ?
Because it'a a roare (Aurora.)
Liberal advertisers are the men who
" mean business." Those who- don't ad
vertise only do a me business.
" Peter," said a mother to her son,
" are you into them sweetmeats, again V
"No, ma'am them sweetmeats is into
me." ' '
Sacks of cloth,' made without slxevee,
with Wn pane, lined with crimson silk.
are very stylish, garments for young
ladies. . ..
Tmnn1alta fidelity, oood hnmor and
complacency of temper outlive all -the
charms of a fine face, and make the decay
of it invisible. -
Raido nri4 rlrianrihea a bore aa one who
keeps talking to you about himself, when
you are extremely anxious to taus to una
about yourself.
Three Providence families have named
their-eats : : Morgianna Longtail, Nico
domua Peachblossom, and Josph&s
Orangeblossom. '' '- .' '
. What should be done to the school
master who planted his pupils np to their
necks in the garden beds, and said he
did it to mould their characters i . ,
" What substitute can there be for the
endearments of one's sister ? " exclaim
ed Mary. " The endearments of some
other fellow's sister," replied John.
" I hope thia hand is not counteifeit"
said a lover, as he was toying with hid
sweetheart's hand. " The best way to
find out is to ring it," was the reply. .
Thousands of farms in France and Ger
many are divided one from another only
by a narrow path ; in thia country tho
cost of fences is estimated at 13OQ,OO0,
000. The Russian style of Dress is to be
adopted here this Winter, and bonnets,
gloves, boots, dresses, cloaks and veils
are to be trimmed with all sorts and
kinds of for. .
The following advertisement appeared
in a London paper: Discipline--Wanted,
the assistance of a kindudicioua lady,
used to girls, and accustomed to apply
the birch rod.
Acceding to tbe Eiglih Independent
there ue 3,665 Congregational churches,
besides abeut 3,000 preaching "stations,"
in the British empire. The number of
ministers is 2,908.
Butter was at first made for a cosmetic,
and was once used for illuminating pur
poses. It was not known as an assistant
in despatching bread, much, if any, be
fore the Christian era. -..
A St Lon:s lawyer attempted to try a
case the other day while he was half
drunk, but the Judge stopped him, say
ing : " No lawyer can practice at two
bars at the same time."
An old-fashioned receipt for obtaining
a brilliant complexion was to bathe the
face in very hot water, and then to wash
it thoroughly in Rhine wine, and rub off
with a course harsh towel
Near Manistee. Mich., is a well thirty-
one feet deep, in which, there ia an abun
dant supply of water when th wind
blows from the west, bnt which, i t
when it comes from the east
So much fun has been made o' Ra
Greeley as a farmer that the Louisville
Courier-Journal proposes " mat case
ball shall be abolished and Greeley pro
claimed the national game." ;
Twelve men out of thirteen wear their
hair parted on tiie left side of their
heads why ? Because nearly all of our
barbers use their right hand in their
profession instead of the left .
A Kansas paper, urging enlistments
for a regiment to fight the Indians,
says : iho service win last uiree ur
four months only, and will be a source
of hearth, pleasure and profit to all rho
enlist" '
Tn Hamilton. Ohio, a few days since.
a fee of twenty-five cents was collected
from all persons who entered a church
for the purpose of witnessing a marriage.
The money was, given to the yeung
couple to start them in life.
In the Jewish Marriage cereaaony the
bride and groom stand under a silken
canopy which is held by four or six of
their srentlemen friends, and a glass is
used to drink wine, which is broken to
pieces at the conclusion of the cere
mony.
At a horse ease tried in Massachusetts,
the other day, one witness, on being
asked what kind of medicine w is used
in the treatment of the dilapidated ani
mal, said that " he would be busted if
he knowed, but he rytner guessea is waa
anarchy."
A Vermont man who last FaH'took the
agency for tha sale of a patent pitchfork,
and signed what he supposed was an
order for a specimen, was lately surprised
by a notice from a neighboring bank
- - - a X 11 i
that his note for ?S-'0 was use t ma
institution.
At a late New York wedding all the
bridesmaids and the brides wore high
necks and long sleeves. The brides
maids were all dressed alike in blue silk,
and all came np the aisles in ft body
close together. Thia airangeme aa
much prettier than the usual somewhat
straggung proeeasjan.

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