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31'COXXELSYILLE, , OHIO, FEIDAY, NOVEMBER 24,Vl871.:'v '
it : 'jn . ' ,J : - - -.. .). .i-r'.
A white little clcndlet np in the skr
Born of the winds and of the wares am I,
the ehimng stars of heaven peep through. I
r them often from mortal sieht
. . . . , ,
shed, thijjngh the long, long I
And soft I Boat through the tremnlona blue,
I cover them often from mortal sieht
And hold in mr bosom their silvery light ;
And the moon enfolds me in soft embrace,
And smile apon me with tender face.
The eim elimbinsr hich in the roev morn -
My whiteness tints with the colon oi dawn,'
And around me
The glory and light of his shining ray ;
And the lark springs forth in the morning
Andsicgs to me songs fcr the dawning meet ;
While he plnnges deep in my snowy wave
The stains of eaith from his pinions to lavs -
When the sn'n sinks deep in the far, far west,
On a purple billow, with golden crest,
- And stains with" nis iflory fbe monDtains dim,
. And tinges with crimson my curling rim,
. And the twilight dies, while the night-birds
And dHrkneas sweeps downward on noiseless
Then again I bold in my bosom white
The deep shining Btars with their silvery light
THE SETTLER'S TALE.
u You don't believe it then V said the
old settler, stroking his beard, and spread-
ing the long criso curls over his waistcoat
wnere tney lay HKe a tangle of cocoa-fibre.
He flicked away, too, now and then, the
powdery cijar-ash that had fallen as he
smoked, aa thrmirh ho netfod hi munlv I
adornment or aimed strongly at wearing
a patriarcbsl ruit. " You don't believe
it then 7" he said.
Travelers see strange things," said a
thin man sitting opposite to him ; and he
indulged in a low, sneering snigger, a de-
spicable kind of caebmnation that it would I
be insulting the hearty, mirthful, lov-be-
gotten shake of sides and shoulders, and
extending of facial muscles, to call a laugh. I
- Y. hat is it V I said : for 1 had at that
moment entered the room.
Why," sniggered the thin man, he
wants to make me believe "
No, no, no !" chorussed several veices.
Let him tell it himself; second-hand
stories are poor. Tell it out for the com-
uut we owner ot the beard looked verv
u,giuwu, auu iciJi uu Buiuhiug, iiu ue sat i
like a very dupiter smongst nis clouds,
iucu mciiou n, vuo auiurusia uruugui
w ijiu, uj lucmwun-iumuni i
luede of tbe hotel, set down his brand r-I
and-watcr, and looked very reticent
" It's all true enough," said an Austra-
lian captain who sat near the thia man,
and had evidently heard what had pre
viously been said. I've often seen them
take flying leaps that looked tremendous,
ana suco as 1 should have doubted if I had
not seen ; while, as to the tale our friend
here has just told about kangaroos carry
ing their young in a pouch, and also about
their being able to destroy a dog with a
kick, why, they are facts that almost any
national schoolboy will endorse. 1 mean no
-insult to our sceptical friend here, bat I'm
afraid he studied politics more than natu
' trood things, too," said the thin man
Tir,'n.Klv. .H fhn I,- iJ,-A A 1, 16
tor the applause be did not eet .
-You eW s.id the old caotain. not
takinit any notice of the interrnntinn
w - . x 1
there are some people like the sailor's
mother more ready to believe in PLa-
raoh's chariot-wheel on the anchor-flie
than in flying-fish. Australy's a curious
place, I can tell you ; and if you saw some
of the bones of toe great Moa, they would
make you scratch your head, and think el
the ostriches seven feet high as so many
Ha. ha. ha . TTA ! WW
man. in . rft AA.n -r.
don', be afraid. We'll listen, and then L
believe as much as we like." .
-And we've got little animals there,
gentlemen," said the old captain, "that
swim about in the water with their flat
webbed feet, and they've got a bill like a
duck, and lay egs,"
" Go on, sir ; go -on, sir," laughed the H,en
thin man; and he bestowed the wink of the
wisdom upon all the comnany present
Yes, yes ; I see! Wink away," said
the captain ; " but I'm no romancer, gen-
tlcmen. I only said what I did to support In.11
my friend here. There are some people
wbo will not believe the truth when it's I
"Why don't you tell it T said the thin
' 1 always do. sir." said the caDtain ,n5
simply, and with some dignity. u As 1 1
saia before, Australia's a place that would
srartie some neon e here with it wavs.
TI7I . . . ' . . . . - -j
What would our friend over the way there
say to five thousand sheep being boiled, or
rather steamed down, in one day, just for
tne sake ot their tallow f"
"Ha, ha, haP' laughed the thin man
again. Better still!" and then seeing
that no one else laughed, be snorted, and
looked defiant at every one in turn, from 8UCh
out a pair of twinkling dark eyes, the more
striking from being unshaded by lashes,
while his eyebrows had evidently disap-
pea red at the same season when his coun-
tenanoe had licen seamed and pitted with
the small-pox. and
But few people noticed him, for it wa3 bit
evident that er retiring in displeasure ""e5
within himself for a few minutes, tbe "e
owner of the beard wa once more comine
out He smoked furiouslv for a few min-
ntes longer in utter silence, till his cigar- na
end was so short that it singed the great
beard, when he threw it away, drew out a
case, careluliy selected another, rolled It
upon his tongue, and then eat balancing it
upon his finger.
" Our friend here is right, gentlemen,"
he said, " that there are some people who
doubt almost everything you say ; but,
for my part, I think that the traveler who
plays upon the credulity of the untraveled
lneaat is a creature beneath cwuirrapt . I
can vouch for the truth of all mv seafariup
friend here has 6aid, for I have seen the tame,
things, and many more too, quite as won- do
derful ; and 1 think that you, gentlemen, J1!
who sit from year's end to year's end hi m
your shops, might acknowledge that men nerer
who make journeys four-and-twenty thou- WDen
sand miles long must 'n the foreign parts
they pass through, see some strance thines. "
don't want to inflict my stories upon man.
Goon, sir: Koonr from two or three: over
but tbe thin man was totally unabashed,
and snorted before telling his neighbors, in when
an undertone, that you couldn't " do" bim.
" I wacn't talking about wallabies gen
tlemen, which aro only a small kind of
kangaroo, but of what we call out there,
up the country, ' old men' the great kao- fellow,
garoos that the settlers hunt the curious
leaping animals that Sir Joseph Banks. fa
brought home from his voyage with Cap-
tain Cook, and used to keep in his park at and
Bevesby, in Lincolnshiie ; beasts that I "
dare say you might see for yourselves in visions
the Regent's Park Gardens in London, black
though I can't say I'm sure. At all events, semblc
Tve seen them often enough, and bunted spears
them often too." the
The thin man snorted and wipked again there
at every body in turn, al moch as to say,
u Now it's ooming.'V ? : '
" You most telisTtj 'wnatf'im going to
tell yott, tentletrten, or you msy be rude
enough to doubt it if you like; I shsu't
apmplain : but it's as sure as bit name's
lames &mitD, a a orasatroman oora, na
that I ft i led at sheep-farming, but made
ten thousand pounds at the, diggings ; and
that's what not one man in fire hundred
who were there managed to brinz away,
lor bis share of the spoil." , .
The thin mm tae
thoughts f a sum ol ten thousand golBen
pounds seem to add so much weight to
the respectability and veracity of the
bearded msn, that had he felt disposed to
enter into the borders not limited to vera
city, he would now have- found plenty of
believers tor anything he might choose to
f The" settler paused, ignited his cigar.
and then waited to enjoy a few puffs," while
the waiter of the old JSontbampton Hotel
replenished several empty glasses.
"We were having a kangaroo-hunt,"
continued he, "some years ago now, ap at
a place where I was. Kangaroos were not
so scarce then as they've grown since ; and
perhaps if our friend here were to go over
rai mirnnsit trt hint rtbA he tniaht rrvsl
jgome hundreds of miles before be could
enjoy thst pleasure. Being a b.t v f a sport-
ng man in a mild wav, as I htd dropped
in st quarters where the 6qustter was also
ona oi a on oi me neia wora, i goi stay-
'ng on aay aner aay ; tor i nsppenea tnen
to have nothing to do, having been driven
oat of my holdintr bv a drought that had
starved three parts of my beasts and sheep,
and a fljod that hai drowned the rest So
that I was on the wander, looking out for
some lrcsh spot on which to locate myself,
and naturally feeling rather low-spirited ;
for, after working seven or eight years to
get together a decent bit of stock, it seera-
ed rather nard tor tbe climate to turn dead
against me, and to snake me a ruined man."
1 should think ' istraha's a nice place,
Varv. if a man has his wits ahont him"
said the eettler coollv : and. what's more.
it's a verv hosnitable nlacc; I fonn1
then, for Pd fall into a ormd nnnptAK
my host beine from mv own count v. and
having had many a good galop with the
ime pack of hounds. So we talked over
old tim and flaliod .nri thnt . i;i
ana i Helped nun take stock : and we com'
pared notes about management, he being
SDie to give me plenty ol good hints, and
perhaps giving mm two or three respecta
hie lit fin
The day before I left him we went out
for a kangaroo-hunt for over night one of
his men bad come in to report tracks that
he had 6een near a .water-hole some few
miles away. - -
"Perhaps my mend here will think
that I am throwing 'the hatchet when I
say that this was all on mv host's Diece :
for sheep-farmers tbey think more of
miles than they do of acres of land, and I
bare known gentlemen out there whose
holdings were such that you might ride
twenty miles without getting to the last
3 T - - g - -
Tbe country about there was so woody
and rocky that my ho-.t said he had better
BO UIQ, dkmg With US a
. . . r.
,nT,cl-wr ?el.a. tDe.two n
leasa alcer..Vne Iasmon w P?T hounds tor
coursing, till wc came to the spot what
they call out there a creek a long water
hole that depended on the wet season to
supply it af.es h after the long dry Aus
" It was a glorious morning in a glorious
country. The sky was delightfully blue'
while the atmosphere was so clear and
transparent that you could see the very
k? distinctly upon the trees, atan as-
tonishmg distance. Ab, gentlemen! if
- ? btJU,iful country " th,s oril
rtt'f J". , fl . . . iV
''Where droughs and floods destroy the
wno,e ' m"8 "eerea the thin
f"? " he.whispered the words mto the
tumbler he rai8ed to lus hps.
K -nd where industrious haid-working
may ilS EW ot of the soft earth by
creeks," a-id the settler, who had
managed to hear every word.
" Good good good !". chorussed the
eoaipany, so that any one but the thin
oali have been crushed by the
weight of that gold ; but he only laughed,
snorted, and took refuge m clouds of tobac-
.1 r t i t , , ...
-.remaps l m oonnc you with mv
stones, genriemen," saia the settler, part-
-oy no no, no go on, 6ir," came
m "u P"3 m lDe room, ana he con-
WelL gentlemen, we soon cot into the
hunting country, and were not long before
put up a Kancaroo, when l telt almost
ashamed to hunt it, for the poor beast sat
on us nina-legs and tail for a few mo
ments, turning upon us its simple doelike
as much as to say How can you be
brutes V but it turned directly, gave
bound that startled me, and was off,
y'nS over rock and bush in a most sur-
Posing manner. Then the dogs were
dipped, end away we were scrambling
amongst bushes and rocks, tripped up now
then, but making a rush over every
of open ground, to try and keep the
,n slSul; " iony nost and self,
were separated directly.
1 WM not mlicl1 used to this sort of
hnS but I soon warmed up to the chase.
D0W getting a peep at the dogs, and
led by the shontinsr and barking
managed to get up in pretty good time
-where the black fellow was dancin?
A t -IT 1 . ...
wiiu uengni, ana mo convict was
coupling up the dogs, as they lav Dan tin?
lolling out their great red tongues, be-
tnc Kangaroo tney naa Killed.
Long as 1 had been in the country it
never fallen to my lot before to be at
death of a kangaroo ; and once more I
not help pitying the soft, mousey-
skmnea animal, it looked so innocent.
and simple. But there! it does not
for mel1 .WB0 Lnnt to 00 to stntimen-
n1 besides, they may make a mistake
the cuaracter of their quarry ; for, Fve
8een the animal yet that was not,
driven to bay, a perfect Bavage,
itncr from fear or natural courage,
Where's the e-overnor. sir 1 said ih
as I came ud. .
I have not 6en him, since I tripped
a creener that came dwn crash
bruised myself awfully. He did not ston
I went down. I thought that he
be on here.
'.Help! help!' came a faint cry from
exclaimed the black
grinning as if it was the most bu-
morous thing that be had ever heard,
es, that's him,' said the convict,
changing color. "He's among the blacks,
we've no guns.'
In a moment there floated before' me
of savages in their war paint, their
bodies 6trcaked with white, to re-
skeletons, while boomerangs and
seemed to come whistling through
air. But it was all imagination; lor
was po sound to be heard, but once
mjre the cry for helpf when, the" iogs
leepid up and bowled. ' . . . '
"'No black feller 'bout here,' said the
gentleman in pur Company ; when, follow
ing his example, we set off t a run in the
direction of the cries, the black far out
stripping us, though we kept him well in
view till he disappeared behind some
rocks ; but only to turn back directly aqd
to come running towards us, shouting,
' Ole man got him ole man got him l' .
'"We pressed on, panting heavily, and
in a few moments were in full view of the
strangest sight I ever saw in my life one
which seemed to quite paralyse the man
with the dogs, for hestopped short hold
ing tightly by the leash, in spite of the
angry struggles of tbe animals and his
master's anguished cries for help. There,
some Buy yards m frent was a
struggln Qlux-0n apparently a Vain title
on the part of my host, who was tightly
clasped round the waist by a tremendous
great kanearoosnch as we settlers call an
w,Kizht!' growled the sea captain.
while the thin man's eyes twinkled mali
uIt was in a- bushy part, and from the
branch he held in his hand it was evident
that my friend had been clinging with all
his might to some tree or other, so as to
hinder his enemv.or else I'm afraid we
.v..U . I I.-
duvuiu uitx luiuv iw laic i
Dropping the branch, he now
kicking ind tr,,lin, with th M nl
. ro e, tj
despair, striking fiercely at the beast
with his fists, and doing all that he could
to get away ; but there is no doubt that
if we bad not come np, the next minute
would have been bis last ; for, in spite of bis
struggles, the 4 old man ' kept on slowly,
hop bop hop, nearer arid nearer td a
great water-hole; and though a strong
and hearty man, my friend seemed like a
child in his enemy's grasp.
" ' Loose the dogs ! ' 1 shouted to the
convict servant but utterly confused, be
only held on rightly, letting the faithful
beasb! drag him along with them till, with
one cut of his knife that he had held ready
to skin the dead kangaroo, the black sev
ered the leaden throng, and coupled as
they were, the dogs dashed down upon the
" Then came a fierce hurrvine rush and
a scramble a frightful howl and one dog
turned over on its back, disabled by a
kick, and then half-strangled by being
dragged about by its companion, who had
made good his hold upon the- kangaroo's
throat. Tbe dog shook fiercely till", in its
. n-rtMT f lift hoc 1vrcw! W.
friend, whr. foil ,l-r, ,ct,i iZ, i
the edce of the water-hole, as the does
and thpir rnomr uA fmm th.K.i-
the deep water, which directly after was
lashed into a mnddv Cm hi n fiJ
struggle going on.
"It would have gone hard with the
poor dog if just then tbe leash had not
given way, leaving him free from the
weight ol his fellow's carcase hung to his
neck ; and now. in spite of the tierce tear
ing' and kicking Of the old man,' he held
on tightly to the place in his throat where
he.bad first fixed his steel-straD iaws. Bv
degrees they struggled into shallower
water, and so exciting was the battle that
mv friend forsot hia Iar rril r
Dantimr. to see the end.
a Suddenlv. with one of fci iNnn
leaps, the kangaroo bounded rieht out
cleaning the bank, and alighting amongst
some low scrub at the lower end. But I
tbe dog still held on : and. dodrimr about
till he could get a chance, the black brought
uown nis cmo with tremendous effect upon
the old man's' head, when the poor brute
quivered slightly and rolled over, dead; a
huge fellow, who had stood up over six
" That was a narrow escape,' T said, as
helped my friend to bis legs, while the
convict drew out of the water the carcase
tbe other dog.
-Yes, he said; let's get back. Tre
had enough of it for one day. I feel quite
sick and ill. If I had had a knife. I could
have got on ; but, unarmed, I was as help-
less as a child.'
" I had heard of such adventures before,
but had never seen anything of the kind
1 said, ' What do you think the brute
have done P m
" ' Done !' echoed my friend. Drowned
me as dead as that poor dog there. Poor
brute ! one of the best kangaroo dm I
ever had. An nld trar LiZA '
kicking the dead body of the kangaroo
viciously, which was, after all, hardly to
wondered at 'He came upon me all
a sudden bop hop bop and before
naa recovered irom my surprise, he had
me tightly round the waist, aud then
began to hop a-av. I hardly know how I
felt at first; but when tbe thought struck
that he was making for the water-bole.
. T , P . .
iue iwnng was awiui, ana my struggles
hinder him a tiir.'
" A good thing too,' I replied. Then!
only came np just in time P
"Only just,' said my friend: and he
looaea whiter than ever."
Now, do you expect us to btrfieve all
that ?" broke in the thin man, as he again
winked at the company in eeneral. But
settlw was busy relighting his cigar,
which had gene out during the narration,
he made no reply.
" I say, sin" said the thin man aerain.
"do you expect us to believe tbat vour
kangaroo would have hopped into the
water-hole, and drowned the squatter ?'.
" The gentlemen present can do as thev
please, sir," said the settler with dignity ;
and I have no doubt but that you will
the same. I leave it entire'v to mv'
listeners- gooa sense, lor the story true."
A Sunset Isctdext at Buffaw). The
Buffalo Express says : " The sunset of 2-
Saturday evening, as witnessed from
Central Wharf, exhibited a most sinirn- -the
phenomenon. As viewed from tlmt
point the great luminary appears to sink on?
the waters of the lake, and presents
beautiful sight on all ordinary occa-
sions, but at tbe time referred to, just at
moment when the sun appeared to whw
floating, as it were,' a ball of fire on
surlace of the" lake, it suddenly ts-r
mimoi a ir f u l.even
and the sides had run down, the the
whole form evidently magnified to twice ff"
usual size. Directly in the centre of
usuai size, inrectiy in me centre oi
body of fire was plainly visible the ,
of a ship, as if sailing in and a port
the sun. Many of the business men
CentrJ Wharf, who have for years
witnessed many curious features and
beautiful scenes in the western sky, never
peiore saw tae like oi this,"
Fout It. As laborers were at work
cutting a new road tnrough a nm, in a
hollow known as Hang Hollow, near
Council-Bluffs, they excavated a sack
containing 512, 000 gold and silver money.
niaaen tnere eignteen years ago by one
wlirt TT,r.1oi1 a AriTrimrla a .Pflli.
ornian, in that city. Muir was hung by
mob of Californians, and siid he had
niaaen tne money nnaer a stump in tins
nouow, pur reiusea to teu wnere. Jiany ana
persons have bunted for this secreted each
in vain. The laborers shared ent
The Bavarian Trumpeter.
Learn something, Mang Anton, learn
something ; who knows, how useful it
may be to you?" Thus said the parish
notary one day, many years ago, to a fine
young lad. :.
Mang Anton considered for a wnile.
and then said, " I don't like to say what
1 want to learn."
"Out with it!"
" Well, I want to learn the trumpet I"
The notary smiled, for be expected
something quite different r however
man's will, is his kingdom, and Maug
ACtdn received a trumpet or many a
year did he trumpet owav, well or ilL to
the praise of God and the delight of
men, at shooting-matches, marriages,
family feasts, bad other creat occasions',
his twentv-first vear.
As a conscript Mang Anton was fortu
nate, and arew one of the highest nam
ters in his district In 1SG0 he was
ordered to Munich, but every one com
forted him by telling bun that on ac
coupt of hia high number, he would soon
be free. He went away joyfullv, for he
had never seen the residence of the sov
ereign, and the trumpet would surely be
blown well there. . A handsome power-
ne waaon n:a e a cmrassiPr in
spite ot nis nigu number. Je passed
, . . . . - , .
a.1 iympnenourg. une evening ne took
ful as at home in Schwangau ! Ferrieres
bengs to M. Rothschild. At the very
name,X involuntarily grasped my
the instrument of one of the signal
trdnipeters, and blew & Blow cad strain
his heart was far away in his home, np
among the beaunrul mountains among
his dear ones there away among the
dreams of his youth. One of the officers
heard the strange sound, inquired about
mm, and Mang Anton was made trum
peter. About that time he wrote to me, " Oh,
how often I think of the words, ' Mang
Anton, learn something ; who knows
how useful it mav be to von ?"
Ld t8C6 he was still tHere; and in 1870,
after the reduction of his regiment was
made its mounted trumpeter, and ac
companied it into Francs. An extract
from one of his letters will show Jiow
things prospered with him there: -,I
have, as you know, learned not only how
to blow the trumpet bat to ride, and
was appointed trumpeter to the staff of
the uenerals on the march. My Ueneral
is kind to me, and lately I, a mere trum
peter, was allowed to take a ride on. a
General 3 horse, iri tlie park at Ferrieres.
How beautiful it is !. Almost as beauti-
81611 i,pnrse; ye.H WaS Fr0nd , d
myself tiefe, fqr it is not every one who
is allowed to ride in Ferrieres. t beard
the tramping of horses, but did not
trouble myself about them and rode on.
Suddenly, on coming to a turn, I saw a
brilliant suit of officers of high rank be
fore me; I rode to the sidei halted; and
said to myself, ' Attention !' for at the
nead "l! nlers came the Aid lung
P" 1 e lked at me, stopped, and
tnrnmS to the right pulled np his horse
"id the rest stopped also. The officer
n his right rods forward, and placed
mS riRnt opposite the King. 'Your
Majesty,' said he, this is the Bavarian
mounted trumpeter, Manguas Hoss, of
tfl giment (he gave my name
uuuui uyui5 umi mtj
5 .kinf PTe 'ni the cross of merit
and he received the iron cross at Worth-
Froschweiler j this is the trumpeter who,
under a deadly fire, continued to sound
the advance in the attack on MocMahon's
"""P-' 1,16 KinS reached out his hand
to me me, a poor trumpeter and all
his suite came forward : all but two of
them bore the iron cross, and they shook
hands with me. Tears rolled over my
bVown cheeks and moustache, I could
not speak a word. I stood alone before
the noble riders. He who presented me
to the King was none other than the
Crown Prince of Prussia. Hoss, said
he, when we came np yon threw away a
Jented CIKar lnt the garden ; you may
be 6,ad ,4 18 m time of war otler
so no man woaltl tlare to throw bnrn
wiuld cigar-ends into the garden of Both-
8chad ' then, smiling, he handed me bis
case 8aJln& 7oa bke the con-
tents' pointing to Paris, added,
e shall meet there 1' I rode slowly away.
P"1. the, tears from mv eyes, and it
7U" CV .uuu uul "v trumpes wnu me,
,for m th,e J0 of my heart J. won,d have
oiown tne aavance on Jt aris tnere ana
then. Such of the contents of the case
were for smoking I have smoked ;
they were my first and piobably my last
royal cigars. The thaler notes which it
also contained I will notnse, I send them
yon for the relief of my poor wounded
comrades. The case I will keen as a
remembrance of the proudest day of my
uie uuure yon wnicn, in
Tte ?.f m youth, I think very likely
be the case then yon shall keep it
the kind interest you have always
taken in me. In that case you will com
fort my dear old father and my sisters."
This foreboding was, alas 1 too soon
fulfilled ; spared in five battles, he died
few days after this of typhus fever, in
CorbeiL There lies Magnus Hoss pos
sessor ef the iron-cross, of the Bavarian
military order of merit and of the medals
A Salt Mountain. The famous salt
mountain of Palestine; -called by the
natives Jebd Usdttm is a singular for
mation, being a solid mass of rock salt,
a greenish white transparency, very
lne c 10. 01 ,a fim,llow sea covered
ae W H1 " loose c,mst of E"1'
f?int5' P,aster of Pans an chalky marl.
mountain runs northeast and eouth-
west '," is J1,000,1 Bey mlles long and
"da haUmiles wide. In its highest
Points it is nearly tive hundred feet high,
AronH?.teb,!e. of 010 manbiin the
P?? a au,0' dangerous hollows, into
f11. often, and sornetimea
n?en' faU nk ont ' 8sht Little
. lD uuuujr iriciumg,
in the dry season, from underneath
Mauntain running into tbe
A correspondent writing from
there .8ays..h? .ne.y.er anything so
. j au i.io iiao , ojiib lux-u, ill me
not eo salty. This same corres
Iro mentions the stranerc fact
the Bible, nor Josephns, nor any
IamP. w no!
ancient writer, directly mentions the
Mountain. Although only sixty
miles from Jerusalem, the best described
in the world, the first really good
description we have of the Salt Moun
tain, so far on his party could sav, is
H. B. Tristam's, written in iSrji,
he only spent one day here. - Only a
wavs east abeut tei miles are
fields of sugar cane, indigo, wheat
wu na fw k: .
At a recent wedding the bridesmaids'
dresses were ot tulle, elaborately puffed
nouncea, and trimmed with lace,
one being ornamented with differ
treasnre colored flowers and looped in the
pewest and most perplexing manner,
The Famine in Persia.
The folio win sr account of the famine
in Persia is taken from a statement made
at -a public meet in recently held in
Iiondon to raise money for the relief of
tne snncrers :
; " The lamentable famine now rasrih'2
in Persia, aud threatening to carry off
nunpreas oi thousands ol the scanty pop
ulation of that extensive kingdon, has
been caused by the unparalleled drought
which lias previHlrtd throughout the
country during the last fhrVe y'eari .
' In en area far exceeding that of
Great Britain and France together, no
iiVer. of afly importance exists, and the
quantitji ef rain in the spflfig and sum
mer u insignificant In ordinary years,
however, . tiie fall of snow . between
November and Marches' considerable.
It thickly covers the hnse mountain
ranges which intersect Persia, and as it
melts in the spring and summer it fills
the watercourses aud small canals from
which the peasants irrigate their crops.
The soil in the valleys is naturally fer
tile, and a little labor insures a large
banes t if only the winter snowfall has
been abundant This, nnhappUy, has
tor tne last two or three years been sin
gularly wanting ; the Rprings, water
courses, and rivulets have been complete
ly dried up, the corn" sown over and over
again has been wasted, the supplies in
the country have been exhausted, and
famine, with disease in its train, is now
rapidly doing its deadly work.
" The population Of Persia has recent
ly been estimated at about four millions,
a large proportion of whom are Eclyauts,
wanrtermg tubes who correspond to the
Bedaween of Arabia and Mesopotamia.
Thfse Eclyauts principally inhabit the
southern ana eastern parts of the. empire,
where the drought has been most severe.
Their means of subsistence depend
mainly on their flocks and herds, which
have, now in some places altogether per
ished) owing to the total want of grass on
the mountain slo'pVs and in the vajleysi
The most pitiful destitution and the
most appalling mortality are the results.
The towns have scarcely suffered less.
At Bnshire, where relief "is most easily
afforded, afld There nraoh has been done
under the auspices of the British Resi
dent deaths by starvation are of daily
occurrence. It is reported that the pop
ulation of Kazeroon, lately estimated at
ton thousand, has fallen during these
days of visitation to one-fifth that num
ber ; that in round numbers' some four
thousand have died of famine since this
time last year, and a like number have
fled the place. A similar condition of
affairs exists at Shiraz, Koomesheh, and
more or less all over the large provinces
of Kirmaii and KhoraswUj while even in
the less afHicted northern districts the
most lamentable distress prevails. It is
reported that in the city of Ispahan alone
no less than twelve thousand people have
died of want. and. more than double that
number in the province. ICd material
improvement can -be looked for until
The City of Jounpur Destroyed.
"We rert to record) spys an India pa
per, a sudden and great disaster at Joun
pur, a fine native city of the second class.
It contained nearly 9,000 houses and
more than 2o,000 inhabi tants. The Riv
er Gumti rose suddenly on the night of
Friday, the 15th , of September, flooding
most of the. moullns south of the river,
and on6 dr two cm the north of it It
continued to rise all Saturday ; before
noon the Rohnta Mohulla, Goolar Ghat
Jehengerabad, Wellondgunj, and Joyea
pur presented the appearance of canals ;
before evening the foundations of the
houses began to give way, and then, one
by one, they cartm clashing dewni dis
solved by an element as devouring as
fire. All Sunday the waters began to
rise, and covered the roadway of the far
famed Mohamedan - bridge ; the fine
pucka seria was no'w flooded, and
crowds who bod taken refuge there were
driven to seek another resting place. All
Monday and Tuesday the waters erew
mightily and prevailed : the river by this
time flowed freely over the parapets of
the bridge, of which only the shops or
kiosks were then visible, and the flood
was still rising when the last tidings
reached us. The whole of the city south
of the river has been totally destroyed ;
and as some people ara skeptical -when
thoy hear of native losses, we may add
that the post-office, mission school, and
the solidly-built dispensary haveaH like
wise perished. On the north side of the
city many mohnllos have been swept
away, aud in the chief bazaars the larg
est bouses, undermined by the rushing
waters, were tumbling in, one after anoth-
with a crash bke that of thunder. On
a moderate computation, between 2,000
and 3,000 houses have been destroyed ;
many others must undergo demolition.
Ten thousand persons have been depriv
ed of house and home, and it will require
all the energy of district officers and
the greatest liberality on the part of the
government to prevent this calamity to
be followed by the ills incidental to want
and exposure. This disaster, accompan
ied as it is by a deficient harvest and a
second total failure of the indigo crop,
will, we fear, inflict a blow from which
the city and district will never wholly
recover. It is believed that no lives have
been lost. The people with good sense
and forethought begun removing their
families as soon as the danger became
imminent. Perfect order prevailed.
The magisterial officers and district su
perintendent of police spent most of their
time in the city, and the exertions of the
last-named officer are said to deserve high
praise. Though the waters were still
rising when the mail left "e trust that
the civil station is not in danger.
The Newspapeb a Necessity. The
Cincinnati Commercial, describing a re
cent visit to L-Tncngo, dwells upon the
wonderful display of newspaper vitality
one of the notable signs of the time.
Political and personal antagonisms have
been sunk in efforts for the .common
good ; rival sheets are printed amicably
the same office and cn the same press;
the old spitefulness and abuse have been
put aside ; the business men are pouring
their advertisements by the hundred,
and the improvised accommodations are
inadequate to supply the demand. In
short, the Chicago dailies are revived
with the best promise,- and their profits
are so large that a great part of their
heavy losses will- be mude up in a year
two. The newspaper has become a
necessity In every civilized community,
and neither fire nor tempest can repress
the energy which it represents.
CoxsoLiDATios.--The workingmen of
Berlin ase earnest in their preparations
carrying ont their recently announced
programme of intimate union of all the
workingmen's associations in a general
society for co-operative eetion in regard
pay, hours of work, and other ques
tions of common interest
A Singular Wife Murder.
A brrrtal wife murder was perpetrated
at ATo. 22i South rmt err eet Philadel
phia, as w learn from a papcf 4 that
city. The murderer is named William
H. Oskias, and he has been employed
for a lontr time past as foreman of the
carpenter! efrg.id In the construction
of the poverment atb'.;ii8', stores on
Second street, below Chesnut Th
victim was Mrs. Mary A. Oskins. ' The
two lived for a number of years at No.
411 .South street, where Mrs. 0k ins kppt
a milHpeiT establishment The husband
and wife appeared to get along very nu-.
happily together, in .-cCiisetpienee of his
dissipating and drinking a great asuu
On several previous occasions his wife
has left hint A day or two, ago she said
she would leave him of gowl, snd went
to the house of Mr. t rank Keglster,
where the murder was committed. Dur
isff the time she was there the murderer
called tipbn her several times and tried to
induce her to return and live with him.
Yesterday morning he made another
visit and his wife told him in conse
quence oi his bad habits she was afraid
of him, and would not live with him,
and that she1 intended to take measures
for divorce. He expressed hia willing
ness to this, and said he would come
aerain to-day and talk the matter over.
Jfce then left and Mr. Register cautioned
him against making any trouble, as it
would be useless, Siid advised bim to
meet the matter quietly. answered
that he would. "About 3:45 o'clock yea
trday afternoon he called again, when
Mr. Resistor' wae out of his office. The
clerk, Mr. John S SUWj was in the front
office. Mrs. Register and deceased had
just come in, having been out to consult
a lawyer with regard to procuring a di
vorce; Oskins walked in, apparently
rather eictid,- but with a steady step.
He appeared to be sorriewnat under tbe
imfluence of liquor. He walked rip to
his wife, who was sitting on a chair, and
said to her, " Are yon going to make this
yonr resHlence 7 Wue endeavored to
make somd reply to the effect that she
did not know but what she" tmld have
to. He mumbled something, which
could not be heard. He then deliberate
ly "took, off his bat and placed it on the
manfle, ptflkd .a nix-barrelled revolver
from his pants pocket ifid fired several
shots, two of which took efFefc't, he in
the head near the left temple, and tne1
other near the heart After he fired the
first shot she tried to escape and get be
hind i bdokeas, but be forced her right
into a corner of the rtfoni and there fired
the fatal shot Mrs. Register, who was
in the room, endeavored to get the child
out of the room and render assistance to
the poor woman. Before she could do
this, hotfevels the shooting was all over.
The firing attracted the attention of the
neighbors, and Colonel R. A. Wirislow,
who Uvea on the corner of Fjfth and
Powell streets, wds called in. When he
arrived, he arrested Oskins and took him
to the Ceritfal Police Station, where the
pistol was found on bim. He was ar-raff?!rbete-MeTmair
committed him to await the result of the
Coroner's inquest Oskins is about 46
years of age and his wife 45. She, for
ber tfgej was a very fine looking woman.
They have tw8 children one a young
man nearly 20 years ot age, And tbe other
boy of 10 or 1L
The Chicago Times gives the follow
ing : Some doiien years ago, in a quiet
village id the State of Illidois, there
bved a vonnc married Conrle named
Warrington. On the occasion of the
birth of their first child, a girl, a woman
named Coulter was engaged as domestic
In about three weeks after her confiae-
nlent Mrs, Warrington died while her
husband was absent at work, and upon
his return, ha found himself not only a
widower, but childless, as the nurse had
absconded, taking the child with her.
no traces of her retreat could be
A Uw weeks since Mr. Warrington
arrived at a small town in this Vicinity,
and, while strolling through the princi'
ral street met a bright girl of about a
dozen years, in whom he recognized the
exact picture of bis dead wife ; but he
had long since given Up the idea of ever
seeing Lis child. But after making
few inquiries he became satisfied that
his daughter was living, with, as she
thought her mother, in au adjoining city.
The woman had been since married, and
was now a widow. He discovered the
woman, and was recognized in tarn.
The widow exhibited no desire whatever
retain the custody of the girl, and
asked to be allowed a few hours to pre
pare her lor her departure. Mr. V ar-
rington called on the following morning,
and was informed that Miss Coulter was
not at home ; that she had gone ont the
evening before, and had not returned.
Mr. Warrington is again on the bunt
her, and will spare no pains to re
cover the K58ession of his child.
The Watch. " Watch " is from
Saxon word signifying "towaXe." At
first the watch was as large as a saucer
had weights, and was called the pocket-clock.
The earliest known use of the
modern name occurs in a record of 1542,
which mentions that Edward VL had
one larum or watch of iron, the case
being likewise of iron-gilt with two
plummets of lead." The first great "im
provement the substitution of the spring
weights, was about 155b. The earn
were not coiled, bnt only straight
pieces ol steel. rJarly watches had only
hand, and required winding twice a
day. The dials were silver or brass
cases had no crystals, but opened
back and front, and were four or five
inches in diameter. A plain watch cost
equivalent of $1,500 in our currency,
after one was ordered it took a year
Chicago Sufferers. About "Chi
cago refugees" the Journal says : " Let
other communities shelter and provide
those helpless and destitute women,
children and infirm men who may have
thrown themselves upon their charitiei,
when an able-bodied mala, 'refugee'
claims to be from Chicago, comes
whining round, let bim be sent off m
stimttr, and tell him to go to work, either
Chicago, where labor is much needed
well paid, or somewhere else,"
IjrpucTNO Capital. In order to in
duce capitalists from other States to in
vest it is now proposed that the Common
Council of Portland, Me., shall pass a
resolution exempting from taxation for
period of five or ten years all factories
started within the city limits during
1872. This plan has been tried with
considerable success in quite a number
Western towns. It will no doubt
work satisfactorily in Portland, as in
deed in every town.
No matter how prosperous their busi
ness may be, whalers and lardmakers
always have trying times.
How They Suffered.
It is estimated that the ditflluntion of
the working classes of Paris amount to
one hundred thousand, chiefly killed.
prisoners and fugitives, during and since
the (Jomniune. in loba there were
thirty thousand tailors in Paris, to-day
enry about twenty thousand ; then twen
ty thousand cabinetmakers, now but
fourteen thousand ; while of shoe Takers
and other artisans there is a like de
crease in numbers. The consequence is
that the city is in danger of losing its
supremacy in elegant artisanship, as for
want of workmen many orders cannot be
filled for export ; and of course trade
will seelc other sources of snppry, where
condition's are more favorable. It is
dairy benotni tig more apparent that th
Thiers 'Government made a stnpendons
blunder in its frantic and indiscriminate
arrests after the fall of the Commune.
Not only were great numbers of the
most valuable worker withdrawn from
industrial pursuits which would have
benefited the whole community, but the
Government now has tens of taousands
of prisoners on its hands whom it must
support baa promised to bring to trial,
dares not release, and yet a great pro
portion of whom it will be unable to
convict of any offence. When the Ver
mes troops entered fans, reckless
slaughter of the Communist and all
the inhabitants of that ill-fated city who
were poorly dressed were deemed com
munistswas followed by wholesale ar
rests, the killed and prisoners amount
ing, it Is thought to not less than fifty
thousand. Many of those imprisoned
were the victims of denunciations in
spired by personal malice ; others were
seized in the blind rage of the moment
without any reason whatever. Now
languishing trade, a changed public
opinion, and a continual development
of facts favorable to the prisoners and
injurious to the- Government combine
to render any further postponement of a
general amnesty an invitation for fresh
conspiracies ; and yet liners is power
less to move in the matter, as a law has
made the act of amnesty a privilege of
the Assembly, which is in vacation.
The History of Coal.
Once a year, and at this Mason, it is
conventional for newspapers to eay
something concerning the discovery of
coai in mis country, complying wiw
this custom, it may be noted that bun-
minons coal was mined near Richmond,
Va., as early as in 1700. It was exten
sively used in tbe vicinity in 1775, and
Kichmond lonndry employed it in
making shot and shell during the Revo
lution. It was sent to .Boston, Philadel
phia and New York in 1780. Obadiah
Gore and his brother, blacksmiths from
Connecticut, were the first to make use
of anthracite coal in the Wyoming (Pa.)
Yalley in 1768. Judge Jesse Fell, of
Wilkesbarre, was the first to apply it to
household uses. Philip Ginter, a hunter
in the Mauch Chunk region, discovered
tbmJwhigli cofrMu TV-Mfries .were
opened in 1792, but it was .ten vears
later before the ccal was sent to Phila
delphia. The Schuylkill coal was first
sent to Philadelphia in 1812. This brief
ly sums np the early discoveries of coal
in this country. The man who believes
that coal will ever fall to its former price
of three or four dollars a ton is yet to be
discovered. iV. I. roper.
ASxkouxae Cask. A most singular
occurrence recently occured in Lawrence,
Mass., at grave. The deceased had for
seme time previous to bis death kept a
dog) wbo bad been his censtant compan
ion. and cvpti in death the faithful ani
mal wonld not leave the sitle of the re
mains of his master for scarcely a mo
ment When the family left the house
to go to the cemetery, the dog was shut
tip ) bnt before the procession had reach
ed the cemetery he made his escape and
ran about looking eagerly for his mas
ter. He was very much bewildered, and
was finally taken into the carriage with
his mistress. Arriving at the grave the
poor brute crowded to the side of the
grave and looked wistfully and mournful
at the casket as It was being lowerea
into the grave, and was about to pimp in
himself, when he was caught and held
by a bystander. The scene was very
Newspapeb Men. There is no class of
people who do half so much good, or
work so hard, as newspapermen, ihcy
publish good papers, and they strain
every nerve to do this, but the populace
not consider thts,or the fact that news
papers are a fair index of their own in
telligence and enterprise. Some papers
put np with all sorts of expedients to get
along, when there are scores of influen
tial men who are greatly benefitted by
the papers who do nothing to sustain
then. They might speak a good word
for them, get their friends to subscribe
for them, sustain them with their adver
tising patronage, and thus remunerate
the hard-working newspaper men.
Every citizen ought to be animated by
sufficient pride, if by no other motive, to
sustain good papers, and thus see them
worthy representatives of the people.
ApvERnsrs'G. Advertising is an art,
and is the mother of the art of money
making. Successful advertisers unhesi
tatingly and gratefully dealare that they
owe the beginning of their prosperity
and the foundation of their wealth to
the liberal and judicious use of printer's
ink. It is paradoxical, but not singular,
that printer's ink, by blackening a man's
reputation, actually benefits him. The
ingenuity displayed by some accomplish
ed advertisers makes advertising almost
fine art These shrewd men manage
make the most unwilling read their
Ltpioxatiox. Sheridan's solicitor call
ing ono day found nis wile alone,
and walking about in a state of violent
excitement. He asked what was the
matter. Her only ieply was "that her
husband was a villain." After some
time she added, with some hesitation.
Why I have discovered that all the
love-letters he sent me were the very
same as those he sent to his first wife."
Gone Home. The citadel of Quebec
will be left without single British sol
dier within its walls. The sound of a
familiar tattoo, the marching through
streets of fine regiments of red-coated
soldiers, will soon be. recollected
among the past All the forts, military
stores and armaments will be handed
over to the Dominion Government
What is it ? Seme Western newspa
pers talk about a mysterious, but fearful
enemy, wbich 'is destroying Hooks of
sheep about Manitowoc, Wis. - No marks
violence can be discovered save a small
hole behind the ear,from which the blood
ban sacked. The prevailing idea i
iuai 13 is me wois. vi n vampire.
A Boy's Letter About Chicago.
The Philadelphia Post publishes- ti 9
following letter, written by bright litr t
tie Chicago boy of ten years :. ,r 1 ,, ; )c
CHICAGO, Oct. 9, 1871.
one can uaagiii f
how lurpo the fire is, and I m not go- j
ing to attempt to deecribe it . , As the
fire is raging I. am composing' the fol-4
' ' '
Citr of flr, mpptd in flame, . i
The extent of a fire, which commenced In one
small iame , - . - -
Oh I haw men, women and children wish-it j
would rain : . "
It would keep man j creatures from pain. -:1 : J
Teople who once were vaii ' 'J ,
May never bs Tain m"
Eirht mfles of boildtnsa wrmorwd in liifht. .
So light that it does not seem hke a night . . :
a riTer so rea ! it u inrnea to Dloou J
Mo ; its bed still Mnusts of mad. - '
'What do I hear t Boom ! boom ' " '
The blowing np of manr room.
The fire can be stopped none too soon. -
I will finish taese Tersea in mr next '
letter. I hope all are well Tour afieo-
tionate friend. Whjliam TV. N
Facts and Fancies.
Coming to grief Meeting trouble half ;
way. - -i
Light employment Building castles
in the air.
The grandest verse in existence The '
universe. - s
A woman voted in Detroit and nobody '
objected. - -
Cool proceeding An ice man eloping '
with a nice girL -
It is easier for a man to be engaged 1
than to be engaging. '
It is no uncommon thing for hot words
to produce a eoolness. .-. . f
A Wisconsin Justice of the Peace -granted
himself a divorce.- - - r 3
" Thunderation Samuel " is the name
of a famous Western Indian fighter. -
Sponge paper is now manufactured in
France. The materials used are ordin- "
ary paper pulp and finely divided sponge.
The army bakery in Washington ia '
said to inmish soldiers with four pound
loaves of bread for each pound of flour
An indignant gas consumer says that -.
there's no .use in abusing the gas eom- -panies,
for they've always s vile retort .
ready. .. ..
A' physician has discovered that the
" night-more," in nine cases out of ten,
is produced from owing a bill to the
The largest salary paid to a railroad
official in the United States is $30,000, ;
and President Go wan of the Reading.
Road gets it , "" ''.
The Massachusetts mills have sent an
agent to Hong Song to employ coolies .
for operatives. A cargo of them is ex
pected at Salern rv--p ; ; ,
Smoking is very much on the' decline ;
in England. At the universities not one. ,
man in five now smokes, whereas a few.
years ago at least four in five did. .
Danton said to his executioner: "I ,
have had a good time of it : let me go to .
sleep ; then you will show my head to " ,
the people ; it is worth the trouble.
An epitaph on a tombstone reads : ,
Oh, fatal gun, whr was it him , ;
That yoa most kill so dead ?
Why could 700 not have missed your aim, '
And fired above hia head? . N .
Ovet the door of a cobbler's shop in
Savannah, Ga., appears this legend :
' Boots and shoes is made hear ladies
and shentlemens repaired. Kum in
Can you realise Mrs. Malaprop's be-
wildermentat hearing her grandson read
from an' article in the paper, - about
Rome : " The ground is s parched
that it is full of fishers I"
In England the extent of land covered
with trees has increased forty thousand
acres in the last thirty-five years, and
tree-planting is encouraged among land,
holders by liberal premiums. . .
A fellow feeling : Indignant Old
Lady " Guard do you allow smoking
this compartment ?" Obliging Guard
Haw, weel, if nane 'o the gentlemen
object you can take a bit draw y uur
A man in Ohio, wbo was acquitted ol
nwrder on a plea of insanity, secured
the lawyers by giving them a mortgage
. . . . 1 .1
his larm ; out now repuoiates ui
mortgage on the ground that he was in
sane when he made it ,
A bashful young man was escorting a
bashful young lady, when she said, en
trentingly, " Jabez, don't tell anybody
you beaued, me nonie. von i do
afraid," replied he, "I'm as much
ashamed of it as you are." That set
Ma, why don't you speak ? asked
little Jake. " Whv don't you say suthin'
funny ? " "What can I say ? Don't
you see Tin busy frying dough nuts ?
Say suthin' funny, indeed ! ,r " WaL
yer might say 'Jake, won't yer Lav
eake ? ' That 'ud be funny for you."
The most hopelessly incurable form of
insnnitv. snvs Dr. Clouston of the Asy
lum at Carlisle, England, is that which
consists chiefly of a monomania of sus
picion of poisoning, with hallucinations
hearing. It is only by being taken
time that such a case is ever cured.
It has become known that no legal im
pediment exists to the marriage of Alexis
-. , , . l .1 T
Wlul an American mameD, as un uu
sian Royal family are not limited to roy
blood. This is very encouraging to
our belles, who are thinking how " Mrs.
Alexandrovitch would look on paper.
A young man named Strieker commit
ted suicide at Leavenworth. His father
was kindlv remonstrating against his
dissipation, and remarked that he would
rather follow his son to the grave than
him a drunkard, when the young
man replied : "Here goes, father," and
instantly pit a pistol to hia own head
and discharged it.
A friend reports this of a family to
which, during the past Summer, he paid
delicutlul visit in cnicago, iuu
hnahand was shot and killed in his own
house by a burglar on Saturday night ;
house was burned on Sunday night ;
and now the news comes that the wife
perished, with the corpse, in the con
flagration that annihilated store, dwel
ling-place and ererything."
A lady teacher in a bunday-scnooi
recently had occasion to illustrate a les
son on faith, by the story of a child
who was told by W fc ther to drop from
elevated place into his arms. The
father could not be seen by the child,
yet when commanded, it dropped. Upon
the teacher's asking her class what was
shown by this story, a bright little fel
low immediately replied, " It showed he