Newspaper Page Text
MUl,liltwill Cnairtf Paklta mh
PCSUSBgD BVKRT THURSDAY M9KNIN0
T K K. U I
rr aa Jaar.payabla U ijniei
or til odOii, i;bl la edvaaae .
far Ihrae month, payable In ad'.nra -
Joseph i. iillt,
ii i i in ri r - . , , i i if -i ' --
THE , COimOTE'
W " ,fcL T"- w wa
I . - - J" .
a,,.. . . ., M J?
Ineat 5i.f i ot otajhai aij
r oca yaar. . V - f g
V. B. LEWIS & Co,,
FARM IMPLEMENTS AND SEEDS,
No. 05 LTkin Street,
Ageai for the"BUCKKYE MOWRR"
. B. STASt.
a. t. jus.
EVANS & J0NB3,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OFFICE, n door ictst cf Holer t ton's
. V. woo.
r i. rnno.
WOOD & POND,
AtUrafji n4 Counselor At Law,
II CON XEI.SV ILLS. OHIO.
F, B.rOND, Notary Public.
JAMES L. BERRY,
SUfoviuji at fate,
dlUCS CVKR FKEWSTCR ROBERTS' STORfc,
U COSSKLSriLLH, OHIO.
B. F. PO WER,
ATTOHN.Y AT LAW,
OFFICE nitli J. S. Banna, Center Strrtl.
Dr. W. IS. IIAMBLETOaN
(ootlua.i to effar bl pr.f.u'onul
ocrTlre. to tin publlo In all (he
nrletlc and rtyl.i of DENTISTUI
W PartUulur ttt.nllon (rlron to tht coo.truo-
Ilutt of li.lh ua UUUBKK I'LATKB.
Center Street, ItrConuelsvlllc, Q.
W. R. KELLY.
i-hysicinn and Surgeon,
8 p e i a.1 altrnlion ftW.n to th. (reatmiml of
rr.fomional call, prompt) responded to.
OPFICK Southwest Corner of tliiPubllt Sqnan
W, B. HEDGES, I).,
Physician and Surgeon,
ittp.tru1ly oOnn hi Profrulontl rTU. I th
. cillxauiof M'CoHuelnvill aud Tlclit.
CFF1FB, FRONT ROOM OVER STONE'S STORK
Watra ba en ba f.und at all timoa, iv at ntgtit,
J. EWJNGj M. D.,
IPhysieian and Surgeon
OFFICE, in East Boom of Uauim'i Law luiUIii?.
sVPrareiaional Call, promptly altendtd UH
ptf Fartleular attantion glvrn ta Pieacnca
of tna Lang, and Uhronlo Diaca.aa.
BlLiM.';, at tlia ratlnrnon Hoima, ava
Adauia a Kauler a bioro.
At hi. new aland,
V. PKXCE?8IIAT ilior.
fub I Ino. ' ' '
w. a. aau.
E. BILL fc CO;,
: DBALBRa IK
Dr f nil, fremiti, NiHani,' Timrare, Trouki
liOUSX FURKIBHINQ GOOD,
liro.lt t ar H , M'rtl.Tlll,0.
J) 'TH '
THE ART OF PHOTOGRAPHY.
Wm. C. T RE SIZE
still eontlanaaU) accaannodata tha aablla wi
FKRROTT PK3, ,. t
. , U CMS, Ao.,
wlilrb cannot ba .nrpaaaed anywhara.
mr Ha ba rtrf.ctrd arrnnfcrman'a irharabr
any una ran be aacnnimodatrd wilb tlia Bneat of
oil painting and India Ink Work.
ROOMS, In J. C. Stoac'a Hultdlnir,
If artb Cf atar Rtraat, oaer Boaaa'a Bad.llar Bhnp.
S. S. S A Y. RES,
YRR WOOD h rOND'S LAW OFFICII.
latitat Ida attentlanof all wliaUb iaakfala
Ih.laill giro aatlra aatUfactlan. My m'ntt ia
"jo gi.a aaiiauaiioa or no cliaraa "
CliNTBR ST., Near Steamboat Whtr
MKTC1LF, rrop'r M. I. MBTCALF, Cl'k.
W Tha abava hoitWa la roramoilinn. with trnai
TABLING eonuacted. Sncotal affuria in hn
BAda to aupply Iba wanta of (iiaati.
CKSTER ST., Near Steamloat Wharf
Thlihnnae hat Just been rerumlfhed and fitted
up lo tha brat atyle.anrt trary aflort will ba niada
to accanm idata tha tratelliig pnhliu.
[From the New York Times, Rep]
The Constitution and the Changes
Wrought by the Revolution.
Our corfepoiidt?t, "A Vsleraa o
nerrer," in a letter publisltud in' yes
terday's Times, drer Attention to the
change in tho construction of the Con
stitution which the rebellion has
brought about, lie concedes that the
Constitution of the United States is
not now what it was beliered and bold
to be ten or oron five years aero. "The
Constitution," he says, "must be con
rued to meet the wants of the people;
hence it is practically changed accord
ing to tbe ideas and wunts of the day."
1 his may be perfectly truo. But it
in quirttlent to saying that tbo Con
stitution is a sham that our syalera of
Constitutional Gorernment is a fail
ure, iiid that "tbe wants of tbo peo
ple the "ideas and wants cf the day,"
constitute tho only fundamental law
of tho land. England hns just such a
Constitution as that. The opinion of
Parliament, tho rotes of the House of
Commons, the will and wants of the
people, constitute the "nnwrittsn Con
stitution" by which England is gov.
rued. Our Government is tending to
precisely that result. Our Constitu
tioii in' its theory was intended to be
the supremo law limiting and re
straining the action of the Government
m every department, and putting
checks and restrictions upon thewants,
wishes and will of tbe people wheuovcr
they should transcend its provisions''.
This is the theory of our form of Gov
ernment. This is the only object and
use of a written CJnstitutiom When
it censes to serve that ed whoa it
censes to interpose a barrier to popu
lar passion df" to regnlat and control
the action of Congress, or tbe Execu
tive 0' tbo vVdiduiy, it ceases to per
lorm the practical duty tor which it
Our eorrcspondsnt says these are
not chanjjea in tbo Constitution, but
only in the construction put upon' its
provisions; Either this is a distinc
tion without a difference, or else tbe
Constitution is too vagVo and unraean-
ng in its terras to "have any practical
meuning whateYerr The Constitution
says,- for example, that "tbe writ of
habeas" corMiaha!!1 not be1 suspended
except when, in ease of invasion or re
bellion, the publie safety may require
it." Congress has just authorized the
suspension of that Writ in totf Sluts.
'There is no invasion there is no re
bellion and tho public safety does not
require it ; yet the-' writ is suspended
all tbe same. Is this a mere difference
of constriction? There is no room for
any.such difference. The language i
just as clear and explicit as it is possi
bio for language to be. There is not a
shadow of doabt as to its aaeaning
There is only one "construction" of i
possible the suspension of that writ is
absolutely . prohibited except ia vno
specified ease that case has not occur
red, and yet.the writ is suspended.
What this means is just this the Con
stitution ad hoc has been repealed
abolished, annulled, by act of Con
Precisely the same thing is truo of
other portions of tbe fundamental law,
It declares that "o State shall bo vie
rived of ite equal representation in tho
Senate, without ite own consent." Bat
ten States afl thus deprived of all rep
resentation, ia cither House of Con
gress, not only without their consent,
but against their earnest find indig
nant protest. Is this a difference of
"construction?" Nobody pretends
anything of the kind. Congress claims
that the Constitution never content
plated such a state of things as now
existsand that therefore this prohibi
tion has no effect. But this is sheer
nonsense. Tho Constitation provides
for every case that can arise, aad for
every state of things that can exist.
Its language is general, and its bind
ing force is absolute and universal.
The plea cited means simply that Con
gress may dispense, with the Constitu
tion whenever it ploases, provided the
people will sustain it tn so deing. I
other words, tho Constitution is tbe
supreme law of the land, except when
the will of tbe people sustains Congress
in overriding and overruling it. Then
it becomes simply so much waste pa
"Everything. dono by Congress to
suppress the rebellion," says our cor
respondent, "is found in the Constitu
tion, aad more would have been found if
necessary. ' Unquestionably f But this
is only a roundabout way of saying
tliat fi! trtff of Congress became tbe su
prerne law of tho land, and the pro'vis
Ions and prohibitions of the Constitu
tion vanished in its presence. Con
gress did whatever it deemed necessa
ry to bo done and it continues to do
so down to the present hour. The He
construction bill of the last session was
in nearly evry one of its provisions, a
clear and flagrant violation of the Con
stitution as intended by its framers,'as
interpreted by tho Supreme Court, ns
maintained by every department of the
Government hitherto, and as express
ed in its clear and explicit language.
Yet that bill is tho law of the land
and as such will be enforced because
it embodies the will of the nation
which has become a ''higher law" than
tbe Constitution, and as such will con
trol, not only its construction, but its
application to tbe practical govern
ment of tbe country.
"We may just as well look this' mat.
ter in tbe ib.ee. It is quite" useless to
ignore the plain and palpable fact that
the rebellion and the war have revolu
tionized our Government. .We are not
living now under the Constitution of
ltb'9 but under an unwritten Coosti
tation which represents the national
will as embodied in the action of Con
gress. The limitations of the old Con
stitution have ceased to bare' binding
force Cjr.gi'ce'u exeroises power nev
er conlerrod upon it, and denies to
States rights expressly reserved to
lb em by the Constitution. And it
does so with perfert'impunit, because
there is no authority to overrule or
reverse its aotion. The ' President is
powerless, because two-thifSf of Con
gress is against hiaa. ' Tho Supreme
Court is powerless,' bscuase the case
crMhol come up for its action, and ev
en if it should the Court has no means
of enforcing its decrees. The Jpeo'p'le
are without remedy, beeause tea States
are'not allowed jfaf voice in the mat
ter, ' and tbo remainder sustain the
usurped authority; ' We are living un
der a de facto Government a Govern
ment resting on force, and on the will
of the people who wield it: butari'ae
furtc Government nevertheless.
President Johnson attempted at the
outset of his administration to carry
On the Government under the Consti
tution' of the United States as it exist
ed before the war respecting all its
limitations and restrictions of power
conceding to - States all the; rights it
guaranteed, and carrying on the Gov-
ernmett withia 1he chaaael and upon
gfoovtr which it
attemptfrtd;v failure. Jh .rti.u;
control, "wte 10 strong to be resisted
The war hfyl wrought a eorrespouC
rpi.s-jt against ialVlUODjt
the scTseijUaien alt?yicA&v
anteesffor nealibertios, Jre pi
and mere tiftmnnent Sectional
.u8 Tviunvnw vne prcucai aainm-
istration of the" Government. Congreeite-ofcanadit-wipWnijt
represents thUVevolulioa to day and
-vv. uuui i loapirnuoii aau to toe
exercise of power which it confers.
This is the actual state of pubfW af
fairs. J is perhaps wiser to adjust
our pull'io action to it than to waste
strength and time in contending
against it. There certainly is but one
tribunal remaining to which an ap
peal can be taken. The people may
possibly reverse their own action aad
decide to stand by the Constitution,
rather than tho revolution by which it
has been fer the time supplanted. We
shall know whether they will or not
after the Presidential eloctien of '68.
Until then.'at all events, we must live
under th de facto Government which
now hoTds possession of supreme pow
[From the Hamilton (C. W.) Times.]
[From the Hamilton (C. W.) Times.] Spontaneous Generation--Startling
Illustrations of the Darwinian
Theory of Animals Life.
The theory of TrofosBor Darwin,
that all animal life has ts origin' in
the prirnarv cell, and.fjthal its variety
only presents the different stages of
development, from the lowest orders to
the most perfect creation man has
been apparently sustained by a start
ling example in this city, which will
be likely to engage n high degree of
attention by the scientific world. Du
ring last fall, Mr. Charles Sletzer, a
German citizen, residing on Bay street,
put up a large'qnantily of his favorite
diet, known as sauer krout, in the pre
paration of which he tested tbe effica
cy of a receipt suggested by a Viend.
Tho experiment proved a failure, as
tho introdutcion of some deseription of
alkali had tbe effect of reducing the
cabbage into a mash, and causing a
strcag fomentation, rendering the
commodity entirely unfit for use ns an
Article of diet.. Tbe mixturo was left
standing in the cellar undisturbed un
til Thursduy last, when a curious cir
cumstance led to an examination of
tho tubs in which it was deposited,
resulting in a most wonderful discov
On the day mentioned, a cat emerg
ed from the cellar into Mr. Motzors
kitchen, Laving in custody a large rep-
tile of the lixard species, which wrig
gled violently and eeemed extremely
tenacious of lift. Mr. llotzer at once
proceeded to the cellar and found some
dozen or more of the same description
of reptiles, which were exceedingly
lively and sought to secrete themselves
under boards, etc., on tbo approach of
While prospecting about for the
source of thest strange ereaturcs, the
tuba in which the saner kront had been
deposited were examined, and pre
sented a sight truly startling. The
substsnce had been transformed into a
mass of life aad animation, and tho
curious reptiles were observed in ev
cry stage of development. The small
est specimens were about two inches
n length, and seemed to be acquiring
tbe least degree of animation. Of
these, the bodies were quite transpar
ent, with a slight yellowish tinge, and
about tbe consistency of jelly. Speci
mens in a more advanced stage assum
ed a pink buo,rith bodies rriore opaque,
Tbo fully developed reptiles measured
from six to eight, and even" ten inches
n lenrtb. their bodies beta? bard and
fleshy, of a brilliant crimson color.
Tbe baek deepens into a black line
from the head to the tip of the tail,
while the body is of a delicate" pink,
merging into white. The form of tho.
animal Is said to be very similar to the
tbamelion, having four legs, with in
dications of claws, and its movement
is ver liVely'. ., The eyes' are sharp
and serpent-like, and surrouaded with
yellowish ring merging into black.
Several specimens have been secured
by a medical gentleman, and preserved
spirits. A miorosoopio examina
tion shows a fine coating of scales, and
serried formation of tbe back and tail.
Mr. Motser still allows the tub to re
.jnoiUTr very interes.trm.jies, l the
p.atB JW remarkable caso
x i i c yzur-Mrm.
progress of the curious freak o(a
it being evident' thayhnjjta stock
vi wniuij u"aijiouiijeTii7ijarS)e la
lejsded to support hie table throa-ch
Uk winter, will ultiraatcl3Uke ttflt-
'$ow,n, aecoUiit, irejRction the
ngoof raptaliaujni f nted1 by
-aej hires, ir noinvuutMawral travnl air n
prescnla-avjrnTOiwarniBg to the-con
sumers ofavivorroti, to take gjeateare
mat us preparation is not congenial to
the generation of animal life, else a
malady more fearful than the tncnina
spiralis may yet be engendered.
bed, andos wpDirfh-
McDougall, of California.
Mack," of the Cincinnatti Commer
cial, has a sketch of the Senators who
retired from the chamber,' by permis
sion of tbe people, oii' tbo fourth of
March. Of the wrecked California Sen
ator, "Mack" snys:
Poor McDousrnll. known onlv for
bis faiits an'I his follies. Tet with
enough of natures nobility underneath
them to fit out half a dozen eons of
temperance as gentlemen, and with an
intellect bright enough to strike
through tbe fo'giost fumes of alcohol.
and put the most abstemious of schol
ars to blush it is hard to tell what
will become of bira afW the close of
his Senatorial career, on Monday next.
He is said to have impoverished him
self within the last few years, and he
certainly is in a poor way to make a
living out of a profession of which he
was nn ornament ten years ago.
There are those now in Wash in ton
who remember him as one of the most
prominent lawera in Illinois, aad still
later as a successful rival to the best
in California'. To see him lounging
around tbo bar-rooms of Washington
noaryeu would think him the last
man ia the world to trust as an advo
cate or counselor, and you might sot to
wondering how the California Legis
lature ever came to elott him to the
Senate of the United States. When he
was eleoted more than six years ago,
he was by no means a total abstinence
man. I doubt jf he ever was that
since he -$ai 6la enough to tell good
whisky when he tasted it. He was a
member of the House ten year ago,
and was then neither belter aor worse
than his 8889018108 in his Bacchanalian
"McDougall is, in many respects, an
extraordinary man. He has repeated
ly entered the Senate Chamber in i
condition, to all appearance of abxo
luto stupor, top-heavy and heal-heavy,
unable to walk straight or stand
straight, and after listening a few
minutes to what was going on, risen
to reply to an argument he seemed
scarcely in a condition to comprehend,
and . dohvered a speooh which, for
force of reasoning - and boauty of die
tion, would do to transfer unaltered to
the pages of a school book."
[From the Keokuk Constitution.]
Another Clerical Rascal—A Revivalist
Runs of with one of
The diagreeable datv of exposing
the rascality of another renegade
preacher is again imposed on us as a
journalist. Kev. J. Tetty, whorosid-1
ed in tine ounty, on String Prairie,
about twelve miles from this city, and
who hue been lately holding a revival
meeting, at which, we learn, many
coofeVt were made, and who were to
have been baptized liext Sabbatb,
prut mcu . mat an image nad gene
along smoothly. But, ori' Wednesday
last, tho Reverend Pitstor of the String
X'rairio flock took it into his head to
run away with one of tbe she lambs
a Mrs. Freed man, a married sister
who . left , behind her ' husband and
three children.. The Reverend Petty
had wife, also and tiro children,
whom he has left in dostitute circum
stances. On 'Wednesday last the
preacher came to this city in oompany
with tho guilty woman' ia a buggy,
and soon after disposed of the team to
citizen of this city, - r t A
Later in the day Mrs" Petty arrived,
in search of her runaway scoundrel of
husband, and the offlbers of the law
were out bunting him all Wednesday
night. Early yesterday, morning it
was asoertained that he and Mrs. Free
man had gone off together on the steam.
er Sucker State. This Petty like his1
- t ; .J'. "JS
tatlJtfoAUrTTJalliiu'er, JtA. iJTnt-
ing member of gyi-aL Msijnity
Pjjrtrand waV 'fWifNtl to be
f-g-Obe reiluH.d totl i .IfattJ.
cal ticket f"to.acknCj-. nU-fuis-
cegenaKyjo preachingw'eure 'Tjolpel.
'Our rfpaee is not ''1frujn. it this
time o cntejo us toy (Titfl history
of this case of clerrfcl rsacalitr. Vol
ily these.must be tbe Wer days, and
turned loose" amongthe
-Almost everybody knows how to
play pool.- To thoso who don't know
we will state that the game is played
on a billiard table with twonty erthir
ty balls, each ball numbered. A dosen
or more caa play the game. A eerUin
number is fixed upon, and the player
who shall first pockot enough balls,
whose combined numbers will amount
to it, wine the pile which is made up
by tbe players staking a certain am't
bofore tbe game commences. Previ
ous to the commencement each player
draws a marble frena the box and puts
it out of s'ight in his pocket. These
marbles are all numbered to corres
pond with tho numbers on the table.
The player, after receiving the mar
ble, bears the number in his mind, nod
his game is to pocket balls enough,
the numbor of whioh, added to that on
the marble in his pocket, will make
the number' which wins the pile.
Iho other night an old oitizon of
one of our Western cities, who was
occasionally given to "chance," came
home rather late. His wife was asleep.
When she awoke in the morning she
fonnd on the floor a marble, upon
which was the number ''17."
"What', this?" she said to her lord,
eyeing the marble suspiciously. "It
dropped out of your pantaloons pock
et. What Is it?"-
Her husband opened his eyes, look
ed, blushed, was confused, and stam
W.hy why it's a marllo, ain't
"Yes," said she, "but what aro yon
doing with a marble in your pocket at
your time of life?"
"In my pocket? Well ah I tho
fact is, I'vo had that marble ia: my
pocket for the last thirty years; ever
since I used to play for keeps with
"Indeed?" incredulously asked his
wife; "but what are theso figures on
here for? What does 17 mean ?"
'Mean? 17 mean?" said ho hesita
tingly. "O, 17 I why, that was the
number of marbles Bill owed mo when
we quit playing; be marked it on there
so I wouldn't forget it."
The old fellow had a narrow escape,
And he hasn't played pule since.
taT Two years of peace aad law
and order at tbo South have' demon,
atrated the fitness of the Southern peo
ple for a share in their own govern,
ment. The courte of the Southern
States have been open for the redress
of all grievances, and no bile has com.
plained of wrong or injustice at the
hands of the civil authorities. At no
time have the soldiery beon required
to act, excopt to quell negro insubordi
nation or rebellion, cr to guard against
violence sought to bo provoked by ne
gro sufTrngo demagogues, who in revo
lutionary times aro something, but ia
peaco and tranquility, nothing. Kb"
people conquered in war ever so qui
etly, patiently, unanimously settled
down to their fate ah have thd South!"
As a whole, since the close of tbe war
their conduct has boon iterally with-"
out reproach. Cir. Dem,
tST A funny story is going the
rounds in Paris. A lady in the first .
elass society was recently obliged to
dismiss her nurse on account of an iso-.
cess of firemen and private soldiers
to often repeated. After choosing as
a successor to this criminal very
rJretty girl, the lady, explaining wby i
tho first' was sent away,' enjoined it '"
the second pot to do likewise. "I can j
endure a great deal," sajd the the lady,',
"but soldiers about the kitchen Iwon'f
endure." After a week or ght days'
the lady same out one moraine into the
kitchen, opened aioloept, and discover '
ed a youthful military character. "Oh,
ma'am 1'! cried the girl frightened "I .
give, you my word i never saw that
soldier before in all' nay life he must
have been one of the old ones left over'
by the other girl".