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WUBJLU JSiaiSLA JJJMJ.Mat.tijL LLhl
lUMJi Jl ' 1 IIPH '! HI
Mti,hiAwHttniu( Pfcblle Ifun
PCBLI8HBD BTERT THtlRSDAt IfJTRlgttJR.
t h ti5n ''
fw om year, payable tnadvance - V - 1 eO
For elx laonthe, payahleln advauoe - 10
To tbrea fllfintli. navaKI III Ii1vn -A - 111
JOSEffl i. KELLY, Editor.
M'CONNELSVILLE, APRIL 11, 1867.
Oneeelaaa ris-rear 119 M
Balf a eelnma eae year It SO
Quarter eolnma ene year .... II to
Rpeolat Rotloea, per He . ... . 10
Baeineae Cards of not aier thaa ela lliee
for one year ..... f ee
Marriage and dsath notlcee free.
V. B? LEWIS & Co,,
JARMfMEMENTS AND SEEDS,
E V I AVE U,
O II I o.
ATTOniNEfS AT LAW,
OFFICE, ont door wut of
r. w. woob.
WOOD & POND.
Itttrntji aud Comiselerg at Lair,
F. B. POND, Notary Public.
JAMES L. HEtUlYi
If Fid OTEE BREWSTER k ROBERTS' STORfc,
B. F. POWER.
ATTORN iY AT LAW,
mm with J, B. Hanni, Center Sired,
Dr. W. N. I1AMBLET02I
contlnoee to offer ble proreiilonl
eervlcea to l lie puiiiio in an tn
Tarlellea and etyles Of DENTISTR'
tiam of teeth on KUBBKU FLATKS.
Renter Street, Bl'Connelsvlllo, O.
JPhyeloian and Surgeon,
ieelal attention nlven to the troatment
t refceiloDiil oulli promptly ronpomtud te.
OFFICE Southwest Corner of tlieMHc Square.
Fbysiolan and Curgeon
Reepeetfully offere lila Profeisioual eerrlaea te tbe
oltinem of UX'ouueli? ill aud vicinity.
erncE, ieo.m im over store's stork
Where he ean be round at all tlmea, day Qr Blli,
ilieu not pi'oroanluoully shmol
J. E WING, M. D.,
sioian and Surgeon
OFFICE, In Eukt Room of Ilanna'i Law Building,
"Frofcibloual Calls promptly attended totlKj
JSaf Partionliir attention given te IHaeasei
f the Jjuuga and (Jlirouie Duvueee.
HSBIDEKCK, at the Patteoa House, e
Adume A Kahlor'n Store.
W. A. BILt
:f BILL & CO.,
Irj Irotiriu, Kttloni, Tiawsre, Truuki
H OUBI FURNIBHINd GOODS,
Oppaelte Cut Hae, M'CeiineUTllle.O.
'' ' air. Walking takee ple'amire in tiiluiuilng the
Itizene of thie town and .vicinity that lie ia eole
geut for the Lonllard Fire Iueuiauoe C'unipany,
aud of tbe liome Ineurauce Company.
OFFKB, AboTe the Book Store 0 Idulr llros
- . . I I W . I U ' II W V If I 1 IP I. 1 T
tt,?" - ?
Jvtrr.' ' r 'i
""t?tFJ:Vt,T C IwT r".TW'lh
Piny cfhe run be ccimmortt-cl Willi tue fiueator
rVMpanitlngt and India Ink Worn.
aosi, iii J.c.gtonc'ii nuiiiiiiff,
Cenle Street, o?ef Boone'e Buddler Shop.
THE ART OF PHOTOGRAPHY;
Wiri., O. TRE8I Z 12
etill eontlnueeto sccalcnodate the publle with
V. -FERUOTJ PKS,
. .. AMBltOTTPES,.
V UEM8, Ao.,
whlAtapnot be aurnsaaed anywhere.
r) r He lias perfected erranjtenien'e whereby
L PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY.
S. S. SAYEES,
OVER WOOD A l'OND'fl LAW fJFKIJR
il CONNELSYILLE OHIO
Invitee the attcntienof all wliewlih to ettnln
that will Rive eatire eatlKfactlen. My motte la
"Te give natiaraetioa or ao obarge."
CENTER ST., Near Steamboat Wiarf
' BI'tOX.i:i.SMLM2, OHIO.
METCALF, Prop'r M.E.METCALF, Cl'k.
Mr The above h'line I conimodioua.with goad
61 A HI. I NO ronoptti'd' Hpeclal eflorta will bo
nuide to aupply Hie wanta of guenU.
CENTER ST., Near Steamboat Wharf
IV. IIAKTZULL - - - - Proprietor.
Thla honae haa Juat been rofuinliibed andLfitted
np in the bent at vie, and every eflurt will be made
to accommodate the traveling public
-! JIOOTAJIU SHOE JrlENUI4i
At hieold atand,
Adjoining the CESTBAIi IIOCSC.
fb 8 Smo.
Terrific Earthquake at Mytelene
Over a Thousand Lives Lost-
[Mytelene (March 6) correspondent of the Levant
On Tuesday, the Cth. the weather
had been close and uuwholcRomely
hot; but as tins is gen orally the case
with trie south wiad, which has been
blowing for some tiaie, nothing was
thought of it, least of all was there
any loar of what followed. Though
volcanic, as is proved by tue numer
ous hot spring's, the island had not
during the prcseat trenoration been
visited by ' earthquake , it was now
iiowvvsr, to have a terrible experience
of the phenomenon. About C P. it
a sharp shook, lasting some fifteen or'
eighteen seconds, vibrated throughout
the town, and beforo the fact was well
realized was followed by a second
longer and a much more violent one.
I happened at the moment to be down
at the pier of the Austrian Lloyd's
agency, and a surly a 'aalf miuuto be
foro the shock was felt on shore saw
the soa heave and foam out in the port
as it a submarine explosion had taken
place. Little time, however, was left
for surprise. In much less time than
iukb 10 wriw it 1110 luriu quivered
through the tow, and, reeling like
drunken mou, whole blocks of sand
stone houses collapsed as if they had
been card houses. The ofUoos of the
agenoy aad nearly all the adjoiniu
buildings, including the Custom House
the light house office, and the large oi
mill, thus full. lp in tue town entire
streets similarly crumbled, burying
their inhabitants by hundreds in the
ruins. The fine old castle, tho catho
dral,the Governor's konak, the prison
the mosques, and, I believe, all the con
sular reside aces, wore or or less vield
edtotue violenoo of the shook, and
are for the most part mere heaps of
ruins. The very solidity with which
the town was built has aggravated the
disastrous effects of the Calamity
hundredfold, both as regards the loss
of life and destructiom of property. Tho
most complete ruin has fallen upon the
lower end of tho town, where the
earth literally opened and swallowed
a broad belt, bf buildings right up from
the sea to the slope island. At this
point a permanent subsidence of the)
ground has taken place, and the sea has
accordingly cjcronched fur into what
on Tharsday ufternoon was one of the
bussiest parts of Mytelene. In faet to
sum tip the disaster, more than half of
oar beautiful town the prettiest and
most lively, perhaps, of all the Levant
isndosertof ruins. The worst of
the calamities, of course, the Ions of
fo. As ret We ean only eucss at the
extent of this ; but it is thought that
from 800 to 1,600 have ponshed, while
as many nioro havei)cen maimed and
otfndeil in every 'way, - Up till to-
djy 120 bodies have, I hear, been dug
oat of the safer ruins ; I ut how many
have been buried under the others
which are two dangerous to be ap
proached can only be surmised. Such
of the houses as are still standing have
been abandoaod, and the whole sur
viving population is uowscattored over
the h ill sides and among the gar
dens outside the town a few undgr
such covers as they lnvo been able to
improvise; the rest bivouacking vith-
out shelter of aay kind. Any attempt
to discribe tho scene would bo useless.
Heartrending grief, pain and confu
sion meet the eyo on every sido. Al
ready the want of provisions is aggra
vating the distress, and only a speedy
supply from .Smyrna. or the capital cau
avert great additional loss of life.
Ouo of tho Austrian'Lloyd's steamers
and a Ereneh gunboat from Smyrna,
lTuve landed n quantity of buiscuit and
somo other stores, but in all porhnns
not more than day's food for tbe place.
It is earnestly to bo hoped that tho
Porto will at onco sond down touts,
buisouits' and whatever other stores
can be quickest got togother. But not
the town of ilyteleno alone 'lias suiter-
ed from this great calamity : it has
scaltor'd ruin and death throughout the
whole northera part of the island.-
Hardly a villugo has escaped, and not
merely property put life has been do
stroyed in noarly the whole. Moh'vo
has been all but entirely demolished,
and several hundreds of its 6,000 or
7,000 inhabitants have, it is said, per
ished in the ruins. It is, in fact, no
exaggeration to say that half the
island has been laid waste, with a sac
rifice of human life that may be rec
oned by thousands. No such disaster
has ever befallen Mytoleno.
Russian America—Its Geography
and Resources —Importance
as a Possession.
lb e cession ot Kussian America to
the United States will be considered bv
all as a most important accession to
our territorial possessions. As, how
ever, ia the stady of our own States,
and their geography, many have been
.1 a ' J r i. . .
ueierrca iroiu going so isc JMoti'li as
New Archangle, a few .words on the
position, extent, value, 4c, of this
newly ttcnuird territory will not bo
TUE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION.
Kussian America comprises that
portion of the American continent ly
ing north of the latitude 54 dogroes40
minutes north, aud west of longitude
141 degrees west., with islands adja
cent, together with a narrow belt
rocky coast and a number of Islunds
lying botween latitude 54.40 and CO
north. The area of the ontiro is osti
mated at 371,875 squaro miles.
surface along thecoast isrudo undvery
mountainous, bevoral of the peaks ut
turn an altitude of 15.000 to 13.000
feot. Many of them, too, are volcanic.
Northward of the sixteenth paralell
latitude the mainland takes tho form
Ufa vast peninsula, extending in
west northwest direction towards the
Asiatic continent. Tho interior of the
district has been but imperfectly ex
plored, and little reliable is known
aboutit. Tho countiy is bristling with
mountains. About 200.or 250 miles
baok from the coast there is a long
range, a continuation of tho Sierra Ne
vada, and another range extends from
Cape ' Lisburne, above Bearing's
Straits. In the southern part there
are extensive sounds or friths lying
between the islands and the coast, and
navigable tor large vessels to a consider
able distance in the interior. Of riv
ers there are four: the Zuskokoim
and Oulkhoap, flowing both into the
Kamtschatka Sea; tho Colville, which
flows into the Artio Ocean, aud the
Yakon, which, with several affluents,
empties itself into Behriag's Straits.
Of the islands, which aro numerous,
the principle are those forming the
Aleutian Archipelago. Of these, the
rrost important are Frinceof Wales Is
land, Bsranov, or Sitka, Kociak, Uni-
vac, Nuniak and St. Lawrenee.
ITS POri'LATlOrf, PRODUCTIONS, KCT.
Its population Is estimated variously
at Irom 60,000 to 75,000. There aro a
little over 10,000 whites, partly of Rus
sian or .Siberian descent, and from
40,000 to 60,000 Indians. The climate
of the greater part of the country is
ntensoly cold and the soil sterile.
This dods not refer to the eatire coun
try, for in tho South the valleys are
said to bo productive. ..Most of the
vegetation is of an Alpino' thnracter,
thougTi pines attain a Tgt-eat elevation
on tho low hills, and the fir and alder
aro to bo met with aburvdautly. The
coutry is mainly valuablo for its exten
sive fisheries and furs. The latter
trade has been up to the present con
trolled by the Russian American Fur
Company, which was granted the land
from tho Emperor Paul in 1709. The
Company's charter was renewed in
1839, at which time it had 30 hunting
and fishing stations. The annual ex
port is onti mated at 10,000 seal skins,
1000 soa otter, 12.000 beaver, 25,000
land otter, fox and martins 6kins, and
about 20,000 sea-horse teeth. Not on
ly tho fur nmrkets of Russia aro sup
plied by the Company, but also thoso
of China, and a considerable- revenue
thus accrues to it. New Archantlo,
tho principle town, is situated on tho
island of Baranov, or Sitka, in latitude
57,30 degrees, longitude, 135.13 degrees.
It was founded in 181)5, and is a regu
lar military station, with a population
of some 1500 persons. Tho fort
mounts several guns, and the Compa
ny likewise omploy.'some twelve ves.
sols, of from 300 to 400 tons, mounting
each ten guns. A Greek bishop and
Luther ian minister resides here, and
there are schools for "the children of
Europeans and hulf-breeds.
As there have been negotiations en
tered into with England for the pos
session ot Jintisli 'Columbia, a few
words on its position and importance
may not be amiss. This colony was
established in 1813 on the Pacific,
const, and comprises the districts hith
erto known as New Columbia, New
Georgia, Norfolk and New Cornwall,
and lies 'between tho Rocky Moun
tains and the Paoifie, and is boundod
south by the northern frotier of Wash
ington Territory, and north by Simp
son's river and the Finlay branch of
Pearl river. Its extent is about 200,
000 squaro miles. Tho country is
wildly different from that .described
above. The soil is in most places
good, and cereals of all kinds may bo
grown there successfully. The climate
too, is unusually flno. Tho district is
under tho control, so far as its trade in
furs is ooncerned, of the Hudson's Bay
Company, and it is said toboono of the
richest districts of that body. Coal
is plenty here and can be found eith or
cropping out of the surfaco or immedi
ately bolow it. It wus thought on the
establishment of the colony that
large tido of emigration would set in,
but these hopes have by no
met with any great realization.
Anecdotes of Sam Houston.
The Houston Telegraph tells an anec
doto of Gen. Sam. Houston. On one
occasion, when he was expectod .to
make a furious war spooch to a much
excited crowd eugor to invade Moxico,
he gave, on the contrary, an agricul
tural address, and ended by advising
them to "go home and raise com!"
'Twas one of the wisest spoaohos ever
mado by the old worrior. In our hum
ble way, wo wouldjimitatehis example
and give the same wholosome advice.
It is idle to talk politics, it is idle to dis
cuss the future of the negro, it is idle
to speoulate as to ' whether he will
work or will perish, it is idle to inquire
who will be Chief Magistrate, the Pres
ident or Congress. All this avails
nothing. But we know that W4 jean
take off our coats and work ourselves,
with or without the nogro. - And we
know, whoever may be ruler of the
United States, work is king of the
world. The great duty now is to let
politios alone, lay aside foolish pridoj
and " raise cora.'
When wo lived la Rockbridge Va., the
native country of Gen. Houston, we
heard an i neident of his early life. It
is wellknown he was quite o.wild youth
and often shocked his guardian's idoas
of propriety. When he went out west,
his guardian, (who was also his un clo,
we believe) accompanied him part of
his journey, and on bidding him fare
well, said, "Sam, the next thing I ex
pect to hear of you, is either that you
have been killed in soma row, or that
a worse fate has befallen you." 'I
don't know what you will hear of me,"
replied young Houston, "but you will
not set me again till I pass through
Rockbridge on my way to Congress."
The prediction was literally fulfilled,
and his first visit to Rockbridge was
as a member oloct to the House ofRep-
JtVhon the writer ef this was quite a
young man, he went into a hotol in
Washington city and inquired at the
office for a friend. Owing to a change
of room or to some other cause aot
now remembered, the clerk could give
no information and he was going away
disappointed, when a gontleman came
up and, with no little . trouble, aided
him in tho search for his fribnd. 'Twas
aa act of puro, disinterested kindness,
and though the incident was trivial, Ft
spoko eloquently of tho goodness of
heart of tho obliging gentleman. He
was Gen. Sam. Houston, of Texas.
Many theories havo been, given of his
remarkublo suocess in life, and one of
them has been that ho was an accom
pusneu acmagogue. uut it is more
charitable and more reasonable to bc-
lievo, that his extraordinary popularity
was Owing to the conviction amongthe
masses, that at the bottom of his heart
thero was a large fund of real, genuine,
old Rockbridge love of his race.
Ono of his bitterest enomies told us
at Corpus Cliristi, in 1845, that he. had
known the General to go iota a crowd
almost ready to mob him, and cry out
in his stentorian voice that it was "not
the rulo m Texas to condwinn a man
unheard, and when tho multitude
had assented to this proposition, the
old warrior would make suoh a speeoh
that indignation would bo changed in
to admiration, and tho yells of r'ago
into "hurrah for old Sara I"
The editor of the Cleveland Herald,
having been tolorably profuse in his
compliments to the pretty girls of
Cleveland, has been requested to say a
good thing in behalf of the homely
ones, and he does it thus :
First The homely girls of Cleveland
are in a hopeless minority, but they
Second They go te church very
Sunday and are fond of their meals.
They had rather have their meals reg
ularly than a new bonnet.
Third They understand their-bnsi-ness,
and wear No. 16 gaiters.
Fourth They are bright, intelligent,
devoid of low jealousy, foad of music,
dance at Garrett's. Hall as though it
was the chiof aim of life, and always
go in when it rains.
Fiftk They always thank the gea
tletnen for giving them seats in the
street cars ; never flirt with boys be
cause it is out of their line and keep
out of the fire.
Sixth They never have half a doz.
en young sprigs keeping company with
Seventh They wash their- own
handkerchiefs, iron thoir own collars,
and darn their own stockings.
Eighth They never wear waterfalls
that weigh over one hundred and fifty
pounds, and havo neithor "rats," nor
other animals in their hair.
-tvr ii mi
jinin iney aon i can the young
bloods, and other trash, "perfectly
Teulh They never eat between
Eleventh Thoy are all going to get
Twelfth They will all. marry well.
Thirteenth Their children will be
bright and shining lights in the world.
Fourteenth Thoy won't keep' hired
girls till their husbands can a tier d
Fifteenth They sleep under mus
quito bars when convenient.
Sixteenth They ean make eoffee
and nut cakes, and can de chamber
work. Seventeenth They are O. K.
, Eighteenth They are homely, bat
oh Jerusalem I .
Nineteenth Thoy know they are
Twentieth They perspire wkea the
thermometer is at 94 in the shade, and
wear gored waists.
Twenty-first Young gentlemen
don't squeeze them by tho hand, and
they like peanuts.
Twenty-second -They sing "Beauti
ful Dreamer," and use Sozodont.
"According to Gunter."
This familliar phraso refers to Ed
mund Gunter, a distinguished English
mathematician, who was born 1581
and died in 1G26. He is best known
as the inventor of the ohain common
ly used by surveyors for measuring
land, and of the flat wooden rule-
marked with scales of equal parts, of
sines, cords, Get, and also with logari
thms of these various parts whioh If
used to solve problems in surveying
and navigation mechanically, with the
aid of the dividers alone. Hence, in
the popular uso of the phrase, anything
is "according to Gunter" which is done
quite right, arid admits of no question
of improvement. The English alse nse
the expression "aecording to CocWor,"
in the same sense. Cocker -who was
born about the year 1G32, aud died
somewhere between the year 1671 1G75
was tho author of a work of arithme
tic, whieh at onco obtained great pop
ularity, and run through a large num
ber of editions. Almost all of the
arithmetics that have since been pub
lished in Great Brittain for the use of
schools have followed his method
very closely, and as many ot tho earlier
ones professed on the title page to be
"according to Cocker," the expression
gaiaed general currency." OAte
We were shown a few days ago
Bible, which belongs to Mr. W. Gais-
ford, of this city, and which has been
in tho possession of the family of that
gentleman for over two centuries. It
is quite a curiosity in its way, and was
printed at "London, by Robert Bakor,
printer to the King's Most Excellent
Majostio, 1C15." It is printed in old
German text type, and we doabt not,
at tho time of its publication, was con
sidered quite a neat specimen of ty
pography. This Bible, Mr. Gaisford
informs us, oost his ancestor wko first
purchased it, thirty pounds sterling,
which in those days was a large sunt
of monoy, representing probably what
is now fire hundred dollars. This edi
tion is what is known as the "Breeches
Bible," of which only seme two hand
dred copies were printed, it being af
terwards suppressed on aoeount of the
following translation of the seventh
verse of the third chapter of Genesis :
"Tnen the eyes of them both were
opened and thoy knew they were oa
ken, and they sewed flg leaves togeth
er, and mado themsolves breeches." .
This oopy is in a remarkable state
of preservation considering its age and
is most highly prized by Mr. ' Gaisford
as a relio of the past. Mansfield Her
The washer-motnen of Holland
and Belgium, who get up theirlinen to
beautifully white, uso refined borax as
washing powder, instead of soda, in
the proportion of one large handful of
borax powder, to about ten gallons of
boiling water. They thus save ' in
soap nearly half. For laoei, cambrics,
&c, an extra quantity ef powder is
used. Borax being a nuetral salt does
not in the slightest degreo injure the
texture of the linen. Its effect ia to
soften the hardest water, and therefore
it should be kept on every toilet tablo.
To the taste it is rather sweet ; it is
used for cleaning ' the hair, aud is an
excellent dentriMce. Good tea cannot
be made with hard, but all water may
be make soft by adding a teaspoonful
of borax powder ' to an oi dinary-sised
kettle of water, in which it should boil.'
The saving in the quantity of tea used
will be at least one fifth. " J
tSf The State Auditor,- a daj or'
two since, gave to Thomas P. Copes,'
of Acoomao, Va., the sum of l&OO'ia'
payment for his negro man Sam, couf-
rictod in the County Court of Axi;'mao
in 1862, of felony, and iejrinc6(j to